This paper is published in Volume-3, Issue-6, 2017
Area
Civil Engg (Waste Managemnt)
Author
Pankaj Mandawat
Org/Univ
IIT Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
Pub. Date
29 November, 2017
Paper ID
V3I6-1311
Publisher
Keywords
Rural Waste, Solid Waste, Planning, Designing, Implementation, Management Strategies

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Pankaj Mandawat. Characterization and Quantization of Solid Waste in Ganga Villages of Haridwar, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Pankaj Mandawat (2017). Characterization and Quantization of Solid Waste in Ganga Villages of Haridwar. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 3(6) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Pankaj Mandawat. "Characterization and Quantization of Solid Waste in Ganga Villages of Haridwar." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 3.6 (2017). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

One of the most emerging challenges of the modern world of rapid urbanization is management and disposal of solid waste. Solid waste is generated from each and every household of the society so it is one of the most important aspects to consider for the management and disposal factors of generated waste. About 47% of world’s population (3.31 billion) and 68.84% (0.83308 billion) of India’s population resides in rural areas. The results showed that average daily per capita of household waste and cattle waste generation is 0.18, 18 kg/cap-day respectively. The main portion of household solid waste is organic and bio-degradable which is around 75% and remaining fraction comprise of paper, polyethene, plastics, textiles, rubber, glass, metal and inert are 6.62, 2.45, 0.89, 2.57, 0.32, 0.42, 0.41 and 5.26 in percentage respectively. The bulk density of household and cattle waste is 310.33 kg/m3, 805.076 kg/m3 respectively. The physical composition of household waste is moisture content, ash content, organic content is 83%, 31%, and 69% respectively and chemical characteristics (food and organic fraction) of the generated waste including the amount of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus is 1.74, 0.34, and 0.7 % respectively. Heavy metals in the waste were found to be in the very trace amount, so no further treatment is required. As the above results show that the bigger part of the solid waste generated in studied areas is organic and bio-degradable and most suitable techniques for this type of waste are composting and bio-methanation. For further treatment, this waste can be composted and used as fertilizer in agricultural fields and another way to deal with this waste is installation of biogas plant in which methane can be produced and the remaining slurry can be converted in to nutrient-rich compost for agricultural purpose to minimize the chemical fertilizer application especially in the agricultural field nearby the river. Finally, 100% of the solid waste has been utilized and its useful by-products are bio-gas and fertilizer generation, creating a win-win situation.
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