Volume-7, Issue-1

January-February, 2021

Case Study

1. Importance of cloud services in large public or private companies for catering to consumer services and its day to day business needs

Presently several in-house built IT applications hosted at Datacentre (DC)-Disaster Recovery (DR) is being used for fulfilling business requirements of public/private companies including online consumer services. Applications with databases like Sybase, Oracle, and MS SQL are hosted either on physical or virtual machines (having operating systems Windows, Linux, HP-UX, AIX). Critical Applications hosted at DC & DR are Mobile apps, Online Cash Collection System, Centralized Billing system, HANA (Dashboards), etc. The security & confidentiality of the data & information should be maintained under the framework of ISO.So cloud computing and services are important

Published by: Praful Rajpal NagpureResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Sau. Kamaltai Gawai Institute of Engineering and Technology, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Cloud Computing, Cloud Services, Scalability, Accessibility

Research Paper

2. An investigation into arson in secondary schools in Kenya: A case of Homa Bay County

Fire, if controlled, is a very important object in the school community, it is used in many areas in school organization; kitchen e.g.cooking food for students, labs e.g. bunsen burner, and in instructions’ workshops e.g.Fire baths for forging, soldering and welding and burning of rubbish; generally controlled fire help in the learning of students while uncontrolled fire is very dangerous and has its effects. The study surveyed the effects of fire in schools that lead to solutions. Surveys of causes of school arsons will help the community, the school management, and the Ministry of Education get solutions to schools’ burning. The purpose of the study was to find out the causes of fire and remedies. The study sought to establish the following objective to make known the probable causes of fire and to open a way for the opportunity to study fires in related academic discipline. The study was conducted in four, randomly selected; public secondary schools in Homa Bay County, that were affected by the fire and four secondary schools that never had a fire problem. The study used a survey research design. The study population was principals, teachers, students, and watchmen in those secondary schools. The interview was given at random, selection for a principal, 23 teachers, 47 selected students, and 2 watchmen in each of the 8 secondary schools randomly selected in Homa Bay County. Questionnaires were given to the rest respondents. Survey research was used to analyze data. Findings and recommendations will assist Educational stakeholders in Kenya such as the Ministry of Education, the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development, curriculum developers, and teachers. The study discovered ways of controlling fires, show the importance of fires, and the open way forward to study fire as one of the safety regulations especially in sciences and Engineering. The knowledge will differentiate and categorize the kind of status of school fires.

Published by: Modi Joseph Okebe, Dr. Dimo Herbert, Okemwa PeterResearch Area: Technology Education

Organisation: University of Eldoret, Eldoret, KenyaKeywords: Education, Fire, Respondents

Research Paper

3. A preliminary survey of the aquatic and terrestrial bird fauna of Ghunghutta dam area, Ambikapur, Chhattisgarh, India

The survey of Avian fauna around Ghunghutta dam Ambilkapur was conducted from Jun 2018 to November 2019. Three different habitats were selected for bird watching. Direct counting method and visual counting method used for data collection. During this survey 61 birds were species listed, 38 were terrestrial and 23 were aquatic. It was observed the family Passeriformes was dominant with 28 species and Pelecaniformes was the second dominant group with 07 species. Black-hooded Oriolus riolusxanthornus), Tricoloured munia, (Lonchuramalacca), Wolly necked stork (Ciconia episcopus), Glossy ibis (Plegadisfalcinellus), Red-naped ibis (Pseudibispapillosa ), Red-wattled lapwing (Vanellus indicus ), and Common kingfisher (Acedoattithis) were rare in the study area.

Published by: Amit Singh Banafar, Dr. Ramesh Kumar TamboliResearch Area: Animal Biodiversity

Organisation: Govt. College Silphili, Surajpur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Bird fauna, Ghunghutta Dam, Dam Area

Others

4. Ninety different social services of Sivasamy Soundararajan

My home place is a small village in Tamil Nadu State, Coimbatore District, and Pollachi Taluk. The local administration of the Kanjampatti Panchayat Board contains four villages, namely, Kanjampatti, K.Nagoor, Ammegoundanur, and Nambiamuthur. There were no bank facilities until 1987. I wrote to the then Prime Minister of India and the Honorable Prime Minister ordered to open a bank branch directing the Reserve Bank of India at Kanjampatti. The bank is serving the mass of the surrounding area very well. When the bank was opened in 1987, he accompanied the bank manager to going door to door and canvassed for the SB account and also creating awareness about savings for them

Published by: S. SoundararajanResearch Area: Sociology - Social Services

Organisation: Center for Social Services, Pollachi, TamilnaduKeywords: Social Services, Primary Health Center, Elementary School

Research Paper

5. Determinants of underpricing of IPO – A case study of Indian stock market

The study aims to investigate the reasons for underpricing of IPO by analyzing the impact of various factors like Issue Size, Stockholder Ownership Structure, and Underwriter Reputation on the Under-pricing of IPOs. The target market chosen was all the IPOs issued In the Indian Stock Market from the Year 2010 to 2019 i.e., 219 Companies, which included 88 Underpriced IPOs and 131 Overpriced IPOs. Initially, exploratory research was undertaken to probe deeper into the topic. After conducting the exploring research, causal research was finalized as the most suitable method to go ahead with. We analyzed the data using tools like Correlation and Regression on various software i.e., Excel and SAS (Enterprise Guide). We concluded the Research by stating a Negligible Positive Relationship of Under-pricing of IPO with Issue Size and a Strong Positive Relationship with QIB and HNI Ownership and a negative Relationship with Retail Investors and Reputation of Underwriters.

Published by: Janhavi Agrawal, Gaurvi Udasi, Praachi Arora, Vidhi PabuwalResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies(NMIMS), Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: IPO, Under-Pricing, Underwriters’ Reputation, Issue Size, Stockholders Ownership Structure

Research Paper

6. A novel approach to secure video steganography

The rapid development of data communication in the modern era demands a secure exchange of information. Steganography is the technique of data hiding. Thus, video steganography means hiding data inside a video file. Existing systems work on the LSB technique and has a defined format in which data is stored and can be easily guessed by the intruder. The proposed method is based on the Pixel Value Extraction of RGB model which uses Bit insertion technique to insert the text within the Video file. Usually, the hackers focus on LSB bits for secret data extraction but the proposed technique utilizes the MSB bits that make it more secure from unauthorized access. This system focuses on the data security approach when combined with encryption and steganographic techniques for secret communication by hiding it inside the video.

Published by: Surabhi Adak, Ashwini Sarode, Santosh Yadav, Ashish Pawar, Mrs. Jyoti Kundale, Mr. Sachin BhopiResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Steganography, Encryption, LSB Technique, RGB Model, Pixel Value Extraction

Research Paper

7. A study of the three important ambient factors; color, lighting, and noise on employees in open-plan bank offices

In the ever-competitive world today, offices want to get the maximum work output and productivity from their employees that allow them to perceive their ambiances in a way that gets reflected in the work they produce. This in turn helps in solving and figuring out the architectural areas that can be made different or altered to enhance the quality of workspaces in which they thrive. This paper uses four main works of literature and already established models of Bitner, Vietch and Newsham, Sundstrom and Evans, and John's stress and noise theory; considering the factors that have been regarded and hence helped derive the basic parameters to be studied, observed, and taken employee perceptions of. These have then been analyzed and developed into design guidelines in order to change work environments.

Published by: Shubhangi Baheti, Roshan ShettyResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: Manipal University, Manipal, KarnatakaKeywords: Ambient, Color, Noise, Lighting, Employee

Research Paper

8. A multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase IV clinical study comparing the safety and effectiveness of the fixed-dose combination of trypsin, bromelain, and rutoside with standard therapy in the management of wound due to minor surgery

Wound healing is a complex process consisting of steps–hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. The purpose of this multicenter, open-label, randomized, active-controlled, prospective, two-arm, phase IV clinical study was to evaluate and compare the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of fixed-dose combination (FDC) enteric-coated tablets of trypsin 96 mg + bromelain 180 mg + rutoside trihydrate 200 mg–Enzomac Forte with the enteric-coated tablets of trypsin-chymotrypsin 100000 AU–marketed formulation in the complex wound healing process. An open-label, randomized, parallel, active-controlled, two-arm, phase IV clinical study was conducted at 13 centers in India from December 02, 2017, to May 04, 2019. Adult patients aged 18-65 years (both inclusive) fulfilling the eligibility criteria were included. These patients were randomized into two treatment groups–FDC versus trypsin-chymotrypsin. Adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) were recorded to evaluate and compare the safety and tolerability. The efficacy of both the treatment in the management of wound healing was noted and compared. AEs were reported in five patients; no SAEs were reported. No clinically significant differences in the occurrence of AEs were found; thus, both the treatments were safe and tolerable. The wound regeneration efficacy on day 10±2 was significantly higher with FDC as compared to trypsin-chymotrypsin. A significantly high improvement of total BWAT score with FDC as compared to trypsin-chymotrypsin was observed. FDC used by the authors in this study was found to be equally safe and tolerable and more effective than the marketed formulation used for wound healing after a minor surgical procedure.

Published by: Ashish Mungantiwar, Nirali Bhatt, Priyanka Shrivastava, Jitendra MoreResearch Area: Medicine And Pharmacy

Organisation: Macleods Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Bromelain, Chymotrypsin, Healing, Ruto Side, Trypsin, Wound

Research Paper

9. Conservation of water in landscape practices

Conservation of water in landscape practices Abstract Water is a scarce resource and it's quite relevant in India. However, a well designed, water-efficient landscape style should be thought of no matter the location. A water-conscious, sustainable landscape is definitely accomplishable through straight forward measures. Regenerative landscape design is the integration of ecological, social, cultural, and economic factors in coming up with better planning that helps to shield environs, contribute to stormwater management, conserve water, etc. Sustainability always comes in with the conservation of resources. Sustainability and conservation landscaping both work with nature to increase water quality, lower water consumption, utilize native plants. The options for selecting native and drought-tolerant plants far exceed cacti and succulents. Sustainability emphasizes addressing social and economic factors in addition to environmental factors whereas Conservation addresses the part of the environmental benefits. The paper talks about issues, measures, and agendas to create a landscape that is for the future incorporating the necessity and self-sustaining ability of a landform. With water scarcity, we need to ask ourselves if we need a vast lawn considering the benefits of keeping water consumption low. Using resources wisely and designing your landscape with strategically applied water is a need of the hour. ''The environment and the economy are the two sides of the same coin. If we cannot sustain the environment we cannot sustain our self''. Water is a scarce resource and it's quite relevant in India. However, a well designed, water-efficient landscape style should be thought of no matter the location. Water conscious, sustainable landscape is definitely accomplishable through straightforward measures. Regenerative landscape design is the integration of ecological, social, cultural, and economic factors in coming up with better planning that helps to shield environs, contribute to stormwater management, conserve water, etc. Sustainability always comes in with the conservation of resources. Sustainability and conservation landscaping both work with nature to increase water quality, lower water consumption, utilize native plants. The options for selecting native and drought-tolerant plants far exceed cacti and succulents. Sustainability emphasizes addressing social and economic factors in addition to environmental factors whereas Conservation addresses the part of the environmental benefits. The paper talks about issues, measures, and agendas to create a landscape that is for the future incorporating the necessity and self-sustaining ability of a landform. With water scarcity, we need to ask ourselves if we need a vast lawn considering the benefits of keeping water consumption low. Using resources wisely and designing your landscape with strategically applied water is a need of the hour. ''The environment and the economy are the two sides of the same coin. If we cannot sustain the environment we cannot sustain our self''.

Published by: Shahista BanoResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: Thakur School of Architecture and Planning, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Landscape Planning, Sustainability, Water Conscious, Conservation, Environment, Landform, Native Plants, Storm Water, Social, Ecological, Water Runoff, Surface Water Runoff, Landscape Design

Research Paper

10. Public education for rural areas in the era of digital education

In the months following the national lockdown in India, a large amount of relief and recovery programs were released that were directed towards economic reconstruction. The education sector made multiple strides as well but there have been certain gaps that have not yet taken this attempt, despite the 250 billion dollar investment plan of India's central government. The lockdown impacted the day to day operations of schools, including the closure of a community daycare facility for the urban and rural communities which further resulted in schooling and health-related impacts. It has been suggested that the effect on girls and children from already deprived racial and caste backgrounds is likely to get even more severe. Strategies at various levels are still being explored to enhance and reinforce the current social insurance systems and boost their impacts. Despite the various efforts and initiatives introduced by the government, there is a failure in the public education system during such crisis scenarios. Will the collective efforts of the government, NGOs, and civil society organizations help in introducing digital initiatives to meet the initial challenges and help in making learning more engaging and interesting. Also, keeping in mind this current pandemic wherein most of the private schools took their classes online, it is important that such measures are taken for the rural and underprivileged children who might not be able to afford the requisite tools and gadgets for e-learning. It is important for the government to ensure that they are not despised for their basic education and there is always an alternative during major crises.

Published by: Shradha ChakravortyResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Rural Areas, Digital Education, Digital Learning, Covid-19

Research Paper

11. Numerical investigation on a smoke management system in an administration building’s atrium

Smoke is considered the major reason for killing a lot of people in case of a building fire because of the reduction of visibility and asphyxiation fatalities that occurred in the smoke event. The present research illustrates a numerical simulation on smoke propagation and smoke control for the atrium in an administration building and investigates the effect of exhausting smoke by multi-point extraction through rooftop exhaust fans on smoke layer height inside the atrium. ANSYS-FLUENT solver is used to solving two-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS) combined with K-ε Realizable turbulence model for different study cases in an atrium. The two-dimensional rectangular plan that is located at the center of the atrium is simulated with the dimensions of 25m width and 20m height using T-squared fire with the maximum heat release rate of 5 MW for 180 seconds. All parameters are predicted at vertical levels of 2, 13 and 17 m height from the ground floor. Results show that exhausting the smoke through rooftop exhaust fans maintains the smoke layer at a higher level from the ground and has a better effect on tenability conditions at the human level, increasing makeup air inlets levels adversely affect smoke layer height which reduces visibility at a human level. Finally, the spacing between extract fans outlet is considered a major factor that should be optimized in order to avoid the plug-holing phenomena.

Published by: Mohamed H. Ahmed, Mahmoud M. Kamal, Hamdy A. AbotalebResearch Area: CFD of Smoke Management System

Organisation: Faculty of Engineering - Ain Shams University, Cairo, EgyptKeywords: CFD, Atrium, Smoke Propagation, Visibility, Heat Release

Research Paper

12. Fluid flow analysis of hydroelectric centrifugal turbines with a circular and square profile for treated water

In this paper, we have discussed the practicality and feasibility of implementing hydroelectric centrifugal turbine systems with different entry profiles. This paper discusses the technical and economic feasibility of the two profiles of the hydroelectric turbine system. The paper analyses the velocity at input and output openings, the pressure exerted by the fluid on the turbine surface, and the temperature of the surface of circular and square profile respectively. The results will be further explained. Hydroelectric turbine systems can be used to meet the high demands of electricity; thus, such analysis is mandatory to attain maximum efficiency. This research paper highlights some of the advantages and disadvantages of a circular and a square profile for electricity generation. The research paper exhibits a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) of a fluid flow through a hydro turbine using flow simulations for the two profiles for given flow rates. CFD is an important tool to determine such conditions using numerical analysis and data structures for fluid flow. An extensive study is conducted as well as numerical studies on a spiral case Francis turbine with a circular and square profile are conducted successfully. The prototype models were prepared on Solid works 2019. We have undertaken a three-dimensional steady simulation using the “flow simulation” feature of Solid works 2019 in order to compute the average flow features as well as inspect the all-round turbine performance.

Published by: Arko Banerjee, Laxmikant SawantResearch Area: Fluid Dynamics

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Hydroelectric Centrifugal Turbine, CFD, Solid works, Flow simulation.

Research Paper

13. Building a decentralized system to optimize the KYC process

This paper aims to develop a reputation-based, decentralized system using Blockchain to optimize the KYC process. The system will aim to optimize the core know-your-customer (KYC) verification process for financial corporations and improve the customer experience by reducing costs and increasing transparency of the data shared. The current KYC process costs more than $500 million for banks, most of which is spent to secure the customer's personal data. In the proposed system, the KYC verification process will only be conducted once for each customer by a validator in the Blockchain, regardless of the number of financial corporations with which that customer intends to work. Owing to Blockchain, the core KYC verification result can be securely shared by the customers with all the financial corporations that they intend to work with. This process produces a gain in efficiency, reduces cost, improves customer experience, and increases transparency throughout onboarding a customer for the financial corporation.

Published by: Rohit Venkatraman, Piyush Aggarwal, Ashish Jha, Dheeraj GuptaResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Blockchain, Proof-of-Reputation, Decentralized Ledger, KYC

Review Paper

14. COVID-19: A new highway for neurodegenerative diseases

It is not very often seen that a pandemic leading towards an epidemic, but here we are discussing how COVID-19 has the potential to trigger neurological disorders. Fascinating evidence demonstrated that COVID-19 infection is capable of modifying the spectrum of the clinical firm where neurological diseases are manifested due to the infection and also are responsible for the development of long-termed diseases. In this review, we will study how there is a latent relationship between COVID-19 and neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease (PD), Alzheimer’s (AD), and multiple sclerosis (MS). Specifically, in multiple sclerosis more than age, neuroimmunology related factors influence the cause of this disease. Various studies have shown an association between neurological disorders and COVID-19. The important viewpoint here is to understand the SARS-CoV-2 causing infection which leads to the development of COVID-19 affecting neuro balance.

Published by: Ruth Bright Chirayath, Amiliya PaulsonResearch Area: Molecular Medicine

Organisation: Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai.Keywords: Covid-19, Neurological Disorders, Alzheimer’s Disorder, Parkinson Disease, Sars-Cov-2, After-Effects of Covid-19

Online paper publication is ongoing for the current issue and authors can submit their paper for this issue until 28th January, 2021.