This paper is published in Volume-5, Issue-3, 2019
Area
Structural Engineering
Author
Dhivyabharathi K.
Co-authors
Dr. C. Subramanian
Org/Univ
Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
Pub. Date
09 May, 2019
Paper ID
V5I3-1252
Publisher
Keywords
Optimum design, Flat slab, IS Code, Drop panel, Design variables

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Dhivyabharathi K., Dr. C. Subramanian. Optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop and column head, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Dhivyabharathi K., Dr. C. Subramanian (2019). Optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop and column head. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 5(3) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Dhivyabharathi K., Dr. C. Subramanian. "Optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop and column head." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 5.3 (2019). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

A reinforced concrete slab is supported directly by concrete columns without the use of beams. Flat slabs are highly versatile elements widely used in construction, providing minimum depth, fast construction and allowing flexible column grids. In this work, an attempt is made for optimum design of reinforced concrete flat slab with drop panel is according to the IS code method. The objective function is the total cost of the structure including the cost of the slab, drop and columns. The cost of each structural element covers that of materials (steel, concrete). In this work, a program in MATLAB was written for a flat slab with a drop by direct design method. Using this MATLAB program parameter optimization process is done for different span in both the directions. From this optimization, it is found that the cost of a flat slab decreases as the number of span increases by keeping the total length of the slab as constant.