1. A critical study on communication skill for civil engineering student from rural areas
In the era of the world, English is the much more broadly spoken language. It is spoken the English language almost surrounding world and has achieved in the minds and hearts of people especially from the rural students want to learn the second language in any situation or condition. Communication is one of the media for expressing our ideas, views, thought, feelings and emotions to each other. Every parent wants their children to learn English for which they are ready to spend any amount of physical labor and financial assistance. The daily wager expected to his children to study in the English medium schools for the development of communication. This awareness of communication has come among the rural people. English has become common and official language of the people today in the computer world in India which is multi-cultural country. English is introduced here at the primary level and secondary level and its inclusion continue until the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in the English language due to unskilled and untrained teachers who are familiar to the modern methods and availability of lack of materials for teaching in the classroom. People and students from rural areas who are want to acquire the speaking skills of English by any sources, coaching centers, spoken English classes etc. It is must need of the hour for rural students to learn the importance of speaking skills of English today.
Published by: Sachin Sharma, Bhumika Joshi
Research Area: Communication Skills
2. Deep learning: An introduction to framework
Deep learning also called hierarchical learning is part of a broader family of machine learning method based on the learning data representation .learning can be supervised, unsupervised or reinforcement there are many deep learning libraries nowadays. Libraries contain direct function by which we can import the library and we can directly perform an algorithm on the data .now days number of such type libraries are available with their available feature and benefits .we have to select an appropriate tool for performing a particular task is difficult to decide. This research represents the comparative analysis of deep learning libraries .the main libraries which I will compare is sensor flow, pytorch, theano, and caffe the parameters for comparing the libraries are the adoption, dynamic and static graph definition, debugging, visualization and data parallelism.
Published by: Shivam Shah
Research Area: Computer Science ,Deep Learning ,Artificial Intelligence
3. Strategies to eliminate foreign objects in hospital kitchen food
It is everybody’s right to receive safe food irrespective of the industries. Foreign objects in food are a never ending issue. This article emphasizes on the Strategies to Eliminate Foreign Objects in Hospital Kitchen Food. Patients trust and believe that the food served to them will be safe. It is the responsibility of the food service provider to ensure that safe and hygienic food is provided to the patients and foreign objects should never find a place in the patient food. +
Published by: S. Ramesh, B. Manimegalai
Research Area: Hospital Food Service
4. Virtual reality therapy upon cognition among schizophrenic clients
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness with the symptoms of disordered thought, behavior, and emotions. The illness affects approximately 1% of the world’s population and accounts for 1-2% of national health care costs in industrial countries. Cognition is impaired in most of the schizophrenic clients. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of virtual reality therapy upon cognition among schizophrenic clients. A study was conducted by using Pre Experimental research design at a selected private hospital, Chennai, South India with the Sample size of 35. Samples were chosen by using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through an interview method by using Demographic Variable Proforma, Clinical Variable Proforma, Mini-mental status examination scale. Post-test cognition score of schizophrenic clients was higher (M=29.4, SD=1.76) than the pre-test cognition score (M=22.6, SD=1.48), which was statistically significant(*P<0.001). It can be attributed to the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy on improving cognition. The above findings reveal that virtual reality therapy is effective in improving the cognition in schizophrenic clients.
Published by: Vanitha V., Dr. Vijayalakshmi K., Dr. Latha Venkatesan, Sujatha J.
Research Area: Nursing
5. Role of mineral admixtures and chemical admixtures in concrete
This paper reviews the types admixtures used in concrete and their effect on workability, strength, and durability of concrete. A substance other than water, totals, or bond that is utilized as a component of cement or mortar to control setting and early solidify, workability, or to give extra establishing properties is called admixture. They are normal or produced chemicals which are added to the solid earlier or amid blending. The frequently utilized admixtures are air entraining specialists, water reducers, water lessening retarders, and quickening agents. Admixtures are utilized to give uncommon properties to crisp or solidified cement. The admixture is the operators that may higher standard solidness, workability and quality properties to concrete. Over decades, endeavors have been created to get concrete with certain coveted qualities, for example, elevated confining quality, high utility, and elite and sturdiness criteria to meet the prerequisite of multifaceted nature of present-day texture. The properties regularly altered are the warmth of hydration, quicken or hinder framing time, workability, water lessening, scattering and air-entrainment, durability and solidness aspect.
Published by: Sonal Banchhor, Meena Murmu, Shirish V Deo
Research Area: Admixtures
6. Improved selective encryption method for IOT-BSN using stream classification adaptive model
This paper describe a Stream Classification Adaptive Model (SCAM) technique for securing massive sensing information streams that meets multiple levels of confidentiality and integrity. This SCAM technique includes two vital concepts: common shared keys that area unit initialized and updated by D-SM while not requiring retransmission and a seam-less key stimulant method while not break off the data-stream encryption/decryption. Moreover, a replacement theme is planned to secure a big data sensor protocol through the employment of multiple unidirectional hash chains. The theme is shown to be lower in machine, power utilization. Also, communication prices area unit nevertheless still ready to secure Big Data Sensor communication model.
Published by: Meena J., P. Balamurugan, P. Gayathri Devi
Research Area: Datamining
7. Top-K associate secure pattern mining for mobile sensor data using level base utility pattern algorithm
This paper describes a secure top-k query processing scheme that is secure under the security model. The data privacy is guaranteed by encryption as well as a careful generation of data indexes. In this paper make to transform a top-k query, to a top-range query and adopt membership testing to test whether an associate pattern should be included in the query result or not. This transformation allows the storage node to find Top-k smallest or biggest data values without using numerical comparison operations, which is a key technique for the scheme to be secure under the security model. In the proposed system, it defines a new type of behavioral patterns for WSNs, termed as associated sensor patterns to capture the true correlation among sensor data. To discover such patterns, it uses to devise a highly compact tree structure, called weight associated sensor pattern tree (WASP-tree) and a mining algorithm that can efficiently discover patterns from sensor database (SD) with a single scan.
Published by: A. Sarathambigai, P. Gayathiri Devi, P. Balamurugan
Research Area: Computer Science
8. The role played by the United Nations Organization to safe guard the world peace and security
United Nations can be identified as a very important International Organization standing in the forefront, among others. The main objective of this study is to verify the manner through which it played its own role, to safeguard World peace and Security. First, we will inquire about the nature of the strategies employed by the UNO to achieve such targets. At this point, secondary sources of information were collected and explanatory research method was used in place of the learning methodology. The conclusion and the outcome of their involvement show, even there were certain setbacks, the UNO has played a major role in maintaining world peace and security.
Published by: W. M. Sarasi Chaya Bandara
Research Area: Political Science
9. A study on derivatives as risk management tools for business corporates
Derivatives are the most important tools in the financial markets in the present days. They are working for reducing the risk for business corporate. The basic purpose of these instruments is to provide commitments to prices for future dates for giving protection against adverse movements in future prices, in order to reduce the extent of financial risks. Derivative markets were novel until the 1970s. However, with the breakdown of Bretton Woods system in 1973, there was a sudden increase in the volatility of exchange rates and interest rates thereby making it necessary for firms and investors to find ways to reduce these risks. There is a need of proper training and orientation programmes are required to increase the growth of derivatives in India.
Published by: T Mary Jones, B. Sudhir
Research Area: Derivatives
10. A case study on grid integrated solar roof-top PV system
With advances in technology and industrial development, there is an increase in the consumption of electrical energy. However, the rapid exhaustion of conventional fossil fuels to produce electrical energy has provoked the engineers to find sustainable means of electrical energy generation from renewable resources. Amongst all renewable resources, solar energy produces promising results. There has been a lot of research and development in the field of Solar PV systems. Hence, with recent advancements in solar technologies, the PV systems have become more efficient and cost-effective. There is a little awareness and knowledge about the implementation of Solar PV system amongst common people. The other main issue is the space required for installing solar panels for power generation. In this paper, efforts are made to create awareness and encourage people to adopt and implement solar roof-top PV system for sustainability and a better environment. This paper involves a case study on installation of roof-top solar PV system at RRR Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. Turbhe, Navi Mumbai. The paper provides a feasibility analysis in terms of both economics and design complexities using a Top-Down approach. The analysis suggests that grid integrated roof-top system is a more viable solution for city areas where available open space for the solar panels is the main constraint. If grid integrated PV systems are implemented on open rooftops in cities, it would become versatile utilization of roof-tops which otherwise would have been left unutilized. So, the study concludes that a simple grid-tied solar PV system is feasible to be implemented on any roof-top area in cities at an individual level with affordable expenses. Thus, popularizing the implementation of grid-integrated solar roof-top PV system makes productive utilization of roof-tops as well as contributes substantially towards sustainability and environment.
Published by: Yash Ajgaonkar, Mayuri Bhirud, Poornima Rao, Vinit Surve, Sreehari S.
Research Area: Electrical Engineering
11. Performance of LTE vehicle-to-vehicle
Interchanges Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) have seen enhancing consideration over the most recent couple of years. In this work, we specify the utilization of the 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard innovation connected to V2V. We create experimental models for the V2V channel, and show comes about because of far reaching PC reenactments, in light of both the uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) principles for LTE. We give results to 10 MHz and 20 MHz channels, as far as BER, BLER, phantom effectiveness and throughput, utilizing numerous MIMO modes. Results demonstrate the intriguing achievability of the LTE innovation in V2V correspondence frameworks..
Published by: Darshan S, Dr. K. V. Prasad
Research Area: Wireless
12. Magnitude of information technology and social media in Indian politics
When we talk about India and Information Technology (IT) sector, India has always been a great exporter of IT talent. Most of the executive working for the IT companies abroad are of Indian Origin. Maybe that’s the reason why it took so long for India to become an IT developing country. When we talk about IT, two major components which come are Mobile Phone and Social Networking. Not long back, just 6 or maybe 7 years ago who would have thought that the world today will be completely dependent on Mobile Phones and Social Networking. The Maps or ordering food, the Indian citizens completely rely on the technology around. From the poor to the rich everyone is relishing the assistance of the Internet. With this source of internet, many third-parties have been utilizing IT for their benefit as well. Whether its product advertising, news or image building, the internet has been an oracle in every possible way. Politics is one of the most selling topics in India. Since last 5 years, social media is the key constituent for all Political Parties and Politicians for connecting with the people. As per general discussion with few citizens, most of them know their local politician by social networking site than on ground level marketing. Any updates of completed work or upcoming events are being shared by political parties on the social networking platform. Because of this, the hoarding & marketing cost has been reduced. Even a person working as a volunteer in politics has his/her social networking account which is used for connecting with people.
Published by: Parimal Wagh
Research Area: Multimedia, Social Media, Politics
13. Finding the optimal cost for transportation of plywood and hardware in Mumbai
Transportation of raw materials within a city can be quite a daunting task. Various problems such as traffic conditions, temporary shut-down of roads, parking issues and low quantity of good increases the per unit cost of transportation and make it infeasible for the seller. The objective of this study is to provide a cost-minimizing solution by using the Modified Distribution Method on the transportation model. We quantify our hypothesis by using real life data of transportation of raw materials used by a furniture making firm based in Mumbai. Furthermore, additional restrictions were added to our model to reflect the real life problems that arise in transporting raw materials. The results showed that we were able to reduce the cost of transportation from ₹2,17,26,000 (quoted by the owner of the firm) to ₹1,98,50,000 (calculated using MODI method) by using the scientific method of the transportation problem. But when applying conditions like traffic movement & congestions and parking difficulties we notice an increase in cost. In conclusion, applying the Modified Distribution can help a firm manage its costs well and quote the appropriate price so as to not be in a loss-making solution.
Published by: Subin Oswal, Shubham Jatania, Sindhuja Thapliyal
Research Area: Operations Research
14. Security risk assessment in pension fund administration using ARM as a case study
In the current age of information systems, computers and related technologies have become inevitable to business. Financial institutions are among the top sectors that rely heavily on information systems for ease of operation. Information security comprises of risk assessment and risk management which plays a vital role in identifying risk, threats and vulnerabilities. This paper makes an attempt to perform an assessment on risk management in Pension Fund Administrators (PFA); a subsector of the financial institution. This study used a survey method to actually assess the risk that PFA customers are actually exposed to. In this study, we focused on only one PFA which is ARM Pension.
Published by: Samuel, J. A. Ojeniyi, M. Olalere, S. M. Abdulhamid
Research Area: Cyber Security
15. An intelligent car for physically handicapped with voice based control and vision based steering
People with physical disabilities have limited capabilities in moving, performing manual tasks and taking participation in some life activities. The objective of this paper is to bring to you a technology that helps those handicapped who don’t have healthy hands to run a vehicle by using head movement and the user can control the various sections of the car using voice recognition. This project will deal with Vehicle guidance and control based on human voice where the user can control the various sections of the car by Voice Recognition using MFCC Algorithm. At the start, the user can unlock / Lock the car doors using a voice-based password. Also, we will interface an Accelerometer Sensor to the user’s head. The user can control the steering of the car using the head movement. This project presents the design, implementation and experimental platform of a low-cost intelligent Vehicle for the physically disabled.
Published by: Vijay Berad, Dr. R. K. Patil, Nishant Chandane, Akshay Kamble
Research Area: Embedded System
16. Forming a mathematical relationship between voltage generated and sound inputted using piezoelectric plates
Today’s rate of population growth is soaring higher than ever and shows no signs of regressing. Consequently, more and more resources are being consumed at an accelerated rate. In lieu of this energy and resource crisis, many alternate energy harvesting systems are being designed. This project aims to understand and appreciate the potential of sound via piezoelectric materials as a source of electricity. The aim is to recognize the relation between frequency and SPL of a sound wave with the voltage that the sound is capable of producing.
Published by: Ritvik Singh
Research Area: Piezoelectricity
17. Vibration detection instrument based on Internet of Things
This project is based on Vibration Detection using the Internet of Things. Vibration monitoring is the measurement of passing movements in a structure. This project involves developing an SMS alert when unusual vibrations are detected. It includes a lab-based experiment of detecting vibrations when a different magnitude of the force is applied. This force causes the change in values of the sensor from its initial values. Values of acceleration can be seen on the webpage and analysis can be done when required. Considering the maximum magnitude at which destruction is high, the alert signal would be generated. This alert would be sent to different mobile phones using GSM Technology. With the help of this, we can be aware of the vibrations. Properly done, vibration monitoring can be extremely helpful in preventing damage to structures understanding the nature of the damage and ascertaining its cause. Currently, we are using Arduino microcontroller, accelerometer sensor, and GSM Module as our main components. The code of the Arduino Uno microcontroller is written in C++.
Published by: Urvashi Jindal, Vaibhav Gupta, Dr. Sujata Dash
Research Area: Internet Of Things
18. Perceptions of youth involvement in public policy making: A case study of selected areas within the La Nkwantanang Municipal Assembly, Ghana
The perceptions of youth involvement in public policymaking have been subject of discussion amongst various scholars around the globe. With youth confirming their displeasure in many ways (such as demonstrations and violent acts) about the failure of the communist authorities in involving them in policies that affect their present and future life, this study sought to investigate their perceptions of involvement in policymaking. In addressing these concerns the youth involvement model and political system model as well as objectives such as examining the relationship, effect and significance between youth involvement and public policy making in three communities within the La-Nkwantanang municipal assembly (the suburb of Accra Ghana) were included. Using the regression model with a quantitative approach as well as a random sampling technique to administering an adapted structured questionnaire to 120 sampled youth, results indicated that factors of youth involvement positively relate to public policy-making while views gathered indicated that youth-adult partnership factor relates more and should be a better approach to enhancing public policymaking. Secondly, results indicated that perceptions of youth involvement have a positive effect on public policy making. Lastly, perceptions of youth involvement were significant to public policymaking. It was however recommended that synergizing youth involvement factors such as community readiness, youth-adult partnership, youth leadership, and decision making as well as youth diversity will go along the way to limit the challenges that come with including the youth in public policy reforms.
Published by: Enoch Tufafa Koshi Adedze
Research Area: Public Policy
19. High performance computing v/s big data
Simulation has become a “must have” item in the technology toolbox for manufacturers who wish to optimize the product development process, reduce production costs, and speed-time-to market. Along with Big Data insights and HPC solutions, simulation can enhance the product design process by leveraging to drive product innovation, improve time to time value. These models (Big data and HPC) provide the advanced capabilities that are needed by the manufacturers to get to the market faster than their competition. In this paper, we analyze the ecosystems of the two prominent paradigms for data-intensive applications, hereafter referred to as the high-performance computing and the Big data paradigm. Further, the characteristics of the two paradigms have been discussed, along with comparisons and contrasts of the two approaches. It also covers the scope of these paradigms and sheds light upon the specific workloads that utilize them. At last, we discuss the convergence of both paradigms; the best of both world’s approach.
Published by: Nikita Mutreja, Sanyam Jhamb
Research Area: High Performance Data Analytics
20. Parameter tuning in firefly algorithm
Optimization means to find the best solution for any situation under given constraints. In today’s era, the problems are huge and complex. Nature always finds a way to deal with such problems efficiently in an optimized way. The computational algorithms which are inspired by nature to find solutions for such problems are called Nature inspired optimization algorithms. There are various nature-inspired algorithms and Firefly Algorithm (FA) is one among them. FA is a bio-inspired population-based stochastic algorithm which imitates the behavior of fireflies shown when they attract other fireflies. FA is an algorithm with many parameters that affect the accuracy and the convergence speed. A number of variants and parameter tuning related papers are available in the literature. In this paper first an introduction of Optimization, specifically Nature inspired optimization has been provided. Then, a detailed discussion about FA has been given. It is followed by a brief literature survey in which the work has been compared in tabular form to provide the readers with a better understanding. Further, we intend to improve the accuracy of Firefly algorithm by tuning the parameters namely α and βmin. A range of values of the above parameters is tested by forming their combinations to find out the mutual effect of both these parameters. These values are tested on a test bed of nine benchmark functions. The result is a combination of optimized values of both the parameters. The results are quite clear and provide a pair of optimized values of both the parameters.
Published by: Kavitha Rathore
Research Area: MetaHeuristic Algorithms
21. Influence of polypropylene fibers with admixtures in strengthening of concrete
This current project work involves an experimental and laboratory study of the Polypropylene fibers with two types of admixtures those are Quarry dust and Fly ash on the mechanical properties of the concrete used construction. In this experimental study involves two types of concrete mixes were prepared individually. Polypropylene fiber of 1% to 3% with Quarry dust of 0.1% to 0.3% and Polypropylene fiber of 1% to 4% with Fly ash of 0.1% to 0.4% by weight of cement were added to the mixes. After that, a comparative analysis has been carried out for conventional concrete to that of the fiber reinforced in relation to their compressive, split tensile and flexural properties. By the experimental work the compressive, split tensile and flexural strengths are proportionally increased both Polypropylene + Quarry dust and Polypropylene +Fly ash usage. It is observed that the optimum dosages of Polypropylene + Quarry dust is 3% + 0.3% Polypropylene +Fly ash is 4%+ 0.4% by weight of cement. In this project cost analysis is also determined for conventional concrete and fiber reinforced with admixtures individually using experimental test reports.
Published by: Kutikuppala Vidyasagar, Chappa Damodar Naidu
Research Area: Structures
22. Review on memory divisions in computer architecture
This Research Paper is totally concentrated to define different memory systems that are present in the market, and what is their importance in today’s generation. In this paper, we review the different hierarchies of the memory systems. It talks about cache-memory based systems and its various levels. Cache memories along with the virtual memories and processor registers form a field of memory hierarchies that depends on the principle of locality of reference. Most applications show the temporal and spatial zones among order and data. Then it describes about RAM (Random Access Memory) and its types which include DRAM (Dynamic Random-Access Memory) and SRAM (Static Random-Access Memory), it also describes the flash memory and its importance because of its small size and large memory containing abilities Memory hierarchies are intended to keep most likely referenced items in the fastest devices.
Published by: Mudit Jain, Devansh Patil, Tanay Parikh, Ayush Naidu, P Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
23. Survey on parallel data cloning and parallel programming
This paper review about parallel data processing and parallel programming a parallel processing is now become extremely famous for improving the speed to process something in the paper we evaluated.1. Different features of parallel computing.2. Parallel programming models.3. And structured parallel programming. We will be also discussing the machine learning and the important area where parallel computing can be useful in enhancing the capabilities of what machine learning can do and the generated models and method of parallel programming. We will be also simulating the advantage of parallel computing by comparing it with existing methods and how Hadoop can help for cluster handling.
Published by: Abhay Nigam, Kartik Bansal, Devdutta Basu, Pranay Kavishwar, P. Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
24. Review on evolution of storage devices
With the Fast development of the internet, Decrease in the cost of storage and the improvement made to the storage devices with greater capacity resulted in the creation of an environment with a large amount of data. Things like Consistency, Performance, Data Preservation, Manageability, Security etc. have become extremely important for storage devices. We explain in this research paper how storage devices have evolved over the years.
Published by: Shubham Sharma, Sagar Mundra, Kapil Malakar, P. Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
25. A review at storage systems and pipelining
An external storage device is a device that contains all the addressable storage that is not inside computers main memory. It has types including removable and non-removable, permanent and non-permanent. External storage is often used to store information that's accessed less frequently by applications running on a desktop, laptop, server or mobile devices, such as an Android or iOS smartphone or tablet. When moving large amounts of data to the cloud, providers will usually use external storage devices in a practice commonly referred to as cloud seeding. Pipelining is an implementation technique in which more than one instruction is overlapped in execution. The computer pipeline is divided into stages. Each stage performs and finishes a part of an instruction in parallel. The stages are related and connected one to the next to form a pipe - instructions enter at one end, progress through the stages, and exit at the other end. Pipelining does not decrease the time span essential for individual instruction execution. Instead, it enhances instruction throughput. The throughput of the instruction pipeline is estimated and evaluated by how often an instruction exits the pipeline. Under these constraints, the progress rate from pipelining equals the number of pipe stages. Usually, the stages will not be accurately well balanced; besides, the pipelining itself involves some overlook on the inner aspect. Pipelining is usually viewed as reducing the C.P.I. (Cycles Per Interval)
Published by: Yogesh Sigar, Shubham Malhotra, Soyal Sharma, Shetty Manvith, P. Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
26. The survey of concepts of architecture in RISC and CISC computers
In the ever-growing world of computer architecture, Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) is one of the major components of a computer system, as it provides the information about the instructions present in the system prior to the programmer. Having various implementations and uses it is classified into various categories, RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) and CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) being two, both being a bit different in their basic architecture and working. Both CISC and RISC architectures continue to be widely used. The research topic on CISC and RISC has been a well-known research area for many years. Since modern processors have to address both power consumption and performance, it is important to compare these architectures to support future project decisions. Our paper also includes basic details regarding the various addressing modes, instruction formats along with the instruction execution cycle giving detailed information about RISC and CISC processors simultaneously.
Published by: Muskan Saxena, Ojaswini Nimbalkar, Vidhi Jaiswal, Vishakha Pandey, P. Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
27. Review on relationship between compiler design and computer architecture
A compiler is a software structure which achieves the job of compiling and executing High-Level Language codes with the hardware computer architectures present. Previously, applications were often made through assembly language programming or for a specific kernel. Compiler technology and its influence on hardware performance were isolated from the architecture and its performance. However, now the compiler significantly affects the performance of a computer. Hence, understanding compiler technology is critical to the design and efficient implementation of an instruction set. Although the compilers are designed as per the language to be executed upon, their efficient functioning very much depends on the hardware used. A perfect balance between compilers and computer architectures, which varies according to the code to be executed, is the key to fruitful designing of highly efficient and effective computer systems. It is very imperative to study the relations of computer architecture and compiler from embedded microcontrollers to large-scale multiprocessor systems. There are some aspects to which the compiler and the computer architecture must agree, such as regularity, orthogonality, and compensability. So, the construction of a good compiler rests on both compiler design and computer architecture. There is an evident mutual dependency.
Published by: Punit Mishra, Ruturaj Sahu, Rahul Dev Singh, P. Sanjeevi
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering
28. Hybrid technique to enhance image for better image segmentation
Segmentation is a technique to break the image into parts. But to get better segmentation there is a condition that image must be free from noise. To get image free from noise denoising model is used which remove the noise by producing the required pixel and also correct the incorrect pixel. Here image taken is an X-ray image, In this paper, the 3x3 matrix window is taken. In this window average of the pixel value is calculated. This algorithm rechecks the best fitness value of each pixel and makes appropriate changes. But due to Recovery, it needs some enhancement. So to get enhanced image enhancement technique is applied to enhance the image as an original image. Then the segmentation is applied to get a segmented image. The performance of the proposed model has been estimated under various experiments. The results are found improved for all of the dataset images on the basis of PSNR (peak signal to noise ratio) and SSIM (structural similarity) based parameters.
Published by: Rajesh Kumar, Pankaj Sharma, Puneet Jain
Research Area: DIP
29. Computer aided analysis on the effect of carbon fiber in disc brake
The paper describes the design of carbon fiber-epoxy resin brake rotor for disk brake arrangement and analysis it using ANSYS. This design process is carried out by using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Furthermore, the analysis is performed by using ANSYS software. The main objective of the project is to design and analyze the thermal and structural stress distribution of brake rotor at the real-time condition during the braking process. The study of stress distribution in Brake disk while running condition is carried out for the carbon fiber material and it is compared with the existing one. The optimization is carried out to reduce the stress concentration and weight of the brake rotor which keeps the unsprung mass low thereby increasing the stability of the vehicle. The structural model of brake rotor is developed in CATIA software with the material of carbon fiber. In addition to this Silicon Carbide is added to increase the wear resistance of the brake rotor. The composite consists of mainly two-phase i.e. matrix and fiber. The major outcome of the paper is to study the different stress distribution in the brake disk using carbon fiber and compare with the conventional brake disk with the temperature, stress distribution, and weight. Fiber reinforced polymer composites have numerous preferences, for example, a generally minimal fort of creation, simple to create and better quality contrast than perfect polymer tars due with this reason fiber is used enormous usage in the material to strengthened.
Published by: Saravanakumar S., P. Sakthivel, S. Naveen Venkatesh
Research Area: Design
30. Impact of strategic learning dimensions on academic entrepreneurship for Iraqi higher education institutions
The main objective of this study is to analyze the impact of strategic learning dimensions on academic entrepreneurship for Iraqi higher education institutions . For this purpose, we work with a sample of 113 respondents in university in Iraq. In this context, four dimensions of strategic learning and entrepreneurship, based on a set of weighted factors. The results of the study show that the university presents strategic knowledge interpretation and creation in a high degree, while strategic knowledge implementation and distribution are presented in a medium degree. On the other hand, the dimensions of strategic learning have a positive influence on the academic entrepreneurship of institutions.
Published by: Dr. Jinan Mahdi Aldahhan, Zayad Ali Abbas, Ghaidaa Mohammed Ali Albayati
Research Area: Business Management
31. Evaluation of STPs in Jamshedpur city: design of a 45mld STP and reuse option in Jamshedpur city
Effluent quality of the treated wastewater is an important parameter for its reuse. Comprehensive data on the raw and treated effluent of domestic, medical, industrial effluent characteristic are not available in Jamshedpur city, therefore a comparative study of the existing treatment plants in the city was carried out to access the effluent quality for present and future reuse. The study further evaluates the water of 6 STPs in Jamshedpur and 1 STP in Puri. For the reuse of the treated wastewater four parameters are necessary to check i.e. BOD, COD, TSS, pH which was carried out in the study. These STPs are based on the Activated Sludge Process (ASP), Anaerobic treatment (UASBR), BIOFORE, MBBR. STPs employing MBBR and UASBR technology showed the better removal of COD, BOD, and TSS removal as compared to other treatment process based on STPs. There could be improvisation in the current wastewater treatment for better treatment so; a proposed treatment scheme is designed for wastewater treatment plant after the study of different treatment plants. Based upon the physical, chemical, and microbiological removal efficiencies, the actual integrated efficiency of each STP was calculated (IEa) to evaluate its suitability for reuse in irrigation, gardening, and industrial purpose. Two biggest plants of Jamshedpur “kharkai” and “bara” required modification in the treatment process for better reuse of the effluent. Possible reuse option in Jamshedpur and Puri depending on the geographical location has been investigated which include gardening, automobile washing, boiler feed, cooling towers, irrigation, etc. All the experiments were done in Bara laboratory and some necessary data were taken from JUSCO Ltd (Jamshedpur).
Published by: Kumar Rishabh, Pawan Taneja, Arijit Chakraborty, Prakash Nigam, Pratibha Warwade
Research Area: Wastewater
32. Bandwidth optimization using different algorithm techniques in wireless sensor networks
The main aim of this bandwidth optimization is to transmit data packets from the sender to the receiver without any time delay and loss of packets. Using high bandwidth utilization we can send data to the users with low delay. In this paper, we discussed many algorithm techniques which can minimize the energy consumption, minimal time delay, avoiding un-usable bandwidth on the routing network, execution time. It makes a flexible network between users, avoid traffic rules and provide good network services between the peer to peer systems. The main purpose of this optimization is to provide quality packets from sender to receiver and vice versa at the same time, like a video or audio data by initializing without loss of any IP address. It builds a large bandwidth to transmission of data from source to destination. And it reduces the unusable bandwidth. We used some logarithms to transfer the data in equal time and increase bandwidth as well as transmission of speed.
Published by: P. Rupesh Reddy, K. Venkata Pavan, A. Dinesh Reddy, R. Manikanta, Dr. I. Chandra
Research Area: Networking
33. Educational aspects of internet
The Internet has played a prominent role in evolving student-teacher relationship. Of late, the relationship has been evolving over the WEB CLASS. With various advancements in the field of internet and the world wide web, the involvement and communication between students and teachers have increased. Unlike the traditional classrooms where learning takes place face-to-face, online classes rely on one or more electronic mediums. Such virtual classrooms are gaining prominence and popularity and are steadily turning into an inseparable part of our lives. This is because of the ease with which information can be shared over electronic media. With the ever-increasing number of internet points, e-learning is also gaining momentum. E-Learning has proved to be a boon for all students, especially for the ones who are disabled and find it cumbersome to move to a certain physical location. Such needs demand the development of as many open source software as possible for producing high-quality multimedia content for e-learning. Since e-learning is coming across as an evolving concept in today's instructive scenario, much focus has been diverted towards its various formats, for example, learning management systems (LMSs) and massive open online courses (MOOCs). The main aims of this paper are: (a) to get a glimpse of the history of e-learning, (b) to discuss the various applications of e-web classes, (c) to compare and contrast the various e-web classes available
Published by: Digant Kaushik, Archit Garg, Dr. Balamurugan J.
Research Area: Mass Media
34. A coordinated control scheme of PSS and FACTS devices for improving power system stability
Nowadays, the continuous growth in power demand leads to expansion of the Power System network which makes existing system more sensitive and prone to instability. An important issue associated with the stability of a multi-area power system is low-frequency electromechanical oscillations from the multi-machine system. Generally, Power System Stabilizer (PSS) are used to compensate low-frequency electromechanical oscillation of interconnected Power System, but local PSS does not have global observance and controllability of inter-area low-frequency oscillation because of a control signal of local PSS and generated a local signal. So next resolution is Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) device with supplementary controller, that are used for effective damping of low-frequency electromechanical oscillations of interconnected Power System and to improve Power System stability. This paper presents Coordination control of PSS and FACTS Devices to damp out low-frequency electromechanical oscillation. In this research study, we use different FACTS Devices like Static VAR Compensator (SVC), Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC), Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), and Unified Power Flow Compensator (UPFC) to damp out low frequency electromechanical oscillation from a Multi-machine Power System and improve the stability of Interconnected Power System. Analyzing result of all FACTS devices on simulation, we found that UPFC gives a better response. Due to re-activeness, FACTS device like UPFC are considered and assessed for their damping controller design. In this research, we studied the implementation of supplementary Power Oscillation Damping (POD) Controller to control UPFC. POD Controller are designed to improve the dynamic performance of interconnected Power System under the transient condition to stabilize Power System. Some simulation results are carried out on Kundur Two area Four Machine systems under small disturbances. From simulation result, it reveals that the proposed controller damp-out low-frequency electromechanical oscillations effectively to improve Power System stability under small disturbance.
Published by: Kiran Singh, Rohit Kumar, Prabhakar Kumar
Research Area: Electrical Engineering
35. A critical review on noise absorbing construction material from waste(s)
This study reveals the concept and applications of noise absorbing panels which is made from different materials both natural and artificial. As a part of green construction and to reduce waste from the coir industry which is located in and around Coimbatore in large numbers. A noise absorbing panel is designed and made from the coir with addition of polypropylene. The prepared sample is tested and the result is compared with other artificial made panels.
Published by: A. Aneesul Nayeem, Dr. K. Murali
Research Area: Construction Engineering And Management
36. Factors that cause delay in construction project- A critical review
The occurrence of a delay in the construction project is a common problem in civil engineering. The delay is defined as a situation where the actual progress of a construction project is slower than the planned schedule or late completion of the project. The problem of delay occurs during the life of the project leading to disputes and litigation. The delay will result in several negative effects like conflicts between owner, contractors and consulting, loss of productivity and exaggerated prices. This paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature. The list of construction delay causes is collected and grouped together, are ranked. The result of this paper gives the major causes of delay.
Published by: Haritha C., Dr. K. Murali
Research Area: Construction Management
37. A survey on diminishing schemes for visible light communication
In the visible light communication in which data is superimposed on light, the communication range is visible. In pulse position modulation, for instance, when one image utilizes four openings, quad data can be sent by turning on just a single space among the four openings and killing the other three openings. In this strategy, the brightness becoming ¼ and feels not flicker but rather darker than when it is always on. Then again, when-when inverted pulse position modulation in which these openings of ON and OFF are switched is utilized, since one space is OFF, and three openings are ON, the brightness becomes 3/4, which does not turn out to be too dark. In this paper, we analyzed a crossbreed adjustment that can change the brilliance other than 1/4(25%) or 3/4(75%) by joining these pulse position modulation and reversed heartbeat position modulation. Visible Light Communication (VLC) utilizing light discharging diodes (LEDs) is an innovation that gives a chance to rapid minimal effort remote correspondence, being an option for successful and effective correspondence that can adapt to the real fast remote administrations request. This paper focuses around darkening mechanism that can be implemented in VLC frameworks to save energy and give exact illumination control. The inspiration behind this control mechanism, decrease and flow difficulties in down to earth usage, driver hardware, ongoing advancement, and future prospects are additionally concisely introduced.
Published by: K. Siva Prasad, U. Srikanth, U. Venkatesh, P. Sisindri, Dr. I. Chandra
Research Area: Electronics and Communication Enigineering
38. Structural behaviour of ferrocement self compacting concrete using M-sand under axial and lateral pressure load
Present Paper describes the structural performance of ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks under pressure loads. The structural performance of the all tested tanks in terms of strength, cracking behavior and energy absorption was investigated. An experimental program was designed in the current work to examine the structural performance of ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks under pressure loads. The self -compacted concrete is an innovative product in civil engineering field in India. In this paper discussed about the using ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks is better than the conventional concrete tanks.
Published by: M. Naveen Kumar, P. Mahakavi
Research Area: Ferrocement Tanks
39. Does internet change the concept of education: An institute based cross sectional study to reveal the opinion of the students about classroom teaching and internet as an education
The Internet is the latest mode of communication technologies that have been widely adopted by the students and consequently has the potential to become a valuable resource to support their educational queries and communication with their peers. In our study, we tried to found out their view about learning through this new approach and conventional classroom teaching. An Institute based cross-sectional study was designed with all the 109 first year M.B.B.S students. After getting the ethics committee clearance and informed consent from the students, questionnaires were given to them. They responded according to the question asked. The data were analyzed in Microsoft Excel 2010 package. View of the students varies. They all appreciated both types of teaching, but weightage of each have some advantages of their own. Through this cross-sectional study result, we can conclude that “internet, if used judiciously on behalf of both teachers and student that could be powerful teaching aids.”
Published by: Dr. Debjani Laha, Dr. Ranjan Pal
Research Area: Technology and Education
40. Organic farming – An excellent transition an analysis of the farmers’ perception and its impact on attitude towards organic farms
Organic produce offers the safest products for human consumption. India’s traditional farming was organic but due to the food shortage during 1960s the Government of India reformed farming practices by adding chemical products for cultivation, diseases and weed management to fulfill the food deficiency. There was increase in production and productivity in chemical or conventional farming and our country was able to satisfy the food shortage. The current scenario is that people are looking forward for an healthy and safe style of living and are preferring organic products. To be more familiar with the concept of organic farming the comparison between organic farming and conventional farming is studied. Also an extensive literature survey has been done. In this study the following objectives have been fulfilled and hypotheses are framed and tested. To study the demographic characteristics of the selected organic farmers in Chennai, To study and analyse the perception of Organic Farmers on the various aspects of Organic Farming in Chennai, To analyse the attitude of Organic Farmers towards Organic Farming in Chennai and To identify the problems faced by the Organic Farmers in Chennai. A total of 60 farmers practicing organic farming system were taken up for the study by convenience sampling method. The study was carried out in Chennai city. The study is based on both primary and secondary data. . The Primary data was collected from the respondents by means of a questionnaire. The data analysis is carried out by applying descriptive and inferential statistics. The major findings of the study were that the farmers have favourable Attitude towards Organic Farming but the problems faced by farmers with respect to Organic Farming are more. Suggestions for the problem faced by the farmers are also given based on the results of the present study and concluded that the system of organic farming will help the future generation to a large extent by attaining a healthy environment and it is well understood that organic farming can bring a total change in the surroundings for the environmental sustainability.
Published by: Dr. Fahmeeda Yasmeen
Research Area: Organic Farming
41. A review on types of nanocomposites and their applications
The world becomes smaller and smaller due to the development of nanotechnology. The term nanotechnology defines the performance on a nanometer scale with many applications. Nanocomposites are materials made of different components and mixed at nanoscale which draws unusual properties with unique design possibilities. In this present work, various recent applications of nanocomposites were discussed. The potential of nanocomposites is used in various areas ranging from food packaging to biomedical applications. Nanocomposites are environment-friendly so they offer new technology and business opportunities for several sectors of the aerospace, automotive, electronics and biotechnology industries, medical, food industries etc.,
Published by: Sachinjith K. R., Swathi Krishna K. R.
Research Area: Nanotechnology
42. Development of village as a smart village– A critical review
“The Future of India lies in its villages” Mahatma Gandhiji. A smart village knows about its citizen, available resources, applicable services, and schemes. It knows what it needs and when its needs. The concept of the smart village makes the villages self-sufficient in respect of their needs. It will encompass a sustainable and inclusive development of all sections of the village community so as they enjoy a high standard of living. This paper presents the development of the village as a smart village by providing the basic facilities in a hasty manner from past literature. We make smart villages by taking a smart decision using smart technologies and services. The result of this paper gives the better rural development of smart villages in India.
Published by: R. Karthick Vignesh, R Shanmuga Priyan
Research Area: Civil Engineering
43. Study on development and quality evaluation of fasting purpose biscuits by using buckwheat flour sago flour and peanuts flour
The composite flour was based on fasting ingredients Buckwheat flour (shingadaata), Sago flour (sabudanaata), Peanut flour (mongfaliatta). Fasting biscuits were prepared by using Buckwheat flour is a good and inexpensive source of carbohydrate are considered as a foodstuff of high nutritional value. Sago flour contains more amount of calorie (350), carbohydrate (85.5g), fat (0.2g) and protein (0.2g). It also provides a large amount of starch low amount of minerals, vitamins. Peanuts flour improves satiety and helps to maintain weight loss. Milk powder, saltless butter, sugar, and cardamom thoroughly were mixed, coconut powder used for garnishing and sodium bicarbonate used as a preservative increased the safety and quality of biscuits. By making the combination of these flour became nutritionally advantageous. In this experimensT1(100:0:0),T2(90:10:0),T3(90:0:10),T4(80:10:10,)T5(80:0:20),T6(60:20:20),T7(80:10:10).Buckwheat, Sago, and peanut flour respectively in various proportion were used to prepared three blended flour samples from which fasting biscuits were prepared. The proximate composition of the various flour blends used for the preparation of fasting biscuits was determined using standard methods. The physicochemical analysis and sensory evaluation were done to know the acceptability of fasting biscuits. Sensory evaluation by taste flavor texture overall acceptability of fasting biscuits was also done. The biscuit analyzed for analytical and chemical analysis includes moisture content, crude fat, crude protein, total sugar, and carbohydrate content. Physical evaluation showed that there was no change in diameter and spread ratio of biscuits as compared to control. However, hardness and strength of biscuits increased with increase in the quantity of sago flour. Combination of these flour biscuits having high calorie and low-fat content compared to wheat flour. From proximate analysis showed that the moisture content of fasting biscuit samples ranged between % fat content of sample T7 is very low in fat content 32.04% that is best for diabetes patients. Data obtain from the sensory scores clearly indicated that significantly higher scores were observed for appearance, taste, color, texture, flavor and overall acceptability in fasting biscuits containing flour Buckwheat, Sago and peanut flour respectively ratio of (60:20:20). Result obtained could be valuable for the bakery industries to utilize the nutritional advantage of fasting biscuits is high compared to buckwheat flour biscuits
Published by: Sneha Shukla, Mayank Tripathi, K. L. Bala, Avanish Kumar
Research Area: Fasting Perpuse Biscuits
44. Antimicrobial activity of substituted fluoro derivatives of benzyl amine with benzofuran
In the present project, the synthesis of substituted benzopyran derivatives have been reported as one-pot reaction by reaction of 2,2 Dimethyl-2,7b dihydro-1 aH- oxireno[2,3-c] chromen-5-yl acetate with ethanol and 4- methyl benzylamine. The synthesized compounds in this work were screened in vitro for their antimicrobial activity against some strains of bacteria. The antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds were compared with the antibacterial activity of the standard antibiotics Ciprofloxacin. The tested compounds revealed antibacterial properties. This review is summarized to know about the different pharmacological activities of Benzopyran nucleus with the extended knowledge about its antimicrobial activity.
Published by: Mejo Joseph, Dr. S. Alaxander
Research Area: Pharmacy
45. Development of safe flying protocol aided by Artificial Intelligence
The paper is about how machine learning can impact the air traffic control systems and future proof it.
Published by: Karan Ganesh, Jessysonia S. P., Ajith Raj R., Rohith I. J.
Research Area: Air Traffic Control
46. Ovarian cancer sign, symptoms and detection techniques
The current medical field is improved in many ways by accessing the applications of the technology. Digital image processing is one of them that being fascinating for researchers as well as for doctors such as ultrasound images and others. Due to various reasons, the diseases are growing rapidly, Cancer is one of them. Basically, cancer is a disease in which the blood cells grow uncontrollably and abnormal that causes diseases. Ovarian cancer is the most occurred form of the disease in females and every year the majority of females are survived from it. The cancer is produced in the ovaries and spread in the other parts of the body. The detection and diagnosis are crucial in the early stages because of the diagnosis become harder at the last stages. In the research, a deep representation of ovarian cancer is described as its generating process, signs and symptoms and the major causes of ovarian cancer. There are also descriptions of various diagnosis techniques that helped to discover the cancer cells and treatment of the patient.
Published by: Uroosa Shafi, Sugandha Sharma
Research Area: Artificial Intelligence
47. Diabetes analysis using machine learning methods
In this paper, various kinds of algorithms are explained that include Support Vector Machine. The aim is to improve efficiency in different parameters by describing the classification approach for detecting diabetes. In this, it will predict diabetes with SVM.SVM will classify the data into positive and negative data points. In this, we predict the diabetes of Type 1and Type 2.Type 1is a type of diabetes that has no cure. Type 2 diabetes is common diabetes. It develops from child. Diabetes is the fastest growing problem with more health and economic results. The increasing rate is predicted to increase to 430 million. Different types of data mining techniques are used. With SVM it will predict better accuracy. When we will predict the result with SVM, it will give accuracy. With prediction of different parameters, we can predict the target value. With diabetes, there can be eye blindness, stress and many more can happen. With the help of data mining, we can aware about diabetes. In this paper, mention all the data mining techniques, types of classifiers. At the end, In this paper describes the diabetes types and what we have done and accuracy of the data. Type 2 diabetes is not easy to predict all the effects.
Published by: Harwinder Kaur, Gurleen Kaur
Research Area: Data Mining
48. The classification scheme for the heart disease prediction
With the enormous enhancement of diseases in medical and the other communities of healthcare, it is extremely important to have an analysis of the heart diseases at the early stages. Since, nowadays it is very important to detect the diseases and lessen the death of patients at early stages. Every person has different values of cholesterol, blood pressure and many more that are linked with heart disease prediction. But it has scientifically proven that the normal person blood pressure is counted to be 120/90 along with this the pulse rate and the cholesterol value is 72. In this paper, the various “machine learning algorithms” are explained that include Support Vector Machine, Decision tree, neural network and many more are explained so that complete description can be provided. Along with this, the entire description of the heart disease has been provided that depicts about the need for the topic to be selected. There are some of the issues present in the Data Mining algorithm that are also described in the paper. The ultimate aim is to improve efficiency in different parameters by describing the classification approach for detecting heart disease. The parameters on which the prediction can be done are the age, serum cholesterol, gender, blood pressure, pulse rate. The accuracy and the efficiency in the prediction can be increased only if the number of attributes is more. For the classification of heart disease, the most efficient algorithm is the Support Vector Machine algorithm since it will not only reduce the prediction time but will also improve the efficiency of the algorithm.
Published by: Saloni Kapoor, Ashwinder Tanwar
Research Area: Data Mining
49. Coronary heart disease monitoring system based on wireless sensors
An intelligent cardiac auscultation is the process of monitoring the heart beat signals variations of a patient monitoring system for monitoring the patients health condition automatically through sensors based connected networks in Internet of Things (IoT). It detects the critical condition of a patient by processing sensors data and instantly provides push notification to doctors. There is no process of monitoring of a particular cardiac disease which can lead to loss of life due to improper checkups and not following the lifestyle proposed by the doctor. In our proposed system, coronary heart disease monitoring based on wireless sensors are used to monitor cardiac patient for 24/7 without any human intervention using piezoelectric sensors which is used to measure artery thickness by the flow of blood vessels and extract the waveform. The waveform is classified into normal and abnormal waveform. These abnormal waveform is sent to mobile application where it receives the data and plots the signal curves in real-time. The mobile application acts as the display device and has the capability to upload data to a cloud platform for further analysis and an intimation is sent to the cardiologist. The authorized Cardiologist can get access to the cloud platform to get the dataset and results via any peripheral devices which are equipped with speciﬁc software and diagnose the results.
Published by: Esther Grace M, Dr. S. Sobitha Ahila, P. Hari Kumar
Research Area: Internet Of Things
50. Automatic speech recognition system
The Speech recognition systems are diﬃcult and challenging as the same word can be spelled in many ways also change in accent has a huge impact on the accuracy of speech recognition. Most of the ASR systems in use today are designed to recognize speech in English. The major objective of this research is to design an ASR system which recognizes discrete words from Hindi language & controls some action depending on the provided input. The input voce is captured using a microphone which are then preprocessed using several algorithms like Dynamic Time Wrapping (DTW), Hidden Markov Model (HMM) etc. This paper aims at developing a simplified technique for recognition of speech spoken in the Hindi language by first modeling the system on computer-based design and then deploying it on an embedded system.
Published by: Ishrat Sultana, Nirmaljeet Kaur Pannu
Research Area: Artificial Intelligence
51. Optimization of application techniques for quenched and tempered steel-S550Q
EN10025-6 S550Q is high strength steel classified under quenched and tempered (Q&T) manufacturing technique.S550Q is specially designed and used by us for welded steel structures for the purpose of heavy lifting and lowering. The entire processing techniques like cutting, edge preparation, welding, and bending are of major importance to the consistency of fabricated structure. This study comprises of an introduction to HSS-S550Q and addresses various important variables by practically. The following main factors are taken to consideration heat input during cutting, edge preparation, and welding, cooling cycle, Hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) Stress Relieving (SR) is mandatory after weld fabrication. The first was to establish a need for SR to achieve desirable weldment properties.SR has been reported to have Complementary benefits such as tempering of WM and HAZ regions and allowing the effusion/diffusion of hydrogen away from the weld region. Bend testing of cross-weld samples was used to qualify the ductility of the weldment before and after SR. In addition, impact, tensile and hardness properties, microstructures were quantified before and after SR.
Published by: Prakash K, R. Kumar, Dr. M. V. Venkatesan
Research Area: Metallurgy
52. Implementation of lean manufacturing tools to enhance the productivity of agro equipment industry
5S is one of the best tools of Lean Manufacturing systems. a small scale industry plays an important role in Indian economy. In an organization the prime importance is given to the quality and productivity. A problem come across due to the effects in materials, down time in production, working conditions and housekeeping etc. This Paper deals with the 5S implementation in an industry, Implementation of 5S can result in considerable improvements in environmental performance beside with improved housekeeping and health and safety.5S can improve the quality, productivity and working conditions in organizations. The improvements before and after 5S implementation is shown by pictures in the paper. It also intends to build a stronger work ethic within the management and workers who would be expected to continue the good practices.
Published by: Ruchika Anil Adhau, Dr. Javed G. Khan, Dr. S. P. Trikal
Research Area: Lean
53. An art of review presenting the contrast study of Linux Mint Container and virtual machine for premises cloud
In today’s real word, Cloud computing is Being supported with varied assistance (service) manner, and it is quite realizable that an actual implementation and Assistance (service) at an effective scenario. Within expand of cloud computing methodology, although many agencies offer many strain of podium along research the applicable methodology. In the company of another podium, we are about to discuss the presentation for contrast study of Linux Mint Container based and Virtual Machine within this paper. We design as well create Cloud scenario first on Dockers which is being depending on Linux Mint Container and Host machine (Hypervisors) which is Effective Machinery, or (Virtual Machine) then we inspect each an every proportion, jackboot momentum, and central processing unit (CPU) staging. Under this Study case out-turn, a consumer will able to follow and understands predictable of each in the soapbox, and that will be virtuoso to pick out the soapbox intentionally what are they actually need.
Published by: Ram Krishna Verma
Research Area: Cloud Computing Environment Using Containers
54. Survey on black hole
A Black hole is a region of space from which nothing, including light, can escape. According to the general theory of relativity, it is the result of the curving of space-time caused by being composed of dense mass. Around a black hole, there is a position of no return, called the event horizon. Stellar black holes are made when the center of the very big star falls in upon itself, or collapses. When this happens, it causes a supernova. A supernova is an exploding star that blasts part of the star into space. Scientists think supermassive black holes were made at the same time as the galaxy they are in. Around a black hole, there is a position of no return, called the event horizon. It is called “Black” because it absorbs all the light that hits it, reflecting nothing, just like a perfect black body in thermodynamics. The name also said to be taken from the black hole incidence happened in Calcutta. Under the theory of quantum mechanics black holes have a temperature and emit Hawking radiation, which makes them slowly get smaller.
Published by: Priya Rathore
Research Area: Physics
55. Analysis of some aspects that influence employees’ performance in Bangladesh
There is no universal principal theory about employee performance. The effectiveness is an important foundation for how organizations perform with their management, development, and stimulation to their employees. People management has a noteworthy influence on performance and employees' comportment in relation to the organizational presentation can explicit itself in three different ways; task execution, organizational citizenship accomplishment (Soft performance) and workplace divergent behavior. Recently, most of the companies or institutions are fully conscious about employee’s performance or about to discover the customs through which high level of employee’s act can be accomplished is becoming one of the intent aspects to any organization progress. Employee Performance Management is about to bring into a line of the administrative goals with the employees' approved procedures, assistance, proficiency necessities, development strategies and the distribution of consequences. Manpower performance can be amplified by putting efforts to factors that boost the employees’ motivational level, creativity, job gratification, and coziness workstation atmosphere, etc.  There are lots of factors that influence on employee performance and the main topic of the study revolves around those variables. This study will focus on the impact of leadership, training, motivation, organizational culture and working environment on the employees’ performance in different types of sectors like government, private or semi-government sector in Bangladesh. It will also highlight how these variables affect the performance either positively or negatively.
Published by: Tahsin Sharmila Raisa
Research Area: Business Studies
56. Impact of vegetation in mitigating the urban heat island effect at Vishrantwadi, Pune, India
A growing majority of 55% global population now resides in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68% by 2050. One of the consequences of such an increase in urban development may be the empirically observed phenomenon of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. This paper presents the analysis of microclimatic conditions in urban street canyons in a city location Vishrantwadi, Pune, India. A number of field measurements were carried out during summer 2017 aiming at the investigation of the microclimate parameters that affect thermal conditions in the city’s streets. The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of vegetation on UHI mitigation in Vishrantwadi based on field measurements through IR Gun on an area consisted by several building blocks carried out in adjacent greenery and non-greenery spaces during summer time. The recommendation of this study will help Architects and Urban planners to find the manual to know how to use vegetation to mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect.
Published by: Arputa Jayasheela M A, Jyoti Jain Tholiya
Research Area: Architecture
57. A study on profile characteristics of child labour in rolled gold industry in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh
The child is believed to be the gift of the god. He must be nurtured with care and affection within the family and the society. Unfortunately, due to socio-economic factors the incidence of neglect, abuse and deprivation particularly in the poverty-afflicted sections of the society has gradually increased. It is a tragedy that the children who are hidden as desire in the hearts of their mothers and enjoy immense affection of their parents are, in million, compelled to work as labourers. In this article reviewed about the profile of the child labour employed in the Rolled Gold Industry. This included and data collected on age of the child, social status of the family caste, economic status of the family housing possession, family type, family size, ordinal position of the child, Occupation of the parents, Parents living status.
Published by: Dr. B. S. Kanthi Sri
Research Area: Home Science
58. Detection of lung cancer using computerized tomography scan: A review
Lung cancer is very effective and causes deadly diseases among human. It is detected in the last stage, not in the initial stage, which can give the worst results. It also defects other parts of the body. Lung cancer has two types i.e non-small lung cancer and small lung cancer. Smoking can be one of the main reason of lung cancer. This can be diagnosis by the different techniques Many techniques were used to detect lung cancer, but CT is better for accurate results using imaging techniques. CT scan is helpful in predicting the performance of classification. Classification plays a major role in image analysis. Firstly, ct scan image as an input pass to the system through the image processing and then segmentation is performed. The main components of the structure is ct scan images, segmentation, nodule detection, feature extraction. Training data and testing data is used to determine the accuracy of both the algorithms and check the better accuracy. The main objective is to evaluate the computed tomography technique through SVM and then compare it with Naive Bayes to increase the accuracy, but there are some limitations to reach 100%.
Published by: Sakshi Sharma
Research Area: Machine Learning
59. Effectiveness of positive behavior therapy upon stress among nursing students
Stress is a common phenomenon among most individuals today and can be related to education, job, relationship, financial and other pressures. Stress is experienced by every human being irrespective of age, sex or nationality. A pre-experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the Positive Behavior Therapy upon Stress among fifty Nursing students at selected Nursing College, Chennai. Fifty Nursing students were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using Demographic Variable Proforma and Stress questionnaire among selected Nursing students through self-administrative method. A rating scale was used to assess the level of satisfaction of Nursing students regarding Positive Behavior Therapy. Positive Behavior Therapy was administered to reduce stress among Nursing students. Results: Study findings revealed that obtained post-test mean value 35 ± 10.8 was lower than pre-test mean value 44.5± 9.5 (P<0.001). Conclusion: Positive Behavior Therapy was effective in reducing stress among Nursing students.
Published by: Stella Mary I., Dr. Chidambaranathan, Dr. Lizy Sonia
Research Area: Nursing
60. Effect of waviness in the bearing on the life of rotating element
Rotating structures or more general structures with constant but otherwise arbitrary velocity are important elements of machinery as rotor shafts and blades of the propellers, helicopters or the wind turbines. Vibrations in such structures require special attention. The vibrations may cause a reduction in the life cycle of the rotating elements. But it must be noted that some vibration frequencies can be acceptable for the rotating element to sustain its life cycle. Sometimes, the vibrations may not have any impact on the life of the rotating element. That is the reason this study is undertaken. This project intends to study the impact of vibrations on the life cycle of the rotating elements when the vibrations are due to waviness in the bearing. One of the main objectives of the project is to study the frequency at which the elements can be rotated with waviness in the bearing without affecting the life cycle of the elements. In this project, the 3D model of the bearing and rotating elements is modeled in modeling software and analyzed in ANSYS. Then the vibration frequencies for which the rotating element will sustain its life is analyzed using Vibration and Fatigue analysis in ANSYS. Then for that frequency, an experimental analysis is conducted for evaluating the rpm of the rotating elements.
Published by: Pratibha Kale, Santosh R. Wankhade
Research Area: Mechanical Engineering
61. Effects of combined osmotic drying methods on quality characteristics of orange slice
Orange is a food with high content of healthy nutrients and it has great tradition and economic importance in Valencia. The development of new orange products would be a good way to promote the consumption of this fruit, improving the nutritional health of society. In this way, the osmotic dehydration (OD) has been widely used for conservation and design of new products from fruits. Orange slices have been osmotically dehydrated using as osmotic agents healthy sweeteners sucrose. Tray drying of orange slices was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, osmosis was carried out using three different concentrations of sugar solution (40%,50%,60%) with 1.5% potassium metabisulphite (KMS) at 600 c temperature were maintain for 16 hour. The combination of different samples was slightly increased with different storage period. The combined effect of solution temperature, sugar concentration and time of moisture loss was investigated by developing treatment combinations. It was found that relationship exists between moisture loss and solution temperature, sugar concentration and time. The final conditions of osmotic dehydration were determined on the basis of permissible moisture loss in orange slices and were found as 60% sugar solution concentration, 600c solution temperature and 16 hour time. The best process temperature was selected on the basis of statistical analysis of quality parameters, namely, rehydration ratio, dehydration ratio, sugar content, carbohydrate content, protein content fat content, ash content vitamin C content acid and sensory quality parameters(color ,texture taste, appearance, overall acceptability) and it was 600 C tray drying temperature requiring 16 hour drying time.
Published by: Sneha Shukla, Mayank Tripathi, Avinash Kumar
Research Area: Effects Of Combined Osmotic Drying Methods On Quality Characterstics Of Orange Slice
62. A randomized comparison of effectiveness of modified constraint induced movement therapy versus conventional physiotherapy on upper-extremity dysfunction in the treatment of adult hemiplegia
This study is designed to compare the effectiveness of Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Versus Conventional Physiotherapy for improving involved upper extremity movement efficiency in Adult Hemiplegic patients. To know the effectiveness of Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy on Upper Extremity dysfunction for management of Adult Hemiplegia. The study is carried out at the Vihar Hospital, Anand. 40 patients of adult hemiplegia were recruited into two groups after inform consent was taken from all patients. Group 1: Experimental group received Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (mCIMT) which includes active/passive Mobility exercises, Muscle Stretching, Muscle Strengthening, Weight Bearing Exercises, Task-specific and Fine motor practice of affected upper limb. Group 2: control group received conventional physiotherapy which includes active/passive mobility exercises, muscle stretching, muscle strengthening, weight bearing exercises, throwing a ball, moving, transferring, reaching and manipulating an object with detailed evaluation including ARAT score were taken as a baseline as well as postoperatively after the 4th week of treatment. Both the groups showed clinically and statistically significant improvement in total ARAT score at 4-weeks. The total ARAT scores had improved by 38.10 % in the experimental group and by 20.61 % in the control group. Results of the study concluded that there was a significant improvement in both the groups; however the Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy group was more effective for improving involved upper extremity movement efficiency in patients of adult hemiplegia.
Published by: Sapna S. Gupta
Research Area: Physiotherapy
63. Analytical method development and validation for estimation of Dapagliflozin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using RP-HPLC
The incidence of diabetes is growing rapidly both in India and worldwide. Dapagliflozin is a drug of the gliflozin class which is a sodium-glucose cotransporter – inhibitor (SGLT-2), which prevent glucose reabsorption in the kidney. The present investigation is concerned with method development and validation of simple, precise, accurate, reproducible and specific reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for estimation of Dapagliflozin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using an INERTSIL ODS-2 C18 column (250mm x 4.6mm x 5µ) column in isocratic mode with 0.01 M Ammonium Formate Buffer (pH 3.5): Acetonitrile (50:50 v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1ml/min. The determination of analyte was carried out at 224nm using a PDA detector. The retention time for Dapagliflozin was found to be 4.7 min. The proposed method has permitted the quantification of Dapagliflozin over linearity in the range of 1.25 – 3.75 µg/ml and its mean recovery were found to be 99.91%. The % RSD of intraday and interday precision were found 0.40% and 0.46%. The proposed method was applied successfully for the determination of Dapagliflozin in a pharmaceutical dosage form.
Published by: Ruchita Rajendra Kanade, Dr. Purnima Hamrapurkar
Research Area: Pharmaceutical Analysis
64. Development and validation of assay method for estimation of Apixaban in bulk drug and its marketed formulation
The paper involves the development of a simple, precise and sensitive method for estimation of Apixaban in bulk drug and its marketed formulation using a reverse-phase liquid chromatographic method. The separation was achieved on C18 INERTSIL ODS-2 Column (250 mm×4.6 mm×5 um) using mobile phase (Buffer: ACN) in the ratio of 55:45(v/v) with a run time of 15 minutes and wavelength for estimation of Apixaban was taken as 280 nm. Literature survey reveals that there are very few HPLC, UV methods were available Hence an attempt has been made to develop an RP-HPLC method for estimation of Apixaban. The developed method was validated for Linearity, Accuracy (% Recovery), Precision, LOD, and LOQ etc. the linearity was found to be in the range of 1-3 μg/ml with correlation coefficient found for linearity is 0.999. The developed and validated RP-HPLC method is applied for the identification of eluted.
Published by: Anuja Sanjay Chitale, Purnima Hamrapurkar
Research Area: Pharmaceutical Analysis
65. Study of different blind spot detection techniques
A blind spot in a vehicle is an area around the vehicle that cannot be directly observed by the driver while at the controls. Blind spots exist in a wide range of vehicles: aircraft, cars, motorboats, sailboats, and trucks. Other types of transport have no blind spots at all, such as bicycles, horses, and motorcycles. Blind spots represent an extreme danger for motorists, especially at highway speeds; each year, thousands of accidents happen when drivers change lanes and collide with other vehicles that were in their blind spots. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, blind spot-related accidents are responsible for more than 800,000 accidents and more than 300 fatalities each year. These accidents are especially difficult to avoid because even practicing defensive driving is not always enough to prevent them; you cannot react to a vehicle that you cannot see. Proper adjustment of mirrors and use of other technical solutions can eliminate or alleviate vehicle blind spots. The goal of this paper is to study different blind spot detection techniques and to have a comparison between them.
Published by: Mashmoom Shaikh, Rohini Pise
Research Area: Information Technology
66. Malnutrition identification and implementation methods by using recent biooptics and nano technology
Nanotechnology is the formation of practical materials, gadgets, and frameworks through the control of issue at a length size of ~1– 100 nm. At such a scale, novel properties and capacities happen in light of size. This rising field is getting to be imperative in empowering leaps forward of new and powerful instruments in the medicinal sciences (e.g. nanomedicine), on the grounds that it offers the likelihood of analyzing organic procedures in manners that were not already conceivable. The therapeutic utilization of nanotechnology incorporates the improvement of nanoparticles for demonstrative and screening purposes (i.e. early discovery of malignant growth), improvement of counterfeit cell proteins, for example, receptors, DNA and protein sequencing utilizing nanopores and nanosprays, the make of interesting medication (and supplement) conveyance frameworks, and also quality treatment and tissue engineering applications.
Published by: Bhargavi Gedela
Research Area: Saveetha University
67. Study on application of geosynthetics for strengthening of soil
Geosynthetics have been widely used in recent thirty years for separation, reinforcement, filtration, drainage, and containment functions of the pavement design. The use and sales of geosynthetics materials are increasing 10% to 20% per year. This paper reviews research into the application of geosynthetic materials such as geogrids, geotextiles, geocomposites, geonets, geomembranes, geosynthetic clay liners, geofoam, and geocells in for strengthening of soil by focusing on the literature review, basic useful characteristics and basic information collection of geosynthetics. Among them, the study focuses on the reduction of base course thickness by using the geogrid material in the base course layer without changing the load carrying capacity and the performance of the pavement. Modified AASHTO design result shows that about 20% to 40% base course reduction is possible using geogrid in pavement design, with a greater percentage reduction for stronger subgrade materials. have been defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Committee D35 on geosynthetics as planar products manufactured from polymeric materials used with soil, rock, earth, or other geotechnical engineering related material as an integral part of a man-made project, structure or system. Geosynthetics is the term used to describe a range of polymeric products used for Civil Engineering construction works. The term is generally regarded to encompass eight main products categories The most popular geosynthetics used are the geotextiles and geomembrane. Geomembrane is an essentially impermeable membrane in the form of the manufactured sheet used widely as cut-offs and liners. They are often used to line landfills.
Published by: Simmanapudi Naveen Kumar, Chappa Damodar Naidu
Research Area: Geotechnical Engineering
68. The physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI is an acronym for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. MRI is used in radiology and it is one of the scanning technologies where magnetism, radio waves, and a computer are used to take the total image of the body structures. The chief advantage of the MRI is to give clear images of the soft-tissue structure where other imaging techniques fail to give without any effect to the patient.MRI is based on the interaction of magnetic properties of hydrogen with both a large external magnetic field and radio waves, which send signals to the body and then receive signals back. These returning signals are converted into images by a computer attached to the scanner. Imaging of any part of the body can be obtained in any plane. This Article gives a brief idea about the history, construction, working principle of MRI which includes Nuclear spin, Larmour,s frequency, T1 and T2 relaxation and T1 and T2 weighted images.
Published by: Shajahan V S
Research Area: MRI
69. Detecting distributed DOS attacks using Multivariate Correlation Analysis
This paper focuses on identification of DDoS using MCA technique. The intention of this paper is to identify DDoS attack. For that MCA technique use. MCA technique is useful for identification of DDoS attack. MCA is for accurate network of packet traffic. MCA technique uses the anomaly detection approach and triangle area base approach. Anomaly based approach is for finding known and unknown type of attack. Triangle area base approach is for improving the speed of MCA process. In this to test real world data for false positive rate.
Published by: Shital P. Jade
Research Area: Network Security
70. Effect of progressive muscular relaxation technique and autogenic relaxation technique on pre competitive state anxiety and self-confidence in athletes
Pre-test and Post-test control group design. Participants: 45 subjects were selected on the basis of their CSAI-2R score, they were randomly allocated to one of the three groups. Group 1 (progressive muscular relaxation) group 2 (autogenic relaxation) group 3 (control). Intervention: Progressive muscular relaxation technique and Autogenic relaxation technique for 15-20 minutes. Main outcome measures include somatic anxiety, cognitive anxiety, self-confidence. There was a significant reduction in somatic anxiety & cognitive anxiety and improved self-confidence found in both groups 1& 2 than group 3 (p < 0.05) whereas no significant difference observed in group 1 and group 2. From the result of the study it was concluded that relaxation technique is an effective intervention for reducing pre competitive state anxiety and improving self-confidence in athletes. As both progressive muscular relaxation & autogenic relaxation technique were significantly effective in reducing competitive state anxiety and improving self-confidence than the control group.
Published by: Dr. Nitin Sakhare, Kalpana Sharma, Anjali Syal
Research Area: Musculoskeletal
71. Study on effective utilization of waste materials in the construction of pavements
Research into new and innovative uses of waste material is continually advancing. Many highway agencies, a private organization, and individuals are in the process of a wide variety of studies and research projects concerning the feasibility, environmental suitability, and performance of using recycled products in highway construction. The amount of wastes has increased year by year and the disposal becomes a serious problem. Particularly, the recycling ratio of the plastic wastes in life and industry is very low and many of them have been reclaimed for the reason of unsuitable ones for incineration. It is necessary to utilize the wastes effectively with technical development in each field. Expansive soils are so widely spread that it becomes impossible to avoid them for highway construction to keep the network structure for mobility and accessibility. However, the roads constructed on expansive soils suffer extensive damage and distress resulting in large economic losses running to billions of dollars. As thermal power plants are spatially distributed all over the country, utilization of flyash from these plants for the road construction, not only helps to consume bulk quantities of fly ash solving its disposal problem to a certain extent but also to satisfy the construction requirements. Reinforcement of soils with synthetic fibers is potentially an effective Technique for increasing soil strength. In recent years, this technique has been suggested for a variety of geotechnical applications ranging from retaining structure and earth embankments to subgrade stabilization beneath footings and pavements. Research on a different type of reinforcement and materials has been conducted by several investigators. However, the amount of information available on randomly oriented fiber reinforcement is still limited. Here an attempt is made to the suitability of different types of waste plastics strips and waste tire rubber chips reinforcing with gravel and flash in flexible pavement system on expansive soil subgrade.
Published by: Kola Chandra Mouli, Chappa Damodar Naidu
Research Area: Geotechnical Engineering
72. A study on strengthening of soil using stabilized flyash
In the present study, I tried to prove soil stabilization using stabilized flyash. for the stabilization of flyash, we need to improve the flash properties by adding some admixtures. in the present study, we are using lime and sodium silicate as additives to improve the soil properties. Individual geotechnical parameters like grain size distribution, liquid limit, OMC, MDD, Specific gravity and angle of internal friction of Fly ash were determined and then Fly ash was mixed with different proportions of lime (2-15%) and sodium silicate (1-4%). These mixes were tested to obtain the optimum percentage of lime and sodium silicate. The variation in shear parameters like cohesion and angle of shearing resistance was studied by conducting a direct shear test. All the tests were performed after a time period of 3hours starting from the completion of preparation of the sample. Each test was performed for the normal stresses of 0.5kg/cm2, 1kg/cm2, 1.5kg/cm2, 2kg/cm2 and 2.5 kg/cm2. The results are compiled in a graphical form to observe the trends for shear parameters. The results show remarkable improvement in strength characteristics for higher percentages of lime and sodium silicate. The Major challenge on behalf of engineers especially civil engineers is the disposal of industrial waste products and their storage. Nowadays most of the industries reusing the wastes in different areas like civil constructions, treatment of materials and others. This reuse of wastes is essential to overcome the hazardous effects of wastes on the environment. Fly Ash is one of the industrial wastes produced every year throughout the country. Fly ash is a fine powder obtained from burning of coal during the production of electricity. Disposal of Fly ash is a big problem, to minimize the disposal of Fly ash into large land, it was used as a construction material in civil engineering works like building materials embankments, and bricks making etc.
Published by: Sakshi Singh Rana, Chappa Damodar Naidu
Research Area: Geotechnical Engineering
73. Effect of partial replacement of sand by glass powder and steel powder over the properties of M-30 concrete
In the present research, a series of experiments had been performed to compare the use of glass powder and steel powder as partial replacement of sand in different proportions. Concrete mixes are modified by 10%, 15% and 20% and 25% of glass powder and steel powder in replacement. The inclusion of glass powder increases the compressive strength up-to certain proportions. It has also been noted that with the increase in the content of glass powder decreases the slump value or workability. It has also been noted that with the increase in the content of supplementary materials decreases the slump value or workability. Comparatively higher early strength gain (7-days) is obtained with steel powder concrete.
Published by: Achal Jain, Nitin Thakur
Research Area: Civil Engineering
74. Encrypted data management with deduplication in cloud computing
Published by: Pokala Phanitej, Y. Suresh
Research Area: Computer Science Engineering , Information Technology, Computer And Information Science
75. Effect of scenario planning on strategic entrepreneurship in Iraqi higher education
For many organizations and institutions, the challenge of knowing how to face competition derived from the globalization of the economy is presented. A fundamental technique to successfully answer that question is scenario planning. Which has become the basis for the success of various businesses. Accordingly, The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of scenario planning on strategic entrepreneurship. considering the impact which may have the dimensions of scenario planning and strategic entrepreneurship. For this, a theoretical model was designed depending on the literature, the questionnaire was the main tool for this study. Statistical analysis, based on direct correlation and effects tests (using SPSS and Amos software), allows proving there are positive effects on strategic entrepreneurship by scenario planning and its dimensions as revealed by the findings.
Published by: Karawan Azeez Hussain
Research Area: Management
76. Solid waste management in internally displaced persons IDPS camps in Maiduguri Borno state Nigeria
This study aims to examine the solid waste management conditions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Maiduguri, Borno State. The research is descriptive, qualitative approached were used. The primary data for the research was sourced through the use of questionnaire and interview using a combination of purposive and convenience sampling. While books, journals, newspapers, magazines and internet materials made up the secondary data. The data collected were coded, edited, presented and analyzed using descriptive statistics through frequency tables and percentages. A total of 197 IDPs participated in the study. The findings revealed that almost half of the respondents (45.7%) revealed that food waste is the highest type of solid waste generated in the camps this is because food is the basic need for the livelihood of the IDPs in the camps. And also (36.5%) of the respondents indicated that fine was the second most abundant type of solid waste generated in the camps. Therefore, the burning of fuelwood as a source of energy can be produced beautiful and this is environmentally not friendly which generate air pollution and environmental degradation. The study revealed that majority 122 (62.0) of the respondents perceived air pollution was the consequences of solid waste disposal in the camps. While 38 (19.3%) of the respondents reveals that the spread of germ is the consequences of solid waste disposal. Similarly, the study found that incineration was used for managing waste in the camps. Some NGOs contributed in sanitation through Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) committee which conducts regular sensitization on the danger of poor waste management. The study recommends among others the need for intensive education to promote positive attitude for solid waste management among the IDPs. Keywords: Solid Waste Management Sanitation Polythene
Published by: Baba Gana Zannah, Bukar Usman, Mohammed Baba Shehu
Research Area: Geography
77. Correlation and effectiveness of coordination exercise and activity of daily living in differently able children
Eye-hand coordination abilities are an integral part of a Child’s development. Eye-hand coordination is necessary for functional independence progress and its effects on the activity of daily living. This study is aimed at the effectiveness of coordination exercise on activity of daily living and the correlation between coordination exercise and activity of daily living. Total 20 children (7 Female, 13 Male) age group 10 to 15 years with different disabilities situated around Anand. Developmental Coordination Questionnaires (DCDQ) was used for assessment of coordination skill. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was used for evaluating the activities of daily living. The coordination exercise program was effective for an activity of daily living in differently able children. Coordination exercise was positively associated with Activity of daily living. Coordination has an effect on Activity of daily living. After the coordination exercise program, the child improved his/her Coordination skill. Coordination exercises are effective on an activity of daily living in differently able children.
Published by: Dr. Bansari Anish Patel, Dr. Brajesh Kumar Mishra
Research Area: Occupational Therapy
78. Women safety system using Raspberry Pi
In today’s world, women come across many situations that make them feel unsafe. Women from various walks of life face situations that make them feel threatened in different environments. Sixty six percent of women have reported sexual harassment in the year 2010 in New Delhi. It has also been proven that in urban environments, women are more prone to experience harassment especially in developing countries. In such situations, the aid of a safety device that will inform the victim’s family members or the authorities (in Severe situations) may help women feel safer, confident and reduce the chances of harassment. Though there are a few Smartphone based solutions for the same, it might not be possible for the victim to reach for her phone in some situations without the knowledge of the perpetrator. In this approach, the focuses on a security system that is designed merely to serve the purpose of providing security to women so that they never feel helpless while facing such social challenges. An advanced system can be built that can capture the video of the event as well as send the emergency messages of the victim through GSM to respective mobile numbers. The idea to develop a smart system for women is completely comfortable and also easy to use as compared to existing women security solutions such as infamous mobile apps, bulky belts and the separate garment that are just very abstract and obsolete.
Published by: Priyanka Yuvaraj Gonde
Research Area: Electronics And Telecomunication
79. Design of continuous loading vertical chain conveyor
A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another. The main purpose of this project is to safely lift the load at the rate of 6m/min. This paper consist of, selection, a design of basic mechanical elements. This system is able to overcome the drawbacks of inclined belt conveyor, achieves desired height and occupies less floor space as a material is transformed in vertically upward direction. This Chain Conveyor utilizes a continuous chain arrangement, carrying a series of a single pallet for lifting the load. The chain arrangement is driven by a motor, and the material suspended on the pallets is conveyed to the next floor.
Published by: Aditya J. Kulkarni, Tanmay M. Kulkarni, Omkar J. Mahadik, Parshuram V. Mahindrakar
Research Area: Mechanical Engineering
80. Burr formation minimization in drilling process using experimental study with statistical analysis
Burrs are generally plastic deformation of the workpiece after machining process. Deburring can reduce burr formation but it is time consuming and increase the production cost. By changing some of the input parameters like Spindle Speed, Feed Rate, Depth of Cut, the formation of burr can be reduced. This research work presents an experimental study on minimizing the formation of burr in machining like drilling. In this thesis, Universal Radial machine has been used to make holes. By changing machining variables like feed, cutting velocity and speed different sizes and the type of the burrs created in aluminum are studied. Taguchi analysis has been done to analyze the predicted minimum burr height. ANOVA has also been done to analyze the maximum contribution of the parameters to form the burr. Signal to Noise(S/N) ratio plots has been shown in this research. Response surface methodology also has been conducted. In the design optimization, the application of RSM is aimed to reduce the cost of the expensive analysis methods (e.g. finite element method or CFD analysis) and their associated numerical noise.
Published by: Ananya Bhattacharyya
Research Area: Mechanical Engineering
81. Role of intensive nutrition support in improving serum albumin level and its outcome on healing skin lesions in a Pemphigus Vulgaris patient– A case report
Abstract Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) is a group of rare autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Here we report a case of severe pemphigus vulgaris managed well with timely nutritional intervention by the dietitian.
Published by: S. Samundeeswari, S. Ramesh, B. Manimegalai
Research Area: Clinical Dietetics
82. Robust technique to restore and enhance image for edge detection
To recover the degrade image restoration is a need. There are different formats for pixel noise like salt & pepper, Gaussian noise, etc, which cause the image degradation and may become the main reason to miss the pixel regions during capturing, transmissions, processing, etc. So for better processing, these missing pixel must be restored, in this process single pixel, multiple pixel (spatial) models are used for the restoration of the missing or bad pixels. In this paper, the proposed model is designed for the recovery of the pixel by using adaptive methods and the image is enhanced by using an automatic enhancement technique. The proposed model has been analyzed with the improved results in context with the existing models, which shows the robustness of the proposed model.
Published by: Ravinder Singh, Pankaj Sharma, Puneet Jain
Research Area: Digital Image Processing
83. Design and analysis of hexagonal fin for air cooled engines
Major automobile engine components are subjected to wear and thermal stress due to high temperature during combustion. Fins are used to increase the heat transfer rate of an I.C. Engine. In an internal combustion engine, the chemical energy of the fuel is converted to thermal energy to give a mechanical work as output. There is a large amount of heat is liberated to the combustion of fuel in which only a few amounts of energy is converted into useful work (60%-80% approx.) and the remaining energy is wasted. This heat is first conducted to engine cylinder and dissipated to air through extended surface called fins. In an air-cooled engine, the low rate of heat transfer is the main problem. To avoid this, the engine's fins are modified by changing the geometry of the cooling fins. All materials are showing a linear distribution of temperature alongside the length of fins. Also, the hexagonal shape fins increase the heat flux by converting the fin geometry from a rectangular shape to hexagonal and thus reduce the wear of engine parts and knocking of the engine.
Published by: Ajithkumar G.
Research Area: Mechanical - Heat Transfer Analysis
84. Hospital wastewater treatment by electro-coagulation process
Hospitals are significant consumers of water. The wastewater generated by the hospitals may contain pathogens, bacteria, viruses, pharmaceuticals etc. In this paper, the review has been done for the treatment of hospital wastewater containing harmful ingredients using electrocoagulation, the reuse of the same water after treatment. Electrocoagulation method is one of the effective methods for the treatment of Industrial Wastewater. Because of its low operation and maintenance cost, high efficiency, time-saving, lower sludge production without any addition of chemicals. The efficiency of electrocoagulation method mainly depends on the treatment time, the conductivity of the solution, distance between electrodes and the current density. The main objective of the study is to remove the solids present in Hospital wastewater by electrocoagulation using Aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) electrodes. Electrocoagulation is the electrochemical process of treatment of wastewater. Hospital wastewater contains solids, BOD, COD, phenols, radioactive isotopes, pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, blood, body fluid, sweat, contaminated organs, disinfectant, pharmaceuticals as well as hazardous chemicals can be effectively removed by Electrocoagulation method. The factors which affect the electrocoagulation process are current density, treatment time, pH, the distance between electrodes, an initial concentration of the sample, a conductivity of the solution, electrode material. Hospital wastewater effluents discharge in environment may cause serious threat to the environment as well as humans and this effluents also contain solids, BOD, COD, phenols, radioactive isotopes, pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, blood, body fluid, sweat, contaminated organs, disinfectant, pharmaceuticals as well as hazardous chemicals, pathogenic microorganisms and other heavy metals and toxic chemical compounds such as Cu, Fe, Cd, Pb, Hg, Ni, Pt, Cyanide, Phenol and this type of wastewater can adversely affect ecology balance and public health. So there is a need to have effective treatment of the wastewater is a must before discharge into the river or stream.
Published by: Omkar Jog
Research Area: Environmental Engineering
85. Study of correlation between academic performance and quality of life among occupational therapy students
This study is designed to assess the correlation between the academic performance and quality of life among the Occupational Therapy students. To find out if a relation exists between the academic performance and quality of life of Occupational Therapy students. Method: All the samples were collected from Occupational Therapy students using Questionnaire method. Data were collected using the Student Performance Assessment and The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF. In our study, 245 Occupational Therapy students were participated, among the age range of 17-23 years and were assigned in four groups (Group A:- F.Y.B.O.Th, Group B:- S.Y.B.O.Th, Group C:- T.Y.B.O.Th, Group D:- Fi.Y. B.O.Th). The relation between their Academic Performance and Quality of life were assessed using the statistical analysis tools. The relation between academic performance and quality of life of occupational therapy students were observed and compared between Group A, Group B, Group C, and Group D. Results and Conclusion:-The results of our study showed that the academic performance and quality of life of the 4 assigned groups are positively correlated. If the value of one variable increases, then the value of another variable also tends to increase i.e. if the quality of life of Occupational Therapy students improves, then their academic performance also improves in similar proportion. Hence, it can be said that if the student has a good quality of life, then their academic performance will be better.
Published by: Dr. Brajesh Mishra, Dr. Ranjit Pathak, Dr. Amitabh Dwivedi, Dr. Hirva B. Mishra, Dr. Sapna S. Gupta
Research Area: Occupational Therapy
86. Electro-coagulation process used to treat hospital wastewater
The wastewater generated by the hospitals contains pathogens, bacteria, viruses, pharmaceuticals, and other hazardous contaminants. Traditional treatment methods become insufficient to remove these contaminants. In this paper, a review has been done for the treatment of hospital wastewater using electro coagulation.
Published by: Omkar Jog, Dr. R. W. Gaikwad
Research Area: Environmental Engineering
87. A new method of finding solutions of a class of standard quadratic congruence of prime modulus
In this paper, a new method of finding solutions of a class of standard quadratic congruence of comparatively large prime modulus is discussed. An algorithmic formulation is discovered. It works efficiently. It is time-saving & simple while an existed method is time-consuming and boring.
Published by: B M Roy
Research Area: Mathematics
88. Analytical method development for combination pesticides of picloram and fluroxypyr by reverse phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
The herbicide is the part of the pesticide, these herbicide are normally used to control the weeds in the cultivation period. The quality of the herbicide has to be effective and the degradation should be fast. After the usage, the soil fertility has to be maintained without any environmental chain changes. There are many herbicides are available to control weeds or unwanted plants in the cultivation processes. Many of the herbicides are used to control the grass or very small plants, which has a very week in the structure. The Picloram herbicide used to control especially the plant which has strong stem and branches. The usage is unique and this herbicide has to be used carefully to maintain the required cultivated plants during the plantation or cultivation period. There are few herbicides are available to control wood plants. The specialty of the picloram herbicide will not have any action on the grass. Fluroxypyr is another molecule being used as a herbicide in the cultivation industry. The chemical nature of this molecule is similar to that of the picloram molecule. The Fluroxypyr is consisting of the pyridine molecule basically. Fluroxypyr has fluorine, chlorine, amine and an ether arrangement in its structure. This Fluroxypyr is used to control woody plant which has broadleaf. This molecule also has the electronegative structural annulments in it has more penetration power through roots of the plants. Mostly this Fluroxypyr is being used to control weeds in the place where the cultivations are normally carried out. These Picloram + Fluroxypyr molecules were separated through a mobile phase consisting of the mixture of acetonitrile and water (fortified with 0.5% of formic acid) in the ratio of 40:60 v/v. The separation was achieved through the Qualisil BDS C8 (250 x 4, 5μ) column with the flow rate as 1.5 ml/min with the detection at 254 nm. These method parameters were loaded in the Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030). The LC solution Shimadzu software was used for all the calculations in this analytical method validation analysis. The results of the study showed that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.
Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. Tamilselvan
Research Area: Herbicide Analysis
89. Positioning errors in digital panoramic radiographs- A retrospective analysis
Objectives of this paper are to analyze the most prevalent positioning errors in panoramic radiographs. 560 OPG taken from January 2016 - January 2017 in the department of maxillofacial radiology were assessed by two maxillofacial radiologists for positional errors. All radiographs were viewed on a computer monitor using the OHP sheet to demarcate the 6 zones. Results 74 radiographs (11.97%) were error-free and 486 radiographs (88.13%) were with errors. The radiographs with single positional error were 423 (84.3%). The radiographs with 2 positional errors were 57(9.89%). The radiographs with 3 positional errors were 6 (1.04%). The outcome of the analysis reveals that the percentage of positioning errors in panoramic radiographs is fairly high reducing its diagnostic value. Technicians are made aware of the errors and are instructed to recheck the patient position before taking radiographs. A similar audit will be repeated on a regular basis to check the change in the prevalence of positional errors.
Published by: Dr. Asha V, Dr. Kavya Shankar M, Dr. Hemcle Shalma, Dr. Sushmini Hegde
Research Area: Dentistry - Radiology
90. Multipurpose child tracker with location predictor
In India, 174 children go missing every day. The issue is disturbing for the society and even for parents. Whenever the child leaves the house there is always a second thought in parents’ mind. To counter such doubts, a student tracker is formulated which not only provides a live location of their ward but also helps in predicting and tracking their upcoming movements. The device is equipped with GPS, GSM and RFID modules with efficient backbone supporting the hardware.
Published by: Vyom Shah
Research Area: Machine Learning Application
91. Buffer overflow: Mechanism and countermeasures
The invention of Computers, Information Technology and thence Internet has led humanity to a new era of revolution. We, as humans, have stored more data in last 20 years than the whole human history. In May 2018 Forbes announced that we have created 90% of data all data in the past two years. That describes the way information storage and usage is picking up pace. But are our basic pillars of storing data and processing full proof and completely secure? Buffer Overflow is currently the most hostile vulnerability in the basics of information storage and processing of our computing technology. The paper discusses this vulnerability in thorough details. Ways systems are coping up with this and methods used to overcome this vulnerability present in the basics of our most important invention.
Published by: Vikrant Chatole, Gauransh Nagar
Research Area: Information Security
92. Development of modern music in Assam: Guwahati (GMC), a mosaic of cultural fusion and diffusion
This article deals with an overview of the origin and development of modern music in Guwahati (GMC), Assam. Development of modern music in the region reveals a long mythology and history. The development of modern music has been tried to be established on lights of diversity, cultural fusion, social identity, globalization and travel of popular sounds. The article is based on a secondary source of data as well as primary data. Other sources of data collection are various articles on music published in magazines, blogs, and books, listening to songs from music albums, both print, and electronic media. Some external links also were used like conversations and personal interviews with some experts in the area. The survey for the collection of primary data in the study is done online with the help of Google Forms. As per the topic of the study, a number of stakeholders related to modern music in the study area were considered. The survey schedule was prepared in Google Forms (a facility to create and operate online surveys) which was online between 30th September 2018 to 31st October 2018. The stakeholders like lyricists, composers, musicians, technicians, producers, promoters, singers and listeners were recruited via e-mails, WhatsApp with prior confirmation over mobile messages or phone calls. The musicians and other stakeholders related to music are very mobile and elusive, so difficult to find them and apply conventional surveys. To overcome this practical hurdle of a collection of the data smart survey technique i.e. online survey has been applied in the study as nowadays almost all stakeholders are highly engaged in the internet.
Published by: Palme Borthakur, Bhaben Ch. Kalita
Research Area: Music Geography
93. Seghosen in continuity and change: The pride of Owo kingdom in Yoruba land, Nigeria
Seghosen is an expensive traditional textile originating from Owo kingdom and it literally means “the cloth that takes all money”. This is because seghosen is uniquely made for special occasion like wedding ceremonies, chieftaincies, kingship installation etc. the wearer of seghosen costume is usually a wealthy or highly placed individual; a lot of respect is accorded him because the textile is considered beyond reach of common man. The focus of this paper is an exhibition review of the continuity and changes in Seghosen textile being showcased by the National commission for museums and monument, Owo, Nigeria to commemorate its 50TH anniversary of service delivery to the community and the country at large.
Published by: Eboreime James Imoniche
Research Area: Textile
94. Comparative analysis of effectiveness between E-HRM and traditional HRM
The study is focused on the process of E-HRM and its implications on employees with special reference to the Education Department (DIOS Office and BSA Office), Moradabad. In the present scenario, paperless offices are required to save the environment. For this purpose, E-HRM has taken a place of HRM introduced and processed in blue chip organizations. The traditional method of HRM is not a need of time in the world of ICT enabled services. The most of the organizations are moving from a traditional model of HRM to E-HRM that will lead to stoppage of paper wastage to make HR more effective and transparent. E-HRM also proposed by the present government. To study the effectiveness and implications of E-HRM, researchers formulated the questionnaire to draw the opinion on the effectiveness of E-HRM.
Published by: Dr. Prabhat Srivastava, Dr. Anshu Bhardwaj
Research Area: Management
95. Occupational therapy intervention for balance activity and its correlation with functional level of all neurological condition in Anand, Gujarat
Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. The purpose of the study was to find out the Occupational Therapy intervention for balance activity and its correlation with functional level of all neurological conditions. A total of 20 subjects (13 males, 7 female) were included for balance training. Subjects were of age ranging from 31 to 85 years (Mean = 57.81, SD= 14.78). Fall Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I) questionnaire was used to assesses fear of falling (FOF). The FIM scale was used to measure the patient’s progress and assess rehabilitation outcomes. This study found that Improvement in balance and due to decreasing risk of falling in patients they were very satisfied and they became more social inside and outside home and they were actively performed their ADLs.
Published by: Dr. Brajesh Kumar Mishra, Dr. Mukund R Bhatt, Dr. Hirva B. Mishra, Dr. Bansari Anish Patel
Research Area: Occupational Therapy
96. Incidence of refractive error and analysis through cross tabulation between time spent on computer and family history with refractive error type
The study was conducted with the objective to find out the Incidence of Refractive error and analysis through cross tabulation between time spent on computer and Family history with Refractive Error Type. In this study, 1500 Professional College going students between 18 and 22 years of age, from South Bengal of West Bengal were evaluated. Clinical profiles of refractive errors among students were analyzed. This population-based cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected young professional college students. A structured Case Record Form was implemented to collect the details of the relevant factors. Data were tabulated and analyzed using Statistical package (SPSS) and chi-square test, Cross tabulation and Reliability test to get the results. Our respondents were from different professional programs, out of which 585 (39%) were male respondents and 915 (61%) were female respondents. Refractive error diagnosed in 240 (16%) respondents out of which 91 (6%) were male and 149 (9.93%) female respondents. Out of 91 (6.06%) male, 63 (4.2%) myopic, 18 (1.2%) Hyperopic and 10 (.6%) were Astigmatic. Out of 149 (9.93%) female, 102 (6.8%) myopic, 25 (1.66%) hyperopic, 22 (1.46%) astigmatic and no refractive errors were found in 1260 (84%) respondents. The incidence of refractive error showed significant association in univariate analysis with time spent on computer and Family history.
Published by: Biswajit Mondal, Dr. Kavita Bhatnagar, Atanu Maulik, Himanshu Tripathi
Research Area: Optometry
97. Impact and importance of team in an organization (with reference of project management consultants in construction industry)
Studies on Team in an organization within its department have been an area of interest for researchers in this modern era because of the working culture has changed drastically in few decades, as now many organizations rely on their Success if they have a good team. Teamwork is important in an organization because it provides employees with an opportunity to bond with one another, which improves relations among them. Improved employee relations also result from the fact that teamwork enhances unity among members. Now if we discuss importance of Team in Project Management Consultants its play a vital role, as Nations infrastructure is developing rapidly, Organizations like Project Management Consultants who is working as a Third Party in developing Infrastructure between Client and Contractor, there work is to Supervise that the construction is as per the government norms, now a day demand of such organization increase because of transparency in construction. Here Teamwork in an aspect of HR Department plays an important role because we have to recruit Engineers from all over India and to retain them in our organizations till the project ends. Hence the study was undertaken in Project Management Consultants Firm in Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) to identify the impact of Team in the success of such kind of Organizations.
Published by: Ashok Kumar Sharma, Prashant Mallik, Renuka Sharma
Research Area: Project Management And Human Resource Management
98. Effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long distance runners
The main purpose of this study is to find out the effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long-distance runner. For the present study, the researcher takes the male long distance runners from Pudukkottai District taken as sources of data. Thirty male long distance runners, who had participated in intercollegiate tournaments, were preferred as an area under discussion for this study. The age of the subject matter was ranging from 18 years to 25 years. The criterion measures adopted for the study measuring the physical variables are given below. To measure the physical variables 50 m dash for speed, 600 m run for speed endurance, 12 minutes run and walk for cardiorespiratory endurance and sit-ups for muscular strength and endurance the effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long-distance runners the independent “t” test was used at 0.05 level of significance. Result: There was a significant difference in experimental groups in speed, speed endurance, Cardiorespiratory endurance, and muscular strength and endurance.
Published by: R. Panneer Selvam, Dr. M. Sundar
Research Area: Physical Education
99. Center pivot and lateral move irrigation system
Our country India is an agricultural country. About 70% of the total population of India is, directly and indirectly, depend upon agriculture of or their livelihood and other similar needs. The tremendously increasing population of our country has put an extraordinary stress on the farming sector. The climatic conditions of South Asia are dependent upon Monsoon and our country is under the full influence of it. Therefore, availability of water to crops at the time of requirement is an indispensable thing to get maximum production of crops to meet the food production target of the nation. At this stage, it becomes unrealistic to depend solely on the natural source of water i.e rain. Hence at that time, artificial irrigation comes to the scenario. Presently in India, Drip & Sprinkler irrigation are being practiced. This method represents one of such modern method of irrigation which has yet to fetch an attention of Indian farmers. The Centre Pivot method of irrigation is a unique methodology to irrigate crops in the circular pattern. This method may also refer as overhead sprinkler irrigation, waterwheel irrigation or circle irrigation.
Published by: Aditya R. Warade, Ajay G. Kale, Sandeep K. Kurhe, Viraj G. Mane, P. S. Wankhede
Research Area: Engineering Irrigation System
100. Cross layer convention improvement for satellite correspondence
In recent days internet satellites are one of the important components. New satellite system architectures are being expected to be fully IP based. It provides digital video broadcasting and channel protocols which are able to return. By using different layers of OSI and TCP/IP protocol stack we can make the upcoming satellite networks systems fully realizable and meeting advanced services. Geostationary –based architecture which deals with joint optimization of different transport control schemes and lower layers will be considered. The main is to prove that interactions are required because of increasing demand for high speed internet services and multimedia broadband services. Based on ISO/OSI reference model and internet protocol suite, internet protocol architecture is constrained which makes satellite network systems fully achieved to meet new services
Published by: Akkala Anugna, Lathamanju
Research Area: Satellite Communication
101. Heat transfer through fabricated coil type shell in tube heat exchanger
Heat transfer enhancement due to the helically coiled heat exchanger is a burning topic in the field of research. But so far, there is no experimental or theoretical analysis of a helically coiled heat exchanger considering fluid-to-fluid heat transfer published, hence intending our work on this subject by using Methanol in water solution as a cold fluid. Methanol (also known as methyl alcohol, carbonyl, wood alcohol, wood naphtha or wood spirits) is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol and is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). At room temperature, it is a polar solvent and is used as antifreeze, solvent, and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol. The Methanol, when prepared a solution with water, can be used as a coolant in the Heat Exchanger ( Helically Coiled Heat Exchanger in our case) to take advantage of their improved heat transfer properties which would result in enhanced heat transfer in the helical coil heat exchanger. For this purpose, a solution was prepared with varying proportion of Methanol in water. We used four concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of methanol by volume in 5 liters of water. As Water is Polar and Methanol as well. So, when we put methanol in water it gets dissolved and producing intermolecular forces i.e. hydrogen bonding. Various properties such as pH, Electrical Conductivity, Thermal Conductivity, boiling point etc. were tested.
Published by: Surakasi Raviteja, Gondesi Satya Mahesh Reddy, Raghavendra Santhosh
Research Area: Mechanical Engineering
102. Four way cutting operation in hacksaw machine
As we know that in large manufacturing industries, the cutting operation is very required for raw material, for this purpose they use conventional hacksaw machine for cutting operation. In that type of machine single piece can cut at a time by using an electric motor. Also, one labor utilizes for same. So it is time-consuming and comparatively costly. Therefore we have manufactured a four-way hack-saw machine which is used for cutting job simultaneously, this four-way hack-saw machine uses single motor four cutting job at the same time while in conventional hack-saw machine single motor is used for cutting one job only. Conversion of rotary motion of dc motor into reciprocating motion is obtained by using the eccentric cam. By making such type of machine, cutting operation time as well as labor working time can be reduced. Since such a hack-saw machine gives more productivity than a conventional cutting hack-saw machine, it can be used in manufacturing industries where automation is required. It can be also used in industries where labor availability is less. In this present work, we manufactured a model of four-way hacksaw machine, so we use light duty of structural parts and crank mechanism, a capacity of an electric motor is also very low. But in future, if we want to use such type of machine in industry, we can manufacture it by using heavy duty of body structure and all other required parts.
Published by: Perry S. Koradiya, Vilish R. Modi, Rajan S. Patel, Parth K. Mistry
Research Area: Machine Technology