Volume-4, Issue-5

September-October, 2018

Review Paper

1. A review article on comparative analysis of DEEC protocol

Energy Management can be improved by proficient clustering algorithms in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. Coordination through cluster head selection provides efficient data aggregation that reduces communication overhead in the network. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy logic approach based DDEEC clustering algorithm which aims to prolong the lifetime of nodes in heterogeneous WSNs. We compare this algorithm with the PSO based DDEEC algorithm and original DDEEC algorithm according to the parameters of the first node dies at different rounds and energy-efficiency metrics. The efficiency of the proposed optimized fuzzy algorithm is proved by the Matlab experimental results. Simulation results exhibit that the proposed algorithm has higher energy efficiency and can improve the lifespan of a node and data delivery at the base station over its comparatives.

Published by: Suraj Soni, Anshuj Jain, Manish Gupta

Research Area: EC

Review Paper

2. Diversity of medicinal flora in and around Kolleru lake

Kolleru Lake is the largest freshwater lake in India, located between West Godavari and Krishna districts of Andhra Pradesh. Being the largest freshwater body, Kolleru Lake supports rich aquatic medicinal flora and as an elevated land between Godavari and Krishna rivers, it provides good habitat for many terrestrial medicinal plants. At the time of the floristic survey, this study identified 11 aquatic and 24 terrestrial flora in Kolleru. In and around Kolleru area 35 medicinal plants were reported from 17 sites, out of 35 medicinal flora, 11 aquatic flora and 24 terrestrial plants were identified. Aquatic medicinal flora including Ipomea aquatica, Nymphaea nouchali, Nelumbium species, Salvinia cumulata Alternanthera sessilis, Typha angustata, Cypress rotundus, Ecilipta alba, Scripus articilum, Cynodon dactylon, Utricularia species was identified in Kolletikota, Gudivakalanka, Atapaka, Pedayadlagadi bridge. Terrestrial plants like Aerva lanata, Andrographis paniculata, Asystica gangetica, Abrus precatorius, Achyranthes aspera, Cassia occidentalis, Euphorbia hirta, Gloriosa superba, Hemedesmis indica, Tridax procumbence, Oscimum sanctum, Ricinus communis, Vitex negundo, Rauwolfia serpentina, Bixa octandra, Sida acuta, Abutilon indium, Acalypha indica, Tephrosia purpurea, Centella asiatica, Coccinia indica, Boerhavia diffusa, Crotan banplandianum, Phyllanthus madraspatens were identified in belt villages of the lake. During the last two decades, water quality and other environmental changes in Kolleru Lake resulted in stress on the biodiversity of the ecosystem. If these medicinal plant species properly maintained, harvested and marketed then it can be another source of livelihood of Kolleru area.

Published by: Vijaya Lakshmi B. B. R. G., Brahmaji Rao P., Nagavardhanam N., Rani G.

Research Area: Medicinal Flora In Kolleru Lake

Research Paper

3. On g#-semi-open fuzzy sets and fuzzy g#-semi-irresolute maps in fuzzy topological spaces

In this paper, the class of g# s-closed fuzzy sets are introduced. This class properly placed between the class of semi-closed fuzzy sets and the class of gs-closed fuzzy sets in fuzzy topological space. Further, the concept of fuzzy g# s-continuous, fuzzy g# s-irresolute mapping, fuzzy g# s-closed maps, fuzzy g# s-open maps and fuzzy g# s-homeomorphisms in fuzzy topological spaces are also introduced, studied and some of their properties are obtained.

Published by: P. Gomathi, M. Sentamilselvi

Research Area: Fuzzy Topology

Research Paper

4. Analytical method development of mixed pesticide Mesotrione 4% + S -Metolachlor 40% + Benoxacor 2% SE by HPLC analytical technique

A simple reverse phase liquid chromatographic method has been developed and subsequently validated for the Mesotrione + S -Metolachlor + Benoxacor combination pesticide molecule. These molecules mixtures have been used as an effective weedicide, microbial control effectively in the presence of a chemical. The combination products Mesotrione + S -Metolachlor + Benoxacor is being used as a pesticide to manage at a time soil, crop plants, and weed management effectively. Such an important application of these combination products has fairly few analytical methods. These Mesotrione 4% + S -Metolachlor 40% + Benoxacor 2% molecules were separated through a mobile phase consisting of the mixture of acetonitrile and water in the ratio of 80:20 (v/v). The Column used in this separation is Shimadzu BDS C18; 250 mm length; 4.6 mm diameter with 5μ particle size dimensioned column; Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Detector: UV-Vis. Absorption (λ) at 230 nm of Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030). The LC solution software was used for the analytical method, data integrations, and calculations in this analysis. There are two molecules were analyzed for separation and quantification. The results of the study showed that the proposed HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. Tamilselvan

Research Area: Pesticide Analysis

Thesis

5. Design of 2-4 decoders and 4-16 decoders using GDI technique

This paper introduces a mixed-logic design method for line decoders, combining transmission gate logic, pass transistor dual-value logic and static CMOS. Two new topologies for the 2-4 decoder are 14-transistor topology and 15-transistor topology. 14-transistor topology based on the small size of the transistor, transistor count and power dissipation, 15-transistor topology based on high power-delay performance. Both non-inverting and inverting decoder are designed in every case thereby yielding a total of four new designs. Moreover, four new 4-16 decoders are designed, by using mixed-logic by cascading of 2-4 pre-decoders with static CMOS post-decoder. All proposed decoders which reduce transistor count and has the full swinging capability compared to conventional CMOS. GDI gate diffusion input analyses to design low power combinational circuits where we can overcome the disadvantages of CMOS, low power techniques.GDI technique helps to reduce power, propagation delay, transistor count, maintains the low complexity of designs. All proposed decoders are designed in Gate diffusion input (GDI)—a new technique of low-power digital combinatorial circuit design thereby results in reducing power consumption, propagation delay, and area of digital circuits while maintaining the low complexity of the logic design.

Published by: Gundaboina Shravani, V. Shankar

Research Area: VLSI

Review Paper

6. A study on investment options available in the modern era

In today’s scenario, the people are more concern about their future than the present. Everyone wants financial independence and financial security. For this purpose, it is necessary for them to take investment decisions. Awareness and knowledge of different investment avenues are extremely important to make the right investment decision. Investment is the best way to attain financial security. The aim of Investment is to maximize the earning potential of the investors. This study provides an overview of investment options available in the modern era and a brief description of the investment avenues related to short, medium and long tenure. The objective of the study is to explain the investment avenues and its related benefits. The study will be conducted in a descriptive style by using the secondary data. An attempt is made to study the different investment avenues available in the Indian market for investment. Investment can be made in both financial and non-financial products.

Published by: Madan Singh Panwar, Dr. Kavita Aggarwal

Research Area: Finance

Research Paper

7. User conventional root detection of indoor mall

Indoor navigation systems help people navigate inside large buildings such as shopping malls. In this paper, a smart location-based mobile shopping application for Android devices is proposed. The flow of the application is that user searches a product, and then INOP (Indoor Navigation and Online Payment) identifies the location and searches the product inside the shopping mall. To make the navigation system, this paper proposes a Shortest Path Algorithm. To add a product to the cart, the user should scan the barcode of the product with their android phone. Once the shopping is done by the user, the user can make payment online.

Published by: Sara Shaikh, Sneha Sondkar, Chetana Shete, Neha Pol

Research Area: Android Application

Research Paper

8. Artificial intelligence in word prediction systems

Artificial Intelligence is the process of performing tasks that generally requires human intelligence by artificially emulating it in a computational background. Implementation of this concept in predicting the next suitable word efficiently such that it does not deviate from its original meaning. It is observed that most word prediction algorithms involve comparison of a word with a dictionary or a collection of words that shows resemblance and follow a fixed linear path by recognizing patterns. In most cases, this linear analysis solves the problem of maintaining the sentence structure and its meaning. However, in complex cases, it is found to be inaccurate as minor details of a language are ignored. This can be corrected with the help of machine learning along with pattern recognition by analyzing the frequency of the words, addition of new words into a local dictionary, identifying the difference between official and unofficial text sentences or words. It becomes more complex as the neural network keeps increasing but it improves and provides accurate results over time and can be improved with comparison using a cloud-based dictionary. The concept being implemented is universal and is useful in any kind of language and provides a restriction free communication and understanding.

Published by: N. Ajithesh

Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Dissertations

9. Experimental studies on the strength of cement concrete with partial replacement of coarse aggregate with ceramic tiles and cement with silica fume

Analysis of incorporated concrete was done in fresh state as well in hardened state to evaluate different properties of concrete I.e. testing and comparing the results of various mixes for workability,compressive strength,tensile strength and flexural strength and analyzing for the best mix composition,to mix design concrete of grade M25,to find out the different composition of mixes by partial replacing cement with silica fume and coarse aggregate with ceramic tiles. 5%,10% & 15% (M25) incorporation was used as partial replacement of coarse aggregate with ceramic tiles and cement with silica fumes,from all the results and experimental approach it is concluded that concrete formed with over silica fumes and ceramic tiles aggregate and cement showed benefit performance as compared with the concrete made up of natural aggregate and cement obtained from local resources.it reduces the cost of concrete by reduces the cost of concrete by reducing the aggregate cost and produces economical infrastructure system.it has been observed that use of waste materials results in the formation of lightweight concrete uses of such waste material will not only cut down the not only cut down the cost of construction but will also contribute in safe disposal of waste materials. Apart from the environmental benefits, the addition of such wastes also improves certain properties of resultant concrete.cubes of concrete were prepared and tested to study the compressive strength, tensile strength flexual strength, and analyzing for the best mix composition. As it takes a lot more money to make new ceramic tiles,than the cost incurred in the process of recycling it but in this process,we are using there ceramic tiles for the beneficial use of the concrete as well as in the construction site,as we all know that ceramic tiles are widely used in the household and other construction site,it has considered as it is very economical in nature.

Published by: Rashidul Islam, Anshul Garg

Research Area: Civil Engineer

Research Paper

10. Biosensors: A device to detect diseases

Nowadays, due to technology development, people are getting modernised. But as they get modernised, they also develop new diseases. The more we get modernised, the more we are diseased. Hence nowadays it has become difficult for doctors to distinguish the disease caused by bacteria and the disease caused by the virus. For example, if a person is having the symptoms of TB and coughs up blood and another person has the symptoms of cancer and coughs up blood.so in both the cases the diseases are different but the symptom is same. Is this case the doctor will probably ask the patients to take a blood test or a chest x-ray. This process may take a day or two for the reports to come by which cancer may reach its last stage (though the cancer is already noticed only at the last stage). Thus though the technology in medicine has developed to the 8th generation level, still we haven’t achieved a halt in delayed diagnosis. According to WHO, in 1968, we had a situation of human beings going almost extinct due to the outbreak of deadly disease “swine flu”. This flu is actually caused by the type A influenza virus in pigs which gets transmitted to human beings through direct contact. So doctors took time to find whether it is a bacterial disease or a viral one. But due to early precaution and prevention, we survived to overcome this flu. Also now certain diseases like smallpox have been eradicated from India due to repeated vaccination of all newborn babies. This stage has been achieved only due to precautions.

Published by: Chetana Krishanan

Research Area: Biomedical

Review Paper

11. A review article of signal to noise ratio using frequency division multiplexing PSO algorithm

The demand for high-speed mobile wireless communications is growing at a very fast rate. PSO OFDM technology is a key technique for achieving the high data rate and spectral efficiency requirements for wireless communication systems. Frequency Division Multiplexing (PSO OFDM) [3–6] has emerged as a successful air-interface technique. The Frequency division Multiplexing was originally developed from the multi-carrier modulation techniques used in high-Frequency military radios. This thesis presents, a Simulink based simulation system is implemented using Particle swarm optimization (PSO) to study the performance analysis of Bit Error Rate (BER) Vs Signal to Noise ratio (SNR). The model of PSO OFDM with Rician fading channel using Simulink in MATLAB is discussed. This model is used for performance enhancement of the PSO OFDM with QPSK and QAM modulation schemes and channel condition. The throughput and packet error rate is used to evaluate the performance of the MAC layer with the change in the physical layer parameter. The performance analysis of different technologies used in the QAM PSO OFDM is compared by visualizing the BER vs SNR curve.

Published by: Pratik Singh, Manish Gupta, Anshuj Jain

Research Area: Electronics and Communication

Research Paper

12. Machine learning based approach for fault tolerance in cloud computing

Cloud computing is a rising area that is currently engaged towards many of the IT industries. Bearing with the cloud architecture is the difficult challenge for us. This challenge can be achievable by fault tolerance and monitoring. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Fault Tolerance (FT) facilitates the process or the component to work smoothly even though in the occurrence of the failure. Monitoring is a procedure in which the fault is predicted before it occurs. Proactive and reactive measures can take place to run the cloud environment with tolerance in failure occurrence. Reviewing the potential of FT and monitoring services is to make out the technique that serves in certain purpose. Fault tolerance systems are important for both providers of cloud services and customers. Findings: Based on this idea, this paper provides the different or diverse fault tolerance and monitoring mechanism to improve the reliability in a cloud environment. Applications/Improvements: It presents the information about the various techniques and methods used in the FT and also a future research direction in cloud FT.

Published by: Abhishek Gupta, Aashish Mamgain

Research Area: Cloud computing, Fault tolerance, Machine learning

Research Paper

13. The impact of adopting six sigma to improve total quality management practices applied study in Najaf cement plant

Global and local organizations face many changes and challenges. These challenges have led to the emergence of new concepts in the management of organizations that seek to achieve the goal of survival and continuity in the world of competition by changing their traditional methods that are not commensurate with the challenges faced by organizations. Dealing with the challenges they face and overcoming them to achieve better performance. One of these tools is six sigma. The current study aims to identify the impact of six sigma to improve total quality management, a sample of 64 employees was selected randomly from Najaf cement plant, and the results indicate there is an impact of six sigma on total quality management.

Published by: Anaam Abdulzahra Meteab

Research Area: Business Management

Review Paper

14. A review on comparison of strength parameters between AAC blocks and clay bricks for building construction using STAAD Pro

The Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) material was produced in 1924 in Sweden. It has turned out to be a standout amongst the most utilized building materials in Europe and is quickly developing in numerous different nations around the globe. AAC is delivered from the regular materials lime, sand, concrete and water, and a little measure of rising operator. In the wake of blending and trim, it is then autoclaved under warmth and weight to make its interesting properties. AAC has great warm protection and acoustic ingestion properties. AAC is fire and irritation safe, and is monetarily and ecologically better than the more customary basic building materials, for example, solid, wood, block and stone. AAC blocks are lightweight and offer ultimate workability, flexibility, and durability. Its composition includes sand, water, quicklime, and cement. AAC offers fantastic chances to expand building quality and in the meantime lessen costs at the development site. Therefore of its brilliant properties, AAC is utilized as a part of many building developments, for instance in private homes, business and mechanical structures, schools, healing facilities, lodgings, and numerous different applications.

Published by: Sachin Pandey, K. G. Kirar, Kuldeep Singh, Sumit Rajak

Research Area: Civil Engineering

Research Paper

15. Comparison of strength parameters between AAC blocks and clay bricks for building construction using STAAD Pro

Burnt clay brick is a predominant construction material used in construction. The CO2 emissions in the brick manufacturing process had been acknowledged as a significant factor to global warming. Therefore, now a- days we should focus more on seeking environmental solutions for greener environment. To fulfil this objective, new construction materials can be used for construction. One such material i.e., AAC blocks can be used as an alternative material for construction. This work highlights the comparative statistical analysis of cost-effectiveness of using AAC blocks instead of traditional red bricks. The usage of AAC blocks gives a prospective solution to construction industry along with environmental preservation. In this work, an attempt has been made to compare AAC blocks as a replacement material to red bricks. This work shows the analysis and comparison between the G+6 and G+2 building with different material in terms of bricks. The bricks which are taken for first building analysis is burnt clay bricks and for second building analysis is AAC blocks. This analysis is done by STAAD-Pro software and in result shows the reduction in overall cost of construction by using AAC blocks.

Published by: Sachin Pandey, K. G. Kirar, Kuldeep Singh, Sumit Rajak

Research Area: Civil Engineering

Research Paper

16. Ontology based digital library search system for enhanced information retrieval in engineering domain

Recent years have seen an exponential increase in the amount of available information in both print medium and electronic medium. The acceptance of electronic/digital medium has increased dramatically in recent years, which had led to the demand for more organized and accessible information in the digital medium. Hence, Digital libraries (DL’s) emerged as the digital counterpart of the traditional library system. Digital library environments had negated the traditional limits on representation and distribution of information, by facilitating global access, round the clock service, classification, and organization of the available information, by adding more information retrieval elements. Another challenge emerged with the advancement of technology, which had increased applications of new forms of information, such as multimedia files, scientific data, unstructured data, semi-structured data, heterogeneous structured data, which is being generated, stored and utilized by digital libraries worldwide. There a large amount of data generated every day for different domains such as medicine, healthcare, engineering, energy, and more. As a consequence, retrieving relevant information related to any domain from heterogeneous knowledge sources had become a challenging task. Ontologies have emerged as a potential solution in this field, as they have the ability to manage information resources efficiently, manage web complexities, and automate bibliofigureic storage and annotation management and more. Ontologies play a significant role in digital libraries by promoting interoperability by defining a common vocabulary for the ease of sharing information in a particular domain. Ontologies also tackle the challenge presented by the availability of heterogeneous information sources and improve the accuracy of information retrieval. This paper discusses, the need and potential applications of domain-specific ontologies and semantic technologies in DL’s, which can be used to address the issue of increasing volume of information as well as enhancing the information retrieval capacity of Digital Libraries. The paper also discusses the designing and developing of domain-specific ontologies for Digital Library and suggest a model of Ontology-based Digital Library search system which retrieves exact results for queries and eliminates irrelevant results by having refined queries

Published by: Nilesh Shewale, Dr. J. Shivarama

Research Area: Library and Information Science

Case Study

17. Energy saving on 90TR chiller system at SASTRA deemed university

The Energy saving on the Chiller systems has many advantages such as cost reduction due to power savings and the reduction of the maximum demand without changing on the cooling effect. The old chiller models have a compressor driven by a constant-speed induction motor directly connected the 3phase power supply with separate Air handling unit (AHU). This system takes large starting current and the large variation in room temperature which is controlled by a static on-off controller. The energy loss is owing to frequent on-off cycles when the room temperature is close to the preset value. Hence the inverter system is introduced on the chiller for the significant energy saving and demand reduction on the power supply. The practical results on power consumption were compared and the energy consumption can be reduced to less than half that of an old one, with chiller inverter model. The investment cost in the replacement of chiller by new VRV system can be recovered in short duration by the amount of saved energy.

Published by: Swaminathan Gopalan

Research Area: Energy Conservation

Review Paper

18. A review paper on broadband connectivity in rural India through TV white space

In India, there has been an immense growth in the number of telephone and broadband subscribers in the last few years. In next-generation wireless technology that converged voice and data applications will offer rural broadband connectivity for proper boost in Information and Communication Technology(ICT) to take part in all the areas of human life such as education, health, science, financial markets, security and civil protection, media, entertainment, and business development etc. Unused spectrum in the television band (so-called TV white space) has the potential to provide a new spectrum for accessing information and communication services in developing countries. “White spaces” in the UHF (Ultra High Frequency) bands that have traditionally been used for television broadcasting but the opening of TV white space (TVWS) bands for cognitive access is one of the first tangible steps to solve the problem of Spectrum scarcity in current wireless networks. One of the major hindrance to providing broadband connectivity in a semi-urban area and rural India is the lack of robust and affordable backhaul. Fiber connectivity in the terms of backhaul is being planned or provided by Government of India would reach only till rural offices named as Gram Panchayat in the Indian rural areas. In this elucidation, I articulate how TV white space can address the challenge of providing broadband connectivity to a billion plus population within India. As villages can form their local Wi-Fi clusters. The problem of connecting the Wi-Fi clusters to the optical fiber points can be addressed using a TV white space-based backhaul (middle-mile) network. I also try to cover the TV White Space technology, the pertinent standards to the TVWS system, the regulatory framework and other relevant points. In the target riverine country like India, TVWS wireless connectivity model can play a vital role to develop rural community. In this paper, my objectives are to Explore, assess and propose TV white space implementation of rural broadband in India to make Digital India.

Published by: Heena Gambhiri, Kulbhushan Singla

Research Area: Communication

Research Paper

19. Security and energy saving aspects of wireless sensor networks in healthcare sector

In HealthCare use of WSN: Wireless Sensor Networks in healthcare applications are growing in a past few years. And several applications used to monitor like heart rate, blood pressure, sound, temperature, and memory enhancement and etc., And Address the growing use of sensor technology in healthcare field a new invention known as wireless body area networks WBAN simply called as the BAN. In naturally the wireless sensor has security and privacy issues are among major issues and due to direct activity of people also increases the sensitivity. Whether the data collected from patients or etc obtained with the consent of the person or without it due to the need by the system, misuse or privacy issues may restrict people from taking advantage of the full benefits from the system. People may not see these devices safe for regular use. And there is a possibility of serious social unrest due to the panic that such devices may be used for monitoring and tracking individuals by the government and their agencies or other private sector organizations. In this paper, we discuss security issues and analyze in detail the problems and their possible measures and energy saving aspects.

Published by: Venkatesh T., Karthik M.

Research Area: Networking

Research Paper

20. License plate localization method based on vertical edge analysis using SVM technique

There are different types of license plates being used, the requirement of an automatic license plate recognition system is different for each country. Support vector machine is a machine learning algorithm with good performance, its parameters have an important influence on the accuracy of classification, and parameters selection is becoming one of the main research areas of machine learning. This dissertation adopts SVM to recognize the characters of the license plate. Then a number plate recognition algorithm is proposed for character segmentation and recognition. This algorithm employs an SVM to recognize numbers. The algorithm starts with a collection of samples of numbers from number plates. Each character is recognized by an SVM, which is trained by some known samples in advance. In order to recognize a number plate correctly, all numbers are tested one by one using the trained model. Our experimental results depict that our proposed technique has a great extent of recognition accuracy and excessive processing speed as compared to traditional SVM which depended upon the multi-class classifier. This new technique gives a superior direction for automatic number plate recognition. Experiments show that the proposed algorithm has higher recognition accuracy than others, the character recognition accuracy of the training set is greater than 99.95%, and character recognition accuracy of test set reaches 99 %. Therefore we can conclude SVM is a better technique than any other supervised learning.

Published by: Pooja, Tajender Malik

Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Research Paper

21. Novel approach for image watermarking in YCBCR color space using LWT and SVD

Now a day’s with advancement in technology privacy is one of the concern-parameters. There are diverse techniques available to protect our crucial data safe from unauthorized person. Watermarking, cryptographic, steganography are few examples which help us to protect our information. Digital image (DI) authentication under varying transmission and acquisition conditions is very tedious and efficient watermarking is an effective method to rid of this problem. In this research paper, we propose a transform domain approach in YCbCr color space to enhance the performance of a watermarking system, employing the distinguish integration of Discrete Wavelet Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform, and Singular Value Decomposition. DWT stage selectively utilizes the horizontal and vertical detail coefficients of the 2–dimensional DWT of an image. The translation variance problem of the DWT is compensated in the following DFT stage, which also exploits the frequency characteristics of the image. Finally, SVD is used to embed the watermark data. The method gives superior results in terms of enhanced PSNR values and is able to withstand a diverse of image processing attacks for example blur attack and motion attack. In our research work, four types of attacks are used and we can say that image quality is robust against these attacks.

Published by: Ruchika Vashisth, Vijay Nandal

Research Area: Electronics and Communication

Research Paper

22. Novel approach for cluster head selection in mobile ad hoc network using NS2

In recent time huge development going on in the field of the wireless sensor network and this network divided into two groups which are known as MANET and VANET. Our main work is to design an algorithm in such a way that the network parameter is optimized efficiently. So the cluster head can’t communicate with other nodes. That the same time, the congestion will occur and packet can’t be transferred to the nodes. It will take more time to complete the packet transmission. This approach illustrates that the proposed method is a routing protocol. The proposed research we have used no of connection in a group or cluster. Every cluster has a cluster head and the cluster head directly interconnects with the improper place. The results of the proposed method are a comparison with existing Leach Protocol. Here the base connection is located to equal distance of a cluster and it’s directly communicating to the cluster connection. This method is increasing to life instance of a network. As compare LEACH and Proposed method, we have noticed proposed method-have better force, lifetime, less delay, better transmission and consumed less time. LEACH Protocol is based on the cluster to make a comparison of native parameters so that we design the proposed method cluster based. The cluster used no of the group to increase the performance. This consist of many advantages which are listed below. Existing Number of groups is low. We can analyze a number of groups here. Every group’s stage check in this proposed research. Proposed method routing protocol has a better result as compared to LEACH protocol. As cluster-head dies, series is rebuilt to bypass the deceased node. So the initial topology is not affected. Head node receives all the aggregated data moreover transmits further to cluster-head.

Published by: Harvinder, Sunil Dalal

Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Dissertations

23. Managing the under-utilized public open spaces in a neighborhood of TIER-II cities, India

In recent years, utilization of the under-utilized spaces has been seen with increased concentration by urban planners as it is resulting in wastage of a valuable resource, land. Studying under-utilized spaces in a city is complex as it involves dealing with multiple spaces having varied issues associated with it. The paper intends to derive a framework to study these spaces in different Indian cities and identify issues for its under-utilization. The framework is reinforced by the study of neighborhoods in four tier-II cities in India keeping population density and land use as an identical aspect in all the neighborhoods. With ideal solutions to mitigate the issues affecting the community in the vicinity, these spaces can be used to optimum level. This paper is intended to identify the similarities between the issues related to these spaces in different cities and group the issues in domains of administration, maintenance, design or planning due to various reasons for its formation and as per the planning instruments. The paper also aims to come up with ideal generic design approach for issues in design domain and frame guidelines for it to be implemented for benefits to the community in terms of safety, health and economy.

Published by: Kaustubh Mirajkar

Research Area: Urban Design and Development

Review Paper

24. Earth’s climate: Influences from extra-terrestrial bodies

This review aims to find researches conducted, facts and figures related to the brief mentioned above i.e. how influences from other planets change Earth’s climate. The report prioritizes on climate change from an interplanetary perspective apart from major terrestrial reasons and determines nature of events likely to occur if instability continues, with reference to studies accomplished on Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, and various bolide impacts.

Published by: Adeela Hameed, Dr. Ambrina Sardar Khan

Research Area: Climatology and Meteorology

Review Paper

25. Innovative green technologies enhancing the comfort of HVAC world- A review

Now a day's are coming with new properties and new technologies in HVAC systems which were rudimentary in today’s world. Most of the people are looking for smarter and more comfort and less cost in energy in air conditioning. The deliver energy efficient improvement to enhance the quality of their buildings. The new innovative technologies transmogrify the day to day life with many more comfortable designs efficient to their life. In this paper explains what the new green technologies are which changes the HVAC systems. As per the world is running with green technologies it is reliance on renewable energy which has no effect on the environmental. They are several leverage by using the green energy which including the capability to energy the nature foot print on the earth.

Published by: Jayaprakash Vytla, Dr. Alok Kumar Rohit, C. Sasikumar

Research Area: Air Conditioning Systems

Review Paper

26. A review of signal parameter estimation techniques

Signal Investigation, the signals to be detected usually include unidentified parameters such as amplitude, time delay, phase, and frequency; these parameters must be probable previous to the signal discovery. The techniques used to approximation these signal parameters can be broadly confidential into two main categories known as parametric and non-parametric methods. This paper presents a review of these signal parameter estimation techniques.

Published by: Nagesh Kumar Sahu, Varsha Mehar

Research Area: Control System

Case Study

27. Characterization of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites

Natural fiber composite is obtained from nature in the form of leaf, seeds, tree and fruit wastage from these are used for the manufacture of composite materials to deliberately combine to form heterogeneous structures with desired properties. This is also called reinforced polymer composite materials. The natural fiber reinforced polymer composite is rapidly growing both in terms of their industrial applications and fundamental research. Before scientists have created many natural fibers from different materials (coir, hemp, flax, kenaf) they also determined the physical properties of these composite materials. I have created the composite material using the fiber of Palm tree and I have found the mechanical characteristics like tensile strength, hardness, impact strength, water absorption and flexural rigidity of the composite materials. Our material is used to manufacture the automobile body, construction board, insulation board, plywood, flooring, and manufacturing of chair and seat etc. This Palm is in abundant is available it is weightless material and has desired strength, low specific gravity.

Published by: S. Saravanan

Research Area: Material Testing & Material Science

Others

28. GPS based real time vehicle tracking system for kid’s safety using RFID and GSM

When it comes to student transportation, every school has two major problems – student school bus safety and efficient fleet management. The reports from international crime bureau that a child goes missing for every three minutes in the world. This is a big issue which has to roll in parents mind. They always worried about child when they send their children to a place behind their eyes the places like school or private classes. To lessen the parent’s anxiety about their children, a vehicle positioning system is prepared by merging radio frequency identification, global positioning system, webserver, web tracking and android technology. The system consist of RFID tags and reader which is designed to scrutinize the entry and exit of a person in the particular vehicle where child boarded each person is assigned the tag which holds the precise identification details when children enters the vehicle, the readers reads the person tag and stores the details of entry, exit and vehicle identification code. This information is notified to the concerned authority like school admin and parents via android app and website as enter, exit, pickup, drop, vehicle emergency and wrong route of vehicle. The proposed system facilitates to know about the area where the vehicle has crossed the path using rfid. The gps technology connected with this system helps in acquiring location updates in the school server database. This proficient tracking structure with enriched feature is designed and implemented for the purpose of protection in various stream. It is up and coming technology in the field of communication and network. The tag on road model is an evolving and just able technique in the future world. The projected system here is planned to be implemented is schools for the safety of the students and it can also be installed in the professional security system.

Published by: Amit Bhoyar, Jagdish Pimple

Research Area: Child Safety and Protection

Research Paper

29. Salient features of Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill 2018

Arbitration is popular in India as an ad-hoc rather than an institutional setup, wherein parties regulate the arbitration proceedings themselves. Institutional arbitration involves the regulation of arbitration proceedings by an institution, which applies its rules of procedure. Due to a lack of adequate emphasis on institutional arbitration, Indian parties have preferred to conduct ad hoc arbitrations. However, as arbitration continues to grow between Indian parties, policymakers and courts of law have taken note of its importance but the challenge now is to substantially increase awareness about institutional arbitration in India so that efforts being taken to reform institutional arbitration are supported by an increase in usage. Arbitral institutions must themselves take the lead by increasing awareness about their services and benefits. In addition, they must adopt the best practices from around the world which will encourage parties to use their services over foreign arbitral institutions.

Published by: Dr. Sudhir Kotwal

Research Area: Law

Review Paper

30. Fourth industrial revolution and future of workforce

With, the introduction of new technology, the skills in the workplace, are significant, since the 4th industrial revolution, the adaption of automation and artificial intelligence will mark an acceleration over the shifts of even the recent past. Majority of employees do not have the skills to work with technology in the workplace. With the acceleration of industry changes, if current employees are not adapting to the situation the industries and employees both will be in critical issue and finally effect to the national economy as well. This paper will discuss what skills employees need to develop and how to adapt to the new workplace.

Published by: Dr. Himendra Balalle, Ravindra Balalle

Research Area: Economy

Research Paper

31. A survey on collection development of NAAC accredited Government degree college libraries affiliated to Kakatiya University, Warangal, Telangana state

Libraries are very essential in academic institutions to provide timely needy information to faculty, research scholars and student community to fulfill their academic needs. In this scenario, library resources and services can play an important role. To provide academic needs, building up library collection means, acquisition, selection, evaluation and preservation of resources according to user’s requirement. Collection Development policies for Books and Non-Book Materials shows that a large majority 70.59% (12) of respondents said their respective libraries has Collection Development policies for Books and Non-Book Materials, 29.41% (5) respondents said their respective library don’t have Collection Development policies for Books and Non-Book Materials. Collection development of SR & BGNR Government Arts & Science College, Khammam shows that the collection development of Books, Journals/Magazines has increased (2012-13: 1137 & 2013-14: 1283) by 12.84% for the year 2012-13 2013-14. The year 2013-14 to 2014-15 collection development shows a downward trend -41.699%. The year 2014-15 to 2015-16 collection development shows an upward trend -12.03%. The year 2015-16 to 2016-17 collection development shows upward trend 82.93%. Out of 5 years, only 2013-14 to 2014-15 shows downward trend remaining year’s shows upward trends it is a good sign. This research paper highlights that the importance and need of collection development in NAAC accredited government degree college libraries, CD is very essential to provide needy library resources and services to users of NAAC Accredited Govt. Degree College libraries, affiliated to the Kakathiya University of Telangana State. In the end, the establishment of digital libraries, create one network or consortium among the Government Degree College libraries to save any money in this financial crunch in Telangana State.

Published by: D. Rajasekharam, Dr. M. Anjaiah

Research Area: Academic Libraries

Research Paper

32. Assistive aid development for blind people using Internet of Things (IoT)

This paper is focused to build up a Raspberry Pi based supportive guide for outwardly hindered clients utilizing haar-course and LBP calculation. Individuals who are outwardly hindered battle every day in acting activities that might be as clear as moving from one reason to an alternate while not tumbling down or sound against obstructions. An Electronic Travel Aid (ETA) could be a kind of accommodating innovation having the point of face recognizable proof, MRP discovery, control electrical apparatuses, area ID further as perusing daily papers and books. The most preferred standpoint of utilizing haar-course strategy is it's to a great degree location precision and furthermore used to identify the substance of the individual. The upside of utilizing LBP system is its shorter preparing time and is utilized to break down the face. A model at the minimal effort is produced to the issues being for some time looked by the outwardly weakened while communicating with their condition.

Published by: R. Mahalakshmi

Research Area: Internet of Things

Research Paper

33. Robotic Process Automation– An expert technology assistant to a busy manager

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is an emerging form of business process automation technology based on the notion of software robots or Artificial Intelligence (AI) workers. RPA is a technology developed on software robots to perform certain repetitive tasks that allow them to control applications, collect data, feed them to other applications and manipulate data. In the context of the benefits that RPA deployment can confer in different scenarios, there is an urgent need to find more applications of RPA in the area of management; and hence this research is undertaken. The current research work shows through a managerial use case, how RPA can be engaged as an intimate and reliable assistant by a busy manager of the current corporate world, to perform the repetitive human tasks more competently and effectively. With ‘bot’ taking over the task of human assistant in sending routine replies to emails, the study proves that RPA can be a better substitute to a human being as an assistant to a manager which can perform tasks done on a routine basis, more productively.

Published by: Sindhu Prasanti Dasu, Ch. Radhakumari

Research Area: Robotic Process Automation

Research Paper

34. Blockchain a panacea for the resisters of growth– Deployment of Blockchain to Housing sector on a simulation basis

Apple co-founder, Wozniak states that “blockchain is the next major IT revolution that is about to happen”. Blockchain has the potential to disrupt the existing reforms of any sector in the economy. Appreciating the potential the blockchain has to cause revolutionary changes in the economy a research is conducted to study the major issues relating to blockchain. The research is divided into three parts. The first part describes the procedure followed for development of a private block chain step-wise; Deployment of blockchain developed to the housing sector on a simulation basis is dealt in the second part while the unique benefits of blockchain deployment with particular reference to housing sector are underscored in the third part. The second and third part of the research are presented in the current research paper.

Published by: Sai Geetha, Ch. Radhakumari

Research Area: Blockchain Technology

Research Paper

35. Knowledge, access and effective use of UGC-Infonet E-Journals by faculty members and research scholars of University of Kerala, Kerala– A case study

Today, ICT playing a pivotal role in every field, especially in academic libraries. The main purpose of this study is to examine the awareness and effective utilization of UGC-Infonet e-Journals Digital Library Consortium by faculty members and research scholars of University of Kerala, Kerala. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The study found that a large majority 67.% of the respondents belongs to male, 89.4% of respondents are aware of UGC-Infonet e-Journals Digital Consortium, 52.8% used UGC-Infonet e-Journals on an everyday, 33.3% percent of respondents access the e-resources from their respective departments, about 30.9% of respondents access from university libraries, 48% of respondents use Infonet e-Journals for research purpose, followed by 36.6% of respondents use to update their for subject knowledge, 69.9% percent of respondents are fully satisfied with the existing availability of e-journals. Finally, in the end, constructive suggestions were made for effective use of UGC-Infonet e-journals by the users of University of Kerala, Kerala.

Published by: H. Karthiban, Dr. M. Anjaiah

Research Area: E-Journals-ICT

Thesis

36. Assessment of antiinflammatory properties of chlorophytum laxum R. Br.

Medicinal plants are those plants which are used in various traditional systems of medicines throughout the world that provide people with medicines - to prevent disease, maintain health or cure ailments. These medicinal plants consider as a rich resource of ingredients which contains substances that can be used for therapeutic purposes or which are precursors for the synthesis of useful drugs. Chlorophytum laxum R.Br. (commonly called as “Neeruvatti”) belongs to the family Liliaceae is one of the important medicinal plant used by Kani tribes. The present study aims to scientifically evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of Chlorophytum laxum R. Br. In this study, Carrageenan and Formalin induced hind paw oedema models were used for in vivo anti-inflammatory study and HRBC membrane stabilization assay was used as in vitro anti-inflammatory study. The extract were administered at different doses and the maximum percentage inhibition of paw oedema in the right hind limb was shown by 450 mg/kg in both in vivo methods. The extract at a higher concentration protects significantly the hypotonicity induced hemolysis of RBC by in vitro anti-inflammatory analysis. These reveal the anti-inflammatory potential of Chlorophytum laxum. Hence the present study substantiates the medicinal properties of Chlorophytum laxum which is having antiinflammatory potential that have to be used commercially for the drug preparation.

Published by: Arundhathy G. B., Dr. Suja S. R.

Research Area: Biotechnology

Research Paper

37. Python application– An efficient and effective substitute for human assistant to a busy manager

Python is a programming language that works more quickly and integrates the systems more effectively. Today, Python ranks 5th most popular language, according to TIOBE index. Considering the simplicity of python as a programming language, the value of python is growing across industries and projects. Skilled Python programmers are in great demand everywhere. In the light of the increase in demand for python program, the current paper depicts the formulation of a unique case of management reflecting how a manager can be assisted with a python program replacing human assistance. The paper highlights that human replacement by python software program brings in value addition to the organizations or businesses in the form of an increase in efficiency, effectiveness, and decrease in costs.

Published by: Padmaja, Ch. Radhakumari

Research Area: Software Programming Using Python

Research Paper

38. A study on the importance of green accounting

Green accounting is a path for expansion. By using this as a tool, many of the environmental costs can be reduced by proper decision making and also by implementing greener technologies. This paper’s main objective is to understand what green accounting or green reporting means and also its importance. It also aims to find out how important it is for a company to implement green accounting and keep a track of what is receiving from the environment and what it is giving back in return. This would help in the efficient use of resources and it would also help in reducing pollution to an extent. Green accounting plays a major role in the corporate social responsibility (CSR) of a firm. Through primary data collection in this study, we also try to understand people’s perspectives towards green accounting. Though is it a difficult task to implement green accounting in each and every organisation, an attempt is made to show how green accounting helps in environmental sustainability. The organisations must take initiative to implement green accounting in all the levels of the organisation. The government must take strict actions is the environmental norms are not followed and also penalties must be imposed for it. The responsibility towards the environment has become one of the most important factors in the corporate social responsibility of a firm.

Published by: Dr. Varsha Agarwal, Kalpaja L

Research Area: Accounting

Review Paper

39. A review study of natural fiber reinforced composite material: Types and properties

Reinforced natural fiber composite is rapidly growing in both areas in terms of scientific research and industrial application for their specific properties such as partially or completely biodegradable, economical and easily available. In natural fiber reinforced composites, various types of chemical modification improve the interfacial fiber-matrix bonding, which results in shows to increase the mechanical properties. In various natural fiber used in composites, the material is jute hemp sisal etc due to their availability at low cost with various properties. natural fiber already used the first time approximately 3000 years ago in ancient Egypt, where straw and clay were mixed together to build walls.T his review study deals with different types of existing natural fiber and updated status of their research work with properties and application.

Published by: Mohammad Affan Usmani, Sajid Jamal, Mohd Wasil Khan, Abhishek Divedi

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Review Paper

40. Vulnerabilities attacks on mobile operating systems (Android versus iOS): A review

As the needs of humans are rising, the technology is also growing tremendously, with the adverse necessity in day to day life for the usage of latest technologies mobile phone ranks top in the list. Such ubiquitous computing has several benefits, which also saves a higher intensity of time. With the increased connectivity facilities provided by the smartphones. Every citizen tends to use those facilities. Therefore these smartphones provide an ideal target for the hackers. The giant operating systems so far popular among smartphone users is ANDROID, which is an open source operating system. The next flagging operating system is ios. The malware writers tend to code for android comparatively. Thus these fly rocketing technologies must be targeted for their safety rather than for their usage. This paper provides an overview of the major reasons for threats in ios and Android operating systems.

Published by: D. Kavinya, R. Sathya Priya, R. Deebika

Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Research Paper

41. Securely handling the data in Internet of things: An architect model

Nowadays in every filed the data is got increased by exponentially in this context when the IOT and the Cloud come together we need the support of Big data to handle the amount of data. “I found that there are lots of drawbacks in the security concern about the data stored in Cloud”. Towards that I am going to provide the new framework and Architecture for the cloud security at the user side. The previous concept is that the cloud service provider they give certain security to our data and also they have the rights to sell our data to vendors. Here in my solution, the user can have the right to choose the security level based on the need he/she can have full security even the cloud service provider cannot have the chance to view our data So, it will be more secure in the cloud.

Published by: Priyanga G, Arun Nehru T, Thomas Immanuel V

Research Area: Big Data And Cloud

Research Paper

42. Block chain types and technology

Nowadays blockchain technology is one of the fast growing technologies. Blockchain technology is a growing list of records called blocks which are linked using cryptography. The blockchain is a way for one internet user to transfer a unique piece of digital property to another internet user, such kind of transfer is said to be secure and safe. In blockchain technology, each node is connected to another node for data transaction.

Published by: Donald Raymonds J., Gokul S., Naveen H.

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

43. A study on consumer’s attitude towards online shopping in Ramanathapuram district, Tamilnadu

In this study, it shows depth knowledge on the particular topic “A study on customer’s attitude towards online shopping in Ramanathapuram district, Tamilnadu”. The study indicates the level of awareness and attitude towards online shopping. The present study has been confined to study the customer’s attitude in online shopping products. The study can indicate only the consumer’s point of view. The objective of this paper is to make the consumer aware about the beneficial aspect of online shopping. The period of study is three months. The researcher has collected a primary data from comprehensive interview schedule and the secondary data has been collected from books, websites, and journal. Few suggestion and recommended based on the study carried out to fine-tune processes which will benefits the buyers to bridge the gap in online shopping.

Published by: Rama Suganya R., P. Lakshmi

Research Area: Commerce and Management

Research Paper

44. Treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater using microbial fuel cell

Increasing human activities are consuming the natural energy sources leading to depletion of fossil fuels. The present-day energy scenario in India and around the globe is precarious. The need for alternate fuel has us to initiate extensive research in identifying a potential, cheap and renewable source for energy production. Proper treatment of animal waste and resource recycling to reduce its environmental impact is currently important issues for the livestock industry. Slaughterhouse wastewater contains organic matter available for microbial energy recovery. Hence it is an ideal solution for treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater and energy recovery. A microbial fuel cell is expected to play two roles in both wastewater purification and energy recovery. It is a device that converts chemical energy into electricity through the catalytic activities of microorganisms. It also breaks down the organic matter present in the wastewater by degrading into less harmful forms. The results demonstrated that the organic matter removal efficiency of MFC using copper electrode was 80.2% and the maximum amount of electricity generation is 2.10 Volts and Copper is the suitable electrode for maximum electricity generation and maximum organic matter removal.

Published by: Boopathi A, S. Pauline

Research Area: Environmental Engineering

Research Paper

45. Land distribution pattern, food sufficiency, and poverty in Nepal

This article attempts to show major land use system and land reform policy adopted by the government along with agricultural performance in different periods. The methodology used in this article is based on secondary data available from different rounds of Nepal Living Standard Survey (NLSS) and Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance (MoF) of the government of Nepal. Many available kinds of literature are reviewed especially on land reform policies and agriculture development plan in different periods. The major findings of the study indicate that there is still vast disparities in the distribution of land where few people hold a large plot of land while a large number of small farmers are either landless or near landless. Most of them have 0.5 hectares of land. The concluding remark indicates that in an agricultural country like Nepal land ownership has a significant value especially for the rural poor where non- farm job opportunities are hardly available. Further, the policies and plan for developing agriculture sector are not working as per the requirement of the land-poor people and it has created social injustice and barrier in the rapid development process of the country. Due to lack of economically active manpower, most of the fertile land in the far remote area of the country is not used intensively. The poverty is linked with food sufficiency based on primary data collected through field survey.

Published by: Bal Krishna Subedi

Research Area: Land Distribution Pattern, Food Sufficiency And Poverty In Nepal

Research Paper

46. Fourier series expansions of sum and products of Bernoulli functions

We can derive from a polynomial identity, in turn, follows from the Fourier series expansion of sums of products of Bernoulli functions. We consider three types of functions given by sums of products of higher– order Bernoulli functions and derive their Fourier series expansions. Moreover, we express each of them in terms of Bernoulli functions.

Published by: T. Sasikala, N. Karthikeyan

Research Area: Differential Equations

Research Paper

47. Seismic risk assessment of an industrial steel building

The industrial building plays an important role in the operation and production. Industrial Buildings are designed for wind loads in the transverse direction as steel lattice towers are less sensitive to earthquake loads. In Recent times the collapse of transmission lines towers, under wind loading, has been increasing. Although the damages are controllable the threat under wind hazard is big concerns for designers. Similarly, the seismic analysis of Industrial Building is equally important as the response due to an earthquake may be severe than due to wind load. Recent cases of damage to Industrial Building during earthquake are during the 1994 Northridge earthquake two Industrial Building collapsed due to large ground motion, during the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake led to blackouts in the central and northern regions of Taiwan The main aim of the study provides which method is most economical method and, high bending strength, more load carrying capacity and high flexural strength by analysis of both working stress and limit state method. An investigation of the seismic response of an existing industrial steel building is presented in the following. Starting from as-built data collection, the study has been addressed to develop the complete process of seismic risk assessment, through the use of current performance-based analysis methods. This paper is focused on the main modelling aspects and results from analysis of seismic performance upon integration with site-specific hazard, the structural risk assessment, that is, a probability of failures. These buildings require large and clear areas unobstructed by the columns. The large floor area provides sufficient flexibility and facility for later change in the production layout without major building alterations. The industrial buildings are constructed with adequate headroom for the use of an overhead traveling crane. There are various international codes available for the design of steel structures. Developments are still going on, to achieve the great economy by using different methods as well as by using different codes of practice. By using this study, we can make a relation between the different parameter of codes, to achieve the above goals of a structural engineer.

Published by: Habibur Rahaman, Faiyaz Azam, Mirza Aamir Baig

Research Area: Seismic analysis of building

Research Paper

48. Low power design of 4-bits counter at circuit and system level of abstraction

This paper presents a design of Low power 4 bits Counter at circuit and system level of abstraction using Cadence Virtuoso and Xilinx ISE 14.7 respectively. The laboratory work described includes the CMOS based transistor level design and VHDL based synthesis and implementation of the counter using back end and front end tools respectively. The functionality of the design has been simulated and tested using 0.18µm gdpk CMOS technology with 1.8V supply voltage using cadence virtuoso for back-end designing whereas, Xilinx ISE 14.7 is used for front-end simulation, synthesized using plan¬-ahead and is implemented on ArtixTM-7(family), with device xC7A100TTM. Power calculation has been done at 100 MHz clock frequency for the 1.8V supply voltage.

Published by: Nidhi Khanna, Renu Mehta, Dr. R. S. Gamad

Research Area: Electronics Engineering

Research Paper

49. Exponential stability in time-delay systems

In this paper, we defined exponential stability for nonlinear time-delay systems with delayed impulses. We derive the Lyapunov-based sufficient conditions for exponential stability. We show that the nonlinear impulsive time-delay system without impulse input delays is exponentially stable under the conditions. It is shown that the stable nonlinear impulsive time-delay system. It is a magnitude of the delayed impulses is sufficiently small, under the same conditions. The delayed impulses do not destroy the stability of the sizes of the impulse input delays.

Published by: D. Deepika, S. Ramadevi, S. Mehar Banu

Research Area: Neural Network

Research Paper

50. A search for the source of high content of sodium chloride (NaCl) at Crater Lake Lonar, Maharashtra, India

Highly saline and highly alkaline nature of lake water is observed at Lonar Crater from ancient time till today. The formation of this lake is related to the formation of the crater by the impact of a meteorite forming Soda Lake. The existence of NaCl (Sea salt/common salt) in such a large quantity at Lonar, where the source is unknown because the formation of NaCl salt is a natural process and it may have started before the sea came into existence after the formation of the earth. The surrounding basaltic rocks has no NaCl salt or Chlorides content. A search was conducted to find the source of NaCl, which constantly maintained high salinity and at the same time high alkalinity from ancient time. Three edible salts i.e., Halite rock salt (mineral form of NaCl), Kala namak (Black salt) and Sea salt (common salt) having similar physical properties as representative samples were taken for comparison with respect to Lonar salt. After analysis of the three salts namely Halite (rock salt), Kala Namak and Sea Salt, the major component found was NaCl in various amounts. It was found that the major component NaCl was also present in Lonar Salt which suggested that the source of high salinity may be from the remains of an ancient dried up sea which existed before volcanic eruption of 65ma, or there may be store house of NaCl salts beneath the basaltic rocks which reflects the primitive ecosystem lying under primitive basaltic rock, totally unknown and have not been excavated. This paper reports the findings and the work carried out to search for the source of high content of NaCl (sea salt also known as common salt) existing at the Crater Lake, Lonar on preliminary basis.

Published by: Raju D. Jadhav, Harishchandra B. Mali

Research Area: Maharashtra

Review Paper

51. A review on brain tumor segmentation techniques

Brain tumor segmentation is the vital requirement on preplanning of surgical treatments that may aid the pathologists to accomplish successful surgical operations on the human brain. In present days brain tumor surgical operations are progressed in the manual approach on hospitals that intakes excess time. Manual brain tumor segmentation is tedious and much depends on the individual operator that may not an advisable one. The literature on brain tumor segmentation consists of many papers related to tumor detection. This paper is a review paper to analyze the recent five papers related to human brain tumor segmentation. This paper analyzes them invariant potential ways to help green researchers to find their research area.

Published by: Nisha B., Victor Jose M.

Research Area: Image Processing

Research Paper

52. Design and development of grey water reuse system

Grey water is an alternative source of water which can potentially save a significant quantity of precious drinking water. The present study emphasizes primarily on the treatment of grey water to make it fit for serving various purposes. This paper provides an insight into the design of laboratory scale grey water treatment system, comprises of oxidative mineralization, disinfection, and filtration of grey water. Laboratory scale treatability trails were performed by the means of synthetic grey water and real grey water. Grey water treatment system demonstrated satisfactory removal of contaminants which was evident from the COD removal efficiency of 85% and 90%, TSS removal efficiency of 98% and 86%, and faecal coliform with removal efficiencies of 99% and 96% respectively. It could be inferred from the study finding that the treated water possed low turbidity value (< 1 NTU) and was free of suspended solids. Thus this study explored the capability of the grey water treatment system to carry electrochemical oxidation of grey water contaminants and making treated water fits for reuse. This implies that this treatment technology possesses the potential to be considered as a viable alternative to conventional grey water treatment systems.

Published by: Parameshwaramurthy P. M., Sadashiva Murthy B. M., Krupa Kadekoppa

Research Area: Environmental Engineering

Research Paper

53. The effects of devolved public project management on quality of public building projects in Kenya: A case of Busia County in Western Kenya region

The construction sector is a key player for sustainable development. Both levels of government in Kenya (National and County) have identified the construction sector as a driver of the development agenda. The devolved units (counties and constituencies) have invested quite a substantial amount of public funds in infrastructure development and yet social audit and media reports have raised the concern over the poor quality of the projects undertaken by these devolved units. This study, therefore, sought to investigate the project management process to determine its effects on the quality of public building projects. A case involving sixty-four projects sampled from Busia County and its seven constituencies was carried out. The study was a sample survey whose data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and physical observation exercise. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square good-for-fit tests. The findings indicated the very low participation of the public works officers as project managers in the construction process of the public building projects undertaken by devolved units. The participation rate was at 15% which implied that the projects were constructed without a professional project management process. The physical observation assessment revealed the quality of the public building projects stood at 34% compliance to building specifications and standards which is inadequate to meet the required standards. It is concluded that the involvement of public works officers as project managers in the construction management process of public building projects undertaken by the devolved units was inadequate and impacts negatively on the quality of the projects. In order to achieve the sustainable development as far as the infrastructural development is concerned, the involvement of professional project managers in the construction process was critical. This, therefore, called for the development of the legal and quality frameworks to guide the construction sector at the devolved units.

Published by: Wamalwa Chrispinus Waswa Mukoche, Kerre B. Wanjala, Simiyu John. W

Research Area: Civil Engineering (Building Project Management)

Research Paper

54. Detecting tree cover loss in Damaturu town using multi-temporal landsat imagery

Damaturu, the administrative headquarters of Yobe State, Nigeria has been experiencing a rapid developmental change in its physical landscape due to the monumental impact of urbanization in the last two to three decades, and this development has been occurring progressively at the detriment of the urban trees. No attempt has been made singularly to investigate the extent of this negative development as it keeps on progressing at an alarming rate. Thus, this study aimed at detecting and mapping the changes occurred in the last three decades, so as to the find out the extent of the change. For this purpose, the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) of 1986, and Landsat Eight/8 (OLI) scene of 2016 was acquired and used. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and change detection technique of image differencing was employed to detect the changes. The threshold parameter of 45% and 48% were used respectively for the increased (gain) and decreased (loss) option to obtain the image differencing (Highlight change map) result in ERDAS Imagine software version 15. Findings revealed that there are a significant tree cover canopies gain and loss amounting to an area cover of 2,193.75 and 1150.38 Hectares of land respectively. People’s quest of land for shelter, administrative status of the town, as well as lack of strong environmental bye-laws were identified as the main drivers of the observed changes. Overall, the study provides the valuable information required for sustainable urban development. This study also demonstrates the usefulness of medium resolution Landsat imageries and change detection techniques in observing environmental changes at a local level.

Published by: Modibbo Babagana-Kyari, Yusuf Maina-Bukar

Research Area: Geography

Research Paper

55. A novel method for MPPT in PV systems under partial shading conditions using fuzzy logic and PID controller

Solar or photovoltaic (PV) system is an alternative clean energy resource that has received much attention in the research and industries. The solar charge controller is the main part of a solar system. There are three types of CC are MPPT, PWM and ON/Off. MPPT is getting very much popularity nowadays for its high capability of power extracted from a solar panel. The MPPTs controllers are used to ensure a high PV system performance. This research paper explains the development of a new algorithm for MPPT in large PV systems under partial shading conditions (PSC). The new technique is a combination of Fuzzy logic and PID. The methodology can be simulated in for different PV configurations under varying conditions. The integration of Fuzzy with PID controller is shown to yield faster convergence to the global maximum power point (GMPP) as compared to reference work. In our research work, DC voltage approximately 530V whereas in base work 40V. A novel maximum power point tracking scheme for PV power generation system under partially shaded condition gives a superior result as compared to reference work.

Published by: Ajit Kumar, Vikas Goel

Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Research Paper

56. Stability enhancement of a grid connected wind farm by using fuzzy logic and D-STATCOM

In recent time analysis of some major blackouts and failures of power system shows that the voltage instability problem has been one of the main reasons for these disturbances and networks collapse. In recent years, a remarkable and numerous improvements have been achieved because of electric energy generation by utilization of wind energy. However, these achievements are accompanied by several problems such as grid stability and security. The transient stability issues of the grid-connected wind farms have increased especially in case of severe disturbances and contingencies. Static analysis is used to analyze the voltage stability of the system under study, whilst the dynamic analysis is used to evaluate the performance of compensators. The static techniques used are Power Flow, V–P curve analysis, and Q–V modal analysis. In this study, Flexible Alternating Current Transmission system (FACTS) devices- namely, Static Synchronous Compensators (STATCOMs) and Static Var Compensators (SVCs) - are used as reactive power compensators, taking into account maintaining the violated voltage magnitudes of the weak buses within the acceptable limits defined in ANSI C84.1.

Published by: Jayveer Singh, Yeeshu Ralhen

Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Research Paper

57. Hybrid clustering algorithm using Ad-density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise

With a pace of time clustering algorithms are stunningly utilized in spatial databases for classification. Now a day’s databases are of different class and variable in length, therefore, some basic essential parameters are needed for a cluster algorithm for example efficiency must be a pinnacle for a larger database, finding of clusters with an unpredictable shape for larger database and must have the knowledge of input parameters so that cluster can be formed. Now a day’s data clustering is so much vital data mining innovation which plays supreme par in diverse scientific exercise. But real problem is that with the time size of data set increasing exponentially and to process huge data set one of the tedious tasks. Clustering technology in data mining is well defined whose main focus is to provide orthodox, manifest shape with help of different data set which is collected for the desired goal. An adroit clustering technique must be systematic and able to recognize clusters of erratic shapes. In our research work, there is a comparative analysis executed between DBSCAN and Ad-DBSCAN where six data sets considered of different quantity of 3-D nature. In base paper 1-D data set considered and after analysis between the base and proposed technique, in proposed technique accuracy is up to 99.99% and process for forming a cluster is very less as compared to base technique. There are different DBSCAN algorithms which can be implemented to execute diverse function so that the formation of the cluster would be dynamic. In this research, article summarization shows that formation of cluster executed fastly and with accuracy almost 100%.

Published by: Deepak Kumar Sharma, Sachin Dhawan

Research Area: Electronics And Communications

Review Paper

58. Use of oxy hydrogen gas in stationary devices: A review

Now a day’s pollution increasing by petroleum fuels day by day in India as well as in the whole world and as we know petroleum fuels are non-renewable so a shift in scientist’s interests, recently observed, toward lower Fuel consumption and emission engines take place. This encourages researchers to seek alternative solutions to be used in engines without the need for a dramatic change in the vehicle design so the scientific society works as an alternative fuel. In many alternatives oxyhydrogen (HHO) gas is one of the best options. HHO gas can be reduced the percentage of HC and CO. This review study deals with the use of oxyhydrogen gas four stroke petrol engines for stationary devices like electricity generator.

Published by: Mohammad Affan Usmani, Saleem Khan, Bakhtawar Hasan Khan, Safwan Ahmed

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Research Paper

59. Study of mechanical properties of aluminum metal matrix composites

Metal matrix composites are generally fabricated by Liquid Metallurgy Route. In the LMR process before solidification, the particles are dispersed. Stir casting process is termed as Liquid metallurgy route which is employed for fabrication of metal matrix composites. In this present work, the mechanical properties of aluminum metal matrix composites are discussed.

Published by: R. Sakthimane, B. Gopinath, G. Ramesh, K. Karthick

Research Area: Materials, Welding, Manufacturing

Research Paper

60. A critical analysis of the preamble of the Indian constitution

The term 'Preamble' means an introduction to a Statute. The preamble is the introductory part of the Constitution. The Preamble cannot override the express provisions of the Act. It declares that the source of authority under the Constitution is the People of India and there is no subordination to any external authority. The preamble to the Indian Constitution is an integral part of the Constitution and can be amended but the basic structure cannot be amended. Secularism, Socialist and Integrity were added by the 42nd Amendment. Thus, the drafters of the Constitution also drafted the Preamble as a mirror and an introduction of the same. It would not be wrong to say that the spirit of the Constitution is present in the Preamble.

Published by: Ankit Chaharia

Research Area: Law

Research Paper

61. Publicity rights under fantasy sports

The research paper is based on a doctrinal research on the publicity of players against its free-selling through fantasy sports online. My topic comes under the technological law and sports law. To give an introduction to my topic, the issue I’m dealing with is whether the growth of fantasy markets owe any liability to players publicity. Online fantasy started with a group of friends over basketball and now is a multi-million dollar industry. It starts with a person acting as a ‘manager’. Before the start of every season, the player picks players from the draft of currently active players and then receive points throughout the season for their performance in the real world. For example, a hockey player who scores a lot of goals, or a baseball player with a high batting percentage, would be highly sought-after both in the real-life professional league and in the various fantasy leagues. Online fantasy sports providers are battling against the professional sports leagues and their players’ associations over whether the fantasy providers should pay licensing fees to use the players’ names and the statistics they generate. This question turns on whether the players have an enforceable right of publicity interest in their names and playing records.

Published by: Abhishek Bansal

Research Area: Law

Research Paper

62. Assessment of fuel consumption for tobacco

India stands 3rd in production of tobacco (about 800 M.Kg) and its exports after Brazil and USA. Tobacco offers significant employment opportunities both in On-farm and Off-farm situation and provides livelihood to millions of people in India. The Central Tobacco Research Institute (CTRI) has estimated that tobacco provides livelihood security to 45.7 million people including farmers and farm laborers engaged in tobacco farming besides those working in processing, manufacturing, and exports, in India (CTRI, 2018). Among various types of tobacco, Flue Curing Virginia (FCV) type of tobacco is grown in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and requires fuel as a source of energy for curing. The present study looks at the aspects of overall energy management in flue-curing of tobacco through the use of fuel-efficient technologies in the barns, usage of alternative fuels and Energy plantation to bring self-sufficiency in fuelwood requirement. The study was conducted across the FCV crop growing regions with the survey of 1500 farmers and 31 Focused group discussion. The study details about the specific fuel consumption in tobacco, adoption status of energy conservation technology in the barns, alternative fuels used for tobacco curing, sources of different types of fuelwood, Industry effort’s to grow trees as a sustainable source for tobacco curing and energy plantation requirement to bring self-sufficiency for tobacco curing. The study validates and confirms the self-sufficiency and sustainability in fuel usage for Indian FCV tobacco curing.

Published by: Dr. Uma Ramachandran

Research Area: Energy Conservation

Research Paper

63. Determination of natural frequency of the building using the microtremer measurement and comparison its result with SAP analysis

Micro tremor measurement of Building of Thapathali in Kathmandu valley was analyzed to determine the natural frequency of the building. Natural Frequency of the building was determined from the Fourier spectra and its value is 2.48 Hz and 2.40 Hz in the longitudinal and transverse direction respectively. Regarding the damage in building due to Gorkha EQ-2015 three types of modal were prepared for sap Analysis. Among them, 1st modal of the building was prepared without any damage that resembles the normal building before EQ and its obtained frequency is 2.372 Hz. Similarly, 2nd modal of the building was prepared with considering the damaged part of the column due to EQ. We have reduced the stiffness of the cracked section by 70% of its original value and modal is prepared and its obtained frequency is 2.358 Hz. Finally, the third modal was prepared according to retrofitting condition and its obtained frequency is 2.521 Hz. Similarly, codal procedure was also performed to determine the frequency of the building and its value was found to be 2.207 Hz.

Published by: Thaman Bahadur Khadka

Research Area: Engineering

Research Paper

64. Analysis of surrogacy laws in India

Surrogacy is when a woman carries a baby for another couple and gives up the baby at birth. In the past decade, commercial surrogacy has grown tremendously in India. It is currently estimated to be a $2-billion industry. Before November 2015, when the government imposed a ban, foreigners accounted for 80 per cent of surrogacy births in the country. The total disregard for the rights of the surrogate mother and child and have resulted in a number of public interest litigations in the Supreme Court to control commercial surrogacy. To overcome this problem, The Surrogacy Regulation Bill 2016 was introduced. The bill does seem to do more harm than good. Although formulated to curb the exploitation of women and trafficking of children; again, it exhibits the general policy of a state banning or censoring an activity almost completely, instead of looking at ways to use laws to regulate and improve the situation. Hence the need of the hour is that the laws need to be re-looked so that they actually benefit surrogate mothers, prospective parents, and children born from surrogacy.

Published by: Pranav Rao

Research Area: Law

Research Paper

65. Food insecurity in India in light of growing climate change concern

This paper examines current climate predictions and how climate shifts in various regions may impact global agricultural production and food security. The purposes of this paper are to (i) outline the notion of food systems, their relation to food security, and links to climate change; (ii) explore the vulnerability of food systems to environmental change; (iii) examine some prospects for adaptation of food systems in response to climate change. It was in September 2013 that the National Food Security Act (NFSA) was enacted. Though a landmark legislation, and despite its life-cycle approach, the NFSA falls short of realizing this objective due to lack of universalized coverage, concerns exist about the inordinate delay in implementing the law as the tasks of framing rules and identifying beneficiaries. Problems lie with the PDS scheme of the Act, suggestions for the same is given. .It concludes that agricultural practices will need to be modified or adapted to correlate with anticipated shifts in weather patterns if food security is to be maintained into the future. The first chapter talks about climate change, food security, and food systems. It further explains the interrelationship between climate change and food security. The second part deals with analyzing the effects of climate change on Indian agriculture. The third part talks about the National Food Security Act, 2013 followed by its shortcomings in the fourth section. The article closes by discussing various adaptation efforts that could help to maintain Indian food security.”

Published by: Nitish Pande

Research Area: Law

Case Study

66. Ancient practices and the modern trade: A case study of eight prostitutes in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Understanding humans across the globe seem to be simple on the surface level, however, it is quite difficult to understand the complexity of human nature every one exhibit. This depends on the person himself and the person with/ to whom he is communicating, situation, gender, feelings, place of exposure, lifestyle & culture, social exposure, the family upbringing which altogether makes a person think and react at that particular moment, resulting in action. However, inclined sexual instincts among both the genders get them connected through one or the other ways with mutual benefits, which is popularly known as an illicit or extramarital affair. While there is also a large section of women who irrespective of their sexual inclination serve people with their physical needs for mutually agreed money; has been a trade for survival to many of them. While these kinds of relationships between the two genders are not those emerged in the recent centuries, they have references of previous ages survived on the earth. India, since then has witnessed the social culture of an illicit affair between the two genders in various forms such as devadasi, extramarital affair with one or many, which later turned to prostitution. Though the prostitution and devadasi system in modern India is constitutionally banned, the devadasi tradition persists to be in the remote rural areas while prostitution has mushroomed across the country irrespective of their geographies. With a lot more of scholarly articles available, this study attempts to present few cases of women who were interviewed with an effort to understand the lifestyle, earnings, social background, reason to be in prostitution, the treatment and respect they receive and the challenges they encounter every day.

Published by: Dr. Prashanth G Malur

Research Area: Social Sciences

Research Paper

67. A study on surface absorption characteristics of concrete made with polypropylene fiber

The objective of this research is to produce polypropylene fibers with improved interface bonding with a concrete matrix. In the present experimental investigation, attempts are made to study on the various strength properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, an also durability properties like CSAT test were held on long-term durability properties of PPFRC. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and polypropylene fiber Concrete with different percentages of polypropylene fiber. It was observed capillary section absorption conducted for determining the surface absorption test for polypropylene fiber concrete results shows increasing % of fiber than increasing surface absorption and minimum surface absorption value obtained a minimum of certain limit containing PPF in concrete. The 0.0% 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and 1% addition of polypropylene fiber into the concrete shows better result in mechanical properties and durability.

Published by: Sidhamuni Thombre, Sherin Felix

Research Area: Concrete Technology

Research Paper

68. Contribution of quality assurance practices by contractors on quality of public building projects in Kenya by devolved units: A case of Busia County in Western region, Kenya

The activities of the construction industry are vital to the achievement of national socio-economic development goals of providing shelter, infrastructure, and employment. The sector accounts for five percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in Kenya and employs about 13 percent of the country’s total workforce. The devolved units (counties and constituencies) have invested the substantial amount of public funds in infrastructure development and yet social audit and media reports have raised the concern over the poor quality of the projects undertaken by these devolved units. This study, therefore, sought to investigate the contractors’ operations in the quality assurance process and how they affect the quality of the public building projects. A case involving sixty-four projects sampled from Busia County and its seven constituencies was carried out. The study was a sample survey whose data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and physical observation exercise. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square good-for-fit tests. The findings indicated the insufficient participation of the contractors as quality assurance providers in the construction process of the public building projects undertaken by devolved units. The participation rate was at 43% which implied that the projects were constructed with inadequate checks on quality through the assurance process. The physical observation assessment revealed the quality of the public building projects stood at 34% compliance to building specifications and standards which is inadequate to meet the required standards. It is concluded that the involvement of contractors in the quality assurance process in the construction management process of public building projects undertaken by the devolved units was inadequate and impacts negatively on the quality of the projects. In order to achieve the sustainable development as far as the infrastructural development is concerned, the involvement of contractors as quality assurance providers in the construction process was critical. This therefore called for the development of the legal and quality frameworks to guide the construction sector at the devolved units.

Published by: Wamalwa Chrispinus W. Mukoche, Kerre B. Wanjala, Simiyu John. W

Research Area: Civil Engineering (Construction Management)

Review Paper

69. Multi-classifier ensemble system with dynamic rule based algorithm for stock prediction

In monetary markets, it is mutually important and demanding to forecast the daily path of the stock market return. Among the some studies that focus on predicting daily stock market returns, the data mining measures utilized are either unfinished and not efficient, especially when a plethora of features are involved. This paper presents a whole and capable data mining process to anticipate the everyday direction of the S&P 500 Index ETF return based on 60 financial and economic features. To make it more accurate, I study many other techniques but SOP (Self Organizing Map) is a very proficient technique. To attain an accurate stock market prediction, the identification of the effective features is essential. In other words, the representative features of the factors play a key role in prediction efficiency. Technical and fundamental analyses are two indispensable tools in the financial market evaluation. Fundamental analysis can be used to estimate a firm’s performance and financial status over a period of time by carefully analyzing the institute’s financial statement. Technical analyses (TA), equally, evaluate securities by means of statistics such as past price and volume that are generated by market activities. The major analysis of TA is that it only reflects on the price movement and ignore the fundamental factors related to the company. The multiple classifier ensemble systems (MCS), a single type of machine learning technique, has newly become the focus of a new methodology for obtaining higher accuracy in predictions

Published by: Sandeep Sharma, Gurpreet Kaur

Research Area: Data Mining

Research Paper

70. Agricultural development and inclusive growth in India

In most parts of the world, especially in the developing nations, the poor face challenges that impair their conditions and limit their opportunities. In order for growth to be inclusive, it should benefit all sectors of the economy while reducing the disadvantages faced by the poor and the underprivileged, as well as ensuring equitable opportunities for all economic participants. In the context of a developing country like India where a major portion of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, agricultural development forms an important part of any growth measure. One of the many alternative strategies for attaining inclusive growth is through developing an inclusive financial system. Financial inclusion is instrumental to facilitate the economic transaction, manage day-to-day resources, protect against vulnerability, improve quality of life, make productivity-enhancing investments and leverage assets. However, in the Indian agricultural scenario, financial inclusion is faced by various impediments. This paper analyses the significance of financial inclusion and social sector expenditure in the rural economy in promoting agricultural development and inclusive growth in India, and infers with the help of a proposition made in a constructed general equilibrium model. It also offers certain policy prescriptions in this domain.

Published by: Semanti Choudhury

Research Area: Economics

Review Paper

71. IoT based greenhouse

The system proposed in this paper is an advanced solution for monitoring the weather conditions in the greenhouse and make the information visible anywhere in the world. The technology behind this is the Internet of Things (IoT), which is an advanced and efficient solution for connecting the things to the internet and to connect the entire world of things in a network. Here things might be whatever like electronic gadgets, sensors, and automotive electronic equipment. The system deals with monitoring and controlling the environmental conditions like temperature, relative humidity, with sensors and sends the information to the web page and then plot the sensor data as graphical statistics. The data updated from the implemented system can be accessible on the internet from anywhere in the world.

Published by: Aishwarya S, Thiuzhika Rajaram, Manepally Alekhya

Research Area: Information Technology

Technical Notes

72. Android development

AOSP means Android Open Source Program. It is a version of the open source code of Android. It is being developed by Google in its consortium of brands to offer a pure version of the system which is available to anyone. It can be modified by developers without the need to follow standards of Google applications.

Published by: Arulpradeep S P, Naveen C, Abinayaa S

Research Area: Android

Research Paper

73. Postharvest application of calcium salts on fruit quality of guava during storage

Guava is one of the most popular fruit grown in the tropical, sub-tropical and some parts of arid regions of India. Retailing of guava fruit in India is usually carried out without refrigeration. Therefore preservation of fruit at room temperature is highly desirable to reduce post-harvest loss and improve its commercialization. The post-harvest loss of guava in India is about 25-30%. Post-harvest dipping is one of the emerging technologies to increase the shelf life of fruits by retaining the fruit quality and control of the spoilage. The present investigation was carried out with this main objective to compare the efficacy of calcium chloride and calcium nitrate for shelf-life enhancement and fruit quality of guava. Fruits were treated with 1% of calcium chloride and calcium nitrate, 2% of calcium chloride and calcium nitrate and no treatment for control samples of guava. The physiological loss of weight, chemical parameters like TSS, ascorbic acid, and reducing and total sugar content were observed and compared with untreated guava fruits. In the current study it was observed that reduction in PLW and retention of ascorbic acid was more in 2(No3)2 treated samples than the other samples. However, TSS, reducing sugars and total sugars were retained more in 1cl2 treated samples than the other treated samples when compared with control samples of guava. The application of 2(No3)2 and 1cl2 recorded a potential shelf life of guavas during storage.

Published by: K. Mahitha, Dr. K. Manjula, Dr. B. Kalyani

Research Area: Food Technology

Research Paper

74. Simulation analysis of static VAR compensator for the improvement of power quality and efficiency of transmission line

This paper describes the effects of static VAR compensator on varying voltages in the system and the role of SVC in stabilizing these voltages. SVC is a relatively new technique for stabilizing the system voltages. It can control voltage accurately, continuously and rapidly. It helps in improving the transient stability of the system and voltage Variations due to sudden surges like lightning etc. The most important quality of SVC is that it can provide both the inductive and capacitive power as required. Simulink toolboxes are used in this paper to construct the static VAR compensator. The SVC consist of two main parts, Thyristor Switched Capacitor (TSC) and Thyristor Controlled Reactor (TCR). There are 3 TSC units and 1 TCR unit used in designing SVC. The TSC units will provide the capacitive power when the system voltage decreases than the rated voltage. The capacitive unit has the leading properties. In case the system voltage decreases by a large magnitude, multiple TSC units will be operated at the same time. Whereas TCR unit provides the inductive power when the system voltage increases than the rated voltage. The inductive unit has the lagging properties. A programmable voltage source is used in the simulations to vary the system voltages as desired by the user to check the response of the SVC controller. The author has also visited and reviewed the practical implementation of the SVC at one of the grid station and has used the same parameters in this paper as in the system implemented at the grid station. The SVC installed at the grid station has not been energized yet. This paper helps the author to compare the results of the simulations of the SVC implementation with that of practical one once the SVC is energized at the grid station. The results of the report show that the SVC works very effectively in keeping the system voltage stable in case of sudden Variations in voltages and reacts very quickly to the Variations. It can be concluded from the results that the SVC is an important part of the power system for the continued stability and reliability of the system.

Published by: Aziz Ullah Khan, Muhammad Iftikhar

Research Area: Electrical Engineering

Research Paper

75. Political participation of women in India

Women are involved less in politics. In any political system, right from the developed to the developing countries, women’s participation is far less compared to men. Political participation means not only exercising the right to vote but also power-sharing, decision making, policy making at all levels of governance of the state. Participation of women in this political activity is almost equal to men. Women are not yet well represented in the political arena, for which they have to participate in the public sector such as membership in parliament and state legislative assembly. The Constitution not only grants equality of treatment to women but also calls upon the state to accept measures favoring women neutralizing the socio-economic, educational and political disadvantages that they face.

Published by: Priyanka R Patani

Research Area: Political Science

Research Paper

76. The economy of Gujarat and its policies

Governmental policies and its impact on the development of Gujarat as the economy of Gujarat is one of the fastest growing economies among all Indian states. The State emerged stronger and a symbol of hope for the rest of the country in terms of economic and industrial development. Gujarat is one of the states to have responded punctually and effectively to the new liberal policies. The government has been open to new ideas, technology, including organizational and management governance practices, and has designed policy responses to overcome economic challenges. The analysis in this paper suggests that stakeholders in Gujarat have been able to create an environment in which improving quality of living, focusing on basic needs, and quality of life are the main focus of public policies and discourse. Such focus is favorable to broad-based growth and upward economic and social mobility, and diversity, permitting introduction of new ideas in organizing different activities.

Published by: Priyanka R Patani

Research Area: Political Science

Review Paper

77. A review of artificial neural network approach for modelling of heat exchanger with different baffle segment configurations

Development of computer-based algorithms for various heat transfer applications is emerging as a successful tool in the field of thermal engineering. Artificial intelligence algorithms used in this field are simple models of human intelligence and evolutionary experience. The methods used for such analysis include using fundamental equations, employing conventional correlations, or developing unique designs from experimental data through trial and error. Also the heat transfer problems are becoming increasingly more complex and that the need for modelling single steady phenomena requires dealing with dynamics, system performance, optimization, and control. To overcome this difficulty, a simple artificial neural network (ANN) method has been implemented in various heat transfer studies based on databases available from experimentation. This work provides an overview of the literature on the works carried out in the analysis of Heat Exchangers, Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, Compact Heat Exchangers and emergence of ANN simulation for thermal systems which are relevant for present studies.

Published by: Sanjay Sharma, Amit Kumar

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

78. Artificial neural network approach for modelling of heat exchanger with different baffle segment configurations

In this work, two neural networks namely Cascade Feed Forward Neural Networks (CFFNN) and Feed Forward Neural Networks (FFNN) are modelled for the prediction of shell side pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient heat exchanger from its hot water flow rate. Simulation results showed that for same shell side mass flow rate, Heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop and heat transfer rate are found to be maximum with single segmental baffles. All the two ANN models are trained, validated and tested which predicted the shell side pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient of the Heat exchanger with acceptable accuracy and the both Neural Network is found to have the best accuracy by having the best Regression due to its feedback connections

Published by: Sanjay Sharma, Amit Kumar

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

79. To study the effects of age and sex on temporal gait parameters due to explicit prioritization during dual task performance in normal healthy individuals

To study the effects of age & sex on temporal gait parameters due to explicit prioritization during dual task performance in normal healthy individuals. 30 healthy young adults between the age group of 20 to 30 years of age and were free from acute or chronic disease and healthy old adults between the age group of 60 to 90 years of age and were able to walk independently without an assistive device. The participants performed a verbal fluency (VF) task in the seated position (i.e. as a single task). They were asked to recall as many words as possible beginning with a predefined letter during 1 minute. This task later served as the cognitive “dual task” in all of the walking conditions. For each condition, a different letter was given; each letter was used only once per participant, randomized across conditions. Mean changes in velocity in young adults in dual task having mean 388.33(P < 0.001), cognitive priority having mean 431.95(P < 0.001) and in gait priority 249.64(P < 0.01) less significant result as compared to other, similarly Mean changes in velocity in old adults dual task was 315.33(P < 0.001), cognitive priority was 346.11(P < 0.001) and in gait priority 294.81(P < 0.01). Among the young adults, the effects of secondary, cognitive task on the gait speed are strongly influenced by prioritization. These findings were less significant in the older adults, suggesting that there is an age-associated decline in the ability to flexibly allocate attention to gait. When prioritization was not explicitly instructed, the gait speed in both age group most closely resembled that of cognitive priority condition. In comparison between young male and female, the effect of secondary cognitive task on gait speed are influenced by prioritization more significantly in women than men whose findings closely resemble to that of old adults.

Published by: Dr. Shailesh Patil, Dr. Prerna Patil

Research Area: Cardio-Respiratory

Research Paper

80. To study the effects of tuberculosis sequelae on functional capacity in male patients compared with age matched healthy individuals by using spirometry and six minute walk test

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem. It causes ill-health among millions of people each year and ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide after the human immunodeficiency virus Aims &Objective: To study the effects of tuberculosis sequelae on functional capacity in male patients compared with age-matched healthy individuals by using spirometry and six-minute walk test. Total 40 male tuberculosis sequelae patients who were referred to physiotherapy outpatient setup from chest medicine department were screened for the study. 30 tuberculosis patients who met the inclusion criteria and accepted to participate were included in the study. 8 tuberculosis sequelae patients who did not satisfy the inclusion criteria were excluded from the study. 5 patients were HIV positive, 1 patient had lower limb deformity, 2 patients had undergone recent cardiac surgery. 2 patients refused to participate in the study. 50 subjects diagnosed with osteoarthritis knee were included in the study. The data was collected by questionnaire form and was analyzed using SPSS 14.0 and graph pad 6.7 version. Correlation of was done using Pearson correlation coefficient. Result: The Mean difference of six-minute walk distance between Group A and Group B was 150.30. It was found to be statistically significant at P<0.0001(95% confidence interval) as measured by applying students unpaired t-test. From the present study, it is concluded that the result indicates that individuals with knee osteoarthritis report, episodes of knee instability during activities of daily living. Instability affects physical function which can be explained by contributions from other impairments such as knee pain, range of motion and quadriceps strength. There was a statistically significant increase in respiratory rate in both the groups with P< 0.0001for group A as measured by applying Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test & P< 0.0001 for group B as measured by applying paired t-test. The mean change in respiratory rate was statistically significant between Group A & Group B with P< 0.0001 as measured by Mann-Whitney Test. The present study was attempted to analyses the effects of tuberculosis sequelae on functional capacity in male patients compared with age-matched healthy individuals by using spirometry and six-minute walk test. There was a significant difference in physical functional capacity between a group of normal middle-aged people and those with tuberculosis sequelae. In the TB sequelae group, there was a considerable impact of TB sequelae on cardio-respiratory endurance which affects the daily activities.

Published by: Dr. Shailesh Patil, Dr. Prerna Patil

Research Area: Cardio-Respiratory

Research Paper

81. Providing an agent based dynamic security for integrated web based services

A web service composition is integrating the data from the multiple data provider depends upon the user request. The objective of this investigation is to integrate data from multiple data providers. In the existing system, Daas is used for enabling fast access on data resources on the web. This reveals that sensitive information. In this work, Daas is extended to preserve the privacy information and a formal privacy model in order to extend DaaS descriptions with privacy capabilities. PCM algorithm is used for compatibility checking. This provides security for the user’s privacy information.

Published by: R. Mahalakshmi

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

82. Security and proximity issues of computing using fog

Secure vicinity location has turned out to be a standout amongst the most important viewpoints in our everyday daily schedule. This requires sharing of assets just with the general population who are inside the closeness scope of the sender in a safe way. Concentrates in light of client protection are of real concern now. This paper centers around different issues with the current framework thus proposed with a showing of an answer both hypothetically and tentatively. We have proposed a framework that jelly area protection and to remunerate the information overhead in a cloud by utilizing haze registering. These usages are accomplished by utilizing secure homomorphic convention keeping in mind the end goal to ensure the exposure of the client's area.

Published by: R. Mahalakshmi

Research Area: Cloud Computing

Thesis

83. Buckling of arch bridge

An arch is a curved structure in its elevation, loaded in-plane having supports are prevented from stretching out, and loads are supported mainly in compression. Arches are extensively used in infrastructure projects to provide large span structures, especially in bridges owing to its effective load carrying mechanism. For the case study, a 60m clear span standard bowstring is analyzed. The study has been done for comparison of buckling factor given in Eurocode 3: part 2 with the model analyzed.

Published by: Md. Nuqush Qurratulain, Misbah Danish

Research Area: Engineering

Review Paper

84. Algo locking system

Wireless accessing and monitoring the control system time to time. This is mainly based on sensors and security authentication to the conventional device. There are a unit security issues just in case of lost keys. An innovative lock system epitome mistreatment today’s technologies square measure given. The novelty of this epitome depends on the very fact that victimisation new technologies at the side of recent ones can lead to a wise and a lot of economical.

Published by: Sripriya Annepu, Sahaya Sakila. V, N. Saiteja, N. Vishnu Kiran

Research Area: Wireless Accessing And Monitoring The Control System Time To Time And Double Authentication

Others

85. Comparison of extraction of bio gas from various wastes

A Comparative Study of extraction of Bio gas from poultry waste, paper waste& food waste is carried out. The three types of waste are subjected to an aerobic digestion under 40 days’ retention period & mesophilic temperature range of 27˚c to 42˚c. The volume of gas produced by each waste is then determined and they are compared with one another by using a graphical representation. As a result of this comparison, generation of biogas from poultry waste is found to be larger than the other two wastes.

Published by: Sudhan S, Dr. Mercy Vasan, Preeth S, Karthikraja K, Balamurugan M, Ragul J

Research Area: Waste Management

Research Paper

86. Password authentication using symbols

Password authentication is one of the most important components for security and confidentiality of data that is stored on various workstations and servers. There are various kinds of ways to authenticate passwords, for example, textual passwords, graphical passwords, session passwords etc. Biometric authentication is also one of the trending ways these days but has several physiological issues. Though textual password is very common among people, it is still susceptible to various attacks like brute force attacks, dictionary attack, glossary attack, shoulder surfing, keylogger attack or eavesdropping. Graphical passwords were the new solution but had drawbacks like taking more time to authenticate and slow processing issues. Thus we introduce a new session password system, which is a one-time use password. This system uses only symbols for authentication. The generation of the password each time depends on an algorithm.

Published by: Priyanka Nath, Sahaya Sakila, Ananya Tamuli Saikia, P. Geeta

Research Area: Cryptography

Research Paper

87. Performance analysis of cotton processing small scale industry by using stock simulation method

Today’s Industry is regarded as a secondary sector of Indian economy. The economic development of a nation depends on the stage of industrial development. The industry is the greatest sector that can be provided employment to the mass people which help to increase per capita & reduces the poverty. Now a day’s cotton textile industry in India has been facing many odds & the survival of the industry is in danger. Due to the continued uneconomic working, the industry financial viability has been deplorably shattered. Many mills in the industry have already reached a stage of financial post ration with the complete exhaustion of reserves surplus & their finance, raw material idle capacity, technology, marketing, infrastructure, underutilization of capacity, project planning, skilled manpower, managerial etc. This study has to cover XYZ small scale industry. Its points out the weakness and strengths of production & marketing system thus enabling the entrepreneurs & policy makers to take corrective action. I have worked on just in time for performance improvement of a semi-skilled worker, reduces wastage and running cost. I have worked also on the simulation of production. The measures to reduce the identified wastes have been pointed out. It has been proposed to better integrate the key actors into the JIT & simulation. Adopting the cellular layout in the mechanical workshop has been found beneficial as well as the orientation of production on customer orders rather than on forecasting.

Published by: Basant Tomar, Vipul Upadhayay, Yogesh Ladhe

Research Area: Industrial Engineering And Management

Research Paper

88. An experiment on capillary suction water absorption of concrete with metakaolin

Sustainable resources management and development have been at the forefront of an important issue concerning the construction industry for the past several years a study has been carried out to look into the performance of Metakaolin as cement alternative material in concrete. Nowadays availability of natural coarse aggregate is a big constraint, so alternative material called Recycled Coarse Aggregate (RCA) is using in the concrete mix; it has mostly similar properties as Natural Coarse Aggregate (NCA. In this present study, the experimental using RCA is 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100%, replacement with natural coarse aggregate and constant weight replacement of metakaolin with the weight of the binder. The Finally obtained results to increasing compressive strength as well as tensile strength mix. 20%RCA+10%MK than the percentage of recycled aggregate increasing with decreasing both compressive and tensile strength. The Further study use in RCA in concrete with MK to replacement in a certain limit. find the surface absorption test in minimum for mix M1and M2 with an increasing percentage of RCA with MK than increasing capillary section values

Published by: Shivank Asati, Sherin Felix

Research Area: Concrete Technology

Research Paper

89. Study on strength and initial surface absorption of concrete using recycled steel fiber

Experimental investigation on Re-using Steel Wire from Tyres for Fibre Reinforced concrete was carried out by researchers. Steel Fibres are most popular metallic fibers used for the production of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete particularly from the point of view of strength and ductility in the present experimental investigation, attempts are made to study on the various strength properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, an also durability properties ISAT test was held on long-term durability properties of tire steel fiber. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and steel Fibre Concrete with different percentages It was observed that as the addition of waste tyre steel fibers to concrete mix increases, the workability of the concrete mix was found to decrease as compared to control mix. At an optimum dosage of WTSF, the increase in compressive strength of glass fibre concrete mixes compared with control mix. The percentage increase of split tensile strength of WTSF concrete mixes compared with control mix by weight of the binder. The addition of waste tyre steel fibers into the concrete mixture marginally improves the compressive strength at 28 days. It is observed from the experimental results and its analysis, that the compressive strength of concrete, splitting tensile strength of concrete increases with the addition of 1% Percentage of waste tyre steel fibers.

Published by: Deepak Gour, Sherin Felix

Research Area: Concrete Technology

Case Study

90. Collection of data through cookies and smart devices – A case study

Data is everywhere. Ubiquitously, companies and governments are collecting data. One simple visit to the world wide web leaves a wide digital footprint. One Google search about the best mutual funds in the market and you will be bombarded with mutual fund advisories anywhere you visit. The lines between the online world and the offline world are blurring, as the number of metadata increases. This paper looks at certain ways as to how our civilization is becoming smarter, with every device around us right from the mobile phone to electric bulb, becoming smarter with each passing day. This paper looks at the origins of the collection of metadata, as well as their use in customizing the world as per our needs and wants.

Published by: Garima Kaushik, Rishabh Prakash

Research Area: Big Data Management

Research Paper

91. Design improvements in heat exchanger using partial differential equations

In today’s world, where the loss of energy due to engineering applications is increasing at an alarming rate, therefore efficiency is much needed in order to save the energy. The aim of the paper is to propose a new design of heat exchanger which would result in a substantial increase in the efficiency of the heat exchanger. The basic principle used to increase the efficiency is to change the shape of the tube holding fluid. In this paper, instead of using conventional cylindrical tubes for heating fluid, a cone-shaped tube with cold fluid entering the pipe through the base end and hot fluid coming out of the vertex end is used. This is achieved by tweaking the surface area to volume (SAV) ratio of the fluid carrying tubes. Since the Gaussian curvature through the axis of the tubes is zero, it’s a Euclidean surface. Thus there will be no change in properties if the conical tube is bent in the form of a helix. For a given volume, the object with minimum SAV ratio is a sphere as a consequence of isoperimetric inequality in 3 dimensions. Efficiency can be further increased by bending the shape of the tubes in form of a spherical helix. This would create a central heat source and constant temperature at the contact surface. Therefore there is a gradual decrease in volume as we go from base to the vertex of the conical tube would mean that pressure of hot fluid would increase as temperature and degree of freedom is constant.

Published by: Karthik S

Research Area: Mathematical Modeling , Heat Exchanger Efficiency

Research Paper

92. Geolocation using NodeMCU

Geolocation is defined as the identification/estimation of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar source, mobile phone, or Internet-connected computer terminal or any other device. Apparently, geolocation involves the generation of a set of geographic coordinates and is closely related to the use of positioning systems, it is enhanced by the use of these coordinates which determine a meaningful location, such as specific area. In this project, we will be interfacing a GPS module with NodeMCU. A simple local web server is created using NodeMCU and the location details are updated in that server webpage. NodeMCU is an open source IoT platform. It includes firmware which runs on the ESP8266 module and hardware which is based on the ESP-12 module. ESP8266 can be used for geolocation by firstly obtaining nearby AP properties, and then using Google geolocation API to locate the user-device. To be able to obtain a fix on the location of the device that integrates the ESP8266 chip, we assume that the host controller first could obtain data from nearby Wi-Fi networks or cellular sub-systems. The data is consolidated into a data block that must be sent to an online geolocation API or service that will estimate the device location in terms of latitude, longitude, and accuracy.

Published by: Rumi Juwairiyyah, Kajal Kasat, Jyothsna Bhushan, Mr. Jayaraj

Research Area: Information Technology

Research Paper

93. Productivity enhancement of pentagon type solar still and dryer in series using biomass energy

Desalination alludes to the methodology of expelling salt and different minerals from water. Water is desalinated with a specific end goal to change over salt water to new water so it is suitable for human utilization or watering system. In this paper, a novel design of pentagon still was designed and operated along with dryer using biomass energy to increase the productivity of desalination and drying efficiency of the dryer at THE same time. The basin plate of the conventional still was modified with wide area and double slope covers at the top to act as pentagon still the single basin dryer was operated in series. A biomass heater was connected in between these two to supply heat. The Pentagon still was operated with different depths of water, energy storing, exposure materials to strengthen its production. A heat exchanger was attached at the basin plate with extended surfaces to circulate heat. A conventional still was operated in the solar mode in the same location to compare the performances with modified still. Solar dryer was used to dry pineapple with the waste heat from biomass heart source. The productivity of pentagon still was 29%, 47% higher than conventional still when operated in solar, biomass heated modes. Addition of energy storage, exposure materials strengthen the productivity by 47%, 48%, and 41% respectively, adding extended surfaces in heat exchanger improves 20% in production. The drying efficiency was good in biomass mode when compared to solar mode. The payback period for the Pentagon still was very less. The energy balance for the boiler was also performed.

Published by: A. Senthilrajan, K. Raja, C. Ramji

Research Area: Mechanical

Survey Report

94. A survey on door access security control system via Raspberry Pi

In this paper, a control system for the door is being developed. A drastic growth and an increasing trend have been seen in the field of home automation control system. The person identification system is used as the basic design for the door control system. This technology is mostly preferred because of its enhanced security and the accuracy in the recognition of the individual. The main advantage of this system is that it can be accessed or controlled from any location in the world. At first, the images of the authorized individuals, for example, a particular family consisting of 7 or 8 members are being captured and made to store in the database. If the authorized person is not available at home and in case a third person or a visitor wants to visit his/her house, the system first captures the image of the visitor and compares it with the image stored in the database. If the match is found, then the person will be given access inside a house with door unlock. If the match is not found the access is denied and the alert notification is sent to the owner’s registered mail with the image captured. Then the owner decides to either provide access or deny it.

Published by: R. Keerthana, S. Govardhini

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

95. PCIOL implantation by small incision cataract surgery in children with traumatic cataract

Interventional Study, among children with traumatic cataracts attending Ophthalmology OPD. Patients of both sexes and at different ages under 15 years were included. The etiology included was blunt trauma causing traumatic cataract. A detailed study of the age, etiology, pre-operative status of the eye, time of surgery following trauma, the final visual outcome was done and informed consent was taken. Postoperative follow up was done up to 2 months following surgery. There were no serious operative complications. Clinically significant posterior capsule opacification was seen in 20 % cases and YAG capsulotomy was performed in 4 patients. Visual acuity was 6/12 or better in 80% of eyes at the last follow up examination. The visual acuity after implantation of posterior chamber IOLs by SICS in children with traumatic cataracts was encouraging.

Published by: Dr. Arjan Singh, Dr. Sohan Lohiya

Research Area: Ophthalmology

Review Paper

96. Implementation of home automation and security system using PIR sensors

This paper focuses on the concept of home automation using Internet of Things. This allows the person to operate certain functions and operations of these devices connected in the IOT network even when they aren’t at home. This system utilizes sensors which can detect various values that its designated to and be controlled by the user. Likewise, the temperature sensor utilized will help the user get the control of the room temperatures and be able to control the AC according to their needs. These devices are controlled by using microcontrollers, sensors, RF Encoders and Decoders and can be monitored using mobile, Laptop or PC. There are various kinds of sensors which can be used to make the devices work without human intervention. With the increased number of devices, security needs to be taken care of and hence the PIR (Passive Infrared) sensors proposed detects any sort of movement that occurs at home to increase the concept of security. Any anomaly movements which may be there in-house which can be easily detected using LED and LCD setups. This can send request to a wi-fi system and hence the user can easily control all the appliances from anywhere. The main information is obtained from data obtained in cloud.

Published by: Shalini Bhattacharya, Nandhini Kannan, Y. Srikari, N. Uttara, T. Thiyagu

Research Area: Internet of Things

Research Paper

97. A machine learning approach towards social media to tackle cyberbullying

The prevalence of social media is expanding step by step y. People of all age group are terribly interested in social networking. Social media connects people from different parts of the world. However, social media may have some side effects such as cyberbullying, which may have negative impacts on the life of people. Research shows that children and teenagers are the main victims of this cyber attack. Through the social media, people share their thoughts and emotions with their friends. There are large numbers of fraud accounts in social media. Cyberbullying is when someone, harass others on social media sites. Some people use it for cyber attack by making negative comments on others post. One way to tackle this problem is to detect those bullying messages and encrypt it. Machine learning techniques make automatic detection of cyberbullying messages. Weka is a powerfull machine learning tool which can be used for this purpose. A combination of classification and lexical algorithms can detect whether a message is bullying or not. Cyberbullying is a major problem in society since social media has its presence in all fields of modern man’s life.

Published by: Anjana J Mani, Jinu P Sainudeen

Research Area: Machine Learning

Research Paper

98. The Right to Education- private schools vs. public schools: A legal overview

In light of the recent rapid increase in the number of private schools in India as well as the number of students being enrolled in them, one cannot help but ponder about the reasons for this unprecedented growth of the private schools. Firstly, this research describes the Indian educational philosophy with respect to individual growth and collective progress of the society. Secondly, it examines the conditions that led to this growth of private schools as a result of the failure of implementation of the right to education in terms of access to schools and teacher qualifications, training, salaries, and attendance. Thirdly, it analyses the Right to Education Act, 2009 in light of the requirement of government regulation in private schools to maintain a quality of education as set by the Act. Fourthly, it proposes self-regulatory mechanisms that would remove the information asymmetry regarding the working of private schools between these schools and the government to better the overall learning process. Lastly, the paper provides few suggestions to improve the quality of education and proposes the setting up on an independent body for as a mechanism to regulate the working of private schools.

Published by: Manasa H. M.

Research Area: Legal Research

Research Paper

99. Pharmaceutical drugs in coloration of textiles

Novel methods of dyeing has been introduced to get better results as compared to conventional dyeing. The present study was carried out for dyeing cellulosic fabric using bi-functional reactive dye and analysing the dye fixing ability of the reactive dyeing in presence of Tetracycline 250mg. The results were compared with the conventional dyeing methods. It is observed that the dye fixing in presence of pharmaceutical drugs gives better results as compared to conventional dyeing. Tetracycline is a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics whose general usefulness has been reduced with the onset of antibiotic resistance. The tetracycline consists of polycyclic ring with different side chain and a broad spectrum class of antibiotics against aerobes and anaerobes. Tetracycline’s are primarily bacteriostatic and exert their antimicrobial effect by inhibition of protein synthesis. Tetracycline is about 65% bound to plasma protein. The protein binding for intermediate and long lasting analogy is usually greater. Tetracycline is slightly soluble in water, freely soluble in acid and alkali, sparingly soluble in alcohol. Tetracycline is used to treat a wide variety of infections, including acne. It is an antibiotic that works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Using any antibiotic when it is not needed can cause it to not work for future infectionsTetracycline can also be used in combination with anti-ulcer medications to treat certain types of stomach ulcers. Tetracycline is a yellow, odorless, crystalline powder. Tetracycline is stable in air but exposure to strong sunlight causes it to darken. Its potency is affected in solutions of pH below 2 and is rapidly destroyed by alkali hydroxide solutions. The work depicts a successful attempt to provide antimicrobial finish to the cotton fabric with outdated Tetracycline drugs. This method of unused medicines valorisation can solve two major environmental and economic problems: limitation of environmental pollution with pharmaceutically active compounds and reduction of the disposal costs of expired drugs.

Published by: Dr. Usha Sayed, Swati Korgaonkar

Research Area: Textile Dyeing And Finishing

Research Paper

100. Automatic rain sensing wiper

Over the past two decades, the automotive industries have aggressively researched ways to exploit modern computing and electronic advances in the development of safety, reliability and entertainment technologies for vehicles with drivers exposed to an ever increasing number of distractions, automatic rain-sensing wiper systems become an even more appealing feature. So here we propose an automatic wiper system that automatically switches ON while detecting rain and stops when the rain stops. Our project brings forward this system to automate the wiper system having no need for manual intervention. For this purpose, we use rain sensor along with microcontroller and driver IC to drive the wiper motor. Our system uses a rain sensor to detect rain, this signal is then processed by the microcontroller to take the desired action.

Published by: Sundar A., Dharshini K., Ajitha G., Sangeetha, Antony

Research Area: Internet Of Things

Research Paper

101. Hyperspectral graphical multiple connected user authentication system

Authentication plays an important role in the security and privacy of applications in PC. Presently a day’s users choose short and easy passwords for memorization. Content passwords and picture passwords are also used in the security of computer applications. Content passwords are less catchable than that of picture passwords. For business transactions, bank transactions, safe lockers group user authentication is needed for high security and privacy. In order to avoid shoulder surfing attacks, smudge attacks, brute force attacks here we propose a multiple connected user authentication system by using individuals pass squares with a security question for each user. Users can login to the group account only with permission of all the users in the same group. So it is difficult for a single group user to misuse the group account. Here we provide high confidentiality

Published by: Geethu Rajeev, George Sebastian

Research Area: Security

Thesis

102. Reduction and reproduction of information using special principle

The paper written here regards a method which invokes a certain principle to reduce the content of a collection of data. The original content can be replicated in the exact same way. Meaning, there will be no data loss after the procedure. In this method, no data is needed to be stored as guidance/requirement for the reproduction of original data. This means that this method can be repeated to the resultant of the previous procedure done using this method and so on. For multiple processes, the number of times this method have been applied has to be stored (and obviously, the final data set in reduced form) to get the original data set. This method first converts a given data set into another data set which is termed “special” (how is it special?). This special data set can be reduced considerably to another data set of lesser content than the original and so on. The main idea here is to convert to that special form. Note has to be taken here that the reduction is reasonable which fits one practical criteria (that is a reasonable reduction). A particular pattern in these special numbers will be shown.

Published by: Nikhil S. Bharadhwaj

Research Area: Information Science

Research Paper

103. Automate data extraction

Data extraction is considered as one of the most import steps in Software development life cycle(SDLC). Collecting data manually will extend the delivery time of a product. So data extraction part is automated in order to deliver things in time and also with nil errors.

Published by: Keerthivas B. H., Rishi K., Jeya Ganesh B., Jeya Srinivasan. S, Veeramani

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

104. Tourism development in Tamil Nadu

The development of tourism in various level by many countries as it gives revenue as well as employment opportunities to the government and people. The initiatives taken the state of the government is considered to be very important in the upcoming World.

Published by: Deepika

Research Area: Toruism

Research Paper

105. Automatic street lighting system using LDR

Automatic Street lighting System is a simple, yet powerful concept, which uses LDR sensor as a switch. By using this system we can eradicate manual work at 100%. It automatically switches the lights ON when the sunlight goes below the visible region of our eyes. This is done by a sensor called Light Dependant Resistor (LDR) which senses the light actually like our eyes. It automatically switches OFF lights whenever the sunlight comes visible to a sensor. By using this system energy consumption is also reduced because nowadays the manually operated street lights are not switched off even after the sunlight comes visible and also switching ON earlier before sunset. In this project no need of manual operation like ON time and OFF time setting. This project clearly demonstrates the working of the transistor in the saturation region and cut-off region. The working of the relay is also known. Implementation of this project encourages digital work. Light dependent resistor, a photoconductive device has been used as the transducer to convert light energy into electrical energy. The central dogma of the circuit is that the change in voltage drop across the light dependent resistor on illumination or darkness switches the transistor between the cut-off region or saturation region and switches OFF or ON the LED.

Published by: Kothamasu Saikumar, D. Vaibhav, V. Rrochish

Research Area: Electronics and Communication

Research Paper

106. Automatic license plate detection and recognition using OpenCV

License plate recognition (LPR) has always been one of the crucial predicaments faced due to in numerous reasons such as severe lighting conditions, complex background, unpredicted weather conditions, low light and more. This paper is to enlight the above-mentioned muddles through a model based on OpenCV for enhancing details of edge information in license plate with improved text detection and recognition methods. LPR is a cutting-edge, next-generation system with imminent technological application in almost every field of the transportation industry.

Published by: Anjali Krishnan, Jinu P. Sainudeen

Research Area: Image Processing

Research Paper

107. Design and simulation of DC voltage multiplier using 555 timer

This paper contains simulation and design of DC voltage multiplier using principle of charging, discharging and storing properties of capacitor with the help of different stages of boosting with each stage containing capacitor and diode set, contributing to particular boosting multiplier. In this project we have used 4 stages of cascaded multiplier, each stage adding 12 volt, stepping up 12V DC input to 48V DC output. Since charging and discharging of capacitor requires pulsating DC voltage, so a constant DC voltage is first converted into pulsating DC voltage with the help of a 555 timer.

Published by: Hamzah Shabbir, Rebecca

Research Area: Electrical Engineering

Research Paper

108. Prevention of theft

This system contains PIR sensors to detect intruders(obstacle), GSM Module for communicating with user's Phone and automatic air freshener(filled with Diethyl Ether) for making the intruder faint. The whole system is controlled by Arduino. The system collects all information from PIR sensors, the process that information and sends call and SMS to corresponding GSM mobile phone number by using a GSM modem and gas will be released from the automatic air freshener. If PIR sensors detect any obstacle in a covered area then a signal send to Arduino, which activates GSM, make a call and SMS to the homeowner mobile phone using the GSM Module and from automatic air freshener a gas (Diethyl Ether) will be released to faint the intruder(20 Minutes approx).

Published by: Manoj Prabhu M., Karthikeyan R., Bravish Babu R., Vinoth Kumar P.

Research Area: Internet Of Things

Research Paper

109. Study of adsorption of Sn(II) on synthetic three component adsorbent and to develop a method to recycle it from e-waste

In the present investigation, a technology has been developed for the separation of tin which will be applied for its recovery from the touchscreen of the mobile(E-Waste) to the extent of 92.14 ± 2.28% employing batch adsorption method. Synthetic three component adsorbing material, zirconium phosphosilicate (ZPS) material has been used as a solid phase in the adsorption. Amount of tin recovered by adsorption has been determined by using UV-Visible Spectrophotometer. (Equitronics , EQ-825) and 8.5x10-3 M Sodium morpholine thiocarbamate solution as a spectrophotometric reagent. Sn(II) forms a colored complex at slightly acidic medium with the solution of the reagent having maximum absorption at 390nm. The technique is optimized by varying amount of adsorbent (ZPS), pH, time of adsorption, etc. Under the optimum conditions of adsorption, an effect of various anions and cations in the adsorption of Sn (II) also has been studied. Interfering cations has been masked by using suitable masking agents so as to make the process more selective. It has been observed 100mg of adsorbent is sufficient to recover 5µg of tin at pH 2 and contact time of 6.0 min. The method thus developed has been applied to recover an amount of tin from the water samples spiked with tin and Indium.

Published by: Dr. S. D. Ajagekar

Research Area: Chemical Sciences

Case Study

110. Geographical Information System (GIS) as a tool for management of an estate (A case study of three bedroom housing estate Maiduguri road Damaturu, Yobe state, Nigeria)

This paper focuses on Geographic information system (GIS) as a tool for effective management of an estate and its resources such as road, parcel building, electric poles, land use, ownership and address. The methodology includes capturing of the geometric and attribute data for parcels, buildings and other amenities such as electric poles, well, drainage system using land surveying method, creation of database (spatial/attribute) for the features in the area under study, and performing spatial analyses on the databases presentation. The geometric data acquisition was carried out using GPS and Total Station while oral interview was used for attribute data acquisition. The processed data was drafted with AutoCAD 2017 software while the database was designed using ArcGIS 10.3. Database (Extraction) queries were generated in ArcGIS 10.3 and the result of these queries is a useful tool towards decision making. These queries are useful tools for the management of the estate by the state government towards effective tax collection and provision of basic amenities. Based on the findings of this research, the following recommendations were made: Government should encourage the use of GIS, so as to create more awareness on the use of GIS as a tool for decision making, GIS is recommended in producing composite map that will show the parcels, buildings, boundary, roads, drainages, wells and electric poles, and finally, GIS is recommended to the authorities that are saddled with the responsibility of the management of an estate.

Published by: Ibrahim Abubakar Audu, Ali Badema, Mohammed Bala Geidam

Research Area: Environmental

Research Paper

111. Study of noise reduction in single cylinder common rail direct injection diesel engine at idle speed

The design and development of modern internal combustion engines are marked by the reduction in exhaust gas emissions and an increase in specific power and torque. The reduction of noise and vibration is one of the significant attractiveness towards making diesel engines for a long time now. Countries around the world continue to legislate against the release of specific levels of exhaust gas emissions such as nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and smoke. The customer requirements for combustion noise need to be met, which can be completed by optimizing the combustion system. This can be met through the development of advanced combustion systems and the increased flexibility of fuel injection systems and ECUs. This research work presents the effects of Fuel Injection Pressure on the combustion pressure and optimizing the engine noise by using Taguchi method.

Published by: Rupinder Singh, Gautam Kocher, Jaswinder Singh

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Research Paper

112. State of art: Micro-grid and intentional islanding of hydro distributed generation

A conventional power system is a centralized architecture in which power is generated is relatively large power plants, transmitted at high voltages and delivered to many loads that can be hundreds and even thousands of miles away. The technical solution is to integrate small and Distributed generations (DG) sources into the grid at various voltage levels. The current engineering practice for DG/Utility interconnected systems is to revert the utility systems to its original configuration(radial or meshed distribution systems) with all interconnected DG units de-energized whenever an unexpected disturbance occurs in the system. Thus, the system reliability stays at the same level as it was before integrating the DG. If connected DGs are permitted to work as microgrid and supply the local load during utility outages, the system reliability will be much better and the customers will not experience any discontinuity of their supply and can avoid loss of generation within the microgrid. When DGs operate in a microgrid environment, a central control and coordination are required. Microgrid Central controller(MGCC), a supervisory controller which co-ordinates operation between the DG, the utility grid and the algorithm is considered for the above case. The study results show that during the islanding operation the frequency and voltage are within the acceptable limit. By implementing proper control and protection schemes, DGs can be used as alternative generation backup within the microgrid during the loss of supply and hence system reliability can be improved and loss of generation can be avoided. Electric utilities should, therefore, pay special attention to their existing control and protection systems in order to incorporate intentional islanding operation in their system to retain integrity.

Published by: Anarghya

Research Area: Power Generation And Distribution

Research Paper

113. Automatic street lighting system using IoT

Automatic Street lighting System is a simple powerful concept, which uses LDR sensor as a switch. By using this system we can eradicate manual work at 100%. It automatically switches the lights ON when the sunlight goes below the visible region of our eyes., yet This is done by a sensor called Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) which senses the light actually like our eyes. It automatically switches OFF lights whenever the sunlight comes visible to the sensor. By using this system energy consumption is also reduced because nowadays the manually operated street lights are not switched off even after the sunlight comes visible and also switching ON earlier before sunset. In this project no need of manual operation like ON time and OFF time setting. This project clearly demonstrates the working of the transistor in the saturation region and cut-off region. The working of the relay is also known. Implementation of this project encourages digital work. Light-dependent resistor, a photoconductive device has been used as the transducer to convert light energy into electrical energy. The central dogma of the circuit is that the change in voltage drop across the light dependent resistor on illumination or darkness switches the transistor between the cut-off region or saturation region and switches OFF or ON the LED.

Published by: M. Manu Satwik, T. Prudhvi, K. Vivek Reddy

Research Area: Electronics and Communication

Research Paper

114. Voice controlled robot

Personal robotic assistants help to reduce the manual efforts being put by humans in their day-to-day tasks. In this paper, we develop a voice-controlled personal assistant robot. The human voice commands are given to the robotic assistant remotely, by using a smart mobile phone. The robot can perform different movements, turns, start/stop operations and relocate an object from one place to another. The voice commands are processed in real-time, using an online cloud server. The speech signal commands converted to text form are communicated to the robot over a Bluetooth network. The personal assistant robot is developed on a micro-controller based platform and can be aware of its current location. The effectiveness of the voice control communicated over a distance is measured through several experiments. Performance evaluation is carried out with encouraging results of the initial experiments. Possible improvements are also discussed towards potential applications in home, hospitals and industries.

Published by: Vishnu Theja Reddy MJ, Ravi Shankar Reddy

Research Area: Robotics

Research Paper

115. Study on entrepreneurial behaviour of sugarcane growers in Guna District (M.P.)

The sugar industry in India has been a focal point for socio-economic development in the rural areas by mobilizing rural resources, generating employment and enhancing farm income. The area under sugarcane crop In Guna district is 0.008 million ha with production 0.018 million tones and productivity 2154 kg/ha (Source: KVK Aron Guna District). For achieving the objective as entrepreneurial behavior of sugarcane growers 120 farmer was selected. An area under sugarcane crop In Guna district is 0.008 million ha with production 0.018 million tones and productivity 2154 kg/ha (Source: KVK Aron Guna District.

Published by: Kamlesh Dhakad, Dr. Abhay Wankhede, Dr. Sandhya Choudhary, Dr. Deepak Kumar Verma

Research Area: Agriculture

Review Paper

116. Sentiment analysis using machine learning classifiers and SentiWordNet : A review

In the current social, technological and economic context, customers make their decisions based mostly on the opinion of other consumers. On the other side, companies require quick feedback from their customers in order to adapt to their needs in real time. The effective connection between these two aspects relies on opinion mining tools, which automatically process consumers’ reviews and opinions about products or services. This paper proposes the analysis and prediction rating from customer reviews who commented as open opinion using Machine Learning Classifiers and SentiWordNet.

Published by: Bhagyashri Sudhakarrao Wankhade, Sunil R. Gupta

Research Area: Data Mining

Research Paper

117. Cultural festivals those have an enormous impact on the fashion industry of Bangladesh

For the frequent changing of the modern fashion industry; the knowledge of different Culture and festivals from different society; around the world plays a very important role. Thus; this study is going to be resourceful for all the fashion researchers; who are constantly working by taking inspirations from different cultures; as well as the students who are looking for a creative and extensive career in fashion industry. In this study; author chiefly accentuated; on each of the “Bangladeshi Festivals”; which majorly dominates the Fashion Industry of this South Asian country. Considering Bangladesh; as a country that rich in cultures; the author mainly emphasized on 6 major Bangladeshi Festivals; among several others; that take place throughout the year ;(Bangla New year, Eid Ul Adha, Eid Ul Fitr, First Day of the Bangladeshi Season;“Spring”, The International Mother Language Day and The Victory Day). Author included a summarized description for each of the festivals regarding; the way of celebrating; from where readers can have a brief idea regarding different cultural aspects of Bangladesh to get inspired of; along with the local fashion business; during the festive periods; regarding the major differences in various sections; such as; color, fabric, motifs, Embellishments and the range of outfit categories; (differentiating in silhouettes, lengths or shapes both for Men and Women’s collection) and accessories etc. From this study; the fact is clear that although almost all kinds of western, fusion or ethnic outfits are accepted commonly by Bangladeshi consumers throughout the year; during the festive time; people mostly take a traditional get up by wearing a range of variety in fetching outfits. Considering its exotism; ‘Ethnic” style is considered one of the most influential categories in latest fashion market; thus; this study will noticeably prove a major source in the research sector of the current fashion world.

Published by: Nadia Tasnim Piya

Research Area: Fashion

Thesis

118. The role of training philosophy in the training of quality technical teachers and instructors in Uganda

Competent Technical and Vocational Education Teachers are critical in the training of a skilled workforce that is globally competitive and can effectively contribute to sustainable economic growth and development. For technical teachers to be globally competitive, their training has to be based on a comprehensive training philosophy. This paper explores the current technical teacher training philosophy in Uganda and its implication to the quality of technical teachers. Data was collected from technical teachers, instructors (24) and administrators (12) from 6 Technical teacher training institutions in Uganda. A total of 36 respondents participated in the study and were selected using purposive and convenience sampling. A structured interview guide was used. Findings show technical teacher and instructor training in Uganda still lacks a specific training philosophy. Policy, curricula, and practices do not clearly show the type of trainee needed and how to produce that person. Training activities still remain in their infancy and relatively little has been done to develop a modern, effective and specific training philosophy based on relevant learning theories. The mode of training does not promote specific values and beliefs among trainees. Learning theories that are known to promote relevant values have had little application because are not perceived as very relevant to technical teacher education. Adopting relevant values from cognitivism and behaviorism can ensure the development of the needed values among trainees. We need a training philosophy that will produce active participants who can explore, manipulate, experiment, question, and search for answers by themselves. The MOES and NCDC should develop a pedagogical philosophy for technical teacher and instructor training in Uganda that will create a sphere which stimulates curiosity for exploration and change in actions through an explorative process.

Published by: Mukasa John Ddungu-Kafuluma, Simiyu John, Dr. Wanami Simon

Research Area: Technical Teachers And Instructors Education

Survey Report

119. Effects of sociodemographic and institutional factors on utilization of immunization services in Damaturu LGA Yobe State, Nigeria

Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of the vaccine (WHO 2013). It is a process of inducing or conferring immunity by artificial means. A vaccine is all kinds of immunogenic that are capable of inducing specific protection against communicable disease agents by stimulating the immune system in the body through initiating the immune response, without producing any disease (Dhaar and Robbani, 2006). The main purpose of this research was to find ways of improving immunization utilization in Damaturu. This can be achieved with the following objectives; to determine the level of immunization utilization among children below one year of age in Damaturu, to establish the relationship between institutional factors and immunization utilization in Damaturu, and finally to examine the relationship between socio-demographic and immunization utilization. Cross-sectional descriptive research study was carried out among 272 mothers within the reproductive age in Damaturu using cluster and simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and was analyzed using SPSS to establish the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The results showed that 77.4% of the respondents were utilizing immunization services. Majority of the respondents were between the ages of 18-34, married and had non-formal education. In correlation analysis using chi-square test; age (p=0.001), educational level (p=0.001), attitude (p=<0.001), income(p=<0.001), occupation(p=<0.001), information(p=0.001), equipment(p=<0.001), building (p=<0.001), time spent(p=<0.001), availability of vaccines(p=<0.001) and adequate staffs (p=<0.001) were found to have significant relationship with utilization of immunization services in this study. The result of this study has clearly indicated that the level of immunization utilization is good in Damaturu. All the socio-demographic in this study were found to be significantly related to utilization of immunization services except religion. There is still a need to sustain and strengthen regular health education and mobilization. There is a need to educate health workers to improve the manners in which they handle their client.

Published by: Mohammed Abba Alkali, Mubarak Salisu Garba, Abdullahi Shuaibu

Research Area: Health Science

Research Paper

120. Air monitoring system

Air is one of the essential pillars that sustain life and existence of organisms itself. The air that we breathe in today is nowhere as clean as it used to be hundreds of years ago. Advancement of civilization and technology has led to the birth of numerous new methods that pollute and contaminate the air. Polluted air such as smog can cause various problems and slowly disrupt the normal working of the human body and begin a slow impending end. Hence, the air we breathe in is important to be analyzed and made sure we do not end up breathing in toxic substances or radioactive particles that affect the human body terribly ending in painful deaths. This project is to establish a multipurpose air monitoring system that can be used at homes, roads, nuclear facilities, and hospitals and it is implemented with the help of MQ135 sensor which is used to monitor the quality of air around us. A wifi module is attached the Arduino Uno through which the output is displayed. The architectural design is extendable to add on other devices. The scope and applications of this system are adaptable as per the needs arise over time. One of the major advantages of this system is, with the implementation of the Internet of Things they can be used on a larger scale.

Published by: Prithvi D., Balaji S., Arjitvijey J.

Research Area: Internet Of Things

Research Paper

121. Evaluation strength and durability characteristic of concrete use steel slag

In the present experimental study, the various strength properties like the compressive strength of concrete and also durability properties like Acid attack and capillary suction test on both ordinary concrete and steel slag Concrete, best steel slag concrete mix is carried out and compared with an ordinary concrete mix for economic and ecological study. In this study different percentage of steel, slag is used. steel slag as a replacement of fine aggregate in concrete and replaced in the range of 0%, 10%, 20 %, 30%, 40% and 50% by weight of fine aggregate in concrete. Mix design has been carried out for M25 grade using relevant Indian Standard IS- 10262: 2009. It was found that with an increase in the amount of steel slag in concrete up to 30% with increasing compressive strength as well as the split tensile strength of concrete. It was also found that durability like acid resistance and alkalinity test conducted for long durability show that addition of steel slag up to 30% certain limit replacement to fine aggregate with less effect compare to control mix

Published by: Brajendra Kumar Mishra, Ram Bharosh

Research Area: Concrete Technology

Research Paper

122. Cost-Aware Secure Routing (CASER) protocol for wireless sensor networks

Lifetime optimization and security are two conflicting design issues for multi-hop wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with non-replenishable energy resources. In this paper, we first propose a novel secure and efficient Cost-Aware Secure Routing (CASER) protocol to address these two conflicting issues through two adjustable parameters: energy balance control (EBC) and probabilistic-based random walking. We then discover that the energy consumption is severely disproportional to the uniform energy deployment for the given network topology, which greatly reduces the lifetime of the sensor networks. To solve this problem, we propose an efficient non-uniform energy deployment strategy to optimize the lifetime and message delivery ratio under the same energy resource and security requirement. We also provide a quantitative security analysis on the proposed routing protocol. For the non-uniform energy deployment, our analysis shows that we can increase the lifetime and the total number of messages that can be delivered by more than four times under the same assumption. We also demonstrate that the proposed CASER protocol can achieve a high message delivery ratio while preventing routing traceback attacks.

Published by: Yash J. Joysher, Mohammed Ajmal Shariff, Pradeepan K.

Research Area: Networking

Research Paper

123. Adaptive approach for sorting the list: Top hill method

The reason behind finding this method is to decrease the time of insertion. Sort by using pivot method of quick sort , binary searching and doubly linked list. By using all these methods in a combination this method can sort real-time data and increase the size of the list with the worst case of O(n).

Published by: Chaudhary Ravi Singh

Research Area: Data Science

Research Paper

124. Paradigm shift of administration in working finance – With special reference to Indian commercial vehicle industry

Working finance is concerned with the administration of current assets and current liabilities and their interrelationships. Working finance is the prime source to meet the routine expenses of the business. In the event of working finance being ill-managed; the viability of a company may be jeopardized. It is desirable that a company has neither inadequate working finance nor the excessive amount of it. Hence, there is an imperative need for effective management of working finance. This study attempts to examine the efficiency and effectiveness of working finance employed in the Indian commercial vehicle manufacturing sector. A cross-sectional analysis of the Indian commercial vehicle manufacturing industry from the period 2000-2001to 2009-2010 indicated that the mean value of working finance of Ashok Leyland Ltd. (ALL) was higher than that of other companies. However, the variation was more in Tata Motors Ltd (TML) than in other companies. The TML was superior in the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) with a value of 1255.94. This indicates that the operating efficiency of Tata Motors Ltd. is better than of others and the risk-bearing power is also higher while growing companies require huge amounts. Nowadays leading companies are able to generate cash within short periods of time. So they maintain their working finance at zero or negative level. That is one of the reasons why companies’ actual values of working finance are not matching trend values of working finance

Published by: Dr. K. Punitha

Research Area: Human Resource Management

Research Paper

125. Operations research in franchising decisions

Decision making as a progressive and analytical method in operations research serves the basis for estimating potential outcomes for any given subject matter. The objective of any rational business to stay competitive is to optimize while deriving maximum utility. For an F&B industry, adapting to customer tastes and preferences is a highly challenging task. An aggressive industry in itself, the feasibility of the many different options through quantitative and qualitative analysis holds prudence. To enhance decisions, assignment problem as a technique helps to derive relevant conclusions, as in this case, the optimal assignment of a franchise with respect to its location on the many influential factors. This justification provides a necessary breakdown of how any firm facing expansion can consider the options available.

Published by: Varun Nangrani, Srishty Jain, Sukhad Sahu, Tanya Rana, Unnati Dholakia

Research Area: Operations Research

Research Paper

126. Analytical method development of Bromacil + Terbuthylazine pesticide (combination) formulation by Reverse Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (R–HPLC)

The combination of the two molecules (Bromacil & Terbuthylazine) is being used effectively as a weedicide worldwide due to its unique way of acting to kill the weeds. Since these two molecules (Bromacil & Terbuthylazine) has very good penetrating power in the earth crust, it is very important to get analysed for its identification and quantification to determine the shelf life in the substrate by detecting the minimum residue level (MRL) in the existing substrate. A simple HPLC chromatographic method has been developed and subsequently validated for the combination pesticide (Bromacil + Terbuthylazine) separation and quantification. These molecules were separated through a mobile phase consisting of the mixture of acetonitrile and water ratio of 80:20 v/v. The separation was achieved through the Qualisil BDS C18 (250 x 4, 5μ) column with the flow rate as 1.0 ml/min with the detection at 220 nm. These method parameters were loaded in the Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030). The LC solution Shimadzu software was used for all the calculations in this analytical method validation analysis. The results of the study showed that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. Tamilselvan

Research Area: Pesticide Formulation Analytical Method Development

Research Paper

127. Parameters optimization of fused deposition modelling process for the improvement of tensile strength using Taguchi based grey relational analysis

FDM is an additive manufacturing method and the prototypes are made by layer by layer addition of semi-molten plastic material onto the platform from bottom to top. The design inspects the effect of the process parameters layer thickness, orientation and layer spacing that affects the tensile strength of the part produced by the Fused Deposition Modelling. Hence, the Optimization of these process parameters of FDM is able to make the system more specific and repeatable and such progression can guide to use of FDM in rapid manufacturing solicitations rather than only producing prototypes. The PLA material was used in this research work to build parts. The experimentation has been completed with the help of Taguchi L9 orthogonal array. Taguchi grey relational analysis is used to optimize the process parameters on multiple performance characteristics such as tensile strength. The proposed method enables decision analysts to better recognize the complete evaluation process and provide maximum tensile strength.

Published by: Govind Prasad Patel, Ashish Parkhe

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Research Paper

128. Magnet engine: An environment-friendly approach

The developing of Internal combustion engines and also demand is growing for the need of Fossil fuels for vehicles . present a lot of emissions came from the combustion engines, so humans heading for electric vehicles. The scenario of travelling is changing rapidly with metros, electric rails, electric aeroplanes (solar),..etc. Hence we require products with more power but also with higher efficiency. Magnetism possesses a magnificent opening for development. Bullet trains using the technology of magnetic levitation have proved the strong nature of electromagnetic fields. Keeping in mind the arising needs of the industry, in this project I tried to design and experiment, a system called Magnet engine, which make use of magnet repulsion force to drive .The working principle is based on repulsion force from both permanent magnet and electromagnet. The combined repulsive forces will develop the power strokes in each cycle and to generate the mechanical power .successful implement in this field can actively switch over internal combustion engines.

Published by: Bhanu Kishore Kodaru

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Research Paper

129. Photocatalytic concrete pavements: Laboratory investigation of NO elimination by using TiO2 and flyash

In recent years there is a change in atmospheric condition. One of the major reason behind this change is air pollution which is increasing day by day. Air pollution is mainly due to rapid industrialization and increases in a vehicular transportation system. The major components of air pollution such as SOx , NOx, CO, and many other gases are released due to the combustion of a vehicle engine. In developing country like India, roadways play a key role in the transportation system. Hence to curb the effect of this transportation system on our ecosystem new ways of elimination of this pollutants shall find out. Hence an attempt is made in this research to construct the pollution absorbing pavements i.e. to construct such pavements which will absorb these harmful pavements. The main aim of this research is to investigate the elimination of NOx i.e. Nitrogen Oxides by casting pavements of Cement, Flyash, Recycled Glass and Photocatalyst such as TiO2, i.e. Titanium Dioxide or Titanium (IV) oxide under varied conditions

Published by: Mayur Surendrakumar Gangwal, Dr. Basavraj Balapgol

Research Area: Environmental Engineering

Research Paper

130. Smart location clock

In this project, we have engineered a way to reconstruct the traditional location tracking software into a smart location clock. The location clock paves the way for an uncomplicated technique for location tracking. Using our system, users can trail the movements of any person or their family members who are connected to the clock. The project enables the trailing of people to their most frequently visited places. The clock embodies a symbolic representation of the frequently visited places of members in the family or the person in the place of numbers and each hand of the clock is designated to each person or family member. When a change in location is posted, the hand of the corresponding member shifts accordingly. This model or project is implemented with the help of a mobile application-”Owntracks”, CloudMQTT, GoogleFire base, Raspberry pi 3 B, Paho Python , Node Red, and a servo motor to shift the hands of the clock. This model can be used for vast applications.

Published by: Vijay Balaji, Hani Saravanan, Srivarshini Srinivasan

Research Area: IOT, Machine Learning

Research Paper

131. Micro IoT architecture to build a smart glass with basic features

Smart glasses are wearable computing devices that layer information onto a user’s field of view. Why Smart Glasses? Smart glasses are computing devices worn in front of the eyes. Evidently, their displays move with the users head, which leads to the users seeing the display independently of his or her position and orientation. This report focuses on how to develop cheap smart spectacles with basic features in it. Basic features like computing humidity, time, temperature, maps for navigational purposes and a game for user’s entertainment. We are going to design a micro-IoT architecture with different kinds of sensors and modules to perform the above-mentioned computations.

Published by: Prahelika V., Harini V., Sneka I.

Research Area: IoT

Research Paper

132. Smart home automation using AI and XMPP protocol

Home automation is on the horizon. It is an emerging technology and also a need of today. From the last decade, a number of standards have been defined for home appliances. The main objectives of home automation are controlling, management and coordination of home appliances in a comfortable, effective and secure way. On the other hand, Artificial Intelligence is evolving as a technology for developing automatic systems that can perceive the environment, learn from an environment, and can make a decision using case-based reasoning. Using Vision capability, knowledge-based, learnability, decision making and reasoning the AI provide a better solution for almost all automatic systems. In this paper, we will see the types of home automation systems and then see how these systems can utilize the AI tools so as to increase the effectiveness, powerfulness etc.

Published by: Jacob Simon Areickal, S. Gopi

Research Area: Electronics And Communication Engineering

Research Paper

133. Automatic rain sensing car wiper

The issue of driver's safety is of great importance in today's automotive industry. In many cases, lack of proper vision is responsible for accidents during heavy rainfall. In many cases, manual errors like not increasing the speed of the wiper by the driver leads to accidents. Today's car wipers work on the principle of manual switching. In this paper, we proposed an automatic rain sensing wiper system that detects rain and starts automatically and stops when the rain stops. The automatic rain sensing car wiper system is not only automatic but also intelligent. The wiper system detects the rainfall automatically and starts itself. The Wiper system is also Intelligent. When the droplets of rainfall on the sensor, the sensor detects the intensity and the speed of the wiper is automated accordingly. The higher speed of rotation indicates the higher rainfall. There will be no need for manual intervention for controlling wiper. In this project, we use Arduino along with a rain sensor, a LCD 16x2 module, and a servo motor. The moisture is measured via analog output pins which are present in the rain sensor, the wiper starts rotating when a threshold of moisture is exceeded. The module used here is completely based on LM393 op-amp. The information sensed by the rain sensor is sent to Arduino. The Arduino is an Atemga8 based microcontroller board. Interactive electronic devices can be designed and created by using Arduino, which is a platform to develop the working of electronic devices. It consists of an onboard power supply and a USB port to communicate with pc. The collected information from the rain sensor is processed and analyzed by Arduino and it further controls the servo motor based on the processed information. The information about the intensity of the rainfall and speed of the wiper is informed to the driver by means of a 4-bit LCD module which is kept near the driver's seat. The rain sensor is kept at the side of the windshield, outside the car. The rain sensor is connected to the servo motor. The blades of the wiper are connected to the servo motor. All the devices are connected to Arduino which is connected to the power source inside the car.

Published by: P. Abhilash Reddy, G. Sai Prudhvi, P J Surya Sankar Reddy, Dr. S. S. Subashka Ramesh

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

134. Finger recognition and gesture based augmented keyboard

In this project, we have tried to reduce the gap between the real world and the augmented environment to produce a mixed reality system. For that purpose, we created a virtually controllable keyboard system which is created and implemented using OpenCV libraries and python3.2.1. To provide an easy immersive augmented experience which is also gesture enabled, we employ a web camera which is integrated with OpenCV libraries through a compiler. Using our system, users can control a virtual keyboard using their finger movements and fingertips. Further, users can communicate with people who are viewing the screen, the user selects an alphabet with their fingertip and can move the keyboard with the help of hand gesture. Our model can be utilized by people who are specially-abled and people who cannot talk properly or communicate as they can communicate with others using our proposed system. This paper describes the way of implementing a virtual keyboard without any additional hardware but by using the webcam available in the system. The webcam simply captures the consecutive frames and compares them to recognize it as a click if there is a difference in the contour.

Published by: Jagannathan MJ, Surya M, Aqib Muhammed BT, RJ Poovaraghavan

Research Area: Computer Science

Research Paper

135. Density based traffic detection system using emergency override

Traffic congestion is a severe problem in many major cities across the world and it has become a major issue for the commuters in all the cities. The delay of respective light is hardcoded in the traffic light and it is not dependent on traffic. This creates unnecessary waiting for drivers, which could not be endurable in every case, as being in time, is important to everyone. Density, speed, and flow are the three critical parameters for road traffic analysis. As the number of road Users constantly increases, and resources provided by current infrastructures are limited, the control of traffic has become a very important issue in the present. Also, one of the major problems faced by heavy traffic is by Ambulances. The aim of this project is to solve traffic congestion which is a severe problem in many modern cities all over the world. The traffic density is controlled using a microcontroller. This the system contains IR transmitter and IR receiver which are mounted on either side of roads respectively. The IR system gets activated whenever any vehicle passes on a road between IR transmitter and IR receiver. The objective for usage of IR sensor is to detect obstacles. The microcontroller controls the IR system and counts the number of vehicles passing on the road. The microcontroller also stores vehicles count in its memory. Based on different vehicles count, the microcontroller takes the decision and updates the traffic light delays as a result. It calculates the glowing time of LED according to the density of vehicles. If the density is more, LED will glow for a longer time than normal average and vice versa. It means that the timing of the traffic lights is set according to the density of the vehicles. This helps in the reduction of the traffic congestion and it has a scope for further expansion in the future. By measuring the traffic lined up on a particular road the signal timings are adjusted to let that particular way clear out and then the next populated one. It also consists of an emergency override that allows traffic authorities to remotely let go a particular signal in case an ambulance or important vehicle arrives on that way.

Published by: Rachana Sai, Dr. S. S. Subashka Ramesh, Meghana J. V., Kundana Lakshmi .Y

Research Area: Embedded Systems

Review Paper

136. Effect of partial replacement of sand by glass powder and steel powder over the properties of M-30 concrete

Experimental work had been conducted on cement concrete prepared by mixing ordinary Portland cement and modified with different percentages of steel powder and glass powder in partial replacement of fine aggregates. Concrete mixes are modified by 10%, 15% and 20% and 25% of glass powder and steel powder in replacement. For each replacement, several cubes have been cast for determining the compressive strength and workability.

Published by: Achal Jain, Nitin Thakur

Research Area: Civil Engineering

Research Paper

137. Performance analysis and flow features of swirl diffuser in a floor based air conditioning system

In this work, the variation in the temperature of conditioned air and improvement in thermal human comfort by adopting different models of floor swirl diffuser are investigated. The experiment is performed in the workshop lab of Mechanical Engineering Department, LNCT, Bhopal. The aim of this study is to find out the airflow pattern and its distribution through different swirl diffusers installed at the floor in an air-conditioned room. The experiment is based on predicting the nature and behaviour of air diffused by three different types of swirl diffusers having the slot with a draft angle of 10°, 11º and 12º under different operating and flow conditions. An experiment is performed to evaluate the thermal comfort produced in a room equipped with the heat load of 1000 W load capacity with different swirl diffusers and compare their performance graphically. The graphs are plotted between temperatures of diffused air inside the room and vertical height from floor level.

Published by: Mihir Kumar, Deenoo Pawar, Shailendra Dwivedi

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Research Paper

138. Smart irrigation system using Arduino Uno

The smart irrigation system is an automatic irrigation system which is being widely used in the field of agriculture. Irrigation is practiced in farms where there is a scarcity of water. This smart irrigation system is a farmer-friendly irrigation system ,which is completely automated. This system runs without intervention of humans. This smart irrigation system, using Arduino-Uno, checks the moisture level in the soil. If the moisture level in the soil is low, it automatically sends an alert message and turns on the water motor to flow water to the soil. If the moisture level in the soil is sufficient, it switches off the motor. This system helps in agricultural crop growth and soil maintenance. The smart irrigation system reduces the effect caused by insufficient rainfall. This irrigation system prevents excess of water flowing into the soil which causes a wastage of water, electricity and damage to the soil, effectively.

Published by: Kavya Monisha K., Aishwarya D., Krupaleni K.

Research Area: Science And Technology

Research Paper

139. Studies of effect of hardness property of aluminium metal matrix composites by heat treatment

The Al6061 alloy matrix materials exhibiting excellent mechanical properties with the addition of SiC and B4C particulates as reinforcement. Liquid Metallurgy route is preferred for preparing composite specimen materials. Composites were subjected to heat treatment process followed by quenching in castor oil. Then all the specimens are subjected to artificial aging at a temperature of 120˚C for different time duration. Using Rockwell hardness testing machine, hardness properties are examined for the composite materials before and after heat treatment. It is observed that Al6061 metal matrix composite experimented under identical heat treatment conditions shows a considerable increase in hardness.

Published by: G. Ramesh, Anerudh Vijayaraghavan, C. Kailash Krishnamoorthy, S. Harish Balaji, T. S. Kathik, Kshitij Swamy

Research Area: Materials, Welding, Manufacturing

Research Paper

140. Implementation of Substation Automation Systems using IEC 61850

Electric power system substations are being modernized to better serve user requirements for more efficient communication and more comprehensive protection and to facilitate future expansion by installing and applying higher-performance IEDs. There is a demand for a Substation Automation System (SAS) that is simple to integrate and provides high performance and flexibility. IEC 61850 capacities provide interoperability and advanced communications capabilities in substation protection, coordination, control, monitoring, metering, and testing. IEC 61850 is the result of the efforts of IEC Technical Committee 57 (TC57) to produce an open standard for substation modelling and communications. Substation configuration description language (SCL) is used in IEC61850-based substations to create substation configuration description files that contain full information about the substation. The main purpose of this format is to ensure that IED capability and substation descriptions are exchanged in a compatible way between the IEDs.

Published by: S. B. Mane, Twinkle Doshi

Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Research Paper

141. Enhancing the thermal conductivity of polymer composites

Carbon fiber-reinforced Polymericomposites (CFRP) are becoming most important structural materials for aircraft structures, satellites, missiles, and other aerospace applications. However, extending these materials for thermal and electronic applications is restricted by the poor thermal conductivity. In order to improve the thermal conductivity of CFRP composites, two methods were followed. In the first method, the polymer matrix was made conductive by incorporating various fillers (copper powder, carbon nanotubes and graphene ). Using these conductive matrices, CFRP composites were developed by vacuum bag molding technique. In the second approach, in addition to fillers, a continuous copper mesh was embedded for fabricating the CFRP composite. The in-plane and out- of -plane thermal conductivity of the CFRP composites was measured by hot disc. From the results obtained, it was found that the in-plane thermal conductivity of the CFRP decreased with the filler inclusion whereas the out- of- plane conductivity of the composite was enhanced. In case of copper mesh embedded CFRP composites, both in the plane and out of plane thermal conductivity was enhanced Further, the effect of filler addition and copper mesh inclusion on the mechanical strength was studied by measuring the interlaminar shear strength(ILSS) and was substantiated by NDT characterization.

Published by: Rakesh S., A. Vanaja, B. N. Sarada, S. Jayasankar, T. Padmavathi, Jyotsna Kiran Mathad

Research Area: Manufacturing Science and Engineering

Research Paper

142. Smart garbage bin

Garbage monitoring has become an essential issue for most of the cities in the world. The detection, monitoring, and management of wastes are one of the primary problems of the present era. Due to the negligence of authorities and carelessness of public, long-term problems such as bad odor and harmful diseases occur. The traditional system of waste collection and management is effective only in those areas where garbage bins become full on a daily basis. But in certain areas, garbage production is low whereas the garbage collection trucks check the garbage level each day. This checking and collection process leads to heavy fuel loss. In remote locations, garbage trucks do not arrive to pick the garbage on time leading to garbage overflow. To overcome these problems we have introduced “Smart Garbage Bin” as an effective system. The smart garbage bin employs a level detector that detects the amount of garbage in the bin. When the level of garbage in the bin reaches 75%, a notification is sent to the operator of the garbage collecting vehicle through a web interface.

Published by: Prithvi D, Arjit Vijey, Sushil Ram T

Research Area: Internet Of Things

Research Paper

143. CFD based heat transfer analysis in circular tube with different orientation of insert for laminar flow

The process industry is continuously working to incorporate enhancement in heat transfer. Enhancement techniques can be classified as active methods, which require external power or Passive methods, which require no direct application of external power. The enhanced surfaces are routinely used to improve the thermal and hydraulic performance of heat exchangers. This thesis presents a CFD analysis of heat transfer problem. The enhancement of heat transfer with mass in a tube has been investigated without and with insert. The combinations of without inserts, two inserts, four inserts, six inserts, eight inserts, and ten inserts have been used. An 800 mm long pipe with 26 mm inner diameter and 30 mm outer diameter is considered for our simulation. It was noticed that outlet temperature decreases with increase in Reynolds number when insert orientation was changed.

Published by: Kaushal Kishor Sharma, Dr. A.C. Tiwari

Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Case Study

144. Pedestrian walkability index

The objective of this paper is to study the walkability index and to rate the areas based on safety, security, and convenience to the Pedestrian environment. This study evaluates and reports the existing condition of Pedestrian facilities in the area considered and its analysis from both qualitative and quantitative point of view, comparing it with a study of various standards stipulated by HCM and IRC parameters which could be used for the design of Pedestrian facilities. The survey and analysis is done in city Davangere, Karnataka. To get the overall measure of Pedestrian Walkability Index of the city, it is classified into two different areas i.e. Commercial and Shopping areas, are selected for the study. The Pedestrian Walkability Index (PWI) survey consists of 2 components i.e. Field walkability survey and a Pedestrian interview survey. The Pedestrian LOS and adequacy of footpaths was carried out based on the guidelines of HCM 2000 and IRC:103-1988 respectively. In the selected areas, the length of the stretch and width of the available footpath was measured. The Pedestrian volume counts were taken during peak hours and the average pedestrian walking speed was computed manually. From these data, the Pedestrian flow, density is calculated and the LOS is obtained. And based on the Pedestrian volume in the areas, the adequacy was checked and the recommended footpaths widths were proposed as per the recommendations of IRC. In the widths of the selected areas in Davangere city, only 16.7% are inadequate and the remaining 83.3% is adequate.

Published by: Bharath H M, Rohit Kumar B. R., Raghu G. M., Guruprashanth N., Vinayaka N. M.

Research Area: Civil Engineering

Review Paper

145. Home automation using zigbee technology and IOT

Technology is a never ending process.From the past decade has seen significant advancement in the field of consumer electronics. Various devices such as cellular phones, air-conditioners, home security devices, home theatres, etc. are lead us to smart home/home automation. They have given rise to a PAN(Personal Area Network) in home environment, where all these appliances can be interconnected and monitored using a single controller. Busy individuals and physical limitation/old aged people requried home automation and networking to ease their work. home automation networks uses many systems like wireless embedded sensors and actuators that enable monitoring and control applications for home user and give an efficient home management.

Published by: Sri Sai Chaithanya, Nikhil Sai Pinthepu, S. Delfin

Research Area: Computers Science

Research Paper

146. Political elite and their roles in Nagaland

The political elite emerged in Nagaland after the creation of Nagaland statehood. Many Naga leaders were of the opinion that political elite emerged out of nationalist activities that most of the leaders who held an important leader in the Government and political parties after its statehood were formerly the leaders of the Naga National movement. The introduction of a Universal adult franchise and representative democracy under the constitution paved the way for periodic elections which build popular leaders who were not necessarily from the ruling elites but commoners who have faith in democracy. The real power shifted to legislators who became the decisions makers in the new Parliamentary system of government in Nagaland. The elected leaders were empowered to act independently in the decision making with enthusiasm and knowledge that they were not only architects but became a responsible leaders for the future of the people.

Published by: G. Phukato Sema

Research Area: Social Sciences

Research Paper

147. A study of the application of operations research in the valuation of players in IPL

The main objective of this whole research is to find out about the ways in which Operations Research could be used in valuing players which in this case are the IPL players. We found out that it is not compulsory that the method used in valuing the players should be numeric. It could be the case that a theory has been used and the players are valued according to that theory. The methods used in order to value the players are the performance-based index, hedonic pricing, ordinary least squares regression technique, and AHP-ANN model. In a performance-based index, the performance of a cricketer is quantified into one single index and present values of the cricketers are determined using the binomial option pricing model. In hedonic pricing, the price of a player is calculated based on internal and external factors. Some of them are Experience, Batting, and Spectator Appeal etc. In ordinary least squares regression technique, the value of a player is calculated by measuring the values of the variables which include experience, performance etc. In AHP-ANN model, AHP is used to measure the weights of the attributes which are responsible for player price measurement and then ANN is used to forecast the player price with the weights calculated by AHP.

Published by: Navyaashali Chauhan, Prachi Jain, Palak Gupta, Nishant Kumar, Nishtha Bajaj

Research Area: Operations Research

Research Paper

148. Stabilization of black cotton soil using bagasse ash and coir fibre

Expansive soils cover a large part of the country and do not have sufficient geotechnical properties and the resulting failure of the structure occurs in the form of settlement, cracks etc. Hence it is required to use potentially cost-effective and locally available materials from industrial and agricultural wastes as a stabilizer to improve the property of deficient soils and also to minimize the cost of construction. Sugarcane bagasse is a solid waste material which is generated as a byproduct from sugar mills. This waste when burnt results in bagasse ash. It is a fibrous material with the presence of coir fiber can be used to improve the existing properties of clayey soil. It is seen that when 10% sugarcane ash and 4% coir fiber is mixed in natural soil is maximum bearing capacity and strength in the entire test sample. It is seen that the CBR value increases the new CBR value of this sample in 2.5 mm penetration in soaked and unsoaked soil is 6.31 and 14.93 respectively. The new CBR value is 2.5mm penetration in soaked and unsoaked soil is 52.42% and 159.65% increase.

Published by: Aakanksha Gautam, S. K. Mittal

Research Area: Soil Stabilization

Research Paper

149. An experimental study of black cotton soil stabilized with rice husk ash, cement clink dust and calcium chloride

An experimental examination is conducted to study the effect of rice husk ash (RHA), cement clink dust and calcium chloride (CaCl2) on the black cotton soil to check the stabilization based on engineering property of the black cotton soil. The engineering property of stabilization soil such as moisture content, specific gravity, liquid limit, plastic limit, OMC & MDD and CBR value of the soaked and unsoaked sample is evaluated. The different percentage of RHA is mixed in natural soil in 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% and all the test can be performed and determine the all test value and CBR value, it was observed that the maximum CBR value is obtained in 15% RHA is mixed in the soil. After that two more-admixture cement clink dust and calcium chloride are the mix in 20% and 2% respectively and perform the experiment and determine CBR value. After calculating all the value, it is seen the maximum CBR value is obtained when 15% RHA, 20% CKD and 2% cacl2 is mix in the soil. The value of liquid limit and plastic limit in given sample is 35.57 and 26.07 respectively. It is seen that the CBR value increases the new CBR value of this sample in 2.5 mm penetration in soaked and unsoaked soil is 5.77 and 7.58 respectively, and CBR value in 5mm penetration in soaked and unsoaked soil 6.98 and 8.18 respectively. The new CBR value is 2.5mm penetration in soaked and unsoaked soil is 128.97% and 44.15% increase.

Published by: Ayushi Seeliya, S. K. Mittal

Research Area: Soil Stabilized

Review Paper

150. An empirical study on controlling noises of building

The consumption of energy in the building sector can be up to 40% of its total energy demand of an industrial country. For this reason, green building strategies can be extremely effective as far as fossil fuels reserve and greenhouse gases reduction. Sustainable materials can play an important role, lesser energy is required for their production than the one needed for conventional materials. People are more forgiving of discomfort if they have some effective means of control over alleviating that. However, many modern buildings seemed to have just the opposite effect. They take control far from the human occupants and try to place control in automatic systems which then govern the overall indoor environmental conditions, and deny occupants means of intervention. In the recent years' many new materials for noise control have been studied and developed as alternatives to the traditional ones (glass or rock wool); these materials are either natural (wool, cotton, clay) or man-made from recycled materials (rubber, carpet, plastic, cork). Their importance is proven by the fact that in Europe many Municipalities have introduced into Building Regulations specific recommendations to improve their valuable use in new constructions, allowing a reduction of construction taxes or other benefits. This paper presents an updated survey of the characteristics and the acoustical properties of sustainable materials for noise control and in particular sound absorption coefficient, airborne and impact sound insulation data, as well as an analysis of the procedures to assess the sustainability of these materials (LCA, Eco invent, Eco-profiles). The improvement on the human quality of life and the continuous growth in population in developed societies have exacerbated the environmental and financial issues. Some of these problems are noise and the different types of human in industrial wastes. Many natural commodities have been recently developed and tested for acoustic applications. Sound-absorbing products absorb most of the sound energy striking them and reflect very little. Therefore, sound-absorbing products have been found to be very useful for the control of room noise.

Published by: Rishabh Anand, Rajneesh S., Chanchal D., Avinash K., Sachin S., M. Shaheen W.

Research Area: Controlling Noises Of Building

Research Paper

151. Mobile orientation based home automation for disabled and physically challenged

In this paper, we present a new way of controlling our home appliances by changing the orientation of the mobile phone. This solution helps the disabled and physically challenged people to easily control appliances without moving from one place to another. This method provides several advantages over traditional home automation interfaces. As the mobile phone consists of many built-in sensors like Proximity Sensor, Accelerometer, Gyroscope, etc. By this proposed method we can retrieve more from what the mobile phones are capable of. The values of change in perpendicular directions that is (x, y, z) are transmitted to the controller module (Arduino Nano) using Bluetooth Technology with the help of an android application. Particular symbol codes are programmed at the controller end to perform specific tasks.

Published by: Saurabh Singh, Rajat Garg, Satya Brata Hota

Research Area: Electronics Engineering

Research Paper

152. Smart plantation

Internet of Things and Image processing have been so far applied for various applications. Their application in the field of agriculture has achieved a certain degree of success, however, the combination of both these technologies so far is non-existent. This paper describes an approach to combine loT and image processing in order to determine the environmental factor or man-made factor (pesticides/fertilizers) which is specifically restricting the growth of the plant. Using an IoT sensing network the readings of the crucial environmental factors and the image of the leaf lattice is processed under MATLAB software by the help of histogram analysis to arrive at optimal results.

Published by: Ashwini, Ayush Tandon, Raj Vanesa, Zaid Alam

Research Area: IoT

Survey Report

153. Survey on image fusion techniques used in remote sensing

Image fusion in remote sensing has emerged as a sought-after protocol because it has proven beneficial in many areas, especially in studies of agriculture, environment, and related fields. Simply put, image fusion involves garnering all pivotal data from many images and then merging them in fewer images, ideally into a solitary image. This is because this one fused image packs all the pertinent information and is more correct than any picture extracted from one solitary source. It also includes all the data that is required. Additional advantages are: it lessens the amount of data and it creates images that are appropriate and that can be understood by humans and machines. This paper reviews the three image fusing processing levels, which include feature level, decision level, and pixel level. This paper also dwells upon image fusion methods that fall under four classes: MRA, CS, model-based solutions and hybrid and shows how each class has some distinct advantages as well as drawbacks.

Published by: Kalyani S. Ulabhaje, Sujata More

Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Review Paper

154. An approach study on fiber reinforced concrete in high rise construction

The Fiber reinforced concrete in various civil engineering applications is indisputable. Fiber reinforced concrete has so far successfully used in slabs on grade, precast product, the structure in the seismic region, thin and thick repairs, crash barrier, footings, hydraulic structures, and so many other application. Fibers include steel, glass, carbon, organic, polypropylene. FRC is concrete having fibrous material which increases its structural integrity. The present paper reviews the understanding strength of fiber reinforced concrete, and also concludes with a discussion of possible future developments of this technology. This fiber-reinforced concrete increase mechanical and durable properties and also this concrete is also called economical Concrete because this is very beneficial.

Published by: Sachin Sharma, Devraj Nagda, Ratan Prajapat, Prakash Kumar, Bhupendra Singh, Nagendra Singh

Research Area: Concrete

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 29th October, 2018.