Volume-10, Issue-1

January-February, 2024

Research Paper

1. Advancements in Artificial Intelligence: Impacts on Society and Ethics

This research paper delves into the intricate interplay between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and computer engineering, exploring its historical roots, current state, societal impacts, ethical considerations, regulatory frameworks, and future prospects. From tracing the evolution of AI in computer engineering to anticipating future technological advancements, the narrative unfolds within the broader context of societal transformation. The examination of ethical dimensions and regulatory challenges underscores the need for responsible development and governance. As AI becomes increasingly integrated into computer engineering, this research aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of its multifaceted impacts and guide a thoughtful approach to navigating the evolving landscape. This research paper delves into the intricate interplay between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and computer engineering, exploring its historical roots, current state, societal impacts, ethical considerations, regulatory frameworks, and future prospects. From tracing the evolution of AI in computer engineering to anticipating future technological advancements, the narrative unfolds within the broader context of societal transformation. The examination of ethical dimensions and regulatory challenges underscores the need for responsible development and governance. As AI becomes increasingly integrated into computer engineering, this research aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of its multifaceted impacts and guide a thoughtful approach to navigating the evolving landscape. This research paper delves into the intricate interplay between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and computer engineering, exploring its historical roots, current state, societal impacts, ethical considerations, regulatory frameworks, and future prospects. From tracing the evolution of AI in computer engineering to anticipating future technological advancements, the narrative unfolds within the broader context of societal transformation. The examination of ethical dimensions and regulatory challenges underscores the need for responsible development and governance. As AI becomes increasingly integrated into computer engineering, this research aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of its multifaceted impacts and guide a thoughtful approach to navigating the evolving landscape.

Published by: Dhanashree Kolhe, Jeel Mange, Gautamii SinkarResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: K.J. Somaiya Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Computer Engineering, Historical Context, Ethical Considerations, Societal Impacts, Regulatory Frameworks, Future Perspectives, Technological Advancements, Human-Machine Collaboration, and Responsible AI.

Research Paper

2. The Crucial Role of Programming Languages in Today’s World

The research paper explores the evolution and crucial role of programming languages in shaping the digital era, emphasizing their significance in diverse fields such as technology, education, innovation, and global connectivity. Additionally, it delves into the current trends in programming languages, with a focus on Python and JavaScript, and highlights the importance of mobile application testing in ensuring a seamless user experience. The conclusion underscores the integral role of programming languages in our technologically-driven society.

Published by: Kaustubh Khangate, Anuj Kishor Rahatwal, Paras Vishal KanadeResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: K.J. Somaiya Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Programming, Technology, Mobile, Applications, Digital, Transformation

Research Paper

3. Harmonizing Intelligence: An Overture to the Symphony of Artificial Intelligence

This comprehensive research paper undertakes a thorough examination of the multifaceted landscape of Artificial Intelligence (AI), encapsulating its historical evolution, contemporary developments, and prospective trajectories. Rooted in a rich historical context, the paper navigates through the seminal moments of AI inception, the contributions of key figures, and the paradigm shifts that have shaped its trajectory. Moving beyond historical insights, the study delves deep into the theoretical foundations of AI, encompassing machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and ethical considerations. The exploration of cutting-edge models, interdisciplinary collaborations, and real-world applications underscores the transformative influence of AI across diverse domains.

Published by: Jainam Dedhia, Vyom rampariya, Yagnik RavalResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Future, History, Present Time

Review Paper

4. Green Initiative Low-Cost Solar Electric Vehicle

Renewable energy is a type of energy that may be produced from a variety of resources, including sunlight, wind, tides, geothermal, etc. It delivers sustainable, clean energy that is derived from renewable natural resources. More renewable energy will be used, which will reduce the cost and demand for fossil fuels. The main uses of solar photovoltaic energy are for power generation, heating, and other things. The development of solar-powered cars was made possible by recent breakthroughs. This study discusses the design and development of a charge controller-based solar charging system for electric automobiles. The suggested system's implementation will lower the price of power and charging and discharging losses. Also, this is one of the steps taken to create a green campus by proposing a solar charging system. This paper will show how to create a solar-powered electrical vehicle system and analyze its performance.

Published by: Mir Ariz Ahmed, Mohammed Uzair, Upanya M., Swathi G. Hebbar, Dr. Gopala Reddy K.Research Area: Solar Electric Vehicle

Organisation: Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: EV Charging, Electric Vehicle, Solar PV Array, Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT), Renewable Energy.

Research Paper

5. Semiconductor

Semiconductors, with their unique ability to manipulate electrical conductivity, have become the cornerstone of the technological revolution sweeping across the globe. This research paper delves deep into the world of these extraordinary materials, exploring their fundamental properties, diverse applications, and the frontiers of research pushing the boundaries of what's possible. From the ubiquitous transistors powering our smartphones to the solar panels capturing the sun's energy, semiconductors have woven themselves into the very fabric of our lives. This voyage of discovery aims to illuminate the enigmatic nature of these materials, their impact on the present, and their potential to shape the future.

Published by: Devansh Raval, Tamish Upadhyay, Anuj VeerResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Semiconductor, Conductivity, Crystal Diode

Research Paper

6. Plastic Based Road

Plastic-based roads, a transformative concept introduced by Rajagopalan Vasudevan, are reshaping sustainable infrastructure globally. With countries like Australia, Indonesia, India, the UK, and the US actively exploring this eco-friendly innovation, the widespread interest reflects a commitment to recycling post-consumer plastics. Notably, the Netherlands' Plastic Road initiative pioneers bicycle paths constructed from prefabricated, hollow, modular elements made from consumer plastic waste. These roads feature innovative hollow spaces that serve as rainwater reservoirs, showcasing a thoughtful approach to sustainable water management. As a 3rd-year diploma student, my active participation in hands-on demonstrations underscores the practical application of plastic-based road construction. The methodology involves collecting, cleaning, and blending plastic waste with bitumen, resulting in a mix laid similarly to traditional asphalt concrete. Plastic roads offer reduced carbon footprints and contribute to diverting plastic waste from landfills, aligning with environmental sustainability goals. Construction methods vary globally, with unique plastic-asphalt blends adopted in countries like India and Indonesia. Ongoing monitoring and maintenance are crucial for ensuring the sustained performance of plastic-based roads, marking a significant stride towards eco-conscious transportation networks. In essence, plastic-based roads represent an innovative and environmentally responsible approach to constructing resilient and eco-friendly infrastructure.

Published by: Gautam Mewada, Chaitanya Mandhare, Omkar Borate, Adithyan Madhu, Shreyash Baikar, Vipul Ranjane, Sagar MungaseResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Plastic-Based Road, Eco-conscious, Sustainable Infrastructure

Research Paper

7. An academic analysis of the inappropriate usage of adverbs of manner and verbs by Turkish learners in translating texts from Turkish to English

This scholarly article examines the challenges encountered by first grade Turkish college students when translating Turkish to English texts, with a particular emphasis on their improper use of manner adverbs and verbs. The study reveals that the placement of adverbs and verbs in English and Turkish differs, making it difficult for students to do translation between these languages The research investigates the precise grammatical errors identified in the translations produced by the students. It provides examples of improper placement of manner adverbs and verbs in English sentences. Examples of word order problems illustrate the difficulty that Turkish students encounter when attempting to learn English syntax. The research also demonstrates the impact of syntactical transfer on manner adverbs and verbs, thereby highlighting the extent to which students rely on Turkish word order patterns. A thorough understanding of similarities and differences between Turkish and English is crucial for accurate translation, according to the study. The study suggests that by concentrating language instruction on minor distinctions in syntax, students may be able to achieve a higher rate of accuracy when translating Turkish texts into English. The research concludes by emphasizing the criticality of instructing Turkish students in English on both the similarities and differences in syntax so that they may acquire the necessary proficiency to translate.

Published by: Soner KayaResearch Area: Language

Organisation: Bingöl University, Bingöl, TurkeyKeywords: Syntactic Differences, Translation, Negative Transfer, Word Order

Research Paper

8. Reshaping business models: a study on management consulting’s role in industry’s adaptation to the new normal

This research study examines the role of management consulting in the adaptation of the economy to the new normal, providing a comprehensive account of its initial challenges and subsequent adjustments. This research investigates the crisis responses of consulting firms as well as the information integration and supply chain management of enterprises. The capacity of enterprises to surmount adversity was pivotal to their expansion. Firms have exhibited remarkable flexibility in the face of the crisis through the implementation of digital technologies. Innovative office solutions were developed, work patterns were restructured, and work-from-home models were adopted; these developments altered conventional business operations. Every one of these three elements had an impact on the revolution. It commences with a comprehensive analysis of the primary business models for online consulting. It advises business owners on the initiation and promotion of an internet consulting firm, an industry that is expanding rapidly. In addition, Gartner workplace trends that may impact consulting opportunities in the aftermath of the pandemic are discussed. A comprehensive analysis of these themes is provided in the report. Credible online platforms, academic databases, industry publications, and internal business papers were utilized in the analysis. Region-by-region distribution highlights the study's influence on consulting in North America and its anticipated recovery. In addition to management consulting, the study investigates additional consulting subsectors. The concluding segment underscores the criticality of digital transformation for consulting firms and the necessity for them to possess up-to-date capabilities in order to assist clients in adapting to an unforeseeable business environment. This research illuminates the strategies employed to surmount unforeseen challenges and offers a comprehensive comprehension of how forward-thinking organizations managed to persist and prosper in the face of such impediments.

Published by: Aastha PundhirResearch Area: Industry and Business

Organisation: Insight Business Consultants, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: COVID-19 Impact, Online Consulting, Digital Transformation, Corporate Strategy, Management Consulting, Industry Recovery, Future Trends, Startups, Resilience, Ed-Tech, Online Grocery, Health Tech, Fintech, Government Initiatives, Work-From-Home, Funding Resilience, Paradigm Shift

Research Paper

9. Lossy and lossless data compression algorithms – a comparative study

This research introduces the lossless and lossy compression algorithms in detail, compares their types on basis of strengths, weaknesses, and applications. The study focuses on exploring lossless and lossy compression methods, their compression ratios, complexities, and suitability for diverse data types and applications.

Published by: Sahil Patil, Shreyas Padhi, Arrush ShettyResearch Area: Computer

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya Polytechnic, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: History of Data Compression, Importance, Types of Algorithms and their comparative study, Pros & Cons of Data Compression, Decompression, Applications and Future Directions.

Research Paper

10. Utilization of ferrocement to rural sanitation

Engineering is the application of technology for the benefit of society, and it encompasses various fields based on specific areas of application. Civil engineering, in particular, plays a crucial role in the construction and maintenance of infrastructure such as roads, bridges, dams, canals, and buildings. This project focuses on the utilization of civil engineering principles for the "Application of Ferrocement Technique to the Rural Sanitary Block System." The escalating costs of basic building materials like steel, sand, cement, brick, timber, and labor have led to a continuous rise in construction expenses. Conventional building materials and construction techniques are becoming less economical, especially for low and middle-income groups. Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore cost-effective construction techniques, either by upgrading conventional methods or by introducing innovative approaches. Ferrocement panels, the key focus of this project, offer a practical solution. These panels are easy to cast, cure, and manually erect on-site. The roofing system developed through ferrocement technology provides strength and rigidity, making it a cost-effective alternative. This makes it particularly well-suited for prefabricated construction, especially beneficial for people residing in rural areas. In essence, this project aims to leverage civil engineering principles to address the economic challenges associated with construction. By introducing ferrocement techniques, it seeks to provide a viable and cost-effective solution that can benefit not only low-income populations but also middle-income groups, contributing to sustainable and affordable construction practices in the realm of rural sanitation.

Published by: Abhishek Salekar, Bhoomika Koli, Om Gaikwad, Abhishek Kushwaha, Sagar MungaseResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Ferrocement Technology, Rural Sanitation, Construction Techniques, Prefabricated Construction

Research Paper

11. Hydropower/hydroelectricity dam

Hydropower, also known as hydroelectricity, denotes the process of converting mechanical energy derived from the movement of flowing water into electrical energy. This phenomenon is intricately connected to the natural water cycle, a perpetual sequence facilitated by the sun's energy. The renewable nature of hydropower stems from the continuous replenishment of the water cycle, ensuring a sustained and dependable energy source. Typically, hydroelectric power plants incorporate essential components such as a water reservoir, a gate or valve for regulating water discharge from the reservoir, and an outlet directing the water post-descent. The elevation of water, notably just prior to cascading over a dam or descending downhill, results in the accumulation of potential energy. Subsequently, this potential energy undergoes conversion into kinetic energy as the water descends, ultimately contributing to the rotation of turbine blades. The kinetic energy harnessed from the flowing water is then utilized to generate electricity, a process integral to the overall functionality of the hydroelectric power plant. The resultant electrical power is subsequently distributed to the plant's consumer base, thereby exemplifying the effectiveness and sustainability of hydropower as a vital component within the renewable energy landscape.

Published by: Tanishq Nilkanth Thakur, Harshada Hemant Dahake, Rishikesh Bhargav Thakur, Janavi Ishwar Choughule, Anurag Shinde, Vipul RanjaneResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute Technology, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Hydropower, Hydroelectricity, Mechanical Energy, Flowing Water, Electrical Energy 1. INT

Research Paper

12. Light weight bricks using sludge

Waste may be defined as an unwanted material generated after the manufacturing process from industry, agriculture, or household activity. Waste causes many nuisances in the environment. It produces many types of infection, for humans and animals. The sludge from tannery effluent plants has the problem of disposal. Dewatered sludge is disposed of by landfilling. However, it is not an appropriate solution, due to the land limitation. The production of sludge in tannery effluent plants is about to increase every year. In addition, the constraint to treat sludge is very high in cost and time-consuming, which is a disadvantage to the responsible parties. Therefore, this study was carried out to utilize the sludge waste (SW) produced from the tannery effluent plant as a brick. The sludge brick (SB) mixtures were incorporated with many ratios of SW. Tests were conducted such as fineness test, specific gravity, water absorption, and compressive strength. In conclusion, brick with 20% utilization of SW is acceptable to produce good quality brick. This study shows that the disposal of tannery sludge TSW would act as a suitable material for manufacturing bricks with proportionate mix and design.

Published by: Puru Sandeep Pawar, Tushar Malhar Bhangurgikar, Om Vinod Koli, Athrava Vinod Shinde, Shubham Ganpati Sathe, Sagar MungaseResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Sludge, Tannery Effluent

Research Paper

13. Estimation and Designing of Airport

Analysis of the dynamics of evolution of multi-airport systems worldwide that can help to guide their effective development in the future. Given the capacity constraints on existing major airports, the development of multi-airport systems is going to be a key mechanism by which air transportation systems around the world will be able to meet future demand. In order to better understand how these systems will evolve, a systematic case study analysis of 59 airport systems worldwide was performed. The analysis showed significant differences in the evolution of multi-airport systems across world regions. In the United States and in Europe, the recent development of multi-airport systems primarily involved the emergence of secondary airports. In Asia, multi-airport systems have generally evolved through the construction of new high capacity airports, due to a much weaker set of available airports, high perceived benefits of strong growth of traffic and weaker opposition to the construction of airports. Given the capacity constraints on existing major airports and the limited ability to increase their capacity, the transition and development of multi-airport systems appears to be key mechanism by which air transportation systems around the world will be able to meet future demand.

Published by: Dev Jethva, Swayam bamane, Shravani jadhav, Siddhesh, Supriya ShindeResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Estimation & Costing, 3D Modelling, Sketch Up Pro, Calculation.

Case Study

14. Training a transformer-based model with Chinese dataset for sentence completion task

This paper presents the development and training of a transformer-based model using a Chinese news dataset and Chinese short stories for the task of sentence completion. The transformer model has shown remarkable success in natural language processing tasks, and this study aims to leverage its power to improve sentence completion accuracy in the Chinese language. The Chinese news dataset utilized in this research encompasses a wide range of topics, providing the model with comprehensive domain knowledge. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the transformer model on the sentence completion task in Chinese. All Codes, models, and the dataset are available at https://github.com/zhaaaos/chinese_sentence_completion

Published by: Haoyu ZhangResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Concordia University, Quebec, CanadaKeywords: NLP, Transformers, Sentence Completion

Research Paper

15. Patents vs Public Health: The Case of Pharma Companies

How do copyright laws and digital media patents intersect and interact in the protection of intellectual property in the modern age, and what are the implications for innovators, and consumers?

Published by: Sanah LambaResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Companies

Organisation: Modern School, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Patent, Roche vs. Cipla, Bayer Corporation vs. Natco Pharma, Moderna vs. Pfizer Biontech

Research Paper

16. Self compacting concrete

Self-compacting concrete (SCC) is a remarkable innovation in the field of construction materials. It represents a paradigm shift in the way concrete is designed and placed. This abstract provides an overview of self- compacting concrete, highlighting its properties, advantages, and applications. Self-compacting concrete is characterized by its unique ability to flow and fill intricate formwork under its own weight, without the need for external vibration. This remarkable property is achieved through a well-balanced mix design, incorporating high-flow ability materials, super plasticizers, and viscosity-modifying agents. SCC offers several significant advantages, including improved workability, reduced labor and equipment costs, enhanced structural integrity, and minimized environmental impact.

Published by: Zuber Shaikh, Sujal Patil, Atharva Salvi, Dharna Patil, Nikhil Mishra, Sayali PatilResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Technology, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Self Compacting Concrete,Highlights

Research Paper

17. The Impact of Stress and Anxiety on Indian Teenagers: Causes, Consequences, and Coping Strategies

The escalating prevalence of stress and anxiety among Indian teenagers poses a significant challenge to their mental health. This research delves into the intricate facets of stress and anxiety in this demographic, aiming to identify contributing factors, explore long-term impacts, and examine effective coping strategies. A structured survey, administered through Google Forms, involved 243 participants aged 13 to 19 from diverse schools in India. Academic pressure emerged as the most common stressor, followed by social media, peer pressure, family conflicts, and personal expectations. Consequences encompassed negative impacts on mood, physical symptoms, and impaired academic performance. Coping strategies identified include exercise, mindfulness, social support, and journaling. Despite limitations, the study emphasizes the importance of addressing academic pressure, family dynamics, and social factors to support teenagers effectively.

Published by: Shreya PareekResearch Area: Psychology

Organisation: ELPRO International School, Pimpri-Chinchwad, MaharashtraKeywords: Stress. Anxiety, Indian Teenagers

Research Paper

18. Natural Filtration: How Soil Acts as a Cleansing Agent for Wastewater

Due to the unprecedented urban expansion, there has been an alarming surge in the demand for water, leading to an unsustainable depletion of groundwater resources. The accelerated rate at which these resources are tapped has outpaced any efforts for adequate replenishment, endangering the very foundation of our water supply. It is imperative that we not only safeguard existing water reservoirs but also explore alternative strategies to augment them. The responsible management and preservation of water resources are paramount for securing the future of our communities. As a result of this critical water scarcity, the concept of reusing water has emerged as an indispensable solution. One viable option involves harnessing treated wastewater effluents. Rapid urbanization has given rise to substantial sewage generation, contributing significantly to the contamination of water, soil, and air when discharged indiscriminately. To mitigate this environmental crisis, sewage must undergo treatment in dedicated facilities, yielding substantial quantities of effluents. The challenge at hand is to transform these effluents, which not only go to waste but also pose environmental threats, into a purified and reusable form. The pivotal question arises: how can the effluents from sewage treatment plants be efficiently converted into pristine water? Soil, a ubiquitous and cost-effective resource, emerges as a formidable solution. Renowned for its prowess as a physical, chemical, and biological filter, soil possesses the unique capability to act as a natural cleanser of water. The pressing national issue of water scarcity demands an innovative approach, and utilizing soil to transform sewage effluents into a valuable water source stands as a formidable task that requires our immediate attention and commitment.

Published by: Tejas Patil, Rishab Sharma, Maithil Patil, Utkarsha Kharat, Rignesh Patil, Asmita KulkarniResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Filtration, Sedimentation, Biological, Oxidation, Denitrification, Degradation, Microorganisms, Passivation, Decomposition.

Research Paper

19. The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Design Engineering

The purpose of this research paper is to evaluate the role of artificial intelligence in the field of design engineering by discussing the contribution of artificial intelligence to the field of design engineering. This research paper further examines whether using artificial intelligence can be advantageous or disadvantageous to design engineers and to relevant stakeholders, by critiquing it through secondary sources. This research paper analyzes the growth of artificial intelligence in various aspects related to design engineering and explains the reasons behind the same, using primary sources.

Published by: Aashray AggarwalResearch Area: Design Engineering

Organisation: Kodaikanal International School, Kodaikanal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Design Engineering, Artificial Intelligence

Research Paper

20. Lightweight concrete

Lightweight concrete (LWC) boasts a rich history dating back to ancient Roman times and has gained popularity due to its lower density and superior thermal insulation properties. In comparison to normal-weight concrete (NWC), LWC significantly reduces the dead load of structural elements, making it particularly appealing in multi-story buildings. While most studies on LWC focus on "semi-lightweight" concretes, which use lightweight coarse aggregate and natural sand, there is potential for even greater environmental and economic benefits if waste materials replace the fine lightweight aggregate. With a history spanning over two millennia, the technical development of lightweight concrete continues to progress. This review begins with a retrospective, providing an overview of the diverse applications covered by lightweight concrete in the last century. Despite its proven technical potential, there are still hesitations and uncertainties in practice. To address this, the review delves into lightweight aggregate properties and various types of lightweight concrete, placing a special emphasis on current standards. Drawing from 25 years of practical and theoretical experience in the field, the review highlights the need for adaptations in design, production, and execution rules when working with lightweight concrete, which often deviate from those applied to normal weight concrete. Certain aspects prone to misunderstandings, such as nomenclature and the informational value of specific tests, are explored. The review addresses frequently occurring problems related to the mix design and production of lightweight concrete, elucidating unintended consequences. Additionally, a critical examination is provided of information found in existing European concrete standards regarding the mechanical properties of structural lightweight concrete. The review concludes by presenting the latest stage of development in very light lightweight concretes. Introducing Infra-lightweight concrete as an innovative approach, it aims to further extend the applications of lightweight concrete. This section provides background knowledge and experiences from case records, shedding light on an exciting frontier in the evolution of lightweight concrete.

Published by: Ashlesha Nirbhavane, Sanchita Pingat, Sneha Khaire, Pratiksha Bharati, Kaivalya Dahiphale, Sayali PatilResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Expanded Clay Aggregate, Silica Fume, Poly Vinyl Alcohol (PVA), Density, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength.

Case Study

21. A case study on Lyapunov stability analysis of nonlinear systems with ordinary differential equations

The main concern of this paper is the stability analysis of nonlinear systems. For evaluating the stability of a system around an equilibrium point, firstly need to understand the basic concepts of stability theory and then explore different methods to apply on the systems to check and verify the required conditions for it. This work emphasizes on the conditions needed to guarantee asymptotic stability in nonlinear dynamic autonomous systems of continuous-time.

Published by: Aarti Varshney, Vishal Goyal Research Area: Control System

Organisation: GLA University, Bharthia, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Nonlinear ODE, Energy, Lyapunov Function, Asymptotic Stability

Research Paper

22. Synthetic fuels : The future of Gasoline Cars

Alternative sources of fuel have increasingly attracted attention in the context of an energy crisis. The liquid and gaseous fuel types are created in several steps using carbon-based feedstock such as coal bituminous, lignin, coal, wood waste, biomass, shale bitumen, etc. These could serve as alternatives for normal fossil fuels used for transportation and many others. Synthetic fuels have higher efficiencies, lower carbon footprints, and fit within existing systems, making them a good option in shifting towards cleaner energy systems. Assessment of the economic impact on a large-scale of synthetic fuel production and utilization is important due to its impact on the environment. This should involve taking into consideration aspects like cost-effectiveness, the demand for the products in that particular market, and the role played by the government through incentives or regulations. For an adequate characterization of this developing field, current state-of-the-art attempts towards improving synthetic fuel technologies and breakthroughs should be understood. Synthetic fuels have been promising substitutes for traditional fossil fuels, although their exploitation should not lose its momentum.

Published by: Divyaansh GandhiResearch Area: Chemical Engineering

Organisation: Pathways School Gurgaon, Bandhwari, HaryanaKeywords: Synthetic Fuels, Gasoline Cars

Research Paper

23. Absolute time, time dilation and three dimensions with pyramid model of universe through theory of stability and law of universal neutrality

The science and technology with every fraction of time heading the humankind towards the future with a great speed but can this speed will make us to travel with the speed of light and will possibly allow us to enter the future before time allows it? Continuing to my previous article on origin of universe and life with the theory of stability and law of universal neutrality I wanted to explain the laws of universe with the impact of absolute time which i believe is the 3rd dimension as well as the most fundamental law of our universe which constantly restrict the possibility of time travel to our past and the future. The mystery of time travel to past or future might get left behind if we understand that the time is absolute. I have tried to fill the gap between the quantum mechanics and the classical physics with the fundamental forces (ISF & OSF) and laws of universal neutrality and the theory of stability. I believe the details in this article provide the reasonable outputs to many mysterious questions of all time. With the help of this article and its all proposed laws will make it easier for science and mankind to understand the fundamental laws of this universe and also to be more close to our universe.

Published by: Mithun S. GowardhanResearch Area: Astrophysics

Organisation: Independent Researcher Keywords: Fundamental Forces, Absolute Time, Time Travel, 3 Fundamental Dimensions, Pyramid-Model Of Universe, Golden Ratio, Inertia.

Research Paper

24. Role of technology in finding planned defaulters

The paper focuses on the role of technology in finding planned defaulters. With the fast-paced advent of financial technology, it is imperative that technology plays a key role in enhancing customer experience esp. around security and preventing default. The paper identifies the role of technology in identifying planned defaulters and how it can be adapted and used to prevent such mishaps from happening in the future. A quantitative survey has been undertaken, which shows fast adoption of fintech solutions by Merchants/small-scale businesses. The survey also highlights the concern of risk associated with fraud and how well the Merchants can adapt to tech solutions to prevent such incidents, thereby enabling technology to play a firm role in identifying planned defaulters. The paper summarizes current methods used to find planned defaulters by fintech companies and what should be done further in this area. The paper also lays out the future scope of research work.

Published by: Ananya BhatnagarResearch Area: Economics , Technology

Organisation: Amity Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Technology, Debt, Planned Defaulters

Research Paper

25. IOT Based Home Security Smart System Using Arduino

Rapid advances in technology have led to increased interest in home security systems designed to improve the security and protection of residential properties. This research paper provides a comprehensive study on the design, development and implementation of a home alarm system using Arduino. The system uses an array of sensors and an Arduino microcontroller to detect potential intruders and instantly trigger the alarm. This study demonstrates effectiveness, reliability, and economy, making it useful for home security applications. This article presents the design and implementation of a home alarm using Arduino as an IoT application. The Internet connection module for this system connects to the central power supply of the home network that can be accessed from the Internet. Use a static IP address for wireless connections. Home automation relies on a variety of applications that can be run using Google Assistant or voice recognition commands in the user's web application. Therefore, the main goal of this paper is to model our home automation safer and smarter.

Published by: Anisha Anand, Shalu, Riya Bharti, Aditya Mishra, Aditya Kumar, Dr. Vatsala SharmaResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Buxar, BiharKeywords: Blynk Application, MQ-2 Gas sensor, PIR Sensor, Arduino, IoT.

Research Paper

26. Semiconductors and Cosmetics

This review investigates the various applications of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in cosmetics and semiconductors, bridging the gap between these two diverse industries. It focuses on utilizing nanosilver in both industries, the paper explores how subtle alterations in nanoparticle properties and synthesis methods lead to profound shifts in behavior, allowing the same material to be employed in two extensively different sectors. Offering an up-to-date overview of ongoing activities in this field, the review expresses a shared interest in AgNPs, covering their origin, properties, and applications in the cosmetic and semiconductor industry. Additionally, it addresses the crucial aspect of AgNPs' toxicity, exploring its harmful implications for both human health and the environment. Furthermore, the review suggests new research ideas for combining cosmetics and semiconductors. By providing insights into the adaptability and implications of silver nanoparticles, this review serves as a valuable resource for researchers and professionals, offering scope for future explorations at the intersection of cosmetic and semiconductor technologies.

Published by: Medhavini UppadhyayResearch Area: Semiconductors and Cosmetics

Organisation: Delhi Technological University, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Nanosilver Nanoparticles, Cosmetics, Semiconductors, Toxicity, Application In Electronics And Semiconductor

Research Paper

27. How Open Data is Reshaping Supply Chains for Social Equity

The supply chain is vital in achieving a conducive working environment for business stakeholders. Current developments in big data analytics technology create insights that help supply chain members achieve their objectives (Mol, 2015). The bottleneck of unsustainability in industries can be achieved when firms take corrective actions on challenges that members encounter while analyzing open data (Saeed & Kersten, 2019). A literature review is the method of investigation in the study. During the inquiry, 50 research articles were analyzed by researchers to get comprehensive results on the topic (Scott, 2020). The paper applies the Toulmin model of argumentation to elaborate on the link between big data analytics and supply chain management. Some components of big data analytics are integration, security, economics, reporting, analytics, and data processing. (Gardner et al., 2019). Researchers in the study have used different examples of supply chains to analyze and understand the relationship between transparency and sustainability in various supply chain categories (McDermott, 2014). Supply chain information enhances improvement in sustainability governance. In this paper, the researchers gathered information from the literature to get a comprehensive concept of sustainable supply chain management (Egels-Zandén & Hansson, 2016). A direct correlation between sustainability and supply chain through an open data management approach exists. Applying big data analytics by firms can lead to cost savings by reducing expenses that the company could have otherwise incurred in the health and safety of the workforce and members of society. The data should comply with quality for effective decision-making across the supply chain network (Brandenburg et al., 2019).

Published by: Omotola KadebaResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Richard Chaifetz School of Business, Saint Louis University, MO, USAKeywords: Data Transparency, Open Data, Supply Chain Management, Decision-Making, Stakeholder Feedback, Risk Management, Data Collection Devices, Big Data Analytics, Economic Improvement, Disruption, Growth Trends

Research Paper

28. A Comprehensive Study of Sign Language Recognition using Technology and AI

Sign language plays a crucial role in facilitating communication within the hearing-impaired community, yet it often poses a challenge as a communication barrier with the broader society. Recent technological and Artificial Intelligence (AI) advancements present an opportunity to bridge this communication gap effectively. This research delves into the essential components of developing a Sign Language Recognition system, exploring aspects such as sign-capturing techniques, selection of sign datasets, preprocessing methods, and integrating a deep learning module featuring both CNN and CNN-SVM modules.

Published by: Hakik PACI, Evis Trandafili, Nelda Kote, Egisa FushaResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Polytechnic University of Tirana, Tirana, AlbaniaKeywords: Sign Language Recognition, Deep Learning, CNN, CNN-SVN

Research Paper

29. Ways to Enhance Airline Efficiency and Profitability

This research investigates various strategies and innovations aimed at enhancing airline productivity. It explores how operational enhancements, technological advancements, and environmentally sustainable practices can mitigate costs, boost production, and minimize adverse environmental effects. The paper offers an overview of diverse approaches airlines can adopt to enhance their overall performance, drawing insights from case studies and industry trends.

Published by: Shlok KapoorResearch Area: Airtravel

Organisation: Heritage Xperiential Learning School, Nangli Umarpur, HaryanaKeywords: Air Travel, Economy , Budget

Research Paper

30. The Origin and Development of Jatra Theatre in Odisha

The performance Tradition of Folk Theatre and Traditional Folk Theatre forms of Odisha is as old as our civilization. There are many forms of Folk Theatre and Traditional Folk Theatre in the cultural sphere of Odisha. Jatra is one of the most popular forms of folk theatre that originated and developed from the religious and spiritualistic base of the Bhakti Movement. Now it has become a highly commercialized form of Odia Folk Theatre. It is all about its origin and gradual development. Abstracts: The performance Tradition of Folk Theatre and Traditional Folk Theatre forms of Odisha is as old as our civilization. There are many forms of Folk Theatre and Traditional Folk Theatre in the cultural sphere of Odisha. Jatra is one of the most popular forms of folk theatre that originated and developed from the religious and spiritualistic base of the Bhakti Movement. Now it has become a highly commercialized form of Odia Folk Theatre. It is all about its origin and gradual development.

Published by: Narottam ParidaResearch Area: Performing Art

Organisation: Utkal University of Culture, Bhubaneswar, OdishaKeywords: Folk Theatre, Traditional Folk Theatre, Pravritti, Gita Govinda, Oudra, Khandagiri, Madhyama Bikrusta.

Thesis

31. The expansion theory (Oasis of opportunities)

The Expansion Theory or also called "Oasis of opportunities" - states that for every problem (P) there is one or more corresponding solutions (Sn), more or less effective, such as to be able to nullify and/or neutralize that problem. Furthermore, for every effective solution submitted to that problem, there will be n Opportunities for people and/or communities of people.

Published by: Antonio LobustoResearch Area: Innovation Technology

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Innovation, Technology, Progress, Expansion, Problem, Solution

Research Paper

32. The Evolution of Boxing

Boxing, as a combat sport, has been captivating audiences for centuries with its display of skill, power, and determination. Despite its popularity, boxing faces numerous challenges and controversies. This paper explores the evolution of boxing, from its ancient origins to its modern-day significance. It delves into the sport's rules, governing bodies, famous personalities, cultural impact, and the ethical issues it confronts. By examining these facets, we gain insight into boxing's enduring appeal and its potential future directions.

Published by: Angad BatraResearch Area: Sports History

Organisation: Suncity School,Gurugram, HaryanaKeywords: Boxing, Combat Sport, Evolution, Rules, Governing Bodies, Famous Boxers, Cultural Impact, Challenges, Controversies, Future Directions.

Research Paper

33. The Transformative Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Employment: Opportunities, Challenges, and Solutions in the Global Landscape

This research paper delves into the current and future implications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on employment, exploring its effects on job creation, transformation, challenges, and potential solutions. It examines the evolving landscape of employment in the context of AI, including the creation of new job opportunities, transformation of existing roles, societal implications, human-AI collaboration, ethical considerations, future skills, and education requirements. The paper underscores the importance of inclusive policies, lifelong learning, and global cooperation to navigate the complex interplay between AI and the labor market.

Published by: Divyaansh GandhiResearch Area: AI

Organisation: Pathways School, Gurugram, Bandhwari, HaryanaKeywords: Artificial Intelligence (AI), Employment Labor Market Job Transformation Ethical Considerations

Review Paper

34. Dihydrofolate Reductase (DHFR): A Versatile Protein with Crucial Roles in Life and Disease

Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), a ubiquitous oxidoreductase, occupies a pivotal position in folate metabolism. This review presents a comprehensive analysis of DHFR's structure, catalytic mechanism, and diverse physiological roles. We highlight its essential function in purine and thymidylate biosynthesis, emphasizing its impact on DNA replication and cell proliferation. The review further explores the multifaceted implications of DHFR in disease: its exploitation in cancer chemotherapy through targeted inhibition, its role in bacterial antibiotic resistance, and potential associations with autoimmune disorders. Finally, we discuss emerging research avenues delving into novel DHFR inhibitors for cancer therapy, strategies to combat DHFR-mediated antibiotic resistance, and the exploration of DHFR gene polymorphisms in personalized medicine approaches for autoimmune diseases. This review underscores the critical role of DHFR in both normal cellular processes and various disease states, paving the way for future advancements in targeted therapeutic interventions.

Published by: Mayur Bagane, Dr. Rajesh Jorgewad, Goutam JirageResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Kolhapur Institute of Technology's College of Engineering (Autonomous), Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Dihydrofolate Reductase, Folate Metabolism, Cancer, Antibiotics, Autoimmune Diseases, Personalized Medicine.

Research Paper

35. Gender inequality in sports: An examination of its history, current state, and implications for female athletes

Gender inequality persists as a notable challenge within the realm of sports, characterized by disparities in opportunities, resources, and recognition between male and female athletes. Despite advancements, this review underscores the enduring nature of gender inequality in sports and explores its historical roots, contemporary manifestations, contributing factors, and repercussions for female athletes. Drawing attention to societal perceptions of gender roles, underrepresentation of women in leadership roles, and instances of gender-based discrimination and harassment, this paper advocates for concerted efforts by sports organizations and society to rectify these inequalities and foster an environment conducive to gender equity in sports.

Published by: Hitarth JainResearch Area: Sports History

Organisation: Heritage Xperiential Learning School, Nangli Umarpur, HaryanaKeywords: Gender Inequality, Sports, Female Athletes, Opportunities, Resources, Recognition, Societal Perceptions, Leadership Roles, Discrimination, Harassment, Gender Roles, Media Coverage

Research Paper

36. Research on Conductor

Conductors play a pivotal role in the world of electricity, serving as the arteries through which energy flows to power our modern society. This abstract explores the multifaceted nature of conductors, examining their significance in both electrical systems and societal frameworks. In the realm of electricity, conductors are essential components, facilitating the transmission of electrical energy from power sources to end-users. Their material composition, such as copper, aluminum, or other alloys, influences conductivity and efficiency, impacting the performance of electrical networks. Through intricate engineering and design, conductors optimize energy transfer while minimizing losses, ensuring the reliability and stability of power grids. Beyond their technical functions, conductors hold symbolic importance, embodying the interconnectedness of human endeavors and technological progress. They represent the infrastructure that sustains modern civilization, enabling communication, commerce, and countless facets of daily life. The expansion and enhancement of electrical conductor networks parallel societal development, reflecting the evolution of human ingenuity and aspirations. Furthermore, conductors serve as metaphors for leadership and influence in various social contexts. Just as electrical conductors guide the flow of energy, leaders navigate and shape the currents of human interaction and collective endeavors. Whether in business, politics, or community initiatives, effective conductors exhibit qualities of adaptability, resilience, and vision, driving progress and fostering cohesion. In conclusion, the conductor transcends its physical manifestation as a component of electrical systems, embodying a convergence of technical prowess, societal significance, and metaphorical resonance. Understanding the roles and implications of conductors enriches our appreciation of both the infrastructure that powers our world and the dynamics that define human interactions and aspirations.

Published by: Vyom Solanki, Darshan Chudasama, Kritin ThakarResearch Area: Conductor

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Conductors, efficiency, material composition

Research Paper

37. The marketing power of emotion

In today's business landscape, customers are the lifeblood of enterprises, making them invaluable assets that require careful attention to attract and retain. Scholars like Ph. Kotler and D. Jokubauskas underscore the importance of advertising in resonating with customers and eliciting desired responses. This symbiotic relationship between advertising and psychology has deepened over time, with advertisers leveraging psychological concepts to craft more impactful advertisements. This paper offers a comprehensive exploration of this intricate relationship between advertising and psychology, underscoring their pivotal roles in understanding consumer behavior and shaping effective advertising strategies. Through an examination of emotions, music, shock tactics, humor, social proof, liking, and scarcity in advertising, this paper provides valuable insights into how psychological principles inform and enhance advertising practices, ultimately driving customer engagement and loyalty.

Published by: Kanika RajpalResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Indian Institute of Management–Rohtak, Sunarian, HaryanaKeywords: Marketing, Consumer Psychology, Consumer Behavior, Advertising, Psychological Principles, Emotions

Research Paper

38. Enhancing organizational Governance: A proposal for COBIT 2019 Maturity Assessment

Background: This paper introduces a structured methodology for assigning maturity levels in accordance with The Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies (COBIT) 2019 framework. The conventional method of evaluating an organization's COBIT Performance Management (CPM) often concentrates solely on capability levels, given the absence of a well-defined approach for assigning maturity levels in the framework. The proposed methodology introduces an approach aligned with the principles of performance management designed to quantify the maturity of the governance and management objectives from the framework and collectively represent their impact on the overall organization. Discussion: Maturity levels provide management with a comprehensive understanding of the current state of governance and management practices in the organization. Maturity assessment offers a holistic perspective, furnishing management with a thorough overview of the organizational landscape. COBIT 5 released in the year 2012, followed the Process Assessment Model (PAM) model for assigning capability and maturity values. Since there is no defined PAM for COBIT 2019, The Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) levels defined by the CMMI Institute can be used to represent process improvement efforts, in other words, it can measure capability levels along with other factors to give value to the organizations process for measuring maturity. Up to this point, there exists no formalized methodology for assigning or deriving maturity levels for an organization using the COBIT framework. The impetus for this paper stemmed from Luis Gorgona’s, encouragement in the ISACA blog for readers to explore the COBIT 2019 framework as a valuable resource for developing an approach to model, assessing maturity scores, and identifying essential factors for measuring their organization's performance. Research Objectives: This paper aims to achieve the following objectives: 1. The Necessity and Challenges in the Assigning of Maturity Levels. 2. Proposing a Methodology for Assigning Maturity Levels for the COBIT 2019 Framework. Conclusion: In conclusion, this paper encourages readers, auditors, and professionals to go beyond a basic evaluation of capability levels. By which organization leaders can attain an accurate comprehension of their existing Information and Technology(I&T) practices through the adoption of this systematic approach. Consequently, leading to well-informed decision-making, enhancing overall coverage of COBIT 2019 objectives.

Published by: Taha QureshiResearch Area: Information Security

Organisation: Nangia and Co LLP, MumbaiKeywords: The Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies (COBIT), COBIT Performance Management (CPM), Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI), Process Assessment Model (PAM).

Research Paper

39. Prediction and detection of malicious URL using machine learning

The efficient identification of malicious URLs has become crucial due to their growing hazard to individuals, companies, and digital infrastructure. This study evaluated multiple machine learning algorithms for their ability to predict and identify dangerous URLs. The research focused on the Random Forest Classifier since it outperformed rival models in binary and multi-class classification tasks. With 98.9% accuracy in binary classification, the Random Forest Classifier performed well. This shows the classifier can identify safe and hazardous URLs. The system's precision of 98.8%, F1 score of 99.3%, true positive rate of 99.7%, and true negative rate of 95.6 demonstrate its dependability. Multi-class classification accuracy was 97.0%, and precision, recall, and F1 scores were good again for the Random Forest Classifier. This research provides practical tips for enhancing web security and shows how transparent AI models and interdisciplinary teamwork may solve complicated cybersecurity problems. This research has made a significant contribution to the body of known information, and its significance lies in the fact that it provides both benefits.

Published by: Ibukunoluwa D. OkunnugaResearch Area: Data Science

Organisation: Austin Peay State University, TN 37044, United StatesKeywords: Malware, Machine Learning, Url, Malicious.

Research Paper

40. Emotional wellness in education: A dive into the academic consequences of mental health

This research explores the relationship between mental health and academic performance among university students. A qualitative survey of 100 second-year students at Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women uncovers challenges and coping mechanisms related to mental health. It was found that a considerable percentage remains unaware of available mental health resources on campus. Preliminary findings include the critical need for mental health support, suggesting the importance of integrating such facilities within universities. The relationship can further be explored by leveraging the right computer science tools to collect and analyze data.

Published by: Pallika DhingraResearch Area: Psychology

Organisation: Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Mental Health, Academic Performance, Students

Research Paper

41. Analysis of Brain Tumor Detection and Segmentation Using Enhanced Deep Learning Algorithm Kernel CNN with M-SVM

The prevalence of brain tumors necessitates the development of accurate and efficient diagnostic tools. This study presents an innovative approach to brain tumor detection and segmentation by leveraging an enhanced deep learning algorithm, specifically a Kernel Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) coupled with a Modified Support Vector Machine (M-SVM). The proposed method aims to improve both the sensitivity and specificity of brain tumor detection while enhancing the precision of tumor boundary delineation. The study begins with the preprocessing of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, including normalization and noise reduction, to optimize the input for the subsequent deep learning model. The Kernel CNN is designed to extract hierarchical features from the MRI images, capturing intricate patterns indicative of tumor presence. The integration of a kernelized approach enhances the model's ability to discern complex relationships within the data, thereby improving overall detection accuracy. In addition to tumor detection, the study introduces a novel segmentation strategy based on a Modified Support Vector Machine (M-SVM). The M-SVM algorithm refines the results obtained from the CNN, facilitating precise delineation of tumor boundaries. This two-step approach not only enhances the accuracy of tumor localization but also provides valuable information for subsequent medical interventions. To evaluate the proposed methodology, extensive experiments are conducted using benchmark datasets, and the results are compared with existing state-of-the-art techniques. Quantitative metrics such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and Dice coefficient are employed to assess the performance of the model. The findings demonstrate that the proposed Kernel CNN with M-SVM outperforms conventional methods, showcasing its efficacy in both tumor detection and segmentation tasks. In conclusion, this research presents a robust and advanced framework for brain tumor analysis, offering a promising avenue for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. The synergy between deep learning and support vector machines, coupled with the innovative use of kernelization, underscores the potential of this approach in contributing to the ongoing efforts to improve brain tumor diagnostics and patient outcomes

Published by: Nishant Kumar Singh, Dr. pushpneel vermaResearch Area: Brain Tumor Detection

Organisation: Bhagwant University, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: Magnetic Resonance Image, Brain Tumor Segmentation, Deep Learning

Research Paper

42. Urban Development Sustainability: Public Policy Perspectives in South Asia and Europe

In South Asia, the existence of approximately 250 million individuals in informal settlements indicates a pressing challenge posed by urbanization. While urban growth presents opportunities for economic revitalization and improved living standards, the region confronts formidable barriers to prosperity and enhanced quality of life. Achieving sustainable urban development necessitates forward-thinking public policies that prioritize environmental preservation, social equity, and economic advancement. A comparative analysis of implementation strategies underscores the significance of tailored approaches responsive to the distinct challenges and potentials of cities. By exchanging best practices, lessons learned, and innovative solutions, urban centers can advance sustainable development agendas and foster resilient, thriving communities for generations to come. This research investigates the hurdles faced by urban areas in achieving sustainability amidst rapid population expansion, environmental decline, and socio-economic disparities. Through comparative analysis of policy frameworks and implementation tactics across varied urban landscapes, the study assesses the efficacy of diverse interventions, identifies pivotal factors driving success, and offers insights into optimal practices for promoting urban sustainability.

Published by: Debashis ChakrabartiResearch Area: Urban Development- Public Policy

Organisation: Assam University, Silchar, AssamKeywords: Urban Development, Sustainability, Public Policy

Research Paper

43. Risk Management in Renewable Energy Finance; Analyzing the Implication of Quantitative Risk Management Techniques Applied in Financing Renewable Energy Projects on Fostering Renewable Energy Growth and Its Integration into the US Energy Sector

Risk management plays a critical role in the development of renewable energy projects in the United States. This paper analyzes the implications of quantitative risk management techniques applied in financing renewable energy projects on fostering renewable energy growth and its integration into the US energy sector. By examining the financial risks associated with renewable energy investments and the strategies to mitigate them, this study sheds light on how efficient risk management can enhance the attractiveness of renewable energy initiatives to investors and financial institutions. The paper also explores the role of government policies, market dynamics, and project selection criteria in shaping the risk landscape of renewable energy investments. Through a systematic review of the literature and case studies, the paper demonstrates how quantitative risk management methodologies, such as probabilistic modeling, scenario analysis, sensitivity analysis, and Monte Carlo simulation, provide valuable insights for decision-making, resource allocation, and project resilience in the dynamic energy market. Overall, this research contributes to a deeper understanding of the importance of risk management in promoting the growth and sustainability of renewable energy in the United States.

Published by: Samson Edozie, Ibukunoluwa Okunnuga, Damilare OlutimehinResearch Area: Energy

Organisation: Austin Peay State University, N 37044, United StatesKeywords: Risk Management, Renewable Energy Finance, Quantitative Techniques, United States, Energy Sector, Financial Risk, Probabilistic Modeling, Scenario Analysis, Monte Carlo Simulation, and Project Selection.

Research Paper

44. Cyber Analytics: Modelling the Factors Behind Healthcare Data Breaches for Smarter Security Solutions

This study employs a comprehensive methodology to analyze healthcare data breaches in the United States, utilizing information extracted from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Portal. The unbalanced nature of the data across different years is addressed through meticulous examination of breach occurrences, encompassing diverse factors such as state, covered entity type, affected individuals, breach type, and entity classification. The results section unveils key insights into the prevalence and impact of healthcare data breaches. Hacking and IT incidents emerge as the predominant breach type, significantly affecting individuals, followed closely by unauthorized access/disclosure and theft. The study further dissects the data by business type, revealing that business associates and healthcare providers bear the brunt of breaches, with health plans and healthcare clearing houses also facing substantial challenges. The study conducted cyber analytics on the factor behind healthcare data breaches for smarter security solutions. This is based on the backdrop of increasing cybercrime in the United States. The study utilized secondary data, which includes indicators such type of breach, location of breach, the number of individuals affected, business type, and the time of cyberattack. The findings revealed that hacking and information technology incidents are the most prevailing cyberattack on healthcare data, with healthcare providers and business associate being the most affected entity. The findings also revealed that network server and email are the major location of healthcare data breached. Furthermore, the data indicated that there is more breach in 2023 than other years, indicating a significant rise in cyberattacks in the healthcare. It was suggested that healthcare entities need to develop and regularly update incident response plans to ensure a swift and effective response in the event of a cybersecurity breach, which should include clear communication strategies to prevent losing data to cybercriminals. The concentration of breaches in specific entities, states, and quarters underscores the diverse and pervasive nature of cybersecurity challenges in the healthcare sector. Continuous efforts to enhance cybersecurity frameworks are deemed critical to safeguard sensitive healthcare data and protect individuals' privacy.

Published by: Tosin Clement, Callistus Obunadike, Darlington C. Ekweli, Oluomachi E. Ejiofor, Oluwadamilola Ogunleye, Simo Sevidzem Yufenyuy, Chukwu I. Nnaji, Chinenye J. ObunadikeResearch Area: Data Analytics, Computer Science

Organisation: University of Louisville, Kentucky, USAKeywords: Cyber Analytics, Cyber Security, Healthcare Analytics, Data Breach, Security Solution

Research Paper

45. Advantages and Disadvantages of Consumer Psychology: A Critical Analysis

Consumer psychology is a dynamic field that delves into the intricate interplay of human cognition, emotions, and perceptions within the context of consumer behavior. This paper critically analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of consumer psychology in shaping marketing strategies and influencing consumer decision-making processes. The advantages of consumer psychology include its capacity to facilitate consumer differentiation, tailor marketing strategies to specific target audiences, anticipate market trends, and prioritize customer service. By understanding consumer behavior and preferences, businesses can enhance consumer engagement, foster brand loyalty, and gain a competitive edge in the marketplace. However, consumer psychology also presents challenges and limitations. Concerns such as the prevalence of fear of missing out (FOMO), overlooking broader sociocultural influences, and ethical considerations regarding privacy and manipulation need to be addressed. Marketers must navigate these challenges ethically and responsibly to maintain consumer trust and build enduring brand-consumer relationships. The paper emphasizes the importance of integrating consumer psychology into marketing strategies through personalized outreach, emotional bonding, and understanding cognitive biases. By leveraging insights from consumer psychology, businesses can craft resonant and impactful marketing campaigns that foster meaningful connections with their target audiences. Consumer psychology offers valuable insights into consumer behavior and decision-making processes, empowering businesses to adapt and thrive in the ever-evolving marketplace. By acknowledging its advantages and addressing its limitations, marketers can harness the transformative potential of consumer psychology to drive sustainable business growth and enhance consumer experiences.

Published by: Khushi PunianiResearch Area: Consumer Psychology

Organisation: Heritage Xperiential School, Gurugram, HaryanaKeywords: Consumer Psychology, Marketing Strategies, Consumer Behavior, Cognitive Biases, Ethical Considerations

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