Volume-8, Issue-1

January-February, 2022

Research Paper

1. Correlational tendencies between Goods and Services Tax and financial markets in India

This paper is aimed at finding a correlation, if any, between Goods and Services Tax (GST) collection announcements and financial markets, specifically, the National Stock Exchange in India. The authors hypothesize that news of GST collection data affects investor confidence and thus the stock market. The result is evident from the correlation between the index of companies with the highest MCap and GST, especially in the financial year 2021.

Published by: Rahul Bhargava, Akshat AdlakhaResearch Area: Financial Markets/Investor Sentiment

Organisation: Delhi Public School R.K.Puram, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: GST, Stock Markets, Nifty Indices, Correlation, Investor Confidence, Data Analysis, Bivariate analysis

Research Paper

2. Machine learning for 5G technology

The deployment of 4G / LTE mobile networks has solved the big challenge of creating high-capacity mobile real broadband internet. This was made possible mainly by the strong physical level and the flexible network architecture. In addition, there is a strong demand for high reliability and almost zero latency of mobile networks with other new services. Such as vehicle communication or vehicle internet. 5G has overcome some of these challenges. In addition, the adoption of software defense networks and the virtualization of network functions have added greater flexibility to operators, allowing operators to support high-demand services from a variety of vertical markets. It is also necessary to predict its evolution in order to create a network that can be actively and effectively (self-measuring). This chapter explains the role of artificial intelligence and machine learning in creating cost-effective and relevant next-generation mobile networks in 5G and later mobile networks. Some of the practical applications of AI / ML in the network life cycle are discussed.

Published by: Patel Niharkumar Kantibhai, Patel Nirmalkumar Shankarbhai, Gameti Brijesh JashvantbhaiResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Asian BCA College, Himatnagar, GujaratKeywords: 5G Technology, LTE Mobile, AI, ML, Machine learning

Research Paper

3. Socio-economic characteristics of the Sugarcane growers in the Balrampur district of Uttar Pradesh

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is primarily grown for its juice, which is used to make sugar. The vast majority of the world's sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical climates. Sugarcane is a well-established source of sugar and the current first-generation feedstock benchmark for efficient biofuel production. The current study was carried out to assess the socioeconomic characteristics of sugarcane growers in the Balrampur District, which was selected purposively. The study was carried out in selected villages of Tulsipur Tehseel in the Balrampur district of Uttar Pradesh. The samples consisted of 316 respondents who were selected through a proportionate random sampling method. The respondents were interviewed personally and data were collected through a pre-structured and pre-tested interview schedule. The study revealed that the majority of the respondents (51.58%) had middle age group, most of the respondents were illiterate (62.78%), They engaged Agriculture farming as a primary occupation and had operational landholding size up to 1 ha with income levels ranging from 75000/- it was also revealed that most of the respondents occasionally participate in social participation, 67.08 percent of the sugarcane growers had a medium level of participation in extension program, whereas 33.86 and 44.30 percent of them had a medium and low level of innovativeness respectively. It was also found that 58.86 percent of the respondents had medium cosmopolites. Respondents are interested in more information and try out new ideas and technologies within their budget and limits and also farmers who are prone to innovations will try to gather information regarding the new technology from various aspects, they wanted to learn new ways of farming, improved production technologies and want to adopt those technologies at a faster rate with maximum accuracy.

Published by: Alimul Islam, Dipak Kumar BoseResearch Area: Agricultural Extension

Organisation: Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology, and Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Sugarcane Growers, Socio-Economic Status, Psychological Characteristics

Review Paper

4. Finger dorsal pattern

This paper investigates a new approach for personal authentication using finger dorsal pattern imaging. The texture pattern produced by the finger knuckle bending is highly unique and makes the surface a distinctive biometric identifier. The finger geometry features can be simultaneously acquired from the same image at the same time and integrated to further improve the user-identification accuracy of such a system. The finger-back surface images from each user are normalized to minimize the scale, translation, and rotational variations in the knuckle images. This paper details the development of such an approach using peg-free imaging. The experimental results from the proposed approach are promising and confirm the usefulness of such an approach for personal authentication.

Published by: Priya T. BendarkarResearch Area: Electronics & Telecommunication

Organisation: Padmashri Dr. V.B. Kolte College of Engineering, Buldhana, MaharashtraKeywords: Finger Dorsal Biometrics, Knuckle Segmentation, Finger Knuckle Biometrics, Major Finger Knuckle, Finger Knuckle, Biometrics Fusion

Research Paper

5. Cognitive ability among LD and normal adolescents

In psychology, cognitive ability refers to aptitude for carrying out mental processes, such as problem-solving, adaptation, comprehension, reasoning, knowledge acquisition, abstract thought, and making connections. In education, cognitive ability is considered a foundation for learning. Learning Disabilities” refers to a variety of disorders that affect the acquisition, retention, understanding, organization, or use of verbal and/or non-verbal information. These disorders result from impairments in one or more psychological processes related to learning, in combination with otherwise average abilities essential for thinking and reasoning. Learning disabilities are specific, not global impairments, and as such are distinct from intellectual disabilities. Hence a study is conducted in order to find out the cognitive ability among LD and normal adolescents.

Published by: Priyadharshini, Jerus Albert Britto JResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna College of Arts and Science, Peelamedu, Tamil NaduKeywords: Cognitive Ability, LD

Research Paper

6. Oral care practices in intensive care unit patients- A critical issue

Background: Critically ill patients, who may be unconscious or sedated while they are treated in ICUs, often need the assistance from machines to help them breathe (ventilators). The use of these machines for more than 48 hours may result in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Oral hygiene care, using a mouth rinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with suctioning secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. There are recommendations and guidelines for oral care in the ICU administered to patients in the 2005 AACN Procedure Manual for Critical Care and the guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention respectively. However, no gold standard exists for oral care for critically ill patients who are orally intubated. Objective and method: A descriptive study using a self-administered 25 questionnaire was used to describe oral care practices performed by 100 nurses posted in ICU. Results: 84% of the respondents reported oral care practices as a high priority in ICU-administered patients. 63% of nurses provided oral care twice a day for an average duration of 20-40 seconds. The most common tool used were spatulas and gauge (30%); toothbrush (16%); spatulas, gauge, toothbrush and suctioning (14%) followed by spatulas, gauge, and suctioning (10%) with the least used being swabs and foams (2%). 83% of the responders also mentioned the use of chemical plaque control, 6% uses toothpaste, 50% used 0.12% chlorhexidine and 25% used toothpaste and chlorhexidine. Conclusion: There is a gap in actual practices compared with policies because of the variations among different organization policies.

Published by: Uzma Irshad, Sushama R. GalgaliResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: HAP, VAP, Nosocomial Infection, Oral Care Practices, AACN

Research Paper

7. Smart pothole detection system using crowd sourcing

Roadways are the primary mode of transportation in our daily lives. As such it is very important to be cautious about potential mishaps due to road damages which can have serious consequences. Thus for traffic safety, it becomes very important to identify the various road damages, especially the hazardous ones, as quickly as possible. In this project, we are proposing our idea on how a road damage identifier system can work to detect the damages.

Published by: Anik Basak, Sayan Desarkar, Rathindra Pramanick, Arnav Sarkar, Ankita Ghosh, Dr. Sangita RoyResearch Area: Electronics Device

Organisation: Narula Institute of Technology, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: Accident, Potholes, Ultrasonic Proximity Sensor, Arduino

Review Paper

8. Door lock using Arduino motion detector by PIR sensor

This project is mainly for the security purpose of any door, it may be for doors for normal houses, or it can be for any other kind of door. But it is better for normal house doors as another type of door has many other higher lock systems and that are better for that purpose. But house door locks are too easy and too basic to open nowadays, for which the robbery and theft are increasing this much, so as a solution it can help us to protect our home

Published by: Anargha Roy Chowdhury, Joyeta Sen, Manish Rai, Parna Das, Satrajit Goswami, Neha Kumari, Prabir Pal, Sneha Ray, Sangita Roy, Arnima Das, Arpita SantraResearch Area: Arduiono Uno

Organisation: Narula Institute of Technology, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: To Increase the Security of Normal House Doors, Pir Sensor, and Arduino

Research Paper

9. Design & construction of Dyke walls in a petrochemical tank farm

This technical paper shows how a dyke wall is designed and built in a Petrochemical complex. Petrochemical complexes contain tanks which store various combustible and inflammable materials like Benzene, Toluene, Xylene, and similar type of petrochemicals. The tank farm contains vertical and horizontal tanks to store the above-said materials and is constructed with plain cement concrete (500 mm thick) dyke wall around these tanks for the long life of the structures. Dyke walls of varying heights are constructed. In this study different types of dyke walls constructed based on the locally available materials are shown. The dyke walls are of various types/sizes, keeping in view the fire load aspects and distance from critical operations, area of effectiveness, ease of workmanship in construction, and cost-effectiveness. In this case study, dyke walls have been constructed using locally available materials/bricks and CC blocks. The extract of photos has been obtained from the public domain and has been used within the paper for demonstration.

Published by: H. M. Viswanatha SastryResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bhamys Constructions Private Limited, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Storage, Chemicals, Inflammable Selection, Fire Load, Safety, Durability, Time, Cost.

Review Paper

10. Niosome as a versatile drug carrier

In recent years, numerous research articles have been published relating to the potential of niosomes to serve as a biodegradable, biocompatible carrier for the delivery of various types of drugs. Niosomes are vesicles that are mostly composed of synthetic surfactants and cholesterol. The vesicular system of niosomes, with its bilayer structure assembled by nonionic surfactants, can increase the bioavailability of a drug to a specific area for a set period of time. Niosomes' amphiphilic nature enhances their ability to encapsulate lipophilic or hydrophilic drugs. Other additives, such as cholesterol, can be used to keep the structure of the niosomes rigid. The efficient use can be defined as a lower dose, fewer side effects, fewer dosages, greater patient compliance, and maximum concentration of the drug at the site of action to reduce unnecessary exposure to the entire body. This narrative review discusses the fundamentals of niosomes, such as their structural components and methods

Published by: Shipra Tripathi, Ahmed Obaidullah, Dr. Meenakshi GuptaResearch Area: Pharmacy

Organisation: School of Pharmaceutical Science, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Niosome, Compositions, Methods of Preparation, Encapsulation, Surfactants, Vesicles, Application

Research Paper

11. Experimental investigation on concrete with partial replacement of fine aggregate by date and tamarind seed

Reusing Agro product waste by utilizing them into building materials is a moderate solution to achieve a sustainable environment. Date Seed (DS) and Tamarind Seed (TS) are lightweight when compare with another concrete ingredients. It reduces the self-weight of the structure. This Study reports that study on mechanical properties of the utilization of date and tamarind seed as a partial replacement for fine aggregate. They are washed, dried, and grained to make medium sand size. The mixes were prepared by weight basis of 10 % to 20 % of date seed and 1.5 % to 2.5 % of tamarind seed for M sand in M25 grade concrete mixes. For each mix, the standard size of cubes, cylinders, and prisms as per Indian standard was cast and tested to assess the mechanical properties such as compressive, split tensile and flexural strength. The results of this investigation indicated that the replacement of 10% of DS and 1.5% of TS with fine aggregates achieve closer to the strength of Control Concrete (CC) and further replacement shall reduce the concrete strength.

Published by: Sarathkumar.S.C, Karthik.C, Anitha.A, Suresh.SResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Velalar College of Engineering and Technology, Erode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Agro Product Waste, Date Seed, Tamarind Seed, Compressive Strength, Tensile Strength

Research Paper

12. The present and future trends of cybercrimes

There have been many challenges today amongst the organizations and the governments to achieve a more secure digital environment. The recent pandemic has paved the way to cyber criminals to a unique opportunity to penetrate human defenses. The present-day cyberattacks become highly sophisticated and much more dangerous. Data leakage continues to be a significant threat by working remotely, the cost of defending the breaches has risen to a new high. The present-day cyber-attacks show not just data theft, they are acting in a catastrophic manner by intruding into the essential infrastructures like hospitals, gas pipelines, electricity, and water supply leading to serious physical harm. Tessian cybercrime statistics says, “Google has registered 2,145,013 phishing sites as of January 17, 2021. This is up from 1,690,000 on January 19, 2020. (27% increase in a year). Ransomware is prevalent in 2021. Data exfiltration is now a big part of the game with what is called double extortion ransomware. Trend Micro alone detected 34% more new ransomware families in 2021than last year”. Apart from the present-day cybercrimes, newer forms of cyber threats are evolving every day. Cyber threat statistics show that there are many emerging threats like Ransomware attacks using data exfiltration, Cryptojacking, Mobile spyware, IoT-focused cybercrimes, 5 G-based intrusion, Stalkerware, irreparable malware attacks, and State-sponsored Cyberactivism. As technology is growing at a rapid pace, present-day cyber criminals make use of every technological development for their criminal activities. The purpose of this article is to understand the modalities of present forms of cybercrimes and the evolution of new cybercrime trends of the near future.

Published by: Ravichandran RamasamyResearch Area: Information Technology-Cyber Security

Organisation: Livingstone International University of Tourism Excellence and Business Management, Lusaka, ZambiaKeywords: Cybercrime, Cyberstalking, Denial of Service, DDoS, Cyber Defamation, Cyber Fraud, IPR Violation, Web Jacking, Crypto Jacking, Ransomware, Cyber Activism, Phishing, Data Exfiltration, Artificial Intelligence & IoT attacks.

Research Paper

13. Understanding the impact of Biodiversity on human beings due to climatic changes.

Our survival is largely dependent on the diversity of flora and fauna, any loss is no longer merely an environmental concern it is also a financial one. Biodiversity loss affects not only our health but also the climate. Species and ecosystems are vanishing at an alarming rate. Biodiversity continues to dwindle at an alarming rate, putting the planet's ability to provide goods and services in jeopardy. The present extinction rate is predicted to be 1000 times faster than the natural extinction rate. However, we may be approaching a new period marked by the sixth global mass extinction of species that will be the first to be created by humans. if present loss rates continue, by 2050, an area of 1.3 billion hectares- almost 1.5 times the size of the United States - would have lost all of its natural biodiversity. Climate change is exacerbating this unparalleled loss of biodiversity. Climate change may cause the extinction of more than 30% of all known species by the end of the century. The effect and repercussions of our planet's unparalleled loss of ability to continue delivering goods and services that we humans take for granted are unclear to the general public and policymakers. We must all take responsibility for our actions. We must confront the difficulties posed by the biodiversity loss catastrophe as a group. Fresh initiatives and a new perspective are required. Every country and every person of the world must band together to defend life on the planet. 2010 has been designated as the International Year of Biodiversity by the United Nations. The year 2010 is a celebration of life on Earth and the importance of biodiversity in our lives, with the goal of involving people from all over the globe in the struggle to safeguard life on Earth and allowing us to take the necessary actions to stop the erosion of our natural foundations.

Published by: Dr. Sandeep ShuklaResearch Area: Zoology

Organisation: Dayanand Brajendra Swarup College, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Extinction, Biodiversity, Climate, Species, Genetic, Ecosystem, Survival, Habitats, Flora and Fauna, Grassland, Deserts, Desertification

Case Study

14. Potential analysis of new energy with emphasis on sustainable

Given that fossil energy sources are scarce and their excessive use makes the environment vulnerable, their use as a fuel is unreasonable. In recent years, urban planners have been designing low-energy cities such as Masdar in the UAE. In a city like Tehran that is plagued by a variety of environmental problems, optimizing energy consumption in urban areas is a necessity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of renewable energy type In District 4 of Tehran and its applicability in different sectors to achieve sustainability. The research method is applied-developmental. The information is based on the documentation and field method. According to experts, the main variables of the research are considered three dimensions of solar, wind, and geothermal energy. The data were collected by a questionnaire from a sample of 76 statistical experts. In the areas of functionality and productivity of each type of energy, the statistical analysis of PLS and in order to investigate the potential evaluation of feasible zones, in three main dimensions with 21 zones, T-test statistical model was used. Since Tehran's District 4 is large and has a variety of uses, Considering the results of the research, it is appropriate to start equipping specific land use(military, forestry, parks, industrial areas, etc.) to develop renewable energies as a first step. At the same time, the municipality, as the most important developer of this type of energy, along with the Renewable Energy Organization, should develop this part of the energy in public spaces such as passageways and so on.

Published by: Mohammadreza Arasteh TaleshmekaiilResearch Area: Sustainable Energy

Organisation: Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, IranKeywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainable Development, District 4 of Tehran, Urban Areas

Research Paper

15. Intelligent traffic light control system

Traffic congestion is a serious problem in many cities around the world so it is time to switch to more manual mode or timer-timer mode to a more automated decision-making system. The current traffic signals system is based on a fixed time which may cause malfunction if one route works better than the other. To address this issue we have developed a smart traffic management system framework. Sometimes high traffic congestion on one side of the junction requires a longer green time compared to the allotted time. Therefore, we suggest here the way in which the time of green light and red light is allocated on the basis of existing traffic congestion. at that time. This is achieved by using an ultrasonic sensor. When the density is calculated, the bright time of the green light is allocated with the help of a microcontroller (Arduino). Sensors located on the side of the road will detect the presence of vehicles and send information to the microcontroller where it will determine how long the flank will be open or when to switch on signal lights. In the following sections, we have described in detail the process of this framework.

Published by: Simanchal Pattanayak, Rajat Kumar Prasad, Rupam Saha, Manish Kumar Pandit, Sudipta DasResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: Accident, Traffic Signal, Traffic Congestion, Ultrasonic Sensor, Arduino, Microcontroller, Intelligent Traffic Control System

Research Paper

16. Observation on CFD Analysis of ZnO and TiO2 Nanofluid with Oil and Ethylene Glycol in Square and Helical Coil Heat Exchanger

The study of this investigation is the comparison of CFD Analysis of ZnO & TiO2 Nano-Fluid with Oil and Ethylene Glycol as a base fluid in Tapered Helical Coil Heat Exchanger with the help of CFD on the copper tube. The Zinc Oxide(ZnO) & Titanium Oxide (TiO2), are used as Nanofluid and water and ethylene glycol is a base fluid. Tapered Helical coil was fabricated by bending 500 mm length of a copper tube having 10mm tube diameter, 50mm pitch coil diameter, 20mm pitch and Square shaped coil was fabricated by bending 500 mm length of a copper tube having 10mm square side, 50mm pitch coil dia, 20 mm pitch. The comparison of pressure drop and temperature variation between ZnO & TiO2 nanofluid with oil as its base and ZnO & TiO2 nanofluid with ethylene glycol as its base is found in this analysis. The result indicates that the ZnO nanofluid with oil as a base fluid has maximum pressure drop and also has maximum temperature variation compared with other nanofluid and base fluid as a base fluid. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology using ANSYS FLUENT 15 is used here to investigate pressure drop of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) & Titanium Oxide (TiO2) nanofluid with ethylene glycol and water as its base fluid on the heat transfer characteristics in a tapered helically coil-tube.

Published by: Rakesh Kumar, Vijaykant PandeyResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Bhabha Engineering Research Institute, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Helical Coil, Square Shaped Helical coil, Nano-fluid, Heat Exchanger, CFD, Pressure Drop, Temperature Distribution

Research Paper

17. Experimental setup of micro wind turbine

The exhaustion of fossil fuels, spreading global warming, the higher need for energy, and the lack of power supplies lead to the use of renewable sources of energy like wind energy. Although there is abundant wind energy available in many regions in our country, the application of wind turbines to harness power efficiently is very limited. The primary objective of this project is to study the fabrication of windmills, study and analyze the results, and to use them in various applications like automobiles, top story buildings, coastal areas, and boats. Also to analyze the output generation on different environmental conditions like wind speed, air density, etc. Simulation, theoretical and experimental methods will be used. In experimental methods, direct results will be analyzed from the experimental setup of the turbine. In simulated methods software like Ansys will be used to calculate the fluid flow, structural data, etc. And in the theoretical method calculation of the expected power will be done using theoretical formulas. The research also focuses on a selection of wind turbines and the selection of their components like generators, material selection, etc. For that, a market survey is important to minimize the cost and increase the effectiveness of the wind turbine. The market survey can be done in two types offline market surveys like visiting local shops and industries and online market surveys which can be done using Google, Amazon, etc. The expected outcome is to generate power of range 50-100 W. For this research blades with different materials were used to test the effectiveness of the turbine. Along with that different types of motors were used as a generator for testing. Power of a minimum of 10 W and a maximum of 50 W was produced. This research also focused on the cost-effectiveness of the turbine. It was manufactured in 6000 INR.

Published by: Mayuresh Gokhale, Ajay Kale, Shreyas Joshi, Piyush Butala, Devashish GameResearch Area: Sustainable Energy

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Windmill, Applications, Wind Turbine, Generator, Rotor Blades, Sustainable Energy, Renewable Energy, Renewable Resources

Research Paper

18. An empirical study of zoology’s effect on biophysics

Ancient cultures regarded animal studies as a lux. Drs Avicenna and Averroes improved our grasp of human physiology, which frequently had zoological implications. Zoological biologists have benefited from linkages with other fields like chemistry, physics, and data science. Behavioral Ecology is a branch of ecology that integrates zoology and animal behavior. Physical anthropology tries to answer when anatomically modern humans diverged from the closest monkey relatives. Bionics create artificial systems inspired by nature, such as robotics, prosthetics, and space travel.

Published by: Dharma Guru Prasad M. P., R. T. PattarResearch Area: Biophysics

Organisation: B.L.D.E.A’s Commerce, B.H.S Arts and T.G.P Science College, Jamakhandi, Bagalkot, KarnatakaKeywords: Biophysics, Physics, Zoology

Thesis

19. Alternate materials for bottom components and solutions for foot problems

this is a thesis on the alternate material that can be used instead of leather soles and more solutions provided for not problems

Published by: Anshika DuttResearch Area: Designing

Organisation: Footwear Design and Development Institue, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Foot Problem, Soles, Leather, Shoe Designing

Research Paper

20. Design and analysis of solar parabolic trough collector

Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants, and artificial photosynthesis. A parabolic trough is a type of solar thermal collector that is straight in one dimension and curved as a parabola in the other two, lined with a polished metal mirror. In this report, the study of parabolic shaped collector, receiver tube, and loading that model in Ansys was being done and studying about various concepts used in the same. HTF (Heat Transfer Fluid) used in this project is water, which will pass through a solar absorber tube at a certain velocity. After passing the fluid, the Temperature and Flowrate of the fluid were checked. The Numerical Solution was done for water as HTF and simulated for 9 AM to 4 PM. The maximum temperature obtained was 306.75 K at 1:00 PM. Therefore, the output Temperature contour was done by taking 1 PM as time.

Published by: Priyesh Mhatre, Chirag ThakurResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: PTC, HTFs, HCE, SPTC, CFD, and DNI

Research Paper

21. Muslim women professional education opportunities UNESCO's Agenda 2030 Policy forwarding Statistical Analysis and students interests of forecast data

Higher education is the basic must and should need in this competency world and fundamental requirement for the advancement and evolution of universal community. Gender inequality in education throwback to the different position of women in highly gender biased social order. This is true not only of developed societies but also of developing societies like India where women are at a drawback inspiration to series of educational programs and improvement.In all of the religious communities, Muslims are the moderate trained in education part of Indian Society and Muslim women the lowest one.Dr.M.APJ ABDUL KALAM sir said higher education which leads to the nation right way of greatness with stand longer span.As per UNESCO's agenda is completely interconnected to its attempts to promote the right to education as follows Indian CONSTITUTION and support to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).The backwardness among Muslim women in collation with Othethan-The Muslim women in India has become a matter of concern at present world.This present paper is deliberate to numerically expressed and analyzed the role of higher education along with it's abundant opurtinity drive statements in conduct the research to elevate students interesting opinions and their position especially in the marginalized outcome and Muslim minority category of Indian community.

Published by: Heena Kowsar, Professor R. Vijaya Krishna NaiduResearch Area: Social Studies

Organisation: Department of Sociology, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Higher education for Muslim minority women, UNESCO, Statistical Forecast Data

Research Paper

22. Software testing life cycle and its efficiency

The software testing life cycle (STLC) is the sequence of activities that takes place within the software testing process. By following a logical STLC, an organization is able to develop a quality plan that is more likely to yield superior results. Every organization's ultimate goal is to provide its customers with a flawless product. Customers are easily turned off by bug-filled user experiences. As a result, when businesses became aware of this, they began incorporating testing. Since then, testing has evolved into a critical component of every organization's operation. Over the last few decades, there has been a shift in the competency of testing. It is important for businesses to recognize that software testing should have its own life cycle which can increase the efficiency of testing.

Published by: Lok Shan ChanResearch Area: Software Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Software Testing Life Cycle, Testing, and Product.

Research Paper

23. Relevance of newspapers in the era of the internet

Newspaper is the traditional way to spread information far and wide. It was better known as a “mirror of the society. In our day-to-day life’s Internet became a very essential part of people’s lives. Internet is not only confined to gathering news or information, today’s internet services include selling electronic devices, clothes, food, and many more things, earning and controlling money, communicating with people all over the world using various platforms, and these are just some of the few things you can do using the Internet. This paper also talks about the history of newspapers which was started in the early 17th century & as well as the history of the internet which was started around the 80s and how the internet took the huge leap in not only spreading news but even other recreational things. This research studies how newspapers are still a relevant and important part of society in the era of the internet. The paper also tries to differentiate between newspaper and the internet and their advantages in their respective fields. This study is done through content analysis and public opinions.

Published by: Ronit AgarwalResearch Area: News and Internet

Organisation: MIT World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Newspaper, Internet, Relevance of Newspaper, Comparison between Newspaper and Internet, History of Newspaper and Internet.

Research Paper

24. Deadlock Detection in Concurrency System Using Timed Petri Net

Deadlock is a state in which each user of a group of users on networks( distributed system) waits for another user, including itself to take action, such as sending a message or using network resources commonly releasing a lock, this lock is a common problem facing users in network systems(NWSs), it is named deadlock problem. This problem is occurring in distributed systems where software and hardware share resources through network devices. The deadlock problem has been received. To solve the deadlock problem the important step is deadlock detection which helps us to void the deadlock problem.

Published by: Ahmed Elajeli Rgibi, Amany Khalifa Alarbish, Amal Apojila OshahResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sabratha University, Sabratah, LibyaKeywords: Deadlock, Timed Petri Nets, NWSs, Distributed System, Concurrency System

Research Paper

25. On-road condition analysis of shock absorber using Arduino UNO

In this paper design modification of suspension, spring has been studied. This study has been done on Hero Honda splendor vehicle. In this paper, the performance of the Shock absorber is done by placing a piezoelectric sensor in the strut of the vehicle, and the real-time loads acting on the vehicle is obtained with ARDUINO UNO microprocessor board and is connected to the Display/computer unit to save the load value with respect to time. Continuously monitoring the actual load acting on the components in real-time leads to the determination of the actual range of loads acting on that component in that particular environment, based on which the component can be designed on both materials and structurally for that concern environment which leads to avoiding overestimation of loads and additional weight built up. The vehicle handling becomes very difficult and leads to an uncomfortable ride when bouncing is allowed uncontrolled. Hence, the design of spring in a suspension system is very crucial. The analysis is done by considering bike mass, loads, and no of persons seated on the bike. Creation of structural component done by using design software CATIA, now the values are imported to ANSYS workbench for fatigue analysis to calculate the stress, stress, total deformation for on-road condition.

Published by: Yashkumar Shinde, Nishant Sardeshpande, Prasad Pund, Ojas Patil, Mangesh ChaudhariResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Shock Absorber, Piezo Sensor, Arduino UNO, CATIA V5 R21, ANSYS, Fatigue Analysis

Research Paper

26. Lexical analyzer using DFA

The definition of the term lexical is derived from the word "lexeme" in lexical analysis. In linguistics, a lexicon is an abstract morphological element. There are many stages or passes in the compiler. Each phase is significant, but the parser plays a critical part in the compilation process. Text editors, information retrieval systems, pattern recognition algorithms, and language compilers all make use of lexical analyzers. A lexical analyzer, lexer, scanner, or tokenizer is a program in the compilation step that does lexical analysis. The lexical analyzer is used in a variety of computer science applications, including word processing, information retrieval, pattern recognition, and language processing. The goal of this paper is to the operation of a lexical analyzer in the most direct way possible in order to give in-depth understanding of the lexical analyzer phase.

Published by: Varad Ingale, Kuldeep Vayadande, Vivek Verma, Abhishek Yeole, Sahil Zawar, Zoya JamadarResearch Area: Theory of Computation

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: DFA, Interpreter, Lexical Analyzer, Syntactic Analyzer

Research Paper

27. The effect of overtaking disturbances on the motion of strong plane shock wave in a highly viscous medium

The effect of overtaking disturbances, the motion of strong plane shock wave in a highly viscous medium has been investigated by Chester-Chisnell- Whitham method. It is applied to obtain the analytical relations for shock velocity and shock strength for free propagation of shock. These relations are modified in presence of overtaking disturbances. The obtained expansions are computed and discussed in the table.

Published by: Dr. Kamlesh Kumar, Dr. Arvind KumarResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Agra College, Agra, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Shock Wave, Ccw Method, and Viscosity

Research Paper

28. Applications of molecular markers in aquaculture and fisheries-a detailed study

Hereditary variety in an animal category upgrades the capacity of a living being to adjust to changing climate and is essential for the endurance of the species. Hereditary variation emerges between people prompting differentiation at the degree of the populace, species, and higher-order scientific categorizations. The hereditary variety information has changed application in research on advancement, conservation and the executives of normal assets and hereditary improvement programs, and so forth Improvement of Molecular hereditary markers has amazing capacity to distinguish hereditary investigations of people, populaces or species. These atomic markers joined with new measurable improvements have altered the analytical power, important to investigate the hereditary diversity. Atomic markers and their factual examination changed the scientific power, important to explore the hereditary variety. Different atomic markers, protein or DNA (mt-DNA or atomic DNA such as microsatellites, SNP, or RAPD) are presently being utilized in fisheries and hydroponics. These markers give different logical perceptions which have importance in hydroponics practice as of late, for example, 1)Species Identification 2) Genetic variety and population structure study in normal populaces 3)Examination among wild and incubation facility populaces 4) Assessment of segment bottleneck in normal populace 5) Propagation helped recovery programs. In this audit article, we have concentrated on the essentials of sub-atomic hereditary qualities, the outline of usually utilized markers, and their application alongside their limits (significant classes of markers) in fisheries and hydroponics studies.

Published by: Sai Mounika Muramulla, Ketham Giri Babu, R. RajeswariResearch Area: Life Sciences

Organisation: Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Genetic Diversity, Molecular Markers, Microsatellite, Aquaculture

Review Paper

29. The positive impact of collaboration on teams’ performance

The motivation of the review paper is to find out the advantages and the positive impact of collaboration between team members on the performance of a team and motivate members to use the collaborative techniques on a regular basis. The steps to achieve effective collaboration are also defined. Initially, the definitions are clarified. A team is defined as a collection of like-minded people who have banded together to achieve a common objective with an average size between 4 to 20 members. Collaboration is working in sync as a group. Then twenty unique research papers are reviewed. Finally, the findings are presented with highlighting the positive impact collaboration has on teams and how it can be achieved by teams to their own advantage.

Published by: Prakhar JainResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Vidya International School of Business, Meerut, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Collaborative Teamwork, Improving Team Performance, Management, Leadership

Technical Notes

30. Bonafide owner’s under defective titles: an insight into property law.

Property can be defined as Ownership coupled with possession and sufficient right or interest to claim the property. The primitive concept of property was that a property consisted of two major elements namely corpus i.e. body and animus i.e. intention to hold the property. In recent times, due to the development of subject matters that act as property even without possessing a body and people claim ownership over it, like Intellectual property the main element of a property has been reduced to that of only “Animus”. Any property cannot exist in an ambiance which means without any claim or a title or ownership. Transfer of Property Act, 1882 deals with Intervivos Trans of Immovable Property. Transfer of Property Act is not exhaustive on its own and the purpose of the act is limited. It does not even deal with all the types ofIntervivos Trans of Immovable Property i.e. Trust and Succession are dealt with in this act. Moreover, the act also has territorial restrictions. Section 5 of the Transfer of Property Act defines the transfer of property as an act by a living person is present or in the future to one or more other living people which may include a company, an association, or a body of an individual, to himself or to himself and one or more other living people. Transfer of Property has 137 sections divided into 8 parts. Sections 1 to 5 deal with general sections, Sections 6 to 53A deal with general concepts within which Sections 6 to 32 deal with general concepts of both movable and immovable property and Sections 38 to 53A deals which concepts that talk specifically about the immovable property, Sections 54 to 57 talks about the sale of immovable property, Sections 58 to 104 specifically deal with mortgage, Sections 105 to 117 are concerned about the lease, Sections 118 to 121 are about Exchange, Sections 122 to 129 deals with gift and Sections 130 to 137 talks about additional claims in regards to immovable property. The present article deals with Bonafide owners under detective titles which is restricted strictly to that of transfer of immovable property and the rights, compensation, and other protection guaranteed under the Transfer of Property Act along with a few exceptions which are provided under this act in part under Chapter II part B(Of transfer by an act of parties- transfer of immovable property). This article aims at highlighting the rights that are guaranteed implicitly under the Transfer of Property Act to purchasers or owners who believe that they have a bonafide claim of ownership over the property, but the ownership so granted by the initial owner or the person transferring the owner is false and therefore, the transferee does not have a valid claim over the property even though he believes that he had entered into a valid or good transaction with the transferee. The defective title so granted to the transferee is due to the false proclamation, misunderstanding, or due to certain other acts of the transferor. These rights are so given to the bonafide owner under defective title also comes coupled up with duties and exceptions and the article intends on explaining the same with reference to certain case laws.

Published by: Srijita ChattopadhyayResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Vakeelspot Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Property Law, Transfer of Property, Defective Title, Bonafide Owner, Ownership

Review Paper

31. Qust (Saussurea Lappa C B Clarke): A Review

Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke, also known as qust, is distributed more or less throughout the globe. It is an important member of the Asteraceae family as it is well known all over the world for its traditional medicinal uses. Numerous phytoconstituents have been reported from the plant by different authors that are responsible for many biological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritis, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-tumour, spasmolysis, cortisol-lowering effect, a bronchodilator, antiviral, inhibitory effects on killing activity of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, antiangiogenic effects, anti-parasitic, CNS depressant, anti-cancer abilities and anti-diabetic activities. terpenes such as costunolide, dihydrocostunolide, 12 methoxydihydro costunolide, dihydrocostus lactone, dehydrocostus lactone , α-hydroxy dehydrocostus lactone, β- hydroxy dehydrocostus lactone, lappadilactone , mokko lactone, betulinic acid, betulinic acid methyl esters cynaropicrin, reynosin, santamarine , saussureamines A-C , αcyclocostunolide, alantolactone, isoalantolactone , isodihydrocostunolide, βcyclocostunolide , β- hydroxyl arbusculin A, arbusculin B, saussureal and so on, which have antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties. In Unani literature, Roots are of three type’s qust behri or qust arbi, qust hindi and qust shirin. The present article describes a detailed review of literature of this plant species including taxonomy, pharmacology, Phyto Chemical Constituents and pharmacological activities in an organized way. This review paper will surely serve as an important source for future scientific investigations on this plant.

Published by: Dr. Syeda Sumaiya, Dr. Wajeeha BegumResearch Area: Pg Scholar In MS

Organisation: Department of OBG, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Saussurea Lappa C.B. Clarke, Qust Antiinflammatory Spasmolysis, Phyto Chemical Constituents.

Research Paper

32. An Attempt to Measure the Knowledge Level and Opinion of Farmers for Kisan Credit Card Scheme in Iglas Block Of Aligarh District

One of the most cutting-edge, well-known, well-liked, and non-discriminatory financial products, the Kisan Credit Card, aims to fund agriculture. In order to better understand the Kisan Credit Card in Agriculture, this study was written. In a short period of time, the Kisan Financing Card has established itself as a popular credit option among farmers. KC Card has been widely praised and welcomed by bankers and farmers alike, and it is predicted that this would assist farmers acquire quick and prompt access to much-needed institutional finance. Research on farmers' perceptions of the KCC was carried out in the Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh with the primary goal of assessing farmers' knowledge and understanding of the program. A total of 240 farmers from Iglas block of Aligarh District were chosen for the study. It is recommended that farmers' views on the KCC be given equal weight in order for policymakers to make the necessary reforms to make the system more feasible.

Published by: Dr. Rajni SharmaResearch Area: Agricultural Geography

Organisation: Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Credit, Farmer, Agriculture, Loan, Knowledge

Review Paper

33. Design and analysis of seismic retrofitting of building

Earthquakes are a crucial problem worldwide since it leads to disastrous damages such as failure and collapse of buildings, loss of human lives, and loss of homes. In addition, earthquakes lead to a massive economy including loss of built structures and recovery costs of damaged buildings and infrastructure. In addition, the earth consists of three layers; the first one is the crust layer which is the surface of the earth, the second one is the mantle layer which is the second inner part of the earth, and last one the core layer which is the most inner part of the earth, When the surface of the earth creates a sudden movement, this in turns creates an earthquake, and strain energy is released causing the seismic waves through the crust.

Published by: Omkar Ravindra Salunkhe, Laukik Tonemare, Chaitresh Kadam, Saurav Mahto, Fatema TrawadiResearch Area: Structures

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Seismic Retrofitting, Earthquake, ETABS Software, AutoCAD

Research Paper

34. Maternal health and child care knowledge among farm women and associated factors

A study on ‘Maternal health and child care knowledge among farm women and associated factors’ was conducted at University of Agricultural Sciences, on 300 farm women selected from Hubballi and Dharwad thalukas of Dharwad district, Karnataka state. Maternal health and child care knowledge questionnaire developed by AICRP-CD unit from PJTSAU was used for the study. Results on component wise maternal health and child care knowledge revealed that, more than 50 per cent of rural women were found to have average knowledge level of health, hygiene and high knowledge level of nutrition. Overall maternal health and child care knowledge showed that, about 54.3 percent of women had ‘poor’ knowledge about maternal health and child care while 45.7 per cent had ‘average’ and none of the respondents had ‘good’ knowledge regarding maternal health and child care. Among associated factors age, occupation and SES factors were found to have significant influence on maternal health and child care knowledge of rural women. Knowledge of rural women was found to be associated with age and literacy status of the mother. So, there is a need to give educational interventions to improve knowledge level of all reproductive age group women especially adolescent girls, married, pregnant and lactating mothers.

Published by: Manjula Patil, Shakuntala PatilResearch Area: Human Development

Organisation: University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, KarnatakaKeywords: Maternal Health, Child Care, Knowledge, Farm Women, Occupation

Case Study

35. Gossypiboma neck rare mimicker of tumor recurrence

Retained foreign bodies (RFB) or Gossypibomas are rare causes of lumps. They can present with symptoms several years after surgery. We encountered the presentation of a patient with RFB or gossypiboma after total thyroidectomy and ablative session of I131 therapy with complaints of swelling on the left side of the neck since 2mths, discharge from post-operative drain site since one month associated with pain during deglutition. The Discovery of such a case of RFB in the neck providentially at an early stage, during the investigation of such a lump, is exceptional. We report such a singular case.

Published by: Dr. Satyabrat Srikumar, T. D. Sherpa, Giriraj singhResearch Area: Radiology

Organisation: Military Hospital, Jhansi, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Gossypiboma, Textiloma, Retained Foreign Body, Malignancy/Tumor, Concomitant/ Coexistent Pathology

Survey Report

36. Survey paper on Worry-Free 2.0- IoT based solution for smart home

We are living in an age where there is innovation every day, but still, we live in the same conventional houses. We should aim to induce some technology to our houses too. So, by considering this scenario we have developed a module that will transform our traditional houses into modern-day homes. Thus, we provided a solution for improving our lifestyle and include some of the technological advancements in our day-to-day life. Our technology was helpful to those who are specially-abled as well as those who need constant supervision. It is environmentally friendly as it helps in saving electricity. Our product will fulfill the basic requirements of daily life and ensure the safety of that family. Our product portfolio consists of products that can ensure the security of the home and bring convenience to our lifestyle. One of our products is smart to switch which can operate any appliance from any remote location. Our second product is an intruder alert, if any intruder tries to break into our house, then an alert will be sent to the owner of the house. Unnecessary electricity wastage is one of the biggest concerns of today's time, to solve this we have developed a module which will automatically turn on and off the light during day and night. Our fourth product is a gas leakage alert, if there is an LPG gas leak our product will detect it and will take measures accordingly.

Published by: Nileema Parate, Dhirajkumar Gupta, Nisha Akhand, Pranay Meshram, Karan Dalwani, Sanskruti DiyewarResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management and Research, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Smart Home, ESP8266, Internet of Things, Safety, Security, Convenience, LPG Gas Leak

Research Paper

37. Life in Sundarbans: Spatial Dimensions of Amitav Ghosh’s Gun Island

Space and Time were always treated as a fascinating matter for the aspiring research fraternity of English literature. It is of contemporary relevance and practicality to discuss the topic in detail. Many theorists like Henry Lefebvre, Edward Soja, Yi Fu Tuan were leading the discussions based on Space through their seminal literary works. Here intention of this paper is to analyse the novel Gun Island in the light of space theory and study how spatial dimension were employed by Amitav Ghosh in his narrative. Sundarbans, the tide country is the focus of the narrative though which he talks about the major themes like marginalisation, trauma of the destitute, man vs. nature conflict and so on. The inclusive view of Sundarbans especially Lusibari is narrated here pinpointing the issues of refugees, ordeal of Dalits, Natural calamities etc. Lusibari, its people their beliefs, jobs, social conditions, educational background, economic aspects, and so on were talked about. The uneducated people who were strong believers and how intimately they keep and pass on their tradition beliefs, legends etc were shown in the novel. This paper will add knowledge regarding the space Lusibari and its culture to the reading public.

Published by: Sarada P. V., Dr. T. K. PiusResearch Area: English Literature

Organisation: St. Aloysius College, Thrissur, KeralaKeywords: Space, Narrative, Historical Fiction, Migration

Review Paper

38. Majeeth (Rubia codifolia linn): A review

Rubia cordifolia Linn also called as common Madder or Indian Madder, is a species of flowering plant. Rubia cordifolia is a branched climber with small, greenish white flowers that are arranged in a cluster of round, fleshy, purple fruits. Its roots have a brownish red bark from which a red dye is obtained. This plant grows well in hilly areas, and the root has medicinal values It is an important member of the Rubiaacea family. Dried roots of Rubia cordifolia, is a rich source of anthraquinones responsible for its traditional, phytochemical and pharmacological activities. Today clinical investigations of herbal formulations and their market preparations, both are on demanding because of better safety and efficacy without or minimal side effects. Many studies suggested that Rubia cordifolia has many biological effects such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, hepato-protective, anti-acne, blood purifier activity, astringent, antimicrobial, anti-dysentric, antiseptic, nephron-protective properties. The present article describes a detailed review of literature for this plant species including taxonomy pharmacology and photochemistry in an organized way. This review paper will surely serve as an important source for the future scientific investigations on this plant.

Published by: Shabnam Bano, Wajeeha BegumResearch Area: Clinical

Organisation: National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Rubia Cordifolia, Anti-Inflammatory, Antidiabetic, Majeeth Hepato-Protective Pharmacology

Research Paper

39. Detection of Brain Tumors from MRI images using Improved Fuzzy C means and K means template-based algorithm

For decades even with the advancement of scanning and evolving imagery systems, the detection of tumors present in the brain has become increasingly challenging and is still one of the most sensitive areas in the field of medicine. In this research work, a enhanced model is proposed in which I have employed a combination of two algorithms. The first algorithm is the K Means Clustering which is a method of vector quantization. The second is the Fuzzy C-means clustering in which each data point can be attributed to more than one cluster. When used together the algorithms give enhanced performance and is called the TKFCM algorithm. Here in this paper, first in order to initialize the segmentation the k-means algorithm is used and the template is selected based on the Gray level of the image. Then the membership that is updated is primarily determined using the distance from the centroid of the cluster to the data points of the cluster using the FCM algorithm. Next, the improved FCM clustering algorithm is fundamentally used to detect the position of the tumor based on the function that is obtained by different features that include energy, contrast, entropy, homogeneity, dissimilarity and also the correlation. The results of the paper indicate that the algorithm is capable of detecting tissues that are abnormal in a improved time window.

Published by: Karan Vikram Singh BhatiaResearch Area: Image Analysis

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Gray Level Intensity, Entropy, TKFCM Algorithm, Extraction, Feature, Clustering of T Means, K Means Algorithm Based On Template, Homogeneity

Research Paper

40. Heart Disease Prediction

Heart Disease prediction is one of the most complicated tasks in the medical field. Day by day the cases of heart diseases are increasing at a rapid rate and it’s very important and concerning to predict any such diseases beforehand. This diagnosis is a difficult task i.e. it should be performed precisely and efficiently. We prepared a heart disease prediction system to predict whether the patient is likely to be diagnosed with heart disease or not using the medical history of the patient. Traditional approaches that involve the collection of data from devices into one centralized repository for further analysis are not always applicable due to a large amount of collected data, the use of communication channels with limited bandwidth, security and privacy requirements, etc. Federated learning (FL) is an emerging approach that allows one to analyze data directly on data sources and to federate the results of each analysis to yield a result as traditional centralized data processing. Available electronic medical records of patients quantify symptoms, body features, and clinical laboratory test values, which can be used in predicting heart disease.

Published by: Medasani Hari Kumar, Kottamasu Sai Anila, Doppalapudi Sriram, Rizwan PatanResearch Area: Machine Learning and Federated Learning

Organisation: Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Federated Learning, Machine Learning, Privacy, Prediction, Heart disease

Research Paper

41. Universal Turing machine simulator

In this, we introduce a Turing Machine and Pushdown Automata Simulators as an effective setting for getting to know technique models and automata concepts. The 2-fold contribution of these paintings could be a novel use of modern-day generation to enhance getting to know and longitudinal experimental analysis of its use in context. An introductory evaluation suggests the effectiveness of the simulators inside the schoolroom

Published by: Rohit Gurav, Sakshi Suryawanshi, Parth Narkhede, Sankalp Patil, Sejal Hukare, Kuldeep VayadandeResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Turing Machine, Tape, Automata, Pushdown Automata, Computational Model

Research Paper

42. Getting art to the market: how is the price of paintings determined?

This paper is aimed at finding a correlation, if any, between the factors determining the price of an artwork. Based on quantitative analysis of a personal survey with 31 respondents, the factors do not form any particular abstract formula which could be derived. It was indicative that the surveyees approached pricing in a variety of ways. To make sense of the variety, the author used an inductive technique to identify and categorize various price styles. The results of the polls were tallied to determine the variables that each artist considered when making their selection. Individual respondents' most prevalent choice aspects are revealed through this method.

Published by: Divyanshi SaroffResearch Area: Art and Economics

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Pricing of Art, Economics of Art, Paintings, Pricing Factors, Perspectives on Value, Differential Utility

Research Paper

43. Mathematical modeling of the electric scooter battery pack using SCILAB

Electric vehicles have been a sustainable and environment-friendly mode of transport have gained immense importance since the beginning of the 21st century. Mathematical modeling has been a boon for the design procedure, which helps us understand the real-time output of our design without practical implementation. The research paper will be discussing mathematical modeling for an electric scooter battery pack. It will be done by calculating the energy consumption for the desired output by an EV and then later comparing the different cells by considering various battery parameters. The modeled scooter would be capable of replicating the output similar to a current CV. SCILAB will be used as the simulation software. For calculating the real-time energy consumption, WLTP cycle data will be used. The data for the WLTP drive cycle is based on the real-time driving scenario. It would help us to estimate the energy consumption that can be close to the practical value. For accurate results, it is necessary to test the designed model on a dynamometer for better optimization.

Published by: Hrushikesh Anil Chari, Dr. Rajendra KatikarResearch Area: Electric Mobility

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Electric Vehicle, Battery Pack, WLTP, and Scilab

Review Paper

44. Tukhm Khatmi (Althea officinalis Linnaeus): A review

Althaea Officinalis Linnaeus is a perennial plant with light brown colored, long and thick roots, ovate-cordate, slightly toothed leaves, and pale pink or pale purple-colored flowers. It is commonly known as “Marsh Mallow” is one of the important medicinal plants used in Unani medicine, All the parts contain mucilage, and it is having emollient, analgesic, astringent, hemostatic, expectorant, laxative, cleansing, demulcent, concoctive, diuretic, emmenagogue, anti-inflammatory, and exhilarant properties.4 In Unani medicine, Khatmi has been used for several centuries to treat inflammatory disorders like Warme Reham (metritis), Warme Piston (mastitis), Warme Ama (enteritis), Wajaul Mafasil (arthritis), Qaulanj (colitis), Zatur Riya (pneumonia), Warme Shoib (bronchitis), etc.5 chemical constituents contain Pectins, Hypolaetin-8-glucoside, Isoquercitrin, kaempferol, caffeic, pcoumaric acid, ferulic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, salicylic acid, p-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid, vanillic acid. Scopoletin, herniarin, warfarin β-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, Isoquercitrin, ellagitannins, gallic acid L-Aspartic Acids, L-Asparagine, Threonine, Methionine, L-Glutamic acids which helps act as anti-Inflammatory, immunomodulator, antimicrobial, antiviral anti-cancer, hypoglycaemic, hypolipidemic, scavenging activity, Antitussive and anti-complement activity in the human body. This paper reviews the detailed literature of this plant species including taxonomy, pharmacology, Phyto Chemical Constituents, and pharmacological activities in an organized way. This review paper will surely serve as an important source for future scientific investigations on this plant.

Published by: Shazamani S., Wajeeha Begum, Syeda SumaiyaResearch Area: Clinical

Organisation: National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Tukhm Khatmi, Althea Officinalis, Anti-Inflammatory, Immunomodulator Antimicrobial

Research Paper

45. Face recognition-based student’s attendance system using DLIB

Daily attendance tracking is an integral part of any organization’s day-to-day activity. It is also very important to have the records with the ease of maintaining them. Roll call method is considered as time taking and it also has any possibility of proxy marking. The proposed work speaks about the implementation of an attendance system by using face recognition. The Marked attendance is stored in a database and can be considered for future purposes. At the time of marking attendance, this system will automatically take the pictures and apply implemented algorithm to Mark the correct attendance. The attendance is marked in the form of name, date, and time. Histogram of oriented gradient method is implemented for the detection and facial landmark estimation is implemented for computation and comparison of the students the implementation is done on a real-time basis.

Published by: Sheetal Rajendra Wagh, Kiran ChaudhariResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Marathwada Institute of Technology, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: DLIB, HOG, Face Recognition, Landmark, Detection

Review Paper

46. Design and analysis of types of footings

This paper presents a comparative study among three types of footings officering shape to obtain the more economical dimension of the contact surface, i.e., a comparison is realized among the rectangular footings, square and circular in terms of the contact area with soil, when the load that must withstand said structural member is applied. The models presented in this paper satisfy the following conditions. 1) The Minimum stress should be equal to or greater than zero because the soil is not capable of withstanding tensile stresses. 2) The maximum stress must be equal to or less than the allowable capacity that can be capable of withstanding the soil. According to the results, tables show that the circular footings are more economic, subsequently the rectangular footings and last the square footings.

Published by: Rahul Rambhau Magar, Ayush Jitendra Singh, Divya Vishwanath chaugule, Atharva ramdas Yadav, Fatema TrawadiResearch Area: Structure

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: STAAD Pro, Residential Building, AUTOCAD, Microsoft Excel, with Bearing Capacity Method/Limit State Method

Research Paper

47. Interpersonal relationships in work environment its influence on the productivity of an organisation

How to enhance inner communique inside our very own corporation and stimulate personnel to understand an organization wherein they paintings as their very own and try for joint success? In order to acquire powerful inner communique, it's far essential to contain personnel in all organization`s movements and supply them a danger to specific their perspectives and opinions. It is important to pay attention to the man or woman desires of humans and constantly paintings to enhance inner communications. Business communique is a totally essential a part of commercial enterprise, and refers back to the transmission of messages, change and processing of data and contacts with commercial enterprise companions and the public. The communique in the corporation includes all personnel, at the same time as communique out of doors the corporation includes most effective few. Vertical communique takes location in the corporation from better to decrease organizational levels (authoritative atmosphere) or in different case upward from subordinates to superiors.

Published by: Dr. Shobha Jonathan, Veena KaragudariResearch Area: Commerce And Management

Organisation: St. Francis' College, Koramangala, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Interpersonal, Communication, Employees, Work Ethics, Work Environment

Research Paper

48. The Future of Online Therapy – PsAIch Emotracker

Good mental health is essential to a person’s overall health and well-being. Mental health includes our emotional and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. As the COVID-19 pandemic upends the lives of young people around the world, a long-simmering mental health crisis threatens to boil over. Demand for mental health care is skyrocketing, and yet support services have been significantly curtailed. Our solution to this problem is the PsAIch Emotracker. The PsAIch Emotracker makes use of various existing technologies, to help psychiatrists in the efficient therapeutic treatment of mental illnesses virtually. This report showcases a design for a potential remote mental-health treatment system and aims to elicit insights about working of the PsAIch Emotracker and its potential applications.

Published by: Mohamed Irfan Karukappadath, Anika K. S.Research Area: Wearable Technology, Mental Health, Online Therapy, Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Mental Health, Online Therapy, Wearable Technology, Emotion Tracker, EEG headband, Psychotherapy, Covid-19, Smartwatch,

Research Paper

49. Estimation, costing & innovative design of airport

This paper presents an analysis of the dynamics of the evolution of multi-airport systems worldwide that can help to guide their effective development in the future. Given the capacity constraints on existing major airports, the development of multi-airport systems is going to be a key mechanism by which air transportation systems around the world will be able to meet future demand. In order to better understand how these systems will evolve, a systematic case study analysis of 59 airport systems worldwide was performed. The analysis showed significant differences in the evolution of multi-airport systems across world regions. In the United States and in Europe, the recent development of multi-airport systems primarily involved the emergence of secondary airports.

Published by: Atharva Sawant, Ayush Laheja, Sarthak Sanap, Anish Nimbalkar, Fatema TrawadiResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Estimation & Costing, 3D Modelling, Sketch Up Pro

Research Paper

50. A study on awareness and challenges of retailers in the digitalization era

The study is mainly on creating awareness about digitalization and also how in recent times retail business has been impacted and how both online and offline businesses have equal importance. As in the current era digitalization is gaining fame, this research will also study the various ways to improve the marketing and selling strategies of these enterprises by making the best use of the online platform. The market is a competitive and dynamic place. Hence in order to sustain in this dynamic environment, the proprietor should inculcate a few efficient skills that can boom the business. One way is to be creative in their ideas, the business should think of such a product or service which has very less substitutes or is unique in its own way so that customers can differentiate the commodity of a particular business. For this research, relevant data was collected via questionnaire and was analyzed by the use of tabulation and simple percentage methods. Also, the information collected through primary and secondary sources was analyzed and interpretation is done by the use of bar diagrams.

Published by: Mithali Ranka, Bhavyashree R. Upadhyaya, Dr. Renu RathiResearch Area: Entrepreneurship

Organisation: Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Creative ideas, Digitalization, Dynamic environment E-Commerce, Retail Business

Research Paper

51. Impact of microplastic on environment

Microplastic particles smaller than 5 mm in size are of increasing concern, especially in aquatic environments, such as the ocean. A primary source is microbeads (<1 mm) used in cosmetics and cleaning agents and fiber fragments from the washing of clothes, and secondary sources such as broken down plastic litter and debris. These particles are mostly made from polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polyesters. They are ingested by diverse marine fauna, including zooplanktons, mussels, oysters, shrimp, fish, etc., and can enter human food chains via several pathways.

Published by: Shraddha Prashant Jadhav, Shatakshi Dolas, Prajakta Pawar, Siddhi Maryapgol, Fatema TrawadiResearch Area: Environment

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Microplastic, Human Health, Wastewater, Marine Life

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 8th February, 2022.