Volume-6, Issue-1

January-February, 2020

Case Study

1. A case study on Grid Integrated Micro Grid system

With an evolution in technological and industrial sector, there is an increase in utilization of electrical energy. However, the rapid exhaustion of conventional fossil fuels which led to rapid development in the field of renewable energy for the production of electricity along with distributed energy resources. Micro grid can provide a better backup solution along with main grid for providing continuous power. There is very niche awareness and knowledge about the Micro grid system. In this paper, efforts are made to create an awareness and encourage people to adopt and implementation of Micro grid system for reliable, sustainable and environment friendly power space. This paper involves a case study on installation of a Micro grid system at Adas (18.7789°N, 76.2306° E), Dist-Beed, and Maharashtra. The main issue with location is that as this area comes under drought prone area and receives the annual rainfall of just around 692mm, which results that nearby ParliVaijnath Thermal Plant is shut-off due to scarcity of water and faces the load shedding for an average of 6 hrs/day. The paper provides feasibility in terms of reliability, economics and sustainability using Micro grid system. The analysis suggests that grid integrated Micro grid system is more viable solution to such kind of areas where availability of conventional sources of energy is the main constraint. If grid integrated Micro grid systems are implemented in such rural areas, it would become versatile option for energy through local power generation with help of renewable energy sources. So, the whole study concludes that the implementation of Grid Integrated micro grid system will be more feasible to be implemented in the rural areas at village-level with most reliable, affordable expenses with zero fuel cost and small pay-back period for 24/7 power flow. Thus, the implementation of grid integrated Micro grid system provides a better option for local power generation and it also contributes substantially towards sustainability, reliability and environment.

Published by: Saurabh Rajendra Shelke, Lijo K Abraham, Poornima RaoResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, VashiKeywords: Renewable Resources, Micro Grid, Local Power Generation, Payback Period, DERs


2. Agile Testing Attributes for the Project Management Methodology in Software Development (IT Projects)

Agile methodology is gaining prominence in the software industry over the waterfall model. Agile testing follows the Agile statement guidelines treating all members of the cross-functional team as another comer to solve complex problems. Learning driven agile as opposed to plan-driven waterfall embraces business value-based frequent delivery of software rather than a milestone-based delivery which happens towards the end of the project.

Published by: Paramita DeyResearch Area: Software Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Agile Methodology, Agile Development, Agile Testing

Review Paper

3. A literature review on the identification & detection of stress in social networks in daily lifestyle

Nowadays the Psychological stress is becoming a threat to people’s health, as the time is moving stress level is increasing so quickly. With the rapid pace of life, more and more people are feeling stressed. In the proposed method, we will find the stress state of society very closely related to their relatives or friends in social media and will give work to a large-scale dataset from the real-world social platforms to study the correlation of user's stress states and social interactions. As the peoples are sharing their day to day activities on social media platforms or the interaction between the peoples makes social media so popular in these past few years. The social media platform makes it convenient to hold all the online social network data for stress detection, though the stress itself is a non-clinical and common in our day to day lifestyle. Excessive and chronic stress can be rather harmful to people’s physical or mental health. With the development of social networks like twitter, Whatsapp and Facebook, more and more people are willing to share their daily activities and moods with friends through the social media platform. In this, we will first define a set of stress-related textual, visual, and social attributes from various aspects, and after that, we will propose a novel hybrid Model Stress Detection Model (SDM). This proposed hybrid model compression. In this by further analyzing the social interaction in the data, we will also discover the different several fascinating phenomena, i.e. the number of the social structures with no delta connections of the stressed users is around 38% higher than that of the non-stressed users, recommending that the social structure of the stressed users tends to be less connected and less complicated than that of the non-stressed users.

Published by: Abhinav Singh, Dr. Tapas Kumar, Dr. E RajeshResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Galgotias University, Greater NoidaKeywords: Stress detection, Healthcare, Social media, Twitter, Stress management, Quality of life, Self-esteem

Research Paper

4. A lung cancer disease due to smoker using data mining classification algorithm for the prediction

The smoke exposure detection risk comprises determining the relative risk (RR) of lung cancer in life span by no means smokers linked with environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) disclosure. The most important purpose is to nearby an updated meta-psychiatry of the epidemiological information, even though for a short time converse the tentative confirmation, and learning of smolder forbid. This entire thing aimed to construct an experienced catalog most intimately correspondent to given that spousal smolder is the conventional catalog for learning ETS possessions, women connubial to a smoker having a patently elevated ETS disclosure, as considered by coniine, than women connubial to a non-smoker. Thus, the fallout was selected in the subsequent categorize of fondness for Exposure, disease category, the moment of exposure, disease characterization, and label of no ETS revelation. In adding up, consequences chosen were those attuned for nearly everybody confounders for which penalty were agreed. This advance of deciding on the nearly everyone pertinent consequence permissible the meta-psychiatry to comprise fallout from each learning.

Published by: Rajni Devi, Gurinderpal SinghResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bhaddal, PunjabKeywords: Tobacco smoke, COPD, Data mining, Psychotherapy

Research Paper

5. Decoding the problem with Indian economy

On one hand, the Economy is worryingly slowing at a persistent pace and on the under that country is burning on issues based on religion, policy, and culture. The Govt for a large part of the year was in denial that there is an actual problem with the economy. But the signals have been quite overwhelming for anyone to deny that our country has entered a phase of economic slowdown and things have been looking quite gloomy do far. Now comes the question of why are we in a state that we find us in today. The World Bank has said that the Indian economy is facing a severe slowdown and has predicted GDP much slower than its earlier predictions. This paper presents a brief review of the factors that led us to this position along with trying to look for solutions

Published by: Anubhav KaisthaResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Govt. Degree College Kullu, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Structural or Cyclical problem, GDP, Inflation, Yield Curve, Unemployment


6. The effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on psychosocial problems of adolescents in terms of knowledge and attitude among school teachers at a selected corporation school

Abstract: Psychosocial problems are highly prevalent and one of the hidden public health problems amongst children and adolescents. The present Pre Experimental (one group pre-test post-test design) study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on psychosocial problems of adolescents in terms of knowledge and attitude among school teachers, Coimbatore. 60 school teachers working at Rathinapuri Corporation Higher Secondary School were selected by using Non-Probability Convenience Sampling Technique. Self-administered questionnaire and Likert scale was used to assess the level of knowledge and attitude Calculated paired ‘t’ test value of knowledge (t=29.9) and attitude (t=20.1) showed highly significant at p≤0.01 in pre and post-test, which reveals that Video Assisted Teaching was effective in gaining knowledge and developing favorable attitude on psychosocial problems of adolescents among school teachers. The calculated Karl Pearson’s ‘r’ value (r=0.7) of knowledge and attitude in the post-test showed a positive correlation. Video-Assisted Teaching is an interesting effective way of teaching-learning strategy that can be used at any place, time, all the age group for improving knowledge and developing a desirable attitude.

Published by: Aswani.B, L. Parimala DeviResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Kongunadu College of Nursing, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Effectiveness, Video-assisted teaching, Knowledge, Attitude, Psychosocial problems of adolescence, School teachers

Research Paper

7. Linux based Virtual Assistant in C

In this paper, we propose a C-based approach to develop a Virtual Assistant for the Linux operating system. The goal is to perform tasks with ease so that the user effort is minimum. We are giving input sentences in the form of Natural Language which is processed by our Pattern classifier after which virtual assistant is performing the tasks based on the results of the pattern classifier. Pattern Classifier’s result is the name of a category such as a restaurant, weather, media, etc based on the highest score among all the categories. We are using pattern classifiers, which is much like Multinomial Naive Bayes, the difference is that instead of calculating probabilities this approach is comparing scores of categories which makes this algorithm much simplified. This algorithm is naive because it consists of different independent “features”, in this case: words. Each word is considered as a different entity and does not show any relation with other words in the sentence that is being classified.

Published by: Ritwik Sharma, RiyaResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Virtual assistant, Natural language processing, Artificial intelligence, Pattern classification, Personal digital assistant.

Research Paper

8. Leadership matters!

Leaders don’t create successful employees rather they create successful followers who follow the footsteps of their leaders. The success of any organization largely depends on the manpower it has and especially its leader. Leadership is all about setting an example, instilling the values and ethics, envisioning the future, challenging the process, daring to take risks and recognizing the employees and celebrating the values and victories. Leadership is not something you do to people, but it’s something you do with people and the impact that the leader creates on the team matters the most.

Published by: S. Ramesh, C.V. Daniel Deva Kumar, Annie ValsanResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Leadership, Leaders, Inspiration, Followers

Case Study

9. Posterior dislocation of shoulder, diagnosis, imaging, and management

Traumatic posterior glenohumeral dislocations are rare and accurate diagnosis is frequently missed because of the absence of characteristic symptoms. Posterior glenohumeral dislocations represent approximately 2% to 5% of all traumatic shoulder dislocations( 10,34) . A precise determination of the incidence remains difficult because of the frequency with which posterior dislocations go undetected. Proposed explanations for the delay in diagnosis include failure of the evaluating physician to include the condition in the differential diagnosis, suboptimal radiographic evaluation and interpretation, and coincidental injuries such as fractures that can confound the patient’s presentation (31). A systematization of the clinical and radiological approach including an X-ray and CT scan leads to an early diagnosis and allows a prompt reduction. Posterior dislocation of the shoulder is the most commonly missed major joint dislocation in the body(33). It is imperative that orthopedic surgeons develop a complete understanding of the nature of this injury and its treatment so that patients who present with this condition can be diagnosed and treated effectively. It is commonly associated with an impaction or “encoche” fracture of the humeral head (reverse Hill Sach )which causes locking of the humeral head behind the glenoid. Prompt reduction and good rehabilitation lead to satisfactory results.. Closed reduction is often obtained under general anesthesia. Patients with locked posterior dislocation should be treated based on the general condition and needs of the patient, the duration of dislocation, the size of the impression defect and the experience of the surgeon. Unsuccessful closed reduction is essentially due to a large impression fracture, delayed diagnosis of the dislocation, and anatomical neck fracture(7). Surgical intervention is necessary for old unreduced posterior dislocations. The shoulder should be immobilized after reduction in neutral or external rotation splint or brace for 4 weeks and rehabilitation with progressive passive and active physiotherapy is mandatory afterwords .

Published by: Dr Prashant AgrawalResearch Area: Health Care

Organisation: Apollo Hospitals Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Shoulder, Dislocation, Ct Scan, Mri, Close Reduction

Research Paper

10. C.A.A: International Relationship Perspective

Here, we will discuss what is the problem? And what is the background of it with various ideologies? Here we will also try to find what is the Impact of the issue in the international era. During independence from 1947 to 1952, India began to feel that the migration problem will be the biggest conflict in the future. So India’s leaders decided to give Indian citizenship rights to the Indian population according to the law and the constitution. Some of the Indian leaders were feeling that this issue has lots of problems. So they decided to bring the “citizenship amendment bill 1955” where all migrate people will be identified as citizens or immigrants, but this provisional was not fully successful so this bill was amended by the time. The last amendment was done on 9-11 Dec 2019, where six religious communities were allowed as an Indian citizen in India who had come before 31dec 2014, like Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH, and AFGANISTAN and who come after 2014, they will have to follow the common way for getting citizenship as Indian. After this “CAB” bill many protests came against the present government and had been said that this bill is unconstitutional and against the law. Where human’s rights are trying to abolish like articles 14 and 15 and it is also against the basic structure of the Indian constitution, it must be changed or stop. So we can see two groups here, one group who is in fever and others who is against the bill. Two different ideologies are giving their points of view. Here, another ideology can be seen, where CAB is affecting India’s international relations and third groups of India are presenting their ideology for the CAB. You are the secular country so protect your identity as a secular country In India.

Published by: RahulResearch Area: International Relationship

Organisation: University of Delhi, New DelhiKeywords: Indian constitution, communities

Research Paper

11. Iot based intelligent jacket

"IoT Based Intelligent Jacket" introduces a wise coat that gives security to ladies' wellbeing and visually impaired help. In today’s world, the basic question in every women’s mind is about her security and harassment issues. The main idea frequenting each young lady is the point at which they will have the option to move openly on the roads even in odd hours without agonizing over their security. This project suggests a new technology to protect women. The second scenario is about the blind people, Blind individuals struggle when traveling from place to place and rely on predefined and repetitive routes with the minimum obstacle to lead them to their destination without an assistant. The project also focuses on the navigation of visually impaired systems. "IoT Based Intelligent jacket" shows a canny coat which gives better security framework to ladies and better route for daze individuals. The system consists of an ultrasonic sensor, GPS Sensor, Arduino UNO, WI-FI module, Power supply, smartphone.

Published by: Pratiksha Patil, M.A. Pardesi, Rishikesh U. Vanjare, Dhanashree A. Kambli, Ravina R. Kurane, Siddhi A. KolekarResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: D. Y. Patil College of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino UNO, Ultrasonic, GPS, GSM, LCD, WIFI, Smartphone, Solar Panel, Jacket.

Research Paper

12. Video classification detection technique for spatial and temporal motion identification using pathway system

In Video classification, the Video scene or the tracking technology, which divides the Video into semantic sections, is an important element for adding insight and searching for metadata for Video. 5 Data augmentation is one of the main methods of addressing the problem of learning to take few shots, but current syntheses are only tackling the detection of crime scene per image when in reality images can contain several movements with respect to crime.

Published by: Swati Sorte, Dr. Prashant SharmaResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, Maharashtra, IndiaKeywords: Level features, Detector performance, Multimedia applications, Video retrieval, Anomaly dataset

Research Paper

13. Equal Remuneration Act 1976

The Equal Remuneration Act came into force from 11th March 1976 throughout India in the employment notified for the purpose. In the exercise of the powers conferred under Section 13 of the Act, the central government framed rules known as the Equal Remuneration Rules, 1976.

Published by: Saheb GowdaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Lingaraj Appa Engineering College Bidar, KarnatakaKeywords: Employment, Powers, Government

Research Paper

14. An overview of Human resource management

Taking a look at people is a rewarding experience, People possess skills, abilities, and aptitudes that offer a competitive advantage to any firm, No computer can substitute human brain, no machines can run without human intervention & no organization can exist if it cannot serve people’s needs. HRM is a study about the people in the organization-how they are hired, trained, compensated, motivated & maintained.

Published by: Saheb GowdaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Lingaraj Appa Engineering College Bidar, KarnatakaKeywords: HRM, Organization

Review Paper

15. Cloud computing in the healthcare sector: Opportunities and challenges

Cloud computing is also a brand new manner of delivering computing resources and services. Many managers and specialists believe that it'll improve health care services, profit health care analysis, and alter the face of health information technology. However, like several innovations, cloud computing got to be strictly evaluated before its widespread adoption. This paper discusses the construct and its current place in health care and uses four aspects like management, technology, security, and legal to gauge the opportunities and challenges of this computing model. Strategic turning out thereupon would be used by a health organization to figure out its direction, strategy, and resource allocation once it's set to migrate from ancient to cloud-based health services is in addition mentioned.

Published by: Guditi Naresh, Dr. S V. Shri BharathiResearch Area: Health Care Sector

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Tamil NaduKeywords: Healthcare, Cloud computing, Quality improvement, Electronic health record

Review Paper

16. Model for the flow of CCTV footage Supervised Machine Learning rundown Streaming and Storage with the use of third-party auditing in the cloud

Video summaries help to convert long videos into short compact series for easy storage. Most of the CCTV footages are daily event capturing series and need to extract unusual events from these footages. And sometimes these compact footages need to be stored maintaining its integrity and security in some cases. After extracting the unusual events and cut shorting the daily CCTV footage it needs to be streamed wisely to review the same. The reviewing needs to be online or Remotely from any corner of the world. As of now, we don’t have a proper means of what to do with this CCTV footage. And how effectively and wisely we can store the footage securely. Here in this paper, we discuss a flow model for summarizing, extracting unusual events, streaming, and storage. With these methods, the final product would be more content bearing, storage compact, and secure.

Published by: Bincy Joseph, Sharon C D'SouzaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: A J Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Video summarization, Intelligent video surveillance; Supervised machine learning; Third-party auditing


17. Assessment of anti-hepatotoxic potential and antioxidant defence status of aqueous extract of trachyspermumammi seeds to paracetamol hepatotoxicity in albino rats

Aqueous extract of Trachyspermum Ammi seeds (AETAS) was evaluated for its hepatoprotective activities in rats. The plant extract (200 and 400mg/kg, p.o.) showed a remarkable hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity against paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity is judged from the serum marker enzymes and antioxidant level. Paracetamol - induced significant rise in AST, ALT, ALP, Total bilirubin with a reduction of total protein, albumin, SOD, Catalase, GSH and marked rise in LPO level. Treatment of rats with different doses of plant extracts (200 and 400mg/kg) significantly altered serum marker enzymes, antioxidant levels to near normal against paracetamol treated rats. The activity of the extracts was comparable to the standard drug silymarin (100mg/kg, p.o). Results indicate the hepatoprotective properties of (AETAS) against paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

Published by: Neethu V, Dr. Mohammed Rafiuddin Rashed, Fasalu RahimanResearch Area: Msc Mlt

Organisation: School of Health Sciences, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Aspartate aminotranferase, Alanine aminotransferase, Alkaline phospatase, Superoxide dismutase, Glutathione reductase, Lipid peroxidase, Po-Per Oral, Aqueous Extract

Review Paper

18. Collusion in crowdsourced environments and factors that lead to it: A survey

Crowdsourcing is increasingly becoming a means by which individuals and organizations seek to solve problems. This is due to the advantages of crowdsourcing such as greater access to experts, lower costs of access to such experts and ubiquitous opportunities. Platforms are, however, plagued with the challenge of collusion between workers. This intern implies that crowdsourcing service providers will be paying out money for no work done leading to losses. This paper presents a survey on crowdsourcing, types of malicious attacks, motivation for workers to collude, factors that lead to collusion and the way tasks are allocated on these platforms.

Published by: Adamu Sulaiman Usman, Francisca N. Ogwueleka, Abraham EvwiekpaefeResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, NigeriaKeywords: Crowdsourcing, Collusion, Workers, Task allocation

Review Paper

19. Review on Anthocyanins as herbal pH indicators

In the acid-base titrations, standard synthetic indicators are used to exhibit color change at different pH intervals. Anthocyanins (natural color pigments) in plants exhibit color changes with pH variations. The aim of this study is to investigate the activity of plant extracts, Rosa indica and Rubus occidentalis, to replace the synthetic indicators. Synthetic indicators cause chemical and environmental pollution, are toxic, expensive and rarely available. Methanolic extracts of Rosa indica and Rubus occidentalis exhibit sharp and intense color change in comparison to the standard synthetic indicators phenolphthalein and methyl orange. Herbal indicators are pollution-free, non-toxic, easily available and cost-effective.

Published by: Archita Y. Musale, Prajwal S. WaghResearch Area: Biotechnology Engineering

Organisation: KIT College of Engineering, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Anthocyanins, herbal, pH indicators, and plant extract

Case Study

20. Fat Embolic Syndrome – Case Report

Fat Embolic Syndrome is a serious and life threatening condition. It occurs most frequently after fractures of long bones particularly the femur and tibia or intramedullary instrumentation for such bone fractures management. Some non-traumatic conditions such as diabetes mellitus, severe Burns, SLE and pancreatitis etc. can also result in Fat Embolic Syndrome. Young adults irrespective of sex are commonly affected. Its classical presentation consists of an asymptomatic interval following injury followed by pulmonary and neurological manifestations combined with petechial hemorrhages over the upper chest and axillae. The management of such cases needs to have high index of suspicions and aggressive approach to combat the condition with exclusion of other conditions. As this dreadful condition is a self-limiting one, the treatment of this condition remains mainly supervised supportive to the most affected organ system mainly pulmonary and cardiac. Mortality related to this condition is critical, starting from 10-20 %. Here is a description of such a fatal case managed well and the outcome was rewarding.

Published by: Dr Prashant Agrawal, Dr Aklesh TandekarResearch Area: Health Care

Organisation: Apollo Hospitals Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra IndiaKeywords: Fat embolisam, Long Bone fractures, Polytrauma, Respiratory Distress

Research Paper

21. QoS optimization in wireless sensor networks using multi-hop multi clustering algorithm in a heterogeneous network

The method provided did improve the energy consumed for each simulation round is reduced and also the energy left is increased. The major breakthrough is that by implementing the proposed program the delay for each simulation round is not only greatly reduced but also uniformed, It is also clearly visible that the throughput in (bit per second) is drastically increased. When compared with traditional methods. The existing paper provides an interesting method using Lagrangian Relaxation(LR) to control the adaptive switching of hop-by-hop QoS routing. The method utilized timely information collection to validate and respect the QoS requirements of all the nodes making the whole network obeying the QoS parameter. This is done by utilizing the modified Markov Chain model for prediction. Multi-hop multi-cluster QoS algorithm using Matlab proposed and implemented a new optimized method our QoS based multi-path routing using ‘k’ neighbors based node switching in corresponding hops. The node will be switched if and only if the QoS threshold and distance threshold value is satisfied. The switching of nodes improved drastically on Throughput. The proposed algorithm has a little high drop ratio as compared to the existing algorithm which is partially due to the multi-path approach in packet splitting. If all the portions of the split packet are not received, the overall packet is dropped. This introduced a marginally higher packet drop ratio which can be managed later on and provides the scope for further improvement.

Published by: Yoginder Singh, Puneet Jain, Rajnesh NarulaResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: Adesh College of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: Lr (Lagrangian relaxation), Markov chain, Qos (Quality of service), WSN (Wireless sensor networks), Energy left, Throughput, Packet drop, Routing, Hop, Cluster, Nodes, Threshold


22. Expression for the relative change of height when the distance between the viewer and the body changes; and its cosmological applications

Imagine you are looking at a body, and then you keep moving behind from it. How does it appear? The body appears to be decreasing in height. So we normally use trigonometry to find the height, but it is always the third person and if we want to calculate the height of the body in the frame of reference of the viewer, hence we cannot use trigonometric ratios. So we need to derive a new expression; the relative height is dependent on; the distance between the bodies, the angle of sight and the original height. Also, we can apply this on heavenly bodies like any star that looks small from earth but is very large. So we can use the derived expression to find the radius of the star and the distance.

Published by: Rajat SaxenaResearch Area: Cosmology

Organisation: The Orbis School, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Relative height, Angle of sight, Distance, Original height

Research Paper

23. Applications of graph theory to analyze electrical circuits using a matrix method in the course of the network equilibrium equation

In this paper we study electrical networks, its simplified circuits, formulate the matrix method of adjacency and incidence matrix followed by applications of a truth table. Also, study the applications of graph theory in verifying network equilibrium equations by Thevenin’s theorem.

Published by: Poorva V AdhyapakResearch Area: Graph Theory

Organisation: KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, KarnatakaKeywords: Circuit, Electrical circuits, Branch, Node, Matrix representation ,Branch current, Loop current, Adjacent matrix, Incident matrix, Branch impedance matrix, Branch admittance matrix.

Research Paper

24. Intelligent identification of Acute kidney injury empowered with Heterogeneous Mamdani Fuzzy Inference System

In this article, a new Heterogeneous-Layered Mamdani Fuzzy Inference System (HL-MFIS) is proposed to detect the Acute Kidney Injury. The proposed computerized system Detect of AKI Using Heterogeneous Mamdani Fuzzy Inference System (DAKI-HL-MFIS) Expert System, can detect the Acute Kidney Injury or No-AKI. The Expert System has two input variables at layer-I and seven input variables at layers-II. At layer-I input, variables are Creatinine and BUN that detects the output condition of a Kidney to be Normal, or Acute Kidney Injury. The further input variables at layer-II are Glomerular filtration rate, urine Albumin, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and phosphorus that determine the output condition of Kidneys like Acute kidney Injury and other reasons that arise due to enzyme vaccination or due to past Kidney Injury. The overall accuracy of the DAKI-HL-MFIS Expert system is 90.5%.

Published by: Muhammad Asif, Abeer Fatima, Asma Baloch, Shahzada Atif Naveed, Areej FatimaResearch Area: Intelligent System

Organisation: National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, PakistanKeywords: MFIS, Creatinine, AKI, Albumin creatinine ratio, BUN, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Calcium, Phosphorus, Albumin, DAKI-HL-MFIS, ES

Research Paper

25. Role of oral glutamine in reducing the severity of radiation induced oral mucositis - A prospective randomized study

To determine the effect of oral Glutamine powder supplement in reducing radiation/chemoirradiation induced oral mucositis in patients with Head and Neck malignancies Design and Methodology: An open-label single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Arm A - Radiotherapy/Chemoirradiation who were randomized to receive oral Glutamine powder supplement in addition to the regular oral care protocol. Arm B - Radiotherapy/Chemoirradiation who were randomized to receive regular oral care protocol only without Glutamine supplement. Results: Forty-eight patients were accrued in the trial, 24 in the control arm and 24 in the study arm. All patients completed the treatment protocol except 4 patients in a control group who discontinued treatment after 4 to 5 weeks. The number of patients in the control Vs study arm of the Chemoirradiation group was 16 Vs 15 and in Radiotherapy group 8 Vs 9 patients. The occurrence of Grade 3 mucositis was less in the control arm 30% Vs 40% but the onset was later among patients in the study arm (week3). In the Chemoirradiation group requirement for analgesic (92.8% Vs 53.8%), topical anaesthetic(35.7% Vs 7.6% - significant), occurrence of mouth pain(28.5% Vs 15.3%) and Ryles tube feeding (28.5%vs15.3%) were less in the study arm and also tolerated more number of cycles of concurrent chemotherapy (76% Vs 14% p= 0.036). The number of patients having a break in treatment (0% Vs 42.8% -significant) and occurrence of oral thrush (16% Vs 28.5%) was more in the study arm of Radiotherapy only group but the number of patients included was small (6 Vs 7). Nausea and vomiting was the predominant complaint in study arm probably induced by the study mouth wash. The occurrence of dryness of oral mucosa and throat was more in the study arm of the chemoirradiation group but less in radiotherapy only group. Inference: Overall the addition of oral Glutamine powder supplement along with oral care protocol during treatment did not show significant benefit. But there seems to be some benefit with the use of study mouth wash in the chemoirradiation group only. Since the sample size is small will need to do the study with larger numbers to document statistically significant benefit

Published by: Dr. V. Srinivasan, Dr.A.Mallika, Dr.S.Ashok KumarResearch Area: Radiation Oncology

Organisation: Arignar Anna Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Karapettai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Glutamine powder, Oral care protocol, Oral mucositis, Radiotherapy, and Chemoirradiation

Research Paper

26. Effect of air volume in musical drums on the quality of sound produced

To find if there is any correlation between the quality of sound produced and the volume of air present in the membranophones. Materials and methods: The experiment was conducted in an anechoic room with proper sound insulation. The drums were placed on the stands and were marked with a circle of radius 3 cm for accuracy of strikes. In total 15 strokes were recorded to decrease the uncertainty in the force. The data was recorded through a microphone and transferred to a system. The data were analyzed and plotted using Audacity’s in-built function. Results and conclusion: With an increase in the depth, the air has more room to move around and when a sound is produced, the increased volume allows the air to lose energy easily to the surrounds and maybe clash around with each other to decrease its frequency and producing multiple unique sounds at the same time.

Published by: Ratiq NarwalResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Scottish High International School, Gurugram, HaryanaKeywords: Membranophones, Sound, Drum

Research Paper

27. Investigation on mechanical and tribological properties of Boron Carbide and CNT reinforced Copper-based composites

The current work focuses on the influence and contribution of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and boron carbide (B4C) to the mechanical and corrosion properties of copper matrix composites. Different weight fractions of nano- B4C and MWCNT-reinforced copper composites were prepared using the ultrasonic-assisted stir casting methodologies. Various tests such as density, tensile, compression, hardness, and corrosion were conducted as per ASTM standards. The addition of reinforcements showed enhancements in the mechanical properties such as tensile strength, compressive strength, hardness and corrosion resistance of the composites due to the uniform dispersion of the secondary reinforcement in the copper matrix and the self-lubricating effect of the MWCNTs. Further, the weight of the composites decreased with the strength characteristics increasing leading to the enhancement in strength to weight ratios of the composite specimens. The effects of the nanoparticle distribution in the matrix and the dispersion of the composites were characterized using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy. The results of experiments highlight the use of experiential reinforcing limits of B4C on the mechanical behavior and corrosion characteristics of copper composites.

Published by: Tukaram Jadhav, Dr. Shivanand H. K.Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Copper, Boron carbide, Carbon nanotubes (Cnts), Composites, Stir casting, Mechanical, Tribological corrosion, Characteristics

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 25th February, 2020.