Volume-3, Issue-6

November-December, 2017

Research Paper

1. Thin Layer Chromatography Profiling of the Medicinal Plant Solanum Nigrum L. from the Local Area of the District Anantnag of Jammu and Kashmir

Medicinal plants contain different bioactive compounds which have great importance for the health of individuals and communities. These compounds produce definite physiological action on the human body. Medicinal plants besides therapeutic agents are also a big source of information for a wide variety of chemical constituents which could be developed as drugs with precise selectivity. Thin layer chromatography is a simple and efficient method used to identify and quantify secondary metabolites in herbal drugs. The present study was carried out to verify the thin layer chromatographic (TLC) profiling of Solanum nigrum L.using different solvents and it showed different RF value.The results obtained in the present investigation indicated that the plant is rich source of secondary metabolite i.,e. alkaloids.

Published by: Romana Rashid, Dr Ghulam Nabi Hajam, Muzaffer Hussain Wani, Adil GulzarResearch Area: Zoology

Organisation: Government College for Women Anantnag, Anantnag, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Medicinal plant, TLC, Secondary metabolite, RF value, Drugs.

Research Paper

2. Extraction Method and Isolation of Phytoconstituents from the Chloroform Extract of Plant Solanum Nigrum L. By Colunm Chromatography

Abstract Solanum nigrum L. (Kaambal) (Kashmiri) has been traditionally used to treat pathological ailments like fever, ulcers, bacterial infections, fungal infections, jaundice and liver disorders (Creasy et al.,1981; Capizzi et al., 2003). Column chromatography in chemistry is a method used to purify individual chemical compound from mixtures of compounds. It is often used for preparative applications on scales from micrograms up to kilograms. The main advantage of column chromatography is the relatively low cost and disposability of the stationary phase used in the process.The classical preparative chromatography column is a glass tube with a diameter from 5 mm to 50 mm and a height of 5 cm to 1 m with a tap and some kind of a filter (a glass frit or glass wool plug – to prevent the loss of the stationary phase) at the bottom.

Published by: Romana Rashid, Dr. Ghulam Nabi Hajam, Muzaffer Hussain Wani, Ashiq HussainResearch Area: Zoology

Organisation: Government College for Women Anantnag, Anantnag, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Column Chromatography, Extraction

Research Paper

3. Strategy for Flexible Spaces in Housing – A Study With Reference To Agraharams in Kumbakonam

Some spaces in architecture have been used in different applications. Hence let us think of some of these spaces which are flexible for the multi-purpose utiliZation of spaces. With the advances in technology the various elements which form the interior spaces such as the walls, floors. and roofs need not be designed in a rigid way. Such flexible options would give more options for flexibility to space and can be called as a multi-application’ space. Prehistoric man started constructing his dwelling using his own ideas. Where nature provided caves and trees were the two main paradigms which acted as shelter, stone, and wooden shelters then came into existence. The next stage progressed with the use of animal bones and skins of animals as he used plains for hunting and agriculture being an occupation. This architectural progression of using animal bones and skins gives an option to flexible opening and closing from the past. Hence from centuries back invention of lightweight structures been utilized by man. The main objective of flexible spaces in architecture is providing spaces that change structure pertaining to the required performance and application. Any space or structure that is designed for flexibility should be identified by their interior elements like a floor, ceiling, and walls where there is a scope of shrinking and expanding.

Published by: Safrin Rex Dulcie .JResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: Hindustan University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Flexible Housing, Activity Analysis, Spatial Dump, Agraharams

Research Paper

4. Power Quality Improvement by Diode Clamped Multilevel Inverter

The solution of power quality problem employ improved performance converters. Pulse width modulation converter has become an integral part of these improved performance converters, require high voltage, high-frequency switching devices. Recently multilevel inverters are being emerged as a viable solution of the conventional 2-level inverter for medium and high voltage applications with improved power quality. In this Paper a single phase five level diode clamped inverter is designed, developed and investigated for improve voltage quality in terms of harmonic distortion with reducing switching losses

Published by: Rahul Kumar Sahu, Dr. V. K Jain, Vinay Pathak, Ankush YadavResearch Area: Power Quality Improvment

Organisation: Bhopal Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Power Quality

Case Study

5. Unified Computing System- PC Without CPU

The unified computing system is designed in this project. The main server is also known as the data center with x86 Intel xenon processors is used in this project along with switches, routers with CISCO Proprietary Protocols and models. computing devices for virtual distribution of computers. This project is a combination of networking (Including Classless and classful Routing, Switching, Tunneling), compute, storage access, virtualization, cloud computing and web server. It allows users to use many computers with the personalized operating system but without any CPU configuration, the terminal will only contain input and output devices which will be connected to the N computing devices through LAN Network specifying different IP’s to each and every terminal which will be virtual.

Published by: Anal Prasanna SalshingikarResearch Area: Virtulization , Networking, Centralizing, Cost Reduction

Organisation: G H Raisoni Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Virtualization, Networking, Switches and Routers, Virtual PC

Case Study

6. Networking Smartphones for Disaster Recovery Using Teamphone

In this paper, we examine how to use networks with smartphones for providing communications in disaster recovery. By lessening the communication gap among different kinds of wireless networks, we have designed and implemented a system called TeamPhone, which provides Android phones the capabilities on communications in disaster helper. TeamPhone consists of two components: a messaging system between rescue worker and a victim and a self-rescue system. The messaging system between rescue worker and victim integrates cellular networking, ad-hoc networking, and opportunistic networking seamlessly, and enables proper communication. The self-rescue system finds different communication network ways for trapped survivors. Such a group of Android phones can cooperatively get the notification and send out emergency messages in an energy-efficient manner with their location and position information so as to help rescue operations. We have implemented TeamPhone as a prototype application on the Android platform and deployed it on all types of smartphones from Samsung to Redmi and others. Results demonstrate that TeamPhone can properly enhance communication requirements and increase the pace of disaster recovery. We are creating three applications with a centralized cloud for communication. First for an admin who will monitor victim and rescue worker on Google map and other two for rescue worker and disaster victim.

Published by: Vishal Ashok Gadhe, Ashwini Subhash Nimse, Amruta Satish Tanpure, P. D. SinareResearch Area: Mobile Computing

Organisation: University of Pune, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Smartphone, Routing, Disaster Recover, Wifi, Bluetooth, ADHOC, GSM, GPS

Review Paper

7. Privacy Protection and Authentication Handover in 4G Network: A Survey of Literature

4G network is the highly advanced wireless network which aids broadband as well as multimedia applications. LTE is mainly influenced by high data rates, minimum delay and the capacity due to scalable bandwidth and its flexibility. With the rapid and widespread use LTE networks, and increase the use in data/video transmission and Internet applications in general, accordingly, the challenges of securing and speeding up data communication in such networks is also increased. A number of approaches are used for the privacy and secure data transmission in 4G network. It also includes various algorithm and methods.

Published by: V. B Magalakshmi, D. Satheesh KumarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Hindusthan College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: 4G Networks, Privacy, Handover Mechanism

Case Study

8. A Case Study in Designing and Analysis of Cost for a Solar Photo Voltaic System

The world faces an increasing an environmental pollution basically as a result of combustion of conventional energy sources. India currently depends on conventional energy to supply power to her teaming population. Due to this, the energy generated does not meet demand. Consequently, the power supply is erratic and areas isolated from the main cities lack power supply. Therefore, the need to develop a non-conventional source of energy generation such as solar cannot be overemphasized. A photovoltaic system that can increase energy output and/or supply power to isolated areas of the country is a good choice, considering the abundance of solar radiated energy in India. In this work as PV system model is designed to work either as a standalone PV system or as grid integrated and the payback period is calculated for the same. The developed model may be useful in the prediction of PV cells behavior under different physical and environmental parameters. The result obtained showed the maximum power output and the corresponding maximum voltage of solar module. Study results demonstrate that, under complex irradiance conditions, the power generated by the new configuration is enhanced than that of the traditional configuration. The solar PV system can be widely used in many consumer applications, such as PV vests for cell phones and music players.

Published by: B. Balaji, D. Venkatesan, A. ArulvizhiResearch Area: Renewable Energy Source, Power Electronics

Organisation: CK College Of Engineering & Technology, Cuddalore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solar Photovoltaic System, Solar Radiation, System Arrangements, Maximum Power Output, Cost Analysis, Pay Back Period.

Research Paper

9. A Study on Performance of SBI Blue Chip Fund at SBI Mutual Funds in India

A mutual fund comprising investments in blue-chip stocks, these funds are measured low risk since the underlying securities are from well established, stable companies with a history of paying dividends and maintaining value despite fluctuations in the adjoining market. Blue chip funds may be chosen as part of a conservative investment strategy. The manuscript highlights to identify risk and returns involved in a blue-chip fund. The most important objective of all mutual funds is to provide better returns to investors by minimizing risk associated with a capital market investment. State Bank of India Mutual Fund (SBI MF) is one of the largest mutual funds in the country with an investor base of over 5.4 million. With over 20 years of rich experience in fund management, State Bank of India Mutual Fund brings forward its expertise in consistently delivering value to its investors. The target of this paper is to evaluate the performance of State Bank of India blue chip fund comparing with the benchmark for the period of 2014-2016.

Published by: Dr. Nalla Bala Kalyan, Dr. P. SubramanyamResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering Karakambadi Road, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Asset Management Company, Funds, India, Mutual fund (MF), Performance, State Bank of India (SBI)

Research Paper

10. Fabrication and Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of AL6061-4%B4C-4%CU Based Composite Experimentally

Metal matrix composite is widely used in automotive industries because they exhibit different
mechanical properties such as high strength and good wear resistance, high specific stiffness, low weight and
high hardness etc. Due to these properties metal matrix composite with particulate reinforcement and fabricating,
the method has become one of the most important areas of research. The work is mainly focus on fabrication of Al
6061 reinforced with 4% B 4 C (particle size 100 mesh) & 4% Cu and method used for fabrication is stir casting
method. Tensile strength, hardness, impact strength, microstructure of fabricated composite are used to
characterize it. By addition of B 4 C & Cu tensile strength and hardness of the fabricated composite has increased and slightly decreased in impact strength. Scanning Electron microscopy is used to confirm the microstructure and uniform distribution of B 4 C & Cu particles in metal matrix composite. The value of tensile strength increase up to 20% and hardness increase upto15% due to addition of B 4 C & Cu paritcles.The physical and mechanical properties of the composite are improved so it can be used for automotive industrial applications.

Published by: Vikas Kumar, Shailesh SinghResearch Area: Material Properties

Organisation: IEC College of Engineering & Technology, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Stir Casting, Tensile Strength, Impact Strength, Metal Matrix Composite, and Hardness, Microstructure.

Research Paper

11. Power Quality Enhancement and Harmonics Reduction in Non Linear Loads Using Vienna Rectifier

This project is designed to improve power quality and to reduce current type harmonics distortion and power factor correction in domestic non-linear loads with the help of Vienna rectifier (three phase three level three switch pulse width modulation rectifier). Harmonics distortion in the electric distribution system is increasingly growing due to the widespread use of non-linear loads. Most modern power supplies are non linear load which contains electronic devices that do not conduct current over the full cycle of the applied voltage and so introduce harmonics in to the power network. Hence improve the power quality and gives unity power factor from the supply side. The paper compiles and discusses the harmonics reduction method, power factor correction, and power quality improvement technique. The simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system reduces current type harmonics distortion and power quality improvement in an efficient way.

Published by: Mr. D. VenkatesanResearch Area: Power Quality

Organisation: CK College of Engineering & Technology, Cuddalore, Tamil NaduKeywords: DC-AC converters, VIENNA rectifier, DC-DC converters

Review Paper

12. Multi port Network Ethernet Performance Improvement Techniques

An Ethernet has its own importance and space in network subsystem. In today’s resource-intensive engineering the applications need to deal with the real time data processing, server virtualization, and high-volume data transactions. The real-time technologies such as video on demand and Voice over IP operations demand the network devices with efficient network data processing as well as better networking bandwidth. The performance is the major issues with the multi-port network devices. It requires the sufficient network bandwidth and CPU processing speed to process the real time data at the context. And this demand is goes on increasing. The new multi-port hardware technologies can help to improvements in the performance with the virtualized server environments. But, these hardware technologies having their own limitations in terms of CPU utilization levels and power consumption. It also impact on latency and the overall system cost. This thesis will provide the insights to some of the key configuration decisions at hardware as well as software designs in order to facilitate multi-port network devices performance improvement over the existing infrastructure. This thesis will also discuss the solutions such as Virtual LAN and balanced or symmetric network to reduce the cost and hardware dependency to improve the multi-port network system performance significantly over the current existing infrastructure. This performance improvement includes CPU utilization and bandwidth in the heavy network loads.

Published by: Tanaji Shankar Nalawade, V. L JogdandResearch Area: System Networking

Organisation: Dhole Patil College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Multi-Port, Ethernet; Symmetric Network; VLAN; Asymmetric Network; CPU Utilization, Bandwidth

Review Paper

13. 5G Mobile Wireless Technology

5G Technology stands for the 5th Generation Mobile technology. 5G is a next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the 4G standards.5G is expected to provide speed upto 10Gbit/s, wider frequency band, high increased peak bit rate, high system spectral efficiency, ubiquitous connectivity and a significant increase in  QoS as compared to current 4G technology. Evolution of mobile communication technology to 5G is discussed in this review, followed by protocol stack and 5G architecture. A wide comparison is given between the various generations so as to compare why 5G technology is better and needed.

Published by: Tanisha GhoshResearch Area: Review on 5G Mobile Wireless Technology

Organisation: VIT University, VelloreKeywords: MAC Layer, Network Layer, OTA, Cloud computing

Research Paper

14. Shape Optimization of Planar Mechanisms

This paper presents an optimization method to find link shapes for a dynamically balanced planar four-bar mechanism. The shaking force and shaking moment developed in the mechanism due to inertia are minimized by optimally distributing the link masses. The link shapes are then found using cubic B-spline curves and an optimization problem is formulated to minimize the percentage error in resulting links inertia values in which the control points of the B-spline curve are taken as the design variables. The effectiveness of the proposed method is shown by applying it to a numerical problem available in the literature.

Published by: Kailash ChaudharyResearch Area: Mechanical Design

Organisation: Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Dynamic Balancing; Equimomental System; Four-Bar Mechanism; Genetic Algorithm; Shape Optimization

Research Paper

15. Biometric Identification with Improved Efficiency using SIFT Algorithm

Biometric techniques are automated methods of identification or verification. The shortest identification time is the vital need. The identity of a person is based on behavioral and physiological characteristics.Biometric authentication techniques are generally done by machine generally (but not always). This paper explains increasing the efficiency of a biometric system using SIFT algorithm. SIFT guarantees the highest potential detection efficiency than all other existing techniques.

Published by: Parmdeep Kaur, NitikaResearch Area: Biometrics

Organisation: Baba Farid College of Engineering and Technology, Bhatinda, PunjabKeywords: Biometrics, Fingerprint, SIFT, Efficiency, Identification Time

Research Paper

16. Implementation of “The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017″

The analysis of impact of amended Maternity benefit act is very important in terms of employment, women empowerment, social status & Health, Corporate acceptance of the new regulation. Though the Act has a statutory background & compulsion to the organization however, it is important for the individual to understand the impact of the same, so that all the parties involved the in the implementation will get the right directions to work on.

Published by: Tushar Devidas Talware, Dr. Shobha B. JambhulkarResearch Area: Labour Law

Organisation: Dhanwate National College, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Maternity Act, Leaves, Creche, Medical Bonus

Review Paper

17. Magnetic Gearing System

With the advent of technology and science, researchers have shown interest and developed a new technology incorporating permanent magnets. This concept is applied in magnetic gearing to achieve low-speed high- torque direct-drive operation. The speed is altered by the use of gears and gearboxes. The magnetic meshing of gear overcomes the limitations of mechanical gearing system like vibrations, noise, friction due to contact. The efficiency of 99% or greater can be achieved at full load conditions. The magnetic force of attraction aids in the magnetic meshing of the gear teeth. There is no physical contact of the gear teeth. By the use of such system, the wear and tear of the gears are reduced to a great extent. The heat generated in the gears while working is almost nil in this method. Unlike mechanical gearing system, the process of transmitting power is smooth and silent. Magnetic gearing system can be incorporated in automobiles for transmission of power to achieve higher efficiency. This kind of setup requires very minimum maintenance. Permanent magnets are used to produce the magnetic field which helps in the transmission of energy without contact. Ferrite magnets and high power rare earth neodymium magnets are used in making the gears.

Published by: H. VaidyanathResearch Area: Magnetic Gears

Organisation: BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Torque ; Magnetic Meshing ; Efficiency ; Transmission , Neodymium ; Permanent Magnets

Case Study

18. Experimental Study on Young’s Modulus of F.R.C with Bottom Ash

The experimental investigation has been conducted on hybrid fibre reinforced concrete (combine of hooked end polyolefin & steel fibre ) get a volume of aggregate fibre 0.6%, 1.1% and 1.3% were readied Workability conditions like blending, compaction & curing conditions. To adding of uniformly dispersed fibre to concrete will give fitness to the structure and improve its dynamic, static properties. The cylinder dimensions is 150mmX300mm.The experiment result shows that the concrete strength of steel fibre with an addition of decrease to PCC. The Young’s Modulus of samples increases with the amounts of steel fibers in the concrete mix. The form of concrete in which fibres are added is called as FRC. The addition extra than one or two fibres in the concrete is Called as HFRC. Fibres can be used in tension members in the structures because the structure will be strongest in compression and weakest in tension members. Here Steel fibre & polyolefin fibre are used as Hybrid fibres in HFRC. A trial was directed out to ponder the impacts of steel fiber and polyolefin fibre in various extents in concrete. Compressive strength tests were conducted to know the properties of hardened concrete. The experiment also aimed to study the capacity of BA as a fine aggregate in concreting mix. Bottom ash is a scrap material available in industries like thermal power plants. Fiber expansion supposedly enhanced an expansion in compressive quality and ductility respectively. The fine aggregate is replaced by 15% of bottom ash. The Final Results of this experiment showing the percentage of hybrid fibres it a maximum performance of the concrete. Adding of HF generally energy absorbing an increases value of strength. The Young’s modulus of concrete is a very critical factor in the concrete to elastically deform. The whole laboratory experiments were conducted in Malla Reddy Institute Of Technology at CT&HM laboratory, Maisammaguda, Hyderabad.

Published by: Maruthi Rakshith, K. B. R Prasad Reddy, Arati ParidaResearch Area: Concrete Technology, Structural Engineering

Organisation: Malla Reddy Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Young’s Modulus, Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Steel &Polyolefin Fibres, Bottom Ash, Compressive Strength Test Etc.

Research Paper

19. Device-to-Device Communication (Pen drive) without PC

In present days, computers and laptops has become an inseparable part of our busy life. One of the commonly used device for data transfers is Universal Serial Bus(USB) flash drives. Due to emerging technology, USB devices are shrinking in size day by day, but not the equipment’s which is required to access them. Data transfer using portable devices is the most important factor of today’s scenario. Data transfer between two pen drives is generally done using laptops or desktops. But it is not always possible to carry such a large size device to the particular location. So, to overcome this problem, we are designing a hardware which is more compact to carry anywhere. With the help of this project we cannot only transfer the data between devices but also, we can see the transfer of the particular file which we want to send by using LCD display. This system pen drive to pen drive data transfer without PC is done by using Raspberry Pi. The pen drives are connected to USB module through USB hub, the communication between two pen drives is done by using Raspberry Pi. Using this System, the data transfer can be done from any place in world.

Published by: Vanaparthy Upendhar, Anand BabuResearch Area: Embedded System, ECE

Organisation: Avanthi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad Keywords: USB, Raspberry PI, Display LCD

Case Study

20. Porcelain Laminates Veneers: Case Report

The print and electronic media are bombarded with models exhibiting perfect smiles. People are giving a lot of importance to the red and white aesthetics i.e., the teeth and the gums. Multiple options are available to treat the problems arising in the highly aesthetic zone.This article describes the restoration of four upper anterior teeth with porcelain veneers. The current porcelain veneers are esthetically superior, conservative and durable treatment modality. Because such treatment is usually elective, all precautions should be taken to ensure treatment is as conservative as possible. Present Case report discusses a patient having discoloration of the teeth in the maxillary arch in the anterior region.

Published by: Dr. Raisa Rashid, Dr. Waseem-Ul- Ayoub, Dr. Imtiyaz MagrayResearch Area: Dental

Organisation: Government Dental College, Jammu & KashmirKeywords: Etched Enamel, Esthetics, Laminates, Conservative Preparation, Porcelain.

Research Paper

21. Efficient Implementation of Full Adder for Power Analysis in CMOS Technology

In recent days, the real-time application and fast arithmetic operations require highly efficient arithmetic hardware architecture to improve the system performances. The adder plays a vital role in digital circuits, the earlier hardware architecture using conventional CMOS and transmission logic gate based full adder design. Moreover, the techniques using more number of transistors and consume larger power and delay so we proposed the techniques pass-transistor logic and transmission gate based hybrid pass logic. The hybrid technique is used to reduce the number of the transistor, so the delay and power consumption will be reduced when compared with the earlier techniques. The proposed technique design was implemented using 16 transistors in 180nm CMOS technology and it consumes 8.2075nW power and the delay reduced to 5.0146ns

Published by: Kaleeswari .S, K. Saranya, Dr. N. J. R MunirajResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for women, Coimbatore, TamilnaduKeywords: CMOS. Transmission Gate, Pass Transistor Logic, Adder

Research Paper

22. Implementation of Pull-Up/Pull-Down Network for Energy Optimization in Full Adder Circuit

Nowadays the requirements of energy-optimized low power circuits in higher-end applications such as communication, IoT, biomedical systems etc., there are several techniques used to implement energy optimization in low power circuits but the static power dissipation needs to improved such kind of circuits. The conventional topology has been implemented in basic logical gates but the delay and power much higher in each individual cell. Now we proposed an unbalanced pull-up and pull-down network in full adder circuit using symbols. These techniques were employed to reduce the static power dissipation and switching delay in each individual cell. The design was implemented in Cadence virtuoso TMSC 180nm CMOS technology and it’s obtaining the total power dissipation 5.128nW. The pull-up and pull-down network used to reduce the static power dissipation in full adder is used to improve the operating speed of each individual.

Published by: P. Aarthi, R. Suresh Kumar, Dr. N. J. R MunirajResearch Area: Digital Electronics

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: CMOS, Logic Gates, Transmission Gates, Pass Topology

Research Paper

23. Effect of Jaggery on Strength of Concrete

Concrete is a composite material used in the grounds that all considerate designing structures are developed with concrete. This report accentuation that by utilizing locally accessible materials like jaggery, may enhance the properties of concrete. The experiment has been completed for assessing the quality properties of concrete utilizing Jaggery as admixtures into the concrete creation. Normally these sorts of admixtures utilized as a part of the extraordinary cases like huge wharf and long heaps. Four unique rates of admixtures (Jaggery) are picked in the experimentation as, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%and 0.4% by weight of cement with M20 and M25 grade, mix design of concrete. At last it was presumed that work-ability and compressive strength of concrete upgraded when admixtures Jaggery included into the concrete synthesis.

Published by: Fouziya Qureshi, Anil Kumar Saxena, Gourav SoniResearch Area: Construction Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Jaggery, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Flexural Strength, Workability

Research Paper

24. IOT Based Theft Detection using Raspberry Pi

Security and safety has always become a basic necessity for urban population. To Monitor and to detect we use CCTV camera’s. In surveillance, CCTV camera is costly because of the use of computer. It reserves too much space for continues recording and also require manpower to detect the unauthorized Activity. To overcome, we came across with Raspberry PI using IOT. Compare to Existing System Raspberry Pi is much cheaper with better resolution and low power consumption features. This Project “IOT based theft detection project using Raspberry Pi” where we use image processing on live video to detect theft using motion and also highlight the area where motion occurred. In this system, we use a camera along with raspberry pi along with a circuit with LCD display IR for night vision and USB drive for storage. As soon as camera motion is detected in camera, the system uses image processing to detect exact area of motion occurrence and highlights it accordingly. The system now transmits the images of the occurrence over IOT to be viewed by user online. Also, it stores the footage in a USB drive for further reference. The user can now decode the data sent online using IOT, IOT system to view the images of the motion occurrence live remotely over internet. Thus, the system provides an innovative approach to Theft Detection using IOT.

Published by: Umera Anjum, B. Babu Research Area: Embedded System, ECE

Organisation: Avanthi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Gunthapalli, TelanganaKeywords: IOT (Internet of Thing), IR Sensor, Raspberry PI, USB, UVC Driver

Review Paper

25. MPLS VPN using VRF (Virtual Routing and Forwarding )

Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) which was introduced by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is usually used in communication networks which started attracting all the internet service provider(ISP) networks with its brilliant and excellent features that provide quality of services (QOS)and guarantees to traffic which carries data from one network to another network directly through labels. Virtual Private Network (VPN) is one of the highly useful MPLS applications which allow a service provider or a large enterprise network to offer network Layer VPN services that guarantee and carries traffic securely and privately from customer’s one to another through the service provider’s network. To support multiple customers that Customers Request for secure, reliable, private and ultrafast connections over the internet MPLS VPN standards include the concept of a virtual router. This feature called a VRF table. VRF or Virtual routing and Forwarding technology that permit a router to have various routing table or multiple VPN at the same time that they are located in the same router but they are independent and Also the VRF feature in VPN now allows different customers to use same IP addresses connected to the same ISP. A VRF exists inside a single MPLS router and typically routers need at least one VRF for each customer attached to that particular router.

Published by: Samiullah Mehraban, Prof. Komil B. Vora, Prof. Darshan UpadhyayResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: V.V.P. Engineering College, Rajkot, GujaratKeywords: MPLS, VPN, VRF,QOS, TE, IETF, PE, P, CE

Research Paper

26. Efficient Implementation of 2-Bit Magnitude Comparator Using PTL

Nowadays the requirements of low power electronics play a vital role in various fields. In this paper we introducing the novel comparator is one of the fundamental units in VLSI design and also it can be employed in various applications like Digital Signal Processors (DSP) and Data Processing, Communication Systems, Medical Electronics etc., Comparator is involved to the most basic arithmetic operation of compression between any two variables either it may be an equal one or unequal. In early days, the comparator techniques used to implement energy optimization in low power circuits but the static power dissipation need to improve the comparator using logic styles. In this paper, the 2-bit comparator has been designed by using pass-transistor logic (PTL). PTL provide good performance by reducing transistor count as well as power because PTL logic helps in reducing the transistor count compared to other logic operation. The design was implemented in Cadence virtuoso TMSC 180nm CMOS technology and it’s obtaining the total power dissipation 1.394µw. PTL logic is used to reduce both transistor count and power dissipation in magnitude comparator is used to improve the good quality performance of this circuit.

Published by: S. Bhuvaneswari, R. Prabakaran, Dr. N. J. R MunirajResearch Area: Digital Electronics

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: CMOS, Magnitude Comparator, Logic Gates, Pass Transistor logic

Research Paper

27. Sliding Mode Controller with Modified Sliding Function of Buck Converter Dc-Dc

The dc-dc buck converter is some of the most widely used power electronics circuit for its high conversion efficiency and flexible output voltage. These converter used for electronic device are designed to regulate the output voltage against the change of the input voltage and load current. This leads to the requirement of more advanced control method to meet the real demand .The controller offers advantage such as fixed switching frequency and zero steady state error and give a better small signal performance at the designed operating point but under large parameter and load variation their performance degrades so sliding mode control technique are well suited to dc-dc converter as they are inherently variable structure system .SM controlled converter generally suffer from switching frequency variation when the input voltage and output load are varied. A comparison of the effect of PWM controller and SM control of the dc-dc buck converter response in steady state under line variation and load variation is performed. The comparison with the PWM controller the SM control provides better steady state response, better dynamic response and robustness against system uncertainty disturbance. The converter with conventional sliding mode result in steady state error in load voltage.

Published by: Mahalakshmi .S, P. Vasanth Kumar, Dr. N. J. R MunirajResearch Area: Power Electronis & Drives

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: SMC, PWM, MSMF, PEC, ROE

Research Paper

28. Investigation on Fine Aggregate by Broken Tiles in Concrete

This examination manages the effect on the concrete by the partial replacement of fine aggregate by ceramic aggregate. Studies were done on a concrete, with various replacement. The impacts of various replacements 0, 10,20,30&40 percent of the waste ceramic tile by weight of concrete with M-30 review. At last it was reasoned that all the strength qualities (compressive strength, flexural strength & split tensile strength) of concrete increases with the various replacements

Published by: Utkarsh Singh Chandel, Rambharosh, Gourav SoniResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Compressive Strength, Flexure Strength, Ceramic Waste Tile, Split Tensile Strength

Review Paper

29. Android App for Hostel Outpass Form

The prime objective of “Hostel outpass application” is to create a full-fledged Android application which could help the students to fill an outpass form and get approval from the consent staff and coordinators at one click. The form will be approved finally by the parent also thus making sure that the student’s activity is brought to parents notice . This helps in avoiding the problems which occur when carried out manually . It improves the efficiency of the system. It is a customized user-friendly application for hostel students which provides outpass information . This project offers user to enter the data through simple and interactive manner. The user is provided with the option of viewing their previous records of outpass forms in the history tab . The student will be directed to form page where they will have to input the details in the required field regarding the outpass details . Once filled and submitted the form will be sent to the consent staff and Year Coordinator and parent for approval . If the coordinator does not approve your form he will have to give certain reasons to it which will be then forwarded to the consent student . If not the approved , the form will be directed to the student as a final verified form with which the student can go out and use it as an outpass form . Similarly the parent is also given a choice of declining the form. In most cases the parents will not decline but still this notification remains as an intimation made to the parents so that they will be aware of their ward’s activities inside the college premises. However incase of emergency situations the students might not be able to contact their parent or wait for their approval due to several reasons In that case our application provides a more distinguished manner of filling up the forms namely : Emergency and Holiday outpass forms . The emergency outpass form segment enables the user to fill the form at that instance and get it approved only by their respective class in charge and not wait for their parents approval . This will lessen the time consumption without taking much of the student’s time and will be helpful for their need .However the holiday outpass forms will have to be submitted priorly like say before 3 days from the date of issue , for the head of the department and the parent to approve because the student will be aware of the holiday before in hand and thus they can make their necessary arrangements prior to the date . This application enables the student to fill the form in a more easier way than filling it manually. Since everybody uses a smartphone , creating forms through an app is the most convenient manner of establishing such platforms . Parents are also made aware of their children’s activities thus the management need not take up the responsibility as a whole in case of emergency situations . This advancement in technology has proven worthy for all the citizens which enables technologists to come out with such developments useful to them . The main modules of this project are : Student Module HOD module Staff module Parent module Each of these modules have various functions that will enable this application to function as a whole in a more user friendly manner.

Published by: Mary Shalin BenignaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: SRM University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Hostel Outpass Application, Android application

Research Paper

30. Application of Taugchi method for Optimization of Dry Sliding wear Process Parameters in Improving the Wear of Al6061+4%B4C+4%CU based Composite

The process parameters can be improved by using Taugchi’s method which is a statistical method of
optimization and it also improves the product quality that is manufactured. The main aim of the current research is to apply Taughci method of optimization and ANOVA in the optimization of dry sliding wear process parameters of Al6061- 4%B 4 C & 4% Cu based composite. In current analysis three factors mainly selected for wear optimization and they are loads, sliding speed, sliding distance and effect of these parameters are studies and the optimum value of each factor is find out by using the method of optimization. To study the wear behavior of composite orthogonal array ( L 9 ), Signal to noise ratio analysis of variance is used. The experiment is carried out by using suitable orthogonal array ( L 9 ). Experiments are performed on the pin on disc machine according to the selected orthogonal array. The optimum value of the parameters obtained graphically and confirmation of experiments are carried out. Smaller is the better approach used for selection of optimum parameters. Finally scanning of wearied surfaces under Scanning Electron Microscope and shows the uniform
distribution of metal matrix in AMCs.

Published by: Vikas Kumar, Shailesh SinghResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Stir casting, AMCs, Taugchi Method, Orthogonal Array, ANOVA, Dry Sliding Wear, S/N Ratio, Pin on Disc

Review Paper

31. Comparative Study on Multistoried Building Using Linear and Non Linear Analysis

The effect of infill walls on the building is generally neglected in the analysis. In fact, an infill wall contributes to the lateral strength and stiffness of the structure. Seismic response analysis of multi-story building frame with infill was done by modeling the infill wall as an equivalent diagonal strut. For the equivalent diagonal strut, the thickness is taken equal to the thickness of the wall and width of the strut as per “Equivalent strut method”. The comparison of seismic responses is done for the multi-storied buildings with infill as an equivalent diagonal strut using linear and non-linear analysis. ETABS software is used for the present study.

Published by: S. Swapna, KB. R Prasad ReddyResearch Area: Seismic Analysis

Organisation: Malla Reddy Institute of Technology and Sciences, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Linear Analysis, Non-Linear Analysis, Equivalent Diagonal Strut, Seismic Responses.

Research Paper

32. ECOMM Trends of Indian Teenagers

Since the digitization drive was initiated by the current Government, this study is to know whether it has affected teenagers in terms of their visit frequency online. This inquisitiveness led to the formation of the questionnaire which focusses on collecting information on the current e-commerce trends of Indian teenagers. According to Google India, there were 35 million online shoppers in India in 2014 Q1 and was expected to cross 100 million marks by end of the year 2016. CAGR vis-à-vis a global growth rate of 8–10%. Electronics and Apparel are the biggest categories in terms of sales. The study was conducted online through Google spreadsheet in the age group ranging between 13 years to 19 years over a period spanning two weeks.

Published by: Tanay Pankaj SharmaResearch Area: ECOMM

Organisation: The Lexicon International School, Wagholi, PuneKeywords: ECOMM, Indian, Teenagers

Review Paper

33. Analysis on Big Data Concepts and Applications

The term, Big Data‘ has been coined to refer to the gargantuan bulk of data that cannot be dealt with by traditional data-handling techniques. Big Data is still a novel concept, and in the following literature, we intend to elaborate it in a palpable fashion. It commences with the concept of the subject in itself along with its properties and the two general approaches to dealing with it. The comprehensive study further goes on to elucidate the applications of Big Data in all diverse aspects of the economy and being. The utilization of Big Data Analytics after integrating it with digital capabilities to secure business growth and its visualization to make it comprehensible to the technically apprenticed business analyzers has been discussed in depth. Aside from this, the incorporation of Big Data in order to improve population health, for the betterment of finance, telecom industry, food industry and for fraud detection and sentiment analysis have been delineated. The challenges that are hindering the growth of Big Data Analytics are accounted for in depth in the paper. This topic has been segregated into two arenas- one being the practical challenges faces whilst the other being the theoretical challenges. The hurdles of securing the data and democratizing it has been elaborated amongst several others such as inability in finding sound data professionals in required amounts and software that possess an ability to process data at a high velocity. Through the article, the authors intend to decipher the notions in an intelligible manner embodying in text several use-cases and illustrations.

Published by: Sandhiya .B, Ramya Devi .N, A. DeepalakshmiResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Big Data, 3 V‘s, Sentiment Analysis, Data Visualization, Integration, Data Democratization, Encryption.

Research Paper

34. Novel Low Power Half-Subtractor Using AVL Technique Based On 0.18µm CMOS Technology

Now a day’s arithmetic circuit plays an important role in designing of any VLSI system. Such as subtractor is one of them. In this paper, half-subtractor is designed by using the adaptive voltage technique (AVL). By using the AVL technique, half subtractor can reduce the power and delay element. We can reduce the value of total power dissipation by applying the AVLG (adaptive voltage level at ground ) technology in which the ground potential is raised and AVLS (adaptive voltage level at supply) in which the supply potential is increased. The AVL technique shows the significant reduction in power consumption and propagation delay. The circuit is simulated on cadence tool in 180 nanometre CMOS technology.

Published by: A. Suruthi, E. Manoranjitham, Dr. N. J. R MunirajResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: AVL Technique, VLSI, Low Power, Half-Subtractor


35. The “SIR” Impact of Demonetization on Indian Economy- Measure of Innovation

The concept of demonetization and its contribution to economic growth has become one of the most attractive topics for discussion in all political, academic and other decision-making forums of the current times. The critics of demonetization are absolutely right about the adverse impact of the policy, considering the short-term period. The real impact of demonetization, however, must be weighed in the long-run and not in the short-run. Considering the negative impact of demonetization on the economy is only nominal and short-term, it is necessary to attach statistical substantiation to vouchsafe that the long-term impact of demonetization on the growth of the economy is increasing and sustainable. It is in this context the current research holds its significance. Research is conducted to assess the “SIR” impact of demonetization on Indian Economy. “SIR” stands for Sustainability, Innovation and Rapidity. Accordingly the research is divided into three parts as: “The “SIR” impact of demonetization – statistical evidence testifying the contribution of demonetization to long-term sustainable economic growth in India”, “The “SIR” impact of demonetization-Measure of Innovation”, “The “SIR” impact of demonetization-Measure of Rapidity of Economic Growth”. While the first part of the work is presented in our last research paper at the International conference on “Recent trends in Technology and its impact on the economy of India”, conducted in Punjab on 24th, October 2017, the present paper describes how demonetization has contributed to innovation in the country, using Balanced Score Card technique. The results of the study clearly indicated that demonetization has promoted innovation by 46% within less than 10 months period making the country a hot bed for innovation.

Published by: Yogita Kansal, Prof. Ch. RadhakumariResearch Area: Demonetizatioin

Organisation: Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Anantapur Campus, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Statistical Evidence, GDP, Demonetization, Sustainable, Vouchsafe, Macroeconomic.

Review Paper

36. Algorithmic Study for 3D Reconstruction of Objects

3D reconstruction is the process of capturing the shape and appearance of real objects. The task of recovering three-dimensional (3-D) geometry from two-dimensional views of a scene is called 3-D reconstruction. The third dimension plays an important role in the analysis of dynamic or static environments. 3D model of a scene has applications in various computer vision fields, including robotics, virtual reality, and entertainment. There is a large body of 3-D reconstruction algorithms available. Some algorithms only produce a sparse 3-D reconstruction while others are able to output a dense reconstruction. The selection of the appropriate 3-D reconstruction algorithm relies heavily on the intended application as well as the available resources. We divided the algorithm into two large categories depending on whether a prior calibration of the camera is required i.e. pre-calibrated and online calibrated algorithms.

Published by: Trupti LokhandeResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Virtual Reality, Sparse Reconstruction, Camera Calibration, Pre-Calibrated, Online Calibrated

Research Paper

37. Design of Biometric Electronic Voting Machine

It has always been an arduous task for the election commission to conduct free and fair polls in our country, the largest democracy in the world. Crores of rupees have been spent on this to make sure that the elections are riot-free. But, now-a-days it has become common for some forces to indulge in rigging which may eventually lead to a result contrary to the actual verdict given by the people. This paper aims to present a new voting system employing biometrics in order to avoid rigging and to enhance the accuracy and speed of the process. The system uses thumb impression for voter identification as we know that the thumb impression of every human being has a unique pattern. Thus it would have an edge over the present day voting systems. As a pre-poll procedure, a database consisting of the thumb impressions of all the eligible voters in a constituency is created. During elections, the thumb impression of a voter is entered as input to the system. This is then compared with the available records in the database. If the particular pattern matches with anyone on the available record, access to cast a vote is granted. But in case the pattern doesn’t match with the records of the database or in case of repetition, access to cast a vote is denied or the vote gets rejected. All the voting machines are connected to a network, through which data transfer takes place to the main host. The result is instantaneous and counting is done finally at the main host itself. The overall cost for conducting elections gets reduced and so does the maintenance cost of the systems.

Published by: Priya Saxena, Satya Prakash, Priya PandeyResearch Area: Electronics & Communication Engineering

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Fingerprint Reader, Arduino, Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)

Research Paper

38. Steel Slag as a Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate In Terms of High Strength Concrete

The construction industry has a wide range of work globally. In today’s world, the construction rate is progressing very faster which results in the faster consumption of naturally occurring construction materials. The consumption rate of natural sand is increased very rapidly from last few years. In the recent era, global warming affects the environment very badly whose adverse effects can be seen as dry rivers and streams. We get natural sand from these rivers and streams but extraction in a large amount affects the environment. In this dissertation, the work is executed to study the optimum percentage replacement of steel slag with natural sand by which the excessive usage of fine aggregate can be minimized.

Published by: Harsh Gupta, Anil Kumar SaxenaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Steel Slag, Fine Aggregate, Compressive strength, Flexural strength, Tensile strength

Research Paper

39. Good Blue Emission of Synthesized Zn2GeO4 Phosphor Doped with Eu (0.5%)

The present paper discusses an important phosphor material which is Zn2GeO4. The phosphor is prepared by taking appropriate quantities of ZnO and GeO2 of AR grade. This completes solid-state reaction. It is important to note here there is no evolving of the gases. Therefore this solid-state reaction can be called as Green chemistry route. The phosphor Zn2GeO4 : Base and Eu(0.5%) is Excited with 250, 255, 260, 265, 270, 275 nm the PL emission is found around 480nm. For 260nm excitation, the PL emission intensity of 400nm peak is increased by 75%. It can be stated that the increase PL emission peak intensity of 480nm peak is due to Eu3+ present in Zn2GeO4. This PL emission intensity may be due to the emission from Eu3+ and or the energy transfer Eu3+ to Ge. One of its promising application is to be used as phosphors in display technology such as field emission display which is considered to be the next generation flat panel displays.

Published by: P. B Lakshmi Prasanna, P. Sai Raju, B. Subbarao, Dr. K. V. R MurthyResearch Area: Photo luminescence

Organisation: VSR & NVR College, Tenali, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Photoluminescence, X-ray Diffraction [XRD], Scanning Electron Microscopy [SEM], Energy Dispersion Spectrum [EDS], Particle size Analysis, Solid State Reaction technique

Research Paper

40. Medicinal Properties of Tinospora Cordifolia (Guduchi)

Tinospora cordifolia is one of the most important medicinal plant commonly known as Giloy belonging to menispermaceae family is a deciduous climbing shrub described known for its immense application in the treatment of various diseases such as jaundice, fever, diabetes, and skin diseases etc.The chemical constituents of this shrub belong to different classes such as alkaloid, lactones, steroids, phenolics, aliphatic compound, glycosides and polyscharide compounds having medical importance.

Published by: Gyanendra Singh, R. K SaxenaResearch Area: Microbiology

Organisation: Mewar University, Chittorgarh, RajasthanKeywords: Tinospora Cordifolia , Alternative Medicine, Antibacterial, Antidiabetic Anti- Oxidant

Research Paper

41. Implementation of “The Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Act, 2015”

As per the payment of Bonus at 1965, 1st five years, Bonus is paid based on profit earned by the company during the financial year. Post 5 year i.e financial years of every organization having more than 10 employees required to pay the minimum bonus of 8.33% was assured irrespective of profit earned or not. If the profitability of the organization is substantially high & more than allocable surpluses in that case organisation have to pay maximum bonus is fixed at 20% and the balance is carried forward as “set-on” to cater the emergency for next years. As per the Bonus act amendment 2015, the bonus increase was declared retrospectively. Once the bonus is paid based on profit, after negotiation with employee’s representative, making it retrospective will make the additional burden on the employer. Therefore, the same is not fair and stay on retrospective effect is granted by Karnataka, Madras and few other High Courts. In addition, the bonus calculation is linked to Minimum wage. Since the minimum wage differs from state-to-state; within the state zone-to-zone and industry-to-industry, bonus payment based on minimum wage will not be uniform within the state, region, and industry. Therefore, linking of minimum wage act with bonus act will lead to disputes in the industry

Published by: Tushar Devidas Talware, Dr. Shobha B. JambhulkarResearch Area: Labour Law

Organisation: Dhanwate National College, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Bonus, Set On, Setoff, Minimum Wages, Rupees Seven Thousand, Minimum Bonus and Maximum Bonus

Research Paper

42. Predictive and Stochastic Methodology for Software Effort Estimation

Software development is a systematic disciplined approach to the development, maintenance, and retirement of software. The main goal of software engineering is to produce high quality of software with a low cost and within a time and budget. A systematic project management is required to meet this goal. Software Project Management is a set of activities that are collectively called Project Planning. Before the project can begin, the project manager and software team must estimate the work to be done, the resources that will be required, and the time that will elapse from start to finish. If the customer will stay throughout the project, then that will be better for the software team and moreover, it is possible to get more quality and to completion of that project also within time.

Published by: V. Narsing Rao, CH. Mahesh Reddy Research Area: Software Engineering

Organisation: Sphoorthy Engineering College, Hyderabad, Telangana Keywords: Software Project Management, Project Monitoring

Research Paper

43. Study of Impact of Coal Mines on Environment in Madhya Pradesh

The Sohagpur coalfield is a remnant of the Son valley basin of Gondwana deposition and can be subdivided into three major sub-basins from west to east: Rungta-Amlai, Kotma and Bijuri. Thick coal seams occur in the Barakar Formation (Lower Permian) and are being worked extensively. In this paper, we have studied various researchers and studies on the impact of coal mines. First, we have collected the papers which were useful to our requirement of studies. Then we collected data related to coal mines in Madhya Pradesh. We have chosen our study area as sohagpur coal fields in which Sharda block was specified for all the readings. After analyzing every assessment on coal mine we came to the point that groundwater running across mines is most affected by mining activities. Deforestation, air quality is also getting affected by mining activities. There were lots of studies based on groundwater contamination in coal mines. We have briefed in our paper about that analysis.

Published by: Keerat Kaur BaggaResearch Area: Environmental Science

Organisation: Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Coal Mines, Assessment, Mining, Deforestation, Ground Water

Research Paper

44. Effects of Demonetisation on the Retail Business of Pune

The Modi government’s demonetization move has had an impact on several sectors, especially real estate. How could retail be far behind? Given Indian’s propensity to deal in cash, especially when shopping in luxury malls and high streets, retail will see the short-term impact on sales. The media has already reported how retail sales have dwindled in the immediate aftermath of the government’s announcement, and how millions of new users are registering on portals offering digital payment services.

Published by: Tanay Pankaj SharmaResearch Area: Demonitisation

Organisation: The Lexicon International School, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Demonetisation, Retail Business, Financial Impact.

Research Paper

45. Wire Guided Underwater Vehicle (ROV)

Underwater robotics projects offer an excellent medium for discovery based engineering and science learning. The challenge of building underwater robotic vehicles and manipulators engages and stimulates a very broad spectrum of engineering disciplines and scientific concepts. This paper describes the successful design and implementation wire guided remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) with motorized grabbers. These projects help to expose practical design, foster creative problem-solving skills and may aid retention on engineering programs. Ongoing work is described to extend these projects to include computer control and sensory feedback, to develop autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). Further, ongoing work is outlined to assess the effectiveness of these modules. These robots are tethered by a series of wires that send signals between the operator and the ROV. All ROVs are equipped with a video camera, propulsion system, and lights. Other equipment is added depending on the specifications required. These include a manipulator arm, water sampler, instruments that measure clarity, light penetration, temperature, and depth.

Published by: P. DeepikaResearch Area: Design

Organisation: Angel College of Engineering and Technology, Tirupur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Robotics, Manipulators, Grabbers, Propulsion System, Light Penetration.

Research Paper

46. Effect of Voltage Sag and Voltage Unbalance on Induction Motor Drives

Voltage sag and unbalance pose a serious power quality issue for the electric power industry. The induction motor has widely used the machine in process industries (around 70%). In this paper, the performance of the Induction Motor Drive (IMD) under the condition of voltage sag and voltage unbalance is studied. The drive model is modelled in Matlab/Simulink environment and the simulation results are obtained for time-varying load. The performance of the IMD under different indexes viz. variation in current, speed and torque is investigated under varying sag depths and durations. The ripples in speed and torque are also investigated under unbalance conditions.

Published by: Harshita Batra, Kajol Sharma, Navneet KumarResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics

Organisation: KIET, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Induction Motor, Voltage Sag, Voltage Unbalance

Research Paper

47. Analysis of Knee Joint in Various Postures and Finite Element Analysis on Tibia

The knee is one of the most frequently injured joint in the human body. A recent study suggests that compressive loads on knee may play a vital role in injury to knee joint parts. This project is focussed on the axial compressive force tibia, using that the radial force on the knee cap can also calculate. The compressive force is determined on Tibia in different postures like standing, stepping up, stepping down and in 900 bent of the knee using mechanics. Stresses at different points were identified using FEM on Tibia.

Published by: Badari Bheema Rao, G. Siva Karuna, Laveti Santhosh KumarResearch Area: Bio Mechnaics

Organisation: Indo American Institutions Technical Campus, Anakapalli, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Bio Mechnaics, Knee Cap, Biomechanics

Research Paper

48. Video Based Face Recognition System

The project entitled “Video-Based Face Recognition” is used for automatic face identification of characters in movies. Recognition of face in videos has drawn significant research interests and lead to many interesting applications. Automatic face identification of characters in videos is a challenging problem due to the huge variation in the appearance of each character. Although existing methods demonstrate promising results in the clean environment, the performances are limited in complex movie scenes due to the noises generated during the face tracking and face clustering process. In this system, two schemes of a global face-name matching based framework are proposed for robust character identification.

Published by: S. P Deepika, M. Ananthi, P. RajkumarResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: INFO Institute of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Clustering, Graph, Graph Matching, Robust, Kohenen Network, Preprocessing

Research Paper

49. A New Development and Validation of UV-Visible Spectrophotometric Method for Simultaneous Analysis of Etoricoxib and Paracetamol in Pharmaceutical and Bulk Dosage Forms

The two methods for simultaneous estimation of Etoricoxib and Paracetamol in a combination of two drug tablet dosage form have been developed using Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) as a solvent. The UV-visible Spectrophotometric was a determination using the simultaneous or operating of the same time equation method was a determination using the simultaneous equation method at 238.0 nm and 250.0 nm. The second UV Spectrometric method is the Q-analysis (absorption ratio) method, which involves the formation of absorbance equation at 243.0 nm (isoabsorptive point) and at 250.0 nm the maximum absorption of Paracetamol. The accuracy of the methods was assessed by recovery studies was found to be 100.3 ± 0.53 and 100.4 ± 0.80 for simultaneous equation method and 96.8 ± 0.55 and 98.18 ± 0.58 for Q analysis (absorption ratio) method for Etoricoxib and Paracetamol respectively. These methods are no complicated involved also corrected and rapid those require no in preparation of the more important separation and can therefore be used for routine analysis of both drugs. The linearity ranges for Etoricoxib and Paracetamol were 4-12μg/ ml and 2-18μg/ml respectively. The linearity ranges for Etoricoxib and Paracetamol were 2-18 μg/ml and 2-10 μg/ml respectively.

Published by: Yogesh S. Waghmare, Sonali P. MahaparaleResearch Area: UV Spectroscopic Method by Etoricoxib and Paracetamol Drug

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Pharmacy, Akurdi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Etoricoxib, Paracetamol, Tablet Dosage forms, UV Spectrophotometry, Q-Analysis Spectroscopic method.

Review Paper

50. Feminine Sensibility in Kamala Das’s Poetry: An Overview

Feminism is the advocacy of woman’s rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes. The various feminisms, however, share certain assumptions and concepts that underlie the diverse ways that individual critics explore the factor of sexual difference and privilege in the production, the form and content, the reception and the critical analysis and evaluation of works of literature: The basic view is that Western civilization is pervasively patriarchal (ruled by the father)- that is, it is male- centered and controlled and is organized and conducted in such a way as to subordinate women to men in all cultural domains : familial, religious, political, economic, social, legal and artistic. As Kamala Das is known for its extreme frankness in its nature of writing which encompasses all her sufferings and grievances, this present paper will traces out this feminine sensibility in her poetry with special references to her poems- An Introduction, Summer in Calcutta, My Story and The Sunshine Cat.

Published by: Ruptalin EngtipiResearch Area: English

Organisation: Assam University Diphu Campus Karbi Anglong, AssamKeywords: Feminism, Patriarchal, Privilege, Feminine sensibility, Subordinate woman, Equality.

Research Paper

51. Design and Implementation of Various Advanced Modulation format over 8-WDM Bidirectional PON

With the growing demand for users higher speed, reliable data transmission become the great need for the users. For the higher bit rate and flexible bandwidth wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) network is one of the best solutions. The performance of WDM mainly depends upon factor such as modulation format used in the networks. In this paper comparison of various Advanced Modulation Formats has been carried over the 8 channel Bidirectional WDM PON. Fiber without having amplifier and Dispersion compensating fibers. A network without any amplifier and repeaters reduces the network operation effectively, thus simplifying system configuration and maintenance cost. Hence, the system performance is not increased by using any sort of amplifiers and DCF. The designed system has achieved a maximum transmission distance of 120 km at the power of 0-2 dbm over Bidirectional Multimode fiber. This simulation work has done in optic system 14.1 Suite Software.

Published by: Nisha RaniResearch Area: Fibre optical communication

Organisation: Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering & Technology, Banur, Rajpura, PunjabKeywords: PON (Passive Optical Network), DCF (Dispersion Compensation Fiber), MZI (Mach Zehnder Interferometer)

Research Paper

52. Effect of Naringenin on 3-NP Induced Huntington’s Disease like Symptoms by Estimations of Motor Co-ordination and Behavioral Parameters

The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Naringenin, a flavonoid on 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced Huntington’s disease like symptoms by estimations of motor co-ordination and behavioral parameters. 3-NP is an irreversible inhibitor of complex II in the mitochondria. 3-NP-induced neurodegeneration has been widely used as an animal model of Huntington’s disease (HD). It replicates the pathology of HD by causing oxidative stress. Naringenin is a polyphenolic compound, a bioflavonoid, known to have a neuroprotective effect in a rat model of Alzheimer’s disease. In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of Naringenin on 3-NP induced oxidative stress in rat was determined by behavioral parameters. Rats were induced with 3-NP (15 mg/kg) intraperitoneally for 21 days and rats induced with 3-NP were treated with Naringenin (25mg/kg and 75mg/kg) for 21 days. 3-NP caused a decline in motor function in neurological score, locomotor activity and impaired rotarod activity. Naringenin treatment significantly improved grip strength indicating an improvement in motor performance, alterations in % spontaneous alternations. These findings suggest the antioxidant potential of Naringenin flavonoid against 3-Nitropionic acid induced neurotoxicity. However, more investigations are required to elucidate the cellular mechanisms of Naringenin against 3-Nitropropionic acid induced Huntington’s disease like symptoms. Keywords: Naringenin, 3-Nitropropionic acid, Huntington’s disease, oxidative stress.

Published by: SDVS Kiran, Venkateswara Rao .P, Rohini .P, Bhagyasree .PResearch Area: Pharmacy

Organisation: Global Pharmacovigilence, MSN Labs, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Naringenin, 3-Nitropropionic Acid, Huntington’s Disease, Oxidative Stress.

Research Paper

53. Detection and Classification of Blood Cancer from Microscopic Cell Images Using SVM KNN and NN Classifier

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue confidential the bones where blood cells are made. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common types of leukemia among adults. The signs and symptoms of leukemia are non-specific in nature and also they are comparable to the symptoms of other mutual disorders. Manual microscopic inspection of stained blood smear or bone marrow aspirate is the only way to an effective diagnosis of leukemia. But this method is time-consuming and less accurate. In this paper, a technique for automatic detection and classification of AML in blood smear is presented. K-means algorithm is used for segmentation. KNN, NN and SVM are used for classification. GLCM is used for optimising the spectral features. The local binary pattern is used for texture description. Blood microscope images were tested and the performance of the classifier was analyzed.

Published by: Sachin Paswan, Yogesh Kumar RathoreResearch Area: Blood Cancer

Organisation: Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Automated Leukemia Detection, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Lymphocyte Image Segmentation, Machine Learning

Review Paper

54. A Study of 5G Network: Structural Design, Challenges and Promising Technologies, Cloud Technologies

In the near prospect, beyond 4G has the major objectives or difficulty that need to be addressed are improved capacity, better data rate, decreased latency, and enhanced quality of service. To meet these demands, radical improvements need to be made in cellular network architecture. This paper presents the consequences of a detailed study on the fifth generation (5G) cellular network structural design, challenges and some of the solution for promising technologies that are supportive in improving the structural design and gathering the demands of users. In this comprehensive review focuses 5G cellular network architecture, huge various input many output technologies, and device-to-device communication (D2D). Next, to with this, some of the promising technologies that are addressed in this paper include intrusion supervision, variety sharing with cognitive radio, ultra-dense networks, multi-radio access technology organization, full-duplex radios, and millimeter wave solutions for 5G cellular networks. In this paper, a universal possible 5G cellular set of connections architecture is proposed, which shows that D2D, small cell access points, network cloud, and the Internet of Things can be a part of 5G cellular network architecture. A comprehensive study is integrated concerning present research projects being conducted in different countries by research groups and institutions that are working on 5G technologies. Finally, this paper describes cloud technologies for 5G radio access networks and software-defined networks.

Published by: A. Mythili, Dr. S. K MahendranResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: 4G, 5G, D2D, Ultradense Networks, Full duplex, IOT

Review Paper

55. A Review paper on the Performance of Structural Concrete using Recycled Plastics as Course Aggregate

One of the main environmental problems today is the disposal of the waste plastics. The plastic waste is increasing day by day. On other side the construction industry is facing problem due to the insufficient and unavailability of the construction materials. So we need to search new construction material as well as an efficient method to the disposal of plastic waste. To find the solution of above two problems, one of them can be used to solve other. Hence the plastic waste was mixed with cement concrete in various proportions in between 0%-10% and the M20 grade test specimen were cast to study the behavior of plastic mixed concrete. The present topic covers the study of compressive strength, flexural strength of concrete.

Published by: Gate Vishnu, Kadam Akshay, Agarwal Jayesh, Garje Bhagyashree, Khandave Sonali, Admile P. R., Dr. Nemade P. DResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: S. B. Patil College of Engineering, Indapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength, Plastic Waste

Research Paper

56. Study on Solar Roadway

Solar energy has been subject of great development in the past years, which led to the concept of Solar Roads. Solar roadway is a series of the structurally-engineered solar panel that is driven upon. Solar roadway means a use of solar panel in road pavement. It also means replace current petroleum-based asphalt road with the solar panel. The Solar Roadway is a road surface that generates electricity by solar power using Photovoltaic and includes solar panels and LED signage, that can be driven on. Solar is a renewable source. Solar power generation has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing renewable sources of electricity solar power generation has other advantages over another form of electricity generation. The day by day the price of petroleum products are getting huge hike & resources are very less there will be no longer feasible material such as asphalt for our road surfaces. When Solar Road Panels are refurnished, the solar cells will be upgraded to the newest technology, which will allow keeping up with population growth and increased energy needs. Now a day the human beings are looking for the answers to our deteriorating highway infrastructure, our crumbling power grid, and the climate crisis. For all such questions, the answer is “SOLAR ROADWAYS”. Solar power production generates electricity with a limited impact on the environment as compared to other forms of electricity. The solar roadways are eco-friendly, feasible & reduce the 70cident.

Published by: Varsha Dadasaheb Shingate, Rohit Wangade, Ajitkumar ManedeshmukhResearch Area: Solar Roadway

Organisation: Dnyanshree Institute of Engineering and Technology, Sajjangad, Satara, MaharashtraKeywords: Solar Roadway, Renewable Source, Asphalt, Eco-friendly.

Research Paper

57. Analysis on Concrete Made from Over Burned Bricks

Concrete is a composite material used for the ground that all considerate designing structure is developed with concrete in an efforts to find an alternative material in concrete much work has been focused to use brick aggregates in producing normal strength or even higher strength by far the most common course aggregates used in concrete is obtained from natural rock, but type of rock suitable for concrete making is not available locally and everywhere. However, there is hardly any literature producing previous concrete using bricks chips as course aggregates. The research was conducted to study the suitability crushed over burnt bricks as alternative course aggregates for concrete production. The concrete cube beams and cylinders of M-25, M-30, and M-35 grade were thrown in this trail explore work and try to analyze different properties of concrete with crushed over burnt bricks as an alternative material. The physical properties like compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength and workability with alternative material was used with the dosage of 10%, 20% and 30% in concrete with the age of 7, 14, 28 and 50 days of curing. The general properties of fresh and hardened concrete were tried and the outcomes were dissected. Over Burnt bricks were cast and tested for compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, and workability. The result shows that the aggregate that concrete derived from Over Burnt bricks aggregate attained lower strength than the regular concrete. More detailed and elaborated work is recommended with different mix ratio and different proportion of Over Burnt aggregates for better conclusion

Published by: Nilesh Kumar, Anil Kumar Saxena, Gourav SoniResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology (LNCT), Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Over Burnt Bricks, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Flexural Strength, Workability

Research Paper

58. Has Demonetization Really Helped in Growth of PayTM?

Information Technology sector in India is making progress at rates way beyond what was expected 30 years back. The new India is educated and everybody in the nation needs the best and most upgraded methodologies for their self-business. PayTM a digital payment platform was launched in 2010 by One97 communication. Over the most recent 6 years, it has advanced over and has turned into the main decision of the clients among all the current installment stages in India. It started by allowing the recharges for mobile phones, but soon it started providing payment options for other utilities such as the metro card, Direct To Home (DTH), data cards, electricity and water bills, flight and bus tickets. Demonetization was a defining moment for PayTM before demonetization individuals knew about PayTM yet did not want to utilize it but rather after Demonetization PayTM made it more demanding to pay with its computerized installment choice. There was around 1000% growth in the money added to its wallet, 300% rise in-app download and a gain of 20 million new users was recorded within 2 months. The demonetization where causing the possibility of change in spending behavior as a result of moving to instruments other than cash. The objective of the study is to understand how PayTM has grown after demonetization. The information collected will be from various articles, case studies and research papers of PayTM.

Published by: Pooja A. PatilResearch Area: Masters of Business Administration

Organisation: KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, KarnatakaKeywords: PayTM, Demoetization, Growth, Digital payment

Research Paper

59. Big Data Analysis Model for Transformation and Effectiveness in the e-Governance Service from Relational Database

Relational Database Management Systems are frequently being used in various e-Governance projects in India, but RDBMS are not suitable for OLAP (Online Analytical Processing). By using RDBMS, the large number of the volume have been collected and processed in e-Governance projects. Big Data framework based processing has been implemented to study various parameters to provide faster and better communication, retrieval of data and utilization of information to its users in e-Governance projects. This research focuses on how we can use Big Data framework for effective implementation of e-Governance Projects.

Published by: Ashish Dhingra, Iqbal SinghResearch Area: BigData in e-Governance

Organisation: Centre for Development and Advanced Computing, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: Big Data, Hadoop, e-Governance, e-District, Migration.

Research Paper

60. To Study the Perception and Attitude of Street Food Vendor in Pune towards using of Newspaper for Dishing out the Food

Use of newspapers for dishing–out, wrapping or packing of food by local street food vendor is a common phenomenon which is availed by a major segment of the populace. The use contaminates the food and slowly poisons the consumers creating an unnoticed health hazard and consequence. It is a survey-based research which concentrates on the perception of the local street vendors in Pune region about the ill-effects of use of newspapers as consumption of food wrapped in newspapers is injurious to health, even if the food had been cooked hygienically. The FSSAI has stated that there is an urgent need to discourage the use of newspaper as food packaging material by creating awareness among businesses, especially unorganized food business operators, about the harmful effects. It also investigates their attitude after being erudite about the disadvantages of the deed.

Published by: Sandeep Narayan Naik, Pralhad Bhimrao BotreResearch Area: Hospitality

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Hotel Management & Catering Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Street Food Vendors (SFV), Contaminates, Perception, Attitude, Newspapers, Pune.

Research Paper

61. Common Mode Voltage Reduction for Three Phase Grid Connected Converters Using Multi Level Pulse Width Modulation Techniques

This paper investigates the performance of three-phase grid connected multi-level (PWM) inverter, with photovoltaic energy conversion system being the main application. The main purpose of this work is to reduce the common mode voltage (CMV) and common mode current (CMC), the performance of the inverter is studied thoroughly. Conventional PWM methods and recently developed reduced common mode voltage PWM (RCMV-PWM) methods are reviewed. The simulation results of CMV, CMC and Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) by applying all the PWM Techniques on a grid-connected PV system using a three-phase, three-level Multi-Level Inverter (MLI) are studied. Amongst all the PWM Techniques, Near State PWM (NSPWM) Technique which is an RCMV-PWM Technique yields the best results.

Published by: Kandukuri Swathi, K. Swarna LathaResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Vaagdevi College of Engineering, Warangal, TelanganaKeywords: Multi-level Inverter (MLI), Common-Mode Current (CMC), Common-Mode Voltage (CMV), Photo Voltaic, Pulse Width Modulation (PWN).

Research Paper

62. Design and Development of a Portable Instrument for Quantification of Urea in Milk, Alcohol in Vinegar

Milk is the commonly consumed health drink of all ages. To meet the increasing demands of milk, the quality of milk produced has to be increased. This can be achieved by adding unwanted substances called adulterants in milk. Generally, urea is added to increase the quantity of milk and to reduce the quality of milk. The majority of people do not know how to judge about good acetic acid, they are perfectly satisfied if it is sour in taste and has the yellow color or the excellent old cider vinegar that is made by our farmers. It is easy to make cheap vinegar, and no doubt hundreds of people daily use a mixture of vitriol, water, in the firm belief that it is real vinegar, because they have purchased a liquid of that name. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss on the determination of permissible level of alcohol in vinegar, urea in milk by using portable low cost instrument.

Published by: Garima PathakResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar Academy of Technology and Management, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Adulterants, Ammonia Sensor, Urea, Alcohol Sensor

Research Paper

63. Occupational Therapy Management for Sleep Deprivation in Younger Adults

Sleep is a major domain of quality of life and has an impact on our ability to carry out activities of daily living effectively. Although occasional sleep interruptions are generally no more than a nuisance, ongoing lack of sleep can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, emotional difficulties, poor job performance, obesity and a lowered perception of quality of life. It has become a growing problem among teenagers and college-aged young adults which adversely affects their performance in school/ college, moods, and behaviors. Occupational therapy is primed to address sleep problems by targeting the context and environment, performance patterns, and limited engagement in evening activities that may contribute to poor sleep. This paper is designed to elicit the role of occupational therapy in younger adults in relation to their sleep problems. The paper emphasizes to discover various strategies which are significantly effective to cope up with the problem.

Published by: Dr. Amitabh DwivediResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Jaipur Occupational Therapy College, Khorameena, RajasthanKeywords: Sleep Deprivation, Occupational Therapy (OT), Rehabilitation, Sleep, Quality of life, Meditation, Cognitive, and Anxiety.

Review Paper

64. MANET Review: Characteristics, Routing Protocols, Attacks and Performance Metrics

The term “mobile” is termed as moving and “Ad hoc” is termed as a temporary network without any centralized administration or permanent infrastructure. Because of the dynamic MANET topology, this review is mainly concentrated on diverse routing techniques that are considered as the main challenges these days. A variety of strategies has been given for the effective routing for providing the enhanced performance. Different routing protocols have been presented for MANET that makes its hard to decide which protocol is appropriate for different network conditions. This paper gives an overview of MANET with its applications and characteristics, its routing protocols, attacks and its performance parameters.

Published by: Saurbh Sharma, Kanchan Bala JaswakResearch Area: MANET (Computer Networks)

Organisation: L. R. Institute of Engineering & Technology, Solan, HimachalKeywords: MANET, Routing Protocols, MANET Attacks, Performance Metrics

Research Paper

65. Mitigation of Sink Hole Attack in MANET Using ACO

MANET (Mobile Ad hoc network) is the emerging and most demanding technology of wireless network. Because of self-deliberate property, the network points behave as router or source and the nodes keep moving freely in the network area. MANET plays a significant role in connectionless infrastructure. Securing a network is the fundamental issue in MANET for securing the susceptible information from hackers. MANET has different attacks that are routing protocol attacks. The sinkhole is known as the severe one from all the attacks in MANET. It generally attracts the neighbor’s nodes towards itself and transmits the bogus or fake routing path. This attack decreases the network lifetime and increases the network overhead by boosting energy consumption and later destroys the network.In the proposed work, the routing protocol is being optimized by utilizing ACO (Ant Colony Optimization) with NN (Neural Network) for achieving enhanced performance as compared to existing work. Different parameters, namely, Bit error rate, throughput, an end to end delay and energy consumption are used for calculating the performance of the proposed work in MANET or to check the effect of Sinkhole attack. The environment created by simulating the work has 50 to 100 nodes. The width and height of the network are 1000 nodes.

Published by: Saurbh Sharma, Kanchan Bala JaswakResearch Area: MANET (Computer Networks)

Organisation: L.R. Institute of Engineering & Technology, Solan, Himachal PradeshKeywords: MANET, Neural Network, Ant Colony Optimization, Error Rate, Energy Consumption, Throughput, Delay

Research Paper

66. Study on Slope Stability of Earthen Dams by using GEOSTUDIO Software

This paper research explained about slope stability of earthen dams using GEOSTUDIO software. Generally, in earthen dams, the factors included in this analysis are the specific site, foundation conditions, construction material characteristics and hazard potential associated with the particular site. To control the slope failures it is important to analyze the factor of safety of the slopes. To derive factor of safety, the tests are carried out by using numerical modeling of SLOPE/W and SEEP/W tools of GEOSTUDIO software for steady state seepage and sudden drawdown conditions. In this paper factor of safeties are analyzed for four cases, such as (i) without berm without the drained blanket (ii) with berm without a drained blanket (iii) without berm with the drained blanket and (iv) with berm with the drained blanket. Out of four cases, the best case to improve the factor of safety of the slope is (iv) with berm with the drained blanket of the earthen dam.

Published by: D. Durga Naga Laxmi Devi, R. AnbalaganResearch Area: Slope Stability of Earthen Dams

Organisation: St. Peter’s Engineering College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Slope Stability, Steady State Seepage, Sudden Drawdown, Berm, Drain, Earthen Dam, GEOSTUDIO Software

Review Paper

67. Talaq and Shariath Law – A Study After Supereme Court Judgement On Talaq-I-Biddat

The concept of living together of a man and a women is as old as the human race history but the institution of marriage came into existence with the development of civilization. In other words it can be said that civilization has started with the marriage. Marriage is treated in all religions as a respectable relationship between the man and women. Where children are treated as the legal heirs. In most of the societies in case of death male partner the children are conferred with all the rights for the diseased man’s property. Before going into the various types of the institution of marriage in various civilizations across the world. Every religion has accepted marriage as a recognized relationship. Coming to the Indian scenario the main religion is Hindu where the marriage is a sacramental. In the ancient Indian mythology there are several examples of monogamy bigamy polygamy and even polyandry. But the people those who are living in India and following Islam are also following monogamy. The marriage is a contract in Muslim law. The government employees irrespective of their religion have to follow monogamy only. But there are several instances of polygamy also which are not reported. The question of polygamy in Muslim has come to lime light after the recent Supreme court judgment which is known as ‘triple talaq case’. An effort was made to discuss about the triple talaq and its consequences in the light of the supreme court judgment were discussed in this paper. Before discussing much about the impact of this judgment and Muslim marriage and diverse let us have a brief look on various aspects of Muslim marriage and diverse

Published by: Pathuri Venkata SubrahmanyamResearch Area: Muslim Personal Law

Organisation: Rachana Journalism College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Talaq, Quran, Sura, Hadis, Triple Talaq, Qula, Talaq-e-Ahasan, Talaq-e- Hasan

Case Study

68. The ‘Communication’s Way from BIFR to Prosperity

Singareni Collieries Company Ltd (SCCL/ the company) is the only coal company in public sector in the Southern India. It has a history of more than 100 years. In the earlier it has also first referred to Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstructions (BIFR), during the periods 1989-90 to 1992-93. Singareni has come out by following the terms and conditions of the BIFR. In the year 1996-97 the accumulated losses reached a peak of Rs. 1219 crore. But for the second time it has referred to BIFR. In the industry parlance second time reference to BIFR does mean its closure of the industry. But the company management with actively identified various problems for the loss of the company. The company decided to face the challenge. The innovation that adopted by this company is communication strategy. All the types of communication i.e. upward, downward communications, direct and indirect communications, formal and informal communications, communication with opinion leaders and parallel communication have been strategically used for communicating the workers about the status of the company. Even grape wine communication have been adopted is a powerful tool to inform and educate the employees. This has created and awareness about the financial position of the company and created a sense of motivation/belongingness among all the employees. This has dramatically resulted into regular attendance, increased production, improvement of quality of coal, control of wasteful expenditure and inventory, un account consumption of free power and fuel. All these have resulted into turn-around of the company which has become out off clutches of BIFR. The same company has subsequently declared dividends.

Published by: Pathuri Venkata SubrahmanyamResearch Area: Muslim Personal Law

Organisation: Rachana Journalism College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: unication, Strategies, Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstructions, Coal industry, upward, downward, parallel and Grape wine communications, Formal and Informal communications.

Research Paper

69. Test Rig on Parkinson Gear Tester

“Test rig on Parkinson gear tester” is a very great innovation in its own & is specially made for the purpose of checking flank surfaces of gear. Gears are the crucial element of any transmission system which generally used for power transmission. Such type of part must be check by using the highly accurate methodology in order to assess its functional performance in advance. The inspection methodology of gears should be accurate with the less time-consuming procedure for its inspection. This gear test rig will check the gear in minimum time which results in the decrease of non-productive time and improves plant efficiency.

Published by: Nishant Devkate, Ashok Bhoye, Shivam Jadhav, Pratik RautResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Viva Institute of Technology, Virar, MaharashtraKeywords: Parkinson’s Gear Tester, Gear Test Rig, Gear Metrology, Mechanical Project.

Research Paper

70. Green Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles using Tinosopora Cordifolia Extract and their Antimicrobial Activity

In the present research, the synthesis of silver nanoparticles by the green method is done using stem and leaves aqueous extract of Tinospora Cordifolia (T.C). The pathway of nanoparticles formation is by means of reduction of silver nitrate by extracts, which act as both reducing and capping agents. The silver nanoparticles characterized by UV-Vis-spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometer, Scanning electron microscopy, Energy dispersive spectroscopy. The sizes of the synthesized silver nanoparticles are found to be in the range of 27- 58 nm. The energy dispersive spectrum confirmed the presence of silver metal. The silver nanoparticles synthesized in this process have the efficient antimicrobial activity against pathogenic bacteria like Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Serratia marcescens using paper disc diffusion method.

Published by: Vijayakumari . P, Dr. V. ThirumuruganResearch Area: Phytochemistry

Organisation: Kings College of Engineering, Pudukottai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Tinospora Cordifolia, Nano Silver, FTIR, SEM, XRD, EDAX and Antimicrobial.

Research Paper

71. Comparative Study of Jointing material used in Blockwork

Nowadays, the making of mortar on site is lacking today due to its significant growth and necessity of exact gauging and mixing of the mortar which has been manufactured by many industries due to increasing share of a market that would expanse rare contemporarily on-site mixing happen are to be observed. The practical experiment aims at this paper which presents the comparison of two mortars with their general specifications entitled in this project overview and difference of initial work to be carried out for the laying of brickwork by alternate types of jointing mortar i.e. e-mix mortar and Ultratech fix block jointing mortar at the construction site and conclusion of this project comprise that as per contractors condition and client requirement any one material can be adopted at a particular site.

Published by: Dhanashree ChatterjeeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: MIT ADT University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Jointing Material, E-Mix Mortar, Ultratech Fixoblock, Compressive Strength, Bulk Density

Case Study

72. Evaluation of Post Disaster Mitigation Strategy of Bhuj Earthquake

The Bhuj earthquake 2001 caused many property losses and life losses.so The re-construction and re-habitation work to be carried out in this paper carry out studies about what is the evaluating strategy conducted in Bhuj Earthquake. A number of new activities and initiatives have been possible due to the enhanced level of awareness and interest caused by this earthquake. After this earthquake, the earthquake codes are developed and the construction of earthquake-proof building comes into existence in an evaluation of post-disaster mitigation collect the data about the seismic hazards, exposed to hazards in terms of life loss, property loss, and business and vulnerability assessment. For finding out the solution follow the method like structural, locational, operational and risk transfer. Then carry out the estimation of potential losses in particular area and examining alternative loss reduction techniques, which involves identifying the effectiveness of each alternative in reducing losses and the associated cost. There is the different strategy and methods are used in reconstruction work of Bhuj Earthquake. The awareness of the people about the disaster mitigation is developed by the awareness programs by the government and different authority.

Published by: Ruchir P. Mistry, Dr. Neha BansalResearch Area: Bhuj Earthquake 2001

Organisation: Arvindbhai Patel Institute of Environmental Design, Vallabh Vidhyanagr, GujaratKeywords: Earthquake, Mitigation Work, Agencies Involved

Research Paper

73. A Brief Study of the Changing Nature of Indian Foreign Policy

The foreign policy of a country is the sum total of the principles, interests, and objectives which it seeks to promote through its relations with other countries. Preservation of national interest, achievement of world peace, disarmament, independence for Afro-Asian nations has been important objectives of India’s foreign policy. INDIA’S foreign policy between 1947 and 1964 was conceived almost entirely by one man – Jawaharlal Nehru. The systemic constraints on India’s foreign policy stemmed from the onset of the Cold War which virtually coincided with India’s independence in 1947. In the parliamentary election of March 1977, Indira Gandhi was defeated but while addressing the nation, Janta Party leader Morarji Desai as Prime Minister stressed to follow same policy on external issues. The changes in Indian foreign policy are based on India’s aspirations for great power status and coincide with, or at least follow the Indian economic reforms since the 1990s. One of the successful achievements the Indian policymakers achieved was 123 Agreement which signed between New Delhi and Washington. The Narendra Modi-led government which came into power in 2014 has accorded high priority to India’s Look East Policy. He made known to the world that India is not merely ‘Looking East’ but is now ‘Acting East’ as well, thus, revising the title to ‘India’s Act-East Policy’. The themes of greater connectivity, stronger cooperation, and broader contacts dominate India’s engagement with its neighbors today.

Published by: Bapukan SaikiaResearch Area: Indian Context

Organisation: Assam University, Silchar, AssamKeywords: Policy, Power, Neighbor, Government.

Research Paper

74. An Empirical Study of Internal Control System Impact on Co-operative Banks Employees

Internal controls are defined as the plans of an organization, including management’s attitude, methods, procedures, and measures that provide reasonable assurance that the objectives are being achieved. The study set out to investigate the role of internal control system in the performance of co-operative banks in India. Specifically, the study sought to establish the effect of control environment on the performance of co-operative banks. To achieve the objective of the study an empirical study has been applied. For the collection of data, a questionnaire has been designed and circulated among 217 respondents. The study found a significant relationship between control environment, control activities, monitoring, and performance of co-operative banks. The study recommended that control environment, control activities, and monitoring should be enhanced in order to further improve the performance of co-operative banks.

Published by: Sneha Babel, Dr. B. L HedaResearch Area: Accounting and Auditing

Organisation: Government Meera Girls College, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Internal Control System, Internal Audit, Co-operative Bank

Research Paper

75. Spectral Amplification Factors of Indian Earthquake Ground Motion

The successful working of this network. The strong ground motion database considered in the present work consists of various earthquakes recorded in the northern part of India. As laid the foundation of Earthquake Early Warning System (EEW) in India. Strong-motion data from various regions of India have been used to study attenuation characteristics of horizontal peak acceleration and velocity. It is observed that the bedrock motions with low amplitude produce high amplification factors while high amplitude bedrock motions produce low amplification factor.

Published by: Sharad Yadav, Maaz Allah Khan, Shivangi Yadav, Subhan Ahmad, Syed Sameer HusainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Technical Campus, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Attenuation, Amplification Factor, Ground Motion, Intensity

Case Study

76. Social Transformation among the Nagas in Assam: A Case Study in Sivasagar District

Contemporary society, irrespective of the levels of development, is surely a rapidly changing society. Such changes have been observed in a variety of directions. In a developing country like India, one can notice such changes occurring in society at various historical periods producing diverse consequences. One of the catching points in this context is that the forces and factors those are considered to be responsible were identified in numerous ways which vary from one geographical region to another and from one socio-historical setting to another. This is very much applicable in a society like India because Indian society in general and the society of northeastern region, in particular, have witnessed such events and historical sequences since ancient period. Historians, social analysts, and scholars who have taken interest in characterizing northeastern region and its society was seen to agree to conceptualize that it is a land of contrasts.

Published by: Simanta Boruah, Athungo AuvongResearch Area: Sociology

Organisation: Nagaland University, Ballard, NagalandKeywords: Assimilation, Change, Culture, Taboo, Transformation.

Research Paper

77. EDDY Current Braking System

Test rig on Eddy current braking system” is a very great innovation on its own and is specially made for the purpose to stop the wheel in minimum time. Brakes are the crucial components in any mobile system which are generally used to stop the motion of any mobile. Such type of component must be checked by using the highly accurate methodology in order to access its functional performance in advance. The inspection methodology of brakes should be accurate with the less time-consuming procedure for its inspection. This test rig will check the brake in the least time which leads to a reduction of non-productive time and improves brake efficiency.

Published by: Mahadeo Gurav, Neeraj Gupta, Shivam Chaturvedi, Pratik RautResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Viva Institute of Technology, Virar, MaharashtraKeywords: Eddy Current Braking System, Test Rig, Electromotive Force, Magnetic Field, Faraday’s law.

Review Paper

78. Financial Modeling of Public Private Partnership in Wastewater Treatment

This article basically determines the assets in which water resources are polluted the environment by anthropogenic sources like agricultural and household formation.  As matter of fact Public think that the environmental impact of wastewater pollution has increased day by day many conventional wastewater treatment techniques like chemical adsorption  Hence the activated sludge are applied to remove the pollution but there are still some limitations which have high operation costs. The use of wastewater treatment in public and private works as a different medium is receiving increased interest so that its low operation and maintenance costs. As per as the water treatment is concerned it is easy to have a good effectiveness and ability for degrading contaminant. Hence, this paper reviews is the use of wastewater treatment technologies to remove contaminants from wastewater like a high oxidant which represent the main pollutants in wastewater as per as a financial modeling of the public private partnership of wastewater treatment.

Published by: Anas Mehmood, Amit Yadav, Aquib Anwar, Anand Singh, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Lucknow

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Financial Modeling, Wastewater Treatment

Research Paper

79. Diagnostic Testing : A Technique to Enhance Mathematics Learning

The need of diagnostic testing arises in the subject mathematics specifically at the time when a particular student exhibits some of the other signs and symptoms of his failure or difficulties with regard to the learning of the subject mathematics. Why is one subjected to repeated failure in the subject mathematics? Why is he feeling difficulty in learning a particular concept or skill in one or the other branches and topics of mathematics? Why is he not attending the classes in the subject mathematics? Why does he create fuss or problems in the mathematics class? Why does he hate the teacher of mathematics and his subject? The list may be quite exhaustive with regard to such day to day or occasional problems faced by a teacher of mathematics with his one or more students. It can be easily concluded from the above discussion that diagnostic testing and: remedial teaching are inter-related and complementary to each other. However, the diagnosis not followed by the remedial treatment is useless. Similarly, a remedial task not based on the diagnosis of the nature and extent of the weaknesses may prove not only the wastage of the resources but can also prove dangerous to the well being of the affected persons. It is, therefore, essential that diagnostic testing in mathematics should necessarily be followed by the suitable remedial teaching.

Published by: Dr. Bharathi Y. KhasnisResearch Area: Educational Evaluation

Organisation: B.L.D.E.A’s J.S.S. College of. Education, Vijayapura, KarnatakaKeywords: Diagnostic Test, Remedial Program, Learning Difficulties.

Research Paper

80. Modeling and Analysis of Transformer

The transformers are an integral part of the power system. In transformers, the main consequence of harmonic currents is an increase in losses, mainly in windings, because of the deformation of the leakage fields. Higher losses mean that more heat is generated in the transformer so that the operating temperature increases, leading to deterioration of the insulation and a potential reduction in lifetime. Due to the non-linear loads, the transformers are much affected by the distorted currents and supply voltages which largely reduce its efficiency due to overheating. Nonlinear loads cause harmonics to flow in the power lines which can overload wiring and Many desktops, personal computers present nonlinear loads to the AC supply because of their power supplies design (capacitor input power supply). In power transformers, the main consequence of harmonic currents is an increase in losses, mainly in windings, because of the deformation of the leakage fields. Higher losses mean that more heat is generated in the transformer so that the operating temperature increases, leading to deterioration of the insulation and a potential reduction in lifetime. As a result, it is necessary to reduce the maximum power load on the transformer, a practice referred to as de-rating, or to take extra care in the design of the transformer to reduce these losses. To estimate the de-rating of the transformer, the load’s K Factor may be used. Thus analyzing this problem and reducing the losses of the transformer has become a major area of research in today’s scenario. This report includes the effects of non-sinusoidal supply voltage on the transformer excitation current and the core losses which includes eddy current and hysteresis losses.

Published by: Divyapradeepa .TResearch Area: Electrical Machines

Organisation: Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Saturation, Linear Load, Non Linear Load, Harmonics, Eddy Current Losses, Hysteresis Losses

Research Paper

81. Phase Coded Radar Signals – Frank Code & P4 Codes

This dissertation presents an overview of phase-coded radar signals based on frank codes and p4 codes used in target detection techniques. For good range detection, high SNR is required. So matched filter is used in the processing of radar signals which maximizes the peak signal power to mean noise ratio. In this analysis, the ambiguity function plays an important role. Using ambiguity diagrams and autocorrelation functions, various waveforms are compared in terms of PSL (peak sidelobe level). Ambiguity diagrams are obtained by using MATLAB code. Primarily simple pulse has been taken but it has some drawbacks like poor range resolution, poor Doppler resolution, so pulse burst waveforms were taken and it has given better Doppler resolution than simple pulse with some range resolution. To improve the range resolution further, LFM (Linear Frequency Modulation) is used. The idea here is to sweep the frequency band B linearly during the pulse duration T. It provides better range Resolution. To reduce the sidelobe levels further Weighting techniques are used for LFM, the presented weighting techniques are Hamming and Hanning. Because of these weighting techniques, PSL is reduced by -14.4 dB but the resultant is range doppler coupling and sidelobes, as it is a drawback, NLFM (non-linear Frequency Modulation) is used which provides lower sidelobes when compared to LFM. In NLFM the method for shaping the spectrum is to deviate from the constant rate of frequency change and to spend more time at frequencies that need to be enhanced. NLFM provides the better sidelobe levels compared to the LFM, and the performance characteristics of the NLFM waveforms for sawtooth frequency coding are studied. NLFM waveforms are sensitive to Doppler frequency shift and are not Doppler tolerant. The major limitations are system complexity, limited development of NLFM generating devices and stringent phase control requirements. With short pulse, short-range target detection is done efficiently but for long range, detection resolution decreases. Hence, the research work proceeded to other waveforms with high duration but the drawback is range resolution. To improve the range resolution, pulse compression technique is used and this can be achieved by frequency coding and phase coding. In this dissertation phase coding is employed for pulse compression of the signals and it is of two types named binary phase codes and polyphase codes. For Barker code of length 7, a sidelobe level of -16.9 dB is obtained, Barker code of length 11, a sidelobe level of -20.82 dB and Barker code of length 13, a sidelobe level of -22.27 dB is obtained. Here the Barker code is limited to 13 and sensitive to Doppler shift. So to reduce the sidelobe level further Frank code has been introduced. Frank code is derived from Barker code and it is a square length sequence. The Frank code is derived from a step approximation to a linear frequency modulation waveform using M frequency steps and M samples per frequency. The Frank code has a length or processing gain of N_c=M^2. For a Frank code of length 16, a sidelobe level of -21.07 dB is obtained but this code is limited up to the maximum length of 139. P4 code belongs to polyphase code. It has no restriction on code elements, and are normally derived from the phase history of frequency modulated pulse generated, which is used for any length of the sequence and it has provided the sidelobe level of -31.4089 dB. It provides a better sidelobe level and Doppler resolution.

Published by: B. ShubhakerResearch Area: Communication

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Matched Filter, Ambiguity Function, Autocorrelation, Peak Sidelobe Level, Polyphase Codes and Weighting Functions.

Research Paper

82. Design of DC Architecture for Large-Scale Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power Generation System

In this paper, a dc architecture for large-scale non-grid-connected wind power generation system (WPGS) is presented. Unlike the existed wind farms, the proposed structure has the merits of eliminated reactive power, low power loss, long transfer distance, and etc. With the purpose to overcome the effects of integrating large wind power plants into utility systems, a creative concept of direct integration of high energy consumption industry (HECI) with large scale WPGS where the fluctuant power or whole power is consumed by the HECI. A three-phase full-bridge high power step-up dc/dc converter is adopted to meet the implementation of the system. Compared to the traditional single-phase full-bridge dc/dc converter, the presented converter features strong power management ability, high efficiency, and flexible transformer design. With proper control strategy, both of the voltage level before and after the dc transformer can be stabilized with a closed-loop converter located at the receiving end of the transmission system. Finally, a 200MW wind farm is simulated with the proposed dc architecture. The results verify the feasibility of the presented WPCS and system control method.

Published by: Dharavath Krishna, Ramavath JanuResearch Area: Electrical & Computer Engineering

Organisation: Jawaharlala Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: DC Architecture, High Energy Consumptive Industry, Three-Phase Dc/Dc Converter, Rotor Speed Feedback Control, Large-Scale Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power

Research Paper

83. Ethnobotanical Studies of Sacred Aegle marmelos Plant

Ethnobotany is a multidisciplinary science defined as the interaction between plants and people. The relationship between plants and human culture is not limited to the use of plants or food, clothing, and shelter but also includes their use of religious ceremonies, ornamentation and health care. In the past, ethnobotanical research was predominantly a survey of the plant used by villagers. A trained botanist identified the plants and recorded their uses. Sometimes an anthropologist was present to translate the disease descriptions, but rarely was a physician available to identify the disease. In this paper, we discussed 8 plants that selected from the total work associated with the topic.

Published by: Gurudatta Yogesh, Dr. Amrendra Kumar JhaResearch Area: Botony

Organisation: J.P. University, Chapra, BiharKeywords: Ethnobotany, Spiritual Importance Epic, Forest Area

Case Study

84. Innovative Challenges & Problems of Library Automation in Uttarakhand & Delhi States- A Case Study

This article presents the study of library Automation problems faced by the library staff & users of Delhi and Uttarakhand based Libraries. For this purpose a well-structured questionnaire was designed to know the opinions, functions, activities, using of E-resources, behavior, reading habits, & other different activities done through the E-resources for the staff/users of libraries of UK & Delhi. The result of the survey provides useful information about the automation, information scene, and application, utilization & awareness of computer-based products & services in the performance of different library operation & function. It has added a new dimension to the library services like E-learning, E-library E-books, E-Journals, E-governance etc. There are many problems for maintenance and application of computer-based services to the users and staff of the library but the most of all users and staff are interesting to use Electronic resources day to day. This paper also reveals on the basis of the result of the survey, some suggestion has been forwarded for the effective use of a different Electronic mode of services and activities in present automated libraries environment in Uttarakhand and Delhi also.

Published by: Arindam Mohanta, Dr. S. N PandeyResearch Area: Library & Information Science

Organisation: Shri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Library Automation, Challenges, Problems, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Electronic Resources, E-learning, E- journals

Research Paper

85. IoT Based Low Cost Smart Locker Security System

This paper project the simple IoT based low-cost smart locker security system for domestic and office
lockers, which is very useful to the public where they can safeguard their jewels, money and documents from the
thieves when the owner is in/out station. The system alerts the owner of the smart locker by sending a message to the mobile. This security system is done using Arduino with GSM module and a biometric scanner.

Published by: L. Nagarajan, A. ArthiResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: K Ramakrishnan College of Technology, Trichy, Tamil NaduKeywords: Smart Locker, Internet of Things(IoT), Ardunio, GSM Module, Biometric Scanner.

Research Paper

86. A Study on Properties of Lightweight Aggregates Produced from Pumice

The use of Lightweight concretes has gained acceptance and popularity worldwide in the recent years in the construction and development of both the infrastructure and residential buildings. The properties of volcanic pumice lightweight aggregates obtained from Debrezeit Bishoftu area in Ethiopia was experimentally investigated and this study presents the experimental results of the investigation. Three samples of the lightweight aggregates were investigated and their properties compared with those of the conventional normal aggregate. In this experimental investigation, the physical and mechanical properties of the aggregates were investigated.

Published by: Shanko Ayele Abera, Dr. Naresh KumarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Delhi Technological University, DelhiKeywords: Pumice, Lightweight Aggregate, Bulk Density, Grading

Research Paper

87. Ultrasonic Studies in the Solutions of Levofloxacin Hemihydrate, Tacrolimus Monohydrate and Lisinopril Dihydrate in Methanol

Ultrasonic velocity, density, and viscosity have been measured experimentally in the solutions of hydrates in nonaqueous medium i.e., methanol at two temperatures 30 and 40oC. From the derived parameters like internal pressure, adiabatic compressibility, free volume etc., the solute-solvent and solute-solute interactions are estimated. Also in all the three hydrates in methanol, apparent molar volume, apparent molar compressibility are computed and the limiting / partial molar volumes and compressibilities have been obtained to reveal the nature of interactions. Jones – Dole constants also evaluated are of high value in estimating the nature of interactions. On the whole, the dominance of solute-solute interactions in the solutions of levofloxacin hemihydrate is observed. In the solutions of tacrolimus monohydrate, mostly solute-solute interactions and strong solute-solvent interactions in the solutions of lisinopril dihydrate are found to be dominant.

Published by: Dr. J. GloryResearch Area: Ultrasonics

Organisation: Adhiyaman Arts and Science College for Women, Uthangarai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solute-Solute Interactions, Hydrates, Methanol, Apparent Molar Volume, Apparent Molar Compressibility.

Case Study

88. Kailash Satyarthi: The Saviour of Childhood

It is a criminal offense to put children in awful work settings day, rejecting their right to have minimum education and snatching away their childhood. Some studies indicate that the money they make is so negligible it may not even add to the family’s welfare. Many times it happens that economic condition is so bad that has forced the parents to make their children into child-laborers. The case study will focus on the role played by Kailash Satyarthi in initiating to eradicate the child labor from industries. The case will also focus on the initiatives taken by him
on educating children. It will also depict what kind of characteristics he is having as a leader and as a social entrepreneur.

Published by: Rakesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Sania, Nancy RastogiResearch Area: Leadership

Organisation: Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Child Labour, Kailash Satyarthi, Human Rights

Review Paper

89. Remediation of DDT Contaminated Soil by Biological and Physicochemical Process

A practical and efficient disposal method for 1, 1, 1, Trichloro-2, 2bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) -Contained soil is reported. The treatment process was a combination technique first to extract DDT in the soil, and then to hydrogenate the extracted extract containing DDT. DDT was effectively extracted in the soil and hydro-dechlorinated in this treatment process.

Published by: Azhar Husain, Mukesh Singh, Kashif Khan, Abu Shahma, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Biological

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: DDT Contaminated Soil, Physicochemical,

Research Paper

90. Role of Internet in Contemporary Architectural Pedagogy

The growth of technology has advanced each and every scenario in the field of the profession as well as in education. Innovation took place with the growth of the economy and another governing factor. • Our basic approach in this research would be practically defining some prospects in the field of pedagogy related to architecture and how architectural education evolved in many ways. • Pedagogical skills improvised from one generation to another which brings changes to the education. • It has been developed in a way scope of innovation with the help of innovation and technology is possible.this dissertation will be related to the architecture. • How the pedagogy is changing day by day, what is its impact on students does it a process of learning and experience the share the of the teaching and learning environment. • I would be able to express my views about architectural pedagogy should be done and what innovations it needs. • To enhance the teaching and learning environment huge exercise to be done. Means the proper set up of curriculum and management because without that the improvisation will not be as well as executed in an efficient manner. • Architecture is the study that covers practical and theoretical aspects of teaching. • Pedagogy covers many topics which are related or studied via the internet, not by any other means. Internet incorporates many things, related to architecture in the form of art, design, interior. • Architecture doesn’t exist in isolation. It exists in the context of people, place, period and philosophy.They are very distinctive on their own.

Published by: Ar. Namita KathuriaResearch Area: Pedagogy

Organisation: Amity School of Architecture & Planning, Amity University, NoidaKeywords: Internet, Pedagogy, Blended Learning, Blended learning models, Architectural Design Pedagogy

Research Paper

91. Characterization and Quantization of Solid Waste in Ganga Villages of Haridwar

One of the most emerging challenges of the modern world of rapid urbanization is management and disposal of solid waste. Solid waste is generated from each and every household of the society so it is one of the most important aspects to consider for the management and disposal factors of generated waste. About 47% of world’s
population (3.31 billion) and 68.84% (0.83308 billion) of India’s population resides in rural areas. The results showed that average daily per capita of household waste and cattle waste generation is 0.18, 18 kg/cap-day respectively. The main portion of household solid waste is organic and bio-degradable which is around 75% and remaining fraction comprise of paper, polyethene, plastics, textiles, rubber, glass, metal and inert are 6.62, 2.45, 0.89, 2.57, 0.32, 0.42, 0.41 and 5.26 in percentage respectively. The bulk density of household and cattle waste is 310.33 kg/m3, 805.076 kg/m3 respectively. The physical composition of household waste is moisture content, ash content, organic content is 83%, 31%, and 69% respectively and chemical characteristics (food and organic fraction) of the generated waste including the amount of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus is 1.74, 0.34, and 0.7 % respectively. Heavy metals in the waste were found to be in the very trace amount, so no further treatment is required. As the above results show that the bigger part of the solid waste generated in studied areas is organic and bio-degradable and most suitable techniques for this type of waste are composting and bio-methanation. For further
treatment, this waste can be composted and used as fertilizer in agricultural fields and another way to deal with this
waste is installation of biogas plant in which methane can be produced and the remaining slurry can be converted in
to nutrient-rich compost for agricultural purpose to minimize the chemical fertilizer application especially in the
agricultural field nearby the river. Finally, 100% of the solid waste has been utilized and its useful by-products are
bio-gas and fertilizer generation, creating a win-win situation.

Published by: Pankaj MandawatResearch Area: Civil Engg (Waste Managemnt)

Organisation: IIT Roorkee, UttarakhandKeywords: Rural Waste, Solid Waste, Planning, Designing, Implementation, Management Strategies

Review Paper

92. A Study on the Plastic Waste Treatment Methods for Road Construction

Plastic found in different forms is almost 5% amongst municipal solid waste, which can prove to be toxic in nature. It is a common sight in both urban and rural areas to find empty plastic bags and another type of plastic packing material littering the roads as well as drains. Due to its biodegradability, it creates stagnation of water and associated hygiene problems. In order to contain this problem experiments have been carried out whether this waste plastic can be reused productively in the construction of roads. The experimentation at several institutes indicated that the waste plastic, when added to hot aggregate will form a fine coat of plastic over the aggregate and such aggregate, when mixed with the binder is found to give higher strength, higher resistance to water and better performance over a period of time. Therefore, it is proposed that we may use waste plastic in the construction of Rural Roads.

Published by: Raghvendra Bajpai, Maaz Allah Khan, Osama Bin Sami, Pramod Kumar Yadav, Pawan Kumar SrivastavaResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Plastic Waste, Road Construction, Biodegradability

Research Paper

93. Food Sustainability

Food is life and the global food sustainability is essential to human being survival. The global food system is highly complex and is driven by various factors including environment, cultural, social and economic drive. It is vital to understand these drivers and their interaction in order to help to improve the public food sustainability policies. Global policies and projects desperately required in order improving the global food sustainability. Food sustainability is one of the unsolved global issues and great commitment is required starting from global policymakers, national governments, and every individual home. This research paper includes analysis and study of various elements such as global change science, policy, food crisis, factor affecting and challenging food security, data on status and future projection and potential ways of solving problems.

Published by: Chandran IlangoResearch Area: Agricultural Sustainability

Organisation: American Public University, West VirginiaKeywords: Food-Sustainability, Agriculture, Environment, Food-Security

Review Paper

94. Uncertainty Quantification and Reliability analysis of CMIP5 Projections for the Indian Summer Monsoon

A reliable Ensemble Averaging(REA) is a proposed technique which provides an estimate of Associated
Uncertainty Range and Reliability of future climate change projections for Indian summer monsoon (June-
September), stimulated by the state of the art Coupled General Circulation Models (CGCMs) under
Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5). An evaluation of historical as well as future (RCP4.5
scenario) simulations often CGCMs in the REA technique projects a mean monsoon warming of 1.215 0 C
with an associated uncertainty range () of 0.22 0 C, and an all-India precipitation increase by 7.109 mm/
the month with an associated uncertainty ((P) of 2.592 mm/month for 2021–2050. REA technique also shows
a considerable reduction in the uncertainty range compared with the simple average ensemble approach
and is characterized by consistently high-reliability index in a comparative study with individual CGCMs.
The results suggest achievability of REA methodology in constituting the realistic future Indian Monsoon
Projections by preparing a performance model and a descriptive confluence criteria.

Published by: Humaid Zahid Siddiqui, Mohd Rizwan Ansari, Harendra Chauhan, Mohd Abusad Khan, Maaz Allah Khan Research Area: Engineering Hydrology

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Quantification, CMIP5 Projections, Reliable Ensemble Averaging(REA)

Review Paper

95. Technique to Stabilize Inorganic and Colloidal Particle Present In Raw Water

Techniques and various kinds of methods are used for stabilizing the contents like mineral and another organic compound which are present in the water need to be removed through this process which is performed.
Raw water which is also a pure form of water needs to be stabilized through a various process which can be made safe for consumption.

Published by: Umakant, Mirza Mohsin Beg, Abdullah Khan, Samshad Khan, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Stabilize Inorganic, Colloidal Particle, Raw Water

Research Paper

96. Aerobic and Anaerobic Waste Water Treatments as Microbial Fuel

Anaerobic wastewater treatment differs from conventional aerobic treatment. The absence of  oxygen leads to controlled conversion of complex organic pollutions, mainly to carbon dioxide and methane. Anaerobic treatment has favourable effects like removal of higher organic loading, low sludge production, high pathogen removal, biogas gas production and low energy consumption. Psychrophilic anaerobic treatment can be an attractive option to conventional anaerobic digestion for municipal sewage and industrial wastewaters that are discharged at moderate to low temperature.

Published by: Saimer Zubair, Zubair Ansari, Sandeep Pal, Ajeet Yadav, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Anaerobic Biodegradation, Anaerobic Processes, Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment, Energy Recovery.

Review Paper

97. Analysis of Duration of Heavy Vehicle Induced Occlusion of Overhead and Sideway Signs

Traffic signs are used to convey critical information, such as directions, advisories, etc. to drivers, however
common experience indicates that there exist instances of missing a sign due to visual occlusion.
The situation leading to missing a sign typically arise from an obstruction in the cone of vision of the driver
because of the presence of a larger vehicle of it. The combination of distance headway, vehicle heights,
vehicle speeds and sing characteristics, which may lead to occlusion, have been mathematically analyzed
in this thesis. The analysis shows that if a traffic stream is operating in specific regions of a Cartesian apace than larger vehicles will occlude a sing from smaller vehicles following or adjacent to them. While studying such occlusion reading time of signs were also taken into account. Given the expected stream behavior on a road, one can determine when vehicles will have trouble reading signs.

Published by: Saddam Sheikh, Ravindra Bahadur Chaurasia, Rahul Yadav, Syed Salman Raza, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Heavy Vehicle Induced Occlusion, Traffic Signs, Honey Comb Structure

Research Paper

98. Object Identification Using Image Fusion

Image processing and computer vision are the wide research areas which has much focus towards the representation of objects, like biomedical image analysis, Traffic surveillance systems and face recognition systems. In this
paper, the two major techniques i.e, Image Registration and Image Fusion were considered for the analysis of images taken at traffic surveillance system. Image registration is a major task in image processing in matching is performed by considering two or more pictures taken from different sources at different times from different sensors, or from
different viewpoints where the two images are referred as a reference image and sensed images were geometrically aligned.  Image fusion is the method of combining appropriate information from two or more images into a
unique image. [1]  The resulting image will be more helpful than any of the input images.

Published by: P. Chandana, Dr. P. Srinivasa Rao, Dr. Y. SrinivasResearch Area: Image Processing and Data mining

Organisation: Miracle Educational Society Group of Institutions, Vizianagaram, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Image Registration, Image Fusion, Data mining, Image Processing

Research Paper

99. Health Monitoring System for Comatose Patients: A Survey

This survey paper outlines the existing and proposed system for a comatose patient health monitoring aid. In general, the comatose patients never respond for anything however they might abnormal movements are frequently encountered in patients with brain injury characterization of these movements and their underlying pathophysiology is difficult due to the comatose or uncooperative state of the patient. Thus, we reviewed the available literature regarding abnormal movements encountered in acutely ill patients with brain injuries. There are so many abnormal movements in the seen in each category as well as their epidemiologic, semiology and clinicopathologic correlates. We propose a practical paradigm that can be applied at the bedside for diagnosing abnormal movements in patients. which they are self-conscious and that can make them reticent. The Hand Talk glove is a normal, cloth driving glove fitted with flex sensors. The sensors output a stream of data that varies with the degree of bend made by the fingers. Flex sensors are sensors that change in resistance depending on the amount of bend on the sensor. They convert the change in a bend to electrical resistance and send data to the doctor.

Published by: Zakir Hussain, RavindiranResearch Area: Sensor Glove for Comatose Patient

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Vegetative State, Hypothalamic, Pathos-Physio-Logy Anticonvulsant Treatment

Research Paper

100. Thermal Energy Storage in Sensible Materials: A Review

The intermittent, variable and unpredictable nature of solar energy lead to mismatch the rate and time of
solar energy collection and its thermal applications. As a result, it is necessary to have energy storage unit which
stores solar energy when the collection is in excess of load and discharges the same when the direct collection is inadequate. To store solar energy in sensible heat storage materials, pebble bed systems are simpler, economical in design and development as compared to latent or thermo-chemical energy storages. A number of studies are available on heating and cooling of pebble beds describing their parameters like pebble size/diameter, bed porosity, surface area, a shape factor of storage media/pebbles to observe the behavior and characteristics of storage devices. Many correlations are available to analyze the heat transfer coefficients, friction factors and pressure drops in between the solids and circulating fluids in pebble beds. The relations are of importance and best suited for energy storage system modeling.

Published by: Dr P. M. Meena, Manju ChoudharyResearch Area: Thermal Energy Storage (Mechanical Engineering)

Organisation: Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, RajasthanKeywords: Pebble Bed, Solid-Fluid Interface, Thermal Stratification, Heat Transfer And Pressure Drop In Beds

Research Paper

101. Ranking Radically Association Among Users On Web Forum

In the recent past, it has been found that the web is used as a tool by radical or extremist groups and users to
perform several kinds of mischievous acts with concealed agendas and promote their ideologies in a sophisticated manner. Some of the web forums are especially being used for open discussions on critical issues influenced by radical thoughts. We propose an application of collocation theory to identify radically influential users in web forums. The radicalness of a user is captured by a measure based on the degree of match of the commented posts with a threat list. The experiments are conducted on a standard data set to find radical and infectious threads, members, postings, ideas, and ideologies. Proposed system to rank the user on text and image-based similarity measures. We make the following key contributions in the proposed system: An application for analyzing the data it may be text data or image data. If it is text data it will go through preprocessing stages like stop word removal, suffix removal, then by cosine similarity function, it checks the similarity with threat list then decide whether that user is radical or not. If its image data, if it contains text data then it separates text from the image by OCR technique. Send that text to text analysis and image goes through image preprocessing like image filtering, EHD to take aggregate features, using similarity measures it checks similarity with training data set. Finally, after measures of radicalness of user, it ranks the users by PageRank algorithm.

Published by: Ghule Kiran Bharat, R. L PaikraoResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner, MaharashtraKeywords: Security Bioinformatics, Extremist Group, Radical User Identification, Users Collocation Analysis, Social Media Analysis

Research Paper

102. The Guerilla Warfare Techniques with the New Age Startups and Management Methods – A Comparative Study

A slighter degree of its root meaning "war" in Spanish, is usually translated as & little war & and the word, guerrilla has been used to refer to the concept as early as the 18th century. Incorrect Spanish usage, a person who is a member of a guerrilla unit is a guerrillero if male, or a guerrillera if female. This term became popular during the early-19th century Peninsular War, when the Spanish people rose against the Napoleonic troops and fought against a highly superior army using the guerrilla strategy. However this is not new to India. Lord Rama with his small vanara sena has won over Ravana. In the recent history, Rana Pratap Singh of Udaipur has made guerilla war with Emperor Akbar at Haldighati and won over it. The moghul army were approximately 20000 people and the Rana has got only 300 bhils in his army. To achieve greater targets and to reach higher altitudes, and to anchor at higher places with limited resources, manpower and technology this method is quite useful.

Published by: Ramya Priyanka GuthenaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Guerilla Warfare Techniques, War, Startup Ecosystems

Research Paper

103. Optimization of Safety Valve’s Design with the Help of Digital Prototype

This paper is presenting optimization of a valve assembly’s design. The pressure safety relief valve is the key component in any system where pressure rising could be hazardous to the safety of the workers as well as the plant. Safety valves are designed to provide protection from overpressure in steam, gas, air and liquid lines. Safety valve should be a reliable and more precise design that will be working at more accuracy. In refinery distribution sector, safety is of prime importance. Home appliance is also required pressure safety in the modern era. The key requirement of the process is to relieve this pressure rise in no time. Old technological design valves are unable to fulfill that requirement. Design and analysis of an emergency safety valve. From the data, the suitable valve is designed using FEA. In this project is focused on change old technological safety valve with new 3D prototype valve that has less equip parts, wherein it is required that flow be shut off when a certain pressure is reached.Electronic valves are available, however, the intent of this design project is have a totally mechanical system, which has an inbuilt response mechanism. The working environment is hazardous & explosive. This safety valve is an auto-regulate operating valve used as tertiary safety arrangement for critical applications.

Published by: Sanjay Kumar Singh, Amit Kr Srivastava, Paveen Kumar MauryaResearch Area: Advance CAD

Organisation: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Digital Prototype of Pressure Safety Valve, Non-linear FEA, Ansys (Workbench)

Research Paper

104. A Study on Factors and Decision Behaviour of Consumers with Street Vendors at Traffic Signals

It is a common feature that there are several people will surround the vehicles when they stopped at traffic signals. Some of them are beggars. But most of them are vendors trying to sell articles which will available either on the online platforms are nowhere. This marketplace is captioned as ‘The Indian Street Malls’ or The drive in malls’. The prices are also at affordable levels and quality is also relatively good. It became imperative to study the phenomenon on how would a consumer react to such scenarios and what are the parameters impacting their decisions. This study can be utilized for introduction of new products, new concepts @ This system can be used by Government and Social groups to spread messages about traffic, health, and community various other welfare programmes. This will also help these vendors improve their business and organize their business in a better way. All together this system can better be utilized for the welfare of the society at large, with a little improvisation.

Published by: Ramya Priyanka GuthenaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Street Vendors, Traffic Signals, Consumers

Research Paper

105. How Artificial Intelligence (AI) Write the Personalized Communications of Financial Reports Automatically with Responsible Innovation Combining with Trust & Respect

Abstract not visible on author’s request.

Published by: Indrasen PoolaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Industry ConsultantKeywords: Financial Reports, Artificial Intelligence, Personalized Communications.

Review Paper

106. Flow over a Rectangular Side Weir under Subcritical Conditions

A side weir is set into the side of main channel it is an overflow weir have been extensively used in hydraulic and environmental engineering application. They typically are used for water level control in canal system, diverting excess water into relief channels during floods. An example of situation of spatially varied flow is the flow over a side weir.

Published by: Mohd Rafeeque, Mohd Rehan, Mohd Noorain Afridi, Mohd Noman, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Side weir, Types of weir, Subcritical flow, Rectangular side weir

Research Paper

107. Sensorless control of BLDC Motor using Phase Looked Loop(PLL)

This paper builds up the brushless dc (BLDC) motor sensorless control framework by utilizing the stage bolted
circle (PLL) at rotor position of the engine. BLDC engine is most appropriate due to high unwavering quality, high
power thickness, high proficiency, minimal effort, bring down weight and low upkeep necessities because of
nonappearance of brushes. The sensorless strategies depend on the scientific model of the present age
condition, EMF age condition, and speed age conditions. The procedures are utilized at the rotor position are Hall
sensors, Back EMF and field arranged control strategy. The PLL used to adjust for the stage deferral of back
EMF’s because of zero intersection technique. The rotor position is adjusted at the halt for most extreme beginning torque with no extra sensor and the data of engine execution. The PLL depends on the staging point of the rotor
pivot in anti clock astute heading from 00 to 3600. The stator current is effortlessly balanced by regulating the
beat width of the exchanging gadgets amid the arrangement. Subsequent to adjusting the rotor position
for accomplishing the most extreme beginning torque, BLDC engine quickens from a stop up to an ostensible
speed. This paper presents created a model of brushless DC engine by utilizing MATLAB/SIMULINK and execution
attributes o motor.

Published by: Chandrakala K. N, Jayakumar .NResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: The Oxford College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Component; Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor, PLL(Phase Locked Loop),

Research Paper

108. Multivariate Feature Descriptor based CBIR Model to Query Large Image Databases

The content-based image retrieval (CBIR) applications have grown their popularity in the past decade with the
exponential growth in the image data volumes. The social networks have aggravated the size of image data on the
internet. Social network enables everyone to upload the images of one’s choice, which becomes the reason behind
aggregation of millions of images on the cyber space. It’s not possible to query these large image databases with the
ordinary methods. Hence there was a strong requirement of a smart and intelligent method to discover the similar images, which has been accomplished by using the machine learning methods. In this paper, the multivariate feature descriptor method has been presented to extract the required and relevant information from the large image databases. The proposed multivariate method involves the image color and texture for the purpose of image matching to the query image (also known as a reference image). The most matching entities are returned as the final results by the image extraction method. There are four methods, which involves three singular feature and one multivariate feature-based models, have been implemented. The multivariate model has been found much stable and returned the maximum accuracy under this model.

Published by: Harkamal Kaur, Er. Manit Kapoor, Dr. Naveen DhillonResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: Ramgarhia College of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Multivariate feature, CBIR, Machine Learning, Image Synthesis, Texture Features.

Research Paper

109. Roles and Responsibilities of Managers in Corporates – An Insight

Management is “getting things done in right way in right time by right persons with the right amount of resources and with effective use of resources”. Some refer it to a process of getting things done, effectively and efficiently, through and with other people in changing the environment. Managers Talent is something personal related to an individual and represents a native gift from nature about that something inside that talented persons. All persons cannot be artists. Usually, artists are born with the gift of art, but despite their talent, they continue to develop their talent to improve their skills. When we talk about managerial skills, we talk about Innovative skills of a manager to maintain high efficiency in the way how his or her employees complete their everyday working tasks. Because of that, all Level of managers will need skills that will help them to manage people and technology to ensure an effective and efficient realization of their working tasks.

Published by: Shivali Khare, Dr. Abhay VarmaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Managerial Skills, Middle Level Managers, Innovative Skills

Research Paper

110. A Comparative Study on E–Banking Services at Bangalore City

Technology in Indian banking has evolved substantially from the days of back office automation to today’s online, centralized and integrated solutions. Banking is now no longer confined to the branches where one has to approach the branch in person, to withdraw cash or deposit a cheque or request a statement of accounts. With the expansion of internet usage, e-banking has become one of the most revolutionized components of today’s economic growth. E-banking is powerful value added tool to attract new customers and retain the existing ones. With the proliferation of the internet and computer usage, the electronic delivery of e-banking service has become ideal for banks to meet customer expectations.

Published by: Ranjini M. L, Dr. Mahesh Kumar K. RResearch Area: E-Banking

Organisation: Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Indian Banking, Customers, Online, Economic Growth.

Research Paper

111. KNN- A Machine Learning Approach to Recognize a Musical Instrument

In this paper, the methodology used to recognize the musical instrument is summarized. To recognize musical instruments, there are two ways. They are training phase & testing phase. The details regarding the same is mentioned. Music Information Retrieval toolbox is used to extract features of the input signals. There are no.
of ways classifiers available out of which we have used KNN- a machine learning approach.

Published by: Sushen R. Gulhane, Dr. Suresh D. Shirbahadurkar, Sanjay BadheResearch Area: Signal Processing

Organisation: D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Musical Instrument Recognition, Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC), Fractional Fourier Transform (FRFT), Machine Learning Technique (KNN)

Research Paper

112. Proficient Mining and Suggestions In Online By Means Of User Behavior

The Web makes magnificent open doors for organizations to give customized online administrations to their
clients. Recommender frameworks plan to naturally create customized proposals of items/administrations to clients
(business or person). In spite of the fact that recommender frameworks have been very much examined, there are as yet two difficulties in the advancement of a recommender framework, especially in genuine B2B e-administrations. In Proposed a suggestion system using the quick dissemination and data sharing capacity of a substantial client arrange. This framework executed a GRS in light of sentiment elements that consider these connections utilizing a brilliant weights lattice to drive the process. In GRSs, a suggestion is generally figured by a straightforward total strategy for individual information the proposed technique [described as the client-driven recommender
framework (CRS)] takes after the synergistic sifting (CF) standard, however, performs dispersed and nearby looks for comparative neighbors over a client organize with a specific end goal to produce a suggestion list.

Published by: R. Kavi Priya, P. ShanthiResearch Area: Web Mining

Organisation: S.J.S.M Vidyalaya, College of Arts and Science Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Web Mining, E-Commerce, Recommendation, Opinion dynamics, Deep Learning.

Research Paper

113. Experimental and Numerical Study on Behavior of Externally Bonded RC T-Beams using GFRP Composites

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) application is a very effective way to repair and strengthen structures that have become structurally weak over their lifespan. FRP repair systems provide an economically viable alternative to traditional repair systems and materials. In this study experimental investigation on the flexural behavior of
RC T-beams strengthened using glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) sheets are carried out. Reinforced concrete T beams externally bonded with GFRP sheets were tested to failure using a symmetrical two-point static loading system. Seven RC T-beams were cast for this experimental test. All of them were weak in flexure and were having same reinforcement detailing. One beam was used as a control beam and six beams were strengthened using
different configurations of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) sheets. Experimental data on load, deflection and
failure modes of each of the beams were obtained. The effect of different amount and configuration of GFRP on ultimate load carrying capacity and failure mode of the beams were investigated. The experimental results show that externally bonded GFRP can increase the flexural capacity of the beam significantly. In addition, the results indicated that the most effective configuration was the U-wrap GFRP. A series of comparative studies on deflection between the present experimental data and results from finite element method and IS code method were made. A future area of research is being outlined.

Published by: T. Kavitha, N. Swathi , Sk. Jain SahebResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Jogaiah Institute of Technology and Sciences, Palakollu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP), GFRP

Research Paper

114. Experimental Investigation of Compressive Strength Properties of Eco-Friendly Concrete

The rapid Urbanization and Industrialization all over the world has resulted in the large deposition of Plastic waste and Waste Tyre Rubber. This waste can be utilized under the proper condition to reduce the Cement content in Concrete. M 30 concrete is used for most of the constructional works. The strength of these concrete results has compared with concrete obtained of Plastic waste and Waste Tyre Rubber varying from 0% to 20%. Experimental investigations comprised of testing physical requirements of Coarse Aggregates, Fine Aggregates, Cement and the modifier Waste Plastic and Waste Tyre rubber. M 30 concrete design mix considered as per IS 10262-1982. The said percentage of modifier was blended with the cement concrete mix and the optimum modifier content was
found. Cubes and Cylinders were cast and tested for 28 days strength. These tests revealed that by adding Waste
plastics and rubber as a partial replacement in Fine Aggregate and Coarse aggregate by volume, the strength of concrete decreased. The cube strength decreased as the percentage replacement increased due to their poor binding properties. By using Plastic waste and Waste Tyre Rubber as a modifier, we can reduce the quantity of coarse aggregate and fine aggregate by their volume, hence be decreasing the overall cost of construction. The modified cement concrete can be used in the construction of small drainage works and rigid pavement. Effective utilization of waste plastics can be done for a good cause of protecting the global environment and effective solid waste management.

Published by: B. Pujitha, N. Swathi, Sk. Jain SahebResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Jogaiah Institute of Technology and Sciences, Palakollu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Eco-Friendly Concrete, M 30 Concrete, Waste Plastics

Research Paper

115. Energy Management in Indian Urban Transportation Sector – Issues and Challenges

The urban development in most of the Indian cities is the result of laissez-faire development with ribbon extension
along the major arterials emerging out of the city core, the Central Business District (CBD). Work trips constitute
the majority of the trips in urban areas and these are originating from residential locations to the work places most often called as the CBD areas. Work mean trip length and Passenger-Km are used as proxy to measure energy consumed in the transportation sector. Increase in spatial separation between the residential location and work places result in the long commuting distance and poor accessibility to the peripheral residential locations are encouraging more dependence on private and intermediate public transport. In this paper the problems associated with urban transport and the possible solutions are discussed. Also, the concept of Compact City as an attempt to integrated – land use-transportation is also presented.

Published by: Pankaj SharmaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Amity School of Engineering & Technology, Amity University, RajasthanKeywords: Central Business District, Public Transport, Mode Choice, Land use Pattern, Transit oriented development.

Research Paper

116. A Study of Sustainable Transportation System in Ahmedabad and Delhi

This paper on sustainable urban transport attempts to overview an all-inclusive set of indicators which are taken up by planners, authorities in order to help cities for developing an integrated and sustainable transportation system.
Developing countries like India, where unplanned urbanization and unparalleled growth in motorization have led to
increased focus on sustainable use of mass transit systems like commuter rails and bus transportation. An integrated
transportation strategy is most needed so that these modes of transport are integrated efficiently to facilitate the
sustainable transportation. The vision of planners is to ensure easy access, safe, affordable, quick, comfortable, reliable and sustainable mobility for all sections of the society in our cities. The present transport system in most of the Indian cities is stressed under an urban environment which is made up of different sub-systems. Hence it is obvious to understand how these subsystems perform in order to have a sustainable mass-transit transportation network. The various modes of urban transportation – BRTS, Metro, Bicycle-sharing, usage of CNG fuels – currently available in the city of Ahmedabad and Delhi are discussed in the paper in the context of urban transport characteristics, public transport, and non-motorized transport. For promoting sustainable urban transport in a holistic manner it is equally important to understand the social, economic and environmental sustainability of each of these sub-systems.

Published by: Pankaj SharmaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Amity School of Engineering & Technology, Amity University, RajasthanKeywords: Sustainable Transport, Mass-transit, Integrated Transportation System, BRTS, Metro Mass Transit

Research Paper

117. A Study on Training and Development at Galla Foods, Rangampet, Chittor

Employee training is the most important subsystem of human resource development. Training is the specialized function and is one of the fundamental and operative functions of Human resource management. Hence my study is in “Training and Development” i.e., how far the organization is able to achieve the goals, improving its productivity and also employee efficiency through Training and Development.

Published by: I. V Ranjith Kumar, Dr. B. Raghavendra Prasad, T. DeepikaResearch Area: Human Resource Management

Organisation: PVKK Institute of Technology, Ananthapuramu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Training, Development, Productivity, Effectiveness, Organization

Case Study

118. Management of a Patient with Temporomandibular Disorder and Trauma from Occlusion by using a Modified Hawley’s Appliance and a Modified Essix Retainer

The occlusal disharmony has been proven to cause Temporomandibular Disorder(TMD) but not for every patient with occlusal interference. Elimination of occlusal interference and subsequent stabilizing of occlusion is the most important aspect of treating temporomandibular disorder 1.The concept of Temporomandibular Disorder(TMD) usually includes a wide variety of signs and symptoms such as pain from the jaw muscles or on mandibular movement, clicking sound, locking/luxation of joints as well as restricted mandibular movement. Often, TMD has
been evaluated on the basis of variation in rather insignificant signs and symptoms, for instance, variation in muscle sites that are tender to palpation, without correlation to experienced problems. The etiology of TMD is usually considered multifactorial. Untreated malocclusion, unstable occlusion, stress, psychologic factors, trauma, individual predisposition and structural conditions have been suggested as possible etiologic factors.

Published by: Dr. Muhammad Shafad, Dr. Sunil Muddaiah, Dr. Bala Krishna Shetty, Dr. Sanju Somaiah, Dr. Goutham Reddy, Dr. Roopa Sidde GowdaResearch Area: Dental

Organisation: Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, KarnatakaKeywords: Temporomandibular Disorder, Treatment, Hawley’s Appliance

Research Paper

119. Effect of Core Strength Training and Yogasana Practices On Selected Health Related Physical Fitness Components among Female Athletes

The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of core strength training and yogasana practices on selected physical fitness components among female athletes. To achieve the purpose of the study forty-five (N = 45) female athletes, they were selected randomly in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India as subjects. The age of the subjects ranged from 14 to 19 years. They are divided into three equal groups consists of fifteen subjects each (n = 15) were named experimental group I underwent core strength training and experimental group II underwent yogasana practices and group – III as a control. The period of experimentations is limited to 15 weeks, 4 days a week and 45 to 60 minutes per day with proper warming-up and cooling down regimen. The selected health-related physical fitness components such as muscular strength and muscular endurance were selected as criterion variables and tested. The core strength training and the yogic practices were selected as training protocol. The core strength training will be given based on individuals 1 RM to set the load and the intensity will be set between 75% to 90% The pre-test and post-test means of experimental groups I, II and control group will test for significance by applying the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The level of confidence is fixed at 0.05, for significance. In addition to this, Scheffes posthoc test will be employed, when the F-ratio of the adjusted post-test means is significant, to find out the paired mean difference if any among the groups for each variable, separately. Based on the result of the study there was a significant change on health-related physical fitness performance due to core strength training and yogic practice.

Published by: R. Meera, Dr. R. MohanakrishnanResearch Area: Training Methods in Physical Education

Organisation: SRM University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Core Strength, Yogasana, Physical Fitness, Women Athletes.

Review Paper

120. Effect of Process Parameter on Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Aluminium Alloy Joints Using Factorial Design

In this paper effect of process parameter on mechanical properties of friction stir welded aluminum
alloy joints using factorial design is calculated. In experimentation, Two Level of Factorial Design is found to be a more effective tool to investigate the interaction effects of parameters on the required response. Various models
have been proposed in this context out of that 95% are at an adequate confidence level. In the analysis of stir welding, tensile strength is found to get an increase with a decrease in rotational speed of tool while decreases with increase in the welding speed. At the low rotational speed of tool high welding speed, there is a small increasing response to Tensile Strength. But at high rpm, and high welding speed, there is a significant increase in Tensile Strength. At a low value of welding speed and high rotational speed, there is a sharp decrease in Tensile Strength. At high welding speed, an increase in rpm, there is a little decrease in Tensile Strength. Prediction of the Tensile Strength at any combination of the two parameters welding speed and rotational speed can be done.With increase shoulder diameter, there is a decrease in Impact Strength. Impact Strength increases with the increase in tool rotational speed.

Published by: Ankur Gill, Gurpreet Singh ChahalResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering & Technology, ChandigarhKeywords: Friction-Stir Welding, Polynomials, Milling, Tensile Strength, Rotational Speed, Hardness

Research Paper

121. An Experimental Studies on Heat Sink Using Screw Thread With and Without Perforations

The fins increase the effective area of the surface thereby increase the heat transfer by convection. In this project experimental investigation on a threaded pin in solid and hollow with and without perforated. The pin fin is made out of copper having dimension of 40 mm length, 16 mm diameter and rectangular base of required dimensions. The number of pin fin used in inline arrangement 2, 4 and 6 respectively. The heat transfer takes place through a rectangular base plate with fin held in the rectangular tunnel. The Nusselts number and Reynolds numbers considered as a performance parameter. By concluding all the result perforated solid thread inline pin fin has higher rate heat transfer capacity.

Published by: S. Sharbuddin AliResearch Area: Heat Transfer

Organisation: Jeppiaar SRR Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Threaded Pin Fin, Perforation, Nusselts No, Reynolds Number, Heat Transfer Co Efficient

Research Paper

122. E-Governance: Project Management Practices through Information Technology Infrastructure Library

E-Governance implementation requires certain service levels to be achieved as they replace traditional manual processes thereby increasing the dependence of government agencies on information technology-based services. High-quality services entail high performance, availability, and scalability among other service characteristics. Strict measures are required to help e-governments evaluate the service level and assess the quality of the service. In this paper, we introduce the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework – a set of best practices to achieve quality service and overcome difficulties associated with the growth of IT systems and discuss its significance and benefits in E-Governance implementation.

Published by: Ashish KaranResearch Area: eGovernance

Organisation: MNIT, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: E-Governance, ITIL, ITSM, Project Management.

Research Paper

123. Medical Negligence in India: Current Issues and Ethics

This paper discusses the growing incidences of medical negligence in India in the recent years and also explores the factors contributing to the ongoing rise in these incidences. It is important to know what the factors that constitute medical negligence. As we are all aware that the duty of a doctor is to examine, diagnose and treat patients, to give consultation to the patients who come for the treatment or due to having any kind of illness. But on the other hand, an insufficiency or carelessness in this duty results in negligence. A fundamental understanding of how medical negligence is arbitrated in the various judicial courts of India will help a doctor to practice his profession without undue worry about facing litigation for alleged medical negligence.

Published by: Dr. Sonia ShaliResearch Area: Criminology and Criminal Justice Administration

Organisation: Karnavati University, GujaratKeywords: Medical Negligence, Reasonable Care, Breach of Confidentiality, Consumer Protection Act 1986.

Review Paper

124. Analysis of Network Traffic by Using Packet Sniffing Tool: Wireshark

With recent technologies, the growing network is highly increased.The number of the network user is rapidly increasing day by day which reflects the growth of network traffic also. So it’s very important to monitor networks traffic as well as its user’s activities to keep the network smooth and efficient. For a large network, it’s very complicated task to monitor the network because a large number of packets are available. For this purpose packet sniffing is used. Packet sniffing is important in network monitoring to watch network activities which help network administrators to find out the weakness of network. This paper focuses on sniffing network traffic working in the different environment. Working of Network sniffing tool Wireshark.By using this packet sniffer we can capture traffic as well as we analyzed capture traffic. We can generate reports on the basis of analyzed traffic. Many protocols like TCP, IP, UDP etc. are implemented and filtering on basis of protocol is also done. Alerts generated on the occurring of suspected activities.

Published by: Praful Saxena, Sandeep Kumar SharmaResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: iNurture Education Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Network Sniffing, Wireshark , Packet Capture, Packet Filters

Research Paper

125. Project Management Challenges in Implementation of E-Governance in India

The article talks about e-Governance and implementation challenges. e-Governance is the use of Information and communication technology for enhancing relationships between the Government and its citizens. India has witnessed a tremendous change in the way the citizen-centric services have changed from paper-based to completely online. With a lot of encouragement from the present Modi Government a lot of human and financial capital has been invested in almost all the sectors to computerize various processes. In that race for making services online
very less, a thought has gone to analyze the hindrances which need to be overcome first before its implementation in the entire country. Our country still has villages which lack proper electrification. It is still having people which are illiterate for whom operating a computer is a distant dream. Also as per statistics of Ministry of Electronics, Govt of India the failure rate of e-governance projects is pretty high.(85%). A developing country cannot afford to invest time and money in projects that fail and so call for a serious introspection. The article talks about the various implementation challenges under the heads of economic, technical & social issues.

Published by: Ashish KaranResearch Area: E-Governance

Organisation: Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan Keywords: E-Governance, Economic, Technical & Social Issues, Project Management

Research Paper

126. Different Types of Super Food Product Its Sensory Evaluation Storage and Packaging

Superfood is an informal term for foods that benefit the body in many different ways. Superfoods help to meet several dietary needs and are great sources of essential vitamin and minerals also fight disease and sickness, making them powerful anti-aging tools. Some super like avocado, rambuten, dragon fruits blackberries, blueberries, corn, garlic, ginger, onion berries, etc. All foods that have been associated with preventing age are called antiaging foods. The aging process is natural to life for every person. There are many products and methods to prevent and reduce aging, from antiaging skin care The study was carried out to determine the different types of superfood product and shilf life (packaging) of orange squash and ginger ele juice, kiwi sherbet produced were prepared and were processed into juices and sensory analysis of the juices were done. Fruits juices of orange, which was stored for 6o day in orange squash, and ginger ele, product were pressurization and storage in packaging glass bottles (250ml). Sensory evaluation showed that there was no significant difference among the juices from four samples considering color and overall acceptability. But considering flavor and texture, there was significant difference among the juices from three samples and sample 3 was the best. However, the shelf life of juice was established within 30 days.

Published by: Nigam Mukta, Mishra Sunita, Srivastava AparnaResearch Area: Food Science and Technology

Organisation: Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Super food , Anti- Aging Properties , Sensory Evolution, Shelf Life, Packaging.

Research Paper

127. Product Development from Tender Green Coconut and Its Organoleptic Testing and Sensory Evaluation

Water is essential for life. There are a variety of trace elements present in virtually all potable water, some of which play a role in metabolism. For example, sodium, potassium and chloride are common chemicals found in small quantities in most waters. Tender green coconut water is a pure and nutritious beverage in the natural state. Green Coconut water refers to the liquid endosperm of a tender coconut at an age of approximately 9 months from time of pollination, the period before the solid endosperm or white meat forms. Green coconut husk is an excellent package for the water which contains sugars, minerals, amino acids, electrolytes and vitamins. Different products prepared by using tender green coconut and its organoleptic testing and sensory evaluation by using hedonic scale. It is an Excellent tonic for the old and sick and Cures malnourishment. So that, these products available everywhere and in every season for the people and fulfil their nutritive value and helpful for preventing diseases. Keywords : Antimicrobial Activity, Antithrombotic Activity , Antioxidant Activity

Published by: Garima Sharma, Mishra Sunita, Daniel MadhviResearch Area: Food Science and Technology

Organisation: Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Antimicrobial Activity, Antithrombotic Activity , Antioxidant Activity

Research Paper

128. A Novel Technique of Data Security in Cloud Computing based on Blowfish with MD5 method

In cloud computing, the user transfers their burden of installing the software, data maintenance, infrastructure, storage space etc. on the cloud service provider. These providers offer to their clients the possibility to store, retrieve and share data with other users in a transparent way[1]. In this paper, a method is implemented for ensuring the data security of the files being uploaded to the cloud by different clients. This security is achieved through a technique of encryption using Blowfish with MD5 method. The results of the proposed method have shown that the
size of the encrypted file is decreased as compared to that of existing techniques. So, the storage space of
the cloud is used in a much efficient manner when the proposed technique is implemented. Moreover, the replay attack is also defended more efficiently through the proposed method thus increasing the security level of the cloud.With the use of MD5 method along with blowfish, the data is encrypted in lesser time hence making it difficult for the attacker to hack the data, of the client, which is uploaded on the cloud.

Published by: Harpreet KaurResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Yadavindra College of Engineering, Talwandi Sabo, PunjabKeywords: Cloud, Blowfish, MD5, Security

Research Paper

129. Research on Effect of Process Parameter on Micro Hardness of Friction Stir Welded Aluminium Alloy [A6061] Joints

Friction stir welding (FSW) process is a promising solid-state joining process with the potential to join
low-melting-point material, particularly, aluminum alloy. The most attractive reason for joining aluminum alloy
with this process is the avoidance of the solidification defects formed by conventional fusion welding processes. In
this research article, an attempt has been made to develop an empirical relationship between FSW variables and
Micro Hardness. A factorial design was used by considering three factor and eight trials, which enables to quantify
the direct and interactive effect of three numeric factors, that is, tool rotational speed, welding speed, and
shoulder diameter on the Micro Hardness. The developed relationship is useful for prediction of Micro Hardness
in friction stir welded AA6061 aluminum alloy joints at 95% confidence level. It will also be helpful for selection
of process variable to obtain the desired strength of the joint. Furthermore, the optimized capabilities in design-
the expert software was used to numerically optimize the input parameters.

Published by: Ankur GillResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering & Technology, ChandigarhKeywords: Friction-Stir Welding, Shoulder Diameter, Tool Rotational Speed, Micro Hardness, Aluminium Alloy [A6061]

Research Paper

130. Android Application for Driver Assistance Using Strain Guage Load Cell and Motion Sensors

Considering the increase in a number of vehicles being used over the globe, we hereby look into some of the problems being faced by the drivers and also present a survey on the methods and remedies which are in practice today. The problems that are in the limelight in this paper include Fuel quantity measurement, fuel theft detection, driver drowsiness, air pressure sensing in vehicle tyres etc. The amount of fuel can be measured either by using fuel level sensors or fuel quantity detection sensors in the fuel tanks. There are various fuel level sensors currently in use in the market, for eg: ultrasonic sensors. And the fuel quantity detection sensors include load cells, which give the amount of fuel in the tanks. Driver drowsiness can be detected using motion sensors or cameras and image processing. Also, there are various sensors and methods available for measuring the tyre pressures in vehicles.

Published by: Kalyani Kiran Baviskar, Pooja Bais, Snehal Shevate, Mohit Kalyani, Rahul PatilResearch Area: Smart Systems in Transport Sector

Organisation: Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Fuel Level Indicator, Android Application, Bluetooth, and Drowsiness Detection System.

Research Paper

131. Importance of Internet in the Learning and Teaching Process of Education in the Rural and Urban Areas

The present research work IMPORTANCE OF INTERNET IN THE LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESS OF EDUCATION IN THE RURAL AND URBAN AREAS was conducted in Nagarjuna Degree College, Neelagiri Degree & PG College and Kakatiya Degree & PG College in Nalgonda Telangana state during the month January 2017 by survey method. In this survey the teachers and the students were participated. The survey was involved with a
well-designed questionnaire. The participants were made into four groups and every group had their own way of a questionnaire. All the participants were given each copy of the questionnaire and they had given their opinions, experiences, and suggestions as per the questions. The results revealed that maximum students and teachers from both rural and urban area said that the internet is important in their learning and teaching process. And maximum number students and teachers from both rural and urban area are suggesting the internet as an important tool in their learning and teaching process. And 76.51 % of students said that internet is an important tool in a learning process, among them 45.55 % are from rural area and 30.96% are from the urban area. And 81.63 % of teachers said that internet is an important tool in the teaching process, among them 57.14 % are from urban area 24.48 % are from the rural area. As the maximum number of students and teachers said that the internet is an important tool in the
teaching and the learning process of education, the internet recommended as an important tool in the teaching and the learning process of education.

Published by: Lodangi Shashidhar YadavResearch Area: Communication and Journalism

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Internet , Education, Teaching Process, Rural and Urban Area

Case Study

132. Identifying the Causes for Urban Floods for Efficient Disaster Preparedness Plan -A Case Study of Chennai

Disaster management is the creation of plans through which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters. Disaster management does not avert or eliminate the threats; instead, it focuses on creating plans to decrease the effect of disasters. Failure to create a plan could lead to damage to assets, human mortality, and lost revenue. Events covered by disaster management include acts of terrorism, industrial sabotage, fire, natural disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, etc.), public disorder, industrial accidents, and communication failures. The present paper endeavors to study the concept of disaster management, with special reference to Chennai flood 2015. The present study covers the concept of disaster management, causes of Chennai flood and an efficient disaster preparedness plan.

Published by: Nisarg Thanki, Dr. Neha BansalResearch Area: Urban Floods

Organisation: Bhaikaka Center of Human Settlements, Vallabh Vidyanagar, GujaratKeywords: Disaster Management, Chennai Flood 2015, Causes of Urban Floods, Disaster Preparedness Plan.

Case Study

133. Causes and Effect of Kashmir Flood

September 2014 unprecedented floods in Jammu & Kashmir tell the tale of human misery not witnessed by
this state in over 100 years. The devastation caused by the flood is colossal. It claimed over three hundred
human lives and destroyed everything that came to its way-residential houses, schools, colleges, hospitals,
paddy fields, orchards, government establishments, and businesses etc. It has rendered thousands of
people homeless and jobless. Today in this paper we are going to analyze the causes of the flood and its
impact on Kashmir, economically as well as socially.

Published by: Kinjal Rajeshkumar Vithalani, Dr. Neha BansalResearch Area: Disaster Management

Organisation: Arvindbhai Patel Institute of Environmental Design, Vallabh Vidhyanagr, GujaratKeywords: Kashmir Flood, Causes of the Flood, Disaster Management

Research Paper

134. Usage of Internet in the Teaching and Learning Process of Education in the Rural and Urban Areas

The present research work “USAGE OF THE INTERNET IN THE LEARNING AND THE TEACHING PROCESS OF EDUCATION IN THE RURAL AND THE URBAN AREAS” was conducted in Nagarjuna Degree College, Neelagiri Degree & PG College and Kakatiya Degree & PG College in Nalgonda Telangana state during the month January 2017 by survey method. In this survey, the teachers and the students have participated. The survey was involved with a well-designed questionnaire. The participants were made into four groups and every group had their own way of a questionnaire. All the participants were given each copy of the questionnaire and they had given their opinions, experiences, and suggestions as per the questions.
The results revealed that maximum students and teachers from both rural and urban area are using the internet in their learning and teaching process. The 77.55 % of teachers are using the internet in their teaching process, among them 20.40 % from rural area teachers and 57.14 % are from the urban area. And 66.90 % students are using the internet in their learning process. In urban area students, 81.37% and in rural area 58.65% students are using the internet in their learning process.

Published by: Lodangi Shashidhar YadavResearch Area: Communication and Journalism

Organisation: Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Internet, Education, Rural, Urban, Teaching and Learning.

Research Paper

135. Implementation of Blood Donation Application using Android Smartphone

Blood is an important constituent of the human body. Timely availability of quality blood is a crucial requirement for sustaining the healthcare services. In the hospital, in most of the cases, when blood is required, could not be provided on time causing unpleasant things. Though donor is available in the hospital, patient is unaware of it,
and so is the donor. To resolve this, a communication between hospital, blood bank, donor, and the receptor is important. The system listed following forecasting on price variations and stock handling, increase in the number of blood type, increase in human accident Infrastructure, blood on the various category to be managed. So we solve the
problem using the Android application. The system will make sure that in case of need, the blood will be made available to the patient. There will be web portal as well as an Android app to make this communication faster. It aims to create an e-Information about the donor and organization that are related to donating the blood. The
Methodology used to build this system uses GPS. The Proposed system will be used in Blood banks, Hospitals, for Donors and Requesters whoever registers to the system.

Published by: Monika Mandale, Pradnya Jagtap, Prachi Mhaske, Sonali Vidhate, S. S PatilResearch Area: Technical

Organisation: Bhivrabai Sawant Institute of Technology & Research, Wagholi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: GPS, Google Cloud Messaging, Clustering

Review Paper

136. Bio-Hybrid: The Next Gen Implant

Osseo-integrated dental implants have been widely used for the rehabilitation of tooth loss. Although dental implants are considered an available treatment in the paradigm shift from traditional dental therapies, such as fixed dental bridges and removable dentures, the fundamental problems must be overcome prior to their clinical use in young patients who are still undergoing jawbone growth. A bio-engineered functional bio-hybrid implant that is combined with adult-derived periodontal tissue and attached with bone tissue can act as a substitute for cementum. This bio-hybrid implant was successfully engrafted and it restored physiological function, including bone remodelling, regeneration and appropriate responsiveness to noxious stimuli. Thus, this article reviews the functional bio-hybrid implant’s potential for clinical use as a next-generation dental implant using adult-derived tissues.

Published by: Dr. Saurabh Prithyani, Dr. Ligi Elsa John, Dr. Dipika Mitra, Dr. Rohit Shah, Dr. Silvia Rodrigues, Dr. Gaurav Shetty, Dr. Harshad VijayakarResearch Area: Implantology

Organisation: TPCT’s Terna Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Bio-hybrid, Cementum, Implant, Osseo Integration, Periodontal ligament

Research Paper

137. Epidemiological Studies in Workers Exposed to Steel Dust

Context: Steel is crucial to the development of any modern economy and is considered to be
the backbone of human civilization. Although studies on adverse health effects in steel
industry workers were reported from European and other countries, studies of this nature are
meager in Indian ethnic group, where the health problems in steel industry workers are very
serious. In the present study, we focused on adverse health effects in steel industrial workers
who were occupationally exposed to steel dust. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first
investigation of its kind.
Methods: The study was carried out in 435 steel industry workers in the group of 20-60 years
who are occupationally exposed to steel dust and in 426 subjects with no history of
occupational exposure to steel dust or any other chemicals (control group). Information on the
age, medical history, and habits like smoking, consumption of alcohol, surgical history,
medication, and nature of job, marital life and years of service was recorded in a standard
Results: The results have shown an increase in health problems particularly Hair loss,
respiratory problems, diabetes, joint pains, followed by hypertension, headache, and eye
problems. Their frequency of health problems was high in steel industrial workers compared
to controls (71.03% vs 31.0%).
Conclusion: On the basis of the results obtained in the present study, definite conclusions
were drawn on the nature of health problems in workers of the steel industry. The frequency
of health problems was high in steel industrial workers compared to controls. This might be
due to the undue exposure to steel dust at work place. Hence appropriate precautionary
measures have to be taken to prevent or minimize the exposure of the workers to steel dust.

Published by: U. IndiraPriyadarshini, Vanitha Baluka, Ch. Prashanth, P. P ReddyResearch Area: Environment Toxicology

Organisation: Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Research Centre, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Occupational Exposure, Health Problems, Steel Industrial Workers, Epidemiological Hypertension

Review Paper

138. Bridge Monitoring and Alert Generation System Using IOT

Many of the bridges in cities built on the river are subject to deterioration as their lifetime is expired but they are still in use. They are dangerous to bridge users. Due to heavy load of vehicles, high water level or pressure, heavy rains these bridges may get collapse which in turn leads to disaster. So, these bridges require continuous monitoring. So we are proposing a system which consists of a weight sensor, water level point contact sensor, Wi-Fi module, Arduino microcontroller. This system detects the load of vehicles, water level, and pressure. If the water level, water pressure and vehicle load on the bridge cross its threshold value then it generates the alert through buzzer and auto barrier. If it is necessary, then the admin assign the task to the employees for maintenance.

Published by: Varsha Kusal, Amrita Argade, Sanika Chiplunkar , Rohini Kumbhar , Swati A. KhodkeResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Bhivarabai Sawant Institute of Technology and Research, Pune, Maharashtra Keywords: IOT, Bridge Monitoring, Alert Generation

Research Paper

139. Artificial Solar Oxygen Tree

This paper introduces a new solar technology that emulates how trees convert sunlight into energy. An Artificial Oxygen Tree which aims at serving the humanity toward the planet, having an ability to perform electrolysis of the sewage water and obtain the Hydrogen (for fuel) and Oxygen (to be emitted in the air) along with generating electricity from solar energy with the help of PV (Photo-voltaic) panels on the top of the trees. The model will be
placed on the sewage tanks and at the base, Electrolysis will be carried out. It’s a process in which electrical power source is connected to the 2 electrodes which are placed in the water, and a current is passed resulting into the appearance of Hydrogen at the cathode and Oxygen at the anode. The Hydrogen will be stored in a tank and can be used as a fuel and oxygen to be let out in the air for breathing. The PV on the top of the tree will collect energy from the sun and convert it into electricity. A PV cell is made of a semiconductor material, usually crystalline silicon,
which absorbs sunlight. This electricity is stored and is used to light the LED’s on the tree, hence making it as a streetlight. The actual model can be used to charge the gadgets like mobile phones and laptops. Advertisements will be displayed on the LCD screen. This will attract the sponsors.

Published by: Rashmi Saratkar, Dr. S. D BobadeResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: A. C. Patil College of Engineering, Navi Mumabi, MaharashtraKeywords: Solar Tree, Solar Panels, Electrolysis, Street Light, LDR, Temperature Sensor, Gadget Charger

Review Paper

140. Critical Review of Risks to Water Resources from Hydraulic Fracturing

Since the early 2000s, oil and natural gas production in the United States have been transformed through
technological innovation. Hydraulic fracturing, combined with advanced directional drilling techniques, made it
possible to economically extract oil and gas resources previously inaccessible. The resulting surge in production
increased domestic energy supplies and brought economic benefits to many areas of the United States. The growth in
domestic oil and gas production also raised concerns about potential impacts to human health and the environment,
including potential effects on the quality and quantity of drinking water resources. Some residents living close to oil
and gas production wells have investigated changes in the quality of drinking water and assert that hydraulic
fracturing is responsible for these changes. Other concerns include competition for water between hydraulic
fracturing activities and other water users, especially in areas of the country experiencing drought, and the disposal of wastewater generated from hydraulic fracturing. This investigation synthesizes available scientific literature and data to assess the potential for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas to change the quality or quantity of drinking water
resources and identifies factors affecting the frequency or severity of potential changes. This investigation can be
used by federal, tribal, state, and local officials; industry; and the public to better understand and address any
vulnerabilities of drinking water resources to hydraulic fracturing activities.

Published by: Ankur Gill, Zafar Hayat Khan, Gurpreet Singh ChahalResearch Area: Health, Safety, Fire & Environment Engineering

Organisation: Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering & Technology, ChandigarhKeywords: Hydraulic Fracturing, Drinking Water Resources, Oil, Gas

Research Paper

141. Seismic Analysis of Step Back Structure on Sloped Ground

This project focuses on the analytical investigation of a step back structure on slope ground with three
different inclinations (10 0, 30 0 and45 0 ). The inclination is achieved in two different phases, in first phase three different inclinations are obtained by maintaining the height of the building constant and in second phase width of the structure was maintained constant. The modeling and analysis were completed using STAAD-Pro. The seismic analysis was carried out by two different methods: Seismic coefficient method and response spectrum method. From the analysis, it was observed that for any inclination ground story short column in the middle of the structure carries more load compared to the long length column. Increasing the angle of fixed height the column forces and stiffness of the structure decrease with increase in the angle whereas for fixed width structures it was increasing.

Published by: CH. AshokResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Step Back Frames, Step Back & Set Back Frames, Static Analysis, Response Spectrum Analysis, Hill Slope Angle

Case Study

142. Growth and Development in a Case of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) ranks very high among the most common disorders treated in a paediatric endocrinology clinic. In the Western world, CH is detected in 1:3,500 to 1:4,000 newborns (1) by the neonatal thyroid screening (NTS) programme. The main goal of NTS commenced in the 1970s is an early diagnosis of CH and prompt initiation of ongoing thyroxine replacement therapy, to be administered regularly for the affected infants. This measure is aimed to avoid the inevitable outcome of permanent neurological handicap in untreated children or in whom onset of treatment was considerably delayed. When treated early, CH is also one of the most
common preventable causes of mental retardation. In this regard, while emphasizing the role of NTS in early diagnosis, it is worthy of note that the incidence of CH reported from NTS carried out in various centres in India is much higher, viz., 1:1,200 to 1:1,500 newborns. (2). Naturally, it follows that NTS must be universally available in India to identify all affected infants by prompt diagnosis to begin regular replacement therapy in the initial two weeks of life (3).

Published by: Vasantha SingarayanResearch Area: Paediatric Endocrine

Organisation: College of Nursing, St. John’s Medical College & Hospital, Bengaluru, Tamil NaduKeywords: Congenital Hypothyroidism, Paediatric Endocrinology, Thyroid Screening

Research Paper

143. Smart Interactive Advertising Board Using Raspberry Pi

The implementation of controlling system for the multimedia content on multiple Raspberry PI platforms. In this project, the android mobile or the computer in which the web page is made by using PHP language is used to type the data which the user has to advertise. The data from the android mobile is transferred to the raspberry pi chip than from the chip the data will be displayed on the display. The storage of the user or the data related to the user is stored in the SD Card Here the mobile phone is very important element because the message or the advertising is written in it. The information or the notice is given to the raspberry PI kit by using the Wi-Fi in between the android phone and the kit. This project is to display the advertising from long distance by using the Wi-Fi connection to the raspberry PI kit The webpage is made by using the PHP language the advantage of this is that we can use one code for a web page in PC and in android mobile. The purpose of the system is to implement a cheap solution for upgrading an existing video advertising solution to that can display content according to local conditions Server with the purpose of controlling the content that will be sent to the clients or multiple Clients that control the local multimedia content. Commands and responses sent by the two subsystems through the network which are encrypted using the AES cipher.

Published by: Toge Swatee Pralhad, Bhope VishalResearch Area: Electronics and Telecommunication

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry Pi, PHP, PAYTHAN, HDMI,VGA

Research Paper

144. Amalgamation of Tradition and Modernity in Wole Soyinka’s The Lion and The Jewel

According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary ‘tradition’ means “passing of belief or customs form one generation to the next” and modern stands for “present or contemporary times”. Tradition and modernity look to be
poles apart but in this research paper and attempt would be made in order bring out the amalgamation of tradition and modernity in Wole Soyinks’s celebrated play The Lion and the Jewel.

Published by: Rishika SharmaResearch Area: Literature

Organisation: University of Jammu, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Tradition, Yoruba Culture, Modernity

Case Study

145. Socio Economic Profile of Women Panchayat Representatives in the Post 73rd Amendment Scenario: A Case Study of Khurda District of Odisha

One of the significant steps taken by India for empowering women is the enactment and implementation of the 73rd Amendment Act. Through this Act, in part VIII of the constitution, some provisions have been inserted. Art 243 D in this part states that not less than one-third of the total number of seats shall be reserved for women (including scheduled castes and scheduled tribes women) Accordingly, the Orissa Govt. passed the Orissa Gram Panchayat (Amendment) Act, 1994 and made it effective from 18th April, 1994. But prior to it, during Chief ministership of Biju Pattanaik 33.3% reservation for women in PRIs during 1992 election had already been introduced. After implementation of 73rd Amendment Act, elections have already been held for five times i.e.in 1997, 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017. In 2012 reservation for women has been extended to 50 % and accordingly elections have been held onwards.

Published by: Nirupama Swain, Dr. Shyam Sundar AcharyaResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Fakir Mohan University, Balasore, OdishaKeywords: PRI Representatives, Reservation, Sarpanch, Seventy Third Amendment Act, Ward Members, Women Empowerment.

Research Paper

146. To Nutritional Profile of Dietary Fibre Pizza Base and Sensory Evaluation of Develop Product

As a safety, health and nutrition become more important and the regulatory mechanism has become more stringent the nutritional quality assumes significance. There is a distinct shift from consumption of so-called junk foods to healthy foods. The role of dietary fiber in offering protection against diabetes and heart disease is well established for this reason interest has arisen in increasing fiber in the diet. Fiber offers manifold health benefits particularly to diabetics by lowering blood sugar levels, reducing insulin requirement. Improving glycemic control and lowering serum cholesterol and triglyceride values in diabetic individuals. During flate bread, different ingredients are used to
ensure the development of a continuous dietary fibre network that is essential for flate bread quality. Interests in incorporating bio active ingredients such as dietary fiber (DF) and antioxidants properteis into popular foods such as flate bread have grown rapidly, due to the increased consumer health awareness. Fenugreek leaves are enriched with mineral like potassium, calcium, and iron ,vitamin c. Fenugreek leaves are rich source of soluble dietary fibre content and it is used in functional food, traditional food, Nutraceutical as well as in in physiological utilization such as
anticancer, antibacterial, antiulcer, antithelminitic and anti-diabetic agent. Lotus-stem is high in dietary fibre and highly recommended for pregnant women. The present study was conducted to provide a vegetable rich source dietary fibre such as Nelumbo Nucifera ( lotus stem) or Fenugreek- leaves( Trigonella foenum -gracum) are act as
helpful in natural fortified food item for making pizza base .which are converted to healthy functional food. It can be proved to be healthy dietary fibre pizza for children, Type 2 Diabetes patient or other life style diseases to keep the digestive system healthy.
The dietary fibre pizza base (flatbread) is developed by taking wheat flour and different percentage of fenugreek leaves and lotus stem and are mixed up and fermented and bakery yeast and then taken (8-10 minutes in oven at 200℃ of different sample and enriched dietary fibre pizza base.Develop product was evaluated on various parameter, sensory evaluation & Nutritional analysis .sensory evaluation of prepared product was carried out using 9
pointhedonic scale out of the four . Hence Highest acceptable product was put forth for nutritional analysis & percentage of dietary fibre respective.

Published by: Garima Kanaujiya, Singh NeetuResearch Area: Food Science and Technology

Organisation: Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedker University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Enriched Dietary Fibre Pizza Base, Fenugreek Leaves, Lotus Stem Nutritional Analysis, Sensory Evaluation

Research Paper

147. Android Civil Administration Reporting

This system is built to connect the local public with the higher officials in the Civil Administration Office. The government faces daily challenges in an attempt to provide cooperation to all citizens who depend on the of public services. The user must register to an account and state a complaint to the authority with the generated unique ID. The user must require an Android application to register a complaint by mobile or desktop. The status of the complaint is updated only by respective authority. The user has to wait till the authority changes the status of the complaint. Complaints can be easily registered by the user and can be tracked with a unique complaint ID. The user can then view the progress of the complaint. This system will not only save the time of the complaint fillers but also lead to track their complaint and its status in a regular interval of time. Once the reply of the complaint is given, the user will get the update on his smartphone and email address as well.

Published by: Sarika Gawade, Gaikwad Bhagyashree, Khandekar Vaibhavi, Kale Kshitija, R. S. ShirbhateResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Bhivrabai Sawant Institute of Technology & Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Global Position System(GPS), Android Kit, Public Services, Android Phone

Research Paper

148. An Experimental Study on High Performance Concrete Using Mineral Fly Ash and GGBS with M-60 grade Concrete

This work presents about the determination of the mechanical properties (compression, split tensile and flexural tests) of the specimens (cubes, cylinders, and beams). The specimens are of M60 grade high strength concrete which includes ground granulated blast furnace slag (10 %, 20 %, 30 % and 40%) and Fly ash (10 %, 20 %, 30 % and 40%) to obtain the desired strengths and properties. Finally, we used in combination of fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag in different percentages as replacement of cement and concrete was prepared. We used SP430-Sulphonated Naphthalene Polymers as a superplasticizer for better workability for high-performance concrete. Dosage for superplasticizers is same for all mix proportions. We cast concrete cubes, beams, and cylinders and are kept for curing for a period of 28days. The tests are conducted after 7, 14 and 28 days of curing period. To obtain such desired strength that cannot be obtained from conventional concrete and by the current method, a large number of trial mixes with different percentages of fly ash and different percentages of ground granulated blast furnace slag are required to select the desired combination of materials that meet the required strength.

Published by: Kavita Chandrakar, V. V SinghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NIRT Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Cement Concrete, Workability, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength

Research Paper

149. Reservoir Operation Model for Hyderabad Water Supply System

The reservoir operation is a challenging task for achieving the design performance of any reservoir.
Though many reservoir operation modeling techniques are available, still the reservoir managers are adopting
the conventional procedures. Hyderabad water supply system is a complex system and having multiple sources
of reservoirs to supply drinking water to cater Hyderabad city and among one of them is Himayathsagar
reservoir. In this paper, an attempt was made to evolve the reservoir operation strategy by developing models
based on crisp concepts and fuzzy logic concepts. The initial simulation was made to understand historical
storages and release curves using the inflows and evaporation from observed data. A model has been developed
based on crisp concepts and later to evolve a release policy using fuzzy logic concepts. The model results were
obtained. Comparisons of historic, crisp and fuzzy results were presented to demonstrate the improvement,
relevance, and applicability of the developed methodology.

Published by: M. Satyanarayana, S. Santosh Kumar, Dr. M. Anjaneya PrasadResearch Area: Civil Engineering Water Resources

Organisation: Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board, Khairatabad, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Reservoir Operation, Design performance, Simulation Models, Fuzzy Logic

Research Paper

150. A Review on High Performance Concrete Using Mineral Fly Ash and GGBS with M-60 Grade Concrete

The use of supplementary cementitious materials is well accepted because of the several improvements possible in the concrete mix, for the overall economy. The present work is a support to use the waste product from steel industry is helpful in cement which also helps to reduce the carbon footprint. In recent years Blast Furnace Slag when replaced with cement has emerged as a major alternative to conventional concrete and has rapidly gained the concrete industry’s attention due to its cement savings, energy savings, cost savings, socio-economic and environmental benefits. The present study reviews the results of an experimental study, conducted by various authors to evaluate the strengths and strength efficiency factors of hardened concrete, by partially replacing the cement by various percentages of ground granulated blast furnace slag and fly ash. The optimum GGBS and fly ash replacement as the cementitious material is characterized by high compressive strength, low heat of hydration, resistance to chemical attack, better workability, good durability and cost-effective.

Published by: Kavita Chandrakar, V. V. SinghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NIRT Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Cement Concrete, Workability, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength

Research Paper

151. A Review on Precast Cement Concrete Paver Blocks Using Fly Ash

Paver block is used in various applications like in street road and other construction places. Portland cement generates large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) which is responsible for global warming hence it is a greenhouse gas. Solid unreinforced pre-cast cement concrete paver blocks is a versatile, aesthetically attractive, functional, cost-effective and requires little or no maintenance if correctly manufactured and lay. Paver blocks can be used for different traffic categories. There are various types of Industrial Waste available in local markets, and certain of it can be used in the construction industry for utilization of waste material and eco-friendly condition. Various paper and research works based on fine aggregate (sand) replaced by various percentages of other industrial waste material and cement replaced by various percentage of other slurry base material and found that increased in strength, durability, and reduction in cost and utilization of waste material. Various waste materials are used like fly ash, rise husk ash, paper sluge, various fibers used for improving the strength of paver block.

Published by: Vikas Kumar Patel, V. V SinghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NIRT Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Paver Block, Industrial Waste, Strength, Mix Proportion, Construction Industry

Review Paper

152. Moringa Oliefera: The Miracle Tree

Moringa oleifera (family Moringaceae) is the only genus which is cultivated most widely. Moringa is commonly known as drumstick tree, horseradish tree, benzoil tree etc. Moringa oleifera is very resistant, fast growing and requires very less amount of water to grow, i.e. it can grow also in drought conditions. Drumstick tree is a native of southern foothills of the Himalayas in north-west India, and it is widely cultivated in India in tropical
and subtropical regions were the seed pods are used as a part of the diet. Moringa is used since the ancient times in India and is also a native from India. Moringa is having very high nutritional values with around 40 antioxidants and is rich in vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K. Not only vitamins but the plant is also very rich in mineral contents and contains Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn and Zn. The properties and contents of Moringa can cure a number of deficiencies and diseases. The consumption of moringa can control blood pressure, eyesight, prepare mental alertness and bone strength. Moringa is also used as a fodder for livestock. Therefore, this paper is enlightening the use of Moninga as a rich source of food for the nutritional enrichment.

Published by: Ruchita Haldar, Sharda KosankarResearch Area: Botany

Organisation: CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Moringa Oleifera, Vitamins, Minerals, Antioxidants, Nutrition

Research Paper

153. An Experimental Investigation on Precast Cement Concrete Paver Blocks Using Fly Ash

The rapid development of housing and infrastructure from last one decade continuously takes place in India. Along with that naturally, the product required to overcome this development produce in mass quantities like Pavement blocks, which are known as industrial products of precast made up by concrete, having various shapes and sizes utilizes in huge quantity in housing and infrastructure construction. The conventional materials to manufacturing these blocks utilize in large quantity, which may create an impact on natural recourses. To overcome this impact we can use different materials such as, Sisal fiber, waste glass, fly ash etc. which helps to save natural recourses and achieve economy so that buyers and sellers of this type of materials can also get benefited. The present experimental research investigation examines the effect of fly ash on the partial replacement of cement. Experiment is done on M33, M43 and M53 mix, with 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% & 25% partial replacement of cement. After getting an optimum percentage of all these, further experimental work is intended for the use of all these three in a single paving block. The replaced ingredients in this research are fly ash. Experimentation is carried out to find the workability test, water absorption test, compressive strength and flexural strength of the concrete paving blocks. Further, these studies compare an economical aspect of the conventional product and newly manufactured product.

Published by: Vikas Kumar Patel, V. V SinghResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NIRT Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Paver Block, Industrial Waste, Strength, Mix Proportion, Construction Industry

Research Paper

154. Fabrication and analysis of Jute/Hemp reinforced fiber

There is a huge need for new materials in all fields of engineering, this invites the development of new materials which suits the need. Utilization of biodegradable materials i.e. natural fibers for various applications to preserve the environment from synthetic fibers invites the development of natural fiber reinforced polyester composites. In a country like India which is producing an enormous amount of agricultural solid waste (in the form of leaf, fruits, stems etc.) there is lack of marketing for the above said wastes, if this can be improved the farmers may get benefited. Natural fiber reinforced composites are preferred than conventional materials because of their advantages like low density, light weight, high strength to weight ratio, low cost, high toughness, and biodegradability. The present investigation deals with the preparation of jute, Hemp fiber and jute- Hemp fiber (Hybrid) reinforced polyester composite and to determine the tensile modulus with an increase in percentage weight fraction of the fiber and further the experimental results will be validated through ANSYS software.

Published by: Yerramsetti Gopi Sai Prasanna Kumar, N. AnandhResearch Area: Composite Materials

Organisation: Usha Rama College of Engineering and Technology, Vijaywada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Natural Fibers; Hemp, Jute Fibre, Hybrid Composite, Polyester Resin, Catalyst, Accelerator.

Research Paper

155. Raising Performance of iPhone using Swift Language over Other Programming Languages

The new programming language gives the fundamental to foil its importance with the current programming language to calculate the furtherance the new programming language gives to the developers. These types of studies can show the importance, improvements, and purpose of new programming languages. In this article, we analyze the
new programming language of Apple that is swift with the existing programming language (Objective-C). We are going to describe the changes, components and freshness to verify the words of Apple said about the Swift language.
For the replacement over objective-C, Swift needs to assure that it contains a lot of new features as Apple said. Apple has sure-fire that swift will be faster than the Objective-C, as well as it contains a lot of modern language features that are necessary for today’s era. In this thesis, it is justified by creating iOS application totally in swift. Developer finds that swift is faster and more efficient by Objective-C. It’s proof that swift has a lot of new features and many advantages over the Objective-C and it is also easy to learn. Swift was launched to offer replacement of Objective-C because this has a syntax which barely evolved from the time of its creation and has a big difference with other programming languages that have appeared in the modern era, because they have based on C++ syntax. For this, Swift is inspired by a new programming language like C++, C#, Go, Java, Python, Ruby, JavaScript. Then this syntax is different than the former language. The Swift’ s syntax is more simple because it does not use pointers and includes improvements in its data structures and in its syntax. Swift has a simple syntax which helps developers to have fewer mistakes. Swift is an object-oriented and imperative programming language as Objective-C but swift incorporates the functional programming. Some examples of this are filters, amp. Due to these facts, it is important to learn swift to check if Swift could be a programming language adapted to the new times and if it could facilitate the application development for platforms.

Published by: Bikramjit Singh, Ramanjot KaurResearch Area: Swift language

Organisation: Doaba Group of College, PTU, PunjabKeywords: Swift Language, Ruby, Python, Objective-C, C#, IOS

Research Paper

156. Influence of Stratified Soil on Seismic Response of Pile Supported Building

In the last few decades, it has been perceived that Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI) changed the reaction attributes of a structural system due to huge and firm nature of structure and frequently, soil softness. In the current study, to depict the influence of soil structure interaction on the seismic response of a structure due to earthquake loading, a 5 storied (G+4) simple square building supported on pile foundation resting on stratified soil was selected. The building sections were modeled and analyzed for different configurations (i.e., with and without slab and infill) using finite element method SAP2000. The deformations under seismic loading in the structure and piles by incorporating the effect of soil-structure interaction and fixed base condition were extracted, compared and discussed. Impact of variety of the parameters on different soil conditions like variation in soil profile and number of soil layers, influence of slab and infill are considered for which the buildings are modelled by alternate approaches, namely, (1) bare frame with fixed supports, (2) frames including slab and infill with support accounting for soil-flexibility. The results indicate that the roof displacement varies significantly for different soil layer combinations if included the soil structure interaction compared to that of fixed base analysis. Thus considering the effect of SSI is essential. The horizontal displacement of the structure is maximum for a bare frame with slab when compared to the bare frame and in fill frame.  When infill wall is added to the structure, the horizontal displacement is decreased due to the stiffness of the infill wall.

Published by: Basavanagowda .G M, L. GovindarajuResearch Area: Earthquake Engineering

Organisation: Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Soil Structure Interaction, RC Square Frames, Natural Period, Lateral Deflection, Soil Displacement, Static Analysis, Time History Analysis

Research Paper

157. Pain Perception of Children during Venipuncture

Introduction: Children requiring needle stick such as injections, IV catheters and blood sampling usually view these
procedures as frightening and it is a significant source of pain. It is recognized that pediatric patients suffer long-
term effects if their pain is not managed appropriately in the acute stages. This study was conducted to assess
the pain perception of children undergoing venipuncture.
Methods: The study was conducted using a descriptive correlational design among 141 children who met the inclusion criteria using purposive sampling technique. Data collection was done using Demographic, Clinical Variables: Proforma and Wong Bakers Face Pain Rating Scale.
Results: The findings revealed that the pain perception of children during venipuncture depicts that majority of children experienced severe pain during venipuncture (66.7%). There was significant association between age of child and pain perception χ 2 = 11.962 df = 1 at P < 0.05.

Published by: Nesa Sathya Satchi, Dr. Helen Perdita .M, Dr. Janani SankarResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaiduKeywords: Pain Perception, Venipuncture, Children Experience

Research Paper

158. Lipid, Liver Related and other Clinical Parameters affect Study of Cigarette Smoking Patient

Background and objective: Cigarette smoking is one of the 10 greatest contributors to global death and disease. Cigarette smoke consists of many chemicals, including cytotoxic, carcinogenic and free radicals, therefore it affects many organs if not all. This work is directed to evaluate the effects of dose-response patterns of tobacco exposure on liver tissue, through assessing some serum biochemical parameters related to liver efficiency.
Methods: This study was done in Kirkuk province. It was conducted on (75) healthy male subjects, their ages
ranged from 20 to 40 years. They were divided into three groups; 25 heavy smokers, 25 moderate smokers, and 25 non-smokers. Blood was withdrawn for estimation of serum liver function test, lipid profile, and protein electrophoresis.
Results: There were statistically significant elevations in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine transaminase
(SGPT) and aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT) activities in heavy smokers while serum total bilirubin significantly was lower compared to nonsmokers. Serum total protein and albumin were significantly lower in heavy smokers comparing to non-smokers. The results of serum protein arose gel-electrophoresis showed significant changes in serum protein fractions in smoker groups. The mean level of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, and VLDL was significantly higher in heavy smoker group, while serum HDL level had a significantly lower value.
Conclusion: Cigarette smoking can affect liver efficiency and functions. These effects are dose exposure dependent.

Published by: Dr. Ruchir Jain, Ms. Shipra Srivastava, Suresh BisenResearch Area: Clinical Biochemistry

Organisation: Rajeev Gandhi College, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Cigarette Smoking, Liver Function Test, Liver Enzymes, Lipid Profile

Review Paper

159. Piracy Control Serial Key Generation

Software piracy has been a great issue that has been discussed over the past few years. A lot of big companies and software developers have lost a lot of money due to the abundance of software piracy. This paper “piracy control serial key generation” is mainly used to protect the software piracy. In the product key comes with the software that you by which include hard disk id and the processor id of the buyer’s computer which is encrypted using AES algorithm.

Published by: Reena Lobo, VenkateshResearch Area: Protecting Software Piracy

Organisation: Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mijar, Moodbidri, KarnatakaKeywords: Piracy, Abundance, Serial Key.

Research Paper

160. Design and Implementation of Smart Home Control Systems Based on Wireless Sensor Networks and Power Line Communications

In this system, they are implementing a smart home control network by using wireless sensor networks(WSNs)  power line communication(PLCs). In the smart home, the goals are to reduce the impact of wireless interference. In the smart home, they are to control the network 4 unnecessary energy consumption. In each room, they are establishing an isolated WSNs with one coordinator with the integrated into the PLCs transceiver. Management station via PLCs in WSNs obtained by transferring environment parameters for is coordinator responsible. In smart home appliances, they control the message for PLCs then it’s directly transferred by using rather than WSNs proposed smart home control network is substantially mitigated. The impact of wireless interference on the experimental results. Lightning system & analysis of the illumination of a fluorescent lamp are presented additionally in smart home control. Control was evaluated without the energy saving of lighting system. Under the smart control, it can be reduced at 40% least on the cloudy or sunny day & it can indicate the numerical result of electricity consumption. The moreover smart home control network algorithm implemented by the proposed for the prototype. Experimental results presented in this system show the capacity of these modems to overcome the hostile environment due to the inverter and to guarantee reliable communication over the PWM network. The proposed system is practically possible for smart home control networks.

Published by: P. Madhumathi, V. Lavanya, Dr. N. Mohana PriyaResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, Tiruchengode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Appliance Control, Energy Saving, Power Line Communications (PLCs), Smart Homes, Smart Lighting Control, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs).

Review Paper

161. Air Pollution Trends in India Past 10 Years

The major problem in INDIA is the decrease in air quality and this trend has been in increasing drift from the
past years in the major cities of INDIA. The significant reasons for this are a rapid increase in population and
acreage, from which there is a substantial demand for personnel and public transport which keeps the
environment of a certain city in crux.
The air pollutants in the major cities of INDIA exceed the NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY
STANDARDS (NAAQS). (Guttikunda, Goel et al. 2014). The pollutants include gaseous contaminant which
might be noxious gaseous pollutants and organic gaseous pollutants such as hydrocarbons and particulate
matter which might be in the form of suspended particulate matter or Respirable suspended particulate matter
(particle size less than 10 micrometers. Hence, it is also called particulate matter 10).(Organization 2003)

Published by: Ganti Naga Sai SaratResearch Area: Environmental

Organisation: University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Air Pollution, Fuel Consumption, Air Quality


162. Performance of Banking Sector Selected Companies Based on Macro and Micro Economic Variables

This project is an effort to study the performance of BANKING sector companies listed in our title based on the movement of equity share prices in cash markets which are an indication of the manner in which the information is received, processed, assessed and reflected by the investing community in the country. Concepts like efficiency market hypothesis which base themselves on the way in which the information about companies is internalized by the capital markets are utilized for our study. As this is an experiential study two methods of action are implemented. A generalized risk diversified portfolio purchases and sales are made as well as a sector-specific intensive portfolio trades are also made for a period of 45 days. An investment methodology which incorporates both the macro and microeconomic variables is formulated and utilized for the purpose of selection of scripts based on various informational inputs. The results of the portfolio are analyzed both on a daily basis and a periodic basis using the following tools, viz: Treynor ratio, Sharpe ratio, and Jensen’s alpha, which are accepted as valid barometers of
the performance of a fund manager. The undersigned would be the fund manager for the limited purpose of this project and the finally the alpha would indicate the success or failure of the experiment on which this report is based.

Published by: P. VijayalakshmiResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Banking, Macro and Micro Economic Variables

Research Paper

163. Anxiety Perceived By Children during Venipuncture

Abstract: Introduction: When it comes to pediatric patients undergoing venipuncture, it should be every phlebotomist’s nurse’s top goal to reduce a child’s fear, pain, and distress. Most children have some fear of needles. When a child’s level of distress in anticipation of the venipuncture is on the rise, it can be a rather difficult task for the nurse and parent to make the blood collection process go over smoothly!
Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive correlational design among 181 children who met the
inclusion criteria using purposive sampling technique. Data collection was done using Demographic, Clinical
Variables Proforma and Modified Venham’s Anxiety Scale.
Results: The findings revealed that 42.5% of the children had moderate anxiety, 7.7% had worst anxiety and
1.10% had no anxiety during venipuncture. The study findings revealed significant association between the
anxiety and age of the child at the level of (P &lt; 0.05)

Published by: Nesa Sathya Satchi, Dr. Helen Perdita .M, Dr. Janani SankarResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaiduKeywords: Anxiety, Venipuncture, Pediatric Patients

Research Paper

164. Chemical, Mineralogical and Metallurgical Characterization of Goethite Rich Iron Ore Sinter

In this paper, the influence of structural water present in goethite rich ore fines on sinter properties like mean size, RI, RDI, TI, AI, and microstructure was studied. For this three plant sinters with different basicities (A1, A2, and A3) were experimentally produced varying the raw mix. From the study on variable basicity, it is found that increased basicity has good effects on the sinter properties. The desired norms of metallurgical properties for good quality sinter required for large size blast furnace met with increased tumbler index and decreased abrasion index. The RI is also better in highly fluxed sinter A3 and the RDI is low. All these are happening due to the availability of more free time and porosity. The mean-size of sinter also increases with the increase of basicity. The reducibility index and RDI of sinter A2 and A3 appear to be similar although there is a variation in chemistry and basicity, this may be attributed to use of more micro-fines in the raw material of sinter A3. The specific consumption of coke rate is highest for sinter A3 is also due to more micro-fines in raw materials. From the microstructure, it is found that in sinter A1 more magnetite and fewer ferrites are developed in comparison to A2 and A3. The silicoferrites of calcium and aluminium (SFCA) developed in sinter A2 and A3 are acicular in the structure which provides better strength to the sinter. Also, the porosity is more in case of A2 and A3 which can accelerate the reducibility process.

Published by: Dr. Kalpataru RoutResearch Area: Metallurgy and Material Science

Organisation: Neelachal ISPAT Nigam Limited, OdishaKeywords: Abrasion Index, Ferrites, Goethite ich Iron ore, Reducibility Index, Reduction Degradation Index SFCA, Sinter, Tumbler Index, etc.

Research Paper

165. Blue Brain : Bringing a Virtual brain to Life

Man is intelligent because of the brain. But the brain, all its knowledge, and power are destroyed after the death of the man. BLUE BRAIN, The name of the world’s first virtual brain that means a machine that functions like a human brain. It can think. It can take a decision. It can response. It can store things in memory. The research involves studying slices of living brain tissue using microscopes and patch clamp electrodes. Data is collected about all the many different neuron types. This data is used to build biologically realistic models of neurons and networks of neurons in the cerebral cortex. The simulations are carried out on a Blue Gene Supercomputer built by IBM.
In this paper, we concentrate on the application of Blue Brain for “Cracking Neural Code” as well as the use of Blue Brain in “Human memory loss”. The neural code refers to how the human brain builds images using electrical patterns and cracking the neural code means finding the patterns and meaning in the noisy activity of the cell ensembles. Human memory loss includes conditions like ‘Alzheimer’ and ‘short-term memory loss

Published by: Shalmali Jadhav, Revati PungavkarResearch Area: Blue Brain

Organisation: KITs College Of Engineering, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Blue Brain, Virtual Brain, Brain Tissues, Patch Clamp Electrode, Neuron, Cerebral Cortex, Supercomputer, Neural Code, Alzheimer

Case Study

166. Rare Case Study of Adenocarcinoma of Jejunum

Adenocarcinoma of jejunum is a rare malignancy of small intestine.The small intestinal mucosa makes up about 90% of the total surface of the gastrointestinal tract. However, adenocarcinomas rarely arise in this location. Small bowel adenocarcinoma accounts for 2% of gastrointestinal tumors and 1% of gastrointestinal cancer death.1 In the
small bowel the jejunum is the commonest site followed by the duodenum and the ileum.

Published by: Dr. Anupam Shukla, Dr. Mahesh PukarResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: Dhiraj Hospital, Waghodia, GujaratKeywords: Adenocarcinoma of Jejunum, Tumor

Research Paper

167. Bionic Arm Using Muscle Sensor V3

Current motorized limb prostheses provide rudimentary functionality for the application in everyday life. Together with a poor cosmetic appearance, this is the reason why a large percentage of amputees do not use their prosthetic device regularly. This paper seeks to present an overview of current state of the art research on neural interfaces. The focus lies on non-invasive recording with EMG and especially High-Density EMG sensors. Additionally, direct machine learning and pattern recognition algorithms for the decoding of the recorded signals are discussed. Finally, promising research directions for advanced prosthesis control will be discussed. The bionic arm uses EMG signals to control each action of the hand. In order to control them, we need to record the EMG signal for different actions. And compare it with real-time values to move the hand in a different manner. There are separate servo motors to control the actions of each finger separately. So these are programmed by using microcontrollers.

Published by: Ajins, Jaimon Shibu, Jithin Sulfiker, Viswas EldoResearch Area: Bionics

Organisation: Robogaph Technologies Pvt. Ltd., KeralaKeywords: EMG, EEG, Invasive, Non-Invasive, Intra-Muscular, Prosthetic, Muscle Potential, Muscle Firing Rate

Review Paper

168. A Study On Real Time Plant Disease Diagonsis System

We aim to develop a real time application to the farmers for managing crop diseases. However disease detection requires continuous monitoring of experts which might be prohibitively expensive in large farms area. Automatic detection of plant diseases is an essential research topic as it may prove benefits in monitoring large fields of crops and thus automatically detect the symptoms of diseases as soon as they appear on plant leaves. Regarding plant disease diagnosis methodologies to detect diseases on crops, image processing in disease diagnosis and eAGROBOT was studied. This paper is aiming to all are collectively used and formed semi real time system for a disease diagnosis which uses image processing and data mining concepts to give pesticide recommendation and pesticide cost estimation system. Thus the android application makes a good foundation for following effective characteristic parameters for the disease diagnoses and setting up recommender system. The system is to be designed and developed using Android studio as front-end software and SQLite as back-end software. The pictures and remedial measures of the diseases were stored in the database and can be retrieved whenever necessary. The challenge is to make the farmers to listen the crop disease diagnosis system and to get the advice related to the crop diseases. The constraint here is to develop the expert in local languages so that farmers can operate the ES by themselves and get expert advice from the system

Published by: Gaurav Thakre, Amol R. More, Kishor S. Gajakosh, Muktanand O. Yewale, D. O. ShamkuwarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology and Science, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Pesticide, Real Time Plant Disease, Pesticide Cost Estimation System

Research Paper

169. Marketing Strategies for Library Resources and Services to the Engineering College Students

This paper is to examine the marketing of Library resources and services to the engineering college students.  Engineering education is needed to market their resources and services proactively to the students who are not familiar with the electronic environment. Librarians are needed to consider these learners’ characteristics, language proficiency, learning styles and their subjects of interests.  This paper also suggests users’ web workflow strengthen the library visibility. Librarians can be very effective in applying their skills to the marketing process in libraries.

Published by: M. MurugesanResearch Area: Library and Information Science

Organisation: MIET Engineering College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Marketing, Engineering, Electronic, Library, Resources, Services

Research Paper

170. Association of Common PALB2 Polymorphisms with Ovarian Cancer: A Case-Control Study

Background: The partner and localizer of breast cancer 2 (PALB2) has an essential role in BRCA2 mediated DNA double-strand break repair by serving as a bridging molecule and acting as the physical and functional link between BRCA1&amp; 2 proteins. Truncating mutations in the PALB2 gene are rare but are thought to be associated with increased risk of developing breast and /or ovarian cancer in different populations. The present study was designed to investigate the variants of PALB2 and their association with OC.
Material & Methods: A total of 150 histopathologically confirmed ovarian cancer patients and 250 healthy age-matched controls were collected. Three SNPs c.2794 G/A( rs45624036), c.1010 T/C(rs45494092), and c.1676A/G(rs152451) of PALB2 gene were selected and genotyped by ARMS-PCR followed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Appropriate statistical tests were applied to test for the significance of the results.
Results: A significant association of G/A (rs45624036) in inheritance models was observed & at the allelic level, the A allele conferred four-fold increased risk compared to G allele. Regarding T/C (rs45494092) polymorphism all the models revealed an association with OC and C allele showing eight-fold increased risk. With respect to A/G(rs152451) polymorphism, the protective role was observed in tested inheritance models in OC patients.
The Haplo analysis for the combination of all the three variants revealed increased risk with A-T-A and G-C- G haplotypes.(OR=4.50 ;95%CI 1.85-10.94;p=0.001,OR=26.36 ;95%CI 2.33 -297.91;p= 0.0085), whereas other haplotypes conferred a protective role in OC.
Conclusions: The present study suggests an essential role of PALB2 in the etiology of ovarian

Published by: Sirisha Pemmaraju, Lingaiah Amidyala, Ravindra Vottery, Pratibha Nallari, A. VenkateshwariResearch Area: Cancer Genetics

Organisation: Institute of Genetics & Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Ovarian Cancer, PALB2, BRCA1, BRCA2, Haplo Analysis.

Research Paper

171. Design of Refill Band Spiral Winding Attachment on Lathe Machine

Now-a-days in this competitive era, it is most essential to complete jobs in smallest cycle time in order to achieve maximum profit at minimum wastage. Some leading, printing machine manufacturers outsource some parts from vendors.  Currently, one of the roller sub-assembly is being outsourced from outer vendors. During the visit, we observed that the existing process of manufacturing of such sub-assembly is very lengthy & of manual nature. As to find an alternative solution to the existing problem, we decided to semi-automate the process which will also result in better productivity and which will reduce wastage also. For achieving this, we designed and manufacture an attachment which can be used on a simple lathe machine. Using attachment made the whole process semi-automated, results of which are compared with the previous manual process. It is observed that using attachment reduces cycle time, reduces manpower, also decreases wastage than the manual process.

Published by: Prashant Powar, Sumedh MahajanResearch Area: Design and Manufacturing

Organisation: Kolhapur Institute of Technology, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Refill Band Spiral Winding, Lathe Machine, Cast Iron

Research Paper

172. Health Care Application System using IoT

In-home health care services based on the Internet-of-Things (IoT) have great business potential. In this paper, an intelligent home-based platform, the Health-IoT, is proposed and implemented. In particular, the platform involves an open-platform-based intelligent medicine box (Med-Box) with enhanced connectivity and interchangeability for the integration of devices and services. Flexible and wearable bio-medical sensor like heart rate and temperature, ECG sensor etc are incorporated in this. The proposed platform seamlessly fuses IoT devices with in-home healthcare. Services for an improved user experience and service efficiency. The feasibility of the implemented Health-IoT platform has been proven in field trials. Medicine box and the wearable sensors are connected to Server via an Android-based smartphone through Bluetooth, which has an interface for the patient to see his medicine conception and health status the remotely connected web page is operated from hospital which has provision for giving the prescription and view all patients consultation details and test details consulted doctors etc. The Medicine conception details and alert are given to mobile app via this website with is connected through the internet, If the patient forgot to take medicine or take a wrong one which can be alerted through the app. And here discussed how to implement in a real-world system. Analyze system capacity by testing devices and modules.

Published by: Vinu Thadevus Williams, Dr. K. S. Angel VijiResearch Area: IOT (Computer Application Hospital Management)

Organisation: College of Engineering Kidangoor, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: Health-IoT, intelligent Medicine Box (MedBox) Services, Android, PHP, Embedded System-Hardware Unit.

Research Paper

173. Using Low Level Features -Fingerprint Liveness Detection from Single Image

Fingerprint-based authentication systems have developed rapidly in the recent years. However, current fingerprint-based biometric systems are vulnerable to spoofing attacks. Moreover, the single feature-based static approach does not perform equally over different fingerprint sensors and spoofing materials. In this paper, propose a static software approach. Propose to combine low-level gradient features from speeded-up robust features, pyramid extension of the histograms of oriented gradient and texture features from Gabor wavelet using dynamic score level integration. Extract these features from a single fingerprint image to overcome the issues faced in dynamic software approaches, which require user cooperation and longer computational time.

Published by: Vinu Thadevus Williams, Dr. K. S. Angel VijiResearch Area: Image Processing and Security

Organisation: College of Engineering Kidangoor, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: Finger Print Liveness, Low Level Features, Gabor Filters, SURF, PHOG, SVM, Random Forest, PCA

Research Paper

174. Proposed Theory for I-Bicycle

— “I-Bicycle” refers to a bicycle with hub-less rear wheel. The main idea behind this project is to develop a hub-less or spoke-less wheel. This bicycle overcomes some drawbacks of the bicycle being used nowadays such as heavy design due to presence of spokes, power consumption issues, space issues. The advantages associated with this bicycle are light weight due to absence of hubs or spokes, additional space in the wheel due to absence of spokes, aesthetic look to the design and lowered center of gravity. The bicycle runs with a “rack and pinion system” connected to the rear-wheel. The paddle gear is connected to the pinion whereas the pinion is meshed with the internal teeth of the rear-wheel rim. This bicycle can be used to overcome the above mentioned issues and it’s a great innovation in the design of the conventional bicycle which gives the operator a fresh feel while using it and it’s awesome and very aesthetic when it comes to the appearance of the bicycle.

Published by: Pijush Ghosh, Ashwin Kharwa, Parag Marde, Pratik RautResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Viva Institute of Technology, Virar, MaharashtraKeywords: Bicycle, Hub-Less Wheel, I-Bicycle, Spoke-Less Bicycle, Gear Drive.

Research Paper

175. Seawater Purification Using Earth Source Energy

Lack of fresh water is a general concern and will increasingly become a threat to societies in the future. The water problem is particularly acute during the summer season in the Mediterranean region when the number of people staying there increases considerably. The number of tourists is expected to double by 2025. Drinking water scarcity is likely to increase because of a changing climate. This represents a massive economic, social and environmental threat to semi-arid regions such as the Mediterranean. An important technology to tackle this problem is desalination making fresh drinking water from saline seawater. Most of the current methods, however, are neither cost-efficient and environmentally friendly. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a technology that would fulfill both criteria.

Published by: V. Dharani Devi, V. Arun Rajha, K. Jamuna, M. NandhiniResearch Area: Seawater Purification

Organisation: N. S. N. College of Engineering and Technology, Karur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Mediterranean, Saline Seawater, Desalination.

Research Paper

176. Enhancement of Performance of ASP for Organics Removal using Return Sludge as Flocculent in Primary Settling Tank

Renewable energy production and environmental crisis are the recent issues prevailing in the society. Economic growth of the country depends largely on the availability of the renewable energy. Wastewater treatment systems are huge consumers of electricity for accomplishing the task of a safe and healthy environment. Wastewater systems account for about 1- 5 % of total electricity consumption in a country. It is stated that energy consumption contribution per person is about average values of 12-15 kWh/ person-year considering 80% of water @ 180 L per capita per day is contributing to sewage reaching to STP for treatment and BOD of 50g/d. Hence, there is an urgent demand for reducing this consumption for an overall development of our country. Among the aerobic processes, activated sludge process (ASP) represents the most widespread technology for wastewater treatment in India. In ASP major part of the energy consumption (about 60%) occurs in the aeration tank to provide a proper environment for the treatment of wastewater. In wastewater treatment plants, it is very difficult to make power savings in general because the process is continuous, and, on the other hand the treatment technology is based on processes (physical, chemical and especially biological) that cannot be switched off or disconnected from the main supplies. The other option is only to modify the processes in order to save energy. A case study for performance analysis of conventional Activated Sludge Process with use of excess sludge as a flocculent in the Primary Settling Tank was carried out to enhance the operational efficiency of secondary treatment unit and improve the settling characteristics in the Primary settling tank. The performance was assessed by setting up a laboratory scale ASP setup and commissioning the reactor at suitable HRT of 6h scaling down it from 12h. The study aims at improving the settling property of primary settling tank thereby reducing the organic load in aeration tank and reducing the energy consumption of the treatment plant. Many encouraging results were observed which supported the concept that efficiency of primary settling tank can be increased by the addition of the suitable quantity of activated sludge. It was observed that compared to the conventional control (all recycled biomass going to AT), the improvement inorganics removal in our modified system was 38% at 30+40% recycle combination. This can result in overall reduction of the maintenance cost of STP plants in our country.

Published by: Anjali, A. B GuptaResearch Area: Waste Water Treatment

Organisation: Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Biological Oxygen Demand, Activated Sludge Process, Chemical Oxygen Demand, Return Activated Sludge, Biomass, Sludge

Research Paper

177. Android Malware Detection through Online Learning

Android malware constantly evolves so as to evade detection. The entire malware population to be non-stationary. Contrary to this fact, most of the prior works on machine learning based android malware detection have assumed that the distribution of the observed malware characteristics (i.e., features) does not change over time. The problem of malware population drift and propose a novel online learning based framework to detect malware, named CASANDRA (Context-aware, Adaptive and Scalable Android malware detector). In order to perform accurate detection, a novel graph kernel that facilitates capturing apps security-sensitive behaviors along with their context information from dependence graphs is proposed. Besides being accurate and scalable, CASANDRA has specific advantages: first, being adaptive to the evolution in malware features over time; second, explaining the significant features that led to an apps classification as being malicious or benign.

Published by: Vinu Thadevus Williams, Dr. K. S. Angel VijiResearch Area: Security and Machine Learning

Organisation: College of Engineering Kidangoor, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: Online Learning, Malware Detection, Graph Kernels, Concept Drift.

Research Paper

178. Prototype of a Waste to Energy Landfill Proposed for Kolhapur City

Landfill gas is the gas that is extracted from landfills after the waste in landfill starts degrading. Space utilization to dispose of waste is one of the major concerns in every metropolitan. The general trend of disposing of waste is by dumping it openly and then either burning it or by keeping to degrade. In this paper, we intend to design a landfill for treating the waste of Kolhapur city in 4 different landfill sites and extract the gas from each landfill to further use it for energy generation. Further, we also intend to provide a natural liner material by using a combination of bentonite and GCL. We have compared the economics of landfilling procedure and energy generation thus providing an alternative to transform waste into energy. The waste that is dumped openly proves to be hazardous as the continuous fumes due to fugitive emissions leads to degradation in the air quality and also leads to spontaneous combustion. The dumping site in Kolhapur is spread over 60 acres and the problem of spontaneous combustion is a menace for the people living in the neighboring areas. A landfill site would solve the problem of disposing of the waste and also lead to effective space utilization.

Published by: Varun Taneja, Aditya PatilResearch Area: Landfill Waste and Energy Outputs

Organisation: KIT’s College of Engineering, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Natural Liner, Bentonite, Gcl, Economics, Hazardous, Fumes, Fugitive Emissions, Degradation, Spontaneous, Effective, Spontaneous Combustion, Utilization.

Survey Report

179. Precocious Puberty Age – A Survey Report in Pipri (Meghe)

The aim of the present survey was to examine the critical study of early puberty age in girls and boys separately, with reference to the Pipri (Meghe), Wardha. The critical study of the puberty was influenced by many factors like present condition of hormones and physical appearance, mostly found in India. The physical and mental changes occurred during pubertal age found in girls and boys were studied through a systematic research with the survey. The researcher employed a research design in which self-administered systemic questionnaires were used to collect data from a sample of 30 students from the school. Data were analyzed using the statistical package, and in particular, using means and the independent t-test. Results reflect 60-80% of girls and boys cause’s early puberty and only 60 -70% girls having extreme pain and feeling uncomfortable during their periods, 35% of students can’t
give any information regarding their physical changes in the body whereas about 90% of them showed skin changes and early pitch of the voice. From the present investigation, one can give the conclusion that puberty occurs early at the age of 9-13 years in girls whereas 14-15 years in boys. Special attention and monitoring the lifestyle patterns of individuals can resolve such puberty related
problems scientifically.

Published by: Purohit M. Y, Mundhada D. R, Bawankar R. D, Dr. Jha R. NResearch Area: Pharmacy

Organisation: Agnihotri College of Pharmacy, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Precocious Puberty Age, Girls, Boys, Pipri (Meghe)

Review Paper

180. Comparative analysis of Traditional SCADA systems and IoT implemented SCADA

SCADA system stands as an abbreviation of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition. It focuses on the supervisory level and is not a full control system. It is a computer system which gathers and analyses real-time data.
They are useful in monitoring and controlling a plant or industrial equipment like telecommunications, water,
waste control, energy, oil-gas refining, and transportation. It gathers information about a mishap, transfers it back to a central site and alerts the home station about the mishap, carries out necessary analysis and control, like determining if the mishap occurred is critical, and display the information in a logical and organized fashion. They can be relatively as simple as a system which monitors environmental conditions of a small office building, or as
complex as a system that monitors all the activity in a nuclear power plant. IoT acts as a complementary setup to SCADA. SCADA system generates information which acts as one of the data sources for IoT. While the focus of SCADA on monitoring and control, the focus of IoT is firmly on analyzing machine data to improve productivity.

Published by: Ram Dhobley, Abhay ChopdeResearch Area: SCADA, Industrial Automation, IoT

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Architecture, Communication, Vulnerabilities.

Review Paper

181. A Robust and Verifiable Threshold Multi-Authority Access Control System in Public Cloud Storage

Attribute-based Encryption is observed as a promising cryptographic leading tool to assurance data owners’ direct regulator over their data in public cloud storage. The former ABE schemes include only one authority to maintain the whole attribute set, which can carry a single-point bottleneck on both security and performance. Then, certain multi-authority schemes are planned, in which numerous authorities distinctly maintain split attribute subsets. However, the single-point bottleneck problem remains unsolved. In this survey paper, from another perspective, we conduct a threshold multi-authority CP-ABE access control scheme for public cloud storage, named TMACS, in which multiple authorities jointly manage a uniform attribute set. In TMACS, taking advantage of (t, n) threshold secret allocation, the master key can be shared among multiple authorities, and a lawful user can generate his/her secret key by interacting with any t authorities. Security and performance analysis results show that TMACS is not only verifiable secure when less than t authorities are compromised, but also robust when no less than t authorities are alive in the system. Also, by efficiently combining the traditional multi-authority scheme with TMACS, we construct a hybrid one, which satisfies the scenario of attributes coming from different authorities as well as achieving security and system-level robustness.

Published by: Manisha More, Shital Y. GaikwadResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Matoshri Pratishthan Group of Institutions, Nanded, MaharashtraKeywords: Cloud, DBA, Public Key, TMACS, Multi-Authority

Research Paper

182. Serum Uric Acid as An Early Marker of Injury Severity in Trauma Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study at a Ugandan Tertiary Hospital

Background: Trauma is still the leading cause of death in many regions of the world. Several severity scores have been developed to assist in the management of trauma victims. The Injury Control Centre in Uganda developed the Kampala Trauma Score (KTS II) for use in resource-limited settings. With the limitations of the existing trauma scoring systems, there is a need to explore new, affordable, easy to use accurate diagnostics. Some studies in high-income countries have shown that Serum Uric Acid (SUA) has been previously shown to be elevated in trauma and serves as an Alarmin. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the correlation between SUA levels and injury severity in trauma patients in a resource-limited setting.
Methods: An analytical, single-center, cross-sectional study carried out at a tertiary hospital AE unit in Kampala. Trauma patients aged ≥18 years presenting within 24 hours after injury were recruited consecutively after obtaining a written informed consent.
Injury severity was determined using the KTS II scoring system and venous blood was drawn for SUA assay. Data were analyzed and the correlation of SUA levels with severity of trauma as defined by KTS II was made.
Results:  A total of 154 patients was recruited with a male to female ratio of 5.4: 1. Road traffic crashes (RTC) were the commonest (64%) cause of the injury; pedestrians were involved in 30% of the cases. The correlation between SUA levels and severity between injury was depicted by the area under the receiver operator characteristics curve = 0.6015.
Conclusion: Serum uric acid was a poor prediction of severity of injury among trauma patients in this low resource environment.

Published by: Okwi Nick, Galukande Moses, Rukundo GideonResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: School of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, KampalaKeywords: Trauma, Serum Uric Acid, Injury Severity, KTS II Score, Biomarker, Alarmin

Case Study

183. An Analysis of Path Planning for Autonomous Motorized Robots

Mobile robots are widely used in many industrial fields. Research on path planning for mobile robots is one of the most important aspects of mobile robots research. Path planning for a mobile robot is to find a collision-free route, through the robot’s environment with obstacles, from a specified start location to the desired goal destination while satisfying certain optimization criteria. Determination of a collision-free path for a robot between start and goal positions through obstacles cluttered in a workspace is central to the design of an autonomous robot path planning. This paper presents a comprehensive study on state of art mobile robot path planning techniques focusing on algorithms that optimize the path in the obstacle abundant environment. Simulation scenarios are performed in the perspective of single and multi-robot path planning and the experimental results show the best performing path planning technique in the corresponding scenario. This paper intends to give assistance in the better understanding of the path planning techniques and also guide researchers to formulate novel techniques for better path planning in both single and multi-robot environments.

Published by: S. Sedhumadhavan , E. NiranjanaResearch Area: Embedded Systems

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering and Technology, Kirumampakkam, PuducherryKeywords: Path Planning, Traditional Method, Soft Computing, Autonomous Mobile Robot.

Research Paper

184. Proficient Analysis of Mining Big Data Using Map Reduce Framework

Information now streams from everyday life from telephones and charge cards and TVs and PCs; from the framework of urban areas from sensor-prepared structures, trains, transports, planes, extensions, and production lines. The information stream so quick that the aggregate gathering of the previous two years is currently a zettabyte. This colossal volume of information is known as large information. Huge Data alludes to advancements and activities that include information that is excessively various, quick-changing or gigantic for traditional advances, aptitudes, and framework to address productively. Said in an unexpected way, the volume, speed
or assortment of information is excessively extraordinary. The volume of information with the speed it is created makes it troublesome for the present processing foundation to deal with enormous information. To conquer this downside, enormous information handling can be performed through a programming worldview known as MapReduce. Commonplace, execution of the MapReduce worldview requires arranged connected stockpiling
and parallel preparing. Hadoop and HDFS by Apache are generally utilized for putting away and overseeing huge information. In this exploration paper, the creators recommend different strategies for taking into account the issues close by through MapReduce structure over HDFS. MapReduce strategy has been learned at in this paper which is required for actualizing Big Information examination utilizing HDFS and minimize time.

Published by: Ajinkya MolkeResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: D Y Patil Engineering College, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Big Data, MapReduce, Hadoop, HDFS, Zettabyte

Review Paper

185. Recent Developments on Photocatalytic water Splitting using Semiconductors for Hydrogen Production

Hydrogen fuel has gained heed in the recent years as fossil fuels and other non-renewable sources of fuels are fast depleting. Hydrogen has been contemplated to be a prospective source of an alternative fuel, predominantly if it can be produced from a renewable and sustainable source such as water. Methods such as photocatalytic water splitting are arguably one of the simple methods to produce clean, green and renewable energy by disassociating water into H(hydrogen) and O2 (oxygen) using catalyst and sunlight. Numerous techniques have been developed to improve photocatalytic activity in materials such as TiO2. This paper describes the recent progress, state of art and the future challenges in photocatalytic water splitting.

Published by: Bhargavi Radhakrishnan, Dr. M. Thirumarimurugan, Dr. R. AzarudeenResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Photocatalytic, Semiconductors, Hydrogen Production

Research Paper

186. Isolation of Serratia Liquefaciens as Metal Resistant Bacteria from Industrial Effluent

Sample from industry effluent consists of various metal like lead, zinc, copper, silver, mercury etc. The growth of microorganisms is affected by various factors like temperature, ph, salinity etc. In some cases there are some  microorganisms which can tolerate the presence of metal like lead, zinc, copper, silver, mercury etc, Presence of these metal is analysed  by atomic absorption spectrometry method, present study deals with  isolation of Serratia liquefaciens is done by various biochemical characteristics, various parameter analysis, culturing of Serratia   liquefaciens in the bacterial growth medium which consist of artificially supplemented with metal. From the study, it is confirmed that Serratia liquefaciens  is present in the polluted water where metal dust persists in the effluent sample. Serratia   liquefaciens were resistant to metal and these microorganisms are further encouraged to degrade metal in the sample

Published by: R. Ramya, Dr. M. BoominathanResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Bharathiyar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Lead, Zinc, Copper, Silver, Mercury, Atomic Adsorption Spectrometry, Parameter, Serratia Liquefaciens

Case Study

187. A Study on Periyar and Vethathiri Mahsrishi’s Perspectives on Women

“Being bestowed birth in human form is one of the rarest” As the renowned Tamil poet Ouvaiyar rightly said being born as a human being itself is an act of wonder. Yet the human community for numerous years lived just like other animals. Over the ages with rational thinking man embarked on a transformative phase. Hence there mushroomed many clans and each of these clans were later referred to as an individual society, But in this societal set-up some unwritten rules and written laws were created in the name of culture and people of the respective society were bound by them. This led to utter confusion. Our ancestors left no stone unturned in their efforts to get rid of these confusions in the society. We call this as reformation. Reformation implies restoring the order which involved plugging the holes that were left unchecked. This noble initiative of reforming is what drove Periyar and Maharishi. They waged a silent war against this domineering group of people and emerged victoriously. Periyar chose the path of agitation and Maharishi the path of non-violence in their attempts to facilitate individual freedom and liberty of women. The aim of this paper is to research on their views and efforts. This essay will deal with a portion of this paper which involves a discussion on the reasons behind women enslavement and the reforms these stalwarts have made.

Published by: K. Sumathi, Dr. G. R ValliammalResearch Area: Women Empowerment

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Vethathiri Maharishi, Periyar, Enslavement, Women, Sati, Chastity.

Research Paper

188. Cyber Crime: A Potential Threat and Remedies

Cybercrime is an illegal activity performed by an individual or by a group of experts in computer technology using the Internet. It ranges from stealing money online from an individual to big corporate using the internet. In the present era of information technology, the computer has made the life easy. People use computer or mobile to perform various jobs on the Internet. So it is necessary to know how to perform various transactions on the internet safely. Everyone is prone to the attack from the cybercriminals. One must be aware and should have knowledge of cybercrime.

Published by: Dr. Nitan S. KotwalResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Government Higher Secondary School Chinta Bhaderwah, Jammu & KashmirKeywords: Cybercrime, Hackers, Website, Cyber Attack, Emails, Online Transaction.

Research Paper

189. The Comparative Study of Social Maturity among Yog Students of Master Degree

The present study examined Social Maturity among Male and Female Master Degree Yog Students. The study was confined to 100 male and female students of M.Sc. and M.A. students of Master Degree Yog of Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar. The comprehensive scale of Social Maturity prepared by Roma Pal was used. The reliability was calculated which were 0.834 and 0.793 respectively; validity was 0.831. After the analysis of the result, it was found that all Master Degree Yog students are social mature whether they belong to M.Sc. and M.A groups, there is no significant difference in the social maturity level among female M.A and M.Sc. students. There is no significant difference in the social maturity level among male M.A and M.Sc. students; among male and female M.Sc. students; among male and female M.A students. It was observed that there is no significant difference in the social maturity level among male and female students.

Published by: Manoranjan TripathyResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya, UttarakhandKeywords: Social Maturity; Master Degree Yog Students

Research Paper

190. 3G/4G Communicational BoosterPack

In this project, mainly we are focusing on developing a new booster pack that works with a 3G/4G module. To develop a booster pack we are using an industrial grade open source hardware called MangOH Red designed to address common IoT pain points and deliver 90% of our prototype out-of-the-box so we can focus our time and resources building the next killer IoT application and bringing our products to market sooner. We are using a CF3 module of WP series (wp7502), which is a 4G module, manufactured by a sierra wireless company. This
module is built using a Legato platform and uses its own APIs to operate and execute. Basically, nowadays IoT plays an important role in the society hence this helps for quick prototyping and provides an easy way for requirements of the Internet of Things. This concept mainly involves the implementation of serial communication between client and server using MangOH and MSP430 [11] [12].

Published by: Chaithra .K, Mahesh B. S, Sushma S. JResearch Area: Communication and Networking

Organisation: GSSS Institute of Engineering & Technology for Women, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: APIs, MSP430, GSM, CF3, LP, IoT

Survey Report

191. Raspberry Pi Home Automation with Voice Control

Automation control means the use of various control systems (sensors) for operating equipment without human interference. Home automation is exciting field when it is blow up with new technologies like voice control. It is computerization of the home or household activity. The suggested implementation of home automation bring under one control of lighting, heating, ventilation and it is fully controlled by using any smartphone through the particular android/iOS application and also with voice commands. Also, the Home appliances are controlled by voice command using Google speech API. The main advantage of this is small device can be part of internet so it is easy to communicate, manage and control without human interferences. Also, it provides the high degree of security, safety, comfort, and energy saving. The Raspberry Pi is small(85.60 mm x 56 mm x 21 mm), inexpensive(2,950 INR), portable, credit-size single board computer with support for a large number of peripherals like USB port, HDMI port, SD card slot and network communication like Ethernet port. Raspberry pi a group of technologies now exist that join the capacity of PC, communication and multimedia technologies of web and portability of the mobile device.

Published by: Madhuri Upadhye, R. A. KhanResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Modern Education Society’s College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ALPHA, Home Automation, Internet of Things, Raspberry Pi, Sensors, Voice Commands, Android/iPhone app.

Research Paper

192. Performance Evaluation of Multi-Core System through Mining Techniques

Apriori algorithm is a masterstroke algorithm of association rule mining. Increased possibility of the Multicore processors is imposing us to upgrade the algorithm and applications so as to accomplishment the computational power from multiple cores finding frequent item sets is more upscale in terms of computing resources utilization and CPU power. Apriori Algorithm is used on very big data sets with high dimensionality of data. Therefore, parallel computing can be applied for mining using association rules. The process of association rule mining consists of finding frequent item sets and generating rules from the frequent item data sets. Finding frequent item sets are more expensive in terms of CPU power consumption and computing resources utilization. Thus, the majority of parallel apriori algorithm focus on parallelizing the process of discovering frequent item set. The computation of
frequent item sets mainly consist of creating the candidate’s generation and counting items. In parallel frequent itemsets mining algorithms addresses the issue of distributing the candidates among processors such that their creation and counting is effectively parallelized. Paper presents a comparative study of the serial and parallel mining of data sets. The Raspberry Pi is powerful, the small computer having the dimensions of credit card which is invented with the hope of an inspiring generation of learners to be creative. This computer uses ARM (Advanced RISC Machines) processor, the processor at the heart of the Raspberry Pi system is a Broadcom BCM2835 system on chip multimedia processor. Paper provides a description of the raspberry pi technology which is a very powerful computer. Also, it introduces the overall system architecture and the design of hardware components are presented in details. We also use Raspberry Pi 3 Model B 1.2 GHz 64-bit quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 and find the results using serial and parallel mining of data sets[14].

Published by: Ramdas Popat Jare, Vrushali DesaleResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Ambi, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry Pi, Parallel Data Mining, Frequent Itemsets, Association Rules, Apriori Algorithm

Research Paper

193. Design and Implementation of Microcontroller in FPGA for IoT

One of the buzz words in the Information Technology is the Internet of Things (IoT). In coming years, IoT will transform the objects which are present in the real world into virtual objects. IoT keep us informed about the status of objects and controls of things in a sensor network. Sensor node comprises of the sensor, microcontroller and RF transceiver. A microcontroller is an integrated circuit which basically performs one task and executes particular application. It contains programmable in/out peripherals, memory, and processor. Microcontrollers are mostly designed in view of embedded and are used to automatically controllable systems. In digital system design microcontrollers and field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), both are widely used. Microcontroller based devices are becoming increasingly widespread. On one hand, high speed, power, and falling prices make them an obvious choice whereas fast-growing popularity of FPGAs, the availability of powerful development tools and the increase in speed and high density have made FPGA based systems an alternative choice. Sensor node controller is going to develop using VHDL with behavioral modeling which is an abstract model of the controller and breaks down of the system into subcomponents and functional blocks.

Published by: Anuradha M. Nimase, Dr. Dipashree M. BhaleraoResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Microcontroller, IoT, VHDL, FPGA

Research Paper

194. Design of an Adaptive Sign Based Routing Protocol in VANET for Sophisticated Environments

With the advancement of the communication technology and an increase in the number of vehicles, the
Vehicle Ad-hoc Network (VANET) has become an emerging field of study. The major applications of VANETs are in
highways, but in sophisticated environments such as forest area, hill stations, private museum or large
park etc., where visitors across the country pass through several locations, and there doesn’t exist a proper
communication among the vehicles. So in this type of locations, we need an intelligent routing strategy for the On
Board Unit(OBU) to adapt and communicate with the neighboring vehicles. In this paper, a strategy is proposed
wherein, the vehicles communicate with each other or with the roadside units (RSU) by passing some sign bits with
positive or negative polarity. A simple simulation is performed on 100 to 200 vehicles demonstrating passing of data
from source to destination.

Published by: Ravi Kumar .M, Dr. B. R Prasad BabuResearch Area: Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Organisation: East Point College of Engineering and Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: OBU, Sign, Location, Routing Protocol, Path

Research Paper

195. Design and Implementation of Microprocessor Trainer Bus System

This paper presents a part of a microprocessor trainer system. This paper has six modules. All modules are connected on the bus paths. Control signal such as Direct Memory Access (DMA), I/O Module and memory Modules are attached to the bus. In this paper, the bus has four lines of the bus. They are a line of the address, data, control (Memory Read/ Write and I/O Read/Write) and power. The address bus and data bus are 16 bits. Several Microcontrollers are in this paper. PIC 16f877 is used in a DMA module (direct memory access) and I/O module. PIC 74LS573 is applied as Latch, PIC74LS244 is used as a bus driver and PIC74LS255 is applied as a bus transceiver. PIC18f452 is used in CPU module. Each type of bus has its own requirements and properties.

Published by: Dr. Tin Tin Nwet, Dr. Phyu Phyu SheinResearch Area: ICT

Organisation: Computer University, Sittwe, RakhineKeywords: 5681

Research Paper

196. A Survey on Medical Data by using Data Mining Techniques

Data mining is a vital region of research and is practically utilized as a part of various areas like back, clinical research, instruction, human services and so on. Data mining is an imperative zone of research and is even-mindedly utilized as a part of various areas like the fund, clinical research, training, social insurance and so forth. Truth be told, the assignment of data extraction from the medicinal information is a testing attempt and it is a perplexing errand. The principle intention of this audit paper is to give a survey of data mining in the domain of medicinal services. In fact, the task of knowledge extraction from the medical data is a challenging endeavor and it is a complex task. The main motive of this review paper is to give a review of data mining in the purview of healthcare. Moreover, intertwining and interrelation of previous researchers have been presented in a novel manner. Furthermore, merits and demerits of frequently used data mining techniques in the domain of healthcare and medical data have been compared. The use of different data mining tasks in health care is also discussed. An analytical approach regarding the uniqueness of medical data in healthcare is also presented.

Published by: Pradeep Nayak, SayeeshResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Medical Data; Data Mining Tasks; Data Mining Functions on Medical Data Approach; Data mining techniques; Uniqueness of medical facts.

Research Paper

197. Bio Metrics in Secure E-transaction

Information security is concerned with the assurance of confidentially, integrity and availability of information in all forms. This is the ancient Greek word: bios = “life” and metron = “measure.” In the present day world, online shopping using WAP enabled mobile phone has widely come into use. Credit cards serve as the currency during e-business and e-Shopping. As the Hacking or Spoofing or the Misuse of the credit card is continuously increasing even you are using a secure network. Also, some Spam software is sent to your system or device through the internet that helps spammers to get the desires relevant information about your credit card and financial data. To solve these problems or get out of these insecurities the Bio-metric System that provides the secure E-transaction by improving the prevention of data spoofing. So in this paper, we have proposed a multi-biometric model (integrating voice, fingerprint and facial scanning) that can be embedded in a mobile phone, this making e-transactions more secure.

Published by: Siddhi Raviraj AwadhutResearch Area: Compurer Science and Technology

Organisation: Kolhapur Institute of Technology’s College of Engineering, Kolhapur, Maharashtra Keywords: Multi-biometric, Identification, E-commerce, E-transaction

Technical Notes

198. Implementation of Image Steganography using LabVIEW

Steganography is the one of the technique to hide secret messages within a larger one in such way that someone can not know the presence or contents of the hidden message. The purpose of Steganography is to maintain secret communication between two parties. This paper presents the implementation of a highly secured data hiding technique called Steganography. This technique is applicable for image data type. The main aim of this technique is to encode the data image within cover image such that the data image’s existence is concealed. Here we use the data as image for Steganography. It deals with the encoding data image information in a given image (called cover image) without making any visible changes to it. LabVIEW graphical programming environment is a tool for realizing the image acquisition and processing. This software has several advantages: simple implementation, modularity, flexibility, attractive user interface and possibility to develop very easy new features.

Published by: Shanthamma .K, Sanket N. Shettar, Senthilkumar .SResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: GSSS Institute of Engineering And Technology For Women, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Steganography, Image Processing, LabVIEW, Virtual Instrumentations (VI), Data Hiding

Research Paper

199. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity among School Children in Selected Private Schools at Erode, Tamil Nadu

The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children
studying in private schools in the age group of 11-14 years. Total enumeration sampling method was used and the total of 2291 children was included in the present study. Height and weight were measured and then BMI was calculated. Based on the BMI children were categorized as overweight and obese. Results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity were comparable with national level.

Published by: Kavimani .M, Dr. Helen Predita .M, Dr. Janani SankarResearch Area: Pediatrics

Organisation: Shivparvathi Mandradiar College of Nursing, Palayakottai, Tamil NaduKeywords: School Children, Prevalence, Overweight, Obesity, BMI

Review Paper

200. Graphical Authentication for Web Based Application

User authentication is an important topic in the field of information security. To enforce security of information, passwords were introduced. Text-based password is a popular authentication method used from ancient
times. However, text based passwords are prone to various attacks. Strong text-based password schemes could provide with a certain degree of security. However, the fact that strong passwords are difficult to memorize often leads their users to write them down on papers or even save them in a computer file. Human actions such as choosing bad passwords and inputting passwords in an insecure way are regarded as the weakest link in the authentication chain. A graphical password is one of the alternative solution to alphanumeric password as it is a very simple process to remember the alphanumeric password. One of the major reasons behind this method implementation is that, according to psychological studies human mind can easily remember images than alphabets or digits. Graphical authentication has been proposed as a possible alternative solution to text-based authentication. A new technique of captcha and OTP is being used for the verification purpose. Three times a person is given chance to try for login if the person fails then he is blocked till the session expires.

Published by: Aditya Badhe, Dhananjay Dahake, Prajakta Rokade, Arati Dhakane, D. M. UjlambkarResearch Area: Security

Organisation: AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Graphical Password, OTP, Security, User Authentication, Web Application.

Research Paper

201. Customer Perception: Technology Based Banking and its Impact on Financial Inclusion

In the banking sector, digital technology offers an unprecedented opportunity to connect people to services
such as savings, loans, insurance, and payments. India remains among the most cash-intensive economies in the
world, with a cash-to GDP ratio of around 12 percent. Around 97 percent of all transactions in the country are
carried out in cash, and India remains amongst the countries with the lowest access to digital payments. The digital mode of payments gathered momentum in 2016-17, according to RBIs annual report. Technology has proved to be an effective tool to expand financial inclusion. With the Government initiatives, RBI has recommended banks to move towards greater technology adoption to drive financial inclusion. In this paper, the authors analyze the pattern of usage of technology by customers for banking operations and investigate the linkages between the customer
satisfaction factors and the factors that influence a customer to move towards technology for various banking
services. The study brings out various attributes and factors that influence a customer decision towards using
technology tools for banking, makes a quality assessment and brings out the impact on customers’ satisfaction. Finally, with the help of exploratory factor analysis, the paper identifies the factors that attract customers mostly to use the technology tools in banking operations.

Published by: Umar Farook .A, Dr. S. SudalaimuthuResearch Area: Management – Banking Technology

Organisation: Pondicherry University, PuducherryKeywords: Financial Inclusion, Banking Technology, Customer Satisfaction, Technology Tools, Factor Analysis.

Review Paper

202. Manilkara zapota (L.) P.Royen (Sapodilla): A Review

Manilkara zapota, also known as Sapodilla, is very commonly distributed in the Indian subcontinent. It is an important member of Sapotaceae family as it is well known all over the world for its traditional medicinal uses. Numerous phytoconstituents have been reported from the plant by different authors that are responsible for many biological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritis, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor and anti-diabetic activities. The present article describes a detailed review of literature for this plant species including taxonomy, pharmacology, and phytochemistry in an organized way. This review paper will surely serve as an important source for the future scientific investigations on this plant.

Published by: Mehnaz Bano, Bilal AhmedResearch Area: Botany

Organisation: University of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir Keywords: Sapodilla, Phytoconstituents, Anti-Tumor, Anti-Diabetic, Pharmocology

Research Paper

203. Comparison of FxLMS and NFxLMS Algorithms in MATLAB Using Active Vibration Control

The paper presents simulation results of the performance of adaptive filtering algorithms such as Filtered
–x Least Mean Square (FxLMS) and the Normalized Filtered-x Least Mean Square (NFxLMS) algorithm using the concept of active vibration control. The FxLMS and NFxLMS algorithms are most popular in adaptive filtering feed-forward control methods. The FxLMS and the NFxLMS are used in order to overcome the disadvantages of conventional Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm. The MATLAB implementations for both the algorithms are carried out and the parameters such as convergence rate, efficiency, and step size results are compared using the principle of Active Vibration Control.

Published by: Reshma Rajkumar, Siva Subba Rao Patange, Raja .S, Aravindu .B, Mahommed Toufiq A. Hindustani, J. C Narayana SwamyResearch Area: Digital Electronics and Communication

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Active Vibration Control, Filtered-x Least Mean Square (FxLMS), Normalized Filtered-x Least Mean Square (NFxLMS), Feed-forward Control, Convergence Rate.

Research Paper

204. Digital Stethoscope: A New Approach to know and Hear Heart Beat and Heart Frequency Rate

The motive of this journal is to digitalize the stethoscope and improve and make easier and accurate
measurement of heart beat and frequency rate. The part of the motive of this device is everyone can hear them heart beat and to know about the health with the help of any instruction and network and also heart beat frequency rate, heart beat sound recorded using additional devices and the recording signal (heart beat sound or frequency rate) easily transfer by using smart phone with related apps.

Published by: Jinothkumar .SResearch Area: Medical Equipement

Organisation: Sona College of Technology, Salem, Tamil Nadu Keywords: Accuracy, Anyone Can Use, Digitalized, Easy To Handle, Simple

Research Paper

205. Implementation of Hybrid Data Collection (Mobile Element and Hierarchical Clustering) in WSN

Wireless sensor network considers as real-time embedded system deployed in a particular region to sense various types of environmental parameters such as temperature, pressure, gas, humidity etc. The huge applications of WSN like habitat monitoring, forest fire detection, surveillance, transport monitoring etc. have created a lot of interest among the researcher community in recent past. Typically, WSNs are densely deployed in hazardous places where battery recharge or replacement is nearly impossible and human monitoring scheme is highly risky. There are many typical issues such as power constraints, limited computing capacity, open environment; radio connectivity makes the sensor nodes faulty many times. Once the network is established, nodes keep on sensing the information and the battery power goes exponentially. Whenever the nodes detect any event, they send the information to the other nodes or to the base station. Sometimes it happens that the same information received by nearby sensor nodes can be received by the base station that makes the network inefficient. To avoid this data redundancy and to make the network most energy efficient, data aggregation and sensor fusion have been emphasized in the literature. Many routing protocols with many different ideas have been proposed in the literature to make the network energy efficient. A cluster-based routing protocol is one of these efficient ideas, where sensor nodes are divided into a number of groups and each group is called as a cluster. One group leader is elected in each cluster known as
Cluster Head (CH). Data aggregation is obtained at the leader node. The leader node/CH is only responsible for sending the message to the BS. The general system model for clustering based WSN. LEACH is the first famous hierarchical routing protocol which is proven to be most efficient over traditional routing protocol. In LEACH, the CH is elected in a probabilistic manner and tries to balance the load at each sensor node on a rotation basis. In the proposed model, an attempt has been made to improve the performance of LEACH protocol in view of electing an appropriate Super Cluster Head (SCH) among the CHs by applying suitable fuzzy descriptors. Only SCH is allowed to send the message to the BS by reducing the number of message retransmissions performed by the CHs.

Published by: Pushpa Yadav, Rohit SinghalResearch Area: Wireless Sensor Network

Organisation: Institute of Engineering & Technology, Alwar, RajasthanKeywords: Hybrid Data Collection, Mobile Element, Hierarchical Clustering, WSN

Review Paper

206. Machining Challenges in Stainless Steel – A Review

In today’s world, AISI Stainless Steel contributes to almost half of the world’s production and consumption
for industrial purposes. Stainless Steel is most popular alloy widely used in part manufacturing due to its inherent
properties like high strength, great corrosion resistant, high ductility etc. but are hard materials to machining on-base performance criteria like metallurgical aspect, low thermal conductivity, chip formation, cutting tool wear and surface integrity. The surface roughness and material removal rate have been identified as quality attributes and are assumed to be directly related to performance, productivity, and production costs. In this paper study of various machining problem discussed by different researchers and their probable solution, which helps to reduce tool wear, increase corrosion resistance, high surface finish by reducing machining complexity.

Published by: Ingle Sushil .V, Patil Amit .S, Patel Rohit .JResearch Area: Manufacturing

Organisation: MET’S Institute of Engineering, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: Metallurgical Aspect, Corrosion Resistance, Mechanical Properties, Surface Finish, Tool Wear

Review Paper

207. A Review paper on Friction stir Welding process parameters

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) was invented by Wayne Thomas at TWI (The Welding Institute), and the first patent applications were filed in the UK in December 1991. Initially, the process was regarded as a “laboratory” curiosity, but it soon became clear that FSW offers numerous benefits in the fabrication of aluminum products. Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has become a major joining process in the aerospace, railway and shipbuilding industries especially in the fabrication of aluminum alloys. The process uses a spinning non-consumable tool to generate frictional heat in the workpiece. Worldwide, there are now over 135 licensees of FSW and new techniques and applications are being developed daily. This paper looks at the review, on friction stir welding process, various welding variables like tool rotation, transverse speed, tool tilt, plunge depth and tool design, for the welding of aluminum alloys or various dissimilar alloys. Applications, future aspects, and several key problems are also described.

Published by: Hira SinghResearch Area: Friction Welding

Organisation: Gian Jyoti Group of Institutions, Shambhu Kalan, Rajpura, PunjabKeywords: Friction Stir Welding, The Welding Institute

Research Paper

208. A Fast Method to Choose the Reference Frame to Extract Inter- view Redundancy from Multiple Views

The multi-view video will become one of the most widely used video technology in the future digital video
coding. Compression of multiple views to get the advantage of different use cases resulted in a lot of present research. Removal of inter-view redundancy results in the compression of multi-view videos. In this paper, we propose a method to get the relationship between any two views and apply the same relationship to other MacroBlocks prediction. This simplifies the inter-view prediction resulting in better compression by reducing the number of bits used for coding. Quantitative quality is measured by calculating the average PSNR in comparison to standard approaches

Published by: Bayyapu Ranjit Reddy, Dr. Ramana Reddy PatilResearch Area: Multi-View Video Coding

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Multiview, Redundancy, Inter-View, Reference Frame, Compression

Research Paper

209. A High Performance Jacobi Iterative Solver

Jacobi solver is one of the most efficient to solve a large linear system of equations. As this method involves number of iterations, it takes a longer time for giving the solution in VLSI. This paper presents an implementation of Jacobi solver in FPGA, in which, the various blocks of Jacobi solver are implemented with Kogge-Stone adder (KSA) where ever addition is required. This resulted in an enhanced performance at the cost of little increase in area. The improvement in performance is a decrease in the delay of 67.7% in the minimum period of delay, which is a substantial improvement. As compared to the Ripple carry addition (RCA), addition implementation in the KSA is found to give an area savings of 21.21% in terms of slices, an area increase of 56.60% in terms of flip-flops and an increase of 49.04% in terms of 4 input LUTs. Hence this design can be implemented in places where high performance is of primary concern. The implementation and simulation have been performed in VHDL in Xilinx 14.7 targeted to FPGA.

Published by: Chaitanya Nutalapati, Vijay Kumar YarasiResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: QIS Institute of Technology, Ongole, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Jacobi Solver, Kogge-Stone adder (KSA), Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)

Research Paper

210. Characterization and Reuse Avenues of BOF Slag as Flux Material in Sinter

The present study “Characterization and Reuse avenues of BOF Slag as a flux material in sinter” is focused on waste utilization for a sustainable growth and development. In an integrated steel plant, approximately 2-4 tonnes of wastes (including solid, liquid and gas) are generated for every tonne of steel produced. Among all the wastes, slag generated at iron making and steel making units are the key area of concern. With increasing capacities, the mechanism for disposal of large quantities of slag that get generated have gained traction as the environmental issues that it could evoke could become critical for steelmakers. Over the last few years, with better understanding process there is the significant reduction in the volume of slag generated. However, slag generation remains inevitable and emphasis on its recycling remains one of the most serious concerns that need to be solved. Blast furnace granulated slag is a glassy aggregate and used as raw material for pozzolanic cement. But BOF granulated slag is crystalline and less glassy phase compared to BF slag, so 100 % utilization as pozzolanic cement manufacture is limited. Hence, alternate reuse avenues are under study at research or implementation level. The present topic is selected to study the reuse avenues of BOF Slag as a flux material in sinter.

Published by: Dr. Kalpataru Rout, Jayanta Sarita PradhanResearch Area: Environment Science

Organisation: Neelachal Ispat Nigam Limited, Duburi, OdishaKeywords: Aggregate, Bof/Ld Slag, Sintering, Granulation, Recyclable Material

Research Paper

211. Automatic Power Factor Correction by Fine Tuning of Graded Capacitors

Today’s power system demands improved power factor in order to harness various advantages associated with improved power factor. Till date, various methods have been deployed to improve the power factor of the power system. This paper mainly focuses on a novel methodology for reactive power compensation and thereby power factor improvement at the load end. This paper presents a novel approach of capacitance grading for achieving fine-tuning of power factor. The concept for automatic power factor correction by fine-tuning of graded capacitors with the help of microcontroller and binary logic is proposed, simulated, and implemented. The method presented is of iterative nature and is cost competitive over other deployed methods. An algorithm is developed and a model is made to deploy the concept of iteration with binary logic. The same is tested on an induction motor and results obtained are analyzed.

Published by: Harnekar Aadam Ismail, Gaurang Kumar B. PatelResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: APFC- Automatic Power Factor Correction, ZCD- Zero Crossing Detector, CT- Current Transformer, PT- Potential Transformer, OpAmp- Operational Amplifier

Research Paper

212. The Multiband Patch Antenna with Square and Hexagonal Shape for Different Wireless Applications

Fractal geometry involves a recursive generating methodology those results in the figure with infinitely convoluted fine structures. They do not use additional loading components and are simple and cost-effective to fabricate. They can be mounted to constraining form factors, such as the casing of hand-held transceivers. In this paper, a fractal antenna is designed with Square and Hexagonal shape and operating between 4-7 GHz. The proposed antenna with the rectangular ground plane is modeled and simulated with Finite Element Method (FEM) based High-Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) and an improvement in performance parameters (Return loss, Bandwidth (BW) and VSWR) is observed with change in design parameters. Fractal antennas prove worthwhile, high performance, resonant antennas for many practical applications. It is usually fabricated as or on small circuit boards, they allow new versatility in their use with wireless devices.

Published by: Shmile, Pankaj Sharma , Puneet JainResearch Area: Antenna

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: Fractal, Patch Antenna, Bandwidth

Review Paper

213. Channel and Clipping Level Estimation For OFDM in IoT –Based Networks: A Review

Internet of Things (IoT) is the idea to connect all devices to the internet. To implement such systems, we need to design low cost and less complex transmitters and make the receiver side complex. Nowadays OFDM is mainly used for communication due to its great advantages. But it faces the main problem such as PAPR due to the non-linear performance of High power amplifiers. There are so many methods are available to reduce the effect of PAPR in OFDM transmission, among this clipping is the simplest one. In this paper, we propose two algorithms to find the clipping level as well as the channel estimation. The efficiency of these algorithms is evaluated by using CLRB calculation.

Published by: Ranjith T. K, Sini .M, Sareena Abdul RasheedResearch Area: Signal Processing

Organisation: S. N. Polytechnic, Kanhangad, KeralaKeywords: OFDM, PAPR, Clipping, Channel, Estimation

Research Paper

214. Hierarchical Attribute-Based Solution for Flexible Access Control in Cloud Computing

Cloud storage enables users to remotely store their data and enjoy the on-demand high-quality
cloud applications without the burden of local hardware and software management. Though the benefits are
clear, such a service is also relinquishing users’ physical possession of their outsourced data, which
inevitably poses new security risks towards the correctness of the data in the cloud. In order to address this new
problem and further achieve a secure and dependable cloud storage service, we propose in this paper We
develop a new cryptosystem for fine-grained sharing of encrypted data that we call Key-Policy Attribute-
Based Encryption (KP-ABE). In our cryptosystem, ciphertexts are labeled with sets of attributes and private
keys are associated with access structures that control which ciphertexts a user is able to decrypt. Attribute-
based encryption (ABE) has been envisioned as a promising cryptographic primitive for realizing secure and
flexible access control. HASBE extends the ASBE algorithm with a hierarchical structure to improve
scalability and flexibility while at the same time inherits the feature of fine-grained access control of ASBE.

Published by: Sadaf Shaikh, Dipti PatilResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Pillai’s Institute of Information Technology Engineering, Media Studies & Research, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: HASBE (Hierarchical Attribute set based Encryption), CPABE (Cipher text- Policy Attribute Based Encryption)

Review Article

215. Radio Mean D-distance Number of Banana Tree, Thorn Star and Cone Graph

A Radio Mean D-distance labeling of a connected graph G is an injective map f from the vertex set V(G) to N such that for two distinct vertices u and v of G, dD(u, v) + ⌈(f(u)+f(v))/2⌉ ≥ 1 + diamD(G), where dD(u, v) denotes the D-distance between u and v and diamD(G) denotes the D-diameter of G. The radio mean D-distance number of f, rmnD(f) is the maximum label assigned to any vertex of G. The radio mean D-distance number of G, rmnD(G) is the minimum value of rmnD(f) taken over all radio mean D-distance labeling f of G. In this paper we find the radio mean D-distance number of banana tree, thorn star and cone graph.

Published by: K. John Bosco, T. Nicholas, M. Antony, V. ViolaResearch Area: Graph Theory

Organisation: St. Jude’s College,Thoothoor, Tamil NaduKeywords: D-distance, Radio D-distance Number, Radio Mean D-distance, Radio Mean D-distance Number

Research Paper

216. IOT based Home Automation System for Electricity Usage

One of the important scientific discovery of all time is of electricity. Electricity has many uses in our day to day life and provides comfort to people. The existing system for Electricity meter reading has many drawbacks such as real-time data is not available, huge human resource requirement, difficulty in construction etc. This research proposes an IOT based system to overcome above drawbacks and provide additional benefits. The proposed system uses Arduino microcontroller, to read the no of units consumed by electrical appliances. These data are then sent to a remote server using Ethernet shield. At the user end, an android application is created which allows the user to fetch data in real time and represent it graphically. In an effort to overcome the energy crisis, these systems send an SMS to the user when his/her home electricity usage crosses a threshold. To notify the user about his daily electricity usage a notification will be sent to the Android application every day. The above system has been designed to overcome drawbacks of the existing system, ease of accessing real-time data and to reduce energy crisis.

Published by: Swapnil Talkar, Ruhi BajajResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Thadomal Shahani Engineering College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Android, Arduino Microcontroller, Ethernet Shield, Internet of Things (IOT)

Review Paper

217. Effect of Angle of Repose of Aggregate on Strength of Bituminous Mix

The major constituent of the bituminous mix is aggregated. The characteristics of the bituminous mix are mainly affected by properties of aggregates. The angle of repose of aggregates of different sizes and sources have been designed in the present study. Further, an attempt has been made to study the effect of angle of repose to the strength of bituminous mix. Indirect tensile strength has been used as the measure of the strength of bituminous mix, subsequently, the statistical relationship has been proposed between the overall angle of repose of the aggregates used in the bituminous mix to its indirect tensile strength.

Published by: Mohd Talib, Mohd Salman, Mohd Sharfuddin, Mohd Sharib, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Transportaion Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Bituminous Mix, Aggregates Shape, Indirect Tensile Strength

Research Paper

218. Database Security Technique with Database Cache

Today people are depending more on the corporate data for decision making, management of customer service and supply chain management etc. Any loss, corrupted data or unavailability of data may seriously affect its performance. The database security should provide protected access to the contents of a database and should preserve the integrity, availability, consistency, and quality of the data In this paper, we analyze and compare five traditional architectures for database encryption. We show that existing architectures may provide a high level of security, but have a significant impact on performance and impose major changes to the application layer, or may be transparent to the application layer and provide high performance, but have several fundamental security weaknesses. We suggest a sixth novel architecture that was not considered before. The new architecture is based on placing the encryption module inside the database management software (DBMS), just above the database cache, and using a dedicated technique to encrypt each database value together with its coordinates.

Published by: Rashmi Parab, Nilima NikamResearch Area: Database Security

Organisation: Yadavrao Tasgaonkar Institute of Engineering And Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Authentication, Relational Database, Security, Integrity, Protection, DBMS, Blowfish

Research Paper

219. Evolutionary Algorithms Based Optimization of PID Controller for Hybrid Renewable Energy System

In these paper, Optimum design of PID Controller for Hybrid Wind/PV system is demonstrated considering the meteorological Data of solar radiation and wind speed from NASA surface and solar energy database of Hospet has been taken (latitude  15.54°N and longitude 74.48°E).Around 160 family or approx. 1 village community electricity consumption data has been taken thereby using the HOMER Software simulation has been carried out to find the Best Hybrid system in Hospet comparing the economic advantages like cost, payback period and other economic factors.It finds that Cost Reduction is around 70% compared to Conventional Energy source.But due to Non-linear Power generation and Load side variation, usage of Hybrid power system became very less. So, In order to avoid the above, we came up with Energy Management system(EMS), where the PID Parameters are used for controlling the EMS charging and discharging. Here the PID Controller is tuned through different Evolutionary Algorithm approaches like Genetic Algorithm(GA), Hyper-Spherical Search(HSS), Flower Pollination Algorithm(FPA) and Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO).Hybrid System like Wind/PV is modeled in Simulink and algorithms is implemented in Matlab. Finally, all the above algorithms are computed based on Objective Function Value, Rise time, Settling time and Overshoot and it is validated that HSS algorithm is best compared to all other algorithms.

Published by: Sampathkumar V. Patil, Dr. S. B ShivakumarResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, KarnatakaKeywords: Renewable Energy Sources, Wind-Turbine, Photovoltaic,NASA Surface and Solar Energy Database,Google Earth Hybrid-RES, Load Sensitive EMS control, Evolutionary Algorithms,Genetic Algorithm

Research Paper

220. Stress Management for Teachers

Education plays a key role in human development. It is an instrument of social change. In education process, the school is an agency of education. The teacher plays a very important role in the social reconstruction and the transmission of knowledge and all-round development of his students. The teachers should learn continuously and update their knowledge. The future of any nation will be shaped in classrooms. The quality of nation depends on the quality of teaching in classrooms. The quality of teaching depends on the quality of teachers. Teaching profession is considered as noble profession amongst all professions. We cannot expect the quality of teaching from stressful teachers. The main cause of teachers stress is dealing with students in daily life.

Published by: Ragam Venkata Rao, Dr. G. Bhuvaneswara LakshmiResearch Area: Education Psychology

Organisation: Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Stress Management, Teachers, Social Reconstruction

Research Paper

221. AES based Secured Framework for Cloud Databases

A Cloud database management syst℮m is a distributed database that delivers computing as a service (Caas) instead of a product. Improving confidentiality of information stored in a cloud database. It is a very important contribution to the cloud database. Data encryption is the optimum solution for achieving confidentiality. In some normal methods, encrypt the whole database through some standard encryption algorithm that does not allow in sql database operations directly on the cloud. This formal solution affected by workload and cost would make the cloud database service inconvenient. I propose a novel architecture for adaptive encryption of public cloud database. Adaptiv encryption allow any sql operation over encrypted data. The novel cloud database architecture that uses adaptive encryption technique with no intermediate servers. This scheme provides cloud provider with the best level of confidentiality for any database workload. I can determine the encryption and adaptive encryption cost of data confidentiality from the research point of view. Index Terms Adaptive encryption T℮chnique, AES(Advanced Encryption Standard), Metadata.

Published by: Kataiah Thottambedu, Munisekhar PrudhviResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Shree Institute of Technical Education, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: AES, Cloud Computing, Cloud Databases

Research Paper

222. A Survey on Security and Privacy Methods of Bigdata in Cloud Computing Environment

Big Data and cloud computing are two important issues in the recent years, that enable computing resources to be provided as Information Technology services with high efficiency and effectiveness. The main focus is on security issues in cloud computing that are associated with Big data. Big data applications are a great benefit to organizations, business, companies and many large scales and small-scale industries. Cloud computing plays a very vital role in protecting data. Hadoop Framework is used by popular companies like Google, Yahoo, Amazon, and IBM etc. Now-a-days big data is one of the most serious problems that researchers have focused their research on it to understand the problem of how big data could be handled in the current systems and managed with cloud computing. One of the most important issues is how to gain perfect security for big data in cloud computing. Our paper makes a Survey of big data with cloud computing, security and the mechanisms that are used to protect and secure with available clouds.

Published by: Soumyashree , Nithyashree .KResearch Area: Computer Network BIGDATA

Organisation: HKBK College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Cloud Computing, Big Data, Cloud Providers, NAS, Big Data Security, Big Data Privacy. Hadoop, Distributed File System

Research Paper

223. Development of Therapeutic Flour and Prepare Standardized Recipe

Therapeutic flour is developed by the mixing of rice bran, chickpea peel and whole wheat flour in different ratio(s)
and better results obtained in the ratio(s) of rice bran, chickpea peel and whole wheat flour in 10:10:80 in the development of therapeutic flour and prepare recipes by using therapeutic flour and test characteristics supported by the hedonic scale. One major product was developed using different composite flour i.e. therapeutic flour chilla, (rice bran+chickpea peel+ wheat flour). The developed product was evaluated on various parameters: sensory evaluation & nutritional analysis. Sensory evaluation of prepared product was carried out using 9 points hedonic scale.

Published by: Shikha Singh, Neetu SinghResearch Area: Food Science and Technology

Organisation: Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Therapeutic Flour, Rice Bran, Chickpea Peel, Whole Wheat Flour.

Research Paper

224. Synthesis and Anti Diabetic Activity of Curcumin

Curcumin is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). The other two curcuminoids are desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin. The curcuminoids are polyphenols and are responsible for the yellow color of turmeric. Curcumin can exist in at least two tautomeric forms, keto and enol. The enol form is more energetically stable in the solid phase and in solution.
Curcumin is one such medicine. Turmeric, derived from the plant Curcuma longa, is a gold-colored spice commonly used in the Indian subcontinent, not only for healthcare but also for the preservation of food and as a yellow dye for textiles. Curcumin, which gives the yellow color to turmeric and its structure as diferuloylmethane. Curcumin has been shown to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities and thus has a potential against various malignant diseases, diabetes, allergies, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, and other chronic illnesses. These effects are mediated through the regulation of various transcription factors, growth factors, inflammatory cytokines, protein kinases, and other enzymes.

Published by: Sonu SharmaResearch Area: Anti Diabetic Activity

Organisation: IIMT College of Pharmacy, Nodia, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Anti Diabetic, Curcumin, Curcuma Longa

Research Paper

225. A Proposed Framework for Realtime Monitoring of Speed and Location of a Vehicle

The working man commutes to work and other destinations on a daily basis by various means of transport. One
such popular means is by the use of cabs. In cities, several companies enable such commuters to avail the services of daily vehicle hiring from one location to another. Safety of the passenger being the most important criteria, it is important for the fleet management company to be able to monitor the vehicle in which the passenger is seated, in real-time. Our research proposes a simulated system using a speed sensor and a GPS module and a microcontroller to fetch the data and view the vehicle’s speed and location coordinates on a smartphone.

Published by: Arya Kedarnath Padte, Ruhi BajajResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Thadomal Shahani Engineering College Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Android, IOT, GPS Module, Speed Sensor, MSP Microcontroller, Wi-Fi Module

Review Paper

226. Removal of NITROGEN from Industrial Effluent: A Review

Nitrates pollution of waters is a worldwide problem and its remediation is a big challenge from the technical and the scientific point of view. One of the most used and promising cleaning techniques is the biological treatment of wastewaters operated by bacteria. A freshwater microalgae Chlorella sp. was investigated for its ability to remove both nitrogen and phosphorus from influent. Amount of wastewater containing nitrogen is increasing in the environment due to industrialization.  It is necessary to remove nitrogen from waste as it causes eutrophication. The study was carried out to increase characteristics, efficiency and economy of wastewater by the low-cost microorganism.

Published by: Prexa Chhasatiya, Mansi Patel, Shubhi Sharma, Shailesh Vekariya, Ajaz Shaikh, Anjali S. NairResearch Area: Environmental Science & Technology

Organisation: Shroff S R Rotary Institute of Chemical Technology, Vataria, GujaratKeywords: Micro-Organisms, Industrial Effluent, Biological Nitrogen Removal

Review Paper

227. Rainfall Runoff Modelling Using Artificial Neural Network

The use of an artificial neural network (ANN) is becoming very common nowadays due to its ability to analyze complex nonlinear events. An ANN has a flexible, convenient and easy mathematical structure to identify the nonlinear relationships between input and output data sets. This capability could efficiently be employed for the different hydrological models such as rainfall-runoff models, which are inherently nonlinear in nature and therefore,
representing their physical characteristics is challenging. In this paper, the influences of back propagation algorithm and their efficiencies which affect the input dimensions of the rainfall-runoff model have been demonstrated. The
capability of the Artificial Neural Network with different input dimensions has been attempted and demonstrated with a case study on Sarada River Basin. The ANN models developed were able to map the relationship between input and output data sets used. The model developed on rainfall and runoff pattern have been calibrated and validated. The significant input variables for the training of ANN models were selected based on statistical parameters like cross-correlation, autocorrelation, and partial autocorrelation function. It was found that those models considering rainfall lag rainfall and discharge as inputs were performing better than those considering rainfall alone. It was found that the neural network model developed was performing well. It can be inferred from the developed model that the Neural Network model was able to predict runoff from rainfall data fairly well for a small semi-arid catchment area considered in the present study.

Published by: Danish Hussain, Ashraf Usmani, Deeak Kumar Verma, Farooq Jamal, Maaz Allah KhanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Azad Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Rainfall-Runoff Model, Artificial Neural Network, Cross- Correlation, Auto-Correlation

Case Study

228. A Comparative Study on Query Optimization and Performance Analysis using Different Data Values

A database system will respond to requests for information from the users with the help of queries. In this paper, we focussed on query optimization and analyzed the queries with different case studies for improving the performance. We have taken a sample data for query processing before and after query optimization and then made a comparative performance analysis.

Published by: Murali Krishna Senapaty, Sudhakar Panigrahy, A. SreelakshmiResearch Area: Query Optimization

Organisation: Gandhi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Gunupur, OdishaKeywords: Query Optimization, Parsing, Cost Estimation, Query Analysis, Query Metrics, Cartesian Product.