Volume-5, Issue-3

May-June, 2019

Research Paper

1. Rule based Access control system in cloud based environment

These days, third-party cloud providers maintain Data distribution, Data Backups, and information sharing. So as to minimize the rate of management of the data. On the other hand, Security is the main reason the data backup or data distribution, since third-party maintains the cloud services. In the proposed work, we set up a method using Rule-based access control system which uses AES and RSA amalgamation and with the access control policy to attain a safe data manipulation. Our system is made of some set of cryptographic keys to avoid the involvement of third parties. Our proposed system, we introduce a role base sharing where access control lays in the organization itself, thus we assure with the security and confidentiality of the files that circulate in an organization where no third party involvement was encouraged.

Published by: M. Maheshkumar, C. Sai Hemant, Sk. Aseef Zaddari, A. JothimaniResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Key generation, Confidentiality, Authentication, Data sharing, Cloud storage

Research Paper

2. Stock market prediction using RNN and sentiment analysis

Predicting the stock Price is a challenging task. With an increase in data collection through the internet, data scientists try to extract valid data points for the prediction. However, these data points are one way affecting the stock market. Therefore the prediction for stock market index movements, we use real-time tweets from the twitter using their API and sentiment analysis to predict the stock market moments by correlating them with the Existing data set used to train a recursive neural network model Evaluations on the data from the year 2004 to present upon Bombay stock exchange to demonstrate our model. Hence making the predictions almost accurate.

Published by: Ambati Venkata Malla Reddy, Dinesh Y., Vamsi Krishna, Soundarya MiranamResearch Area: Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: RNN, Twitter, Sentiment analysis, LSTM, BSE, Stock price

Research Paper

3. Overspeed detection with the help of speedbreaker

The main concern of this project is to overcome the road accidents and the safety of the peoples or the family members from road accidents. So to overcome this issue we are working on this project to detect the speed of the vehicles with the help of the ultrasonic system and Arduino board. When the vehicle has come in the range of the ultrasonic system then they start detecting their speed and if their speed has been exceeding from the speed limit of the road then they send the signals to Arduino and the motor turn on the speedbreaker and if the vehicle having in there normal speed then the speedbreaker remains constant.

Published by: Deendayal Joshi, Saurabh Singh, Rishabh KadhalaResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Delhi-NCR campus modinagar GhaziabadKeywords: Overspeed, Ultrasonic system, Speedbreaker

Review Paper

4. Prosthodontics update

Prosthodontists should always update their knowledge as there are many advanced techniques and improved materials are constantly being introduced into the market that improves the quality of treatment and reduces the chair side time. This is a short notes providing information regarding some of the advanced materials and procedures related to Prosthodontics.

Published by: Kondumahanti V. N. Avinash, Ajna Alex, Raja ganeshan, Venkat Raghu, Chiranjeevi reddy, Subash MunireddyResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Impression materials, Denture base materials, Resins


5. Development of shot blasting filter cleaning machine

The purpose of this project is to change the filter cleaning method from manual to auto cleaning, in order to increase the efficiency of the filter in shot blasting machine, to improve the filter life. Presently the filter cleaning of shot blasting machine is carried out manually on a fourth-night basis. The improper collection of dust creates fatal fire accidents as well as hazardous for human health and the environment. As filter cleaning is carried out in an open area which creates Air pollution and Land contamination. This manual filter cleaning method is not safe. The filter cleaning machines are available in the market which did not cost efficient and not as per required standards; it was decided to manufacture it in-house.

Published by: Ashwini Jadhav, Shreya Pujari, Chetanraj PatilResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Cartridge filter, Air cleaning method, Nozzles, Brushes, Pneumatic motor

Research Paper

6. Automated detection of diabetic retinopathy using retinal images

Automatic telemedicine framework for PC helped identification and order of diabetic retinopathy rely upon discovery of retinal sores in fundus pictures amid this paper, a totally exceptional method for programmed location of each small scale aneurysms and hemorrhages in shading fundus pictures is portrayed and substantial. The most commitment is another arrangement of structure alternatives, known as Dynamic structure choices, that don't require exact division of the locales to be ordered. These alternatives speak to the advancement of the structure amid picture flooding and grant to segregate among sores and nerve fragments. The technique is legitimate per-vessels and per pictures utilizing six databases, four of that territory unit in open advertised. It ends up being solid with significance inconstancy in picture goals of the retina, procurement framework. For the Retinopathy Challenge's information in on the web, the technique accomplishes a Free Response beneficiary Operating Characteristics score of 0.420 that positions fourth. Furthermore, for Messidor's data, when identifying pictures of the retina with diabetics, the arranged strategy accomplishes an area beneath the legendary beast bend of zero.899, love the score of human specialists, and it beats dynamic methodologies.

Published by: Mundra Charan Sai, V. S. K. Praveen, V. Teja Reddy, B.S Vidhya SagarResearch Area: CSE

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Diabetic retinopathy, Fundus images

Research Paper

7. Peer-to-peer E-transaction system using blockchain

We create a simple transaction system with Blockchain as the backbone, while making use of Solidity, Node.js, Python and the Kubernetes framework. The resulting system is capable of mining currency, creating wallets and making transactions.

Published by: Abhishek Sundaresan R., Govind K. RajeshResearch Area: Blockchain

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain, Proof of work, double spending, Hyperledger fabric, Proof-of-work


8. Data efficient approaches on deep action recognition in videos

This Method goes for one recently bringing assignment up in a vision and mixed media look into perceiving human activities from still pictures. Its principal challenges lie in the substantial varieties in human stances and appearances, just as the absence of worldly movement data. Tending to these issues, we propose to build up an expressive profound model to normally incorporate human format and encompassing settings for more elevated amount activity understanding from still pictures. Specifically, a Deep Belief Net is prepared to intertwine data from various boisterous sources, for example, body part recognition and item identification. To connect the semantic hole, we utilized physically marked information to significantly improve the strength of the pre-preparing and adjusting phases of the DBN preparing. The subsequent system is appeared to be vigorous to here and there inconsistent sources of info (e.g., loose location of human parts and questions), and beats the best in class approaches.

Published by: K. C. Mithil Teja, Sharmila Agnil, R. Bhargava Ramakrishna, T. Tharunkumar Reddy, A. Harsha KiranResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Input video, Video Frame Separation, Frame image sequence, Background separation, Noise removal, Shape analysis

Research Paper

9. Detection of illegally parked vehicle

Detecting an illegally parked vehicle aims to prevent car crashing between parked and other vehicles. The main objective of this paper is to identify the unauthorized parker who was parked in the private property and notify those owners. Here in this radio detection and ranging (RADAR) systems electromagnetic waves can recognize the speed, range, altitude or direction of objects, either fixed or in motion. This system consists of Arduino microcontroller, ultra-sonic sensor, servo motor, and some java applications to map the electromagnetic waves. This system can be built by connecting the ultrasonic sensors to the Arduino microcontroller’s input/output pins and servo motor is also connected to the Arduino microcontroller pins. Then both ultrasonic sensor and servo motor are clipped over the Arduino microcontroller together so that servo motor can rotate from right to left through an angle of 180. This experiment results show that the proposed framework is efficient and robust to detect an illegally parked vehicle.

Published by: Rishu Suman, Prashant Kumar, Rohit Kumar, Swetha T.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Arduino, Ultrasonic sensor, Illegal parking, RADAR system

Research Paper

10. Morse code translator using Python

Morse code is a process of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones and lights or clicks .if they use a tapping device recipient can understand the message without additional decoding equipment. Morse code is represented by the form of dits and dahs. Here dits refer to dots and dahs refer to dash. Morse code used to transmit only numerals at first. After that, Alfred vail included letters and characters. Morse code can be transmitted by using electric telegraph wire, light, sound, through a different medium in different ways. Tap code is used by American prisoners. Morse code is used for long-distance communication. International Morse code was devised by European nations in 1851. It is the base for the morse code to transmit or receive. Morse code is character encoding and decoding scheme

Published by: Saikumar Kothamasu, Vaibhav Gopinath, RrochishResearch Area: Coding

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: PYTHON, Cipher, Dechiper

Review Paper

11. Survey on identification of blood group by using image processing technique

The blood enlightens us regarding the wellbeing. It conveys critical substances, for example, oxygen to different piece of our body. Subsequently recognition of blood classification is imperative. The blood of human includes the Red platelet, White Blood Cells, Platelets and Plasma. Conventional procedures are utilized by Lab specialists to check cells of blood. In any case, this strategy is so repetitive, expends additional time and prompts the misguided results as a result of human errors. So during Blood transfusion accurate determination of blood type is very importance during emergency situation so in this method a fast, accurate and robust blood group judgement is given by using image processing techniques.

Published by: Pavithra V.Research Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: ABO blood group, Segmentation, Threshold, Histogram

Research Paper

12. Comparison of automated speed breakers with conventional speed breakers

The latest advancement in ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) is modernizing the manner in which we see the world at a quicker rate. Automated speed breaker system is a little introductory or basic environment-friendly ITS tool or device, which utilizes modern-day instrumentality to resolve to the sole purpose of traffic calming. The methodology and it's operating are easy to adapt to, however, it also reduces modern-day issues. This technology can be beneficial or convenient in counterparts world issues like pollution, growing traffic congestion, rise in fuel consumption and outflow of gases (CO and NOx), and safety to the road or street users in a much advance and trouble-less way. The emission of dangerous gases mentioned above by the vehicles has to be minimized and counterpart. These modern lives should adopt and learn to this current technology for a healthy and sustainable living surrounding. In this research, a study on speed behavior (breakers) of different class vehicles (two wheeler, four wheeler, and heavy vehicles) on conventional breaker system and automated breaker system is done; delay on CBS, travel time for both CBS and ABS, fuel consumption and emission rates through vehicles in the heart of Goa (Panjim) and at-last deployment rate of conventional breaker system and automated breaker system was carried out, it was observed that the delay, travel time, fuel consumption and emission rate is more in CBS than that of the ABS, but the deployment cost of ABS was higher than that of CBS.

Published by: Mohit Raj, Prof. S. D. Ghodmare, Rakesh Kumar ChoubeyResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Conventional breaker system and automated breaker system, Delay analysis, Fuel consumption, Fuel emission, Deployment cost

Research Paper

13. Techno-economic feasibility report to reduce carbon footprint of JSPM campus

The basic idea of becoming Carbon Neutral or Carbon Negative is to reduce greenhouse emissions from direct and indirect sources such as electricity, transportation, solid waste, sewage waste, etc. These are potential sources of CO2 emissions which release a large amount of CO2 into the atmosphere. The accumulation of CO2 causes a serious impact on health and the environment. Also, there is a high cost for the generation of electricity which is uneconomical to our college. Following are the tasks which need to be accomplished to become Carbon Neutral: To identify various potential direct or indirect sources of carbon emission in JSPM campus which can be processed on the alternate energy source. •To find out the CO2 equivalent of each identified sources. • Working out on an alternate solution for the identified source within the existing conditions. • To determine the techno-economic feasibility of suggested techniques. This paper discusses the various economical steps to reduce the Greenhouse Gases and they are implemented around the campus. These plans include • ELECTRICITY- Analyze various electrical equipment and find their overall CO2 emissions per year and suggest feasible solutions to reduce the content of CO2 by the installation of solar panels and photovoltaic cells. • VEHICULAR EMISSION- Reduce the vehicular pollution using solutions like carpooling systems within the campus and replacing petrol and diesels by CNG’s. • SEWAGE WASTE- The CO2 emissions can be reduced by various techniques like reducing the BOD of the sewage treatment water.

Published by: Noel Thomas, Rugvedi Wankhade, Tanmay Jade, Amruta Shinde, Sumeet KhiradeResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: JSPM's Imperial College of Engineering and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Carbon emission, Greenhouse gas, Sustainable energy, Carbon neutrality

Research Paper

14. Treatment of sewage waste water using an agricultural waste corn cobs

Corncobs are agricultural wastes obtain in maize cultivation. It is less utilized part of the maize plant. Due to rigidity and their porous structure they can be used as an absorbent. Corncobs are available in large quantity, it may be burnt or given as food for animals. But if corncobs are burnt it causes air pollution which we already saw what happen in Delhi (Capital of India) and if corncobs are given as food to animals, they also not take it as it contains hemicellulose content in it and acts as an obstructing agent in the elementary canal of the animals. So, it is a good idea to use corncobs agricultural waste to treat wastewater. Sometimes they are thrown away but naturally, they take too much time to biodegrade. In this treatment no need of chemicals and electricity. The wastewater can be treated naturally using corn cobs as an absorbent. As corn cobs are cheap, this is more economical treatment. It is also easy and simple to operate. So, it can be adopted in villages also.

Published by: Lalit Pramod Patil, Ruturaj S. Patil, Kranti S. Deore, Gopal A. Vairalkar, Rohan E. Patil, Dr. S. L. PatilResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Shram Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Corncobs, Economical, Natural absorbent, BOD, COD, filter

Research Paper

15. Cloud Computing-The data and analytics innovation

The future of every business rides on its IT architecture and database management. There’s enormous potential hidden in every organization's data, but it is not used to its optimum level. A cloud architecture securely integrates and governs the data and provides greater visibility, control, and insight across the business.

Published by: Farheen AamirResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Notre Dame Academy, Patna, BiharKeywords: Cloud computing, Economies of scale, RaaS, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS

Research Paper

16. Alcoholic sensor to side step drunken driving road accidents

As for the survey done on the drunken and driving accidents are becoming more day by day. To overcome this issue we can initialize the alcoholic sensor and seat belt sensor to the vehicles. If we place an alcoholic sensor in the vehicles that sensors will identify the percentage of alcohol containing in the body and allow the engine too gets starts if the percentage of alcohol is more than the limit ignition will be blocked by the sensor. To sidestep the drunken driving accidents our proposed work may be useful to society. This system is integrating on the alcohol sensor, seat belt sensor with a microcontroller, relay switch and battery. The alcohol sensor used in our project is MQ-3 which detect the presence of alcohol content in human breath. Vehicle ignition system gets power from the battery through a relay switch. The ignition system will operate based on the level of blood alcohol content(BAC)in human breath detected by the alcohol sensor and if the seat belt is not used then the sensor will not allow microcontroller supply power to spark plug.

Published by: PoojaDeep M., Varshini B. N., Syed Salman S, Safir Ahmed M.Research Area: IoT

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: BAC (Blood Alcohol Content)

Research Paper

17. An analytical study of Andhra Pradesh assembly past poll data to predict the outcome of current polls-2019

This study, by analyzing the poll scenario and poll data of the past general elections conducted for the assembly of the state of Andhra Pradesh from the date of its formation, aims at a) predicting outcome of present general elections-2019. b) predicting a number of seats to be won by major parties. A retrospective comparative study was designed on the data pertaining to seat share and vote share of major political parties in all the previously conducted general assembly elections (till 2014) and it was analyzed using linear charts. Three possible outcomes, in the order of probability, were obtained. Poll prediction can be done when past data is analyzed in a methodical way. of course, the validity of prediction awaits the decision of time, as these predictions are done ahead of polling-2019.

Published by: Mahidhar Reddy VenkatapuramResearch Area: Politics And Social

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Andhra Pradesh, Assembly, Polls, Prediction 2019

Research Paper

18. Power factor improvement and torque ripple reduction in BLDC motor

In recent years Brushless DC motors (BLDC) area unit the analysis hot spot in speed exactness and unit applications because of its high responsibleness, easy frame, high potency, quick dynamic response, compact size, low maintenance, etc., Because of electronic commutation, the ripples are generated in the electromagnetic torque and the power factor of the AC mains gets affected due to its operation. The operation of BLDC motors is based on the rotor position sensing using sensors or sensorless scheme. In the proposed work, the performance of the BLDC motor is improved through the reduction of ripples in the electromagnetic torque. A CUK DC-DC converter topology is implemented in this method that reduces the power quality problems and improves the power factor at AC mains. Among different torque minimization techniques, implementation of the Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) gives better performance in the efficiency as well as smoother distortion less stator current. So it is implemented in this work to reduce the torque ripples. From the simulation results, it is observed that the efficiency of the motor is improved by power factor correction and torque ripples reduction.

Published by: Geetha T., Dr. S. ChitraResearch Area: Electrical Machines

Organisation: Government College of Technology , CoimbatoreKeywords: Brushless Direct Current motor (BLDC), Multilevel Inverter (MLI), Back EMF, Power Factor Corrected (PFC), Power quality, Voltage Source Inverter (VSI).

Survey Report

19. Targeted advertising using Google Map

The rapid growth of the social network has led to making availability in customer tastes and preferences. This data can be exploited to serve the customers better and offer them the advertisements they would be glad to see. To provide a relevant advertisement to consumers, one has to consider the location of the consumer as well. The consumers will highly contend if the offers shown to them are easily accessible in nearby areas. Advertisements have become today’s most direct marketing channel that provides information and discount offers about products to customers and allow marketers to reach a precise goal by creating campaigns. Making these Ads location-specific would not only render them more relevant but also personalized and targeted to a specific audience. Mobile in-app advertising is growing in popularity. While these ads have excellent user-tracking properties through mobile device GPS, they have raised concerns among privacy advocates. There is an ongoing debate on the value of different types of mobile targeting, the incentives of ad-networks to engage in behavioral targeting and share user-data with advertisers, and the role of regulation.

Published by: Priyanka Rahate, Monika Patil, Vrushali BhamareResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering, Dombivli, MaharashtraKeywords: Targeted, Advertisement, Data mining, Marketing, Location

Research Paper

20. Utilization of industrial wastes for co-processing in cement production reducing environmental impacts

Rapid industrialization in the State of Gujarat is increasing the tremendous amount of industrial wastes for disposal. Secured landfill (TSDF) is a safe and economical disposal method which requires very fewer efforts to generators. In another side, the cement industry is an intensive consumer of natural material resources, energy and also has great potential for pollution besides greenhouse gas emission. Proper utilization of industrial wastes as an alternate fuel and raw materials can decrease the environmental impacts lowering the consumption of natural materials and energy considerably. Further, utilization of wastes as AFR seems more economical to the generator as the cost of disposal at TSDF is almost zero and also for cement plant as it reduces costs towards mineral mined materials consumption & energy requirements.

Published by: Dipali Tank, Dhwani JoshiResearch Area: Environment

Organisation: Aadishwar College of Engineering and Technology- Venus Swarnim Startup and Innovation University, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: Waste, Co-processing, Utilization, Cement, TSDF

Research Paper

21. MediSmart: Better health with IoT based med box

Multiple surveys indicate that about 65% of Adults are elderly people and are suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes, cholesterol, arthritis, osteoporosis, dementia, blindness, Alzheimer and so on. Also, the youngsters have fallen prey to the busy and hectic lifestyle. This busy lifestyle has made them forget to take their medicines on time, which is essential for their healthy recovery from their diseases. MediSmart proposes a solution to this distress. It is a smart, IoT based medicine or pillbox that reminds its patient to take their medicines on time with some additional features.

Published by: Vaibhavi G. Raut, Tanaya Patil, Praparna Moharana, Shantanu Ghanekar, Swati A. JoshiResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Healthcare, Medicine box, Arduino, Wi-Fi, Alert system (or medicine reminder), Android app, SOS button

Research Paper

22. Anticancer activity of Nyctanthes Arbortristis

Nyctanthes arbotristis is a medicinal plant found in South Asia and Southeast Asia. .It was revealed that the plant exhibits various pharmacological activities because of the presence of secondary metabolites compounds. It exhibits different pharmacological activities like anticancer, antipyretic, antihistaminic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral and antifungal activities have been reported. This present review compiles the different phytochemical compounds and pharmacological activities reported so far by this plant in a comprehensive manner.

Published by: David BenefitResearch Area: B. Pharmacy

Organisation: Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: N arbotristis, DPPH, Arborsides A

Review Paper

23. Noxious effect of preservatives

Food is an important source of energy like carbohydrates, proteins which are required for the survival and to perform cellular activities by an organism. Due to the urban lifestyle, the demand for processed food has rapidly increased. Since food can’t be stored for a longer period of time, natural or synthetic class of food additives called preservatives are added intentionally in limited quantities to increase the shelf life of food by preventing the growth of micro- organism. Since all organisms are structurally and functionally inter connected these food preservatives have an harmful effect on human after prolonged exposure.

Published by: Aaishwarya Srinivasan IyerResearch Area: Pharmaceutics

Organisation: SRM College of Pharmacy, Kanchipuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Preservatives, Ill effects

Research Paper

24. Tracing the original source of FMCG-SCM using Blockchain

Fast Moving Consumer Goods come a long way from the production of their raw materials to finally being bought by the end user, i.e. the customer. Their Supply Chain Management is a tedious task and doesn’t really provide you with an auditable trail. The source and thus the quality of the product raises few questions. The paperwork involved in this leads to days of auditing for even a small discrepancy arising in the whole SCM. One of the obvious solutions to this is the digitalization of the whole process. But that still doesn’t stop it from getting tampered. The truth still poses a question with the quality of the product being consumed by the end user. Adding another level of surety is only possible by ensuring that the data is not tampered with during the whole supply chain of the product. This is only possible by having a blockchain to moderate the whole process. This will not only make sure that the data regarding the product is true to its point but also make the auditing easy and fast in case of any discrepancy. Few western countries have already implemented blockchain for the products which require high quality throughout the supply chain. Since the type of supply chains vary and data privacy is required in some stages between different parties, private blockchains are preferred in such scenarios to create that balance between truth auditability and data privacy.

Published by: Shiwam Dixit, Rajat Rawat, Rohan Chougule, Shivam Singh, Anup KadamResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Army Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Blockchain, FMCG, Source truth auditability, Supply Chain Management

Research Paper

25. Fabrication and experimental setup of manually operated sprayer trolley

The population of India is increasing rapidly in order to fulfill their diet & needs, the production of foods must be increased. But this must come at affordable to everyone. In India farming is done by traditional ways beside that there has been larger development of industry and service sector as compared to that of agriculture sector. To mechanization of agriculture in India some equipment has been developed. The pesticide sprayer is one among them and it is done by traditional farm workers by carrying backpack type sprayer, which requires human effort or by using electric pump. To improve the agriculture system and to reduce the human effort and problems associated with the backpack sprayer new equipment is fabricated which will be beneficial to farmers. Mechanical operated sprayer trolley simply uses kinematic link to convert the kinetic energy to oscillating energy for reciprocating motion of pump. In this system no use of any external energy such as electrical, engine, any renewal energy etc. Also minimize the wastage pesticide and time.

Published by: Sanjay Sain, Ankit Kumar Sain, Hemant Sharma, Vikash Kumar, Lokendra Singh Shekhawat, Shubham Verma, Jaiprakash BhamniyaResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Sri Balaji College of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Kinematics principle, Pressure gauge, Sprayer nozzles


26. Project management study on metro tunneling project- A case study on BKC metro project

The primary aim of the study was to identify the risks involved in the “Line-III” of the metro project in Mumbai. A comprehensive evaluation was done based on a literature review of similar projects, government reports and finally site visit including a comprehensive interview of several teams. Some of the biggest risks include land acquisition, seasonal problems (monsoon), the safety of nearby buildings, manpower allocation. Thorough analysis and interview helped in identifying sixteen risks in total and then they were subjected to Risk Break Down structure where each of the risks was categorized and its impact and likelihood were determined. Then all of the identified risks were subjected to Impact- Likelihood matrix and risk register were developed. Primarily four risks i.e Clearance from nearby buildings (PAP), Geological Changes in specific radius of the project, Drainage/ Waterlogging, Fire hazard were lying in the red zone of the matrix which suggests that these were the risk that needs proper mitigating strategies first followed by other risks. Diamond analysis of the project based on interviews showed in terms of “novelty” the project could be termed “platform” as new technology like NATBM (New Australian Tunnel Boring Machine) was used but no radical technology was used in the project, in terms of “technology” it was “high-tech”, in terms of “complexity” it could be termed as “systems” as the project involved unique challenges which were resolved by some adaptive approaches, for “pace” the project was “time-critical” as any delay in the overall completion of the project would have resulted in overall increase in cost. Interviews were taken first to identify the risks associated with the project and then to find out the quantitative nature of each question. Thematic analysis of the interview was done and eight prominent themes were identified and then they were subjected to analysis. Scale wise analysis of the questions was done to quantify the qualitative approach of interviews. Overall the project was an innovative one where several risks were involved and there were properly mitigated/ transferred. New technology was used to overcome the unique risks associated with the underground tunneling process. Safety was given top priority in the site as well as the execution approaches used in the project.

Published by: Arnab Sarkar, B. K. R. Naik, V. B. KhanapuriResearch Area: Construction (Project Management)

Organisation: National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Tunneling, NTCP, Thematic analysis, Risk breakdown structure, Impact-likelihood matrix, Risk register

Research Paper

27. To study the impact of digital marketing on purchase decision of youth in Nagpur City

Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium. It is the use of the channels to reach the desired target market via some of the following channels such as social media, websites, multimedia advertising, online search engine advertisement, E-marketing, interactive marketing (polls, the game adds, mobile marketing), etc. Customers of online shopping are delighted with prompt delivery and flawless payment mechanisms building trust in consumers. Online retailers are now pushing a larger number of categories such as electronics and white goods. In these emerging models, intangible assets such as relationships, knowledge, people, brands, and systems are taking center stage.

Published by: Ujjwal Bokde, Dr. Subramaniam SeshanResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Datta Meghe Institute of Management Studies, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Digital, Marketing, Purchase, Decision, Youth, Impact


28. Monitoring and analysis of water purification using pH sensor in rural areas

Water is the most important part of our daily life. In rural areas, people are facing so many health problems such as diarrhea, Arsenicosis, Amoebiasis, etc. In this paper, we proposed the monitoring and analysis of water purification using a pH sensor in rural areas. We considered a dam with 3 channels and placed a pH sensor in each of the channels which measure the pH value of each channel water. If the impure water is flowing through the channel will be closed automatically. A Blynk software is used to represent the detected pH value of each channel which is real-time values. Whenever pH 7 is detected the same information represented using charts in Blynk software.

Published by: Natturi Hinduja, Meghashri E. M., Havisha Amulya P., Gayathri A. R., Kruthi H. N.Research Area: Water Resources

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blynk (software), Arduino

Case Study

29. Experimental study on sewage sludge ash in stone matrix asphalt

In our country one of the major distresses is due to the rain induced damages. It is a well established fact in developed countries that the water induced damages are expected to be less in a gap graded mix like stone matrix asphalt than traditional mixes. But application of SMA in India is very limited due to lack of proper specifications. Now a days, synthetic fibers, polymers are used as stabilizing additives in SMA. Here Sewage Sludge Ash (SSA) is used in Replacement of expensive imported synthetic fibers and polymer additives with renewable/waste material in SMA is an environmental necessity. Here, a study on the impact of waste material as addictives in Stone Matrix asphalt and their role in the volumetric and drain down characteristics of the mixture is proposed. Emphasis is also given to assess the effect of water immersion on the performance of SMA mixture with different additives. In the present study 60/70 penetration grade bitumen is used as binder and polymers are used as stabilizing additive. In this research sewage sludge ash as filler in SMA and their role to study the drain down characteristics of SMA at OBC and Marshall stability test to evaluate the stability and flow values when SSA is added as filler to OBC and OAC.

Published by: K. Jaswanth, B.P.R.V.S. PriyathamResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Tirumala Engineering College, Narasaraopet, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA), Sewage Sludge Ash (SSA), Optimum Bitumen Content (OBC) And Optimum Additive Content (OAC), Marshall stability test, Drain down test

Research Paper

30. Comparative study on strength and economy of conventional and high-performance concrete using crushed sand and river sand

The concrete which incorporates wastes and is environment-friendly is called as green concrete. Green concrete is a revolutionary concept in the history of the construction industry. Concrete is an eco- friendly material and the overall impact on the environment per ton of concrete is limited. The paper focuses on the aspect of choosing a material for green concrete. It presents the feasibility of using fly ash, quarry dust, marble powder, plastic waste, and recycled concrete and masonry as aggregates in concrete. The use of fly ash and stone quarry dust in concrete contributes to a reduction in bad environmental repercussions. To avoid the pollution and reuse of waste material, the present study is carried out by completely replacing natural sand in concrete by stone quarry dust and undergoing strength and economical perspectives of concrete and especially in high-performance concrete.

Published by: Akshay KambleResearch Area: Construction Management

Organisation: Bhivarabai Sawant College of Engineering and Research, Narhe, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Green concrete, Super plast RMP-1, Stone quarry dust, Compression tests, Contingencies, Pozzocrete, High performance concrete

Review Paper

31. Infection control

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) are a major global safety concern for both patients as well as healthcare professionals. Many factors promote infection among hospitalized patients – decreased immunity among patients; increasing variety of medical procedures and invasive techniques creating potential routes of infection; and the transmission of the drug-resistant bacteria among the crowded hospital populations where poor infection control practices can facilitate transmission. Dental care providers, in particular, are also at an increased risk as they are providing care by working with sharp instruments at very high speeds and limited access in an environment that is bathed in saliva and, in many instances, blood. Dental care professionals are at high risk of cross-infection while treating patients. The dental clinic is an environment where dis¬ease transmission occurs easily. Prevention of cross-infection in the dental clinic is, therefore, a crucial aspect of the dental practice, and dental clinic workers must adopt certain basic routines while practicing.

Published by: Dr. Ankita Singh, Dr. Anuradha P., Dr. Manu Narayan, Dr. Sahana S., Dr. Sugandha Agarwal, Dr. Shweta SinghResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Infection Control, Hospital acquired infection, Infection transmission, Sterilization

Research Paper

32. Analysis of traffic characteristics of intercity highway

Majority of Indian National Highways and State Highways are two-lane roads. Due to heterogeneous traffic and increase in the number of vehicles every year, the speed, capacity and Percentile speed of these roads is very less. Nowadays these two-lane roads are upgraded into multilane highways. In this project an attempt is made to study the changes in traffic characteristics of road after its up gradation. Four traffic characteristics namely Spot Speed, Volume, Percentile Speed and Capacity are studied in this project. Data was collected from National Highway No. 361 which was two-lane road and is now up graded into four-lane road. The data of two-lane road and four-lane road was compared and analysed. Spot Speed is used to derive the distribution of traffic stream at a particular location. Flow or volume denotes the number of vehicles travelling on the road with respect to time. 15th, 50th, 85th percentile speed was calculated to study the traffic behaviour on road. Capacity was calculated by using Greenshield’s model.

Published by: Ashutosh Kale, Sanket SanghaiResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Heterogeneous, Speed, Flow, Capacity, Percentile speed, Density.

Research Paper

33. A new access control for multi-authority cloud storage

Storing data using cloud storage is a new trend with tons of features like availability, large network access, on-demand self-service etc. To access the data there is multiple access control scheme, but selecting the secure access control scheme is a major concern in cloud storage. In this paper, we presented a PMDAC-ABSC, an access control scheme for data which is based on ciphertext policy ABSC which is an analytical combination of attribute-based encryption and attribute-based signature. The proposed system can provide anonymous authentication, confidentiality, unforgeability, public verifiability, a fined-grained control measure and attribute privacy protection in a multi-authority cloud storage system.

Published by: Gouthama Thejaswi, Pavan Kumar A. S., R. Bharath, Tejaswini E., Venkatesh K. M.Research Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Attribute based encryption, Confidentiality, Attribute privacy, Fine grain control measure

Research Paper

34. The impact of taxi zoning on transportation system in Nagpur city

A taxi zoning system was for the first time introduced by the Derg region about 20 years ago. The Nagpur taxi transport service, which is believed to have begun from 2012 to 2016 with small cars has gone through various stages and systems before it reached the current level. The authorities of transport confirmed many times in the past that, the existing public transport system in Nagpur is critically inadequate to provide services for the existing travel demand. The overall performance of mass transport was constrained by many problems such as low transport service accessibility and standard, lack of taxi station, parking spaces and poor traffic management and control have remained the most critical issues to day. The need for adequate transport services has been kept on growing. This study investigates the reason which assesses the need to zone the taxi service in Nagpur city and the impact will result from the zoning in service delivery in the city. Structured questionnaire and survey interview have been prepared and targeted to three categories, control staff which includes a transport agency, traffic police, taxi association. The second category includes taxi drivers, terminal attendants, and third category include service users or passengers that use a taxi as the main mode in the southwest zone. The descriptive and exploratory research methods, quantitative research methods are employed to study the information gained from the structured questionnaire and interview questions. The collected data were classified, organized, and interpreted by using descriptive statistics including tables, frequency distributions, and percentages to give a digested picture of the data. The analysis of the data showed that taxi zoning transport service in Nagpur city may fail to achieve its purpose as stakeholders do not have any training concerning to system, there is a problem of implementation and it is also noted that 65 percent of mode share for two-wheelers contribute in the city, population is expected to grow annually by 3.8 percent, taxi drivers gain much more extra income when they cut trips, especially during rush hours, about 66.6 percent of respondents replied that they could not find taxi easily and most of the respondents say that inside facilities of taxi are not comfortable for customers. This study will help the taxi service industry to develop and design their future market strategy.

Published by: Gurpreet Singh Sandhu, S. D. GhodmareResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Taxi zoning, Taxi service, Consumer satisfaction level, Taxi service

Review Paper

35. A review- Development of fragility curves for an RC frames

Structural elements square measure typically subjected to dynamic loadings in their operating life. Very often these components may have to perform in a severe dynamic environment wherein the maximum damage results from the resonant vibration. Susceptibility to fracture of materials because of vibration is set from stress and frequency. The maximum amplitude of the vibration should be within the restricted for the protection of the structure. Hence vibration analysis has become very important in designing a structure to know in advance its response and to take necessary steps to control the structural vibrations and its amplitudes. The non-linear or large amplitude flexural vibration of plates has received considerable attention in recent years because of the great importance and interest attached to the structures of low flexural rigidity. These easily deformable structures vibrate at large amplitudes. The solution obtained supported the lineage models give no over a primary approximation to the particular solutions. The increasing demand for more realistic models to predict the responses of elastic bodies combined with the availability of super computational facilities has enabled researchers to abandon the linear theories in favor of non-linear methods of solutions. In the present investigation, large amplitude vibration of several rectangular and skew plates has been studied using an iso-parametric quadratic plate bending element for the finite element method. The formulations have incorporated the shear deformation of the plates. Plates with various boundary conditions have been considered in the study. The effect of variations in the Poisson’s ratio, thickness parameter & plate aspect ratio on the non-linear frequency ratio has also been included in the research.

Published by: Shivakant Awasthi, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Fragility curve, RC frame

Research Paper

36. Driver behaviour and traffic issues

The main investigation of this study is: to identify driver mistakes they make and driving behavior which depends on a questionnaire, which may cause traffic fatalities and highlight their effect on traffic safety. Also, to develop traffic accidents regression prediction models. The propose is to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic accidents. All the analysis depends on the questionnaire by using SPSS software to predict accident rates and compare the results with the model reports developed in Chichbhavan to Buttibori. The data for this study was collected from a survey questionnaire which was distributed to a sample of drivers in Chichbhavan to Buttibori. The data from the survey questionnaire were analyzed and used in forming the regression models. It was found that the driver’s behavior is considered aggressive, in the first part of the study is to identify the behavior of driver and second part is to frequency and percentage of the coefficient of determination. In conclusion, aggressive behavior increases the chance of exposure to accidents.

Published by: Hitesh Patel, Vishal GajghateResearch Area: Civil Engineer

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Driver behaviour, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences

Research Paper

37. Effects of non-motorized vehicles on urban Indian roads

Abstract- The aim of the study is to improve the roads conditions in Nagpur City. For study purpose, four areas of Nagpur city are selected where the flow of Non-Motorized Vehicles (NMV) is high. The survey was taken on Non-motorized user perception about safety, visibility, crossing, comfort, convenience. The survey was done by asking questions to non-motorized users and their view was collected as data, and analysis was done in MS Excel. Further by using the Inverse Variance Method, the value of the Bicycle Compatibility Index (BCI) is found. With the help of BCI, each road Level of Service (LOS) is known. Further, the Improvements measures with suggestions are discussed in this paper for proper planning and designing of roads for Non-Motorized Transport (NMT).

Published by: Meena Pawar, B. V. KhodeResearch Area: Civil Enineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Non-motorised vehicles, Bicycle compatibility index, Level of service, Non-motorized transport

Review Paper

38. A review- Self-supported steel chimney as per Indian standard

For the foremost half as a bunch logical intoxicate fireplaces square measure tall structures ordinarily roundabout cross-segments. These lean, on a bit scale, damped structures have met all needs to fast breeze left shaking. The pure mathematics of an independent encourage hearth demonstrates a suited half in its auxiliary wonder below horizontal mighty stacking. This is often what's coming back to 1 to pure mathematics is lead factors for the twinge parameters of the fireside. At whole value, the measurements of recent independent solace chimney, an excellent as pitch, size at coming out, and then forth. Square measure faithfully discharged from the connected atmospheric condition. To pronounce a desired developing short mode gem waiting to be discovered mentality (IS-6533: 1989 half 2) applying all criteria on the pure mathematics (top-to-base traverse proportion and tallness to-base traverse proportion) of encouraging smokestacks. The capability of the arranged it at stake state of affairs is to know one thing the only criteria by as a bunch of with regard to essential measurements of mechanical empower hearth. Summation of sixty-six numbers self-weighted let the daylight in scattered unlined stacks by the complete of contradictory best to-base degree proportion and stature to-base traverse proportion was scratch for this investigation. The extent of the stack was continued persistent for by an enormous told the cases. the foremost extreme bowing bat of a watch and fight for all the fireplaces were predestinating for hanging breeze surfeit regarding the methodology assumptive in IS 6533: 1989 (Part 2) by means that of MathCAD programming. Likewise, the outcomes were confirmed by the complete of the restricted institution check by the organization of business programming ANSYS. Essential breeze facilitates of 210 km/h which weaken beach front Orissa introduction goes to be for these estimations. Most extreme base camp minutes and connected energize stresses were planned as a field of best to-base thickness proportion and stature to-base thickness proportion. The outcomes no-inheritable from this investigation do not concur with the code criteria.

Published by: Nagendra Singh, Satish PariharResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Self-weighted energize stove, Intense breeze, Vortex shedding, Geometry Limitations, Reverberation, and critical speed

Research Paper

39. E-Farming: Digital generation of soil health card

The main objective of this project is building a website which will help Indian farmers to make effective cultivation by providing up-to-date information. As in this website, a farmer can see their SOIL HEALTH CARD anywhere and anytime. Secondly, it also helps the govt. to save their money by posting the cards to the farmer. This website will also help the farmers to know about the number of different chemicals they can use for their crops and to know about their soil fertility. This website will give farmers all kind of information about different crops. The E-FARMING system provides its users to get online information about, the crop, statistical details, and new tendencies. The main features of the information system include information retrieval facilities for users from anywhere in the form of obtaining statistical information about fertilizer, research institutes, and researches, suitable soil concentration for the corresponding crops and etc.

Published by: SahilResearch Area: E-Farming

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: E-Farming, Soil health card, Website

Review Paper

40. Promoting quality culture in HEIs

Developing, sustaining and enhancing quality culture is the responsibility of any institution. NAAC is an External Quality Agency while IQAC is an Internal Quality Agency. Both need to be balanced. Besides seven criteria, NAAC lays emphasis upon core values, assessment indicators for accreditation. The purpose of this exploration is to analyze the assessment indicators for quality culture in the context of Higher Education. Quality is not accidental, but it is the outcome of continuous and strenuous efforts for excellence. Quality cannot be taught. It has to be ingrained just as a sponge soaks the water. Developing, promoting and sustaining the quality culture is the responsibility of an institution. Higher Education is an instrument for change and development. Higher Education can provide highly skilled manpower, it can contribute to the accentuation of class differences in society. It can also contribute to the quality of life by developing virtues, aptitudes, and attitudes of human society. We, who are in charge of the institutions have to create an atmosphere where the potential of every individual can be put to use to its best level. That is the role and the challenge before the teacher. We must remember “time and tide waits for none” Hence, there is no time for us to lose. It is not difficult for us to see what goals today are worthy of striving. What is needed is not only choice but also faith, not only selection but also devotion, not only well-reasoned discrimination but also dedication.

Published by: Dr. Vilas B. DhoneResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Higher education, Accountability, Quality, Benchmarks

Review Paper

41. Theft detection system using wireless smart energy meter

Nowadays electricity meter reading and billing is conducted manually by a door-to-door system. This system requires large man power and is time and energy consuming. The theft of electricity is a major concern of the transmission and distribution losses in the supply of electricity. To overcome these limitations a prototype module smart energy meter reading system is proposed which includes advanced wireless technology called “ZIGBEE”. In this system, time delay, errors, and theft of electricity is reduced. The Zigbee technology works at low frequency, low data rate hence it is preferred more and its cost is also less. Wireless Electric Meter is used for remote collection of unit count and sending the bill on the consumer's meter screen. Wireless automatic meter reading technology not only saves human resources but improves the accuracy and remote access of a meter. The consumers are no more dependent on conventional power. The proposed meter calculates the net bill, units consumed and theft detection is displayed on the LCD screen. Keywords: Zigbee, man power, smart energy meter.

Published by: Anubha Bapu Deshmukh, Vandana MalodeResearch Area: ME

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Zigbee, Manpower, Smart energy meter

Research Paper

42. Effect of vehicle characteristics and road geometric interface on capacity of roads

India is the nation with heterogeneous traffic condition and the increasing population day to day, this reduces the capacity of roads. The capacity of the roads is affected by the road geometric condition, driver’s behavior and the traffic condition on the roads. In the following study, the effects of road geometry and vehicle characteristic are seen on the capacity of roads. The study was done on the urban roads of Nagpur, Maharashtra. The roads taken in the study are of different types with different geometric conditions, which are analyzed by their conditions and dimensions of the roads. The second phase of the study deals with vehicular characteristics. The proportion of each type of vehicles has its own effect on the capacity of the roads. The speed of the vehicles is also an important factor for finding capacity. As the traffic in India is heterogeneous the Passenger Car Unit (PCU) is used for calculating the capacity of roads. The regression models are used to find the results of the proportional effects of vehicles and vehicle/speed on the capacity. The final capacity of the roads is done with the Greenshields model. The estimation of capacity is done from the linear equation generated by Greenshields model. And then results are compared with the result obtained from the regression model to find the effects of the roads.

Published by: Shubham Dakhane, V. K. GajghateResearch Area: Civil Enineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Capacity, Geometric condition, Traffic condition, Vehicle characteristic, Heterogeneous, Passenger Car Unit, Regression models, Greenshields model

Research Paper

43. Study on accidental risk analysis and preventive measures for road safety

Through comprehensive road safety plans have been formulated which focus on education, enforcement measures and emergency care, there is a lack of sound and rational engineering measures to improve the road safety in our country. This paper aims to analyse, evaluate and identify effective road safety treatment measures for a rural national highway. The study area will be the outer ring road and NH-44 connecting Hingna T Point Bus Stop to Chinch Bhavan Bus Stop. Accident data of past 4 years will be collected for the analysis. Basic aim of this study will be articulate, carry out complete analysis of crash data, and identify the critical stretch in the national highway which would require immediate safety improvements. Critical sketch is identified. This could aid the highway safety audits in country for identifying specific regions in national highways depending upon the geometric element which is aimed to improve as part of safety improvement programs.

Published by: AvinashKaur Khalsa, Dr. P.Y. PawadeResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Crash causes, Road safety, Road traffic accidents

Research Paper

44. Optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop and column head

A reinforced concrete slab is supported directly by concrete columns without the use of beams. Flat slabs are highly versatile elements widely used in construction, providing minimum depth, fast construction and allowing flexible column grids. In this work, an attempt is made for optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop panel is according to the IS code method. The objective function is the total cost of the structure including the cost of the slab, drop and columns. The cost of each structural element covers that of materials (steel, concrete). In this work, a program in MATLAB was written for a flat slab with a drop by direct design method. Using this MATLAB program parameter optimization process is done for different span in both the directions. From this optimization, it is found that the cost of a flat slab decreases as the number of span increases by keeping the total length of the slab as constant.

Published by: Dhivyabharathi K., Dr. C. SubramanianResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Optimum design, Flat slab, IS Code, Drop panel, Design variables

Review Paper

45. A review on “Study the performance of outrigger system under seismic loads”

High-rise structures in high seismic zones are subjected to earthquake forces, where the building performance is weakest in storey displacement and storey drift. Many types of research have adopted various techniques to improve the performance of high rise building. These techniques include the provision of core shear wall, bracing systems, dampers, etc. these techniques are able to reduce storey displacement to some extent, but the storey drift is the constraint was the performance of building weakens. This constraint makes the research work to adopt the technique of outrigger as an ancient technique used to reduce the vibration of the structure under the seismic shake. Hence, in this paper, a review of literature is studied to check the performance of the outriggers structural system in high rise building under seismic regions. The outrigger location and depth play an important role in the performance of the building. It is also observed that the outrigger structural system along with the core system reduces storey displacement up to some extent, but helps to reduce storey drift within the limit.

Published by: Saurabh Anil Yelmame, Dayanand P. JoshiResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: High rise building, Outriggers, Depth, Seismic performance, Storey displacement, Storey drift

Research Paper

46. Geometric design of highway using Civil 3D

It is essential to plan and design the road with safe, efficient, economic and easy for the movement of traffic and collect the details of different studies. Geometric design plays a major role in every road and it is weighty in the road alignment. AutoCAD Civil 3D is a software application used by civil engineers and professionals to plan and design the projects. This paper lavishes on a total geometric design of road using AutoCAD Civil 3D software. AutoCAD Civil 3D associate design and production drafting, greatly reducing the time it takes to implement design changes and assess multiple sets of circumstances. Although there are a number of factors influences on the design of highway, the suitable geometric design having the objective of giving optimum efficiency in traffic operation with contentment safety measures at a reasonable cost.

Published by: Manoj Mandal, Dr. Prashant Pawade, Prashant SandelResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Design speed, Topography and cross-section elements

Research Paper

47. Experimental and analytical study on flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete hollow beams

This paper presents details of the studies carried out on flexural behavior of Hollow Core RC Beams with different core depths. As concrete is weak in tension, steel reinforcements are provided in this zone. The concrete is below the neutral axis act as a stress transfer medium between the compression and tension zone. However, in RC beams strength of concrete lying in and near the neutral axis is not fully utilized. So this un-utilized concrete is removed by replacing with any lightweight material. The experimental program consists of casting and testing of RC beams of size 100mm X200mmX2200mm with a hollow core in different diameter of PVC pipes like 12mm, 20mm, 30mm, 50mm from the top near Neutral axis. To study the flexural behavior, all beams are tested by two-point loading. The performance of Hollow Core Beams under flexure by using an analytical method (ANSYS) as well as Experimental method. It shows Ultimate cracking load is more for hollow sections when compared with Solid Beam.

Published by: Ranjithkumar M., Dr. S. R. SumathyResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Neutral axis, Hollow reinforced concrete beam, Light-weight material, Flexural behavior

Research Paper

48. Potential of polythene usage in concrete

We as humans are living on the verge of declination because of the excess usage of plastics in our daily life. The construction world keeps on working in innovate ways in order to reduce the work load of the construction units. Plastics, a very important material that was being invented but this has to lead us to many problems like disposal, recycling, etc. the safe treatment of such thing or material is a great challenge to humans and its safe disposal is very challenging. Since this plastic led to a different type of pollution and these problems can be reduced by the usage of plastics in construction. Plastics have the potential to improve the properties of concrete like compressive strength, tensile strength, etc.

Published by: Ankush Kumar Shukla, Dr. S. G. Makarande, Vaibhav KalmeghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bapurao Deshmukh College of Engineering, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Concrete, Tensile strength, Compressive strength, Pollution

Research Paper

49. Experimental study: Alccofine as strength enhancer for geopolymer concrete

Concrete is the most consumptive material after water in the world because of its strength and durability. But the production of cement depends on natural resources and emits a huge amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. For the sustainable environment and to reduce the global warming caused by the carbon dioxide emitted by the cement industry new substitutes which are eco-friendly is the need of the hour. Geopolymer concrete also is known as green concrete or cementless concrete produced by 100% replacement of cement with the waste product obtained from the industries. Geopolymer concrete uses fly ash, slag, and rice husk as a binder which is a substitute for conventional concrete. In present work, the different trail mixtures with variation in Alccofine were prepared to check the workability, compressive strength and permeability of Geopolymer concrete. Variation in content of Alccofine is done as 0%, 10%, 20%, 25% and 30%. As arccosine is an admixture which is micro-fine in its structure, so it may affect the fresh and hardened properties of Geopolymer concrete. In the study, results show that with increase in content of Alccofine up to 25% the significant increase in the compressive strength of concrete can be gained.

Published by: Prince Goyal, Dr. Rakesh Kumar Singla, Palvinder KaurResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Giani Zail Singh Campus College of Engineering and Technology, Bathinda, PunjabKeywords: Geopolymer concrete, Fly ash, Alccofine


50. Prediction of building structure age using machine learning

Determining the service life of building structure is a critical step for the evaluation of maintenance of the building. If the service life of a building is known then proper maintenance and refurbishment steps can be taken. Previous studies focused only on physical obsolescence whereas new concept focused on other new six criteria. The objective of this paper is to use the entire six criteria for the evaluation of obsolescence for the prediction of the age of building a structure using machine learning. A prediction model for predicting age is developed by combining the six obsolescence criteria, absolute weights, diagnostic scores, and machine learning. As obsolescence is predicted using all six criteria, the manual calculation is reduced to provide more accuracy. This prediction model has built using python language, Django as a framework and PyCharm IDE. To make this prediction system more adaptable the website is created and hosted on webhost000.com by combining prediction model and UI of the website which displays the predicted age for respective diagnostic scores. Hence predicting age is useful for taking actions to prevent future degradation.

Published by: Neha Mahajan, Darshana Patil, Apurva Kotkar, Kumud WasnikResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Service life, Obsolescence, Diagnostic scores, Prediction model, PyCharm IDE, Django, Adaptable

Research Paper

51. Awareness level of beneficiaries with respect to the concepts and services of Sanjeevini – A study of Mysuru District

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM - Sanjeevini) – Aajeevika was launched on 3rd June 2011. The Mission has the mandate to reach out about 100 million rural poor households in 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats across the country. The program is being implemented in Karnataka state and Mysore district is one of the five National Rural Livelihood Project areas. Facilitating sustainable livelihood opportunities and encouraging them to come out of poverty is the focus. The study based on primary data collected from four blocks of Mysore district. The multistage sampling frame used to gather the data from beneficiaries. The study consists of 400 beneficiaries, data collected during 2017-18. It was found in the study that out of 400 respondents only 116 respondents were aware of all the benefits available in Sanjeveni programme. The other findings have also inferred that the National Rural Livelihood Mission (Sanjeevini) has not succeeded in generating awareness about the scheme and its benefits among its own Self Help Group members completely. The author further found that Majority of them have been part of the groups for accessing the credit facilities. Making NRLM as the livelihood mission in Karnataka is still a distant dream as the current results highlight only credit and thrift activities. Livelihood promotional activities have required to be paced up.

Published by: Basavaraju R., T. M. MaheshResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Institute of Development Studies, University of Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Livelihood, Rural development, Self help group, Micro credit, NRLM

Research Paper

52. Cost optimization of highway, urban and rural facility using sustainable material

In this paper, an experiment of replacement of sand with quarry dust for compressive strength, workability of concrete and cost comparison is done for cost-effectiveness in construction. In this study, there are three basic mix design considered (M20, M30, M40) and partially replacement with 20,50,80 and 100 percentage of quarry dust. It is very beneficial and economical for the replacement of natural sand with quarry dust. In this study, it was observed that when Sand is replaced by Dust the compressive strength was found to be increased. The cost of construction is also reduced by a reasonable percentage.

Published by: Ravindra Pandey, Akshay A. Gulghane, Dr. B. V. KhodeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Concrete, Slump value, Workability, Crushing strength, Natural sand, Quarry dust, Cost analysis

Research Paper

53. Division and replication of data for cloud security

Re-appropriating data to a pariah legitimate control performed in conveyed figuring offers ascend to security concerns. The information bargain can happen because of cloud-based assaults by malignant clients. Raised security frameworks are in this way required to ensure the information in the cloud. It's the commitment of a focal information distributor to gather delicate information from numerous gatherings and after that before distributing for information mining, make it mysterious. In such occasions, information clients may have a solid interest to quantify the utility of distributed information as most awry encryption systems effectively affect the estimation of data. This assignment is nontrivial, be that as it may, as estimating the utility, as a rule, requires amassed crude information, which isn't uncovered to information clients because of concerns with respect to secrecy. Or then again more terrible, information distributors may even undermine the crude information since no one, including the individual providers, knows the full data-set. This venture proposes a security protecting utility confirmation instrument dependent on different parts of cryptographic methodology, a differentially private procedure intended for set-assessed information. This proposition can gauge the information utility dependent on the collected crude information's encoded frequencies rather than the plain qualities, denying rupture of secrecy. Related, the accuracy of the encoded frequencies given by the distributor could be subtly confirmed, which recognizes noxious distributors. This method is additionally stretched out to DiffGen, another system made for social information which is differentially private revealing. The security and productivity of the proposed framework is exhibited by our hypothetical and exploratory appraisals.

Published by: G. Raghunathan, Mohideen YazirResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Security, Privacy, Cloud computing

Review Paper

54. Hyperledger based electronic voting system

In many countries, the elections are carried out by a single administration and have complete control over the database and system. The administration has to manage the entire election process which occurs for a long period of time. Generic elections still use a centralized system; some of the problems that can occur in conventional electoral systems are that it is possible to tamper with the database of considerable opportunities. The aspect of security and transparency is a threat from a still widespread election with the conventional system (offline). Unlike the electoral system, there are many conventional uses of paper in its implementation. The best way to overcome the difficulty faced is by decentralizing the system used for elections. This can be achieved by making use of Blockchain technology, the entire database is owned by many users in a blockchain. Blockchain itself has been used in the Bitcoin system known as the decentralized Bank system. By adopting blockchain in the distribution of databases on e-voting systems can reduce one of the cheating sources of database manipulation. Unlike Bitcoin with its Proof of Work, this paper proposes a method based on a hyperledger to enable voting.

Published by: K. H. Sudershan, P. Eshwar Reddy, Kishore Nadiger, Sharat Kumar S.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: E-voting, Blockchain, Hyperledger


55. Literature Review: Semantic Web tools and technologies for creating and effective searching method based on the data available in social networking sites

This paper is a literature review on Semantic Web tools and technologies for creating and effective searching method based on the data available in Social Networking sites. We discuss the requirements of ontologies in the context of the Semantic Web. We survey tools for managing and applying ontologies. Advantages of using ontologies in both knowledge-base-style and database-style applications are compared. We explore the current state of the Semantic Web with a major focus on search based on Social Networking profiles. The paper includes a review of several papers on semantics and ontology based search, sections on query languages and knowledge base systems that enable Semantic Web search. Finally, we discuss the growth of Social Networking.

Published by: Aamir Junaid Ahmad, Sabina PriyadarshiniResearch Area: Research

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, JharkhandKeywords: Semantic Web, Ontology, SPARQL, OWL, RDF

Research Paper

56. Real time security surveillance using machine learning

As we know security has become a major concern in modern society. It is achieved by surveillance which is capable of taking brisk actions. This paper presents a new system architecture which provides real-time surveillance where unauthenticated people are differentiated and provides the data flow and storage path. Recognition errors are narrowed as much as possible to make the system work efficiently. The proposed approach exploits the Viola-Jones method for face detection, the LBPH (Local Binary Pattern Histogram) algorithm as feature tracker. This combination of algorithms gives more accuracy and less processing time in the proposed design. User data is stored separately from the trained file to make the system more reliable. The proposed design can be integrated into any place which is concerned about security and prevents the security breaches before they occur.

Published by: G. Sumith Reddy, Devasani Aravind, Vanama Mohith, A. SivajayaprakashResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Surveillance architecture, Local binary pattern histogram, Open CV, Viola-Jones

Research Paper

57. Partial replacement of cement by fly-ash in concrete

The paper deals with the strength of cement concrete by using flyash with cement in concrete. Partial replacement of cement by the use of flyash is being famous and gaining importance today, mainly on account of the improvement in the long term durability of concrete and ecological benefits. Technological improvements in thermal power plant operations and flyash collection systems have resulted in improving the consistency of flyash. To study the effect of partial replacement of cement by fly-ash, studies have been conducted on concrete mixes with 10%, 20%, 30% replacement of total cement 53grade percentage. In this paper, the effect of fly-ash on compressive strength is studied.

Published by: Shankh Agrawal, Honey GaurResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Kalinga University, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Flyash, Grade of concrete, Compressive strength


58. Safety analysis for Building Automation and Control System in Metro railway station

Every Metro Station Master room is fitted with the local workstation which supervises and controls the station’s Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing (MEP) systems are controlled by Building Automation & Control System (BACS). BACS is a system that controls and monitors Electromechanical Systems like Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), lifts, escalators, fire fighting, lighting, etc. BACS will work either in remote control mode through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) controls or in stand-alone mode from the station master room. BACS are accountable for the functions influencing public safety, security and health. Thus BACS, should work reliably, safely, securely and competently. The level of quality and safety management required to avoid random and systematic failures in the design and engineering of the BACS is determined by the Safety Integrity Level (SIL). In this paper, the SIL is determined with the help of the Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) for the Safety Analysis of BACS in Metro Railway Station based on IEC 61508 and CENELEC EN 50129 standards.

Published by: Shaik Shashavali, Anil Kumar Ammina, V. SankarResearch Area: Reliability Engineering

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: BACS, MEP, FTA, SIL, SCADA, Functional Safety, IEC 61508, CENELEC EN 50129.

Technical Notes

59. Automatic text summarization

In the recent years we have seen an increasing amount of data generation in every field. It becomes our utmost priority to manage this data. The data produced can be structured or unstructured. When it comes to gain knowledge through data, it becomes easier if we only get a summary out of it. In this digital era, most of us do not have enough time to go through many pages of data. Text Summarization aims to retrieve only the important information out of a large text document. This can be achieved through NLP techniques.

Published by: Anagha Shamprasad, Akshatha G Krishna, B M Shashank, Reshma J, Lokesh SResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Natural Language Processing (NLP), Extractive summarization and abstractive summarization, Entity recognition, Relationship extraction, Template design, Summary generation

Research Paper

60. Experimental investigation on geopolymer concrete subjected to elevated temperature

Geopolymer concrete can be expressed as "concrete without cement". Geopolymer concrete is environmentally friendly and an inventive way to replace the conservative concrete which contributes 7-8% of total CO2 production in the world. “The concrete which entails of the source materials and the alkaline solution”. The source material can be from agricultural wastes such as Bagasse ash, Rice husk ash, Palm fuel ash, etc and the industrial by-products such as Fly ash, Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Copper Slag, etc. The alkaline solutions can be either sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate or potassium hydroxide and potassium silicate. In the present study, an effort has been made to check the likelihood of reuse of bagasse ash in Geopolymer Concrete by probing mechanical properties of M30 grade concrete for 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent replacement by bagasse ash. The behavior of 100% GGBS replaced concrete under elevated temperature by weight loss, residual strength, cracking pattern and spalling pattern.

Published by: Chidhambar E., Dr. Y. M. ManjunathResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Geopolymer concrete, Sunlight curing, GGBS, Bagasse-ash, Weight loss, Residual strength

Research Paper

61. Environment risk factor influencing Scrub Typhus in Kushinagar (Uttar Pradesh)

Scrub typhus is an acute febrile widespread disease in Asia & Pacific islands which causes unspecific symptoms & signs. This is one of the biggest diseases in our country especially in the terai region and South India for many years. Scrub typhus, a dreaded disease in the pre-antibiotic era, is an important military disease which caused thousands of cases in the Far East during World War. It is a zoonosis and is a widespread disease in Asia and the Pacific Islands. Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness which generally causes non-specific symptoms and signs. The clinical manifestations of this disease. Deaths are attributable to late presentation, delayed diagnosis, and drug resistance. The public health importance of this disease is underestimated because of difficulties with a clinical diagnosis and lack of laboratory methods in many geographical areas. Scrub typhus is known to occur all over India and physicians should be aware of this potentially serious but easily treatable disease. The aforesaid environmental factors affect the incidence and cause of Scrub typhus drastically as there is a high need to control this disease. So, a survey was conducted regarding this aspect.

Published by: Mohd Minnatullah, Kamal Nabh Tripathi, Anupam MehrotraResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Scrub Typhus, Febrile illness, Zoonosis

Review Paper

62. Analysis of dynamic pricing in airlines and predicting least fare

Airline companies have been using dynamic pricing to vary the ticket prices to maximize the profit for a limited number of seats. Though the algorithm is different for all the airlines and never disclosed, it is possible to predict the variation in ticket prices. There have been studies in the past for the same, none explicitly for the Indian market; considering the major holidays. Applying techniques from Machine learning model of neural networks and backpropagation, we could predict the upcoming surge or dip in the ticket prices. We aim at predicting if the price of the ticket will go down in the future or the current price is the lowest.

Published by: Purbid Bambroo, Sheetal, Nitin Agrawal, Dr. Kavitha SoodaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural networks, Machine learning, Airlines, Dynamic pricing

Research Paper

63. A survey of the prosthetic status and post-treatment satisfaction of patients among Kashmiri population visiting Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar

The objective of this survey was to assess the prosthetic status of patients visiting the Department of Prosthodontics of Government Dental College and Hospital Srinagar Kashmir, which was followed by the assessment of patient satisfaction 4 months after treatment. Furthermore, the influence of the patient's gender, their mental attitude, and the type of prosthesis given on patient satisfaction were evaluated. A short interview was carried out with the selected patients to collect preliminary data. The socioeconomic status was recorded, following which an intra-oral examination was carried out to assess the prosthetic status and the type of prosthesis required by the patient. Patients were then given a questionnaire before the commencement of treatment to assess their mental attitude. The treatment decided on was completed for each patient. Patients' satisfaction with the treatment was assessed after four months using a questionnaire. Subsequent to the collection of data from the questionnaires, statistical analysis using the Chi-square test at a significance level of P<0.05 was done to evaluate the relationship between age, personality, mental attitude, and prosthetic treatment needs. Patient satisfaction was also assessed. Statistically significant results were obtained on correlating the age and the treatment required, patients' mental attitude and the various treatment options. The relationship between the patients' gender, socioeconomic status, and mental attitude with their satisfaction was found to be noteworthy. The highest prosthetic treatment need was for complete dentures in both genders. Higher satisfaction levels were noted in individuals belonging to higher socioeconomic status and in males.

Published by: Dr. Waseem Ul Ayoub, Dr. Imtiyaz Ahmed Magray, Dr. Tahleel, Dr. Arwah BashirResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Gender and satisfaction, Mental attitude, Prosthetic status, Socioeconomic status

Review Paper

64. Smart braking system

This paper describes a new smart braking system for bikes. Road accidents are commonplace in today’s scenario. Accidents cause worse damage, serious injury, and even death. Accidents prevention has been one of the leading areas for research. Mainly focus on prevention of accidents due to nervousness, drunken driving, etc. Manual methods of applying brakes are always dangerous as it leads to accidents. Nowadays no. of accidents are increases. Unconsciousness of the driver, uncontrollable speed of the vehicle and manual operation of braking systems are the reason for accidents. It is necessary to control brakes automatically through electronics devices to minimize accident problems. In this research paper, we proposed an effective methodology for the automatic controlling of a braking system to prevent accidents with the help of electronics engineering. The system consists of ultrasonic sensor wave emitter fitted at the front portion of the bike and ultrasonic receiver to receive the signal. The actuator pulls the brake lever through which a piston is pushed which then uses hydraulic fluid to apply brakes(disc type). Here we use actuator in this system instead of servomotor. This reflected wave gives the signal to MCU to applying brakes automatically. By using this System we can reduce no. of accidents.

Published by: Shivang Garg, Piyush Rajawat, Rajeshwar Govrani, Sailinder Raj SinghResearch Area: Automobile Braking System

Organisation: Maharishi Arvind Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Ultrasonic sensor, Automatic braking system, Actuator, Microcontroller chip


65. Pick and place robot

Autonomous robots are used everywhere nowadays and robotics is also gaining popularity all around the world. This motivated us to make an autonomous robot that can avoid obstacle from its path and do a specific task like Pick and Place object. The Project is designed to develop a Pick and Place robot for picking and placing objects.

Published by: Kavya S., Teja V. D., Sumashree K., Sushma H. V., Swathi H. E.Research Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Renesas Microcontroller, DC motor, Bluetooth, Ultrasonic sensor

Research Paper

66. IoT V2I communication-rescue time

It’s no secret that being a doctor is one of the most difficult, important and necessary professions the world and while some doctors work in hospitals and others as a real team of superheroes rushed to help others through the streets of big cities but unfortunately paramedics have to fight not only the diseases of the patient but also with road traffic. Traffic jams are a major problem in India just as in any other popular country, unfortunately, automatics have not figured out how to deal with this yet. ANDROID based systems play a crucial role in solving the problems caused by a vehicle accident. In the first part of the project, concentrates on problems faced by Ambulances, GSM concept is used to send a message regarding the current status of the victim to the Ambulance so that pre-necessary medical arrangements are taken care. In this project, we have registered some volunteer’s like junior doctors, students, senior citizens and area ministers located by near the RSU (road side unit) fixed. If any accident occurs then RSU unit will sense and immediately send the alert message to volunteers, if they respond to message they will press start button on their Android app then it will detect the location using GPS which provides the location of the accident vehicle and also set the timers if they have not taken further action than message is sent to next volunteer. In the third part, concentrated on camera which is used to capture the image and send it to respective unit through email, based on the volunteer’s respond they get credits from government or public organizations.

Published by: Deepa D. N., Dhanush Gowrav Gowda K. S., Harshitha S., Hemanth H. Gowda, Anand H. D.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Road Side Unit (RSU), Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) communication, Android App, Rescue time

Research Paper

67. A study on analyzing social status of handloom weavers in Tiruvannamalai District

Textile plays a predominant role for human being with respect to their basic need i.e. clothing. First, agriculture next to it textile comes. In the Textile sector, there are so many domains, like handloom industry, power loom industry, job work; garment industry wherein each different kind of operations will be carried by adopting different techniques. In all domains employees will be called in different names such as weavers, tailor, merchandiser, etc. who offer varieties of textile products to the customers. But always one question remains the same in our mind. It is all about the life lead by weavers and their status. Many weavers are leading their life below the poverty line who offers designed trendy textile products they do not have a nice cloth to wear. The present focuses on the social status of handloom weavers and their faced problems where the weavers are working under owner. The researcher aims to find a solution by prescribing model for the applied problem for the betterment of weavers’ segment.

Published by: Dr. Sasikala M. S.Research Area: Handloom Sector

Organisation: Acharya Institute of Graduate Studies, Soladevanahalli, KarnatakaKeywords: Weavers, Handloom sector, Social status, Owners and Traders

Review Paper

68. A review on stock prediction using machine learning

The goal of this review is to describe the various methods used to predict the stock market, gold price and fuel price. The following paper describes the work that was done on investigating the application of regression, SVM, ELM, ANFIS techniques on the stock market price prediction. The report describes the various technologies with their accuracy level and efficiency in the test phase. It was found that support vector regression was the most effective out of the models used, although there are opportunities to expand this research further using additional techniques to incorporate the current affairs into the prediction features.

Published by: Aiswarya S. Kumar, Greeshma Merin Varghese, Radhu Krishna R., Reshma K. PillaiResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: College of Engineering, Chengannur, KeralaKeywords: Stock prediction, Linear Regression, Fuzzification, SVM

Research Paper

69. Inventory management Android application

The application has been developed keeping in mind the use of a centralized inventory managing system that could be accessed by all the authorized users, allow them to put forth requests and update the database accordingly. The usability of the application ranges from event managing to basic log keeping in small to medium-sized storages.

Published by: Gaurav Kulhare, Asheesh Nellutla, Sagar Ekbote, Utkarsh NaikResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Event, Inventory, Managing, Android

Review Paper

70. Review paper on design and analysis of multi-storey building by the use of Stadd.Pro

Structural designing requires a detailed structural analysis on which the design of the structure is based. But it is not always possible to do in manual calculation hence the need for programming tools was found. For which several of power tools were formed, among which the most widely used one is Stadd.Pro, which allows the structural and seismic analysis prior to its construction. For high rise buildings its quite feasible to use Stadd.Pro for computing the loads and its combination and analyzing the structure and designing the structure based on the analysis.

Published by: Falak VatsResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Rajasthan Technical University, Kota, RajasthanKeywords: Structural designing, Analysis, Seismic, Stadd.Pro, Programming tools


71. IoT based patient monitoring, bed and blood booking using AVR

In the advanced human services condition, the utilization of IoT innovations brings accommodation of doctors and patients, since they are connected to different restorative regions, The body sensor network(BSN) innovation is one of the center advancements of IoT improvements in medicinal services framework, where a patient can be observed utilizing an accumulation of small controlled and lightweight remote sensor hubs. In this paper, at first, we feature the issues related to a lack of beds in Govt. Emergency clinics and blood booking and the executives of the equivalent. Consequently, we propose an IOT based idea to pre-book the bed for patient preceding achieve the medical clinic by means of Ambulance and request the blood with a solitary snap utilizing web App which can proficiently achieve those prerequisites.

Published by: Kesthara V., Ruksana S., Sangeetha C. M., Usha S. R., Rhaghavi A.Research Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: IoT, AVR microcontroller, GSM/GPRS, Human detection body sensors

Research Paper

72. Gesture recognition using RF signals

Gesture recognition is gaining increasing importance in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). Gesture-based interaction serves as a convenient and natural means for users to interact with computers. However, accurate detection and recognition of human actions is still a big trial that attracts lots of research efforts due to the difficulties related to the human body parts and the difficulty in sensing their actions correctly such as human clothes and their negative consequence on the detection accuracy and the surrounding environmental conditions. Vision centered human activity analysis by means of computer vision as the original answer is still having its limits that are connected to the inability to detect whatsoever happening behind the walls or in the dim places and the uncomfortable feeling of people with cameras all over the place. This paper proposes a methodology that will use RF signals to overcome all the disadvantages of the mentioned methods.

Published by: Chandrakanth R., Bharath K., Bhargava U. G., Chinmaya G., Girija S.Research Area: Wireless Communication, Machine Learning, Android Programming

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Gesture recognition, RF signals, Wi-Fi, RSSI, LSTM RNN

Research Paper

73. Portable biometrics using LoRa modulated interface

Many of the universities in India has always been facing issues with its students’ attendance registry management and thereby wasting valuable manpower and time for the faculties of the institutions. There have also been some standalone biometric devices which are rather costly, as well as non-portable and people can tamper with them. These problems are overcome by using a portable device which checks the validation of the unique characteristics (fingerprint) of the subject if it is a valid input, and then it will store the data of the subject’s presence in the Excel spreadsheet in the faculty’s personal computer and report the success. The data (ID of the student) will be sent through an LPWAN communication protocol called LoRa. This way there will be complete safety of the data, as it will not be tampered (in case of standalone devices, which can be tampered with) and the complete information is stored in the central database. The automatic logging greatly reduces the task carried out by the faculties at the end of the semesters since the data is readily available and required action can be taken concurrently.

Published by: Bharath K., Bhargava U. G., Girija S.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: LoRa, Modulation, Attendance management, Arduino, Fingerprint

Research Paper

74. Farm produce delivery management

Agriculture provides employment to over 60% of the Indian population. It also contributes 17% for the GDP. However, agricultural marketing has not taken its shape in rural India. The farmers are completely dependent upon local traders and middlemen for disposal of their farm produce. This is due to the lack of good marketing facilities. Hence the products are sold at a throwaway price. The aim behind developing this app is to give the farming community a fair and consistent price for their produces and therefore they farmers can overcome the problem of facing the middlemen. By using this application, the farmers can directly connect with the wholesalers, retailers or the end-users and supply the product directly to them. This will ensure that there is an increase in the profit of the farmers.

Published by: Aishwarya S. Murudi, Krishna Keerthana, Likith S. R., Meghana V. Reddy, Shashikanth T. S.Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Farmer, Middlemen, Application, Profit

Research Paper

75. Log based internal intrusion detection for web applications

The web environment security has become a high priority for e-businesses communities. As the usability and popularity of web applications have increased, various types of attacks in web applications also increase. The Intrusion detection system has been used for the purpose of detecting the attacks by looking at the network traffic or by looking at operating system events. Log-based intrusion detection system makes use of user logs from the web servers, where the access information about each and every request is saved. The drawback of Log-based web intrusion detection is that it can be executed only after transactions take place; hence, the prevention of attack is unattainable. In this paper we are focusing on user’s behavior, to find out the difference between the common user and malicious user and try to prevent the attack before it takes place

Published by: S. Chanthini, Dr. K. LathaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Intrusion detection system, Web applications, Web log, Web security

Research Paper

76. Design and development of continuous variable transmission with launch gear

A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides a controlled application of power. Often the term transmission refers simply to the gearbox that uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device. The transmission also provides a reverse gear resulting in backward motion of the vehicle. CVT or continuously variable transmission provides an automatic feature for changing the gear ratio depending upon different engine load conditions. Even being an automatic transmission, CVT consists of lesser moving parts and is simpler and compact design. Metal belt and variable pulleys, one of the most popular kinds of CVT that are used in the automobiles widely because it can provide better acceleration because of higher low ratio and better fuel consumption because of less over drive ratio. Despite providing such advantages, CVT generates less torque at lower engine RPM. This is due to slipping of the belt over the tapered surfaces of the variable pulley. Therefore, a mechanism with a launch gear driving the pulleys to reduce belt slip is to be introduced and developed to overcome this problem increasing torque at lower rpm.

Published by: Kshitij Santosh Soman, Chinmay P. Tendulkar, Affan M. Wadkar, Nilesh K. Pednekar, Sumit S. SurveResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Rajendra Mane College of Engineering and Technology, Ambav, MaharashtraKeywords: Transmission, CVT, Launch gear

Research Paper

77. Dimensionality reduction and classification in gene expression data using hybrid approach

The microarray technology has modernized the approach of biological research in such a way that scientists can now measure the expression levels of thousands of genes simultaneously in a single experiment. With this large quantity of gene expression data, experts have started to discover the possibilities of disease classification using gene expression data. Quite a large number of methods have been planned in recent years with hopeful results. But there are still a set of issues which need to be addressed and understood. In order to gain insight into the disease classification difficulty, it is necessary to get a closer look at the problem, the proposed solutions, and the associated issues altogether. In this paper, we present a dimensionality reduction methods and classification method such as Mutual information, Pearson’s correlation, search algorithms (Recursive feature elimination, Genetic Algorithm, simulated annealing) with Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification algorithm and estimate them based on their evaluation time, classification accuracy and ability to reveal biologically meaningful gene expression. Our experimental results shows that classifier performance through graphs with improved accuracy in disease prediction.

Published by: K. Iswarya, C. KanimozhiResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Feature selection, Mutual information, Pearson’s correlation, Genetic algorithm, Simulated annealing, SVM

Research Paper

78. Location-aware heterogeneous web service recommendation using Hybrid approach

Web service has been emerged as a promising technique to support inter-operable machine-to-machine interaction which provides a method of communication between electronic devices over a network. As the number of web services with similar functionality has increased rapidly over the internet the web service discovery is not a challenging task but selection and recommendation are becoming more important. The Optimality of a web service depends on its performance and performance is measured through Quality of Service that is QoS. QoS is the set of non-functional properties of a web service which includes response time, price, failure rate and so on. Recommendation system initially searches for the list of web services those having similar functionality, which the user requested and finally the optimal web services are recommended to users. In addition, QoS is widely employed in describing non-functional properties of Web Services for optimizing the Web service composition. Since the number of functionally equivalent services offered on the web with different QoS properties is increasing, it is quite important to recommend services considering their non-functional QoS properties. In this project, we can include the recommendation algorithm which includes ratings, reviews, and emoticons. These details are recommended by using a hybrid algorithm. User details are encrypted using Elliptical curve cryptography. Third parties are difficult to hack the original details. Admin can discover the services based on the highest feedbacks and also recommended based on locations. And also using roll back discovery to cancel the web services automatically to overcome the burden of service cancellation.

Published by: D. Ananthi, K. AmbikaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: QoS, Hybrid Algorithm, ECC Algorithm

Research Paper

79. Multi factor AKE protocol and key stroke authentication for secured communication

Authenticated Key Exchange (AKE) protocol permits a user and a server to authenticate each other for the first time. It generates a session key for the successive communications without any authentication. Many AKE protocols had been proposed to obtain person privateness and authentication for the duration of conversation. Other than secured consultation key established order, these AKE protocols offer a few other useful capability like two-thing user authentication and mutual authentication. But they have got few weaknesses along with vulnerability in opposition to loss of smart card, offline dictionary assault, de-synchronization attack, person anonymity or untraceability. Also, AKE scheme the usage of public key conversation doesn’t suite nicely for lightweight computational gadgets. In this work, a novel Multi-Factor AKE protocol is proposed to overcome all the above-mentioned weaknesses. This protocol supports revoked smart card transactions. The password that is available on the USB device will be overwritten once the user used it. Passwords can be updated without centralized storage. The average time to enter a password will be defined. The user has to type the password within the allocated time, failing which he/she has to enter it again. This security model of AKE supports user anonymity and resist a lost card attack. Elliptical Curve Cryptography algorithm is used for encryption and decryption of the session key. The computational cost and the bandwidth cost for this proposed model are low, which makes it useful in pervasive computing applications and mobile communications. The proposed AKE model is much secured when compared to the existing protocols.

Published by: S. Kanimozhi, S. JayanthiResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Multi-factor authentication, AKE (Authenticated Key Exchange) Protocol, Key stroke authentication, Session key generation, ECC Encryption

Research Paper

80. Data sharing and privacy preserving on personal healthcare information in cloud

Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing model which provides several resources through the cloud service provider to cloud users on demand based. Cloud computing storage, users are able to access and shared resources offered by cloud services provider at a lower cost. Data protection, reliability, dependency, transparency, data portability are the most important challenges of the various cloud environment. In Healthcare system privacy is the ability to protect the patient’s personal information against unauthorized access. While sharing the healthcare data in the cloud, the clients have handled security and scalable key management. In this proposed work of Merkle hash tree algorithm used to significantly reduce the amount of data that a TPA has to maintain to proof the integrity of the data. CP-ABE perform private verification, delegated verification, and public verification. A privacy-preserving OPOR auditing scheme for shared data in the cloud environment and utilize with signature, to compute verification information on shared data

Published by: A. Aaro, S. UshaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Healthcare System, Data security, Merkle hash tree algorithm, CP-ABE, OPOR

Research Paper

81. An efficient intrusion detection system on blackhole attack for Mobile Ad hoc Network

A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET), also known as wireless ad hoc network, is a self-configuration and infrastructure-less network of mobile devices connected wirelessly in a continuous manner. They are vulnerable to various kinds of attacks due to their dynamic nature and lack of a central control point. One of the most several network layer routing attacks in Blackhole attack. Among those routing attacks, black hole throws a challenge in interrupting and degrading the performance of data forwarding operation by dropping the data packets that are transferred through it. To ensure secure MANET an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is being required. So in this research, we proposed an anomaly based IDS to detect black hole attack in MANET in turn computations have been performed using Neighbors Selective Acknowledgement. In the proposed method, all the nodes receiving data packet send an acknowledgment to the node from which it received it. If the source node receives an acknowledgment from a destination within the threshold time, the path is found to be protected against black hole node and originator takes no action. Otherwise, the source starts verifying nodes. Source node unicast verification message to all the nodes whose details it has stored. Our simulation experiment proves that detects black hole nodes efficiently with less false positive rate of detection and false positive rate.

Published by: S. NivethaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Anna University BIT-Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Intrusion detection system, Black hole, AODV, Acknowledgment

Research Paper

82. Analysis of deficits of highway to propose for better geometry

For the Design of any roadway, there are many governing parameters that affect the total efficiency output as perceived by the driver. The roadway should be designed for perfect Geometric features. This paper involves the analysis or in other words the complete finding the wear-about of the deficits of an existing roadway and to come up with a proposal for the improved Geometric proposal for the roadway using DMRB as the basis for the design. There is much research going on the same deficiency improvement related aspects and still needs a lot of further scope of improvement in order to achieve the complete safety of a proposed roadway. Considering the ongoing research on the geometric improvements on the existing roadways the optimistic user as well as Eco-friendly design is to opted for our site

Published by: Hardik SharmaResearch Area: Highway Geometry

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Geometric design, Highway geometry

Research Paper

83. Reduction of environmental pollution while stone crushing

Stone crushing industry is an important industrial sector in the country engaged in producing crushed stones of various sizes depending upon the requirement which acts as raw material for various construction activities such as the construction of roads highways bridges buildings and canals etc. It is estimated that there are over 12000 stone crushing units in India. The number is expected to grow further keeping in view the future plans for the development of infrastructure for the overall development of the country. This industry is estimated to have an annual turnover of RS.5000 corers. Along with increasing economic benefits, there are some pollution problems that are increasing rapidly. These problems are causing very harmful effects on human health and the surrounding environment and thus needed to be controlled within time. Thus an overall assessment or analysis is performed here.

Published by: Ashutosh D. Kamble, Ritesh K. Dole, Rishikesh H. Gavale, Sanket G. Dey, Pushkar S. BhamareResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Stone crushing units, Pollution, Costs analysis, Control measures, Health effects, Environmental effects

Research Paper

84. EVI-databse authentication using advanced security standards

The concept of embedded virtual intelligence was to enable database authentication with advanced security standards. Data is the most resourceful asset of any information system the key idea of the paper was to secure data. Evi was designed with a centric algorithm that makes database authentication or access to any other system portal very secure. The functionality of this system is intelligently based on two major security modules are IP Retrieval Module and Automated Kernel Level Execution. IP Retrieval Module is a system package which runs on the background which has a steganographic implementation that retrieves the IP address of the host as soon as false login is attempted and logs I another independent server. Automated Kernel Level Execution Module overrides the system once the IP Retrieval Module is done this system force downloads executable files that run on startup now the executable files are implemented with kernel scripts that automatically retrieves all the network and system related information and packages it to a text file and mails back the details to the desired destination email address along the credentials.All these kernel scripts inside the exe files are encrypted by AES algorithm.

Published by: Vaibhav MuthukumaranResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: EVI-embedded virtual intelligence, Authentication, AKE-automated kernel-level execution

Survey Report

85. The survey on detection of plant diseases by image processing technique

The traditional agricultural system is causing various problems regarding the production of crops and it is the main reason for plant diseases. There are few diseases like rice blast, brown spot, red stripe and downy fungal which cause significant reduction in both quality and quantity of agricultural products. As we people were busier in our daily life, we need a technology which can automatically detect symptoms of plants and give information about it for farmers, so they can easily diagnosis it. So the technological world and agro scientists have found a solution for the major problem facing by our farmers regarding plant diseases. There are many plant diseases which can cause various problems in the human race. We can implement a system which detects and prevents plant diseases easily by using “IMAGE PROCESSING TECHNIQUE”. This technique initially finds the infected region, later finds features like color, texture, and shape. This can be achieved by 3 steps, first color transformation structure for the input RGB image is created, thus the green pixels are masked and removed by segmentation, later texture statics are computed, and finally extracted features are passed through the classifiers. The major techniques involved in the process are, color space, color histogram, grey level co-occurrence matrix, etc…and classification techniques like support vector machine (SVM), back propagation (BP).

Published by: Sakshi, Vachana Shree, Vinutha H., Srinath G. M., Sowmyashree H. V.Research Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Image processing, Classification technique, Color histogram component Introduction

Review Paper

86. Offline signature verification for the assessment of neurodegenerative diseases

Neuron degeneration will be a system of operations in which the neurons lose its structure and functionality this results in the end of neurons. Neuron cells are basically responsible for gathering information, synthesizing the same information and passing appropriate signals, based on the information sent, to other nerve cells. There will be no particular involuntary relationship between handwriting patterns of a patient suffering from a neurodegenerative disease. It is known truth that handwriting of a patient can depict the intensity of the disease, it will also be taken as a symptom and detection tool, yet no standard theory or tool exists. Signature verification is an important biometric technique that aims to detect whether a given signature is forged or genuine. It is essential in preventing falsification of documents in numerous financial, legal, and other commercial settings

Published by: Shashank V. P., SachinKumar K., Sandesh B. V., Sunil Michael D. Souza, Kusha K. R.Research Area: Information Science Engineering

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Offline signature verification, neurodegenerative diseases

Review Paper

87. Smart jacket based on IoT review

Soldiers are an important part of the army, hence for their safety purpose IoT based device can be designed called Smart Safety Jacket. In order to collect and detect various signals for organizations, it is possible to use wearable devices like smart jackets and other accessories. So it can become easy to respond to different situations Smart jackets consists of materials and remote sensors which coordinates with regards to the human body. It can be used to measure and observe different parameters.

Published by: Dhanaji Sugriv Narwade, Rahul Malvadkar, Akshay More, S. S. SasteResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Trinity Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Smart jacket, Peltier belt, ESP, DHT11


88. Comparative analysis and design of framed structure with different types of infill walls

In the last few decades, the scientific community has been extensively involved in the investigation about the interaction between infill walls and RC frames in the seismic structural behavior. The infill walls are seldom included in the numerical analysis of reinforced concrete structural Systems since infill panels are generally considered as non-structural components. However, these panels affect the structural response to a large extent, because the complexity they introduce to analysis, kept them unaccounted. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the contribution of infill walls to earthquake response of the Structures. In this study, an attempt is made to do comparative analysis and design of the structure when the structure is modeled using different types of infill walls. In this study, an R/C frame structure with a different type of infill walls like AAC Block, Clay Brick, are considered to investigate the effect of different types of infill walls on earthquake response of the structures. The RCC frame analyzed & designed by using STAAD-Pro software. The diagonal strut approach is adopted for modeling of infill walls. The analytical results of the building frame will be compared and analyzed to obtain are storey drift, base shear, Lateral displacement, shear force and bending moment when subjected to static earthquake loadings.

Published by: Syed Raheel Ahmed, Aditi H. DeshmukhResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: College of Engineering and Technology, Akola, MaharashtraKeywords: Infill, Caly bricks, AAC block, Equivalent diagonal strut, Staad pro

Research Paper

89. Enzymatic hydrolysis of weed plant Agave tequilana for the production of bio-ethanol

Burning of fossil fuels has not only led to health problems but also have a great impact on our environment like acid rain, climate change, global warming. And it is excepted by 2070, the current globe will be running out of fossil fuel. Our work was conducted on weed plant Agave tequilana, wherein microbial fermentation was carried out on pretreated biomass with 0.8% of NaOH and 98% H2SO4 by using standard cultures of Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404)and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NCIM 3622). The percentage of Bio-Ethanol yield was found to be 45.55%.

Published by: Shashikala A., Rathan KumarResearch Area: Environmental Biotechnology

Organisation: Acharya Institutes, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Bio-ethanol, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Agave tequilana, Aspergillus niger

Research Paper

90. Smart restaurant system

The main aim of our project is to provide an AUTOMATION in the restaurants by replacing the TRADITIONAL RESTAURANTS in which the customers have to wait for a longer time to give their orders to the waiters and there may also be a mistake while taking and delivering food items to the customers. There is also a lot of work on waiters when massive people are present in the restaurant, especially during festival occasions. If we provide automation in a restaurant system we can overcome these drawbacks and lead to a SMART CITY which is also the aim of our government.

Published by: Kousar Jan, Insha Farooq Talib, Biswash Pathak, Sunil Kumar Sah, Muzzamil RatherResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Beehive College of Engineering and Technology, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Automation, IoT, Ordering and Delivering

Research Paper

91. Child monitoring system using IoT

In our nation, children are the most precious resources as they are imminent of the country. The parents always look forward to having their children in a safeguarded place where they can make their time without any complication. Unluckily children are threatened. The violation has been growing increasingly. The security of graduate school going youngster is a noteworthy constituent motivated to proceed along with the assist of innovative advancement. During children transit to and from the school, there are many miserable cases observed in media. In our nation, due to the absence of preventative considerations children seems to be nowhere to be found and later end up in the trouble. During the transit of the children to and from school, parents are anxious. Therefore, in current days, the security issue of school children is to be given supreme significance. The objective behind the project is to design a child safety system through smartphones that provide the possibility to trace child’s location as well as during emergency children can alert parents by saying a child is in an emergency via message. An Android application is developed and installed on parents phone so that their children can be traced, monitored to keep track of their activities and location using GPS. The system is developed using P89V51RD2 microcontroller, GSM, GPS and a panic (alert) button along the RF transmitter and receiver.

Published by: Vibha Chandrala, Niveditha N., Neha B. Reddy, Urmila N., Dr. Deepak G.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Child monitoring, IoT, Child tracking

Research Paper

92. Terrorist attack security and soldier health monitoring system

Nation security is dependent on its defense system. The army is one of the defense systems. In this days terrorism increases and it focuses on soldiers destruction to make countries' defense system weak. So, in this case, it is necessary to provide more security to military base station and soldiers. These all things keeping in mind this project is built. The project works for defending any unauthorized person to enter in the military area with Pi-camera, IoT server and wireless communication it will provide 24-hour security and attacks on military base station will be controlled. Along with this, sensors like heartbeat sensor and temperature sensor is used for daily fast routine checkup of soldiers

Published by: A. B. Ingole, Meghana Kadam, Rohini Haladkar, Amruta Gosavi, Urvashi PatilResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry Pi, Pi-camera, Image processing system, IoT server, Database

Research Paper

93. Breast cancer prediction algorithms analysis

Machine learning which an application of Artificial intelligence (AI) is makes the system capable to automatically learn through the environment without being explicitly programmed. It is widely used in various domains like classification and prediction processes. This paper basically compares classifier algorithms like-Naïve Bayes, K Nearest Neighbour, Decision tree, Logistic Regression, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine (SVM). These algorithms predict chances of breast cancer and are programmed in python language. The implementation procedure shows that the performance of any classification algorithm is based on the type of attributes of datasets and their characteristics. The main aim of this paper is to do the comparison of these algorithms on the basis of the accuracy. The goal is to classify whether breast cancer is “Benign” or “Malignant”.

Published by: Pooja Mudgil, Mohit Garg, Vaibhav Chhabra, Parikshit Sehgal, JyotiResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Bhagwan Parshuram Institute of Technology, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Machine learning, Classification, Naïve Bayes, K Nearest Neighbour, Decision tree, Logistic regression, Random forest

Research Paper

94. Design of Vedic multiplier using Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra

The multiplier is a key building block of all processors, which improves the speed of Digital Signal Processor (DSP), a special application in which we need to reduce the time delay. In the proposed method, we design a Vedic multiplier by using a Vedic Mathematics Sutra called Urdhva Tiryagbhyam, which means “vertically and crosswise”. Vedic Mathematics is mainly based on 16 Sutras and was rediscovered in the early 20th century. In ancient times in India, people used this Sutra for decimal number multiplications effectively. The same basic concept of the above-mentioned Sutra is extended to the multiplication of binary numbers to make use in the digital hardware system. The computation of partial products in parallel in the Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra increases the speed of the computation process and the processing time is reduced in comparison with the use of inbuilt MATLAB functions. In our proposed multiplier design, the delay for the 4X4 Vedic multiplier is reduced and also the number of transistors is reduced by a large amount compared to the previously proposed design.

Published by: Harsha R., Anilkumar S. R., Chandan R., Jeevan Kumar S., Manjula N.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Vedic mathematics, Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Sutra, Vedic multiplier, Adder, Transistors

Research Paper

95. Machine learning techniques for selecting the crop to increase the yield

Agriculture is the backbone of our country for economic growth and it depends on selecting the crops, weather conditions, soil classification, marketing price, etc. In an economy where most of the produced food is from agriculture, selection of crops plays an important role. In light of the decreasing crop produce and shortage of food across the country which also has been a consequence of bad crop selection and thus, leading to increasing farmer suicides. So that we suggest one method which would help the farmers in selecting the crops in order to maximize the yield by summing up the analysis of all the affecting parameters. These affecting parameters can be economical, environmental as well as related to yield in nature. Selecting and maintaining suitable crops for maximum profit involves a sequence of tasks. These tasks should be carried out with basic knowledge and experience. The crop advisor expert system then suggests with a consultation with the farmer (through a graphical user interface) a suitable agricultural crop that can be grown in a land unit with reasoning.

Published by: Siddharth H. E., Bharathi M., Navya G., Praveen Kumar L., Harshavardhana DoddamaniResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: S. J. C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Economical growth, Selecting the crops, Weather conditions, Soil classification, Marketing price, Crop advisor, Demand of the crop

Research Paper

96. On the fly integration of applications using context aware approach

IT Applications have dominated every sector making the services online, there is a heartfelt need to standardize these applications so as when these applications when work in conjugation give better results real time for any kind of queries of customers maintaining levels of abstraction and information hiding. This paper aims at proposing a model for the on fly integration of the applications using context-aware self-adaptation approach for application service to cater to the need to integrate the data and services provided by the various applications. Our research within this direction has depicted the characteristics of the existing information and application systems primarily of the QoS Broker Architecture and Service Oriented Architecture. The latter part of this paper proposes an architectural model to describe the fly culmination of services by standardizing it and providing the result of a query using the context-aware engine. The aim of this paper is to study the existing systems, identify drawbacks and improve systems integrations to achieve an optimized and dynamic platform for real-time query processing.

Published by: Anumita Sinha, Nishi Mehta, Pramod Bhakta, Era JohriResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Service integration, Integrating and standardizing applications, Normalize data, Context-aware, Web service, UDDI, REST API, WS-QoS, tModel

Research Paper

97. A study of different factors required for better crop planning system

Today’s farmers are facing various challenges in agriculture, some of them are arises due to natural resources such as soil optimization, land allocation, water management, and other resources. This can be controlled by effective agriculture crop planning and other challenges are the farmers have a lack of awareness in market information due to this they are not getting the actual price of their crop. Also, the farmer not having enough information about different policies and scheme provided by the government. In this paper, we provide different methods for increasing crop planning and crop productivity. This paper gives the general idea of effective crop planning and increasing productivity with comparing different parameters and suggesting the different daily need crops according to their soil type and importance of irrigation methods and there use in farming.

Published by: Jyoti Deone, Dr. Khan Rahat AfreenResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Ramrao Adik Institute of Technology,Navi MumbaiKeywords: Agriculture, Land, Crop, Soil, Irrigation

Research Paper

98. Fabrication of model of solar panel cleaning machine

The cleaning of dust particles on the solar panel is a huge job and time taking the process and requires a lot of manpower and money. To remove this limitation automatic system is a good choice for no man operations, it also economical and autonomous as it requires no man to monitor. This project implements a solar panel cleaning automatic systems which can self charge it’s a battery and clean the dust on the solar panel only during the night time.

Published by: Meet Prajapati P., Tanuja Mishra P., Manisha Prajapati M.Research Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Government Polytechnic, Dahod, GujaratKeywords: Chain mechanism, Cotton roller, Water pump, Water sprinkling

Research Paper

99. Longitude and latitude based travel route recommendation and disaster management system

The development of the travel industry gradually fosters personalized requirements of tourists, such as setting the start place, exploiting interesting activities and organizing the travel route and also natural disasters. Natural Disaster has threatened mankind since history started. Due to the geographic position and climate change, India is one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters. The country also lacks an effective disaster preparedness system to confront natural disasters. Timely disaster warning and evacuation guideline can save the lives of the people. In addition, a tourist may face difficulties in finding the best scenic spots on travel time and a safe area or shelter place prior to the occurrence of natural disasters. For this reason, proposed a location-based early travel route recommendation and disaster warning and evacuation system. The system is implemented as a desktop application. Here propose a system which takes advantage of online website to collect information of both scenic spots and real-world local activities, and proposed methods to recommend travel routes for tourists and also develop a disaster management system, which can take their instant location into account and satisfy their personalized demands. Specifically, extract scenery spots dataset from the shared dataset and popular activities from the online website. Then process these items and take the filtering results as the recommendation for tourists. And user registers on the server to get automatic notification of upcoming disaster otherwise user gets a manual notification. The user gets the updated data by the current position obtained by longitude and latitude. When our application recognizes the user in probable disaster zone then the application will disseminate visual disaster warning and evacuation guideline including shortest path of shelter or safe zone on the map of the application.

Published by: Athira Soman, Divya S. B.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Mangalam College of Engineering, Ettumanoor, KeralaKeywords: Longitude, Latitude, Places of interest, Disaster management, Evacuation alert

Research Paper

100. Enhanced skeletonization algorithm for fingerprint images

Minutiae feature based fingerprint recognition systems heavily depend on the pixel-wise operations on skeletonized fingerprint image. The skeletonization is done by proper thinning algorithms. The minutiae features (Ridge endings and Bifurcations) can be extracted from a finely skeletonized fingerprint image. The efficiency of the thinning method determines the quality of the image skeleton and the accuracy in feature extraction. Therefore a new skeletonization technique is proposed. The new skeletonization algorithm uses a number of masks to check whether the pixel is on the boundary or not. Once the pixel is marked as boundary pixel, then the algorithm eliminates that pixel and repeat the process to get the fingerprint image skeleton of one-pixel width. The proposed system is computationally efficient and it preserves the connectivity of the pixels in the image.

Published by: Radhu Krishna R.Research Area: Pattern Recognition

Organisation: College of Engineering, Chengannur, KeralaKeywords: Skeletonization, Fingerprint classification, Connectivity preservation, Unit-width skeleton

Research Paper

101. Accelerated life testing of Electronic Control Unit

An Electronic Control Unit (ECU) is an embedded system in automotive electronics that control one or more electro-mechanical systems or subsystems in a vehicle. For a sophisticated automotive will almost have 200 ECUs for multipurpose. Optimal Accelerated Life Test (ALT) Plan of Temperature Cycling (TC) and Mechanical Vibration (MV) for ECU are developed. TC is carried out as per IEC60068-2-14 (Nb) and MV was carried out as per IEC60068-2-64. Failure data is recorded and fitted to Weibull Distribution using Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) in Minitab. Coffin and Manson Model (CMM) has been used to observe failures due to TC and Minor Fatigue Model (MFM) has been used to observe failures due to Random MV. Reliability and Life of the ECU are estimated and compared with Sherlock Simulation.

Published by: Kotekallu Ravi, Anil Kumar Ammina, Dr. Sankar VelamuryResearch Area: Quality And Reliability

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Electronic Control Unit, Accelerated Life Test, Maximum Likelihood Estimation, Coffin and Manson Model, Minor fatigue Model, Sherlock simulation, IEC60068-2-14, IEC60068-2-64, Reliability and life cycle

Research Paper

102. VHDL implementation of acquisition sensor for optical communication terminal

This paper presents the development of the Acquisition sensor which is a part of overall Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing (ATP) mechanism for maintaining the line of sight (LOS) between two Optical Communication Terminals (OCT). The ATP mechanism is basically used to align the transmitting and the receiving optical communication terminals which in turn can continuously transmit the data between them. The Acquisition sensor is designed to acquire the LASER image falling on it which is being transmitted by the transmitter terminal and to process this image to calculate the 2-axis angular error. This error is then used to re-position the terminal to maintain the LoS if it is out from the Field of View (FOV) of the transmitter by feeding this data to Tracking and Pointing modules of ATP mechanism.

Published by: Ashika B. P., Anuradha Prakash, Shri. Ravikumar K., Girija S.Research Area: Sensors for Communication

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Optical Communication Terminal (OCT), Acquisition sensor, Line of sight (LoS), Two-axis angular error, Centroid of an image, ATP mechanism

Research Paper

103. Performance assessment of electrode materials in the treatment of leachate by using electrocoagulation process

Leachate is wastewater generated during the decomposition of organic waste that can contaminate soil and groundwater if it is not handled properly. Contamination by leachate can be prevented by reducing the concentration of a pollutant in leachate before the wastewater reaches the ground. Researchers reduce the contamination level by the various method and electrocoagulation is one of the efficient methods for this application. This experimental work was planned to determine the effective pair of the electrode and optimizing the factors which affect the efficiency of electrocoagulation. From the first study, it may be concluded that Iron and Stainless steel pair show higher percentage removal of all the analyzed parameter than the copper and stainless steel pair. Then optimization was carried out with Iron and Stainless steel electrode to analyze the effect of current density, pH, inter-electrode distance, the concentration of electrolyte, electrolysis time and agitation on electrocoagulation. The optimized current density was determined as 60A/m2, electrolysis time was determined as 45 minutes, the inter-electrode distance was determined as 1.5 cm, pH was determined as 7.4, agitation speed was determined as 300 rpm, electrolyte solution was determined as 25% dilution.

Published by: Preethi M., Tamizh Mani E., Vasanth A.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Electrocoagulation, Leachate, Iron, Copper, Stainless steel

Review Paper

104. A novel approach for designing smart cane for visually impaired

Usually, visually impaired people use a white cane as their mobility aid along with dogs as their guide. Using technologies to make smart walking cane which will assure safe mobility of the visually impaired person and reduce the energy spent on detecting an obstacle . In this paper, the smart cane is designed which will help a visually impaired person to walk confidently. The proposed project aims at the development of an Android-based Application for smartphones in which customers can connect to a cane. The camera on the cane sends real-time images of the current surroundings and the android application works on each frame to detect upcoming obstacles. The Convolution Neural network models help in the detection of objects using TensorFlow and stores the name of the object in a text file. Later the text in the text file is converted to voice using Google TTS (Text to Speech conversion). Thus using advanced technologies for better living.

Published by: Megha C. Sakkari, G. Krishna Chaitanya, K. RaveenaResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Tensorflow, Convolution neural network, Google TTS


105. Smart steering in automobiles for safe driving

Automobiles have been an integral part of the modernization and development of civilization. Right from the beginning of the industrial revolution, there were a huge number of automobiles manufactured. This called in for the need for safety measures to be implemented into the vehicle for protection of the passenger in case of accidents. Various safety measures were implemented in this domain, such as functions like Seat belt, Anti-lock Braking System, Safety Airbag System and many more. The accident toll continued to increase over the years despite these safety measures. These accidents were caused by human negligence such as drunken driving, drowsiness, unhealthy condition and a lot more. This paper, hence, proposes a system in which the driver cannot drive under the influence of alcohol and also a basic level health condition test to check if the driver is fit to drive. It also has a system that can sense if the driver is sleepy and alerts the driver back to his senses if found sleeping. This can ensure the complete safety of the passenger while driving and can reduce the accidents to almost zero values that are caused by the above mentioned human faults. To add to the safety in case of any accident the system houses a crash detector and flame detector along with GPS and GSM modules to alert the nearby authorities to get to the rescue. As a whole, the system can provide unimaginable safety assurance against fatal accidents and hence save precious life's.

Published by: Kiran B. V., Albert James, D. Chandan Krishna, B. Dharshan, Dr. Manju DeviResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: The Oxford College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Car safety system, GPS, Sensors, GSM, Microcontroller

Research Paper

106. Therapeutic strategies for vaginal and sexual health promotion in cervical cancer survivors: An overview of practice at the Tertiary Cancer Hospital in Mumbai

Cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy alone or as a part of combined therapy have reported higher occurrence of vaginal morbidity. Vaginal stenosis and dryness are the common vaginal symptoms which tend to persist following radiotherapy treatment. Vaginal dilation with dilator and sexual counselling is routine practice to preserve vaginal patency and to facilitate sexual functioning and gynaecological surveillance. A retrospective review of case files of cervical cancer patients referred for vaginal dilation to Occupational therapy during 2002-2010 was carried out with the aim to understand the therapeutic strategies practiced for improving vaginal and sexual health following pelvic radiotherapy at the tertiary cancer hospital in Mumbai. Data of 183 cervical cancer patients which met the study criteria, was collected with reference to the stage of the disease, treatment received, details about vaginal dilation following radiotherapy, and sexual status and side effects related to dilation. Review found that vaginal dilation with dilator was routinely recommended to cervical cancer patients following completion of radiotherapy. Resumption of sexual intercourse and sexual counselling was provided to married patients for prevention of vaginal stenosis and preserving sexual functions. Documentation on the content of sexual counselling and the time spent on counselling was found absent. This review of case files found vaginal dilation with dilator post pelvic radiotherapy is effective in preventing vaginal stenosis and sexual intercourse cannot be used as a sole medium of dilation. Dilation with dilator improved vaginal length from 8.02 cm+ 2.9 to 9.96+ 2.89cm with the p value <0.001. ords.

Published by: Dr. Manjusha Vagal, Dr. Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Tata Memmorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Cervical cancer, Vaginal stenosis, Vaginal dilation, sexual counselling

Research Paper

107. Cloud cost management: An empirical view

Cloud computing provides a mechanism to access, store and retrieve the applications and data online. The word cloud refers to a network or the internet. Nowadays, many IT Companies are adopting Cloud Computing. In Cloud, computing resources are made available to the users easily, quickly and on a pay-per usage basis. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyze the cost involved in accessing the paid services of cloud and show how the service broker policy of retrieving data from the closest datacenter and retrieving data after optimized response time of the datacenters. After a close analysis, we find that retrieving data from the nearest datacenter is more cost effective than optimized response time data retrieval of data from datacenters.

Published by: Puja Gupta, Dr. Kumar RajnishResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi, JharkhandKeywords: Cloud computing, Datacentre, Broker, Service broker policy, Optimized response time, CloudSim, CloudAnalyst, User bases, Virtual machines

Case Study

108. Skill gap assessment is a key to survive

To ensure that the workforce is well trained, knowledgeable and better equipped to perform the job. Identifying skill gap becomes essential. Skill gap presents an opportunity for the organization and the employees to identify the missing skills and try to gain them. This study analyzed the skill gap between the employees of VASUDHARA Dairy (AMUL), Nagpur and helped in making employees aware of the critical skills they will need to grow. A sample of 60 respondents was considered. The data were collected in 2 phases. At first, the department heads were interviewed and then the questionnaire was prepared based on the parameters communicated by the heads and then it was circulated to the employees. The major findings reveal that most of the employees out of the total sample lack ICT ( Information and communication technology) and thus a skill gap exists in this area.

Published by: Rupal SinghResearch Area: Management (HR)

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Identity, Critical skills, Skill gap


109. Reliability analysis of Electronic Control Unit and Remote Unit used in Decoy Launcher Defence System

Abstract: With the development of technology, effective countermeasures of decoy launcher are developed. Decoy Launcher Defence System (DLDS) designed to detect, to track and to localize the incoming Decoy from the enemies and it is a countermeasure system. The system offers a complete solution to detect and locate an incoming Decoy and provides highly effective defence for the system. The DLDS shall enable timely defence against incoming Decoys at sufficient range from the submarine to guarantee safety and survivability of own platform. Controlling of decoy launcher plays a crucial role in launching and firing of Decoys. For controlling the Decoy Launcher, two control units are there. They are Electronic Control Unit (ECU) and Remote Unit (RU). ECU is manually controlled and it act as master controller for the launcher. RU is controlled by directors through remotely (infrared signals). It is necessary to improve the reliability for the control units. In order to obtain the reliability of ECU and RU of DLDS, in this paper developed the Reliability Prediction, Reliability Block Diagram (RBD) and Failure Mode Effect and Criticality analysis (FMECA). Reliability Analysis gives the Prediction of the failure Rate and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF). Reliability Prediction obtained in accordance with MIL-HDBK-217F2. Reliability Block Diagram (RBD) used to know the parts reliability how it contributes to success or failure of a system using logical operations of the system. FMECA used to obtain the failure modes of the components, their effect on system, identifies the criticality and corresponding changes are made in the design to reduce the failure modes. The procedure for performing a failure mode effects and criticality analysis developed by MIL-STD-1629. To control these failures proper methods are considered to improve the reliability of system. The reliability analysis is carried out using ITEMSOFT Tool.

Published by: C. Himabindu, V. Sumalatha, A. AnilkumarResearch Area: Reliability

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Reliability prediction, FMECA, RBD, MIL-HDBK-217Fn2

Research Paper

110. Concept of fair dealing – A co-relative analysis

In this research article, the researcher makes a comparative analysis between India’s Doctrine of “Fair Dealings” and the US’s Doctrine of “Fair Use”. And the outcome of this research article would be, to analyze which law stands in a better position to protect the rights of the creator and the Consumer. And whether the Provisions in India and the United States relating to Fair use is in like nature to the International frameworks or not?

Published by: Ilayanambi B., Athish E.Research Area: Copyright Laws

Organisation: Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fair dealing, Fair draft, Right holder, Unfair, Infringement

Research Paper

111. Survey on design of software stack for IoT architecture and sustainable rural development

The digital revolution by the Internet of Things is reshaping several traditional business sectors. The Internet of Things (IoT) will probably fuse straightforwardly and consistently an extensive number of heterogeneous end frameworks while giving open access to chosen subsets of information for the advancement of plenty of computerized administrations. It enables the path to connect any time, anywhere, with anything and anyone ideally using any network topology with a specified service. Hence the divergence on the scenario of a SmartGlobe‟ has emerged to mean many things to many people. The aim of this exploration is to research the potential commitments of the web of Things innovation towards neediness will decrease in these rustic zones, in accordance with the necessities distinguished in these networks and with emphasis on agriculture. These can drive the social advancement in country regions, advance expanding profitability and monetary effectiveness development, change individuals' mindset, and improve populace quality and the way people's style of work and their life. It focuses on the key areas of interest in the sustainable rural development and assesses the uses of IoT in those territories. It furnishes a thorough view as for development in the personal satisfaction in that.

Published by: Madhumitha M., Bhupendra Pratap Singh, Vaishali Maheshkar, Dr. G. SundariResearch Area: Electronic Communication Engineering

Organisation: Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud computing, Energy consumption, Noise, Environment, Monitoring

Research Paper

112. Communal and caste politics in India and its impact on voter

In this research project the researcher attempts to bring out the impact of caste and communal politics in the Election and how the voters are being influenced by the name of the caste. So, in order to bring out the impacts, the researcher would be discussing first about the “Evolution of caste politics in India” and then would move on to the important question as to “Why Caste and Communal Politics still persists and increasing in India?” Then the researcher would analyse the role of Election Commission in restricting the communal and caste politics during the election and whether any legal restrictions has been imposed in this regard. And what can be done further to restrict the Communal and Caste politics.

Published by: Ilayanambi B., Athish E.Research Area: Election Law

Organisation: Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Communal and caste politics, Indian politics, Superstitious beliefs, Impact on voter, Feeling of hatred

Research Paper

113. Analysis of earthquake resistant structures using base isolation

In this project "Base Isolation", we are going to discuss what is actually base isolation and its importance. This project sheds light on various methods such as 'Time History Analysis' and Response Spectrum' to protect structures from the earthquake. Base isolation has become one of the reliable tools for earthquake resistant design of the structure. Base isolation system for buildings is introduced to decouple the building structure from potentially damaging induced by earthquake motion, and to make a comparison for the difference between the isolated base and fixed base buildings. The response of the structure with base isolation is analyzed using Etabs.

Published by: Sajid G. Saudagar, Ashika P. Sapkal, Vikas N. NimbalkarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: D. Y. Patil Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ambi, MaharashtraKeywords: Base isolation, Response spectrum, Time history, Drift, isolators, LRB (Lead Rubber Bearing), Etabs

Research Paper

114. Work-life balance of married woman self employers of Puducherry

A Balance between work and life is something for which every woman is striving for. Good WLB is made-up to be live when there is a good environment prevails at work (business) and at home with the minimum role of conflict. Running a business is not as easy as going for a job. In business, the responsibility is more for the owner compared to the worker. A woman taking care of own business and taking care of family are two big responsibilities for her. For a self-employed woman, it is necessary to be in the place of business for longer hours as she is the investor or owner. For an employee, it is 8 hours. But for the business owner, there is no such limit in working hours. As per the situation prevailing in the place of business, she has to present herself for longer hours. This paper attempts to study the WLB between married female self-employers and salaried women in Puducherry, Objectives of the study: The primary objectives of the study shall be 1) To Study the WLB of married Female self-employers at Puducherry. 2) To study the perception and satisfaction level of WLB by married self-employers at Puducherry. For this, 80 Samples were collected using Simple Random Sampling method. Tools such as Percentage analysis and t-test were used. The study found that there is a significant difference in work life expectation and work life satisfaction between women self-employed and salaried women in Puducherry.

Published by: Dr. R. Veluraj, J. PoomagalResearch Area: HRM

Organisation: Tagore Arts College, PondicherryKeywords: WLB, Perception level and Satisfaction level, Married female self employers

Research Paper

115. Implementing the motion-based video clipping algorithm for monitoring surveillance video streams

Communication is exchanging or transfer of the data so that the internet of things is but something like transferring of data or things or we can say exchanging several things. The use of authorized systems from the help of the internet is calculated as by 2020 that there will be the availability of billions of systems all around. The objective for the project shall be defining safekeeping alert system of devices by taking care of the power-related aspects by the internet of things.

Published by: Rishika K. Kowshik, Akshata G., NamrataResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: IoT, Raspberry Pi, Pir Motion Detection Sensor, Peizo Buzzer, Web Cam.

Research Paper

116. Solar based steam cooking system

Advantages and guidelines for cooking with steam are described. Transferring heat energy through steam is the most efficient way to cook and can occur through conduction, convection, or radiation. Steam has 6 times the heat energy found in boiling water at the same temperature. Pure steam is dry and cooks foods quickly, retaining nutrients. Air must be completely excluded from steamers or pressure cookers for efficient performance. Several makes of steamers are described (e.g., forced convection steam cookers and counter units). Variables that affect cooking time in steam are: density, shape, and thickness of foods, food temperature, and doneness desired. All restaurant operations should consider having a steamer.

Published by: Himank Suhalka, Chetan Kashyap, Jayesh Sharma, Aditya Pratap Singh SisodiaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Geetanjali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Heat pipe, Renewable, Parabolic, Box, Panel, Solar

Research Paper

117. Computational fluid dynamic analysis of performance of centrifugal pump sump set on a cooling system

Design of a centrifugal pump is carried out and analyzed to get the best performance point for a certain impeller blade angle. Due to high demands by industry for centrifugal pump equipment, there is, the study of has centrifugal pump impeller mass flow rate is important. This paper deals with the design and performance analysis of centrifugal pump by changing the impeller blade angle. In this paper, a centrifugal pump is analyzed by using a single-stage centrifugal pump. It consists of Two main components of a centrifugal pump are the impeller and the casing. The impeller is a rotating component and the casing is a stationary component. In a centrifugal pump, water enters axially through the impeller eyes and water exits radially. The pump casing is to guide the liquid to the impeller, converts into pressure the high-velocity kinetic energy of the flow from the impeller discharge and leads liquid away of the energy having imparted to the liquid comes from the volute casing. The CFD analysis is being increasingly applied in the design of centrifugal pumps. The design and performance analysis of centrifugal pump is chosen because it is the most useful mechanical rotodynamic machine in fluid works which widely used in domestic, irrigation, industry, large plants and river water pumping system. Moreover, centrifugal pumps are manufactured in many industries.

Published by: Suhas S. Chavan, C. LimbadriResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Centrifugal pump design, CFD Analysis, Simulation, ANSYS CFX, Pressure distribution, CFD-Tool

Research Paper

118. Financial security among transgenders in India: An introduction to trans-inclusion model

The transgender community has been looked down upon for generations owing to societal stigma and plain ignorance. This has resulted in a community, brimming with potential, being grossly underutilized. If nudged in the right direction and given impetus in so far as education and equal opportunities are concerned, we would have a solid block in the working class of our country, proactively contributing to the economy and the society in general. The paper has explored the living conditions of transgenders in our country, the prejudice and bias they battle and the limited options they have for sustenance by means of the research. The objective is to understand the existent state of transgenders and inquire into ways of alleviating poverty among them by the encouragement of formal education, spreading awareness on diseases plaguing the community and sensitization of common public to enable equal job opportunities, thereby directly surging their self-esteem and productivity in the society

Published by: Alan Homes, Joseph John, Abhijith SreevalsanResearch Area: Transgenders

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Kothi, Double Decker, Bisexual, Homosexual

Research Paper

119. Wearable asthma prediction device

The paper presents the design for a wearable device to predict asthma attacks for all age groups. The design is developed based on environmental conditions and patient attack history. The wearable device uses temperature/humidity, dust sensors that monitor the surrounding atmospheric conditions and incorporates a machine learning algorithm (decision trees) for prediction of an attack in advance. Concepts of the Internet of Things are used for cloud storage and wireless connectivity with a handheld device, such as a smartphone.

Published by: Savitha S., Sarjana O. S., M. S. Praveen Kumar, Dr. S RadhaResearch Area: Machine Learning and Internet of Things

Organisation: SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Wearable, Machine learning, Decision trees, Internet of Things, Cloud storage


120. An experimental study on high performance fibre reinforced concrete

Concrete is the most extensively used construction material in the world. The main ingredient of conventional concrete is Portland cement. However, the conventional concrete is of low compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength. In current research is going to carry out the test on latex modified steel fiber reinforced concrete. According to various research papers, it has been found that steel fiber gives maximum strength as compare to other fiber. Hence, steel fiber(straight) of two different percentage i.e 0.5% and 1% with incorporation of styrene butadiene rubber(SBR) latex polymer in concrete modified with a percentage 10% of M25 grade, two different mix proportion is cast. The comparison between conventional concrete and HPFRC were found out by different test above. The various parameter s like load carrying capacity, ductility character, and stress-strain variation has to be analyzed.

Published by: Vikalp Singh Thakur, Swati AgrawalResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Kalinga University, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: HPFRC, FRC, Tensile stress, Compressive stress, Fibre orientation

Research Paper

121. Shopping guide

The main objective of this project is Sales prediction,which is forecasting the future sales of a product.The attributes used as an input is weekly sales and dates of sale.This paper proposes a machine learning model to predict sales sales of a product.The machine learning technique used is linear regression.The successful prediction of sales will maximize the shopkeeper's gains.

Published by: Riya Mate, Aditi Patil, Isha Bansod, Neha Khare, P. V. KhandareResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Linear regression, Sales forecasting, Android app development

Research Paper

122. Optimized short text embedding for bilingual similarity using Probase and BabelNet

Most existing methodologies for text classification represent text as vectors of words, to be specific "bag-of-words." This content portrayal results in a high dimensionality of feature space and much of the time experiences surface jumbling. When it comes to short texts, these become even more serious because of their shortness and sparsity and with the bilingual similarity of text it gets more difficult. This paper proposes an approach to deal with both sparsity and computational complexity of bilingual similarity of short text. English short text is mapped with Probase and Hindi short text is mapped with BabelNet a knowledge base with coverage of words and concepts for 248 languages. A semantic network is created to manipulate the word to word and concept to concept correlation. Unlike the earlier approaches of embedding, words and concepts from both English and Hindi short texts are treated separately to yield word embedding (Word2Vec) and concept embedding (Concept2Vec) respectively. The similarity between bilingual short texts is computed using the skip-gram based word embedding and concept embedding. When evaluated with Pilot and STSS 131 short text benchmark datasets, the proposed optimized bilingual short text embedding gives better similarity score

Published by: Natasha J., Vijayarani J.Research Area: Big Data and Text Mining

Organisation: Anna University, CEG Campus, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Short text, Conceptualization, Probase, BabelNet, Skipgram, Word2Vec, Concept2Vec

Research Paper

123. Implementation of wireless farming using IoT

As we know there are many issues surrounding our agriculture sector today lack of proper technology has caused a decline in production in the recent years. As in other countries, we see that there are many technological advancements that have helped in the increase in Production. IoT is one of the technologies that can make a very large impact on the agriculture sector. IoT stands for Internet of things it means that things will be connected to the internet and communicate with each other. In our system we have designed a system that can monitor parameters like temperature, humidity, Gas levels, Light detection, etc. all these parameters will be monitored locally, our system will be connected to the internet via a Wi-Fi module. All the data that has been collected by the system then will be uploaded to the server where it will be displayed using graphs and will be available for analysis.

Published by: Shradha Padmakar Rachcha, Atul ShrivastavaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IoT, WSN

Research Paper

124. Impact of training and development on employee development aspect of job satisfaction at Amara Raja Batteries Pvt Ltd.

Training and development became vital for organizations in the dynamic business environment with cut-throat competition. Many organizations are willing to invest in it. Job Satisfaction is necessary for employees to give higher productivity which also benefits organizations. It further reduces the turnover ratio and helps retain the skillful workforce. This study aims to find the association between training and development and employee development aspect of job satisfaction. Training satisfaction was divided into four variables such as Satisfaction with Training Session, Training Content Satisfaction, Trainer Satisfaction and Transfer of Learning. High to a moderately significant positive relationship is found between Employee development aspect of job satisfaction and Training satisfaction variables. The organization must concentrate on variables with the least positive relationship to ensure the highest satisfaction for the employees.

Published by: Jahnavi, Susan ChirayathResearch Area: Human Resources

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Job satisfaction, Training satisfaction, Employee development

Research Paper

125. uDCLUST: A novel algorithm for clustering unstructured data

Data that has been arranged and systematized into an organized and formatted repository, usually a database, so that its elements and essential features and can be made directly accessible for more powerful and adequate processing and analysis is known as Structured Data. Un-structured data is data that doesn’t fit accurately in a traditional database and has no identifiable internal structure and a predefined data model. We cannot perform different operations like update, insert and delete on un-structured data. Clustering is a process of unsupervised learning and is the most common method for mathematical and demographic data analysis. It is the main task of preliminary data mining, and an ordinary technique for statistical data analysis, mathematical data analysis, demographic data analysis, used in many fields, including ML (Machine Learning), recognition of patterns, analysis of images, retrieval of information, bioinformatics, compression of data and computer graphics. Available clustering algorithms have the difficulty to determine the number of clusters in a dataset and also are difficult to cluster outliers even that have common groups. A final related drawback arises from the shape of the data cluster where it is difficult and complex to cluster non-spherical and overlapping datasets. In this framework, we intended and designed an algorithm called uDCLUST (Un-structured Data Clustering), which identifies an appropriate number of clusters in unstructured data as well as cluster outliers easily with non-spherical and overlapping datasets.

Published by: Aamir Ahmad Khandy, Dr. Rohit MiriResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Dr. C.V. Raman University, Kargi Road Kota, Bilaspur, ChittisgrahKeywords: Big data, Unstructured data, Clustering algorithms, MongoDB

Research Paper

126. Comparison research on FIR filter with RRC filter using a reconfigurable constant multiplier

This paper proposes a capable constant multiplier architecture with the help of an architecture called Binary Common Sub-Expression (BCSE)algorithm. As multiplication using coefficients or constants plays a necessary role in digital signal processing(DSP). Firstly, a single constant multiplier switching between some constants are converted to an n-bit constant multiplier in which any of the bit can be generated at the output according to the input bit x using the BCSE algorithm. Then an RRC filter is designed using the n-bit multiplier and finally, the performance of the RRC filter is compared with that of FIR filter.

Published by: Arya P. Kumar, Mercy MathewResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Believers Church Caarmel Engineering College, Ranny Perunad, KeralaKeywords: BCSE, RRC, FIR

Research Paper

127. Comprehensive Training and Placement department

Android-based training and placement automation for campus drive is a System, which automates training and placement activities and provides opportunities to the students, who are eligible according to the company criteria and makes easy the process of managing information regarding students and companies automatically. This system focuses on the automation of the training and placement cell and profile matching. Collecting the resumes, providing notifications about various job openings to the students according to the eligibility and company criteria, managing and inviting the companies for the campus recruitment, classifying the data from the resume submitted by students and creating the recruitment metrics, Observing and controlling the progress of the selection process and communicating with different eligible candidates. This system provides modules like user interface for student and user interface for an administrator. Provides various functionalities like managing student resume, Company Profiles, Job Postings, Authentication, and activation of student profiles, listing out the students as per company’s criteria, provides the list of a shortlisted student with resume to the company .This system reduces the human efforts and maintaining large amount of data efficiently.

Published by: Rishika Sinha, Ranjana C. A., Swathi V., Kumar J., Vijaylaxmi MekaliResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Kammavari Sangha Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Curriculum Vitae (CV), Information Technology (IT), Training and Placement (TnP), Training and Placement Officer (TPO)

Review Paper

128. A review on adoption of change management in Indian banking sector

Change is a strong driving force for any organizational development. A better organization can make a better tomorrow. The purpose of this research is to study the level of implementation and adoption of the change in the banks and the extent to which banking institutions practice the same in India for making a better development. The paper focuses on, how far the employees are involved with operational alerts, so that they may remain dominant in a rapidly growing environment. The analysis was done on bank employees, the paper discusses the finding as per the investigation conducted and provides recommendations which include: Highlighting the significance of the change, clearly expressing on a vision for the change, Leaders applying transformational leadership principles

Published by: Ranjitha. MeesalaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Change management, Organisation development, Organisational change, Banking sector

Research Paper

129. Digitizing employee engagement

Employee engagement is normally the degree of dedication and attachment a working person has towards his or her company and its nuclear values and viewpoints. An engaged employee is supposed to be conscious of the business situation, and work dynamics with contemporaries and peer groups to improve accomplishment within the job for the advantage and excellence of the company. It is a positive approach held by the employees towards the company and its values. Therefore there is a huge necessity for HR professionals to emphasize more attention not only on holding on to the existing workforce but also on having them actively occupied. The Employee Engagement Index is an online examination in which employees evaluate their own commitment at work. Most of the Agencies which provide Employment believe employee engagement to be one of the lead requisites to enhancing PES (Performance Evaluation System) performance. This presentation is an attempt to the acquaintance with the digitization of employee engagement by what is known as the Employee Engagement Index.

Published by: Gagandeep Singh, Kewal Singh PanesarResearch Area: Business Mangement

Organisation: Northwest Group of Institutions, Dhudike, PunjabKeywords: Engagement, Disengagement, Performance, Productivity

Research Paper

130. A parallel patient treatment algorithm and it's application in hospital queuing recommendation

A patient queue management system to minimize patient wait time, delays and patient overcrowding is one of the major challenges faced by hospitals. Redundant and bothersome waits for long periods result in substantial human resource and time wastage and increase the frustration endured by patients. Therefore, we recommend a Patient Treatment Time Prediction (PTTP) algorithm to predict the waiting time for each treatment task for a patient. Based on the predicted waiting time, a Hospital Queuing-Recommendation (HQR) system is developed. HQR calculates and predicts an efficient and suitable treatment plan recommended for the patient.

Published by: Milan Bekal, Abishek Manikandan, Ayushman Tewari, Pallavi G. B.Research Area: Big Data Analytics

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: PTTP, HQR, Time management, Regression tree algorithm, Random forest algorithm

Research Paper

131. Testing Mobile Application Part (MAP) protocol using MAP-simulator tool in a mobile communication testing laboratory

This paper mainly explains the usage of a Tool for Functional testing, Conformance Testing, Load and Stress Testing, Interoperability Testing, Performance Tests, Sanity Tests, and Regression Test. It is used as a simulator program for testing of communication interfaces between network elements. The legacy, emerging networks along with fixed, mobile network combination leads to different challenges in telecom networks. Some issues may be interworking between different networks Access requires access independence, proprietary specifications and interoperability specifications create architecture independence, proprietary specifications, and interoperability challenges, authentication and security require User independence, coordination between carriers and service providers require Service independence. To overcome the above challenges the network elements are tested with different testing methods mentioned above. The study represents preliminary experimental trials on different architecture like GSM, UMTS, IMS, etc.

Published by: Parsa Swetha, Dr. Nagaraja G. S., Prasad VasaResearch Area: Computer Network Engineering

Organisation: RV College of Engineering, Banglore, KarnatakaKeywords: Functional testing, Performance testing, Conformance testing, Load and stress testing, Protocol simulator (Independent protocol simulator)

Research Paper

132. Traffic load minimisation using IoT

In this paper we have discussed about the problem of traffic and how to solve it using WSN and IOT. As we know IOT is the latest technology and is being used in many sectors now a days at it very effective. As we know the problem of traffic management is increasing now a days is big cities which causes many problems like traffic, accidents and pollution. Management of the traffic is very important and a tedious job. There have been many methods used to solve this Problems. Also the issues like car theft have also increased now a days, also due to high traffic ambulance also have problems in reaching the hospitals fast. In this paper we have discussed the technique of solving this problems using IOT. There will be a sensor node and a base node the sensor node will be used to count the traffic in each lane and will send the information to the base node and the base node will take the decision of allocation of the. Also the base node will have a RFID reader connected which will be continuously Reading for the RFID cards that will be present at the cars and compare it with the data base and search for the stolen cars and ambulance, and will notify after the stolen car is detected. This will help solving the traffic management problem the theft problem and the emergency situations for the ambulance.

Published by: Kanade Pooja Rajendra, Atul SrivastavaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IOT, WSN, RFID

Review Paper

133. Review on underwater image enhancement using multiscale fusion

We introduce an effective technique to enhance the images captured underwater and degraded due to the medium scattering and absorption. Our method is a single image approach that does not require specialized hardware or knowledge about the underwater conditions or the scene structure. It builds on the blending of two images that are directly derived from a color compensated and white balanced version of the original degraded image. The two images to fusion, as well as their associated weight maps, are defined to promote the transfer of edges and color contrast to the output image. To avoid that the sharp weight map transitions create artifacts in the low-frequency components of the reconstructed image, we also adopt a multiscale fusion strategy. Our extensive qualitative and quantitative evaluation reveals that our enhanced images and videos are characterized by better exposedness of the dark regions, improved global contrast, and edges sharpness. Our validation also proves that our algorithm is reasonably independent of the camera settings, and improves the accuracy of several image processing applications, such as image segmentation and keypoint matching.

Published by: Devray Renuka Nitin, Atul ShreevastavResearch Area: Electronics and Telecommunication

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Underwater, Image fusion, White balancing

Research Paper

134. Experimental study on the influence of internal curing on concrete properties using pre-soaked lightweight aggregates and Super Absorbent Polymer

ACI defines Internal Curing (IC) as a process by which the hydration of cement continues because of the availability of internal water that is not part of the mixing water. The introduction of SAP as a new additive for the production of concrete materials presents a number of new possibilities in respect of water control, i.e., the purposeful water absorption and/or water release in either fresh or hardened concrete. Proper curing of concrete structures is important to ensure they meet their intended performance and durability requirements. In conventional construction, this is achieved through external curing, applied after mixing, placing and finishing. Internal curing (IC) is a very promising technique that can provide additional moisture in concrete for more effective hydration of the cement and reduced self-desiccation. Internal curing implies the introduction of a curing agent into concrete that will provide this additional moisture. Concrete expands and contracts because of change in temperature, freezing and thawing cycle and environmental conditions. During early age hardening of concrete exhibits few cracks due to its chemical nature. The main reason for crack development in paste fraction is the loss of water due to chemical reaction and environment. The crack development due to aggregate was mainly on its chemical composition and physical properties. The crack due to plastic shrinkage could be reduced by adopting an internal curing method. This internal curing agent supply absorbed water to concrete to minimize the crack effect due to plastic shrinkage. Internal curing does not replace conventional surface curing but works with it to make concrete more robust. Internal curing can also help compensate for less than ideal weather conditions and poor conventional curing that is often seen in the real world. In this study, M25 Concrete was used to cast cubes beams and cylinders with the mix design of 1:1.78:2.92 replacing sand with presoaked vermiculite and in other mix replacing cement with SAP. The results of 28 days compressive strength, flexural strength and split tensile strength indicates a higher strength with usage of 0.35% SAP and 5% vermiculite as internal curing agents.

Published by: Vishal Bhawar, Dr. Sanjay Kulkarni, Vishwajeet KadlagResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: SAP, Vermiculite, Internal curing, compressive strength, shrinkage

Research Paper

135. Health prediction system using Data Mining

“Health Prediction” system based on predictive modeling, which predicts the disease (probability of disease) of the user on the basis of the symptoms that the user provides as an input to the system. The system analyses the symptoms provided by the user as input and gives the probability of the disease as an output to the user. Disease Prediction is done by implementing the Naïve Bayes Classifier. Naïve Bayes Classifier calculates the probability of the disease. Therefore, the average accuracy of 75% is obtained for disease prediction. The system also provides suggestions of Doctor’s to the user based on the symptoms analyzed. Along with it also provides suggestions of nearby Doctor’s available in the area of Patient. The user can also share his/her medical reports online with the Doctor, based on which doctor can provide treatment to the user. Also, there is chatting facility available through which Doctor and User can interact with each other before taking an appointment or after the treatment also. The Doctor can also manage all the patients’ records online.

Published by: Omkar Nevase, Prafull Bansode, Rishikesh Nimbalkar, Sanket Yeginwar, Suvarna PawarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Data Mining, Prediction, Classification, Naïve Bayes

Research Paper

136. Noise absorbing construction material from waste(s)

The noise absorbing panels are made from both natural and artificial materials. Due to the increased manufacture and usage of artificial fibres, carbon footprint levels get increased. In the Coimbatore region with the presence of numerous coir industries, huge quantity of waste in the form of coir pith are produced. To overcome the use of artificial fibres, this study intends the usage of the coir waste as the noise absorbing material. A noise absorbing panel is designed and made from the coir with the addition of polypropylene. The polypropylene is used for binding purpose. The prepared sample is tested with the impedance tube method. The sound absorbing coefficient value of the sample which is compared with the other materials. For phase, I of the project, the properties of coir and the test which has to be carried out is studied with the help of literature reviews. The test procedure is discussed and the methodology is prepared. Further in phase II of the project experimental part is carried out. The results are tabulated and compared with artificial materials which are then concluded that coir can be used as an absorbing material.

Published by: A. Aneesul Nayeem, Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Engineering and Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Coir, Noise absorbing panel, Polypropylene, Impedance tube method

Survey Report

137. Chefs for pets

Just for awareness of all the existing students

Published by: Sunita VermaResearch Area: Hotel Management

Organisation: Gateway Institute of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sonipat, HaryanaKeywords: Pet chefs, Origin, Need, Balance diet, Safe handling

Case Study

138. Cast Partial Denture: A Preferred Choice of the Patient over Acrylic Partial and Flexible Denture- A Case Report

Acrylic partial denture is a preferred choice of treatment for partially edentulous individuals because of the low cost and ease of fabrication. But there are lots of disadvantages for it because of its semi porous nature, low strength, thickness of the denture base etc. It also results in altered taste sensation, hampered speech and reduced heat perception by the patient. Cast partial denture is a treatment modality which has been proved through ages for treating partially edentulous individuals, but still not practiced commonly mainly because of the economic viability and fabrication difficulty. In this case report the patient is provided with full acrylic denture, a flexible denture and a cast partial denture and the patient’s perception towards the treatment is assessed.

Published by: Dr. Elias M. Kuriakose, Dr. Anupama Aradya, Dr. Raghavendra Swamy K. N.Research Area: Prosthodontics

Organisation: JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: cast partial denture, partially edentulous, patient perception, removable prosthesis, comparison of prosthesis

Research Paper

139. Image encryption predicated on segmented singular value decomposition using FrFT

The protection of digital information and pictures has an integral function in defense as well as biomedical image handling applications. The formula which is usually to be utilized for the protection of data gives strength from any sort of incorrect supplies to the unwanted consumer. The idea of share matrix S(k;n) m for the creation of shares has been investigated. These types of shares give strength to the security or encryption of confidential information and images. In this article, the paper illustrates the utilization of share generation idea for encryption of the digital pictures in the SVD domain. The singular value of the SVD component functions as a good choice to create the shares of the picture. To bring further improvement in the robustness, we apply the Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT). The sequence of the FrFT (1; 2) combined with the singular vectors (that is U and V) parts of the initial/base image functions similar to keys. Most of the state-of-the-art techniques are also studied combined with the suggested technique. A variety of quantitative parameters such as for example speed, Number of Pixels Change Rate (NPCR), Unified Average Changing Intensity (UACI), entropy, correlation coefficient, key sensitivity and Mean Square Error (MSE) has been completely researched to examine the overall performance of the suggested technique.We find our suggested technique works more effectively or perhaps comparable sufficiently.

Published by: Ashish Ranjan, Krishna Kant NayakResearch Area: Digital Communication

Organisation: Bansal Institute of Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: FrFT, Share matrix generation, Image Encryption, Sensitivity.

Research Paper

140. Solid waste management in railway wagon

Solid waste management has been a major problem in railway wagons for many decades in India. It is a well-known fact that if solid waste is not taken care properly it is going to harm the environment drastically. The purpose of this project is to collect solid waste thrown out of the window by the passengers and recycle or reuse. Two conveyor belts are fixed one above another between two parallel frames of the window. Four collecting tanks, each pair at both ends of one conveyor belt are also attached. The tanks are equipped with a level sensor (Ultrasonic sensor) and a GSM module. Two outlet pipes are attached from inside that direct the waste onto the conveyor. Inside the coach, each coop is provided with a switch, which on pressing the conveyor belt starts and thus prevent it to run for the whole time without any work to be done. The whole system comprising of two sets of the conveyor belt is enclosed in a casing between the parallel frames of the window.

Published by: D. Krishnakumar, Soumik Chakraborty, Amit R. Yadav, Aditya Jaideep, Surya ParasharResearch Area: Waste Management

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solid waste management, GSM module, Ultrasonic sensor, Solid waste, Conveyor setup, Railway wagon

Research Paper

141. Social hierarchies and technological practices: The making of documentary films in India

Abstract: This article is premised on a critique of the view that technological capacities are independent of social hierarchies and are increasingly becoming participatory, allowing the entry of individuals from different levels of social strata. In response to the work Jacques Ellul and Francois Hetman, this paper argues that knowledge of technology, while indeed providing a momentary space for decision-making, does not necessarily restructure social hierarchies. Through case studies presented from the world of Indian documentary filmmaking, this paper puts forth the view that technology operators, despite being technologically advanced, do not break into the filmmaking hierarchical order. This remains true even where technical knowledge rests most with those in the lowest rungs of the filmmaking ladder. Instead, technological knowledge provides the scope for other kinds of relationships to develop, such as those of ‘trusting the technician’ or ‘admiration for the technician’s work’. This admiration is especially acquired through techniques of improvisation that the technological operator becomes proficient in. Furthermore, what continues to define documentary filmmaking hierarchy is conceptualization capacities of the practitioners, which are influenced by a similarity in socio-cultural backgrounds and film school training accessible to only a limited few.

Published by: Nivedita GhoshResearch Area: Sociology, Visual Anthropology

Organisation: University of Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Documentary film making, India, Technology, Decision-making, Improvisation


142. Experimental analysis on Expanded Polystyrene Shortcreting panel

Affordable quality housing is vital in developing countries to meet their growing population. Development of a new cost-effective system is crucial to fulfilling these demands. In view of this, a study is carried out to develop Expanded polystyrene (EPS), as a new affordable building system. Experimental investigation and finite element analysis to study the structural behavior of the EPS panel under axial load are undertaken. The panel consists of lightweight Structural panel consisting of an insulated polystyrene core sandwiched between two engineered layers of Galvanized Steel welded wire fabric mesh. To complete the panel from the process a Galvanised steel wire truss is pierced completely through the polystyrene core and welded to each of the outer layer sheets of Galvanized steel welded wire fabric mesh. The panels are loaded with axial load until failure. The ultimate load carrying capacity, load-lateral deflection profile, strain distributions, and the failure mode are recorded. Partial composite behaviors are observed in all specimens when the cracking load is achieved. Finite element analysis is also carried out to study the effect of slenderness ratio and shear connectors affect the strength and behavior of the panels. An empirical equation to predict the maximum load which is the major parameters that carrying capacity of the panels is proposed. The Eps panel system proposed in this research is able to achieve the intended strength for use in low rise building. The panel building system has tremendous flexibility–it can be used in place of wood or metal-framed walls, masonry block walls or precast panels. It is an excellent structural system that can be used in floors, ceilings, and roofs. The panel building system saves construction time while providing greater structural integrity. As an eco-friendly v alternative building system, panel components are manufactured with all recycled plastics and steel – no forest products are used. The panel building system is safe and friendly to humans and wildlife. Also by the use of expanded polystyrene, we can standardize the climatic conditions inside the building. The cost of the construction is also reducing by the usage of expanded polystyrene wall panels in the construction of building.

Published by: Giridharan A.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: EPS Panel, Project

Research Paper

143. Structural behavior of ferrocement self compacting concrete using M-sand under axial and lateral pressure load

Water Tanks are used for the collection and storage of water for drinking, washing, animal use, irrigation and agricultural purpose. The self -compacted concrete is an innovative product in the civil engineering field in India. M sand is produced by reducing large pieces of aggregate into sand-sized particles. An experimental program was designed in the current work to examine the structural behavior of ferrocement self-compacting concrete using M sand under axial and lateral pressure load. M sand is used in mixtures in an area where the natural sand is not available. The size of M sand is less than 4.75mm. The cost of construction can be controlled by the use of M and is the alternative material for construction. The ferrocement tanks have better corrosion resistance and they have lower maintenance costs than steel tanks. In this method of construction provides durable and high strength water tanks. The main objective of the project is studying the structural behavior of ferrocement self-compacting concrete using M sand under axial and lateral pressure load. The matrix was designed to have high strength, low water to binder ratio, flow characteristics and high durability. Depends a lot of factors, in SCC adding silica fume as a mineral admixture, gelinium as a chemical admixture and using M and is the alternative material for natural sand. In this present investigation, the structural behavior of the ferrocement tanks will be tested in terms of strength, cracking behavior and energy absorption.

Published by: M. Naveen Kumar, Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ferrocement, Self compacting concrete, Pressure load, Ferrocement tanks, Structural behavior


144. Experimental investigation of sisal fibre reinforced concrete with partial replacement of cement by ground granulated blast furnace slag

The study focuses on the compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength performance of the sisal fibre concrete containing a different percentage of slag as a partial replacement of OPC. The cement in concrete is replaced accordingly with the percentage of 10%, 20% and 30% by weight of slag. And 1% of sisal fibre is added to the concrete. Concrete cubes are tested at the age of 7,14 and 28 days of curing. Finally, the strong performance of slag used fibre reinforced concrete is compared with the performance of conventional concrete. From the experimental investigations, it has been observed that the optimum replacement of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag powder to cement is 20% for M 30 grade. Addition of sisal fibre in the concrete mix significantly influenced the cracking behavior and ultimate strength of beams. Addition of 1% sisal fibre in the RC beams increases both the flexural first cracking strength and flexural toughness of the SFRC beams and leads to an appreciable increase in their ductility and stiffness compared to those conventional RC beams without the addition of sisal fibre.

Published by: E. Preethi, M. MadhumithaResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Sisal fibre, GGBS, Slag used cement, SFRC beams, Replacement

Research Paper

145. Currency recognition and fake currency identification using image processing

Around 150+ currencies exist in the world. Each currency differs from the other on the basis of size, paper, colors, patterns, text, etc. It is difficult to identify all the currencies that exist. Also, it is difficult to determine whether a currency is real or fake. Our system proposes to tackle this problem using Image Processing in MATLAB. The different types of currencies from different origin are provided to the system and system then performs Image Processing operations depending on the currencies and provide the identified currency type as an output. Also to authenticate currency is real or fake it performs Image Processing functions and identifies the currency provided as an input is real or fake.

Published by: Kiran Swami, Kshitija Murumkar, Dr. Premanand Ghadekar, Yash SolankiResearch Area: Image Processing ( IT)

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Currencies, Patterns, Texts, Identify, Real or fake, Authentication, Image processing, Matlab

Survey Report

146. Routing communication performance in mobile ad-hoc networks using millimeter wave-An survey

The point of this paper is to see the steering protocol execution in versatile Ad-Hoc organizes utilizing Mm-wave. A directing convention indicates how switches speak with one another, circulating data that empowers them to choose courses between any two hubs on a PC to arrange. Directing calculations decide the particular decision of course. In this paper, we ponder the execution of some outstanding steering conventions on account of mm-Wave Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) utilizing the ns-3 mm-wave module that was produced as of late. Children are inside the objectives for the following arrival of the 3GPP New Radio (NR) institutionalization process (Release-16) for the 5G, which makes the investigation of the conduct of such recurrence groups for these systems a critical move towards accomplishing such objective. Scientific and reproduction results demonstrate an extraordinary enhancement in the steering conventions conveyance rates and power utilization when utilizing mm-Wave contrasted with the sub6GHz band frequencies

Published by: S. Mahesh, B. Ajith Reddy, B. Haranadh Reddy, K. Saketh Kumar, Dr. I. ChandraResearch Area: Electronics And Communication Engineering

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Adhoc-network, Protocol, Millimetre wave, Routing


147. Experimental investigation of earthquake resisting stadium designed with damper

The Structures such as buildings, bridges, and towers are prone to collapse when natural phenomena like earthquake occurred. Therefore, many design codes are reviewed and new technologies are introduced to resist earthquake energy especially on building to avoid collapse. The tuned mass damper and hydraulic dampers etc. are one of the earthquake reduction products introduced on structures to minimize the earthquake effect. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of tuned mass damper by experimental works and finite element modeling. The comparisons are made between these two models under harmonic excitation. Based on the result, it is proven that installing tuned mass damper will reduce the dynamic response of the frame but only in several input frequencies. At the highest input frequency applied, the tuned mass damper failed to reduce the responses. In conclusion, in order to use a proper design of damper, a detailed analysis must be carried out to have sufficient design based on the location of the structures with specific ground accelerations.

Published by: Porselvan R., SekarResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Dampers, Structure, Finite elements

Technical Notes

148. Busted: A website vulnerabilities analysis and alert tool

The number of reported web application vulnerabilities is increasing dramatically. The most of vulnerabilities result from improper input validation. This paper presents extensions to the Tainted Mode model which allows intermodule vulnerabilities detection. Besides, this paper presents a new approach to vulnerability analysis which incorporates advantages of penetration testing and dynamic analysis Henceforth, it is required to have secured services. The main concern is to provide security to end user to protect files or data from the unauthorized group. The web application is now used to performs an intelligent standard of collection of services, applications, information, infrastructure comprised of pools of computer, network, information, and storage resources. With these advantages storing a large amount of data including important information on websites motivates a highly accomplished hacker to hack the critical information also. Hence, security is considered a topmost issue in cloud computing. This paper aims at analyzing encryption algorithms based on factors such as cost, time, key length and block size. The analysis indicates that several algorithm and various tools help in improving security to save the data

Published by: Ujjwal Sinh, Suresh Kumar B., Tejaswini D. Kalro, Bajarang, A. M. PrasadResearch Area: Web Security

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Web application, Web security, Cyber security, Web security tools, Vulnerability analysis, Penetration testing, Dynamic analysis, Report generation

Research Paper

149. An in-vivo study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of different gingival retraction systems

Background: Meticulous impression of the prepared teeth is of extreme importance for successful fixed prosthetic restorations. Gingival retraction allows access to finish lines and to create space for the impression material to record prepared and unprepared tooth structure. Dentists should carefully consider the various materials and methods of gingival retraction in light of the potential risks involved. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the amount of displacement in terms of lateral displacement by the Expasyl and Magic FoamCord retraction systems. Materials and methods: Study was conducted on the unprepared right and left maxillary central incisors for 10 subjects. Subjects were selected based on certain selection criteria. The pre-displacement and post-displacement impressions were made in a custom tray with monophase addition silicone material using a single mix-one step impression technique. Final cast of maxillary central incisors was sectioned longitudinally into two equal halves. The sectioned halves were oriented on mounting jig using a spirit level and assessed under a traveling microscope. The measurements were made from the crest of the gingival margin to the mid-buccal surface of the tooth. The amount of gingival displacement in each group was calculated by subtracting the pre- displacement values from post-displacement values. From the observations obtained statistical analysis was performed using paired 't' and unpaired 't' test. Results: Group I produced more amount of lateral displacement than Group II. However, the amount of gingival displacement between Group I and Group II showed a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Expasyl pastes retraction system showed more lateral displacement of gingiva compared to Magic Foam Cord system.

Published by: Dr. Imtiyaz Ahmed Magray, Dr. Arwah Bashir, Dr. Adil FayazResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Tissue displacement, Retraction, Marginal finish lines, Custom tray, Impression, Esthetics

Research Paper

150. Sustainable participation of Artificial Intelligence in design process

The rise of AI has been in the core of several speculations about it taking over all the jobs from humans, however, Artificial intelligence is also recognized as one of the most disruptive technological advancement of the 21st century. This paper talks about the role of AI in the process of design, considering the role of human intelligence and artificial intelligence in an eco-system of the design process. Paper articulates conclusive note postulating sustainable roles of artificial intelligence in the design process. The paper should be helpful for professional designers, engineers, developers, visionaries, academicians and CXOs to understand and define the future scope of artificial intelligence in design. It should also be helpful to students and practitioners interested in the subject to understand, dream and imagine new aspects of human-machine interactions.

Published by: Abhijeet ShuklaResearch Area: Human Centered Design and Human Computer Interaction

Organisation: Tata Consultancy Services, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Design process, Sustainability, Human intelligence

Research Paper

151. Intelligent vehicle accident detection and ambulance rescue system

The accident is the major fatalities in the world. Where the victims die with lack of emergency personnel or remain unnoticed over the night. Road accident is a collision between any vehicles or it can be with any pedestrian, animal and any obstacle placed on or off the road. The mortality rate of the victim depends on the time taken to reach the accident location and to reach the hospital by ambulance. As time increases the mortality rate of the victim also increases. In this paper, we introduce system that automatically detects the accident occurrences and notifies the recorded ambulance through GSM and GPS module, and the time delay is minimized by introducing RF module at the traffic signals. Whenever an accident occurs the vibration sensor senses the accident occurrence automatically makes microcontroller to retrieve the location of the accident through GPS and GSM will notify the recorded ambulance driver with messaging which consist of longitude and latitude coordinates of the location. If the current ambulance which received the message is not available then the message is sent to the next ambulance number, so that immediate help can be provided. This system also controls the traffic signals in the path of an ambulance by providing RF communication between the ambulance and traffic section. The methods used in the paper are fully automated which finds the accident spot, controls the traffic lights, helps to reach the hospital as soon as possible.

Published by: Nayan Kumar R. N., Navya V. R., Ganashree N., Pranav K. U., Ajay N.Research Area: Wireless Networks

Organisation: S.J.C. Institute of Technology, Chikkaballapur, KarnatakaKeywords: Ambulance, GSM, GPS, Vibration sensor, Switch, RF module

Research Paper

152. Intelligent pothole detection via deep learning using Raspberry-Pi microcontroller

Bad road conditions are public trouble, causing passenger discomfort, damage to vehicles, and accidents. In India, 9300 deaths and over 25000 injured in 3 years due to potholes according to Ministry of road transport and Highways. Often we complain about bad roads, we have no proper way to detect or report them at scale. To address this issue, we have developed a system to detect potholes and assess road conditions on the go. Our solution is a raspberry pi that captures data on a car’s movement from gyroscope and accelerometer sensors in the Sense Hat sensor. To assess roads using this sensor data, we trained SVM model and Multi layer Perceptron Neural Network to classify road conditions with 97% accuracy. As the user drives, the models use the accelerometer and gyroscope sensor data to classify whether or not pothole is present. Then, the classification results are given to the public to drive by looking at the Potholes in map. Our system will empower civic officials to identify and repair damaged roads which inconvenience passengers and cause accidents

Published by: Pruthvi Gowda R., Ankith A. S., Hari Prabhanjan L., Kiran Acharya, Dr. K. N. Rama Mohan BabuResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Dayanand Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural networks, Machine Learning, Android, Raspberry Pi MicroController

Research Paper

153. Tackling aquaphobia using Virtual Reality

Aqua phobia is a disease caused due to many cases such as rabies, inheritance or previous false experiences with respect to water. In some cases, the cause of this disease is eradicated, but the disease itself is a phobia therefore, it remains in the mind. Such cases are taken to a psychologist or a psychiatrist, which causes individuals lot amount of charges. Therefore, a costeffective solution is needed for this critical issue. Virtual Reality creates an environment for any individual which is totally different form the current reality. This might prove to be a solution for the issue of Aqua phobia. Virtual Reality has the ability to render environments where an Aqua phobic individual can experience the fearsome situations visually. The proposed plan focuses on simulating different environments (levels) wherein fearsome environments of different intensity would be provided to the Aqua phobic people. While experiencing these environments visually, the individual would be in coordination with a pulse-rate sensor. This sensor, integrating with the application would provide a percentage on removal of Aqua phobia for that respective level. If the percentage amount crosses certain percentage, then the individual would be able to move on to the next level. This project aims on reducing effect of Aqua phobia, as the related diseases are removed but the phobias which are caused due to the diseases retain. In future, the project aims to tackle Claustrophobia and Arachnophobia as well.

Published by: Sanket Tembekar, Rohit Modak, S. P. PatilResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: NBN Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Aquaphobia, Virtual reality, Pulse-rate sensor, Simulations, Claustrophobia, Arachnophobia

Research Paper

154. Factors controlling scheduling of construction projects

The occurrence of a delay in the construction project is a common problem in civil engineering. There is an increase in the number of construction projects experiencing extensive delays leading to exceeding the initial time and cost budget. The delay is a situation where the actual progress of a construction project is slower than the planned schedule. This paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature by analyzing several negative effects. Even though over the years, existing delay analysis techniques (DATs) for aiding this decision-making have been helpful but have not succeeded in curbing the high incidence of disputes associated with delay claims resolutions and a major source of the disputes lies with the limitations and capabilities of the techniques in their practical use. Developing a good knowledge of these aspects of the techniques is of paramount importance in understanding the real problematic issues involved and their improvement needs. So analyzing all the data’s over a decade this paper seeks to develop such knowledge and understanding. Thus this paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature. It is followed by collecting a list of factors that cause the delay in a construction project. The collected factors are analyzed categorized into groups with ranking. A scheduling model of the apartment building is developed using MS-Project. To develop delay factors influencing in the model. As a result, the comparison between actual schedule progress and factors influencing the schedule are determined. From the study, the unforced delay is identified, so that that delay can be considered in the developing of any future construction scheduling work.

Published by: Haritha C., Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Engineering And Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Delay, Construction projects, Factors causes delay

Case Study

155. Development of village as a smart village –A case study on Ponkurichi village

“The Future of India lies in its villages” Mahatma Gandhiji. A smart village knows about its citizen, available resources, applicable services, and schemes. It knows what it needs and when it needs. The concept of the smart village makes the villages self-sufficient in respect of their needs. This study was carried out with the main focus to develop the Ponkurichi village into a smart village. The household survey was carried out throughout the Ponkurichi village to understand the needs of the residents and to provide the basic amenities like educational facilities, health care center, rainwater harvesting, transportation facilities, agriculture, water facilities, waste disposal, recreation area, etc. result of the survey and other secondary data collection, the immediate needs and other infrastructural requirements required for the Ponkurichi village are identified. The future land use pattern of the Ponkurichi village is proposed with the recommendations of basic infrastructural facilities to the Ponkurichi village to develop it into a smart village.

Published by: R. Karthick Vignesh, R. Shanmuga PriyanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Smart village, Sagy, Development

Review Paper

156. Automatic wall painting robot

The painting chemicals are found very much harmful to human painters which were causes the problem to eyes and respiratory system of a human being. Also, the nature of the painting process that requires habitual work and hand rising makes it boring, time and effort consuming. To overcome these problems the proposed system has developed. The belt drive mechanism based systems used to drive the roller up, down, left and right for painting on the wall. And the sensor is using to detect the presence of wall

Published by: Aishwarya Padalkar, Srushti Dalvi, Sayali Dhaygude, Vrushali Patil, Ashwini BarbadekarResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ATMEGA328, IR sensor, DC motors, Belt-Drive


157. Experimental investigation on flexural behaviour of various steel fibre reinforced concrete beam

The performance of concrete made with commercially available steel fibres has been investigated. In this study examines the flexural strength of concrete with two different types of steel fibre, short crimped of length 15 mm, another of long hooked ends of length 30 mm and were used in the present study. The overall volume fractions of steel fibres were restricted to 1 percent by the volume of concrete. M25 grade of concrete was used to cast the specimens. Reinforced concrete beams of 1.5 m length and 100 x 150 mm in cross-section were cast with different percentages of micro and macro steel fibres and the specimens were tested under single point loading after 28 days of curing. The results are to be compared between conventional concrete to fibre reinforced concrete.

Published by: Sindhuja P.Research Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Flexural behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete beam


158. Flexural retrofitting of geopolymer RC beam with ferrocement laminates

The present paper deals with the experimental investigation carried out to study the effect of Ferrocement laminates on the strengthening of Geopolymer reinforced concrete rectangular beams. Various rehabilitation techniques have been proposed yet but among these techniques, external strengthening provides a practical and cost-effective solution when compared to other repair methods. Reinforced concrete components are formed to exhibit distress and get deteoriated due to various factors and hence need strengthening. Ferro cement is most commonly used as retrofitting material due to their easy availability durability and their property of being cast to any shape without needing significant formwork. In this investigation, we examined the performance of R.C. beam strengthened by Ferro cement, 15 beams of the rectangular cross-section were cast using m20 grade concrete and were tested for collapse load. Further beams were stressed up to 70%, 80% &90% respectively. The investigation shows that up to 80% of the pre-damaged beams can be strengthened using Ferro cement. The need for the construction industry to look for a reliable and cheaper strengthening component for reinforced concrete structure has led to the usage of Ferrocement which proves to be a promising solution. In this paper, reinforced concrete beams strengthened with Ferrocement laminates attached to the soffit of the beams and control beam are observed through experimental study. Experimental results show that the strengthened beams and control beam are observed through experimental study. Experimental results show that the strengthened beams have increased ultimate moment capacity and also, it shows better serviceability performances in terms crack control and deflection.

Published by: Rachel J.Research Area: Civl Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Geopolymer, Ferrocemnet laminates, RC Beam


159. Bio-metric authentication using non-expanded inverted share image visual cryptography

A biometric authentication system operates by acquiring raw biometric data from a subject e.g., fingerprint and iris images. This original raw data is stored in the central database. Preserving the privacy of this digital biometric data has become very important. Visual cryptography can be applied to securing this information. The proposed work preserves the privacy fingerprint and iris-based authentication using Inverted Share image Visual Cryptography (ISVC). In ISVC, we invert one share image and stack it with another shared image to obtain the extra confidential data that can be used for authentication. In traditional visual cryptography, the size of the recovered image is expanded because of pixel expansion during encryption. This also leads to recovered image distortion. Therefore, the proposed scheme combines a non-expanded scheme with the extra ability to hide biometric data, such as fingerprint and iris image, in some cover image to maintain privacy. This will also solve the pixel expansion as seen in traditional visual cryptography

Published by: Ashwini N. Ingle, Dr. G. R. BamnoteResearch Area: Security using finger print and iris

Organisation: Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Visual cryptography, Biometric data, Non-Expanded scheme of VC, Extended VC Scheme

Research Paper

160. Active harmonic filtering using current-controlled, grid-connected DG units with closed-loop power control

Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind are becoming more popular to generate power. These renewable energy based power generation systems generate DC power output. An inverter is needed to convert DC power from renewable energy sources into AC power. These renewable energy sources are connected to the grid through interfacing converters which supply active and reactive powers to the main grid. Inverters are either be connected in standalone or in grid connected mode. In the case of grid-connected mode, the output voltage and frequency of inverter should be same as grid voltage and frequency. If loads connected to the grid are non-linear in nature, then it can introduce power quality problems such as harmonic distortions in grid voltage.

Published by: Pratiksha B. Patil, Dr. A. M. MullaResearch Area: Electrical

Organisation: Shree Datta Polytechnic College, Shirol, MaharashtraKeywords: Harmonic, Current-controlled, Grid-connected, DG units, Closed-loop power control

Review Paper

161. Over view on stock predictor using machine learning and deep learning

The trust which has grown in the power of deep learning models has made the finance industry very eager and with dynamical attitude to apply them in practice as it has been for the past few years. There are a variety of methods and techniques used which have remained very separate from each other in their approach. During the course of this survey, we intend to study the various techniques currently being used to predict or analyze the market and attempt to make a hybrid model so that a wider domain is covered in order to make better predictions.

Published by: Prashanth G., Siddharth Raval, Siddharth K S, Pranay Raj, Sunanda DixitResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Neural Networks, Machine learning, Deep learning, Stock market prediction, Long short term memory cells

Research Paper

162. Effect of waste polythene use in different modifier bitumen in flexible pavement

The use of waste polythene is increasing week by week. The waste polythene pollutes the environment, especially where there is no garbage collection and disposal system. A large amount of plastic collected from the tourist trekking regions and housing area are discarded or burned which releases harmful gases into the environment. The waste polythene collected from domestic and industrial sectors can be used in the production of plastics coated aggregate. Waste polythene, mainly used for packing and carrying any food. It’s made up of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and polystyrene. Their softening point varies between 110 degree Celsius to 140 degree Celsius and if the wastes polythene is heated within this temperature range then they do not produce any toxic gases but the softened waste polythene have tendency to form a film like structure over the aggregate, when it is sprayed over the hot aggregate at 160 degree Celsius to 170 degree Celsius. The Plastics Coated Aggregates (PCA) is a better raw material for the construction of flexible pavement. PCA was mixed with hot bitumen of different types and the mixes were used for road construction.

Published by: Mayank Mohan Mishra, D. S. RayResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Waste plastics, Plastic coated aggregate, Bitumen, Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polystyrene


163. An experimental investigation on high strength concrete using steel fibre

The Steel fibers to plain concrete is intended both to improve the material's ductility and that of structure in which Concrete is the most widely used structural material in the world with an annual production of over seven billion tons. For a variety of reasons, much of this concrete is crack. The reason for concrete to suffer cracking may be attributed to structural, environmental or economic factors, but most of the cracks are formed due to the inherent weakness of the material to resist tensile forces. It is now well established that steel fibre offers a solution to the problem of cracking by making concrete tougher and more ductile. It has also been proved by extensive research and field trials carried out over the past three decades, that steel fibres to conventional plain concrete members at the time of mixing/production imparts improvements to several properties of concrete, particularly those related to strength, performance, and durability. The concrete so produced is brittle in character and steel fibers can lengthen the time elapsed before cracking. Higher strength is one of the features of which provides significant structural advantages. This Thesis presents the experimental investigations carried out to study the effect of steel fibers varying in weight fractions of 0%,0.75% on high strength concrete using the mix design of M60 concrete.

Published by: Abinaya N.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Steel fibre, High strength concrete

Research Paper

164. Classification of satellite images using cellular automata

Satellite image classification is a substantial technique that is utilized in faraway sensing for the automatic evaluation and sample attention of the satellite tv for pc information, which provides the mechanical interpretation of a massive amount of data. Image classification introduces to label the photographs into the number of predefined categories. The Satellite Image classification consists of photograph sensors, photograph pre-processing, object detection, object segmentation, attribute extraction, and facts analysis. Many classification strategies have been derived for photograph classification. This paper will cover the study concerning the fundamentals of a number of classification methods used in the satellite tv for pc picture classification have been described. In this paper, a tabular assessment of the beforehand proposed methods has been presented for the better perception of these techniques.

Published by: NandhiniResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Satellite image classification, Support Vector Machine, K-mean algorithm, Fuzzy classification, Supervised classification, Unsupervised classification.


165. Experimental analysis on strengthening of RC member before and after rehabilitation

In today’s world affordable and mass housing plays a vital role in human development. Due to population growth, economic conditions development in building construction, a deficit in raw material leads to an increase in raw material cost. Concrete structural material that in modern times is made by post-tensioned and prestressed concrete is introduced in modern technology nowadays, In the modern world, we have constructed the R.C.C Framed structures only, for that structure can retain as Strengthening technique used as rehabilitation for the traditional building as it is as per actual strength before and after. This project we carried out for the experimental study on the strengthening of RC member before and after rehabilitation, for what extend level it can by capable to stability on maximum load and crack pattern developing in these sectional properties of structures we have to investigate and carried out the critical load and find analytically and experimentally. In this study, we can analysis of structure theoretical and practically proved by experimental study. The objective of this study is to produce concrete column and beams casting as per the high-performance concrete grade M25 to M40 as per the bonding strength by using raping material with construction chemicals. For this, cast by mold and also done Laboratory tests are conducted to study the behavior of column and beam subjected to critical loading. The load test results showed that the load carrying capacity for this crack paternity stability to carry the critical load for beam and column, we proved as theoretical and practically by using experimental study on strengthening of beam and column.

Published by: Wazeer MohammedResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: New Prince Shri Bhavani College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: RCC framed, RRC member, Crack paternity, Rehabilitation

Research Paper

166. Vishal atomic model

This atomic model reveals the new structure of quantum shape of an atom

Published by: Vishal ShivaResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Vishal atomic model, modern atomic model

Survey Report

167. An analytical approach on user’s situational behavioral pattern in Multimedia Social Networks (MSN)

In today’s world, it is verifiable that social media plays an essential job in affecting our way of life, our economy and our general perspective of the world. Social media is a new forum that conveys individuals to exchange idea, connect with, relate to, and mobilize for a cause, seek advice, and offer guidance. Most research on social network mining centers around finding the knowledge behind the information for enhancing people life. While multimedia social networks (MSNs) apparently grow their users' ability in expanding social contacts, they may really diminish the face-to-face interpersonal connections in reality. In this way, the association between users and MSN are becoming more progressively complete and convoluted. This proposed system principally expanded and enhanced the circumstance investigation system for the particular social area and further proposed a novel algorithm for users intention serialization analysis dependent on exemplary Generalized Sequential Pattern (GSP). We utilized the enormous volume of user behavior records to investigate the continuous sequence mode that is important to predict user intention. The experiments chose two general sorts of goals: playing and sharing of interactive media, which are the most widely recognized in MSN, based on the intention serialization algorithm under various least threshold limit (Min Support).

Published by: Samrudhi Kaware, Dr. Vinod WadneResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Imperial College of Engineering, Wagholi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Multimedia Social Networks (MSN), Social system, Mental Disorder Detection (SNMDD), Generalized Sequential Pattern (GSP), User’s behavior pattern, Intention detection

Research Paper

168. Blockchain for cloud backup system

Blockchain Technology is an emerging technology in the software world. In order to understand the applications of the blockchain, it is necessary to understand how blockchain works. Blockchain was first introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008, which serve a Peer-to-Peer ledger for registering cryptocurrency bitcoin transactions. The blockchain is a list of records stored in the form of a chain. A blockchain is a decentralized distributed ledger which means a number of records are stored in a block and the block is added to the chain. Each block consists of a number of transactions for each transaction there will be a unique hash value, all hash values of the number of the transaction are combined and made a single hash value of the block and this follows Merkle root hash method. The invention of blockchain in cryptocurrency bitcoin solved the issue of double spending. The invention of blockchain in data backup can decrease the security complexity and duplication of the data. Rather than storing the data in one single hub that is the centralized system we can store the data in the blockchain which is a decentralized distributed ledger. In this decentralized system, the file is divided into a number of chunks stored into the blockchain which makes it difficult for data hacking and data tampering. In a centralized system if a server goes down then data is lost forever and in centralized system records can easily be altered because it does not have a backup to verify the records but in the blockchain, every peer in the network has the copy of the records and it is difficult to tamper the records. The files can be divided by a technology called Reed-Soloman erasure coding, generally used in CDs and DVDs. Reed-Soloman erasure coding allows dividing files in a redundant manner, where any 1 of 3 segments can fully recover a user's file.

Published by: Karthik C., Chandan M. N., Abhinandan, Mohammad Rayan BaigResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology, Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain, Decentralized, Cloud storage

Research Paper

169. Stabilization of soil using sisal, polypropylene and hybrid fibers

Geotechnical engineers face various problems while designing foundation because of clayey soil due to poor bearing capacity and excessive settlement. So, we rectify that with various engineering works but in this project we choose fibers for improving soil parameters, this method is cost effective and eco-friendly one. The clay sample was collected from Devakottai, Tamil Nadu, India. Sisal, polypropylene, and hybrid of these two fibers were used for soil stabilization. The sisal fiber was mixed 0 .1%, 0.2%, 0.3% and 0.4% by weight of the soil samples. Similarly, polypropylene fiber was mixed 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% by weight of the soil samples and hybrid fiber mixed soil samples randomly distributed. The effect of fiber addition on soil stabilization was evaluated by conducting tests such as Atterberg’s limits, Standard Proctor compaction test, Unconfined Compressive strength test, Specific gravity test, and California bearing ratio test

Published by: S. M. Kavitha, B. Shaik Mohamed, C. Muniyappan, R. Elavarasan, V. Sathish KumarResearch Area: Soil Mechanics

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Soil stabilization, Sisal fiber, Polypropylene fiber, Hybrid fibers, Shear strength, Unconfined compressive strength, Bearing capacity

Research Paper

170. Project on assessment of effects of the pharmacological agents in the modulation of regenerative abilities in Eisenia Fetida

Regeneration is repair and regrowth of the lost tissues or organs in response to injury. To unravel the process of regeneration, it is really important to understand the repair mechanism and proteins involved in the process of tissue repair as well as regrowth, factors affecting them and the regulation of those factors. The present study was conducted to firstly observe the modulation of those proteins using different pharmacological agents to check on the regenerative ability of Eisenia fetida by targeting oct ¾, Nanog and lin28. These genes and their regulatory product proteins respectively were found to be modulated using pharmacological agents like isotroin and Metformin. The other proteins which were involved in the regeneration process were expected to get illuminated in protein profiling on using these agents. By using Metformin and Isotroin which were involved in the regulation of proteins like oct-4 and lin-28 which were themselves involved in regeneration, we could detect the upregulation rather the complete production of other proteins like lumbrokinase, gag, CRT which were concluded to be responsible for the regeneration in Eisenia fetida.

Published by: Shivangi Modi, Kritika MukherjeeResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Thadomal Shahani Engineering College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Regeneration, Eisenia Fetida, lesion, Nanog, Lin 28, Isotroin, Metformin, Regulation of proteins, Lumbrokinase, Gag, CRT

Research Paper

171. Hospital food service key performance indicators

The quality assessment program is an ongoing, planned and systematic process to observe and assess the quality and appropriateness of patient care. Key performance indicators are a quality assessment tool to measure the overall quality of care delivered to the patients. KPI’s supports and influences food service objectives. This article briefs on the Hospital food service key performance indicators.

Published by: S. Ramesh, B. Manimegalai, Annie ValsanResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: KPI, Healthcare food service, Quality Assessment, KPI Dashboard


172. Employees perception towards safety and welfare measures in spinning mills at Rajapalayam region

The Indian textile’s industry takes to be present one of the supports of the Indian budget. Rajapalayam is the hubs of textile productions and is actuality led by the disorganized trivial and standard industry. Therefore, safety and welfare measures are the main concern for the employees in any spinning mills because the employee’s welfare and safety on and off the job within the spinning mills is the vital concern of the employer. It contains several accommodations, amenities, and services provided to employees for enlightening their well-being, efficacy, economic furtherance and societal prestige. Consequently, the present study procedures descriptive and explanatory approach, the data collected done questionnaire among 288 employees working in six spinning mills in Rajapalayam region, Tamil Nadu. To establish the employee perception towards welfare measures and safety selected spinning mills to recover the employee welfare and safety measures should be improved.

Published by: Vijaya Ramya V., Dr. GeethaResearch Area: Spinning Mills

Organisation: Mother Teresa Women's University, Kodaikanal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Employee welfare, Employee satisfaction, Quality of life and productivity

Research Paper

173. Credit rate in Islam

The topic is about credit rate in Islamic banking The credit rate is actually meaning that the purchasing of a good or commodity at a specific rate and then they are going to sell the specified commodity at different price to the customer mean charging some interest on the customer, the interest which is charge from the banker to the customer is strictly prohibited in Islam. The objective of the study is going to find out the perception of people toward credit rate, to find out if the credit rate is strictly prohibited in Islam, to find out the influence of socia-economic and demographic factors on the perception toward the credit, these are the objectives which are circulated in the topic. The research methodology is on The base of data which is collected the primary data through questionnaire from the different countries respondents The sampling area is the international students of Chandigarh university how are studying in different field of education departments of the university. The overall research is going to indicate that credit rate is going to affect to demographic and social culture of the people and the country who are doing the credit rate for the purpose of the profit but actually they are doing the loss because Allah said in Quran (the one how is doing credit rate they think that they are doing profit but actually they are not doing profit they are doing loss an d the hell is waiting for them).

Published by: Popal StanikzaiResearch Area: Credit Rate

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: Credit rate, Profit, Bank rate


174. Investigation on permeability characteristics of pervious concrete

Abstract: Concrete is widely used structural material consisting essentially of a binder and a mineral filler. Concrete has been the leading material since it was used and is bound to maintain its significant role in the upcoming future due to its durability, adaptability to any shape and size and many other applications. It is a composite material produced by mixing cement, inert matrix of sand and gravel or crushed stone. Pervious concrete is a type of concrete that has a low water-cement ratio and contains none or very little amount of sand. In the present paper the behavior of pervious concrete has been studied experimentally to reduce urban heat island effect and sustainable solution. Various specimens were prepared with Cement/Aggregate (C/A) ratio of 1:3 and 1:5 by adding super plasticizers (0.2% & 0.3%) and varying size of aggregates. The water-cement ratio was kept constant 0.30. Different properties of pervious concrete e.g. compressive strength, split tensile strength, rebound hammer test at 28 days and Infiltration rate test for C/A ratio of 1:3 and 1:5 have been studied experimentally. Experimental results showed that strength of pervious concrete decreased with the increase in C/A ratio and also the permeability is decreasing with the increase in strength i.e., with the decrease in C/A ratio.

Published by: Gunda SharanyaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: CVR College of Engineering, Pocharam, TelanganaKeywords: Permeable concrete, Cement/Aggregate ratio, Super plasticizer, NDT test, Infiltration Rate test

Review Paper

175. Data governance in smart factory: Effective metadata management

Most of the enterprises recognized the importance of Data governance and started data governance programs either at the Enterprise at the individual Business units level. Data governance councils at various levels in an enterprise define and enforce data quality and security, using policies, standards, and Procedures. The success of Data governance program is heavily relying on people or team who is governing the data governance council. However, Data governance is best implemented by leveraging people, process, and Technology. In the past, subject matter experts of individual data domains maintained the metadata, which is a critical component of data governance. Efficient and automated metadata management, which can be established today by leveraging technology and process not just SMEs, has the potential to mitigate the risk of people dependency. Smart factories, which are heavily automated, generates data at a scale and speed which were never seen before by manufacturing industry, and face the crisis to maintain the data quality, and to make the data available for analytics for any further use. Data generated by smart factories are diverse and are mostly stored in distributed systems, which further increases the complexity of data governance through metadata management. Efficient metadata management, mostly automated, can help smart factories to achieve Data governance goals, and help to provide data as a service. This paper discusses the shortcomings of Hybrid data governance model – acknowledged as the better model for data governance by industry – and proposes a system architecture which has all the benefits of the hybrid model in addition to improvements that are necessary for a smart factory.

Published by: Mahendraprabu Sundarraj, Rajkamal Mahamuni NatarajanResearch Area: Smart Factory

Organisation: Sun Power Corporation, United StatesKeywords: Smart Factory, Data Governance, Metadata management

Research Paper

176. Design and development of planetary gearbox for variable performance

In the commercial cars, the generally conventional gearbox is used, but in an all-terrain vehicle and military combat vehicle automatic transmission is used, where continuous variable transmission (CVT) is coupled with the epicyclic gearbox or generally recognized by the planetary gearbox. In this type of gearbox, we are establishing a gear train with high torque in a compact and light package. Here we are designing single stage planetary gearbox with co-axial alignment. Epicyclic gearing arrangements are comprised of four different elements that produce a wide range of speed ratios in a compact layout. These elements are: (1) Sun gear, an externally toothed ring gear co-axial with the gear train; (2) Annulus, an internally toothed ring gear co-axial with the gear train; (3) Planets, externally toothed gears which mesh with the sun and annulus; and (4) Planet Carrier, a support structure for the planets, co-axial with the train. The name "epicyclic" is derived from the curve traced by a point on the circumference of a circle as it rolls on the circumference of a second fixed circle.

Published by: Saurabh Bhalerao, Harish Pawar, Vivek Jadhav, Krishna Mahajan, S. K. VeerResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: P.E.S. Modern College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Planetary gearbox, Planetary gear trains, Planet gears, Epicycloid curve

Research Paper

177. Analysis of multistoried building using E-Tabs

The main objective of this project is to protect the building by designing it as earthquake resistance structure. “Base Isolation’’ is one of the most widely accepted seismic protection system used in building a structure in an earthquake-prone area. There are many types of base isolation systems but Lead rubber Bearing (LRB) is used as base isolation system in this project, LRB is most widely used as isolation system for a building. So, in this paper, we analyzed the structure with base isolation by using E-Tab software & by adopting a Time History Analysis Method. Base Isolation system for the building is introduced to decouple the building structure from potentially damaging effect by earthquake motion and to make a comparison between the isolated base & fixed base building.

Published by: Pallavi S. Raut, Harsha S. Pande, Raj R. ShirkeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: D. Y. Patil Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ambi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Base isolation, E-Tab software, Time history analysis, Isolator, LRB (Lead Rubber bearing), Acceleration and displacement

Research Paper

178. Home automation and security systems using IoT and open source platforms

This paper discusses the design and implementation details of home automation, monitoring, and security system using the Internet of Things (IoT) and some open source technologies. The IoT is the network of physical objects or “Things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors and network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. The user here can interact directly with the system through a web-based interface over the Internet, while monitoring and control of domestic home appliances such as lights are remotely controlled through a user-friendly web page. Monitoring is carried out by sending the sensor data to an open source platform called Thinger which shows the status of the device and also the location of the device with values of the sensor.

Published by: Somraj Chowdhury, Rajkumar Jain, Thimmaiah M. B., Prajwal R., Rakesh K. R.Research Area: Computer Science and Electronics

Organisation: Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Automation, Sensor, Monitoring, Things, Security

Technical Notes

179. Risk assessment and safe handling practices while using Asbestos in industries

Asbestos is the name given to a group of mineral fibers that was widely used as a building material prior to 1990s in a variety of products due to excellent strength, insulation, and fire resistant properties. The chrysotile fiber is also known as “White Asbestos” is used in the manufacturing of asbestos cement roof sheets and asbestos fiber cement sheets by implementing the “INDIAN STANDARDS” ( IS 11451, IS 11767, IS 11768, IS 12078, IS 12079, IS 12080). The principal concerns are the development of Asbestosis, Lung cancer, Pleural thickening, and mesothelioma. These concerns can be controlled and prevented at a minimum level.

Published by: M. Noorul Ameen, M. Prabu, P. Senthilkumar, S. Magibalan, Dr. R. BoopathiResearch Area: Industrial Safety Engineering

Organisation: K. S. R. College of Engineering, Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Asbestos, Chrysotile, White Asbestos, Lung cancer, Pleural thickening, Mesothelioma

Research Paper

180. Real time anti-theft vehicle tracking system using GSM and GPS

There is a drastic increase in the number of crimes involving vehicle theft. This can be avoided by using Real-time anti-theft and tracking mechanism using GSM and GPS. In the current scenario, it takes a minimum of two days to find the lost or the stolen vehicle. Vehicle tracking mechanism alerts the owner or the user of the vehicle with the message at the time of theft occurred. Moreover, this mechanism helps to find the location of the theft vehicle by using GSM and GPS at any time and also stores the message by the application in the mobile. Vehicle tracking mechanism helps to prevent and reduce the theft of vehicles. Further, these types of devices are less expensive and also affordable for all vehicle owners. The ability to track vehicles is useful in many applications including the security of personal vehicles, public transportation systems, School buses, and others. Therefore, the development of vehicle tracking system using the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) modem is with the aim of enabling users to locate their vehicles with ease and in a useful manner. The system will provide users with the capability to track vehicle remotely through the mobile network.

Published by: Nikhil R. A., Sai Siddharth M., Ravi C., Prajwal K., Prathibha P.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Sapthagiri College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Vehicle tracking, RFID, Ignition control, Gyroscope, GSM and GPS

Research Paper

181. CFD analysis of diffuser augmented wind turbine

Flanged Diffuser is a collecting-accelerating device that shrouds a turbine. Forgiven rotary engine diameter, the power augmentation may be achieved by a brimmed diffuser, popularly known as wind lens. the current numerical investigation deals with the result of the low region created by wind lens to analyze the sturdy vortices shaped by brim connected to the shrouded diffuser at the exit. additionally, during this analysis, a comparative numerical prediction of mass flow rates the turbine has been allotted with numerous sorts of wind lens that successively helps to optimize the torque augmentation. it's been well-tried that there's an important increase within the vortex strength & wake formation once the brimfull effect is added to a diffuser.

Published by: Sagar Gade, P. V. Deshmukh, S. S. Patil, S. S. Khasbage, R. R. DeshmukhResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: AISSMS College of Engineering Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: DAWT, Windlens, Brim, Diffuser

Research Paper

182. RP-96: Formulation of solutions of a special standard cubic congruence of composite modulus– An integer multiple of power of prime integer

In this paper, a standard cubic congruence of composite modulus - an integer multiple of a power of prime integer, is considered for study and formulation. The author established the formulation of the solutions of the said congruence successfully. It is a bold attempt by the author for the formulation of the congruence. The congruence is not formulated by earlier mathematicians. The established formula is tested and found true. Formulation of the congruence is the merit of the paper.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts, Commerce and Indiraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Binomial cubic expansion, Cubic congruence, Formulation, Prime-power- modulus


183. Voice Controlled Personal Assistant

The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the implementation of a Voice Command System as an Intelligent Virtual Assistant (IVA) which can perform enormous tasks or services for an individual. These tasks and services are usually based on the user input, location awareness, and the ability to get the information from different online sources (like weather or traffic conditions, news, stock prices, user schedules, retail prices, asking time, traffic, travel assistant, events, notification from social applications and one can ask questions to the model, invoke its machine learning otherwise get it from Wikipedia… etc.). The motive of the work is to evolve an economically effective and efficient virtual personal assistant using Raspberry Pi based on the concepts of the Internet of Things, Speech Recognition, Natural Language Processing, and Artificial Intelligence Raspberry Pi is the important hardware to implement this model which works on the primary input of the user’s voice. Voice is used as an input to convert into text using a speech to text engine. The text thus produced was used for query processing and getting relevant information. After fetching the information, it is then converted to speech using the text to speech conversion and the relevant output to the user is given. Along with it, some extra modules were also implemented which worked on the concept of keyword matching. It can also help the visually impaired to connect with the outside world by giving them access to Wikipedia, Calculator, etc., everything with their voice. This model can also help people secure as it can be used as a surveillance system which captures the image of the person standing at the door and does the similarity checking. It is also used as a source of entertainment and information for visually impaired. This model will interact with other systems by means of IOT, thus provides a fully automated system.

Published by: Chaitra K., Bhimashankar M. D., Chandana D., Dr. H. UmadeviResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Raspberry Pi, Speech to text, Text to speech, Natural Language Processing, Speech Recognition

Research Paper

184. Agile approaches in construction project management

The Agile project management approach evolved from the software industry. This process to be vivid and continuously updated. Agile project management provides the project manager with methods, tools, and approaches to aid both the project manager and project client to engage in a more efficient manner. The purpose of this study is to investigate the different stages like, can Agile be implemented in the design phase in the construction industry? What adaptation is required? And how could benefit from utilizing Agile approaches from the traditional way, as well as interviewing with experienced senior, project manager for the identification of possible Agile approaches to reduce risk in construction project management.

Published by: Vigneshwaran P., Gurumoorthy C.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Agile, Agile methodology, Scrum, Project management, Construction management

Review Paper

185. Human motion detection and notification system

Video surveillance has become an important tool for organizations for maintaining its security and safety applications. This science has been evolving ever since. These systems are very important and find its applications finance, banks, and home. Traditional video surveillance will typically succeed close distance observance. Digital surveillance systems are replacing analog cameras which use coaxial cable for cost and performance reasons. The motion detector can capture any object moving in its surrounding area and continuously monitor the area for any changes. Security is a primary concern, and CCTV or security guards can be expensive. In this age of technology, we can use much cheaper alternatives for security monitoring. Automated Video Surveillance System has been developed to detect the motion in a live video stream environment. The System proposed is a software module that can be used in with any kind of camera or computer system. With this, any unlawful intrusion can be detected and notified. Motion Detection continuously scans a particular area for any presence of motion. It makes use of advance image processing and video processing for this purpose. The system acquires the video footage and does a real-time frame by frame analysis. Every frame is processed to find the details about the surrounding. This detail is then used to add details to the video footage through video processing.

Published by: Ronak Mehta, Saket Marodia, Pratik, Dr. GowrishankarResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Video surveillance, Automated video surveillance system, Motion detection, Advanced image processing

Research Paper

186. Optimization of machining process of EN-36C using electric discharge machining process

EDM or electric discharge machining is achieved when a discharge take place between two points of the anode and cathode, the intense heat is generated near the zone melts and evaporates the materials in the sparking zone. For improving the effectiveness of the process, the workpiece and the tool are submerged in a dielectric fluid (hydrocarbon or mineral oils). The proposed research is workout on machining of EN36C STEEL and there parameters such as tool dia, peak current, pulse on time, and pulse off time. It is observed that consider parameter namely tool diameter and pulse off time have significant effect on performance parameters and it was also justified by ANOVA analysis. For the validation of result confirmation test has been carried out and the associated error in the context of SR is only 1.14%, MRR 5.85%.

Published by: Anugrah Srivastava, Jitendra Mohan KhareResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: SR Group of Institutions, Jhansi, Uttar PradeshKeywords: ANOVA, EDM, EN36C STEEL, MRR

Research Paper

187. Feasibility study using post tensioning in large span frames

The paper deals with the structural analysis and designing of an auditorium. In order to support column free large span structure, the auditorium is designed with post-tensioned beams. Equivalent static analysis of RC structure was done using ETABS. The post-tensioned structure was analyzed and designed using SAP2000. The paper does a comparison between RC structure and post-tensioned structure

Published by: Divya Ouseph, Prabha C., Ijas Ahammed T. A., Arunthathy A. R., Sreelekshmi M.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, KeralaKeywords: RCC framed structures, Post-tensioning, ETABS, SAP2000

Research Paper

188. Urban spaces and health inequity

In the recent urban era, health inequity is a major challenge faced by planners and policy makers. With the increasing trend of people moving to urban zones and areas in the search of better stature of life and job opportunities, increased pressure and load on the already fragile urban infrastructure is visible resulting in social, cultural and economic inequities. Whereas health inequities are a major consequence of socio-cultural and economic inequalities in our society resulting in poor health services and amenities to the economically week, racial, ethnic and religious minorities and migrants. This paper mainly focuses on the inclusion of the planned urban spaces with the heath inequity problems such that the socially excluded and weaker section of the society thrive harmoniously. We suggest that an integrated approach in defining and developing urban spaces and areas with proper actions to deal with health inequity can magnify other steps and policies to deal with the health inequity present in our society and which is the need of the 21st century. We close with the suggestions to improve research and development in the field of environmental conditions, changing patterns in the urban environment and health inequity in the modern-day society to cope up with the problem of security that must be available to all. These practices may include urban slum upgradation and rejuvenation, participatory and integrated public approach, epidemic control and urban ecosystem services of health. We conclude that if the national and international communities and agencies are serious about the SDGs, stronger efforts and actions should be taken to improve the urban spaces, living conditions, socio-economic conditions which can promote health equity to all.

Published by: Rachit Pamnani, Thoudam Sudha, Dr. Alok Sharma, Apurva TomarResearch Area: Urban Planning

Organisation: Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Gwalior, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Urbanization, Equity, Health, Vulnerability, Urban poor

Research Paper

189. Analysis of intersection Dharmaraj Chowk

Study of intersection is very important to control traffic flow, factors contributing to traffic accidents are numerous and they interact complexly. The occurrence of traffic conflict is determined. This study proposes methods of investigation and analyzing data. Detailed accident analysis shows that intersection scenarios are a serious focal point for accidents in urban areas. Therefore such an analysis is necessary to be done. There exist a lot of different intersection types with different levels of complexity. Therefore, the relevant scenarios were chosen out of the accident analysis to focus only on the most dangerous scenarios. Pedestrian road crossings have become a major issue in road traffic flow, especially in urban areas where there is no control for pedestrian road crossings. Pedestrian road crossing behavior is a serious threat to pedestrians at uncontrolled midblock crossing locations in the mixed traffic conditions. Due to an increase in motor vehicle growth, there is an increase in the regulation of motor vehicles only and the regulation of pedestrian is completely neglected. This increases the uncontrolled road crossing behavior of the pedestrian. The main motivation of this study is to investigate the errors in the design of intersection so as per our interest we choose ‘Dharmaraj chowk’ Akurdi. A number of accidents are increasing day by day, during the decade 2001 to 2011, the number of road accidents in the country is increased at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 2.1 percent. Similarly, the number of road accident fatalities and the number of persons injured in road accidents in the country between 2001and 2011 increased by 5.8 percent and 2.4 percent, respectively. As a result of concerted and coordinated road safety efforts, there has been a decline of the order 3.1 percent and 0.4 percent in the number of persons injured and the number of road accidents, respectively, in 2011, compared to 2010. However, the number of fatalities increased by 5.9 per cent in 2011.

Published by: Malik Parvez, Susmit Pedapalliwar, Rohan Solunke, Sourabh ShigavanResearch Area: Traffic Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D.Y. Patil Institute of Engineering, Management and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Pedestrian survey, Traffic survey, Traffic problems, Footpath


190. Design and fabrication of a radio-controlled mini rover with audio-visual sensors, suspension and four-wheel steering

The use of an electronic vehicle in perilous areas, even in the absence of human intervention in providing the view of the location is a requirement. We, therefore, intend to provide a solution by fabricating a mini-rover that has the capability of monitoring the ambiance of a place providing the First-Person View. The rover is radio controlled with a range of 200m and at the same time, it sends the audio and video received by the rover. The rover is equipped with microcontrollers, camera, Li-Po battery, microphone, Servo motor and DC motors which enables it to travel up to 25kmph. The camera uploads data using IP address or Internet while the controller transmits at 2.4 GHz Radiofrequency. Moreover, having a center of gravity close to the bottom makes the vehicle attain greater stability. Alongside it has four wheels steering with a range of 60° which enables precise maneuvering. Radio controlled (or R/C) cars are battery/gas powered model cars/trucks that can be controlled from a distance using a specialized transmitter or remote. The project involves design, fabrication and physical demonstration of the above said mini rover.

Published by: Pusapati Suryanarayana Raju, Dr. Subash Gokanakonda, Mallipudi Sarad Kumar, Kankatala Sai KumarResearch Area: Automotive Engineering

Organisation: Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Using Mobile Phone, 5 Volts, Made from scratch, Suspention, All wheel drive, Four wheel steering, Dependent suspention, Fly-Sky CT6B, Tower Pro SG90 6g Servo Motor, OTG

Research Paper

191. Heavy duty vehicle assistor application- iOS vs Android

There are 3 billion plus active mobile social users. This is a market one can’t ignore. If you still don’t have a mobile app for your business, then you are not in the competition and it is high time to get one. When comparing iOS development and Android development processes, one can’t rely on personal preferences and need to think about the business and parameters that matter the most.

Published by: Rohan ChopraResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Dr. Akhilesh Das Gupta Institute of Technology and Management, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Android, iPhone, Apps, Development, Software, Coding, Smartphones

Research Paper

192. Answer script evaluator

Every college, university, school conduct exams and most important part of exams are the results. In order to get these results, the exam papers have to be evaluated one by one manually. This process of evaluating the exam papers is time consuming and requires more manpower. To overcome this solution, we have come up with a thought that removes the manual evaluation process. Our project focuses on developing a system that evaluates an answer script against a pre-uploaded marking scheme. Initially, a model is trained with a huge corpus (text data) and this model is used for further comparison of answer sheets with marking scheme. For evaluation, the marking scheme is processed and created a bag of words. In the same way, even answer sheets are processed and created a bag of words. Now these 2 values are compared using the LSI model and marks are assigned to the answers according to the comparison percentage obtained.

Published by: Sachin B. S., Somesh T., Shivaprasad K., Sumanth Hegde, Radhika A. D.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: LSI, TFIDF, Document similarity, Sentiment Analysis

Review Paper

193. Need of women empowerment in India

In a male-dominated society like India, women empowerment most importantly topic lays and maximum coverage it provides a way to enable the underprivileged or even moderately privileged women with much needed equal opportunities and access to education just like their male counterparts. Women empowerment acts as a strong driving force for the organisational development. A better organisation can make a better tomorrow. The purpose of this research is to study the about the empowerment, Government’s Role on Woman Empowerment in India. The paper focuses on need of women empowerment, government roles for encouraging women and concludes with necessary suggestions.

Published by: Ranjitha MeesalaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana,Keywords: Empowerment, Gender discrimination, Schemes, Organisational development

Research Paper

194. A comparative study on WLB of married female Government and Private School teachers of Puducherry

Balancing work and life is very difficult for any women in any profession. When it comes to the teaching profession, it is more complicated to have a better balance between both life and work. A good teacher is an epitome in pupil’s learning and developing good habits. Private school teacher is more answerable to the management where they are working as well as parents pertaining to pupil’s education and habits. They are also responsible for nonacademic activities too to be done in the school. Besides, Government teachers are not only responsible for pupil’s educational development, but they may be assigned additional duties like election duty, survey, etc. It makes known that it is really a very complicated working environment for the teachers in both sectors. In this context, this paper attempts to study the Work-Life Balance (WLB) between married female government and private school teachers in Puducherry with a focus on personal life satisfaction and support from family. In order to carry out the study, 55 samples were chosen using simple random sampling technique. Statistical tools such as percentage analysis and t-test were used. The study found that there is no significant difference between in personal life satisfaction and support from family among government and private school teachers in Puducherry.

Published by: Dr. R. Veluraj, J. PoomagalResearch Area: HR Management

Organisation: Tagore Arts College, PuducherryKeywords: WLB, Married female, Private and Government, School teachers

Research Paper

195. Impact of climate on construction industry

Buildings are designed for a specific climate yet they often have a lifetime of 100 years. This effect is compounded by the fact that much of the climatic data currently used for design purposes is some 30 years old. This paper investigates the impact that climate change over the last two decades may have on the design and performance of buildings by examining the specific impact that changes in temperature and solar radiation have had on one particular design variable, energy use. Impact of climate change on the building materials can lead to the loss of strength, color. The results indicate that the temperature and solar radiation in India have changed significantly in the last 15 years and that the climatic data currently being used for energy design calculations leads to inaccuracies in predictions of energy use. It is concluded that the climatic data used in these calculations should be urgently reviewed as it may be leading designers to adopt solutions which will be inappropriate for future use.

Published by: Pentkar Sai Kishore, S. SugumarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Building, Climate change, Design, Temperature

Review Paper

196. Next location prediction using Google API

The technological advances in smart phones and their widespread use has resulted in the big volume and varied types of mobile data which we have today. Location prediction through mobile data mining leverages big data applications such as traffic planning, location-based advertising, intelligent resource allocation. This paper focused on the challenging problem of predicting the next location of a mobile user given data on his or her current location. In this paper, we proposed Next Location- a personalized mobile data mining framework. In addition, the proposed framework represents a new paradigm for privacy-preserving as the mobile phone data is not shared without user permission. The prediction task consists of using such data to know and understand the user's current location.

Published by: S. Jayaprada, M. SrilathaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Gudlavalleru Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Next place prediction, Previous location, Global Positioning System, Mobile communication, Mobile data mining

Research Paper

197. Traffic load minimization in software-defined wireless sensor networks

In this paper, we have discussed the problem of traffic and how to solve it using WSN and IoT. As we know IOT is the latest technology and is being used in many sectors nowadays at it very effective. As we know the problem of traffic management is increasing nowadays is big cities which causes many problems like traffic, accidents, and pollution. Management of traffic is very important and a tedious job. There have been many methods used to solve these Problems. Also, the issues like car theft have also increased nowadays, also due to high traffic ambulance also have problems in reaching the hospitals fast. In this paper, we have discussed the technique of solving this problem using IOT. There will be a sensor node and a base node the sensor node will be used to count the traffic in each lane and will send the information to the base node and the base node will take the decision of allocation of them. Also, the base node will have an RFID reader connected which will be continuously Reading for the RFID cards that will be present at the cars and compare it with the database and search for the stolen cars and ambulance and will notify after the stolen car is detected. This will help to solve the traffic management problem the theft problem and the emergency situations for the ambulance.

Published by: Gade Neeta, Rathod V. U.Research Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IoT, WSN, RFID


198. A novel design and implementation of crack pattern analysis using image processing

Nowadays, cracks are more happening due to environmental changes, In the real-time scenario, cracks are very common in a wall, bridge, furniture, railway track. Cracks are the black marks that vanish the civil infrastructure. It indicates the safety status and It is typically developed within a few months or years.

Published by: Shreenidhi, Vinushree G. P., Sindhu K., Mamatha G.Research Area: Information Science and Engineering

Organisation: Sai Vidya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Canny edge detection, Dilation, Histogram

Research Paper

199. Impact of growth medium on siderophore production by Vibrio campbellii: An experimental approach using universal CAS assay

The growth medium is the sole source of nourishment for the bacteria cultured under laboratory conditions. This implies that the growth medium could largely influence the quality and quantity of secondary metabolites produced by the bacterium. Secondary metabolites are the weapons used by bacteria for survival in competitive ecosystems. In this regard, Siderophores are among the vital secondary metabolites of marine bacteria which help them in sourcing the minimal iron essential for their growth and virulence from the marine environment. Among the 11 different growth media evaluated for their impact on Siderophore production by the emerging marine pathogen Vibrio campbellii, MM9 native (minimal salt medium) was found to yield the maximum siderophore units (95.35%). The key factors influencing the growth of V. campbellii were found to be glucose and casamino acid. The determinant factors influencing Siderophore production were found to be glucose and iron-depleted composition of MM9 native medium.

Published by: Archana V., Revathi K., Siva Gayathri Kola, V. P. Limna Mol, Kirubagaran R.Research Area: Microbiology

Organisation: University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: MM9 medium, Secondary metabolite, Vibrio campbellii, Iron

Case Study

200. Productivity improvement in tyre manufacturing plant

This paper focuses on studying the production processes at Tyre manufacturing plant in order to understand the current productivity and suggesting the ways to improve the same. In any production processes, the major factors affecting the productivity are the non-value added activities and defects/non- conformities generated plus the rework done to eliminate the defects. DMAIC methodology is used to carry out the study. Initially, the current performance of the system is studied and measured using techniques like Time study and Process Capability. Next techniques like FMEA and Root Cause analysis are implemented to analyze and identify the sources of non-conformities. Improvement in the Loading and Unloading Efficiency is achieved from 58.835% to 100 %. Since 4 seconds were saved for every batch which resulted in saving 940 seconds or 15.677 minutes per shift. This resulted in increasing the batch number from 235 to 245 batches per shift per mixer. Also, the 3M/4M condition is suggested to reduce the major defect from potentially occurring in both Tyre building and Tyre Curing department.

Published by: Kaushik Amonkar, Dr. Jayant K. KitturResearch Area: Industrial Engineering

Organisation: KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belgaum, KarnatakaKeywords: Tyre industry, DMAIC, Productivity improvement, Fishbone diagram, Tyre defects


201. Clustering on uncertain data based on probability distribution similarity using Kullback-Leibler divergence

Cluster analysis is one in all the necessary knowledge analysis strategies and could be a terribly advanced task. it's the art of a sleuthing cluster of comparable objects in massive data sets while not requiring such teams by suggests that options or knowledge information bunch on unsure knowledge could be the toughest task in each modeling similarity between uncertain data objects. The foremost of the previous technique for a bunch unsure knowledge extends partitioning clustering algorithms and Density-based mostly clustering algorithms. These strategies are supported by the geometric distance between two unsure knowledge objects. Such technique unable to handle unsure objects, that are cannot distinguishable by victimization geometric characteristics and Distribution associated with object itself isn't thought-about. likelihood distribution could be the most vital characteristic of the unsure object isn't taking under consideration throughout measurement the similarity between 2 uncertain objects. The very fashionable technique Kullback-Leibler divergence won't to measures the distribution similarity between two unsure knowledge objects. Integrates the effectiveness of KL divergence into each partition and density based mostly bunch algorithms to properly cluster unsure knowledge. Calculation of KL-Divergence is extremely expensive to resolve this drawback by victimization well-liked technique kernel density estimation and use the quick Gauss remodel technique to any speed up the computation to decrease execution time

Published by: Vanashri Shrirang Shinde, C. M. JadhavResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Bharat Ratna Indira Gandhi Collge of Engineering, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Clustering, Clustering uncertain data, Density based clustering, Partition clustering, KL-divergence

Research Paper

202. Smart fire detection system for building using image processing

Fire detection is the main objective of this project besides surveillance. The aim of the project is too early detection of fire apart from preventive measures to reduce the losses due to fire. The project mainly is based on image processing and Controllers serial communication. In this project, at the user end, the fire images will be feeder in the form of video frames. These images will be further processed by using the software, MATLAB. The proposed system uses RGB and CMY color space. The advantage of using CMY color space is that it can separate the luminance from the chrominance more effectively than RGB color space. Along with this smoke, motion, area detection is also performed using its color characteristics. The proposed system consists of hardware such as Controller, Camera, LED, and Buzzer. There is a camera for surveillance. This camera will give a real-time video output to the user on the laptop or computer via a small GUI-graphic user interface which is to be built in MATLAB. Thus the fire will be detected using this model. In this project, we include some condition regarding fire i.e. small, medium, and high fire with or without the person. If the fire is without person then automatic message sends to fire brigades. And if the fire is med and high with human means any person surrounded by fire or trapped in a fire then automatically message send to fire brigades and Ambulance using Wi-Fi modules.

Published by: Akash Vitthal Thorat, Suyog Shah, Pavan Rajesh Sharma, Baliram Baburao SuryawanshiResearch Area: Electronics and TelecommunicationEngineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Matlab, Colour detection system, Edge detection, Fire detection

Research Paper

203. Alternative approach to women safety using IoT

The raising questions on the security of women and children in our country is an obstacle that we need to overcome towards a safer India for its citizens. In such scenarios, women and children feel very helpless. In reference to the unfortunate set of events which opened the eyes of the nation towards the lack an immediate need for the safety of women in the country, there have been multiple efforts to implement different techniques to protect and thereby, assist the victims in such situations. Hence, there must be a system which can protect them with the least amount of complexity and involvement of the individual. The following project aims at improving the existing system by implementing automatic responses instead of the conventional manual method as, in such situations, the victim hardly has any time to provide a manual pre-designed operation. The device requires the following elements; Arduino UNO, GSM, Heart Beat Sensor, Temperature and Humidity sensor along with IOT. In critical situations, the victims have an increased heart rate along with an abrupt increase in body temperature and humidity (body sweat). Hence, the sensors can be used to monitor the following factors until it breaches a predefined value. Upon breaking the set limits, the GSM module will send a pre-defined message to the police and/or family member along with the GPS location which can be coupled with third-party apps like Google Maps. However, for improved functionality, the criteria for emergency contact can be a complex combination of body temperature, humidity and heart beat of the user. Such method is very helpful for women and children as the device does not require manual operation.

Published by: Zeeshan ShaikhResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Security, IoT, GPS, GSM, HeartBeat, Temperature, Humidity

Research Paper

204. Natural language to SQL

In this research, an intelligent system is designed for the users to access the database using natural language. It accepts natural language input and then converts it into an SQL query. Using query language for dealing with databases has always been a professional and complex problem. The system currently handles single sentence natural language inputs and concentrates on MySQL database system. The system accommodates aggregate functions, multiple conditions in WHERE clause, join operations, advanced clauses like ORDER BY, GROUP BY and HAVING. The natural language statement goes through various stages of Natural Language Processing like morphological, lexical, syntactic and semantic analysis resulting in SQL query formation. Intelligent Interface is the need of database applications to enhance efficient interaction between user and DBMS. The research focuses on making the system more dynamic.Improvements have been introduced to the system by incorporating preprocessing of text, named entity recognition, building hierarchical relations, semantic similarity and negation handling using dependency graphs.

Published by: Ankita Makker, Gaurav NayakResearch Area: Natural Language Processing

Organisation: PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Natural Language Processing (NLP), SQL, Semantic similarity, context, Named entity recognition, Dependency graphs

Review Paper

205. Encouragement of Indian banks on female entrepreneurship

Gone are those days when women were considered as no match for all those powerful men in this world. The new generation of women across the world have overcome all negative notions and have proved themselves beyond doubt in all spheres of life including the most intricate and cumbersome world of entrepreneurship. Women have come a long way from just being a homemaker. This article deals with challenges and concerns faced by women and how the Indian banks trying to encourage and play their role to Develop Women Entrepreneurs in India.

Published by: Ranjitha MeesalaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Female entrepreneurs, Challenges, Concerns, National banks, Schemes


206. Employee Engagement: A symptom of sucess

In the era of the business world, organizations are in need of a workforce that is competent and productive. The employers are constantly looking for numerous ways to ensure that the organization stays ahead of the competition by shifting their focus on employee engagement. An "engaged employee" is defined as one who is fully absorbed by and enthusiastic about their work. If every part of human resources is not absorbed properly, employees fail to fully engage themselves in their job. Employee Engagement results in positive organizational performance that shows the two- way relationship between the employees and employer based on the foundation of employee commitment, job satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behavior. Engaged employees are enthusiastic and energetic, they care about what they do and have a sense of purpose in their work with a positive attitude towards the organization and its values.

Published by: Rupal SinghResearch Area: Management (HR)

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Employee engagement, Job satisfaction, Organizational citizenship behaviour, Employee commitment


207. Six stroke engine with repelling magnetic wing

Demand is growing for the need for alternative fuels for transportation. Permanent magnetic engine with six-stroke engine with its versatile applications is being utilized to switch from conventional combustion vehicles to six stroke magnetic engine vehicles. The scenario of traveling is changing rapidly with a decrease in fuel consumption. Basically, it indicates that fuel is being used almost everywhere to drive our life. But the current machines we use today are low in efficiency. Hence we require products with more power but also with higher efficiency. Magnetism possesses a magnificent opening for development. Electrical vehicles and hybrid vehicles using the technology of magnetic levitation have proved the strong nature of electromagnetic fields. Keeping in mind the arising needs of the industry, in this project we tried to design an experiment, a system called Repelling magnetic wing with six stroke Engine, which makes use of magnetic force to drive a load. The working principle is based on compression and repulsion between a two permanent magnet The forces thus developed are used to generate mechanical power. Successful development in this field can actively help to support IC Engines. A six-stroke engine which has the air intake in 5th stroke and which helps to take out the remain flue gases in 6th stroke and thereby an increase in performance and increase in two strokes. The magnetic engine helps to increase performance and supports six stroke engine to balance the 5th and 6th stroke and to decrease fluctuations.

Published by: Kavali GovindaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Visakha Institute of Engineering and Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Six-stroke engine, Internal combustion engine, Repelling magnetic wing


208. Advanced healthcare monitoring system using Raspberry Pi 3 based on Internet of Things (IoT)

In the recent development Internet of Things (IoT) makes all objects interconnected and it's been recognized because of the next technical revolution. A number of the applications of the Internet of Things square measure good parking, smart home, smart city, good atmosphere, industrial places, agriculture fields, and health watching method. One such application is inattention to observe the patient health standing. The system is aimed to stop delays within the arrival of patient’s medical info to the attention suppliers, significantly in an accident and emergency things, to prevent manual information coming into, and to extend beds capability in hospitals, particularly throughout public events wherever an outsized variety of individual’s square measure meeting in one place. The design for this technique is predicated on medical detectors that live patient’s physical parameters by victimization wireless sensor networks (WSNs). These sensors transfer information from patient’s bodies over the wireless network to the cloud atmosphere. Hence Internet of Things within the medical field brings out the answer for effective patient watching at a reduced value and conjointly reduces the trade-off between patient outcome and sickness management. In this paper, we have a tendency to discuss regarding, watching patient's blood pressure, heartbeat, temperature, ECG and body movement victimization Raspberry Pi board.

Published by: Sahana B. R., B. S. NandaResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: PES College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Raspberry Pi board, Heartbeat sensor, Temperature sensor, Blood pressure sensor, Accelerometer sensor, ECG sensor, Internet of Things

Research Paper

209. Smart home security system with fire emergency response

A home security system with an immediate fire emergency response is needed to be installed in commercial buildings, apartments, malls, and garage of independent houses. In the smart home security model where various factors such as intruders can be detected and an image is sent through e-mail using the SMTP protocol. If there are any vibrations above a certain threshold value which could be harmful, is sensed then an alert message is sent to the owner of the house using a cloud app Twilio. If the smoke is sensed and even fire detected, this system detects it and if the value is greater than the given threshold value it turns on the DC pump through which the water runs to the sprinkler attached to the end of the water pipes. Integration of both home security and fire response is aimed in this paper.

Published by: Bharath Kumara, Kishan J., Pooja Shanmukh Patil, Reshma, Shivani R., Monicapriya D.Research Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Home security system, Fire emergency response, SMTP protocol, Cloud app

Research Paper

210. Impact of Human Resource Information System on organisational efficiency in Vedanta Limited, Jharsuguda (Odisha)

In today’s dynamic business environment, technology plays a very important role to maintain a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Firms need to balance the resources available to them and upgrade their systems related to technology-driven automation (IT), to achieve the desired results for profitability, survival as well as for improving the quality of the product. The study aimed to investigate the impact of Human Resource Information System (HRIS) on Organisational Efficiency in Vedanta Limited, Jharsuguda (Odisha), through examining if the sub-dimensions such as Human Resource Function, Time Management, Cost Management, & Managerial Satisfaction have a significant impact on Organisational Efficiency or not. The study also aimed to find out the level of Employee Satisfaction (End-users) towards the HRIS System. The data was collected using the Questionnaire instrument comprising of 32 items. A sample of 100 employees was drawn from a population using simple random sampling, the psychometric properties (Reliability & Validity) was statistically assessed. Data were analyzed using inferential statistic. The result indicates that HRIS significantly enhances overall organizational efficiency and its sub-dimensions (HR functions, time management, cost management and managerial satisfaction with the system) in an inter-related and holistic manner, though in varying degrees and hence, there is much more improvement in the HR functions of the organization. The result shows that tenure, work experience, and age has a significant relationship with the ‘level of satisfaction’ towards the HRIS system for ‘End-users’ of the selected organization. However, there is no significant relationship of the ‘level of satisfaction’ with gender for ‘End-users’ of selected organization.

Published by: Priscilla LugunResearch Area: Human Resource Mangement

Organisation: Sambalpur University, Sambalpur, OdishaKeywords: Human Resource Information System (HRIS), Level of employee satisfaction, Organisational efficiency

Review Paper

211. Fire disaster evacuation and response system using the Internet of Things

Buildings nowadays have become compound and augmented, all around the world. Present-time buildings all around the globe have become complicated & enlarged. Seeing the structural definition of buildings nowadays, safe and fast evacuation through emergency exits at times blackouts due to fire, collapsing of buildings, earthquakes or old buildings need to be possible but have become complex and leads to a problematic situation. An Industrial fire is a type of disaster in industries which involves a holocaust which occurs in industrial areas. Fires in industries often occur together with outbreaks. They are most likely to occur in places where there is a lot of inflammable objects present. This paper suggests a Fire Disaster evacuation, response system using the Internet of Things (IoT) based that can control directional guidance intelligently according to location of a disaster with help of sensor networks to attend the problems of the existing response systems during fire disasters. The proposed system has different sections, each one of them contains a temperature, flame, smoke sensor, and a communicating channel for transferring the data to the server about the location of the fire, the server receives the data and sends the actions to be performed to the far devices. The subscribed users get notified about the fire and temperature of the area, the fire department also gets all the information about the location and temperature in the area.

Published by: Amlan Chakrabarti, Sreethesh PaiResearch Area: Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

Organisation: JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Evacuation system, Internet of Things, Fire detection, BLYNK cloud service

Research Paper

212. Comparative study of speed variables between Private School and Government School football players

The purpose of this study was to compare the speed between private school handball team boys and girls handball team players and government school boys handball team and girls handball team players in the Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu. To achieve this purpose of the study one hundred and twenty players of private school handball team and government school handball team players studying in the various schools in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu and India were randomly selected as subjects. Among them sixty boys players (thirty boys private school handball team and thirty boys government school handball team players) and sixty girls players (thirty girls private school handball team and thirty girls government school handball team players) were selected as subjects with an age of the subjects were ranged between 13 to 17 years were selected as subjects. The following speed was only selected as criterion variables. The following groups namely boys private school handball team players boys government school handball team players, girls private school handball team players girls government school handball team players were selected as independent variables. The data were collected from boys and girls private school handball team players and government school handball team players on selected criterion variables such as speed were assessed by using 50 mts run respectively and they were statistically analyzed by using 2 x 2 factorial ANOVA. Whenever the obtained ‘F’ ratio value for the interaction effect was found to be significant, the simple effect test was applied as a follow-up test. In all cases, the .05 level of confidence was fixed to test the level of significance which was considered appropriate. There was a significant difference between boys and girls players on speed irrespective of their games (private school and government school). Among them, boys private school handball team players were better speed than other categories of players.

Published by: W. VinuResearch Area: Physical Education and Sports Sciences

Organisation: Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Speed, Boys, Girls, Private School and Government School players

Case Study

213. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis and its management: A rare case

Gingival fibromatosis is a rare and heterogeneous group of disorders that develop as slowly progressive, local or diffuse enlargements within marginal and attached gingiva or interdental papilla. In severe cases, the excess tissue may cover the crowns of the teeth, thus causing functional, esthetic, and periodontal problems such as bone loss and bleeding, due to the presence of pseudo pockets and plaque accumulation. Hereditary, drug-induced, and gingival overgrowth has been reported. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis can occur as an isolated condition or as part of a genetic syndrome. The pathologic manifestation of gingival fibromatosis comprises an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, of which collagen type I is the most prominent. This report presents a case of a 30-year-old female, with a chief complaint of overgrowth of gingiva and irregularly placed teeth who was diagnosed with Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis. This diagnosis has been based on clinical examination after ruling out family, drug, and medical history.

Published by: Kiranmai, Parichaya BatraResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Gingival fibromatosis, Gingival enlargement, Gingivectomy

Research Paper

214. Edge distributed cloud middleboxes

The cloud and the related technologies are growing in importance and technology. The Network Function Virtualization is a very important domain of the cloud platform. It provides network abstraction. This paper introduces the NFV and the existing implementations of the virtual middleboxes in the current scenario. The paper also proposes a new implementation of virtual middle boxes. This proposal focus on the distribution of the virtual middlebox managers to the edges of the network. The advantages of such a system is also illustrated.

Published by: Resma K. S., Dr. Sharvani G. S.Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: PES Bangalore South Campus, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Network function virtualization, Virtual middleboxes, Network middlebox manager, MANO, Network edges

Research Paper

215. Training and development programmes in banking sector

Indian Business and commerce is rousing up in all its directions to face the challenges thrown by the market economy. To survive in this highly competitive world, top management is pressurizing managers to improve excellence, increase efficiency, cut down waste expenditure and eliminate inefficiency. Thus Human Resource Management (HRM) plans strategies and help managers to recruit, select, train and develop employees based on organization requirement. Obviously, the mutual efforts of the manager and the employee assume relevance in this context. And this is where HRM plays a crucial role. HRM raises to set up training programs try to design and carry out in order to maximize both employees as well as organizational efficiency. This paper discusses training and Development programs and how it impacts the Employees of Banking Sector

Published by: Ranjitha MeesalaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Training and development, Delivery style, Organizational performance

Research Paper

216. Accident detection, avoidance and vehicle safety using IoT and vehicular network

The increase in the population of cities and the number of vehicles leads to increase in congestion on roads and accidents. The lack of quick medical service on road accidents is the major cause of death. In such situation, an automatic accident detection can help to save the loss of life. Due to increase in number of cars there is also an increase in number of accidents on the roads. In this paper, we have designed a proto type for automatic accident detection and Avoidance system using IOT and Vehicle Area Network. The system is able to avoid accident using distance measuring sensors and also detect accidents if they occur using sensors. In case of an accident the location is sent to the hospitals and the nearby vehicle using VANET. The Avoidance sensor will first try to avoid the accident by slowing down the vehicle whenever a nearby obstacle is detected, every if after that an accident is occurred the shock sensors will detect it. The Vehicle will be connected to each other through a server and will communicate with each other, after an accident the hospitals present in that particular Area and the cars present in that area will be informed with the location acquired from GPS. There will also be an alcohol sensor that will detect if the driver has consumed alcohol and lock the car if detected.

Published by: Ashwini Ashok Adsure, Sheetal AherResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vishwabharati Academy's College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: IoT, GPS, VANET


217. Campus placement process automation portal

Campus Placement Process Automation Portal is a web-based system which is implemented on the basis of the placement process system being presently used in the University for storing and retrieving the information of students and companies. Placement process system maintains a large database of students wherein all the information of student including the personal records and the academic performance is stored and company information including a profile of company, eligibility criteria and facilities. The software developed retrieves this data and displays as per the user requirements. This placement process System is developed as an attempt to take a record of company and students. The Placement Portal provides the facility of viewing both the personal and academic information of the student and company. It also facilitates to search eligible students, company and insertion and deletion of records by the administrator. Eligible students will receive an email including the details of the company date and time of the interview and location will be provided.

Published by: Chaithra N. V., C. M. Bhargavi, Harish R., Bharath R., KavyashivashankarResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Online placement, Automation, Module, eligible student, Training and Placement Officer (TPO), Admin, Data flow diagram

Research Paper

218. Comparison of antifungal activity of plant extracts and shampoos against dandruff causing organism Malassezia Species

Dandruff is a scalp disorder whose characteristic feature is excessive shedding of skin cells from the scalp. It is a common problem faced by people of all age groups. It is one of the major cosmetic problems as it ultimately leads to hair fall. Malassezia furfur, a lipophilic basidiomycetous fungus is a causative organism for dandruff. As dandruff is globally prevalent, it needs an effective therapeutic remedy. Presently people are depending on commercial shampoos as a treatment for dandruff. However, plant products contain various compounds like alkaloids, flavanoids, tannins, terpenoids, etc. which have efficient antifungal activity. A comparative study of the effect of commercial antidandruff shampoos and natural plant products to evaluate their anti fungal efficacy lead to the conclusion that the activity of some of the natural extracts was equivalent to that of the commercially available branded shampoos. As crude herbal drugs have been included in traditional medicine and household remedies for a long time, regular usage of these tested plant extracts can reduce the incidence of dandruff.

Published by: Dr. Kutcharlapati Sunita RajuResearch Area: Microbiology

Organisation: Maharajah's Post Graduate College, Vizianagaram, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Dandruff, Malassezia furfur, Causative organism, Therapeutic remedy, Shampoos, Plant extracts

Research Paper

219. Islamic banking role in economic growth and development

The banking, venture, and loaning rehearse embraced by Islamic banks have as of late drawn the consideration of numerous specialists and experts. This is particularly after it developed that these money related organizations that apply the Islamic financial model performed better amid the ongoing worldwide money related emergency in 2008 when contrasted with their partners that utilize the ordinary banking rehearses. Islamic banking is a financial framework that works as per Sharia'h laws, which deny charging or getting premiums or putting resources into items and subordinates that are restricted in Islam. Rather, the laws energize benefit and misfortune sharing as opposed to the exchange of dangers. The banks give various money related items in various modes that look like numerous items in customary banking. The Islamic banks did moderately well in contrast with their regular partners amid the budgetary emergency. The exhibition could be to a great extent credited to the financial framework that debilitates showcase theory and pointless dangers while supporting for straightforward money related exchanges dependent on common additions from genuine financial exercises. Other than its clear flexibility amid the worldwide money related emergency, the Islamic financial model has been related with the positive financial development saw in the economies of Malaysia and Joined Arabs Emirates in the previous three decades. There is a need for budgetary foundations, business establishments, administrative experts and buyers to investigate explicit methodologies that would establish attractive highlights for steady and compelling money related framework. The current look into tried to follow the improvement and method of reasoning of the Islamic Banking model just as distinguish the most critical and remarkable qualities that have encouraged the strength of the Islamic Banking area to monetary stuns amid the ongoing worldwide subsidence. Albeit Islamic banks performed altogether better in the worldwide budgetary emergency, they were later fundamentally influenced by the despondency that hit the genuine economy for some nations. Certain loaning rehearses, what's more, venture the board rules following Islamic financial standards rise as being alluring for improving the flexibility and adequacy of business banks for continued financial development and dependability.

Published by: Javed AslamResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Syscoms College, Abu Dhabi, United Arab EmiratesKeywords: Islamic banking, Sharia'h laws, Mudarabah, Financial development

Case Study

220. A study of air quality index in Tamil Nadu and Delhi region

Air pollution has emerged as one of the challenging problems before mankind in the past few decades. In this study, we are going to study the effects of air pollution in an urban and rural area. By collecting pollution data from the pollution control board. This study is being conducted to compare the pollution level from Tamil Nadu and Delhi In this study we are going to study the difference between air population in Tamil Nadu and Delhi region and the cause of pollution in this area. In this study we are going to collect the pollution data from national ambient air quality monitoring program form the already existing set of data and analyses the cause of pollution and the main pollutants in Tamil Nadu and Delhi In this study we examine the influence some of the main pollutants such as Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) Ozone (O3) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2). We will examine the cause of these pollutions in Tamil Nadu and Delhi main aim of this study is to distinguish between the cause of pollution in this area.

Published by: Jason Vinay Selvaraj, Raghu K. M.Research Area: Industrial Safety Engineering

Organisation: KSR College of Engineering, Tiruchengode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Air quality, Air pollution, Air quality index, Delhi, Tamil Nadu

Research Paper

221. Processes involved in textile industry and waste streams identification during the manufacturing process

Textile processing is highly water intensive industry and generating enormous quantum of wastewater from various operations like mercerizing, bleaching, dyeing, printing, washing, etc. Majority of these process houses are operated based on conventional practices resulting in generating higher quantum of wastewater having a relatively higher organic load. If hydraulic and organic loads of wastewater discharge could be reduced, associated environmental impacts on Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) and the river would be reduced which in turn leads to sustainable development. In order to select the audit focus area a walk through survey was conducted to know about the process and to identify major waste streams. The aim of this study was to narrate various steps of manufacturing in the dyeing industry. We have also identified the waste streams of the dye manufacturing process.

Published by: Shivani V. Bhargava, Dhwani JoshiResearch Area: Treated Waste Water

Organisation: Aadishwar College of Engineering and Technology, Venus Swarnim Startup and Innovation University, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: Textile industry, Dyeing, Cleaner production, Waste streams

Research Paper

222. Digitalized irrigation monitoring system using IoT

Irrigation is the application of supplying of constrained amounts of water to plants based on their needs at regular intervals of time. Irrigation helps to cultivate agricultural crops, maintain landscapes and check disturbed soils in dry areas and during times of less than average rainfall. Conventional methods that are used for irrigation, such as overhead sprinkler and flood type are not the most efficient. They result in a huge wastage of water and can also promote diseases such as fungus formation due to the high moisture content in the soil. With the help of an automated system, we can conserve water and also the viability of the farm. The availability of fresh water for the agriculture sector is decreasing as the day passes due to increasing in population, industrialization, and short rainfall. It has become a necessity to use modern irrigation technologies to help overcome these shortcomings. In automated system water availability to crop is monitored through sensors and as per its vital needs, watering is done through the controlled irrigation. The main focus remains on parameters such as temperature and soil moisture. This automated system called Digitalized Irrigation Monitoring System using IOT addresses all the vulnerable aspects of the traditional methods of irrigation and agriculture. This system is based on an application-controlled monitoring system. The main objective of this project is to control the water supply and monitor soil parameters through a smartphone. The system is developed using Arduino as the main processor of the system, with the help of rain sensor, soil sensor, temperature sensor etc.

Published by: Sahil Angra, Ray Vipul Kumar, Shaizan Khan, Rishabh Khandelwal, Shrinidhi P. S.Research Area: Information Science Engineering

Organisation: SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Mobile controlled irrigation, Smart Irrigation system, Arduino, Sensor controlled, IoT

Review Paper

223. Carry look ahead adder using adiabatic logic

Nowadays in digital circuits, some important issues like high speed, high throughput, small silicon area, and low power consumption are being considered by designers. Full adders are important components in applications such as subtraction, counting multiplication, filtering, Digital Signal Processors (DSP) architectures, and microprocessors. so it at interest to design carry look ahead adder because of its high-speed operation and to study the functional behavior and power consumption. in this project, the CLA is implemented using 180nm CMOS technology in cadence virtuoso tool software. Two logics that is static CMOS and adiabatic logic have been analyzed and implemented. Finally, the power consumption is estimated and compared. from the results, power consumption will be found that adiabatic logic consumes low power whereas static CMOS logic offers low delay

Published by: Jeevitha N. B., Aishwarya, Anil Kumar N., Harshavardhan R., Mala SinnoorResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Adiabatic logic, Static CMOS logic, Power consumption, Full adder, Carry look ahead adder, Cadence virtuoso tool software

Research Paper

224. A novel algorithm to improve queuing system in hospital using big data

In the current era, time is an important entity of our daily life. Unnecessary waiting and overcrowding are one of the major challenges faced by people in hospitals. It ultimately results in frustration among people. So, a new and efficient treatment plan needs to be implemented in Hospitals. Therefore, we propose a Patient Treatment Time Prediction (PTTP) algorithm to calculate the waiting time of each treatment task. A Hospital Queuing Recommendation (HQR) suggests a queue order of treatment tasks the patient can follow in order to have the least waiting time. We use MYSQL database to implement and achieve goals.

Published by: Mukul Kumar Majhi, Pushkar Raj, N. Akansh Sai, Raghavendra S. K., Kiran Kumar V.Research Area: Information Science and Engineering

Organisation: SJB Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Big data, Cloud computing, Hospital queuing recommendation

Case Study

225. Rice crop yield prediction using machine learning techniques

In an agricultural country like India where agriculture is the main source of occupation for most of the people, there are many factors that contribute to the total yield of the crop being cultivated. Depending on the various soil conditions and climatic conditions the yield of the crop might vary. It would be helpful for the farmer to know which crop gives more profit in certain climatic condition. This paper proposes the use of a machine learning technique to help farmer predict the yield for a particular year.

Published by: Suhas L., Sangamesh, Prakash kumar, Supriya B. N.Research Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Machine Learning, Multilinear regression, Decision tree regression, Crop prediction

Research Paper

226. Behaviour and effect of coconut choir in concrete

Fibers are a very important material for mankind. The fibers which we are using are of coconut and it is very easily available. The fibers are reduced to the required length of 10mm in this process. The content is to be mixed at 2%, 3%,5% and there will be a certain test to be performed in order to observe the effect of coconut choir in concrete. The enhancablity of the properties will be determined and it is checked whether the concrete structure will be suitable for light work or heavy works. The works to be done are under the supervision and under the guideline of Indian standard.

Published by: Ankush Kumar Shukla, Dr. S. G. Makarande, Vaibhav KalmeghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bapu Rao Deshmukh College of Engineering, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Coconut fiber, Concrete, Natural fibre, Compressive strength, Workability test such slump cone test, Compaction


227. Use of expanded polystyrene beads in manufacturing of light weight concrete

Styrofoam polystyrene was widely used in food and manufacturing production as packaging tools to absorb vibration during handling and transportation process. Due to light weight characteristics, it has potential to serve as aggregates replacement of coarse aggregates. This project reports the results of an experimental investigation into the properties of hardened concrete containing expanded polystyrene beads by studying characteristic strength of concrete. The beads are used as part of aggregate replacement in the mixes. The project includes study of characteristic properties of EPS concrete with partial replacement of coarse aggregate with equal volume of expanded polystyrene at levels of 0 % , 5 % , 10 % , 15 % , 20 % , 25 % , and 30 % . Its properties are compared with those of conventional concrete i.e., without EPS beads. The properties of concrete are mainly influenced by the content of polystyrene beads in the mix.

Published by: Mayank Chandak, Dr. G. P. Khare, Dushyant Kumar SahuResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Jagdalpur, Chhattisgarh Keywords: EPS (Expanded Polystrene Beads) , Compressive Strength , Density , Workability.

Case Study

228. Implementation of DevSecOps using Open-Source tools

DevSecOps is nothing but involving next level security to the DevOps process, since Security is the key priority given to any application or data irrespective of any organization. DevSecOps not only provides security but also provides the same speed and agility which DevOps tends to provide to any data or Application. DevSecOps will also tends to keep integrating, developing and updating of the latest security methods that tends to give adequate, proficient and productive results in a secured manner. Therefore, to demonstrate the DevSecOps we intend to use of the open source tools which can be freely downloaded and used to demonstrate the data security. In order to run frequent process of integrating and testing for security of data, we require more resource and time respectively. To overcome this problem here we implementing and integrating security as part of the pipeline process and hence can achieve faster response time and fend off attacks before-hand and accordingly create secure environment and more protected system.

Published by: Rahul B. S., Prajwal Kharvi, Manu M. N.Research Area: Information Science

Organisation: SJB Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: DevOps, DevSecOps

Research Paper

229. Automated women safety system

Many unfortunate incidents have been taking place in this world with women. Problems may arise in many ways, such as, women walking on the road after work, going to the supermarket or many other reasons for which they go alone. People at home are not sure of their safe return. In 2013 there was an incident where a 23-year-old woman was gang-raped in New Delhi in a bus. According to the reports of WHO, NCRB-social-government organization 35%, women all over the world are facing a lot of unethical physical harassment in public places such as railway-bus stands, footpaths, etc. In order to overcome such problems faced by women, the Automated Women Safety System is being proposed to provide a safe environment. This system is developed using IoT (Internet of Things). It employs the pressure sensor, shock circuit which serves as the first step of self-defense, hidden camera, GPS module

Published by: Savitha M., Prerana H., Priyanka V. Rao, Sruthi Ramesh, Ramya B. K.Research Area: Information Science and Engineering

Organisation: SJB Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Women safety, Internet of Things, Self-defense, Raspberry Pi

Case Study

230. Model studies of four bent pile with respect to different density loose, medium and dense of cohesionless soil

All engineered construction resting on the earth must be carried by some kind of interfacing element called a foundation. The foundation is the part of an engineered system that transmits to, and into, the underlying soil or rock the loads supported by the foundation and its self-weight. The resulting soil stresses except at the ground surface are in addition to those presently existing in the earth mass from its self-weight. Piles are used to support the structures. Piles are frequently required because of the relative inability of shallow foundation to transmit inclined, horizontal, or uplift force and over-turning moments. Such situations are common in the design of earth retaining structures and tall structures subjected to high wind and earthquake forces. Considering the importance and necessity of pile in construction work. This thesis is based on the piles and the topic name “Model studies of four bent pile with respect to different density i.e. loose, medium and dense of cohesion less soil”. The main objective of the thesis is to determine the reduction in load carrying capacity due to bending of four bent pile and also to determine the load carrying capacity of the bent pile with respect to different density i.e. loose, medium and dense of cohesion less soil. In the present study, the carrying capacity of the pile shall be ascertained under different conditions of soil and bending. The effect of the degree of bending shall be studied by a different angle of bend. The study shall be made only in cohesion less soil under different degree of compaction. The study is made on one type of pile material-timber

Published by: Ravi KumarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Government Polytechnic, Katihar, BiharKeywords: Bent pile, Density, Slenderness Ratio

Research Paper

231. Inter-communication between Swarm-Bots

As physical and digital worlds are merging it is changing the dynamics of the industries in India. The German Academy of Science and Technology coined the term fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) changing the industrial process dramatically with automation and robotic technology at rising. With the advancement of robotics technology, the complexities are also increasing which has led to the development of one of the strong arms of the technologies of the industrial revolution- Swarm- robotics. Swarm intelligence take its inspiration from social animals and display the concept of collective behavior. With simple hardware architecture, high feasibility, cost efficiency, robustness; it comes out as a very user-friendly technology which is fit for the industrial applications where depending on a single robot for the accomplishment of a task is not possible. The only challenge this multi-robot technology faces is to establish an efficient communication system between them to ensure proper coordination, communication, and routing. Zigbee technology was thus proposed as a solution as it fits perfectly with the features of swarm robotics and improves the efficiency of the mobile robots.

Published by: Nupur Nimbekar, Prachi Shah, Snehal RasalResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Swarm-Bots, Zigbee technology, Intercommunication

Technical Notes

232. Weather report on metropolitan cities in India using web scraping technique

In metropolitan cities of India, there are several climate measurement points that are owned by several different institutions such as Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, NCMRWF, India Meteorological Department (Pune) and many other institutes. However, obtaining the latest meteorological data in detail within a specific period has restricted the bureaucratic process to each institution. While the availability of meteorological data sets is necessary for conducting research in the field of data analysis to predict climate and analyzes for DSS that require weather patterns. On the other hand, some sites provide real-time weather data for some cities. For this, in this research, we use web scraping technology to collect meteorological data in metropolitan cities in India. Web scraping technology is a technique for retrieving the content of a web page individually. The data collected by this web scraping technique will form a database or data warehouse that can be used for further research on data mining for weather forecasting in metropolitan cities, which in the future can be developed a support application to based decision.

Published by: Shubham Singh, Rainy JainResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Metropolitan cities, Data analysis, Web scraping, Weather forecasting

Review Paper

233. A review on natural lip salve

Cosmetics are prepared and used for a long time. Cosmetics have been a daily essential need. There are many varieties in the preparation and use of cosmetics such as foundations, skin cleansers, lotions, and lipsticks, etc. Under lip applications, there is a broad spectrum like lipsticks, lip liners, lip gloss, lip salve (lip salve), etc. Salves are generally accustomed to increase the beauty of lips while protecting them. To promote and maintain healthy lips naturally lip salve is used. Many methods have been employed for the preparation of lip salve. These methods increase their organoleptic properties. Nowadays, products which are naturally derived or having natural constituents are mostly preferred. This work focuses on, natural constituents accustomed to formulating lip salve. In this review, essential constituents used for natural salve preparation with its benefits is done. The preparation of natural lip salve is done using naturally occurring base, naturally derived oils, naturally occurring coloring agents and naturally derived flavoring agents. This is evaluated for parameters like its resistance to variations in temperature, acceptable flavor, its smooth texture throughout and adherence, etc.

Published by: Siddhi Nakhe, Pallavi Patil, Asavari Joshi, Bilwa NavareResearch Area: Biotechnology Engineering

Organisation: Kolhapur Institute of Technology's College of Engineering (Autonomous), Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Cosmetics, Lips, Natural lip salve, Natural constituent

Review Paper

234. Smart walking stick for blind people

Blind people generally use the typical white cane. Movability for the visually impaired person is a huge problem. In this paper, we propose A safe path to blind people using a microcontroller, ultrasonic sensor, GPS, GSM, speaker to make the smart stick. obstacles continuously detected using the ultrasonic sensor, depends on it voice message will be playing like take left, stop, take right, etc. and also detect location.

Published by: Puja Dattatraya Chavan, Borate Sukeshkumar PandurangResearch Area: Embedded

Organisation: SVPM 's College of Engineering, Malegaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Microcontroller, GPS,GSM, Speaker, Ultrasonic sensor

Review Paper

235. A review on Surfactants: Role in skin irritation, SC damage, and effect of mild cleansing over damaged skin

Cosmetic industry which has gained much interest when it comes to daily based products involving skin care and many essentials enhancing and beautifying an individual. Focusing on skin care products bar soaps, liquid or gels of body wash, cleansers etc. having much demand in cosmetic sector past decade. Taking into the account preparation of body washes and cleansers using syndets i.e. synthetic surfactants leads to skin related issues like dryness, itching, after wash tightness, stratum corneum layer damage, dermatitis etc. Replacement of synthetic surfactants with mild synthetic and/or natural ones is having much wide scope for industries who develops the natural surfactants and make sure that replacement of same will lead to better application while reducing the skin related issues. During 1950’s synthetic surfactants/ detergents in form of bars are introduced. Since then body soaps and cleansers are under research which can be efficacious still less harsh causing minimal damage to the skin barrier. Cleansers including mild synthetic surfactants and/or emollients for moisturization that cause minimal barrier perturbation are ideal for these patients. A brief review of four clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy and compatibility of either mild syndet bars or cleansers in patients with atopic dermatitis, acne, and rosacea was taken. Much research and review was done on natural, mild, and biosurfactants. Biosurfactants are consider as safe and produced using nonpathogenic yeasts, bacteria, and fungi leading to production of diverse groups of biosurfactants shows antimicrobial, antifungal like properties which makes them more applicable in many daily products. Along with this addition of emollients like oils, butters, derivatives of alkanes and alcohols lead to form preparations which are having moisturizing effects and properties of surfactants which helps keeping skin intact and moisturized.

Published by: Bilwa Navare, Saee Thakur, Siddhi NakheResearch Area: Biotechnology Engineering

Organisation: Kolhapur Institute of Technology's College of Engineering (Autonomous), Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Skin care, Synthetic, Surfactant, Stratum corneum, Atopic dermatitis, Acne, Rosacea, Mild, Cleansers

Research Paper

236. Comparative study on analysis and design of RCC and composite structure

This paper deals with the Comparative Study of the composite and concrete structure. The composite structure is more prominent over steel and concrete structure in relation to Strength, Costs, and Time Period requirements. There is no need for formwork because the steel beam is able to sustain its self-weight of steel and concrete, by itself or with the assistance of a few temporary props. This Paper also deals with the design of composite building structures with a fixed base. In this paper Seismic analysis of a multi-story residential building is made by using different construction materials like Concrete, Structural Steel and Composite of Structural Steel and Concrete. Effect of the building is studied with respect to base shear, total dead load, story drift values in both X- and Y- direction. Steel-concrete composite systems for buildings are built by connecting the steel beam to the concrete slab or profiled deck slab with the help of mechanical shear connectors so they seem like a single unit and act accordingly. In the present work, the steel-concrete composite with RCC options is chosen for the comparative study of G+21 story building which is situated in earthquake zone-III and for earthquake loading, the provisions of IS: 1893 (Part1)-2002 is considered. Here, we used ETAB Software for three-dimensional modeling and the analysis of the structure.

Published by: Pallavi Harish Wagh, Dr. S. K. Kulkarni, Vishwajeet KadlagResearch Area: Civil Enginnering

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Composite beam, Composite column, Base shear, Total dead load, Cost, IS1893 (part1)-2002, Composite Structure, RCC, ETABS

Research Paper

237. Optimization and standardization of lemon grass incorporated into pseudostem and mint extracts based isotonic drink

The Lemongrass based Isotonic Drink was developed with the incorporation of the banana pseudostem and mint extracts using palm sugar syrup as a sweetener. The quality of the product was computed by a series of microbiological tests, proximate analysis, and organoleptic evaluation. The microbial load was evaluated and is found to be <10 which meant that the product has increased shelf life with better taste and color even in the absence of preservatives. Therefore, the aroma of lemongrass, nutrients of pseudostem, freshness, and flavor of mint along with palm sugar elevates its economic importance, consumer awareness and attracts them towards the advent of blended functional drinks. The Response Surface Methodology aims at optimizing the ingredients and designing experiments from which the final product is formulated. This software helps in showing the interaction of the independent variables at each response with the use of 3D graphical representation.

Published by: Swarnalakshmi C. S., Manisha C. P., Harini B., J. Akshara, Joshika G., Keerthana R.Research Area: Food Processing and Preservation Technology

Organisation: Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Lemongrass, Isotonic beverage, Retort processing, Box-Behnken design, Shelf-life studies

Research Paper

238. Experimental investigation on geopolymer concrete with fly ash and quarry dust

These days the pollution caused by the construction industry is so high that it will be a great relief for the construction workers as well as peoples to get rid of this environmental pollution caused due to the concrete industry with heavy usage of Portland cement. so in order to tackle that issue, it is highly important to find some substitutes that replace the cement properties. Hence in this paper, the use of by-products from the construction industry is highlighted. one such component is fly ash which has good properties are been used instead of cement and to replace fine aggregate quarry dust is used along with some alkaline solutions which will act as a binder for the process. Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Silicate Potassium Hydroxide, Potassium Silicate are some of the alkaline solutions used as a binder. Here in this project Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium silicate (Na2Sio3) are been used that too in different molarities i.e. 8M, 10M and 12M are taken to for the mixes. And the ultimate aim of this is to find Compressive strength for each of the mix along with tensile strength too. Nine cube and six-cylinder specimens are taken of size 150mm x 150mm x 150mm and 150 x 300 mm. The test is done for different ages like 7,14 and 28 days and also split tensile strength test for 7th and 28 days with sunlight curing and finally, the strengths are calculated.

Published by: Sruthi K. RamResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Geopolymer concrete, Fly ash, Strength, Molarity, Mix, Alkaline solutions

Research Paper

239. Face recognition using CNN

Face recognition has been the need of the hour for a long time. Now being implemented, we look forward to enhance its features. The topic of Face recognition using Convolutional Neural Networks is the most upcoming technology. This paper outlines the different algorithms used in the face recognition system based on Convolutional Neural Networks. It has put forth the applications and the algorithms that are used in Softmax classifier and the Deep Learning systems.

Published by: Mrunmayee Vaidya, Jigyasa Solanki, Sravani WayangankarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Convolutional Neural Networks, Classifier, Neural Networks, Biometrics, Deep learning

Research Paper

240. Mobile Cloud Computing: Overview and challenges

Today is the era of Cloud Computing Technology in IT Industries. Cloud Computing is Internet-based computing, whereby shared information, resources, and software, are provided to terminals and portable devices on-demand. The rapid development of mobile technology and wireless networking and drives a strong demand for Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC). In MCC environment Cloud Computing, Mobile Computing and Networking are combined to offer cloud based services to mobile users where the data are stored and applications are processed in a centralized computing applications located in the cloud. In this paper first, we present the overview of MCC in terms of architecture, deployment models, service models and applications of MCC. Then we outlined issues and challenges related to MCC.

Published by: Saurbh Gupta, Dr. Jahid AliResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sri Sai University, Palampur, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Cloud Computing, Mobile Cloud Computing, Cloud security and privacy, Cloud challenges

Research Paper

241. Design and analysis of low power 1-bit hybrid full adder using 130nm technology

Basically, a conventional CMOS logic circuit design approach depends upon charging the output capacitive nodes to the supply voltage Vdd or discharging it to the ground. This is one of the most used methods in VLSI circuit designs. There are various techniques to design low power circuits to reduce power consumption. The major source of power dissipation is the charging and discharging of the capacitor. Whenever a capacitor is discharged to ground, an amount of energy stored in the capacitor is mislaid. We can reduce this power dissipation by restoring this energy to the source instead of discharging to the ground. It has been observed that by charging the capacitor gradually, the energy requirement is slighter than the faster charging method. The modern VLSI techniques focus significantly on High-Speed Propagation and Low Power Consumption. In this study, I present a low power 1-bit hybrid full adder design which utilizes both static CMOS logic and Swing Restoring Pass Transistor Logic. Moreover, a comparison is made on the power consumptions of various other designs with this work. The full adders are designed in Mentor Graphics 130nm technology. Starting at 0.4V supply, the average power consumed by this Hybrid design is 2.33µW.

Published by: Kishan GaneshResearch Area: Electronic Engineering

Organisation: Vignan's Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Low power full adder, Multiplexer, CMOS logic, Swing restoring pass-transistor logic

Research Paper

242. Handling big data using NoSQL

With the development of Big Data, the utilization of NoSQL (Not just SQL) innovation is rising quickly among web organizations and different undertakings. Advantages incorporate straightforwardness of plan, level scaling and better command over accessibility. NoSQL databases are progressively viewed as a feasible option in contrast to relational databases, as more associations perceive that its pattern less information model is a superior strategy for taking care of the huge volumes of organized, semi-organized and unstructured information, being caught and handled today. For instance, NoSQL databases are regularly used to gather and store web-based life information. This paper means to present the ideas driving NoSQL, gives a survey of applicable writing, features the diverse NoSQL database types, and give contentions to and against embracing NoSQL. A little model application has been created to evaluate the expressed NoSQL benefits and delineate the contrasts between the SQL and NoSQL approaches. The last segment of the paper offers a few ends and suggestions for further research to develop our examination work.

Published by: Nihal Giri D., Sumanth S. N., Tanya Singh, Harshith L.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology, Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: NoSQL, SQL, Database, Organized information, Unstructured information, Big Data


243. UMITians: Social networking website for college

The paper discusses the project implementation of a social networking website for college. SNS has gained much popularity in recent years, because of the opportunities they give people to connect to each other in an easy and timely manner and to exchange and share various kinds of information. UMITians is a Social Networking Website which allows users to communicate and share information. This site provides a common platform for students and teachers of UMIT to share knowledge, educational materials, events, circulars, etc. It is a hub to know about all the ongoing activities in the college. This website provides the feature of writing a post as well as posting an image all at one place. This type of social space available to users provides a more personalized and interactive experience. This paper describes the features implemented in this project and presents a glimpse of how the website will work.

Published by: Shalmali Ranit, Shweta HankareResearch Area: Computer Science and Technology Engineering

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: SNS (Social Networking Site)

Survey Report

244. A comparative study of IP Networking auto-configuration of dual stack and mobile IPv6 co-existence techniques

Today challenging task in IPv6 to configure themselves independently and extend address space between IPv4 to IPv6 using different techniques. Several terms and techniques are necessary to understand Dual-Stack Mobile IP to auto-configuration in IP Networking. The IP mechanism for auto-configuration of addresses depends on the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server determination of whether addresses should be obtained using the configuration mechanism procedure. Mobile IP is technology allows mobile device users to move from one network to another IP address. And Dual –Stack mechanism supported both IPv4 and IPv6 traffic and routes with independently work hosts and routers, and to control the mobility between mobile and DHCPv6 server, signal traffic of hosts and routers, so this paper main aim to a comparative study on the auto-configuration in Dual Stack and Mobile IPv6 using co-existence techniques.

Published by: Narender Singh, Dr. Jahid AliResearch Area: Computer Application

Organisation: Sri Sai University, Palampur Himachal Pradesh IndiaKeywords: IP Autoconfiguration, Mobile IPv6, Dual–stack, Stateful and stateless, DHCP


245. Emotion recognition from facial expression

The aim of image (photo) based emotion recognition system emotion is to detect and classify the emotion from the human face from an image. The automatic system mainly has two components i.e. extraction of facial feature and classification of facial feature. To classify the feature precisely effective feature classification methods should be applied. Many recent systems uses additional information from classification which reduces accuracy as well as increase execution time. In this system Double Local Binary Pattern (DLBP) is used for feature extraction which is a variant of Local Binary Pattern (LBP). Since DLBP has small dimension size which reduces the detection time. To handle local illumination problem Logarithmic Laplace-Domain is proposed (LoL-Domain). Finally, Convolution Neural Network (CNN) is used for an obtained feature for classification.

Published by: Vinay Kumara R. S., Shraddha P. W., Ketan Kulkarni, Goutham Y., Manohar G. M.Research Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: BNM Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Double Local Binary Pattern, Convolution Neural Network, Emotion recognition, Feature extraction

Research Paper

246. Challenges and opportunities of rural and urban women entrepreneurs on digitalization in India

The study will focus on creating solutions that tackle the root for digitalization issues, with the aspiration of alleviating the trouble rather than providing short assistance to rural and urban women entrepreneurs, therefore creating support to entrepreneurs and citizens who are self-adequate and self-reliance and not dependent. To determines and analyze the challenges and opportunities by the women entrepreneurship and they solve the issues and evaluate the digitalization effect will development to take up the target to achieve it in the recent scenario. Women entrepreneurs are the personality who solves the business exertion and creates the consciousness and clears the hurdles and crisis to overcome it. Women entrepreneurship is a course designed to give a broad understanding of how entrepreneurs can form enterprises that address business challenges, tools, and practices used to identify opportunities, innovate, route, solutions, and gather resources to build sustainable business models. It will examine how rural and urban women enterprise can have a compounding impact by providing digitalization for others to reproduce and also by generating profits that can be reinvested in solving other business challenges. Women entrepreneurs’ innovation will also be discussed as a form of entrepreneurship, as well as an additional element that can be integrated into the traditional corporate structure. When business innovation becomes the norm for all businesses, rather than for the exceptional few, the benefits are far-reaching, long lasting, and exponentially greater for society as a whole.

Published by: Mahalakshmi R., Dr. H. H. RameshaResearch Area: Women Entrepreneurs

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Entrepreneurship, Challenges and opportunities in recent scenario, Women entrepreneurs’ issues regarding digitalization in India

Research Paper

247. System seizing and performance analysis of 30 kW grid connected solar PV plant in five different regions in India

This report will help us to understand how the 30-kW solar PV cell-based power plant will perform if all the system components are same and simulated in 5 different regions of India when the sun is over the equator(at equinox). Generally, performance analysis is based on PSH of different locations, module tilt angle, row spacing, array matching and several other losses (Soiling loss, temperature loss, mismatch, voltage drop, irradiance, shadow loss, etc.). This system is useful for new entrepreneurs to understand the system performance analysis in different regions in India if the system having the same components.

Published by: Ashutosh Tripathi, Romi JainResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Solar photovoltaic cell, Altitude, Modules, Array matching, Row spacing, Specific energy yield

Research Paper

248. Students monitoring system in lab

In most of the organizations, they connect multiple numbers of systems to form a network to share files or to keep a track on the work of the users. While connecting to monitor the network system activities for security purposes. Client and Server are the two methodologies in this system. In the proposed system we will be introducing the current session option to monitor the network systems and at the same time, the accessed folder option shows the username and user accessed folders. While the client logs in to the server, the Clients IP address and system names are added to the server. The server will display all the user names, and from the server, we can monitor the particular Client screen activities like the currently opened screens, the files created, modified and deleted. Five modules that we have developed are Admin module for username and password, Remote Desktop Services, IP Subnet Calculator for hiding the complexity of the IP subnet process for only class C type IP address, Network Remote Monitoring System for monitoring, and E-mail Client. Protocols that we will be using are SNMP, FTP, SMTP, RDP etc.

Published by: Anagha ChaudhariResearch Area: Computer Science and Technology

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: IP subnet calculator, Network remote, Monitoring, SNMP, FTP SMTP, RDP

Research Paper

249. Cleaner production assessment in optical brightening agent manufacturing industry

Optical Brightening Agents (OBA) manufacturing industry is currently facing tough market competition and environmental issues, demanding productivity improvement and waste reduction by adopting Cleaner Production (CP) techniques. Majority of OBA manufacturing industries are operated based on conventional practices generating higher quantum of wastes. Adoption of adequate CP options would not only result in waste reduction but also in productivity improvement by better processes efficiencies, optimization of resource consumption, etc. During the study, probable CP options have been identified based on the causes of generation waste streams and then identified CP options were screened and evaluated based on their economic feasibilities. It was attempted to determine costs and benefits possible from eliminating/reducing the waste streams in monetary terms and also to calculate the payback period for each of the CP options. The aim of this study was to derive the CP options that may be practically implemented by the industry for reducing the waste generation and improving productivity.

Published by: Tejas Patel, S. M. UsmanResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Aadishwar College of Engineering and Technology, Venus Swarnim Startup and Innovation University, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: OBA manufacturing industry, Cleaner production, Feasibility assessment, CP assessment, Prioritization, Cost estimation, Waste streams

Research Paper

250. Assessment of ski-jump bucket parameters for sluice spillway of Himalayan dam by hydraulic model studies

Ski jump buckets are very popular type of energy dissipators for dam spillways. These ski jump buckets are provided where the tailwater levels downstream of the spillway are such low that stilling basins type of energy dissipator cannot be provided. The design of ski jump bucket for a spillway of a dam is very complex in nature, as it involves hydraulic variables such as discharge intensity, head over the spillway, lip angle, lip elevation, full reservoir level, tailwater level, velocity head of jet at bucket lip, bucket radius and frictional losses. Himalayan dams are mainly run- of- river schemes mainly meant for hydropower generation and where poundages are minimum and also serve dual purposes of disposing of flood and sediments. Many of Himalayan dam sluice spillways are provided with ski jump buckets as energy dissipators. Sometimes ski jump buckets are provided when the tailwater levels are higher and bucket lip is provided under submerged condition. Computing jet trajectory length and trajectory height of ski jump bucket is important as the throw distance play a decisive role in fixing downstream structures like downstream cofferdam, tailrace outfalls, diversion tunnels, etc. Also, throw height computation is important to factor in fixing the heights of divider walls and training walls of the spillway. Various empirical formulae are available in the literature for finding out the throw distance of trajectory buckets. But hydraulic model studies play a crucial role in assessing the performance of ski jump buckets. The hydraulic model is the best tool to design or modify the spillways and energy dissipators by making the model run for different discharges and gate operation schedules prior to the construction of project. In this papers authors

Published by: V. S. Ramarao, Atif Bashir Inamdar, Prathamesh Narendrakumar Joshi, Shubham Santosh SanghviResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Central Water and Power Research Station, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Himalayan dam, Spillway, Ski-jump bucket, Trajectory bucket, Throw distance, Throw height, Lip angle, Tailwater level, Lip elevation

Research Paper

251. Designing and implementing result reporting tool using OLAP technology

A large amount of data is generated in educational institutes. The produced data does not provide a clear picture due to which the important details might not be visible. This data can be used in different ways if it is analyzed properly. Analysis of data plays an important role in the understanding of information. The main objective of this paper is to develop a web-based software which evaluates the performance of students, faculty, departments and predict the placement of students which will eventually help in evaluating students potential strengths and weaknesses for the growth of the institutes. As data sets have grown in size and has become more complex, therefore this has made efficiency of data mining algorithms to decrease. So OLAP technology is used in this paper to analyze database information from multiple databases at one time and its data is stored in the multidimensional database.

Published by: Bhavya Agnihotri, Rucha Bendale, Ankita Waghmare, Nisha SharmaResearch Area: Computer Science and Technology

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: OLAP, Analysis, Performance, Dashboards, Data mining

Research Paper

252. Leach based routing protocol in wireless sensor networks

The main purpose of wireless sensor networks to manage conventional systems is to adjust the vitality of systems and extend the entire life of the system. The wireless sensor networks have limited energy to micro sensor nodes. When such nodes lose their force absolutely, verbal altercation stops. Wireless sensor networks have the least effort and mandatory sensor hubs with a large degree of control. A sensor hub detects information in numerous applications on wireless sensor networks and transmits it to the sink through solitary or multi-jump routes. A hierarchal-based routing protocol is mainly used in the field of energy consumption. LEACH is also clustering based routing protocol. The main aim of this research is to create a number of rules to offer better and reliable network services for wireless sensors through stable networks with nodes with long service life. Reliable is a durable and better performance platform. In this paper, we are implementing a new algorithm based on soft and hard thresholding for 2-tier cluster head formation. First, the energy efficient routing protocol is studied and analyzed. Then we use new thresholding technology algorithms. It will help in improving the network life time. And also works on alive nodes, throughput etc.

Published by: Geeta Sharma, Bharti, Manit Kapoor, Naveen DhillonResearch Area: Electronic and Communiaction Engineering

Organisation: Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: WSN (Wireless Sensor Network), LEACH, Clustering protocol

Research Paper

253. Experiment on soil properties made with geocell-shredded tyres reinforced sand

Soil reinforcement is one of the most popular ground improvement techniques. Availability of different material and techniques for reinforcement is one of the major reasons for the continuous increase in the application of the soil reinforcement. Rapid industrialization is full filling the need of the present time and it is also producing a huge amount of waste Under the present investigation, a detailed parametric study through a series of triaxial experiments has been carried out to develop an understanding of the behavior of geocell-shredded tyres reinforced sand under triaxial loading. The influence of various parameters pertaining to geocell- shredded tyres reinforced soil such as relative densities (i.e., 30%, 50%, 70%), confining pressures (i.e., 50kPa, 100kPa, 200kPa), types of geocells (i.e., M=4.79, 3.23), and shredded tyres content (i.e., 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%) have been studied extensively in a systematic manner. The results of the triaxial tests show that the stiffness and the load carrying capacity of the soil improve substantially with the provision of shredded tyres reinforcement in content 10% and 20% respectively while results of tyre content 30% and 40% show less stiffness and the load carrying capacity of the soil. The stiffness and load carrying capacity of the soil also improves with the provision of reinforcement of soil using geocells and also improves with the provision of reinforcement of soil using geocell-shredded tyres. When geocells are used with shredded tyres for reinforcement of soil then improved results have been seen in 10%, 20%, and 30% tyre content as compare to geocell reinforcement of soil without shredded tyres. While 40% of tyre content shows less load carrying capacity as compare to lesser contents of shredded tyres.

Published by: Avinash Shastri, Rajesh Misra, Chandra Mohan ShakyaResearch Area: Geo-technical Engineering

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Sand, Geocell, Shredded tyres, Specific gravity, Triaxial compressive test, Shear test

Review Paper

254. Ergonomic analysis of bed for bedridden patient- An interdisciplinary overview

This review paper mainly focuses on ergonomics problem which is mainly related to bedridden patients and caretaker of those patients. A bed plays a key role in the patients' life, if ergonomically bed is not suitable for patients then he can't recover fast & also the person who takes care of the patient they go through some injuries or accident. Designing a healthcare facility without giving sufficient consideration to the users who will perform their activities in it may lead to dysfunctional workplace. Like assisted living facilities, nursing homes, outpatient clinics, as well as in home health care services, the design of hospital bed depends largely on users’ anthropometric characteristics to ensure comfort, safety, and productivity of health care service. In attempting to meet the patients’ needs, a survey paper was studied for many cases (patients and caregivers point of view) which aimed at proposing a new prototype to provide their needs.

Published by: Pawan Prakash Khebudkar, S. S. Shinde, Sandesh B. SangaleResearch Area: Industrial Engineering

Organisation: KIT College of Engineering, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Bedridden patients, Healthcare facility, Anthropometric characteristics


255. Brain tumor segmentation in MRI images

Among cerebrum tumors, gliomas territory unit the preeminent normal and forceful, bringing about a dreadfully short life in their most noteworthy evaluation. In this manner, treatment structuring might be a key stage to upgrade the nature of life of oncologic patients. Attractive Resonance Imaging (MRI) might be a widely utilized imaging procedure to evaluate these tumors. Anyway, the enormous amount of learning made by attractive reverberation imaging anticipates manual division in an entirely reasonable time, constraining the utilization of exact quantitative estimations inside the clinical apply. Along these lines, programmed and dependable division ways territory unit required; be that as it may, the enormous spatial and basic changeability among cerebrum tumors make programmed division a troublesome downside. In this paper, we will, in general, propose a programmed division technique dependent on Statistical Region Merging. To ensure the tumor segmentation based on the merging predicate of the neighborhood pixels to accurately determine the tumor. So effective results are achieved when compared to manual segmentation where the segmentation lacks accuracy.

Published by: Chand Basha, V. Punna RaoResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Image processing, Otsu’s thresholding, Statistical region merging

Review Paper

256. Convolutional Neural Networks

The human brain is trained in such a way that it can automatically and instantly recognize multiple faces. But when it comes to the computer, it becomes very difficult to do all the challenging tasks on the level of the human brain. The face recognition is an integral part of biometrics. In biometrics, basic traits of human are matched to the existing data and facial features are extracted and implemented through algorithms. Numerous algorithms and techniques have been developed for improving the performance of face recognition. Deep learning is making crucial advances in solving problems that have restricted the best attempts of the artificial intelligence community for many years. Among one of the deep learning, approaches are Convolutional Neural networks (CNN).CNN is a kind of artificial neural networks that employ convolution methodology to extract the features from the input data to increase the number of features. The general structure of the face recognition process is of three stages. It starts with a pre-processing stage: color space conversion and resizing of images, continues with the extraction of facial features, and afterward extracted feature set is classified. In our system, Softmax Classifier is to realize the final stage that is classification on the basis of the facial features extracted from CNN

Published by: Mrunmayee Vaidya, Jigyasa Solanki, Sravani WayangankarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Convolutional Neural Networks, Classifier, Neural Networks, Biometrics, Deep learning

Research Paper

257. Impact of fluoride in Bastar

It is well known that the excess fluoride intake is responsible for dental and skeleton fluorosis. Villages of Bastar block and bakawand block are badly affected with fluoride. The reason is that a high concentration of fluoride water used by villagers for drinking and cooking purpose where groundwater is the major source of drinking water, water with fluoride content more than 1.5ppm may cause fluorosis. In the present study randomly selected primary and middle schools of Bastar and bakawand block, where the highest percentage of dental fluorosis was seen in 7 to 14 yrs age group children and in some places crippling lower limbs also noted. Since Bastar has a dense forest, heavy rainfall occurs during the mansoon season. There are no chemical factories in the district and nearby districts. Pollution free rainwater can be stored in cisterns and reservoirs by rainwater harvesting. This water can use to dilute the fluoride concentration and water level to be maintained.

Published by: Priyanka Salhotra, V. Vijaylaxmi, K. IndiraResearch Area: Chemistry

Organisation: Government Kaktiya P.G. College, Jagdalpur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Fluoride

Research Paper

258. Virtual assistant based recommendation system

In the current commercial application, the e-commerce applications give the only recommendation of the particular tastes only when one is interested in a particular item. The recommendation is also very much related to the item the user is interested in. Though this system works well it lacks the personalized experience that the user can get when purchasing an item through an offline vendor. This can be achieved by aggregating the recommendation engine within a virtual assistant. In our proposed system the user will be getting the online e-commerce experience with a personalized buying assistance that one gets while buying through an offline retail vendor.

Published by: Darshan B. S., Ajay S., Akshatha C., Aishwarya V., Shilpa S. G.Research Area: Machine Learning and AI

Organisation: Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Recommendation, Virtual assistant, Book recommendation, E-commerce, Collaborative filtering, Content based filtering, Cosine similarity, Linear regression

Review Paper

259. Energy generation from road vehicle

Electricity is the most necessary form of energy. We cannot even imagine our life without electricity. Consumption of electricity is increasing day by day. Nowadays most of the electricity is generated by conventional fossil fuels, eventually, the conventional power sources will get depleted by the next few decades. This paper is about to use nonconventional energy source for power generation. Here we generate energy by air compression. All the setup is placed under speed bumper when vehicle passing from speed bumper it generates electricity. The main benefit of this method is here we use wasted energy for power generation.

Published by: Shidore Gaurav Arun, Paithankar Swapnil Mangesh, Patil Rushikesh Ravindra, Manwatkar Shrikant Khanduji, Pratiksha P. JawaleResearch Area: Energy Generation

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology, Pune, Maharashtra,Keywords: Pneumatic, Generator, Electricity, Power and Capacity


260. Climate change and my role in mitigating its effect

Throughout this presentation, I would like to express my opinion on climate change from the view of art and literature. First: definition of Climate Change through different poems composed by different poets. Second: All about how people from the genre of art and literature have told us the beginning of Climate Changes in their works. Continuing with this point ill make an attempt to speak about how do people react to that call, what are the things that are changed in both negative and positive note throughout the world? Third: All about the awareness that was created by the people who were having the mask of art and literature. I will try my best to speak on the level extent that they reached to explain the causes and results on Climate Change. Fourth: I will speak on the imaginative thoughts of art and literature worker. That is how they have depicted the polluted earth or changed Climate. In my conclusion, I will express my thoughts on Climate Change, People’s Attitude and what can be done.

Published by: William Joseph J.Research Area: Nature

Organisation: St. Philomena's College (Autonomous), Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Climate Change, Poems and poets

Research Paper

261. Advance health monitoring system using IoT

Health monitoring and help the patient in the emergency condition is the main objective of this project. The aim of the project is to early inform the abnormal conditions of the body to the doctor and patient. The project mainly based on embedded system and IOT. The proposed system consists of hardware such as controller, temperature sensor, heartbeat sensor, load cell, ultrasonic sensor, LED, Wi-Fi module and LCD. In this project, the different sensor measure the body parameters such as body temperature, heartbeats, weight, height, and the readings are sent to the IoT server over wireless communication (Wi-Fi). If there are any abnormalities in measurement doctor will get alert about them. We can use this project on a daily basis to monitor body condition and help to doctor for monitoring patient remotely.

Published by: Sachin Ramdas Kalane, Akshay Dilip Patil, Mayuri Shashikant Jawade, Dr. K. M. GaikwadResearch Area: Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Health monitoring, IoT, Mobile application

Research Paper

262. Experimental study on material of compound parabolic concentrator to increase efficiency of solar evacuated tube for hard water desalination

The use of solar energy in thermal desalination process is one of the most promising applications of renewable energies. In a solar desalination system, solar energy is utilized for heating salt water and converting it into soft water. A set of the evacuated tube and compound parabolic solar collector mainly get high-temperature performance in the range of 1200˚C-1250˚C. The annual yield is at its maximum when the condensing glass cover inclination is equal to the latitude of the place. The solar desalination system is eco-friendly and popular in rural areas. In the future, there is great scope in research carried out with other developed technologies such as ETC, ETC with heat pipes and multistage solar distillation.

Published by: Sonali Hase, Shraddha Adewar, Divya Mane, Madhura Mahajan, Punam KadamResearch Area: Solar Energy

Organisation: Zeal College of Engineering and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Solar desalination, Evacuated tube, Compound parabolic concentrator, Material of compound parabolic concentration


263. Strengthening of reinforced concrete beam using glass fiber reinforced polymer

The maintenance, rehabilitation, and upgrading of structural members are perhaps one of the most crucial problems in civil engineering applications. Moreover, a large number of structures constructed in the past using the older design codes in different parts of the world are structurally unsafe according to the new design codes. Since replacement of such deficient elements of structures incurs a huge amount of public money and time, strengthening has become the acceptable way of improving their load carrying capacity and extending their service lives. In the present study, an experimental investigation is carried out on the flexural and shear behavior of RC beams strengthened using continuous GFRP sheets are carried out. Externally reinforced concrete beams with epoxy-bonded GFRP sheets were tested to failure using a symmetrical two-point concentrated static loading system. Two sets of beams were cast for this experimental test program. In SET I three beams weak in flexure were cast, out of which one is controlled beam and other two beams were strengthened using continuous GFRP sheets in flexure. In SET II three beams weak in shear were cast, out of which one is the controlled beam and other two beams were strengthened using continuous GFRP sheets in shear. The strengthening of the beams is done with the varying configuration of GFRP sheets.

Published by: Rupesh Khatri, Dr. G. P. Khare, Dushyant Kumar SahuResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Jagdalpur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Glass fiber, Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP), Flexural strength, Shear strength

Research Paper

264. Vibration analysis and experimentation of centrifugal pump impeller

The impeller is a rotating component of a Centrifugal Pump. In the Pump application, excessive vibrations encountered would pose a damaging effect on the impeller. Most of the dynamic machinery problems result from the interaction between the exciting forces & associated structural frequencies. When frequency generated by exciting force becomes equal to natural frequency, the amplitude of vibration becomes maximum causing resonance Hence the main objective is to carry out static vibration analysis and conduct experimentation performance on the Impeller of two material- MS & Nylon and record the running pump parameters – Pressure head (H) & flow rate (Q) and deserve when the pump is running smoothly without any noise. The smooth run, without noise, indicates that the vibration level is normal. To find out the natural frequency of an impeller modal analysis was carried out. Cad model generation was done in CATIA V5, meshing in HYPER MESH and ANSYS is for post-processing. The experimentation carried out using different material (MS & Nylon) should not only smooth run of the Pump, but also improves the Pump efficiency resulting sufficient power saving of the pump.

Published by: Suraj Sudamji Wankhade, S. S. JarikoteResearch Area: Manufacturing

Organisation: MGM College of Engineering, Nanded, MaharashtraKeywords: Efficiency, Impeller, Duty point, Nylon

Research Paper

265. Selection of phase change material based on AHP and TOPSIS method

Selection of PCM plays an important role in storing latent heat in a thermal energy storage system. PCM can be selected by different methods such as; AHP(Analytical Hierarchy Process), ENTROPY, FUZZY TOPSIS METHODS. This paper contains AHP and TOPSIS method calculation. AHP method is used to determine weight criteria while TOPSIS is used for obtaining the rank of criteria. A drawback to select an appropriate PCM used in domestic water heater system using triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) is coping up by desired methods. PCM liquidification and solidification under different mass flow rates are investigated. Internal and external fins are used to improve the heat transfer rate during charging and discharging of PCM.

Published by: Sahil Sunil Gharat, Suyog Vilas Gosavi, Krutika Dhondiram Mane, Sumedh Dinesh Gotmukle, Pitambar GadhaveResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Zeal College of Engineering and Research, Narhe, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: AHP, TOPSIS, RTD, PCM

Research Paper

266. Design, analysis and manufacturing of semi automatic book binding machine

This semi-automatic book binding machine can be used to bind pages which is very important in libraries, govt. departments, offices, companies, lawyers, and book covers generally to maintain their books and records in good condition. This book binding machine is designed to performed operations semi-automatically. In term of the semi-automatic machine, it uses a different mechanism such as gripping mechanism, nut and bolt mechanism, folding mechanism, etc. This machine is designed and construct that can bind book which is in A4 size. It can minimize human energy consumption in order to bind books

Published by: Akshay Dharpale, Swapnil Dimble, Akshay Dalvi, Kiran Desai, V. M. BansodeResearch Area: Design

Organisation: NBN Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Gripping mechanism, Folding mechanism, Vacuum gripper, Nut and Bolt mechanism

Research Paper

267. Design and simulation of Carry Save Adder using VHDL

This paper presents a low power and high-speed multi-operand adder which shows a higher degree of modularity than other existing adders. In Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications, Addition is one of the fundamental operations. In advance technology, researches are still going on to design an adder that carries out addition in a twinkle of time. Carry Save Adder (CSA) is one of such high speed and low power adder. This paper focuses on the designing and simulation of carrying Save Adder (CSA) using Carry Look ahead adder instead of using usual ripple carry adder so that speed increases by 10%.

Published by: Komal, Dr. A. K. GautamResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: S. D. College of Engineering and Technology, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Carry Save Adder (CSA), VHDL design

Research Paper

268. Automatic rotary car parking system

Car parking in busy streets or even in huge commercial buildings is one of the most time-consuming tasks. Also, due to increasing number of vehicles, space efficient parking is not possible. The vehicles are parked in an unorganized manner on the streets. Also, safety of the vehicle is one of the main concerns. So, this proposed system, helps us to park vehicles in an organized manner. Each user is given a RFID tag. Each tag has details encrypted about the position where car is placed. This system also ensures safety and efficient use of parking space. As the system is automatic, the time consumed is reduced.

Published by: Vishal Tayade, Swapnil Waghulkar, Sakshi Devre, Jyoti SangogiResearch Area: E&TC Engineering

Organisation: RMD Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino Mega, RFID module, Vending, Coin counter

Research Paper

269. To improve the fertility of soil by using Biochar

Now a days due to use of artificial fertilizers in farming, the yield of crop is getting damaged. Soil becomes polluted and unfertilized for crop production. So, we made use of Biochar which is organic material. By using biochar fertility of soil is improved and healthy food is produced for mankind. Biochar has been proven a renewable resource and eco-friendly material for improving soil fertility. The main objective of our study is to increase the water absorbing capacity of soil and to produce crop by organic fertilizer. In this experiment we made comparative study between Biochar and fertilizer (i.e. NPK and organic manure). The time taken by each fertilizer for production of crop (Tomato) and how much water is absorbed by each fertilized soil is compared.

Published by: Nikita Atolkar, Dr. S. L. Patil, Moreshwar H.Patil, Prashant S.Baviskar, Abhishek V. Patil, Vaishali V. SavaleResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Shram Sadana Bombay Trust College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Water absorbing capacity, Organic fertilizer

Review Paper

270. Distributed Ledger Technology based data minimization of digital identities

The avatars can be created and managed by a prime identity and can be used by an individual in a self-sovereign way to provide access to their information through the method of minimization or to cast the usage of the data and the statistical or marketing use of the same. User has the choice of sharing minimum attributes required for KYC purpose based on different avatars of the Blockchain, also track the flow of data through various concerned agencies.

Published by: Shashwat Dhananjay, Vinay Kumar, Harshit Agrawal, Prajakta Patankar, Dr. Shitalkumar A. JainResearch Area: Blockchain

Organisation: MIT Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Security, Data breach, Personally identifiable information, Right to Privacy, Blockchain DLT, Digital KYC, Data controller, Data processor

Research Paper

271. Artificial Neural Network architecture and hardware Chip Implementation using VHDL

Artificial neural networks are extended on the basis of brain structure. Like the brain, ANNs can recognize patterns, handle facts and figures and be trained. They are prepared by artificial neurons which employ the quintessence of genetic neurons. In the research work, we have considered the 8 inputs ANN signal which is multiplied with their corresponding weights. The hardware chip is designed to support the system functionality in Xilinx ISE 14.2 software. The designed chip is simulated with Modelsim 10.0 software for test cases. The designed chip is also synthesized on SPARTAN-3E FPGA using VHDL programming and device hardware and timing parameters are also analyzed for the functionality of the chip. Keywords: Artificial Neural Network (ANN), FPGA, Xilinx ISE software

Published by: Km Manisha, Dr. A. K. GautamResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: S. D. College of Engineering and Technology, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar PradeshKeywords: : Artificial Neural Network (ANN), FPGA, Xilinx ISE software

Technical Notes

272. Transistors recommendation system

The Transistors recommendation system helps learners make choices without sufficient personal experience transistors datasheet. In our research, the user-based and the main recommendation algorithm combined with Datasheets for all selective transistors. We analyzed the concern of the recommendation system and also an architecture is proposed, based on which improvements can be achieved. In this architecture, there are seven modules are presented. The crucial aim of this research paper is to perceive the basis of a recommendation system that will assist students in culling the best transistors for their respective work.

Published by: Shubham Singh, Aniruddha KalbandeResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Transistors, Recommendation system, Collaborative filtering algorithm, Datasheets, Students

Research Paper

273. On road object detection using image processing

Object detection involves detecting the instances of objects from a particular class in the image. The goal of object detection is to detect all instances of objects from known class, such as people, cars or faces in an image. Object detection using haar feature based cascade classifier is an effective object detection method. It is a machine learning based approach where a cascade function is trained from lots of positive and negative images. It is used to detect the objects in other images. In this work, we propose a new application for on-road moving object detection in the goal to participate in reducing the big number of road accidents. Road moving object detection in traffic video is a difficult task. Hence, in this work, we present a system in order to control the outside car risks by detecting the different road moving objects. Experimental results indicate that suggested method object detection can be achieved with a high detection ratio.

Published by: Trushan Vidhate, Ritesh Hirji Hirani, Akshay Maroti Tamke, Suyog ShahResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Haar cascade classifier, Object detection, Machine learning

Case Study

274. Effective marketing with digital channel: An experimental study

In the E-age, the old traditional way of product promotion is obsolete. One of the best effective online marketing. This has taken over the traditional advertising style of marketing. Various digital channels including social media, blogs, etc from being means of entrainment, now have become an active platform for product marketing. Our work aids amateur & startup people to get into the digital form of marketing. They can do better business getting more customers, fast & systematic with less expense.

Published by: Vijaya Kumar R., Devisivasankari P.Research Area: Digital Marketing

Organisation: New Horizon College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Digital marketing, Traditional marketing

Research Paper

275. Placement of UPFC in power system to improve the power system performance

The FACTS known as flexible ac transmission systems devices are solid state converters designed on voltage source converter and now the approach of engineers towards planning and operations of power systems by the implementation of FACTS devices. In this thesis work, UPFC FACTS controller models have been developed to reduce transmission losses and to improve voltage profile with power flow algorithm and models have been linearised by Newton’s method using a minimum of iterative steps. This paper describes the implementation of the UPFC Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices optimally locate in IEEE 14 bus system for power flow analysis to reduce the transmission losses and improve the voltage profile. In this thesis, UPFC is placed at every load bus at every transmission line to obtain the result of minimum power losses and minimum voltage deviation.

Published by: Manoj Giri, Mithilesh Singh, Ritesh DiwanResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: FACTS, UPFC, IEEE 14 bus

Research Paper

276. IQAC role in quality assurance of higher education

Indian Higher Education and Establishment of NAAC has always been undergone so many changes and tackled with challenges since independence. There were so many challenges in the educational system, so to tackle those all issues education institution As per National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) guidelines every accredited institution should establish an Internal Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC) to respond positively. Because it is a significant administrative body responsible for all quality matters. Objectives of this paper are to determine the careful role of IQAC in maintaining overall quality standards in the college. Sandip J. Nikam, (2016 ) research paper was expressed that how and in what ways IQAC functions brings quality in the overall development of higher education institution and to find out the role of IQAC in terms of quality assurance, sustaining in regard with all the core elements. Methodology: present paper utilized both primary and secondary data sources. Findings: As of the our primary data results the majority of the respondents that is 68.8 percent respondents who were comes under equal to or more than 50 age group has stated that IQAC contributes to maintaining quality in higher education institution, followed by 68 percent respondents who came in between 31-40 age groups, 61.9 percent respondents were in between 21-30 and 73.7 percent respondents were comes under 41-50 age groups who agree with IQAC playing important role in quality maintenance in higher education.

Published by: Dr. ManikammaResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Smt. C.B. Patil Arts and Commerce Degree College, Chincholi, KarnatakaKeywords: IQAC, Quality, Higher education, Challenges, Assurance

Research Paper

277. Life invader E-commerce hub

E- commerce stands for Electronic Commerce is the activity of buying or selling products over the Internet which allows customers to overcome geographical barriers and allows them to purchase products anytime and from anywhere. Many customers prefer online markets if the products can be delivered quickly at a relatively low price. Problems faced by local retailers include logistics, understanding the customer behavior, ever-increasing demands of the customer and adoption of technology. This project will be useful for all those shopkeepers who sell their products offline and will help them to connect to the customers and show the quality of their service and the products they sell. This will save time for the customers and increase the sales rate for retailers. The ANN Algorithm and Apriori Algorithm are used here for optimization and frequency detection of items respectively.

Published by: Akshay Gade, Aniket Kumar Gupta, MD Shadique Hussain, Harshitha S.Research Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: E-marketing, Retail industries, Consumer satisfaction, Customization

Research Paper

278. Implementation of large scale video storage system over distributed system

In a world of the greater number of installed Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV), high bandwidth requirements and larger memory consumption is major considerations when designing a video storage system. Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) is the most useful technology used for security. Traditional file-systems will not help for the receiving and storage of large-scale video clips. Paper presents a large-scale video storage system used for storing and maintaining thousands of video clips. Characteristics of this system are the scale-out architecture design which allow the performance to grow by adding a greater number of the hardware.

Published by: Goutam Prabhakar Naik, Abhishek Vinayak, Goutama B. R., Brahmesh Jain M. A., Geeta S. H.Research Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Storage system, Large-Scale, Metadata, Video surveillance, Distributed system.

Research Paper

279. An experimental analysis of cement concrete prepared with rice husk ash and steel fibre

The use of strength upgrading mineral admixtures or extra establishing materials has increased impressive significance from the most recent decade as a key to long administration life of solid structures. As a development material, concrete is having the biggest creation when contrasted with every single other material. The expansion sought after for the elements of cement is met by fractional substitution of materials by waste materials which are acquired by methods for different enterprises. In the present circumstance solid needs exceptional mixes of execution and consistency necessities that can't be constantly accomplished by utilizing traditional constituents and ordinary blending. Concrete is feeble in pressure, has restricted malleability and little protection from splitting. Then again, Due to developing natural mindfulness just as stricter guidelines on overseeing modern waste, the world is progressively swinging to looking into properties of mechanical waste and discovering arrangements on utilizing its important part so that those may be utilized as an auxiliary crude material in other mechanical branches. The present trial examination is done to contemplate the impact of halfway substitution of the bond by Rice husk fiery remains (RHA) with utilizing Steel fiber in cement. The test examination did on steel fiber up to an all-out fiber volume division of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, and 2.0 % and bond was halfway supplanted with 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% of RHA based on past research results. The mechanical properties like compressive quality, part rigidity, and flexural quality were examined for cement arranged. All outcomes were resolved at the age of 7, 14 and 28 days of restoring. The research facility results demonstrated that expansion of steel strands fortified RHA into solid expands the mechanical properties.

Published by: Ashish Singh PanwarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Concrete, Rice Husk Ash (RHA), Steel fibers, Environment, Mechanical properties, Durability

Review Paper

280. Shielding calculation for a linac bunker

The cancer rate in India has more than doubled over the last 26 years. As per the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) data, India had 14 lakh cancer patients in 2016 and this number is expected to increase. A machine is used to aim high-energy rays or beams from outside the body into the tumor. The machine most commonly used is called a linear accelerator or “linac.” In this paper Shielding thickness calculation for 6 Megavoltage Radiation from accelerator will be carried out based on the ICRP (International Council for Radiation Protection) recommendation. Additional shielding materials, their thickness will be assessed.

Published by: Nimisha K., Anjali Narayanan K. M.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Linac, Shielding, Concrete, Lead

Research Paper

281. Study of aquatic environment of Khar Danda sea coast

The seacoast of Khar Danda 18.96°N and 72.82°E is to the western edge of Mumbai shore of Bandra Suburb at an altitude of 10m to 15m. It has a tropical climate and temperature varying from min 18°C to max 37°C. The sea line is marked by black Deccan basalt sea rocks. It receives torrential Indian Ocean monsoon rains, between June and September. The Khar-Danda fishing village in the south is the oldest area where Koli community resides to the north is the Carter road Promenade. Human activities like domestic, agricultural or industrial have an impact on water and the ecosystems. Fish farming is the important occupation and several other anthropogenic activities like cremation of dead bodies, domestic sewage, and fecal discharge has tremendously affected the ecosystem of the shore as well as the sea. About 11,494 industries are located in the city and 24,554 industries are located in suburbs, contributing as the major source of industrial pollutants. Nearly half of the Mumbai’s populations about 42% of residents are slum dwellers or homeless lacking sewage and sanitation facilities. They use coastal areas as a natural toilet which results in a huge amount of sewage released directly into the sea. A massive amount of these wastes enter the coastal water in and around Khar Danda which is under the grip of pollution. These pollutants carry soil and particles laden with carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and minerals. This nutrient-rich water can cause fleshy algae and phytoplankton to thrive in coastal areas; known as algal blooms, which have the potential to create hypoxic conditions by using all available oxygen. Moreover, a drastic depletion in faunal and floral diversity of the area has been observed causing destruction of mangroves as well as a decline in fishery catches. The Pomfret catch has declined from 24,000 tons in 1982 to 3,000 tons in 2006-07. Also, the Bombay duck catch has crashed from 80,000 tons in 1982 to 23,000 in 2006 (Times of India by S.S.Singh.2010). The Physio-chemical parameters like temperature, pH, Hardness, D.O, B.O.D, CO2 , Nitrate, Nitrite, fecal coliform(FC) and total coliform (TC) studied are presented as a minimum, maximum and mean values to assess the extent of water quality variation throughout the year from OCT. 2017 to SEPT. 2018.The result indicated that parameters were found to be greatly affected.

Published by: Nagma TamkeenResearch Area: Zoology

Organisation: Mumbai University, Mumbai, Maharashtra Keywords: Aquatic environment, Khar-Danda sea coast, Pollutants, Physico-chemical parameters

Research Paper

282. An adaptive authorization in OpenStack cloud platform using MAPE-K

In recent years, Cloud computing has been receiving great attention from various business and research organizations as it promises to provide large storage facilities and highly managed remote Services. However, at the same time, it faces many technical challenges like privacy, reliability, security, etc. Insider threat is one of the most critical security threats for any Industry. Many researchers have been done and are being carried out in the field of cybersecurity for malicious insider attacks. Thus, the first element of such an attack is the internal user. Self-adaptive systems have shown to be able to provide an appropriate solution to treat these problems due to their efficiency and effectiveness. PERMIS role-based authorization infrastructure along with its conceptual authorization, access control, and trust models. It supports history-based decision making but PERMIS does not provide any authentication mechanism but leaves it up to the application to determine what to use. Applying SAAF to OpenStack would require considerable refactoring because OpenStack components that are responsible for dealing with authorization issues based on the Role Based Access Control (RBAC) model. OpenStack Keystone is quite different from that of PERMIS, The applicability of the proposed architecture is exemplified by means of possible responses to the insider threats scenarios. Responses are captured and incorporated into the MAPEK controller of the proposed architecture. The responses may have a different level of impact over the user, the role, or the service being accessed. It is possible that some of the responses may disrupt access to legitimate users whilst removing access to insider threats.

Published by: Kandala Saikiran, M. S. V. Sashi KumarResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: Vasavi College of Engineering, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: PERMIS, SAAF, OpenStack, RBAC, MAPE-K, Self Adaptive Systems, Insider threats

Review Paper

283. Design and manufacturing of die and punch for RM-800 load cell braided sheet

Now a day’s sheet metal working processes are widely used in almost all industries like automotive, defense, mechanical industries. Also, sheet metal working processes are predominantly used as various reasons not only for industrial purpose but also utilized for commercial purpose as well. For that many people are working in developing the new trends using their innovative ideas. Especially indie design, many die sets are made for different functions such as progressive die, compound die, etc. This project is also based on a new design of die punch. The main aim of this project is to design a new die with interchangeable punches also reduce the weight of the material by means of changing the material of die set. The project mainly focuses on different operations done on single die set in a single stroke of the press, presently these operations are done separately in five steps which include four drills and one plasma cutting. These operations are leading to reduce the production rate and increasing the cycle time with cost as well. As per our new die set, this should constantly eliminate the loss in the production time and reduce the manpower for loading and unloading of the work piece. The parts of die sets, punch and die are designed and assembled in the Creo Parametric 1.0.

Published by: Rushank D. Patil, Swastik S. Gandhi, Mayur D. Esave, Rajesh MhetreResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology and Science, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Purpose, Die, Punch, Cost

Research Paper

284. Chatbot for healthcare system using Artificial Intelligence

The Chatbots are the computer programs that interact with the users using natural language. The chatbot stores the information in the database to identify the keywords from the sentences and make a decision for the query and answers the question. In this paper keyword, ranking and sentence similarity calculation is done using n-gram, TF-IDF and cosine similarity. From the given input sentence, the score will be obtained for each sentence and more similar sentences are obtained for the given query. The query posed to the bot which isn't comprehended or not present in the database is further processed by the third party, expert system.

Published by: Kavitha B. R., Dr. Chethana R. MurthyResearch Area: Information Science and Engineering

Organisation: RV College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Keyword, N-gram, TF-IDF, Cosine similarity

Research Paper

285. Solar power to empower India for economic growth and development

Renewable source of energies are playing an important role in the national and international podium. There has been tremendous increase in solar power in India and this energy is utilized for further development of the household and industrial sector.Various initiatives have been taken to promote the development of Solar Power in India. This renewable energy is not only strengthening the economic sector but it is also empowering the social sector by creating many employment opportunities. Thus, solar power can be considered an important tool for promoting overall economic development.

Published by: Dr. Runa PaulResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Carmel Convent Senior Secondary School, Ratanpur, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Renewable energy, Economic sector, Social sector, Employment

Research Paper

286. Automated human detection and tracking for surveillance applications

Automated surveillance systems are gaining importance because of their vast applications at the border while security is concerned. Various algorithms are developed and technologies are used to improve the efficiency of these surveillance systems. Efforts are being made to reduce the number of false alarms and detect any kind of suspicious activity happening in the region of suspicion within no seconds. These suspicious activities include drug smuggling, illegal immigrants crossing the borders and last but not the least, terrorist intrusion. These activities need to be detected and analyzed in order to conclude if the activity is suspicious enough to be classified as a threat. The existing systems deployed at the border are not efficient enough to detect threats and hence this paper is designed with an objective of presenting a better algorithm to make a better automated surveillance system. The sole purpose of this algorithm is to increase security at the border because safeguarding the border till date continues to remain a challenge to our country.

Published by: Amritha Sharma, Milind Pathak, Avaneesh Tripathi, Parth Vijay, Shitalkumar A JainResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: MIT Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: YOLO, Haversine, Machine learning, Border surveillance, Neural Networks

Research Paper

287. Validation of smart card for securing digital documents

In the current scenario, most of the organizations go with the theme of digitalization to encourage paperless culture. All the organizations are reforming their systems to perform all the transactions using smart card technology. Considering the Educational institutions in the category of digitalization we recommend to use this smart card technology in the place of maintaining the certificates in files in the form of hard copies. It is easy to carry pocket-sized cards which will have a certified verification number, which makes each card unique. For the process of validation of card, we use LUHN algorithms. This card will help us to handle our certificated in an easy manner.

Published by: Pragati Subhash Bendale, Prachi Arun Barkale, Aniket Sanjay Patil, Kapil Surendra PandeyResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Shram Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Digitalization, LUHN Algorithms, Authentication, Authorization

Research Paper

288. Validation and generation of judicial certificate

E-Governance system’ will be an online platform for the deliverance of Government to Citizen Services and storage of digital certificates, documents, etc. The system consists of a website which can be linked with different websites of various government departments. In this Project, the Documents will be generated by the system and verified by the authority entitled for the same. Generated certificate will pass on to the user. Certificates show the identity of an individual for a certain purpose, e.g. a driver’s license identifies a person who can legally drive in a particular country. Likewise, a Digital Certificate can be presented electronically to prove your identity or one’s right to access information or services. Document Validation will be provided at the user end where he wants to apply for certain governments documents like Pan Card and Licenses.

Published by: Nikita Suhas Katekar, Hitesh Ranjit Patil, Aishwarya Sanjay Wagh, Tejaswini Pundalik RajurkarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Shrama Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: E-governance, Digital certificates, Document validation

Review Paper

289. Optimization of welding parameters in TIG welding process of stainless steel 304 using Taguchi method

The paper presents the Hallmark of Fabrication parameters and their intensive impact of current, voltage, and speed on Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) of SS 304 steel material During Fabrication. A plan of experiments based on the Taguchi technique Method has been carried out. Orthogonal array, signal to noise (S/N) Ratio, Analysis of variance (ANOVA) are employed for studying the welding characteristics of material & to optimize the weld parameters. The result obtained is the output from each parameter, through which optimal parameters are found out for maximum tensile strength. Observation-welding current and welding speed are major parameters has a deep impact on the tensile strength of welded joint

Published by: Karthimani T., N. BabuResearch Area: Welding

Organisation: SBM College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul, Tamil NaduKeywords: TIG welding, Taguchi method, Optimal parameters, Tensile test

Research Paper

290. Experimental studies on concrete utilising red mud as partial replacement of cement

The Bayer Process for the production of alumina from Bauxite ore is characterized by low energy efficiency which results in the production of significant amounts of dust-like, high alkalinity bauxite residues known as Red Mud. Red mud is produced almost at an equivalent mass ratio to metallurgical alumina and is biased into sealed or unsealed artificial confinements, leading to crucial environmental issues. It contains oxides of iron, titanium, aluminum, and silica along with some other minor constituents. Presence of Alumina and Iron oxide in red mud compensates the absence of the same components in limestone which is the essential raw material for cement production. Based on economics as well as environmental related issues, massive efforts have been directed worldwide towards red mud disposal issues. The project work spotlights the suitability of red mud obtained for construction. Five test groups were constituted with the replacement percentages 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% of red mud with cement in each series. To achieve Pozzolan’s property of Red Mud. This paper points out another encouraging guidance for the proper utilization of red mud.

Published by: Bhupesh Rajkumar Kamrani, Akshay Sahebrao Patil, Mohd. Owais Sheikh Sabir Qureshi, Kapil Gopichand Jangid, Dr. S. L. PatilResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Shrama Sadhana Bombay Trust's College of Engineering and Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Bayer process, Compressive strength, Red mud, Slump test, Consistency test, Economy

Review Paper

291. Review-A classification algorithm for the prediction of lung cancer disease using data-mining

A fractional measure of revise has recognized remarkable relatives amid ETS practice and asthma, pneumococcal infections and, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) stroke in the aged. Longitudinal revise are desirable earlier than any exact conclusion can be completed relating to ETS and no respiratory sickness in the aged. The latent position of ecological tobacco smolder experience as a extrapolative feature formative progress of a pre-accessible respiratory or heart ailment is an imperative new vicinity for study. The most important purpose is to nearby an updated meta-psychiatry of the epidemiological information, even though for a short time converse the tentative confirmation, and learning of smolder forbid. This entire thing aimed to construct an experience catalog most intimately correspondent to given that spousal smolder is the conventional catalog for learning ETS possessions, women connubial to a smoker having a patently elevated ETS disclosure, as considered by coniine, than women connubial to a non-smoker. Not mutually from demeanor meta-psychotherapy based on all elected approximation, supplementary analyses using the similar set of estimation, explore disparity in RR by the aspect sex, continent, periodical period, numeral of gear, learning category, numeral of confounders measured in the revision, accessibility of dose-retort fallout, whether the other half was the catalog, and analyses disqualified unattached subject matter.

Published by: Rajni Devi, Gurinderpal SinghResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bhaddal, PunjabKeywords: Tobacco smoke, COPD, Data mining, Psychotherapy

Research Paper

292. Experimental performance on 100cc SI engine using acetylene as a fuel

Studies reveal that Acetylene gas produced from calcium carbide (CaC2) is renewable in nature and exhibits similar properties to those of hydrogen. A fixed quantity of Acetylene gas is aspirated and then we will take readings at various loads. Our focus is on less smoke production through emission and a better environment. In the experimentation on engine, we have used Acetylene gas to run the engine without using petrol or any other secondary fuel. This acetylene gas is formed by a mixture of calcium carbide (CaC2) and water. Calcium Carbide is formed by limestone and coal. To form the acetylene gas by using the few grams of calcium carbide and some amount of water which is mixed in reaction tank which is made-up of using Mild steel; because when CaC2 and H2O are get mixed, within the fraction of second this mixture will form an inflammable gas. While the handling of this gas safety is required. We have used this gas to run the engine. The engine drive shaft was attached to the Rope brake dynamo-meter and slowly applied to the weight on dynamo-meter and calculate the various parameters.

Published by: Gaurav Sandesh Doshi, Swapnil Prakash Sherkar, Maharudra Bhagwan ShindeResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: KJEI’s Trinity Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Alternative fuel, Acetylene gas, Si engine, Better emissions

Review Paper

293. Review- Calculation of client credit risk prediction in banking sector using data mining

Data Mining is a competent section of data exploration which seeks to eliminate realistic data from implausible extent of comprehensive data. The massive measurement of these data grounds formulate it impractical for a human predictor to come up with stirring in turn that will help out in the judgment conception process. A numeral of commercial endeavor has been hasty to be proverbial with the attraction of this deliberation. The explanation of this dissertation is to manner a relation erudition on the precision of categorization models and their cost can be smoothly comprehend and they can be realistic on both specific and ceaseless data. Many data mining technique are intended to bulge admire attaining plight that everybody has some significance and limitations other way. The aim to this interpretation is affordable that an entire evaluation associated to sensible data mining process in credit scoring condition. Such direction can support the superintendent to be cognizant of most usual practice in recognition scoring measurement, determine their boundaries, get superior then and recommend new system with enhanced facility.