Volume-5, Issue-3

Volume-5, Issue-3

May-June, 2019

Research Paper

1. Rule based Access control system in cloud based environment

These days, third-party cloud providers maintain Data distribution, Data Backups, and information sharing. So as to minimize the rate of management of the data. On the other hand, Security is the main reason the data backup or data distribution, since third-party maintains the cloud services. In the proposed work, we set up a method using Rule-based access control system which uses AES and RSA amalgamation and with the access control policy to attain a safe data manipulation. Our system is made of some set of cryptographic keys to avoid the involvement of third parties. Our proposed system, we introduce a role base sharing where access control lays in the organization itself, thus we assure with the security and confidentiality of the files that circulate in an organization where no third party involvement was encouraged.

Published by: M. Maheshkumar, C. Sai Hemant, Sk. Aseef Zaddari, A. JothimaniResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Key generation, Confidentiality, Authentication, Data sharing, Cloud storage

Research Paper

2. Stock market prediction using RNN and sentiment analysis

Predicting the stock Price is a challenging task. With an increase in data collection through the internet, data scientists try to extract valid data points for the prediction. However, these data points are one way affecting the stock market. Therefore the prediction for stock market index movements, we use real-time tweets from the twitter using their API and sentiment analysis to predict the stock market moments by correlating them with the Existing data set used to train a recursive neural network model Evaluations on the data from the year 2004 to present upon Bombay stock exchange to demonstrate our model. Hence making the predictions almost accurate.

Published by: Ambati Venkata Malla Reddy, Dinesh Y., Vamsi Krishna, Soundarya MiranamResearch Area: Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: RNN, Twitter, Sentiment analysis, LSTM, BSE, Stock price

Research Paper

3. Overspeed detection with the help of speedbreaker

The main concern of this project is to overcome the road accidents and the safety of the peoples or the family members from road accidents. So to overcome this issue we are working on this project to detect the speed of the vehicles with the help of the ultrasonic system and Arduino board. When the vehicle has come in the range of the ultrasonic system then they start detecting their speed and if their speed has been exceeding from the speed limit of the road then they send the signals to Arduino and the motor turn on the speedbreaker and if the vehicle having in there normal speed then the speedbreaker remains constant.

Published by: Deendayal Joshi, Saurabh Singh, Rishabh KadhalaResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Delhi-NCR campus modinagar GhaziabadKeywords: Overspeed, Ultrasonic system, Speedbreaker

Review Paper

4. Prosthodontics update

Prosthodontists should always update their knowledge as there are many advanced techniques and improved materials are constantly being introduced into the market that improves the quality of treatment and reduces the chair side time. This is a short notes providing information regarding some of the advanced materials and procedures related to Prosthodontics.

Published by: Kondumahanti V. N. Avinash, Ajna Alex, Raja ganeshan, Venkat Raghu, Chiranjeevi reddy, Subash MunireddyResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Impression materials, Denture base materials, Resins


5. Development of shot blasting filter cleaning machine

The purpose of this project is to change the filter cleaning method from manual to auto cleaning, in order to increase the efficiency of the filter in shot blasting machine, to improve the filter life. Presently the filter cleaning of shot blasting machine is carried out manually on a fourth-night basis. The improper collection of dust creates fatal fire accidents as well as hazardous for human health and the environment. As filter cleaning is carried out in an open area which creates Air pollution and Land contamination. This manual filter cleaning method is not safe. The filter cleaning machines are available in the market which did not cost efficient and not as per required standards; it was decided to manufacture it in-house.

Published by: Ashwini Jadhav, Shreya Pujari, Chetanraj PatilResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Cartridge filter, Air cleaning method, Nozzles, Brushes, Pneumatic motor

Research Paper

6. Automated detection of diabetic retinopathy using retinal images

Automatic telemedicine framework for PC helped identification and order of diabetic retinopathy rely upon discovery of retinal sores in fundus pictures amid this paper, a totally exceptional method for programmed location of each small scale aneurysms and hemorrhages in shading fundus pictures is portrayed and substantial. The most commitment is another arrangement of structure alternatives, known as Dynamic structure choices, that don't require exact division of the locales to be ordered. These alternatives speak to the advancement of the structure amid picture flooding and grant to segregate among sores and nerve fragments. The technique is legitimate per-vessels and per pictures utilizing six databases, four of that territory unit in open advertised. It ends up being solid with significance inconstancy in picture goals of the retina, procurement framework. For the Retinopathy Challenge's information in on the web, the technique accomplishes a Free Response beneficiary Operating Characteristics score of 0.420 that positions fourth. Furthermore, for Messidor's data, when identifying pictures of the retina with diabetics, the arranged strategy accomplishes an area beneath the legendary beast bend of zero.899, love the score of human specialists, and it beats dynamic methodologies.

Published by: Mundra Charan Sai, V. S. K. Praveen, V. Teja Reddy, B.S Vidhya SagarResearch Area: CSE

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Diabetic retinopathy, Fundus images

Research Paper

7. Peer-to-peer E-transaction system using blockchain

We create a simple transaction system with Blockchain as the backbone, while making use of Solidity, Node.js, Python and the Kubernetes framework. The resulting system is capable of mining currency, creating wallets and making transactions.

Published by: Abhishek Sundaresan R., Govind K. RajeshResearch Area: Blockchain

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain, Proof of work, double spending, Hyperledger fabric, Proof-of-work


8. Data efficient approaches on deep action recognition in videos

This Method goes for one recently bringing assignment up in a vision and mixed media look into perceiving human activities from still pictures. Its principal challenges lie in the substantial varieties in human stances and appearances, just as the absence of worldly movement data. Tending to these issues, we propose to build up an expressive profound model to normally incorporate human format and encompassing settings for more elevated amount activity understanding from still pictures. Specifically, a Deep Belief Net is prepared to intertwine data from various boisterous sources, for example, body part recognition and item identification. To connect the semantic hole, we utilized physically marked information to significantly improve the strength of the pre-preparing and adjusting phases of the DBN preparing. The subsequent system is appeared to be vigorous to here and there inconsistent sources of info (e.g., loose location of human parts and questions), and beats the best in class approaches.

Published by: K. C. Mithil Teja, Sharmila Agnil, R. Bhargava Ramakrishna, T. Tharunkumar Reddy, A. Harsha KiranResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Input video, Video Frame Separation, Frame image sequence, Background separation, Noise removal, Shape analysis

Research Paper

9. Detection of illegally parked vehicle

Detecting an illegally parked vehicle aims to prevent car crashing between parked and other vehicles. The main objective of this paper is to identify the unauthorized parker who was parked in the private property and notify those owners. Here in this radio detection and ranging (RADAR) systems electromagnetic waves can recognize the speed, range, altitude or direction of objects, either fixed or in motion. This system consists of Arduino microcontroller, ultra-sonic sensor, servo motor, and some java applications to map the electromagnetic waves. This system can be built by connecting the ultrasonic sensors to the Arduino microcontroller’s input/output pins and servo motor is also connected to the Arduino microcontroller pins. Then both ultrasonic sensor and servo motor are clipped over the Arduino microcontroller together so that servo motor can rotate from right to left through an angle of 180. This experiment results show that the proposed framework is efficient and robust to detect an illegally parked vehicle.

Published by: Rishu Suman, Prashant Kumar, Rohit Kumar, Swetha T.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Arduino, Ultrasonic sensor, Illegal parking, RADAR system

Research Paper

10. Morse code translator using Python

Morse code is a process of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones and lights or clicks .if they use a tapping device recipient can understand the message without additional decoding equipment. Morse code is represented by the form of dits and dahs. Here dits refer to dots and dahs refer to dash. Morse code used to transmit only numerals at first. After that, Alfred vail included letters and characters. Morse code can be transmitted by using electric telegraph wire, light, sound, through a different medium in different ways. Tap code is used by American prisoners. Morse code is used for long-distance communication. International Morse code was devised by European nations in 1851. It is the base for the morse code to transmit or receive. Morse code is character encoding and decoding scheme

Published by: Saikumar Kothamasu, Vaibhav Gopinath, RrochishResearch Area: Coding

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: PYTHON, Cipher, Dechiper

Review Paper

11. Survey on identification of blood group by using image processing technique

The blood enlightens us regarding the wellbeing. It conveys critical substances, for example, oxygen to different piece of our body. Subsequently recognition of blood classification is imperative. The blood of human includes the Red platelet, White Blood Cells, Platelets and Plasma. Conventional procedures are utilized by Lab specialists to check cells of blood. In any case, this strategy is so repetitive, expends additional time and prompts the misguided results as a result of human errors. So during Blood transfusion accurate determination of blood type is very importance during emergency situation so in this method a fast, accurate and robust blood group judgement is given by using image processing techniques.

Published by: Pavithra V.Research Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: ABO blood group, Segmentation, Threshold, Histogram

Research Paper

12. Comparison of automated speed breakers with conventional speed breakers

The latest advancement in ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) is modernizing the manner in which we see the world at a quicker rate. Automated speed breaker system is a little introductory or basic environment-friendly ITS tool or device, which utilizes modern-day instrumentality to resolve to the sole purpose of traffic calming. The methodology and it's operating are easy to adapt to, however, it also reduces modern-day issues. This technology can be beneficial or convenient in counterparts world issues like pollution, growing traffic congestion, rise in fuel consumption and outflow of gases (CO and NOx), and safety to the road or street users in a much advance and trouble-less way. The emission of dangerous gases mentioned above by the vehicles has to be minimized and counterpart. These modern lives should adopt and learn to this current technology for a healthy and sustainable living surrounding. In this research, a study on speed behavior (breakers) of different class vehicles (two wheeler, four wheeler, and heavy vehicles) on conventional breaker system and automated breaker system is done; delay on CBS, travel time for both CBS and ABS, fuel consumption and emission rates through vehicles in the heart of Goa (Panjim) and at-last deployment rate of conventional breaker system and automated breaker system was carried out, it was observed that the delay, travel time, fuel consumption and emission rate is more in CBS than that of the ABS, but the deployment cost of ABS was higher than that of CBS.

Published by: Mohit Raj, Prof. S. D. Ghodmare, Rakesh Kumar ChoubeyResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Conventional breaker system and automated breaker system, Delay analysis, Fuel consumption, Fuel emission, Deployment cost

Research Paper

13. Techno-economic feasibility report to reduce carbon footprint of JSPM campus

The basic idea of becoming Carbon Neutral or Carbon Negative is to reduce greenhouse emissions from direct and indirect sources such as electricity, transportation, solid waste, sewage waste, etc. These are potential sources of CO2 emissions which release a large amount of CO2 into the atmosphere. The accumulation of CO2 causes a serious impact on health and the environment. Also, there is a high cost for the generation of electricity which is uneconomical to our college. Following are the tasks which need to be accomplished to become Carbon Neutral: To identify various potential direct or indirect sources of carbon emission in JSPM campus which can be processed on the alternate energy source. •To find out the CO2 equivalent of each identified sources. • Working out on an alternate solution for the identified source within the existing conditions. • To determine the techno-economic feasibility of suggested techniques. This paper discusses the various economical steps to reduce the Greenhouse Gases and they are implemented around the campus. These plans include • ELECTRICITY- Analyze various electrical equipment and find their overall CO2 emissions per year and suggest feasible solutions to reduce the content of CO2 by the installation of solar panels and photovoltaic cells. • VEHICULAR EMISSION- Reduce the vehicular pollution using solutions like carpooling systems within the campus and replacing petrol and diesels by CNG’s. • SEWAGE WASTE- The CO2 emissions can be reduced by various techniques like reducing the BOD of the sewage treatment water.

Published by: Noel Thomas, Rugvedi Wankhade, Tanmay Jade, Amruta Shinde, Sumeet KhiradeResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: JSPM's Imperial College of Engineering and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Carbon emission, Greenhouse gas, Sustainable energy, Carbon neutrality

Research Paper

14. Treatment of sewage waste water using an agricultural waste corn cobs

Corncobs are agricultural wastes obtain in maize cultivation. It is less utilized part of the maize plant. Due to rigidity and their porous structure they can be used as an absorbent. Corncobs are available in large quantity, it may be burnt or given as food for animals. But if corncobs are burnt it causes air pollution which we already saw what happen in Delhi (Capital of India) and if corncobs are given as food to animals, they also not take it as it contains hemicellulose content in it and acts as an obstructing agent in the elementary canal of the animals. So, it is a good idea to use corncobs agricultural waste to treat wastewater. Sometimes they are thrown away but naturally, they take too much time to biodegrade. In this treatment no need of chemicals and electricity. The wastewater can be treated naturally using corn cobs as an absorbent. As corn cobs are cheap, this is more economical treatment. It is also easy and simple to operate. So, it can be adopted in villages also.

Published by: Lalit Pramod Patil, Ruturaj S. Patil, Kranti S. Deore, Gopal A. Vairalkar, Rohan E. Patil, Dr. S. L. PatilResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Shram Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Corncobs, Economical, Natural absorbent, BOD, COD, filter

Research Paper

15. Cloud Computing-The data and analytics innovation

The future of every business rides on its IT architecture and database management. There’s enormous potential hidden in every organization's data, but it is not used to its optimum level. A cloud architecture securely integrates and governs the data and provides greater visibility, control, and insight across the business.

Published by: Farheen AamirResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Notre Dame Academy, Patna, BiharKeywords: Cloud computing, Economies of scale, RaaS, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS

Research Paper

16. Alcoholic sensor to side step drunken driving road accidents

As for the survey done on the drunken and driving accidents are becoming more day by day. To overcome this issue we can initialize the alcoholic sensor and seat belt sensor to the vehicles. If we place an alcoholic sensor in the vehicles that sensors will identify the percentage of alcohol containing in the body and allow the engine too gets starts if the percentage of alcohol is more than the limit ignition will be blocked by the sensor. To sidestep the drunken driving accidents our proposed work may be useful to society. This system is integrating on the alcohol sensor, seat belt sensor with a microcontroller, relay switch and battery. The alcohol sensor used in our project is MQ-3 which detect the presence of alcohol content in human breath. Vehicle ignition system gets power from the battery through a relay switch. The ignition system will operate based on the level of blood alcohol content(BAC)in human breath detected by the alcohol sensor and if the seat belt is not used then the sensor will not allow microcontroller supply power to spark plug.

Published by: PoojaDeep M., Varshini B. N., Syed Salman S, Safir Ahmed M.Research Area: IoT

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: BAC (Blood Alcohol Content)

Research Paper

17. An analytical study of Andhra Pradesh assembly past poll data to predict the outcome of current polls-2019

This study, by analyzing the poll scenario and poll data of the past general elections conducted for the assembly of the state of Andhra Pradesh from the date of its formation, aims at a) predicting outcome of present general elections-2019. b) predicting a number of seats to be won by major parties. A retrospective comparative study was designed on the data pertaining to seat share and vote share of major political parties in all the previously conducted general assembly elections (till 2014) and it was analyzed using linear charts. Three possible outcomes, in the order of probability, were obtained. Poll prediction can be done when past data is analyzed in a methodical way. of course, the validity of prediction awaits the decision of time, as these predictions are done ahead of polling-2019.

Published by: Mahidhar Reddy VenkatapuramResearch Area: Politics And Social

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Andhra Pradesh, Assembly, Polls, Prediction 2019

Research Paper

18. Power factor improvement and torque ripple reduction in BLDC motor

In recent years Brushless DC motors (BLDC) area unit the analysis hot spot in speed exactness and unit applications because of its high responsibleness, easy frame, high potency, quick dynamic response, compact size, low maintenance, etc., Because of electronic commutation, the ripples are generated in the electromagnetic torque and the power factor of the AC mains gets affected due to its operation. The operation of BLDC motors is based on the rotor position sensing using sensors or sensorless scheme. In the proposed work, the performance of the BLDC motor is improved through the reduction of ripples in the electromagnetic torque. A CUK DC-DC converter topology is implemented in this method that reduces the power quality problems and improves the power factor at AC mains. Among different torque minimization techniques, implementation of the Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) gives better performance in the efficiency as well as smoother distortion less stator current. So it is implemented in this work to reduce the torque ripples. From the simulation results, it is observed that the efficiency of the motor is improved by power factor correction and torque ripples reduction.

Published by: Geetha T., Dr. S. ChitraResearch Area: Electrical Machines

Organisation: Government College of Technology , CoimbatoreKeywords: Brushless Direct Current motor (BLDC), Multilevel Inverter (MLI), Back EMF, Power Factor Corrected (PFC), Power quality, Voltage Source Inverter (VSI).

Survey Report

19. Targeted advertising using Google Map

The rapid growth of the social network has led to making availability in customer tastes and preferences. This data can be exploited to serve the customers better and offer them the advertisements they would be glad to see. To provide a relevant advertisement to consumers, one has to consider the location of the consumer as well. The consumers will highly contend if the offers shown to them are easily accessible in nearby areas. Advertisements have become today’s most direct marketing channel that provides information and discount offers about products to customers and allow marketers to reach a precise goal by creating campaigns. Making these Ads location-specific would not only render them more relevant but also personalized and targeted to a specific audience. Mobile in-app advertising is growing in popularity. While these ads have excellent user-tracking properties through mobile device GPS, they have raised concerns among privacy advocates. There is an ongoing debate on the value of different types of mobile targeting, the incentives of ad-networks to engage in behavioral targeting and share user-data with advertisers, and the role of regulation.

Published by: Priyanka Rahate, Monika Patil, Vrushali BhamareResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering, Dombivli, MaharashtraKeywords: Targeted, Advertisement, Data mining, Marketing, Location

Research Paper

20. Utilization of industrial wastes for co-processing in cement production reducing environmental impacts

Rapid industrialization in the State of Gujarat is increasing the tremendous amount of industrial wastes for disposal. Secured landfill (TSDF) is a safe and economical disposal method which requires very fewer efforts to generators. In another side, the cement industry is an intensive consumer of natural material resources, energy and also has great potential for pollution besides greenhouse gas emission. Proper utilization of industrial wastes as an alternate fuel and raw materials can decrease the environmental impacts lowering the consumption of natural materials and energy considerably. Further, utilization of wastes as AFR seems more economical to the generator as the cost of disposal at TSDF is almost zero and also for cement plant as it reduces costs towards mineral mined materials consumption & energy requirements.

Published by: Dipali Tank, Dhwani JoshiResearch Area: Environment

Organisation: Aadishwar College of Engineering and Technology- Venus Swarnim Startup and Innovation University, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: Waste, Co-processing, Utilization, Cement, TSDF

Research Paper

21. MediSmart: Better health with IoT based med box

Multiple surveys indicate that about 65% of Adults are elderly people and are suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes, cholesterol, arthritis, osteoporosis, dementia, blindness, Alzheimer and so on. Also, the youngsters have fallen prey to the busy and hectic lifestyle. This busy lifestyle has made them forget to take their medicines on time, which is essential for their healthy recovery from their diseases. MediSmart proposes a solution to this distress. It is a smart, IoT based medicine or pillbox that reminds its patient to take their medicines on time with some additional features.

Published by: Vaibhavi G. Raut, Tanaya Patil, Praparna Moharana, Shantanu Ghanekar, Swati A. JoshiResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Healthcare, Medicine box, Arduino, Wi-Fi, Alert system (or medicine reminder), Android app, SOS button

Research Paper

22. Anticancer activity of Nyctanthes Arbortristis

Nyctanthes arbotristis is a medicinal plant found in South Asia and Southeast Asia. .It was revealed that the plant exhibits various pharmacological activities because of the presence of secondary metabolites compounds. It exhibits different pharmacological activities like anticancer, antipyretic, antihistaminic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral and antifungal activities have been reported. This present review compiles the different phytochemical compounds and pharmacological activities reported so far by this plant in a comprehensive manner.

Published by: David BenefitResearch Area: B. Pharmacy

Organisation: Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: N arbotristis, DPPH, Arborsides A

Review Paper

23. Noxious effect of preservatives

Food is an important source of energy like carbohydrates, proteins which are required for the survival and to perform cellular activities by an organism. Due to the urban lifestyle, the demand for processed food has rapidly increased. Since food can’t be stored for a longer period of time, natural or synthetic class of food additives called preservatives are added intentionally in limited quantities to increase the shelf life of food by preventing the growth of micro- organism. Since all organisms are structurally and functionally inter connected these food preservatives have an harmful effect on human after prolonged exposure.

Published by: Aaishwarya Srinivasan IyerResearch Area: Pharmaceutics

Organisation: SRM College of Pharmacy, Kanchipuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Preservatives, Ill effects

Research Paper

24. Tracing the original source of FMCG-SCM using Blockchain

Fast Moving Consumer Goods come a long way from the production of their raw materials to finally being bought by the end user, i.e. the customer. Their Supply Chain Management is a tedious task and doesn’t really provide you with an auditable trail. The source and thus the quality of the product raises few questions. The paperwork involved in this leads to days of auditing for even a small discrepancy arising in the whole SCM. One of the obvious solutions to this is the digitalization of the whole process. But that still doesn’t stop it from getting tampered. The truth still poses a question with the quality of the product being consumed by the end user. Adding another level of surety is only possible by ensuring that the data is not tampered with during the whole supply chain of the product. This is only possible by having a blockchain to moderate the whole process. This will not only make sure that the data regarding the product is true to its point but also make the auditing easy and fast in case of any discrepancy. Few western countries have already implemented blockchain for the products which require high quality throughout the supply chain. Since the type of supply chains vary and data privacy is required in some stages between different parties, private blockchains are preferred in such scenarios to create that balance between truth auditability and data privacy.

Published by: Shiwam Dixit, Rajat Rawat, Rohan Chougule, Shivam Singh, Anup KadamResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Army Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Blockchain, FMCG, Source truth auditability, Supply Chain Management

Research Paper

25. Fabrication and experimental setup of manually operated sprayer trolley

The population of India is increasing rapidly in order to fulfill their diet & needs, the production of foods must be increased. But this must come at affordable to everyone. In India farming is done by traditional ways beside that there has been larger development of industry and service sector as compared to that of agriculture sector. To mechanization of agriculture in India some equipment has been developed. The pesticide sprayer is one among them and it is done by traditional farm workers by carrying backpack type sprayer, which requires human effort or by using electric pump. To improve the agriculture system and to reduce the human effort and problems associated with the backpack sprayer new equipment is fabricated which will be beneficial to farmers. Mechanical operated sprayer trolley simply uses kinematic link to convert the kinetic energy to oscillating energy for reciprocating motion of pump. In this system no use of any external energy such as electrical, engine, any renewal energy etc. Also minimize the wastage pesticide and time.

Published by: Sanjay Sain, Ankit Kumar Sain, Hemant Sharma, Vikash Kumar, Lokendra Singh Shekhawat, Shubham Verma, Jaiprakash BhamniyaResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Sri Balaji College of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Kinematics principle, Pressure gauge, Sprayer nozzles


26. Project management study on metro tunneling project- A case study on BKC metro project

The primary aim of the study was to identify the risks involved in the “Line-III” of the metro project in Mumbai. A comprehensive evaluation was done based on a literature review of similar projects, government reports and finally site visit including a comprehensive interview of several teams. Some of the biggest risks include land acquisition, seasonal problems (monsoon), the safety of nearby buildings, manpower allocation. Thorough analysis and interview helped in identifying sixteen risks in total and then they were subjected to Risk Break Down structure where each of the risks was categorized and its impact and likelihood were determined. Then all of the identified risks were subjected to Impact- Likelihood matrix and risk register were developed. Primarily four risks i.e Clearance from nearby buildings (PAP), Geological Changes in specific radius of the project, Drainage/ Waterlogging, Fire hazard were lying in the red zone of the matrix which suggests that these were the risk that needs proper mitigating strategies first followed by other risks. Diamond analysis of the project based on interviews showed in terms of “novelty” the project could be termed “platform” as new technology like NATBM (New Australian Tunnel Boring Machine) was used but no radical technology was used in the project, in terms of “technology” it was “high-tech”, in terms of “complexity” it could be termed as “systems” as the project involved unique challenges which were resolved by some adaptive approaches, for “pace” the project was “time-critical” as any delay in the overall completion of the project would have resulted in overall increase in cost. Interviews were taken first to identify the risks associated with the project and then to find out the quantitative nature of each question. Thematic analysis of the interview was done and eight prominent themes were identified and then they were subjected to analysis. Scale wise analysis of the questions was done to quantify the qualitative approach of interviews. Overall the project was an innovative one where several risks were involved and there were properly mitigated/ transferred. New technology was used to overcome the unique risks associated with the underground tunneling process. Safety was given top priority in the site as well as the execution approaches used in the project.

Published by: Arnab Sarkar, B. K. R. Naik, V. B. KhanapuriResearch Area: Construction (Project Management)

Organisation: National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Tunneling, NTCP, Thematic analysis, Risk breakdown structure, Impact-likelihood matrix, Risk register

Research Paper

27. To study the impact of digital marketing on purchase decision of youth in Nagpur City

Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium. It is the use of the channels to reach the desired target market via some of the following channels such as social media, websites, multimedia advertising, online search engine advertisement, E-marketing, interactive marketing (polls, the game adds, mobile marketing), etc. Customers of online shopping are delighted with prompt delivery and flawless payment mechanisms building trust in consumers. Online retailers are now pushing a larger number of categories such as electronics and white goods. In these emerging models, intangible assets such as relationships, knowledge, people, brands, and systems are taking center stage.

Published by: Ujjwal Bokde, Dr. Subramaniam SeshanResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Datta Meghe Institute of Management Studies, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Digital, Marketing, Purchase, Decision, Youth, Impact


28. Monitoring and analysis of water purification using pH sensor in rural areas

Water is the most important part of our daily life. In rural areas, people are facing so many health problems such as diarrhea, Arsenicosis, Amoebiasis, etc. In this paper, we proposed the monitoring and analysis of water purification using a pH sensor in rural areas. We considered a dam with 3 channels and placed a pH sensor in each of the channels which measure the pH value of each channel water. If the impure water is flowing through the channel will be closed automatically. A Blynk software is used to represent the detected pH value of each channel which is real-time values. Whenever pH 7 is detected the same information represented using charts in Blynk software.

Published by: Natturi Hinduja, Meghashri E. M., Havisha Amulya P., Gayathri A. R., Kruthi H. N.Research Area: Water Resources

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blynk (software), Arduino

Case Study

29. Experimental study on sewage sludge ash in stone matrix asphalt

In our country one of the major distresses is due to the rain induced damages. It is a well established fact in developed countries that the water induced damages are expected to be less in a gap graded mix like stone matrix asphalt than traditional mixes. But application of SMA in India is very limited due to lack of proper specifications. Now a days, synthetic fibers, polymers are used as stabilizing additives in SMA. Here Sewage Sludge Ash (SSA) is used in Replacement of expensive imported synthetic fibers and polymer additives with renewable/waste material in SMA is an environmental necessity. Here, a study on the impact of waste material as addictives in Stone Matrix asphalt and their role in the volumetric and drain down characteristics of the mixture is proposed. Emphasis is also given to assess the effect of water immersion on the performance of SMA mixture with different additives. In the present study 60/70 penetration grade bitumen is used as binder and polymers are used as stabilizing additive. In this research sewage sludge ash as filler in SMA and their role to study the drain down characteristics of SMA at OBC and Marshall stability test to evaluate the stability and flow values when SSA is added as filler to OBC and OAC.

Published by: K. Jaswanth, B.P.R.V.S. PriyathamResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Tirumala Engineering College, Narasaraopet, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA), Sewage Sludge Ash (SSA), Optimum Bitumen Content (OBC) And Optimum Additive Content (OAC), Marshall stability test, Drain down test

Research Paper

30. Comparative study on strength and economy of conventional and high-performance concrete using crushed sand and river sand

The concrete which incorporates wastes and is environment-friendly is called as green concrete. Green concrete is a revolutionary concept in the history of the construction industry. Concrete is an eco- friendly material and the overall impact on the environment per ton of concrete is limited. The paper focuses on the aspect of choosing a material for green concrete. It presents the feasibility of using fly ash, quarry dust, marble powder, plastic waste, and recycled concrete and masonry as aggregates in concrete. The use of fly ash and stone quarry dust in concrete contributes to a reduction in bad environmental repercussions. To avoid the pollution and reuse of waste material, the present study is carried out by completely replacing natural sand in concrete by stone quarry dust and undergoing strength and economical perspectives of concrete and especially in high-performance concrete.

Published by: Akshay KambleResearch Area: Construction Management

Organisation: Bhivarabai Sawant College of Engineering and Research, Narhe, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Green concrete, Super plast RMP-1, Stone quarry dust, Compression tests, Contingencies, Pozzocrete, High performance concrete

Review Paper

31. Infection control

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) are a major global safety concern for both patients as well as healthcare professionals. Many factors promote infection among hospitalized patients – decreased immunity among patients; increasing variety of medical procedures and invasive techniques creating potential routes of infection; and the transmission of the drug-resistant bacteria among the crowded hospital populations where poor infection control practices can facilitate transmission. Dental care providers, in particular, are also at an increased risk as they are providing care by working with sharp instruments at very high speeds and limited access in an environment that is bathed in saliva and, in many instances, blood. Dental care professionals are at high risk of cross-infection while treating patients. The dental clinic is an environment where dis¬ease transmission occurs easily. Prevention of cross-infection in the dental clinic is, therefore, a crucial aspect of the dental practice, and dental clinic workers must adopt certain basic routines while practicing.

Published by: Dr. Ankita Singh, Dr. Anuradha P., Dr. Manu Narayan, Dr. Sahana S., Dr. Sugandha Agarwal, Dr. Shweta SinghResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Infection Control, Hospital acquired infection, Infection transmission, Sterilization

Research Paper

32. Analysis of traffic characteristics of intercity highway

Majority of Indian National Highways and State Highways are two-lane roads. Due to heterogeneous traffic and increase in the number of vehicles every year, the speed, capacity and Percentile speed of these roads is very less. Nowadays these two-lane roads are upgraded into multilane highways. In this project an attempt is made to study the changes in traffic characteristics of road after its up gradation. Four traffic characteristics namely Spot Speed, Volume, Percentile Speed and Capacity are studied in this project. Data was collected from National Highway No. 361 which was two-lane road and is now up graded into four-lane road. The data of two-lane road and four-lane road was compared and analysed. Spot Speed is used to derive the distribution of traffic stream at a particular location. Flow or volume denotes the number of vehicles travelling on the road with respect to time. 15th, 50th, 85th percentile speed was calculated to study the traffic behaviour on road. Capacity was calculated by using Greenshield’s model.

Published by: Ashutosh Kale, Sanket SanghaiResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Heterogeneous, Speed, Flow, Capacity, Percentile speed, Density.

Research Paper

33. A new access control for multi-authority cloud storage

Storing data using cloud storage is a new trend with tons of features like availability, large network access, on-demand self-service etc. To access the data there is multiple access control scheme, but selecting the secure access control scheme is a major concern in cloud storage. In this paper, we presented a PMDAC-ABSC, an access control scheme for data which is based on ciphertext policy ABSC which is an analytical combination of attribute-based encryption and attribute-based signature. The proposed system can provide anonymous authentication, confidentiality, unforgeability, public verifiability, a fined-grained control measure and attribute privacy protection in a multi-authority cloud storage system.

Published by: Gouthama Thejaswi, Pavan Kumar A. S., R. Bharath, Tejaswini E., Venkatesh K. M.Research Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Attribute based encryption, Confidentiality, Attribute privacy, Fine grain control measure

Research Paper

34. The impact of taxi zoning on transportation system in Nagpur city

A taxi zoning system was for the first time introduced by the Derg region about 20 years ago. The Nagpur taxi transport service, which is believed to have begun from 2012 to 2016 with small cars has gone through various stages and systems before it reached the current level. The authorities of transport confirmed many times in the past that, the existing public transport system in Nagpur is critically inadequate to provide services for the existing travel demand. The overall performance of mass transport was constrained by many problems such as low transport service accessibility and standard, lack of taxi station, parking spaces and poor traffic management and control have remained the most critical issues to day. The need for adequate transport services has been kept on growing. This study investigates the reason which assesses the need to zone the taxi service in Nagpur city and the impact will result from the zoning in service delivery in the city. Structured questionnaire and survey interview have been prepared and targeted to three categories, control staff which includes a transport agency, traffic police, taxi association. The second category includes taxi drivers, terminal attendants, and third category include service users or passengers that use a taxi as the main mode in the southwest zone. The descriptive and exploratory research methods, quantitative research methods are employed to study the information gained from the structured questionnaire and interview questions. The collected data were classified, organized, and interpreted by using descriptive statistics including tables, frequency distributions, and percentages to give a digested picture of the data. The analysis of the data showed that taxi zoning transport service in Nagpur city may fail to achieve its purpose as stakeholders do not have any training concerning to system, there is a problem of implementation and it is also noted that 65 percent of mode share for two-wheelers contribute in the city, population is expected to grow annually by 3.8 percent, taxi drivers gain much more extra income when they cut trips, especially during rush hours, about 66.6 percent of respondents replied that they could not find taxi easily and most of the respondents say that inside facilities of taxi are not comfortable for customers. This study will help the taxi service industry to develop and design their future market strategy.

Published by: Gurpreet Singh Sandhu, S. D. GhodmareResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Taxi zoning, Taxi service, Consumer satisfaction level, Taxi service

Review Paper

35. A review- Development of fragility curves for an RC frames

Structural elements square measure typically subjected to dynamic loadings in their operating life. Very often these components may have to perform in a severe dynamic environment wherein the maximum damage results from the resonant vibration. Susceptibility to fracture of materials because of vibration is set from stress and frequency. The maximum amplitude of the vibration should be within the restricted for the protection of the structure. Hence vibration analysis has become very important in designing a structure to know in advance its response and to take necessary steps to control the structural vibrations and its amplitudes. The non-linear or large amplitude flexural vibration of plates has received considerable attention in recent years because of the great importance and interest attached to the structures of low flexural rigidity. These easily deformable structures vibrate at large amplitudes. The solution obtained supported the lineage models give no over a primary approximation to the particular solutions. The increasing demand for more realistic models to predict the responses of elastic bodies combined with the availability of super computational facilities has enabled researchers to abandon the linear theories in favor of non-linear methods of solutions. In the present investigation, large amplitude vibration of several rectangular and skew plates has been studied using an iso-parametric quadratic plate bending element for the finite element method. The formulations have incorporated the shear deformation of the plates. Plates with various boundary conditions have been considered in the study. The effect of variations in the Poisson’s ratio, thickness parameter & plate aspect ratio on the non-linear frequency ratio has also been included in the research.

Published by: Shivakant Awasthi, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Fragility curve, RC frame

Research Paper

36. Driver behaviour and traffic issues

The main investigation of this study is: to identify driver mistakes they make and driving behavior which depends on a questionnaire, which may cause traffic fatalities and highlight their effect on traffic safety. Also, to develop traffic accidents regression prediction models. The propose is to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic accidents. All the analysis depends on the questionnaire by using SPSS software to predict accident rates and compare the results with the model reports developed in Chichbhavan to Buttibori. The data for this study was collected from a survey questionnaire which was distributed to a sample of drivers in Chichbhavan to Buttibori. The data from the survey questionnaire were analyzed and used in forming the regression models. It was found that the driver’s behavior is considered aggressive, in the first part of the study is to identify the behavior of driver and second part is to frequency and percentage of the coefficient of determination. In conclusion, aggressive behavior increases the chance of exposure to accidents.

Published by: Hitesh Patel, Vishal GajghateResearch Area: Civil Engineer

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Driver behaviour, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences

Research Paper

37. Effects of non-motorized vehicles on urban Indian roads

Abstract- The aim of the study is to improve the roads conditions in Nagpur City. For study purpose, four areas of Nagpur city are selected where the flow of Non-Motorized Vehicles (NMV) is high. The survey was taken on Non-motorized user perception about safety, visibility, crossing, comfort, convenience. The survey was done by asking questions to non-motorized users and their view was collected as data, and analysis was done in MS Excel. Further by using the Inverse Variance Method, the value of the Bicycle Compatibility Index (BCI) is found. With the help of BCI, each road Level of Service (LOS) is known. Further, the Improvements measures with suggestions are discussed in this paper for proper planning and designing of roads for Non-Motorized Transport (NMT).

Published by: Meena Pawar, B. V. KhodeResearch Area: Civil Enineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Non-motorised vehicles, Bicycle compatibility index, Level of service, Non-motorized transport

Review Paper

38. A review- Self-supported steel chimney as per Indian standard

For the foremost half as a bunch logical intoxicate fireplaces square measure tall structures ordinarily roundabout cross-segments. These lean, on a bit scale, damped structures have met all needs to fast breeze left shaking. The pure mathematics of an independent encourage hearth demonstrates a suited half in its auxiliary wonder below horizontal mighty stacking. This is often what's coming back to 1 to pure mathematics is lead factors for the twinge parameters of the fireside. At whole value, the measurements of recent independent solace chimney, an excellent as pitch, size at coming out, and then forth. Square measure faithfully discharged from the connected atmospheric condition. To pronounce a desired developing short mode gem waiting to be discovered mentality (IS-6533: 1989 half 2) applying all criteria on the pure mathematics (top-to-base traverse proportion and tallness to-base traverse proportion) of encouraging smokestacks. The capability of the arranged it at stake state of affairs is to know one thing the only criteria by as a bunch of with regard to essential measurements of mechanical empower hearth. Summation of sixty-six numbers self-weighted let the daylight in scattered unlined stacks by the complete of contradictory best to-base degree proportion and stature to-base traverse proportion was scratch for this investigation. The extent of the stack was continued persistent for by an enormous told the cases. the foremost extreme bowing bat of a watch and fight for all the fireplaces were predestinating for hanging breeze surfeit regarding the methodology assumptive in IS 6533: 1989 (Part 2) by means that of MathCAD programming. Likewise, the outcomes were confirmed by the complete of the restricted institution check by the organization of business programming ANSYS. Essential breeze facilitates of 210 km/h which weaken beach front Orissa introduction goes to be for these estimations. Most extreme base camp minutes and connected energize stresses were planned as a field of best to-base thickness proportion and stature to-base thickness proportion. The outcomes no-inheritable from this investigation do not concur with the code criteria.

Published by: Nagendra Singh, Satish PariharResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Self-weighted energize stove, Intense breeze, Vortex shedding, Geometry Limitations, Reverberation, and critical speed

Research Paper

39. E-Farming: Digital generation of soil health card

The main objective of this project is building a website which will help Indian farmers to make effective cultivation by providing up-to-date information. As in this website, a farmer can see their SOIL HEALTH CARD anywhere and anytime. Secondly, it also helps the govt. to save their money by posting the cards to the farmer. This website will also help the farmers to know about the number of different chemicals they can use for their crops and to know about their soil fertility. This website will give farmers all kind of information about different crops. The E-FARMING system provides its users to get online information about, the crop, statistical details, and new tendencies. The main features of the information system include information retrieval facilities for users from anywhere in the form of obtaining statistical information about fertilizer, research institutes, and researches, suitable soil concentration for the corresponding crops and etc.

Published by: SahilResearch Area: E-Farming

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: E-Farming, Soil health card, Website

Review Paper

40. Promoting quality culture in HEIs

Developing, sustaining and enhancing quality culture is the responsibility of any institution. NAAC is an External Quality Agency while IQAC is an Internal Quality Agency. Both need to be balanced. Besides seven criteria, NAAC lays emphasis upon core values, assessment indicators for accreditation. The purpose of this exploration is to analyze the assessment indicators for quality culture in the context of Higher Education. Quality is not accidental, but it is the outcome of continuous and strenuous efforts for excellence. Quality cannot be taught. It has to be ingrained just as a sponge soaks the water. Developing, promoting and sustaining the quality culture is the responsibility of an institution. Higher Education is an instrument for change and development. Higher Education can provide highly skilled manpower, it can contribute to the accentuation of class differences in society. It can also contribute to the quality of life by developing virtues, aptitudes, and attitudes of human society. We, who are in charge of the institutions have to create an atmosphere where the potential of every individual can be put to use to its best level. That is the role and the challenge before the teacher. We must remember “time and tide waits for none” Hence, there is no time for us to lose. It is not difficult for us to see what goals today are worthy of striving. What is needed is not only choice but also faith, not only selection but also devotion, not only well-reasoned discrimination but also dedication.

Published by: Dr. Vilas B. DhoneResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Higher education, Accountability, Quality, Benchmarks

Review Paper

41. Theft detection system using wireless smart energy meter

Nowadays electricity meter reading and billing is conducted manually by a door-to-door system. This system requires large man power and is time and energy consuming. The theft of electricity is a major concern of the transmission and distribution losses in the supply of electricity. To overcome these limitations a prototype module smart energy meter reading system is proposed which includes advanced wireless technology called “ZIGBEE”. In this system, time delay, errors, and theft of electricity is reduced. The Zigbee technology works at low frequency, low data rate hence it is preferred more and its cost is also less. Wireless Electric Meter is used for remote collection of unit count and sending the bill on the consumer's meter screen. Wireless automatic meter reading technology not only saves human resources but improves the accuracy and remote access of a meter. The consumers are no more dependent on conventional power. The proposed meter calculates the net bill, units consumed and theft detection is displayed on the LCD screen. Keywords: Zigbee, man power, smart energy meter.

Published by: Anubha Bapu Deshmukh, Vandana MalodeResearch Area: ME

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Zigbee, Manpower, Smart energy meter

Research Paper

42. Effect of vehicle characteristics and road geometric interface on capacity of roads

India is the nation with heterogeneous traffic condition and the increasing population day to day, this reduces the capacity of roads. The capacity of the roads is affected by the road geometric condition, driver’s behavior and the traffic condition on the roads. In the following study, the effects of road geometry and vehicle characteristic are seen on the capacity of roads. The study was done on the urban roads of Nagpur, Maharashtra. The roads taken in the study are of different types with different geometric conditions, which are analyzed by their conditions and dimensions of the roads. The second phase of the study deals with vehicular characteristics. The proportion of each type of vehicles has its own effect on the capacity of the roads. The speed of the vehicles is also an important factor for finding capacity. As the traffic in India is heterogeneous the Passenger Car Unit (PCU) is used for calculating the capacity of roads. The regression models are used to find the results of the proportional effects of vehicles and vehicle/speed on the capacity. The final capacity of the roads is done with the Greenshields model. The estimation of capacity is done from the linear equation generated by Greenshields model. And then results are compared with the result obtained from the regression model to find the effects of the roads.

Published by: Shubham Dakhane, V. K. GajghateResearch Area: Civil Enineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Capacity, Geometric condition, Traffic condition, Vehicle characteristic, Heterogeneous, Passenger Car Unit, Regression models, Greenshields model

Research Paper

43. Study on accidental risk analysis and preventive measures for road safety

Through comprehensive road safety plans have been formulated which focus on education, enforcement measures and emergency care, there is a lack of sound and rational engineering measures to improve the road safety in our country. This paper aims to analyse, evaluate and identify effective road safety treatment measures for a rural national highway. The study area will be the outer ring road and NH-44 connecting Hingna T Point Bus Stop to Chinch Bhavan Bus Stop. Accident data of past 4 years will be collected for the analysis. Basic aim of this study will be articulate, carry out complete analysis of crash data, and identify the critical stretch in the national highway which would require immediate safety improvements. Critical sketch is identified. This could aid the highway safety audits in country for identifying specific regions in national highways depending upon the geometric element which is aimed to improve as part of safety improvement programs.

Published by: AvinashKaur Khalsa, Dr. P.Y. PawadeResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Crash causes, Road safety, Road traffic accidents

Research Paper

44. Optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop and column head

A reinforced concrete slab is supported directly by concrete columns without the use of beams. Flat slabs are highly versatile elements widely used in construction, providing minimum depth, fast construction and allowing flexible column grids. In this work, an attempt is made for optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop panel is according to the IS code method. The objective function is the total cost of the structure including the cost of the slab, drop and columns. The cost of each structural element covers that of materials (steel, concrete). In this work, a program in MATLAB was written for a flat slab with a drop by direct design method. Using this MATLAB program parameter optimization process is done for different span in both the directions. From this optimization, it is found that the cost of a flat slab decreases as the number of span increases by keeping the total length of the slab as constant.

Published by: Dhivyabharathi K., Dr. C. SubramanianResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Optimum design, Flat slab, IS Code, Drop panel, Design variables

Review Paper

45. A review on “Study the performance of outrigger system under seismic loads”

High-rise structures in high seismic zones are subjected to earthquake forces, where the building performance is weakest in storey displacement and storey drift. Many types of research have adopted various techniques to improve the performance of high rise building. These techniques include the provision of core shear wall, bracing systems, dampers, etc. these techniques are able to reduce storey displacement to some extent, but the storey drift is the constraint was the performance of building weakens. This constraint makes the research work to adopt the technique of outrigger as an ancient technique used to reduce the vibration of the structure under the seismic shake. Hence, in this paper, a review of literature is studied to check the performance of the outriggers structural system in high rise building under seismic regions. The outrigger location and depth play an important role in the performance of the building. It is also observed that the outrigger structural system along with the core system reduces storey displacement up to some extent, but helps to reduce storey drift within the limit.

Published by: Saurabh Anil Yelmame, Dayanand P. JoshiResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: High rise building, Outriggers, Depth, Seismic performance, Storey displacement, Storey drift

Research Paper

46. Geometric design of highway using Civil 3D

It is essential to plan and design the road with safe, efficient, economic and easy for the movement of traffic and collect the details of different studies. Geometric design plays a major role in every road and it is weighty in the road alignment. AutoCAD Civil 3D is a software application used by civil engineers and professionals to plan and design the projects. This paper lavishes on a total geometric design of road using AutoCAD Civil 3D software. AutoCAD Civil 3D associate design and production drafting, greatly reducing the time it takes to implement design changes and assess multiple sets of circumstances. Although there are a number of factors influences on the design of highway, the suitable geometric design having the objective of giving optimum efficiency in traffic operation with contentment safety measures at a reasonable cost.

Published by: Manoj Mandal, Dr. Prashant Pawade, Prashant SandelResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Design speed, Topography and cross-section elements

Research Paper

47. Experimental and analytical study on flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete hollow beams

This paper presents details of the studies carried out on flexural behavior of Hollow Core RC Beams with different core depths. As concrete is weak in tension, steel reinforcements are provided in this zone. The concrete is below the neutral axis act as a stress transfer medium between the compression and tension zone. However, in RC beams strength of concrete lying in and near the neutral axis is not fully utilized. So this un-utilized concrete is removed by replacing with any lightweight material. The experimental program consists of casting and testing of RC beams of size 100mm X200mmX2200mm with a hollow core in different diameter of PVC pipes like 12mm, 20mm, 30mm, 50mm from the top near Neutral axis. To study the flexural behavior, all beams are tested by two-point loading. The performance of Hollow Core Beams under flexure by using an analytical method (ANSYS) as well as Experimental method. It shows Ultimate cracking load is more for hollow sections when compared with Solid Beam.

Published by: Ranjithkumar M., Dr. S. R. SumathyResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Neutral axis, Hollow reinforced concrete beam, Light-weight material, Flexural behavior

Research Paper

48. Potential of polythene usage in concrete

We as humans are living on the verge of declination because of the excess usage of plastics in our daily life. The construction world keeps on working in innovate ways in order to reduce the work load of the construction units. Plastics, a very important material that was being invented but this has to lead us to many problems like disposal, recycling, etc. the safe treatment of such thing or material is a great challenge to humans and its safe disposal is very challenging. Since this plastic led to a different type of pollution and these problems can be reduced by the usage of plastics in construction. Plastics have the potential to improve the properties of concrete like compressive strength, tensile strength, etc.

Published by: Ankush Kumar Shukla, Dr. S. G. Makarande, Vaibhav KalmeghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bapurao Deshmukh College of Engineering, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Concrete, Tensile strength, Compressive strength, Pollution

Research Paper

49. Experimental study: Alccofine as strength enhancer for geopolymer concrete

Concrete is the most consumptive material after water in the world because of its strength and durability. But the production of cement depends on natural resources and emits a huge amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. For the sustainable environment and to reduce the global warming caused by the carbon dioxide emitted by the cement industry new substitutes which are eco-friendly is the need of the hour. Geopolymer concrete also is known as green concrete or cementless concrete produced by 100% replacement of cement with the waste product obtained from the industries. Geopolymer concrete uses fly ash, slag, and rice husk as a binder which is a substitute for conventional concrete. In present work, the different trail mixtures with variation in Alccofine were prepared to check the workability, compressive strength and permeability of Geopolymer concrete. Variation in content of Alccofine is done as 0%, 10%, 20%, 25% and 30%. As arccosine is an admixture which is micro-fine in its structure, so it may affect the fresh and hardened properties of Geopolymer concrete. In the study, results show that with increase in content of Alccofine up to 25% the significant increase in the compressive strength of concrete can be gained.

Published by: Prince Goyal, Dr. Rakesh Kumar Singla, Palvinder KaurResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Giani Zail Singh Campus College of Engineering and Technology, Bathinda, PunjabKeywords: Geopolymer concrete, Fly ash, Alccofine


50. Prediction of building structure age using machine learning

Determining the service life of building structure is a critical step for the evaluation of maintenance of the building. If the service life of a building is known then proper maintenance and refurbishment steps can be taken. Previous studies focused only on physical obsolescence whereas new concept focused on other new six criteria. The objective of this paper is to use the entire six criteria for the evaluation of obsolescence for the prediction of the age of building a structure using machine learning. A prediction model for predicting age is developed by combining the six obsolescence criteria, absolute weights, diagnostic scores, and machine learning. As obsolescence is predicted using all six criteria, the manual calculation is reduced to provide more accuracy. This prediction model has built using python language, Django as a framework and PyCharm IDE. To make this prediction system more adaptable the website is created and hosted on webhost000.com by combining prediction model and UI of the website which displays the predicted age for respective diagnostic scores. Hence predicting age is useful for taking actions to prevent future degradation.

Published by: Neha Mahajan, Darshana Patil, Apurva Kotkar, Kumud WasnikResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Service life, Obsolescence, Diagnostic scores, Prediction model, PyCharm IDE, Django, Adaptable

Research Paper

51. Awareness level of beneficiaries with respect to the concepts and services of Sanjeevini – A study of Mysuru District

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM - Sanjeevini) – Aajeevika was launched on 3rd June 2011. The Mission has the mandate to reach out about 100 million rural poor households in 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats across the country. The program is being implemented in Karnataka state and Mysore district is one of the five National Rural Livelihood Project areas. Facilitating sustainable livelihood opportunities and encouraging them to come out of poverty is the focus. The study based on primary data collected from four blocks of Mysore district. The multistage sampling frame used to gather the data from beneficiaries. The study consists of 400 beneficiaries, data collected during 2017-18. It was found in the study that out of 400 respondents only 116 respondents were aware of all the benefits available in Sanjeveni programme. The other findings have also inferred that the National Rural Livelihood Mission (Sanjeevini) has not succeeded in generating awareness about the scheme and its benefits among its own Self Help Group members completely. The author further found that Majority of them have been part of the groups for accessing the credit facilities. Making NRLM as the livelihood mission in Karnataka is still a distant dream as the current results highlight only credit and thrift activities. Livelihood promotional activities have required to be paced up.

Published by: Basavaraju R., T. M. MaheshResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Institute of Development Studies, University of Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Livelihood, Rural development, Self help group, Micro credit, NRLM

Research Paper

52. Cost optimization of highway, urban and rural facility using sustainable material

In this paper, an experiment of replacement of sand with quarry dust for compressive strength, workability of concrete and cost comparison is done for cost-effectiveness in construction. In this study, there are three basic mix design considered (M20, M30, M40) and partially replacement with 20,50,80 and 100 percentage of quarry dust. It is very beneficial and economical for the replacement of natural sand with quarry dust. In this study, it was observed that when Sand is replaced by Dust the compressive strength was found to be increased. The cost of construction is also reduced by a reasonable percentage.

Published by: Ravindra Pandey, Akshay A. Gulghane, Dr. B. V. KhodeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Concrete, Slump value, Workability, Crushing strength, Natural sand, Quarry dust, Cost analysis

Research Paper

53. Division and replication of data for cloud security

Re-appropriating data to a pariah legitimate control performed in conveyed figuring offers ascend to security concerns. The information bargain can happen because of cloud-based assaults by malignant clients. Raised security frameworks are in this way required to ensure the information in the cloud. It's the commitment of a focal information distributor to gather delicate information from numerous gatherings and after that before distributing for information mining, make it mysterious. In such occasions, information clients may have a solid interest to quantify the utility of distributed information as most awry encryption systems effectively affect the estimation of data. This assignment is nontrivial, be that as it may, as estimating the utility, as a rule, requires amassed crude information, which isn't uncovered to information clients because of concerns with respect to secrecy. Or then again more terrible, information distributors may even undermine the crude information since no one, including the individual providers, knows the full data-set. This venture proposes a security protecting utility confirmation instrument dependent on different parts of cryptographic methodology, a differentially private procedure intended for set-assessed information. This proposition can gauge the information utility dependent on the collected crude information's encoded frequencies rather than the plain qualities, denying rupture of secrecy. Related, the accuracy of the encoded frequencies given by the distributor could be subtly confirmed, which recognizes noxious distributors. This method is additionally stretched out to DiffGen, another system made for social information which is differentially private revealing. The security and productivity of the proposed framework is exhibited by our hypothetical and exploratory appraisals.

Published by: G. Raghunathan, Mohideen YazirResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Security, Privacy, Cloud computing

Review Paper

54. Hyperledger based electronic voting system

In many countries, the elections are carried out by a single administration and have complete control over the database and system. The administration has to manage the entire election process which occurs for a long period of time. Generic elections still use a centralized system; some of the problems that can occur in conventional electoral systems are that it is possible to tamper with the database of considerable opportunities. The aspect of security and transparency is a threat from a still widespread election with the conventional system (offline). Unlike the electoral system, there are many conventional uses of paper in its implementation. The best way to overcome the difficulty faced is by decentralizing the system used for elections. This can be achieved by making use of Blockchain technology, the entire database is owned by many users in a blockchain. Blockchain itself has been used in the Bitcoin system known as the decentralized Bank system. By adopting blockchain in the distribution of databases on e-voting systems can reduce one of the cheating sources of database manipulation. Unlike Bitcoin with its Proof of Work, this paper proposes a method based on a hyperledger to enable voting.

Published by: K. H. Sudershan, P. Eshwar Reddy, Kishore Nadiger, Sharat Kumar S.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: E-voting, Blockchain, Hyperledger


55. Literature Review: Semantic Web tools and technologies for creating and effective searching method based on the data available in social networking sites

This paper is a literature review on Semantic Web tools and technologies for creating and effective searching method based on the data available in Social Networking sites. We discuss the requirements of ontologies in the context of the Semantic Web. We survey tools for managing and applying ontologies. Advantages of using ontologies in both knowledge-base-style and database-style applications are compared. We explore the current state of the Semantic Web with a major focus on search based on Social Networking profiles. The paper includes a review of several papers on semantics and ontology based search, sections on query languages and knowledge base systems that enable Semantic Web search. Finally, we discuss the growth of Social Networking.

Published by: Aamir Junaid Ahmad, Sabina PriyadarshiniResearch Area: Research

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, JharkhandKeywords: Semantic Web, Ontology, SPARQL, OWL, RDF

Research Paper

56. Real time security surveillance using machine learning

As we know security has become a major concern in modern society. It is achieved by surveillance which is capable of taking brisk actions. This paper presents a new system architecture which provides real-time surveillance where unauthenticated people are differentiated and provides the data flow and storage path. Recognition errors are narrowed as much as possible to make the system work efficiently. The proposed approach exploits the Viola-Jones method for face detection, the LBPH (Local Binary Pattern Histogram) algorithm as feature tracker. This combination of algorithms gives more accuracy and less processing time in the proposed design. User data is stored separately from the trained file to make the system more reliable. The proposed design can be integrated into any place which is concerned about security and prevents the security breaches before they occur.

Published by: G. Sumith Reddy, Devasani Aravind, Vanama Mohith, A. SivajayaprakashResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Surveillance architecture, Local binary pattern histogram, Open CV, Viola-Jones

Research Paper

57. Partial replacement of cement by fly-ash in concrete

The paper deals with the strength of cement concrete by using flyash with cement in concrete. Partial replacement of cement by the use of flyash is being famous and gaining importance today, mainly on account of the improvement in the long term durability of concrete and ecological benefits. Technological improvements in thermal power plant operations and flyash collection systems have resulted in improving the consistency of flyash. To study the effect of partial replacement of cement by fly-ash, studies have been conducted on concrete mixes with 10%, 20%, 30% replacement of total cement 53grade percentage. In this paper, the effect of fly-ash on compressive strength is studied.

Published by: Shankh Agrawal, Honey GaurResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Kalinga University, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Flyash, Grade of concrete, Compressive strength


58. Safety analysis for Building Automation and Control System in Metro railway station

Every Metro Station Master room is fitted with the local workstation which supervises and controls the station’s Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing (MEP) systems are controlled by Building Automation & Control System (BACS). BACS is a system that controls and monitors Electromechanical Systems like Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), lifts, escalators, fire fighting, lighting, etc. BACS will work either in remote control mode through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) controls or in stand-alone mode from the station master room. BACS are accountable for the functions influencing public safety, security and health. Thus BACS, should work reliably, safely, securely and competently. The level of quality and safety management required to avoid random and systematic failures in the design and engineering of the BACS is determined by the Safety Integrity Level (SIL). In this paper, the SIL is determined with the help of the Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) for the Safety Analysis of BACS in Metro Railway Station based on IEC 61508 and CENELEC EN 50129 standards.

Published by: Shaik Shashavali, Anil Kumar Ammina, V. SankarResearch Area: Reliability Engineering

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: BACS, MEP, FTA, SIL, SCADA, Functional Safety, IEC 61508, CENELEC EN 50129.

Technical Notes

59. Automatic text summarization

In the recent years we have seen an increasing amount of data generation in every field. It becomes our utmost priority to manage this data. The data produced can be structured or unstructured. When it comes to gain knowledge through data, it becomes easier if we only get a summary out of it. In this digital era, most of us do not have enough time to go through many pages of data. Text Summarization aims to retrieve only the important information out of a large text document. This can be achieved through NLP techniques.

Published by: Anagha Shamprasad, Akshatha G Krishna, B M Shashank, Reshma J, Lokesh SResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Natural Language Processing (NLP), Extractive summarization and abstractive summarization, Entity recognition, Relationship extraction, Template design, Summary generation

Research Paper

60. Experimental investigation on geopolymer concrete subjected to elevated temperature

Geopolymer concrete can be expressed as "concrete without cement". Geopolymer concrete is environmentally friendly and an inventive way to replace the conservative concrete which contributes 7-8% of total CO2 production in the world. “The concrete which entails of the source materials and the alkaline solution”. The source material can be from agricultural wastes such as Bagasse ash, Rice husk ash, Palm fuel ash, etc and the industrial by-products such as Fly ash, Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Copper Slag, etc. The alkaline solutions can be either sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate or potassium hydroxide and potassium silicate. In the present study, an effort has been made to check the likelihood of reuse of bagasse ash in Geopolymer Concrete by probing mechanical properties of M30 grade concrete for 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent replacement by bagasse ash. The behavior of 100% GGBS replaced concrete under elevated temperature by weight loss, residual strength, cracking pattern and spalling pattern.

Published by: Chidhambar E., Dr. Y. M. ManjunathResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Geopolymer concrete, Sunlight curing, GGBS, Bagasse-ash, Weight loss, Residual strength

Research Paper

61. Environment risk factor influencing Scrub Typhus in Kushinagar (Uttar Pradesh)

Scrub typhus is an acute febrile widespread disease in Asia & Pacific islands which causes unspecific symptoms & signs. This is one of the biggest diseases in our country especially in the terai region and South India for many years. Scrub typhus, a dreaded disease in the pre-antibiotic era, is an important military disease which caused thousands of cases in the Far East during World War. It is a zoonosis and is a widespread disease in Asia and the Pacific Islands. Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness which generally causes non-specific symptoms and signs. The clinical manifestations of this disease. Deaths are attributable to late presentation, delayed diagnosis, and drug resistance. The public health importance of this disease is underestimated because of difficulties with a clinical diagnosis and lack of laboratory methods in many geographical areas. Scrub typhus is known to occur all over India and physicians should be aware of this potentially serious but easily treatable disease. The aforesaid environmental factors affect the incidence and cause of Scrub typhus drastically as there is a high need to control this disease. So, a survey was conducted regarding this aspect.

Published by: Mohd Minnatullah, Kamal Nabh Tripathi, Anupam MehrotraResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Scrub Typhus, Febrile illness, Zoonosis

Review Paper

62. Analysis of dynamic pricing in airlines and predicting least fare

Airline companies have been using dynamic pricing to vary the ticket prices to maximize the profit for a limited number of seats. Though the algorithm is different for all the airlines and never disclosed, it is possible to predict the variation in ticket prices. There have been studies in the past for the same, none explicitly for the Indian market; considering the major holidays. Applying techniques from Machine learning model of neural networks and backpropagation, we could predict the upcoming surge or dip in the ticket prices. We aim at predicting if the price of the ticket will go down in the future or the current price is the lowest.

Published by: Purbid Bambroo, Sheetal, Nitin Agrawal, Dr. Kavitha SoodaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural networks, Machine learning, Airlines, Dynamic pricing

Research Paper

63. A survey of the prosthetic status and post-treatment satisfaction of patients among Kashmiri population visiting Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar

The objective of this survey was to assess the prosthetic status of patients visiting the Department of Prosthodontics of Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar Kashmir, which was followed by the assessment of patient satisfaction 4 months after treatment. Furthermore, the influence of the patient's gender, their mental attitude, and the type of prosthesis given on patient satisfaction were evaluated. A short interview was carried out with the selected patients to collect preliminary data. The socioeconomic status was recorded, following which an intra-oral examination was carried out to assess the prosthetic status and the type of prosthesis required by the patient. Patients were then given a questionnaire before the commencement of treatment to assess their mental attitude. The treatment decided on was completed for each patient. Patients' satisfaction with the treatment was assessed after four months using a questionnaire. Subsequent to the collection of data from the questionnaires, statistical analysis using the Chi-square test at a significance level of P<0.05 was done to evaluate the relationship between age, personality, mental attitude, and prosthetic treatment needs. Patient satisfaction was also assessed. Statistically significant results were obtained on correlating the age and the treatment required, patients' mental attitude and the various treatment options. The relationship between the patients' gender, socioeconomic status, and mental attitude with their satisfaction was found to be noteworthy. The highest prosthetic treatment need was for complete dentures in both genders. Higher satisfaction levels were noted in individuals belonging to higher socioeconomic status and in males.

Published by: Dr. Waseem Ul Ayoub, Dr. Imtiyaz Ahmed Magray, Dr. Tahleel, Dr. Arwah BashirResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Gender and satisfaction, Mental attitude, Prosthetic status, Socioeconomic status

Review Paper

64. Smart braking system

This paper describes a new smart braking system for bikes. Road accidents are commonplace in today’s scenario. Accidents cause worse damage, serious injury, and even death. Accidents prevention has been one of the leading areas for research. Mainly focus on prevention of accidents due to nervousness, drunken driving, etc. Manual methods of applying brakes are always dangerous as it leads to accidents. Nowadays no. of accidents are increases. Unconsciousness of the driver, uncontrollable speed of the vehicle and manual operation of braking systems are the reason for accidents. It is necessary to control brakes automatically through electronics devices to minimize accident problems. In this research paper, we proposed an effective methodology for the automatic controlling of a braking system to prevent accidents with the help of electronics engineering. The system consists of ultrasonic sensor wave emitter fitted at the front portion of the bike and ultrasonic receiver to receive the signal. The actuator pulls the brake lever through which a piston is pushed which then uses hydraulic fluid to apply brakes(disc type). Here we use actuator in this system instead of servomotor. This reflected wave gives the signal to MCU to applying brakes automatically. By using this System we can reduce no. of accidents.

Published by: Shivang Garg, Piyush Rajawat, Rajeshwar Govrani, Sailinder Raj SinghResearch Area: Automobile Braking System

Organisation: Maharishi Arvind Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Ultrasonic sensor, Automatic braking system, Actuator, Microcontroller chip


65. Pick and place robot

Autonomous robots are used everywhere nowadays and robotics is also gaining popularity all around the world. This motivated us to make an autonomous robot that can avoid obstacle from its path and do a specific task like Pick and Place object. The Project is designed to develop a Pick and Place robot for picking and placing objects.

Published by: Kavya S., Teja V. D., Sumashree K., Sushma H. V., Swathi H. E.Research Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Renesas Microcontroller, DC motor, Bluetooth, Ultrasonic sensor

Research Paper

66. IoT V2I communication-rescue time

It’s no secret that being a doctor is one of the most difficult, important and necessary professions the world and while some doctors work in hospitals and others as a real team of superheroes rushed to help others through the streets of big cities but unfortunately paramedics have to fight not only the diseases of the patient but also with road traffic. Traffic jams are a major problem in India just as in any other popular country, unfortunately, automatics have not figured out how to deal with this yet. ANDROID based systems play a crucial role in solving the problems caused by a vehicle accident. In the first part of the project, concentrates on problems faced by Ambulances, GSM concept is used to send a message regarding the current status of the victim to the Ambulance so that pre-necessary medical arrangements are taken care. In this project, we have registered some volunteer’s like junior doctors, students, senior citizens and area ministers located by near the RSU (road side unit) fixed. If any accident occurs then RSU unit will sense and immediately send the alert message to volunteers, if they respond to message they will press start button on their Android app then it will detect the location using GPS which provides the location of the accident vehicle and also set the timers if they have not taken further action than message is sent to next volunteer. In the third part, concentrated on camera which is used to capture the image and send it to respective unit through email, based on the volunteer’s respond they get credits from government or public organizations.

Published by: Deepa D. N., Dhanush Gowrav Gowda K. S., Harshitha S., Hemanth H. Gowda, Anand H. D.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Road Side Unit (RSU), Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) communication, Android App, Rescue time

Research Paper

67. A study on analyzing social status of handloom weavers in Tiruvannamalai District

Textile plays a predominant role for human being with respect to their basic need i.e. clothing. First, agriculture next to it textile comes. In the Textile sector, there are so many domains, like handloom industry, power loom industry, job work; garment industry wherein each different kind of operations will be carried by adopting different techniques. In all domains employees will be called in different names such as weavers, tailor, merchandiser, etc. who offer varieties of textile products to the customers. But always one question remains the same in our mind. It is all about the life lead by weavers and their status. Many weavers are leading their life below the poverty line who offers designed trendy textile products they do not have a nice cloth to wear. The present focuses on the social status of handloom weavers and their faced problems where the weavers are working under owner. The researcher aims to find a solution by prescribing model for the applied problem for the betterment of weavers’ segment.

Published by: Dr. Sasikala M. S.Research Area: Handloom Sector

Organisation: Acharya Institute of Graduate Studies, Soladevanahalli, KarnatakaKeywords: Weavers, Handloom sector, Social status, Owners and Traders

Review Paper

68. A review on stock prediction using machine learning

The goal of this review is to describe the various methods used to predict the stock market, gold price and fuel price. The following paper describes the work that was done on investigating the application of regression, SVM, ELM, ANFIS techniques on the stock market price prediction. The report describes the various technologies with their accuracy level and efficiency in the test phase. It was found that support vector regression was the most effective out of the models used, although there are opportunities to expand this research further using additional techniques to incorporate the current affairs into the prediction features.

Published by: Aiswarya S. Kumar, Greeshma Merin Varghese, Radhu Krishna R., Reshma K. PillaiResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: College of Engineering, Chengannur, KeralaKeywords: Stock prediction, Linear Regression, Fuzzification, SVM

Research Paper

69. Inventory management Android application

The application has been developed keeping in mind the use of a centralized inventory managing system that could be accessed by all the authorized users, allow them to put forth requests and update the database accordingly. The usability of the application ranges from event managing to basic log keeping in small to medium-sized storages.

Published by: Gaurav Kulhare, Asheesh Nellutla, Sagar Ekbote, Utkarsh NaikResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Event, Inventory, Managing, Android

Review Paper

70. Review paper on design and analysis of multi-storey building by the use of Stadd.Pro

Structural designing requires a detailed structural analysis on which the design of the structure is based. But it is not always possible to do in manual calculation hence the need for programming tools was found. For which several of power tools were formed, among which the most widely used one is Stadd.Pro, which allows the structural and seismic analysis prior to its construction. For high rise buildings its quite feasible to use Stadd.Pro for computing the loads and its combination and analyzing the structure and designing the structure based on the analysis.

Published by: Falak VatsResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Rajasthan Technical University, Kota, RajasthanKeywords: Structural designing, Analysis, Seismic, Stadd.Pro, Programming tools


71. IoT based patient monitoring, bed and blood booking using AVR

In the advanced human services condition, the utilization of IoT innovations brings accommodation of doctors and patients, since they are connected to different restorative regions, The body sensor network(BSN) innovation is one of the center advancements of IoT improvements in medicinal services framework, where a patient can be observed utilizing an accumulation of small controlled and lightweight remote sensor hubs. In this paper, at first, we feature the issues related to a lack of beds in Govt. Emergency clinics and blood booking and the executives of the equivalent. Consequently, we propose an IOT based idea to pre-book the bed for patient preceding achieve the medical clinic by means of Ambulance and request the blood with a solitary snap utilizing web App which can proficiently achieve those prerequisites.

Published by: Kesthara V., Ruksana S., Sangeetha C. M., Usha S. R., Rhaghavi A.Research Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: IoT, AVR microcontroller, GSM/GPRS, Human detection body sensors

Research Paper

72. Gesture recognition using RF signals

Gesture recognition is gaining increasing importance in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). Gesture-based interaction serves as a convenient and natural means for users to interact with computers. However, accurate detection and recognition of human actions is still a big trial that attracts lots of research efforts due to the difficulties related to the human body parts and the difficulty in sensing their actions correctly such as human clothes and their negative consequence on the detection accuracy and the surrounding environmental conditions. Vision centered human activity analysis by means of computer vision as the original answer is still having its limits that are connected to the inability to detect whatsoever happening behind the walls or in the dim places and the uncomfortable feeling of people with cameras all over the place. This paper proposes a methodology that will use RF signals to overcome all the disadvantages of the mentioned methods.

Published by: Chandrakanth R., Bharath K., Bhargava U. G., Chinmaya G., Girija S.Research Area: Wireless Communication, Machine Learning, Android Programming

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Gesture recognition, RF signals, Wi-Fi, RSSI, LSTM RNN

Research Paper

73. Portable biometrics using LoRa modulated interface

Many of the universities in India has always been facing issues with its students’ attendance registry management and thereby wasting valuable manpower and time for the faculties of the institutions. There have also been some standalone biometric devices which are rather costly, as well as non-portable and people can tamper with them. These problems are overcome by using a portable device which checks the validation of the unique characteristics (fingerprint) of the subject if it is a valid input, and then it will store the data of the subject’s presence in the Excel spreadsheet in the faculty’s personal computer and report the success. The data (ID of the student) will be sent through an LPWAN communication protocol called LoRa. This way there will be complete safety of the data, as it will not be tampered (in case of standalone devices, which can be tampered with) and the complete information is stored in the central database. The automatic logging greatly reduces the task carried out by the faculties at the end of the semesters since the data is readily available and required action can be taken concurrently.

Published by: Bharath K., Bhargava U. G., Girija S.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: LoRa, Modulation, Attendance management, Arduino, Fingerprint

Research Paper

74. Farm produce delivery management

Agriculture provides employment to over 60% of the Indian population. It also contributes 17% for the GDP. However, agricultural marketing has not taken its shape in rural India. The farmers are completely dependent upon local traders and middlemen for disposal of their farm produce. This is due to the lack of good marketing facilities. Hence the products are sold at a throwaway price. The aim behind developing this app is to give the farming community a fair and consistent price for their produces and therefore they farmers can overcome the problem of facing the middlemen. By using this application, the farmers can directly connect with the wholesalers, retailers or the end-users and supply the product directly to them. This will ensure that there is an increase in the profit of the farmers.

Published by: Aishwarya S. Murudi, Krishna Keerthana, Likith S. R., Meghana V. Reddy, Shashikanth T. S.Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Farmer, Middlemen, Application, Profit

Research Paper

75. Log based internal intrusion detection for web applications

The web environment security has become a high priority for e-businesses communities. As the usability and popularity of web applications have increased, various types of attacks in web applications also increase. The Intrusion detection system has been used for the purpose of detecting the attacks by looking at the network traffic or by looking at operating system events. Log-based intrusion detection system makes use of user logs from the web servers, where the access information about each and every request is saved. The drawback of Log-based web intrusion detection is that it can be executed only after transactions take place; hence, the prevention of attack is unattainable. In this paper we are focusing on user’s behavior, to find out the difference between the common user and malicious user and try to prevent the attack before it takes place

Published by: S. Chanthini, Dr. K. LathaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Intrusion detection system, Web applications, Web log, Web security

Research Paper

76. Design and development of continuous variable transmission with launch gear

A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides a controlled application of power. Often the term transmission refers simply to the gearbox that uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device. The transmission also provides a reverse gear resulting in backward motion of the vehicle. CVT or continuously variable transmission provides an automatic feature for changing the gear ratio depending upon different engine load conditions. Even being an automatic transmission, CVT consists of lesser moving parts and is simpler and compact design. Metal belt and variable pulleys, one of the most popular kinds of CVT that are used in the automobiles widely because it can provide better acceleration because of higher low ratio and better fuel consumption because of less over drive ratio. Despite providing such advantages, CVT generates less torque at lower engine RPM. This is due to slipping of the belt over the tapered surfaces of the variable pulley. Therefore, a mechanism with a launch gear driving the pulleys to reduce belt slip is to be introduced and developed to overcome this problem increasing torque at lower rpm.

Published by: Kshitij Santosh Soman, Chinmay P. Tendulkar, Affan M. Wadkar, Nilesh K. Pednekar, Sumit S. SurveResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Rajendra Mane College of Engineering and Technology, Ambav, MaharashtraKeywords: Transmission, CVT, Launch gear

Research Paper

77. Dimensionality reduction and classification in gene expression data using hybrid approach

The microarray technology has modernized the approach of biological research in such a way that scientists can now measure the expression levels of thousands of genes simultaneously in a single experiment. With this large quantity of gene expression data, experts have started to discover the possibilities of disease classification using gene expression data. Quite a large number of methods have been planned in recent years with hopeful results. But there are still a set of issues which need to be addressed and understood. In order to gain insight into the disease classification difficulty, it is necessary to get a closer look at the problem, the proposed solutions, and the associated issues altogether. In this paper, we present a dimensionality reduction methods and classification method such as Mutual information, Pearson’s correlation, search algorithms (Recursive feature elimination, Genetic Algorithm, simulated annealing) with Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification algorithm and estimate them based on their evaluation time, classification accuracy and ability to reveal biologically meaningful gene expression. Our experimental results shows that classifier performance through graphs with improved accuracy in disease prediction.

Published by: K. Iswarya, C. KanimozhiResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Feature selection, Mutual information, Pearson’s correlation, Genetic algorithm, Simulated annealing, SVM

Research Paper

78. Location-aware heterogeneous web service recommendation using Hybrid approach

Web service has been emerged as a promising technique to support inter-operable machine-to-machine interaction which provides a method of communication between electronic devices over a network. As the number of web services with similar functionality has increased rapidly over the internet the web service discovery is not a challenging task but selection and recommendation are becoming more important. The Optimality of a web service depends on its performance and performance is measured through Quality of Service that is QoS. QoS is the set of non-functional properties of a web service which includes response time, price, failure rate and so on. Recommendation system initially searches for the list of web services those having similar functionality, which the user requested and finally the optimal web services are recommended to users. In addition, QoS is widely employed in describing non-functional properties of Web Services for optimizing the Web service composition. Since the number of functionally equivalent services offered on the web with different QoS properties is increasing, it is quite important to recommend services considering their non-functional QoS properties. In this project, we can include the recommendation algorithm which includes ratings, reviews, and emoticons. These details are recommended by using a hybrid algorithm. User details are encrypted using Elliptical curve cryptography. Third parties are difficult to hack the original details. Admin can discover the services based on the highest feedbacks and also recommended based on locations. And also using roll back discovery to cancel the web services automatically to overcome the burden of service cancellation.

Published by: D. Ananthi, K. AmbikaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: QoS, Hybrid Algorithm, ECC Algorithm

Research Paper

79. Multi factor AKE protocol and key stroke authentication for secured communication

Authenticated Key Exchange (AKE) protocol permits a user and a server to authenticate each other for the first time. It generates a session key for the successive communications without any authentication. Many AKE protocols had been proposed to obtain person privateness and authentication for the duration of conversation. Other than secured consultation key established order, these AKE protocols offer a few other useful capability like two-thing user authentication and mutual authentication. But they have got few weaknesses along with vulnerability in opposition to loss of smart card, offline dictionary assault, de-synchronization attack, person anonymity or untraceability. Also, AKE scheme the usage of public key conversation doesn’t suite nicely for lightweight computational gadgets. In this work, a novel Multi-Factor AKE protocol is proposed to overcome all the above-mentioned weaknesses. This protocol supports revoked smart card transactions. The password that is available on the USB device will be overwritten once the user used it. Passwords can be updated without centralized storage. The average time to enter a password will be defined. The user has to type the password within the allocated time, failing which he/she has to enter it again. This security model of AKE supports user anonymity and resist a lost card attack. Elliptical Curve Cryptography algorithm is used for encryption and decryption of the session key. The computational cost and the bandwidth cost for this proposed model are low, which makes it useful in pervasive computing applications and mobile communications. The proposed AKE model is much secured when compared to the existing protocols.

Published by: S. Kanimozhi, S. JayanthiResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Multi-factor authentication, AKE (Authenticated Key Exchange) Protocol, Key stroke authentication, Session key generation, ECC Encryption

Research Paper

80. Data sharing and privacy preserving on personal healthcare information in cloud

Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing model which provides several resources through the cloud service provider to cloud users on demand based. Cloud computing storage, users are able to access and shared resources offered by cloud services provider at a lower cost. Data protection, reliability, dependency, transparency, data portability are the most important challenges of the various cloud environment. In Healthcare system privacy is the ability to protect the patient’s personal information against unauthorized access. While sharing the healthcare data in the cloud, the clients have handled security and scalable key management. In this proposed work of Merkle hash tree algorithm used to significantly reduce the amount of data that a TPA has to maintain to proof the integrity of the data. CP-ABE perform private verification, delegated verification, and public verification. A privacy-preserving OPOR auditing scheme for shared data in the cloud environment and utilize with signature, to compute verification information on shared data

Published by: A. Aaro, S. UshaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Healthcare System, Data security, Merkle hash tree algorithm, CP-ABE, OPOR

Research Paper

81. An efficient intrusion detection system on blackhole attack for Mobile Ad hoc Network

A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET), also known as wireless ad hoc network, is a self-configuration and infrastructure-less network of mobile devices connected wirelessly in a continuous manner. They are vulnerable to various kinds of attacks due to their dynamic nature and lack of a central control point. One of the most several network layer routing attacks in Blackhole attack. Among those routing attacks, black hole throws a challenge in interrupting and degrading the performance of data forwarding operation by dropping the data packets that are transferred through it. To ensure secure MANET an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is being required. So in this research, we proposed an anomaly based IDS to detect black hole attack in MANET in turn computations have been performed using Neighbors Selective Acknowledgement. In the proposed method, all the nodes receiving data packet send an acknowledgment to the node from which it received it. If the source node receives an acknowledgment from a destination within the threshold time, the path is found to be protected against black hole node and originator takes no action. Otherwise, the source starts verifying nodes. Source node unicast verification message to all the nodes whose details it has stored. Our simulation experiment proves that detects black hole nodes efficiently with less false positive rate of detection and false positive rate.

Published by: S. NivethaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Intrusion detection system, Black hole, AODV, Acknowledgment

Research Paper

82. Analysis of deficits of highway to propose for better geometry

For the Design of any roadway, there are many governing parameters that affect the total efficiency output as perceived by the driver. The roadway should be designed for perfect Geometric features. This paper involves the analysis or in other words the complete finding the wear-about of the deficits of an existing roadway and to come up with a proposal for the improved Geometric proposal for the roadway using DMRB as the basis for the design. There is much research going on the same deficiency improvement related aspects and still needs a lot of further scope of improvement in order to achieve the complete safety of a proposed roadway. Considering the ongoing research on the geometric improvements on the existing roadways the optimistic user as well as Eco-friendly design is to opted for our site

Published by: Hardik SharmaResearch Area: Highway Geometry

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Geometric design, Highway geometry

Research Paper

83. Reduction of environmental pollution while stone crushing

Stone crushing industry is an important industrial sector in the country engaged in producing crushed stones of various sizes depending upon the requirement which acts as raw material for various construction activities such as the construction of roads highways bridges buildings and canals etc. It is estimated that there are over 12000 stone crushing units in India. The number is expected to grow further keeping in view the future plans for the development of infrastructure for the overall development of the country. This industry is estimated to have an annual turnover of RS.5000 corers. Along with increasing economic benefits, there are some pollution problems that are increasing rapidly. These problems are causing very harmful effects on human health and the surrounding environment and thus needed to be controlled within time. Thus an overall assessment or analysis is performed here.

Published by: Ashutosh D. Kamble, Ritesh K. Dole, Rishikesh H. Gavale, Sanket G. Dey, Pushkar S. BhamareResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Stone crushing units, Pollution, Costs analysis, Control measures, Health effects, Environmental effects

Research Paper

84. EVI-databse authentication using advanced security standards

The concept of embedded virtual intelligence was to enable database authentication with advanced security standards. Data is the most resourceful asset of any information system the key idea of the paper was to secure data. Evi was designed with a centric algorithm that makes database authentication or access to any other system portal very secure. The functionality of this system is intelligently based on two major security modules are IP Retrieval Module and Automated Kernel Level Execution. IP Retrieval Module is a system package which runs on the background which has a steganographic implementation that retrieves the IP address of the host as soon as false login is attempted and logs I another independent server. Automated Kernel Level Execution Module overrides the system once the IP Retrieval Module is done this system force downloads executable files that run on startup now the executable files are implemented with kernel scripts that automatically retrieves all the network and system related information and packages it to a text file and mails back the details to the desired destination email address along the credentials.All these kernel scripts inside the exe files are encrypted by AES algorithm.

Published by: Vaibhav MuthukumaranResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: EVI-embedded virtual intelligence, Authentication, AKE-automated kernel-level execution

Survey Report

85. The survey on detection of plant diseases by image processing technique

The traditional agricultural system is causing various problems regarding the production of crops and it is the main reason for plant diseases. There are few diseases like rice blast, brown spot, red stripe and downy fungal which cause significant reduction in both quality and quantity of agricultural products. As we people were busier in our daily life, we need a technology which can automatically detect symptoms of plants and give information about it for farmers, so they can easily diagnosis it. So the technological world and agro scientists have found a solution for the major problem facing by our farmers regarding plant diseases. There are many plant diseases which can cause various problems in the human race. We can implement a system which detects and prevents plant diseases easily by using “IMAGE PROCESSING TECHNIQUE”. This technique initially finds the infected region, later finds features like color, texture, and shape. This can be achieved by 3 steps, first color transformation structure for the input RGB image is created, thus the green pixels are masked and removed by segmentation, later texture statics are computed, and finally extracted features are passed through the classifiers. The major techniques involved in the process are, color space, color histogram, grey level co-occurrence matrix, etc…and classification techniques like support vector machine (SVM), back propagation (BP).

Published by: Sakshi, Vachana Shree, Vinutha H., Srinath G. M., Sowmyashree H. V.Research Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Image processing, Classification technique, Color histogram component Introduction

Review Paper

86. Offline signature verification for the assessment of neurodegenerative diseases

Neuron degeneration will be a system of operations in which the neurons lose its structure and functionality this results in the end of neurons. Neuron cells are basically responsible for gathering information, synthesizing the same information and passing appropriate signals, based on the information sent, to other nerve cells. There will be no particular involuntary relationship between handwriting patterns of a patient suffering from a neurodegenerative disease. It is known truth that handwriting of a patient can depict the intensity of the disease, it will also be taken as a symptom and detection tool, yet no standard theory or tool exists. Signature verification is an important biometric technique that aims to detect whether a given signature is forged or genuine. It is essential in preventing falsification of documents in numerous financial, legal, and other commercial settings

Published by: Shashank V. P., SachinKumar K., Sandesh B. V., Sunil Michael D. Souza, Kusha K. R.Research Area: Information Science Engineering

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Offline signature verification, neurodegenerative diseases

Review Paper

87. Smart jacket based on IoT review

Soldiers are an important part of the army, hence for their safety purpose IoT based device can be designed called Smart Safety Jacket. In order to collect and detect various signals for organizations, it is possible to use wearable devices like smart jackets and other accessories. So it can become easy to respond to different situations Smart jackets consists of materials and remote sensors which coordinates with regards to the human body. It can be used to measure and observe different parameters.

Published by: Dhanaji Sugriv Narwade, Rahul Malvadkar, Akshay More, S. S. SasteResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Trinity Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Smart jacket, Peltier belt, ESP, DHT11


88. Comparative analysis and design of framed structure with different types of infill walls

In the last few decades, the scientific community has been extensively involved in the investigation about the interaction between infill walls and RC frames in the seismic structural behavior. The infill walls are seldom included in the numerical analysis of reinforced concrete structural Systems since infill panels are generally considered as non-structural components. However, these panels affect the structural response to a large extent, because the complexity they introduce to analysis, kept them unaccounted. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the contribution of infill walls to earthquake response of the Structures. In this study, an attempt is made to do comparative analysis and design of the structure when the structure is modeled using different types of infill walls. In this study, an R/C frame structure with a different type of infill walls like AAC Block, Clay Brick, are considered to investigate the effect of different types of infill walls on earthquake response of the structures. The RCC frame analyzed & designed by using STAAD-Pro software. The diagonal strut approach is adopted for modeling of infill walls. The analytical results of the building frame will be compared and analyzed to obtain are storey drift, base shear, Lateral displacement, shear force and bending moment when subjected to static earthquake loadings.

Published by: Syed Raheel Ahmed, Aditi H. DeshmukhResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: College of Engineering and Technology, Akola, MaharashtraKeywords: Infill, Caly bricks, AAC block, Equivalent diagonal strut, Staad pro

Research Paper

89. Enzymatic hydrolysis of weed plant Agave tequilana for the production of bio-ethanol

Burning of fossil fuels has not only led to health problems but also have a great impact on our environment like acid rain, climate change, global warming. And it is excepted by 2070, the current globe will be running out of fossil fuel. Our work was conducted on weed plant Agave tequilana, wherein microbial fermentation was carried out on pretreated biomass with 0.8% of NaOH and 98% H2SO4 by using standard cultures of Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404)and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NCIM 3622). The percentage of Bio-Ethanol yield was found to be 45.55%.

Published by: Shashikala A., Rathan KumarResearch Area: Environmental Biotechnology

Organisation: Acharya Institutes, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Bio-ethanol, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Agave tequilana, Aspergillus niger

Research Paper

90. Smart restaurant system

The main aim of our project is to provide an AUTOMATION in the restaurants by replacing the TRADITIONAL RESTAURANTS in which the customers have to wait for a longer time to give their orders to the waiters and there may also be a mistake while taking and delivering food items to the customers. There is also a lot of work on waiters when massive people are present in the restaurant, especially during festival occasions. If we provide automation in a restaurant system we can overcome these drawbacks and lead to a SMART CITY which is also the aim of our government.

Published by: Kousar Jan, Insha Farooq Talib, Biswash Pathak, Sunil Kumar Sah, Muzzamil RatherResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Beehive College of Engineering and Technology, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Automation, IoT, Ordering and Delivering

Research Paper

91. Child monitoring system using IoT

In our nation, children are the most precious resources as they are imminent of the country. The parents always look forward to having their children in a safeguarded place where they can make their time without any complication. Unluckily children are threatened. The violation has been growing increasingly. The security of graduate school going youngster is a noteworthy constituent motivated to proceed along with the assist of innovative advancement. During children transit to and from the school, there are many miserable cases observed in media. In our nation, due to the absence of preventative considerations children seems to be nowhere to be found and later end up in the trouble. During the transit of the children to and from school, parents are anxious. Therefore, in current days, the security issue of school children is to be given supreme significance. The objective behind the project is to design a child safety system through smartphones that provide the possibility to trace child’s location as well as during emergency children can alert parents by saying a child is in an emergency via message. An Android application is developed and installed on parents phone so that their children can be traced, monitored to keep track of their activities and location using GPS. The system is developed using P89V51RD2 microcontroller, GSM, GPS and a panic (alert) button along the RF transmitter and receiver.

Published by: Vibha Chandrala, Niveditha N., Neha B. Reddy, Urmila N., Dr. Deepak G.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Child monitoring, IoT, Child tracking

Research Paper

92. Terrorist attack security and soldier health monitoring system

Nation security is dependent on its defense system. The army is one of the defense systems. In this days terrorism increases and it focuses on soldiers destruction to make countries' defense system weak. So, in this case, it is necessary to provide more security to military base station and soldiers. These all things keeping in mind this project is built. The project works for defending any unauthorized person to enter in the military area with Pi-camera, IoT server and wireless communication it will provide 24-hour security and attacks on military base station will be controlled. Along with this, sensors like heartbeat sensor and temperature sensor is used for daily fast routine checkup of soldiers

Published by: A. B. Ingole, Meghana Kadam, Rohini Haladkar, Amruta Gosavi, Urvashi PatilResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry Pi, Pi-camera, Image processing system, IoT server, Database

Research Paper

93. Breast cancer prediction algorithms analysis

Machine learning which an application of Artificial intelligence (AI) is makes the system capable to automatically learn through the environment without being explicitly programmed. It is widely used in various domains like classification and prediction processes. This paper basically compares classifier algorithms like-Naïve Bayes, K Nearest Neighbour, Decision tree, Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine (SVM). These algorithms predict chances of breast cancer and are programmed in python language. The implementation procedure shows that the performance of any classification algorithm is based on the type of attributes of datasets and their characteristics. The main aim of this paper is to do the comparison of these algorithms on the basis of the accuracy. The goal is to classify whether breast cancer is “Benign” or “Malignant”.

Published by: Pooja Mudgil, Mohit Garg, Vaibhav Chhabra, Parikshit Sehgal, JyotiResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Bhagwan Parshuram Institute of Technology, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Machine learning, Classification, Naïve Bayes, K Nearest Neighbour, Decision tree, Logistic regression, Random forest

Research Paper

94. Design of Vedic multiplier using Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra

The multiplier is a key building block of all processors, which improves the speed of Digital Signal Processor (DSP), a special application in which we need to reduce the time delay. In the proposed method, we design a Vedic multiplier by using a Vedic Mathematics Sutra called Urdhva Tiryagbhyam, which means “vertically and crosswise”. Vedic Mathematics is mainly based on 16 Sutras and was rediscovered in the early 20th century. In ancient times in India, people used this Sutra for decimal number multiplications effectively. The same basic concept of the above-mentioned Sutra is extended to the multiplication of binary numbers to make use in the digital hardware system. The computation of partial products in parallel in the Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra increases the speed of the computation process and the processing time is reduced in comparison with the use of inbuilt MATLAB functions. In our proposed multiplier design, the delay for the 4X4 Vedic multiplier is reduced and also the number of transistors is reduced by a large amount compared to the previously proposed design.

Published by: Harsha R., Anilkumar S. R., Chandan R., Jeevan Kumar S., Manjula N.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Vedic mathematics, Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra, Vedic multiplier, Adder, Transistors

Research Paper

95. Machine learning techniques for selecting the crop to increase the yield

Agriculture is the backbone of our country for economic growth and it depends on selecting the crops, weather conditions, soil classification, marketing price, etc. In an economy where most of the produced food is from agriculture, selection of crops plays an important role. In light of the decreasing crop produce and shortage of food across the country which also has been a consequence of bad crop selection and thus, leading to increasing farmer suicides. So that we suggest one method which would help the farmers in selecting the crops in order to maximize the yield by summing up the analysis of all the affecting parameters. These affecting parameters can be economical, environmental as well as related to yield in nature. Selecting and maintaining suitable crops for maximum profit involves a sequence of tasks. These tasks should be carried out with basic knowledge and experience. The crop advisor expert system then suggests with a consultation with the farmer (through a graphical user interface) a suitable agricultural crop that can be grown in a land unit with reasoning.

Published by: Siddharth H. E., Bharathi M., Navya G., Praveen Kumar L., Harshavardhana DoddamaniResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Economical growth, Selecting the crops, Weather conditions, Soil classification, Marketing price, Crop advisor, Demand of the crop

Research Paper

96. On the fly integration of applications using context aware approach

IT Applications have dominated every sector making the services online, there is a heartfelt need to standardize these applications so as when these applications when work in conjugation give better results real time for any kind of queries of customers maintaining levels of abstraction and information hiding. This paper aims at proposing a model for the on fly integration of the applications using context-aware self-adaptation approach for application service to cater to the need to integrate the data and services provided by the various applications. Our research within this direction has depicted the characteristics of the existing information and application systems primarily of the QoS Broker Architecture and Service Oriented Architecture. The latter part of this paper proposes an architectural model to describe the fly culmination of services by standardizing it and providing the result of a query using the context-aware engine. The aim of this paper is to study the existing systems, identify drawbacks and improve systems integrations to achieve an optimized and dynamic platform for real-time query processing.

Published by: Anumita Sinha, Nishi Mehta, Pramod Bhakta, Era JohriResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Service integration, Integrating and standardizing applications, Normalize data, Context-aware, Web service, UDDI, REST API, WS-QoS, tModel

Research Paper

97. A study of different factors required for better crop planning system

Today’s farmers are facing various challenges in agriculture, some of them are arises due to natural resources such as soil optimization, land allocation, water management, and other resources. This can be controlled by effective agriculture crop planning and other challenges are the farmers have a lack of awareness in market information due to this they are not getting the actual price of their crop. Also, the farmer not having enough information about different policies and scheme provided by the government. In this paper, we provide different methods for increasing crop planning and crop productivity. This paper gives the general idea of effective crop planning and increasing productivity with comparing different parameters and suggesting the different daily need crops according to their soil type and importance of irrigation methods and there use in farming.

Published by: Jyoti Deone, Dr. Khan Rahat AfreenResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology,Navi MumbaiKeywords: Agriculture, Land, Crop, Soil, Irrigation

Research Paper

98. Fabrication of model of solar panel cleaning machine

The cleaning of dust particles on the solar panel is a huge job and time taking the process and requires a lot of manpower and money. To remove this limitation automatic system is a good choice for no man operations, it also economical and autonomous as it requires no man to monitor. This project implements a solar panel cleaning automatic systems which can self charge it’s a battery and clean the dust on the solar panel only during the night time.

Published by: Meet Prajapati P., Tanuja Mishra P., Manisha Prajapati M.Research Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Government Polytechnic, Dahod, GujaratKeywords: Chain mechanism, Cotton roller, Water pump, Water sprinkling

Research Paper

99. Longitude and latitude based travel route recommendation and disaster management system

The development of the travel industry gradually fosters personalized requirements of tourists, such as setting the start place, exploiting interesting activities and organizing the travel route and also natural disasters. Natural Disaster has threatened mankind since history started. Due to the geographic position and climate change, India is one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters. The country also lacks an effective disaster preparedness system to confront natural disasters. Timely disaster warning and evacuation guideline can save the lives of the people. In addition, a tourist may face difficulties in finding the best scenic spots on travel time and a safe area or shelter place prior to the occurrence of natural disasters. For this reason, proposed a location-based early travel route recommendation and disaster warning and evacuation system. The system is implemented as a desktop application. Here propose a system which takes advantage of online website to collect information of both scenic spots and real-world local activities, and proposed methods to recommend travel routes for tourists and also develop a disaster management system, which can take their instant location into account and satisfy their personalized demands. Specifically, extract scenery spots dataset from the shared dataset and popular activities from the online website. Then process these items and take the filtering results as the recommendation for tourists. And user registers on the server to get automatic notification of upcoming disaster otherwise user gets a manual notification. The user gets the updated data by the current position obtained by longitude and latitude. When our application recognizes the user in probable disaster zone then the application will disseminate visual disaster warning and evacuation guideline including shortest path of shelter or safe zone on the map of the application.

Published by: Athira Soman, Divya S. B.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Mangalam College of Engineering, Ettumanoor, KeralaKeywords: Longitude, Latitude, Places of interest, Disaster management, Evacuation alert

Research Paper

100. Enhanced skeletonization algorithm for fingerprint images

Minutiae feature based fingerprint recognition systems heavily depend on the pixel-wise operations on skeletonized fingerprint image. The skeletonization is done by proper thinning algorithms. The minutiae features (Ridge endings and Bifurcations) can be extracted from a finely skeletonized fingerprint image. The efficiency of the thinning method determines the quality of the image skeleton and the accuracy in feature extraction. Therefore a new skeletonization technique is proposed. The new skeletonization algorithm uses a number of masks to check whether the pixel is on the boundary or not. Once the pixel is marked as boundary pixel, then the algorithm eliminates that pixel and repeat the process to get the fingerprint image skeleton of one-pixel width. The proposed system is computationally efficient and it preserves the connectivity of the pixels in the image.

Published by: Radhu Krishna R.Research Area: Pattern Recognition

Organisation: College of Engineering, Chengannur, KeralaKeywords: Skeletonization, Fingerprint classification, Connectivity preservation, Unit-width skeleton

Research Paper

101. Accelerated life testing of Electronic Control Unit

An Electronic Control Unit (ECU) is an embedded system in automotive electronics that control one or more electro-mechanical systems or subsystems in a vehicle. For a sophisticated automotive will almost have 200 ECUs for multipurpose. Optimal Accelerated Life Test (ALT) Plan of Temperature Cycling (TC) and Mechanical Vibration (MV) for ECU are developed. TC is carried out as per IEC60068-2-14 (Nb) and MV was carried out as per IEC60068-2-64. Failure data is recorded and fitted to Weibull Distribution using Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) in Minitab. Coffin and Manson Model (CMM) has been used to observe failures due to TC and Minor Fatigue Model (MFM) has been used to observe failures due to Random MV. Reliability and Life of the ECU are estimated and compared with Sherlock Simulation.

Published by: Kotekallu Ravi, Anil Kumar Ammina, Dr. Sankar VelamuryResearch Area: Quality And Reliability

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Electronic Control Unit, Accelerated Life Test, Maximum Likelihood Estimation, Coffin and Manson Model, Minor fatigue Model, Sherlock simulation, IEC60068-2-14, IEC60068-2-64, Reliability and life cycle

Research Paper

102. VHDL implementation of acquisition sensor for optical communication terminal

This paper presents the development of the Acquisition sensor which is a part of overall Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing (ATP) mechanism for maintaining the line of sight (LOS) between two Optical Communication Terminals (OCT). The ATP mechanism is basically used to align the transmitting and the receiving optical communication terminals which in turn can continuously transmit the data between them. The Acquisition sensor is designed to acquire the LASER image falling on it which is being transmitted by the transmitter terminal and to process this image to calculate the 2-axis angular error. This error is then used to re-position the terminal to maintain the LoS if it is out from the Field of View (FOV) of the transmitter by feeding this data to Tracking and Pointing modules of ATP mechanism.

Published by: Ashika B. P., Anuradha Prakash, Shri. Ravikumar K., Girija S.Research Area: Sensors for Communication

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Optical Communication Terminal (OCT), Acquisition sensor, Line of sight (LoS), Two-axis angular error, Centroid of an image, ATP mechanism

Research Paper

103. Performance assessment of electrode materials in the treatment of leachate by using electrocoagulation process

Leachate is wastewater generated during the decomposition of organic waste that can contaminate soil and groundwater if it is not handled properly. Contamination by leachate can be prevented by reducing the concentration of a pollutant in leachate before the wastewater reaches the ground. Researchers reduce the contamination level by the various method and electrocoagulation is one of the efficient methods for this application. This experimental work was planned to determine the effective pair of the electrode and optimizing the factors which affect the efficiency of electrocoagulation. From the first study, it may be concluded that Iron and Stainless steel pair show higher percentage removal of all the analyzed parameter than the copper and stainless steel pair. Then optimization was carried out with Iron and Stainless steel electrode to analyze the effect of current density, pH, inter-electrode distance, the concentration of electrolyte, electrolysis time and agitation on electrocoagulation. The optimized current density was determined as 60A/m2, electrolysis time was determined as 45 minutes, the inter-electrode distance was determined as 1.5 cm, pH was determined as 7.4, agitation speed was determined as 300 rpm, electrolyte solution was determined as 25% dilution.

Published by: Preethi M., Tamizh Mani E., Vasanth A.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Electrocoagulation, Leachate, Iron, Copper, Stainless steel

Review Paper

104. A novel approach for designing smart cane for visually impaired

Usually, visually impaired people use a white cane as their mobility aid along with dogs as their guide. Using technologies to make smart walking cane which will assure safe mobility of the visually impaired person and reduce the energy spent on detecting an obstacle . In this paper, the smart cane is designed which will help a visually impaired person to walk confidently. The proposed project aims at the development of an Android-based Application for smartphones in which customers can connect to a cane. The camera on the cane sends real-time images of the current surroundings and the android application works on each frame to detect upcoming obstacles. The Convolution Neural network models help in the detection of objects using TensorFlow and stores the name of the object in a text file. Later the text in the text file is converted to voice using Google TTS (Text to Speech conversion). Thus using advanced technologies for better living.

Published by: Megha C. Sakkari, G. Krishna Chaitanya, K. RaveenaResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Tensorflow, Convolution neural network, Google TTS


105. Smart steering in automobiles for safe driving

Automobiles have been an integral part of the modernization and development of civilization. Right from the beginning of the industrial revolution, there were a huge number of automobiles manufactured. This called in for the need for safety measures to be implemented into the vehicle for protection of the passenger in case of accidents. Various safety measures were implemented in this domain, such as functions like Seat belt, Anti-lock Braking System, Safety Airbag System and many more. The accident toll continued to increase over the years despite these safety measures. These accidents were caused by human negligence such as drunken driving, drowsiness, unhealthy condition and a lot more. This paper, hence, proposes a system in which the driver cannot drive under the influence of alcohol and also a basic level health condition test to check if the driver is fit to drive. It also has a system that can sense if the driver is sleepy and alerts the driver back to his senses if found sleeping. This can ensure the complete safety of the passenger while driving and can reduce the accidents to almost zero values that are caused by the above mentioned human faults. To add to the safety in case of any accident the system houses a crash detector and flame detector along with GPS and GSM modules to alert the nearby authorities to get to the rescue. As a whole, the system can provide unimaginable safety assurance against fatal accidents and hence save precious life's.

Published by: Kiran B. V., Albert James, D. Chandan Krishna, B. Dharshan, Dr. Manju DeviResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: The Oxford College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Car safety system, GPS, Sensors, GSM, Microcontroller

Research Paper

106. Therapeutic strategies for vaginal and sexual health promotion in cervical cancer survivors: An overview of practice at the Tertiary Cancer Hospital in Mumbai

Cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy alone or as a part of combined therapy have reported higher occurrence of vaginal morbidity. Vaginal stenosis and dryness are the common vaginal symptoms which tend to persist following radiotherapy treatment. Vaginal dilation with dilator and sexual counselling is routine practice to preserve vaginal patency and to facilitate sexual functioning and gynaecological surveillance. A retrospective review of case files of cervical cancer patients referred for vaginal dilation to Occupational therapy during 2002-2010 was carried out with the aim to understand the therapeutic strategies practiced for improving vaginal and sexual health following pelvic radiotherapy at the tertiary cancer hospital in Mumbai. Data of 183 cervical cancer patients which met the study criteria, was collected with reference to the stage of the disease, treatment received, details about vaginal dilation following radiotherapy, and sexual status and side effects related to dilation. Review found that vaginal dilation with dilator was routinely recommended to cervical cancer patients following completion of radiotherapy. Resumption of sexual intercourse and sexual counselling was provided to married patients for prevention of vaginal stenosis and preserving sexual functions. Documentation on the content of sexual counselling and the time spent on counselling was found absent. This review of case files found vaginal dilation with dilator post pelvic radiotherapy is effective in preventing vaginal stenosis and sexual intercourse cannot be used as a sole medium of dilation. Dilation with dilator improved vaginal length from 8.02 cm+ 2.9 to 9.96+ 2.89cm with the p value <0.001. ords.

Published by: Dr. Manjusha Vagal, Dr. Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Tata Memmorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Cervical cancer, Vaginal stenosis, Vaginal dilation, sexual counselling

Research Paper

107. Cloud cost management: An empirical view

Cloud computing provides a mechanism to access, store and retrieve the applications and data online. The word cloud refers to a network or the internet. Nowadays, many IT Companies are adopting Cloud Computing. In Cloud, computing resources are made available to the users easily, quickly and on a pay-per usage basis. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyze the cost involved in accessing the paid services of cloud and show how the service broker policy of retrieving data from the closest datacenter and retrieving data after optimized response time of the datacenters. After a close analysis, we find that retrieving data from the nearest datacenter is more cost effective than optimized response time data retrieval of data from datacenters.

Published by: Puja Gupta, Dr. Kumar RajnishResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi, JharkhandKeywords: Cloud computing, Datacentre, Broker, Service broker policy, Optimized response time, CloudSim, CloudAnalyst, User bases, Virtual machines

Case Study

108. Skill gap assessment is a key to survive

To ensure that the workforce is well trained, knowledgeable and better equipped to perform the job. Identifying skill gap becomes essential. Skill gap presents an opportunity for the organization and the employees to identify the missing skills and try to gain them. This study analyzed the skill gap between the employees of VASUDHARA Dairy (AMUL), Nagpur and helped in making employees aware of the critical skills they will need to grow. A sample of 60 respondents was considered. The data were collected in 2 phases. At first, the department heads were interviewed and then the questionnaire was prepared based on the parameters communicated by the heads and then it was circulated to the employees. The major findings reveal that most of the employees out of the total sample lack ICT ( Information and communication technology) and thus a skill gap exists in this area.

Published by: Rupal SinghResearch Area: Management (HR)

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Identity, Critical skills, Skill gap


109. Reliability analysis of Electronic Control Unit and Remote Unit used in Decoy Launcher Defence System

Abstract: With the development of technology, effective countermeasures of decoy launcher are developed. Decoy Launcher Defence System (DLDS) designed to detect, to track and to localize the incoming Decoy from the enemies and it is a countermeasure system. The system offers a complete solution to detect and locate an incoming Decoy and provides highly effective defence for the system. The DLDS shall enable timely defence against incoming Decoys at sufficient range from the submarine to guarantee safety and survivability of own platform. Controlling of decoy launcher plays a crucial role in launching and firing of Decoys. For controlling the Decoy Launcher, two control units are there. They are Electronic Control Unit (ECU) and Remote Unit (RU). ECU is manually controlled and it act as master controller for the launcher. RU is controlled by directors through remotely (infrared signals). It is necessary to improve the reliability for the control units. In order to obtain the reliability of ECU and RU of DLDS, in this paper developed the Reliability Prediction, Reliability Block Diagram (RBD) and Failure Mode Effect and Criticality analysis (FMECA). Reliability Analysis gives the Prediction of the failure Rate and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF). Reliability Prediction obtained in accordance with MIL-HDBK-217F2. Reliability Block Diagram (RBD) used to know the parts reliability how it contributes to success or failure of a system using logical operations of the system. FMECA used to obtain the failure modes of the components, their effect on system, identifies the criticality and corresponding changes are made in the design to reduce the failure modes. The procedure for performing a failure mode effects and criticality analysis developed by MIL-STD-1629. To control these failures proper methods are considered to improve the reliability of system. The reliability analysis is carried out using ITEMSOFT Tool.

Published by: C. Himabindu, V. Sumalatha, A. AnilkumarResearch Area: Reliability

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Reliability prediction, FMECA, RBD, MIL-HDBK-217Fn2

Research Paper

110. Concept of fair dealing – A co-relative analysis

In this research article, the researcher makes a comparative analysis between India’s Doctrine of “Fair Dealings” and the US’s Doctrine of “Fair Use”. And the outcome of this research article would be, to analyze which law stands in a better position to protect the rights of the creator and the Consumer. And whether the Provisions in India and the United States relating to Fair use is in like nature to the International frameworks or not?

Published by: Ilayanambi B., Athish E.Research Area: Copyright Laws

Organisation: Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fair dealing, Fair draft, Right holder, Unfair, Infringement

Research Paper

111. Survey on design of software stack for IoT architecture and sustainable rural development

The digital revolution by the Internet of Things is reshaping several traditional business sectors. The Internet of Things (IoT) will probably fuse straightforwardly and consistently an extensive number of heterogeneous end frameworks while giving open access to chosen subsets of information for the advancement of plenty of computerized administrations. It enables the path to connect any time, anywhere, with anything and anyone ideally using any network topology with a specified service. Hence the divergence on the scenario of a SmartGlobe‟ has emerged to mean many things to many people. The aim of this exploration is to research the potential commitments of the web of Things innovation towards neediness will decrease in these rustic zones, in accordance with the necessities distinguished in these networks and with emphasis on agriculture. These can drive the social advancement in country regions, advance expanding profitability and monetary effectiveness development, change individuals' mindset, and improve populace quality and the way people's style of work and their life. It focuses on the key areas of interest in the sustainable rural development and assesses the uses of IoT in those territories. It furnishes a thorough view as for development in the personal satisfaction in that.

Published by: Madhumitha M., Bhupendra Pratap Singh, Vaishali Maheshkar, Dr. G. SundariResearch Area: Electronic Communication Engineering

Organisation: Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud computing, Energy consumption, Noise, Environment, Monitoring

Research Paper

112. Communal and caste politics in India and its impact on voter

In this research project the researcher attempts to bring out the impact of caste and communal politics in the Election and how the voters are being influenced by the name of the caste. So, in order to bring out the impacts, the researcher would be discussing first about the “Evolution of caste politics in India” and then would move on to the important question as to “Why Caste and Communal Politics still persists and increasing in India?” Then the researcher would analyse the role of Election Commission in restricting the communal and caste politics during the election and whether any legal restrictions has been imposed in this regard. And what can be done further to restrict the Communal and Caste politics.

Published by: Ilayanambi B., Athish E.Research Area: Election Law

Organisation: Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Communal and caste politics, Indian politics, Superstitious beliefs, Impact on voter, Feeling of hatred

Research Paper

113. Analysis of earthquake resistant structures using base isolation

In this project "Base Isolation", we are going to discuss what is actually base isolation and its importance. This project sheds light on various methods such as 'Time History Analysis' and Response Spectrum' to protect structures from the earthquake. Base isolation has become one of the reliable tools for earthquake resistant design of the structure. Base isolation system for buildings is introduced to decouple the building structure from potentially damaging induced by earthquake motion, and to make a comparison for the difference between the isolated base and fixed base buildings. The response of the structure with base isolation is analyzed using Etabs.

Published by: Sajid G. Saudagar, Ashika P. Sapkal, Vikas N. NimbalkarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: D. Y. Patil Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ambi, MaharashtraKeywords: Base isolation, Response spectrum, Time history, Drift, isolators, LRB (Lead Rubber Bearing), Etabs

Research Paper

114. Work-life balance of married woman self employers of Puducherry

A Balance between work and life is something for which every woman is striving for. Good WLB is made-up to be live when there is a good environment prevails at work (business) and at home with the minimum role of conflict. Running a business is not as easy as going for a job. In business, the responsibility is more for the owner compared to the worker. A woman taking care of own business and taking care of family are two big responsibilities for her. For a self-employed woman, it is necessary to be in the place of business for longer hours as she is the investor or owner. For an employee, it is 8 hours. But for the business owner, there is no such limit in working hours. As per the situation prevailing in the place of business, she has to present herself for longer hours. This paper attempts to study the WLB between married female self-employers and salaried women in Puducherry, Objectives of the study: The primary objectives of the study shall be 1) To Study the WLB of married Female self-employers at Puducherry. 2) To study the perception and satisfaction level of WLB by married self-employers at Puducherry. For this, 80 Samples were collected using Simple Random Sampling method. Tools such as Percentage analysis and t-test were used. The study found that there is a significant difference in work life expectation and work life satisfaction between women self-employed and salaried women in Puducherry.

Published by: Dr. R. Veluraj, J. PoomagalResearch Area: HRM

Organisation: Tagore Arts College, PondicherryKeywords: WLB, Perception level and Satisfaction level, Married female self employers

Research Paper

115. Implementing the motion-based video clipping algorithm for monitoring surveillance video streams

Communication is exchanging or transfer of the data so that the internet of things is but something like transferring of data or things or we can say exchanging several things. The use of authorized systems from the help of the internet is calculated as by 2020 that there will be the availability of billions of systems all around. The objective for the project shall be defining safekeeping alert system of devices by taking care of the power-related aspects by the internet of things.

Published by: Rishika K. Kowshik, Akshata G., NamrataResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: IoT, Raspberry Pi, Pir Motion Detection Sensor, Peizo Buzzer, Web Cam.

Research Paper

116. Solar based steam cooking system

Advantages and guidelines for cooking with steam are described. Transferring heat energy through steam is the most efficient way to cook and can occur through conduction, convection, or radiation. Steam has 6 times the heat energy found in boiling water at the same temperature. Pure steam is dry and cooks foods quickly, retaining nutrients. Air must be completely excluded from steamers or pressure cookers for efficient performance. Several makes of steamers are described (e.g., forced convection steam cookers and counter units). Variables that affect cooking time in steam are: density, shape, and thickness of foods, food temperature, and doneness desired. All restaurant operations should consider having a steamer.

Published by: Himank Suhalka, Chetan Kashyap, Jayesh Sharma, Aditya Pratap Singh SisodiaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Geetanjali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Heat pipe, Renewable, Parabolic, Box, Panel, Solar

Research Paper

117. Computational fluid dynamic analysis of performance of centrifugal pump sump set on a cooling system

Design of a centrifugal pump is carried out and analyzed to get the best performance point for a certain impeller blade angle. Due to high demands by industry for centrifugal pump equipment, there is, the study of has centrifugal pump impeller mass flow rate is important. This paper deals with the design and performance analysis of centrifugal pump by changing the impeller blade angle. In this paper, a centrifugal pump is analyzed by using a single-stage centrifugal pump. It consists of Two main components of a centrifugal pump are the impeller and the casing. The impeller is a rotating component and the casing is a stationary component. In a centrifugal pump, water enters axially through the impeller eyes and water exits radially. The pump casing is to guide the liquid to the impeller, converts into pressure the high-velocity kinetic energy of the flow from the impeller discharge and leads liquid away of the energy having imparted to the liquid comes from the volute casing. The CFD analysis is being increasingly applied in the design of centrifugal pumps. The design and performance analysis of centrifugal pump is chosen because it is the most useful mechanical rotodynamic machine in fluid works which widely used in domestic, irrigation, industry, large plants and river water pumping system. Moreover, centrifugal pumps are manufactured in many industries.

Published by: Suhas S. Chavan, C. LimbadriResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Centrifugal pump design, CFD Analysis, Simulation, ANSYS CFX, Pressure distribution, CFD-Tool

Research Paper

118. Financial security among transgenders in India: An introduction to trans-inclusion model

The transgender community has been looked down upon for generations owing to societal stigma and plain ignorance. This has resulted in a community, brimming with potential, being grossly underutilized. If nudged in the right direction and given impetus in so far as education and equal opportunities are concerned, we would have a solid block in the working class of our country, proactively contributing to the economy and the society in general. The paper has explored the living conditions of transgenders in our country, the prejudice and bias they battle and the limited options they have for sustenance by means of the research. The objective is to understand the existent state of transgenders and inquire into ways of alleviating poverty among them by the encouragement of formal education, spreading awareness on diseases plaguing the community and sensitization of common public to enable equal job opportunities, thereby directly surging their self-esteem and productivity in the society

Published by: Alan Homes, Joseph John, Abhijith SreevalsanResearch Area: Transgenders

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Kothi, Double Decker, Bisexual, Homosexual

Research Paper

119. Wearable asthma prediction device

The paper presents the design for a wearable device to predict asthma attacks for all age groups. The design is developed based on environmental conditions and patient attack history. The wearable device uses temperature/humidity, dust sensors that monitor the surrounding atmospheric conditions and incorporates a machine learning algorithm (decision trees) for prediction of an attack in advance. Concepts of the Internet of Things are used for cloud storage and wireless connectivity with a handheld device, such as a smartphone.

Published by: Savitha S., Sarjana O. S., M. S. Praveen Kumar, Dr. S RadhaResearch Area: Machine Learning and Internet of Things

Organisation: SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Wearable, Machine learning, Decision trees, Internet of Things, Cloud storage


120. An experimental study on high performance fibre reinforced concrete

Concrete is the most extensively used construction material in the world. The main ingredient of conventional concrete is Portland cement. However, the conventional concrete is of low compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength. In current research is going to carry out the test on latex modified steel fiber reinforced concrete. According to various research papers, it has been found that steel fiber gives maximum strength as compare to other fiber. Hence, steel fiber(straight) of two different percentage i.e 0.5% and 1% with incorporation of styrene butadiene rubber(SBR) latex polymer in concrete modified with a percentage 10% of M25 grade, two different mix proportion is cast. The comparison between conventional concrete and HPFRC were found out by different test above. The various parameter s like load carrying capacity, ductility character, and stress-strain variation has to be analyzed.

Published by: Vikalp Singh Thakur, Swati AgrawalResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Kalinga University, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: HPFRC, FRC, Tensile stress, Compressive stress, Fibre orientation

Research Paper

121. Shopping guide

The main objective of this project is Sales prediction,which is forecasting the future sales of a product.The attributes used as an input is weekly sales and dates of sale.This paper proposes a machine learning model to predict sales sales of a product.The machine learning technique used is linear regression.The successful prediction of sales will maximize the shopkeeper's gains.

Published by: Riya Mate, Aditi Patil, Isha Bansod, Neha Khare, P. V. KhandareResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Linear regression, Sales forecasting, Android app development

Research Paper

122. Optimized short text embedding for bilingual similarity using Probase and BabelNet

Most existing methodologies for text classification represent text as vectors of words, to be specific "bag-of-words." This content portrayal results in a high dimensionality of feature space and much of the time experiences surface jumbling. When it comes to short texts, these become even more serious because of their shortness and sparsity and with the bilingual similarity of text it gets more difficult. This paper proposes an approach to deal with both sparsity and computational complexity of bilingual similarity of short text. English short text is mapped with Probase and Hindi short text is mapped with BabelNet a knowledge base with coverage of words and concepts for 248 languages. A semantic network is created to manipulate the word to word and concept to concept correlation. Unlike the earlier approaches of embedding, words and concepts from both English and Hindi short texts are treated separately to yield word embedding (Word2Vec) and concept embedding (Concept2Vec) respectively. The similarity between bilingual short texts is computed using the skip-gram based word embedding and concept embedding. When evaluated with Pilot and STSS 131 short text benchmark datasets, the proposed optimized bilingual short text embedding gives better similarity score

Published by: Natasha J., Vijayarani J.Research Area: Big Data and Text Mining

Organisation: Anna University, CEG Campus, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Short text, Conceptualization, Probase, BabelNet, Skipgram, Word2Vec, Concept2Vec

Research Paper

123. Implementation of wireless farming using IoT

As we know there are many issues surrounding our agriculture sector today lack of proper technology has caused a decline in production in the recent years. As in other countries, we see that there are many technological advancements that have helped in the increase in Production. IoT is one of the technologies that can make a very large impact on the agriculture sector. IoT stands for Internet of things it means that things will be connected to the internet and communicate with each other. In our system we have designed a system that can monitor parameters like temperature, humidity, Gas levels, Light detection, etc. all these parameters will be monitored locally, our system will be connected to the internet via a Wi-Fi module. All the data that has been collected by the system then will be uploaded to the server where it will be displayed using graphs and will be available for analysis.

Published by: Shradha Padmakar Rachcha, Atul ShrivastavaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IoT, WSN

Research Paper

124. Impact of training and development on employee development aspect of job satisfaction at Amara Raja Batteries Pvt Ltd.

Training and development became vital for organizations in the dynamic business environment with cut-throat competition. Many organizations are willing to invest in it. Job Satisfaction is necessary for employees to give higher productivity which also benefits organizations. It further reduces the turnover ratio and helps retain the skillful workforce. This study aims to find the association between training and development and employee development aspect of job satisfaction. Training satisfaction was divided into four variables such as Satisfaction with Training Session, Training Content Satisfaction, Trainer Satisfaction and Transfer of Learning. High to a moderately significant positive relationship is found between Employee development aspect of job satisfaction and Training satisfaction variables. The organization must concentrate on variables with the least positive relationship to ensure the highest satisfaction for the employees.

Published by: Jahnavi, Susan ChirayathResearch Area: Human Resources

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Job satisfaction, Training satisfaction, Employee development

Research Paper

125. uDCLUST: A novel algorithm for clustering unstructured data

Data that has been arranged and systematized into an organized and formatted repository, usually a database, so that its elements and essential features and can be made directly accessible for more powerful and adequate processing and analysis is known as Structured Data. Un-structured data is data that doesn’t fit accurately in a traditional database and has no identifiable internal structure and a predefined data model. We cannot perform different operations like update, insert and delete on un-structured data. Clustering is a process of unsupervised learning and is the most common method for mathematical and demographic data analysis. It is the main task of preliminary data mining, and an ordinary technique for statistical data analysis, mathematical data analysis, demographic data analysis, used in many fields, including ML (Machine Learning), recognition of patterns, analysis of images, retrieval of information, bioinformatics, compression of data and computer graphics. Available clustering algorithms have the difficulty to determine the number of clusters in a dataset and also are difficult to cluster outliers even that have common groups. A final related drawback arises from the shape of the data cluster where it is difficult and complex to cluster non-spherical and overlapping datasets. In this framework, we intended and designed an algorithm called uDCLUST (Un-structured Data Clustering), which identifies an appropriate number of clusters in unstructured data as well as cluster outliers easily with non-spherical and overlapping datasets.

Published by: Aamir Ahmad Khandy, Dr. Rohit MiriResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Dr. C.V. Raman University, Kargi Road Kota, Bilaspur, ChittisgrahKeywords: Big data, Unstructured data, Clustering algorithms, MongoDB

Research Paper

126. Comparison research on FIR filter with RRC filter using a reconfigurable constant multiplier

This paper proposes a capable constant multiplier architecture with the help of an architecture called Binary Common Sub-Expression (BCSE)algorithm. As multiplication using coefficients or constants plays a necessary role in digital signal processing(DSP). Firstly, a single constant multiplier switching between some constants are converted to an n-bit constant multiplier in which any of the bit can be generated at the output according to the input bit x using the BCSE algorithm. Then an RRC filter is designed using the n-bit multiplier and finally, the performance of the RRC filter is compared with that of FIR filter.

Published by: Arya P. Kumar, Mercy MathewResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Believers Church Caarmel Engineering College, Ranny Perunad, KeralaKeywords: BCSE, RRC, FIR

Research Paper

127. Comprehensive Training and Placement department

Android-based training and placement automation for campus drive is a System, which automates training and placement activities and provides opportunities to the students, who are eligible according to the company criteria and makes easy the process of managing information regarding students and companies automatically. This system focuses on the automation of the training and placement cell and profile matching. Collecting the resumes, providing notifications about various job openings to the students according to the eligibility and company criteria, managing and inviting the companies for the campus recruitment, classifying the data from the resume submitted by students and creating the recruitment metrics, Observing and controlling the progress of the selection process and communicating with different eligible candidates. This system provides modules like user interface for student and user interface for an administrator. Provides various functionalities like managing student resume, Company Profiles, Job Postings, Authentication, and activation of student profiles, listing out the students as per company’s criteria, provides the list of a shortlisted student with resume to the company .This system reduces the human efforts and maintaining large amount of data efficiently.

Published by: Rishika Sinha, Ranjana C. A., Swathi V., Kumar J., Vijaylaxmi MekaliResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Kammavari Sangha Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Curriculum Vitae (CV), Information Technology (IT), Training and Placement (TnP), Training and Placement Officer (TPO)

Review Paper

128. A review on adoption of change management in Indian banking sector

Change is a strong driving force for any organizational development. A better organization can make a better tomorrow. The purpose of this research is to study the level of implementation and adoption of the change in the banks and the extent to which banking institutions practice the same in India for making a better development. The paper focuses on, how far the employees are involved with operational alerts, so that they may remain dominant in a rapidly growing environment. The analysis was done on bank employees, the paper discusses the finding as per the investigation conducted and provides recommendations which include: Highlighting the significance of the change, clearly expressing on a vision for the change, Leaders applying transformational leadership principles

Published by: Ranjitha. MeesalaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Change management, Organisation development, Organisational change, Banking sector

Research Paper

129. Digitizing employee engagement

Employee engagement is normally the degree of dedication and attachment a working person has towards his or her company and its nuclear values and viewpoints. An engaged employee is supposed to be conscious of the business situation, and work dynamics with contemporaries and peer groups to improve accomplishment within the job for the advantage and excellence of the company. It is a positive approach held by the employees towards the company and its values. Therefore there is a huge necessity for HR professionals to emphasize more attention not only on holding on to the existing workforce but also on having them actively occupied. The Employee Engagement Index is an online examination in which employees evaluate their own commitment at work. Most of the Agencies which provide Employment believe employee engagement to be one of the lead requisites to enhancing PES (Performance Evaluation System) performance. This presentation is an attempt to the acquaintance with the digitization of employee engagement by what is known as the Employee Engagement Index.

Published by: Gagandeep Singh, Kewal Singh PanesarResearch Area: Business Mangement

Organisation: Northwest Group of Institutions, Dhudike, PunjabKeywords: Engagement, Disengagement, Performance, Productivity

Research Paper

130. A parallel patient treatment algorithm and it's application in hospital queuing recommendation

A patient queue management system to minimize patient wait time, delays and patient overcrowding is one of the major challenges faced by hospitals. Redundant and bothersome waits for long periods result in substantial human resource and time wastage and increase the frustration endured by patients. Therefore, we recommend a Patient Treatment Time Prediction (PTTP) algorithm to predict the waiting time for each treatment task for a patient. Based on the predicted waiting time, a Hospital Queuing-Recommendation (HQR) system is developed. HQR calculates and predicts an efficient and suitable treatment plan recommended for the patient.

Published by: Milan Bekal, Abishek Manikandan, Ayushman Tewari, Pallavi G. B.Research Area: Big Data Analytics

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: PTTP, HQR, Time management, Regression tree algorithm, Random forest algorithm

Research Paper

131. Testing Mobile Application Part (MAP) protocol using MAP-simulator tool in a mobile communication testing laboratory

This paper mainly explains the usage of a Tool for Functional testing, Conformance Testing, Load and Stress Testing, Interoperability Testing, Performance Tests, Sanity Tests, and Regression Test. It is used as a simulator program for testing of communication interfaces between network elements. The legacy, emerging networks along with fixed, mobile network combination leads to different challenges in telecom networks. Some issues may be interworking between different networks Access requires access independence, proprietary specifications and interoperability specifications create architecture independence, proprietary specifications, and interoperability challenges, authentication and security require User independence, coordination between carriers and service providers require Service independence. To overcome the above challenges the network elements are tested with different testing methods mentioned above. The study represents preliminary experimental trials on different architecture like GSM, UMTS, IMS, etc.

Published by: Parsa Swetha, Dr. Nagaraja G. S., Prasad VasaResearch Area: Computer Network Engineering

Organisation: RV College of Engineering, Banglore, KarnatakaKeywords: Functional testing, Performance testing, Conformance testing, Load and stress testing, Protocol simulator (Independent protocol simulator)

Research Paper

132. Traffic load minimisation using IoT

In this paper we have discussed about the problem of traffic and how to solve it using WSN and IOT. As we know IOT is the latest technology and is being used in many sectors now a days at it very effective. As we know the problem of traffic management is increasing now a days is big cities which causes many problems like traffic, accidents and pollution. Management of the traffic is very important and a tedious job. There have been many methods used to solve this Problems. Also the issues like car theft have also increased now a days, also due to high traffic ambulance also have problems in reaching the hospitals fast. In this paper we have discussed the technique of solving this problems using IOT. There will be a sensor node and a base node the sensor node will be used to count the traffic in each lane and will send the information to the base node and the base node will take the decision of allocation of the. Also the base node will have a RFID reader connected which will be continuously Reading for the RFID cards that will be present at the cars and compare it with the data base and search for the stolen cars and ambulance, and will notify after the stolen car is detected. This will help solving the traffic management problem the theft problem and the emergency situations for the ambulance.

Published by: Kanade Pooja Rajendra, Atul SrivastavaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IOT, WSN, RFID

Review Paper

133. Review on underwater image enhancement using multiscale fusion

We introduce an effective technique to enhance the images captured underwater and degraded due to the medium scattering and absorption. Our method is a single image approach that does not require specialized hardware or knowledge about the underwater conditions or the scene structure. It builds on the blending of two images that are directly derived from a color compensated and white balanced version of the original degraded image. The two images to fusion, as well as their associated weight maps, are defined to promote the transfer of edges and color contrast to the output image. To avoid that the sharp weight map transitions create artifacts in the low-frequency components of the reconstructed image, we also adopt a multiscale fusion strategy. Our extensive qualitative and quantitative evaluation reveals that our enhanced images and videos are characterized by better exposedness of the dark regions, improved global contrast, and edges sharpness. Our validation also proves that our algorithm is reasonably independent of the camera settings, and improves the accuracy of several image processing applications, such as image segmentation and keypoint matching.

Published by: Devray Renuka Nitin, Atul ShreevastavResearch Area: Electronics and Telecommunication

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Underwater, Image fusion, White balancing

Research Paper

134. Experimental study on the influence of internal curing on concrete properties using pre-soaked lightweight aggregates and Super Absorbent Polymer

ACI defines Internal Curing (IC) as a process by which the hydration of cement continues because of the availability of internal water that is not part of the mixing water. The introduction of SAP as a new additive for the production of concrete materials presents a number of new possibilities in respect of water control, i.e., the purposeful water absorption and/or water release in either fresh or hardened concrete. Proper curing of concrete structures is important to ensure they meet their intended performance and durability requirements. In conventional construction, this is achieved through external curing, applied after mixing, placing and finishing. Internal curing (IC) is a very promising technique that can provide additional moisture in concrete for more effective hydration of the cement and reduced self-desiccation. Internal curing implies the introduction of a curing agent into concrete that will provide this additional moisture. Concrete expands and contracts because of change in temperature, freezing and thawing cycle and environmental conditions. During early age hardening of concrete exhibits few cracks due to its chemical nature. The main reason for crack development in paste fraction is the loss of water due to chemical reaction and environment. The crack development due to aggregate was mainly on its chemical composition and physical properties. The crack due to plastic shrinkage could be reduced by adopting an internal curing method. This internal curing agent supply absorbed water to concrete to minimize the crack effect due to plastic shrinkage. Internal curing does not replace conventional surface curing but works with it to make concrete more robust. Internal curing can also help compensate for less than ideal weather conditions and poor conventional curing that is often seen in the real world. In this study, M25 Concrete was used to cast cubes beams and cylinders with the mix design of 1:1.78:2.92 replacing sand with presoaked vermiculite and in other mix replacing cement with SAP. The results of 28 days compressive strength, flexural strength and split tensile strength indicates a higher strength with usage of 0.35% SAP and 5% vermiculite as internal curing agents.

Published by: Vishal Bhawar, Dr. Sanjay Kulkarni, Vishwajeet KadlagResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: SAP, Vermiculite, Internal curing, compressive strength, shrinkage

Research Paper

135. Health prediction system using Data Mining

“Health Prediction” system based on predictive modeling, which predicts the disease (probability of disease) of the user on the basis of the symptoms that the user provides as an input to the system. The system analyses the symptoms provided by the user as input and gives the probability of the disease as an output to the user. Disease Prediction is done by implementing the Naïve Bayes Classifier. Naïve Bayes Classifier calculates the probability of the disease. Therefore, the average accuracy of 75% is obtained for disease prediction. The system also provides suggestions of Doctor’s to the user based on the symptoms analyzed. Along with it also provides suggestions of nearby Doctor’s available in the area of Patient. The user can also share his/her medical reports online with the Doctor, based on which doctor can provide treatment to the user. Also, there is chatting facility available through which Doctor and User can interact with each other before taking an appointment or after the treatment also. The Doctor can also manage all the patients’ records online.

Published by: Omkar Nevase, Prafull Bansode, Rishikesh Nimbalkar, Sanket Yeginwar, Suvarna PawarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Data Mining, Prediction, Classification, Naïve Bayes

Research Paper

136. Noise absorbing construction material from waste(s)

The noise absorbing panels are made from both natural and artificial materials. Due to the increased manufacture and usage of artificial fibres, carbon footprint levels get increased. In the Coimbatore region with the presence of numerous coir industries, huge quantity of waste in the form of coir pith are produced. To overcome the use of artificial fibres, this study intends the usage of the coir waste as the noise absorbing material. A noise absorbing panel is designed and made from the coir with the addition of polypropylene. The polypropylene is used for binding purpose. The prepared sample is tested with the impedance tube method. The sound absorbing coefficient value of the sample which is compared with the other materials. For phase, I of the project, the properties of coir and the test which has to be carried out is studied with the help of literature reviews. The test procedure is discussed and the methodology is prepared. Further in phase II of the project experimental part is carried out. The results are tabulated and compared with artificial materials which are then concluded that coir can be used as an absorbing material.

Published by: A. Aneesul Nayeem, Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Engineering and Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Coir, Noise absorbing panel, Polypropylene, Impedance tube method

Survey Report

137. Chefs for pets

Just for awareness of all the existing students

Published by: Sunita VermaResearch Area: Hotel Management

Organisation: Gateway Institute of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sonipat, HaryanaKeywords: Pet chefs, Origin, Need, Balance diet, Safe handling

Case Study

138. Cast Partial Denture: A Preferred Choice of the Patient over Acrylic Partial and Flexible Denture- A Case Report

Acrylic partial denture is a preferred choice of treatment for partially edentulous individuals because of the low cost and ease of fabrication. But there are lots of disadvantages for it because of its semi porous nature, low strength, thickness of the denture base etc. It also results in altered taste sensation, hampered speech and reduced heat perception by the patient. Cast partial denture is a treatment modality which has been proved through ages for treating partially edentulous individuals, but still not practiced commonly mainly because of the economic viability and fabrication difficulty. In this case report the patient is provided with full acrylic denture, a flexible denture and a cast partial denture and the patient’s perception towards the treatment is assessed.

Published by: Dr. Elias M. Kuriakose, Dr. Anupama Aradya, Dr. Raghavendra Swamy K. N.Research Area: Prosthodontics

Organisation: JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: cast partial denture, partially edentulous, patient perception, removable prosthesis, comparison of prosthesis

Research Paper

139. Image encryption predicated on segmented singular value decomposition using FrFT

The protection of digital information and pictures has an integral function in defense as well as biomedical image handling applications. The formula which is usually to be utilized for the protection of data gives strength from any sort of incorrect supplies to the unwanted consumer. The idea of share matrix S(k;n) m for the creation of shares has been investigated. These types of shares give strength to the security or encryption of confidential information and images. In this article, the paper illustrates the utilization of share generation idea for encryption of the digital pictures in the SVD domain. The singular value of the SVD component functions as a good choice to create the shares of the picture. To bring further improvement in the robustness, we apply the Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT). The sequence of the FrFT (1; 2) combined with the singular vectors (that is U and V) parts of the initial/base image functions similar to keys. Most of the state-of-the-art techniques are also studied combined with the suggested technique. A variety of quantitative parameters such as for example speed, Number of Pixels Change Rate (NPCR), Unified Average Changing Intensity (UACI), entropy, correlation coefficient, key sensitivity and Mean Square Error (MSE) has been completely researched to examine the overall performance of the suggested technique.We find our suggested technique works more effectively or perhaps comparable sufficiently.

Published by: Ashish Ranjan, Krishna Kant NayakResearch Area: Digital Communication

Organisation: Bansal Institute of Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: FrFT, Share matrix generation, Image Encryption, Sensitivity.

Research Paper

140. Solid waste management in railway wagon

Solid waste management has been a major problem in railway wagons for many decades in India. It is a well-known fact that if solid waste is not taken care properly it is going to harm the environment drastically. The purpose of this project is to collect solid waste thrown out of the window by the passengers and recycle or reuse. Two conveyor belts are fixed one above another between two parallel frames of the window. Four collecting tanks, each pair at both ends of one conveyor belt are also attached. The tanks are equipped with a level sensor (Ultrasonic sensor) and a GSM module. Two outlet pipes are attached from inside that direct the waste onto the conveyor. Inside the coach, each coop is provided with a switch, which on pressing the conveyor belt starts and thus prevent it to run for the whole time without any work to be done. The whole system comprising of two sets of the conveyor belt is enclosed in a casing between the parallel frames of the window.

Published by: D. Krishnakumar, Soumik Chakraborty, Amit R. Yadav, Aditya Jaideep, Surya ParasharResearch Area: Waste Management

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solid waste management, GSM module, Ultrasonic sensor, Solid waste, Conveyor setup, Railway wagon

Research Paper

141. Social hierarchies and technological practices: The making of documentary films in India

Abstract: This article is premised on a critique of the view that technological capacities are independent of social hierarchies and are increasingly becoming participatory, allowing the entry of individuals from different levels of social strata. In response to the work Jacques Ellul and Francois Hetman, this paper argues that knowledge of technology, while indeed providing a momentary space for decision-making, does not necessarily restructure social hierarchies. Through case studies presented from the world of Indian documentary filmmaking, this paper puts forth the view that technology operators, despite being technologically advanced, do not break into the filmmaking hierarchical order. This remains true even where technical knowledge rests most with those in the lowest rungs of the filmmaking ladder. Instead, technological knowledge provides the scope for other kinds of relationships to develop, such as those of ‘trusting the technician’ or ‘admiration for the technician’s work’. This admiration is especially acquired through techniques of improvisation that the technological operator becomes proficient in. Furthermore, what continues to define documentary filmmaking hierarchy is conceptualization capacities of the practitioners, which are influenced by a similarity in socio-cultural backgrounds and film school training accessible to only a limited few.

Published by: Nivedita GhoshResearch Area: Sociology, Visual Anthropology

Organisation: University of Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Documentary film making, India, Technology, Decision-making, Improvisation


142. Experimental analysis on Expanded Polystyrene Shortcreting panel

Affordable quality housing is vital in developing countries to meet their growing population. Development of a new cost-effective system is crucial to fulfilling these demands. In view of this, a study is carried out to develop Expanded polystyrene (EPS), as a new affordable building system. Experimental investigation and finite element analysis to study the structural behavior of the EPS panel under axial load are undertaken. The panel consists of lightweight Structural panel consisting of an insulated polystyrene core sandwiched between two engineered layers of Galvanized Steel welded wire fabric mesh. To complete the panel from the process a Galvanised steel wire truss is pierced completely through the polystyrene core and welded to each of the outer layer sheets of Galvanized steel welded wire fabric mesh. The panels are loaded with axial load until failure. The ultimate load carrying capacity, load-lateral deflection profile, strain distributions, and the failure mode are recorded. Partial composite behaviors are observed in all specimens when the cracking load is achieved. Finite element analysis is also carried out to study the effect of slenderness ratio and shear connectors affect the strength and behavior of the panels. An empirical equation to predict the maximum load which is the major parameters that carrying capacity of the panels is proposed. The Eps panel system proposed in this research is able to achieve the intended strength for use in low rise building. The panel building system has tremendous flexibility–it can be used in place of wood or metal-framed walls, masonry block walls or precast panels. It is an excellent structural system that can be used in floors, ceilings, and roofs. The panel building system saves construction time while providing greater structural integrity. As an eco-friendly v alternative building system, panel components are manufactured with all recycled plastics and steel – no forest products are used. The panel building system is safe and friendly to humans and wildlife. Also by the use of expanded polystyrene, we can standardize the climatic conditions inside the building. The cost of the construction is also reducing by the usage of expanded polystyrene wall panels in the construction of building.

Published by: Giridharan A.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: EPS Panel, Project

Research Paper

143. Structural behavior of ferrocement self compacting concrete using M-sand under axial and lateral pressure load

Water Tanks are used for the collection and storage of water for drinking, washing, animal use, irrigation and agricultural purpose. The self -compacted concrete is an innovative product in the civil engineering field in India. M sand is produced by reducing large pieces of aggregate into sand-sized particles. An experimental program was designed in the current work to examine the structural behavior of ferrocement self-compacting concrete using M sand under axial and lateral pressure load. M sand is used in mixtures in an area where the natural sand is not available. The size of M sand is less than 4.75mm. The cost of construction can be controlled by the use of M and is the alternative material for construction. The ferrocement tanks have better corrosion resistance and they have lower maintenance costs than steel tanks. In this method of construction provides durable and high strength water tanks. The main objective of the project is studying the structural behavior of ferrocement self-compacting concrete using M sand under axial and lateral pressure load. The matrix was designed to have high strength, low water to binder ratio, flow characteristics and high durability. Depends a lot of factors, in SCC adding silica fume as a mineral admixture, gelinium as a chemical admixture and using M and is the alternative material for natural sand. In this present investigation, the structural behavior of the ferrocement tanks will be tested in terms of strength, cracking behavior and energy absorption.

Published by: M. Naveen Kumar, Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ferrocement, Self compacting concrete, Pressure load, Ferrocement tanks, Structural behavior


144. Experimental investigation of sisal fibre reinforced concrete with partial replacement of cement by ground granulated blast furnace slag

The study focuses on the compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength performance of the sisal fibre concrete containing a different percentage of slag as a partial replacement of OPC. The cement in concrete is replaced accordingly with the percentage of 10%, 20% and 30% by weight of slag. And 1% of sisal fibre is added to the concrete. Concrete cubes are tested at the age of 7,14 and 28 days of curing. Finally, the strong performance of slag used fibre reinforced concrete is compared with the performance of conventional concrete. From the experimental investigations, it has been observed that the optimum replacement of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag powder to cement is 20% for M 30 grade. Addition of sisal fibre in the concrete mix significantly influenced the cracking behavior and ultimate strength of beams. Addition of 1% sisal fibre in the RC beams increases both the flexural first cracking strength and flexural toughness of the SFRC beams and leads to an appreciable increase in their ductility and stiffness compared to those conventional RC beams without the addition of sisal fibre.

Published by: E. Preethi, M. MadhumithaResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Sisal fibre, GGBS, Slag used cement, SFRC beams, Replacement

Research Paper

145. Currency recognition and fake currency identification using image processing

Around 150+ currencies exist in the world. Each currency differs from the other on the basis of size, paper, colors, patterns, text, etc. It is difficult to identify all the currencies that exist. Also, it is difficult to determine whether a currency is real or fake. Our system proposes to tackle this problem using Image Processing in MATLAB. The different types of currencies from different origin are provided to the system and system then performs Image Processing operations depending on the currencies and provide the identified currency type as an output. Also to authenticate currency is real or fake it performs Image Processing functions and identifies the currency provided as an input is real or fake.

Published by: Kiran Swami, Kshitija Murumkar, Dr. Premanand Ghadekar, Yash SolankiResearch Area: Image Processing ( IT)

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Currencies, Patterns, Texts, Identify, Real or fake, Authentication, Image processing, Matlab

Survey Report

146. Routing communication performance in mobile ad-hoc networks using millimeter wave-An survey

The point of this paper is to see the steering protocol execution in versatile Ad-Hoc organizes utilizing Mm-wave. A directing convention indicates how switches speak with one another, circulating data that empowers them to choose courses between any two hubs on a PC to arrange. Directing calculations decide the particular decision of course. In this paper, we ponder the execution of some outstanding steering conventions on account of mm-Wave Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) utilizing the ns-3 mm-wave module that was produced as of late. Children are inside the objectives for the following arrival of the 3GPP New Radio (NR) institutionalization process (Release-16) for the 5G, which makes the investigation of the conduct of such recurrence groups for these systems a critical move towards accomplishing such objective. Scientific and reproduction results demonstrate an extraordinary enhancement in the steering conventions conveyance rates and power utilization when utilizing mm-Wave contrasted with the sub6GHz band frequencies

Published by: S. Mahesh, B. Ajith Reddy, B. Haranadh Reddy, K. Saketh Kumar, Dr. I. ChandraResearch Area: Electronics And Communication Engineering

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Adhoc-network, Protocol, Millimetre wave, Routing


147. Experimental investigation of earthquake resisting stadium designed with damper

The Structures such as buildings, bridges, and towers are prone to collapse when natural phenomena like earthquake occurred. Therefore, many design codes are reviewed and new technologies are introduced to resist earthquake energy especially on building to avoid collapse. The tuned mass damper and hydraulic dampers etc. are one of the earthquake reduction products introduced on structures to minimize the earthquake effect. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of tuned mass damper by experimental works and finite element modeling. The comparisons are made between these two models under harmonic excitation. Based on the result, it is proven that installing tuned mass damper will reduce the dynamic response of the frame but only in several input frequencies. At the highest input frequency applied, the tuned mass damper failed to reduce the responses. In conclusion, in order to use a proper design of damper, a detailed analysis must be carried out to have sufficient design based on the location of the structures with specific ground accelerations.

Published by: Porselvan R., SekarResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Dampers, Structure, Finite elements

Technical Notes

148. Busted: A website vulnerabilities analysis and alert tool

The number of reported web application vulnerabilities is increasing dramatically. The most of vulnerabilities result from improper input validation. This paper presents extensions to the Tainted Mode model which allows intermodule vulnerabilities detection. Besides, this paper presents a new approach to vulnerability analysis which incorporates advantages of penetration testing and dynamic analysis Henceforth, it is required to have secured services. The main concern is to provide security to end user to protect files or data from the unauthorized group. The web application is now used to performs an intelligent standard of collection of services, applications, information, infrastructure comprised of pools of computer, network, information, and storage resources. With these advantages storing a large amount of data including important information on websites motivates a highly accomplished hacker to hack the critical information also. Hence, security is considered a topmost issue in cloud computing. This paper aims at analyzing encryption algorithms based on factors such as cost, time, key length and block size. The analysis indicates that several algorithm and various tools help in improving security to save the data

Published by: Ujjwal Sinh, Suresh Kumar B., Tejaswini D. Kalro, Bajarang, A. M. PrasadResearch Area: Web Security

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Web application, Web security, Cyber security, Web security tools, Vulnerability analysis, Penetration testing, Dynamic analysis, Report generation

Research Paper

149. An in-vivo study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of different gingival retraction systems

Background: Meticulous impression of the prepared teeth is of extreme importance for successful fixed prosthetic restorations. Gingival retraction allows access to finish lines and to create space for the impression material to record prepared and unprepared tooth structure. Dentists should carefully consider the various materials and methods of gingival retraction in light of the potential risks involved. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the amount of displacement in terms of lateral displacement by the Expasyl and Magic FoamCord retraction systems. Materials and methods: Study was conducted on the unprepared right and left maxillary central incisors for 10 subjects. Subjects were selected based on certain selection criteria. The pre-displacement and post-displacement impressions were made in a custom tray with monophase addition silicone material using a single mix-one step impression technique. Final cast of maxillary central incisors was sectioned longitudinally into two equal halves. The sectioned halves were oriented on mounting jig using a spirit level and assessed under a traveling microscope. The measurements were made from the crest of the gingival margin to the mid-buccal surface of the tooth. The amount of gingival displacement in each group was calculated by subtracting the pre- displacement values from post-displacement values. From the observations obtained statistical analysis was performed using paired 't' and unpaired 't' test. Results: Group I produced more amount of lateral displacement than Group II. However, the amount of gingival displacement between Group I and Group II showed a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Expasyl pastes retraction system showed more lateral displacement of gingiva compared to Magic Foam Cord system.

Published by: Dr. Imtiyaz Ahmed Magray, Dr. Arwah Bashir, Dr. Adil FayazResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Tissue displacement, Retraction, Marginal finish lines, Custom tray, Impression, Esthetics

Research Paper

150. Sustainable participation of Artificial Intelligence in design process

The rise of AI has been in the core of several speculations about it taking over all the jobs from humans, however, Artificial intelligence is also recognized as one of the most disruptive technological advancement of the 21st century. This paper talks about the role of AI in the process of design, considering the role of human intelligence and artificial intelligence in an eco-system of the design process. Paper articulates conclusive note postulating sustainable roles of artificial intelligence in the design process. The paper should be helpful for professional designers, engineers, developers, visionaries, academicians and CXOs to understand and define the future scope of artificial intelligence in design. It should also be helpful to students and practitioners interested in the subject to understand, dream and imagine new aspects of human-machine interactions.

Published by: Abhijeet ShuklaResearch Area: Human Centered Design and Human Computer Interaction

Organisation: Tata Consultancy Services, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Design process, Sustainability, Human intelligence

Research Paper

151. Intelligent vehicle accident detection and ambulance rescue system

The accident is the major fatalities in the world. Where the victims die with lack of emergency personnel or remain unnoticed over the night. Road accident is a collision between any vehicles or it can be with any pedestrian, animal and any obstacle placed on or off the road. The mortality rate of the victim depends on the time taken to reach the accident location and to reach the hospital by ambulance. As time increases the mortality rate of the victim also increases. In this paper, we introduce system that automatically detects the accident occurrences and notifies the recorded ambulance through GSM and GPS module, and the time delay is minimized by introducing RF module at the traffic signals. Whenever an accident occurs the vibration sensor senses the accident occurrence automatically makes microcontroller to retrieve the location of the accident through GPS and GSM will notify the recorded ambulance driver with messaging which consist of longitude and latitude coordinates of the location. If the current ambulance which received the message is not available then the message is sent to the next ambulance number, so that immediate help can be provided. This system also controls the traffic signals in the path of an ambulance by providing RF communication between the ambulance and traffic section. The methods used in the paper are fully automated which finds the accident spot, controls the traffic lights, helps to reach the hospital as soon as possible.

Published by: Nayan Kumar R. N., Navya V. R., Ganashree N., Pranav K. U., Ajay N.Research Area: Wireless Networks

Organisation: S.J.C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Ambulance, GSM, GPS, Vibration sensor, Switch, RF module

Research Paper

152. Intelligent pothole detection via deep learning using Raspberry-Pi microcontroller

Bad road conditions are public trouble, causing passenger discomfort, damage to vehicles, and accidents. In India, 9300 deaths and over 25000 injured in 3 years due to potholes according to Ministry of road transport and Highways. Often we complain about bad roads, we have no proper way to detect or report them at scale. To address this issue, we have developed a system to detect potholes and assess road conditions on the go. Our solution is a raspberry pi that captures data on a car’s movement from gyroscope and accelerometer sensors in the Sense Hat sensor. To assess roads using this sensor data, we trained SVM model and Multi layer Perceptron Neural Network to classify road conditions with 97% accuracy. As the user drives, the models use the accelerometer and gyroscope sensor data to classify whether or not pothole is present. Then, the classification results are given to the public to drive by looking at the Potholes in map. Our system will empower civic officials to identify and repair damaged roads which inconvenience passengers and cause accidents

Published by: Pruthvi Gowda R., Ankith A. S., Hari Prabhanjan L., Kiran Acharya, Dr. K. N. Rama Mohan BabuResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural networks, Machine Learning, Android, Raspberry Pi MicroController

Research Paper

153. Tackling aquaphobia using Virtual Reality

Aqua phobia is a disease caused due to many cases such as rabies, inheritance or previous false experiences with respect to water. In some cases, the cause of this disease is eradicated, but the disease itself is a phobia therefore, it remains in the mind. Such cases are taken to a psychologist or a psychiatrist, which causes individuals lot amount of charges. Therefore, a costeffective solution is needed for this critical issue. Virtual Reality creates an environment for any individual which is totally different form the current reality. This might prove to be a solution for the issue of Aqua phobia. Virtual Reality has the ability to render environments where an Aqua phobic individual can experience the fearsome situations visually. The proposed plan focuses on simulating different environments (levels) wherein fearsome environments of different intensity would be provided to the Aqua phobic people. While experiencing these environments visually, the individual would be in coordination with a pulse-rate sensor. This sensor, integrating with the application would provide a percentage on removal of Aqua phobia for that respective level. If the percentage amount crosses certain percentage, then the individual would be able to move on to the next level. This project aims on reducing effect of Aqua phobia, as the related diseases are removed but the phobias which are caused due to the diseases retain. In future, the project aims to tackle Claustrophobia and Arachnophobia as well.

Published by: Sanket Tembekar, Rohit Modak, S. P. PatilResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: NBN Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Aquaphobia, Virtual reality, Pulse-rate sensor, Simulations, Claustrophobia, Arachnophobia

Research Paper

154. Factors controlling scheduling of construction projects

The occurrence of a delay in the construction project is a common problem in civil engineering. There is an increase in the number of construction projects experiencing extensive delays leading to exceeding the initial time and cost budget. The delay is a situation where the actual progress of a construction project is slower than the planned schedule. This paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature by analyzing several negative effects. Even though over the years, existing delay analysis techniques (DATs) for aiding this decision-making have been helpful but have not succeeded in curbing the high incidence of disputes associated with delay claims resolutions and a major source of the disputes lies with the limitations and capabilities of the techniques in their practical use. Developing a good knowledge of these aspects of the techniques is of paramount importance in understanding the real problematic issues involved and their improvement needs. So analyzing all the data’s over a decade this paper seeks to develop such knowledge and understanding. Thus this paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature. It is followed by collecting a list of factors that cause the delay in a construction project. The collected factors are analyzed categorized into groups with ranking. A scheduling model of the apartment building is developed using MS-Project. To develop delay factors influencing in the model. As a result, the comparison between actual schedule progress and factors influencing the schedule are determined. From the study, the unforced delay is identified, so that that delay can be considered in the developing of any future construction scheduling work.

Published by: Haritha C., Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Engineering And Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Delay, Construction projects, Factors causes delay

Case Study

155. Development of village as a smart village –A case study on Ponkurichi village

“The Future of India lies in its villages” Mahatma Gandhiji. A smart village knows about its citizen, available resources, applicable services, and schemes. It knows what it needs and when it needs. The concept of the smart village makes the villages self-sufficient in respect of their needs. This study was carried out with the main focus to develop the Ponkurichi village into a smart village. The household survey was carried out throughout the Ponkurichi village to understand the needs of the residents and to provide the basic amenities like educational facilities, health care center, rainwater harvesting, transportation facilities, agriculture, water facilities, waste disposal, recreation area, etc. result of the survey and other secondary data collection, the immediate needs and other infrastructural requirements required for the Ponkurichi village are identified. The future land use pattern of the Ponkurichi village is proposed with the recommendations of basic infrastructural facilities to the Ponkurichi village to develop it into a smart village.

Published by: R. Karthick Vignesh, R. Shanmuga PriyanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Smart village, Sagy, Development

Review Paper

156. Automatic wall painting robot

The painting chemicals are found very much harmful to human painters which were causes the problem to eyes and respiratory system of a human being. Also, the nature of the painting process that requires habitual work and hand rising makes it boring, time and effort consuming. To overcome these problems the proposed system has developed. The belt drive mechanism based systems used to drive the roller up, down, left and right for painting on the wall. And the sensor is using to detect the presence of wall

Published by: Aishwarya Padalkar, Srushti Dalvi, Sayali Dhaygude, Vrushali Patil, Ashwini BarbadekarResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ATMEGA328, IR sensor, DC motors, Belt-Drive


157. Experimental investigation on flexural behaviour of various steel fibre reinforced concrete beam

The performance of concrete made with commercially available steel fibres has been investigated. In this study examines the flexural strength of concrete with two different types of steel fibre, short crimped of length 15 mm, another of long hooked ends of length 30 mm and were used in the present study. The overall volume fractions of steel fibres were restricted to 1 percent by the volume of concrete. M25 grade of concrete was used to cast the specimens. Reinforced concrete beams of 1.5 m length and 100 x 150 mm in cross-section were cast with different percentages of micro and macro steel fibres and the specimens were tested under single point loading after 28 days of curing. The results are to be compared between conventional concrete to fibre reinforced concrete.

Published by: Sindhuja P.Research Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Flexural behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete beam


158. Flexural retrofitting of geopolymer RC beam with ferrocement laminates

The present paper deals with the experimental investigation carried out to study the effect of Ferrocement laminates on the strengthening of Geopolymer reinforced concrete rectangular beams. Various rehabilitation techniques have been proposed yet but among these techniques, external strengthening provides a practical and cost-effective solution when compared to other repair methods. Reinforced concrete components are formed to exhibit distress and get deteoriated due to various factors and hence need strengthening. Ferro cement is most commonly used as retrofitting material due to their easy availability durability and their property of being cast to any shape without needing significant formwork. In this investigation, we examined the performance of R.C. beam strengthened by Ferro cement, 15 beams of the rectangular cross-section were cast using m20 grade concrete and were tested for collapse load. Further beams were stressed up to 70%, 80% &90% respectively. The investigation shows that up to 80% of the pre-damaged beams can be strengthened using Ferro cement. The need for the construction industry to look for a reliable and cheaper strengthening component for reinforced concrete structure has led to the usage of Ferrocement which proves to be a promising solution. In this paper, reinforced concrete beams strengthened with Ferrocement laminates attached to the soffit of the beams and control beam are observed through experimental study. Experimental results show that the strengthened beams and control beam are observed through experimental study. Experimental results show that the strengthened beams have increased ultimate moment capacity and also, it shows better serviceability performances in terms crack control and deflection.

Published by: Rachel J.Research Area: Civl Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Geopolymer, Ferrocemnet laminates, RC Beam


159. Bio-metric authentication using non-expanded inverted share image visual cryptography

A biometric authentication system operates by acquiring raw biometric data from a subject e.g., fingerprint and iris images. This original raw data is stored in the central database. Preserving the privacy of this digital biometric data has become very important. Visual cryptography can be applied to securing this information. The proposed work preserves the privacy fingerprint and iris-based authentication using Inverted Share image Visual Cryptography (ISVC). In ISVC, we invert one share image and stack it with another shared image to obtain the extra confidential data that can be used for authentication. In traditional visual cryptography, the size of the recovered image is expanded because of pixel expansion during encryption. This also leads to recovered image distortion. Therefore, the proposed scheme combines a non-expanded scheme with the extra ability to hide biometric data, such as fingerprint and iris image, in some cover image to maintain privacy. This will also solve the pixel expansion as seen in traditional visual cryptography

Published by: Ashwini N. Ingle, Dr. G. R. BamnoteResearch Area: Security using finger print and iris

Organisation: Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Visual cryptography, Biometric data, Non-Expanded scheme of VC, Extended VC Scheme

Research Paper

160. Active harmonic filtering using current-controlled, grid-connected DG units with closed-loop power control

Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind are becoming more popular to generate power. These renewable energy based power generation systems generate DC power output. An inverter is needed to convert DC power from renewable energy sources into AC power. These renewable energy sources are connected to the grid through interfacing converters which supply active and reactive powers to the main grid. Inverters are either be connected in standalone or in grid connected mode. In the case of grid-connected mode, the output voltage and frequency of inverter should be same as grid voltage and frequency. If loads connected to the grid are non-linear in nature, then it can introduce power quality problems such as harmonic distortions in grid voltage.

Published by: Pratishta B. Patil, Dr. A. M. MullaResearch Area: Electrical

Organisation: Shree Datta Polytechnic College, Shirol, MaharashtraKeywords: Harmonic, Current-controlled, Grid-connected, DG units, Closed-loop power control

Review Paper

161. Over view on stock predictor using machine learning and deep learning

The trust which has grown in the power of deep learning models has made the finance industry very eager and with dynamical attitude to apply them in practice as it has been for the past few years. There are a variety of methods and techniques used which have remained very separate from each other in their approach. During the course of this survey, we intend to study the various techniques currently being used to predict or analyze the market and attempt to make a hybrid model so that a wider domain is covered in order to make better predictions.

Published by: Prashanth G., Siddharth Raval, Siddharth K S, Pranay Raj, Sunanda DixitResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural Networks, Machine learning, Deep learning, Stock market prediction, Long short term memory cells

Research Paper

162. Effect of waste polythene use in different modifier bitumen in flexible pavement

The use of waste polythene is increasing week by week. The waste polythene pollutes the environment, especially where there is no garbage collection and disposal system. A large amount of plastic collected from the tourist trekking regions and housing area are discarded or burned which releases harmful gases into the environment. The waste polythene collected from domestic and industrial sectors can be used in the production of plastics coated aggregate. Waste polythene, mainly used for packing and carrying any food. It’s made up of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and polystyrene. Their softening point varies between 110 degree Celsius to 140 degree Celsius and if the wastes polythene is heated within this temperature range then they do not produce any toxic gases but the softened waste polythene have tendency to form a film like structure over the aggregate, when it is sprayed over the hot aggregate at 160 degree Celsius to 170 degree Celsius. The Plastics Coated Aggregates (PCA) is a better raw material for the construction of flexible pavement. PCA was mixed with hot bitumen of different types and the mixes were used for road construction.

Published by: Mayank Mohan Mishra, D. S. RayResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Waste plastics, Plastic coated aggregate, Bitumen, Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polystyrene


163. An experimental investigation on high strength concrete using steel fibre

The Steel fibers to plain concrete is intended both to improve the material's ductility and that of structure in which Concrete is the most widely used structural material in the world with an annual production of over seven billion tons. For a variety of reasons, much of this concrete is crack. The reason for concrete to suffer cracking may be attributed to structural, environmental or economic factors, but most of the cracks are formed due to the inherent weakness of the material to resist tensile forces. It is now well established that steel fibre offers a solution to the problem of cracking by making concrete tougher and more ductile. It has also been proved by extensive research and field trials carried out over the past three decades, that steel fibres to conventional plain concrete members at the time of mixing/production imparts improvements to several properties of concrete, particularly those related to strength, performance, and durability. The concrete so produced is brittle in character and steel fibers can lengthen the time elapsed before cracking. Higher strength is one of the features of which provides significant structural advantages. This Thesis presents the experimental investigations carried out to study the effect of steel fibers varying in weight fractions of 0%,0.75% on high strength concrete using the mix design of M60 concrete.

Published by: Abinaya N.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Steel fibre, High strength concrete

Research Paper

164. Classification of satellite images using cellular automata

Satellite image classification is a substantial technique that is utilized in faraway sensing for the automatic evaluation and sample attention of the satellite tv for pc information, which provides the mechanical interpretation of a massive amount of data. Image classification introduces to label the photographs into the number of predefined categories. The Satellite Image classification consists of photograph sensors, photograph pre-processing, object detection, object segmentation, attribute extraction, and facts analysis. Many classification strategies have been derived for photograph classification. This paper will cover the study concerning the fundamentals of a number of classification methods used in the satellite tv for pc picture classification have been described. In this paper, a tabular assessment of the beforehand proposed methods has been presented for the better perception of these techniques.

Published by: NandhiniResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Satellite image classification, Support Vector Machine, K-mean algorithm, Fuzzy classification, Supervised classification, Unsupervised classification.


165. Experimental analysis on strengthening of RC member before and after rehabilitation

In today’s world affordable and mass housing plays a vital role in human development. Due to population growth, economic conditions development in building construction, a deficit in raw material leads to an increase in raw material cost. Concrete structural material that in modern times is made by post-tensioned and prestressed concrete is introduced in modern technology nowadays, In the modern world, we have constructed the R.C.C Framed structures only, for that structure can retain as Strengthening technique used as rehabilitation for the traditional building as it is as per actual strength before and after. This project we carried out for the experimental study on the strengthening of RC member before and after rehabilitation, for what extend level it can by capable to stability on maximum load and crack pattern developing in these sectional properties of structures we have to investigate and carried out the critical load and find analytically and experimentally. In this study, we can analysis of structure theoretical and practically proved by experimental study. The objective of this study is to produce concrete column and beams casting as per the high-performance concrete grade M25 to M40 as per the bonding strength by using raping material with construction chemicals. For this, cast by mold and also done Laboratory tests are conducted to study the behavior of column and beam subjected to critical loading. The load test results showed that the load carrying capacity for this crack paternity stability to carry the critical load for beam and column, we proved as theoretical and practically by using experimental study on strengthening of beam and column.

Published by: Wazeer MohammedResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: RCC framed, RRC member, Crack paternity, Rehabilitation

Research Paper

166. Vishal atomic model

This atomic model reveals the new structure of quantum shape of an atom

Published by: Vishal ShivaResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Vishal atomic model, modern atomic model

Survey Report

167. An analytical approach on user’s situational behavioral pattern in Multimedia Social Networks (MSN)

In today’s world, it is verifiable that social media plays an essential job in affecting our way of life, our economy and our general perspective of the world. Social media is a new forum that conveys individuals to exchange idea, connect with, relate to, and mobilize for a cause, seek advice, and offer guidance. Most research on social network mining centers around finding the knowledge behind the information for enhancing people life. While multimedia social networks (MSNs) apparently grow their users' ability in expanding social contacts, they may really diminish the face-to-face interpersonal connections in reality. In this way, the association between users and MSN are becoming more progressively complete and convoluted. This proposed system principally expanded and enhanced the circumstance investigation system for the particular social area and further proposed a novel algorithm for users intention serialization analysis dependent on exemplary Generalized Sequential Pattern (GSP). We utilized the enormous volume of user behavior records to investigate the continuous sequence mode that is important to predict user intention. The experiments chose two general sorts of goals: playing and sharing of interactive media, which are the most widely recognized in MSN, based on the intention serialization algorithm under various least threshold limit (Min Support).

Published by: Samrudhi Kaware, Dr. Vinod WadneResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Imperial College of Engineering, Wagholi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Multimedia Social Networks (MSN), Social system, Mental Disorder Detection (SNMDD), Generalized Sequential Pattern (GSP), User’s behavior pattern, Intention detection

Research Paper

168. Blockchain for cloud backup system

Blockchain Technology is an emerging technology in the software world. In order to understand the applications of the blockchain, it is necessary to understand how blockchain works. Blockchain was first introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008, which serve a Peer-to-Peer ledger for registering cryptocurrency bitcoin transactions. The blockchain is a list of records stored in the form of a chain. A blockchain is a decentralized distributed ledger which means a number of records are stored in a block and the block is added to the chain. Each block consists of a number of transactions for each transaction there will be a unique hash value, all hash values of the number of the transaction are combined and made a single hash value of the block and this follows Merkle root hash method. The invention of blockchain in cryptocurrency bitcoin solved the issue of double spending. The invention of blockchain in data backup can decrease the security complexity and duplication of the data. Rather than storing the data in one single hub that is the centralized system we can store the data in the blockchain which is a decentralized distributed ledger. In this decentralized system, the file is divided into a number of chunks stored into the blockchain which makes it difficult for data hacking and data tampering. In a centralized system if a server goes down then data is lost forever and in centralized system records can easily be altered because it does not have a backup to verify the records but in the blockchain, every peer in the network has the copy of the records and it is difficult to tamper the records. The files can be divided by a technology called Reed-Soloman erasure coding, generally used in CDs and DVDs. Reed-Soloman erasure coding allows dividing files in a redundant manner, where any 1 of 3 segments can fully recover a user's file.

Published by: Karthik C., Chandan M. N., Abhinandan, Mohammad Rayan BaigResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology, Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain, Decentralized, Cloud storage

Research Paper

169. Stabilization of soil using sisal, polypropylene and hybrid fibers

Geotechnical engineers face various problems while designing foundation because of clayey soil due to poor bearing capacity and excessive settlement. So, we rectify that with various engineering works but in this project we choose fibers for improving soil parameters, this method is cost effective and eco-friendly one. The clay sample was collected from Devakottai, Tamil Nadu, India. Sisal, polypropylene, and hybrid of these two fibers were used for soil stabilization. The sisal fiber was mixed 0 .1%, 0.2%, 0.3% and 0.4% by weight of the soil samples. Similarly, polypropylene fiber was mixed 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% by weight of the soil samples and hybrid fiber mixed soil samples randomly distributed. The effect of fiber addition on soil stabilization was evaluated by conducting tests such as Atterberg’s limits, Standard Proctor compaction test, Unconfined Compressive strength test, Specific gravity test, and California bearing ratio test

Published by: S. M. Kavitha, B. Shaik Mohamed, C. Muniyappan, R. Elavarasan, V. Sathish KumarResearch Area: Soil Mechanics

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Soil stabilization, Sisal fiber, Polypropylene fiber, Hybrid fibers, Shear strength, Unconfined compressive strength, Bearing capacity