Volume-6, Issue-6

November-December, 2020

Research Paper

1. Analysis of inequality - Adjusted human development index in relation to Nepal

This paper is exploratory in nature and attempts to present a detailed analysis of the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) of Nepal since its introduction in 2010 to 2018. By breaking down each dimension of the IHDI and evaluating trends in IHDI in relation to the HDI both qualitatively and quantitatively, the study has utilised secondary data published by the UNDP through multiple tables and graphs.

Published by: Anurag MundaraResearch Area: Development Economics

Organisation: Pathways World School Aravali, Gangani, HaryanaKeywords: HDI, UNDP, IHDI, Nepal, Development, Life Expectancy Index, Education Index, Income Index, Inequality-Adjusted Life Expectancy Index, Inequality-Adjusted Education Index, Inequality-Adjusted Income Index, Government Policy, Medium Human Development Category, Analysis

Research Paper

2. Impact of alcohol tax on externalities associated with it

Alcohol industry in India stands third largest in the world with value of $35 billion, making it a significant contributor to the Indian economy.1 Kerala tops the charts in the
level of consumption of liquor as it has the highest per capita consumption of alcohol in the country. Alcohol is a demerit good as its consumption results in socially undesirable outcomes in the form of externalities in terms of increased prevalence of road accidents, health care costs and accounting for about 69% of all crimes in Kerala. However, the liquor industry makes significant contributions to the Keralan economy in the form of tax revenue and employment. In order to limit the economic costs of alcohol consumption, the Keralan government proposed an upsurge in the indirect taxation of alcohol. However, this affects the street price by a little margin as other taxes such as the sales tax have been removed. Regardless of the prohibitive cess on liquor and introduction of dry days and the continuous increase in the taxes have interestingly enough, showcased an upward spiral trend in the sale of liquor. Indirect taxation not only serves as a catalyst to generate revenue to aid government’s macroeconomic objectives but to also curb the negative consumption externalities. Therefore, the research question that stems from the aforementioned topic is: “To what extent has the increase in liquor tax in Kerala impacted the externalities associated with it since 2018?”

Published by: Anurag MundaraResearch Area: Microeconomics

Organisation: Pathways World School Aravali, Gangani, HaryanaKeywords: Kerala, IMFL, Beer, Tax , Alcohol, Externalities, Negative Consumption Externalities, Positive Externalities, Price Elasticity of Demand, RMTR, Costs, Revenue, Health Care, Floods, Tax Revenue

Research Paper

3. Optimization of material handling trolley using finite element analysis

The purpose of this work is to develop the material handling trolleys using finite element analysis and validate the design. The main area of focus in this project is to reduce the weight and cost of the trolleys by designing a new development design. The existing trolley designed by the industry uses heavy trolleys without considering loading conditions which in turn leads to a higher factor of safety increasing the overall cost of the Trolleys. This work presents a finite element analysis of a procedure to model and simulate trolleys used in the automotive parts supplier industry, especially in car component manufacturing companies for shifting or transporting the different parts. In this study, the design is carried out using CATIA software, Pre-processing work such as meshing and setting static loading condition has been set up in Hyper mesh and static analysis of the trolley is performed using finite element software ABAQUS. The Von-Mises yield principle has been used to determine the distribution of stress intensity. The proposed model has better results consider the existing model of the trolley.

Published by: Ganesh D. ChavanResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: G H Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: FEA, Material Handling Trolleys, Static Analysis, Von-Mises Stresses.

Research Paper

4. Awareness about teeth whitening among young adults in south Indian population

Dental esthetics affects how people value themselves and perceived by the society, and this may also impact the oral health-related quality of life. Peer groups play a key role in adult emotional stability and they place a high value on appearance under peer influences. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge and awareness of teeth whitening among young adults. A cross sectional study was conducted among young adults using self administered questionnaire to evaluate awareness, attitude and perception of teeth whitening. Data was collected through google forms and statistical analysis was done. It was observed that 73.4% were aware of teeth whitening, 62.1% stated that teeth color did influence their social life and confidence. About 68.4% advocated that smoking leads to staining of teeth. Around 67.3% denied that brushing teeth for longer duration and harder cannot whiten the teeth. Regarding teeth whitening, 68.6% preferred to consult a dentist, 31.4% of participants preferred home remedy over consulting dentist. It was concluded that dental esthetics has a greater impact on psychological status. Brushing teeth and attitude towards consulting dentist shows that participants have good knowledge and awareness about tooth color. The dental advertisement also plays a significant role in tooth whitening. It helps the dentist to assess the patient’s desires and increase the treatment success rate.

Published by: Vinita Mary A., Kesavan R., Bhavani M., Blessy Melba D., Deepiha D., Monisha Shrinidhi K.Research Area: Aesthetic Dentistry

Organisation: Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Esthetics, Teeth Whitening, Brushing Teeth, Self-Confidence

Research Paper

5. A prototype for transferring data using visible light

This paper describes the use of light as a medium for bi-directional communication between two systems. It demonstrates transmission and reception of data between two systems bi-directionally that do not have any physical communication between them. This paper envisions a future where data for laptops, smart phones, and tablets is transmitted through the light in a room. It establishes a way for creating a communication medium that can transfer data with much higher speeds as compared to current wireless networks. The methodology used is the conversion of SERIAL-to-TTL (Transistor-Transistor-Logic), and vice versa. It takes input from the system (transmitter) and gives output in the form of TTL logic signals that ultimately drives the LED circuit, enabling it to glow, but actually it is transmitting data.

Published by: S. LaxmanResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Port Blair, Andaman and NicobarKeywords: Led, Phototransistor, Visible Light Communication, Line of Sight.

Research Paper

6. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on unorganized sector and its effect on the economy

ABSTRACT Unorganized Sectors are being supported by the Government through several schemes as they play a crucial role in boosting the country’s economy. These Sectors are full of high potential as employment generators especially in the rural India and also perform a number of crucial functions that support development and poverty alleviation. The Government Agencies have been playing a key role in promoting unorganized sectors across the country through implementation of various schemes and policies ranging from providing collateral-free credit and access to incubation centres to providing better equipment and employment opportunities for entrepreneurs. The inherent advantages of these unorganized sectors are optimal utilization of local resources, mobilization of investments on a large scale, creation of job opportunity, prevention of distress rural-urban migration and reduction of disparity across sectors and regions. The Covid-19 pandemic and its unprecedented danger have forced the entire world to announce nationwide lockdown affecting unorganized sector adversely. This pandemic affected workers of unorganized sectors, left them jobless and rapidly increased the unemployment rate across the country. To address financial difficulties faced by unorganized sector, a package of Rs1,610 crores will be released by the Government as Covid-19 financial package

Published by: Dr. Sharmila S.Research Area: Socio-Economic

Organisation: Seshadripuram College, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Poverty alleviation, Collateral-Free, Optimal, Pandemic, Unemployment, Disparity


7. Analysis of user preferred youtube videos

In current era of big data, a wide variety of high-volume data having different veracity can be easily collected or generated at a high velocity. Social network data, as well as audio and video in social media and social networking sites, are examples of big data. Embedded in these big data are valuable information and knowledge. Previously unknown and useful information and knowledge from these big data, some big data solutions are in demand. In this project, we explore the big data for detecting various results from YouTube video data so that the user- preferred YouTube viewing can be recognized and the analysis of user- preferred YouTube videos can then be enhanced.

Published by: Divya H., Jane Karuniya J., Srinidhi S.T.Research Area: Big Data Analytics

Organisation: Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Big Data , You tube, Analysis, Pyspark

Research Paper

8. Impact of student politics on democracy

Student politics provides a platform for students that allow them to raise their voices and concern over issues that affect their body as a whole, thereby encouraging the engagement in nation building process. Through student political organisations, students not just represent their rights and identities at a local level but also at a national level. Majorly, these political organisations consists of student members who are associated with student politics, often have background political connection and inclination towards politics mostly due to their parents, peer groups etc. Student activism has played an integral role in one of the most significant events in the history such as the movement of freedom, civil right etc. Even though there exists perceptions of student politics having a negative influence on the system, there are several shreds of evidence in the world that suggest that it drives agents of positive social and political change in many nations.

Published by: Anurag MundaraResearch Area: Global Politics

Organisation: Pathways World School Aravali Gangani, HaryanaKeywords: Student Politics, Democracy, NGO, Government Institutions, Political Leaders, Primary Research, Secondary Research, Ministers, Autonomy, Rights, Opportunities, 21st-Century Skills, Student Unity, Education, Nation-Building, Opinions

Research Paper

9. Impact of Covid-19 on the Indian tourism industry

This Research paper shows the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the tourism industry of India. To what extent the tourism industry got affected, the losses it faced due to the pandemic and a comparison with the statistics of the tourism industry with the last two years. Along with that this research paper also forms a relation between the COVID-19 pandemic and the Indian tourism industry. This research paper mainly focuses on two important aspects of the Indian tourism industry, foreign tourist arrivals & Foreign exchange earnings, which are both equally important to the economy of the country as a whole

Published by: Aman Vashisht, Tanay D. Munshi, Rachel Grace MathaiResearch Area: Research Methodology

Organisation: Symbiosis Center for Management Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Indian Tourism Industry, Foreign Tourist Arrivals, Foreign Exchange Earnings, Covid-19 Impact

Research Paper

10. Analysis of the Venezuelan crisis

Hundreds Detained, Torture, Sexual Violence, Military Jurisdiction are the words that come to mind when one thinks of the Venezuelan Crisis. However, these are more than just words; these are strategies employed to legitimize actions undertaken by the Venezuelan Government and prosecute citizens and suppress protests. The foundation of the rising public protests was laid by rising inflation and shortages of medical and food supplies due to lack of government provision.

Published by: Anurag MundaraResearch Area: Global Politics

Organisation: Pathways World School Aravali, Gangani, HaryanaKeywords: Venezuelan Crisis, Violation of Human Rights, Hyperinflation, Suppression, Government, Shortage, Refugees, Health, Economy, Protests, Violence, Military Jurisdiction


11. “Artificial Intelligence”- A futuristic vision

Technology is shaping itself in and out to satisfy the needs and wants of people and eventually win the global markets.Most of the countries and its companies are competently emerging withnewer scientific concepts to bring in the high degrees of constructive and smart technology one of which is the "Artificial Intelligence "This leads to newer evolution of interfaces ,thereby also contribute to the better handling of information and conversion of information into knowledge.

Published by: Abirami ShanmugamResearch Area: Technology

Organisation: Kalaignar Karunanidhi Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Technology,Robots,Metrics,Human focus,AI powered machine,human centered experience,smart products,black-box,expectations,cogito,collabrative AI

Research Paper

12. And the airline is… (Airline Satisfaction Review)

Like how ratings are crucial in a hotel booking process, they are equally important in the airline industry. The primary reason for such ratings is the expectation of service for the amount paid (since being the most expensive way of transport). A rating can boost a newbie up or pull a giant down. Again, it is all due to the service. Identifying the reasons and where to correct them is an example of a business model. The key objectives of this problem would be (a)To identify if changes are necessary to implement based on customer feedback. (b)To measure the modifications and minimize overall dissatisfaction. (c)Develop corresponding visualizations. And (d)To identify the satisfaction of a customer based on their feedback by fitting the appropriate model. In real-time, this study can be used for reviewing the performance of the airline’s front-end operations. With machine learning techniques, the user can find the best fit model. Furthermore, the financial data, it can also be used to alter the existing model to bring better expenditure versus profit per seat. The final model should also be able to predict satisfaction based on ratings and analyse the ways to minimize dissatisfaction.

Published by: Niveditha N., Nandhini S.Research Area: Big Data

Organisation: Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Visualization, Airline Industry, Rating, Business Model

Research Paper

13. Speech Recognition for Crime Analysis

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) is a multidisciplinary field of study focusing on the design of computer technology and, in particular, the interaction between humans (the users) and computers. While initially concerned with computers, HCI has since expanded to cover almost all forms of information technology design. We aim to take this further in the field of crime analysis by developing a system for speech recognition. This will be a huge contribution to the crime department where speech recognition will not only help them to handle large amount of data but also in checking the criminal records faster. This is a modern and advanced technique where with the help of voice recognition test file will be compared with database files.

Published by: Mehak SharmaResearch Area: Human Computer Interaction

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Speech Recognition, Correlation, noise

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 14th December, 2020.