Volume-6, Issue-5

September-October, 2020

Research Paper

1. Natural materials used for an eco-friendly interiors-jute crafts

India has large resources of natural fibers such as Banana, Sisal, Korai grass, Talipot, Palm leaf, Coconut, Pineapple, Golden grass, Jute, and Sabai among others. In the past, trade of the village folK depended on harvesting fibers grown in their villages. They spun or twisted yarn into ropes and sold them in villages or town markets. However with time, the emphasis was shifted to cotton and then during the post-independent era, silk and -jute became the new wonder fibers. jute is long, soft, and shiny it is one of nature’s strongest vegetable fibers. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. The main objective is to make jute fiber from natural materials. To make jute roped room dividers, doors, and windows with supporting cane. Cane boxes were custom built with evenly spaced rope sized holes drilled through the top and bottom. Precut sections of rope were strung through the top and tied off at the bottom, allowing for the interior knot to hold the rope in place and taut. Jute rope can be the key to the design. Most of the women who belong to the socio-economically backward sections of the society are engaged in natural fiber weaving to produce objects for daily use. It is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all-natural fibers and is considered as fiber of the future. It has no adverse effect on the human body and Mother Nature as a whole.

Published by: P. Jyothi, Srishti SrivastavaResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Fiber, A fine thread, Crop

Research Paper

2. Recreating the traditional Kashmiri arts in contemporary interiors with sustainability

Apart from the scenic beauty of Kashmir, it is also renowned for its carpets weaving. It is a matter of pride for India Legacy. The weaving skills have been passed down by fathers to their sons, who have built upon those and in turn, handed them down to their offspring as a closely guarded family secret. A quality Kashmiri new carpet must be handmade or maybe palm knotted by 100% pure made of wool or maybe 100 % pure man-made fiber. This handicraft is unique in terms of design, cost, and quality of products. The study focuses on contemporary challenges and thereby providing suitable suggestions in order to make this handicraft more sustainable in the future. This craft is expensive, time taking, and required skilled weavers to do it. The motifs, patterns, and colors used in this art are unique apart from the weaving patterns. In the contemporary world this art cannot be applicable in its original form at every interior space. So, recreating carpets, wallpapers, fabrics used in furnishing of interiors with the motif patterns, and colors used in this could make this art sustainable. This can be the best way to add the history and memory of ancient people.

Published by: G. Nanditha, Srishti SrivastavaResearch Area: Architectural Interior Design

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Handicrafts, Craftsmen, Carpets, Materials

Research Paper

3. IoT based Electrical Power distribution through Telegram Bot and Web Cloud

The convenience of distributing electrical power and monitoring the load in homes, offices, as well as industries is very important. This enables the periodic and easy monitoring of changes or disturbances that occur in a load globally. This project monitors and controls the Electrical Power distribution system through a Telegram Bot and web cloud (Thingspeak.com). The Telegram Bot, which is available on Telegram, a social media application, is used to send commands to the electrical loads and also receive feedback in the form of a voltage (V), current (I), and Power (P) parameters. Meanwhile, the Web cloud (Thingspeak.com) is used to display the parameters in graphical or numerical form. Furthermore, the "peak to peak" method produces accurate voltage and current measurements using the ZMPT101B and ACS712 sensors. The result showed that the sensor readings are carried out alternately using a Multiplexer (Mux), to provide flexibility for another additional sensor. Therefore, the load control system is equipped with a TPR (Thyristor Power Regulator) circuit to regulate the amount of power.

Published by: Achamd Marzuki, Bangbang HermantoResearch Area: Electrical And Electronic

Organisation: Politeknik Negeri Pontianak, IndonesiaKeywords: Telegram Bot, IoT, Thingspeak, Peak to Peak

Review Paper

4. A review- Effect of drilling process parameters on thrust force

Drilling is one of the most common manufacturing processes in various industries like automobile industry, Aerospace industry, watch manufacturing industry and medical industries. It plays an important role for quality of manufactured product. For assembly of product drilling, boring, reaming process are used. Many input drilling parameters are feed rate, spindle speed, drill diameter, cutting fluid, depth of cut, work piece material, tool material, helix angle, point angle, clearance angle, types of tool, etc. The performance parameters for drilling are Material removal rate, surface roughness, thrust force, torque, tool life, etc. This paper illustrates a literature review on effect of drilling drilling process parameters such as feed rate, drill diameter, spindle speed on thrust force. The thrust force is calculated by the force sensor or dynamo meter. In this paper it studied that the feed rate and spindle speed are the significant factor for thrust force.

Published by: Uzair Ahmad, S. K. S. YadavResearch Area: Manufacturing

Organisation: Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Drilling Process, Input Process Parameters, Thrust Force

Research Paper

5. Portable IoT based health monitoring system

In present times, the number of patients is increasing rapidly. There are many health management systems and the systems are lacking in one or other features. One of the major issues is that not all patients are treated with utmost care which can sometimes be dangerous in case of emergency or critical patients and common people cannot be able to afford the basic health monitoring system. The lack of communication between patients and the hospital staff might be there because of the patient’s health conditions, effects of medication, because they have an ongoing disability. Existing systems are digital but they aren't portable, which creates a vast problem and communication gap between hospital staff and patients. This motivates us to solve the aforementioned problems in the existing system using sensors which solve the problem of portable devices for measuring the patient health parameters and send the readings to the cloud database, these reading can be used by the doctor during patient diagnosis as the history is saved in the cloud . The proposed health management system will solve the problems related to real-time monitoring of patient’s conditions without being connected to the bed in the hospital all the time as it is simple to implement, use and cost effective.

Published by: Bhuvaneshwari PatilResearch Area: IoT And Healthcare

Organisation: Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Sensors, IoT, Raspberry Pie

Research Paper

6. Thermal modelling of spark in wire cut EDM

Wire EDM is a non-contact machining process of contouring different intricate shapes from bulk material. The phenomenon behind material removal is high temperature due to spark in the wire the material melts and vapours. This process enables the manufacturer to fabricate new high-temperature resistive material. The wire is made of brass on which the analysis has been carried out. The existing work deals with Thermal modelling of spark using ABAQUS CAE software. The material of wire considered is brass. Heat transfer is transient in nature due very small time available to single spark. The variation of heat flux and temperature were analyzed by results obtained from modelling.

Published by: Venkat Lalit Shukla, Dr. S. K. S. YadavResearch Area: Unconventional Machining

Organisation: Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Wire EDM, ABAQUS CAE, Meshing, Finite Element Method

Research Paper

7. Discrimination faced by a girl child in the 21st century in India

There is a fast growing notion that stereotypes feminism as misogyny and advocates that men are unfairly portrayed as the superior gender. Through this paper, case studies, evidence, and facts have been provided discussing the prevalent gender stereotypes and norms along with the gender specific crime rates. The paper has taken India as its object of study and found statistics all based on the current timeline of the 21st century to highlight these facts. It aims to prove that acceptance of equality in the face of adversity and obvious discrimination puts centuries of struggle by women on the back foot, and that the growing norm is in fact false under the discussed parameters.

Published by: Eshanya AgrawalResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Welham Girls' School, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Gender Bias, Discrimination, Indian Norms, 21st Century, Gender-Based Crime Rates, Domestic Violence, Female Infanticide, Feminism, Misogyny, Chauvinism, Gender As An Identity, Stereotypes

Research Paper

8. An introduction to context-aware security and User Entity Behavior Analytics

A context aware system is recognized as a "system which uses any context information previous to, or in the duration of, service stipulations", whereas the main goal of this system is to identify any suspicious activity done by the users. The mobility feature of most computing and personal devices have made the 'context of the user' an important aspect of the system. Nowadays with the ever-increasing digitization of the workplace, employees are using their personal devices along with the organization resources provided to them. Context Aware security systems vary from conventional systems, as they provide unique characteristics such as name, geolocation, time of day or type of endpoint system to boost information security decisions. Combine this with a model that notifies and alienates any abnormal activity by the user, we have a strong security measure against harmful cyber activities such as unauthorized end users accessing confidential data, preventing users to download sensitive data onto external devices, and so on. Context-aware security systems address the usability challenge of accessibility and authentication, i.e., to use inferential information such as geolocation, identity, type of endpoint device, or time of day to enhance information security decisions. The use and importance of this system is increasing and therefore plays a huge role in prospective pervasive systems. The goal of this paper is to introduce the reader to the concept of context aware security and lay the groundwork that one needs to get accustomed to the topic, by extracting various topics from different research papers.

Published by: Yash Arohan, Ashwin Yadav, Aakash Pandey, Shardul Churi, Manvi Saxena, Akshit VaghaniResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Thakur College of Engineering and Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Authentication, Context-aware application, Context-aware Security, User Entity Behavior Analytics

Research Paper

9. Development and biochemical analysis of Amla-Betel leaf extract impregnated jelly

The objective of this research work is about developing a herbal jelly by incorporating Amla and betel leaf extract. Amla is a green colour translucent fruit which is loaded with more nutritional benefits. Amla is an excellent source of vitamin c and this vitamin c helps in building our immunity. Next is the betel leaf extract which is also enriched with more health benefits. These betel leaves are full of vitamin c,niacin and riboflavin and it has an Excellent healing properties. These betel leaf treat colds and also aids in digestion. So our idea is to develop a jelly by combining all these products. Our jelly is completely free of artificial colouring and flavouring agents. After preparation,the jelly was filled in sterilized bottles and stored under both ambient and refrigeration temperature for about 60 days and the biochemical parameters such as moisture content, TSS, pH, Titratable acidity were analysed. Under ambient temperature, moisture content decreased from 26.80% to 24.90 %and pH increased from 3.6 to 4.3 and Tss increased from 65 degree brix to 72 degree brix and Titratable acidity increased from 0.48 % to 0.67%.Under refrigeration temperature, the moisture content decreased from 26.80% to 25.83%, ph increased from 3.6 to 4.2,Tss increased from 65degree brix to 69degree brix and titratable acidity increased 0.48% to 0.54%. Sensory evaluation was also performed and the developed jelly obtained an excellent sensory score.

Published by: M. Akshara, Mohana Priya R., K. PoojaResearch Area: Food Technology

Organisation: Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Herbal, Translucent, Immunity, Niacin, Riboflavin

Case Study

10. Predicting Diabetes using Machine Learning Technique

Diabetes is a chronic illness with the potential to induce a worldwide health care crisis. As per the International Diabetes Federation, 382 million people exist with diabetes in the world currently. By 2035, the number is expected to be doubled as 592 million. Diabetes mellitus or diabetes is a disease generally induced due to the grown level of glucose in the blood. Physical and chemical tests are different traditional methods for diagnosing diabetes. However, diabetes prediction in advance is pretty challenging for medical practitioners due to complicated interdependence on multiple factors as diabetes influences individual organs such as eye, heart, kidney, eye, nerves, foot, etc. Data science techniques have the potential to help the medical field by answering some of the general questions. One such task is to facilitate predictions on medical data. Machine learning is the most useful technology for the medical field in data science. Machine learning is helpful because of the way machines learn from experience. This project aims to propose a valuable technique for earlier detection of the diabetes disease for a patient with higher efficiency by combining the outcomes of different machine learning techniques, the supervised machine learning methods including Decision Tree, Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Neural Network, XGBoost, and Support Vector Machine

Published by: A. K. Aravind KumarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Indian School of Business, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Diabetes, Machine Learning, Decision Tree, Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Neural Network, XGBoost, Support Vector Machine

Research Paper

11. Evolution of the Indian Telecom Industry and its impact on consumer

The purpose of this paper is to profile the Indian telecom industry (2015 – 2020) from an economic and game theoretic perspective. The Indian Telecom industry has undergone massive change over the last few years, and the paper investigates the long run impact of these changes on consumer welfare. The paper uses literature and books on different oligopoly models and pricing strategies to explain the workings of the telecom industry. These models are verified using empirical data. The first section of the paper explains the entry of new firms in an oligopoly, and the second section explains how present and future equilibrium models, pricing strategies and collusion in the telecom industry impact consumer welfare. The study uses the models discussed to predict the future of the telecom industry and identifies the role of the government in order to increase long run consumer welfare.

Published by: Sahil KoitaResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Reliance Jio, Indian Telecom Industry, Consumer Welfare, Oligopoly, Collusion

Review Paper

12. Towards Singularity: Implications to Intelligent UI with Explainable AI approach to HCI

This paper has the aim of incorporating and prototyping the realms and the possibilities of future UI designs. It collectively analyses recent AI techniques and signifies the need for Intelligent User Interfaces (IUIs) that might shape future inventions and act beneficially for understanding the technological impacts it can produce. The architecture of HCI is prone to undergo a drastic transformation where multimodal interaction through cyborg automation will play a major role in singularity. For solving current issues in UI designs such as gender, disability, and color issues, Explainable AI (XAI) is further improving interpretability and explainability of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms. This paper furthermore explains the convergence of Engineering and Life sciences with its association to improving the outlines of future UIs on a process of gaining collective intelligence.

Published by: Sushrut GhimireResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: UI (User Interface), AI (Artificial Intelligence), IUI (Intelligent User Interface), HCI (Human Computer Interaction), XAI (Explainable Artificial Intelligence), ML (Machine Learning)


13. Wireless transmission of electricity through EM waves

Modern problems require modern solutions. The most important thing in power engineering is the transmission of electricity from place to place. No.of disturbance can be produced form the wireless transmission as like the conventional transmission lines. This paper is going to present brief information about one possible way of wireless transmission of electricity which could be useful for the near future. The true potential of wireless transmission has never witnessed. The potential of wireless transmission can change the perception of what we see in the field of electricity. Transmission of power from the source to load could be easy through the air without any interconnecting wires. In this particular paper using EM waves from magnetron as transmitter and using carbon nanotubes placed in the solar panel as receiver for the conversion of EM waves into electrical energy can be explained. By this proposed constructional we can transmit electricity where the world has never seen.

Published by: Voggu Sai Teja Sagar, G. Madhu Murali Siran, Shaik Haaris SaadResearch Area: Electrical

Organisation: JNTUH College of Engineering, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Solar Cell Architecture, Solar Absorber, Solar Cell Performance, Solar Energetic Particles, Solar Irradiation, Electro-thermal Simulation, Electromagnetic Beams, Carbon Energy Transition, Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Nanocomposite Structure

Research Paper

14. Removing the impurities chloride & alkalies from granulated blast furnace slag

The river sand and manufactured sand forms by the crushed rocks in millions of years. Nowadays, the reduction of river sand and manufactured sand is too fast in our environment because of our rapid construction world. So the GBFS (Granulated Blast Furnace Slag) is used at the place of river sand and manufactured sand but the presence of alkali and chloride in GBFS causes different problems like corrosion in reinforcement, react with external agents, high heat generated during the heat of hydration process and less durability. In this project, the foam separation method is adopted for removing the presence of alkali from GBFS (Granulated Blast Furnace Slag) and balance the pH value of crushed slag just like river sand and manufactured sand. The alkali and chloride remove from crushed slag in the form of bubbles and floats over the surface. The pH value balanced like river sand and manufactured sand. By using the foam separation method, 99% of alkali removed from GBFS (Granulated Blast Furnace Slag). The pH value of GBFS is balanced as equal to the river sand which is approx 7.00. The external effect of rainwater and chemical attacks are protected by removing the alkali from GBFS (Granulated Blast Furnace Slag). The total weight of construction also reduces because of the less value of bulk density of slag i.e. 1200kg/m³. After this method N-A-S-H OR C-A-S-H gel substituted by the C-S-H gel which is the same as well as river sand mix concrete. Also, protect our forest soil and area which places dumped by the Slag and its harmful to the soil nutrients and also for ecosystem.

Published by: Praveena RatreResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Madhyanchal Professional University, Ratibad, Madhya PradeshKeywords: GBFS (Granulated Blast Furnace Slag), Sodium Lauryl Sulphate, Foam Separation Method, Balance pH Value of Crushed Slag, Protect Natural Sand

Research Paper

15. Autonomous Railway Track Crack Detection and Accident Prevention System

Train derailment is a predominant issue that needs to be solved, the major cause of the derailment is due to cracks and bridges on the track. To overcome this problem we have proposed an autonomous system (Robot) that uses an ultrasonic sensor with a range of 30 cm primarily based on distance measurement and density sensor to detect deeper cracks, the sensor is used to detect cracks present on the railway track by sending ultrasonic waves. As soon as the crack is detected the GPS Sensor is used to find out the latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates of the area where the crack is detected. The detected crack along with the exact location is sent to a nearby railway station using a GSM module. These data are then sent to the cloud server which is then analysed and compared with the threshold and the cracks can be rectified on the exact location of the damage. The proposed self-governing system is a robot along with wheels and motors which are controlled by a motor driver. Here we are using an Arduino Uno Microcontroller. These sensors and modules are integrated with this Arduino UNO board. The board is uploaded with a program using the Arduino IDE to carry out the crack detection function. This board takes readings from the ultrasonic sensor and these readings are continuously stored in the cloud for analysis and it accordingly communicates with the other module to effectively detect cracks beneath the surface of the tracks and on the surface.

Published by: R. Prithvik Adithya, Naren Subra M. V., Somya Gupta, K. TamizhelakkiyaResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ultrasonic sensor, Crack Detection, Arduino IDE, Density sensor, PS sensor

Research Paper

16. Evaluation of pectin based edible coating impregnated with mango leaf extract to reduce the post-harvest losses of tomato

The edible coating is any type of material used for enrobing, coating, or wrapping various food to extend the shelf life of the products and also to protect the fruits from microbial contamination. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is a highly perishable product and it gets spoiled quickly due to various post-harvest conditions, so considering these facts our research work was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of pectin based edible coating impregnated with Mango leaf extract on the Physicochemical parameters of the produce. The present work was carried out by preparing an edible coating solution which consists of pectin (5%), glycerol (1%), Mango leaf extract (2%) and the fresh Tomato were immersed into the edible coating solution and stored under room temperature. The fruit sample was then divided into two slots T1(uncoated samples) and T2(coated samples). Both coated and uncoated tomato samples were stored under ambient temperature(30℃). The effect of pectin based edible coating impregnated with Mango leaf extract on physicochemical properties of the tomatoes were studied and recorded. A comparison was made on the physicochemical properties of the both uncoated and coated samples and results were tabulated. With the obtained results it was concluded that the prepared edible coating solution protected the sample from deterioration when compared with the uncoated samples and the shelf life of coated sample was extended to 15 days under ambient temperature.

Published by: Akshara M., Dr. A. Lovelin Jerald, A. MathivaniResearch Area: Food Technology

Organisation: Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Edible Coating, Enrobing, Wrapping, Pectin, Deterioration

Research Paper

17. Extraction of anthocyanin from plum peels

Food colors are added to food to give attractiveness or compensate for the natural color loss due to light, air, moisture, etc., improving the safety of food products, and enhancing beneficial health effects is a necessity and a major challenge. Anthocyanins are the water-soluble pigments in nature. Anthocyanin extracted from plum by using various methods such as solvent extraction method, enzyme assisted method, and ultrasonic-assisted extraction method, aqueous to phase extraction method, subcritical water extraction method, and microwave-assisted extraction method. The commonly used method is solvent extraction. Especially for cyanidin and peonidin-3-glucoside. Identification of anthocyanin can be done by various chromatographic methods which include thin-layer chromatography high-speed chromatography, reversed-phase ion-pair chromatography. In the present study, HPLC is used for the qualification of anthocyanin content.

Published by: Mathivani A., Dr. A. Lovelin Jerald, M. AksharaResearch Area: Food Technology

Organisation: Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, TamilnaduKeywords: Anthocyanin, Natural Colorant, Solvent Extraction, HPLC

Research Paper

18. An experimental study on strength and self healing characteristics of bacterial concrete

Concrete is the most commonly used building material which is recyclable. It is strong, durable, locally available and versatile. It is capable to resist the compressive load to a limit but if the load applied on the concrete is more than their limit but if the load applied on the concrete is more than their limit of resisting load, it causes the strength reduction of concrete by producing the cracks in concrete and the treatment of cracks is very expensive. Cracks in concrete affects the serviceability limit of concrete. The ingress of moisture and other harmful chemicals into the concrete may result in decrement of strength and life. Micro-cracks are the main cause to structural failure. One way to circumvent costly manual maintenance and repair is to incorporate an autonomous self -healing mechanism in concrete. One such an alternative repair mechanism is currently being studied, i.e. a novel technique based on the application of biomineralization of bacteria in concrete. The applicability of specifically calcite mineral precipitating bacteria for concrete repair and plugging of pores and cracks in concrete has been recently investigated and studies on the possibility of using specific bacteria as a sustainable and concrete-embedded self-healing agent was studied and results from ongoing studies are discussed. Synthetic polymers such as epoxy treatment etc. are currently being used for repair of concrete are harmful to the environment, hence the use of a biological repair technique in concrete is focused. Recently, it is found that microbial mineral precipitation resulting from metabolic activities of favourable microorganisms in concrete improved the overall behaviour of concrete. Hence in this paper define the bacterial concrete, its classification and types of bacteria, chemical process to fix the crack by bacteria, advantages and dis- advantages and possibilities of application of MICP (Microorganism used for Calcium Carbonate Precipitation in Concrete).The different strengths of Normal concrete and concrete with different concentrations of Bacteria Bacillus spp were used and tests were conducted and compared.

Published by: Asif Ahmad Ganie, Javaid Aalam, Mohiyuddin C. S., Mohammad Tafzeel Qureshi, Iqra RashidResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: AMC Engineering College, Karnataka, IndiaKeywords: Bacterial Concrete Materials, Material Tests, Mix Design, Compressive Strength Test, Flexure Strength Test, Split Tensile Strength Test


19. Automotive control system using CAN protocol

Most of the accidents occur because of alcoholic people and the failure of braking systems. So this paper describes a driver's alcohol detection system based on breath sample testing and automatic control of the braking system to avoid accidents. When driver starts the ignition system, the sensor measures the concentration of alcohol into its breath and switches off the ignition system. This system is also able to control the accidents that occur due to the unconsciousness of the driver, uncontrollable speed of the vehicle, and manual operation of the braking system by applying automatic breakthrough electronics devices to minimize the accident problems. When the vehicle gets closer to any object, automatically brakes will be applied. This system helps in achieving effective communication between transmitter and receiver modules using the CAN protocol. The protocol was developed aiming at automotive application switch sensors to monitor the parameters and visualize them to the vehicle driver through an LCD display. The human drivers check the parameters in the vehicle on the LCD screen at the same time of driving and control over the vehicle.

Published by: Surekha Prabhakar Gaikwad, Atmeshkumar S. PatelResearch Area: E&Tc Engineering

Organisation: Matsyodari College of Engineering and Technology, Jalna, MaharashtraKeywords: CAN, Alcohol Sensor, Ir Sensor, Intelligent Braking System, LCD Display

Research Paper

20. A-leach in 3-dimensional wireless sensor network using gateway

Wireless Sensor Networks are those networks in which communication is carried out through a wireless channel. A sensor network is a group of specialized transducers intended to monitor and record conditions at diverse locations. These parameters are temperature, humidity, pressure, speed, intensity, vibration-sound intensity, PIV, etc. The numbers of towers in the area act as sensors are called nodes in wireless sensor networks. Thus from one node to another, communication is carried out without any physical link. A network consists of numbers of nodes with one as a source and one as a destination. This paper proposed the A-LEACH protocol and cluster member-elect cluster head to avoid excessive energy consumption. Cluster Head is responsible for creating and manipulating a TDMA schedule & sending aggregated data from nodes to the BS where this data is needed using CDMA. A gateway is a network point that reduces the distance between CH and BS in WSNs. This paper proposed a multiple hops data transmission and make an energy-efficient and energy conservative protocol design to increase data rate.

Published by: Vandana Jain, Meena RaniResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: Rayat Bahra University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: Wireless Sensor Network, A-LEACH, Heterogeneous Network, Cluster Head

Research Paper

21. Blood donor web app

Finding blood donors through social media is an alternative solution There’s a high probability that we might not find the right donor when we share our need on social media but the community the blood donor app gone a create is huge when we compare to our local contacts. Help the user find a donor as quickly as possible

Published by: Vishwas Chandran, Nethaji R, Sakthivel S, Thiruppathi k, Kamala VResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: KGiSL Institute of TechnologyKeywords: Web Application, Chatbot, Artificial Intelligence, Firebase, Hybrid Application

Review Paper

22. Action plan on childhood obesity in the UK & Canada - a comparative review

Overweight and obesity are defined as ''abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health''. Obesity is a global public health issue affecting people of every age. Recently, economically developed countries are facing a significant and rapid growth of the childhood obesity epidemic. This paper aims to analyze and compare the formation and implementation of Action plans against childhood obesity, including the actors involved and the policy process of two countries, i.e., the UK and Canada.

Published by: Abhishek DeyResearch Area: Health Policy Analysis

Organisation: Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal, KarnatakaKeywords: Childhood Obesity, Action Plan, Health Policy

Research Paper

23. Posture and Activity Analysis for Patients in Rehabilitation

Recognizing the patient's posture and physical actions is the key focus on their rehabilitation to restore or enhance the functional and motor abilities of those with physical disabilities. In this paper; we focus on the gross motor skills in adults who are in rehabilitation from an injury and will present a method for recognizing their posture and activities using a sequence of RGB-D images. The shape features are extracted using the depth information in the frequency domain via spherical harmonics representation.

Published by: Dhruv Agarwal, Donna ThomasResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Human Posture Recognition, RGB-D camera, Depth Map, Skeleton Data, Heat Map

Review Paper

24. Investing on common stocks

ABSTRACT: Stock Exchange is a critical aspect of a financial market. Shares are purchased and sold on stock exchanges. Common stock is security which represents ownership of an organization. Holders of Common stock choose the Directors and have the right to vote on company policies. Investing stock requires a close review of the financial reports to assess the true valuation of the product. Generally, this is done by examining the profit and loss account, balance sheet, and cash flow statement of the company. A simpler method to identify out about the performance of the company is to look at its financial ratios, most of which are available in this report. Although speculating is equivalent to gambling, it is not quite the same when speculators seek to make an appropriate decision regarding the future of their companies. These traders are purchasing shares with the expectation that they will only be owned for a limited amount of time before selling. Ratio analysis is important for investment decisions. It not only helps to learn how the business performed. Also, makes it easier for investors to compare the right investing option with firms in the same sector. The philosophy of diversification is one of the main principles of fund management which basically involves avoiding placing all the eggs in one basket. Investors should never have fewer than 25% or more than 75% of the assets in common stocks. A key part of value investing is making sure the assets have a margin of protection. How large a margin of safety is considered depends on a variety of variables, including market conditions, risk tolerance, and also the company's fundamental prospects. The thinner margin of safety might be accepted in special situations. Decide what you intend to do with your portfolio, and stick to it. Choose an area you're involved in, and discover the news and events that drive it every day. Identify the number of businesses or firms that dominate the market. Keywords: Investment, Speculation, Stock Market, Common Stock

Published by: Dr. Hasith SoysaResearch Area: SHARE MARKET

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Investment, Speculation, Stock Market, Common Stock

Research Paper

25. Transformer fault identification and load sharing using the internet of things

This paper is about the design and implementation of a mobile embedded system to monitor and record key parameters of a distribution transformer like load currents, and ambient temperature. The idea of an online monitoring system integrates a Global Service Mobile (GSM) Modem, with a standalone Arduino and different sensors. It is installed at the distribution transformer site and the above parameters are recorded using the analog to digital converter (ADC) of the embedded system. The obtained parameters are processed and recorded in the system memory. If any abnormality or an emergency occurs the system sends SMS (short message service) messages to the mobile phones containing information about the abnormality according to some predefined instructions programmed in the microcontroller at the same Time the data’s of transformers health will automatically be uploaded to the cloud for future analysis. This mobile system will help the transformers to operate smoothly and identify problems before any catastrophic failure.

Published by: Vignesh M., N. M Jothi Swaroopan, T.K Vignesh, Sharan Y.BResearch Area: Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

Organisation: R.M.K. Engineering College, Tamil Nadu, IndiaKeywords: Distribution Transformer, Global Service Mobile, Arduino, Analog to Digital Converter, Programmed Microcontroller, Transformer Health.

Research Paper

26. Calculation of client credit risk prediction in banking sector using data mining

The use of credit scoring can be used to assist the analysis of credit risk in assessing the eligibility of the applicant. As a valuable method for credit rating, data mining has been proven. Many credit scoring models for determining the creditworthiness of loan applicants have been established over the last few years. With an obligation to repay over a period of time, credit provides access to capital today, There may be financial sources, or they may consist of goods or services. Today, credit has become a very necessary component of daily life. Although credit cards are currently the most common type of loan, other credit plans include, among others, residential mortgages, car loans, student loans, small business loans, commercial lending, and bonds.

Published by: Manpreet Kaur, Gurinderpal SinghResearch Area: CSE

Organisation: Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bhaddal, PunjabKeywords: Credit Card, Financial, DecisionTree, DataMining, Prediction

Research Paper

27. Human Resource practices and job satisfaction with special reference to hotels

Job Satisfaction is conscious willfulness to seek for other alternatives in other organizations. Human resource management (HRM) is known as the central business concern, that shapes the behavior, attitudes, and performance of the employees, This study empirically evaluated six Human Resource (HR) practices (Careful recruitment and selection, Extensive remuneration systems, Team working and flexible job design, Training and learning, Employee involvement, Performance appraisals with links to contingent reward systems) and impact on the Job Satisfaction of the employees in five-star hotels in Sri Lanka. The sample consisted of one hundred and twenty-six employees working in all five-star hotels in Sri Lanka. The data were gathered by administering questionnaires. Considering the relationship between Human resources practices and Job Satisfaction, the analysis represents that there is a positive and the relationship between Careful recruitment and selection, Extensive remuneration systems, Team working and flexible job design, Training, and learning, Employee involvement, Performance appraisals with links to contingent reward systems. The result was implying that the effect of Team working and flexible job design on Job Satisfaction is higher than in other relationships. However, Human resource practices play a vital role in Job Satisfaction in accordance with all level employees in five-star hotels. Further Team working and flexible job design is more important to employee Job satisfaction.

Published by: Dr. Hasith SoysaResearch Area: Human Resource Management

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Human Resource Management, Job Satisfaction

Research Paper

28. Data and key encapsulation for the smart grid using improved AES and difference expansion algorithm

Smart Grid (SG) is an advanced electrical power grid. SG collects the user’s smart meter data over the public network. After that, based on the data, generate the bills, and predict the electricity demand. The data contains sensitive information about users. Thus, the privacy of the users is required for better assessment. To preserve the privacy of the user, symmetric cryptography algorithms are used. In the symmetric algorithm, the same key is required for encryption/decryption purposes. Thus, the key is communicated to the receiver with the encrypted data. Thus, it is prone to eavesdropping and tampering attacks. Therefore, in this paper, we have designed data and key encapsulation algorithm that secure the data as well as the key. We have used the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm for data security and difference expansion algorithm for key security. Further, to reduce the encryption time of data encryption, software optimization algorithms used. Next, the encrypted data bits read, and a difference expansion algorithm is applied on it to hide the key bits in the encrypted data. The advantage of the difference expansion algorithm is that the original encrypted data bits recover with key bits extraction. The experimental results show that the data and key encapsulation takes less execution time, provide better security as compared to the existing algorithm.

Published by: Rajdeep Kaur, Puneet Jain, Navdeep Kaur JhajjResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: Smart Grid, Advanced Encryption Standard, Difference Expansion, Binary Search Algorithm.

Research Paper

29. Analysis and assessment of sewage water treatment plant by using PLC

Sewage water consists of Agricultural, industrial, and human wastes. It is mandatory to remove organic material by the process of sewage water treatment. The sewage treatment plant involves physical, biological treatment stages. An important objective of municipal and industrial sewage wastewater treatment is to separate pollutants, remove toxic materials, neutralize coarse particles, and destroy pathogens such that the quality of discharged water is more improved to meet the allowable level of water to be discharged into water bodies or for cultivated land. The target of secondary treatment is that the further treatment of the effluent from primary treatment to get rid of the residual organics and suspended solids. The main objective of wastewater treatment is to get rid of as considerably of the suspended solids as possible before the remaining water, called effluent, is discharged back to the environment. To avoid wastage of water by recycling water discharged from companies, homes, businesses, and industries and reduce pollution, to be used in the agricultural sector and domestic purpose.

Published by: Ankita Liladhar FirkeResearch Area: Electronicsand Telecommunication Engineering

Organisation: Cummins College of Engineering for Women, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Programmable Logic Controller, HMI, Sewage Water Treatment Plant, Effluent, Ladder Logic Programming, Activated Sludge

Research Paper

30. Smart garbage monitoring system using IoT

A big challenge is urban cities is the garbage collection process. The garbage collecting authority or the municipal corporation peoples in the traditional waste management system doesn’t know about the level of garbage in the dustbin, if the dust bins get full by garbage then it gets overflowed as well as spelled out from the dustbin leading to an unhygienic condition in cities. Even if the dust bin is overloaded by garbage peoples throws the garbage on that dustbin. Because of that overflowed dustbin and the spelled garbage, bad smell arises also it leads to unhygienic conditions in many cities. Sometimes due to unclean dustbins, some toxic gases may produce and which will support to air pollution. Also, some harmful diseases may spread. It is very bad to look at the city. Due to which unhygienic condition occurs. The use of traditional system result in inefficient and time and money spending systems. So the concept of the Smart Garbage Monitoring System is implemented in cities. Where the rate of production of garbage or waste is high but efforts put to control the garbage management are very less. In order to overcome this many issues stated above smart garbage monitoring system using IoT will help.

Published by: Madhuri Labade, Mrunal Kulkarni, Abhishek JadhavResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Sanjivani College of Engineering, Kopargaon, MaharashtraKeywords: GPS, Ultrasonic Sensor, Led, MQ-6 Gas Sensor, Arduino ,Node MCU.

Research Paper

31. A compact monopole antenna for UWB applications

This paper presents a compact size monopole antenna for wide range of application. The base antenna consists of a falcate-shaped monopole antenna and a slot is inserted in base patch. The proposed antenna dimension is 40 × 46 mm² and is fabricated on 1 mm FR4 substrate. This antenna is designed to operate at the frequency of (3-10.5 GHz) with good return loss. The results provide high gain and directivity in wide range. This circularly polarized (CP) antennas are used in various fields such as satellite communication systems, radio frequency identification (RFID), dedicated short range communication systems (DSRC), WLAN and WiMAX in modern wireless communication

Published by: S. NivethaResearch Area: Wireless Communication

Organisation: PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Falcate Antenna, Circularly Polarized, Monopole Antenna, Frequency Range (3-10.5ghz)

Research Paper

32. Study on the impact of COVID-19 on public transport ridership

India's public transport systems are among most heavily used in the world. Public transport is the primary mode of road transport for most of the citizens of India. This Covid-19 crisis has crippled all sectors of the economy across the world. One of the worst affected sector by this pandemic is public transport. During the lockdown, the bus services, metro, trains as well as flights were completely stopped by the Government of India. Nobody was allowed to travel even in private vehicles as it would have increased the risk of infection until and unless it was very important. Now, since the public transport operators are allowed to resume their services, they are focussing on how to overcome the losses they have met during this lockdown period. This lockdown has hit them seriously as people are concerned about their safety and moving out and travelling. This paper represents how much loss the public transport sector has faced during lockdown due to corona virus disease-2019 and what measures should public transport operators has to take to recover their loss.

Published by: Shruti Badoni Rawat, Vikram KainturaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Public Transport, Covid-19, Lockdown, Breakdown In Economy, Declined Ridership

Research Paper

33. Modern algorithm of neural networks

This paper deals with researches and literature reviews on Deep Neural Network. In the area of biometrics, identification, access- control, enforcement, digital identification, surveillance devices and face recognition (FR), defining the technique of human beings using facial imaging, is a multitude of hands-on applications. Coevolutionary neural networks (Cov-Nets) have proved to be efficient for FR, a type of deep networks. Any pre-processing procedures, such as sampling, must be taken for real-time systems prior to use in Cov-Nets. However, full images (all pixel values) are also transferred to Cov-Nets as input and all steps are performed by the network (feature collection, function filtering, training). That's why Cov-Nets is always difficult and time-consuming to introduce. Cov-Nets are at a rising level, with very little precision, but they have a high potential reach. This paper offers a new perspective on the use of a deep neural network for facial recognition. A new approach is being developed in this paper. In this approach, facial features that are extracted are provided as input instead of raw pixel values. This decreases the complexity and gives the Yale data set quality of 97.05 percent.

Published by: Anirban ChakrabortyResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, PunjabKeywords: ANN, CNN, DNN, RNN, Neural Net, Face Recognition

Research Paper

34. Power quality improvement of integrated PV/wind grid-connected system

Integrated PV/Wind grid-connected system is emerging as a solution to duo problems of the conventional power systems of high transmission losses and shortage of conventional sources. Traditionally integrated non-conventional system of electricity generation obtained from different sources is collected at a common DC bus or are connected electrically through power converters to extract maximum energy. The incorporated power converter topologies utilize different generators and control strategy to supply the load according to their voltage and harmonic content. The work done is to analyze the interface of solar electric and WGS to restore grid characteristics. A converter has been designed using a neutral point clamped MLI to control the grid parameter as well as PV/Wind hybrid system parameters simultaneously for improving the power quality of the system.

Published by: Shubham Soni, Madhu UpadhyayResearch Area: Power System

Organisation: NRI Institute of Information Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Integrated PV/Wind Grid-Connected System (IPVWGS), Wind Power Generation (WPG), Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Multi-Level Inverter (MLI), Point of Common Coupling (PCC)

Research Paper

35. Resonance Damping of Weak Grid Connected DFIG Generation System

This work presents control of grid connected DFIG system with the HFR damping and harmonics suppressor. In order to improve the performance of the system and reduce harmonic content of the weak grid, the HFR needs to be effectively damped. In this work, the proposed active damping control strategy implemented effectively both in the Rotor Side Converter (RSC) and in the Grid Side Converter (GSC), through the introduction of virtual positive capacitor by reshaping the DFIG system impedance and mitigate the high frequency resonance.

Published by: Vipin Gupta, BARKHA KHAMBRAResearch Area: Power System

Organisation: NRI Institute of Information Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: High-frequency Resonance (HFR), Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), Rotor Side Converter (RSC), Grid Side Converter (GSC)

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 15th October, 2020.