Volume-4, Issue-3

May-June, 2018

Research Paper

1. A study on the influence of socio-economic factors on knowledge and technology adoption of sericulture farmers of Aizawl district of Mizoram

Sericulture has been playing a vital role in developing the economic condition of the poor farmers of Mizoram. It has been a sustainable livelihood for last three decades. The recent new and improved sericulture technologies and their adoption at farmers’ level has increased the quantity and quality of raw silk production to a new height. However, the productivity of raw silk in Kg per hectare of the State and productivity of raw silk at national levels still very wide. There is also a wide gap between present production and potential production. Hence, the present study is aimed to know the influence of socio-economic factors such as farmers’ education, experience, age, extension participation, extension contact on knowledge and adoption of improved sericultural technologies among three sericultural villages of Aizawl District of Mizoram. The study revealed that education, experience, farm size and extension contact have a positive relationship with knowledge and adoption level, leading to significant increase in cocoon yield and productivity. Hence, the findings of the study concluded that for the dissemination of new technologies, farmers’ socio-economic conditions and factors must also be considered for successful and effective adoption.

Published by: Bidyut Nath Choudhury, Dr. Suresh Ch. Das, Dr. Mridul Ch. Sarmah, Dr. Maniruddin AhmedResearch Area: Sericulture

Organisation: Central Silk Board, Guwahati, AssamKeywords: Sericulture, Improved technologies, Adoption, Impact, Cocoon

Research Paper

2. A research on to detect theft in power system by the microcontroller

We know that electricity is need of life. Today electricity theft is one of the major problem faced by the government and electrical utilities. Because of some of the dishonest consumer’s electricity theft is growing day by day. It causes a huge amount of money lost to the electrical utilities. To overcome this loss utilities increase the rate of electricity. This paper introduces a system which is able to detect electricity theft in power system and inform to the monitoring system. The operator is also able to cut off the region or consumer from the distribution system without getting to the region or consumer.

Published by: Vishal S. Wawge, Saurabh S. Jaiswal, Rita G. Adhao, Yogesh SushirResearch Area: Electricity Theft

Organisation: Padmashri Dr. V. B. Kolte College of Engineering, Malkapur, Buldhana, MaharashtraKeywords: Electricity theft, System, Monitoring and controlling, Detect, Consumer, Region.

Research Paper

3. To study the impact of innovations in education

The education system is witnessing a change from traditional talk and chalk method to newly invented concepts and culture. There are forces which shape the educational innovation; competition and options necessarily leading to innovations in the education system. This paper tries to outline the different types of innovations that could be made to education sector to make it more competitive and the challenges or hurdles that exist restrict to innovations. To make the education system a sustainable entity it needs to focus on areas which can add value to society. Innovation in the educational field represents the ideas changing the traditional culture into new and creative ones. This step has been taken in order to offer a large platform for academic and experts discussions to create knowledge and exchange of ideas.

Published by: Trupti Shelke, Rajshree SrivastavaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Institute of Management and Computer Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Innovation, Education, Competition, Sustainable, Challenges.

Research Paper

4. Implementation of solar tracker using Arduino with servo motor

With the approaching scarcity of nonrenewable resources, people are considering using substitute sources of energy. From all other available resources, solar energy is the amplest and it’s comparatively easy to convert it to electrical energy. Use of solar panel to convert sun’s energy to electrical is very popular, but due to alteration of the Sun from east to west the fixed solar panel may not be able to generate ideal energy. The projected system resolves the problem by providing an arrangement for the solar panel to track the movement of the Sun. This paper is based on the use of stepper motor coupled with a solar panel track the Sun so that maximum sunlight is absorbed by the panel at a given instance of the day. This is an enhanced model as compared to fixed panel method that may not be so ecologically aware. Additionally, the code is written in C++ programming language and targeted to the Arduino UNO controller. The effectiveness of the system has been tested and compared with the stationary solar panel on several time intervals, and it shows the system respond the best at the 10-minutes intervals with the reliable voltage generated. Hence, the system has been known for catching the maximum sunlight source for high-efficiency solar street light applications.

Published by: Pranay Kandpal, Sarthak Rampal, Siddanth ChopraResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Tracking, Nonrenewable Source, Microcontroller, Stepper Motor.

Research Paper

5. Autonomous robot navigation in obstacles based environment

This article presents an on-line path planning algorithm for autonomous robot’s navigation system. Path planning is one of the most important topics in artificial intelligence and robotics navigation field. It can be used in many applications such as autonomous mobile robot navigation, network routing, video game artificial intelligence and gene sequencing. I propose an algorithm that enables the robot to plan an optimal path from an initial position to a specific goal with the free collision with obstacles and other moving robots. based on artificial intelligence techniques like A* to find an optimal path for each robot while cooperating with other robots. The optimality of the path can be measured using an objective function that considers the shortest distance, and/or the least time required. The information about the environment is known previously and obstacles are static.

Published by: Mohammed Habeeb VullaResearch Area: Artificial Intellegence

Organisation: Dravidian University, Kuppam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Path Planning, Optimal Path, Robot, Obstacles, Static Environment, A* Algorithm, Grid Map.

Research Paper

6. Development of chalk layered microfiltration ceramic membrane

In the present investigation, a low-cost ceramic microfiltration membrane was fabricated by using inexpensive raw materials through paste casting technique. The membrane was cast in the shape of a circular disk of 73 mm diameter on a metal plate by using local river soil, sodium hydroxide, sodium nitrate, oxalic acid and chalk powder. Initially, the paste was prepared by mixing the precursor materials in a predetermined proportion with the help of 1 M and 3 M NaOH solution. The casting process was followed by sintering at 970 °C and subsequent activation at this temperature for 30 minutes. Then the prepared membrane was allowed to cool down to room temperature in order to provide strength. The porosity of the prepared membrane was determined by pure water permeability test and it was found to be 0.43 whereas the permeability of pure water was evaluated as 3 × 1068 m3/m2-kPa-s. The compressive strength of the prepared membrane was calculated as 2.32 MPa. The cost of the prepared membrane was estimated to be 13.64/membrane respectively. Therefore, in the present study, a low-cost ceramic membrane had been effectively developed which could be used to remove various water pollutants from wastewater.

Published by: Mekhala Mitra, Sayantan Adak, Rupayan Mallick, Saugata Roy, Angira Sengupta, Avik Denra, Avirup Saha, Dr. Monal DuttaResearch Area: Mass Transfer

Organisation: Calcutta Institute of Technology, Howrah, West BengalKeywords: Ceramic, Low cost, Paste casting, Porosity, Permeability.

Research Paper

7. Underwater optical wireless communication analysis using blue laser diode

In the proposed system, a 450nm blue laser diode is directly modulated by 16 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) data which are orthogonal. The simulation is done by assuming underwater with ambient noise present in the underwater covering a distance of 20 meters. Due to the presence of noise and attenuation of the wireless medium, the optical power is decreased to a great extent. The photodetector converts the weak optical signal to electrical signal. The phase and amplitude of the signal is change caused by noise present in it. A Butterworth filter is implemented to obtain the original signal at the receiver side. It is shown that the output binary data has change due phase due to the corruption of the noise.

Published by: Malsawmdawngliana, Dr. K. Kalimuthu, Dr. Sabitha GauniResearch Area: Optical Communication

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Lasers, LED, QAM, Photodetector, Optical wireless channel, Blue lasers, Demodulation, PIN diode.

Research Paper

8. Chatbot for education system

The purpose of this paper is to develop an automated system which gives a reply to a user query on behalf of a human for the education system. It can give an answer to each and every query asked by the end user. Existing chatbots such as facebook chatbot, WeChat, Natasha from Hike, Operator, etc. were giving reply from its local database. But our approach is to focus on the local database as well as web database and also to make system scalable, user-friendly, highly interactive. Various techniques such as machine learning, NLP, pattern matching, data processing algorithms are used in this paper to enhance the performance of the system.

Published by: Guruswami Hiremath, Aishwarya Hajare, Priyanka Bhosale, Rasika Nanaware, Dr. K. S. WaghResearch Area: Chatbot

Organisation: AISSMS Institute of Information Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Pattern Matching, NLP, Machine learning, Response generation.

Research Paper

9. Credit card fraud detection using Naïve Bayes model based and KNN classifier

Machine Learning is the technology, in which algorithms which are capable of learning from previous cases and past experiences are designed. It is implemented using various algorithms which reiterate over the same data repeatedly to analyze the pattern of data. The techniques of data mining are no far behind and are widely used to extract data from large databases to discover some patterns making decisions. This paper presents the Naïve Bayes improved K-Nearest Neighbor method (NBKNN) for Fraud Detection of Credit Card. Experimental results illustrate that both classifiers work differently for the same dataset. The purpose is to enhance the accuracy and enhance the flexibility of the algorithm.

Published by: Sai Kiran, Jyoti Guru, Rishabh Kumar, Naveen Kumar, Deepak Katariya, Maheshwar SharmaResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth’S College of Engineering, Paschim Vihar, DelhiKeywords: Credit card, Fraud detection, Machine learning, Naïve Bayes, Kth nearest neighbor.

Review Paper

10. Applied to animal breeding for disease resistance

Animal diseases cause significant losses to livestock’s and breeders, resultant into direct damages to animals, reduced productivity and cost of treatment. One of the promising additional methods to control diseases is breeding animals for disease resistance. The resistance of animals to diseases is related to their ability to withstand pathogens and harmful environmental influences. For the planned control of hereditary diseases in domestic animals, it is required not only an accurate knowledge of their inheritance but also an accurate and monotonous description and designation of the disease. Therefore, in order to avoid misunderstandings in identifying hereditary anomalies in domestic animals, an international nomenclature has been created for their description and designation. According to this nomenclature, hereditary diseases of each species of animals are designated by a certain letter of the alphabet. Specific diseases peculiar to this species are characterized by numerical indexes. Developments in technologies, such as genomic selection, may help overcome several of the limitations of traditional breeding programmes and will be especially beneficial in breeding for lowly heritable disease traits that only manifest themselves following exposure to pathogens or environmental stressors in adulthood. The current paper provides a brief overview of the present-day application of microsatellites markers in animal breeding and makes a significant contribution to the overall farm animal health and resistance to disease.

Published by: Ashraf Ward, Ismail M. Hdud, Omry M. Abuargob, Sergey Y. RubanResearch Area: Animal

Organisation: University of Tripoli, Tripoli, LibyaKeywords: Disease resistance, Animal Breeding, Animal health, Quantitative genetics, Molecular markers.

Research Paper

11. Effect of formwork material on surface hardness of concrete

The study emphasizes the effects of the formwork material that imparts a characteristic surface hardness to the concrete. Concrete cubes were cast of the M20 grade in different mold material like Cast Iron, Shuttering Plywood and Timber. The effect of these materials was studied by using the Rebound Hammer Test to find the Rebound numbers which depend on the surface hardness of the concrete. The results obtained are explained in the following statistical form. It can be concluded that each formwork material imparts a characteristic surface hardness to the concrete.

Published by: Rushikesh Kolte, Aniket Malwade, Avinash Sawant, Kartik Roge, Renuka PurohitResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Rebound hammer test, Surface hardness, Formwork material.

Research Paper

12. Holographic imaging system to detect fractures

Diverse sort of showcases with the broadened limit that can offer a quick and striking knowledge could be worthwhile in numerous restorative actions. For example, by offering a more precise introduction of the bone surface introductions in 3-Dimensional space, the holographical focal point can be utilized to design a more effective orthopedic surgery, than the present circumstances. Surgery might be upgraded if a specialist is offered the better pre-surgical representation of the task that is important. Any structure can be shown ideally in a spatial arrangement with the goal that gash or any separation is plainly unmistakable. By survey volumetric information showed in 3-Dimensional view, orthopedics might have the capacity to distinguish different sorts of deformities of the bone. Furthermore, the mind-boggling bone structure can be seen obviously and unambiguously in one spatial show. Holographic stereograms of medicinal information mix the two innovations of PC illustrations and holography. Because of the accessibility of particular equipment and programming, PC realistic recreation of information can be generally utilized by orthopedics all over the globe, to picture zones of enthusiasm inside a volume of information. Interestingly, the utilization of holographical stereograms in pharmaceutical is a long way from across the board since such a thought is still new. The mix of volume rendering and the holographical show would bring about a spatial portrayal of restorative information offering high picture quality and enough added data to empower enthusiasm among the therapeutic community. In this work, an investigation of holographical show of PC graphically medicinal information is reported. The usage of a volumetric rendering calculation that produces PC realistic pictures, and the technique for recording these pictures holographically, is likewise archived.

Published by: Akash Jain, Rachith Gajwani, C R Manjunath, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Microsoft holoLens, Imaging, Holograph, Fractures, X-Rays.


13. An intelligent state of the art approach in building automation and security system

This paper describes the design and development for a cost-effective home automation and security system with the use of Arduino and GSM technology. The cellular communication is a potential solution for the control of appliances remotely. A homeowner will be able to monitor and control the appliances at home remotely by sending a set of commands i.e., Short Messaging System (SMS) messages to the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) module. This system also deals with a Passive Infrared motion sensor, a password for the door lock and a camera. Data from all of the sensors is received and processed by Arduino Uno board which is the microcontroller unit. Thus, the system provides automation, safety as well as security for the authorized personnel.

Published by: Lalchawimawii Pachuau, Sabyasachi MukhopadhyayResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Arduino, Automation, Security, GSM, PIR sensor.

Review Paper

14. Design analysis of slide force testing machine

Brake calipers are a vital part of vehicle’s braking system. Brake calipers squeeze the brake pads against the surface of brake rotor to slow or stop the vehicle. The brake pads have high friction surfaces and serve to slow the rotor down or even bring it to a complete halt. The braking system will result in forces both mechanical and hydraulic during slow down or stop vehicle. These set of forces acting on brake caliper component result in deformations and stresses, which may cause the failure of the brake caliper. So, it is important to calculate the force carrying capacity of brake caliper in order to avoid the failure of it. The force carrying capacity of brake caliper can be calculated by using the sliding force testing machine. The design of the sliding force testing machine is developed by using solid edge software and by using thumb rule.

Published by: Vishakha Jaypalsinh Chavhan, S. P. Trikal Research Area: Design Analysis

Organisation: Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Brake calipers, Brake pads, Brake rotor, Slide force testing machine, Solid edge software, Thumb rule.

Research Paper

15. AAEW – A recommender system for suggestions in social networking sites

Online social networks have seen a rapid increment in the number of users across the globe. The giant social networks like Facebook, Twitter, Reddit, Flicker etc do have billions of users and are increasing day by day. A recommender system is an engine which takes a particular user as an input and gives the preferential output which recommends the input user befriend with someone or join a group or get subscribed to an interest or to simply buy a product. To help users every site does have a recommender system. But these recommender systems are mostly based on the fact that the user friends have subscribed to the recommended page/group. In this work, we researched over the Reddit Social Network which is one of the major Social Networking Sites. We engineered a recommender system which recommends the users to follow the more specific Sub-Reddits feeds and is solely based on the current subscribed Sub-Reddits of a user instead of demographic knowledge or Friends knowledge. We used Link Prediction in Social Network as our base and used our novel approach of Weighted Adamic Adar score to find the Sub-Reddits which are closely related to the Sub-Reddits already linked with the user profile. In this way, we predicted the new Sub-Reddits in which the user might have interest. In this work, we addressed the issue of Cold Start for a user who does not have any prior ‘like’, ‘interest’ or item purchase history.

Published by: Praggya Pandey, Nancy VaishResearch Area: Recommender System

Organisation: Rameshwaram Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Social network, Recommender system, Reddit, Subreddit, Betweenness centrality, Cluster, Adamic-adar coefficient.

Research Paper

16. Human stress detection using ECG signals

The paper reflects upon the issue of human stress detection using Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) signals. This includes pre-processing of ECG signal, HRV signal extraction, feature selection and their classification. Pre-processing includes removal of power line interference, baseline wanders etc. from the raw ECG. Pan-Tompkins algorithm is used for extraction HRV signal from ECG signal.The ECG is classified as stress or normal by setting the appropriate threshold value. Short term ECG needed for stress detection produces a reliable output of great accuracy.

Published by: Anas Khan, Akhlaque Ahmad Khan, Qamar AlamResearch Area: Instrumentation Bio Medical

Organisation: Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: HRV signal, Pan Tompkins algorithm, ECG, ANS.

Research Paper

17. Parameter optimization for performance and emissions of diesel using nanoparticle by Taguchi method

In this research paper, the use of nanoparticles as fuel additives in plane diesel for use in the I.C engine for improving performance and reducing the harmful emission is explored. The nanoparticle is mixed properly using ultrasonicator and physiochemical property are characterized. The fuel prepared and then use to run the test rig and the result shows the significant increase in performance and reduction in emissions as compared to plane diesel. Particulate Carbon monoxide(co), Carbon dioxide(co2) and Unburned hydrocarbons(HC), Engine torque, Brake power, Brake thermal efficiency, Specific fuel consumption, kinematic viscosity at 40˚C, Flashpoint, Fire point, Cloud point, Pour point, Gross calorific value and more.

Published by: Rushikesh Digamber Fegade, Dr. Rachayya ArakerimathResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Cerium oxide, Ultrasonicator, Additive, Diesel engine.

Research Paper

18. Object recognition using surveillance dynamic background for cluster recognition

The paper aims to develop an object detection method combining classification and cluster. Object detection is a challenging, yet important vision task. It is a critical part in many applications such as image search, image auto-annotation and scene understanding. Our proposed method work is dividing in two part.1) image classification and 2) clustering method. In this classification part LTP (local ternary pattern) features used to match the dataset image. This LTB features extracted from our input de-blurred image. Finally object is classified and then object is detected using clustering methods. As far as the robustness and effectiveness are concerned, our method is better than the existing image segmentation algorithms.

Published by: Ravi Satvik Gorthi, Bhargava Krishna Pasupuleti, Datharla Pandu Ranga Rohith, R. SathyaResearch Area: Computer Vision

Organisation: SRM University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Image processing, Image compression, Image classification, Feature matching

Research Paper

19. Appraisal system for academic institutions

Although the substantial literature on the use of performance appraisal in the profit sector already exists, there is very little literature available regarding the appraisal of staff positions in higher education. This study provides a detailed look at the appraisal of all faculty members in a College under a University. The study points that based on the experience and expertise of the staff and fair and reliable administration decisions, staff’s ability and efficiency can be boosted many folds. Discontentment was found with the appraisal process due to the supervisors not being held liable for the timely completion of the appraisal process and the lack of training provided to supervisors for performing appraisals.

Published by: Prateek Bansal, Shivam Soni, Ritesh MishraResearch Area: Appraisal System

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Appraisal system, Performance, Feedback, Training, Rewards.

Research Paper

20. Electro-pneumatic braking system

“Electro-Pneumatic braking system” uses laws of pneumatics to apply the brakes. When any hurdle is sensed in the path by the sensors, it will apply the instant break in seconds, So that it will reduce the accidents which are caused by human unawareness’s. So basically whenever the Bike senses any object ahead, it will apply automatic brakes by determining the distance, which we put in sensors. We have used Pneumatic breaking circuit and IR sensors to perform these operations. The circuit can break the vehicle within seconds running at a high speed. Automatic brake with the electro-pneumatic system will provide extra safety to the two-wheelers. This project has been made to perform the required task in shortest time and to add some innovation in the automobile industry.

Published by: Ketan H. MhatreResearch Area: Vehicle Braking System

Organisation: VIVA Institute of Technology, Virar, MaharashtraKeywords: Compressor, IR transmitter/receiver, Pneumatic cylinder, Solenoid valve

Review Paper

21. A review paper to detect electricity theft in power system

The power sector is one of the most important sectors for the development of the country. Now a day’s power theft is the center of focus all over the world, but India has a more significant effect on the Indian economy because the figure is so high. The theft causes huge loss of electricity to electricity board. India loss billions of rupees because of unbilled consumption & unlaughable usage of electricity. It always a difficult task for Indian government & electricity company to achieve their aim due to power theft. The recent researcher observes that 30-35% profit of electric board is waste in power theft. And this amount is recovered by increasing the price of electricity & the looser are the honest customer. Electricity theft can be reduced by applying technical solutions such as tamper-proof meters, managerial methods such as inspection and monitoring, and in some cases restructuring power systems ownership and regulation. So the aim of our paper is to eliminate all this difficulty like overload & heavy power and revenue loss that occurs due to power theft by designing the simple device to send & receive a message to the receiver for locating the area where the theft is occurring. Then according to the type of theft done by the accused, device helps to deactivate the power supply of particular home or area.

Published by: Pallavi S. Borle, Sonal S. Tayade, Vishal S. Wawge, Yogesh SushirResearch Area: Electricity Theft

Organisation: Padmashri Dr. V. B. Kolte College of Engineering, Buldhana, MaharashtraKeywords: Electricity Theft, Overloading, Power.

Technical Notes

22. Electronics notice board using Arduino

Electronic or Moving Message Boards are being used in a wide variety of applications for communicating information to people quicker and in a cost-effective manner when compared to traditional posters or paper notice boards. While e-mail is a way to converse privately with one or more people over the Internet, electronic notice boards are totally public. Any message posted on one can be read (and responded to) by everybody else in the organization who has viewed it. This paper focuses on designing an e-display which can accept data wirelessly from any authorized person who has the access of the web terminal; it means integrating the traditional moving message displays with an Arduino so that they can be accessed wirelessly as an application of IoT (Internet of Things).

Published by: Deshpande Arti Prakash, Bhatane Sadhana Gurunath, Apsingekar Sayali Jagdish, Gaurav V.ChalkikarResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Sandipani Technical Campus, Latur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino Uno, 74Is595,16 PIN IC Base, LED (RED/GREEN/YELLOW/BLUE), Resistor22k, ULN2003, 7805 regulator, DC PIN-Socket, Wire, 1000microfarad/25 Volt (electrolytic cap.), 10 microfarad(electrolytic cap.), Adapter, PCB for matrix controller, Board assembly, Hardware.

Research Paper

23. Design and analysis of VLSI circuit’s speed using CNFET technology

This paper presents the difference between the CNFET and CMOS technologies by using the design of an efficient 8×8 Vedic multiplier with Urdhva-Tiryagbhyam sutra. A carbon nanotube field-effect transistor (CNFET) uses either a single carbon nanotube or an array of carbon nanotubes as the channel material instead of bulk silicon in the traditional MOSFET structure. CNFETs show different characteristics compared to MOSFETs in their performances. The CNFET has many parameters such as operating voltage, number of tubes, pitch, nanotube diameter, dielectric constant, and contact materials which determine the digital circuit performance. This reduces the size of the chip but also cost and delay to a great extent. Here the comparison of CMOS technique with the proposed CNFET technique in terms of speed, power consumption, number of transistors, delay takes place.

Published by: Shaik Suhana, Yarasi Thejsawini, P. MadhaviResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Geethanjali Institute of Science and Technology, Nellore, Andhra PradeshKeywords: CNFET, CMOS, VedicMultiplier, Urdhva tiryagbhyam.

Research Paper

24. Implementation of pull-up/pull-down network for energy optimization in full adder circuit

Nowadays the requirements of energy-optimized low power circuits in higher-end applications such as communication, IoT, biomedical systems etc., there are several techniques used to implement energy optimization in low power circuits but the static power dissipation needs to improved such kind of circuits. The conventional topology has been implemented in basic logical gates but the delay and power much higher in each individual cell. Now we proposed an unbalanced pull-up and pull-down network in full adder circuit using symbols. These techniques were employed to reduce the static power dissipation and switching delay in each individual cell. The design was implemented in Cadence virtuoso TMSC 180nm CMOS technology and it’s obtaining the total power dissipation 5.128nW.The pull-up and pull-down network used to reduce the static power dissipation in full adder is used to improve the operating speed of each individual. For further improving the operating speed of the full adder is implemented with various gating technique like Body Biased Drain Gating, Body Biased Power Gating, Body Biased DHPH, and Body Biased DHPF those techniques are analyzed and its power and delay is obtained.

Published by: P. Aarthi, R. Suresh KumarResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: CMOS, Logic gates, Transmission gates, Pass topology.

Research Paper

25. Efficient implementation of full adder and multiplier for power analysis in CMOS technology

In recent days, the real-time application and fast arithmetic operations require highly efficient arithmetic hardware architecture to improve the system performances. The adder plays a vital role in digital circuits, the earlier hardware architecture using conventional CMOS and transmission logic gate based full adder design. Moreover, the techniques using more number of transistors and consume larger power and delay so we proposed the techniques pass-transistor logic and transmission gate based hybrid pass logic. The hybrid technique is used to reduce the number of the transistor, so the delay and power consumption will be reduced when compared with the earlier techniques. The proposed technique design was implemented using 16 transistors in 180nm CMOS technology and it consumes 8.2075nW power and the delay reduced to 5.0146ns. For further improving the power and delay will be minimized using analog multiplier technique which is implemented in 180nm CMOS technology and it consumes 3.2993 MW power and 1.2884 ms.

Published by: Kaleeswari. S, Saranya. KResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: CMOS. Transmission gate, Pass transistor logic, Adder.

Research Paper

26. Prediction model of crop yield for food crop grown above ground level through big data analytics

Agriculture is believed to be as the backbone of Indian economic system. For the past few decades, agriculture field has seen lots of technological changes to improve better productivity. Day by day the population is increasing leading to increasing demand for resources but the amount of resources required has been reducing and falling down. Therefore, there has been extensive endeavors to create imaginative and technological advances methodologies for manageable harvest generation. Using prediction methods, farmers can enhance the productivity of crops. These strategies are utilized to find the required number of crops, seeds, moistness, water level and other supplements. Since prediction refers to a statement about an uncertain event, hence modeling the prediction would a good solution to adopt. Predictive modeling uses statistics to predict outcomes. Quantifying the yield is essential to optimize policies to ensure food security. This paper aims at providing a new method to predict the crop yield of food crops grown above the ground level based on big-data analysis technology, which differs with traditional methods in the structure of handling data and in the means of modeling. Firstly, the method can make full use of the existing massive agriculture relevant datasets and can be still utilized with the volume of data growing rapidly, due to big-data friendly processing structure. Secondly, the “nearest neighbors”modeling, which employs results gained from the former data processing structure.

Published by: Varisha Ashraf, Ankit Jain, Manjunath C. R, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Agriculture, Data processing, Nearest neighbours, Big-data, Relevant datasets.

Review Paper

27. Review on big data: Prediction techniques and analytics architecture for E-agriculture

Big data is a very new and important trend in agriculture domain. People now realize the importance of Big Data in E-Agriculture. Big data analytics is a very tough thing in the agriculture field. However, how to use big data analytics in agriculture field to improve the productivity in practices. Purpose of this E-Agriculture to reduce technological gap between rural communities and share information via recommendations and decision support system. Apache Spark is a distributed memory-based computing framework which is naturally suitable for machine learning. Hadoop, the spark has the better way of functionality and ability of computing learning. In this paper, analyze spark framework with basic concept means spark’s primary framework this paper proposes an architecture for managing big data in the agriculture area. The main advantage of this method is managing massive dataset which is already existing. This technique is faster than any other traditional one.

Published by: Patel Jaydeep Pravinbhai, Ashutosh AbhangiResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: Noble Engineering College, Junagadh, GujaratKeywords: Big data, Prediction system, Spark.

Research Paper

28. Nomograms for isotropically reinforced polygonal slab

Slabs comprise the maximum area of the building which comes up to 20 to 25 percent of total cost. Thus the economical design of the building can be achieved to great extent by designing the slab economically. The yield line method is a method which allows the redistribution of force that will take place after the yielding of slab reinforcement. Using this method, slabs that are easy and quick to design and to construct can be generated. The resulting slab is thin and has the very low amount of reinforcement in regular arrangements. This makes it easy to detail. Above all, this design generates concrete slab which is very economical, because features at the ultimate limit state are considered. The aim of this study is to apply the yield line theory for polygonal slab of N equal sides by using the virtual work principle and obtain a general relationship between the ultimate load and desired arrangement of reinforcement in a slab for any given radius of circle in which the slab is inscribed and to generate nomograms for frequently used slabs.

Published by: Pavithra Reddy S J, Ravindranatha, Premanand ShenoyResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, KarnatakaKeywords: Slabs, Yield line, Ultimate load, Ultimate moment, Virtual work.

Research Paper

29. A new method of finding solutions of a solvable standard quadratic congruence of comparatively large prime modulus

In this paper, a new method of finding solutions of a solvable standard quadratic congruence of comparatively large prime modulus is described. A comparative study was made by solving numerical problems using the existed method and the proposed method. The merits and demerits of both the methods are also discussed.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts Commerce Indraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Gondia, Vidharbha, MaharashtraKeywords: Congruence, Divisibility, Prime modulus, Quadratic congruence.

Research Paper

30. Time and attribute factors combined access control on time-sensitive data in public cloud

Security of data stored in the cloud is an important issue nowadays. We are using different types of technologies to protect this information. Here we are using an advanced technology, by using encryption and decryption mechanism. The data owner can store the encrypted data in the cloud. Then the owner can issue the decryption keys to the authorized users. Based on this scheme data owners can easily share the data with intended users. An extensive number of users is trying to access data stored in the cloud simultaneously; it leads to new challenges mainly on confidentiality and integrity of data stored in the cloud. This paper mainly addresses these issues and implements strategies for solving this, by combining CP-ABE (Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption) and TRE (Timed Released Encryption) commonly known as Time and Attribute Factors Combined Access control for Time-Sensitive data in Public Cloud (TAFC).

Published by: Dhanya. K, Preethi. S Research Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Cambridge Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Time sensitive data, Access control, Cloud storage, Fine granularity, CP-ABE, TRE

Research Paper

31. Big data: An analytic architecture and prediction using spark for E-agriculture

Nowadays Big Data has a key role in E-Agriculture. Previous technologies have some limitations so Big Data is very useful for E-Agriculture because agriculture has very large structure and unstructured data. Moreover, big data analytics can be used to increase and improve the productivity of agricultural. The main aim of this paper is to propose an open source, economical, ideal and flexible big data analytics architecture for E-Agriculture. In the implementation, an analytic framework for big data application development is built and implemented. Also, a prototype application prediction base for agriculture in spark framework. Based on the agriculture prediction model various recommendations can be provided to agro users.

Published by: Patel Jaydeep Pravinbhai, Ashutosh AbhangiResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: Noble Engineering College, Junagadh, GujaratKeywords: Big data, Prediction system, Spark, E-agriculture.

Research Paper

32. Evaluation of Hyperalgesic activity of oral Lansoprazole in Albino Mice

This study was developed to know the heat and chemical-induced nociception behavior of albino mice under influence of oral Lansoprazole. The heat was induced by Eddy’s hot plate, maintained at constant temperature of 55 degree Celsius. Chemical-induced nociception behavior of albino mice was done by freshly prepared 0.6% Acetic acid solution in the volume of 10ml/kg. Under Eddy’s hot plate method mice shows their nociception behavior by licking the paw or jumping the limbs. Under chemical induced method albino mice shows their nociception behavior by abdominal contractions. Lansoprazole comes under the class of proton pump inhibitors which is used for the treatment of various disease related to gastrointestinal tract as peptic ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dyspepsia, Zollinger Ellison Syndrome etc. Lansoprazole should not prescribe with Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as examples -Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Aceclofenac, Etoricoxib etc, because lansoprazole can increase hyperalgesic activity of NSAIDS. Lansoprazole can increase pain threshold when it is given with NSAIDS. In hot plate method, four groups have been created, each group contains 6 albino mice. Total 24 mice have been placed in hot plate method. Group one has been created as a control group. In this group 10 ml/kg distilled water is administered orally, once daily four 10 days, an hour before test procedure. Each animal of group 2,3 and four is administered 1mg/kg, 2mg/kg, 3mg/kg orally once daily for 10 days an hour before test procedure. Drug treatment schedule for the chemical-induced method will be same as hot plate method.

Published by: Dr. Akash Chandra, Dr. Lalit Kumar, Dr. Harihar DikshitResearch Area: Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Organisation: Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, BiharKeywords: Nociception, Substance-P, Somatostatin, NK1R, Lansoprazole.

Research Paper

33. Battery efficient wildlife footage recorder (BEFPi)

Wildlife footage capturing is very difficult and time-consuming. The photographer has to wait for the long duration in order to get desired footage. In order to solve this, there is the system where we set up cameras in different spots. The limitation of the conventional system is that cameras are to be set in recording mode for entire day and night. Such systems require the expensive camera with long-lasting battery life. The BEFPi saves battery as the cameras are set to recording, only when motion is sensed. The camera is switched off when no motion is detected. Footage recorded will be saved in memory. It is more advantageous than existing methods as it gets rid of unwanted footage being recorded and thus save memory and battery life. It is more cost-effective than the existing system.

Published by: Aparna Jayan T, R. AnusuyaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Raspberry Pi, IoT, BEFPi, PIR sensor.

Research Paper

34. Predicting kidney related diseases

Healthcare industry is observing a tremendous advancement along with upcoming innovations in the Information Technology and the Computer Science, and this is something which thrived this industry to come up with more added medical related information, which led to growth in several research sectors. Various steps are taken to handle the outburst of information related to medical sciences and acquisition of valuable knowledge. This eventually led the researchers and scientists towards applying their technical revolutions as well as inventions such as “predictive analytics”, “machine learning”, “big data analytics” and “learning algorithms” for gathering worthwhile understanding and support in better decision making. Big data analytics can be seen as one of the major emerging sides in the field of medical sciences. Big data is also being used for providing predictive intuitions in a healthcare field and it is also playing an important role in the analysis of chronic diseases and medical data with the help of predictive analytics. In healthcare industries prediction can turn out to be most useful as well as successful when the knowledge can be conveyed as action. In this case, we propose a method that gives real-time analyzed report about predicting kidney related diseases with the help of historical data and real-time data.

Published by: K Sriram, Ravilla Raviteja, Manjunath C R, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: Health Care

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Kidney related diseases, Big data analytics, Predictive analytics, Machine learning techniques.

Research Paper

35. Patient’s perception towards the private hospitals in Ramanathapuram Taluk

This paper basically deals with the customer perception towards the private hospitals in Ramanathapuram town. The study was conducted to patients who are visiting the private hospitals in Ramanathapuram in which different hospitals are selected for the study. The survey was done using a structured questionnaire for a sample size of 200 outpatients, out of which 105 are male and 95 are female patients. The researchers are mainly focused on customer’s perception about private hospitals and how patients accepted and how to improve the services and are the focus for future development.

Published by: Ratha KResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Choose the hospital, Problem, Reasons for choose.

Research Paper

36. Dynamic path optimization of traffic signal system for ambulance dispatch in emergency medical response using analytical hierarchy process

With the increase in vehicles on a day-to-day basis, the congestion on roads has exaggerated linearly. This congestion results in what is known as traffic. With traffic comes accidents, resulting in emergency situations. It is abundantly a necessity for clearance of vehicles. Each second matters once it involves saving a human’s life. With more traffic and not giving way to emergency vehicles, the life is at stake. Being citizen-oriented act of assistance, Medical Emergency Response explores many issues acting right way within the essential amount of your time. Foremost reason behind this disadvantage supported the segregated data foundations as well as conjointly diverse characteristics of info concerned for making proper decisions. Therefore, to provision fast as well as correct deciding technique to see the simplest machine and hospitals among them on the market alternatives is important. In the planned system, both the ambulance and the traffic signal station are connected using cloud network. Each and every signal at the junctions collect and analyze the traffic details using AHP consumes information sourced from the sources, and a dynamically use the shortest path formula to enable quick as well as an accurate decision for effective action in the medical crisis.

Published by: Ahish. N, Bharath. N, Manjunath C R, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: Health Care

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Analytical hierarchy process, Medical emergency response, Dynamic shortest path optimization, Ambulance unit, Traffic signal control system.

Research Paper

37. Feasibility study of on-street parking for suitable solution on existing parking issues

The current study is a fieldwork which involves parking study along with parking characteristics for better efficiency of road traffic. For the purpose of the survey, the methodology was developed, which in short terms, is as follows: for each parking place by pre-defined parking area can be determined the nature, frequency, and duration of use. During the survey, one or more counters for several times, consistent and walk a predetermined route on foot. Pimpri Chinchwad is developing municipal corporation. For the purpose of future expansion of the city and betterment of the township the counter recognize site of the parking place on a map and record the vehicular count over the period of the time. If necessary, you can distinguish the category of vehicle parking (free, paid per hour, service subscription). The methodology is appropriate to collect the category of use of the parking place, use of parking spaces on the street, residence time, total number of vehicles in one area during the measurement, localization of parking capacity and relevance of the parking category. The parking provided to the roads in Pimpri Chinchwad area determined whether it is Parallel, Perpendicular, or angle parking (i.e. 30°, 45°, 60°). The cost analysis for the area which is available for the parking is determined and accordingly, the cost is determined for Two Wheeler, Car, Auto, Truck, NMV, etc.

Published by: Sachin Bhure, Mohit Bache, Saurabh Bedmutha, Nilesh Pawar, Pranesh shrivat, S. S. MotegaonkarResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: PCMC, Parking, Survey, Vehicle.

Review Paper

38. Gait analysis: Approaches and applications

Gait analysis is systematic quantification and evaluation of human walking. It has applications in the field of clinical sciences, video surveillance, rehabilitation therapies, etc. Various state-of-the-science, as well as traditional approaches, have been used for evaluating the gait cycle. This narrative review provides a brief understanding of all such approaches and methods used by scientists and clinicians in India. State-of-the-science approaches include marker based systems, wearable or non-wearable, sensors system, support vector machine, etc. Whereas traditional approaches include observational analysis, videography, etc. 3D gait analysis provides reliable data, however, is currently in limited use due to high instrumentation and maintenance costs involved. Indian scientific community can benefit for traditional approaches which are low-cost, reliable, and can be easy to implement in all sort of set-ups with relative ease.

Published by: Pranav Shah, Abhinav Gorle, Durgesh Reddiyar, Dr. Sanjay Pardeshi, Sandeep ManeResearch Area: Gait Analysis

Organisation: Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Urun Islampur, MaharashtraKeywords: Orthopedic disorders, Walking pattern, Wearable sensors, Support vector machines, Musculoskeletal disorders

Review Paper

39. A review of holographic optical elements in solar concentrator applications

Photovoltaic cells are used to convert sunlight into electricity; the commercial photovoltaic cells made up of silicon but the main drawback of the solar cells is low conversion efficiency. In order to improve conversion efficiency generally mirrors and lens system is used as conventional solar concentrators, in the fact they have some drawback of bulky in nature, high installation cost, need the tracking system to face the sun, and also concentrating both light and heat on the solar cell. To overcome these problems holographic solar concentrators were used as solar concentrators. Holography is one of the very promising technologies to produce solar concentrators; mostly volume phase holograms are used as holographic solar concentrators. The holographic solar concentrators have some major advantages of lightweight, cool light concentration, and selective wavelength concentrations for wavelength dependable solar cells. In this paper, a brief review and basic study of holographic solar concentrators have been discussed. The key contributions of each work examined here and different technologies also discussed. This review is useful to study about basic foundations and create new ideas for future research work.

Published by: H. R. Pratheep, A. BalamuruganResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Government Arts College, Ooty, Tamil NaduKeywords: Holographic lens, Holographic grating, Volume phase holograms, Solar concentrator, Holographic optical elements, Solar energy, Wavelength multiplexing, Diffraction efficiency, Solar cells.

Review Paper

40. Optimization of turning process parameters for surface roughness in dry and wet condition of AISI 1045 steel using Taguchi method

The main purpose of today’s manufacturing industries is to produce low cost, high-quality products in short time. They mainly focused on achieving high quality, in term of part accuracy, surface finish, high production rate etc. So, the selection of optimal cutting parameters is a very important issue for every machining process in order to reduce the machining costs and increase the quality of machining products. In this paper, the cutting of AISI 1045 steel material under the wet and dry condition is carried out using CNC lathe machine. Taguchi method is used to formulate the experimental layout. The effect of cutting condition (spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut) on surface roughness were studied and analyzed. The CNC turning machine is used to conduct experiments based on the Taguchi design of experiments (DOE) with the orthogonal L9 array. Optimal cutting parameters for each performance measure were obtained employing Taguchi techniques. The orthogonal array, signal to noise ratio and analysis of variance were employed to find minimum surface roughness. Optimum results are finally verified with the help of confirmation experiments.

Published by: Bharat Jhariya, Arun PatelResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: NIIST Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: ANOVA, Dry turning, Wet turning, Design of experiment, Surface roughness.

Research Paper

41. Acquisition, management, and delivery of drugs

The need for drug delivery is very critical especially in populous countries like India. Medication management plays an important part is ascertaining if the people in a country have access to the basics needs of healthcare. The system proposed in this paper would provide for medication management which includes acquirement of medications, management, and delivery of the drugs to the patients. This system would remove the need for going to the medical stores and reduces the unavailability of drugs for use. A composition of various technologies such as Big Data, Business Intelligence and Networking help in providing a solution to this problem. The proposed system in this paper addresses this need for medication management. The proposed system is expected to reduce the stress on traffic snarls as well in the cities in which it is implemented.

Published by: Rishabh R, Adithi A, Manjunath C RResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Medication management, Drones, Warehousing, Drug acquirement, Drug management, Drug delivery, Big data.

Research Paper

42. Carbon nanotubes based gas sensor

Carbon nanotube(CNT) based Gas sensors are at- tracting huge research interest as it gives high sensitivity, quick response, and stable sensors for industry, biomedicine, and more. The development of nanotechnology has opened a new gateway to build highly sensitive, cheap, portable sensors those who have low power consumption. The extremely high surface to volume ratio and the hollow structure of nanomaterials is perfect for the adsorption of gas molecules.Mainly, the advent of carbon nanotubes has boosted the inventions of gas sensors that exploit CNTs unique morphology, geometry, and properties. Upon exposure to some gases, the changes in carbon nanotubes properties can be determined by many methods. Therefore, carbon nanotube-based gas sensors and their mechanisms are widely studied. In this paper, a broad survey of current carbon nanotubes based gas sensing technology is presented. few experimental works done are reviewed. The types, fabrication, and the sensing mechanisms of the carbon nanotubes based gas sensors are discussed. The challenges of the research up to some extent are also addressed in this paper.

Published by: Ketan Janardhan Rathod, Tejas Prabhu, Vikrant Naik, Dr. Abhay ChopdeResearch Area: Nano Sensors

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Carbon nanotubes, ARC discharge, Laser ablation, CVD, Adsorption.


43. Finite element analysis of UTM testing of Aluminium Alloy AA6082

Aluminum alloy AA6082 is one of the stronger alloys in its series and has high corrosion resistance properties. These properties combined with its light weight make it extremely useful in the aerospace and automotive industries. It is, hence, essential to test the given grade of aluminum and find out its mechanical properties and failure criteria for further applications in the industry. One of the major sources for testing the mechanical characteristics of a material is the Ultimate Tensile testing Machine (UTM). Tensile testing helps us to ensure a safe and high-quality material and to reduce the chances of failure in the respective field. The various mechanical characteristics provided as an output to the tensile testing experiment along with the interpretation of the flow curves obtained are necessary for the predicting the tensile behavior of the material (including necking and deformation homogeneity). Finite Element Method is a powerful tool used today for the simulation of such experiments and software using this are widely used to predict the mechanical properties of different materials, after validating a particular model. Another advantage is that it reduces the amount of material wastage as the validated model can then be used to find the mechanical properties of the given material under different boundary conditions, thus eliminating the need for those experiments. This project aims at developing and validating the uniaxial tensile test models of the proposed material, varying the strain rates, temperatures and material models, using the commercial FE software ABAQUS 6.14.

Published by: Jay Sachin KalamkarResearch Area: Manufacturing Processes

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, MaharashtraKeywords: Fem, Alluminium, Stress-Strain Analysis, Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian.

Survey Report

44. Cardiovascular health pre-diagnosis system based on bp profile using backpropagation algorithm

Blood pressure profiling during exercise has been found to predict a future diagnosis of heart-related diseases such as hypertension, hypotension, and coronary heart disease. Non-invasive methods have made it easier to measure blood pressure. Devices like stethoscope and sphygmomanometer are most commonly used in clinics and hospitals to measure blood pressure but these devices provide us with single measurement or partial information about a person’s cardiovascular health. Blood pressure does not remain constant; it changes with every instant considering various parameters such as age and gender. So, there is a need to measure BP through a more improved method such as exercise stress testing. This study describes the implementation of Artificial Neural Network to develop an algorithm to perform cardiovascular health pre-diagnosis of a patient. The decision-making is done through a blood pressure (BP) profile generated by conducting exercise stress testing. The parameters considered for profiling were age, gender, height, weight, blood pressure measurement with the risk factors and BMI. The data generated is imparted as training and testing sets to develop an algorithm, which will be able to accurately pre-diagnose cardiovascular health status of a person. Later an expert system can be developed which will assist medical doctors and practitioners to diagnose a patient with heart-related issues with more accuracy and will be able to spread more awareness in people regarding their cardiovascular health status.

Published by: Rahul Kumar Borah, Kratee Jain, Manjunath C RResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Artificial neural network, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular health pre-diagnosis, Exercise stress test, Hypertension, Hypotension.

Research Paper

45. Accident detection and warning system

This system provides a unique method to curb drunken and drowsy people. This system has an alcohol sensor and eye blinking sensor embedded in the vehicles. Whenever the driver starts the vehicle, the sensors sense the eye blink and measures the content of alcohol in his breath and automatically sends the signal to the buzzer, gsm and LCD. In this system, the outputs of sensors are given to the microcontroller for comparison. If the value reaches the fixed limit then automatically gsm will send the SMS, the buzzer will produce sound and LCD will display the message.

Published by: Avaneesh Kumar Singh, Avinash Singh, Aviral Tripathi, Ayush Chittransh, Himanshu Rajpoot, Rishi AsthanaResearch Area: Innovation

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: AT89C51 Microcontroller, 555 Monostable timer, Counters.

Review Paper

46. Hydrological Analysis by Artificial Neural Network: A Review

In this paper, a deep review is conducted on Artificial Neural Network. ANN is used for real-world problems which are related to the hydrological field. Computational Intelligence methods such as Artificial Neural Network are very necessary because conventional methods are very complex and vexatious. Artificial Intelligence operation is based on the transformation of unknown relationship into the known sensible relationship, and hence this transformation helps in modelling real-world problems. Various applications of AI operation are carried out at present time, such as Rainfall-Runoff modelling, Groundwater modelling, water quality modelling, modelling stream flow etc. In recent years, Artificial Neural Network has shown exceptional performance as regression tools, especially when it is used for pattern recognition and function estimation. This paper mainly focuses on various ANN models for solving real and complex hydrological problems with great accuracy, and these are proposed as efficient tools for prediction in hydrology.

Published by: Vikas Poonia, Dr. H. L. Tiwari, Dr. Satanand MishraResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Hydrology

Organisation: Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Artificial neural network (ANN), Feedforward, Hydrology, Precipitation, Rainfall-runoff, Stream-flow.

Research Paper

47. Big data analytics in precision agriculture and constant monitoring of soil and weather

Agriculture has been one of the zones where innovation has not been utilized to the fullest and the usage of Precision Agriculture (PA) is still in its beginning times. One of the most important parameters in the field of agriculture that needs to be monitored constantly is the moisture content of the soil. To maximize the productivity in this field the condition and development of the crops are the most critical variables and these elements rely upon the levels of moisture content in the soil. Different crops need different levels of moisture content, therefore it is very important to monitor and forecasts it. In this paper, a mathematical model is created to compute the surface soil dampness by utilizing both precipitation and evaporation rate obtained by the electromagnetic sensors installed in the ground. Evaporation can be considered to be a linear combination of dynamic evaporation and thermodynamic evaporation which happens due to radiation. Soil moisture content is inversely proportional to the evaporation rate and it is directly proportional to the precipitation rate. Therefore a linear regression model is the best fit to determine the soil moisture content. Constant monitoring can be made possible by the soil mapping software with the sensors which keep reading the data periodically.

Published by: Nikhil Chandra P, Nikhil U, Manjunath C R, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Big data, Linear regression, Moisture content, pH, Weather.

Review Paper

48. A review on tracking of student performance using decision tree

The main objective of this paper is an attempt to use data mining methodologies to study and track the student’s academic performance in the subject, is to help in enhancing the educational institutions by evaluating and classifying student data to study the main attributes that may affect the student performance in the subject. This paper focused on improving student academic performance based on their semester marks, class assignments, and extra curriculum activity. Tracking students’ performance will help the learner to know about their performance and it gives a chance to improve their performance in future. The dataset used for the tracking students ‘academic performance include semester marks, class assignments, extra curriculum activity. This paper is mostly focused on the C4.5 algorithm to track the student performance.

Published by: Anjali Sharma, Nigita Pradhan, Sneha Gupta, Ong Tshering Lepcha, Arvind LalResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Centre for Computers and Communication Technology, South Sikkim, SikkimKeywords: Data mining, C4.5 Algorithms, Decision tree, WEKA (Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis) tool.

Review Paper

49. Effect of partial replacement of sand by glass powder and steel powder over the properties of concrete

In the present research, a series of experiments had been performed to compare the use of glass powder and steel powder as partial replacement of sand in different proportions. Blended cement prepared by mixing Portland cement with Fly ash in 1:0.5 and 1:1 proportion has been used for this study. Concrete mixes are modified by 10%, 15% and 20% and 25% of glass powder and steel powder in replacement.

Published by: Achal Jain, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Steel powder, Glass powder, Concrete.

Research Paper

50. I and Z shape rectangular patch antenna used for WLAN, Wi-MAX and satellite application

In the current scenario small, compatible and affordable microstrip patch antennas are developed in wireless communication industries keep on improving antenna performance.One of important concept to design antenna is that antenna have small size. For WLAN and WI-MAX applications, one may want that antenna must have small size and must be capable to resonate at multiple frequency bands. There are number of techniques that can be useful for designing of antenna which include making use of fractal geometry, use of slot and DGS. In this research work, I shape along with Z shape slots are inserted on the patch. The dimension of ground and path that are considered in this research work are 32.6mm×27.6mm and 18mm×23mm respectively. Then the performance parameters like gain, return loss, Bandwidth, radiation pattern and NSWR are measured for simple as well as for DGS antenna. The substrate used for the proposed antenna is FR4 with relative permittivity 4.4 and loss tangent is 0.02. The simulation is carried out in HFSS software. At lat the comparison of proposed with existing work is provided.

Published by: Harpreet Singh, Mukta SharmaResearch Area: Microstrip Patch Antenna

Organisation: Guru Gobind Singh College of Modern Technology, Kharar, SAS Nagar, PunjabKeywords: Rectangular patch antenna, Multiband, Wireless, WLAN, Defected ground structure (DGS).

Research Paper

51. Automobile immobilization for drunken driving

The epitome of this topic focuses on the problem of drunken driving is one of the major reasons for on-road accidents and deaths. Alcohol affects the drunk driver’s judgmental abilities and driving adversely. Many solutions have been proposed to reduce the after effects of drunk driving. However, most of these solutions were based on certain prototypes which consisted of control units or computerized protection systems including wireless monitoring facilities. This resulted in having systems with lots of demerits, high cost and slow response in the case of remote monitoring and decision making.To avoid all the mentioned disadvantages, this paper introduces a simple, cheap and highly responsive design. The proposed design is based on simple electronic components with processing and decision made locally and does not involve wireless transmission to guarantee the required fast response. This Arduino based system detects the presence of alcohol content in the breath of the driver and immobilizes the vehicle accordingly.

Published by: Chinmay Karnad, Aditya Patnaik, Sneha SinghResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Arduino, Liquid crystal display, Gas sensor, Motor, Alcohol detection, Immobilization, Master-slave.

Survey Report

52. Data collection in health monitoring

Data collection is most important in many industries. The data collection which refers to the collecting a data or information from respective sources. In each and every industry maintain a database with the attributes that are required and necessary. Even for health monitoring, some information about the patients is required for the further decision making or for the treatment. This collected data can be useful for the easy analysis and for the extracting data about the individuals. Here we are briefly explaining the techniques used for data collection in health monitoring systems. There are so many techniques which had been used for data collection and also it involves many kinds of research on the data collection, its security, efficiency, and so on. Data collection is very important to know the information about the individuals.

Published by: Divya K, Harshitha C R, Soumya K NResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Data collection, Primary data, Secondary data, WSN, Health CPS, Biosensor, Triage network, Data node.

Research Paper

53. Protecting information by hiding sensitive data attributes

Data mining aims at extracting hidden information from data. The process of discovering useful patterns and relationships in the large volume of data is called data mining. The goal of the data mining process is to extract information from a data set and transform it into an understandable structure. It involves databases, data management aspects, visualization & online updating. Data mining poses a threat to information privacy. Privacy-preserving data mining hides the sensitive rules and prevents the data from being disclosed to the public. The objective is to propose a novel association rule hiding (ARH) algorithm to hide the sensitive attributes. A function is used to obtain a prior weight for each transaction, by which the order of transactions modified can be efficiently decided. Apriori is used to find the frequent itemset with minimum support and confidence. Sensitive rules are generated based on frequent itemsets and the FHSAR algorithm is used for hiding sensitive association rules. This paper analyses the dataset obtained from SPMF an open source data mining library which is prepared based on real-life data. This paper shows the effectiveness of the algorithm.

Published by: Sighila P, Sangeetha SResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Data mining, FHSAR. Data attributes.

Research Paper

54. A worthwhile performance framework modeling hinge on lambda architecture for batch and stream big data

The amount of data we are now generating is astonishing. Data has also evolved dramatically in recent years, in type, volume, and velocity. The emerging technologies like smartphones and sensors present opportunities for data exploitation, streaming and collecting from heterogeneous device every second. Analyzing these large datasets can unlock multiple behaviors previously unknown, a help optimizes approaches to many applications. However, collecting and handling of these massive datasets present challenges in how to perform optimized the large data. There are several frameworks available for handling the big data applications. The Lambda Architecture is data processing framework that can handle both batch and stream processing. The batch layer is implemented using Pig and hive, the streaming layer is built by using the Spark streaming and Spark SQL. This presents a need for developing the new framework for handling the big data applications particularly using public clouds to minimize cost, resource availability.

Published by: Athira Soman, Smitha JacobResearch Area: Big Data Processing and Analytics

Organisation: St. Joseph’s College of Engineering and Technology, Palai, KeralaKeywords: Big data processing, Batch processing, Stream processing, Lambda architecture

Research Paper

55. Comparative study on Apriori and FP growth algorithms in big data

A dataset is a collection of data. Today the huge amount of the data is being captured by information sensing devices such as mobiles, computers, sensors etc. These huge amounts of the data are now called as big data. Frequent Itemset mining is a tool for identifying the frequently occurring items together. There are many frequent Itemset mining algorithms like apriori, Eclat and FP growth. In the proposed work we use FP growth algorithm and compare it with Apriori algorithm and we show that FP growth algorithm is better when compared to the apriori algorithm.

Published by: Reena Lobo, VenkateshResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Dataset, FP growth, Apriori.

Research Paper

56. Automatic session generator

The manual system of preparing timetables in colleges with a large number of students is taking a lot of time and usually ends with different classes struggling with the same teacher in the same room or at the same time. it occurs. To overcome all these problems, an automated system is proposed to be created. The system will take various inputs like students, subjects and classroom rooms and details of teachers on the basis of these inputs, it will generate a potential timetable, so that optimum utilization of all resources will be done in such a way that any obstacle or rules of the college according to. The list of topics can include electives as well as main topics.

Published by: Shammi Nanda, Amit Kumar SharmaResearch Area: Session Generator

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth University College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Timetable, Constraints, Scheduling.

Research Paper

57. Dissimilar metal welding of J4-16Cr. austenitic stainless steel with Grade 201LN austenitic stainless steel experimental analysis through optimization Taguchi method

A literature review of studies and research has been made in the field of dissimilar metal welding. It has various industrial applications such as in the field of automobile chemical mechanical thermal power generation, nuclear plant. The main purpose of this paper is to review (a) Dissimilar metal welds and aspect of mechanical and metallurgical point of view. (b) Enhancing GMAW Technique. And second, the main objective of present study is to apply the Taguchi method.In this technique, an orthogonal array, signal to noise ratio (S/N)and analysis to variance (ANOVA) are made to study the welding characteristics of material & optimize the welding parameters.

Published by: Harpreet Singh, Barkat AliResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Delhi Institute of Technology Management and Research, Faridabad, HaryanaKeywords: Automated MIG welding system, Grinding machine, Orthogonal array, Signal noise (s/n) ratio, Anova.

Research Paper

58. Analysis and detection of SIM box

Over a past two decades, Telecom industry is growing and mode of communication is changing and advanced day by day for catering individual and corporate needs. With the growth and advancement of technologies, telecom frauds are the major concern for research area and delivering the cent percent revenue in the system. Telecommunications fraud is a problem that affects operators all around the globe and one of the most known frauds is illegal to bypass fraud which is used in International voice traffic, in order to avoid carrier charges and this causes opportunity loss of international interconnect usage charge (IUC) to operators and this is major concern for research scope and impacting the revenue at operator level. As a result, cellular operators around the globe lose billions annually. Moreover, SIM box compromises the cellular network infrastructure by overloading local base stations serving these devices. This paper analyses the fraudulent termination of international traffic so suggest statistical, conventional, modern approach for detection of sim box and processes hundreds of millions of anonymized voice call detail records (CDRs). Their outputs of these models are optimally fused to increase the detection rate of sim box. The operator’s fraud department confirmed that the algorithm succeeds in detecting new fraudulent SIM box.

Published by: Vipin AirnResearch Area: Telecommuincation Engineering

Organisation: Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, HaryanaKeywords: IUC (Interconnect Usage charges), CDR (Call detail records), Artificial Intelligence, Bypass Fraud, SIM (subscriber identity module), MO (Mobile Originator), MT (Mobile Terminator), VOIP (Voice over internet protocol)

Research Paper

59. Analytical evaluation of Shilajit from different geographical origins

Shilajit is a sticky substance found primarily in the rocks of the Himalayas. It develops over centuries from the slow decomposition of plants. The composition of shilajit largely depends on the type of plants associated with the rocks. Since the drug does not have specific organized morphological structure, it is very difficult to authenticate the drug. The primary component of shilajit is the fulvic acid which contributes to cognitive health. An attempt was thus made to establish an easy method for standardization & hence authentication of shilajit obtained from different geographical sources. Standardization assures that products are reliable in terms of quality, efficacy, performance, and safety. High-performance thin layer chromatography proves to be a good method for quantification of shilajit using a standard marker compound. As none of the methods given in literature were capable of providing good separation, a simple method was developed for detection and quantification of fulvic acid in three raw shilajit samples from different geographical origin and purified Indian shilajit. The developed method was validated for various parameters. Fulvic acid was estimated at 254nm by densitometry by using Merck, reversed phase thin layer chromatography plate silica gel 60 as the stationary phase and a combination of methanol: water (1:1) as a mobile phase. Validation was done using the sample containing the maximum amount of fulvic acid. It was found that purified sample showed the presence of the maximum concentration of fulvic acid. The method was found to be linear, specific, accurate and reproducible.

Published by: Raisa Shaikh, Dr. Swati PatilResearch Area: Pharmacognosy

Organisation: Principal K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Identification, Quantification, Validation, Accuracy, Precision, Specificity.

Research Paper

60. A novel and holistic functional food

Functional foods are those wholesome fortified, enriched or enhanced foods that provide health benefits beyond the provision of essential nutrients when they are consumed as part of the diet. Scientists, today are identifying physiologically active components of food that can reduce the risks of the variety of diseases and optimize health. The consumer self-care phenomenon has increased and hence there is a rapid growth in the market for health and wellness products. A functional food containing pink guava, whey and walnut were developed. The formulation was evaluated for its health benefits like antioxidant, probiotic, immune modulatory and antimicrobial activity. The formulation was freeze-dried for stability. Standardization was done using UV spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography methods. The formulation showed distinct probiotic and antimicrobial activity. Immunomodulatory activity was evaluated using animal models. The formulation also showed significant values for protein, total fat content, vitamin C, pectin, and energy value. The product is a novel, holistic and economical combination and thus it can be used as the rejuvenator for an efficient, effective and healthy lifestyle.

Published by: Dr. Swati Patil, Sonal Aroskar, Raisa ShaikhResearch Area: Pharmacognosy

Organisation: Principal K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Functional foods, Probiotic, Immunomodulator, Antioxidant.

Research Paper

61. Detection and controlling measures on net-spam on social media

In recent years, online reviews have become the most important resource of customers’ opinions. These reviews are used increasingly by individuals and organizations to make a purchase and business decisions the fundamental truth of large-scale data sets is not yet available and most existing approaches to supervised learning are based on pseudo- false. Identifying these spammers and spam content is a very hot topic of research, and although a large number of studies have been conducted recently for this purpose, the methodologies presented so far have barely detected spam reviews, and no one of them shows the importance of any type of extracted feature. In this study, we propose a new framework, called NetSpam, which uses spam features to model audit datasets as heterogeneous information networks to map the spam detection procedure into a classification problem in those networks. Using the importance of spam features helps us get better results in terms of different metrics experienced in real-time data sets from Yelp and Amazon sites.

Published by: Shraddha Autade, Mrunali Donde, Kiran Pawar, Himanshu Singhal, Prashant AhireResearch Area: Cyber Forensic

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Social media, Social network, Spammer, Spam review, Fake review, Heterogeneous information networks.

Research Paper

62. Tribological studies on mechanical properties of metal matrix composites

The Al 7075 alloy matrix materials possess mechanical properties with the addition of SiC particulates as reinforcement. Liquid Metallurgy method is adopted for preparing composite workpiece. composites were adopted for heat treatment process by subjecting to solutionizing followed by quenching in water media for improving the mechanical properties. Then the specimens are adapted to artificial aging at a temperature of 130˚C for different time duration. The hardness properties are examined for the composite materials before and after heat treatment. It is seen that Al 7075 composite under heat treatment conditions reveals increase hardness.

Published by: G. Ramesh, V. C. Uvaraja, C. V. Suraj, B. Senthilnathan, M. NarendhiranResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: MEA Engineering College, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Composites, Materials, Alloys, Heat treatment.

Review Paper

63. Friction stir spot welding – A critical review

Friction stir spot welding as a derivative of friction stir welding has been developed for joining body structures. In Friction stir Spot the rotating tool is plunged through the upper sheet into the lower sheet to a predetermined depth, with the shoulder in close contact with the upper sheet. The tool is then held into the metal sheets for a short duration before its retraction. A small amount of material is squeezed out of the shoulder to form a circular protrusion on the upper sheet. Around indentation called weld, keyhole remains in the weld after the pin retraction. Due to an overlap welding configuration, a friction stir spot weld shows a distinct macrostructure. In this paper Friction stir, spot welding is reviewed and discussed.

Published by: G. Ramesh, N. Shreram, M. Shrinaath, G. AravamudhanResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: MEA Engineering College, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Welding, Materials, Tool, Microstructure, SEM.

Research Paper

64. Nοise removal technique from digital image using advance median filter algorithm

Images are often degraded by nοises. From transmission to receiver there are various situations where nοise can be mix with original data. Nοise removal is the crucial and tedious task in image processing. In general, the results of the nοise removal have a strong influence on the quality of the image processing technique. In color image processing there are so many methods for nοise removal but it depends on types of nοise and filters used to remove nοise. The nature of the nοise removal problem depends on the type of the nοise corrupting the image. In the field of image nοise reduction, several linear and non-linear filtering methods have been proposed. In our research paper salt and pepper nοise removed using the advanced median trimmed filter. Nοise level removed from the image having range 10% to 90% and also calculated following parameters PSNR, IEF, and MSE. In our simulation result, we found that as salt and pepper nοise increases the value of PSNR decreases significantly. When a comparative analysis carried out between the base paper and proposed work, values of parameters in proposed work are better and research work significantly improved.

Published by: Lalit Kumar, Jyoti, MithleshResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bhagwant Institute of Technology, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar PradeshKeywords: PDF, MSE, IEF, Quantization, Pixel, Denοise, PSNR.

Research Paper

65. Fuzzy logic technique for estimating software cost using Cocomo

Software cost estimation is the most challenging and important activities in software development. Developers want a simple and accurate method of efforts estimation. Estimation of cost before starting of work is a prediction and prediction always not accurate. The exact Software Price Estimation (SPE) is very difficult in the early stages of software development because many of input parameters that are active in software exploit are uncertain in the early stages. Accurate cost estimation helps us complete the project within time and budget. For this work, we have knowledge of all available techniques and tool of software cost estimation. The growing application of software and resource constraints in software task development needs a more accurate estimate of the cost and effort because of the importance in program planning and resource management admitting the number of programmings and software plan using tools and modern methods of modeling. The fuzzy set and fuzzy logic can produce accurate software attributes.

Published by: Nishi, Vikas MalikResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bhagat Phool Singh Mahila Vishwavidyalaya, Sonepat, HaryanaKeywords: Software Cost Estimation, Software cost estimation models, Software cost estimation technique, Fuzzy Logic for Software Cost Estimation.

Research Paper

66. Solid waste management system by IoT

Internet of Things is constantly evolving and is giving unique solutions to the everyday difficulties faced by man. “Smart City” is one such usage went for enhancing the lifestyle of people. The real obstacles faced in many areas is its solid waste management, and successful administration of the strong waste created turns into an indispensable piece of a brilliant city. This paper goes for giving an IoT based building answer for handle the issues looked by the present strong waste administration framework. By giving an entire IoT based framework, it consists of following, gathering, and dealing with the strong waste can be effectively mechanized and checked productively. By taking the problem of the strong waste management emergency of Bengaluru city, India, we have thought the general framework design and convention stack to give an IoT standard solution for providing quality and productivity of the framework. By making utilization of sensors, we gather information from the junk receptacles and that information is sent to Blynk servers. The information from different junk containers is gathered by send to Blynk servers through the internet.

Published by: Satish Kumar, Vyshali Reddy, Bhargavi Sekhar, S. SatyanarayanaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: IoT, ESP8266, WIFI.

Research Paper

67. Changing pattern of financial flows in different sectors with change in time

Economic growth of any country depends upon its resources. Its resources could be manpower, investment capacity, infrastructure and natural resources. India having abundance intellectual skill and natural resource, it lacks adequate funds to invest for infrastructural development, which contributes to economic growth of the nation apart from meeting its social obligation. Through FDI and various funds inflow, lead to the higher growth rate of few sectors especially communication and service sectors. However, the resource sectors such as agriculture, forestry & Mining, community & social services have recorded constant and slow growth during the period covered in the study. This study is an attempt to explore the reasons for slow growth in resource sectors and to identify the highest & lowest growing sectors with change in time to analyze the existing economic policy of India. The study uses the objective criteria of profit motives and behaviour of market forces including regional imbalances between resource and market region.

Published by: Ravindra Nath Singh, Dr. R. D. SinghResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Foreign direct investment, Financial investment institutions, Economic reforms, Economic growth, Development.

Research Paper

68. Energy-efficient sleeping technique in cellular network

Presently days the greater part of the people groups are utilized portable phones, therefore the number of base stations and base station utilization’s are additionally increased. The expanding interest of high limit in cell systems requires enormous vitality consumption. Thus, energy proficiency is turned out to be really objective in cell networks. In a phone network, the base stations are utilized more measure of energy. So, energy effectiveness component is connected to the base stations. In this case, we have used a mechanism to on/off base stations according to the users. If a base station does not contain any client then it goes into the sleeping mode, otherwise, it proceeds to its dynamic mode. In this case, a user-centric clustering mechanism is considered. In this technique another system is likewise used, this case the base stations check their closest neighbor base stations. Then tally the number of active base stations and sleeping base stations. If any client needs to interface another client with another base station and the majority of the base stations are sleeping. At, this case the resting base stations are naturally going into the wake-up state. And help to associate the clients.

Published by: Aswathy James, Prince AbrahamResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: St. Joseph’s College of Engineering and Technology, Palai, KeralaKeywords: Base station, Cellular networks, Base station sleeping, Base station clustering.

Research Paper

69. Smart metro train

The proposed system is driverless train which is preprogrammed to run between two stations. For this, ARM 7 microcontroller is used. It exterminates need any driver. Thus, the human blunder is ruled out. The prototype provides detection of passengers at the platform. RFID module is used when the passenger is entering the station, a passenger will swipe the card and if it is valid then the passenger can enter into the train. Passenger count is displayed on the ThingSpeak webpage for future use.

Published by: Madhura Suresh Punde, Monali Sarade, Shatataraka Ulhalkar, Aparna MoreResearch Area: Embedded Platform

Organisation: P.E.S’s Modern College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ARM7, RFID module, Servo motor, GSM module, GPS module, ThingSpeak

Research Paper

70. Classification of hyperspectral images using PPI and LMM

Hyperspectral images are the treasure of information since it contains hundreds of spectral bands. Classification of Hyperspectral images is the process of identifying the components in each pixel. For this purpose, the pure and mixed pixels of the image should be identified and the endmember signatures and components are identified with the help of spectral libraries. In this paper, it is attempted to identify the minerals in the hyperspectral data ‘Cuprite’, that covers the Cuprite mines in Las Vegas, Nevada, the U.S. The pure pixels are identified by using PPI algorithm and their endmember signatures are obtained. The abundance maps of mixed pixels are obtained by using LMM. The total variation based regularization and joint sparsity of abundance maps are exploited in this paper.

Published by: Pavithra Sukumar, Sreena V GResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Marian Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram, KeralaKeywords: HSI (Hyperspectral Image), Spectral reflectance curve, Pure pixel, Mixed pixel, Endmember, PPI (Pixel Purity Index), LMM (Linear Mixing Model)

Research Paper

71. Real-time human skin color detection using OTSU thresholding

Skin color is a robust cue in human skin detection. In the development of Human-Computer Interface (HCI) applications, information that are relative to skin color is extensively utilized. Human skin color shows resemblance with non-skin materials like wood, wall paint etc. So an accurate human-computer interaction system is required to be designed which can distinguish between them. Although several methods have been proposed, skin color detection still remains a challenge mainly due to problems such as illumination conditions, camera characteristics, and ethnicity.

Published by: Dujana Nuzra A K, Minnu Jayan CResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Marian Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram, KeralaKeywords: Skin color detection, Color space, Computer vision, Thresholding, Skin color model.

Research Paper

72. Smart agriculture by monitoring moisture pH levels in soil

Agriculture plays the major role in economics and survival of people in India. Even today, traditional methods and backward techniques are being used by different countries in the agriculture sector. In India, the agriculture techniques are labor intensive, whereas the modern agriculture technology is mainly capital intensive. Production efficiency has been increased significantly with the technological advancement in agriculture. With the help of internet of things, a novel design approach to smart farming is framed that increases the productivity. IoT will play a major role in meeting this need. IoT when combined with cloud and big data, it can improve the efficient use of inputs like fertilizers, soil, and pesticides. It also helps in scanning storage capacities like water tanks, predicting related diseases, monitoring livestock, and making sure the crops are watered well. Farmers need the variety of data and services to improve crop production based on land, crop, climate conditions, finance availability, irrigation facilities etc.. Cloud computing has been used by Government and other private agencies to store agricultural data. Cloud support various services to farmers to interact with the cloud by using any cheaper ways like sensors, mobile devices, scanners etc. Smart farming becomes an emerging concept, IoT sensors are capable of providing information about their respective agricultural fields. This proposed approach aims at making use of evolving technologies like IoT and smart agriculture using automation. The major factor that aids in improving the yield of efficient crops is by monitoring environmental factors. To monitor various agricultural activities like cutting, weeding and spraying, a remote-controlled vehicle is operated that works both in automatic and manual modes. A controller is mounted on this vehicle that monitors the temperature, soil condition, temperature and accordingly water is supplied to the field.

Published by: Gaddam Sanjeeva Reddy, C M Anuja, Manjunath C R, Sahana ShettyResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Agriculture, Wireless sensors, IoT.

Research Paper

73. Face spoofing detection using LBP descriptor and ensemble subspace discriminant classifier

Recently, automatic face recognition has become a realistic target of biometrics research. Face fake attacks are truly a threat to face recognition systems. Exploration on non-invasive software based face spoofing detection schemes have been mainly concentrated on the analysis of the luminance information of the face images, accordingly discarding the chroma component, which can be very useful for discriminating fake faces from genuine ones. In this paper, we present a novel approach based on analyzing joint color-texture information of the facial image from the luminance and the chrominance channels using color local binary pattern (LBP) descriptor. Particularly the feature histograms are extracted from each image band separately. The resulting feature histograms are concatenated into an enhanced feature histogram in order to obtain an overall reproduction of the facial color texture. The final feature vector is fed to an ensemble subspace discriminant classifier and it describes whether there is a live person in front of the camera or a fake one. Also, we determine the performance measures of an ensemble classifier and compare with SVM.

Published by: Shahna J. S, Minnu Jayan CResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering (image Processing)

Organisation: Marian Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram, KeralaKeywords: Face recognition, Spoofing detection, LBP, Color-texture analysis, and Ensemble subspace classifier.

Research Paper

74. A study to assess the effectiveness of infrared radiation therapy on pain perception and wound healing among primi postnatal women with episiotomy

Motherhood has true nobility and unique capacities. Pregnancy and childbirth are special events in women’s lives. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Infrared radiation therapy on pain perception and wound healing among prime postnatal women with episiotomy in Christian mission hospital, Madurai. The study was conducted among 60 postnatal women, 30 in experimental group and 30 in control group, who were selected by using purposive sampling technique. Data collection was done as planned 6 weeks were taken for data collection procedure. The data gathered were analyzed and the interpretation was made on the study objectives. The paired‘t’ test and independent‘t’ test were used to find out the effectiveness of infrared radiation therapy. Comparison of pain perception and wound healing status values between pre-test and post-test, experimental and control group showed the significant difference at 0.05 levels. The study concluded that the infrared radiation therapy was effective in reducing episiotomy pain and wound healing. Therefore, infrared radiation therapy should be used to augment the therapy of episiotomy.

Published by: Elizebeth RaniResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: MA Chidambaram College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Pain perception, Wound healing, Episiotomy, Infrared lamp.

Review Paper

75. Aadhar based biometric voting system

Aadhar Based Biometric Voting System implements a simple and secure method of polling vote by using biometrics. Due to the changes occurred in the technology, so many advancements were introduced in the field of voting. The improvisations aim at increasing the flexibility security, reliability, scalability of the model and provide less time consumption to announce the result. Nowadays, the voting procedures are conducted by manually operated machines and even through SMS also. But this system is a unique and new concept which saves a lot of time and avoids impersonation. In this system, the user has to use his fingerprint to cast the authenticated vote. Voting is based on Aadhar biometric database that is a fingerprint. This voting system would offer higher security and it will increase voting percentage. We also propose a system in which, people who are Aadhar holders and whose age is above 18 years can vote without going to their home constituency on the day of an election. The biometric data is already stored in the government database. Hence this project provides the best solution to avoid the false voting. The electronic voting machine was connected to the computer. The computer is having the full database list of the people who are having the eligibility to vote. So it avoids the false voting.

Published by: Varsha N G, Shravya R, Sangamesh Jhalaki, ShivarajaResearch Area: Technology

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Aadhar database, Fingerprint module, Arduino mega, Apache Tomcat.

Research Paper

76. Construction Site Safety Management

Safety means free from danger or risk and managing the workers or labours for ensuring safety is called management. Therefore construction site safety and management deal with the safety of labours and employees working at the site. The best way to protect workers against hazard is to control problem at the source. The problem regarding construction industry is not that hazard and risk are unknown, but it is very difficult to accurately identify in a constantly changing work environment. To prevent health hazards at work, all possible hazard that may be encountered should be identified in advance. With a proper labour safety, the availability of labour will always sufficient to carry out all construction work and completed on time without any delaying of work. Thus, time and cost lose will be minimized.

Published by: M. Brindha, M. MathangiResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Safety performance, Continuous improvement, Construction industry.

Research Paper

77. Triangular shaped Sirpinski fractal patch antenna used in GPS, 4th generation and 5th generation

Recent efforts by several researchers around the world to combine fractal geometry with electromagnetic theory have led to a large number of novel and innovative antenna designs. In this research work, we provide a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in the rapid development of fractal antenna engineering. Fractal antenna engineering research focuses on two aspects: the first is the analysis and design of fractal antenna elements and the second is the application of fractal theory in antenna array design. Fractals do not have feature sizes and are usually replicated by themselves at different scales. These unique properties of fractal have been developed for the development of new types of antenna element designs in multi-band or compact size. On the other hand, fractal arrays are a subset of sparse arrays and have been shown to have many very desirable properties, including multi-band performance. Low sidelobe level, and the ability to develop fast beamforming algorithms based on the fractal, recursive nature. In this research work, we are presenting four band fractal antenna used for GPS, 4G and 5G applications. The antenna is simulated in HFSS (High-Frequency Structure Simulator) software tool. For the optimization of the proposed work parametric analysis is performed at various dimensions of the fractal antenna.

Published by: Gaganpreet Singh, Mukta SharmaResearch Area: Microstrip Patch Antenna

Organisation: Guru Gobind Singh College of Modern Technology, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: Monopole, Fractal antenna, Multi-band antenna, HFSS, GPS, 4G, 5G.

Research Paper

78. A review of deduplication on encrypted big data in using HDFS framework

Data deduplication is one of important data compression techniques for eliminating duplicate copies of repeating data and has been widely used in cloud storage to reduce the amount of storage space and save bandwidth. To protect the confidentiality of sensitive data while supporting deduplication, the convergent encryption technique has been proposed to encrypt the data before outsourcing. To better protect data security, this paper makes the first attempt to formally address the problem of authorized data deduplication.

Published by: Pradeep Nayak, SayeeshResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Alva’s Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mangaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Deduplication, Encryption, HDFS framework.

Research Paper

79. Phytochemical analysis of some leaves used as medicine

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds i.e. phytochemicals which are used for curing various human disease. Phytochemicals have two categories i.e., primary and secondary constituents. Primary constituents have chlorophyll, proteins, sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents contain terpenoids and alkaloids. Medicinal plants have antifungal, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study involves ten different medicinal plants. Psidium guajava, Syzygium cumini, Murayya koenigii, Saraca asoca, Azadirachta indica, Withania somnifera, Lawsonia inermis, Mentha arvensis, Trigonella foecum-graecum, Ocimum tenuiflorum locally available in Ahmednagar India.

Published by: Jayshri Mulay, Tushar JagdaleResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: New Arts, Science and Commerce College, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Medicinal plants, Phytochemicals, Anti-fungal, Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory activities.

Research Paper

80. Role of make in India, standup India on employment generation

The government launched “Make in India initiative which aims at promoting India as AN investment destination and to establish India as a worldwide hub for manufacturing, style, and innovation. The initiative aims to provide a favorable environment to the business community in order that they can devote their resources, efforts, and energy to productive work. A number of steps have been taken by the government to enhance the benefit of doing business within the country. Rules and procedures have been simplified and a number of merchandise are embarked on licensing necessities. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) worked with a bunch of highly specialized agencies to create brand new infrastructure, together with an obsessive help desk and mobile initial website that packed a wide array of data into a simple, sleek menu. The government has spread out a number of sectors for FDI.
The standup India scheme is being launched to promoted entrepreneurship among individuals from schedule caste/ schedule tribe and women World Health Organization will be provided loan starting from Rs. 1 0lakh to Rs. 100lakh.
This study based on secondary knowledge taken from newspaper, magazine, governmental reports, etc. Analyses the govt schemes that attempt to form such conditions that are favorable for augmentation of employment, entrepreneurship, and growth. During this context, startup India is AN initiative that aims to encourage entrepreneurship in the country in order that the increasing hands emerge as a resource for aspiring entrepreneurs. Startup India as a governmental plan is a comprehensive institutional support package to youths with an unconventional business plan in new areas. This analysis paper is an attempt to assess the startup India/Bharat/Asian country/Asian nation} and various another flagship program of the government like make In India, skill India/ Digital India etc. Proclaimed by the govt of the Asian country to facilitate growth and development of the country. Moreover, this study conjointly evaluates the assorted challenges that are proving a hurdle in the setting up and functioning of business enterprises.

Published by: Pooja DubeyResearch Area: Power to Empower

Organisation: Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Entrepreneurship, Startup India, Employment, Make in India, Startup India, Standup India, Business, and Industry.

Research Paper

81. Effect of earthquake load on buildings with infilled walls: An overview

Inferable from the expanding shortage and cost of land, structural engineers are being headed to receive the vertical development of structures. This need keeps on testing designers to achieve new statures and this pattern of expanding tallness of structures gets more challenge in the type of seismic burdens. As the tallness of the building expands the impact of the seismic load likewise ends up basic. Masonry infill’s being an essential individual in the building, But, it has been seen amid past seismic tremors that a lot of structures having infilled walls have brought about enormous harms or aggregate fall. Be that as it may, a detailed seismic investigation to comprehend the seismic behavior of the structures with infilled walls under seismic load is fundamental for the proper plan and their better performance. Along these lines, amid this investigation, an audit of different written works on building having masonry infills is done so as to comprehend the behavior of a building with infilled walls under the activity of seismic tremor loads.

Published by: Farooq Ahmed, Soun MorResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: PM College of Engineering, Sonipat, HaryanaKeywords: Infill walls, Earthquake load, Buildings, STAAD-PRO.

Research Paper

82. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of breast crawl technique on physiological outcome during the third stage of labour and immediate initiation of breastfeeding among postnatal mother at the selected hospital, Trichy

Uninterrupted Breast crawl technique is important just after the delivery, may promote breastfeeding and prevent postpartum hemorrhage. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of breast crawl technique on physiological outcome during the third stage of labour and immediate initiation of breastfeeding among postnatal mother in the experimental group. Design: Quasi-experimental posttest-only design. Setting: Selected hospital, Trichy.Participants:60 postnatal mothers fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Selection criteria: Postnatal mothers, experimental group 30, control group 30 on the third stage of labour at a Selected hospital were included. Methods: Non-probability convenience sampling technique was used. Results: The result shows that among postnatal mothers in an experimental group, the level of blood loss 17 (57%) of postnatal mothers had mild blood loss, 13 (43%) had moderate blood loss and none of them had severe blood loss. Regarding duration of separation of the placenta in the third stage of labour 19 (63%) has ≤ 6 min and 11 (37%) has > 6 min. Majority 2 (7%) had maximum breastfeeding score, 28 (93%) had effective vigorous feeding and none of them had moderately effective feeders and effective sucking rhythm not established. Unpaired’ test shown, blood loss (4.76), duration of separation of the placenta in the third stage of labour (7.84) and immediate initiation of breastfeeding (10.92) statistically significant at p0.05. Conclusion: The breast crawl technique was effective on physiological outcome during the third stage of labour and immediate initiation of breastfeeding in the experimental group. Clinical applications: The breast crawl technique is one of the physiological techniques which can be applied to improve the physiological outcome of the mother in the third stage of labour & improve the breastfeeding.

Published by: P. ChristenaResearch Area: Midwifery and Gynecological Nursing

Organisation: MA Chidambaram College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Breast Crawl Technique, Immediate Initiation of Breast Feeding, Duration of Separation of the Placenta, Third Stage of Labour and Level of Blood Loss.

Review Paper

83. Aeroponics- A step towards sustainable farming

Aeroponic is a type of vertical farming. It is actually a process which means the cultivation of plants without the use of soil or minimal use of soil. In this method, the roots of the plant are suspended in the air and nutrients are sprayed in the nutrient chamber. This process can be done in both ways whether be it a semi-closed environment or closed environment. The circumstance is controlled and it requires a lot of care with respect to temperature, humidity, pH etc. In recent years, the Aeroponic system has been used mostly to have a pesticides free cultivation. Prediction says that in coming years Aeroponic will increase the yield and also the quality of crops grown. The set up for Aeroponic includes a proper monitoring and control system for water and nutrients distribution for utilizing the Aeroponic cultivation at its best. The monitoring system monitors the chamber’s parameters such as temperature & humidity whereas control system manages actuators in delivering water and nutrients. LCD will display the details of temperature and humidity and the data will be transmitted to a computer to facilitate easier monitoring. The microcontroller will help in the automation of the regulation of actuators for the distribution of water and nutrients.

Published by: Richa Shubham, Arpita Kumari, Bedanga Bikash Saikia, Kumari Udita, Rajeshwari PResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar Institution, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Aeroponic, Monitoring system, Control system, Sensor.

Research Paper

84. IoT based retailed shopping system using NFC

In current retail shopping systems, one witnesses long queues at the counter primarily due to limited barcode scanners for product identification and billing system. This causes inconvenience to the customers as well as can be regarded as a waste of time. Furthermore, the barcode system is getting outdated due to memory constraints. In the present paper, the concept of an IoT based retail shopping system using NFC is proposed that is time-saving. It combines the concept of Near Field Communication (NFC) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) with the Internet of Things (IoT). Software technologies like Atmel Studio, PHP, Eagle, Extreme Burner have also been employed in the project. In this system, each product will be assigned a near field communication (NFC) tag which consists of all the product information. Wireless techniques and electronic tag have been used for product identification. To access this information, NFC readers will be used which come inbuilt in all the new smartphones. This system would be mounted on the trolley so that the bill can be easily generated based on the products placed on the shopping cart, using an Internet of Things (IoT) framework. Design of a novel shopping cart equipped with NFC reader and wireless module is presented which serves as a connection between the cart and the server using IoT framework. The proposed design of cart consists of an LCD, RFID reader, and EEPROM. The payment can then be made either online or through cash. Thus there remains no requirement of manual intervention and with the introduction of NFC enabled smartphones, these processes can be made automated.

Published by: Bansi G. Jani, Divyang ShahResearch Area: Electronic and Communication

Organisation: Noble Group of Institutions, Junagadh, GujaratKeywords: IoT, NFC, Raspberry Pi, Shopping Cart, Wifi ESP8266.

Research Paper

85. Driver fatigue detection and accident preventing system

In today’s availing conditions many traffic accidents have been occurring due to driver’s fatigue or diminished vigilance level. Driver fatigue detection based on computer vision is one of the most hopeful applications of image recognition technology. There are several factors that reflect driver’s fatigue. An eye is the most important feature of the human face. In this paper, we describe a system that locates and tracks the eyes of a driver and finds drivers fatigue and turns on the adaptive cruise control system. The purpose of such a system is to perform detection of driver fatigue by mounting a small camera inside the car, we can monitor the face of the driver and look for eye-movements which indicate that the driver is no longer in condition to drive and turns on the ACCS. Finally, experiment results show that the proposed fatigue monitoring system detects driver fatigue probability more exactly and robustly and sends the signal to ACCS.

Published by: A. SwathiResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Driver’s fatigue, Pupil detection, Cruise control system.

Research Paper

86. Braille glove

About 37 million people across the globe are visually impaired which is a substantial proportion of world’s population In this fast developing world which is tending more towards the use of digital communication, the blind people find it really difficult to cope up with the pace of it. Although there have been some attempts made to develop several systems to help them to connect digitally with the society. Considering the present condition of the visually impaired people, we have developed a system (Braille Glove) which will help the user to send and receive text message using the standard Braille code. This paper describes a low-cost Braille Glove for blind people using touch sensors and vibration motors. This glove allows the person to type characters representing the Braille combination using the touch sensor which is placed on the palm side of the glove. This glove also allows the person to read the incoming message using the vibration motors which we have placed on the back side of the glove.

Published by: Amey B. Shinde, Kumar Shubham, Swaroop A. RautResearch Area: Communication

Organisation: Maharashtra Institute of Technology College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Braille Glove, Braille, Touch Sensor, Vibrating Motors, Bluetooth Module, GSM Module.

Research Paper

87. Design and fabrication of convertible wheelchair

It is inevitable for any country to have people with disabilities or have trouble with standing up, especially arthritis patients. The most commonly used devices for disabled people are wheelchairs. What’s more, the life quality of disabled people and patients has caught attention by society. A modernized convertible wheelchair has become a popular engineering challenge for decades. We aimed to design a new mechanical system in the wheelchair to help people stand up as well as they can rest and sleep, this mechanism should be safer, simpler in structure, less power consuming and more economic. The structure is designed for the wheelchair to fit the natural human standing, sitting and sleeping posture. The standing and sleeping convertible wheelchair we will design may help people with disability to surge self-esteem; reach objects placed high, deliver a speech on a podium. By the way, it’s boring for a person to sit for a long time.

Published by: Nirmal Mistry, Mit Panchal, Bhadresh Mangroliya, Avinash Kumar LabanaResearch Area: Mechanical and Medical Department

Organisation: Indus University, Ahmedabad, GujaratKeywords: Base frame, Buckling load, Leadscrew, Chain sprocket.

Research Paper

88. Evaluation of quality management system by implementing quality matrix in construction using SPSS

Quality has become a very popular subject in recent years due to conceptual changes in the industry. The product in any industry should be manufactured to a required standard, one that provides customer satisfaction and value for money. Quality is one of the critical success factors in the construction industry. The need for achieving the quality of the finished product in the building construction is very important. The high cost of buildings makes it necessary to ensure the quality of the finished product. Quality is an essential element for sustainability and customer satisfaction. In construction projects, quality performance is considered as vital for client satisfaction. This study is intended to provide clients, project managers, designers, and contractors with the necessary information needed to better manage the quality of a construction building projects by identifying the factors that affect process quality of construction projects and to rank them by the degree of importance. Developing a quality system is the first step towards improving quality in the construction industry. Towards this goal, firstly a questionnaire survey will be conducted in a construction industry. From the data collected by the questionnaire survey analysis can be done by using SPSS statistics software.

Published by: Naseef VPResearch Area: Construction Engineering and Management

Organisation: Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Areekode, KeralaKeywords: Quality management systems, Effectiveness.

Review Paper

89. Wireless passive RFID based smart trolley with APP for billing solutions

Purchasing a large number of goods from wholesale markets has become a commotion. People select different items and then needs to go to the billing counter for payment. At the billing counter, the wholesale retailer prepares the bill using barcode reader which can be time-consuming. To provide more efficient shopping experience we are proposing a smart trolley, which provides smart shopping as well as better stock management. It will consist of RFID active reader passive tag system in replacement to the barcode, the mobile application will be used for self-checkout and GSM module will be used along with the database to manage the stock of the wholesale.

Published by: Vatsala Vaibhavi, Shailja Roy, Shreya, Shweta DasResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: RFID, Embedded C, Arduino IDE, IR Sensor.

Research Paper

90. Effect of partial replacement of sand by glass powder and steel powder over the properties of concrete: Implementation

In the present research, a series of experiments had been performed to compare the use of glass powder and steel powder as partial replacement of sand in different proportions. Blended cement prepared by mixing Portland cement with Fly ash in 1:0.5 and 1:1 proportion has been used for this study. Concrete mixes are modified by 10%, 15% and 20% and 25% of glass powder and steel powder in replacement.

Published by: Achal Jain, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Steel powder, Glass powder, Concrete, Workability, Compressive strength.

Research Paper

91. Estimation of breast tumour size, location and pre-processing algorithm for the breast thermal signatures

Breast cancer is the second most cause of the death among the women in society. Thermography is the non-invasive, non-contact imaging modality that can be used for the early detection of breast cancer. This paper proposes the development of the mathematical model using Penne’s bio-heat transfer equation, and the estimation of the location and the size of the tumour using Metropolis-Hasting (MH) algorithm. This paper also proposes the pre-processing of the thermal images using RGB max filter and Grab-cut algorithm to extract out the region of interest where the probability of the presence of the tumour is more.

Published by: Balwant Singh Rao, Sandesh Shetty, Joshi Manisha Shivaram, V Umadevi, Aradhana KatkeResearch Area: Medical Image Modalities

Organisation: B. M. S. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, Karnataka Keywords: Thermography, Early detection of breast cancer, Breast tissue model, Penne’s bio-heat transfer equation, Metropolis-Hasting (MH) algorithm, RGB max filter, Grab-cut algorithm etc.

Research Paper

92. An appraisal of agile DSDM approach

In current generations, software development has been the biggest problem while developing large-scale applications considering the resourced and dynamic changes of client requirement. Scrum software development, when moving forward took the written format as the agile framework was introduced to overcome the problems caused by the conventional software development life cycle (SDLC). Considering the limitations in Business Process (BP) and Xtreme Programming (XP) this paper will focus on Dynamic System Development methodologies (DSDM) which will help to develop the software at a regular pace accepting dynamic changes in client requirements which will help to better planning, optimizing costs, managing, executing and scaling agile process and iterative software development projects.

Published by: Suman Babu ChapramResearch Area: Agile Methodologies

Organisation: Zen3 Info Solutions, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Agile, Software development, Scrum, DSDM, Short-Term goals.

Case Study

93. Creating value stream mapping to identify areas of improvements and improve USC mailing process

Undergrad housing of USC receive personal emails, official emails, perishable packages, etc., on a regular basis and it is hence a very important task of the housing department to deliver the mails to the right person without any damage. Mails and packages that are received are numbered and are fed into the system by scanning the tracking number and by assigning the receiver’s name to the tracking number. The process seems to be a fairly simple and effective process that makes sure that no package is lost and no package stays in the mailroom for a long time. But when the process of receiving and sorting is analyzed, we can see that there is a lot of scope for improvement & inventory management. By creating a value stream mapping to identify the areas of improvement, there were many non-value adding steps and a lot of waiting time that lead to an increased cycle time. This paper discusses the improvements that can be implemented in the process steps to make it better and hence increase the efficiency of the service delivered by analyzing the inputs, outputs, inventory and value proposition involved.

Published by: Mahalakshmi RamasubbuResearch Area: Lean Operations

Organisation: University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CaliforniaKeywords: Lean management, Process optimization, Value stream mapping, Process flow chart.

Research Paper

94. Fusing the multimodal Image by simple average, simple minimum, simple maximum, PCA, DWT methods of image fusion – A review

Image fusion is a technique that integrates complimentary details from multiple input images such that the new image gives more information and more suitable for the purpose of human visual perception. This paper presents a review on some of the image fusion techniques (simple average, simple minimum, simple maximum, PCA, DWT). Comparison of all the techniques concludes the better approach for its future research.

Published by: R. S. Arun Kumar, Dr. K. Suganya DeviResearch Area: Medical Image Processing

Organisation: University College of Engineering, Thatchur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Image fusion, Discrete wavelet transform(DWT), Principal component analysis (PCA).

Research Paper

95. Selective feature processing with k-Nearest Neighbor classification to predict credit card frauds

The predictive analytics are being used in many applications across the globe ranging from financial risk to avalanche studies. In this paper, a new approach is designed to predict the credit card frauds. This approach utilizes the imbalanced feature correction methodology, which eventually reduces the levitation of the features towards one class. The proposed model is designed to filter the credit card data by analyzing the multiple factors to analyze and predict the fraudulent transactions. The proposed model utilizes the maximum-minimum scaling method to scale the quantitative variables on 0-1 scale, after handling the missing values with column mean value. The SVM and KNN based classification method are used to predict the patterns for the credit card frauds. The experimental results have proved the proposed model based on SVM classification as the most efficient algorithm for the purpose of fraudulent pattern prediction. The SVM has been recorded with 99.94% (mean) of accuracy, which is slightly lower than KNN’s 99.95% (mean). Also KNN outperformed SVM on the basis of recall with (approx 91%) and F1 measure (approx 84%) against approx. 84.50% (recall) and approx 82.50% (F1 measure).

Published by: Simranjeet Kaur, Sikander Singh CheemaResearch Area: Predictive Analytics

Organisation: Punjabi University, Patiala, PunjabKeywords: Predictive Analysis, Imputation, Feature Scaling, Imbalanced Features.

Research Paper

96. Self curing concrete

Since we identify water shortage is mounting day by day, so an vital research should be needed to do the constructions without water. In early stages, water was mandatory for the curing purposes in construction. Curing of material do a chief job in rising pore structure and microstructure to increase durability and performance with water-soluble polyethylene glycol as a self-curing agent and lightweight aggregate as granite.
The aim of this thesis is to revise concerning the power and stability of concrete with water-soluble polyethylene glycol as the self-curing agent. This agent will lessen the water disappearance from concrete. The goal of this investigation is to look at the strength and durability houses of concrete the usage of water-soluble Polyethylene Glycol as the self-curing agent. The characteristic of a self-curing agent is to reduce the water evaporation from concrete, and therefore they grow the water retention capacity of concrete as compared to the conventionally cured concrete. The use of self-curing admixtures may be very crucial from the point of view that saving of water is a necessity every day (every one cubic meter of concrete calls for 3m3 of water in a construction, most of that’s used for curing).In this examine, compressive energy and break up the tensile power of concrete containing self-curing agent is investigated and in comparison with those of conventionally cured concrete. It is observed via this experimental take a look at that concrete cast with Polyethylene Glycol as a self-curing agent is stronger than that received via sprinkler curing in addition to by using immersion curing.

Published by: Rahul Dev, R. NavaneethanResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Jalandhar, PunjabKeywords: Curing, Hydration, Concrete, Admixtures, Concrete, Strength, Test, Water, Specimen.

Research Paper

97. Construction of private methodical query services in the cloud with RASP data commotion

As digital technology is fast evolving and becoming an essential tool for businesses, the concept of cloud is evolved. The phenomenon of the cloud is described in terms of private and public. The proposed approach is based on the public cloud domain, which consists, numerous nodes with distributed computing resources in many different geographic locations. This approach leads the public cloud domain into several cloud partitions. The approach of distributed computing in the cloud simplifies the load balancing and allows database indexes to build over an encryption table. Many times, data into the cloud is stored by maintaining confidentiality, query privacy, efficient query processing at low cost (CPEL Criteria). However, the data owners always desire to submit their quires after realizing the privacy assurance of the cloud. In this aspect, researchers have introduced few techniques such as RASP (Random Space Perturbation), k-NN (k-Nearest Neighbor) Algorithm etc. The main problem across RASP technique is, generating the encryption key which is too large and its implementation makes the time and space overhead. The existing RASP data perturbation technique along with k-NN algorithm is exploited to furnish privacy to the cloud. Wherein, issues such as categorical data and leaked query in the model are identified and addressed, by holding no change in designing the k-NN-R algorithm.

Published by: Shubhashree Sahoo, Gogu SwathiResearch Area: Data Minning

Organisation: Teegala Krishna Reddy Engineering College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Algorithm, k Nearest Neighbor distance, Privacy, Confidentiality, and Range Query.

Research Paper

98. E-learning: Distributed processing of large datasets with parallel algorithm

In today’s lifestyle, every task has been executed by the help of internet. The online system or the internet facilities getting more widespread as well as its becoming part of the human lifestyle. Now in days, every individual recommends that learning should at any-place and any-time, and this recommendation is resolved by E-Learning system. There are multiple E-learning portals are available like javaTpoint. The aim of proposed e-learning platform was:
• Course data materials must be secure.
• Allowing learner to register and enter into the courses.
• Learning should be easier, fluent and learner friendly.
• Effective communication between learner and e-learn platform.
The learner, using a web browser, interacts with the e-learning application. The learner can register to the system for particular course Next step is learner recommended for textual study material and video study material so that learner can refer notes or be learning the material as per choice. The learner can learn easily, flexible at any time, at anywhere we present a technical analysis of seven studies in the context of the application of data mining approach in e-learning. The results of our analysis support the use of data mining techniques for building a new generation of intelligent e-learning systems for different tasks and domains. E-learning course offerings are now plentiful, and many new e-learning platforms and systems have been developed and implemented with varying degrees of success. These systems generate a top increasing amount of data, and much of this information has the potential to become new knowledge to improve all instances of e-learning. Data mining processes should enable the extraction of this knowledge. Now implementing e-learning web interface can help to design courses more effectively, detect anomalies, inspire and guide further research, and help learners use resources more efficiently. The long-term objective is that to create fully featured learning system for the learning environment.

Published by: Rabia Ashrafi, Sharmila SankarResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: E-Learning, Web-based learning system, Application model.

Review Paper

99. Replacement of fine aggregate with plastic in concrete

Recycled plastic aggregate used in the various proportion in the concrete mix and check their suitability. This study investigates the effects of using plastic waste as an alternative of Fine Aggregate. Disposal of plastic waste in an environment is considered to be a big problem due to the rapid growth of population in countries like India the disposing of solid waste is a major problem in our daily life. Solid waste management is one of the major environmental concerns. Among the waste material, plastic is the material that is the major concern to most of the environmental effects. There are different types of plastic which are classified on the basis of the physical property. As the plastic waste is non-degradable, it must be recycled or reused. The objective of the study is to study the behavior of the concrete which is made of the recycled plastic materials along with the study of the some of the physical properties that are related. In this study, M40 cement concrete is considered in which the recycled plastic waste is used as the replacement of fine aggregate in the concrete. Concrete cubes were cast taking 10 %, 20 %, 30 %, 40% & 50% of plastic as partial replacement of fine aggregate and tested for 7 & 28 days of compressive strength of concrete.

Published by: Tanzeem Shaikh, Aquib Shaikh, Syed Abdul Zeeshan, Shaikh Mohd ZubairResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: Deogiri Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Waste plastic, Compressive strength, Workability.

Research Paper

100. Highly efficient Z source inverter

This project deals with the design, analysis, simulation, and development of Highly Efficient Boost Inverter using Z Source Network. The boost capabilities of the traditional Z-source networks are limited; the proposed converters are composed of combined traditional Z-Source networks in different ways to enhance the boost abilities of the traditional Z-source networks. The proposed converter is satisfied the traditional benefits of Z-source networks with stronger voltage boost abilities which can also be applied to dc-ac, ac-ac, and ac-dc power conversions. Analysis, MATLAB Simulation, and the Experimental result were illustrated in this paper.

Published by: Mithun Manohar, Susan V Ninan, Jeepa K JResearch Area: Electrical and Electronic

Organisation: Mangalam College of Engineering, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: DC-DC converters, Z source, Inverter, Voltage boosting.

Research Paper

101. Design of polarization filter using silver material

Photonic Crystal Fiber is a kind of optical fiber that uses bandgap effect as the principle of the light guiding mechanism. It is a low loss periodic dielectric medium which runs along the entire fiber length constructed using a periodic array of microscopic air holes. Due to the special characteristics of photonic crystal fiber, it has become a trend to use Polarization Switch, Rotator, Filter, and Multiplexer. Polarizing filter based on Photonic Crystal fiber has many impacts in all fiber communication. Thus, single polarizing filter based on dual-wavelength photonic crystal fiber is designed with silver-coated large holes. The type of photonic crystal fiber used is a solid core for polarization filter in order to darken skies, manage reflections, or suppress glare from the surface of lakes or the sea application using finite element method. Mostly Silver exhibits the highest conductivity of all metals. When the material wavelength is changed, correspondingly effective index of the material is also varied (i.e) effective index depends on input wavelength. Thus, the dual-wavelength single Polarization filter is between 1310nm to 1550nm and their polarization direction of the optical output is independent of the wavelength of incident light.

Published by: Parimala, N. Aravindan, A. SivanantharajaResearch Area: Photonic Crystal

Organisation: Alagappa Chettiar College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Photonic crystal fiber, Effective mode index.

Research Paper

102. Simulation study of brent kung adder using cadence tool

Adders are the most fundamental piece of any computerized framework. In order to perform the addition of two numbers, adders are used. They also form the requisite part of Arithmetic and Logic Unit. Besides this application, they are also used in computers to calculate address, indices and operation codes. Adders are also used to employ different algorithms in Digital Signal Processing. There is a prerequisite to provide an efficient adder design which fulfills the trade-off amongst speed and space consideration to increase the performance of the system. In the modern age, in addition to the trade-off between speed and space, power consumption assumes an imperative. Gadgets with low power utilization and good performance are favored in real-time applications. Parallel Prefix adders are the ones generally utilized as a part of Digital Designs due to the adaptability associated with outlining these Adders. Brent Kung Adder (BKA) is a low power parallel prefix adder, as it uses minimum circuitry to obtain the result. A simulation study of this adder is carried out using cadence tool. The 4-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit BKAs were designed and simulated using CMOS logic- 45nm Technology. A comparative study was made by comparing the obtained results with Ripple Carry adder and Carry Look-ahead adders. Obtained results show that the power consumption and propagation delay for the BKA implementation are reduced compared to RCA and CLA.

Published by: T. Vamshi Krishna, Niveditha S, Mamatha. G. N, Sunil. M. PResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology, Jain University, Bangalore Rural, KarnatakaKeywords: Brent Kung Adder, Delay, Parallel Prefix Adder and Power.

Research Paper

103. Voxification – Voice based manipulation of slides in powerpoint

Speech recognition technology is one of the fast growing engineering technologies. It has a number of applications in different areas and provides potential benefits. This project uses speech recognition technology to navigate through a PowerPoint presentation.

Published by: Kavya N M, Steffi Priya D’Souza, Gagan, Gautham R PoojaryResearch Area: Voice Based Presentation

Organisation: Shree Devi Institute of Technology, Mangaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Speech recognition, Presentations, Slides, Commands.

Review Paper

104. Awareness and introduction in Greenway, with benefit and planned greenway planning strategies

Greenways is a transmitted term which applied to the worldwide area of landscape, landscape design planning strategies, benefits of greenway through different styles and functions, concept, and its fundamentals use. Some of the emerging on the benefits of protecting surrounding networks of land. These articles are highly important for the definitions of greenway characteristics, planning of greenway, the connection of greenway through social and aesthetic, benefits and liabilities which can apply on the topography for the greenway. Here in this study the greenway planning based on patterns, shapes, materials, sizes, open space, semi-covered space, forms, etc. Entire in this discussion greenway are taken as totally useful planning design strategies and management of sustainability landscape. It depicts with an illustration of the importance of greenway planning comprehensive.lt invites the nature protection for the huge development of capturing recreational uses. It also worked for restoration and preservation of natural resources with the rivers corridor, walkway corridor, and roadside corridor and also found some examples for the framework for many greenway corridors.

Published by: Puja VermaResearch Area: Landscape Architecture

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Greenways, Sustainable landscape planning, Greenway classification, Greenway planning and Urban open space.

Research Paper

105. Design and development of voice coil actuator device for examination of skin sensitivity of diabetic patients

Diabetic neuropathy can cause the loss in the sensation of feet skin that provokes amputation and wounds. In the occasion that diabetic neuropathy influences one to lose feeling in your skin especially under the feet, one may not feel the loss of sensation or wounds. The voice coil actuator is basically used in the industrial purpose and specifically designed for those industrial applications specifically one other motivational reason is that the voice coil actuator for this particular application isn’t accessible and consequently should have been produced for this undertaking. This paper tells how the voice coil actuator is developed and the controller required. This also shows how the tone and vibration levels can be controlled individually to improve the system. Diabetes can make these wounds hard to recover and increase the likelihood of ailments. These wounds and infections can provoke the takeoff of a toe, foot, or part of the leg. Finding and treating skin issues early can cut down the chances that will make real contamination.

Published by: Mohammed Sameer M, Nagaraj M S, Thyagaraj C, Dr. Joshi Manisha SResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: B. M. S. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Voice Coil, Frequency, Duty Cycle, Diabetic Neuropathy.

Research Paper

106. Probiotic characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented grapes, dates and soil and partial purification of its probiotics

The present research was focused on probiotic characterization of lactic acid bacteria from soil and fermented foods.L acetic acid bacterial isolates were examined in-vitro for their probiotic characteristics and their antimicrobial activities against some human pathogens. For potential probiotic properties based on their Low pH tolerance, Bile salt resistance, Production of an antimicrobial substance, Proteolytic activity. The result shows that isolates belonged to the genus Lactobacillus. LAB isolates L5, L1 and L10 showed high acid tolerance at pH3.0 and pH2.0 for 3hrs, 0.3% Bile salt for 4hrs.13. They were exhibited good ability to attach to intestinal epithelial cells and were not resistant to the tested antibiotics they also showed good. Antimicrobial activities against the tested pathogenic strains of human and most of them exhibited stronger antimicrobial activity than the reference strain L. casei Shirota. Therefore, an isolated strain is thought to survive through the intestinal ecosystem and is considered to be suitable as a bio preservative and can be used as a development of various probiotic food products.

Published by: Dr. Heena Asif Pathan, Aazma Khan, Dr. Swati. D. WavhalResearch Area: Microbiology

Organisation: Ismail Yusuf College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Probiotics, Lactic acid bacteria, Soil.

Case Study

107. Analysis of technical process and application of process models in tannery department of the leather industry

The primary objective of this project is to explain the general technical process carried out in tannery department of leather industries with a detailed analysis of the requirements of the process. The paper also explains the different manufacturing steps in leather production in an industry. To make the system more effective, a few improvisations on the leather manufacturing processes that can be implemented are discussed. It also aims to define and explain the agile methodology, waterfall model and extracting characteristics from both the models to suit the system. The paper describes the generalized overview of standard processes carried out through leather industries and some of the processes may differ with respect to a few aspects of each organization.

Published by: Mahalakshmi RamasubbuResearch Area: Systems Engineering

Organisation: University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CaliforniaKeywords: Systems engineering, Tannery, Leather process optimization, Systems modelling.

Review Paper

108. Machine learning based classifier model for autonomous distracted driver detection and prevention

Recent researches and surveys have provided us with the evidence that distracted driving is a major cause of vehicle crashes all around the world. In-vehicle information systems (IVIS) have raised driver safety concern and thus, detecting distracted driver is of paramount importance. The project (or paper) shows a method of real-time distraction detection and initiates safety measures. In the realization of this project we have used Web-Cam, Raspberry Pi (a low cost, small size computing device), along with concepts of deep learning and convolutional neural networks. We classify drivers into multiple categories of distraction, some of them are texting, drinking, operating IVIS etc. Web-Cam feeds the classifier with real-time images of a driver of a particular vehicle. The system also constitutes a buzzer alarm which rings once the distraction is detected.

Published by: Ashu Yadav, Naveen Sharma, Yadvendra Yadav, Jasaram Choudhary, Praveen Hore Research Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Army Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Machine Learning, Convolutional Neural Network, Classification, Hyper parameters.

Review Paper

109. Optimal path finder using genetic algorithm

In a large scale network, shortest distance query is a primary operation. Travelling salesman problem is a major problem faced by salesman. Through this paper we describe how the travelling salesman problem is solved by the method of genetic algorithms. Genetic algorithms are the evolutionary techniques for finding the fittest gene amongst all the combination of chromosomes using crossover and mutations over the chromosomes. The purpose is to find the most approximate solution that gives us the least distance, which is the shortest route for traversing the cities.
This problem a salesman has to traverse n number of cities in such way that it gives a ‘uni’ directed graph and each city is visited only once. We accomplish this by carrying out the algorithm through generating a fitness formula and With the help of genetic operators like selection, crossover and mutation.

Published by: Rahul Verma, Nimesh Khawas, Anup Rai, Arvind LalResearch Area: Travelling Salesman Problem, Genetic Algorithm

Organisation: Centre for Computers and Communication Technology, Namchi, SikkimKeywords: Genetic Algorithm, Genetic Operators, Travelling Salesman Problem.

Research Paper

110. An efficient approach for attendance management system for occluded face recognition

The face is the identity of a person. The traditional approach for attendance can now be replaced by an effective online attendance management system in a classroom environment. The methods to exploit this physical feature have seen a great change since the advent of image processing techniques. The attendance is taken in every school, colleges, and library. The system aims to deviate from traditional systems and introduce a new approach for taking an attendance using image Processing. This describes the working of an Attendance Management System in a classroom environment. Generally, the students in the classroom will sit in an occluded manner. Hence there are more chances of overlapping of faces. In this method initially, the video clip of classroom is taken and is stored in the database. The video clips along with the occluded region are converted into full frames/images. Then we apply Face detection techniques to detect the faces in frames/images and then features are extracted from the detected face (HOG and LBP algorithm). The system first stores the faces of the students in the database. The detected faces are compared with the faces stored in the database during face recognition (SVM classifier). If the system recognizes faces, the attendance gets marked immediately of recognized faces. Given video is compared with the database, after comparing faces are detected and recognized. Attendance gets marked. The methods proposed till now have no solution for Occlusion in which, the overlapped faces are not detected. But this system has the solution for occlusion in which the overlapped faces are detected. Hence, the attendance gets marked.

Published by: Ramya Yalwarkar, Shivaleela Patil, Shreya Mahajan, Dr. Suvarna NandyalResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: PDA College of Engineering, Gulbarga, KarnatakaKeywords: Face recognition, Face detection, Local binary pattern (LBP), Histogram of orientation (HOG), Support vector machine (SVM).

Research Paper

111. Performance evaluation and energy efficiency based on SROLSR in MANET

Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is formed by a set of wireless mobile hosts that dynamically configure themselves by exploiting their wireless network interfaces without relying on any fixed infrastructure. Mobile hosts used in MANET supports the roles that are ensured by the powerful fixed infrastructure in traditional networks. This is a challenging task for the mobile hosts that have limited resources such as processing power, storage, and energy. Malicious and selfish behaviors are a serious threat against routing in delay/disruption tolerant networks (DTNs). A probabilistic misbehavior detection scheme, for secure DTN routing toward Fine-grained analysis closely coupled with the concept of trust. Nodes may misbehave either because they are malicious or because they are selfish. The approach is used in parallel to generate the list of misbehaving nodes. For efficient Improvement of the scheme, we correlate detection probability with a node’s reputation. The analysis and simulation results demonstrate the Effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed scheme using SR-OLSR Protocol. Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) rely on the cooperation of all the participating nodes. The SR-OLSR protocol itself incurs a low checking overhead, Every node computes the trust of the observed neighbors. These trust values are passed on to analyzer function which is mapped into different classes. The resulting classes show the trust levels of the observed nodes using per hop distance and measurement and also we achieve security to send the message from the source to destination.

Published by: Arunadevi. DResearch Area: Network

Organisation: Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Mobile ad hoc networks, Attacks, Misbehavior, Fine-grained, Trusted Third Party, SROLSR, Congestion, Analyzer, Mobility.

Case Study

112. Comprehending depression in Youth!

Depression has well been foreseen as the major cause of death in some 5-6 years to come, surpassing cancer, stroke, accidents, you name it! A precarious malady, of which regrettably not much can be done on a preventive front. Well, everyone seems to go through depression – everyone, from the maniac laborer on highly low wages to someone you follow on Instagram or Twitter (though the intensity is manageable enough most of the times)! But can something really be done about it in the first place?
Well, I would simply love to share my piece of experience with being an inexorable slave to the incessant mania, and helplessness. These won’t certainly be the words of a doctor. However, the primary inclination of whatever would go on further would always be towards helping you out with a few tools that I feel I have managed to gather down the road. I do feel that I have emerged victorious over such a bipolar disorder (fingers crossed – for at least I have been able to write on it!), and by now, I have fairly been able to acclimatize myself with a few poignant repercussions as well.

Published by: Mayank M. BhandareResearch Area: Medical Psycho

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Depression, Medicines, Exposure.

Research Paper

113. International human resource management: Challenging to cultural strategic management by decentralization

A have a look at on the cultural strategic management of labor with the aid of worldwide operations through decentralized the organization. Undertaking to the effectiveness of an employer with the aid of using sources as according to monetary overall performance, obeying local regulations and policies, technology and managing the human useful resource. The statistics analyzed with CGS system in conduct science. Analyzing the cultural by way of places are planning, implementation and control of the method to directing workforce in a business enterprise by way of decentralization. Well executed as in keeping with cultural strategy control by using the decentralized organization are new orientations to the effectiveness of worldwide human useful resource control. Through the assisting multinational companies are the developed enterprise in addition to their existed nations.

Published by: Mannava Sumaja, M Kishore BabuResearch Area: Human Resource Management

Organisation: Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Organization Culture, Decentralization, Effectiveness, Strategic Management, Resources, Technology.

Research Paper

114. A study on diversity of personality in a team and its effect on the team’s performance

Individuals differ in personality and social conduct. It is by and large acknowledged that some of this variety is because of contrasts in qualities and some to “condition”— that is, differences in individual’s experience. This study investigated the relationships between Personality differences in a team and its effect on the direct overall performance of the whole team. Particularly, this study has considered the MBTI, extensively used by professionals in relationships, spirituality, careers, education, workplace, and organization etc for investigating personality types. The MBTI personality test was conducted on Students based in Management College in Pune. A total of 79 students falling in the range of 21 to 23 years of age completed the personality test.

Published by: Sumit Yadav, Tanvi Malik, Naval LawandeResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Diversity, Personality, Team performance, MBTI Personality test, Personality traits.

Research Paper

115. Design of frame for a wall mounted indoor swing

All The back and forth motion of the swing is good for children under the age of five years as it teaches them how to get along with others. But nowadays, due to the shortage of time & also rush at the gardens, children are not able to play swings. Some indoor swings are available but they are having some drawbacks. This paper presents the design of a frame of a wall mounted swing. It consists of a cantilever beam, two support members, and other parts. The cantilever beam is designed considering the bending stresses developed in it. This beam will be used for hanging the chains of swing. The deflection of the beam in the horizontal plane during swinging action is restricted by two supporting members on each side of the beam. All welded joints in this frame are also designed.

Published by: Mallu Bhojappa Mane, Hemant D. LagdiveResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: N. B. Navale Sinhgad College of Engineering, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Wall mounted swing, Cantilever beam, Bending stress, Welded joint

Review Paper

116. Wi-Fi hotspot with captive portal on Raspberry Pi

The Internet is the biggest network of computers worldwide for communication. Internet or inter-network of these devices help make rapid progress in the technology making the world a better place to live in. Every day there is an innovation which leads to new methods of communication and thus, networking. In the proposed work, Wi-Fi hotspot is enabled on Raspberry Pi with a Captive portal technique implemented, where the user can connect to the hotspot with the help of a captive portal page. The required entries like username and password need to be entered in the portal page which authenticates the user. The entries are verified in the database, if the entries are valid the user gets the internet access for certain period of time. If the entries are invalid access gets denied. The message status is maintained in the database to check whether the message is sent to the user or not.

Published by: Annapurna B P, Vani VResearch Area: Wireless Networks

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Captive portal, Hotspot, SSID, Wi-Fi.

Review Paper

117. Eye-monitored wheel chair prototype

According to a survey, there are 56,000 new people suffering from nervous disorder every year. The great scientist late Stephen Hawking was also suffering from quadriplegia. Our aim is to make lives of the people suffering from the quadriplegia simpler so they do not need to depend on anyone. We have made an Eye Monitored Wheel Chair System which allows movement of wheelchair depending on the eye movements of the person sitting on it. In quadriplegia, all the four limbs of the person are affected and the person can only move their eyes and partially tilt the head. We have created a prototype in which a patient sitting in the wheelchair is able to move in a direction just by seeing in that direction. The camera will take a snapshot of the iris, which will be then processed by the MATLAB, It will then send the signal to the motors through the Microcontroller over the Serial Port to move in a particular direction. This Eye monitored wheelchair is cost-effective and economical to everyone.

Published by: Vikash Raj, Sourabh Ranjan, Mrinal Shekhar Puri, Nitish Kumar, Dr. H. C. SrinivasaiahResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Gaze estimation, Obstacle dtection, Matlab, Microcontroller.

Research Paper

118. Quality of work life: The pace and face of an organization

The Pace and scale of change in organizations over the recent years has brought about a renewed interest in the issue of quality of people’s work lives. Quality of work life is a comprehensive, department-wide program designed to enhance services to the public by improving and helping employees in better management of changes and transition in organizations. These programs or policies include autonomy, recognition, belonging, progress, development of the employees. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the quality of work life of employees in the organizations.

Published by: A Serene FlaviaResearch Area: Human Resources Management

Organisation: Olivet Grammar High School, Secunderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Quality of work life, Employees, Organization, Study, Human resources, Management.

Research Paper

119. Fabrication of dual fuel (CNG + Electric) motorcycle

The aim of this examination is an investigation of the achievability and preferences of utilizing the natural gas as a contrasting option to gasoline as a fuel for hybrid electric vehicles. Using CNG vehicles are extremely valuable in India considering the way that gasoline fuel is offered at a vigorously sponsored cost and consequently, by converting a significant portion of the automobiles to run on CNG, the gasoline fuel utilization could be lessened. This will bring about more oil being accessible for trade which will be valuable to the economy of the nation. This process assessed a test examination on Compressed Natural Gas as an elective fuel for four-stroke start motor and furthermore Battery worked. The essential target of the investigation was to determine the performance and the fumes emanations of the motor utilizing distinctive fuel. The motor utilized as a part of the examination was initially a single cylinder, four-stroke start motor and minor alterations were done to allow the trials to keep running on CNG fuel. Amid the running, the engine was coupled to a ropeway dynamometer to quantify a few motor execution parameters and a gas analyzer was embedded into the motor fumes tailpipe for estimating the fumes emanations. The engine execution considers were led with engine setup. Parameters like brake power, brake fuel utilization and brake thermal efficiency were ascertained. The test outcome showed that CNG fuel has the closest performance to Gasoline fuel. The focus levels of CO, CO2 and unburnt HC recorded are observed to be lower than the gas-fuelled motor.

Published by: Samarendra Singh, Sarthak Singh, Sharaj Kant, Saurav Khari, Madan PrasadResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: J. S. S. Academy of Technical Education, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: CNG, Energy consumption, Emission, Efficiency, Hybrid electric vehicle.

Research Paper

120. Intruder recognition in a farm through wireless sensor network

To implement intruder detection in fields, a Wireless sensor network-based system is developed. Motion sensors are placed at numerous locations around the farm. These sensors ceaselessly sense the movement and communicate to the organizer through Radio-frequency transceiver. The organizer on detection raises an alert and a call is made to the farm owner mobile through Global System for Mobile. Further, to differentiate between authorized and unauthorized entries Radio- frequency identification tags are used. WSN has been utilized in several applications such habitat monitoring, building monitoring. Wireless Sensor Networks accommodates detector nodes deployed in an exceedingly manner to gather data concerning surrounding atmosphere. Their distributed nature knowledge forwarding to the farmer. Intrusion Detection Systems will play a vital role in detective work and preventing security attacks. This paper presents current Intrusion Detection Systems using WSN technology.

Published by: K. Jai Santhoshi, Bhavana. SResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: WSN, RFID, GSM.

Research Paper

121. Assessing forest degradation and analysis of future scenarios using GIS and remote sensing

The study entails detecting forest degradation and modeling future scenario using GIS and remote sensing, in Elgeyo/Marakwet County, a case study of Embobut forest, it is evident that forests have been managed for several years in the world, but in most cases especially in the developing world, various regimes have tried to come up with institutional to guide forest management with no much success, in many countries, there is no regular monitoring system that collects information about the situation of the forests and trends of the distribution. This makes it difficult to quantify the status of the existing forest cover. We used high-resolution satellite imagery as well as GIS and remote sensing software (ArcGIS and ENVI) with mathematical models to project the forest status, apart from satellite images there will be a ground truthing using Global positioning system (GPS) as data collection tool to as well as use of Auxiliary data; which will include Socioeconomic and data for the years 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010. Policy implications especially with the enactment of Kenya forest act, 2005 was examined. recorded positive changes hence increased in size while all other forest classes decreased in size. The study found out that the total forest loss was 7,172.31 hectares, this represents a loss of 28 percent of the total forested area that existed in 1986 which corresponds to an annual forest loss of 286.892 hectares. According to this study, as population increased the rate of deforestation also increased. The future scenarios from the studies were based on a fixed annual deforestation rate and a conclusion is made that Bare land & rocky and water bodies classes increased in area while Mixed Podocarpus latifolius, Juniperus-Nuxia-Podocarpus factus, Tree ferns Cyathea manniana & Bamboo, Acacia abyssica & Scrubby grassland classes decreased in size. As Population grew forestry loss increased, between 1986 and 2011, the total forest loss was 7,172.31 hectares. Future Scenario found that with the same trend, there will be no forest remaining natural forest block by the year 2038 in the study area.

Published by: Isaac Kipkemoi, Innocent Ngare, Cyrus Omwoyo OngagaResearch Area: Forest

Organisation: Kenyatta University, Nairobi, KenyaKeywords: Forest degradation GIS, Remote sensing, NDVI, Global positioning system.

Research Paper

122. Robotic coating by using the doped nanoparticles with the help of copper and zinc nanoparticles

Nowadays nanoparticles play a major role in doing the research work and our intention is to develop the Robots by using the copper and it can develop major intentions to give a more potential to develop major things. By doing this work we can develop the Robots in major intentions to give more life in the extension of signaling and memory by using the coating of a material. The major intention is to develop an analysis of a Robot. nanoparticles solved and improved their role in various applications. These nanoparticles are successfully prepared by co-precipitation method. These are mostly used to characterize the microstructure and morphology at various instances.

Published by: M Rohith Kumar Naidu, P Ratna PrasadResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: K L University, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Robotics, Copper and Zinc nanoparticles doping.

Research Paper

123. Fragility curves construction for an RC frame

The Seismic fragility curve is mainly applied to evaluate the planning of pre-earthquake disaster and recovery from post-earthquake. It provides the conditional probability of structural response to earthquake loads as a function of ground motion intensity. The traditional methods of generating fragility curves include a large number of computational models that represents the analysis of earthquake time history and inherent variation in the properties of materials of a particular building type. There are several Response surface methods available in which HDMR i.e. High Dimensional Model Representation which can express the input-output relation of complex computational models. This input-output relation can minimize the procedures of the expensive computations in problems like development of fragility curve. This technique was first applied by Unnikrishnan et al. (2012) in fragility evaluations and he demonstrated its computational efficacy compared to Monte Carlo method which is computationally intense. In this study, an HDMR response surface method is used to develop the fragility curve of an RC Frame. There are many simplified approaches which are quite easy on computational terms for fragility development of curve. Cornell et al (2002) offered such method that assumes a law model between the earthquake’s intensity and damage parameters. The study showcases the Fragility Curves assessment by using HDMR and its computational efficacy with reference to one of the methods used by Cornell et al (2002).

Published by: Shivakant Awasthi, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: HHDMR, Fragility Curve, Cornell’s Method, Latin Hypercube Sampling, MCS, Probability of exceedance.

Research Paper

124. Self-supported steel chimney analysis as per Indian standard

Most of the industrial steel chimneys are round cross-sections with column structures. Because of its frame behavior under lateral dynamic loading Geometry of a self-supporting steel chimney shows an important role. It is primarily responsible for the stiffness parameters of the chimney this is because of geometry. However, basic dimensions of industrial self-supporting steel chimney are generally derived from the associated environmental conditions, such as height, diameter at the exit, etc. Design code (IS-6533: 1989 Part 2) imposes several criteria on the geometry (top-to-base diameter ratio and height-to base diameter ratio) of steel chimneys to ensure the desired failure mode. To justify the code criteria with regard to basic dimensions of industrial steel chimney is the objective of the present study.

Published by: Nagendra Singh, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Steel chimney, Design code, Frame behaviour.

Research Paper

125. Steel structures, pushover analysis

Steel structure has an important role in construction Industry In last decades. To perform well under seismic loads it is necessary to design a structure. According to the provisions of the current Indian code (IS 800 -2007) the seismic performance of a multi-story steel structure building has designed. By introducing Steel bracings in the structural system the shear capacity of the structure can be increased to arrange Steel bracings such as D, K, and V type eccentric bracings there are “n” numbers of solutions for various types of eccentric bracings as per the IS 800- 2007 a typical six-story steel structure building is generated. In the present study D, K, and V types of eccentric bracings are taken into consideration. Through nonlinear static analysis performance of each structure is studied.

Published by: Bhavna Saini, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Analysis Pushover, Structures of Steel, Bracings, Factor of Behaviour.

Research Paper

126. A review of optimization on turning process parameters for surface roughness in dry and wet condition of AISI 1045 steel using Taguchi method

The challenge of recent machining industries is reduced lead time and increase production rate in order to maintain their competitiveness. The mechanical manufacturing industries are regularly challenged for achieving higher productivity and high-quality products in order to remain competitive. The desired shape, size and finished ferrous and non- ferrous materials are conventionally produced by turning the preformed blanks with the help of cutting tools that moved past the workpiece in a machine tool. Among various cutting processes, turning process is one of the most fundamental and most applied metal removal operations in a real manufacturing environment. This literature review compiles different work presented on optimization of process parameters and concludes the most significant cutting parameters and most frequently used optimization techniques for improving surface finish. The cutting parameters like Cutting speed, Feed rate and Depth of cut are taken into consideration.

Published by: Bharat Jhariya, Arun PatelResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: NIIST Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Productivity, Surface Roughness, Turning, Cutting Parameters

Research Paper

127. Analysis of isotropic plates for finite element large amplitude free flexural vibration

Structural components are generally subjected to dynamic loadings in their working life. Very often these components may have to perform in the severe dynamic environment wherein the maximum damage results from the resonant vibration. Susceptibility to fracture of materials due to vibration is determined by stress and frequency. The maximum amplitude of the vibration must be in the limited for the safety of the structure. Hence vibration analysis has become very important in designing a structure to know in advance its response and to take necessary steps to control the structural vibrations and its amplitudes. The non-linear or large amplitude flexural vibration of plates has received considerable attention in recent years because of the great importance and interest attached to the structures of low flexural rigidity. These easily deformable structures vibrate at large amplitudes. The solution obtained based on the lineage models provide no more than a first approximation to the actual solutions. The increasing demand for more realistic models to predict the responses of elastic bodies combined with the availability of super computational facilities has enabled researchers to abandon the linear theories in favor of non-linear methods of solutions. In the present investigation, large amplitude vibration of several rectangular and skew plates has been studied using an isoparametric quadratic plate bending element for the finite element method. The formulations have incorporated the shear deformation of the plates. Plates with various boundary conditions have been considered in the study. The effect of variations in the Poisson’s ratio, thickness parameter & plate aspect ratio on the non-linear frequency ratio has also been included in the research.

Published by: Gajendra Singh Bhadoriya, Satish PariharResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Isotropic Plates, Finite Element Large Amplitude, Flexural Vibration

Research Paper

128. Mechanical characterization of aluminum-based hybrid metal matrix composites

Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) are characterized by lightweight, better specific strength and wear resistance properties. Due to their superior properties, MMCs have good potential for application in the automotive and aerospace industries. Among many types of MMCs, the most popular types are aluminum alloys reinforced with Al2O3 and MgO particulates since they provide favorable properties with only a minimum increase in density over the base alloy. The basic purpose of adding reinforcement into the metal matrix is to increase the yield strength, tensile strength, and hardness at ambient temperatures. Many of the components made out of MMCs are operated in applications, where they are subjected to relative sliding and rolling motion with respect to the surfaces of the mating components. The sliding wear of the composites is a complex process involving not only mechanical but also thermal and chemical interactions between the surfaces in contact. The Al 6061 Hybrid composites prepared by stir casting liquid metallurgy route with the percentage of 2% wt of Aluminium Oxide and 2% wt of Magnesium Oxide and the combination of 1% wt of Aluminium Oxide and 1% wt of Magnesium Oxide for Hybrid material. Hence, composites with Al2O3 and MgO with Al-6061 as reinforcement are likely to overcome the cost barrier as well as the different physical and mechanical properties for widely used in the automotive and spacecraft applications.

Published by: Gourav G Shetty, Adarsh Kumar, Adithya Kumar, Adithya V Hegde, Lingaraj RittiResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Shri Madhwa Vadiraja Institute of Technology and Management, Udupi, KarnatakaKeywords: MMC, Stir casting, Al 6061, MgO, Al2O3, Hybrid composite.

Research Paper

129. Factor affecting consumer buying behavior in Vishal mega mart retail store

Consumer Buying Behavior refers to the buying behavior of their ultimate consumer related to the market segment. A company needs to analyze buying behavior for:

  • Buyer’s reactions with respect to a company or a firm. Marketing strategy has a great impact on the firm’s success.
  • The marketing concept stress or emphasize that a firm should create a Marketing Mix (MM) that satisfies customers, therefore need to analyze the what, where, when and how consumers buy. So the better utility in terms of satisfaction can be given to the customers.
  • Marketers can better predict how consumers will respond or react to the marketing strategies.


Published by: Neeraj Dubey, Dr. Richa SinhaResearch Area: Retail Management

Organisation: Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: HIUP (Household goods), LIUP (Luxury goods), EIUP (Electronic goods), FIUP (Fashion goods), OT (Others goods).

Review Paper

130. Raspberry-Pi based display board using mobile application

Display board has become an important thing in institutes, organization or public places. Sticking various notices every day with new data is a very difficult process. The system can be applicable in many areas where the information needs to be circulated visually rather than in the textual format unlike the traditional ways of displaying where the information is provided but the viewers have the least interest in viewing them. The system that is being developed brings about the communication between multiple devices which are Raspberry-pi, smartphones and LCD display. The mobile application acts as a controller to the Raspberry-pi through wireless connectivity either Bluetooth or Wi-Fi, which is then connected to the LCD display for the information to be displayed

Published by: Pushpa Limboo, Ayush Rai, Pratibha Rai, Bandana Rai, Balaram Sharma, Prerna RaiResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Centre for Computers and Communication Technology, South Sikkim, SikkimKeywords: LCD display, Wi-Fi, Raspberry-Pi.

Research Paper

131. Evaluation of stress intensity factor for turbine blade using finite element method

Gas turbines are used in trains, ships, tanks, and alongside steam turbines and in power stations to generate power. During every start-up and shutdown of an aviation gas turbine, the compressor blades are subjected to centrifugal, gas bending and vibratory loads. This repeated loading and unloading can reduce the life of compressor blades. With blading problems accounting for as many as 42 percents of the failures in gas turbines. Previous works on compressor blades have focused mainly on fatigue life estimation in the vicinity of foreign object damage. Geometric modeling of the blade was done using CAD tool CATIA. Static stress analysis was carried out to ascertain the critical region or crack zone of the blade. The maximum Von – Mises stress was found at the fillet region near the root of the blade The results of Finite element analysis showed that maximum von-mises stress was found at the 12 o‟ clock fillet region due to an influence of centrifugal stresses. The maximum Mode I stress intensity factor of 61.4 Mpa√m was found at the surface interception point, for a crack length of 6mm and crack depth of 2.4mm. With the increase in rotational velocity of 5000 rpm, 10000 rpm, and 20000 rpm, Fatigue crack length growth rate was estimated to be a 1.95 x 10-09, 1.65 x 10-07 m/cycle and 4.15 x 10-05 m/cycle and the fatigue crack propagation life was estimated to be of 4.3 x 108 cycles, 7.3 x 106 cycles and 5 x 103 cycles respectively.

Published by: Vijayavithal M Illal, Prakash B Ramanna BandiResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Impact College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Gas turbines, Foreign object damage, Crack zone.

Research Paper

132. A review article of WDM based optical fiber communication with WDM system evolution

In the modern world, bandwidth and data rates are two most important parameters under consideration in any communication system. An optical fiber communication system is capable of transmitting the data at high bit rates and has a large bandwidth capacity. This high data rate and bandwidth capacity in an optical fiber communication system are further enhanced by using wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) in conjunction with the information transmission system, in which information from multiple sources are transferred using the same fiber, at the same time, but at different wavelengths. But the high capacity and data rates in optical WDM system is limited by nonlinear effects that occur in optical WDM system, which not only pose a limitation on the channel capacity and data rates but also degrades the performance of the data transmission system. In this paper, analysis has been done to investigate the efficiency of effect under the influence of different system parameters such as chromatic dispersion coefficient, channel spacing, transmission power level, effective area of fiber and fiber length in the form of input signals and output signals frequency spectrums.

Published by: Amrita Soni, Neha Prajapati, Dr. Neha SharmaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, Madhya PradeshKeywords: OFDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing), QAM, AWGN, etc.

Review Paper

133. TestoPrep: Application for aptitude test

An aptitude is a component of a competency to do a certain kind of work at a certain level. Aptitude test is designed to assess your logical reasoning or thinking performance. By practicing the aptitude test mental ability increases and which can be useful for the student to crack the exam and for employee determining which job roles are best fit for them. As aptitude test value is increasing day by day as like use for the purpose of admission and selection of student in colleges and technical institute. The objective of this paper is to provide a user with all the material of aptitude at one place and the solutions for the questions.

Published by: Shivani Mishra, Seira Tak, Shikha Ashatkar, Rupali Upadhyay, Akanksha GovindaniResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Android app, TestoPrep, Aptitude, Verbal ability, Logical reasoning, SQLite.

Research Paper

134. Social media as marketing tool

With the ever-increasing use of the internet and development of web 2.0, social media has become a common platform for the marketer, businesses, and consumers for interaction. The social media has created a virtual environment where the user can create content and share. Companies have the advantage of using social media as a marketing tool to promote their products to creating brand awareness to getting feedbacks using interactive tools likes polls, questions and answers etc. The concept of social media is top of the agenda for many business executives today, so firms try to identify ways in which they can make profitable use of applications such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and LinkedIn.

Published by: Lhingenniang ShouteResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: University of Delhi, South Moti Bagh, New DelhiKeywords: Social media, Marketing, Types of social media, Marketer, Consumer.

Research Paper

135. Iris recognition based on human interpretable features

The human iris is used for human recognition in various applications. However, deployment of iris recognition in forensic applications has not been reported. A primary reason is the lack of human-friendly techniques for iris comparison. The usage of iris recognition can be increased by visualizing the similarity between irises. Scientist Shen proposed the human-in-the-loop method for detecting and matching iris crypts. Thus with the help of this, we proposed a new approach for automatic detection and matching of crypts. This detection method is able to capture iris crypts of various sizes. This matching scheme is designed to handle potential topological changes in the detection of the same crypt in different images. In particular, this approach achieves over 22% higher rank one hit rate in the identification, and over 51% lower equal error rate in verification. In addition, the benefit of this approach on Multi-enrollment is experimentally demonstrated.

Published by: Syed. Mahin Tabassum, Shaik. Shabnam, V. Bhaskar RaoResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Geethanjali Institute of Science and Technology, Nellore, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Iris, Biometric, Forensic, Human-in-the-loop, Iris crypts

Survey Report

136. An assessment on software effort estimation

Software cost estimation truly challenging for the software market. Several models proposed in the history of software engineering discipline based on Scientific and mathematical theories. This paper provides the historical development in software engineering discipline. We have analyzed in terms of technical growth and latest methods using in the software industry.

Published by: Siva Suryanarayana Ch., Satya Prakash SinghResearch Area: Software Engineering

Organisation: Birla Institute of Technology, Ras AL Khaimah, UAEKeywords: Software cost estimation, COCOMO, Fuzzy, Neural network.

Review Paper

137. A review on enhancement of pool boiling heat transfer using different structured surfaces with nanofluids

Recently researchers have acknowledged the ability of nanofluids that exhibits enhanced thermal performance and increasing interest in boiling nanofluids and their applications. Among many articles being published, the dramatic enhancement of nanofluids has drawn special attention. This article includes recent studies on the enhancement of pool boiling heat transfer by the use of different structured surfaces using nanofluids as working fluids. It presents a review with the aim of identifying the reasons for enhancement and the limitation of the nanofluid application based on various published reports. At last the surface modification method along with nanofluids is introduced and recommended as a useful way.

Published by: Yuvraj Shivputra Patil, Suryaji S. KaleResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Nagesh Karajagi Orchid College of Engineering and Technology, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Nanofluid, Different structured surface, Enhancement.

Research Paper

138. Identification of fungal diseases in paddy fields using image processing techniques

In agriculture, paddy is one of the major food grains in the Asian countries like China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh and many more. But diseases on paddy like a Rice Blast, Bacterial Blight, and Brown Spot etc are causing huge damage on yielding of paddy. If the diseases are not detected at an early stage, then there will be a decrease in the production of paddy. The main objective of this paper is to develop and implement an algorithm for diagnosing paddy diseases at the early stage, which are Blast Disease(BD), Brown –Spot Disease(BSD), and Narrow Brown–Spot Disease(NBSD). This paper provides a method for detection of paddy diseases using image processing techniques, to recognize the diseases in paddy fields from images, based on color, texture and shape of diseased paddy automatically, and give the suitable solutions to the farmers, so that paddy diseases can be prevented at early stage and hence high yielding of paddy can be achieved.

Published by: Shaik Anzala Noor, Nimmala Anitha, P. SreenivasuluResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Geethanjali Institute of Science and Technology, Nellore, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Paddy, Disease, Color, Texture, Shape, etc.

Research Paper

139. College admission process

Online College Admission Process System is software developed to work on complete admission process of the various branch of an organization like Student section and many more sections. This information could be the general details like student name, address, functioning, attendant etc or specific information related to the organization like the collection of data. In this process is not used paper and pen and it is difficult to maintain the paperwork and file record. In this project, we used to MySQL database system to store the student record in very large time. All students to provide unique personal registration number would provide unique identification would be using this system to access this information. For Example, the student course is complete then it needs to check the details like Enrollment number, exam attendance, registration number, year of study and more details. In this project, we used to reduce the paperwork and saving the time. The main aim of this project at the same time many more information is stored at the same time.

Published by: Shital Arun Patil, Mamata Nina Chaudhari, Snehal Rajendra Warade, Varsha Suresh Kandarkar, Manjiri KarandeResearch Area: Malkapur

Organisation: Padm. Dr. V. B. Kolte College of Engineering, Buldhana, MaharashtraKeywords: Personal registration number, Java, Students, Unique, Content management system.

Research Paper

140. Nano coenzyme Q10 capsule

The present study was conducted to develop nano CoQ10 capsule. The experiment was designed accordingly ZEON F&D SOP for the nano CoQ10 Capsule ZLL/F&D/041. Six formulations were carried for development of nano CoQ10 capsule to check the overall acceptability. For the development of nano CoQ10 capsule, experimental design with the active ingredient (nano CoQ10 powder), lubricant, glidant, diluents and disintegrant produced different combinations that were studied using pre and post evaluation parameters. The methodology of nano CoQ10 was carried out by dry mixing method. Capsule filling was performed by using hand capsule filling machine. Nano CoQ10  was the main factor of the capsule , nano increase the bioavailability of CoQ10  which possess significant role in various disease like, cardiac failure, ischemic heart disease, interaction with statins, hypertension, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, aging, Down’s syndrome, Periodontal Disease etc.

Published by: Tasnim Kausar, Hina Khan, Ritu PalResearch Area: Formulation and Development

Organisation: Gautam Budhha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Nano, CoQ10, Capsule.

Research Paper

141. Nano vitamin D3 chewable tablet

The present study was conducted to develop Nano Nano Vitamin D3 chewable tablet. The experiment was designed accordingly ZEON F&D SOP for the Nano Vitamin D3 chewable tablet. ZLL/F&D/024. Five formulations were carried for development of Nano Vitamin D3 to check the overall acceptability. For the development of Nano Vitamin D3, experimental design with the active ingredient (Nano Vitamin D3 powder), lubricant, glidant, diluents, and flavor produced different combinations that were studied using pre and post evaluation parameters. The methodology of Nano Vitamin D3 chewable tablets was carried out by dry mixing method. The chewable tablet was compressed by using tablet compression machine. A Nano Vitamin D3 chewable tablet was orange granular powder. Nano Vitamin D3 was the main factor of the chewable tablet, Nano increases the bioavailability of Vitamin D3 which posses significant role in the various disease like Osteoporosis, Muscle weakness, Hypertension, Multiple sclerosis, Malabsorption, Rickets, Cancer, Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA), Diabetes, Tuberculosis (TB) etc.

Published by: Ritu Pal, Hina Khan, Tasnim KausarResearch Area: Farmulation and Development

Organisation: Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Nano, Vitamin D3, Chewable, Tablet.

Review Paper

142. Vehicle tracking system using GPS technology

Vehicle tracking is one of the most important techniques mostly used in today’s world. A vehicle tracking system works with the installation of a tracking device which is kept inside vehicles, so it allows the user or an owner to track the vehicle’s location. Now a day’s vehicle tracking systems normally work on Global Positioning System (GPS) technology for tracking the vehicle, but other forms of vehicle tracking technology can also be used. In this paper, a survey is done on various vehicle tracking method using GPS. Vehicle information can be viewed and located on the maps via the Internet or specialized software. In this paper, the study is done on a real-time vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the easiest and inexpensive source of vehicle tracing.

Published by: Kismat Pradhan, Yogesh Limboo, Anu Rai, Avinash Sharma, Shirshak GurungResearch Area: Vehicle Tracking System

Organisation: Centre for Computers and Communication Technology, South Sikkim, SikkimKeywords: Tracking, Vehicle, GPS.

Review Paper

143. Google project ara

The project Ara is an initiative of Google in the field of smartphones. The main focus of Project Ara is to bring the revolution of modular concept in smartphones. The platform will include a structural frame or endoskeleton that holds smartphone modules of the owner’s choice, such as a display, camera or an extra battery. The project will focus on to reduce the yearly generated e-waste which is contributed by electronic industry especially mobile phones. This page aims to review the project’s goals, challenges, implementation and its scope in the near future.

Published by: Sagar Kumar Gupta, Deepika Priyadarshini Panda, C. K RainaResearch Area: Modular Phone

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Project Ara, Modularity, Endoskeleton, E-waste, Modules and Smart Phones.

Research Paper

144. Temperature monitoring and controlling through GSM

The scope of the paper is basically to set aside the traditional methods of monitoring physical parameters such as humidity, temperature, light. This can be accomplished by utilizing SMS/GSM technology. This will facilitate easy monitoring of the required parameters, thus saving cost, effort, and time. Our scope is designing and testing of physical parameters and to implement this system everywhere either in small scale or agricultural sectors or wherever required.

Published by: Rajita Shankar KokkulaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Maharshi Dayanand College of Arts, Science, and Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: GSM, SMS, Temperature sensors, ADC, Micro controller, LM35, LCD, GSM modem.


145. Management-labour relationship and mobility

Industrialization is an indispensable demand of the modern era. Today the world is dominated by industrialization. As a social and economic process, the progress of the historic industrial revolution started. Industrialization is very important for economic development. Labour’s important place in developed industries Industry and labour have interconnected the industry of labour cannot be imagined. Industrial labour is part of a large mass group, it is a labour worker. Industrial labour has become a work-force. These modern workshops of work, unprotected condition, increased work hours create confrontation condition between workers and management. Values of labour cannot be ignored if the life of a worker is not happy and protective, then both industry and nation are impossible to develop. The study presented has an analytical study of labour management – relation and mobility in the private industry, which is in reference to Bharat Aluminum Company Limited, BALCO Korba, and its efforts have been sought to know their mutual cooperation and their difficulties regarding labor-management.

Published by: Nadim Ansari, Dr. Niket ShuklaResearch Area: Commerece and Management

Organisation: Dr. C. V. Raman University, Kota, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Labour, Management, Industries, Relation, Mobility.

Research Paper

146. Two-layered honeypot system implemented on a cloud server

This project demonstrates the implementation of a high-interactive Honeypot (Sebek) on a medium-interactive Honeypot (Cowrie) which itself is applied on a Cloud server containing sensitive data or resources. A Honeypot can still have certain weaknesses, which means a hacker can get into the system by detecting the Honeypot, or bypass it completely. This can be detected or even completely avoided if there is a Honeywall logging and protecting the Honeypot itself. It will also underline the importance of having a Honeypot and illustrate the statistical and real data collected by the implemented system.

Published by: Abhinandan Shetty, K Sriram, Nandish R, Ruthwik Soudry, Madhu B. RResearch Area: Cloud

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Honeypot, Honeywall, Cloud server, Cowrie, Sebek, Logging.

Research Paper

147. Development of panel by selecting semi-trained participants for sensory evaluation

Sensory evaluation focuses on the existence of difference attributes and measuring consumer likes and dislikes. It provides useful information for product developers, food scientists and food companies about the sensory aspects of their product. Sensory analysis was the group of techniques used to measure sensory attributes from human response. Information obtained from the sensory attributes valuation of products was used by companies to support product development activities quality control and product marketing among others from a consumer’s viewpoint. Sensory evaluation practices increase the chance that products reach the market in accordance to their needs and expectations.

Published by: S M Anupama, Hina Khan, Radha KResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Sensory Evaluation, Sensory Analysis, Panel .

Research Paper

148. Development of functional multigrain cookies incorporating different flour blends

To study the development of multigrain cookies comprising of Water-chestnut flour, Buckwheat flour, chickpea flour and all-purpose flour, which is extremely important as it takes an important place among the crops, which are a good source of protein, minerals and trace elements. The functional properties of different blends of composite flour were studied. Cookies were prepared by using different ratios of composite flour. The various compositions of each flour were estimated to find out which composition has gained maximum acceptability level based on the sensory evaluation. Proximate analysis, mineral content, and antioxidant properties of water chestnut flour (WCF) were compared with refined wheat flour. WCF was found to have higher phenolic compounds, flavonoids and mineral content (K, Mg, Zn, and Cu) than wheat flour. WCF showed greater retrogradation tendency but lower peak viscosity than wheat flour.

Published by: Ravi Bhushan Jha, Hina Khan, Nitin KumarResearch Area: Value Added Product Development

Organisation: Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: All-purpose flour, Buckwheat flour, Chickpea flour, Chia seeds, Pearl millet, Proximate Analysis, WCF.

Review Paper

149. Study of low-noise amplifier in CMOS technology

This paper presents the reviews of few previous works for low noise amplifier design (LNA). This paper will explore several architectures of LNA that focus on the frequency optimization of LNA. Besides, high gain, low noise, input and output matching are also reviewed. As to provide extremely low power and also optimized all characteristics aspects, the performance for each topology is discussed. Also, some basic LNA topologies are also reviewed.

Published by: Sanket Yenare, Dr. Abhay Chopade, Siddesh Patil, Sachin DogeResearch Area: Analog Circuits

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Low noise amplifier, Gain, Noise figure, Impedance matching.

Research Paper

150. A study on development of concrete made with marble dust

The marble manufacturing plants are the main source of coal bottom ash. Marble is used as the replacement of cement depending on the size of marble powder. The present study will provide the better understanding of mechanical and durability properties of concrete in which cement is partially replaced with marble powder. As per preservation endeavors, this examination concentrates on the waste marble dust as the partial replacement with cement. Concrete creation, the counteractive action of ecological contamination with considering the components of reasonable and cost-sparing development ventures, particularly material utilization. Moreover, many of the construction industry in India produce construction waste that contributes largely to solid waste. Utilizing marble waste, this research will focus on marble wastes obtained from the construction industry in India. Presently, much of ceramic industries production goes to waste, which is not undergoing the recycle process yet. Replacement of marble dust of different percentage 5%, 7.5%, 10% and 12.5% of marble dust as partial replacement of cement with the M-25 grade of concrete. The age of concrete at 7, 14, 28 and 56days.From the results of the study, samples of concrete with 0 to 10% marble dust replacement have reached optimum strength. Findings showed that concrete containing marble dust 0 to 10%showed the highest amount of compressive strength, and split tensile strength of concrete. Further studies can be carried out as this study only concludes that there is an increase in strength up to 10% replacement of cement by the marble powder. The further scope is to find out the optimal %age of marble powder to replace.

Published by: Nitesh MeshramResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Marble powder, Workability and compaction factor, Compressive strength, Tensile strength, Porosity, Data analysis (ANOVA), and dynamic modulus of elasticity.

Research Paper

151. Effective learning with intelligent personal assistant

In a technology dominated world, useful and timely information can be accessed quickly via Intelligent Personal Assistants (IPAs). By the use of these assistants built into mobile operating systems, daily electronic tasks of a user can be accomplished 24/7. Such tasks like taking dictation, getting turn-by-turn directions, vocalizing email messages, reminding daily appointments, setting reminders, responding any factual questions and invoking apps can be completed by IPAs such as Apple’s Siri, Google Now and Microsoft Cortana. The mentioned assistants programmed within Artificial Intelligence (AI) to create an interaction between human and computer through a natural language used in digital communication. In this regard, the overall purpose of this study is to examine the potential use of IPAs that use advanced cognitive computing technologies and Natural Language Processing (NLP) for learning. To achieve this purpose, the working system of IPAs is reviewed briefly within the scope of AI that has recently become smarter to predict, comprehend and carry out multi-step and complex requests of users.

Published by: Bhagyashri Sudhakar Wankhade, Dr. V. M. Deshmukh, Gaurav J. SawaleResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati, Maharashtra Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Natural language processing, Intelligent personal assistants.

Review Paper

152. Secure multi-receiver data exchange for OSNs using predicate encryption

Online Social Network is an extremely prevalent administration among utilization of the web and distributed computing. Security assurance has turned into a noteworthy issue in light of the fact that a considerable measure of individual data is put away on the OSN stage. To make proceeded with tasks OSN stages require promotion income. Assume if clients encode their messages for security reason, the OSN suppliers can’t produce the exact notice to the clients who are associated with that system. It was exceptionally Intricate to all the while accomplish both securities safeguarding clients information and also the exact advertisement to the clients. Thus a secure multi-receiver data exchange scheme using predicate encryption plot is proposed for OSN systems which ensures clients security and furthermore accomplishes modified commercial too. Also, users are allowed to view data only for the specified amount of time allows no more data stealers can access data. Contrasted and other predicate encryptions that are conveyed for OSN stages proposed to conspire increases substantially shorter ciphertext.

Published by: Pavithra A, Hema JagadishResearch Area: Computer Networks

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Secure Multireceiver, Predicate Encryption, Advertisements, and Online Social Network.

Review Paper

153. IoT review paper

Internet of things (IoT) gained a great attention from researchers since it becomes an important technology that promises a smart human being life, by allowing a communication between object, machines and everything together will peoples. The IOT sensors can use various types of connections such as RFID, Wi-fi, Bluetooth [7], and ZigBee [6], in addition to allowing wide area connectivity using many technologies such as GSM, GPRS, 3G, and LTE. Internet of things –enabled things will share information about the condition of things and the surrounding environment will people software system and other machines. Raspberry Pi works as a base station which connects the number s of distributed sensor nodes via Zigbee protocol, In this study, we designed a smart parking system (SPS) which enables the user to find the nearest parking area and gives availability parking slots in the respective parking area.

Published by: Deepak Maurya, Anjali Kumari, C. K RainaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Internet of thing application design and development, Smart Environment, CPLE, Wireless sensor network.

Research Paper

154. Multi-channel wireless signal transmission system for intra-satellite communication

An artificial satellite is a system engineered to transmit different information from space to a ground control station. It is not a single system of communication but is a combination of complex multiple subsystems, which constantly communicate within the satellite with each other. This type of communication is intra-satellite communication. Currently, most of the satellites utilize a wired harness to provide power and signal connections for intra satellite communication, which results in a heavier system integration. This paper takes the approach towards wireless communication within the satellite using Bluetooth module HC-05 between the attitude and orbit control system(AOCS), sensors and actuators. The paper’s objective is to reduce the weight of the satellites launched into orbit, in order to provide fewer thrust requirements. The system is based on Arduino Mega2560 and Lpc2148 which are being considered as two modules for the subsystems of a satellite.

Published by: Vrushank Sastry, Veeraiah Yarasi, Sreekar Mayakuntla, Chaluvaraju P PResearch Area: Intra-Satellite Communication

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Intra-satellite communication, Lpc2148, Arduino Mega2560, Wireless communication, Attitude and orbit control system (AOCS), Bluetooth module HC-05, Sensors, and actuators

Research Paper

155. Development and evaluation of nano-encapsulated curcumin chewable tablets

Herbal medicine is the oldest form of healthcare known to mankind and Turmeric is one of the oldest known herbs used in Asian countries since 2000 years ago. Curcumin is a plant-derived polyphenolic compound, naturally present in turmeric (Curcuma longa), has been the subject of intensive investigations on account of its various activities. In recent years, the potential pharmacological actions of Curcumin in inflammatory disorders, cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and neurological disorders have been shown. It is insufficiently absorbed in the human body, it has high metabolism speed and high elimination from the human body. For overcome these effects nano technology are applied on curcumin for enhancing the bioavailability of curcumin in the human body. Curcumin contains medical benefits. These benefits provided to a human in the form of a chewable tablet. Chewable tablets are required to be broken and chewed in between the teeth before ingestion. These tablets are given to the children who have difficulty in swallowing and to the adults who dislike swallowing. Chewable tablets are a help to improved patient acceptance (especially pediatric) through pleasant taste, patient convenience; need no water for swallowing, absorption of the drug is faster, better bioavailability through bypassing disintegration (that increase dissolution), the large size of the dosage form is difficult to swallow. In such cases, chewable tablet offers advantages over it. The aim of this study was to develop a nanocurcumin chewable tablet which can provide promising results for curcumin to improve its biological activities. Tablet was evaluated for Weight variation test, Friability, Hardness and Time required for complete chewing and are found to be within acceptable limits.

Published by: Kislay Baranwal, Hina Khan, Himanshu KashudhanResearch Area: Food Formulation and Development

Organisation: Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Bioavailability, Chewable tablets, Compression, Curcumin, Health, Turmeric.

Review Paper

156. Effect of wind and earthquake forces on different aspect ratio of building

The rapid increase of the urban population in developing countries such as India has forced the revaluation of the importance of high rise buildings with different size and shape which leads to a different aspect ratio of the buildings. The structural systems of high rise buildings are usually sensitive to the effects of wind & earthquake, the wind-earthquake-structure interactions and then determines the wind loads & earthquake loads as equivalent static loads. It has been proved that the aspect ratio of the building affects the effect of wind and earthquake forces on the building. These thesis study the different cases of the aspect ratio of the building and effect of wind and earthquake forces on the building.

Published by: Mahendra Balasaheb Shelke, V. A. KuwarResearch Area: Structure

Organisation: Late G. N. Sapkal College of Engineering, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: Aspect Ratio, Wind Load, Earthquake Forces, SAP, ETABS.

Review Paper

157. A digital door lock system for the internet of things with improved security and usability

The suggested method supplies reinforced protection purposes which may move captured pictures to an individual’s cellular apparatus when an invalid user tries that an illegal functioning; it may even send alert information to the mobile device whenever the doorway lock has been badly ruined. The platform empowers an individual lock to automatically increase advantage and liberally manage the door to examine the entry info. Just lately, electronic door locks are widely utilized as a member of their IoT (Web of Matters). Nevertheless, the press has reported doorway locks have been exposed to end users to invade offices and homes. Inside this study is suggested. It employed and is made to increase advantage and safety.

Published by: Shahid Sohail, Sajid Prawez, C. K. RainaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Internet of things, Web of matters, Digital lock, Security.

Review Paper

158. Computer viruses, vulnerability, and security

In today’s information age, the pool of information available continues to expand logarithmically. Digital information has transformed the way we create, transmit, store, process and manipulate information. All the electronic resources and information are being stored in computer systems for their retrieval and dissemination. In recent years the detection of computer viruses has become commonplace. It appears that for the most part, these viruses have been ‘benign’ or only mildly destructive. However, whether or not computer viruses have the potential to cause major and prolonged disruptions of computing environments is an open question.

Published by: Asad Ali, Akhatar Hussain, C. K Raina Research Area: Computer Viruses

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Computer viruses, Antiviruses, Uses, etc.

Research Paper

159. Determinants of an entrepreneurial performance of coir yarn spinners in Tamil Nadu- An analysis

An empirical analysis was made to estimate the determinants of entrepreneurial performance of coir yarn spinners operating in one of the Coir cluster regions promoted by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Demographic, social, economic, personality, work experience and competency on coir spinning profile of the coir yarn spinners and the enterprise profile such as size and geographical location of the spinning units were considered as predictor variables effecting for entrepreneurial managerial performance. The study found that there were differences and variations in the entrepreneurial managerial performance among coir yarn spinners. Such differences and variations in the performance are contributed by personal, personality, social, economic and competency variables of the coir yarn spinners and also by the size and geographical location of the enterprise. However, the study finds that the most important determinants of entrepreneurial performance are concerned with the competency level and the personality of the entrepreneur. High competency particularly on machine capacity utilization, management-oriented style coupled with high level of contact with change agents are the most important determinants of the entrepreneurial managerial high performance of the coir yarn spinners.

Published by: S. Gnanasaranya, Dr. K. Raja Alias PranmalaiResearch Area: Management

Organisation: The Gandhigram Rural Institute Gandhigram, Dindigul, Tamil NaduKeywords: Entrepreneurial Performance, Coir yarn spinners, Socio-economic, Personality, Entrepreneurial Competency, Determinants, Machine Capacity Utilization.

Research Paper

160. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of stem and flower extracts of Ageratum conyzoides

The study aimed to evaluate and compare antioxidant activity couple with the phytochemical screening of different extracts from stems and flowers of Ageratum conyzoides. N-hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanolic extracts were subjected to different phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity. The flavonoids and phenolic contents were determined using spectrophotometry method. The three extracts showed evidence for the presence of secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, and glycosides. Saponins were only present in ethanol extract. Phenol was present in both ethanol, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane extracts. The concentration of flavonoids ranges from 145.33 ± 0.665 to 711.00 ± 2.024 µg/g expressed as Quercetin equivalents. Total phenolic content expressed as Gallic acid equivalents range from 19.26 ± 0.305 to 150.33 ± 1.020 µg/g of extract. The DPPH inhibition was also determined using spectrophotometry method and it was observed between 34.65 to 84.90%. The results obtained in this study show that the stems and flowers of Ageratum conyzoides are rich in flavonoids and phenols. Thus, the plant possesses scavenging property.

Published by: Ajetomobi Oluwatoyin Ola, Omole Oluwafemi Akinsola, Elasoru Seyi ElijahResearch Area: Phytochemistry

Organisation: University of Ilorin, Ilorin, NigeriaKeywords: Ageratum conyzoides, Phytochemicals, Phenolic contents, Flavonoids, Antioxidants

Review Paper

161. Humanoid

This paper reviews the concept of artificial intelligence and its applications. Artificial Intelligence joins the physical world with the computerized world or may be called a machine world. It contains an overview of the logical and conceptual method for creating a simulated humanoid. It deals with the basic components of AI for the formation of a humanoid, its applications in real life. This paper concludes with the with the future aspects of the technology.

Published by: Gurpreet Kaur, Satvir Singh, C. K RainaResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Humanoid, Virtual stimulated assistance, The singularity.

Research Paper

162. Multiple view video delivery system

The Entertainment industry is acquired by the 3D technology after 2D, but now the one which gives more depth perception and the capability to view freely is the Multiview. Most of the improvements in video compression are based on the introduction of H.264/MPEG-4.H.264/MPEG-4 is the video coding standard from which multiple reference pictures are taken as the compression method. End-user expects to have free viewing points; this system overcomes the lack of free view and provides a high degree of freedom to the user to have a good experience. The system uses the broadcast and broadband network to deliver the videos. To deliver high volume multimedia adaptive Peer to peer network and the DVB (digital video broadcast network) are used. This system provides genuine 3D effect without glasses. It even helps to perform pixel-level editing.

Published by: Suma Kadli, C S Jayasheela, R NagarajaResearch Area: Multimedia Networking

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: 3D technology, Multiview video, DVB (digital video broadcast network), H.264/MPEG-4.

Review Paper

163. Improvement in production rate by reducing the defects of injection moulding by DMAIC approach

Six Sigma is a well-structured methodology that concentrates on decreasing variation, measuring defects and beneficent the quality of products, processes, and services. Six Sigma methodologies were primarily progressing by Motorola in the 1980s and it targeted a difficult aim of 3.4 parts per million defects. Six Sigma has been on an unbelievable run over 25 years, manufacture important savings to the under the most line of many large and small organizations. This work presents the step-by-step application of the Six Sigma (acquaint, Measure, Analysis, progress, and monitoring) approach to eliminate the defects in injection moulding process this has helped to decrease defects in the process and thereby progress productivity.

Published by: Ravi, Shyam Kumar Barode, Sachin JainResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Bansal Institute of Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Defects, Productivity, Quality, DMAIC approach, Cause and Effect analysis.

Research Paper

164. Steel fiber reinforced concrete under cyclic loading: An overview

In recent years, it has been recognized that addition of small closely spaced and uniform dispersed discrete steel fibers in concrete substantially improve its static and dynamic properties. The addition of steel fibers from 0.5 to 2.0 percent by volume in concrete is found to impart superior strength characteristics i.e. compressive strength, flexural strength, shear strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance. Recently, the use of steel fibers has increased in flexural members and columns of concrete structures subjected to cyclic loadings such as bridge decks, highway roads, runways of airports, offshore platforms and buildings. It is necessary to obtain more information on the mechanical behaviour of steel fiber reinforced concrete under cyclic loading in attempting applications of SFRC in structural members. The present investigation was planned to study the plain and steel fiber reinforced concrete under cyclic loading. The basic parameters of the study were fiber contents expressed as volume fraction and stress levels expressed as a percentage of the maximum flexural strength. The fiber contents used were 0.5 and 1.0% by volume of concrete. The beams were tested at three stress levels i.e. 85%, 90%, and 95%. Straight mild steel fibers were used in the study with an aspect ratio of 70. The physical properties of the basic constituent material viz, cement, sand, coarse aggregate, steel fiber were obtained as per relevant Indian standard specification. The compressive strength of concrete was obtained at 28 days. The mix proportion used was 1: 1.52:1.88 by weight with a water-cement ratio of 0.47. In fresh state properties of SFRC, workability tests present were carried out with indicators of workability i.e, slump, compaction factor and inverted cone test. From the study, it was found that the addition of fibers to the concrete effects the cyclic loading life significantly under flexural cyclic loading. The variability in the cyclic loading life of specimen is quite large as expected in any cyclic loading test programme. The ultimate failure followed almost immediately after the first crack.

Published by: Ishfaq Manzoor, Anjali MalikResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: PM College of Engineering, Sonipat, HaryanaKeywords: Steel fibers, Cyclic loading, Concrete.

Review Paper

165. A systematic review on online airline reservation system

As the innovation advancements are immediately created including mobile innovation, the web application for reservation services can upgrade people’s life, make it less complex. This looks into presents a reservation system for airline organizations to rearrange the way toward booking a flight. The clients, as a rule, purchase their ticket manually furthermore, perhaps hold up in a line to check the required flight. In this paper, we presented a survey on airline reservation system. The proposed system executed to conquer manual system issue by making the booking from home or somewhere else and save time and effort.

Published by: Anuradha Prajapati, Kirti Dhirani, Manisha Agrawal, Nandita Gurwara, Seira TakResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bhilai Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Airline Reservation System Online, Java, JSP, Booking.

Research Paper

166. Airport with a circular runway in India

In India, there are 26 international airport and 18 domestic airports. Indira Gandhi International airport in Delhi is the busiest airport in India with 63.5 million passengers in 2017. It is predicted to cross 80 million in 2018. It is the only airport to enter into the top 20 Asia busiest airport. There are three runways at IGI with flight movement from 76 to 96 per hour. India receives 122 million domestic and 47 million international passengers. Circular runway concept is the concept which had been in considerations for a long time. This concept offers a large number of facilities and new airport managing system. There is a runway which is constructed in form of the circle consisting of segments. This concept will be applied on the existing airports in India and feasibility will be determined. This will help in forming a new basis for construction of an airport. It is going to help the country both economically and financially. If feasible it will solve problems which are currently being faced in all over India like bad baggage handling at Chennai airport, flight delay due to the busy runway, the single airport in Delhi (Delhi being the large passenger junction) etc. The circular runway will provide high air traffic movement with more aircraft movement per hour. In this paper, we are going to design two Circular Runway for existing airport and check the feasibility of construction of the new runway in India.

Published by: Mayank Agarwal, Ayush Aggarwal, Krishan Gopal Pathak, Sachet, Jeetendra AhirwarResearch Area: Transportation

Organisation: Northern India Engineering Colllege, Shastri Park, New DelhiKeywords: Circular runway, Traffic movement, Noise, ATM tower.

Research Paper

167. Microcontroller based seeding and plowing using sensor and Bluetooth technology

In the field of agriculture in India, seeding and plowing are the two important operations. In order to increase the agricultural yield, these two operations must be effectively carried out. Agriculture is a vast economic zone and plays an important role in the overall economic development of the nation. Technical advances in the field of agriculture determine the potential for some agricultural activities. In this paper, we have proposed a novel approach to smart farming by connecting smart sensitivity systems through wireless communications technology. At present, the technologies used for these two operations are not up to the mark. Therefore, an attempt is made in this project to suggest effective technical methods to improve the seeding and plowing operations. Agriculture is a major economic sector and plays an important role in the overall economic development of the nation. Technical advances in the field of agriculture determine the efficiency of some agricultural activities In this project Renesas 64 pin microcontroller is used, it is the main component of the project, it controllers all the operations performed by the machine. Bluetooth is used for communication purpose. When the machine start moving in forward direction, ultrasonic sensor detect the obstacle present in the path of the vehicle, and it start plowing with the help of DC motor, connected to the plow mechanism. Seed sowing is done with the help of solenoid valve. The names of two operations (seeding and plowing) is displayed on LCD. So that these machines reduce the human effort ensuring efficient utilization of resources.

Published by: Spoorthy M N, Dr. K N MuralidharaResearch Area: Embedded

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Microcontroller, Android, LCD, Sensor.

Research Paper

168. Studies on ore mineralogy of placer ilmenite from parts of east coast of India

Abstract Placer ilmenites from three deposits of Andhra Pradesh coast have been investigated for their ore mineralogy. The deposits studied are Kakinada, Bhimunipatnam, and Srikurmam. Standard ore mineralogical methodology adopted for the preparation of polished sections of placer ilmenite grains from the three deposits. The detailed study of these sections under reflected light microscope revealed that the ilmenites from Kakinada are devoid of exsolutions whereas the ilmenites from other two deposits have indicated exsolved phases in the grain level textures, these phases are mainly Ilmenau-hematite, hemo-ilmenite and exsolved phases of rutile. The grain level textures or exsolved phases observed are 1) Homogenous ilmenites, 2) Ilmenites with simple Exsolutions, 3) Ilmenites with complex Exsolutions, 4) Irregular forms, 5) Dispersion or emulsion texture, 6) Lamellar Texture, 7) Skeletal Texture, 8) Worm like lamellae 9) Myrmekitic or Graphic Exsolutions and, 10) Alteration textures. Their presence will have implications for the processing of ilmenites. Because of the fact that the hematite phases in the ilmenite grain will make the ilmenite more iron-rich and thus may result from some processing problems as well as reduced titanium recovery.

Published by: U. P. N. Raju, M. Jagannadha Rao, G. Raja Rao, K. S. S. MounikaResearch Area: Geology

Organisation: Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Ilmenite, Placer, Ore Mineralogy, Exsolutions, Exolved Phases.

Research Paper

169. Automated control of valves and pump of a biodiesel plant

Biodiesel production involves the transesterification process, where the triglyceride lipid source converts as fatty acid methyl esters and glycerol. A large amount of waste cooking oil is produced globally and will dispose of the available energy. According to the Health Laws of Waste Cooking Oil, it does not need to be recycled in the food industry. In this research, the main objective was to create a small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) plant for the production of biodiesel from improving the process requirements and from waste cooking oil. The product can be used in place of petroleum diesel for automotive and industrial applications without any environmental impact and ensures the same performance of internal combustion engines with essential changes. The aim is to develop an automated machine to produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil. The machine is building alternative methods for re-use of waste cooking oil to make biodiesel. Biodiesel can be used to produce waste vegetable oil as a raw material. Waste vegetable oil is easily available and cheaper and the process of converting waste vegetable oil into biodiesel takes time, and biodiesel production requires an operator to run the system. Due to these requirements, a typical biodiesel system requires much operator interaction which is not overcome by the existing system. The system was designed and built in conjunction with pumps, valves, temperature sensors, etc., to completely handle the production of biodiesel with minimum operator interaction. The developed system circulates the fluid throughout the system and presenting the end user with biodiesel upon completion of a full cycle.

Published by: Srinidhi Gowda, M SubramanyamResearch Area: Industrial Automation

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Automated Control, Solenoid Valves, Sensors, Micrcontroller, Biodiesel Plant.

Research Paper

170. Classification of tweets into various categories using classification methods

Social media has become an important part of our regular life and Twitter is one of the famous among them. As the growth and uses of social media are increasing rapidly so does the twitter, the number of Twitter users has reached an estimate of 330 million monthly active users. Twitter provides a list of trending topics in real time, but it is often hard to understand what these trending topics are all about. It is important and necessary to classify these topics into various categories with high accuracy for better information retrieval. With the enormous volume of data being generated on TWITTER [1], it is imperative to find a computational means of filtering. To address this problem, we classify tweets into various categories such as sports, politics, technology, etc. We will use various algorithms such as Naïve Bayes classifier, Support Vector Machine classifiers to classify the tweets into various categories and check the accuracy of each algorithm.

Published by: Shubham, Shashank Kumar, Sunanda Dixit, Piyush KumarResearch Area: Machine Learning and Big Data

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Naïve Bayes, SVM, Twitter, Classification

Review Paper

171. A review on characterstic behaviour of porous concrete and conventional concrete

Porous concrete is made using large aggregates with little to no fine aggregates. The concrete paste then coats the aggregates and allows water to pass through the concrete slab. Porous concrete is traditionally used in parking areas, areas with light traffic, residential streets, pedestrian walkways, and greenhouses. It is an important application for sustainable construction and is one of many low impact development techniques used by builders to In the presence of clayey soil, water can be percolated through providing borehole at every 1-2km with the help of drainage system.
Water can be filtered and stored as the freshwater below the ground.
We can also give direction to water specifically according to need. By providing the certain angle to the flaky aggregate water which gets drained will make its way to the slope going down towards the sewer line or any other drainage arrangement. This could be useful where soil strata have less water absorption capacity.

Published by: Ashish Verma, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Porous Concrete, Fines Concrete, Flooding.

Survey Report

172. A brief survey on password authentication

Secret key based authentication has been utilized widely as one of the authentication methods. Utilizing passwords for client confirmation is as yet the most regular strategy for some, web administrations and assaults on the password databases represent a serious risk. Web advances are increasing to an ever-increasing extent distinction step by step however the constant survival and replication of password verification plans produce challenges for end clients. The current cybercrimes development is a difficult issue, a huge number of individuals turn into the casualty of cybercrime and most of them can’t be avoided effectively just by solid passwords. The assaults incorporate key logging, savage constraining, speculating assaults, replay assault.

Published by: Shruthi Patil, Mercy S, Nagaraja RamaiahResearch Area: Password Authentication

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Authentication, Solid password, Security, Key management, Secret key.

Research Paper

173. IoT based smart garbage collection system

Smart waste bin is essential to develop a successful and dynamic waste management system. Waste management from its beginning to its transfer is one of the vital difficulties for the municipal corporations in everywhere throughout the world. Dustbins set across finished urban regions set at open spots are flooding a direct result of expansion to the waste each day and making unhygienic conditions for the occupants. To keep up an essential partition from such a circumstance we have proposed remote strong waste management prototype for sharp urban groups, which empowers common associations to screen the status of dustbins remotely, completed web server and keep urban groups clean profitably by enhancing cost and time required for it. At the point when dustbin has accomplished its greatest edge level, waste management division gets alert by methods for SMS through GSM module set at dustbin so the workplace can send garbage collection vehicle to the specific area to gather the refuse. The objective of the undertaking is to enhance sensibility of IoT based strong waste collection and administration system for smart city.

Published by: Rahul Kumar Borah, Sahana Shetty, Rahul Patidar, Anisha Raniwala, Kratee JainResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Smart dustbin, IoT, GSM, Waste management system, Smart city.

Review Paper

174. Air pollution modelling

Industrial chimney releases pollutant to the environment which causes air pollution. As an air pollutant is transported from a source to a potential receptor the pollutant disperses into the surrounding air so that it arrives at a much lower concentration than it was on leaving the source. Air pollution modeling helps to determine the mathematical relationship between the effects of source emission of pollutant on ground level concentration. Many dispersion models have been developed and used to estimate the downwind ambient concentration of air pollutants from sources such as industrial plants, vehicular traffic or accidental chemical release. Air Pollution emission plume i.e., the flow of pollutant in the form of smoke released into the air. Throughout many dispersion models, Gaussian Dispersion Models perhaps the oldest (circa 1936) and perhaps the most commonly used model type. The primary algorithm used in Gaussian modeling is the Generalized Dispersion Equation for a continuous point source plume. This paper reviews the air pollution modeling which relates the effects of source emission on ground level concentration by mathematical equations and terminology.

Published by: Kulshresth SinghResearch Area: Air Pollution

Organisation: Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, West BengalKeywords: Air Pollutant dispersion model, Gaussian dispersion model, Point source, and Plume dispersion.

Review Paper

175. Analysis of characteristics of thermal power plant ash to replace the sand in concrete

Pond powder is one, crazy of three classification of fly cinder accessible from warm control stations. Different two classifications are dry fly powder Also lowest part ash, dry fly powder may be gathered starting with different rows about Electro-static precipitators On dry form, bottom fly cinder may be gathered during those base for heater furnace, Pond powder may be gathered starting with powder Pond region. Pond powder will be wastes Also by-products for warm energy plant, have been presented under indian cement industry should save regular assets from claiming parts of cement. Done India, practically of the warm force plants receive wet system for powder transfer. Pond powder is gathered starting with warm force plant In those bottom, in that it holds huge sum of moderately coarser particles (spanning from 150 microns will 2. 36 mm). Pond powder use aides to decrease the utilization of characteristic assets. Also it will be help on take care of those issue of transfer for Pond powder in light it holds enormous sum from claiming compound mixes, for example, SiO2, Al2O3 and so on. These concoction exacerbates (SiO2, Al2O3) need aid assumes a paramount part done hydration response Also aides to process security the middle of two contiguous particles likewise cement assumes a paramount part done long term time for structure something like that it may be likewise imperative to weigh impact for sturdiness Eventually Tom’s perusing utilizing sulfate attack, chloride particle penetration, drying shrinkage. Coal-based warm control plants everywhere throughout those universe face not kidding issues of taking care of and transfer of the powder transformed. The secondary powder content (30-50%) of the coal in, india makes this issue complex. Toward present, regarding 80 warm energy stations prepare About 100 million tonsil from claiming coal powder for every annum.

Published by: Anoop, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Pond Powder, Dry Fly Powder, SiO2, Al2O3.

Research Paper

176. Infrastructure security- Data transfer protection from attacks in named data network

In recent times, Attacks have become widespread, and they are difficult to detect in networks. It is because of their neighboring, simple and effective characteristics, Denial of Service (DoS), Distributed DoS attacks are recognized as one of the main threats faced by Network Services. To cope with the attacker problem, we have proposed a solution for Infrastructure security for the data transmission in the Named Data Network (NDN) by File Transfer Protocol (FTP), which combines the data encryption, satisfies the requirement of secure data transfer and also using dynamic routing protocols for secure web pages, file access through the routers from an unauthorized access.
We have to check whether the user is the third party or not. If a user is the third party then he fails to login within the limited access time then admin will block that particular IP address. By this, we can provide a satisfied level of security to the infrastructure of the organization. This is simulated in Cisco Packet Tracer.

Published by: Rajeshwari K R, R NagarajaResearch Area: Computer Network

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Named Data Network, Encryption, File Transfer Protocol, Router, IP Address.

Research Paper

177. Assess the knowledge regarding telemedicine among staff nurses in selected hospital of Indore, M.P

Telemedicine has a variety of applications in patient care, education, research, administration and public health. worldwide, people living in rural and remote areas struggle to access timely, good-quality specialty medical care. Residents of these areas often have substandard access to specialty health care, primarily because specialist physicians are more likely to be located in areas of concentrated urban population. Telemedicine has the potential to bridge this distance and facilitate healthcare in these remote areas. So there is great need to assess the knowledge of staff nurses regarding telemedicine.

Published by: Bhawana DavidResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Bombay Hospital College of Nursing, Indore, MaharashtraKeywords: Telemedicine, Knowledge, Staff nurses.

Research Paper

178. Food recognition and analysis using image processing

Some portion of what makes getting in shape so troublesome is that checking calories is a vague science at best. Eating food without knowledge of its composition and nutritional contents prompts poor processing leading to poor health. The Smork is an electronic fork that helps you to screen and track your dietary patterns. Each time you convey nourishment from the device it Indeed, even with nutritious data, one needs to screen serving sizes, people are continually searching for approaches to enhance their health and wellbeing. The typical procedure of getting nutritional data is by utilizing google or utilize some application, for example, Coach, Noom, Calorie Counter, Lose It. In this paper, we proposed to make this procedure more brilliant, speedier, and more proficient by building an electronic device that can demonstrate the nourishment data by just taking a photo of the meal. Using Raspberry Pi board as the core processing unit of the whole system a Weight sensor, HX711 Load Cell Module and a 5MP Raspberry Pi camera attached to the smart fork collects data and transmits it to a food database where it is compared with predefined food values and tallies the image using an image processing technique on Matlab platform. The smart-fork connects to the Android application using Bluetooth. We build up an android reality application to help clients to get nourishing data in a simple way. The data is shown as calorie, fat, starch, and protein per serving. Utilizing this application, clients can get the healthful data just by taking a photo of the food and not with standing cooking techniques to know exactly how much calories are being expended. SmartFork needs to do all the tallying, compiling, analysis and leave the users of the fork to just do the eating.

Published by: Dheeraj Belliappa K S, Karan Vikram Singh Bhatia, Fathima Seher, Chinmita Shetty, Asha K SResearch Area: Healthcare

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Raspberry Pi 3, Hx7111 Load Cell, 5MP Raspberry Pi camera, Matlab.

Research Paper

179. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding obesity and its ill- effect on health among adolescent girls, in selected college of Indore, M.P

Obesity is a serious health problem and its prevalence has increased dramatically over the past 20 years. The proportion of children and adolescents who are overweight and obese have also been increasing. The magnitude of overweight ranges from 9% to 27.5% and obesity ranges from 1% to 12.9% among Indian children. A descriptive study was conducted, to assess the knowledge regarding obesity and its ill- effect among adolescent girls. 30 adolescent girls those who were studying in the b.sc fourth year of Bombay Hospital College of Nursing Indore were selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique. The demographic data revealed that 83.33%(25) of adolescents were in 21 years,73.33%(22) of adolescents were above 51Kg in weight, 90% (27) adolescents were more than151cm in height. The data was collected through structured knowledge questionnaires. The findings showed that 63.33% (19) adolescent girls had an average knowledge and 26.66% (8) adolescent girls had good knowledge regarding obesity and its ill- effect on health. This study concluded that adolescent girls should be provided with adequate knowledge and awareness regarding obesity and its ill- effect on health. Based on the findings health education programmes can be conducted to bring more awareness among adolescent girls to decrease the risk of obesity-associated ill- effects on health.

Published by: Pheba Johnson, Dorwin DasResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Bombay Hospital College of Nursing, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Obesity, Knowledge, Adolescents.


180. Performance of glass fiber reinforced concrete

In this paper, the results are concluded for the experiment carried on concrete using glass fiber and also different properties of concrete are found out using glass fiber. The effect on properties such as the strength of concrete, dry density, wet density, slump, split tension etc is found out by taking laboratory experiment. The concrete is prepared by using M20 grade and adding the different proportion of glass fiber from 0.5 % to 5 % weight of cement. The laboratory test is taken on concrete cubes of 15 cm size, the cylinder of 15 cm diameter and length of 30 cm and the beam of the size of 15cmXproperties are for an experimental investigation on the cm and 70 cm length. These blocks are cured in the water tank for 7 days and 28 days. It is found out that workability of concrete is reduced by enhancing the quantity of glass fiber. By taking load-deflection behavior it is found out that ductility is increased by increasing the content of glass fiber. It is found out that various parameter of concrete regarding the strengthening of concrete is enhanced by increasing the glass fiber in the concrete. There is an enhancement in the strength in the concrete. Hence it is suggested to use glass fiber in the concrete according to use of concrete.

Published by: Santosh P Bobde, G. R. Gandhe, D. H. TupeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Deogiri Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Glass fiber, Workability, Strength of concrete, Fiber content, Nondestructive test.

Research Paper

181. Corporate social responsibility or collective social responsibility– In Indian context

Who is Corporate? Is it the Board of Directors or the employees? Corporate Social Responsibility to be a success has to be a Collective Social Responsibility as well. If CSR is perceived as something confined to the Board Rooms, its effectiveness may be seriously hampered. Because CSR is not just about spending money or showing on records that money has been spent. It is a great opportunity for each and every person of an organization to reach to the society and give it back a bit of what we always take from it. With the change in The Companies Act, 2013 vide section 135, a paradigm shift has been brought by the Government in the area of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Companies meeting certain criteria are now compulsorily required to allocate and spend 2% of the Net Profits on CSR. This article tries to explore the CSR domain and its relationship with the HR department. What is the role of HR department in making CSR a real success is the research question studied in this research? Isn’t some kind of fundamental attitudinal change on the part of the employees a must for ensuring genuine CSR is an area that has been probed.

Published by: Ghansyam Mhatre, Vijay Kumar DholeResearch Area: HRM and CSR

Organisation: Neville Wadia Institute of Management Studies and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Collective Social Responsibility, Employees, Section 135 of Companies Act.

Research Paper

182. Comparative analysis of various means of rural electrification in India

Economic development of rural India is the key for India to become Global Economic Super Power. But rural India would not flourish economically to its full strength until it gets electrified. The rural electrification in India gathers its first big momentum with the launch of Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) in April 2005. In recent years schemes like Deendayal Upadhyaya, Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) in 2014 and Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) in 2017 accelerates the process further. It’s not about government schemes only, but rather the various methods of rural electrification that has been in major focus since the late nineties. Once it was only traditional grid extension to electrify rural India. But with the advancement of renewable energy options, mini-grid system and solar home lighting systems has been emerging as potential alternatives also. At present, these three methods i.e. traditional grid extension, mini-grid system, and solar home lighting system are in major focus for rural electrification. Each of them has their own merits and demerits. The present article is basically a relative pro cons analysis of these methods and an initiative to identify at the preliminary level the best suitable option to electrify rural India.

Published by: Jayanta LahaResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: Rural Electrification, Grid Extension, Mini-grid System, Solar Home Lighting System.

Research Paper

183. Haemocyte dynamics in silkworm Bombyx mori genotypes infected with fungal pathogen Beauveria bassiana

The silkworm, Bombyx mori L. is a delicate and sensitive lepidopteron insect, which has been domesticated for silk production since time immemorial. Due to continuous domestication, silkworm becomes susceptible to various diseases. During the course of infection, the cellular defense mechanism in silkworm is mediated by different types of hemocytes. In the present study, popular bivoltine and multivoltine breeds were selected to carry out an experiment to understand the day to day changes in total hemocyte count (THC) in silkworm larvae inoculated with Fungal Pathogen Beauveria Bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin. During the course of progressive infection of Fungal Pathogen Beauveria bassiana, significant enhancement of total haemocyte count (THC) was observed till the third day in Pure Mysore x CSR2; later gradual reduction of the haemocyte population was noticed and in (CSR2 X CSR27) X (CSR6 X CSR 26) (Bivoltine Double hybrid) course of progressive infection of Fungal Pathogen Beauveria bassiana, significant enhancement of total haemocyte count (THC) was observed till the fourth day and later gradual reduction of the haemocyte population was noticed.

Published by: M. Sheeba Praveena, G. SavithriResearch Area: Insect Pathology

Organisation: Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Lepidopteron, Beauveria Bassiana, Haemocyte, Breeds.

Research Paper

184. BITS (Bus integrated tracking system)

A vehicle tracking system combines the use of automatic vehicle location in individual vehicles with software that collects these fleet data for a comprehensive picture of vehicle locations. In this Bus Integrated Tracking System, a Global Positioning System/Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(GPS/IRNSS) receiver is mounted on the bus, which dynamically gets latitude and longitude details and process to find the exact location, once the location is finalized it is sent to the cloud. The client may use the mapping software to display the position of the vehicle on the Map. It is very easy way to find out the exact location of the vehicle where it is travel in the world. The main purpose of this paper is to help the parents/guardians know about their children and also have a track of them, helping the parents/guardians to do their work without any kind of worries about their children. BITS help the teaching and non-teaching faculty the estimated arrival time of the bus to their respective locations and also track the present location of the bus. Also interfacing emergency system to the bus, i.e crash and flame sensors, where alert messages are sent in case of emergency.

Published by: Chandra Kiran R, Varun N, Shaik Thameem Ashiq, Gorla Bhargava Reddy, Vinay Kumar S BResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: GPS, IRNSS, BITS.

Research Paper

185. Cardiac rehabilitation management system

Here, the mechanisms involved examine and effectively control patients for cardiac rehabilitation. The solution focuses on exercise prescriptions and also supports healthy behaviour’s. The innovative techniques and design take into account health promotion models to provide safe, assistive exercise training sessions and personalized feedback. Cardiac rehabilitation exercise includes many concepts of our present needs and should observe the conditions of the patients accurately at a different level to be sent to the physical therapist (PT). The estimated/approximated value should be re-sent to patients as a prescription for cardiac rehabilitation exercise. Also, here there is the reference to the mechanism that can handle the emergencies rapidly. Here there is research carried upon monitoring system on patients for cardiac rehabilitation, health machine control protocols, heart rate control and alarming system. It can be implemented on the systems of cardiac rehabilitation. This paper defines a new standard for Quality of Service (QoS) in the modern health services sector.

Published by: Umme Haani, R. NagarajaResearch Area: Healthcare Management

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: BMI-Body Mass Index, CRMS-Cardiac Rehabilitation Management System, ECG-Electrocardiogram, HR-Heart Rate, NIBP- Non-Invasive Blood Pressure, QOL-Quality of Life, QOS-Quality of Service, RF-Radio Frequency.

Research Paper

186. Characteristic behaviour of porous concrete and conventional concrete

Porous concrete is made using large aggregates with little to no fine aggregates. The concrete paste then coats the aggregates and allows water to pass through the concrete slab. Porous concrete is traditionally used in parking areas, areas with light traffic, residential streets, pedestrian walkways, and greenhouses. It is an important application for sustainable construction and is one of many low impact development techniques used by builders to In the presence of clayey soil, water can be percolated through providing borehole at every 1-2km with the help of drainage system. Water can be filtered and stored as fresh water below the ground. We can also give direction to water specifically according to need. By providing certain angle to the flaky aggregate water which gets drained will make its way to the slope going down towards the sewer line or any other drainage arrangement. This could be useful where soil strata have less water absorption capacity. INTRODUCTION Porous concrete (also called porous concrete, Porous concrete, no fines concrete and porous pavement) is a special type of concrete with a high porosity used for concrete flatwork applications that allows water from precipitation and other sources to pass directly through, thereby reducing the runoff from a. Porous concrete is made using large aggregates with little to no fine aggregates. The concrete paste then coats the aggregates and allows water to pass through the concrete slab. Porous concrete is traditionally used in parking areas, areas with light traffic, residential streets, pedestrian walkways, and greenhouses. It is an important application for sustainable construction and is one of many low impact development techniques used by builders to protect water quality Porous concrete is a mixture of cement, water and a particular sized coarse aggregate combined to form a Porous structural material. It has a high volume of voids, which is the factor responsible for the lower strength and its lightweight nature. Porous concrete is also called Porous concrete, zero-fines concrete and Porous concrete. • Highly porous allows rapid surface water removal • Reduces risk of flooding • Reduces freeze/thaw attack • Reduces the requirement for more expensive drainage systems • Reduces maintenance costs for stormwater management Pervious concrete has the void content range from 15% to 35% of total volume of concrete which gives higher permeability as the purpose of this concrete. but other hand, higher porosity decrease the amount of compressive strength of pervious concrete than conventional concrete. Use of fine sand at limit from 5% to 10% can give enough structural strength in pervious concrete. But further increment of sand can control the strength properties of pervious concrete The compressive strength of conventional previous is lower than 15 to 20 MPa [4]. But with use of modifications in coarse aggregates can increase strength in range of 12 to 14% than conventional compressive strength Porous concrete is mostly used in non-pavements applications, limited use in pavements applications. This assignment purpose is to assess the suitability for Porous concrete to be used for the construction of road pavements. This will include investigation of current literature on the topic and conducting standard concrete testing on Porous concrete and conventional concrete to determine and evaluate their properties. With the help of tested data a conclusion is made on the usefulness of Porous concrete pavements and it may be determined that further testing is required. CONCLUSION There was a considerable difference in the compressive strength between the concrete samples but this does not affect the outcome as it was the relationships between the characteristics that were assessed. The relationships showed that Porous concrete acts in a manner similar to what was found in the conventional concrete sample. A major difference found was that the Porous concrete deformed more than the conventional sample before failure. This shows that a Porous pavement has the ability to deform under the loading of traffic. The deformation should not affect the performance of the pavement providing its capacity is not exceeded. Porous concrete is a viable material that has the potential to replace the use of traditional concrete pavements in situations where heavy traffic is limited, such as car parks, residential streets and driveways. More widespread applications may be possible if methods of reducing the traveling that occurs within the top aggregate are found. The varying compressive strengths obtained from the different aggregate samples shows that the shape of the aggregate particles used can dramatically affect the strength of the concrete. LITERATURE REVIEW Klemas, 2015)The population in urban areas can grow so fast that stormwater drainage systems are not installed or the increase of impervious surfaces overwhelm the storm water sewage system that is in place Krishna Raju et al (1975) focused on the optimum water content for Porous concrete. It was determined that for the particular aggregate-cement ratio there is a narrow range for the optimum water-cement ratio. This water-cement ratio was imperative to gain the maximum possible compressive strength. A higher than ideal water-cement ratio would cause the cement paste to drain from the aggregate particles. Alternatively, a water-cement ratio too low would stop the cement paste from adhering sufficiently to the aggregate. When the optimum water-cement ratio was not obtained, sufficient compaction could not be achieved, further compounding the loss of compressive strength. Abadjieva et al (1997) investigated the influence of the aggregate-cement ratio on the tensile and flexural strength of Porous concrete. This study only assessed aggregate-cement ratios ranging from 6:1 to 10:1. The highest strengths were obtained with an aggregate-cement ratio of 7:1 and the strength decreased with an increasing aggregate-cement ratio. He found that the tensile and flexural strengths of Porous concrete were considerably lower than those obtained from conventional concrete, but he could not explain why the sample with the highest strength had a ratio of 7:1. Baoshan Huang(2009)[4] carried out the experiment on pervious concrete with use of latex polymer to improve the strength properties. With use of latex, natural sand and fibre they evaluated the effect of polymer modification on mechanical and physical properties of PMPC. Based on results , it was possible to produce pervious concrete mixture with acceptable permeability Objectives of the Proposed work 1. find out durability, properties of Porous concrete. 2. To conclude impact resistant of Porous concrete asphalt road. 3. To compare the properties of Porous concrete with the existing concrete roadway. 4. To find the Strength of Porous concrete. EXPERIMENTAL WORK 4.2 Test Methodology This project is focused predominantly on the use of Porous concrete as a road pavement material. As this is a comparison between Porous concrete pavements and conventional concrete pavements, there is a requirement that the tests being conducted can occur on both samples. The test procedure included the initial steps of deciding on the tests to be conducted and choosing a number of aggregate-cement ratios for the Porous concrete. This was followed by conducting the preliminary mix design and compressive strength tests on these samples to determine the mix that performed most successfully. 4.3 Concrete Tests The tests that were conducted had to provide a complete picture of all the characteristics of the concrete in both the wet and hardened state. For this reason, it was proposed that the testing incorporate aggregate testing to determine the potential effect of the aggregate shape on the performance of the Porous concrete. This was followed by conducting workability tests like the slump and compacting factor tests on the wet concrete sample. The hardened concrete tests proposed for the project were compressive strength and indirect tensile tests. This testing includes determining the void ratio and assessing the permeability of the Porous concrete. 4.4 Mix Design The mix design in this case was the determination of the ratio of aggregate, cement and water that possessed the most favorable properties. For this particular situation trial mixes were designed. The mixes were determined from previous literature and particular mixes used by some companies. There are only three constituents of Porous concrete that can be considered and varied: aggregate, cement and water content. 4.5 Conventional Concrete There was no mix design undertaken for conventional concrete, since the strength of certain mixes is readily known. This meant that no trials were required to be carried out. When conducting the tests to determine the properties of a conventional concrete. 4.6 Porous Concrete The mix designs for Porous concrete were obtained from printed articles. There were a large number of different mixes that are currently being used for a whole range of applications. Aggregate Cement Water 7 1 0.3 5 1 0.3 4.2 1 0.3 4.6 1 0.23 Table 4.1 – Mix Proportions used for Porous Trial Mixes 4.6.3 Mixing Process Figure 4.1 – Mixing of no fine concrete 4.6.5 Result and Analysis Half the samples were tested for compressive strength and indirect tensile strength at 14 days. The remaining small and large samples were tested for 28 day compressive strength. The results of those tests can be found in the table below. 14 Day Strength 28 Day Strength Aggregate- Cement- Water ratio Compressive Strength (MPa) Indirect Tensile Strength(MPa) Compressive Strength (MPa) Compressive strength of large cylinders (MPa) 8:1:0.2 4.29 1.54 3.25 6.67 4.29 3.61 6:1:0.3 6.68 1.62 7.54 5.33 7.22 7.34 4.5:1:0.3 7.34 2.29 11.72 7.62 7.78 12.88 4.8:1:0.26 8.81 1.53 6.41 5.25 8.41 6.38 Table 4.2 – The data collected from the trial mixes 4.7 Summary The Porous concrete mix design found that an aggregate-cement-water mix of 4.5:1:0.3 produced the highest compressive strength out of the different mix proportions trialed. Since the highest compressive strength was found in the 4.5:1:0.3 mix, it was used for the remainder of the testing in this project. 4.8 Sieve Analysis Sieve analysis is a method of determining the grading of a particular aggregate or a mixture of aggregates. The sieve analysis is carried out in a mechanical sieving machine to provide a more consistent result and achieve much greater accuracy. The sieves used vary in size but consecutive sieves used are smaller in aperture as you move down the stack. There are three different methods for undertaking a sieve analysis. Two wet analysis methods can be used, one with alcohol and the other with water. The third method is dry analysis, which can only be used for granular particles larger than 125 m. 4.11 Compressive Strength • The compressive strength tests are conducted to ensure a minimum strength is achieved by the particular mix. Cylinder and cube testing are methods of determining the compressive strength. Both methods of determining compressive strength will be used as it may be difficult to achieve a good result when using the cylinders. 4.13 Indirect Tensile Test The tensile strength of concrete cannot be measured directly. This leads to the need to determine the tensile strength through indirect methods. The indirect tensile test is also referred to as the ‘Brazil’ or splitting test, where a cylinder is placed on its side and broken in the compression machine. This test can also be used to determine the modulus of elasticity of the concrete sample. CHAPTER-5 RESULTS AND ANALYSIS 5.1 Compacting Factor Test Result Types Partially compacted (m1) kilograms Fully compacted (m2) kilograms Compacting Factor No-Fine concrete 10.726 11.413 0.95 Conventional concrete 13.041 13.462 0.97 Table 5.1 – Shows the Compacting Factor for all the samples of concrete used Figure 5.1 – Chart of compacting Factor for all the samples of concrete used Porous concrete is a self-compacting material and this test determines its ability to compact itself dropping from a set height. Porous concrete can be dropped from large heights and this test shows these properties by the amount of compaction obtained from simply allowing the concrete to drop. 5.2 Compressive Strength Test Result

Published by: Ashish Verma, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Compressive Strength, Concrete tests, Mix design, Porous concrete

Research Paper

187. Cybercrime analysis using criminal information management system: An e-governance measure by ministry of home affairs

E-Governance is the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to improve the relation between the Government and its citizens. Maintaining effective law and order is one of the primary jobs of the government. Due to limited resources, it’s very important that the decision makers are provided with reliable data on crime so that resource prioritization can be done effectively.   The Ministry of Home Affairs merged the Directorate of Coordination Police Computers (MHA), Inter-State Criminals Data set up of the Central Bureau of Investigation, Crime Statistics set up of the Bureau of Police Research and Development and Central Finger Print Bureau, Calcutta of the Central Bureau of Investigation with the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) to streamline the affairs of the E-Governance – Criminal/ Crime Information Management System.  The paper endeavors to analyze the trend of Cyber Crime using data from NCRB and correlate it with the offenses in the IT Act.

Published by: Ashish KaranResearch Area: E- Governance

Organisation: Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Cyber Crime, E-Governance, IT Act 2000. Cyber Offence.

Review Paper

188. Study on road accident and improved safety measures of road accident

Road accidents are an outcome of the interplay of various factors, some of which are the length of the road network, vehicle population, human population and adherence/enforcement of road safety regulations etc. Road accident causes injuries, fatalities, disabilities, and hospitalization with severe socio-economic costs across the country. Road traffic injuries cause considerable economic losses to victims, their families, and to nations as a whole. Almost 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low- and middle-income countries, even though these countries have approximately half of the world’s vehicles. Half of those dying on the world’s roads are “vulnerable road users”: pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists. Without action, road traffic crashes are predicted to rise to become the 7th leading cause of death by 2030.

Published by: Gagan Kataria, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Road accidents, Vulnerable road users, Safety measures.

Review Paper

189. Effect of nano-silica on mechanical properties and internal structure of pozzolanic concrete

In this research work, advancement of nanotechnology is used in order to improve performance characteristics of pozzolonic concrete (concrete having 30% class F fly ash in replacement of cement) with use of nano-sized silica (SiO2) particles, known as Nano-silica. This study may be considered as an important step towards better understanding the use of nano-silica in concrete as a remedy to overcome drawbacks of the use of pozzolans (drawback like late strength gain of hardened concrete). This research program aims at 1) further understanding the behavior of cementitious materials when amended by nano-silicon various physio-mechanical properties (workability, compressive, tensile, flexural strength etc.) of pozzolanic concrete and 2) exploring the effect of this enhancement on the microstructure of cement matrix using SEM. The experimental program that was conducted included a laboratory investigation of concrete mixtures in which nano-silica was added to the compound cement and Class F fly ash. Three ratios of nano-silica (0%, 3% and 6% by wt. of the cementitious compound) were used in concrete mixtures to examine the extent and types of improvements that could be imparted to concrete. The conducted experimental program assessed these improvements in terms of mechanical properties and internal structure of the mixtures under investigation.

Published by: Monu Poonia, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Nano-silica, Pozzolanic concrete, Mechanical properties.


190. Design of hardened by design charge pump PLL

The PLL is a feedback system used to generate clock signal in microprocessors, and frequency multiplication (FM) etc., The PLL consists of several components such as Phase frequency detector (PFD), Charge pump (CP), low pass filter (LPF), voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) and frequency divider (FD) circuits. The struck at single-event-effects (SEEs) such as latch-up, single-event-transient and multiple bit upsets which affect the PLL performance. PFD and FD which are free from dead zone due to there digital characteristics but the CP are affected by SEEs which causes the CP output to be degraded and which affect the VCO input hence PLL will lose lock. The PLL and its components are implemented in cadence virtuoso tool using 180nm technology.

Published by: Pallavi. K. R, Dr. K. N. MuralidharaResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: P.E.S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: PLL, PFD, CP, LPF,VCO, FD, SEEs, SET.

Research Paper

191. Introducing an improved e-exam system with the question highlight/marking feature to diminish the candidate’s discomfort

In today’s era, almost all exams job-oriented as well as institutional are carried out through computer systems (commonly known as e-exam). This approach is very efficient as it is suitable for large-scale implementation, it is secure, and provide very fast results but it has demerit as candidates feel discomfort in attempting questions because they don’t have much control over the question area. They don’t highlight or mark the important information of the question. This waste their time in solving complex problems like reasoning puzzles, code snippets etc. In this paper, we introduce a new feature of highlighting the text in the question view-area so that user can mark/highlight the important portion of the question and used it in solving the question quickly. Our demonstration and result analysis show 85% of the students (17 out of 20) find our proposed system useful and more comfortable than the existing system.

Published by: Sumit TiwariResearch Area: Computer Technology

Organisation: SoftEthics Technologies and Educational Academy, Jabalpur, Madhya PradeshKeywords: E-exams System, Computer-based Exams System, Competitive Exams, E-learning.

Research Paper

192. Analysis of characteristics of thermal power plant ash to replace the sand in concrete

Pond powder is one, crazy of three classifications of fly cinder accessible from warm control stations. Different two classifications are dry fly powder Also lowest part ash, dry the fly powder may be gathered starting with different rows about Electro-static precipitators On the dry form, bottom fly cinder may be gathered during those base for heater furnace, Pond powder may be gathered starting with powder Pond region. Pond powder will be wasted Also by-products for the warm energy plant, have been presented under Indian cement industry should save regular assets from claiming parts of cement. Done India, practically of the warm force plants receive wet system for power transfer. contiguous particles likewise cement assumes a paramount part done long-term time for structure something like that it may be likewise imperative to weigh impact for sturdiness The secondary powder content (30- 50%) of the coal in, India makes this issue complex. Toward present, regarding 80 warm energy stations prepare About 100 million tonsils from claiming coal powder for every annum.

Published by: Anoop, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Fly cinder, Pond powder, Thermal power plant ash.

Research Paper

193. A soft switching dual flyback DC-DC converter for renewable energy applications

The world’s total energy consumption is higher than its production. With respect to the efficiency, it is known that the conventional energy sources say fossil fuels, is used much more than the non-conventional energy sources. Due to the over-consumption of energy from fossil fuels, after few years it may extinct and thousands of years are needed to produce fossil fuels. Hence, non-conventional energy sources must be used as an alternative source of energy production. One of the renewable energy sources which are available in bulk is solar. But the energy production from solar is not as efficient as that of fossil fuels. Hence, a DC-DC converter has to be built to enhance the solar power. A DC-DC Flyback converter with soft-switching is been built which increases the output voltage of the solar power depending upon the Flyback transformer ratio.

Published by: Reshma R, Sankar Vijaya Selvakumar, Swasthik. BResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: MVJ College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: DC-DC Flyback converter, PV panel, Soft-Switching, MATLAB/Simulink.

Research Paper

194. Impact of congenital heart disease on psychological aspect- An analysis of gender aspect

Purpose: The paper analyzes the psychological state of patients with congenital heart diseases as related to age and gender.  The aim of the study is to analyze the perspective of adolescents on the psychological aspect on a gender basis.  The study was initiated to compare the gender attitude among adolescents (age 13-18 years), who can lead a normal life after corrective surgery/treatment.
Methods: The data was collected from two reputed hospitals of Delhi, having paediatric cardiology department running for almost more than 10 years.  A Questionnaire from PCQLI was used to collect data, with their permission.  The questionnaire is already valid and reliable. The study was conducted, with permission from hospital authorities.  A sample of around 30 patients was collected to study the quality of life aspect using various psychological parameters.  An independent sample t-test was applied to compare the perspective of two groups.
Findings: The result was analyzed between the perspective difference between male and female population on the psychological aspect.  The data showed some psychological variables reflect the significant difference between male and female but some variables do not reflect any difference.
Recommendation: The findings from the study indicate a need to peep into psychological aspect of patients with congenital heart disease, so that they can be helped to better manage their health prospective in future.

Published by: Pratibha Verma Bagga, Dr. Priyanka SrivastavaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad, HaryanaKeywords: Congenital heart disease, Psychology, Gender aspects, PCQLI.

Review Paper

195. Smart Eye for Blind Person using Raspberry Pi

A camera-based label reader is used to help blind person which helps them in reading names of the label on the product. The camera captures the label image of the product which is in front of it, detects the product label image and the image is separated using open CV library. The image label is then identified and can be heard by the blind person through voice. Earphones can be used for this, connected to the audio jack. The kit used for execution is the Raspberry PI which consists of various slots. This system also helps to find obstacle which appears in front of the blind person with the use of sensors.

Published by: Hitesh Kumar, Mohit Kumar, Kajal Bijpuria, Gaurav Kumar Gulathi, Chetan UmadiResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Assistive devices, Optical character recognition, Text localization algorithm, and AdaBoost model, IR sensor, Variable power supply.

Review Paper

196. Characteristic behaviour of crush glass fibers on the strength of concrete tile: A review paper

The effect of glass fiber on flexural strength, split-tensile strength, and compressive strength Was studied for different fiber content on M-20 grade concrete designed as per IS 10262. The Maximum size of aggregates used was 20mm. To study the effect on compressive strength, Flexural strength, split-tensile strength 6 cubes, 6 prisms and 6 cylinders were cast and tested. After that, a practical application of GFRC in the form of cement concrete tiles was taken into Consideration and no special technique was used to produce these tiles. The thickness of the tiles Was 20mm and maximum size of aggregates used was 8mm. The water-cement ratio was kept Consistent and the admixture content was varied from 0.8 to 1.5 percent to maintain slump in Between 50mm to 100mm. The size of short fibers Used was 30mm and the glass fibers were alkali resistant. The effect of these short fibers on wet Transverse strength, compressive strength, and water absorption was carried out. Six full-sized Tiles 400mm*400mm*20mm were tested and the results recorded. Pulse velocity tests were also conducted.

Published by: Anil Hans, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: GFRC, Water-cement, Concrete tile.

Research Paper

197. Design of low power delay efficient Vedic multiplier using reversible gates

In early days of computers, multiplication was implemented generally with a sequence of addition, subtraction and shift operations. There exist many algorithms proposed in the literature to perform multiplication, each offering different advantages and having the trade-off in terms of delay, circuit complexity, area occupied on-chip and power consumption. Latency is the major issue of computing a function. Simply it’s a measure of how long the inputs to a device are stable is the final result available on outputs. Throughput is the measure of how many multiplications can be performed in a given period of time. The multiplier is not only a high delay block but also a major source of power dissipation. Normal multiplication process involves generation of partial products, an addition of partial products and finally, total product is obtained. So the performance of the multiplier depends on the number of partial products and the speed of the adder. The reversible computation is one field which assures zero power dissipation. Thus during the design of any reversible circuit, the delay is the only parameter that has to be taken care of. Hence reversible Urdhva Tiryakbhayam [UT] Multiplier had been proposed for reversible calculations. Vedic multiplier based on the Urdhva Tiryakbhayam algorithms provide the best results in terms of delay, area, and power.

Published by: B Ramya, Navya Shree G, D Anvesh Kumar, Bapuram Harshavardhan Reddy, Hari Krishna MoorthyResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Reversible logic gate, Urdhva Tiryakbhayam, Optimised design.

Survey Report

198. Cryptography techniques: A survey

In recent years network security has become a very important issue. Encryption has come up as a solution and plays an important role in data security system. Several techniques are required to protect the shared data. Most commonly used encryption algorithms in the domain of cryptography firstly to identify their weaknesses and vulnerabilities and secondly to identify the aspects of those weaknesses which will be avoided by the correct implementation. In this paper, we provided different types of encryption algorithms that are existing and literature survey of those algorithms.

Published by: Pooja Kallolimath, Dr. Prashant P. PatavardhanResearch Area: Cryptography

Organisation: K. L. S Gogte Institute of Technology, Belgaum, KarnatakaKeywords: Network security, Cryptography, Encryption, Decryption, DES, 3DES, AES, RC5, BLOWFISH, RSA.

Research Paper

199. Study on road accident and improved safety measures of road accident

Road accidents are an outcome of the interplay of various factors, some of which are the length of the road network, vehicle population, human population and adherence/enforcement of road safety regulations etc. Road accident causes injuries, fatalities, disabilities, and hospitalization with severe socio-economic costs across the country. Road traffic injuries cause considerable economic losses to victims, their families, and to nations as a whole. Almost 90% of the world’s fatalities on the roads occur in low- and middle-income countries, even though these countries have approximately half of the world’s vehicles. Half of those dying on the world’s roads are “vulnerable road users”: pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists. Without action, road traffic crashes are predicted to rise to become the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. There are a total of 1, 03,933 km of National Highways in India and out of the total length of 1, 03,933 km of National Highways, 57,511 km is with the State Public Works Departments (State PWDs), 32,155 km with the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), 1616 km with NHIDCL and 4,550 km with Border Roads Organization (BRO), balance length of 4,642 km is yet to be entrusted to the executing agencies. Although National Highways constitute nearly about 2 percent of the total road network as on 31st December 2015, they carry 40 percent of the total road traffic. The capacity of National Highways in terms of handling traffic (passenger and goods) needs to be in pace with the industrial growth. India has one of the largest road networks of over54.72 lakh km. It comprises of National Highways, Expressways, State Highways, and Major District Roads, Other District Roads and Village Roads as shown below.

Published by: Gagan Kataria, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Road accident, Safety measures, Human population, Vehicle population.

Research Paper

200. Effect of nano-silica on mechanical properties and internal structure of pozzolanic concrete

In this research work, advancement of nanotechnology is used in order to improve performance characteristics of pozzolonic concrete (concrete having 30% class F fly ash in replacement of cement) with use of nano-sized silica (SiO2) particles, known as Nano-silica. This study may be considered as an important step towards better understanding the use of nano-silica in concrete as a remedy to overcome drawbacks of the use of pozzolans (drawback like late strength gain of hardened concrete). This research program aims at 1) further understanding the behaviour of cementitious materials when amended by nano-silicon various physio-mechanical properties (workability, compressive, tensile, flexural strength etc.) of pozzolonic concrete and 2) exploring the effect of this enhancement on the microstructure of cement matrix using SEM. The experimental program that was conducted included a laboratory investigation of concrete mixtures in which nano-silica was added to the compound cement and Class F fly ash. Three ratios of nano-silica (0%, 3% and 6% by wt. of the cementitious compound) were used in concrete mixtures to examine the extent and types of improvements that could be imparted to concrete. The conducted experimental program assessed these improvements in terms of mechanical properties and internal structure of the mixtures under investigation.

Published by: Monu Poonia, Sumesh JainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Concrete, Nano-silica, Mechanical properties.

Research Paper

201. Wireless detection and alerting of rash driving and accidents using smart device

Rash driving is most dangerous for people. Risky driving primarily includes heavy driving under the power of alcohol, is the major grounds of traffic accidents throughout the world. They provide an early detection to alert the dangerous vehicle maneuvers related to rash driving. There are lots of sensors used in various techniques to detect the rash driving. For this entire detection of rash driving, we require only a smartphone. We are going to use accelerometer sensor on the smartphone. After installing a program on the mobile phone, it will compute acceleration based on sensor readings and compare them with typical unsafe driving patterns extracted from real driving tests. The application allows the owner to track their cars. This application sends a notification to owner mobile regarding the car rash driving if any. It also sends the location of the car to the owner after every ten minutes. We can change this time interval.

Published by: Aishwarya Kapse, Amruta PatilResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Zeal College of Engineering and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Accelerometer sensor, Rash driving detection, Android-based smartphone with GPS.

Review Paper

202. Determination of eye end for natural fiber reinforced hybrid composite mono leaf spring

The automobile industry has shown interest in the replacement of conventional materials with composite due to its property of high strength ratio. Reducing weight while increasing or maintaining the strength of the product is highly important to research issue in the modern world. For this purpose, the material selected was jute fiber and carbon fiber in Epoxy resin.  Present work aims at determining the suitability of jute fiber reinforced hybrid composite to replace conventional multi-leaf spring. Various combination of jute fiber and carbon fiber in the epoxy resin is analyzed with respect to deflection. For this, a parabolic mono leaf spring is modeled in solid edge software and analyzed using simulation tool FEA. As eye end plays a pivotal role in attaching the leaf spring to the frame and determining is the capability to carry loads the spring is modeled with the eye end. Here again, two different possibilities are analyzed. In one case steel eye end is bolted to the Natural fiber reinforced hybrid composite (NFRHC) mono-leaf spring and in another, the eye end is made from the same composite. The two types are then statically and dynamically analyzed using ANSYS software. It is found that NFRHC leaf spring with steel eye end bolted to it has more stresses and lower strain energy compared to bonded eye end NFRHC leaf spring. While the Natural frequency of composite leaf spring is higher than the conventional leaf spring resonance will be reduced Hence NFRHC spring with bonded eye end is considered a suitable replacement with a weight reduction of 80% from that of conventional steel leaf spring.

Published by: S. Vanitha, P. Vijayalakshmi, E. ElavenilResearch Area: Manufacturing

Organisation: Thanthai Periyar Government Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Composites, Hybrid fibers, Leaf spring, Design constraints, FEA analysis.

Research Paper

203. Removal of ammonical nitrogen from industrial effluent

Ammonia removal from wastewater has become a worldwide emerging concern as ammonia proves to be toxic to aquatic species and also causes eutrophication in the natural water environment. Nitrogen compounds in our effluent have been removed by means of biological approaches(micro-organisms). Based on the microbial nitrogen cycle many biological technologies and processes have been developed and implemented for nitrogen removal from wastewater, such as de-nitrification, nitrification and by the use of biological species. However, with the effluent discharge standards have become more stringent (<10mg total nitrogen/L), conventional processes cannot meet the new requirements. We have removed the amount of nitrogen with the help of bacteria such as Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira. The limit of discharging nitrogen is 50ppm into the rivers. So by using these bacteria, our aim will be fulfilled.

Published by: Prexa Chhasatiya, Mansi Patel, Shubhi Sharma, Shailesh Vekariya, Ajaz Shaikh, Anjali S NairResearch Area: College Laboratory

Organisation: Shroff SR Rotary Institute of Chemical Technology, Vataria, GujaratKeywords: Bacteria, Nitrogen, Effluent.

Research Paper

204. A method of data hiding in QR code using image steganography

As the day to day analysis, we need to keep our data safe so that our private data is safe. It can be applied through steganography. Also, we do add the QR code for the purpose of increasing the security and ease to access the information which is been sent. Steganography is being used with AES algorithm and LSB steganography. QR code is used to enhance the security.

Published by: Daphney Jerly Dsouza, Girish SResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, Mangaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Steganography, Encryption, QR code.

Research Paper

205. Impact of knowledge sharing on the success of crisis management strategy

The aim of the research is to identify the impact of knowledge sharing on the success of crisis management strategy. The knowledge sharing was discussed through implicit and explicit knowledge. A conceptual model was presented to clarify the causal relationships between the variables, and the relationship was tested by calculating correlation coefficients and regression coefficients. The relationship of significant and high impact to the knowledge sharing in the crisis management strategy, and the declaration of implicit knowledge, as well as the distribution of explicit knowledge within the organization, enables it to build an effective crisis management strategy.

Published by: Ameera Hatif HaddaweeResearch Area: Business

Organisation: Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Kufa, IraqKeywords: Knowledge Sharing, Tacit Knowledge Sharing, Explicit Knowledge Sharing, Crisis Management Strategy.

Research Paper

206. Characteristic behaviour of crush glass fibers on the strength of concrete tile

The effect of glass fiber on flexural strength, split-tensile strength, and compressive strength was studied for different fiber content on M-20 grade concrete designed as per IS 10262. The maximum size of aggregates used was 20mm. To study the effect on compressive strength, flexural strength, split-tensile strength 6 cubes, 6 prisms and 6 cylinders were cast and tested. After that, a practical application of GFRC in the form of cement concrete tiles was taken into consideration and no special technique was used to produce these tiles. The thickness of the tiles was 20mm and maximum size of aggregates used was 8mm. The water-cement ratio was kept consistent and the admixture content was varied from 0.8 to 1.5 percent to maintain slump in between 50mm to 100mm. The size of short fibers Used was 30mm and the glass fibers were alkali resistant. The effect of these short fibers on wet Transverse strength, compressive strength, and water absorption was carried out. Six full-sized Tiles 400mm*400mm*20mm were tested and the results recorded. Pulse velocity tests were also conducted

Published by: Anil Hans, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Glass fibers, Concrete tile, Pulse velocity tests.


207. Vehicle security using Raspberry-Pi

Recently every individual person preferring to use own vehicle for transportation rather than public transportation because of flexibility in schedule. Thefts are happening on parking and sometimes driving insecurity places like highways. Hence the security and safety become a basic necessity for the urban population and also everyone. In recent days vehicle security and accident prevention are more challenging. The proposed system gives an alarm which represents vehicle tracking and accident detection when theft and accident identifying. Raspberry-pi is the heart of the system, which is connected to any moving vehicle, these make an easy option to track any moving vehicle for that it matters in real time on Google-maps. An alert will be received to the authorized person, the vehicle will be moved to stop mode through the GSM-GPRS connected to the raspberry-pi kit which is kept on inside of the vehicle. Which consist of rasp-pi-camera, sensors, and android phone. The camera is used to take pictures when the vehicle is open or closed mode. This system helps find-out the exact location of an accident with the server and sent the information to an authorized person, give an alarm signal to save the human life. This system also detects the behavior of the driver through the sensors whether he/she drowsy/drunk, the speed vehicle is stopped. This system more securable reliable and economical.

Published by: Pavithra .M, S. JyothiResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: P.E.S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: GSM, GPS, GPRS, TWILIO, LED, RAM

Survey Report

208. A literature survey on detecting compromised accounts on social networks

Online social networks, such as Facebook, Twitter have become one of the main media to stay in touch with the rest of the world. Over time, social network users build a trust relationship with the account they follow. Unfortunately, when control over an account falls into hands of a cybercriminal, he can easily exploit this trust to further his own malicious agenda. Moreover, the effect of an account compromise can extend well beyond the reputation of a company. This paper presents COMPA, which is designed to detect compromised accounts on online social networks. COMPA is based on a simple observation, social network users develop habit overtime and those habits are fairly stable. Compromised accounts on the online social network are detected with the help of behavioral profile of user and messages sent by him or her. Every time a new post or a message is generated, it is compared to this behavioral profile. If the message significantly deviates from the learned behavioral profile, COMPA flags it as compa. We implemented our approach in a tool called COMPA and evaluated for Twitter and Facebook in this paper. We show that our system is capable of building meaningful behavioral profiles for individual accounts and detect it and send message notification to admin, who is able to block it.

Published by: Vinod Khanapure, Amruta Ayachit, Pooja Gujanatti, Reshma Gajappanavar, Anusha Ashok ShettarResearch Area: Online Security

Organisation: Angadi Institute of Technology and Management, Savagaon, KarnatakaKeywords: Twitter, Feature extraction, Compromised accounts, Phishing, Online social activities.

Review Paper

209. Impact of climate change: A curse to the shrimp farming in India

Aquaculture has been spanning one of the fastest-growing animal food-producing sectors across the globe. Humans and fish have been inextricably linked for millennia, not only because fish is an important source of animal protein, providing many millions of livelihood means and food security, but also from an evolutionary viewpoint. In 2008, aquaculture accounted for 46 percent of the global food-fish supply, and per capita supply from aquaculture increased from 0.7 kg in 1970 to 7.8 kg in 2008, an average annual growth rate of 6.6 percent (FAO 2010). In developing countries, the sector contributes significantly to livelihoods and food security, especially in the Asia-Pacific region.

Published by: Amit Kumar MohantyResearch Area: Aquaculture and Climate Change

Organisation: Pacifica Aqua Technologies, Odisha, OdishaKeywords: Shrimp farming in India, Climate change, Aquaculture.

Research Paper

210. Fynbot- Artificial intelligence system for personal expense management

A financial Chatbot is one way for banks, financial service vendors, and other financial organizations to connect with customers on a more personal level. It is meant to simulate a conversation with another human. The user can type a question into a message box, and the Chatbot comes up with the answer instantly. A chat-bot is a conversational agent that can interact with human’s turn by turn using natural language. In the world of personal finance, applications are being used by users to answer questions about bank balances, recent transactions, and spending trends which are controlled by operations that as simple as text input and click events. The main objective of this project is to build a Chatbot that enables users to micromanage their expenses in a fast and better way. With the combination of NLP techniques, machine learning techniques and certainly advanced algorithms based on AI we can solve the problem of building a Chatbot to manage personal expenses of an individual. The platform will generate reports and analyze user transaction data in order to manage their expenses and regulate the usage according to budget constraints.

Published by: Varisha Ashraf, Ankit Jain, V B Sree Kumar, Varun Patwari, Dr. Rajesh S L, Chandrakanta SainiResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: School of Engineering and Technology Jain University (SET JU), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Standford library, Chatbot, IBM Watson, Natural language processing, Artificial intelligence, Hidden Markov Model, Android.

Survey Report

211. Satellite image classification and feature extraction using various classification techniques: A survey

The classification of remote sensing image plays an important role in pattern recognition. The objective of the image classification is extracted the tremendous information,  patterns present in the image in form of classes The Satellite images play a major role in a hassle-free monitoring and management of the natural resources such as land, forest, water etc. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of Image classification, its techniques, and review of various previously conducted works with techniques observations and the results obtained by them respectively. It also discusses the emerging classification techniques such as Fuzzy Logic and Artificial Neural Networks in brief.

Published by: Akshata M. Marnur, Anil B. GavadeResearch Area: Satellite Image Classification

Organisation: K.L.S. Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, KarnatakaKeywords: ANN (Artificial Neural Network), SVM (Support Vector Machine), A Boosted Genetic Fuzzy Classifier (BGFC), Backpropagation (BP).

Research Paper

212. FPGA implementation of CORDIC algorithm

Trigonometric functions have the wide variety of applications in real life. Trigonometric-related calculations which are widely found in a broad range of applications can be performed by using CORDIC algorithm. Specially SIN and COSINE waves have been very useful in medical science, signal processing, geology, electronic communication, thermal analysis and many more. Real life application requires fast calculation capabilities as much as possible. CORDIC is Coordinate Rotation Digital Computing. Cordic algorithm’s used to find the sine and cosine angle in the integer form. The CORDIC algorithmic is an iterative computing algorithm capable of evaluating various elementary functions using a unified shift-and-add approach Used to calculate a wide variety of functions. It requires only addition, subtraction, bitshift and looks up the table. Where multipliers are not used. The algorithm is implemented here for an angle of 30 degrees and the Active-HDL results are shown along with sine and cosine values in the tabular form for different rotation angles. It can be used in digital synchronizers, graphics processors, scientific calculators, and so on. It offers the substantial saving of area complexity over the conventional Design. Designing of CORDIC Processor in Verilog to determine the sine and cosine The result has been shown in this paper that resolution of CORDIC algorithm is best for implementing many trigonometrical functions. Here a brief concept, design strategy, implementation of cordic architecture and summary of cordic synthesis results based on Xilinx FPGA. The system simulation is carried out using Xilinx ISE design suite 14.1. the system is implemented using Xilinx Spartan-6 XC6SLX45 FPGA with Verilog hardware description language.

Published by: Chaitra Y, Dr. H. S. SheshadriResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Cordic, Trignometric functions, Rotation, Angel.

Review Paper

213. A survey on design and implementation of out-of-band storage virtualization

Over the past several years, virtualization has evolved from a popular buzzword into a formidable strategic technology that many organizations have adopted and many others are strongly considering. This study paper revolves around the impact of virtualization at the various layers of storage stack. There is a rapid growth in the storage capacity, and hence the processing power in the respective enterprise’s storage appliances coupled with the requirements for high availability and it needs a Storage Area Network (SAN) architecture for providing the storage and performance elements here. The Storage Virtualization provides us with a combination and management of storage resources for Storage Area Network with multiple servers as well as the storage devices. The main aim for storage virtualization is its necessity to be inexpensive and not affect the performance. This paper focus as on how virtualization helps security, Memory Management, Power Management and Disaster Recovery.

Published by: Nikita Jain, Sana TakResearch Area: Storage Virtualization

Organisation: Kalinga University, Naya Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Storage, Performance, Virtualization, Network, Storage Virtualization, Storage Area Network (SAN), Network, Attached Storage (NAS), Server, Storage Device (Sub-System), Host, Virtual machine, Hypervisor.

Review Paper

214. Determination of suitability of bamboo reinforced resin composite shaft as a golf putter: A review

The review article contains the use of various journal papers for the project work. Various authors have done a lot of work in the field of the composite.Green Gold (i.e. Bamboo ) has given its usefulness for various applications. Bamboo fibers were selected as a reinforcement of a biodegradable composite due to their high strength and excellent thermal stability [1]. Epoxy and General Purpose resins are useful for binding those bamboo sticks in the proper manner. This review article gives an idea about the work of authors in a field of the composite, the biomechanics of game of golf, Experimental methods, Analysis work for the project work.

Published by: Akhilesh N. Smart, M. R. KhodakeResearch Area: Composite Materials

Organisation: Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Golf shaft, Epoxy resin, Golf putter.

Research Paper

215. Design of EEG based human-computer interface for real-time application

Humans have fantasized about the ability to communicate and interact with machines through thought alone or to create devices that can peer into person’s mind and thoughts. These ideas have captured the imagination of humankind in the form of ancient myths and modern science fiction stories. However, it is only recently that advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain imaging technologies have started to provide us with the ability to interface directly with the human brain. Primarily driven by growing societal recognition for the needs of people with physical disabilities, researchers have used these technologies to build brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), communication systems that do not depend on the Brain’s normal output pathways of peripheral nerves, muscles. In these systems, users explicitly manipulate their brain activity instead of using motor movements to produce signals that can be used to control computers or communication devices. The impact of this work is extremely high, especially to those who suffer from devastating neuromuscular injuries and neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which eventually strips individuals of voluntary muscular activity while leaving cognitive function intact.

Published by: Shweta Shashikant Gaikwad, Dr. A. N. PaithaneResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: JSPM’s Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Human, Thoughts, Brain computer interface (BCI), Imagination.

Research Paper

216. Analysis on effect of ball burnishing processes on aluminum 6061

In today’s time, the manufacturing of machines and other components with the highly finished surface are becoming more and more important. Drastic attention is being given on the quality of the surface. Surface finishing is mandatory characteristic of any produced machine. The operation, which can easily improve the surface roughness of machinery parts, is called as Burnishing operation and it is getting evolved day by day. It basically involves plastic deformation of the material. The parameters taken into consideration are burnishing speed, burnishing feed, burnishing force, ball material and number of passes. Mathematical models have been developed in terms of surface roughness and surface hardness for ball burnishing process.

Published by: Anvesh, Sagar Hegde, Pavana Kumara, Shreyas M ShettyResearch Area: Surface Roughness and Micro Hardness

Organisation: Shri Madhwa Vadiraja Institute of Technology and Management, Udupi, KarnatakaKeywords: Burnishing, Ball burnishing, Surface roughness, Surface hardness, F, N, S, f.

Research Paper

217. Evaluation of anticancer activity of cannabis sativa on b-16 cell line induce skin cancer model

Skin cancer most basic malignancy nowadays. Distinctive remedial methodology for the treatment of skin disease as of now being examined. Cannabinoids delta THC is a dynamic cannabinoid utilized as a part of the different tumor and furthermore, in various malady like Parkinson’s disorder, AIDS incite emesis. Cannabinoids have two subtypes of cannabinoids receptors CB1 & CB2 we examined the potential utility of these compound in skin tumor in mice by the B-16 cell line. Where both petroleum ether and ethanolic extract of cannabis Sativa give better reaction by treatment of tumor-bearing mice. This went with by an impedance of tumor vascularization, as controlled by adjusted vein morphology and diminished articulation of proangiogenic factors (VEGF, placental development factor, and angiopoietin 2). Repeal of EGF-R work was additionally seen in cannabinoid-treated tumors. These outcomes bolster another remedial approach for the treatment of skin tumors.

Published by: Chhaya Sharma, Dr. SS Agrawal, Shobha DubeyResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Sciences

Organisation: Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, Delhi Keywords: Skin cancer, Cannabinoids, Cannabis sativa.

Case Study

218. Comparative analysis of air pollution of Delhi and Raipur city

Air pollution is a challenging problem globally and the complete globe is facing the hazard caused by it. The level of air pollution of Raipur city is increasing day by day and it will soon reach the current scenario of Delhi. Our project deals with the collection of data of various components of air pollution year wise of Delhi and Raipur and analysis the rate of growth of pollution level in Raipur. This study highlights the identification of emission sources, action plan, control option to bring the healthy environment. The present study gives a description of air quality index for Raipur city. Major parameters considered for AQI computation are SPM, RSPM, NOX, and SOX.. play principal role governing AQI.AQI for Raipur is in very poor and unhealthy zone with high value. Raipur being the capital city runs the larger number of vehicles with higher population contributing higher environment loading and finally high AQI. The climatic conditions, industrial and mining activity and vehicular activity of the locality are mostly responsible for high AQI in Raipur.

Published by: Tanuja Toppo, Madhu Thakur, Prerita Pradhan, Diksha Mishra, Toshan Singh RathourResearch Area: Air Pollution

Organisation: Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Professional Management and Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Air quality index, Higher environment loading, Identification of high emission sources.

Case Study

219. Causes and impact of industrial dispute in coal industry with special reference to a premier organization Bharat coking coal limited

In the present era of liberalization, privatization and globalization ie LPG, the country needs a more specific industrial policy for the conducive growth of an industry. It is well-known fact that labour is meant and end both. So issues of labour problems should be addressed properly. keeping such view in mind, the basic objective of these paper is to find causes of industrial unrest in BCCL and its impact on production and productivity drive.

Published by: Mita MalkhandiResearch Area: Industry

Organisation: Shree Shree Lakshmi Narayan Trust Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Dhanbad, JharkhandKeywords: BCCL, CIL, VRS, NEIS, Industrial Relation.

Research Paper

220. THD assessment of cascade H-bridge multi-level inverter

The conventional inverters have the drawbacks of Harmonics as well as Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). The
assessment of THD and harmonics are studied in this paper by using MATLAB simulation. The cascaded H-bridge multi-level inverter configuration is used. The used configurations contain less number of switches and produce lesser harmonics in the output voltage. The harmonics and THD at the output of cascaded H-bridge inverter of different levels i.e. five-level, seven-level, nine-level, eleven-level and thirteen level are studied and compared. The cascaded H-bridge multi-level inverter topology quashes the THD and harmonics and they are very popular in power conversion systems for high power and power quality demanding applications.

Published by: Priyanka Bhandari, Dr. Sandeep NegiResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Faculty of Technology, Uttarakhand Technical University, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Cascade h –bridge multilevel inverter, D.C Voltage source, MOSFETs, Harmonics, THD.

Research Paper

221. Traffic sign detection from video using image processing

Since past decades, more people in India are demanding own vehicles. Population in India increases day by day and so transportation methods. Road accidents are increased especially on highways. Many peoples get injured and lost their life because they do not see the road sign boards and also not aware of the meaning of road sign boards. Proposed automatic road sign detection system enhances intelligent transportation system by providing information about road sign to the driver and keeps drivers view on road, which will minimize accidents on the road and saves the life of people. A proposed system identifies the road sign using image processing techniques. A system collects the video of road signs with the help of a camera which is mounted on moving vehicle. Image videos are converted into frames of the image at the rate of 25frames/sec. Image pre-processing techniques such as converting the RGB image to greyscale, resizing of the image are used. Images are enhanced using median filtering technique. To extract features of image speeded-up robust features (SURF) technology is used. The standard road sign images are stored in the database and for classification of features, linear support vector machine (SVM) is used. Results are tested on 10 videos of road signs and it shows that proposed method correctly detects normal, blur and partial view of road sign videos.

Published by: Ramesh K. Admane, Devendra PatleResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Sri Satya Sai University of Technology and Medical Sciences, Sehore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Traffic sign, Image processing, Classification, Support vector machine, Speeded-up robust features.

Research Paper

222. Design and implementation of smart black box system for gathering the safety information in vehicles

According to World Health Organization, over a million people die every year due to vehicle accidents. To respond to this situation, the black box concept is used as the first step to solve the problem. In order to overcome this problem, we are trying to implement the concept of “black box” in this paper. This paper describes real-time data collection while driving a vehicle and to check the driving behaviour and a car status, and this data is used to investigate the accident and to investigate the accident. New communication technologies are integrated into modern automobiles, giving the better assistance for the injured people in traffic accidents. Recent studies show how communication capabilities should be supported by artificial intelligence systems capable of automating many decisions to be taken from emergency services. This reduces the security risk for the severity and rescue time of the accident. The accident is indicated by the use of sensors and the location and intensity of the accident can be sent via SMS via GSM. A car black box is a tool used to record engine temperature, interruption, speed, vehicle driving, and information about the accurate location of the vehicle. The outputs of these parameters are displayed in LCD. The data recorder stores the values of all sensors communicated with the controller. Then this information is transmitted via a wireless network. This collected information will be sent to the police server, ambulance via the GSM network. The system considers the most appropriate variables (such as sensors) that represent the severity of the accident. The GPS tracking system in this mobile helps detect vehicle during the accident and enables authorities to expand immediate emergency medical service.

Published by: Dimple R, B S NandaResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Microcontroller, Android, LCD, Sensor.

Research Paper

223. To study the effect of pectoralis stretching vs self-stretching on protracted shoulder a comparative study

To study the effect of pectoralis stretching vs self stretching on protracted shoulder a comparative study Sample size: 50 patients (25 in each group),Study Design: Comparative Study, Study setting: A 500 bedded tertiary care teaching hospital with well equipped medical and surgical intensive care unit and musculoskeletal department, Sample and Sampling method: 50 patients were randomly selected and assigned in 2 groups, as Group 1(Control group), Group 2 (Study group) in equal numbers.

Published by: Dr. Parveen PathanResearch Area: Manual Therapy

Organisation: Shri. K. R.Pandav College of Physiotherapy, Bhandara, MaharashtraKeywords: Pectoralis stretching, Self-stretching exercise, Patients.

Review Paper

224. Consequences of indoor air quality on women health

Women are an integral part of the society and the most valuable gift of nature for a family. If she falls ill every one of the family is badly affected and the output of the family to the society gets at stake. Indoor pollutants could be significant public health risks. People in modern societies especially women spend most of their time in the indoor environment. In spite of the evidence of harm to human health, poor indoor environments are generally posed more risk to women health.
There are huge numbers of indoor atmospheric pollutants. Combustion sources, heating and cooling system, building materials, volatile organic compounds, noisy home appliances, moulds, and dampness etc. are main sources of indoor air pollution.
Identification of a source of physical, chemical, biological or radiative pollutants which have harmful health effects, and improvement of such harmful environmental conditions should be undertaken on priority for the sake of the health of women. Ensuring safe indoor air to our women will be a great contribution to the output of a family and thereby the output of society and nation directly or indirectly.

Published by: Nitin SrivastavaResearch Area: Environment

Organisation: Amity University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Women health, Indoor air pollution, Health effects.

Review Paper

225. Applying machine learning in video monitoring of cattle

Monitoring cattle behavior by using latest technologies such as GPS or Video camera is beneficial in understanding the behavioral patterns such as mating habits and early detection of diseases. The need for technologically assisted means becomes more important when a number of cattle become large. Commercial cow dairies, beef farms, sheep and goat farms etc normally have thousands of animals to be economically viable. Considering the volume of cattle and non-availability of sufficiently cheap trained labor to monitor the animals, often results into late detection of disease, which it might result into spreading of them in a larger cattle population, this might cause a large amount of cattle deaths or huge expenses on controlling the disease.  I suggest a system for cattle behavioral monitoring by using multiple video cameras in whole grazing area and in animal sheds, where farm animals can be continuously monitored. I also suggest a low-intensity laser pointing system coupled with a monitoring system to easily and quickly identify the animals requiring attention.

Published by: Rishi Pal SinghResearch Area: Machine Learning in Video Monitoring

Organisation: Multicode Software Solutions, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Machine learning, Video monitoring, Cattle behavior monitoring, Cattle disease monitoring.

Research Paper

226. Role of oral mucosal melanin-from birth to adulthood in primary preference. Antibacterial, antifungal and antibiofilm but not anti-inflammatory activity

Human tissues containing melanocytes secreting melanin pigments contributes a low-level protection of the skin and hair follicles against many factors, but in oral mucosa, the melanin levels and functions vary with a microbial environment which is an unknown mechanism and its role is still not fully understood, especially defense against the oral pathogens in the mucosa. This study addresses a possible role of melanin has a multifunctional activity to protect the gingiva during child to adult age by exploring, the mechanism of interaction with oral bacteria, fungus, biofilm-forming bacteria and inflammatory cox-2 proteins using in-silico analysis. Our results showed, human oral mucosa containing melanin act as a antagonist against DHPS containing E.coli and S.aureus (antibacterial), ScNMT in S.cerevisae (antifungal), quorum sensing P.aeruginosa containing LasA (antibiofilm property), except human COX-2 not showed an anti-inflammatory activity and the binding energies for melanin with DHPS of E.coli and S.aureus (-8.9 and -7.1 kcal/mol) respectively, melanin with ScNMT (-8.0 kcal/mol), P.aeruginosa (LasA) (-8.3 kcal/mol) and Cycloxygenase-2 with melanin (-10.3 kcal/mol). We explored the importance of oral mucosa containing melanin with broad-spectrum activity against oral pathogen with no anti-inflammatory activity based on the route of transmission, the oral pathogens select for their survival in the gingiva and tooth during the different stage ages of humans.

Published by: S. Venkatesh, Lokesh Ravi, Appadurai RajendranResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Melanin, E-coli, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Oral pathogen, Gingivitis, Biofilm formation, Inflammatory response, A cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme


227. Assess the emotional quotient among B.Sc. nursing second-year students in selected nursing college in Indore (M.P)

New concepts such as emotional intelligence have become more widely understood; more educators are realizing that cognitive ability is not the sole or critical determinant of young people’s aptitude to flourish in today’s society. Proficiency in emotional management, conflict resolution, communication and interpersonal skills is essential for children to develop inner self-security and become able to effectively deal with the pressure and obstacles that will inevitably arise in their lives. (1) Aims: To assess the Emotional Quotient among B.sc nursing second-year students in selected nursing college in Indore (M.P).

Published by: Anugrah David, Kavitha A. SResearch Area: Nursing Students

Organisation: Bombay Hospital College of Nursing, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Emotional quotient, B.Sc. nursing student, Emotional intelligence.

Review Paper

228. Analysis on effect of ball burnishing processes of EN24 Steel

In the quality assurance of machine components, the so-called finishing and super finishing processes have important roles. During recent years, the post-machining cold forming methods such as burnishing, shot peening and others have occupied a very important place in the industry. Burnishing, which is one of the effective methods used to improve the surface layer properties, is essentially a cold forming process in which the raised micro-irregularities on the surface layer are plastically moved and pressed into the microcavities. The process is carried out with a highly polished ball or roller type tool which is traversed by force over a rotating workpiece. Machines normally used for burnishing operation can be drill presses, lathes, boring machines, and automatic bar or chucking machines.
The process of burnishing can be done on parts which are turned, bored, reamed or ground. Any ductile or malleable material with hardness less than 40 HRC can be successfully burnished. Although diamond burnishing machines are available for finishing material harder than 40 HR. the burnishing process is used to improve the shape of components besides producing a good surface finish. Quite the opposite, the burnishing tool will not correct deviations from roundness or Straightness to any degree.
In this work, an attempt is made to compare the results of ball burnishing (in abrasive paste conditions). The parameters taken into consideration are burnishing speed, burnishing feed, burnishing force, ball material and number of passes. Mathematical models have been developed in terms of surface roughness and surface hardness for ball burnishing process.

Published by: Shreyas M Shetty, Sachin Suvarna, Anush B Tonse, Anvesh, Pavan KumarResearch Area: Surface Roughness and Micro Hardness

Organisation: Shri Madhwa Vadiraja Institute of Technology and Management, Udupi, KarnatakaKeywords: Burnishing, Ball burnishing, Surface roughness, Surface hardness, F, N, S, f.

Research Paper

229. Simulation and implementation of FPGA based image processing algorithm

Image preprocessing system is growing towards high speed, high-resolution, high integration, and high-reliability. Image processing systems are widely applied in military and commercial areas. Subsequently, In the military fields the detection of objects based on image processing technology has become a major research topic its interference immunity and noncontact and concealment objects detection New technology has been enhanced in the world due to the increase in new image processing technology. In the commercial sector, it is widely used in machine vision and industrial detection systems. In general, there are 3 types of image processing systems to implement digital image processing algorithms and each system’s main chips are ASIC (Application specific integrated circuit), DSP (Digital Signal Process Chip) and FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array. In this article, we have designed an FPGA-based image processing system. This system can digitize the data stream from the camera and then digitize it, converting digital signals to analog signals. In recent years, microelectronic technology and large scale integrated circuit manufacturing technology development, specifically FPGA, provide new ideas and methods to improve the performance of the image processing system hence it has more advantages compared to ASIC and it has a great demand in the market. Due to large-amount data and fast-processing speed-required for low-level speed image preprocessing, FPGA based image processing system is well-used in image preprocessing. Results show that FPGA-based image processing is suitable for image preprocessing. System simulation is performed using Xilinx ISE design Suite 14.1. The system is implemented using the Xilinx Spartan-6 XC6SLX45 FPGA with Verilog Hardware Description Language.

Published by: Sweetlin Prathiba S, Dr. H. S. SheshadriResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: Xilinx, FPGA, Image preprocessing.

Research Paper

230. SDR-based portable satellite tracking device

SDR (Software Defined Radio) Based Portable Satellite Tracking Device(PSTD). It is a research-based project based on satellite tracking and thereby creating a network of satellite ground stations which is purely focused on observing and tracking of satellite signals. The deployed ground stations can either create a global network and can automatically schedule and accomplish a target satellite. The obtained data is hosted on a web server. When completed it becomes India’s first active SDR Based Portable Satellite Tracking Device which provide the data to SATNOG community. The SDR Based Portable Satellite Tracking Device client area (which has a raspberry pi or Linux pc) and signal reception region which consist of commercial rotator or satellite DIY rotator which is used for controlling antennae rotation. The signal reception region consists of SDR region and signal amplification unit. The antennae may be stationary/omnidirectional and directional. The main advantages are it focuses on receiving LEO satellite signals, US’s NOAA, the hardware, and software are open sources, SDR enabled RF front end for maximum flexibility, data from the deploying ground station are uploaded on cloud for easy access, web support for observation scheduling on ground station with LOS with the target.

Published by: Harikrishnan KV, Jeffin Joseph Cherian, Bibin Babu, Binoj BEResearch Area: Satellite Communication

Organisation: Mar Baselios College of Engineering and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, KeralaKeywords: SDR, SDR console, Satellite Tracking, Base station, Satellite Tracking Base Station, Tracking Device, Ground Station.

Research Paper

231. Design, development and experimental studies of downdraft gasifier

Fossil fuels are the major source of energy but the quantities of these are limited and use of these causes greenhouse effect by net addition of CO2 to earth atmosphere and also there is an issue of scarcity of fossil fuels (i.e. Petrol, LPG, and CNG) in the world. Especially in developing country like India, fossil fuel price is also very high. So, current objective is to find a substitute for a fossil fuel. Before the existence of fossil fuel, biomass was the only source of energy which was understood by mankind and utilized as a fuel. Gasification of biomass allows overcoming these issues. Energy extraction from biomass with considering environmental aspect is a challenge. Gasification is thermochemical process which converts biomass into synthesis gas (“syngas”). Syngas mainly comprises of Hydrogen (H2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO), which has the capability to further burnout and releases energy. Syngas can be used for power production, heating application, and liquid fuel production. There are several reactors available for gasification process; present study is focused on downdraft gasifier reactors. It is focused on the production of syngas and effect of various parameters like equivalence ratio, the moisture content of biomass wood used on a composition of syngas. Therefore, the intention is to produce a substitute gaseous fuel syngas from biomass by using fixed bed downdraft gasifier.

Published by: Sinhal Samirkumar Narendrabhai, Mohammad Husain Shaikh, Patel SachinResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Chhotubhai Gopalbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Surat, GujaratKeywords: Downdraft gasifier, Biomass pallets, Gasification, Substitute of fossil fuel, Syngas.

Case Study

232. Real time communication between mobile and web browser

WebRTC technology that offers high eminence RTC applications being established for web and mobile platforms and permit them to interconnect via API’s and similarly with the set of practices. WebRTC deliberations to be focused between at least two endpoints by means of program based versatile/work area applications or gadget local portable applications. This paper explains about enabling online shoppers to have live audio/video chats through mobile with the vendors so that they can look at the product and clarity the uncertainties on spot, as though they are feeling outdoor shopping, the paper also proves such competence by leveraging evolving expertise like WebRTC and WSC.

Published by: Roopika S, Naveen NagannaResearch Area: Computer Networking

Organisation: B. M. S. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: WebRTC, WebRTC session controller, SRTP signaling, Mobile SDK, SIP

Research Paper

233. Comparative study of renewable energy based stills and electric heater coupled stills for water purification

Water scarcity is the major problem that calls for the development and economy of the country. One of the best and most inexpensive methods to solve those problems were by solar distillation method. The productivity of the still depends upon many parameters. Expect water temperature other parameters cannot be altered. In this work sensible heat storage material; latent heat storage material was used along with biomass boiler and electric heaters to increase the water temperature in the still. An external glass cooling method was used to reduce the losses and increases the condensation rate in the still. Naturally available biomass such as wood was tried in this work as biomass fuel. Experiments are carried out by coupling various still designs such as the pyramid, multi-basin and single basin design with the biomass boiler and elecrtic heater. The single basin still was operated in the solar mode for comparison. Payback periods are calculated for various stills, the payback periods for biomass augmented stills are low when compared to solar stills and stills coupled with the heater. The multi-basin still with electric heater produces more yield than other shapes of design. The percentage of productivity for single basin still was 59% more than single basin solar still,66% more than pyramid still and 72% more in multi-basin still.

Published by: A. Senthilrajan, K. RajaResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: Mohamed Sathak Polytechnic College, Kilakarai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Single Basin, Multi-Basin, Pyramid Still, Biomass Boiler, Electric Heater, External Cooling, Solar.

Research Paper

234. To study the effect of quadriceps strengthening versus hamstring strengthening in patients with osteoarthritis of knee

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease affecting major joints of the body especially weight-bearing joints for example knee, one-third of adults and presenting a tendency to increase with age. OA knee can be associated with symptoms of pain, instability, reduction of the range of motion (ROM) and consequently, deterioration in the quality of life and function. This functional limitation results in an increase in the risk of an increase in disability which leads to impairment of day-to-day ability.

Published by: Dr. Parveen Pathan, Dr. Subrat Samal, Dr. Snehal SamalResearch Area: Manual Therapy

Organisation: Shri. K. R. Pandav College of Physiotherapy Bhilewad, Bhandara, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Osteoarthritis (OA) knee, Hamstring exercise, Patients

Research Paper

235. Passive strecting and functional electrical stimulation combined with cryotherapy is effective in spastic hand in hemiplegic patients: A comparative study

To determine the effects of passive stretching and electrical stimulation with cryotherapy on spastic hand in hemiplegic patients.. Sample size:  40 patients (20 in each group),Study Design:  Interventional Study, Study setting: A 100 bedded tertiary care teaching hospital with well-equipped medical and surgical intensive care unit and musculoskeletal department, Sample and Sampling method:  40  patients were  randomly selected  and  assigned in 2 groups,  as Group 1(control group), Group 2 (Interventional group)  in equal numbers Exclusion Criteria. Patients having dermatological problem, patients who have received butox or steroids, patients having seizures, severe depression, injuries to arms and hands. Inclusion Criteria: Patient diagnosed with spastic hemiplegia, patients having wrist flexors spasticity grade 3 according modified Asworth Scale,age 35-65 years both gender, patients who are interested to participate, stroke episode less than 4 months. Result: Mann Whitney U Test was used to analyze the pre and post treatment values of modified as worth scale and hand wrist functional scale between groups. Conclusion: The study shows that electrical Functional stimulation combined with crotherapy is more effective as compared to cryotherapy and passive strecthing

Published by: Dr. Parveen Pathan, Dr. Subrat Samal, Dr. Snehal SamalResearch Area: Neuro Rehabilitation

Organisation: Shri. K.R.Pandav College of Physiotherapy, Bhilewad, Bhandara, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: MAS(Modified Asworth Scale, Functional electrical stimulation (FUES), Motor assessment scale (MAS).

Research Paper

236. To study effect of Maitland mobilization and conventional treatment on management of tennis elbow

Lateral epicondylitis is one of the commonest musculoskeletal conditions. The etiology of lateral epicondylitis is poorly understood. In spite of long duration for treatment protocol recurrence rate is common. Objective: The present study was undertaken to compare the effect of Maitland mobilization and conservative treatment in lateral epicondylitis. Method: 60 subjects diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis were included in the study. Functional status of patient was evaluated using upper extremity functional index scale. The data was collected by questionnaire form and was analyzed using SPSS 14.0 and graph pad 6.7 version. Correlation of pain and hand grip was done using Pearson correlation coefficient. Result: 80% of cases were in the age group between 30-40 years and 20% were more than 40 years. 33.33% was males and 66.66% females. The mean pain on was in group A was 3.43 and in group B it was 4.2 by the end of 9 th week. Mean pain free grip strength improved in group A 19.96 as compared to group B 16.36 by end of 9th week. Mean upper extremity functional index showed significant improvement in group A as compared to group B. In occupation wise distribution 33.33% subjects were housewives, 20% were clerks. In hand dominance 91.66% were right-handed and 8.33% were left handed. Conclusion: From the present study it is concluded that Maitland mobilization combined with conservative treatment is effective in management of lateral epicondylitis as compared to only conservative treatment.

Published by: Dr. Parveen Pathan, Dr. Subrat Samal, Dr. Snehal SamalResearch Area: Manual Therapy

Organisation: Shri. K. R. Pandav College of Physiotherapy Bhilewad, Bhandara, Nagpur, Maharashtra Keywords: Maitland mobilization, Conservative, Lateral, Epicondylitis.

Research Paper

237. Fraud action and countermeasures in cloud

Cloud offers a very efficient computing platform that makes their customers work better in different levels of tasks. Cloud offers the variety of services such as software, application, infrastructure, and storage. In the last few years, the number of people using these services has increased more and lots of information has been stored in the cloud. At the same time, many attacks related to the cloud has also increased due to attackers trying to exploit the security vulnerabilities. Managing the cloud without any attacks is one of the important aspects and knowing the countermeasure to handle each attack is necessary to everyone who is utilizing the cloud service.

Published by: Kishore Shreyas SResearch Area: Cloud Security

Organisation: B. M. S. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Cloud, Attackers, Threat, Vulnerability.

Research Paper

238. Mechanical characterization of Al-Fe composite

Aluminum MMCs are preferred to other conventional materials in the fields of aerospace, automotive and marine applications owing to their improved properties like high strength to weight ratio, good wear resistance etc. In the present work, an attempt has been made to synthesize metal matrix composite using Al6061 as matrix material reinforced with ceramic Fe3O4 particulates using liquid metallurgy route in particular stir casting technique. Aluminum matrix composites reinforced with Iron oxide particles gives superior mechanical properties. And are used in several demanding fields like automobile, aerospace, defense, sports, electronics, biomedical and other industrial purposes. Various manufacturing processes e.g. stir casting, ultra-sonic assisted casting, compo-casting, powder metallurgy, liquid infiltration are being utilized for the production of the aluminum matrix composites. These composite materials possess improved physical and mechanical properties.

Published by: Sathyajith, Rithesh, Vishwas Shetty, Wasim Akram, V Vijendra BhatResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Shri Madhwa Vadiraja Institute of Technology and Management, Udupi, KarnatakaKeywords: MMC, Stir casting, Al 6061, Fe3O4.

Review Paper

239. Study of different microstrip patch antenna and their feeding schemes

Today’s in a modern communication system the most widely used antenna is the microstrip patch antenna which is used due to its advantages like the small size, low- cost and less weight. The patch antenna can be excited by different feeding techniques such as contacting and nom- contacting. In contacting scheme, the signal is fed directly to the patch whereas in non –contacting method signal is fed by using electromagnetic field coupling. In this review paper a survey has been conducted on different types of microstrip antenna namely Patch antenna, Dipole antenna, Printed slot antenna, traveling wave antenna and feeding techniques used in Microstrip Patch Antenna (MPA). Antennas like the single band, dual band, multiband and wideband have been studied along with their parameters like gain, return loss, radiation pattern and their bandwidth.

Published by: Gaganpreet Singh, Mukta SharmaResearch Area: Patch Antenna

Organisation: Guru Gobind Singh College of Modern Technology, Mohali, PunjabKeywords: Fractal geometry, Multiband antenna, Bandwidth enhancement, Edge tapering, HFSS and Microstrip patch antenna.

Research Paper

240. Maternal parenting quality: It’s effect on infant mental health

Early years of life are highly influenced by the quality of relationships with parents, which have a lasting impression on future mental health. The parenting quality of infants those who were ‘normal/ at low risk’ and those who were ‘at risk’ and its effect on the mental health of infants was studied on a sample of 97 mother-infant dyads from rural and urban Dharwad, Karnataka, India. The parent-child interactions during play (with available play materials) were videotaped for 12-15 minutes duration at their home. The parenting quality was assessed using Keys to Interactive Parenting Scale by Comfort and Gordon (2006) which measures three constructs of parenting viz. building relationships, promoting learning and supporting confidence. The mental health of infants was measured using Ages and Stages Questionnaire-Socio-emotional by Squires et.al (2002) and the socioeconomic status (SES) was measured using SES Scale developed by Agarwal et.al (2005). The results revealed that the mothers of infants at ‘low risk’ were high on parenting quality. Child characteristics such as age and ordinal position, maternal characteristics such as age, education, occupation and age at marriage significantly predicted the infant mental health (37%). The maternal parenting quality alone predicted infant mental health (5%) which was in-turn correlated to maternal age, education, occupation, and SES. Hence there is a great need to provide intervention to mothers of infants who are ‘at risk’ and also to those mothers who are low on parenting quality so that the future generation blooms without any stressors that can damage the infant mental health.

Published by: Pavitra Bhat, Dr. Pushpa KhadiResearch Area: Human Development and Family Studies

Organisation: College of Community Science, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, KarnatakaKeywords: Infant mental health, Maternal parenting quality, Child characteristics.

Research Paper

241. Highly accurate DAS for detecting speed limit signs

Driver Assistance Systems (DAS) are the systems to help the driver in the driving process. This work checks the road in front of a vehicle and detects speed limit sign. Highly reliable and accurate classification is done through three main phases named acquisition, detection, and recognition. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technique is used in this algorithm to recognize traffic sign templates. This proposed system results in more accuracy over existing DAS. The capacities and vigor of the proposed system are tried against various situations.

Published by: Gifty Saju, Anna Prethibha ShobakResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Mangalam College of Engineering, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: Driver’s assistance system, Automotive machines, Traffic sign detection, Optical character recognition.

Research Paper

242. An hybrid of PET and NIRS of non-invasive technique with clustering for detecting brain tumor

Segmentation is the process of partitioning the digital image into many segments which depends on pixels. It helps to identify objects or an irrelevant object in a particular area. The segmentation was based on color, texture and threshold methods. The main focus of this work is not only identifying the defected area in the brain but also analyzing the approximate location. So the clustering method is applied for grouping the similar objects. The non-invasive technique is a safe imaging technique uses today in research facilities and hospitals throughout the world. The comparing of non-invasive techniques like Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan and the hybrid of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) and Electro-Encephalography (EEG) brain interfaces gives the best result to find the approximate location of the detected area in the brain with accuracy and stability.

Published by: Eniya Priya Darsini KResearch Area: Clustering

Organisation: Shri Sakthikailassh Women’s College, Salem, Tamil NaduKeywords: Clustering, Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS), Electro-Encephalography (EEG).

Research Paper

243. Lung cancer detection system by fusion of CT and MRI images

Lung cancer is one of the common types of cancer in the world. It is hard to detect cancer and the affected level at an early stage. CT and MRI help us to detect this type of cancers at an early stage. Fusion of a CT and MRI images can be done for obtaining best results. However, in previous works, this method of diagnosis has not been carried out. In this proposed work combining of CT and MRI images can be done and the level of cancer in the lungs can be identified. Image fusion is used to identify the common features between the two images this can be used to improve the quality of the images for easy identification.

Published by: Gokulapriya V, M. MarikkannanResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Institute of Road and Transport Technology, Erode, Tamil NaduKeywords: CT, MRI, FUSION.

Research Paper

244. Statistical approach to study the lithostratigraphic sequence in the Proterozoic Kolhans

Lithofacies succession in the Proterozoic Kolhan Group has been studied statistically using modified Cross-Association Analysis, Markov chain model, and Entropy function. The lithofacies analysis based on the field descriptions and their vertical packaging has been done for assessing the sediment depositional framework and the environment of deposition. Six lithofacies arranged, in two genetic sequences, have been recognized within the succession. The result of Markov chain and cross-association analysis indicates that the deposition of the lithofacies is in the Markovian and non-cyclic process and represents asymmetric fining- upward. The chi-square test has been done to test for randomness in hypotheses for lithofacies transition at the confidence level of 95%. The entropy analysis has been done to evaluate the randomness of occurrence of lithofacies in a succession. Two types of entropies are related to every state; one is relevant to the Markov matrix expressing the upward transitions (entropy after deposition), and the other, relevant to the matrix expressing the downward transitions (entropy before deposition). The total energy regime calculated from the entropy analysis showing maximum randomness, suggests that changing pattern in the deposition has been a result of rapid to the steady flow. This results from a change in the depositional pattern from deltaic to lacustrine deposit and sediment bypassing that finally generated non-cyclicity in the sequence.

Published by: Rohini DasResearch Area: Sedimentology

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West BengalKeywords: Cyclicity, Asymmetricity, Fan-delta, Braided-ephemeral.

Research Paper

245. Battery-ultracapacitor hybrid system for electric vehicles using new bidirectional quadratic DC-DC converter

Hybrid energy storage system is used with the objective of taking advantage of the best characteristics of each device, creating a system that is superior, than any of the devices used alone. Due to operational requirements of distributed generation systems, energy storage devices like batteries and super-capacitors, need bidirectional DC-DC converters to allow charge or discharge according to with the necessary conditions. A new battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage system is proposed for electric vehicles. The main objectives of using ultra-capacitors in alongside batteries are: improving performance, increase the system efficiency and extend the battery life. In many applications, conventional bidirectional converters are inadequate since the specified range of input voltages and the specified range of output voltages call for an extremely large range of conversion ratios. A new bidirectional quadratic converter with high voltage gain in both step-down and step-up operation modes is used along with the ultra-capacitor. This converter is also characterized by a simple control technique since it is only necessary to control one power semiconductor for each mode. The additional power semiconductors remain always on or always off. In this project, an Ultra Capacitor is integrated with the battery in an Electric Vehicle using the new bidirectional quadratic buck-boost converter to improve the dynamic performance of the vehicle system and enhancing the battery life. The system model and the implemented control strategy has been simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The hardware of the proposed system is made. The control strategy is implemented using TMS320F28027.

Published by: Jithin K Mathews, Sija Gopinathan, Sera MathewResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, KeralaKeywords: Ultra-capacitor(UC), Energy storage systems (ESS), Electric vehicles.

Research Paper

246. Fuzzy logic based three-level boost converter with Quasi-Z source

For conventional boost converters, switching stress will be more at high gain, in order to alleviate this problem three level boost converters are used. The mismatched voltage levels between the dynamic lower voltage and the required constant higher voltage of the DC link bus of the inverter can be solved using flying-capacitor based three-level boost converter with a quasi-Z source (TLBqZ). The operating principle of wide range voltage-gain for this topology is according to the effective switching states of the converter and the multi-loop energy communication characteristic of the quasi-Z source. The dynamic self-balance principle of the flying capacitor voltage is utilized. An analysis is done on the performance of the converter with PI and fuzzy controller. The fuzzy logic controller is used for switching pulse generation in the converter, as it is more advantageous over PI controller. An H-bridge inverter is fed from the converter that connects to the AC loads. The simulation of the circuit is performed in MATLABR2014a and waveforms are analyzed. An experimental prototype of the converter is implemented using dsPIC30F2010 microcontroller and results are verified.

Published by: Anju Ramesh T, Dr. Siny Paul, Neema SResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, KeralaKeywords: Fuzzy logic, Quasi-Z source, Three level boost.

Research Paper

247. Soft switching bidirectional DC-DC converter for energy storage systems

Bidirectional DC-DC converters are one of the most important parts of energy storage systems such as in plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the fuel-cell vehicle, renewable energy system, and uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Energy storage systems are used for storing energy and use it during fluctuations or supply outage. To improve its efficiency a soft-switching bidirectional DC-DC converter using a lossless active snubber is used. In this converter, Zero Voltage Switching (ZVS) of the main switches and Zero Current Switching (ZCS) of the auxiliary switches are always achieved by utilizing an active snubber which consists of auxiliary switches, diodes, an inductor, and a capacitor. In addition, by utilizing this active snubber, there is no reverse recovery problem induced by the poor dynamic performance of the MOSFETs body diode. Moreover, by adjusting according to loads, it is possible to achieve optimized overall efficiency throughout the whole loading range. This system is analyzed by the simulation in MATLAB/SIMULINK 2017. Hardware is implemented using dsPIC30f2010 microcontroller for 20W and 20 kHz and results are verified.

Published by: Sreelakshmi K S, Ninu Joy, Deena MathewResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, KeralaKeywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, Uninterruptible power supply, Soft-switching, Snubber, Zero voltage switching, Zero current switching

Research Paper

248. Fuzzy controller based boost PFC converter for EV application

The scarcity of fossil fuel and the increased pollution leads to the use of Electric Vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) instead of conventional Internal Combustion (IC) engine vehicles. In EVs and HEVs, a battery is used as the main power source, so that battery charger is treated as the core technology. Battery charger based on a unidirectional non-isolated boost power factor correction (PFC) converter for electric vehicles (EV) is introduced here. This non-isolated high gain boost PFC converter automatically balances the output voltages for an unbalanced load without the need for any additional control strategy or auxiliary circuit. For EV charging application one of the important factors is that the battery chargers should consume sinusoidal current with controlled power factor for contributing to the power quality in the future Smart Grids and high voltage gain for charging the battery. This converter can improve the power quality and can control the output voltage according to the demand of the battery. Due to these advantages, it can be used for electric vehicle charging application. Fuzzy control has been used for switching pulse generation in the converter. The topology has been simulated in MATLAB2014a and the various waveforms were analyzed. The control circuit was implemented using dsPIC30F2010. An experimental prototype of the converter was set up and the results were verified.

Published by: Sajilamol S, Elizabeth Paul, Mohitha ThomasResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam, KeralaKeywords: Electric vehicle (EV), Power factor correction (PFC), Total harmonic distortion (THD).

Research Paper

249. A parametric study of blended cement

Development of infrastructure play vital role in the economic development of any country. Our country is unable to complete the targeted length of roads as the cost of construction is increasing at an alarming rate due to increasing cost of construction materials. Partial or full replacement of conventional materials by suitable waste materials results in reduced construction costs and also helps in safe disposal of waste. Researchers have performed studies on utilizing waste materials such as Crusher Dust. Zink slag, Copper slag, scraps tires, etc.In pavement construction. In this investigation fly ash was used, because it is available in large quantities in the country as a waste product The use of fly ash as a replacement of sand and cement is an economical solution for making green and denser concrete. The study of the mechanical properties of concrete with 30 percent replacement of sand with (bottom ash), partial replacement of cement by…… and use of superplasticizer is presented in this thesis. The effect of blending fly ash content (15% to 45%) and replacing equal amount of cement for paving concrete was studied. Various mixes were developed for paving concrete, which aimed to meet the required specification provided by the (MORTH) . To address the strength and toughness, both closed-loop compression and flexure tests were conducted. The results were compared with the control concrete specimens prepared using the current mix design procedures of the IS : 10262. Test results indicated that up to 25% cement could be replaced by blending coal fly ash, resulting in high strength. The strength of concrete with 25% fly ash was higher than both the control concrete and the concrete containing 15% fly ash. At 25% cement replacement, the strength of M40 grade concrete exceeded 52 MPa in the lab with higher slump. The strength of concrete increased due to better particle packing by the inclusion of fly ash as a partial replacement of sand and cement as compared to control concrete. Also since workability is increased. There is further scope of reduction of water, which will further reduce the required quantity of cement. The results also indicated 13% higher flexural strength by the inclusion of as a partial replacement of sand, as compared to control concrete. The proposed mix design can save up to 103kg. Of cement per cum when compared to the conventional mix design, and resulted in fly ash utilization, to the tune of 298Kg per cum of concrete.

Published by: Beohar C. J. P, Sherin FelixResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Fly ash, Consistency, Workability, Compressive strength, Flexural strength, Modulus of elasticity.

Research Paper

250. Design analysis of slide force testing machine

This master of engineering project was carried out at a GLOBAL AUTOMATION, which manufactures special purpose machine and material handling equipment. The force carrying capacity of brake caliper can be measured by using the slide force testing machine. The design of the slide force testing machine is developed by using solid edge software and by using thumb rule. The aim of this project is to analyze the design of slide force testing machine in order to optimize the design in such a way that it should be utilized by this company in future. The project focuses on choosing the optimize design of the slide force testing machine. The final aim was to create a modified design to achieve high-quality production with lesser cost, which enhances both the efficiency and productivity. With the help of ansys software, it is possible to analyze the design of the slide force testing machine.

Published by: Vishakha Jaypalsinh Chavhan, S. P. TrikalResearch Area: Design Analysis

Organisation: Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Slide force testing machine, Solid edge software, Thumb rule, Ansys software.

Review Paper

251. Breast cancer detection using microstrip patch antenna

Breast cancer is an invasive disease in women which needs early detection. Different approaches have been done to detect cancer using different types of the antenna-like circular patch antenna, microstrip antenna, t-shaped slotted antenna and slotted rectangular antenna. There are even many techniques for the detection of breast cancer like mammography, microwave imaging which have limitations. The microwave imaging is safer method when compared to X-Ray. In this review paper, a circular microstrip patch antenna using FR-4 substrate, microstrip slot antenna, rectangular microstrip patch antenna, hemispherical antenna array, Pentagonal patch antenna array which resonates at different frequencies are used to detect the breast cancer.

Published by: K Vidyasree, Manisha M, Nagaveni T S, Nandini B M, H Vinod KumarResearch Area: Antenna

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Breast cancer, Detection, Patch antenna.

Research Paper

252. MFCC feature extraction for speech recognition with hybrid application

To analyze and detect human voice in different applications such as military area, medical field, and telecommunication for assigning tasks according to it. In this Human voice recognized using MFCC features with a network in such a way that it recognizes only specific person speech commands with exit the program for another one. This paper represents with a wide range of feature extraction algorithm available, MFCC is the is a leading approach for speech feature extraction and our current research aims to apply it on real-time hybrid based applications i.e. home automation and robotic application. The ANN has been trained for commands LIGHTS ON, LIGHTS OFF, FAN ON and FAN OFF for home automation as well as LEFT, RIGHT, FORWARD, BACK, STOP for our robotics application. Thingspeak IOT cloud has been used as the server to send/receive commands between two clients, the PC/laptop from where the speech command is sent and the Raspberry Pi where the command will be used to control the robot and relays for home automation. The best part of the proposed system is that controlling the devices is independent of the location of the speaker. The result shows the proposed method has achieved an accuracy of 96.64% for robotic application and 94.63% for home automation speech commands.

Published by: Megha Ganeshrao Kadam, Sakshi A. PaithaneResearch Area: Speech Processing

Organisation: Rajarshi Shahu College of Engineering, Pimpri-Chinchwad, MaharashtraKeywords: Raspberry Pi 3, Thingspeak cloud server, DC motor driver, Artificial neural network, MFCC, Speech recognition.

Survey Report

253. Women safety system using Arduino UNO and integrated safety app

It is an accepted fact that brutal crimes against women are occurring in India daily. Now many Indians do not deny or shy away from conversations relating to eve-teasing, sexual assaults or rape. Even the common man’s conversation on the streets often steers towards the escalated and horrendous attacks on women. The device called as “Virtual Friend” is specially designed for the women in trouble. It is a device used for the women in a chaotic situation. The basic approach is to use the Arduino Uno microcontroller based on ATmega328P has the function of send and receive data which is provided by Arduino GSM shield using GSM network. Arduino Uno gets the coordinates of the current location; it transfers the coordinate details to the user’s smartphone via Arduino GSM shield. The SOS light is a signal used to alert the passerby and it gives the sign of universal help to the victim who is in distress. The alarm buzzer is activated if the woman is in danger situation. In the critical situation, the women send the message or make a call including the location of the particular incident to the registered contacts through the use of GSM and GPS.

Published by: R AnithaResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Valliammai Engineering College, Kanchipuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Arduino Uno ATmega328P, Arduino GSM shield, GPS, SOS light, Safety app.

Research Paper

254. AHB design and verification AMBA 2.0 using System Verilog

Bus protocol is important in the field of Intellectual Property (IP) reuse by standardizing the interface of the hardware component as they help in simplifying the task. The Bridge between Advance High Performance (AHB) master and AHB slave also play an important role in communication. Advance Microcontroller bus architecture (AMBA) is the solution for the block to interconnect with each other AMBA protocol family is used to replace complex bridges with the specific protocol block interface in SoC design. The new verification constructs can be easily reused for the objected-oriented feature of System Verilog. The paper also introduced how to design the AMBA (advanced microprocessors bus architecture) verification IP (intellectual property) by System Verilog, which include AHB (advanced high-performance bus) master and AHB monitor. The verification IP can be reused to verify any AMBA protocol based SoC. To reduce the time spending in the verification, a reference model designing method is also discussed in the paper. The approach is to design the core that contains the processing hardware and the minimal interface is adapted by specific protocol by using a wrapper. It is suitable for low latency and high bandwidth design and provides the flexibility in implementation of interconnect architecture, also provides high frequency of operation without using complex bridge Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) is the on chip communication standard generally used for designing high performance embedded controller and the IP for verification can be reused to verify other AMBA protocol based System on chip (SoC). The tools used for this project is Modelsim.

Published by: Divya M, Dr. K. A. Radhakrishna RaoResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: P. E. S. College of Engineering, Mandya, KarnatakaKeywords: System Verilog, AHBA (Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture), AHB (Advance high-performance bus), Verification environment.

Research Paper

255. Smart parking system using IoT

These day’s usage of personal vehicles is increasing to commutate than depend on public transportation. Due to increasing personal vehicles, it’s a big task to find a parking space in most of the cities. To overcome this problem we are introducing the new concept of smart parking system using IoT. The main objective of this project is to find free slots in any parking area. It allows us to register a free slot with user details and then the unique id is generated for that particular slot. When the vehicle enters the parking slot it asks for the ID which was generated while booking, if the ID is valid then only it allows the entry into the parking slot. If ID is not valid it does not allow.

Published by: Roja T V, Sandhya N, Ashwini, Harshitha Bedre, Dr. Prabha RResearch Area: Vehicle Parking In Cities

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: IoT, Smart parking, COT, and Cloud computing.

Research Paper

256. Design of net zero energy residential building

The main objective of this paper is the whole design of a Net Zero Energy Residential Building. It is much difficult to understand the overall concept of a net zero energy building. As all, we know that the building has a significant impact on the energy use and the environment which in turn effect on the development of the present era. The proposed site for the Net zero residential building is in Lakkidi near Palakkad, Kerala. A complete design has done for the proposed NZERB using Indian standard codes. We have selected the site for the proposed building and various climatological surveys were conducted. Structural and functional design of the (G+1) residential building is completed and detailed estimates of conventional building and zero energy building has been prepared and conducted the comparative study.

Published by: Sruthi J, Gokuldeepan PResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: EASA College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: NZERB, Indian standard codes, Design.

Review Paper

257. The study of characteristic behaviour of quarry and furnace waste lightweight bricks: A review paper

Quarry Dust and the crushed brick as alternative aggregates for concrete production for low-cost housing since it is clear that the rising cost of concrete materials coupled with environmental degradation has impaired the construction industry. The following tests were carried out to determine the physical properties of these materials; density tests, silt content, water absorption, sieve analysis, specific gravity, flakiness index and aggregate crushing value. The research was conducted by testing concrete cylinder and cubes specimens at ages of 7, 14 and 28days concrete with concrete mix ratios 1:1.5:3 with a target strength of 25N/mm2 and 1:2:4 with a target strength of 20N/mm2. Samples of concrete specimens were made using varying contents of quarry dust and laterite as fine aggregate. India is a developing contrary due to there is a huge need of infrastructure that is why construction is very important. In the construction the main material his problem we are making brick using Furnace Waste. This brick is stronger economical and effective than the clay brick. This process also helps in converting industrial waste material into quality building material. In this study, the fine and coarse aggregates were completely replaced by Furnace Waste aggregates in Furnace Waste concrete. 1) A mix design was done for M20 grade of concrete by IS method. Ordinary Portland cement of 43 grade was 2) selected and Furnace Waste aggregates were prepared by mixing Furnace Waste with cement and water. The properties of Furnace Waste In the present study we are making three types of Furnace Waste bricks in the different percentage of cement such as 3%, 5% and without cement. And after making these bricks various tests were performed such as compressive strength test, water absorption test, efflorescence, weight test, structural test and cost analysis and these results were compared with conventional bricks results.

Published by: Sandeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Quarry dust, Brick, Furnace waste.

Research Paper

258. Use of calcium chloride for soil stabilization and dust suppression of unpaved roads

In this study, Index properties of the soil sample, taken from campus, were determined to comment on the nature of the soil, and then its strength is determined in terms of CBR value. The strength of this soil sample was compared with that of soil samples prepared with adding 2% and 4% of CaCl2 in the form of the flake. From the results of the study, samples of soil with 0 to 4% calcium chloride have reached optimum strength. Findings showed that soil containing Calcium chloride 0 to 4% showed the highest amount of strength of soil.

Published by: Anil Chhangani, Vijay Kumar Meshram, Nirbhay DangiResearch Area: Soil Stabilisation

Organisation: Laxmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: California Bearing Ratio, Optimum Moisture Content, Maximum Dry Density, Calcium Chloride.

Research Paper

259. Network performance with DDOS attack using IAFV for botnet identification

One of the most dangerous attacks is Denial-of-Service (DoS). It’s a kind of volumetric attack. Proposed a framework to evaluate the network’s performance under this attack with various network parameters. Among all the network attacks, the Distributed Denial of service (DDoS) attack is easier to carry out, more harmful, hard to be traced and difficult to prevent. So, this threat is more serious. The DDoS attack makes use of many different sources to send a lot of useless packets to the target in a short time, which will consume the target’s resource and make the target’s service unavailable. The bots may be either themselves malicious users that have been preliminarily infected (e.g., worms and /or Trojans). In order to quantify the botnet learning ability in this work, Emulation Dictionary Rate (EDR) is introduced. Implemented a novel detecting algorithm for DDoS attacks based on IP Address Features Value (IAFV) to read the characteristics of the network based on time delay, throughput and packet delivery ratio. In the proposed system, a hybrid algorithm for botnet identification is implemented to analyze the network performance at the time of attack. Numerous relevant parameters including throughput, time delay and packet delivery ratio are evaluated. Using IAFV time series to describe the state change features of network flow and detecting DDoS attack is equivalent to classifying IAFV time series virtually. It has Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier to get the optimal solution based on the existing information under the condition that the sample size tends to be infinite or be limited.

Published by: Abinaya R, S. Nandha KumarResearch Area: Network

Organisation: Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Engineering College, Perambalur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Denial of Service, IAFV, Emulation Dictionary Rate, Botnet, Support Vector Method.

Research Paper

260. The study of characteristic behaviour of quarry and furnace waste lightweight bricks

Quarry Dust and the crushed brick as alternative aggregates for concrete production for low cost housing since it is clear that the rising cost of concrete materials coupled with environmental degradation has impaired the construction industry. The following tests were carried out to determine the physical properties of these materials; density tests, silt content, water absorption, sieve analysis, specific gravity, flakiness index and aggregate crushing value. The research was conducted by testing concrete cylinder and cubes specimens at ages of 7, 14 and 28days concrete with concrete mix ratios 1:1.5:3 with a target strength of 25N/mm2 and 1:2:4 with a target strength of 20N/mm2. Samples of concrete specimens were made using varying contents of quarry dust and laterite as fine aggregate. India is a developing contrary due to there is a huge need of infrastructure that is why construction is very important. In the construction the main material his problem we are making brick using Furnace Waste. This brick is stronger economical and effective than the clay brick. This process also helps in converting industrial waste material into quality building material. In this study, the fine and coarse aggregates were completely replaced by Furnace Waste aggregates in Furnace Waste concrete. 1) A mix design was done for M20 grade of concrete by IS method. Ordinary Portland cement of 43 grade was 2) Selected and Furnace Waste aggregates were prepared by mixing Furnace Waste with cement and water. The properties of Furnace Waste. In the present study we are making three types of Furnace Waste bricks in the different percentage of cement such as 3%, 5% and without cement. And after making these bricks various tests were performed such as compressive strength test, water absorption test, efflorescence, weight test, structural test and cost analysis and these results were compared with conventional bricks results.

Published by: Sandeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Quarry dust, Brick, Furnace waste.

Research Paper

261. Web based library system for digital age

The traditional Library System consists of large amount of data related to numbers of books, the author of the book, type of book, and many more. The managing of such data in entry book is difficult and time-consuming. The technology has developed nowadays so that we can implement that technology in Library Management. The use of Data Mining in Library Management System allows identifying different users and books too. It will also provide much more facilities and services to users. Despite from saving time, it will also enhance the use of Library in a reliable way. The obtained benefits can improve and increase the access to information, enabling a significant advance in education. Some data mining techniques encompassed in this research include segmentation techniques to define the behavior of the users in Libraries, in addition to the use of recommendation techniques for more efficient interaction with users. The Digital Library is future of Library system, which provides multiple benefits and reduces the Human work.

Published by: Suyash Dabhane, Devendra Rawool, Rekha Dhaigude, Shamali MalvadkarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Pune District Education Association’s College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Library, Books, Classification of books, QR code, GPS.

Research Paper

262. Development and evaluation of gluten-free multi-grain health mix

Pseudocereals and some grains were known for special nutritional values along with gluten-free qualities. Amaranth, buckwheat, quinoa, flaxseed, ragi and soybean flours were evaluated for nutritional and sensory evaluation. Most consumers would prefer to improve their diets using food and drink related products rather than using traditional pills or capsules. The industry is looking for a variety of nutritious, convenient and user-friendly products. Although a variety of gluten-free products are available in the market still a small amount of gluten is present in additives such as modified food starch, preservatives, and stabilizers made with wheat moreover these products are very costly. Thus there is a need for the development of nutritious gluten-free products for celiac disease patients which are easy to prepare at home. Hence, the present study was conducted to understand the acceptance of blended healthy gluten-free high protein flour; the aim was to standardize an innovative, preservative free, simple, nutritional blend that is cost-effective. The product designed was multigrain health mix, having a unique blend of amaranth, buckwheat, flaxseed, quinoa, ragi, and soybean. This makes the product gluten-free, protein-rich having high fiber content. The acceptance was studied by conducting a sensory evaluation using the hedonic method based on a 9 point scale. The Evaluation was performed on sensory attributes like Appearance, color, taste, texture, aroma, and overall acceptability of the product. A total of five blends were prepared, the highest nutritional value was recorded in control C3 having a composition of 30g amaranth,10g buckwheat, 10g flaxseed, 10g quinoa, 20g ragi and 20g soybean. The protein content in the various products ranged from 13.4 to 24.5% and fiber content ranged from 8.3 to 12.4 %. Storage study data revealed 60 days safe storage for health mix.

Published by: Shivani SinghResearch Area: Food Processing and Technology

Organisation: Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Pseudocereals, Gluten-free, Nutritional evaluation, Sensory evaluation, Celiac disease, Nutritional blend.

Research Paper

263. Effects of soft tissue mobilization on patients with a restricted glenohumeral range of motion

This Experimental  study designed to  employed a pre-test/post-test design to find the effects of soft tissue mobilization Pain, Range of Motion and Functional Activity on population having with restricted glenohumeral range of motion and pain. Therapeutic intervention has recently become popular, but there is little evidence to prove it works. In this study, 60 individuals restricted shoulder range of motion and pain were included allocated to three different groups. Group A was the Experimental group, Group B was Control. After six-week course the experimental group showed a significant improvement in shoulder range of motion and reducing the pain on VAS.

Published by: Dr. Varsha Nagarkar, Dr. Shiril NagarkarResearch Area: Manual Therapy

Organisation: Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Gleno-humeral, Cadaver, Hypertonicity, Musculofascial, Proprioceptive.

Research Paper

264. Voice controlled home automation system

The concept of Home Automation is gaining popularity as it helps in reducing human effort and errors and thus increasing the efficiency. With the help of Home Automation system, we can control different appliances like lights, fans, TV, AC etc. Home automation already in practice is by switching on or off a device via wired networks. But this is inefficient for people with the impairment in mobility or any physical disability due to aging factors. Existing products are expensive and also speech recognition is available with the usage of internet (online). This is a project for a voice-controlled home automation system to control appliances with your voice through an Android app. This system is especially beneficial in case of handicapped or aged people who find it difficult to walk and operate the electrical switches to turn on or off the loads. All these loads can be individually turned on/off. This system solves the issue by interfacing a unit with home appliances that switch these loads based on the input received from the android device. The Android app also provides an effective GUI for providing this functionality to the user of the automation system.

Published by: Reshma Uttam ShindeResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Nagesh Karajagi Orchid College of Engineering and Technology, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Bluetooth, Micro-controller, IR system

Research Paper

265. Best feature selection for heart disease prediction using data mining

Data mining is a way for extracting the valuable knowledge patterns from a huge amount of data. Various data mining tools and techniques are used in the medical world for predicting the diseases. Heart disease is one of the common diseases nowadays. This paper presents different feature selection attribute Evaluator models Working with all attributes in data is not always useful so for this study we filtered selected attributes that will give maximum accuracy. This study compares various classification techniques for predicting heart disease with a different set of attributes selected using evaluators. The dataset used for the study is Cleveland heart dataset it has 14 attributes and 303 instances. For achieving the results, the different classification algorithms are applied on selected attributes taken after feature selection. The classifiers used in the study are J48, SMO, Multilevel perception, Bagging Naive Bayes Random Tree. Then, a comparative study is done on the basis of accuracy achieved from the different classifiers.

Published by: Anu Mehra, Dr. Shailendra Narayan SinghResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Heart disease, Data mining, Feature selection of attributes, WEKA

Research Paper

266. Solitary pulmonary nodule detection in lung image using image processing

Cancer is a group of diseases begins in cells that are the basic building blocks of a body. There are different types of cancers but all starts with the cells growing out of control. The type and stage of cancer can be determined by determining where the abnormal growth occurs in the body and the type of cells that start to grow abnormally. The type of cancers often found in adults is endometrial cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer,ovarian cancer and breast cancer. Of these cancers the most common type of cancer is the Lung cancer. This type of cancer is common due to smoking. The earlier it is detected; the better is the chance of curing. This review examines and summarizes various techniques and algorithms used for lung cancer detection.

Published by: Ravina Jambhulkar, Anil Bavaskar, Mayuri ChawlaResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Jhulelal Institute of Management and Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Endometrial cancer, Lung cancer, Skin cancer, Ovarian cancer

Research Paper

267. Peak to average power reduction techniques in OFDM

3GPP LTE has utilized the OFDMA for the downlink which oversees assortment versatility, inborn impenetrability to Inter picture Interference (ISI) and several more unmistakable. At any rate, 3GPP LTE structures delight in the unwell impacts of a really standard trouble called height to normal power share. The general paper attempted to discuss the section and secluding fundamentally basically based approaches for unmarried individual OFDMA structures. We have attempted our generations for L=1-4 oversampling cost and 256 FFT system and 128 sporadic substances bits to diminish the PAPR with the guide of dismissing at the correlative blend scattering work. It’s far found inside the reproduction that top to regular power share diminishes to the tune of 8db from the unique unmodified machine.

Published by: Shubhangi Chakole, Dipa KokaneResearch Area: OFDM

Organisation: ABES Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: CCDF, Clipping, PAPR, OFDMA, OFDM.

Research Paper

268. Properties of concrete with pen waste

Plastic is the one of the waste material which is increasing day by day where as the concrete is the construction material which is also using more day by day. As the plastic is harmful material for environment so to decrease the plastic material we are using the one of the most important material waste i.e pen waste in the place of fine aggregate. The replacement of waste with fine aggregates by different proportions for M20 grade of concrete is done (2%,4%,6%,8% &10%) and strength was increased with 4 % of waste.

Published by: Bottu Shiva Kumar, Etaveni MadhaviResearch Area: Construction Materials

Organisation: St. Mary’s Integrated Campus, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Cement 1, Course and fine aggregates 2, plastic waste (Pen Waste) 3, Compressive Strength.

Survey Report

269. Device-to-device communication for LTE advanced network

Device-to-Device (D2D) communication is an advanced technology that offers various advantages for the LTE advanced network such us wireless peer-to-peer services and higher spectral efficiency. It is used in so many different fields such as network traffic offloading, public safety, social services and applications such as gaming and military applications. However, mobile users in today’s cellular networks use high data rate services (e.g., video sharing, gaming, proximity-aware social networking) in which they could potentially be in range for direct communications (i.e., D2D). The objective of this paper is to present advances on the current 3GPP LTE-advanced system related to Device-to-Device (D2D). In this paper, we provide an overview of the D2D types based on the communication spectrum of D2D transmission, namely Inband D2D communication and Outband D2D communication. Then we present the proposed work for D2D communication. Hence, D2D communications in such scenarios can greatly increase the spectral efficiency of the network. The advantages of D2D communications go beyond spectral efficiency; they can potentially improve throughput, energy efficiency, delay, and fairness.

Published by: Neha Vinod Khadilkar, Marathe V RResearch Area: Communication

Organisation: N. B. Navale Sinhgad College of Engineering, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Device to device communication, Mode selection, Spectrum sharing, Cellular network.

Review Paper

270. Fair cooperative protocols based on energy harvesting relays

The cooperative communication becomes an important topic in the field of a wireless communication network to improve the reliability and speed of communication over long-distance and curve bed surface. As the distance is increasing between transmitter and receiver, the transmitter RF power requirement goes up to maintain the required SNR. The cooperative communication is an alternative way to fulfill this requirement with the help of relaying techniques. There is a number of research articles have been published in the area of cooperative communication. The major research works have been carried out the AF, DF and CF protocols.
Future generations of cellular communications require higher data rates and a more reliable transmission link with the growth of multimedia services while keeping the satisfactory quality of service, Multiple inputs multiple output (MIMO) antenna systems have been considered as an effective approach to address these demands by offering significant multiplexing and diversity gains over single antenna systems without increasing bandwidth and power. Although MIMO systems can unfold their huge benefit in cellular base stations, they may face limitations when it comes to their deployment in mobile handsets. To overcome this drawback, relays (fixed or mobile terminals) can cooperate to improve the overall system performance in cellular networks. Cooperative communications can effectively combat the severity of fading and shadow through the assistance of relays. It has been found that using relays the capacity and coverage of cellular networks can be extended without increasing mobile transmit power or demanding extra bandwidth.

Published by: Jaya Dipti LalResearch Area: Cooperative Communication Protocols

Organisation: Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Cooperative communication, Amplify and forward, Decode and forward, Compress and forward, Rayleigh fading channel, Relay.

Review Paper

271. A review on analysis of characteristics behaviour of locally existing material in pavement sub base

Base materials that meet specifications are getting more difficult to get in many regions of the United States. As a result, higher quality materials have to be hauled long distances. This act would significantly increase the costs associated with roadway construction and subsequent maintenance and rehabilitation. Low quality or out-of-specification materials are usually available from local sources. If through appropriate treatment of the materials or/and structural design, the optimum use of local materials can be permitted, the construction can be accelerated and significant monetary benefits can be realized Most of the pavement design guidelines are based on the assumption that aggregates are important ingredients of pavement structure. However, availability of good quality aggregates may be a constraint in some locations. To transport good quality aggregates from long distance may not be economically feasible. Due to the excessive investment and maintenance cost, new methods of design had to be sought and new building materials are introduced. Some researchers tried with soil, which is available everywhere. The engineering properties of soil were modified using certain treatment. At the same time various waste products are created by several industrial plants. These waste products could be used in the road construction projects after following certain treatment procedure. By treating natural soil or fly-ash, or by addition of certain materials to it, new road construction Each highway was divided into three sections with different materials in the subbase and base layers, such as fine lateritic soil, fine lateritic soil stabilized with lime, and a mixture of fine lateritic soil and crushed rock. The compaction characteristics were evaluated in laboratory tests. From the time the segments were constructed (in 1998 and 2000) until 2001, the stress-strain behavior of the paving structures was evaluated by in situ tests, such as the plate-bearing, Benkelman beam, and falling weight deflect to meter tests. From the results, conclusions were drawn about which of the chosen materials showed the best performance in mechanical behavior.

Published by: Hardeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Pavement sub base, Road construction, Material specifications.

Research Paper

272. Analysis of characteristics behaviour of locally existing material in pavement sub base

Base materials that meet specifications are getting more difficult to get in many regions of the United States. As a result, higher quality materials have to be hauled long distances. This act would significantly increase the costs associated with roadway construction and subsequent maintenance and rehabilitation. Low quality or out-of-specification materials are usually available from local sources. If through appropriate treatment of the materials or/and structural design, the optimum use of local materials can be permitted, the construction can be accelerated and significant monetary benefits can be realized Most of the pavement design guidelines are based on the assumption that aggregates are important ingredients of the pavement structure. However, availability of good quality aggregates may be a constraint in some locations. To transport good quality aggregates from the long distance may not be economically feasible. Due to the excessive investment and maintenance cost, new methods of design had to be sought and new building materials are introduced. Some researchers tried with soil, which is available everywhere. The engineering properties of soil were modified using certain treatment. At the same time, various waste products are created by several industrial plants. These waste products could be used in the road construction projects after following certain treatment procedure. By treating natural soil or fly-ash, or by addition of certain materials to it, new road construction Each highway was divided into three sections with different materials in the subbase and base layers, such as fine lateritic soil, fine lateritic soil stabilized with lime, and a mixture of fine lateritic soil and crushed rock. The compaction characteristics were evaluated in laboratory tests. From the time the segments were constructed (in 1998 and 2000) until 2001, the stress-strain behavior of the paving structures was evaluated by in situ tests, such as the plate-bearing, Benkelman beam, and falling weight deflect to meter tests. From the results, conclusions were drawn about which of the chosen materials showed the best performance in mechanical behavior.

Published by: Hardeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Pavement sub base, Road construction, Material specifications.

Research Paper