Volume-5, Issue-1

January-February, 2019

Review Paper

1. E-Pharmacy regulations in India: Past, present, and future

The advent of digitalization has taken India by storm and the pharma sector is also not left behind. The trend of purchasing medicine online is increasing and so is the number of e-pharmacy start-ups. E- Pharmacies are recent entrants in the Indian e-commerce industry and receiving attention from the government as well as global investors from the past three years. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has published draft rules on 28th August 2018, with the heading “Sale of drugs by e-pharmacy” to bring e-pharmacies within the scope of Drug and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 by making amendments in it which currently does not distinguish between online and brick and mortar pharmacies. It aims to regulate online sale of quality medicines pan India through e-pharmacies registered under Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), India’s apex drug regulator and central licensing authority, where all records are maintained as per rules laid down. The confidentiality of patient details have to be maintained and cannot be disclosed to anyone one under any circumstances other than the central or state government as the case may be. The sale of tranquilizers, narcotic and psychotropic substances and Schedule X drugs are not permitted through e- pharmacies. The dawn of 2019 is expected to bring a brighter future for a fully legitimate and professionally managed E- Pharmacies in India.

Published by: Priya Nair S., Dr. Anil MiddhaResearch Area: Pharmacy Regulation

Organisation: OPJS University, Churu, RajasthanKeywords: E- Pharmacy, Online sale, Registration, Regulations in India

Review Paper

2. Medical management of Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is a very common problem affecting women and may be primary or secondary. Pain in dysmenorrhea is mediated by hypersecretion of prostaglandins and uterine hypercontractility. Secondary dysmenorrhea is due to some underlying pathology like endometriosis, adenomyosis. The treatment options include NSAIDS as first line drugs, Oral contraceptives alone or in combination with NSAIDS or progestins. Cases refractory to combined therapy need further evaluation to rule out a secondary cause.

Published by: Rajni MittalResearch Area: Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Organisation: North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, DelhiKeywords: Dysmenorrhea, NSAIDS, Oral contraceptives, progesterones, LNG IUS

Review Paper

3. Role of contemporary therapy in treatment of dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea affects women during reproductive years and is a cause of frequent absenteeism. Conventionally dysmenorrhea has been treated by NSAIDS and oral contraceptives. They have a failure rate of >15% and are limited by side effects and may be contraindicated in others. People have used contemporary therapies for several years to relieve pain during menses and associated symptoms. These therapies include herbal therapy, heat, yoga, and physiotherapy. Each one of them is effective in relieving pain during menses and effects are almost comparable to NSAIDS and have fewer side effects. Further research is required to recommend them as first-line treatment in dysmenorrhea.

Published by: Rajni MittalResearch Area: Obstetrics And Gynaecology

Organisation: North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, DelhiKeywords: Dysmenorrhea, Contemporary therapy, Herb, Ginger, Physiotherapy, Yoga, Heat

Research Paper

4. Fistulotomy or LIFT: Which has better outcome in management of intersphincteric and low transphincteric fistula-in-ano– A randomized prospective study

Anal Fistula in ano is an abnormal connection between ano-rectum and the perianal skin. It is a common condition with a prevalence of 12 to 28/100,000 of population per year. There are many techniques to manage this condition. The aim of each surgery is to prevent recurrence and anal incontinence with early healing with decreased post-operative morbidity. LIFT and Fistulotomy are common types of surgery used in the management of Fistula in ano. This aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of the two procedures LIFT and Fistulotomy in cases of Intersphincteric and Low Trans-sphincteric fistulas primarily in term of healing, infection, recurrence, and anal incontinence. This prospective study was carried out in the Department of Surgery at North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, Delhi between April 2017 and November 2017. A total of 50 cases were taken up and assigned either procedure randomly. Patients with recurrent fistulas, complex fistulas, high fistulas, fistulas with more than one external openings and fistulas due to secondary causes (Koch’s, Crohn’s Malignancy, post-radiation) and those with systemic diseases such as diabetes, HIV, immunosuppressive conditions were excluded. The patients were followed up for maximum 12 months studying recurrence, incontinence and post-operative morbidity. Of 50 patients 45 were males and 5 females all presenting with a history of recurrent perianal discharge. All patients underwent clinical examination, digital fistulogram, trans anal USG (12 patients) and/or MR Fistulogram to assess the characteristics of the fistula. 22 patients underwent LIFT and 28 underwent Fistulotomy. 25 patients were followed up for 3 months and rest for 2 months. There was recurrence in 4 patients (3 in LIFTand one in fistulotomy), unhealed sinus in 10 patients (7 in LIFT and 3 in fistulotomy) which required re-surgery. No patients had incontinence and 15 patients (10 –LIFT and 5- Fistulotomy) had delayed healing (4 to 6 wks).

Published by: Dr. Rajiv Nandan SahaiResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, DelhiKeywords: Fistulotomy, LIFT, Inter sphincteric fistula-in-ano, Low transphincteric fistula-in-ano, Recurrence, Delayed healing, Persistent sinus

Review Paper

5. Post-operative fever

Post-operative fever is common and occurs in about 30% of patients. Non-Infectious causes are more common and occur usually in the first 24 hours while infectious causes can occur anytime. The presentation of infectious and non-infectious cause is almost the same and it is important to know the cause of fever so as to investigate and treat the patient in minimum cost yet in an effective manner.

Published by: Dr. Rajni Mittal, Dr. Rajiv Nandan SahaiResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, DelhiKeywords: Post-operative fever, Infectious causes, Non-infectious causes, Time of post-operative fever

Review Paper

6. Comparative study of different codes on steel building

The paper mainly focuses on the comparison of two different code that is IS code is IS800: 2007 (LSM), IS 875: 1987 part (I, II, and III) and AISC LRFD code for a conventional industrial steel building. It’s a case study for the industrial building based on the review and the various case studies which show their experimental and analytical study carried out in this field. Different structural design code provides different data and procedure of design to engineering. Comparisons of the different factor with the same loading. To conduct the study a 3D model of Industrial building having dimension 15mX45m, 20mX50m, 23mX65mwith three different spacing that is (4.5m,5m,6m); (5m,6m,7m); (5m,6m,7m) having column height 6m is designed and analyzed on STADD-Pro V8i structural design software.

Published by: Siddhitee N. Sabnis, Mohd. ShahezadResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: IS800:2007(LSM) Limit State Method, IS875:1987 Part (I, II and III), AISC LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design), Industrial building, STADD-PRO V8i software

Review Paper

7. Biomarkers- Emerging applications of biomarkers in healthcare

Biomarkers are a small protein or peptide molecules which are part of cell receptors, cell signaling molecules involved in cell-cell signaling or cell protein kinase activation and transfer of the signal to the nucleus with the regulation of gene transcription. Biomarkers have functional significance in the recognition of different stages of cancer, therapy for cancer, and the identification of different types of cancer of different organs according to the biomarker present. It is also used for the diagnosis and analysis of mutations in various proteins and identification of single nucleotide polymorphism in genes, screening of diseases, classification of diseases in humans and development of target inhibitor molecules against the biomarkers. Various other studies have indicated the presence of autoantibodies against proteins of the cells which act as biomarkers in different grades of cancer and autoimmune response.

Published by: Dr. Sulabh KharbandaResearch Area: Oncology

Organisation: Mangalmay Institute of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Biomarkers, Ovarian cancer, Breast cancer, Prostate cancer, Pharmacological markers, Drug screening

Research Paper

8. Impact of Prime Minister Ujjwala Yojana on ocular trauma in the tribal belt of India

We wanted to study the impact of Ujjwala yojana on ocular injuries caused by the use of wooden sticks during cooking. This is a retrospective cohort study. We retrieved the data from the electronic medical record (EMR) of ocular injuries caused by the use of wooden sticks during cooking before and after launching of Pradhanmantri Ujjwala yojana, a government of India flagship program, in which free LPG connections are given to below poverty line (BPL) families. We collected the data regarding ocular injuries caused by the use of wooden sticks during cooking. During our study, period 8,17,336 new LPG connections were provided under this scheme in the study population. We enrolled 3261 ocular injury cases; of which, 171 (5.3%) eyes were found to have ocular injuries because of using wooden sticks during cooking. We divided ocular injury cases that are caused by the use of wooden sticks during cooking into two groups: before and after launching of the Ujjwala yojana. We found that the number of eyes injured before and after the launch of the scheme are 93 (54%) and 78 (45%), respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p=0.000). Ujjwala Yojana is beneficial in reducing ocular injuries caused by the use of wooden sticks during cooking.

Published by: Dr. Shreya Shah, Dr. Mehul ShahResearch Area: Ocular Trauma

Organisation: Drashti Nethralaya Eye Hospital, Dahod, GujaratKeywords: Ocular injuries, PM Ujjawala Yojana, Wooden stick

Research Paper

9. Performance analysis of EPMS and EAPMS routing protocol in WSN

Routing in a wireless sensor network is a key challenge. The appropriate routing is done in WSN by using swarm intelligence approach. Various swarm intelligence techniques are available like ant colony optimization, particle swarm optimization, artificial bee colony optimization etc. But the hybrid approach of ACO and PSO is a promising one. the PSO is used to enhance the attributes in the ACO, which define that the selection of parameter doesn’t depend on artificial experience, but relies on the robust search on the particles in the PSO. We also used an enhance utilization of ACO, by this technique we have found the shortest path or routes of ants. The output of the experiment shows that the optimize algorithm not only reduce the number of paths in the ACO but also finding the shortest path at the place of the largest path. The simulation result shows that the combination of ACO-PSO performs better than Energy Efficient PSO in terms of dead nodes, alive nodes, and throughput of the network.

Published by: Kiran Gandhi, VarshaResearch Area: Wireless Sensor Network

Organisation: C T Institute of Engineering Management and Technology, Lambri, PunjabKeywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Routing, ACO/PSO dead nodes, Alive nodes, Throughput


10. Fabrication of Jute–Pine Apple leaf reinforced hybrid composites: Validation of mechanical properties through ANSYS

There is a huge need for new materials in all fields of engineering, this invites the development of new ¬materials which suits the need. Utilization of biodegradable materials i.e. natural fibers for various applications to preserve the environment from synthetic fibres invites the development of natural fiber reinforced polyester composites. In a country like India which is producing an enormous amount of agricultural solid waste (in the form of leaf, fruits, stems etc.) there is lack of marketing for the above-said wastes if this can be improved the farmers may get benefited. Natural fiber reinforced composites are preferred than conventional materials because of their advantages like low density, lightweight, high strength to weight ratio, low cost, high toughness, and biodegradability. The present investigation deals with the preparation of jute, pineapple leaf fiber and jute-pineapple leaf fiber (Hybrid) reinforced polyester composite and to determine the tensile, flexural and impact properties with increase in percentage weight fraction of the fiber and to compare the properties of the composites. Further, the experimental results will be validated through ANSYS software.

Published by: Tanniru Dinesh, Dr. S. MadhusudanResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Usha Rama College of Engineering and Technology, Telaprolu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Natural fibers, Pineapple Leaf Fiber (PALF), Jute fiber, Hybrid composite, Polyester resin, Catalyst, Accelerator

Research Paper

11. Formulation of a class of solvable standard cubic congruence of even composite modulus

In this paper, a class of solvable standard cubic congruence of composite modulus is formulated. A formula for solutions is established and found true by solving some examples. It is also found that the congruence has exactly three solutions. Establishment of the formula for the solutions is the merit of the paper. It is needless to use Chinese Remainder Theorem. The formulation is the alternative of CRT which gives solutions directly in a short time.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts Commerce Indraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Standard cubic congruence, Chinese Remainder Theorem, Even composite modulus

Research Paper

12. Fuzzy Z-precontinuous functions in fuzzy topological space

In this paper, we introduce the classical form of Z-continuous functions under the fuzzy setting in the name of “Fuzzy Z-Precontinuous functions in Fuzzy Topological Spaces”. A weaker form of fuzzy Z-continuous function, called fuzzy Z-precontinuous function is introduced and its properties and characterizations are discussed.

Published by: M. Regina, G. Saravanapriya, N. Girija, Dr. V. Margret PonraniResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Thassim Beevi Abdul Kader College for Women, Kilakarai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fuzzy set, Topological space, Z-Continuous, Z-pre continuous, Fuzzy Z-Continuous, Fuzzy Z- precontinuous

Research Paper

13. Development of sandwich panels combining aluminium powder-cement composites lightweight concrete

The heavy dead weights of concrete structures are posing a headache for the structural engineers to design the various members much complicated to take its own weight. The present investigations are carried out to develop a simple, lightweight and cost-effective technology for replacing the existing wall systems. In this paper, we have used the materials Portland pozzolana cement (PPC) is matrix materials and the reinforcing materials is aluminum powder, bamboo natural fiber. The methodology of this paper is a sand casting process used to produces the composite plate or bars. The composition of reinforced samples is Lightweight Concrete (LC) mixes were prepared with 0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75%, 1%, 1.25%, 1.5%, 1.75%, 2%, of foaming agent by weight of cement In this paper we are tested in deflection behavior, tensile test and compressive test.

Published by: R. BalasubramanianResearch Area: Composites Materials

Organisation: P. T. Lee Chengalvaraya Naicker Polytechnic College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), Aluminium powder, Bamboo natural fiber, Lightweight Concrete (LC), Deflection behavior, Tensile test, Compressive test


14. Assessing of Place- making aspects in beach precinct: Case of Vishakhapatnam

Placemaking is process of creating “people-oriented” places by enriching urban life experiences in public places. One of the aspects of place making is to provide place identity, which is mainly determined by the “sense of place” experienced by users. The study is aimed at investigating place- making approach in an urban public space. It does so by exploring connections between the human experience, aspirations and the physical dimension of space by onsite phenomenological research of criteria for successful places established by Project for Public Places and urban design qualities for improved liveability. A primary case study concentrating on R.K beach precinct in Vishakhapatnam has been demonstrated to analyse the ways in which people use, value and relate to this public beach. The analysis of study revealed factors that contribute to everyday experiences of spaces of built and unbuilt environment as key components of experience of quality in public realm.

Published by: Sansriti VardhanResearch Area: Urban Design And Development

Organisation: Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, KarnatakaKeywords: Liveability, Waterfront placemaking, Sense of place

Research Paper

15. Performance of green banking and its effects on economy in Bangladesh

Green banking has become a buzzword in the banking arena in Bangladesh and all over the world in recent times. Green banking is defined as an 'eco-friendly socially responsible banking' which not only plays the role of financing intermediary but also works on achieving objectives towards a healthy environment for the present generation and future generation as well. We live in a competitive world where everything is relative. Everybody wants to be better than others and one’s activities sometimes cause environmental change and damage. So to save environment Green banking is a part of a green initiative taken by banks. Environmentally friendly policies can be applied so that green bank can grow in every sector of its activities without changing its main banking functions. It can also augment the goodwill of the institute and promote a 'green and social consciousness image' in the society. Although this theme has been implemented in several developed countries promoting the slogan 'Be green, Go green', it is a very useful starting point for developing countries like Bangladesh to follow. This paper observes the existing practices of green banking in Bangladesh and has made an endeavor to highlight systems, opportunities, difficulties, and advantages of green banking policies. In this study, secondary data from Bangladesh Bank Reports and other commercial bank reports have been used. These Results show that the 'Bangladesh Bank', formulated policies, strategies and allocated budgets to commercial banks with respect to green initiatives. Special packages for green projects can eliminate the present problems and can help to face the challenges and consequently accelerate green banking activities.

Published by: Tahsin Sharmila Raisa, Amima Najnin MariaResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Daffodil International University, Dhaka, BangladeshKeywords: Environment, Green banking, Bank, Green Finance, Bangladesh

Review Paper

16. Systematic literature review for secure exchange of EHR within inter health organisation using cloud computing for India

Our purpose of the study is to implantation of EHR and current challenges of secure exchange of EHR within inter Health Organisation. EHR is created by many hospitals for ease of doctor and patient the main objective to create EHR is to develop a paperless system. EHR is used by only Healthcare organization or hospitals where it is created but patient electronic record required by another Healthcare organization again it will create a problem for exchanging record within inter Health Organisation the main objective of a literature review is to present a systematic way for secure exchange of EHR within inter Healthcare organization using the cloud.

Published by: Shraddha Dudhani, Manish DudhaniResearch Area: Security And Cloud Computing In Healthcare.

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil Institute of Management and Research, Pimpri, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: EHR, Cloud, Security, Healthcare, Patient

Research Paper

17. An evaluation of women empowerment through microfinance: Factor analysis

Financial inclusion of the Government through banking institutions particularly to empower rural/tribal women in India is endowed to focus upon such households which are left out in terms of employment avenues. However, rural/tribal unemployed women who have entrepreneurial capabilities, but are unable to pursue starting a business due to the shortage of financial sources, can avail financial support and succeed in the process of socio-economic development by generating employment avenues for their families. Keeping motive of microfinance for SHGs in mind, an attempt has been made to analyze to what extent; microfinance has proved instrumental in empowering tribal women of Himachal Pradesh.

Published by: Dr. Deepika Gautam, Dr. Alok KumarResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Financial Inclusion, Empowerment, Microfinance and Self Help Groups


18. Data security in cloud computing

Cloud computing is a globalized concept and there are no borders within the cloud. Computers used to process and store user data can be located anywhere on the globe, depending on where the capacities that are required are available in the global computer networks used for cloud computing. Because of the attractive features of cloud computing, many organizations are using cloud storage for storing their critical information. The data can be stored remotely in the cloud by the users and can be accessed using thin clients as and when required. One of the major issue in the cloud today is data security in cloud computing. Storage of data in the cloud can be risky because of use of the Internet by cloud-based services which means less control over the stored data. One of the major concern in the cloud is how do we grab all the been ts of the cloud while maintaining security controls over the organizations' assets. Our aim is to propose a more reliable, decentralized lightweight key management technique for cloud systems which provides more e client data security and key management in cloud systems. Our proposed technique provides better security against Byzantine failure, server colluding and data modi cation attacks. Keywords: Cloud security; key management; server colluding attacks; Byzantine failure;

Published by: Kumar Kishan Chandra, Supriya Raj, Dr. Anand Kumar PandeyResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: R.D. and D.J. College, Munger, BiharKeywords: Cloud computing

Research Paper

19. Smarandache hyper (∩, ϵ)-filter on Smarandache hyper K-algebra

We introduce the notion of a Smarandache hyper (∩, ϵ)-filter and ω-reflexive in hyper K-algebra and some properties related to it.

Published by: Ameena Beave D., Fathima Bazeela S.Research Area: Algebra

Organisation: Thassim Beevi Abdul Kader College for Women, Kilakarai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Filter, Smarandache Hyper K-Algebra, Smarandache Hyper Bck-Algebra, Smarandache Hyper (<, ϵ)-Filter, Smarandache Hyper (∁, ϵ)-Filter, Smarandache Hyper (∩, ϵ)-Filter, ω-Reflexive

Survey Report

20. Assessment of noise pollution in Raipur city of Chhattisgarh, India

In developing countries like India Assessment of Noise pollution is an important task. Noise pollution adversely affects the health of human beings. The most important noises sources of noise are road traffic, aircraft, railways and industries, noise in the community from industrial and construction site and noise at home. Road traffic is by far the largest of these, and accounts for about 78 per cent of noise annoyance. In India, vehicular traffic is increasing rapidly, which has given birth to overcrowded roads and noise pollution. This study is primarily focusing on the monitoring of noise pollution at different places of Raipur City. In this study, noise monitoring was carried out with the help of sound level meter model (VA8080). Some important places of Raipur have been selected for noise level study purpose. All the places are categorized under different zones i.e. commercial zone, silent zone, industrial zone, and residential zone. All data were collected between 07:00 am to 09:00 p.m. Every hour the noise levels have been measured. To make the noise level more accurate each reading were taken in a gap of 6 minutes, that is, 10 readings per hour. And the average of the readings was taken as per hour sound intensity level. The study period of the survey was 15 days. Therefore this study reveals that the noise levels are higher than the standard level foe each zones.

Published by: Vishal Kumar, Vaishali PendseResearch Area: Environment Engineering

Organisation: Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Noise pollution, Sound level meter

Research Paper

21. Preparation of polyurethane coating based on polyesteramide polyol of castor oil of fatty acid and isocyanate

Polyurethane networks based on polyesteramide polyol using castor oil and diethanolamide (DEA) were proposed to study doing this wide. To utilize oil in the preparation of polyesteramide polyol (PEA). The chemical structure of the synthesized resin was characterized by spectroscopic techniques like FTIR, NMR etc. Various physical properties such as acid value, saponification value, iodine value, hydroxyl value, the amine value of resin were also determined. CO was then converted into diethanolamide castor oil of mixed fatty acid using 0.5 % sodium methoxide as a catalyst and converted to polyesteramide resin after with various dibasic acid in presence of xylene as azeotropic solvent. PU themselves were prepared from the reaction of polyester amide polyol of castor oil (PEA) and isocyanate-terminated polyurethane prepolymer. The PU coating obtained was then analyzed for its physical-chemical, film performance properties and resistance to the various chemical.

Published by: Swapail Shrirame, Pradeep G. ShendeResearch Area: Polymeric Coating

Organisation: Laximinarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Castor Oil. Resin. Air Drying. Surface Coating

Research Paper

22. Comparative study of therapeutic efficacy of conservative management and ultrasound guided pigtail drainage of amoebic liver abscess

Liver abscess is a common condition in India which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. ALA is the most common extra intestinal site of infection but occurs in only less than 1% of E. histolytica infections. The mortality rate has been estimated to be around 0.2-2.0% in adults and up to 26% in children. There are many options in managing amoebic liver abscess such as medical management, percutaneous or open surgical drainage. Until now there have been no studies which have compared the therapeutic efficacy between pigtail drainage and conservative management in medium-sized (5 to 10 cm). Nor is there any prospective study aimed at identifying parameters for instituting medical management versus drainage procedure for abscesses measuring between 5.0 and 10.0 cm. The aim of this paper is to compare the efficacy of conservative medical management to ultrasound-guided pigtail drainage and establish objective criteria for the management of such abscesses. This is a prospective study of 100 cases of amoebic liver abscess (ALA) of medium size (5 to 10 cm) presenting to the Surgical Emergency and Surgical Outpatient Department of Hindu Rao Hospital from the period January 2014 to March 2015. All patients included were diagnosed as having an amoebic liver abscess (ALA) based on a history of anorexia, malaise, fever and pain abdomen with or without a preceding history of diarrhea and findings of tender hepatomegaly, intercostal tenderness, leucocytosis amoebic serology (ELISA) and ultrasound evidence of amoebic liver abscess. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups by double-blinded secret envelop method. Group, I patients consisted of 25 patients who were treated with antiamoebic (metronidazole 750 mg tid / IV 500mg 6 hourly) and antibiotic (ciprofloxacin 500 mg bd) drugs. Group II patients also consisted of 25 patients who were treated by ultrasound-guided indwelling pigtail catheter drainage in addition to antiamoebic (metronidazole) and antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) drugs. Improvement in pain, fever, anorexia and clinical signs of hepatomegaly, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and USG abdomen within 72 hours of an institution of therapy was considered as criteria for continuing that particular modality of treatment. At three to five days, patients’ outcome was assessed and if they did not respond to the first modality of treatment, the patient was subjected to the second modality of treatment, i.e. conservative converted to pigtail insertion and patients with pigtail insertion for drainage. A comparison was made between clinical signs and investigations to assess the patients It was found all patients of Study Group II (pigtail drainage) had earlier improvement of all parameters of response to than patients in Study Group I (conservative management) and this response was significant. Another significant finding of this study was abscesses of size > 10 cm should be aspirated or drained. This study showed that the abscesses of size between 6.0 cm to 10.0 cm should be taken up for pigtail catheter drainage at presentation as the time of resolution and improvement in clinical and investigative parameters were more rapid in Group II as compared to Study Group I with almost no complications associated with pigtail insertion. For abscesses >10 cm and in those ALA associated with complications insertion of pigtail was beneficial. Abscesses less than 6.0 cm could be managed with medical treatment alone.

Published by: Dr. Rajiv Nandan Sahai, Dr. Raju PatelResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: North Delhi Municipal Corporation Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, DelhiKeywords: Amoebic liver abscess, Conservative management, Pig-tail aspiration

Survey Report

23. 3- DPGR (3-Level Daubechies wavelet, PCA, GLCM, and RBF Kernal) method used for brain MRI categorization

Today image processing assumes a critical part in the restorative field and medicinal imaging is a developing and testing field. Therapeutic imaging is invaluable in the determination of the illness. Numerous individuals experience the ill effects of cerebrum tumor, it is a genuine and perilous infection. Restorative imaging gives a legitimate finding of cerebrum tumor. There are numerous procedures to identify mind tumor from MRI pictures. These techniques confront challenges like finding the area and size of the tumor. To identify the tumor from the mind is the most critical and troublesome part, picture division is utilized for this. Effectively, different calculations are produced for picture division. This audit paper covers the essential wordings of mind tumor, a survey of different cerebrum tumor division procedures.

Published by: Bharti, Bharti, Manit KapoorResearch Area: Brain Tumor

Organisation: Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Image Processing, Medical imaging, Brain tumor, Segmentation techniques

Research Paper

24. Effect of different doses of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

A field experiment was conducted during the spring season of 2014-15 on clayey soils of Agriculture Faculty of Baghlan University, to study the effect of different doses of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield, and economics of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). The experiment was laid in a randomized block design (RBD) comprised of 3 replication and sixteen treatments. Application of Nitrogen 250 kg+Phosphorus 175 kg/ha taller plants (41.83cm), higher number of leaves per plant (30.41 ), number of branches per plant ( 4.73), significantly wider leaf area (113.43 cm), higher tuber weight (216.11 g per plant), number of tuber per plant (4.14) significantly higher tuber yield (14.70 ton/ha) and B:C (5.49).

Published by: Tamim Fazily, Muhammad Alem AlemiResearch Area: Agronomy

Organisation: Baghlan University, Puli Khumri, AfghanistanKeywords: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potato

Research Paper

25. Assessment on marital adjustment of men with respect to their length of marital life, level of education and income levels

Men, among living beings, have the highest capacities to adapt to new situations. Men not only adapt to physical demands but also adjust to social pressures in the society. Individual behavior and social attitudes do not develop in a vacuum. In this attempt to fulfill his personal and social needs an individual make a variety of adjustments to people, circumstances and events. A healthy society requires a healthy family and marital adjustment is one of its requirements. Marital adjustment is the process of modifying, adopting or altering individual and couples of pattern of behavior and interaction to achieve maximum satisfaction in the relationship. There are many socio-economic factors which affect the marital adjustment. Hence the present study aimed to explore the effect of the length of marital life, education and income of men towards their marital adjustment.

Published by: Heena Kowsar, Abdul RahimResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Rayalaseema University, Kurnool, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Modifying, Adopting, Marital life, Marital adjustment

Research Paper

26. Processing delays causes- Android vs. iOS for heavy apps

Mobile operating systems are very lightweight so that the mobiles hardware can easily support the operating system and apps running on it. Some operating systems include additional features like sensor embedding and OTG aka On-The-Go. In this paper, we are going to focus on the performance of heavy applications running on both Android and iOS platforms and their processing delay causes. The performance testing is done with the help of a cloud testing platform i.e. bitbar.cloud. It is basically testing as a service provider which tests the Android and iOS applications with the help of simulated virtual mobile phones which uses Appcrawler and AI Testbot for testing these applications. The file packages need to be uploaded on the cloud platform which should be in the form of .apk and .ipa extension. The uploaded files are then tested by using either AI Testbot or Appcrawler by creating a new test in the Test Run Creator. With the results generated by these methods, we will compare the performance of these heavy applications on the different and their performance delays on the different devices and their underlying operating systems.

Published by: Harish Kumar, Neel DesaiResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: iPhone, Android, iOS, bitbar.cloud, OTG, AI Testbot, Appcrawler

Research Paper

27. Survey on performance of different types of solar cells and solar inverters based on the efficiency

The solar power system consists of solar cells, converter, inverter, filter, switch mode power supply, load. In that solar cells and inverter plays a vital role in increasing the efficiency of the system. In practice, nearly all photovoltaic energy conversion uses semiconductor materials in the form of a p-n junction to potentially satisfy the requirements for photovoltaic energy conversion. High efficiency under wide input voltage range of the photovoltaic array is introduced by two new, components one for DC-DC converter and one inverter. In this paper, we will compare the types of solar cells and the inverter with their specifications.

Published by: Dr. B. Gopinath, K. S. Dhanushiya, R. Dhareene, D. DivyaResearch Area: Power Flow Control

Organisation: Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solar cell, DC-DC converters, Inverters, Semiconductor

Research Paper

28. Hybrid wind–solar and battery power system for fluctuation free output

This manuscript presents the Hybrid renewable energy system using wind-solar and DC-DC CUK converter and three phase dc to ac converter with LC Filter. The wind and solar are environment-friendly and abundantly available energy sources in India. The solar and wind are intermittently available renewable energy resources, resulting into the generation of fluctuating output from the hybrid system, which will damage the electrical appliances designed to operate on the stable system. The modeling of the cuk dc-dc converter, three phase dc-ac converter and Inductor-Capacitor filters simulation is done using Matlab. The different blocks of the hybrid systems like wind and Solar model, cuk converter and Inductor-Capacitor filters are built separately before interconnecting them to form the complete DC hybrid system with the main grid. The inputs for the simulation are varying wind speed and changing irradiance. The simulation results show that the hybrid system possesses high reliability as compared to stand alone system. The addition of Cuk converter, three phase dc-ac converter and Inductor-Capacitor filter to the hybrid system greatly reduces the fluctuation in the output.

Published by: Veeresh S. Gonal, Dr. G. S. SheshadriResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: BLDEA's V. P. Dr. P. G. Halakatti College of Engineering and Technology, Vijayapura, KarnatakaKeywords: Battery, Wind energy, Photovoltaic cells, Converters, Hybrid power system

Review Paper

29. A review on crime pattern detection using data mining

Data mining can be used to model crime detection problems. Crimes are a social nuisance and cost our society dearly in several ways. Any research that can help in solving crimes faster will pay for itself. About 10% of the criminals commit about 50% of the crimes. Here we look at the use of a clustering algorithm for a data mining approach to help detect the crimes patterns and speed up the process of solving the crime. We will look at k-means clustering with some enhancements to aid in the process of identification of crime patterns. We applied these techniques to real crime data from a sheriff’s office and validated our results. We also use a semi-supervised learning technique here for knowledge discovery from the criminal records and to help increase the predictive accuracy. We also developed a weighting scheme for attributes here to deal with limitations of various out of the box clustering tools and techniques. This easy to implement data mining framework works with the geospatial plot of crime and helps to improve the productivity of the detectives and other law enforcement officers. It can also be applied for counterterrorism for homeland security.

Published by: Shimpi MishraResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: NRI Institute of Information Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Crime-patterns, Clustering, Data mining, K-means, Law-enforcement, Semi-supervised earning

Research Paper

30. Secured decentralized archiving healthcare data using blockchain with IoT

Blockchain technology has unprotected its immense adaptability in hot off the press years as a departure from the norm of super convenience store sectors. In which sought ways in incorporating its abilities directed toward their operations. While so far most of the focus has been on the financial service industry, several projects in other service-related areas such as healthcare start showing innumerable change. Numerous starting points for Blockchain technology in the healthcare industry are the focus of this paper.

Published by: Deep Ranjan Deb, Aditiya Kumar Sinha, Bhupendra Pratap Singh, Dr. LogashanmugamResearch Area: Healthcare

Organisation: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Blockchain, Adaptability, Financial service industry, Public healthcare management, User-oriented medical research, Drug counterfeiting, Disruptive technology

Research Paper

31. Chromosomal Microarray Analysis as a first-tier test in autism spectrum disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain-based, developmental condition. Children with ASD have communication difficulties, narrow interests, and repetitive behaviour. ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum condition” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees. The role of copy number variations with specific gene regulation and human diseases is already well documented. Chromosomal microarray analysis should be considered as a first-tier genetic diagnostic test for autism spectrum disorders because of its strong ability to detect chromosomal abnormalities. The Chromosomal Microarray Analysis (CMA) plays an important role to rule out the CNVs that can cause the Autism. The reported yield of an array is approx. 10-15%. Whereas the diagnostic yield of G banded karyotyping is only 3%.The diagnostic yield is found to be significantly higher when more complex abnormalities such as ID, Dysmorphism are also present along with ASD. In this study, it was explained about CMA for 100 postnatal cases of autism, as a first-tier test followed by G banded karyotyping.

Published by: Anju Joshi, Dr. Meena LallResearch Area: Genetics

Organisation: Mewar University, Chittorgarh, RajasthanKeywords: ASD, Microaaray, CMA

Research Paper

32. Assessment on marital adjustment among women with respect to length of marital life, education and income level

Man as a social animal not only adapt to physical demands but he also adjusts to social pressures in the society. Fortunate is the individual who is adjusted and considers it so. Every individual, great or small, old or young, is comforted with the problems of adjustment. The problem of adjustment has been in existence on earth since the appearance of the human race. One of the main adjustment of an individual in their life is the marital adjustment. Both men and women are the basic elements of the family. Women are the key to sustainable development and quality of life in the family. Hence the present study mainly focused to explore the effect of length of the marital life, education, and income of women towards their marital adjustment.

Published by: Heena KowsarResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Rayalaseema University, Kurnool, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Marital adjustment, Social pressures, Physical demands

Research Paper

33. A survey on quantum cryptography and quantum key distribution protocols

As quantum computing matures, it's going to bring unimaginable increases in computational power along with the systems we use to protect our data (and our democratic processes) will become even more vulnerable. It is often said that the power of quantum computer comes from the quantum parallelism, which means instead of processing each input one by one, processor process each input parallelly. Quantum mechanics allow us to do an operation on a superposition of all the possible inputs at the same time. The classical computers have enabled amazing things, but there are still some problems we can’t easily solve like-2^N(optimization problems where it grows exponentially). For transferring the information the protocols are very essential for security. An example is quantum key distribution, and its protocols are like -BB84, SARG04, B92 etc. Moreover, quantum cryptography has proved its standing against many weaknesses in the classical cryptography. One of these weaknesses is the ability to copy any type of information using a passive attack without an interruption, which is impossible in the quantum system.

Published by: Maithili S. Jha, Samrit Kumar Maity, Manish Kumar Nirmal, Jaya KrishnaResearch Area: Data Science

Organisation: Manipal University, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Quantum cryptography, Quantum-key-distribution, Quantum-key-distribution protocols


34. Roles of international organisation on national development

International organizations play a vital role in national development but they also hamper economic and manpower development. They create national debts as most of the foreign aids are wrapped with debts in disguise. They breed corruption and promote national dependence on foreign aid. Despite all these, Nigeria should not hurriedly exit any of the international institutions of which she is already a member without first assessing the relevance of such membership. The citizens should know these international bodies and the reasons for any intended withdrawal. This will ensure the exit from these organisations is not a ploy by Nigeria to avoid international sanctions in the light of the current continuous breach of fundamental human rights by the military, political impunity and judicial intimidation in this country.

Published by: Jane MbahResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Anambra State University, Anambra, NigeriaKeywords: International organisation, Development, National dependence, National debt, Human rights

Survey Report

35. A survey on LPWAN technologies in context to IoT applications

Five years back, Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) innovations weren't on the radar, however, the Internet of Things was waking up and taking off in light of the fact that individuals were roused by the conceivable outcomes. Web of things (IoT) changes essentially the prerequisites for a network, mostly with respect to long battery life, low gadget cost, low sending cost, expanded scope and support for countless. Driven from these necessities, a few diverse cells and non-cell low power wide territory organize (LPWAN) arrangements are rising and viewing for IoT business and the general network advertise. Roused by this, in this paper, we audit and analyze the outline determinations of various LPWAN arrangements, and also, we talk about their appropriateness for various IoT applications. What's more, we examine the IoT achievement components of these LPWAN advancements, and we think about application situations and clarify which innovation is the best fit for every one of these situations. At long last, we display the difficulties, future patterns, and potential research bearings for LPWANs.

Published by: Madhumitha M., Nikhil, Bhupendra Pratap SinghResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: LPWAN, Wireless Sensor Networks, Internet of Things

Research Paper

36. Separation and estimation of azoxystrobin and difenoconazole formulation by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography

The Azoxystrobin and Difenoconazol molecules are being used alone and combinations system as a fungicide in the cultivation industry. Such an important combination molecule has to be analyzed to estimate the active content exactly with less time and cost of analysis. A simple analytical method developed to analyze these two molecules within 15 minutes of analysis time. The separation was achieved through the Shimadzu BDS C18 (250 x 4.6 mm, 5μm) column with the flow rate as 1.0 ml/min with the detection at 230 nm. These method parameters were loaded in the Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030) with acetonitrile and water (HPLC grade) at 60:40 ratio as the mobile phase. Validated shimadzu Liquid Chromatography solution software was used for all the calculations in this analytical method validation analysis. The results of the study showed that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. TamilselvanResearch Area: Pesticide Analysis

Organisation: Bioscience Research Foundation, Sengadu, Tamil NaduKeywords: Azoxystrobin and difenoconazol, HPLC analysis, Validated method, SANCO 3030/99 Rev.4, ICH guideline

Survey Report

37. A survey on precision agriculture using effective crop monitoring with enhanced farming

In the course of recent years, there has been noteworthy enthusiasm for planning shrewd rural frameworks. The utilization of keen farming procedures can upgrade the product yield, while at the same time creating more yield from a similar measure of info. In any case, the greater part of the ranchers is ignorant of the most recent innovations and practices. Quick urbanization makes new difficulties and issues, and the shrewd horticulture idea offers chances to adapt to present circumstances, takes care of rancher issues and furnish agriculturists with a superior cultivating condition. This proposed work exhibits a thorough review of keen agribusiness. The principal issues moved in the proposed work is to discover some arrangement dependent on the issues looked by the ranchers by the utilization of most recent remote advances and IoT that could be actualized on savvy horticulture for better cultivating just as an Intrusion recognition framework to destroy the wild creature assaults is to be done.

Published by: Kandula Syamu, Vaishali Maheshkar, Bhupendra Pratap Singh, Dr. T. RaviResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Precision agriculture, Smart Agriculture System, Internet of Things, Intrusion Detection System

Research Paper

38. Internet of Things

IoT is an emerging technology which allows intelligent interaction between people and things. It focuses to combine everything in the world under a single infrastructure. So, it means the connection of devices using embedded software, sensors and actuators to communicate with one another. IoT aims to unify everything in our world under a common infrastructure, giving us not only control of things around us but also keep us informed on the state of things. In this Paper, we review a concept of IoT applications and security challenges that facing the implementation of the IoT. IoT is quickly developing across industries all over the globe. There are many success stories that demonstrate the value in every organization but the market has not been able to recognize the benefits of IoT. IoT is expected to be a rapidly developing technology. IoT can improve communications in an organization, bringing innovation in businesses, increase customer engagement and help in assessing the work process. IoT is used to automate data collection, processing, and analysis from various sources.

Published by: Praveena SreevisakResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Syscoms College, Al Ain, United Arab EmiratesKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Security issues/solutions, RFID, Authentication, Key management, Developments

Research Paper

39. Comparison of enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets bonded with conventional etching, self-etch primer and antimicrobial monomer containing self-etch primer

To compare enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets bonded with conventional etching, self-etch primer and antimicrobial monomer containing self-etch primer. Result: The results of Scanning electron microscope analysis inferred that control sample Transbond XT showed 84.6% of deep penetration and Transbond Plus self-etch primer and Clearfil Protect Bond showed 86.7% and 100% of shallow penetration respectively. Microhardness tests results showed antibacterial monomer-containing adhesive was significantly more efficient than the self-etching primer and conventional adhesive system, reducing enamel demineralization in almost all evaluations. Conclusion: Clearfil Protect bond was found to be better in reducing demineralisation around orthodontic bracket followed by Transbond plus self-etch primer compared to conventional Transbond XT.

Published by: Dr. Sanjana Narendran, Dr. Raghunath N.Research Area: Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Organisation: JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: White spot lesion, Enamel demineralisation, Clearfil protect bond, Transbond XT, Transbond plus self-etch primer

Research Paper

40. Numerical analysis of heat transfer using almond dimple in rectangular duct

Great importance has been given to developing a device and conducting a numerical analysis to define the situations in which an effective technique will improve heat transfer. Heat transfer technology is widely used in heat exchange applications such as refrigerators, automobiles, process industries, etc. Enhanced heat transfer study is also referred to heat transfer enhancement, augmentation, and intensification. The thought process of saving energy as a raw material has led to efforts to build more efficient heat exchange equipment. Standard heat transfer techniques such as active, passive and composite are also discussed in this paper. Improving heat transfer is one of the most important in almost every industry. Therefore, a very efficient heat transfer solution is needed not only to improve heat transfer but also to minimize the maximum flow resistance. In recent years, the idea of using dimpled surfaces on production devices has attracted a lot of attention because of the combination of improved heat transfer and loss of low-pressure loss. This paper presents a review of a numerical analysis of heat transfer using the almond dimple in the rectangular duct.

Published by: Sumeet Patil, A. N. Nayak, Dr. D. G. KumbharResearch Area: Heat Transfer

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth University College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Heat transfer, CFD, Numerical analysis, Almond dimple

Survey Report

41. Role of IoT in healthcare using smart textiles

Smart-Textile is an upcoming and latest technology that combines research in textile materials and wireless sensor/actuator networks. This is primarily in the context of human body monitoring with statistical methods for the data analysis and corresponding treatment. The scope of IoT in Healthcare has a diverse range of enhancements with Textile-based Wearable System Technology, Unobtrusive Biosensors, and a Cloud Computing Architectural Framework amongst other technologies. The advancement would propel the HealthCare Industry to unparalleled heights in terms of efficiency and Patient Comfort. This ground-breaking technology of smart textiles embedded with sensors for continuous patient monitoring will revolutionize the healthcare industry. The real-time exchange of data, seamlessly and proactively predict, diagnosis and provide remedies. The framework in the study reveals aptly the so-called Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) which opens a whole new avenue for the Patient-Healthcare provider Interface (PHI) and Wearable Health Technology (WHT).

Published by: Deepika Mathuvanthi P., Bhupendra Pratap Singh, S. KarthikeyanResearch Area: Healthcare And Internet of Things

Organisation: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Smart textiles, Sensors, Actuators, Internet of Things, Wearable, Healthcare, Patient monitoring

Research Paper

42. Service Oriented Architecture paradigm for Business Intelligence: A survey

Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an arrangement of building blocks of any application in such a way that all dependent/independent components will be able to access/provide service to and from other components. The main objective of SOA is to sustain the availability of required services for components and provide a flexible environment for better efficiency. It is also capable of measuring the maturity of an organizational application by means of continuous assessment of activities. SOA in Business Intelligence (BI) has potential benefit to enhance the analysis capabilities over huge datasets, as enormous amounts of data are being generated by every organization whether industrial or domestic. This survey provides research on how SOA can improve the heavy processing of these data much efficiently and also gives the limitations of the traditional approach.

Published by: Akash Ajay Borse, Siddhant Verma, Dr. Sasidhar Babu, Gardas Naresh KumarResearch Area: Data Science

Organisation: Sandip University, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: Service Oriented Architecture, Maturity, Business Intelligence, Event-driven

Research Paper

43. Zoho projects- Online project management using web 2.0

For managing a project, which is a challenging task, Worldwide Web has provided a medium to ease this search to some extent. Most of the available commercial project management products are expensive and can work only on desktop. This project covers the design and development by leveraging Web 2.0 features of an online project management application. Users can on-line manage complete life cycle of any project. It offers collaboration feature. Dashboards and reports are provided. Users can on-line manage complete life cycle of any project. Projects can be easily divided into various milestones and tasks. The primary objective of this application is to exploit Web 2.0 technologies to provide rich experience to the users.

Published by: Shewale Vaishali PanditResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: KSKW Arts, Science and Commerce College, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: Collaboration, Dashboard, Project, Web 2.0, tasks

Research Paper

44. A survey on identification of vehicle number plate using Viola Jones

In the existing system, some people who are driving vehicles without obeying the rule and also there is no automatic detection system to find the people who are all violating public safety. In the proposed system we introduce an automatic detection system when people overrule the road safety. We implement a detection system to identify the vehicle by scanning number plate using OCR. IOT (Internet Of Things) is technology in which we can integrate hardware and software here we integrate mat lab and hardware sensors. We use the IR sensor to detect the vehicle which is crossing the signal line. And also we identify the theft vehicle using the same OCR system

Published by: P. V. Vishnu Teja, Araddhana Arvind Deshmukh, Bhupenra Pratap Singh, Vaishali Prakash Maheshkar, Dr. Kavi PriyaResearch Area: Embedded and IoT

Organisation: Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Internet of Things, OCR, Automatic detection system

Research Paper

45. An IoT based smart medicine box

This paper proposes the design of Arduino ATmega based pill reminder which will help the patients to take their medicines in the correct quantity and at the prescribed time. Assistive technology is one such technology which can help an individual tremendously. But today only 2 out of 50 people are using assistive technology due to high cost, lack of knowledge on the subject and availability. By 2050, every 10 out of 20 households will need one assistive product with many elderly needing 2 or more. It is also seen that people give more attention to work than health. This system aims to reduce this problem by reminding them to take the medicine on time within the prescribed time. It is a combination of physical and digital reminder for a patient that will be helpful for people of any age, but especially helpful for geriatrics who forget taking their medicines. The main aim is to keep the system easy to handle and make it cost-efficient. This system uses Arduino, LCD display and Real Time Clock (RTC) module, RFID system and an alarm system used to intimate the patients to take proper dosage according to the prescription at right time. This portable and economical system would help aged patients, especially to the illiterate patients. Our, smart pillbox can reduce elderly family member’s responsibility towards by reminding them to take the medicine on time.

Published by: Viral Doshi, Shrishti Dey, Nirav Mehta, Rajesh PrasadResearch Area: Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering

Organisation: Watumull Institute of Electronics Engineering and Computer Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino, LCD display and Real Time Clock (RTC) module, RFID system, IoT database

Survey Report

46. Impact of using multimedia teaching method in art education among college students

Day by day technology growing up to the top level. At this stage educational institutions are also trying to advance their teaching strategy by utilizing multimedia and animation presentations that would benefit the students. Interactive Multimedia Learning is now a common teaching strategy that utilizes visual and audio annotations for the students to comprehend the lessons in an easy and fast manner. The study aims to examine the effectiveness of using multimedia tools in education as compared to the traditional method of teaching in the subject of Art education at the college level. It was an experimental study. Population considered was 100 students including Boys and Girls of BA Visual art and BA visual communication class studying ART history in colleges affiliated with MG University (SJCC) and Film Institute under Kerala Government (KRNNIVSA). Teacher conducted test results were used for pre-test and the researcher has conducted the test for post-test to collect data from students. The study was an effective experimental design.T he supports Multimedia & Animation was more effective as compared to traditional method of teaching on the academic achievement in Art education at college level. Study about civilizations and old architecture are more complex while learning through traditional method, But using multimedia and Animation tools it is more easy and simple. In case of academic achievements of students teaching and learning with help of Multimedia, tools are more effective in overall perspective. When the researcher conducts post-test after class with the support of multimedia tools students shown good results in Art history exams. It was concluded that when Multimedia tools supporting Art study, Boys and Girls showed better results as compared to the traditional method of teaching.M multimedia not only supports in Art classes, it supports all subjects.

Published by: Aravind N., Akshara S. VinodResearch Area: Animation and Multimedia

Organisation: Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Teaching and learning art education, Effectiveness of multimedia and animation in education

Review Paper

47. Effect of various blends on diesel engine: A review

Due to an increase in industrialization and urbanization, there is a rapid decrease in conventional fuels. The price of conventional fuels is going on increasing day to day and also increasing environmental pollution due to more usage. If this goes on there will be no longer the conventional fuels. There is a need to search for alternative fuels for automobile applications. Environmental degradations and depletion of oil reserves are matters of great concern around the globe. Developing countries like India depends heavily on crude oil import of aroud125 mt per annum. Diesel being the main transportation in India finding a suitable fuel alternative to diesel is an urgent need. The projects are aimed to investigate the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine at various loads fuelled with various blends. The experiments are conducted on the widely used diesel engine without the design modifications. The projects compare the performance characteristics such as Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), Mechanical Efficiency (ME) and emission characteristics such as CO2, NOX, HC, CO emissions of the blends to that

Published by: Prenav T. NairResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Musaliar College of Engineering and Technology, Pathanamthitta, KeralaKeywords: Blend, Brake Thermal Efficiency, Mechanical efficiency, Experimental setup, Engine performance, Engine emissions


48. Insurance claiming process based on blockchain technology using smart contract

In modern society, blockchain technology is used to improve traditional companies. One type of traditional companies are insurance companies. These companies suffer several problems that are leading to decrease their efficiency in modern societies. The insurance industry is heavily dependent on multiple processes between transacting parties for initiating, maintaining and closing a different kind of policies. The main problems of these companies are that their operations are not transparent. In addition, considering the potential of the smart contract of the blockchain, determining insurance rates must be transparent. The application of blockchain in FinTech processing requires a deep understanding of the underlying business processes. In this study, we focus on the design of an efficient approach for processing insurance related transactions based on a blockchain-enabled platform.

Published by: Jayesh Arun Bordekar, Shubham Kumar Gupta, V. S. N. Tinnaluri, Aditya Kumar SinhaResearch Area: Blockchain Technology

Organisation: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Blockchain fintech, Smart contracts insurance

Survey Report

49. Edge computing by using LZW Algorithm

Data compression is one of the enabling technologies for multimedia applications is used to decrease the number of bits required to store and transmit images without any quantifiable loss of information. The impact of using different lossless compression algorithms on the compression ratios and timings when processing various biometric sample data is investigated. The huge challenge in using biometric data is about the handling of enormous data. As this data is increasing day by day, it becomes difficult to store and transmit the data effectively and efficiently in less time. To solve this kind of problem, in this papers presents an Edge computing by Lempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) Compression

Published by: K. Mohana Ravali Chowdary, Siddhant verma, Vineeta Tiwari, Dr. M. R. Ebenezar JebaraniResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Data compression, LZW Algorithm

Research Paper

50. Authorization for secured cloud storage through SHA-256

Cloud computing has become one of the most influential paradigms in the IT industry in recent years. This emerging computing technology demands the user to believe their data is secure to cloud providers, there have been increasing security and privacy concerns on outsourced data. Many Schemes emphasis on Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE) have been made for access control of user’s data in cloud computing; however, they lack from some major security issues. In order to realize flexible, reliable, and fine grained access control of available data in cloud computing, A Secured Hashing Algorithm is proposed which is a one-way cryptography technique with no decryption. This online storage mechanism is an integrated cloud backup suite that gives end-to-end visibility and full control of your data storage resources at corresponding rates. Cloud offers high scalability for all your storage needs your scalable data demands met from highly scalable archival to storage, equip your enterprises with the comprehensive storage suites needs. Cloud storage allows you to store unlimited data in an always available, highly durable and fully secure environment with Enterprises-Grade System Management for your commercial and budgetary needs. The key benefits are scalability, durability, support and predictable pricing. The proposed scheme not only achieves security due to its Secured Hashing Algorithm (SHA), but also inherits scalability and efficient access control in supporting compound attributes of ASBE (Attribute Set Based Encryption).

Published by: M. R. Sundarakumar, Dr. G. MahadevanResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: AMC Engineering College, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Access control, Cloud computing, Data security, Secured Hashing Algorithm

Research Paper

51. Sensor component proposed in a valuable approach for better power economy

This project presents a new methodology for an intelligent energy-saving system. The goal of real energy-saving is to be done from the viewpoint of system-orient strategy instead of materials. In this system design, temperature value, humidity value, CO density level, and power level are to be sensed. In addition, to design backend intelligent agent technology, the feedback control system through hybrid net-work of ZigBee technology has been added which would sensor the running parameters and environmental factors of the energy-saving system. The energy-saving system would collect all the running parameters in the energy-consumption system such as room, house, office, factory, community, or any space.

Published by: Dr. B. Gopinath, A. Karthikeyani, R. Banupriya, B. Dharani, T. KaviyaResearch Area: Energy Saving

Organisation: Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, (Autonomous), Tiruchengode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Energy saving, Wireless Sensor Networks

Research Paper

52. Sensoid Robot using Android

Sensoid Robot which infers recognizing robot that can distinguish certain things, this robot is introduced with sensors like light, temperature, humidity and gas sensor all of these sensors convey diverse yields. The robot is created using Arduino microcontroller, which is contained diverse features like controlling the improvements and following the estimations of the sensors using an android application camera is embedded in the robot for better discernment, robots like this can be used for military and perception missions. In this proposed work, we have used Arduino microcontroller, light, stickiness, gas sensors, Bluetooth module, OLED demonstrate the customer can see the readings of the sensor and can take a firm decision by following the robot and its advancements through the android application. Gadgets used are Arduino IDE, MIT App Inventor, and Tiny DB database is used in order to achieve the general working arrangement of this endeavour. The essential arrangement of working up this endeavour is that robots like this can be used and sent on various missions where individuals can't reach, by separating the data which is given by the robot we would then have the capacity to touch base at a particular goal and avoid any risk that is required.

Published by: Vishaar G. N., Karthik K. P., Dr. Nagabhushan S. V.Research Area: Robotics

Organisation: BMS Institute of Technology and Management, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Sensors, Micro-Controller, Ultra-Sonic, Temperature and Humidity, LDR, Gas Sensor

Research Paper

53. (Re)-mythifying the popular: Are some excavations too strenuous for ordinary readers

ABSTRACT Over the last decade, rectification and reinterpretation of Historical and Mythological facts had been one of the most popular themes in Indian English Literature. The demystifications portrayed in the works of Ashwin Sanghi, Christopher Doyle and Amish Tripathy were very much successful in indulging the element of mystery and thrill amongst the readers due to their adroit defamiliarization of the familiar tales. To attain such defamiliarization, many authors tend to adopt a number of interdisciplinary methodologies to excavate the alternate interpretations. These calculative discourses from the fields of Geography, Archaeology, Chemistry, Geography or Mathematics form the twists in the tale that leads to the conclusion. But, the problem is that what fraction of the Indian myth-loving culture is subjected to these bodies of knowledge. For example, Ashwin Sanghi’s The Krishna Key has an illustration of the Cartesian equation in an aquatic plain curve to obtain The Swastika symbol. Hence, the theme primarily associated with the cultural aspects, seem to take an applied dimension. Unfortunately, such methodologies of interpretation cannot be perfectly grasped by the Indians belonging to every exposure of the society. It needs sheer knowledge and scholastic prerequisites to fully enjoy the depth of such works. This paper tries to find the gravity and the extent of relatability of such depictions with the common readers of the country, the probable problems and as such, identify the authors’ objectives and the presumable target readers.

Published by: Poumita PaulResearch Area: Indian English Literature

Organisation: Tripura University, Agartala, TripuraKeywords: (Re)-mythification, Past, Interdisciplinary, Strenuous, Target readers, Contemporary Indian english literature

Survey Report

54. A survey on soil testing technique

Continuous cropping without the adequate measurement and provisioning of the soil nutrient may endanger the sustainability of the agriculture. Soil nutrient measurement s greatly required for proper plant growth and effective fertilization. A key in soil testing for formulated fertilization is to determine the number of soil nutrients, followed by recommendation of the nutrient needs and site-specific fertilization. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium are the three important nutrients required for plant growth.

Published by: Vaishnavi G., C. M. Manoj, Rakshitha M. P., Manu N, Nithin KumarResearch Area: Agricultural Engineering

Organisation: Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Phosphorous (P), Potassium (K), Nitrogen(N)

Research Paper

55. Biometric methods to speed up fingerprint processing using OCT: A survey

Fingerprint recognition is a crucial security technique with a steady growing usage for the identification and verification of people. However, current fingerprint acquisition systems have bound disadvantages, that embody the necessities of physical contact with the acquisition device, and also the presence of undesirable artifacts, like scars, on the surface of the fingerprint. There are various sectors or domains where Biometric authentication plays a vital role, these areas include Internet of Things (IoT), Smartphones, Healthcare, and many more. This paper evaluates the accuracy of a whole framework for the capturing of uninjured, undistorted fingerprints from underneath the skin's surface using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), the extraction and conversion of the submerged knowledge into a usable fingerprint and also the matching of such fingerprints. The main objective of this paper is to provide the study of the biometric algorithms, OCT based methods, and their relative comparisons.

Published by: Soonrutha Karothu, Vineeta Tiwari, Siddhant Verma, M. SugadevResearch Area: Internet Of Things (IoT)

Organisation: Satyabhama University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fingerprint recognition, Internet of Things, Optical Coherence Tomography

Research Paper

56. Experimental study on mechanical behavior of different grade M-sand concrete

In this paper were investigated in the comparison of compression strength and slump strength of M-sand and river sand. M-sand Rock crushed to the required grain size distribution is termed as manufactures sand (M-sand). The natural river sand was the cheapest resources of sand. The size of manufactured sand (M-Sand) is less than 4.75mm. A particle passing 75 microns, Sieve Size/ Granule Thickness IS Codes 150 microns - 4.75 mm and IS - 383: 1970. Then water absorption is 2.2. We are analyzed the specific gravity and moisture content of M-sand and river sand of concrete. Then we're prepared M-sand concrete moulded with help of mold die. The three grade of concrete we are prepared, they are M-sand grade M25, M-30, and M-35. After we conducted a compression test and slump test. Finally, we obtained in M25 grade of concrete; slump values and compression strength are more in comparison with M-sand till 7 days having 30.01 and 28 days we obtained 43.04. In M30 grade of concrete, slump values and compression strength are more in comparison with river sand. slump values of 170 mm > 150 mm (30 min) slump values of 140 mm > 100 mm (60 min) compressive strength 7 days 37.31N/mm2 > 32.02 N/mm compressive strength 28 days 48.5N/mm2 > 43.16 N/mm2. In M35 grade of concrete, slump values and compression strength are more in comparison with river sand. slump values of collapse is better than 170 mm (30 min) slump values of 150 mm > 110 mm (60 min) compressive strength 7 days 41.21N/mm2 > 37.41 N/mm2 compressive strength 28 days 54.32N/mm2 > 50.55 N/mm2.

Published by: R. BalasubramanianResearch Area: Concrete Materials

Organisation: P. T. Lee Chengalvaraya Naicker Polytechnic College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: M-sand, River sand, Compression, Slump, Specific gravity, Moisture, Concrete

Research Paper

57. Improving generalization in reinforcement learning on Atari 2600 games

Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) is poised to revolutionize the field of artificial intelligence (AI) and represents a crucial step towards building autonomous systems with a higher-level understanding of the world around them. In particular, deep reinforcement learning has changed the landscape of autonomous agents by achieving superhuman performance on board game Go, a significant milestone in AI research. In this project, we attempt to train a Deep RL network on Demon Attack – an Atari 2600 game and test the model on different game environments to investigate the feasibility of applying Transfer Learning on environments with same action space but slightly different state space. We further extend the project to use established Reinforcement Learning techniques such as DQN, Dueling DQN, and SARSA to examine whether RL agents can be generalized on unfamiliar environments by fine-tuning the hyperparameters. Finally, we borrow classic regularization techniques like 2 regularization and dropout from the world of supervised learning and probe whether these techniques which have received very limited attention in the domain of reinforcement learning are effective in reducing overfitting of Deep RL networks. Deep Networks are expensive to train and complex models take weeks to train using expensive GPUs. We find that the use of the above techniques prevents the network from overfitting on the current environment and gives satisfactory results when tested on slightly different environments thus enabling substantial savings in training time & resources.

Published by: Abhi Savaliya, Chirag Ahuja, Chirayu Shah, Sagar ParikhResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Organisation: Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, CanadaKeywords: Machine learning, Artificial Intelligence, Deep learning, Keras RL, Reinforcement learning

Survey Report

58. Securing cloud storage through face recognition mode

In many cases benefits given by a cloud server isn’t completely trusted by clients. Presently data are corrupted by an unauthenticated user with the help of employee’s. Generally, data are securely handled by Separate Organization but some employees sell their access specifiers to hackers for money due to single level Management and data are not made safe. To overcome this issue we move towards Advance Safe technology where data are downloaded by the user (admin or organization) with the help of face detection video mode when they accept the user request by recognizing their face among the hierarchy of employees and then the data is shared from one place to another. Here Encryption Algorithm is used for sharing data in a secure means by detecting a face in hierarchy.

Published by: Nadar Steffy Felicia Inbamani, Kumar P.Research Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), Data Encryption Standard (DES), Cloud hierarchy

Survey Report

59. A detailed survey on blockchain integration for connected cars

This paper provides a complete understanding of connected cars and Blockchain which are trending technologies here the discussion among the shared information among vehicles, V2V, V2X, Path planning and integration of Blockchain. Applications in which how the Blockchain is used for the connected car applications and how those operations can be performed with safety and security policy.

Published by: Illuru Phani Kumar, Aditya Kumar Sinha, Bhupendra Pratap Singh, Dr. M. SumathiResearch Area: Blockchain

Organisation: Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Vehicle to Vehicle communication (V2V), Combination of V2V and V2I (V2X), Blockchain, CPS, ECUs, CAN, LIN, GPS

Research Paper

60. Occupational Therapy rehabilitation of postoperative hand injury cases and their functional independency

Occupational Therapy (OT) after revascularization/replant of hand injury is not available in all center. The prevalence of hand injury cases in India from road traffic incidences is about 30% and the total number of hand injuries would go higher upon adding the industrial injury cases. When primary repair isn't possible, tendon reconstruction is done. Kleinert (active extension, passive flexion) is a basic early motion program for rehabilitation of hand injuries. There have been significant innovations in therapy programme in different zones of tendon injuries in past. The aim of this study was to analyze the functional improvement after a postoperative regimen with the use of splints and Occupational Therapy. The objective is to determine the improvement in the Range of Motion (ROM) and muscles strength with Occupational Therapy (OT) along with home-based activities in hand reconstruction cases Design: Thirty-two patients with different tendon injuries were retrospectively enrolled in this study from one and a half year of routinely collected data. Gross grip, fine grip, and range of motion were measured using JAMAR, pinch O meter, and finger goniometer respectively. Statistically and clinically significant improvement was observed in muscle strength (gross and fine) and range of motion in these patients' hands after modified Kleinert splint, custom made splint and home base exercise in all patients (p <0.001 ). With OT, patients with hand reconstruction surgeries can recover their muscle strength and range of motion to a great extent under supervised therapy and make them self independence in all activities. This can be done through the use of simple home-based tools and occupational therapy exercises.

Published by: Deepak Ganjiwale, Ranjit Pathak, Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Education

Organisation: KM Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Karamsad, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Splinting, Tendon injury, Hand injury

Research Paper

61. Development of protein rich product

The growing public awareness of nutrition & healthcare research substantiates the potential of phytonutrients such as polyphenols, saponins, essential amino acids, dietary fibers, flavonoids on their health benefits. Proteins are the major macronutrient required by the body. Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) develops in children whose consumption of protein and energy is insufficient to satisfy the body’s nutritional needs. 91% of Vegetarians in India suffer from PEM. Hence, there is a need to develop a Protein-rich product. Chickpea, Mung& Soy Flour was used in the preparation of chips. These chips were analyzed for their Nutritional, phytochemical, microbial and sensory parameters & a suitable packaging for the product was also developed. The present study showed that the product is a good source of protein (20%) and carbohydrates (62%). The product was liked very much by all the participants (score- 8). High quality 40 microns PET/MET was used as packaging material for the Product which are durable, heat resistant films with very good oxygen barrier properties.

Published by: Suhana Kulavoor, Grishma Ramugade, Subhashini M.Research Area: Nutraceuticals

Organisation: Guru Nanak Khalsa College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Chips, Protein, Chickpea, Mung, Soybean, Nutritional evaluation, Sensory evaluation

Case Study

62. Juvenile Recurrent Parotitis

It is a rare condition and characterized by multiple episodes of parotid swelling and/or pain associated with fever or malaise over a period of years. Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is defined as recurrent inflammatory parotitis in children of unknown etiology.1 Salivary gland diseases in children are rare, apart from viral-induced diseases. Clinical diagnostics and especially the surgical treatment are influenced by a stringent indication and a less invasive strategy. Due to the rarity of tumors of the salivary glands in children, it is recommended to treat them in a specialized center with greater surgical experience. In most cases, the symptoms resolve spontaneously after puberty but all children should be screened to exclude Sjogren’s syndrome, lymphoma, and immunodeficiency including human immunodeficiency virus. Parotid abscess results as a complication of primary parotitis and are very rare in the pediatric population, we present a 6-year-old girl who had 15 episodes of recurrent parotid swelling over past 3 months.

Published by: Dr. Abhishek Kumar, Dr. Ashok Kumar GuptaResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: National Institute of Medical Sciences, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Parotitis, Parotid abscess, Juvenile Recurrent Parotitis

Review Paper

63. Smart factory: A methodology for adaptation

The purpose of this paper is to find from literature, (a) why ‘smart factory’ is an appropriate development to the factory system now, and (b) what is a smart factory, and what are its constituents and governing principles of design. The findings are used to propose a methodology for retrofitting or designing a smart factory. In the first step, the prevailing factory system and its weaknesses are identified. In the next step the technological developments, that are conducive to form the smart factory, which outperforms the existing factory system, are reviewed. In the third step the smart factory definitions are analyzed and in the fourth step the constituents, governing design principles, as identified from the literature are collected, analyzed and categorized. In the final step, we used the findings to propose a methodology to retrofit an existing factory or design a new smart factory. The literature concerning ‘smart factory’ is abundant, and a strict selection scheme was used, to choose the literature for the study. This might have eliminated some relevant literature. Smart Factory is a disruptive development to the existing factory system, and as such the findings first assist to identify the ‘advanced knowledge in science and technology’ that is needed for success (sensors, IoT, storing and processing a huge amount of data and data analytics). It then identifies various possible technologies that can constitute to specific smart factory implementations and guide with the design principles. The value of this research is the proposed methodology, which can guide anyone planning to move forward in the smart factory path.

Published by: Iman AbdulWaheed, Sangarappillai Sivaloganathan, Khalifa HaribResearch Area: Intelligent Manufacturing

Organisation: United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab EmiratesKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Smart manufacturing, Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS), Industry 4.0, Smart factory

Survey Report

64. Enhancing the accuracy of digit recognition using machine learning algorithms

Handwritten character recognition is one of the important issues in pattern recognition applications. The applications of digit recognition include postal mail sorting, bank check processing, data entry form, pin code identification, identify the doctors' prescriptions etc. The conversion of an image based on the digit into letter codes for further use in a computer or text processing application is the first step in an off-line handwriting recognition system. This paper presents an approach of (MLP) Multilayer Perceptron neural network to recognize and predict handwritten digits from 0 to 9. MLP is a class of feed-forward artificial neural network. It consists of at least three layers of nodes having an input layer, a hidden layer, and an output layer. Each node is a neuron that uses a nonlinear activation function. The MNIST database is a large database of handwritten digits that is commonly used for training various image processing systems contain 60,000 training images and 10,000 testing images. The dataset was trained using gradient descent back-propagation algorithm and further tested using the feed-forward algorithm. The system performance is observed by varying the number of hidden layers. Various algorithms used for image processing have been discussed. The main objective of this paper is to ensure effective and reliable approaches for recognition of handwritten digits.

Published by: Meera Madhu, Dr. N. Yuvaraj, Indhumathi P., Gokula Priya S.Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Accuracy, Back-propagation, Feed-forward, Multilayer perceptron, Neural Network, Deep learning, MNIST Database, Digit recognition

Survey Report

65. Integrated platform and response system for healthcare using Alexa

This paper presents a healthcare system by providing virtual personal assistance using the Amazon Alexa. Amazon Alexa is an application program that understands voice commands and completes that commands for the user. Amazon Echo is not only a smart speaker but operates as an intelligent personal virtual assistant. Alexa is Hands-free that can allow easier access to the medical information. Alexa has been programmed with the information about the patients, doctors, nurses, pharmacy details, events and general information about the Healthcare. Users can interact with the Alexa to find out the scheduled appointments, availability of the doctor, availability of the rooms, etc.

Published by: Sakthivel V., Kesaven P., Martin William J., Madan Kumar S. K.Research Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Alexa, Digital Voice Assistants (DVA’s), Alexa Voice Service (AVS), Intelligent Personal Assistants (IPA’s)

Research Paper

66. Occupational therapy rehabilitation and video gaming for hand injury

Neurological and musculoskeletal injuries may cause impairment of the upper extremity functions. There is significant evidence that physical training improves skills and reduces disability. However, these approaches typically require extreme dedication and are often repetitive and boring. Several studies have provided preliminary descriptions of the benefits of virtual reality and video games in rehabilitation training but most have demonstrated this through high cost video game like Wii and others. The current study taken up to find if low cost, modified games. Objective: To document the improvement in the range of motion of hand and the make the patient functionally independent through use of the modified video gaming. Methodology: The participant in this study would be all adults and children above the age 3 years, with limited wrist movements. The participants will be randomly assigned to the two groups. The video gaming will be administered in the intervention group in addition to the conventional treatment while the control group will be getting only the conventional treatment. Result and conclusion: improvement in conventional and experimental group equally in their range of motion and functional independency level. Interesting way of the therapy methods is important for improving the patients faster. interactive methods or gamin would be the best methods for rehabilitation of hand injury patients low cost video gaming methods would be the good option in rural area where the costly therapy centre would not possible to set.

Published by: Deepak Ganjiwale, Ranjit Pathak, Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Education

Organisation: KM Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Karamsad, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Video game, Occupational Theapy

Research Paper

67. Potential of defatted Delonix regia seed cake as alternative feed for ruminant animals

The most widely available low-cost feed for ruminants in major developing countries is usually native pastures but there is the limitation in their availability as they kept reducing in quantities and qualities all year round while the high cost associated with conventional cereals and legumes made them to be discouraged. The aim of this article is to investigate the potential of defatted Delonix regia seed cake as ruminant animals alternative feed. The properties of D. regia seeds were determined using the method (Idowu et al., 2012). The oil available in the seeds was extracted using cold maceration method. The proximate composition of the defatted seed cake was determined using (AOAC, 2016) methods while its elemental mineral component was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) following (AOAC, 2016) methods. Its anti-nutrient content was determined following the method of (Akaninwor and Okechukwu, 2004). The average for the length, width, and thickness of D. regia seeds obtained in this study are 17mm, 5mm and 3.8mm respectively. The proximate composition showed that the seed cake has high protein content with the value of 39.57% while the concentration for the mineral composition goes in the following order: (Fe>Zn>K>Mg>Mn>Cu>Co>Na>Ca). The anti-nutrient content showed that oxalate (0.85mg/100g) has the highest value while phytate (0.34mg/100g) has the least value. This study has demonstrated that defatted Delonix regia seed cake usually known to be waste could be useful in compounding animal feed.

Published by: Bello Adunola Abosede, Omole Oluwafemi Akinsola, Akinola Alice Oluwemimo, Aeneas Nebert Ulteino, Ajisebiolola Bolanle Eunice, Igwe Chima CartneyResearch Area: Industrial Research

Organisation: Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi, Lagos, NigeriaKeywords: Ruminants, Forage, Defatted, Delonix regia seed cake, Legumes, Feed

Research Paper

68. SAARC: An Indo–Pakistan relations and conflicts

It is an ‘unusual’ possibility in the history of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) that a summit is following by some positive developments in India-Pakistan relations. SAARC has long suffered from bilateral hatred between India and Pakistan slowing its progress on a range of issues, particularly free trade in South Asia. There have been ups and downs in relations between India and Pakistan due to territorial, naval disputes, an allegation of cross-border terrorism, divergence sharing of river waters and curbs on trade. The SAARC aims at promoting economic cooperation via free trade in the region; so the economic ties between India and Pakistan have been of groovy and great significance.

Published by: Harwinder Singh, Dr. Jagpal SinghResearch Area: Political Science

Organisation: Guru Kashi University, Talwandi Sabo, PunjabKeywords: SAARC, India, Pakistan, diplomacy, dialogue, peace, conflicts

Technical Notes

69. Application usage behaviour prediction in Android OS using improved unsupervised learning algorithms

The paper is about ‘Application Usage Behaviour Prediction in Android OS using Improved Unsupervised Learning Algorithms’. This algorithm works with the input dataset collected from the usage of various applications by a user in an Android Device for a continuous period of time regularly. The algorithm which has the ability to adapt and tune itself to the user’s behaviour and makes predictions which are in turn communicated to the user via notifications to improve his/her usage productivity.

Published by: Praveen Thirumurugan, Keerthana Ravichandran, Poojaa KrishnamoorthyResearch Area: Android Machine Learning

Organisation: Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Machine learning, Android, Tensor flow, Apps, Behavior, Prediction

Review Paper

70. Study of X-ray image via pseudo coloring algorithm

The objective of this paper is to comprehensively study the concept of pseudo coloring techniques with Repetitive Line Tracking Method

Published by: Komal Sharma, Karamvir Singh Rajpal, Ravi KantResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Rayat Bahra University, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: False coloring, MATLAB, Ferro magnetic, Medical images

Research Paper

71. An investigation on anti-depressant activity of fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica in experimental animal models

Mental depression is one of the common chronic illnesses that affect the mood, thought, physical health and behavior of an individual. India is a rich source of medicinal plants used therapeutically to treat various disorders including depression. This study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-depressant effect of acute and chronic administration of fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica in experimental animal models. We used the fresh fruit juice extract of Malus domestica (1 ml/kg and 2 ml/kg), the standard drug used was Imipramine (10 mg/kg) and the vehicle was 1% tween 80 (1 ml/kg), orally. Four groups of animals were used and each group had six animals. In the acute study drugs/vehicles were administered 60 min prior to the experiments. In the chronic study drugs/vehicles were administered for 10 days and the last dose was given on the 10th day, 60 minutes prior to experiment. Forced Swim Test and Tail Suspension Test were used for testing antidepressant activity and parameters estimated includes estimation of biochemical parameter (mono amino oxidase). Data was analysed using one-way ANOVA with drug treatment as the independent factor. Post-hoc comparisons were performed using Dunnett’s test. In acute and chronic forced swim test as well as tail suspension test, duration of immobility was significantly reduced in the FFJMD treated group but more beneficial effect found in chronic administration in both models and decrease in a biochemical parameter such as mono amino oxidase when compared with depressive control. The antidepressant activity of 2 ml/kg was comparable to that of Imipramine 10 mg/kg. The present study suggests that fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica has more beneficial antidepressant activity in chronic administration of 2 ml/kg. It would be advisable to encourage consumption of Malus domestica extract in patients with depression because of its nutritional and functional properties. From the present data, it concludes that fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica possesses significant anti-depressant activity.

Published by: Avrin Romitha Lobo, Satish S.Research Area: Pharmacology

Organisation: Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Valachil, Mangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Anti-depressant activity, Imipramine, Malus domestica

Research Paper

72. Effects of extraction methods on the proximate, mineral and anti-nutrient composition of Huracrepitans seed cake

As it is widely known that the methods of extraction affect the qualities of oil, it is necessary to find out if these extraction methods affect the qualities of seed cakes as well. The aim of this article is to investigate the effect of extraction methods on the proximate, minerals and anti-nutrient composition of Huracrepitans seed cake. Three extraction methods (mechanical, Soxhlet and cold maceration) were employed using the methods of (Womeniet al., 2018) and (Nehdietal., 2010). The proximate composition of the seed cakes was determined using (AOAC, 2010) methods while their elemental mineral component was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) following (AOAC, 2016) methods, Sodium and Potassium was determined using Flame Photometer. Their anti-nutrient content was determined following the method of (Akaninwor and Okechukwu, 2004). The proximate composition showed that apart from the dry matter for the mechanically extracted seed cake which is 94% DM basis, the remaining parameters (crude fibre, crude protein, ether extract, energy content, and ash content) values were higher compared to the Soxhlet and cold maceration extracted seed cake. The mineral composition goes in the following order: (MEM>SEM>CEM) while the anti-nutrient content took the following trend: (CEM>SEM>MEM). This study has shown that methods of extraction also affect the qualities of seed cake as it does to the oil.

Published by: Bello Adunola Abosede, Omole Oluwafemi Akinsola, Akinola Alice Oluwemimo, Aeneas Nebert Ulteino, Ajisebiolola Bolanle Eunice, Igwe Chima CartneyResearch Area: Industrial Research

Organisation: Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi, Lagos, NigeriaKeywords: Seed cakes, Mechanical, Soxhlet, Cold maceration, Huracrepitans

Review Paper

73. Ensure the securities in IoT for home monitoring system

Smart building using IoT technique is used to maintain a home in a smarter way. In order to enhance the security in a home the various combinations of a sensor are used. In that PIR and MQ-6 sensors plays a major role. The data from these sensors are sent to the Arduino board and get stored in the cloud. In this paper home monitoring system along with intrusion, detection technique is used. For data security, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) playa a major role. To facilitate data encryption, a method namely Triangle Based Security Algorithm (TBSA) based on efficient key generation mechanism was proposed.

Published by: Kaviya S., Divya Lakshmi R., Jenifa G.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: IoT technique, Intrusion detection, Data security, Wireless Sensor Network, Triangle-based security algorithm

Research Paper

74. Negative marketing- Strategy analysis

The concept of negative marketing strategies has been analyzed and its positive and negative impacts have been discussed through the study of various strategies adopted by marketers such as (1) Being Controversial (2) Higher positioning (3) Creating negative experiences (4) Sharing negative experiences. The purpose is to understand better, the effectiveness of this method of marketing.

Published by: Aayushi Gupta, Deeksha Jain, Dhriti Datta, Shivika MehrotraResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Negative marketing, Marketing strategies, Consumers

Review Paper

75. Applications of nanomedicine- Overview

Nanotechnology is the study of extremely small structures, having a size of 0.1 to 100 nm. The ideas and concepts behind nanoscience and nanotechnology were started by Physicist Richard Feynman. He described a process in which scientists would be able to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. Particles are engineered so that they are attracted to diseased cells, which allow direct treatment of those cells. This technique reduces damage to healthy cells in the body and allows for earlier detection of disease. An important application of nanotechnology in biomedical science deals with novel drug synthesis, drug delivery, imaging, gene therapy etc. Lipid and polymer-based nanoparticles are the most commonly used drug delivery systems. They offer several advantages such as improved drug solubility, preferential drug accumulation in tumor site, sustained drug release, improved bioavailability and biocompatibility over the conventional treatment methods. Nanoparticles also carry the potential for targeted and time-release drugs. Currently many substances are under investigation for drug delivery and more specifically for cancer therapy. An ideal drug-delivery system possesses two elements: the ability to target and to control the drug release. Targeting will ensure high efficiency of the drug and reduce the side effects, especially when dealing with drugs that are presumed to kill cancer cells but can also kill healthy cells when delivered to them. The reduction or prevention of side effects can also be achieved by controlled release. So Controlled drug delivery systems (DDS) have several advantages compared to the traditional forms of drugs. A drug is transported to the place of action, hence, its influence on vital tissues and undesirable side effects can be minimized.

Published by: T. M. A. NivedithaResearch Area: Nanomedicine

Organisation: Dr. V. S. Krishna Government Degree College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Nanomedicine, Nanoparticles, Drug delivery, Minimized side effects


76. To develop a standard Occupational Therapy Ergonomic advice for persons working in industrial set up having low backache problems

Now these employees, so-called patients came to the Occupational Therapist for treatment. Then Occupational Therapists first do the treatment of pains by using some physical Modalities as well as an Activity program. So it is very necessary for Industrial area that they should have a standard Occupational Therapy Ergonomic Advice for avoiding spinal problems. So the persons who are working in an industrial set-up will have a fruitful life and pain-free working environment. Presently in industrial set up, 90% (ninety percent) of persons are suffering from different problems. Among them approximately more than 60%(sixty percent) persons are having low backache, neck pain. Hence, it was decided to conduct this study as there is very little research work on this industrial population. A standard Ergonomic Advice of Occupational Therapy would be developed for the subjects with Low back pain. Post Test Comparison- • Independent Variables- Interventions- a) Activities and Exercises b) Ergonomic Advice 2) Dependent Variables- a) Pain b) Unable to perform an activity related back pain 3) Subjects-50 subjects are randomly selected from particular age group. Clinical Analysis clearly shows excellent improvement in persons working in an industrial set up after a successful intervention of Standard Occupational Therapy Ergonomic Advice, which includes Occupational Therapy activities and exercised, Occupational therapy Do’s and Don’t’s and Ergonomic advice. Result of this research is accepted hypothesis that use of Standard Occupational Therapy Ergonomic Advice which includes Occupational Therapy treatment, Do’s and don’ts and Ergonomic advice tremendously reduced symptoms of a low backache in persons working with Industrial set up. These persons are more happily doing their work and also with pleasure. Among four questionnaires, for 4 questions means for Four types of complaints, persons(subjects) got relief.

Published by: Dr. Satish S. Maslekar, Dr. Ranjit Pathak, Dr. Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Operational Therapy

Organisation: Government Medical College, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Occupational Therapy, Pain, Injury, Backache

Survey Report

77. Detection of online spread of terrorism using web data mining

Terrorist growth has increased in certain parts of the world. Terrorist groups use Facebook, WhatsApp, messages to spread their information on the social network. It is essential to detect terrorism and prevent its spreading before a certain time. The basic idea of this project is to reduce or stop spreading of terrorism and to remove all these accounts. The terrorists are spreading their terrorism activities using the internet by speech, text, videos. Terrorist groups are utilizing the internet as a medium to convince the innocent people to take part in terrorist activities by infuriating people through web pages that inspire disenchanted individuals to take part in a terrorist organization. This needs a lot of human effort to implement this project that will collect the information and find the terrorist groups. To reduce the human effort, we implement the system which detects terrorist groups in social-media

Published by: Naseema Begum A., Hanu Rakavi S., Mohanambal R., Aswathy R. H.Research Area: Web Data Mining

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Terrorism, World, Data mining, Clustering, Online

Survey Report

78. Providing data integrity in toll booth management system

The Internet of things (IoT) is considered as a network of devices which allows them to interact, connect and exchange data. Stimulators and sensors are considered as smart devices in our environment. Due to the nature of IoT that depends on low computational power devices equipped with a sensor, the security of these systems differs from the security of the traditional system which is been applied in conventional network devices. Simultaneously IoT security brings out new issues. Therefore safety is a fundamental issue in designing IoT. Hybrid encryption is a mode of encryption that makes use of merging two or more encryption systems hence it is considered as a highly secure type of encryption as long as the public and private keys are fully secure. This encryption type provides long security and low consumption. In this paper we have proposed a hybrid encryption algorithm which has been conducted in order to reduce safety risks and enhancing encryption's speed. The main purpose of this hybrid algorithm is maintaining data integrity, confidentiality, non-repudiation in data exchange for IoT. Eventually, the suggested encryption algorithm has been simulated by MATLAB software, and its speed and safety were evaluated in comparison with a conventional encryption algorithm

Published by: Infanta Josephine A., Jenifa, Keerthana, MounikaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: IoT: Internet of Things, Encryption, Decryption, Hybrid algorithm, Security, Privacy

Research Paper

79. Wireless Sensor Network supplemented with MATLAB for improved environment condition and energy conservation

A planned infrastructure or a communicative infrastructure revolves around the cellular network which has a pivotal role to play in the field of wireless communication. But despite these advantages which the wireless network possesses, they are not feasible in drastic environments such as earthquake-hit areas, battlefield or any hostile zones simply because infrastructure remains a vague subject of concern. Recent developments have enhanced the technology fabricating ad-hoc wireless system network which can respond to this type of versatile situation.

Published by: Shipra Vaidya, Karamvir Singh Rajpal, Ravi KantResearch Area: Wireless Sensor Network

Organisation: Rayat Bahra University, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: WSN, Wireless Sensor Network, MATLAB, Energy conversation, Condition monitoring

Review Paper

80. Survey on clustering attacker activities in IoT data through machine learning techniques

IoT create network and connect "things" and people together by creating relationship between either people-people, people-things or things-things. As the number of device connection is increased, it increases the Security risk. Security is the biggest issue for IoT at any companies across the globe. Privacy and data sharing can again be considered as a security concern for IoT. The IoT has been affected by different botnet activities. As botnets have the cause of serious security risks and financial damage over the years, existing Network forensic techniques cannot identify and track current sophisticated methods of botnets. Machine Learning techniques in order to train and validate a model for defining such attacks, but they still produce high false alarm rates with the challenge of investigating the tracks of botnets. This paper investigates the role of Machine Learning techniques for developing a Network forensic mechanism based on network flow identifiers that can track suspicious activities of botnets. Multivariate Hawkes Process identifies the latent influences between attackers by utilizing the mutually exciting properties. Then cluster the attacker activities based on the inferred weighted influence matrix with resort to the hierarchical, partitioning and graph-based clustering approach.

Published by: Jasmine Joy J., Padmashree A., Karunambika S., Latha R.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: IoT, Unsupervised Learning, Supervised Learning, Clustering

Research Paper

81. Cloud computing using Artificial Intelligence

In this paper, we present The cloud technology can help AI’s by providing the required information for the learning processes while the AI can help cloud by providing information that can offer more data. AI is capable of streamlining the immense capacities of the cloud. It equips cloud technology with enormous powers. It enables the machines to act, react, think and learn in the manner human beings do. AI assists different machines in learning and analyzing the historical data, making decisions and identifying the patterns. Such a process helps in eradicating the chances of human errors. Therefore, AI enhances the process of decision making of various organizations. Cloud technology is spread among a number of servers in various languages with huge data storage and across various geographies. Organizations can make use of this data to make up intelligent and automated solutions for customers and clients. Cloud computing is getting more powerful with AI as its applications are extended across multiple diversified sectors in the economy. Thus, even organizations can make use of AI cloud computing to attain long-term goals for their businesses.

Published by: Kumar Kishan Chandra, Dr. Anand Kumar Pandey, Supriya RajResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: R.D. and D.J College, Munger, BiharKeywords: Cloud computing, Artificial Intelligence

Research Paper

82. Survey on energy saving strategies in industries

A modern area utilizes more energy than some flip side use parts and as of now, this segment is expanding about 37% of the world's complete conveyed energy. Energy is devoured in the mechanical area by a differing gathering of enterprises including fabricating, agriculture, mining, and development and for a wide scope of exercises, for example, preparing and get together, space molding and lighting. This paper presents an exhaustive writing audit about modern energy sparing by the board, advances, and arrangements. Most recent writings as far as proposition (MS and Ph.D.), diary articles, gathering procedures, web materials, reports, books, handbooks on modern energy the executives, arrangements, and energy investment funds systems have been gathered. Energy-sparing by the board including energy review, preparing projects and housekeeping next to some energy the board rehearses on the planet has been investigated. Energy-sparing innovations, for example, utilization of high proficiency engines (HEMs), Variable Speed Drives (VSDs), economizers, spill avoidance and diminishing weight drop has been checked on. In light of energy sparing innovations results, it has been discovered that in the mechanical segments, a sizeable measure of electric energy, emanations and service bill can be spared utilizing these innovations. Recompense periods for distinctive energy funds measures have been distinguished and observed to be monetarily practical in most cases. At long last, different energy sparing strategies for few chose nations were checked on.

Published by: Ashwini PunseResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Industrial energy, Energy management, Energy saving by technology

Survey Report

83. Predicting housing prices using advanced regression techniques

The prices of House increases every year, so there is a need for the system to predict house prices in the future. House price prediction can help the developer to determine the selling price of a house. It also can help the customer to arrange the right time to purchase a house. There are some factors that influence the price of a house which depends on physical conditions, concept, location, and others. House prices vary for each place and in different communities. There are various techniques for predicting house prices. One of the efficient ways is by the use of a regression technique. Regression is a reliable method of identifying which variables have an impact on a topic of interest. Random forests are very accurate and robust to over-fitting. The process of performing a regression allows to confidently determine which factors matter the most, which factors can be ignored and how the factors influence each other. The main objective is to use an advanced methodology for prediction.

Published by: Bharathi A. N., Dr. N. Yuvaraj, Dhivya B.Research Area: Data Analytics

Organisation: KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: House prices, Regression, Price prediction, Lasso regression


84. Prevalence of sensory behaviours in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder on short sensory profile

The purpose of the study was to find out the performance of children with ASD belongs to Ahmedabad city by using SSP. It will be useful to understand their behavior with the help of the caregivers of the children. 50 children with ASD were approached on different platforms and incorporated in the study on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study. The sample does not represent the entire population of children with ASD; therefore the study can be done with a larger sample size. Seventy-Eight (78%) children with ASD diagnosed with a definite and probable difference. Eighty-six (86%) children with ASD obtained a combined score of definite difference and probable differences in Tactile Sensitivity and Underresponsive/Seeks Sensation and 64% in Auditory filtering. Typical performance of children with ASD was also seen during the research. Forty (40%) children with ASD showed typical performance in Taste/Smell Sensitivity, 38% in Movement Sensitivity, 42% in Low energy/Weak and 46% in Visual/Auditory sensitivity. From the result of this study, different sensory patterns in children with ASD have been revealed. It can be treated with the SIT and with the help of it the child’s performance can be improved. SIT can positively affect motor skills, socialization, attention, behavior control, reading skills, participation in-game activities, and the achievement of personal goals. This study recognizes the importance of assessing the performance of children from different cultural contexts, particularly in relation to their everyday functioning or occupation.

Published by: Hetal Jagdishkumar Tripathi, Dr. Amitabh Dwivedi, Dr. Ranjeet PathakResearch Area: Occupational Therapy In Paediatrics

Organisation: Government Spine Institute, Ahmedabad, GujaratKeywords: ASD-Autism Spectrum Disorder, Definite difference, Probable difference, Typical performance, SSP- Short Sensory Profile

Review Paper

85. Three port sleeve gastrectomy

Three port Sleeve gastrectomy gives similar results as five port conventional surgery but with less cost.

Published by: Avnish GillResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Poona Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: port, sleeve gastrectomy

Review Paper

86. The effectiveness of Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality in marketing communications

In this paper, our aim is to examine the new ways of digital marketing by the use of techniques such as Augmented Reality that is a way of experiencing the real world benefits and facilities even without actually having it and also Virtual reality that is a way of connecting the consumers to the virtual world. Augmented reality in Marketing advertising has found a classic and unique way to engage interested people with the company brand. In summary, the primary intention of this project is to bring up or raise the awareness of augmented reality in present and future especially in the marketing and advertising filed by providing the various uses, advantages, applications, benefits, and effectiveness of Augmented Reality in Marketing Communications by thorough and in-depth research. Evaluating the consumer experience with ARM in the Digital world as it is latest, emerging and most effective way of advertising.

Published by: Keshav Gupta, Chetna Aggarwal, Mehr Vohra, Suhail P.Research Area: Digital Marketing

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Augmented Reality Marketing (ARM), Experiential Marketing, Virtual Reality, Consumer attitude and purchase intention, Telepresence, Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Research Paper

87. Students’ perceptions about a distance learning programme: A case of the open, distance and E-learning programme at Kyambogo University, Uganda

The perception of students regarding a distance education programme has implications for the quality of training because it influences their motivation and commitment to learning, helps to inform course design practices and to develop faculty trainer development programs. This paper explores students’ perceptions about an Open, Distance and e-Learning (ODeL) programme at Kyambogo University-Uganda. A total of one hundred and fifty students were purposively and randomly selected to participate in the study. Data was collected using a researcher constructed questionnaire basing on the assumptions of Holmberg’s theory of interaction and communication. Results established that most crucial items necessary for quality distance learning education were positively perceived. However, four key items were negatively perceived, namely; timely feedback on assignments and examinations, course assessments, methods of presentation and delivery of content and lack of enough peer support. The study concluded that ODeL administrators should put emphasis on the negatively perceived items to motivate learners and improve the quality of delivery. The study recommended that trainers ensure timely feedback for assignments and examinations, the training staff be facilitated to attend regular refresher pedagogical courses, administrators to nurture practices of peer support among the students and the trainers.

Published by: Denis Kintu, Simon WanamiResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Kyambogo University, Kampala, UgandaKeywords: Students, Perception, Distance education


88. Prevalence of sensory behaviours in normal Indian children with short sensory profile

The purpose of the study was to investigate the performance of normal Indian children on Short Sensory Profile (SSP) belong to various Age-groups (3 years, 4 years and 5-10 years), it will be useful to understand their behavior with the help of the parents/caregivers of the children. 50 normal Indian children were approached on different platforms and incorporated in the study on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study. The sample does not represent the entire population of normal Indian children; therefore the study can be done with larger sample size. The therapist used a 5-point Likert scale to report the percentage of time their children engaged in each behavior. Based on SSP scores, 50 children showed 40% (20) typical performance, 28% (14) were found to be in the probable difference range, and 32% (16) are in the definite difference range. Forty (40%) children fall in typical performance. The most prevalent sensory processing dysfunctions involved the Tactile sensitivity (46%), Underresponsive/seek sensation (48%), and Movement sensitivity (58%), Auditory Filtering (70%), Low Energy/ weak (72%), Visual/Auditory sensitivity (62%) domains. 32% children fall into definite difference and 28% children fall in the range of probable difference. Tactile sensitivity (38%), Taste/Smell sensitivity (20%), Movement sensitivity (26%) and Underresponsive/seek sensation (30%) domains. The researcher has studied that the scores of all items, sections, and total are different than other studies but the result is the same. This variation in the scores it might be due to the different cultures in the world, it creates a need to assess the expectation, perceptions, and views of caregivers from different cultures.

Published by: Hetal Jagdishkumar Tripathi, Dr. Amitabh Dwivedi, Dr. Ranjeet PathakResearch Area: Occupational Therapy In Paediatrics

Organisation: Government Spine Institute, Ahmedabad, GujaratKeywords: Definite difference, Probable difference, Typical performance, SSP- Short Sensory Profile

Research Paper

89. Laufband Zyklus

Laufband Zyklus a German name for treadmill cycle is designed for those people who love to walk outdoor. Treadmill belt constructed on cycle and innovation named Laufband Zyklus' is made. Electronic parts are assembled and run smoothly on walking momentum. As the person walks on the treadmill belt, the belt starts up and the rear wheel starts propelling the bike in a forward direction. Laufband Zyklus is designed for walkers as the conventional treadmill, this project is the combination of best fitness device and traveling long distance without producing any of pollution,

Published by: Aditya Nalawade, Akhilesh Patil, Suyant Dharwarkar, Amit Jadhav, Sagar PawarResearch Area: Environmental Free Vehicle

Organisation: Trinity Polytechnic, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Treadmill belt, Gear sprockets, Bearings, Batteries, Motors

Review Paper

90. Exoplanets: Searching for habitable life

This paper inspects the tenability of exoplanets and that we are so near finding a possessed planet. The livable zones around stars, districts which could contain fluid water, are considered, just as the momentum exoplanet discovery capacities. It is reasoned that this field is advancing quickly with the quantity of confirmed exoplanets taking off over the most recent 5 years. This expands the datasets with which to think about the tenability factors. This has prompted arrangements of somewhere in the range of 21 and 51 possibly tenable planets. Confirming in the event that they are possessed is still past current abilities because of normal wonders giving false-positive bio-marks anyway an occupied planet could be confirmed soon.

Published by: Naveen B., Sanjiv, Ricky JeevanResearch Area: Astronomy

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Exoplanets, Super Earths, The transit method, Proxima Centauri b

Research Paper

91. Eco-friendly drilling fluid water loss controlling agents

The water loss from the drilling fluid with the addition of natural additives like bagasse, natural sugar, and natural rubber was studied. The entire study is focused on improving the quality of controlling fluid loss with the effect of natural additives. The concentrations of the additives were changed to achieve the desired reasonable value of fluid loss with the help of high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) filter press which worked at the condition of 500 psi and at 300oF temperature. Rheology and various tests of these different samples were studied, and the result is tabulated in this article.

Published by: Ainul Abbas, Sathish Kumar B., Mohammed JameemResearch Area: Petroleum Engineering

Organisation: Anna University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Natural additives- Bagasse, Natural sugar and rubber, HPHT, Fluid loss

Research Paper

92. Operation research on menstruation hygiene management

The operation research on Menstruation Hygiene Management (MHM) as an initiative approach was designed by MOVE with technical and financial support of HEMAYAT, a baseline evaluation utilized a quantitative approach to collect valuable information concerning the existing MHM conditions using cross-sectional methodology in the selected treatment and control districts, data are collected from women and teenagers using a household questionnaire (quantitative). A household questionnaire formed the backbone of the baseline research and included four sections designed to evaluate knowledge, attitude and current practices in case and control areas in terms of demographics, health-seeking behavior, awareness of MHM, practices, and attitudes towards MHM. A pooled cross-sectional survey used quota sampling with random selection in baseline and end-line assessment was conducted to see the output and outcomes of the approach using Difference in Difference methodology. The Primary Sampling Unit (PSU) reflected the ratio of that district’s population and The Secondary Sampling Unit (SSU) were villages, approximately 25 SSU for intervention and 25 SSU for control districts are randomly selected from PSU. Data collection and Analysis: The booth study was conducted in four districts of Kabul province, two districts as control (Kalakan and Dehsaba) and two as treatment (Farza and Guldara), for baseline and end-line- a total of 625 respondents from control and 625 respondents from treatment districts were planned to be interviewed, at baseline study, from 1250 planned respondents, about 1224 have been interviewed and about 26 respondents have been missed (rejected, not completed, household vacated/destroyed) and 3 questionnaire missed by the system. The analysis was applied on 1221 respondents’ questionnaire. While at an end-line study, 1250 have been interviewed and 3 questionnaires missed by the system. The analysis was applied on 1247 respondents’ questionnaire. Following to data collection and entry, the transfer of data to the appropriate SPSS database is done for cleaning and analysis. The results of the baseline assessment were used for the bases of the data on knowledge, attitude, practice, and access to sanitary napkins, In line with the operation research ToR, the treatment districts were exposed with a series of activities including community-based health education and outreach in the target population. There is an absolute lack of awareness about sanitary napkins and its usage, in the baseline; about 56.5 % of the respondents are reported not familiar on sanitary napkins and its usage and disposal, Though, the end-line assessment shows significant differences in the level of awareness, 86.8 % of respondents are familiar about sanitary napkins and its disposal. The majority of women/girls were not aware of their menstruation before menarche-61.5 %, and about 38.5 % have information from different sources, so the information was not adequate and that they needed more insight into the topic. The baseline data shows that there are some miss-practices amongst the respondents regarding their personal hygiene including handwashing, washing of the genital areas and washing of the underwear/re-usable pads during menstruation period. As per end-line assessment data, there were significant changes in the personal hygiene (Washing practice of genital area during menstruation from 57.2%-Baseline to 83.8 %-end line). There is a similarity in disposal strategies used by the women/girls in baseline vs end-line and control and treatment districts. The study data revealed that, girls/women are having experience restriction in specific foods, physical activities, social gathering, pray, taking shower and school attendance, the end-line data shows that there are likely changes occurred in attitudes, restriction to women and girls during menstruation decreased from 91.6% at baseline to 76% at end-line study, it seems the MHM project likely impacted the community and family attitudes towards menstruation. Comparison of baseline vs end-line shows that restriction to bath and shower during menstruation is decreased by 25.2% from baseline, this difference mostly occurred in the treatment group. Overall, increases in demand of sanitary napkins usage, awareness and knowledge of girls/ women on menstruation and menstruation management, personal hygiene and health practices and individual, family and community attitudes towards menstruation and menstruation management suggest that the MHM pilot project was successful in promoting intended objectives. In order to capitalize on current successes, and prepare for a possible future rollout, implementation of the MHM concept in the country is important, so require widely advocacy at a policy level, national and international contribution and community support, there are several recommendations that come out of this analysis.

Published by: Abdul Malok Khalili, Abdul Latif Rashed, Fahima Aram, Manizha Khalili, Deeba Shekaib, Sumaira YaftaliResearch Area: Hygiene

Organisation: MOVE Welfare Organization, Kabul, AfghanistanKeywords: Menstruation, Menstruation hygiene, Sanitary napkins, Menarche, Baseline, End-line

Research Paper

93. Study Based implementation of Human Face Recognition by using Raspberry Pi

This scheme can categorize a person from image capture. Nowadays security and surveillance are the most essential aspects of human being deduction. Face reorganization system using raspberry pi can simply unlock and lock the door through the image capture. Face detection is apprehensive with finding whether or not there are any faces in a specified image. Our paper describes a simple and uncomplicated hardware realization of face finding system using Raspberry Pi. The results description that the anticipated system can be used for face exposure even from unfortunate quality images and shows excellent performance efficiency.

Published by: B. Gopinath, M. Kalyanasundaram, J. Mohanapriya, R. Monisha, R. Saraswathi, S. ThariniResearch Area: Security

Organisation: Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, (Autonomous), Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, IndiaKeywords: Solar Cell, Face Detection, Infrared Camera, Raspberry Pi, Security.

Review Paper

94. Analysis of 5 stage pipelined operations of ARM 32/64 bit

In this paper, we have introduced an analysis of the architecture of the ARM processor. This processor includes some concepts of memory diagram, relative performance, and pipelining stages. Here we have briefed about the introduction, block diagram, pipeline organization, various stages of pipelining, features and application of ARM processor. And we have also included a comparison between different ARM processor and architecture

Published by: Abinash Ghosh, Sujata Kumari, Neha Pan, Sangita Kumari, Aditi Kumari, Tathagata Roy ChowdhuryResearch Area: Computer Architecture

Organisation: Chaibasa Engineering College, Kelende, JharkhandKeywords: Pipeline, ARM processor, Pipeline architecture, Stages of pipeline

Review Paper

95. Status, importance, prospects, and vision of organic farming in India

India produces a large variety of food crops including cereals, pulses, and oilseeds. In the name of increased productivity, indiscriminate application of an enormous quantity of chemical fertilizers is being followed keeping the health factor at bay. Hence an alternative method of farming is of urgent need which could satisfy the needs of increased food production as well as providing security against any potential health problem. Organic farming has been proved as a solution to both of these problems. Also since the need for the pre-requisites for organic farming is less as compared to chemical farming, therefore, in a country like India where the agriculture is highly influenced by the vagaries of various biotic and abiotic factors, organic farming is capable enough to provide economic security to the mediocre farmers as well. However, with the policies implemented by the government of India to encourage organic farming regarding the commencement, implementation and the marketing of organic food products as well as the increasing demand of the organic products in the domestic as well as international market, there is ample scope for organic food industries to expand and generate revenue for strengthening the Indian economy.

Published by: Dr. Anuj MamgainResearch Area: Food Science and Technology

Organisation: Allen Career Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, IndiaKeywords: Organic farming, Organic food industry, Sustainable development, Conventional farming


96. Automatic fuel filling system

Recently fuel stations are controlled manually. These fuel stations consume more time and it also requires manpower to operate. Day by day there is rapid growth in the number of vehicles and machines in today’s advanced and automated world. The requirement of fuel is also increasing day by day because of vehicles and machines totally depend on fuel. A consumer needs to wait in the queue as there is a rush at the fuel station especially at the gas pumps it is very common. The fuel station in our countries is more time consuming which causes a waste of time. In this project, we developed an automated fuel station management system which can overcome the disadvantages of the present system. The result of this methodology places cashless transactions and authenticated system It will adversely affect the financial status of our country. Can help fuel stations to become faster and less time-consuming. Also, a system is developed in the vehicles to measure the quantity of fuel filling in the vehicle's tank. The required quantity of fuel is typed using the keypad. The amount typed is sent to the pump system through data modem and the corresponding fuel for that price will vend to the vehicle's tank. The amount debited and the balance amount is sent to the users mobile through GSM. In case of any emergency in pump GSM send SMS to authority.

Published by: Rashida M. H., Raseena K. R., Risvana M. P., Sreemol C. V., Nitha C. VelayudhanResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Universal Engineering College, Mathilakam, KeralaKeywords: GSM, Fuel, Cashless transaction, Flow sensing

Review Paper

97. Determinants for success of community-based rural tourism: Review of related literatures

The purpose of this paper is to establish a concept of the role of Community-Based Rural Tourism (CBRT) in community development and the significance of Community Participation in order to bring a change in community socioeconomic status through active involvement in community-based rural tourism. The paper pointed out several factors which determine the meaningful and active participation of community members in Community-based rural tourism based on extensive review of related literature. Moreover, the paper articulated the factors which point out the need for collaboration with stakeholders and the importance of tourist satisfaction in ensuring long term benefits through community-based rural tourism. The present paper will be quite helpful in establishing the concept of interdependence between CBRT and community participation, CBRT and tourist satisfaction, CBRT and environment conservation, CBRT and stakeholder collaboration, and the concept of using CBRT as an instrument for community development.

Published by: Baiartis Lyngdoh PeinlangResearch Area: Community-Based Rural Tourism

Organisation: North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, MeghalayaKeywords: Community-Based Rural Tourism (CBRT), Community Participation (CP), Stakeholders’ collaboration, Community satisfaction, Tourist satisfaction

Research Paper

98. Comparison of the physiological responses and distance walked during 6-minute walk test on level ground and on a treadmill in normal healthy middle age group individuals

Ageing changes in the cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervous system and musculoskeletal systems etc results in an overall reduction of functional capacity, which may affect daily activities in middle age group individuals. So assessment of functional capacity is an important aspect in this population group. The 6 Minute walk test is extensively being used to assess the functional capacity as it is more reflective of activities of daily living than the other walk tests and it is easy to administer and better tolerated. Treadmills can be an efficient, and space-saving alternative for performing the standard 6 MWT, as it saves the space, and enables constant hemodynamic surveillance that is necessary for the safety test performance, and will also minimize the errors in calculating the various parameters during the 6MWT. The aim of the study: This study is aimed at comparing the physiological responses and the distance walked during the 6MWT on level ground (LG) and on a treadmill (TM) in normal healthy middle age group individuals. The results showed a statistically significant increase in blood pressures, heart rate, respiratory rate and RPE on Borg’s scale (P < 0.001) and, statistically significant decrease in six-minute walk distance (P < 0.001) after the TM 6MWT as compared to the LG 6MWT. The present study was attempted to analyze the comparative effects of TM 6MWT and LG 6MWT on physiological responses and distance walked in healthy middle group individuals. There was a significant increase in physiological responses from the baseline after TM 6MWT as compared to LG 6MWT in healthy middle group individuals. There was a significant decrease in 6-minute walk distance after TM 6MWT as compared to LG 6MWT in healthy middle group individuals.

Published by: Dr. Shyam V. Chaudhari, Dr. Rashmi MahulkarResearch Area: Cardio-Respiratory

Organisation: V.S.P.M College of Physiotherapy, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: 6MWT, RPE, Borg’s scale, TM (Treadmill)

Research Paper

99. Composition of elements, oxides and physical properties of meteorites

Three Iron meteorites, namely Sikhote Alin, Campo-del-Cielo, unknown and one stony meteorite Chelyabinsk, were investigated to study their elemental composition, oxide composition and physical parameters in detail and to confirm their originality. XRF analysis carried out for Iron meteorites showed that they contain above 90% Fe and Ni above 4% with other elements in minor quantities and stony meteorite major component showed SiO₂, and Fe₂O₃, with other components in minor quantities. The physical parameters carried out, the images of meteorites in the figures and analysis through XRF, showed that the samples under study are meteorites in origin. This paper reports the work carried out to study the meteorites and their physical properties, and to put on record their elemental composition, their physical properties and through this work to confirm their originality as meteorites on prima facial basis. A standardless approach has been adopted.

Published by: Raju D. Jadhav, Harishchandra B. MaliResearch Area: Maharashtra

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Meteorites, Sikhote Alin, Campo-del-Cielo, Chelyabinsk, Elemental, Oxide composition

Research Paper

100. Economic impacts of rural tourism in Madhya Pradesh

The purpose of this study is to determine how rural tourism impacts the economy of Madhya Pradesh. The economic impacts can be measured through GDP growth, employment growth, infrastructure growth, etc. GDP was considered in this study to measure the economic impacts. The data for GDP and foreign tourism was taken to check if tourism has positive or negative economic impacts. It is hypothesized that tourism has a positive impact on the economy. According to many researchers, tourism, especially foreign tourism, significantly impacts the economy of the destination. Researchers argue that employment opportunities and trading are directly linked to tourism. Employment and trading opportunities increase with tourism. Regression analysis was conducted in this study to test the economic impacts of tourism in Madhya Pradesh. The results showed that tourism has significant economic impacts on Madhya Pradesh. This paper concludes that rural tourism has positive economic impacts on Madhya Pradesh.

Published by: Bharti SharmaResearch Area: Tourism And Management

Organisation: SYNA International College of Management Studies, Gulwara, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Tourists, Economic, GDP, Trade, Rural

Research Paper

101. Sri Aurobindo’s integral yoga: A research perspective

The paper is about Sri Aurobindo's Integral Yoga. Sri Aurobindo uses the word “integral” as a prefix. Sri Aurobindo’s philosophy is an integral philosophy. Yoga is an integral yoga. The purpose of integral yoga is perfection. The purpose, aims, principles and the major concepts of Sri Aurobindo’s integral yoga are explained in detail in this work.

Published by: Peesapati Venkateswara RaoResearch Area: Philosophy

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Yoga, Integral yoga, Absolute, Brahman, Ascent, Descent, Mind, Super-mind, Evolution, Matter, Philosophy, Education

Review Paper

102. Forensic analysis and investigation using digital forensics- An overview

Using Digital forensics and its investigation techniques is a path towards the data retrieval and analysis of different kinds of digital storage devices. Various kinds of digital storage devices like a USB drive (pen drive), hard drive (mainly external), floppy disks, CDs and a few others also. It is a technique or method for extracting the lost or useful data from the storage media, when unavailable. Now, forensic analysis concept comes from Digital Forensics or it can be called as its sub-domain. Certain conditions of the storage devices will be considered like burnt, wet and damaged drives for data retrieval and analysis. Data is a prime concern for every organization or individual or so-called the main component of the architecture and working of the IT industries and thus, so its repercussions can’t be ignored. Companies spent almost thousands of dollars for maintaining the security of their enterprise data. Thus, the data protection and its retrieval after data theft(cyber-attacks) or loss is will help in evaluating out large-scale vulnerabilities.

Published by: Nikunj Pansari, Dhruwal KushwahaResearch Area: Digital Forensics

Organisation: KIET Group of Institutions, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Cyber-attacks, Digital forensics, Data retrieval, Digital storage devices, Large-scale vulnerabilities

Research Paper

103. Mechanical Agriculture Sprayer Vehicle (MASV)

There is an increase in population every year. With this rise in population, the demand for food is rapidly increasing. But agriculture is still done by the traditional method. Spraying is done by labor carrying back type sprayer. These traditional spraying is not so profitable and is also time-consuming. To increase the productivity the agricultural advancement is inescapable. But using bulky and expensive electrical sprayers is expensive and inefficient. To overcome these problems a mechanism mounted on a vehicle for spraying is introduced which can increase productivity and also is inexpensive compared to the electrical sprayers.

Published by: Ravishkumar Harendra Singh, Abdulhasnain Akodiyawala, Jarar khokar, Ganesh B. IngoleResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Trinity Polytechnic, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Mechanism mounted on vehicle, Backpack type sprayer, Traditional methods


104. Data protection in cloud

No abstract provided

Published by: Kumar Kishan Chandra, Supriya Raj, Dr. Anand Kumar PandeyResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: R.D. and D.J. College, Munger, BiharKeywords: No keywords provided

Review Paper

105. A review paper on Haptic technology applications

Haptics or Haptic technology based on touch and feel, by tactile sensation and simulation. A user can interface using various haptic devices which not only give user proper information but with feel and sensation that is, the feel of shape, weight, surface textures, and temperature, the user gets to deal with the realistic world from the virtual one. The varied and wide applications of this field in computer science have made the user the part of the technology itself. The changing world having various applications in which include surgical devices, automobiles field, digitization, robotic science etc. The Computer haptics has a visually based application of technology which uses computer graphics. Haptics not only has developed one technology but is technology which is yet to be explored more and will have wide development in the field of computer science and the mechanical world itself.

Published by: Bhagyesh Khushal Rane, Yamini Ulhas SutarResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Shram Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Haptics, Haptic technology, Virtualise, Machine haptic, Computer haptics

Research Paper

106. Net-zero housing for typical 2 BHK housing system

Electricity has been an important part of human’s life from its beginning but as time passed human used the electricity in excessive manner and now we are facing problems of loadsheding and global warming to reduce this the Designing of various electricity alternatives which will satisfy the electricity need of a particular 2BHK house considering all the requirements of that area. This will helps us to generate our own energy and we won’t need to take any electricity from the electricity board. This will be cost efficient and also will be eco-friendly.

Published by: Bhagyesh Khushal RaneResearch Area: Civil And Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Shrama Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Energy, Net-zero housing, Solar, Photovoltaic, Wind power


107. Treatment of pulp and paper industry wastewater by ozonation and solar Photo Fenton Process

Paper Industry is one of the highest polluting industries in India and is highly water intensive. Relatively large wastewater has been discharged from the paper industry which releases high pollution load to the environment. Necessary Steps are been taken to reduce the pollution causing discharges, especially water which is an integral part of the pulp and paper industrial functioning. In the paper, industry water is required for cleaning and washing purposes also. Among all the industries in the world paper industry provide the highest water polluters to the Environment. The paper industry is the largest user of energy resources from the Environment. The main aim of the paper is to reduce the effects caused to the Environment due to the disposal of wastewater from the paper industry. In the manufacturing process, a large number of lignin compounds and non-bio degradability substance present in the wastewater released to the environment which causes lethal effects to the aquatic organisms, reduce the toxicity and improve the biodegradability.

Published by: D. Roopa, S. Priyanga, T. ShanmugapriyaResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Gnanamani College of Technology, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Paper industry, Wastewater, BOD, COD, Ozonation, Photo Fenton process

Research Paper

108. Eddy Current Thermography for detection of edge defects in CrMo steel plate

The present study considers the capabilities of Eddy current thermography for detection of Edge defects in metal plates. The focus is given on finding the location and dimensions of the defects available at the edge of metal plates. The study is performed on a slab of SA 387 Gr12 (Killed steel), which has wide applications in power plants sector, oil, and chemical Industry as pressure vessels, heat exchangers, industrial boilers, piping industry and in piping support structures. Small cracks in any of the components can lead to catastrophic failures which ask for the elimination of any stress concentrators at the time of manufacturing like Rolling. A study is performed on the sample with defects created at various angles. Similar cracks are also available in rails created because of Rolled Contact Fatigue. So the study will be useful for the detection of defects in rails also. ECT offers further prospects in extending into the area of automation and has specific advantages compared to conventional methods.

Published by: Nakul Kumar, Dr. R. Justin Joseyphus, Dr. D. SastikumarResearch Area: Non Destructive Testing

Organisation: National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Eddy Current Thermography (ECT), Edge defects detection, A387GR12 inspection, Induction thermography

Research Paper

109. Sri Aurobindo and the mother on five aspects of integral education

The complete education proposed by Sri Aurobindo and the Mother has five major aspects connecting to the five main activities of the human beings: the physical, the mental, the vital, the psychic and the spiritual. This type of education is known as the “Integral Education” and its aim is “all round development” of the individual, locally and globally.

Published by: Peesapati Venkateswara RaoResearch Area: Philosophy

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Sri Aurobindo, Mother, Physical education, Mental education, Vital education, Psychic education, Spiritual education, Integral education, Yoga

Research Paper

110. Implemented the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) by the techniques of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) in MSE’s- A case study

In this era of globalization and open knowledge-based economy, the overall focus converges through the Total Productive Maintenance concept applied in industries. For the Indian organization, TPM is a new concept. In Total Productive Maintenance, various types of maintenance are analyzed viz. Total Predictive Maintenance, Total Preventive Maintenance. TPM has the objective of zero breakdowns and zero defects. This thesis impacts on the TPM approach in an MSE’s where the existing overall equipment efficiency is low. The implementation of TPM takes about three to four years for reaching to a certain level and the success depends upon how the whole structure is defined and systematically worked out. Various data acquisition techniques and TPM analysis techniques like Pareto analysis and why-why analysis, make data tables has done to know the different reasons and their contribution to total downtime. In this case study analysis of break down, TPM implementation and OEE improvement after TPM implementation are presented. The problems related to safety, machine maintenance and breakdowns were referred to management for further action. A study on the breakdown of different machines was also conducted and submitted to the management to improve the quality. The study helps the management to decide some concrete action plans to improve the overall equipment efficiency by adopting TPM in their plant.

Published by: Atul Pandey, Susheel Malviya, Sachin JainResearch Area: Total Productive Maintenance

Organisation: Bansal Institute of Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Overall Equipment Effectiveness, Total Productive Maintenance, Why-Why analysis, Gooseneck failure data, Pareto chart

Research Paper

111. A study on strength and durability of concrete made with saw ash dust

Saw dust is also known as wooden dust. It is the remains of cutting & drilling wood. It is composed of fine particles of wood, certain inserts which live in wood such as carpenter out. It is produced as small irregular chips or small garbage of wood during sowing the logs of wood into different sizes. In this study, saw dust ash prepared from uncontrolled burning of saw dust is evaluated for it suit ability as partial cement replacement in concrete. The strength parameters i.e. compressive strength of concrete with blended saw dust ash cement are evaluated & studied by replacing cement by 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% by wt. to OPC. Utilizing saw dust waste this research will focus on saw dust wastes obtained from the wooden industry in India. Presently, much of ceramic industries production goes to waste, which is not undergoing the recycle process yet. Replacement of saw ash dust different percentage as 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of saw dust as partial replacement of cement with M-25 grade of concrete. The age of concrete at 7, 14, 28 and 56days.From the results of the study, samples of concrete with 0 to 5% saw ash dust replacement have reached optimum strength. Findings showed that concrete containing saw ash dust 0 to 5% showed the highest amount of compressive strength, and split tensile strength of concrete and also find durability aspect of concrete as acid resistance test and alkalinity resistance is minimum effect of concrete up to 5 % replacement of saw ash dust with cement after increasing percentage of SAD in concrete than increasing loss of concrete mass and compressive strength respectively. Further studies can be carried out as this study only concludes that there is an increase in strength up to 5% replacement of cement by the saw ash powder. Further scope is to find out the optimal %age of saw ash powder to replace than increasing compressive strength as well tensile strength and also minimum loss of strength after acid and alkalinity resistance test.

Published by: Akansha Gangwani, Vijay Kumar MeshramResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Saw ash dust, Admixture, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Durability

Survey Report

112. Traffic control using computer vision

Now a days traffic density on the streets increasing around the world tremendously . It causes several problems on the day to day life of people. As we know that it is the era of speed, so that nobody wants to wait for a long time at any cost. Everybody prefers to low traffic density streets. This proposed system introduced a vehicle density-based traffic control system to avoid above issues. This problem can be resolved by controlling the traffic density on the roads. This system introduces a new method to control vehicle density by controlling the traffic lights using Image processing. Vehicle density is measured using predefined classifiers available in image processing. If the measured density is above the normal density (threshold value) it passes an indication to the microcontroller which controls the projector and thereby we can give appropriate traffic signal to display.

Published by: Greeshma C. A., Nidhindas K. R., Parvathi Kishore P., Sreejith P. S.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Universal Engineering College, Mathilakam, KeralaKeywords: Computer vision, Traffic density, Arduino uno, Open CV

Research Paper

113. Land administration through e-governance: A study on Bhoomi project

India is an agrarian economy, agriculture is the back bone, which supports the nation. These farmers who shoulder the noble responsibility of feeding the nation have been exploited from time immemorial. Legislation such as ‘tiller is the owner of land’, ‘imposition of land ceilings’ or ‘movement such as Bhoodana’ during the era of independence has no doubt brought some relief to the farming segment, but the socio-economic condition of the farmers community has not witnessed drastic improvement. The poor land management practices identified have adversely affected the productivity. Therefore, to address this issue, a well defined, more structured land right system needs to be developed. Government of Karnataka has initiated e-governance through services like Bhoomi (computerization of land records), Kaveri (registration after verification), Mojini (measurement of properties). Out of all these ‘Bhoomi’ is definitely a mile stone service, its planning and implementation is being applauded and replicated all over the world as this was seen as more effective and promising approach to address land rights related problems.

Published by: Thippeswamy, Dr. Ravindra KumarResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Tumkur University, Tumakuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Agriculture, Exploitation, Digitization of records, Land records management

Research Paper

114. Experimental investigation on the properties of concrete with plastic pet (bottle) fibres as partial replacement of fine aggregates

Plastic bottles are major issue of solid waste disposal. Several things which were invented for our convenient life are responsible for polluting environment due to improper waste management technique. One of them is a plastic which has to be disposed or recycled properly to maintain the beauty of our nature. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET, PETE or polyester) are routinely used for carbonated beverage and water bottles. This is an environmental issue as waste plastic bottles are difficult to biodegrade and involves processes either to recycle or reuse. In the Modern world, the construction industry is searching for cost-effective materials for enhancing the strength of concrete structures. This work is carried out with the possibility of using the waste PET bottles as the partial replacement of aggregate in Portland cement. Concrete with 1%, 2%, 2.5%, 3% and 5% PET bottle fibers for fine aggregate were produced and compared against control mix with no replacement. Cube specimens, cylinder specimens and prism specimens were cast, cured and tested for 7 day and 28 days strength. Tests such as Compression test, splitting tensile test and flexural strength tests were done and the results were compared with control specimens and results were compared. The observed results revealed an increase in compression and tensile strength hence with the increasing demand for fine aggregate, PET bottle fiber replacements can be adopted. This study was carried to investigate the properties of concrete with plastic pet (bottle) fibres as partial replacement of fine aggregates.

Published by: Younus Maqbool, Maqsood Yousf, Harmeet Kaur, Mir Shaid Majid, Arshied Hussain BhatResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Concrete, Cement, Fine aggregates, Plastic bottles

Research Paper

115. Study of prevalence of hypothyroidism in biliary stone patients

Biliary lithiasis is one of the most common biliary pathothogy with a reported prevalence of approximately 6%-12%. The pathogenesis of biliary lithiasis is complex and a multifactorial process involving factors which affect the bile content and bile flow. Hypersaturation of bile with cholesterol and biliary stasis have been shown to be crucial factors in development of biliary stones. Hypothyroidism has a worldwide population prevalence of 4%-5%. It leads to decrease in liver cholesterol metabolism causing serum hypercholesterolemia with 90% of hypothyroid patients having elevated cholesterol levels; approximately 50% higher than in euthyroid patients. This hypercholesterolemia may result in hypersaturation of bile with cholesterol. Cholesterol hypersaturation of bile results in impaired motility, decreased contractility and reduced filling of the gallbladder causing prolonged stay of bile in the gallbladder contributing to retention of cholesterol crystals which may lead to nucleation and continuous growth into mature gallstones. Biliary stasis is also caused by sphincter of Oddi dyskinesia leading to formation of gallbladder and bile duct stones. Several hormones have been shown to affect spincter of Oddi activity including thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones have been shown to have a direct pro-relaxing effect on sphincter of Oddi and lack of this effect in hypothyroidism may result in delayed bile flow which may lead to the formation of biliary stones. An increased prevalence of hypothyroidism (13.3%) among biliary stone disease patients was found in our study, with prevalence rate being comparatively higher in CBD stone patients. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 91.67% of the patients having hypothyroidism.

Published by: Dr. Nikhil Dureja, Dr. Satyendra Pal SinghResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: National Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Biliary stones, Cholelithiasis, Choledocholithiasis, Hypothyroidism, Hypercholesterolemia

Research Paper

116. A clinical study of peptic ulcer perforation

Perforation of the peptic ulcer is one of the common and lethal complications of the peptic ulcer. Unless the prompt diagnosis is made and early active surgical management is done the mortality is very high, it is the commonest cause of death resulting from surgical abdominal emergency next to intestinal obstruction. The patients who are brought to the hospital at a late stage, have the major concurrent illness and preoperative shock, do not improve with conservative treatment. In spite of the better understanding of the disease, effective resuscitation and prompt surgery under modern anesthesia techniques, there is high morbidity and mortality. Hence, an attempt has been made to analyze the various factors, which are affecting the etiology, incidence, postoperative morbidity/mortality of patients with peptic ulcer perforations. Our study comprises of 104 cases of perforated peptic ulcer that were admitted in the Department of General Surgery, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jaipur from January 2017-June 2018. This study on the cases of perforated peptic ulcer was carried out to study the various risk factors that can and do affect the operative outcome in perforated peptic ulcer. In our study, we found out that the highest incidence of perforated peptic ulcer was in the 4th decade. Males are the most affected gender(70.19%). Ingestion of NSAIDs increases the risk of peptic ulcer perforation. Duodenal perforations were commoner then gastric in present series. The classical symptoms of peptic ulcer like pain, periodicity, vomiting, and hematemesis were observed in present work. Most common postoperative complications were pulmonary complications(16.35%).All over mortality rate was 12.5%

Published by: Chandreshkumar Durlabhbhai Mangaroliya, Dr. Narayan Singh ShekhawatResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: National Institute of Medical Science and Research, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Peptic ulcer perforation, Role of NSAIDS on peptic ulcer, Complication of peptic

Research Paper

117. A comparative analysis of private and state owned schools

It is generally observed that parents or guardians prefer private schools than state-owned schools while admitting their children or wards. This behavioral attitude is observed because it is presumed that private schools deliver better quality education compared to state-owned schools. To test, whether state-owned schools are really poor in delivering quality education or is it totally a myth? Even if the difference exists, what has to be done to bridge this gap? To get an insight into this crucial matter, this research study was taken up. In this process, it was surprising to know that, due to a lot of initiatives taken up by state-owned. NGO’s and social institutions in the recent past, even state-owned schools are performing and delivering quality education on par with many private schools and some of them are better performing than private. This is definitely a healthy sign as the target group for state-owned schools would be lower middle class or poor class. Even this segment is receiving a quality education, which will go a long way in shaping their future and improving their standard of living.

Published by: Venkatesh R.Research Area: Education

Organisation: Tumkur University, Tumakuru, KarnatakaKeywords: School, Education, Quality of teaching, Comparision

Research Paper

118. Comprehensive and conceptual analysis of revival of Apple Inc. in 1997

The rise of Apple so lies with their angle of “Thinking Differently”. The corporate might not have continually been publicized as a commanding power in the tech industry, their strength over the years has come back from optimum vision and not continuing with constant and similar products and moving towards change to tackle its competition. In recent times, Apple has featured a vast line-up of high-end personal computers, iPods, iPhones, and iPads. They even have a thriving business through the iTunes Store mainly through marketing music, video, and applications for each iOS and MacOS. But all of this would not have existed if it wasn’t for Steve Jobs and the revolutionary changes that he made in Apple Inc. back in 1997. Initially, in 1996, Apple had begun to license Mac OS to Motorola and IBM, that was a move Steve Jobs had advised simply before his termination. PowerPC processors enraptured into the third generation and things were looking promising for all concerned. Apple determined to shop for NeXT so as to boost Mac OS and hold leverage over Microsoft. In 1988, Apple decided to raise its prices, which caused chaos and confusion in the minds of the consumers, this declined the deals significantly, affecting the performance of the company drastically. In the next 10 years, multiple changes were made in the company’s top positions but the company constantly saw a downfall. During the last quarter of 1996, Apple saw its sales decline by 30% according to the reports, Apple reported to Wall Street stating that it will record an after-tax loss of $ 700 million, which was the company biggest quarterly loss ever recorded, with over $1billion. In 1997, with the assistance of Steve Jobs and also the new board of administrators, Apple had created the foremost outstanding revival story known to not simply companies in America but across the whole world, and stands presently as one of the highest valued tech companies in the world.

Published by: Neel Chatterjee, Abhijnan Goswami, Arnold Fernandes, Mohammed IjasResearch Area: Business And Brand Management

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Brand development, Downfall, Dysfunctional management, Product and promotional mix, Apple's NeXT, Silicon valley Legend, Thinking different

Research Paper

119. Computational analysis and experimental validation of acoustic streaming in different liquids to obtain homogeneous distribution of reinforcement particles for ultrasonic cavitation based processing

Ultrasonic streaming and cavitation are the most predominant factors to consider for the efficient ultrasonic treatment of melts. In order to achieve a good distribution of reinforcement particles for making a Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs), the cavitation zone and velocity of fluid must be maximum enough to disperse the particles in a homogeneous way. In normal practice, stirring takes place in a closed vessel or crucible, where efficiency cannot be seen, and simulation methods are required to inform experimental research. In this work, ultrasonic streaming in water, glycerol, and the aluminum melt was numerically simulated and compared by introducing SiC particles. And the simulated results of same in water and glycerol were validated by experimental results to observe sonochemiluminescence which can lead to validate the simulated result of aluminum melt indirectly. In this work, COMSOL Multiphysics is used for the challenging coupling of pressure acoustic and particle trajectories. The simulation results show that the homogenous distribution of SiC particles is influenced by ultrasonic power, frequency, ultrasonic processing time, and immersion depth of the ultrasonic probe. These studies lay the groundwork by understanding the amalgamation of simulated results in different liquids for the application of ultrasonic treatment in metal melts. Furthermore, the presented model is numerically stable and appropriate for testing parameter variations, geometry modifications, and material adjustments.

Published by: Jeel Mistry, Ammar Vhora, Henil Vala, Tejas Rajput, Hardik ParmarResearch Area: Mechanical and Material Engineering

Organisation: Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Ultrasonic Stirring Technique, MMC, Cavitation, Uniform distribution of particles, Probe tip diameter

Research Paper

120. IoT based home automation using Raspberry Pi

IoT (Internet of Things) is a new way of connecting and controlling the electronic devices over the internet and it is going to used it to convert a normal home into a smart home whose appliances can be controlled via the internet from anywhere around the world. Also, voice control is going to be implemented into the Smart home that uses simple speech to control the devices.

Published by: Abhilash Sinha, Ramasai TatikondaResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth's College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry, Python, Relay

Research Paper

121. A fitness resolution care system for sickness analysis based on machine learning through big data

In medicinal services framework utilizing a Database is a notable strategy for putting away data. In customary database frameworks, once in a while in light of the presence of gigantic information, it isn't conceivable to satisfy the client's criteria and to furnish them with the correct the data that they have to settle on a choice. Nonetheless, the investigation exactness is diminished when the nature of restorative information is inadequate. Also, extraordinary areas display interesting attributes of certain territorial sicknesses, which may debilitate the forecast of infection episodes. With huge information development in biomedical and medicinal services networks, exact investigation of therapeutic information benefits early ailment location, understanding consideration, and network administrations. In enormous information gather human services records from a different source and utilizing machine learning calculations for a viable forecast of sicknesses in ailment visit networks. In this framework is acquainted all together with help clients in giving exact data when there is incorrectness in the database. We propose a multimodal sickness hazard expectation calculation utilizing organized and unstructured information from the clinic. To the best of our insight concentrated on the two information writes in the territory of therapeutic enormous information investigation.

Published by: M. Akilan, A. Dhasaradhan, M. Sukesh, S. KaviarasanResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Panimalar Institute of Technology, Poonamallee, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Enormous information, Investigation exactness, Therapeutic information, Gigantic information

Research Paper

122. Theft detection using computer vision

Theft is one of the most common criminal behaviors and it is increasing day by day. It has become one of the never-ending problems of the world. In the USA alone, about 7000 cases of baggage theft are reported to Transportation Security Administration (TSA) for theft on airports. Most of the screening takes place before the passengers and their luggage can get on the plane. In order to stop these increasing theft on the airports, a robust system is required which would detect if there is any robbery taking place and would inform the respective authorities. So to solve this problem, we will be creating a system which would accurately track the people and their baggage's and would detect if there is any theft and would inform the authorities.

Published by: Siddesh Patil, Mrunal Shidore, Tejas Prabhu, Sanket Yenare, Vaibhav SomkuwarResearch Area: Computer Vision

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Theft, Computer vision, CNN

Survey Report

123. A survey on control implementation scheme

In today’s computer age, the processor plays a major role. A processor is the heart of the computer. These are the days where Nano components play a major role. Hence there is a need for a processor’s size to be reduced and an effective control implementation scheme is necessary. Hence, this paper made a survey on how to implement an effective control scheme. It helps the computer architects in choosing the better control implementation scheme while designing a processor for equipment like laptops, mobile phones, Personal computers etc.

Published by: Boddu Praveen, P. Vamsi KrishnaResearch Area: Computer Architecture

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Instruction cache, Data cache, Data transfer circuits, Dynamic redundancy, Adjacent error/correction system, Instruction latency, Zero-overhead loop controller, Dynamic voltage frequency scaling Technology

Research Paper

124. Design and analysis of sheet metal embossment

Embossing technique is an efficient way used to improve the rigidity of sheet metals. For instances in the automotive industry the use of lighter gauge high strength steel alloy and tailor welded blanks provided promising opportunities in reducing overall body weight and increasing mileage performance. The use of thinner sheets is practical way for reduction of product cost and product weight. The experiment is conducted on Stainless steel sheets of different thickness which are subjected to embossing at different sheet patterns and emboss height. Deflection tests are conducted to evaluate the effects of parameter considered on increase in rigidity of sheet.

Published by: Gutta Mohan Krishna, Dodda Srinadh Reddy, S. Madhava ReddyResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Efficient, Deflection, Rigidity, Embossing, Stainless steel

Research Paper

125. Development of A nutraceutical product using Benincasa hispida

Benincasa hispida of family Cucurbitaceae was also known as Kushmanda, Winter melon, or Wax gourd is used in Ayurvedic system of medicine. It is cultivated throughout the plains of India and on the hills up to 1200 meters altitude as a vegetable. The fruit of Winter melon is considered as a diuretic, aphrodisiac, Appetizer. It is used against acidity. Gulkand, prepared using rose petals, is a medicinal formulation which has been valued for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine is also rich in calcium and antioxidant properties. It has been traditionally used as a cooling tonic. The aim of the study was to develop a fortified Nutraceutical product using Benincasa hispida and Gulkand with added health benefits, its sensory evaluation, and phytochemical analysis.

Published by: Sugriv Gupta, Roger Patel, Dr. Manjiri BhaveResearch Area: Nutraceutical

Organisation: Guru Nanak Khalsa College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Benincasa hispida, Gulkand, Product development, Sensory evaluation, DPPH, Antacid

Research Paper

126. Secure and transparent file encryption system

The main aim of The Novel Approach to File Encryption application is to provide security to the files user is sharing. The concept is implemented by creating a website which allows a user to create an account and share his/her respective data with the other persons registered on the site. Due to increasing cases of password hacking even the user password is encrypted and then stored in a database. The user files are encrypted using various encryption-decryption algorithms like Advance Encryption Standard (AES) and Data Encryption Standard (DES). The concept of steganography was also used to enhance the level of security. Finally file splitting and merging algorithms added to the security of user data. The User Interface is designed keeping in mind the ease of the user.

Published by: Urvashi Kodwani, Sakshi Agrawal, Jui Diwale, Samiksha Thakur, Devishree NaiduResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Advance Encryption Standard (AES), Data Encryption Standard (DES), Image Steganography


127. Role of age in employee performance a knowledge management respondent- A hypothetical study

In today modern organization employees performance depends on both monetary and non-monetary benefits provided. When speaking about Knowledge Management the factors can be in and around of organization they work, but when we see to the impact where it affects the result extends to employee performance and employee satisfaction. In this study, the impact of Knowledge Management is analyzed and found employee performance is one of the important effects on an organization. But when comparing the impacts of Knowledge Management on performance and demography, the level of impact changes. Thus in this article the level of significance between Age which is one among the demographic variable and Employee Performance an impact of Knowledge Management is being analyzed.

Published by: D. Lancy, Dr. S. SekarResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Hallmark Business School, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Age, Knowledge Management, Employee performance

Research Paper

128. Design and analysis of low profile meta-material based MSPA

This paper proposes a new generation of antenna that applies metamaterial properties for enhancement of bandwidth.The performance of Microstrip Patch Antenna with and without using the Metamaterial structure has been analyzed. The hexagonal shaped, interconnected, symmetrical meta-material structure between horizontal lines is proposed for enhancement of bandwidth and reduction in the return loss at operating frequency 1.70 GHz. The band width and return loss have been improved drastically by using meta-material structure.

Published by: Prashant Sharma, Devendra KumarResearch Area: Antenna

Organisation: Rustamji Institute of Technology, Gwalior, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna (Rmpa), Metamaterial (Mtm) impedance bandwidth, Return loss

Research Paper

129. Lack of firm’s sustainability in developing countries

The paper is trying to identify the reasons for the firm’s failure in today’s globalized market environment. The objective of the paper is solely based on why the firms are not meeting up their goal to exist in the market. Some firms appear and disappear without even government registration. So it is harder to collect actual data. The study of the paper is exploratory and research area is Industrial sector of developing countries. Multiple E-books, PDFs, previously published research works and the journals and articles have been employed to come up with the conclusions. More than managerial and technological flaws in the business the political, economic and socio-cultural systems play vital roles in the business. It is necessary to get enough subsidies and free environment for the firms to grow up freely. Instead of working on tight rules and regulation a country should emphasize on providing a good business environment and sufficient infrastructure for the economic progress.

Published by: Nepal RamsharanResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Atlantic International University, Hawaii, United StatesKeywords: Political system, Economic system, Boost up


130. Observing strains of bacteria able to withstand continuous exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic radiation

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) is a particularly well-known issue, especially in the context of epidemiology. Yet there has been minimal research on the effects of EMR on the Radio Frequency (RF) sector of the spectrum. Previous studies state that long term exposure to RF EMR may lead to neurodegenerative diseases when tested on male rats. Ongoing research continues to examine the effects of RF EMR on human health.

Published by: Kalynn GilbergResearch Area: Epidemiology

Organisation: Orangeville District Secondary School, Orangeville, CanadaKeywords: Radiofrequency, Electromagnetic Radiation, Bacteria

Research Paper

131. Design and optimization of dual band antenna with DGS for IoT applications

This Paper Proposes a Microstrip antenna to work on 2.4 GHz in Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band for Internaet of things (IOT) applications. Printed circuit board (PCB) antennas are commonly used in commercial and medical applications because of its small size, low profile, and low cost.The antenna performance has been further compared by developing a defect on the ground of the same antenna.The performance of antenna is characterized by the shape, dimension and location of defected ground structure at specific position on ground plane.The proposed antenna was simulated and analyzed using CST Microwave Studio Suite Software

Published by: Prashant Sharma, Devendra KumarResearch Area: Antenna

Organisation: Rustamji Institute of Technology, Gwalior, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Micro-strip antenna, Defected ground structure, Printed circuit

Research Paper

132. Landing aerodynamics and adequate power plant using LPWT for airport lighting scheme

A renewable energy source is more crucial for our country because renewable energy produces an endless power supply. In this project, we use input as wind energy. The wind which is produced in the aircraft while takeoff and launching the plane. The aircraft which produce high pressure while takeoff and launching. Using the wind turbine which is placed near the airport which produces power. The turbines start rotating with the help of high-pressure air is produced from the aircraft. The LPWT which can be used on both sides of the airport where it needs some energy to rotate. While dealing with wind energy we are connected with the surface wind. The aircraft which travels nearly around 400 nautical miles per hour. During the aircraft launching or take off which produce high rotates the turbines which produce energy. During this process, a proposed controller is used to display the landing and takeoff process in the monitor. The power produced from the turbines is used for lighting in the airport.

Published by: D. Santhosh Kumar, R. Sanjutha, S. Subashini, K. H. Sowmmya, V. P. SubhashreeResearch Area: Security Systems

Organisation: Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, (Autonomous), Tiruchengode, Tamil NaduKeywords: GPWS, Piezoelectric pads, LPWT, Renewable energy

Research Paper

133. Automated flood and crack detection system

The heavy floods can be so disastrous that is infrastructure washed away, the people and the animals drown, and the people can be stranded for long periods. The society and the economy of a country will suffer in various ways after the flood. The loss of the lives, vegetation, and the infrastructure. Bridge safety and flood detection system project is real-time safety evaluation of bridges and it includes the following components: (1) real- time analysis of weight (2) real-time analysis of detection of cracks 3) real time analysis of Water level.

Published by: Rushikesh Jadhav, Varsha Indalkar, Snehali Mane, Prajakta GaikwadResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Jayawantrao Sawant College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Sensor, Early warning system, Monitoring, Flood detect, Crack detect, Weight detect

Research Paper

134. Drag reduction on vessels and study on its viability

The most severe component in the resistance of a ship is the frictional one. As we know the source of this bare hull frictional resistance is the basic wave resistance and viscous resistance or drag. Drag as we know it is directly proportional to the area it acts upon. By reducing the frictional resistance through form optimization, and more viably and hence, more importantly, air lubrication, total resistance and so fuel costs can be decreased. Especially for existing ships, reduction of ship resistance by form optimization is difficult and not cost effective, but the application of air lubrication through injection methods like in the Mitsubishi air film injection study. Reducing the frictional resistance by air injection below the ship in combination with special coatings is an active area of research; anecdotally, performance gains are usually large. The paper gives an overview of some model scale and full-scale measurement results of ships. In this study, the air lubrication method is presented and the effect of air lubrication on resistance. The analyses are performed by a commercial code solving Navier-Stokes equations. The coefficient of frictional resistance of the ship is calculated as an equivalent flat plate of the ship’s wetted surface.

Published by: Kevin Mathew George, Prashant Kumar BharotiyalResearch Area: Ship Building/Modelling

Organisation: Indian Maritime University, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: Drag reduction, Micro-riblets, Hydrophobic paints

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 24th February, 2019(Extended).