Volume-4, Issue-4

July-August, 2018

Review Paper

1. A review on combine effect of rice husk ash and silica fume with glass powder on concrete production by cement replacement

Concrete is major civil engineering construction material because the ingredients of concrete are locally available materials. In ordinary concrete, the cement is used as a major binding material. The usage of cement in concrete causes a lot of environmental pollution due to the emission of greenhouse gases. So that it is necessary to reduce usage of cement by introducing new supplementary cementitious materials which are the by-products of industries to reduce debris. The rice husk ash is one of the by-products which is released from paddy. The usage of rice husk ash in concrete leads to the development of high strength concrete and also reduces the self-weight of the structure.

Published by: Naresh Gulati, Praveen Singh TomarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Patel Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Rice husk ash, Silica fume, Glass powder, compressive strength, Splitting tensile strength, Corrosion resistance

Research Paper

2. Combine effect of rice husk ash and silica fume with glass powder on concrete production by cement replacement

Concrete is major civil engineering construction material, because the ingredients of concrete are locally available materials. In ordinary concrete the cement is used as major binding material. The usage of cement in concrete causes lot of environmental pollution due to emission of greenhouse gases. So that it is necessary to reduce usage of cement by introducing new supplementary cementitious materials which are the by-products of industries to reduce debris. The rice husk ash is one of the by product which is released from paddy. The usage of rice husk ash in concrete leads to development of high strength concrete and also reduces the self-weight of the structure. In this study, partial replacement (by weight) of cement with RHA and silica fume with glass powder in paver blocks is used for determining the change in the compressive strength, water absorption of paver blocks. Partial replacement of cement in different percentage as like 10%, 20%, 30% and 40 % has been done. The compressive strength has been determined at the end of 7, 14 and 28 days, water absorption test has been determined at 28 days.

Published by: Naresh Gulati, Paveen Singh TomarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Patel Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Compressive strength, Concrete, Ordinary Portland cement, Silica fume, Glass powder, Rice Husk Ash (RHA)

Review Paper

3. A Review on the Combine Effect of Bagasse Ash and Rubber Tyre in Production of Bricks

India is the second largest in major sugar producing countries. Due to that there is increase in bagasse as a by-product from the sugar mill. Bagasse is the fibrous residue of sugar cane after crushing and extraction of juice. Sugar cane bagasse ash is the waste product of the combustion of bagasse for energy in sugar factories. Sugar cane bagasse ash is disposed of in landfills and is now becoming an environmental burden. Fly ash bricks can be extensively used in all building constructional activities similar to that of common burnt clay bricks. The objective of this work is to review the information regarding Fly Ash brick properties and their uses in a most concise, compact and to the point manner.

Published by: Ashish Kant Ahirwar, Praveen Singh TomarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Patel Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Sugar cane bagasse ash, Cement, Fly ash, Replacement, Properties, Waste rubber tyre

Research Paper

4. An experimental investigation on the combine effect of Bagasse ash and rubber tyre in production of bricks

This work carried out partial replacement of fly ash by bagasse ash with waste rubber tyre in order to reduce industrial waste. The effective use of these waste products is challenging task for researcher through environmental impact. Bagasse is often used as a primary fuel source for sugar mills. When burned in quantity, it produces sufficient heat energy to supply all the needs of a typical sugar mill, with energy to spare. This sugar manufacturing industries produces a lot of sugarcane bagasse ash which is disposed of in an open land. Huge quantity of ash which is a waste product, available at very negligible rate. This sugarcane bagasse ash is a fibrous waste product and has pozzolanic properties which can be made use in construction industry. Pozzolanic materials can be used as a partial replacement in the production of low cost fly ash bricks. Bagasse ash is utilized by replacing it with fly ash in bricks. Trial bricks were tested with different proportions of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% with replacement of BA. These bricks were tested in Compression test and Water absorption test as per Indian Standards. The aim of this research was to make economical and green bricks to maintain environmental balance, and avoid problem of ash disposal.

Published by: Ashish Kant Ahirwar, Praveen Singh TomarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Patel Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Ordinary Portland cement, Sugar cane bagasse ash, Chemical properties, Compressive strength

Review Paper

5. A review on quality improvised of bituminous mix by natural fiber

Increase in traffic load in terms of numbers of axles and high pressure from heavy vehicles resulted into traffic related pavement distresses. Modified asphalt binder is one of the approaches to improve pavement performance. Natural fibers have become a research focus for scientist & engineering. Type of natural fibers, their surface treatment & reinforcement of asphalt concrete with natural fibers are presented. Generally the review demonstrated an improvement in the fatigue life & structural resistance to distress occurring in pavement when modified. Generally a bituminous mixture is a mixture of course aggregate, fine aggregate, filler & binder. A hot Mix Asphalt is a bituminous mixture where all constituents are mixed, placed & compacted at high temperature. HMA can be Dense Grade Bitumen (DGM) known as Bituminous Concrete (BC) or gap graded known as Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA). SMA requires stabilizing additives composed of cellulose fiber to prevent drain down of the mix. In the present study an attempt has been made to study the effects of use of a natural fiber (SISAL FIBRE as stabilizer in SMA) & as an additive in BC.For preparation of the mixes aggregate gradation has been taken as per Morth Specification, binder content, has been varied regularly from 4% to 7% & fire content varied from 0% to maximum 0.5% of total mix. Then the BC [&SMA] mixes prepared are subjected different performance test like Drain down Test, Static Indirect Tensile strength & Static creep test to evaluate the effects of fiber additions on mix performance.

Published by: Nitish, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: SMA , DGM, Bituminous mix, Natural fiber

Research Paper

6. Quality improvised of bituminous mix by natural fiber

Increase in traffic load in terms of numbers of axles and high pressure from heavy vehicles resulted into traffic related pavement distresses. Modified asphalt binder is one of the approaches to improve pavement performance. Natural fibers have become a research focus for scientist & engineering. Type of natural fibers, their surface treatment & reinforcement of asphalt concrete with natural fibers are presented. Generally the review demonstrated an improvement in the fatigue life & structural resistance to distress occurring in pavement when modified. Generally a bituminous mixture is a mixture of course aggregate, fine aggregate, filler & binder. A hot Mix Asphalt is a bituminous mixture where all constituents are mixed, placed & compacted at high temperature. HMA can be Dense Grade Bitumen (DGM) known as Bituminous Concrete (BC) or gap graded known as Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA). SMA requires stabilizing additives composed of cellulose fiber to prevent drain down of the mix. In the present study an attempt has been made to study the effects of use of a natural fiber (SISAL FIBRE as stabilizer in SMA) & as an additive in BC.For preparation of the mixes aggregate gradation has been taken as per Morth Specification, binder content, has been varied regularly from 4% to 7% & fire content varied from 0% to maximum 0.5% of total mix. Then the BC [&SMA] mixes prepared are subjected different performance test like Drain down Test, Static Indirect Tensile strength & Static creep test to evaluate the effects of fiber additions on mix performance.

Published by: Nitish, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: SMA , DGM, Bituminous mix, Natural fiber

Research Paper

7. A study on high volume fly-ash concrete made with steel fiber

The use of concrete containing high volume fly-ash (HVFC) has recently gained popularity as a resource efficient, durable, and sustainable option for a variety of concrete applications. If containing fibrous material which increases its structural integrity. It contains short discrete fibers that are uniformly distributed and randomly oriented. In this research two categories, HVFC with fiber mixture is prepared one containing 40% fly-ash and other 50% fly-ash. For each mixture prepare M20, M25 and M30 grade concrete with fiber. The HVFC with fiber mixture reached similar to the ordinary concrete mix, due to the pozzolanic properties of the fly-ash and the lower water-cement ratio. The setting time for the HVFC with fiber mixtures was approximately six to seven hours longer than those of ordinary concrete mix. The drying shrinkage of concrete is directly influenced by the amount and the quality of the cement paste present. It increases with an increase in the cement paste-to-aggregate ratio in the concrete mixture, and also increases with the water content of the paste. Clearly, the water-reducing property of fly ash can be advantageously used for achieving a considerable reduction in the drying shrinkage of concrete mixtures. In HVFC with fiber mixture the heat of hydration is slower that raise the temperature difference between the interior and exterior concrete should not be more that is good for avoiding thermal cracking and presence of fiber the bonding of concrete is good, so in this concrete, the cracks are not easily developed. Use of steel fiber in concrete its increase the tensile strength of concrete. Due to the high volume of fines and low water content, fresh concrete mixtures of the HVFC with fiber system are generally very cohesive and show a little or no bleeding and segregation They show excellent pump-ability and workability at slumps as low as 125 mm, however, more-then 125 mm slump values may be specified with heavily reinforced structures. Consequently, the surface finish is usually smooth pleasing and without honeycombs and bug-holes. For countries like China and India, this technology can play an important role in meeting the huge demand for infrastructure in a sustainable manner

Published by: Sumit Kumar Pandey, Ram BharohResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Fly ash, Steel fiber, Admixture, Consistency, Workability, Compressive strength

Research Paper

8. Ergonomic design of car driver seat

Ergonomics is a branch of science drawing from physiology, engineering and psychology studies. Basic properties of vehicle interior are described. Car seat design, upholstery fabrics and passenger safety have been particularly emphasized. Textile fabrics as products providing comfort, safety and aesthetics of the vehicle interior were dealt with. Safety belts, airbags and car seat covers were especially pointed out. Specific problems related to the safety of passengers, whose anthropometric measurements deviate from the average ones, were addressed. There are the movements of drivers while driving the car. The anthropometric data are available for ergonomic design of car driver seat.

Published by: Avinash Pandit, P. V. SalunkeResearch Area: Automobile

Organisation: Walchand Institute of Technology, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Car seat, Anthropometric measurements, Ergonomic design

Review Paper

9. Introduction to sets of linear regression models – A brief review

Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equations (SURE) model is the generalization of the linear regression model. Zellner (1962) proposed the SURE model and its various associated estimators, test statistics and generalizations have generated a substantial body of literature on sets of linear regression models. Here we specify the SURE models with the assumptions and also explains different estimation methods such as Ordinary Least Squares(OLS), Generalized Least Squares (GLS), Zellner’s Feasible Generalized Least Squares (FGLS), Seemingly Unrelated Unrestricted Residual (SUUR) and Seemingly Unrelated Restricted Residual (SURR) have been explained with their properties.

Published by: B. Niranjana Rao, Dr. R. V. S. S. Nagabhushana Rao, Dr. O. Hari BabuResearch Area: Econometrics

Organisation: North East Frontier Technical University, Aalo, Arunachal PradeshKeywords: Linear Regression Model, Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equation Model, Ordinary Least Squares, Generalized Least Squares, Feasible Generalized Least Squares, Seemingly Unrelated Unrestricted Residual, Seemingly Unrelated Restricted Residual.

Research Paper

10. Real time vehicle monitoring

The paper has an monitoring the vehicle through GPS. It is the combination of electronic devices and in a vehicle and computer software. The main purpose of the paper is to design and developed to construct a handheld wireless device to monitor vehicles through GPS tracking through the internet. It has the Global Positioning System(GPS), Global System for Mobile Communication(GSM) it is controlled by ARM7 LPC2148, and General Packet Radio Service(GPRS) to visible current Location. The modern vehicle tracking uses the GPS or Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) for locating the vehicle.

Published by: Saikiran Adep, Gaurav DevaniResearch Area: Communication

Organisation: Institute of Management and Computer Studies, Thane, MaharashtraKeywords: GPS, GSM, Androidmobile, Software, Server.

Research Paper

11. Effect of variable process parameter of MIG welding on aluminium alloy 6061-T6

The increasing use of aluminum alloys (6061-T6) in shipbuilding, aeronautics, marine frames, railway vehicles, bridges, offshore structure topsides, and automobile industry relevance due to its light weight and high strength to weight ratio. The present investigation is designed to study the effect of various process parameters (welding current, voltage, and angle of the torch.) in metal inert gas (MIG) welding processes on a bead on the plate of aluminum alloy 6061-T6. In this alloy, the weld fusion zone has coarse columnar grains because of the unequal heat distribution during weld metal solidification. Electrode material has selected for MIG welding as ER4043. Taguchi’s optimization technique and orthogonal array matrix were used to optimize and selection of the process parameters for better results.

Published by: Abhimanyu Patel, Dr. Bikas Prasad, Dhananjay Kumar SinghResearch Area: Welding Technology

Organisation: Subharti Institute of Technology and Engineering, Meerut, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Metal inert gas welding, Aluminium alloys (6061-T6), Welding current, Welding voltage, Torch angle

Research Paper

12. Disease impact of congenital heart disease- parents vs. children perspective

The paper analyses the Disease impact on patients as well as their parents, with congenital heart diseases. The aim of the study is to analyze the perspective of adolescents and their parents on perception about the disease. The study was initiated to compare the attitude of parents and children (age 13-18 years), who can lead a normal life after corrective surgery/treatment. Methods: The data was collected from two reputed hospitals of Delhi, having pediatric cardiology department running for almost more than 10 years. A Questionnaire from PCQLI was used to collect data, with their permission. The questionnaire is already valid and reliable. A study was conducted, with permission from hospital authorities. A sample of around 30 patients (Parents /Children) were collected to study the quality of life aspect using various Disease impact parameters. An independent sample t-test was applied to compare the perspective of two groups. Findings: The result was analyzed between the perspective difference between parents and children population on the Disease impact aspect. The data showed some variables reflect a significant difference between parents and children but some variables do not reflect any difference. Recommendation: The findings from the study indicate a need to peep into Disease impact aspect and would help the treatment provider to better treatment methods of patients with congenital heart disease so that they can be helped to better manage their health perspective in future.

Published by: Pratibha Verma Bagga, Dr. Priyanka SrivastavaResearch Area: Health and Psychology

Organisation: Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad, HaryanaKeywords: Congenital heart disease, Psychology, Gender aspects, PCQLI, Parents vs. children

Research Paper

13. Implementation of femtocell in cellular phones

In rural areas it makes difficult to provide proper coverage to every subscriber. Consequently loss of signal happens and signal strength decreases. This decreases the quality of voice and video communication and slows down high speed services. As a remedy femtocell came into the picture. In this paper, we have emphasized on the advantages of femtocell, its working principal and various technical and commercial aspects.

Published by: Ashishkumar Saiwal, Digvijay Mhasaye, Nishi TikuResearch Area: Cellular Phones

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society’s Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Femtocell, Cellular, 4G Lite, Technical Challenges, Spectrum, Femto, Pico cell, Mobile, Microcell

Research Paper

14. Study of E-banking services provided by urban co-operative banks and E-banking habits of customers in Thane district

This research aims to examine the various e-banking services provide by UBC and e-banking habits of UCB customers in Thane District. In India, the banking business is not far too much from global development in terms of its traditional funding and the conduct of banking operation, however, it becomes a kind of scientific banks that have always received international reputation and prizes. It has been identified that UCB with its e-banking is the largest bank with the greatest share of the market in the Thane District.

Published by: Sachin Dnyaneshwar LokhandeResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Royal College of Commerce and Science, Dombivli, MaharashtraKeywords: Co-operative, Customer, E-banking, Habits, UCB, Urban

Research Paper

15. Improved random-forest image classification using generative adversarial network

Mankind has always hoped to do better. Ensemble learning[12] is one of the techniques that help drastically improve results of machine learning algorithms. But these classifiers need a lot of data in order to perform really well. But even in today’s data driven world, it is not that easy to get hold of that magnitude of data. This is where the concept of synthetic data[2] comes into play. Synthetic data is not real, but boasts many characteristics of real data, and the latter can sometimes become indistinguishable from the former. This data can be put to good use, such as training our ensemble classifiers, so that we can get even better results. That is what this paper aims to illustrate. I’m using random-forest ensemble classifier for classifying MNIST handwritten digits dataset, and the Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) for generating the said synthetic data.

Published by: Ashutosh Mahesh PednekarResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: An ensemble, Generative adversarial networks, Mnist, Random-forest classifier

Research Paper

16. Exploration on network security with cryptography

The timeframe in history that Uses digital technology became prevalent and of common use in the world through the net applications and social networks, organizations across the world generate a large amount of data daily. So guaranteeing secured and safe transmission of data becomes important as society is moving towards digital information age. Information security is the most extreme basic issue in guaranteeing safe transmission of data through a web. As more and more users connect to the internet it attracts a lot of cyber-attacks. It’s required to protect the computer and network security which forms the critical issues. In this paper, we provide an overview of network security and various techniques through which Network security can. Be enhanced mainly using Cryptography.

Published by: D. Pari Ilamvazhuthi, Dr. Rajasekaran K.Research Area: Network Security

Organisation: Dhanraj Baid Jain College, Chennai,Tamil NaduKeywords: Cryptography, Encryption, Decryption, Threats, Security

Research Paper

17. Optical infrared laser communication

In the industry, the Modulated IR laser plays an important role for a lot of gigantic sensor modules and laser communications between the transmitter and receiver. So far the method discussed in this paper is about the modulated IR laser retransmitted wave by the sensor, after sensing the type modulation of the laser and then transmitting the same laser again.

Published by: Hemant DateResearch Area: Optical Infrared Laser Communication

Organisation: Vivekanand Education Society’s Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Laser communication, Optical fibre, Modulated IR Laser, Emitter, Susceptible, Ambient light

Research Paper

18. Threats involved with internet advertisements and attack on botnet network

The research on online advertisement industries, the global committees have identified various threats and risks to consumer’s privacy and security which are hidden by the consumer. Various malicious software(malware) attacks take place through online advertisements without any click or interaction by a user with advertisements contents. The scope of this research is to identify such threats and provide ideas to counter-attack on botnet network to prevent privacy and financial loss.

Published by: Prakash Kumavat, Nikhil B. KhandareResearch Area: Internet Advertisement, Attack On Botnet

Organisation: Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Internet advertisement, Data privacy, Botnet, C&C server, IRC server, Domain generation algorithm, Steganography, Active attack, Passive attack, Ad network, Trojan

Research Paper

19. Fabrication and testing of thermal sheet to obtain performance characteristics for both heating and cooling operations

Thermal sheet is a sheet of thickness nearly equal to the real blanket. It has a tremendous advantage in the field of heating and refrigeration. It has the potential to replace the equipment’s that are used in the heating refrigeration devices based on the conventional concept. Just like the conventional heating and refrigeration system where the different devices are used for the above mention process to carried out but with the help of thermal sheet is a single device can achieve. It can also be used with both high and low-temperature condition and its energy consumption as compared to conventional is highly efficient. This apparatuses that maintained a required thermal condition (T.C) of an object for the duration of time and the circulation of the fluid in the pipe are taking place. It can be configured so that it can be connected to different thermal energy reservoir boxes for producing desired heating and cooling effect. It is fully thermally insulated chamber. It has a pump which is used to transfer the fluid in the second pipe that locked in thermally insulated. Two reservoirs are used to maintain the heat. A cold substance (heat sink) it provides a cooling effect and a hot (heat source) storages box provided heating effect thus the thermal sheet are to maintained at the required temperature, so this process flowed and maintained at low and high temperature for deviation of a time period. In the heat flow from a cold body to a hot body from a hot body to cold body occurs through conduction, convection, radiation is required. Basically, its thermal sheet (T.S) is a structure that it can be used extensively for various purpose and in many application heating and cooling process through the sheet is done based on the heat transfer from into the sheet thus its necessary to make the one side sheet as perfectly conducting as possible. The above all are verified through the experiments cooling characteristics curves and heating characteristics curves of a thermal sheet.

Published by: Omprakash Kumar, Nurul HassanResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: IEC College of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Copper plate, Pipe, Working fluid, Pump, Foil paper, Insulating box, Heat source, Heat sink, Sheet thickens, Thermal condition thermal sheet, Thermal energy reservoir

Review Paper

20. Analysis of multistory office building subjected to near & far field earthquake

Analysis of Multistory office RCC building subjected to Field earthquake. The study of seismic analysis of 20 story RCC office building considering different seismic intensities is administrated and the seismic response of such building is studied. The RCC building is sculptured with the assistance of CSI E-Tabs Software Package. The necessary dynamic characteristic of the earthquake is peak ground acceleration frequency content and period. These characteristic finding out the behavior of structure under seismic masses. The strength of the ground motion supported on PGA, frequency content and the way long the shaking continues. Ground motion has totally different frequency content resembling low, intermediate and high. Earthquake ground motion is considered in two type of condition Near Fault and Far Fault. In this current study the performance of the structure is investigated under two different ground motion conditions which are near and far from the epic center (Near Fault and Far Fault) in both normal and parallel component direction by the time history analysis method and the results are shown in terms of Acceleration, Base shear, Velocity and story displacement.

Published by: Mohd. Irshad Iqbal Ansari, M. A. Baig, Faiyaz AzamResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Al Falah School of Engineering and Technology, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Ground motion, Near-field and far field, Earthquake, Time history analysis, Chi-Chi earthquake, El Centro earthquake

Research Paper

21. Effectiveness of group counselling intervention in reducing adolescent anxiety of low socio economic strata

Adolescence is a very critical and crucial age full of emotional, physical, mental and social challenges. Anxiety, depression, stress, substance Abuse etc. are few of the many psychological problems experienced by them. They require immense support and affection to get through this phase and enter into adulthood as normal, secure individuals. Counselling Intervention has been proven time and again to be effective in reducing psychological problems in the adolescent community. However, limited data exist on the effectiveness of interventions on the adolescent anxiety of low SES population. In fact, studies have established that low SES adolescent children show no or minimum levels of anxiety compared to their counterparts from higher SES. The objective of this study was hence to assess if Counselling Intervention is capable of reducing levels of anxiety along with honing the coping skills of adolescent children, from low Socio-Economic Strata (SES). Methods: To this effect, a group of 14 children (age group of 17 to 19) was assessed for Anxiety, using Becks Anxiety Inventory, counseling intervention sessions were held across the span of 2 months, the group was re-evaluated on anxiety post the sessions and conclusions were drawn. The children were counseled using a combination of behavioral techniques and therapies mostly verbal, to increase the coping skills of the children (group) to face their anxiety, cope with it and gradually overcome its impact. Becks Anxiety Inventory scale was used to measure the pre and post anxiety levels of the group. Results: The pre-screening resulted in overall anxiety score of (401) i.e. almost 93% of the group showed signs of moderate to high anxiety levels. 64% of the group responded they were severely ‘Unable to relax’ and ‘Nervous’. Overall, the group exhibited major signs of Social Phobia and General Anxiety. The post-screening of the group resulted in the overall score of 166 and 66% reduction in their anxiety levels. Conclusions: Adolescent children from low SES definitely have varied levels of anxiety but they are mostly unaware that they are anxious and that group interventions can definitely be effective in reducing their anxiety. Way Forward: The next step in this regard is to extend intervention to a larger sample from different backgrounds using advanced Anxiety Assessment tools and specific Counselling Techniques for its effectiveness. Comparative Studies using control groups shall be equally beneficial in reporting the effectiveness of counseling on anxiety.

Published by: Meghna SinghResearch Area: Psychology

Organisation: Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Counseling, Adolescent anxiety, Intervention, CBT, Becks anxiety scale, Low SES, Counselling intervention

Research Paper

22. Design and fabrication of reciprocating ramp for power generation

In the present position, energies are the basic need for human life and a must needed factor for the country’s economic development. Currently, for today’s world, we bank on conventional sources for the maximum energy required. But the population is increasing day by day and also the requirement for energy is also growing exponentially, so there is a need for alternate sources from which energy can be tapped economically and eco-friendly. The new source of energy is created by the conversion of one form of energy into other. Number of vehicles is increasing day by day and a large amount of energy is being wasted at the speed breakers in the form of kinetic energy, in the present work we are making an attempt to fabricate a ramp, which can utilise the kinetic energy of the vehicle in power generation This paper prominence the idea to use kinetic energy of vehicle when it is moving over the speed breaker. This kinetic energy can be converted into mechanical energy which is utilized to produce power by using specially designed mechanical structure naming “RECIPROCATING RAMP”. In this paper, it is clearly explained the working principle of the “RECIPROCATING RAMP”, its practical implementation, testing of the structure, and results obtained for different vehicle loads. A geometrical model of the system has been modeled using Creo parametric. Determining the different factors that determine the power generation, graphs have been plotted for various inputs. Electricity generated is stored in the battery. Electricity stored in the battery is used to run various electrical appliances

Published by: Naveen Kumar Y, Rakshit S Shekhar, RajeshResearch Area: Power Generation By Secondary Source

Organisation: B. M. S. Institute of Technology and Management, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Reciprocating ramp, Speed breaker, Flywheel, Generator

Research Paper

23. Comparison and analysis of various low power SRAM cells

With the advancement of CMOS technology, an outsized variety of transistors used thanks to that scaling happens. Currently on a daily basis memory plays a crucial role within the entire chip and provides the most power to the SOC system. during this paper, 6-T HVP, 7-T HVP, 8-T HVP and 9-T HVP is projected that improve the soundness of SRAM cell, reduce power in read-write operation and reduce escape power in standby mode. 2 techniques accustomed reduce power and escape power. In 1st technique offer voltage of one.1V is taken to look at the power within the overall circuit. In second technique offer voltage of one.1V is taken and voltage given to inputs is about to zero and thence power and escape the power of projected circuits are reduced. The Designed SRAM cells are compared to Existing SRAM cells in term of power, escape power, SNM, RSNM, PULL UP ratio (PR), CELL quantitative relation (CR), Temperature and Voltage. The simulation meted out in Tanner EDA tool with 32nm technology at 1V and CADENCE VIRTUOSO tool with 45nm technology at 1.1V power offer severally.

Published by: Shivani Chola, Vipul BhatnagarResearch Area: VLSI DESIGN In SRAM Cells

Organisation: Inderprastha Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Power, Leakage lower, SRAM, RSNM, PR, CR, Temperature

Survey Report

24. A survey on the evolution of solar cell materials

It is curious to know the evolution of the solar cell materials and hence a literature survey on the enhancement of photoconductivity is done. A survey is conducted to know the properties, advantages, and disadvantages of different solar cell materials used to date.

Published by: Romit N. Shirguppi, S. G. Kulkarni, A. N. JoshiResearch Area: Photovoltaic Cell

Organisation: Gogte Institute of Technology, Belgaum, KarnatakaKeywords: Evolution, Photovoltaic cell, Survey on solar cell materials, Selenium, Photovoltaic effect

Research Paper

25. Employee engagement: Factors affecting organizational excellence

The study walks around the basic concept of employee engagement in order to find how it assists in getting the maximum out of the employees as the main goal of any organization is high productivity. It also focuses on how employee engagement can be used effectively emphasizing on its foundation, namely employee commitment, job satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The study further emphasizes mainly on employee engagement by investigating the four chief drivers, namely interpersonal relations/communication, work-life stability, leadership, goal setting theory. The study highlights how these drivers impact employee engagement significantly. Despite heightened interest shown by academicians and practitioners in the construct of employee engagement, there is a paucity of literature on these four drivers and their impact on employee engagement. Therefore, this paper attempts to show interdependence between the drivers of performance and the parameters of employee engagement. Originality/Value: The study will help in understanding how the performance of employees in any organization is a significant aspect and companies are striving to get an edge over each other by focussing on their employees’ mental and physical well-being. Once the employees of an organization are enthusiastic and passionate about their work, they tend to relate their emotional faculty with that of organization’s physical being and may go extra miles for the success of the organization. Employee engagement is, then seen as an interaction between two variables, i.e. employee and the employer and hence, comes out to be one of the most important drivers in impacting the performance within the organization.

Published by: Ranu Kumari, Komal SharmaResearch Area: Employee Engagement

Organisation: Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Employee engagement, Performance, Work life stability, Communication, Leadership, Goal Setting theory, Job satisfaction, Employee commitment, Organizational citizenship behavior

Research Paper

26. Exploration on big data analytics in healthcare

In this paper, it gives the brief information about the healthcare using the big data analytics. The healthcare industry provides the huge amount of data, those data must be recorded in the database. The reports will be generated in automatically using some specific tools. It can enhance the quality of treatment for the patients. The patients can avoid the unwanted expenses. This paper includes the benefits and challenges of healthcare

Published by: M. Thilagawathi, Dr. B. JagadhesanResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: Dhanraj Baid Jain College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: BDA, Hadoop, Big data benefits, Healthcare, Machine learning, Smart health, Fraud analysis

Research Paper

27. Nutririch millet (Finger millet) and Legume (Macrotyloma uniflorum) in developing Ready-To-Eat (RTE) food

The proposed article is envisaged in developing RTE foods by effective use of underutilized Nutri-cereals (millets) and legumes which focuses on the functional, rheological and nutritional aspects of millets and legumes used in formulating RTE foods. Further, it also highlights the significance of their consumption and in formulating extruded food. In this study, an attempt has been made to develop nutririch RTE food by incorporating legume with millets. Millet (Finger millet) was blended along with corn and wheat in the proportion of 0:100, 25:75, 50:50 and 100:0. Legume (Macrotyloma uniflorum) flour was added at the rate of 10, 20, 30 and 40 percent. Among these levels of trails 25:75 (finger millet: corn-wheat) with 10 percent legume was awarded highest acceptability score of 8.30 compared to all other samples resulting with significantly highest protein percent (12.25%) compared to control (11.05%). The rheological properties such as hardness, crispiness, gumminess, and chewiness were observed to be 718.10N, 28 numbers of peaks, 138 and 23.62 respectively. Similarly, functional properties namely Expansion ratio of 3.31, Water absorption index of 6.14 g/100g, Water solubility index of 3.52 g/100g, the water holding capacity of 142.55 g/100g and Oil holding the capacity of 68.18 g/100g respectively was observed for millet and legume-based RTE food.

Published by: Harini Venugopal, Jayaprakasha H. M., Arunkumar H.Research Area: Food Technology

Organisation: Dairy Science College, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Finger millet, Horse gram, Ready to eat rheology, Nutricereal

Research Paper

28. Influence of technologies like BIM, SAP and other tools for enhancement of quality and productivity of the organization based on lean manufacturing techniques

Armed with technologies from Building Information Modeling (BIM) to IoT, contractors are well trained to translate the construction information into operational insights. Using Lean Manufacturing Techniques there are innumerable opportunities to streamline the business process in construction. SAP provides smart technology-enabled workforce across contractors and employees. SAP eliminates the downtime waiting for materials and reduces cost. This paper discusses the role of BIM and SAP tools which ultimately optimize for the continuous innovation on quality and productivity of the organization. These tools provide an excellent platform for professionals to work in the highly integrated environment at any stage of complete building delivery process. BIM is linked to ERP which provides visual component through the entire process and helps to minimize errors. These innovation tools integrate business transaction and analytics to digital core making everything simpler, faster and smarter.

Published by: Yashoda Kiran LingamResearch Area: Quality Management

Organisation: SkyMonk Consulting Engineers LLP, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: BIM, Operational insights, Lean Manufacturing Techniques, Optimize

Research Paper

29. Design and thermal analysis of ceramic coated Mercedes Benz piston

Piston is considered to be one of the important parts of an internal combustion engine. It is a part which bears the pressure of the combustion of the gas inside the cylinder. Normally they are made up of cast iron which bears the gas pressure. It is used to deliver the power via connecting the rod to the main shaft of the engine. Nowadays they are made of aluminum alloy to keep it lightweight. As the top surface of the piston has to bear the load, it is advisable to cover it with some coating material so that it could bear the thermal load. Piston made up of gray cast iron coated with a ceramic material (MgZrO3) which is bonded by special material (NiCrAl) is designed for Mercedes Benz/1985 by machine design approach to determine the dimensions of the piston and then it is modeled in ANSYS Workbench 17.1. The pressure of the 5 N/mm2 is applied on the piston. The equivalent stresses are found to be same for both coated and non-coated piston. Thermal analysis of both coated and the non-coated piston is done. The properties like equivalent stresses, temperature variation, and total deformation under pressure and thermal load are determined with the change in the thickness of the ceramic coating material. It is concluded that ceramic coated piston is able to handle the thermal load and is indifferent towards the structural load.

Published by: Mangal Mai Shukla, Om Prakash TiwariResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Goel Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: IC engine, Piston, ANSYS, Ceramic coated piston

Research Paper

30. Formulation of solutions of standard quadratic congruence of even composite modulus as a product of two odd primes and eight

In this paper, a formula for finding solutions of a standard quadratic congruence of even composite modulus as a product of two different odd primes and eight is established. It solves the problem directly. It saves the time of calculation. The formulation is the merit of the paper.

Published by: Bikashchandra Mukunda RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts, Commerce & Indiraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Chinese remainder theorem, Even composite modulus, Quadratic congruence

Research Paper

31. Retina based authentication for E-voting system using MD5 algorithm

The electronic voting system is the easiest way for the election process. The E-Voting System is a digital electronic system. In this process, the user’s data are collected in a digital manner. The stored data should be protected from unauthorized persons. The major issues of this process are the protection of stored data. The data security is considered as an important factor in an online voting system. Hence, the stored templates should be needed to prevent unauthorized users. In this work, explores unique retina features in a single can be existing in a binary format which can be quickly matched with the stored template to authorize identity. As biometric template are deposited in the database, owing to security threats biometric template may be altered by unauthorized persons. If the biometric template is altered authorized user will not be allowed to access the source. A box counting algorithms used to extract retina blood vessels from retina image. It analyzes and presents a high-level security and better image encryption using MD5 algorithm which is implemented on high descriptor value in an image. The matching process is done by using a tree data structure. The experimental results show high accuracy for the matching process when applying more images and achieve optimal results in secure online E-voting system.

Published by: R. Suganya, R. Anandha Jothi, Dr. V. PalanisamyResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Image encryption, Blood vessels, Retina, MD5, Box counting algorithm

Research Paper

32. Storage identity based encryption in cloud for secure data sharing

Identity based public key system(IDPKS) is an attractive alternative to public key cryptography. ID-PKS setting eliminates the demands of public key infrastructure(PKI) and certificate administration in conventional public key settings. Due to the absence of PKI, the revocation problem is a critical issue in IBE settings. Several IBE schemes have been proposed regarding this issue in IBE settings. ID-based encryption (IBE) allows a sender to encrypt message directly by using a receiver’s ID without checking the validation of public key certificate. Accordingly, the receiver uses the private key associated with his/her ID to encrypt such ciphertext. Since a public key setting has to provide a user revocation mechanism, the research issue on how to revoke misbehaving/compromised users. We propose a new IBE scheme with a cloud revocation authority(CRA) to solve the two shortcomings, namely the performance is significantly improved and the CRA holds only a system secret for all the users. Finally, we extend the proposed IBE scheme to present a CRA-aided authentication scheme with no period-limited privileges for managing a large number of various cloud services.

Published by: M. Sandeep, J. MohanaResearch Area: Embedded

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: ID-PKS, Cryptography, CRA, Ciphertext, Encryption

Research Paper

33. In vitro propagation of pomegranate

An investigation on “Micropropagation of pomegranate (PunicagranatumL.) Var. Bhagwan” In the present investigation total five sub-experiments was carried out. In which CRD was applied for a laboratory experiment and RBD for field experiment to find out best explants, surface sterilants, shooting media, rooting media, and hardening mixtures. Regarding the suitability of explants, shoot tip was best for culture establishment. The study on surface sterilization revealed that explants treated with 0.1 percent mercuric chloride for 10 minutes showed the maximum survival percentage (90.58%) and less contamination percentage (9.42) in shoot tip explants. Shoot differentiation study showed that maximum number of shots per shoot tip explant (1.73) was recorded in treatment containing MS + BAP 2.0 mg/l, maximum shoot length (2.80 cm) was observed on medium containing MS + BAP 2.5 mg/l and maximum number of leaves (7.73) was recorded on medium containing MS +BAP 2.5mg/among the auxins used in the rooting experiment the maximum number of roots(9.66) per shoot tip explant was recorded in treatment containing ½ MS + NAA 6 mg/l. Maximum root length (3.20 cm) was found on medium containing ½ MS + IBA mg/l. While hardening in different hardening media, it was observed that maximum (71.87%) survival of plantlets from shoot tip explants was found on medium containing soil + sand (1:1v/v).

Published by: Gorad D. S., Shaikh S. A., Kallalbandi B. M., Mali A. S.Research Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Shriram College Of Agriculture, Paniv, MaharashtraKeywords: Micro propagation, In vitro, Pomegranate, Bhagwa

Research Paper

34. Authorization of data sharing in cloud

A Secure information sharing plan proposes by utilizing calculation called DSS-CP-ABE in light of Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE) technique to offer effective access control over ciphertext. To utilize intermediary servers for encryption and decoding tasks. In our approach, computational activities in ABE are directed on intermediary servers, which significantly lessen the computational overhead on customer side cell phones. Then, in DSS-CP-ABE, keeping in mind the end goal to keep up information protection, a variant ascribe is added to the entrance structure. The unscrambling key organization is changed with the goal that can be sent to the intermediary servers securely. Here present sluggish re-encryption and portrayal field of credits to decrease the repudiation overhead when managing the client disavowal issue. At last, we execute the information sharing model system in light of LDSS. The investigations demonstrate that DSS can enormously decrease the overhead on the customer side, which just presents an insignificant extra cost on the server side. Such an approach is useful to execute practical information sharing security plot on cell phones.

Published by: Tamilarasi S., Ramya V.Research Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Government Arts College for Men Nandanam, Chennai, TamilnaduKeywords: Proxy server, Cloud, Authentication, Encryption, DSS-CP-ABE, Security

Research Paper

35. Effect of microsystin toxicity on Nain (Cirrhinus mrigala H.)

Microcystis aeruginosa, cyanobacteria are frequent components of much fresh water marine ecosystem which often produce a hepatotoxin called microsytin. The toxin adversely affects the aquatic life forms, in the present study, its effect on Nain (Cirrhinus mrigala) was observed in biological parameters. In the fishes, the serum calcium after exposure to an acute concentration of microcystin for 96h, the values decreased significantly (P=0.05) to 9.9 mg 100 ml-1 compared to control (12.6 mg 100 ml-1). The acute exposure of microcystin also decreased the serum protein from 7.3 to 4.8. The fish showed hypercholesterolemia on exposure to acute and lethal concentrations of microcystin for 96h and both short (15-30 days) and long (45-90 days) term, respectively. The antioxidants, SOD activity did not change significantly in the liver, kidney or gills of fish that had been exposed to crushed cyanobacteria for 15 days at lethal concentration, however, the longer exposure (30 days) resulted in a significant increase (P=0.05) in the SOD activity in liver but induction in kidney and gills were not significant.

Published by: Madhumita Srivastava, Arun Kumar SrivastavaResearch Area: Biology, Zoology

Organisation: Sunbeam College for Women, Varanasi, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Cirrhinus mrigala, Microcystein, Serum protein, Lipid peroxidase, SOD

Review Paper

36. Working width: The forgotten dimension

The primary concern of the clinician is the 3-dimensional cleansing of the root canal system. The length of the root canal is a dimension which has been studied since long. But advancements in the imaging techniques and growing research has shown that the apical third of the root canal system has varying shapes that can lead to difficulties in the efficient cleaning & complete elimination of bacteria and debris. This article attempts to review various aspects related to the apical third dimension, techniques & methods presently available for its gauging, factors affecting the measurement and instruments or systems which claim a 3-dimensional cleaning and shaping of the apical third.

Published by: Dr. Pradnya V. Bansode, Dr. M. B. Wavdhane, Dr. Seema D. Pathak, Dr. Hardik Rana, Dr. Vaishali U. BhaleraoResearch Area: Apical Third Dimension Of The Root Canal System And Newer Techniques In Its Gauging & Management

Organisation: Govt. Dental Hospital & College, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Working width, Apical gauging, Apical tuning, Minimum initial working width, Maximum initial working width


37. Present day education with reference to the present youth

Education is the essence of overall development. It is the basic need for living a satisfactory life. In the present scenario, a true education is the one which helps one to live a value based life with a touch of practical aspect. There has to be the development of head, heart, and hand for the overall development of a human being. The basic question is are we giving right education or just creating machines who deteriorate the meaning of a good human resource. Is the youth of the nation happy with the education system, why are we not able to have classrooms with creative thinking and innovative youths. A revolution is needed to bring out the best, which can be indeed done by overhauling the process of education which will produce game changers in the global market.

Published by: Runa PaulResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Carmel Convent Senior Secondary School Ratanpur, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Education, Youth, Human resource, Development

Research Paper

38. Development and Validation of Stability-indicating method for the determination of Pregabalin by RP-HPLC

Pregabalin is an anticonvulsant drug used for neuropathic pain. Pregabalin binds to the alpha-2-delta subunit of the voltage-gated calcium channel in the central nervous system. The aim of the present study was to develop the stability indicating, highly accurate precise and linear method for a related substance of the Pregabalin through the reverse phase HPLC and to validate as per the current ICH guideline. The optimize method uses a reverse phase column, Inertsil ODS 3V (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5µ), mobile Phase of Di-ammonium hydrogen phosphate buffer (6.5 ± 0.05) and Acetonitrile through gradient flow rate of 0.8 ml/min. Keeping the column at temperature 25°C and using the sample amount 20 µL and detected all the impurities at 210 nm by the UV detector. In the developed method, elution of Pregabalin was at 11.5 min and all the eluted impurities were well separated and met the system suitability criteria. The precision is exemplified by a relative standard deviation of 1.4%. Method percentage mean recoveries of all the impurities are within the range (90.0% to 115.0%) as per the protocol. The method was found to be robust. Linearity coefficient for all Impurities was more than 0.999. The LOD obtained was 0.004% and LOQ is 0.012%. Stability-indicating forced degradation established studies to show results that there was no interference of any degraded products or external environment. A new highly accurate, precise and stability indicating method was developed for a related substance of Pregabalin with all the impurities well separate from the degradation product of Pregabalin.

Published by: Shweta More, Pratima TatkeResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Analysis

Organisation: CU Shah College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Pregabalin, RP-HPLC, Stability indicating method

Research Paper

39. Management of occupational stress: A study of employees dealing with customers in public and private sector banks

Workplace stress is not a disease. Workers’ responses to stressors may be positive or negative depending upon the type of demands placed on them, the amount of control they have over the situation, the amount of support they receive and the individual response of the person. In most of the cases, people adjust to stress and are able to continue to perform their normal work duties

Published by: Dr. Manvinder Tandon, Deksha VermaResearch Area: Punjab & Chandigarh

Organisation: School of Business Studies, RIMT University, Mandi Gobindgarh, PunjabKeywords: Stress, Banking sector, Employee dealing

Review Paper

40. A review on Diabetes Mellitus with their types, complications, treatment, and research approach

This paper has presented about Diabetes Mellitus and its types. It also discussed cure and treatment of diabetes, and complications which are linked to badly controlled diabetes. It is a common misconception among the people that diabetes is not a serious disease, but in reality, it affects overall life expectancy. In recent years, many types of research in the field of Biomedical describe the effect of Diabetes, and due to this disease life rate decreases. Diabetes is a group of metabolic disease in which a person has high blood glucose over a long period of time, because of inadequate production of insulin hormone from the pancreas. Many of the complications are arises due to badly controlled diabetes so better and proper cure is very necessary. Nowadays many researcher and scientist are working to find the best technique for controlling this disease and this may be helpful for better treatment for the diabetes mellitus in the future.

Published by: Husna ParveenResearch Area: Biomedical Technology

Organisation: DAV College, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: pancreas, blood glucose, carbohydrate metabolism, insulin hormone.

Research Paper

41. Experimental investigation of mechanical characterization and drilling of fabricated GFRP composites reinforced with Al2O3 micro particles

Nowadays composites became very popular due to its excellent physical and mechanical properties. Composites are widely used in all the industries like the construction sector, ships, aerospace, automobile etc. One of the most important properties of the composites is a higher strength to weight ratio because of which it is widely used in aerospace parts. Further to improve the properties of the composites microparticles could be added. In this thesis fabrication of glass fiber composites with microparticles in order to improve the mechanical properties such as tensile, flexural, impact strength and hardness by conducting tests such as tensile strength test, flexural strength, impact and micro Vickers hardness test, respectively. Machining of the composites has always been a complex problem in the case of glass fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites because of the laminar nature of the composites. In order to assemble the structural parts made by composites with the help of rivets and joints or nut-bolts, it is necessary to drill the composites to make the hole. During the exit and the entry of the drill bit in the hole, composites undergo severe damages in the topmost layer and bottom-most layer which in turn results in the delamination of the layers. So in this thesis, the drilling process parameters like speed, feed and the weight percentage of alumina microparticles were optimized in order optimize the output parameters like thrust force and delamination factor of the composites. The optimization of the parameters was done according to response surface methodology concept. The optimum values of input parameters are 1213 rpm speed, 0.16 mm/rev feed and 5.2 % wt. % of alumina microparticles. The corresponding optimal parameters for these parameters are 179.4 N thrust force, entry delamination factor 1.12 and exit delamination factor 1.17 with the desirability of 0.838.

Published by: Rabindra Kumar, Om Prakash TiwariResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Goel Group of Institutions, Anora Kala, Uttar PradeshKeywords: GFRP, Fabrication, Mechanical characterization, Drilling, Parameters, Response surface methodology optimization, Design expert software

Research Paper

42. Health scenario of Assam: A study

NRHM is a crucial health initiative taken by the government to improve the health of the rural masses with the special attention to the disadvantaged groups including women and children. In this developing country with illiteracy, poverty, disparity, malnutrition etc, among the rural population, the mission aimed to have dramatic changes in the health status by providing affordable, accessible and available healthcare facility. Assam was embraced by the umbrella of the mission as one of the special focus states. Various initiatives and schemes have been undertaken under the mission to positively affect the health status of the state. An attempt is made in this paper to analyze the performance and effectiveness of the role played by the mission to meet its goals and to change the health scenario of the state. Relying on the available secondary data, the paper shows the improved health indicators and the health system during the period of NRHM. Also, an attempt is made to focus on the existing lacuna of the mission or its performance.

Published by: Sujata ChoudhuryResearch Area: Demography

Organisation: Gauhati University, Guwahati, AssamKeywords: NRHM, Health, Infant mortality rate, Under five mortality, Maternal mortality, Infrastructure, Expenditure

Research Paper

43. An integrated subsystem for basement flood detection

Disaster Management accords with the response to the management of resources and property. It is the exigency in today’s world. Flooding has become a global pervasive in the past decades which hampers economic and social development. This project endeavors an integrated flood risk management system employing a magnetic reed switch interfaced with microprocessor Arduino UNO using microcontroller 328p. The build-out in the architecture of the buildings into apartments and complexes have made a requisite for basements. This device is hence installed in the parking lot and basement of apartments, malls and corporate buildings as the water reach a particular level the reed switch gets closed generating an alert.T he residents of the apartment or the authorities of the building get an SMS through GSM module followed by an alarm. Now once excess water starts accumulating, water suction motor is used to remove water to prevent the rapid rise of water. Thus the reed switch is interfaced with Arduino for flood detection and the rising water level in the basement of buildings and alert people for easy evacuation. The comparison of the reed switch and the previously used sensors is done and the results are obtained.

Published by: Sujatha Anand, Chrisilla S, Angel Natchatra SResearch Area: Electronics

Organisation: Loyola Institute of Technology, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Magnetic reed switch, Arduino UNO, GSM

Research Paper

44. Clinical study of distal femur fracture treated operatively- Minimum 6 months of follow-up

Fractures in the distal femur have posed considerable therapeutic challenges throughout the history of fracture treatment because they are usually compound, comminuted, readily deformed because of muscle forces acting on the distal fragment, prone to result in functional impairment of the knee joint and ankle joint because of injury to quadriceps system and often occur in elderly patients with osteoporosis.

Published by: Dr. Kirit JadavResearch Area: ORTHOPAEDICS

Organisation: M. P. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, GujaratKeywords: Distal femur fracture, Functional outcome, Radiological outcome

Research Paper

45. The effect of caffeine and nicotine on different plants growth

This study was carried out to show the effect of nicotine on different plants. For this experiment, we use two plants Trigonellafoenum-graecum & Mustard Brassica.juncea as they are fast growing plants. The source of nicotine was BEEDI (local cigarette) & KK ( pan masala). Three -three pots taken for each plants Trigonellafoenum-graecum & mustard Brassica. juncea. Trigonellafoenum-graecum for taken 3 pots one for normal, one for kk, one for beedi same is taken for mustard Brassica juncea. An equal amount of water is given on a daily basis & equal environmental condition was provided. It shows that beedi & kk enhance the growth of plants as compared with normal plants. The purpose of this experiment is to see whether coffee and cigarette can make a plant grow taller within 10 days. This experiment was done by using mung bean (Vigna.radiata L) plants and watering them daily with normal water, water mixed with caffeine and with a coffee mixture. The height of the plant was measured as a daily parameter to check the effect on growth. On the fifteenth day of germination, the plant was removed to evaluate dry weight and spectrophotometric measurement for chlorophyll content. The result of the experiment found that caffeine with low amount gives best results which can be reconfirmed by height, chl a, b, carotenoid estimation. The result indicates that mung bean grows faster in soil with caffeine. The effect of nicotine on plant growth (fenugreek seeds) by using cigarette and chewing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive drug that is found mostly in cigarettes, cigar, chewing snuff. Cigarette and chewing tobacco contain thousands of chemical compound but nicotine is a major constituent of cigarette and tobacco, kills insect pests and used in many organic insecticides to protect plants. Our study investigated the impact of pure tobacco(chewing) and a cigarette on seed germination of fenugreek. The result showed that if we use a cigarette, the plant will grow taller” as compared to the normal plant. But there was a significant decrease in germination rate or growth at pure tobacco or at high concentration of tobacco Qualitative test perform to check the presence of carbohydrate and protein which gives a positive result. Different concentration of bidi and kk used to check their effect on plant growth. Concentration like 1% ,2% &3%. Kk shows the highest growth at 3% then 1%&least on 2%.In nicotine shows the highest growth at 3%then 2%&1%.

Published by: Dr. Heena Asif Pathan, Dr. Swati D. WavhalResearch Area: Life Science

Organisation: Ismail Yusuf College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Caffeine, Nicotine, Brasicca, Juncea

Research Paper

46. Retina based E-voting system using fuzzy logic and hamming distance

Online E-Voting system is a convenient process to poll their votes easily for users. An online voting system is a very popular method but it has a lot of security issues. The major issue of this process is considered a user authentication and data storage. There are many secured passwords based securities are available in the last decades, but such kind of securities are not safe for user authentication it is easily hacked by the attackers. Hence, Biometric based E-voting system provide reliable security for the confidential E-voting system. The retina based E-voting has provided more reliable security for user authentication. In this work, the feature extraction process is done by the fuzzy logic and the matching process is done by the hamming distance and Manhattan distance to match frequent patterns in similarity measures between the retinal images and identifies detection probabilities in retina layers. Angular and radial partitioning techniques are used to detect the similarities of the blood vessels. This mechanism provides maximum security and achieves optimal results for the E-voting system.

Published by: P. Abirami, R. Anandha Jothi, Dr. V. PalanisamyResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Retina, E-Voting, Fuzzy systems, Blood vessels, Pattern, Manhattan points

Research Paper

47. Effect on strength of concrete by partial replacement of natural aggregates with recycled aggregates

India is surging ahead with a renewed focus on urbanization & industrialization to maintain a sustainable growth & development. However, with the ever-increasing population, rapid urbanization & industrialization the waste generation, as a result, natural resource consumption is also rising at the equal pace. The construction industry has gained fast growth in the recent decade due to above-mentioned sectors, which is directly proportional to Increase in demand for construction materials are huge for the construction activities which results in the generation of huge amount of construction waste. The production of waste due to the demolition of the structures is 10 times more than construction waste generated. So, there is a need for management of construction and demolition waste, as it is distinct from municipal solid waste. Construction and demolition waste to be considered as high volume, high risk since lakes, open lands, dumping yards, rivers and roads are being encroached. That waste can be considered as a resource, either for reuse in its original form or recycling or energy recovery and public concerns about the environment, it is desirable to recycle materials from building demolition. Building material account for about half of the solid waste generated they have an environmental impact at every step of the building process. Despite this, most Construction and Demolition waste end up in Prodigious landfills happening in India. So, this study/survey limited to know strength of mixes in which natural aggregates are partially replaced with recycled aggregates in 0% , 20% 35% ,50% and 100%, cement and concrete consumed by Hyderabad, present methodology of handling construction and demolition waste and amount of c&d waste generated in Hyderabad.

Published by: P. Surya Prakash, Nalla Nandakishore YadavResearch Area: Civil & Envinormental Engineering

Organisation: SatyaVani Projects and Consultants Pvt. Ltd, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Recycled aggregate, Compressive strength, Tensile strength, Flexural strength, Impact strength, Solid waste, Recycling, Concrete construction, Demolition and waste management

Review Paper

48. A broader frequency range from Voltage Control Oscillator

This describes a performance and well differ characteristics of a ring oscillator based VCO and the LC oscillator based VCO. The VCO is meant to operate in the PLL to generate local oscillations (LO) for an acquisition system. This work put forward the differential VCO design that has been wide operated tuning frequency range with reduced area, low power consumption, better phase-noise performance and good linearity between the frequency and control voltage. The circuit is to be designed and simulated on CMOS technology. The keyword on which it will be gone for the following parameter viz. Voltage controlled oscillator, ring oscillator, CMOS, frequency stability, power consumption. The digital CMOS process is being designed and their performances are compared based on the measurement results.

Published by: Shubham Kailash Durge, Ashish ManusmareResearch Area: Electronics Engneering

Organisation: Ballarpur Institute of Technology, Ballarpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Control oscillator, Ring oscillator, CMOS, Frequency stability, Power consumption

Research Paper

49. Comparison of modified sleeper stretch with and without taping on glenohumeral internal rotation deficit in overhead throwers- A randomized clinical trial

As GIRD and posterior shoulder tightness is interrelated with each other and well documented in overhead athletes. Many studies have been reported to evaluate the acute effects of sleeper stretch in overhead throwers but no studies till now have been reported to evaluate the long-term effect in overhead throwers. And many studies also have shown that kinesiology tape also improving IR ROM of dominant shoulder to check the long-term effect of kinesiology tape. The present study is to compare the effect of sleeper stretch with and without Kinesio tape to improve the GIRD in overhead throwers. Methodology: 60 overhead throwers, no age limitation(male and female) were recruited from Nehru ground and Mangala stadium (Mangalore), and cricket academy in Vadodara(Gujarat) and SAI (sports authority of India) in Gandhinagar (Gujarat). 60 overhead throwers randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 (n=30) was received only sleeper stretch and group 2 (n=30) was received sleeper stretch and kinesiology tape. The modified sleeper stretch, per¬formed with the patient inside lying on the throwing side to stabilize the scapula against the table and both the shoulder and elbow flexed to 90°. In this position, passive IR is applied to the dominant arm by using the opposite hand. The immediate effects of the sleeper stretch, performed 3 times for 30 seconds, found an in¬crease IR ROM of the shoulder joint. Taping is done in sitting position. The first piece of the tape was applied from the anterior aspect of the humeral head, just lateral to the acromion process to finish at the inferior angle of the scapula. The second piece of tape commenced on the anterior aspect of the humeral head over the acromion. The opposite hand lifted the humeral head up and back during the application of the tape. Result: GIRD in overhead throwers between the group was analyzed using unpaired t-test comparison between the grips.by using the unpaired t-test. The mean diff between the 1st day to 1st week is 1.70 and t value is3.668, the mean diff between the 1st day to 2nd week is 4.56 and t value is 6.757, the mean diff between 1st day to 3rd week is 6.60 and t value is 7.51, the mean diff between 1st day to4th week is 6.96 and t value is 6.99,the mean diff between 1st week to 2nd week is 2.86 and t value is 7.05, the mean diff between 1st week to 3rd week is 4.90 and t value is 7.92,the mean diff between 1week to 4th week is 5.26 and t value is 6.69, the mean diff between 2nd week to 3rd week is 2.03 and t value is 4.92, the mean diff between 2nd week to 4th week is 2.40 and t value is 3.35, all above p<0.001means this is highly significant but the mean diff between 3rd week to 4th week is 0.367 and t value is 0.609,p<0.545 which is not highly significant. Conclusion: We concluded that the long-term effect of modified sleeper stretch showed improvement in IR ROM of the shoulder in the dominant side which is beneficial for athletes regular rehabilitation to prevent the injuries. The immediate effect of Kinesiology taping is better than long-term effect.

Published by: Dr. Dushyant Pandya, Dr. Krupa RaithathaResearch Area: Musculoskeletal Sciences

Organisation: District Level Sports School, Limbdi, GujaratKeywords: GIRD, Modified sleeper stretch, Kinesiology taping

Research Paper

50. The need of proper implementation of legislation in domestic workers

There is a need for implementation of legislation in paid women domestic workers. Though there are many laws for the unorganized sector but no implementation of the law for this paid women workers. The proper implementation of legislation in women domestic workers is very necessary through the International Labour Office (ILO) convention 189 defines the “domestic worker” as old who works in or for a household and there is an employment relationship.

Published by: Aparna AcharyaResearch Area: NAGPUR

Organisation: Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Women, Domestic, Worker

Research Paper

51. Context-aware middleware in QRCS System

In the times of a disaster, there is a need for coordination of resources and quick response in order to minimize and rectify the damage done. Quick Response Co-ordination System (QRCS) provides a robust, mobile web application architecture to locate, allocate and track resources. It concentrates on quick communication and coordination between the disaster management team and resource handlers for better managing and mapping of resources for faster aid and rescue. A context-aware infrastructure manages the context model representing contextual information and provides appropriate information. In this paper, we introduce Context-Aware Middleware for QRCS as a context-aware infrastructure for a distributed intelligent QRCS and discuss the JSON-based context modeling and reasoning approach which will be used in the infrastructure.

Published by: Abhilash Javalkoti, Dr. Anala PanditResearch Area: Disaster Management And Response

Organisation: Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Quick Response Co-ordination System, QRCS, Context-aware, Context-broker

Research Paper

52. Craniofacial morphology of 10 years rural residential school children of Suttur

Craniofacial growth is a complex and beautiful phenomenon. Growth has been described in so many terms. Todd defines growth as “increase in size”. Meredith defines growth as the entire series of anatomic and physiologic changes taking place between the beginning of prenatal life and close of senility. Growth is quantitative, i.e., it is a measurable aspect of biologic life. Objective: The present study was designed to describe the craniofacial dimensions of rural residential free school children of Suttur at 10 years. Material and Methods: In order to study the changes in Cephalometric measurements 10 Males & 10 Females of 10 years old children were selected and Lateral Cephalograms were taken. On each Lateral Cephalogram, 21 skeletal cephalometric landmarks were identified. From the cephalometric landmarks and reference lines, 31 angular and linear measurements were analyzed, which were grouped as JSS Craniofacial analysis. Results & Discussion: Mean Sagittal Measurements of 10 years old, when compared between males and females, the females showed higher values than males for the variables SNA, ANB, A-Npog, A:ss-n-pg. Mean Basal Vertical measurements of 10 years old when compared between Males and females for values of PFH, PFH/AFH, Jaw relation, Maxillary Inclination, Jaw angle, Mandibular Inclination, SN-PoOr & ANS: Gn there was no statistically significant difference between Males and Females. Mean Mandibular length measurements Go-Co and Co-Gn of 10 years old when compared between males and females, the males had higher Mean values than the females for both the parameters. The Mean cranial base measurements of 10 years old when compared between Males and females, the males had higher Mean values than the females for S:Ba, PCB & ACB, but females had higher mean values than males for n-s-ar & n-s-ba. Conclusion: Craniofacial dimensions seen in this study is very useful data on Craniofacial changes of Rural Residential School children of Suttur, but needs to be done on a larger sample.

Published by: Dr. Ravi Shanthraj, Nandlal B, Karthikeya Patil, Ashwini BResearch Area: Dentistry – Orthodontics And Dentofacial Orthopeadics

Organisation: JSS Dental College And Hospital, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Craniofacial, Growth, Cephalometric, Residential School, SNA

Review Paper

53. An effective approach for extracting noise from digital image and real-time data using filtering technique: Review paper

As we know there is a huge development in image processing with time and latest technology play a very vital role in solving a various problem in so many filed like medical, satellite, control and many more. Pixel is the smallest element which helps to form an image. In this review article, we found that there are various types of images exist in various formats. After that, we studied various types of a filter because these filters help us to fetch out noise from images. Diverse types of noises occurred from acquisition to recognition in an image and to remove them various filters are available and every filter is having own advantage and limitations and suitable for particular types of noise which it can remove efficiently. In our research work, our main target is to fetch out salt and pepper noise. In this article, we studied various types of noises and various types of filter in details from a deep study of various research papers. Our dissertation work will be to fetch out SPN form an image, therefore, a detailed study of the median filter and its extension is carried out. To meet the requirement to expectation three parameters will be calculated PSNR, MSE, and IEF. Noise is random in nature and it can be mixed with an image anywhere therefore diverse noise models were studied deeply.

Published by: Ajay, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: PSNR, MSE, IEF, Probability Density factor, Quantization, Pixel, Denoise

Review Paper

54. A novel approach for comparative analysis of networking routing protocol: Review paper

A wireless sensor network is nowadays very popular important in the field of research because the world is now switching faster from wired communication to the wireless communication. We studied many research papers from various researchers and every research worked on diverse protocol. As we know protocol is classified in the different domain and every domain has its own advantages and limitations. In our research work, our main focus is to enhance the base work in term of network parameters. During the execution of any research, first of all, we have to execute in the virtual environment due to the cost factor. Because if we directly execute in the real world it is not necessary that work would be carried out successfully therefore in this scenario huge loss of money will come into existence. We executed our research work in NS2 simulation environment. WSN is collections of very small sensor nodes which accept information and transfer this valuable information to the base station via shortest routes so that energy consumption would be reduced. WSN has defined diverse routing protocols for the network. There is two main problem exist in WSN, the first one is to design a routing protocol which gives optimization of energy and another security issue due to dynamic topology. There are diverse routing protocols which are classified as their working and their application to different conditions. In our research work, we worked on four routing protocols and integrated these into NS 2 Software. Out of these protocols, we found that ECHERP protocol performance is excellent as compared to other routing protocol in WSN.

Published by: Sonam, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: WSN, ECHERP routing protocols, Hierarchical routing, Flat routing protocols, PEGASIS

Review Paper

55. Review paper on power control technique in VANET for catastrophe message broadcasting protocol

Effectively broadcasting extremity messages in vehicular ad hoc networks is an important issue in VANETs. Real-time good fare message interchange is one of the most crucial subjects in VANET, and well fare message interchange mostly happens between close neighbors. By using this characteristic, we will give power control technologies which depend on connectivity, which diminish the access delay of safety packets. The dominant desire of VANET is to furnish life safety on the road. To obtain this, vehicles make use of two types of safety messages, first one is periodic safety messages in which vehicle speed and location will be given and another one is event-driven messages, which will telecast in case of an emergency environment for example accidents, hard-braking and many more. Our research work will be based upon to control power in control in extremity condition because power is one of the important parameters which we need to utilize efficiently so that optimum result can be achieved. Beside this, we deeply studied diverse routing protocol which will be useful to control power in an emergency situation, attack, and challenges which we have to face in implementing VANET.

Published by: Naincy Duhan, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: VANET, RSU, NS-2 Network simulation, Traffic simulation, GPVR, OBU

Review Paper

56. Denoising medical image using level-2 Discrete Wavelet Transform and Bilinear filter

Biomedical imaging focuses on the capture of images for both diagnostic purpose and therapeutic purposes. These technologies utilize radioactive pharmaceuticals (SPECT, PET), x-rays (CT scans), ultrasound, magnetism (MRI), or endoscopy, OCT to assess the current condition of an organ or tissue and can monitor a patient over time over time for diagnostic and treatment assessment. Imaging has become a very important part in diverse fields of medical and laboratory research. Analysis of these different image types requires knowledgeable computerized quantification and visualization tools. Until recently, 3D visualization of images and quantitative observation could only be executed with help of expensive workstations and customized software. Today, much of conceptualizing and inspection can be executed on an inexpensive desktop computer equipped with the appropriate graphics hardware and software. In this review paper, we studied the concept of wiener filter and bilinear filter which help in denoising X-ray and MRI images. Besides this also studied about types of images and various domain of filtering, for example, spatial domain and frequency domain which will help in to carry out research. Image quality will be observed using PSNR and MSE parameters

Published by: Mamta, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: PSNR, Wavelet, MSE, MRI, Ultrasound, IEF, Medical, Quantization, Pixel, 3D

Review Paper

57. Survey paper on data aggregation in MANET with advance security protocol using NS2

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of sensor nodes and these nodes can vary from a few numbers to a highly dense number. Data aggregation is a very important technique in wireless sensor networks through which diverse parameters performance can be increased effectively. Energy consumption by nodes can be decreased using data aggregation technique by eliminating redundancy because these parameters play a vital role in MANET. Wireless sensor nodes are very tiny in size and have limited processing capability very low battery power. This diminution of low battery power makes the sensor network vulnerable to failure. Sensor networks consist of several sensor nodes which co-operatively send sensed data to base station. One of the critical constraints of sensor nodes is the power consumption requirement. As sensor nodes are battery driven, an efficient utilization of power is essential to reduce data traffic inside sensor networks thus reduce the amount of data that need to send to base station thereby enhancing the network lifetime. In this survey paper, our main focus is to know data aggregation, data aggregation strategies, private key, public key, and security concept how to data can be a guard from hackers or malicious nodes. Networks have huge application in habitat monitoring, disaster management, security, and military, etc.

Published by: Yudhvir Kumar, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: Data aggregation, Hop, Cluster, WSN, Strategies, Protocol

Review Paper

58. A review on CFD analysis of heat transfer enhancement in a pipe with or without circular insert

High-performance heat transfer system is of great importance in many industrial applications. The performance of conventional heat exchangers can be substantially improved by a number of heat transfer enhancement techniques. A variety of complex, highly viscous liquids are involved that undergoes heat exchange process while flowing through heat exchangers. Because of their vicious nature, they tend to have low flow rates and generally represent the dominant thermal resistance due to their vicious nature, adversely affecting the size and cost of the heat exchanger. The process industry is continuously working to incorporate enhancement in heat transfer. Enhancement techniques can be classified as active methods, which require external power or Passive methods, which require no direct application of external power. The enhanced surfaces are routinely used to improve the thermal and hydraulic performance of heat exchangers.

Published by: Krit Kumar, Amit KumarResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Patel College of Science & Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Inserts, Turbulent flow, Heat transfer coefficient, Reynolds number, exit temperature

Research Paper

59. CFD analysis of heat transfer enhancement in a pipe with or without circular insert

This work presents a CFD analysis of heat transfer problem. The enhancement of heat transfer with mass in a tube has been investigated without and with insert. The combinations of without inserts, two inserts, four inserts, six inserts, eight inserts and ten inserts have been used. An 800 mm long pipe with 26 mm inner diameter and 30 mm outer diameter is considered for our simulation. 5. It is observed that outlet temperature increases to 313.15 K when two inserts are being fitted into the tube. We get the lowest outlet temperature for ten inserts. Therefore after 8 inserts outlet temperature decreases.

Published by: Krit Kumar, Amit KumarResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Patel College of Science & Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Inserts, Turbulent flow, Heat transfer coefficient, Reynolds number, Exit temperature

Review Paper

60. White spot lesions and their management

White spot lesions develop as a result of a dietary carbohydrate and saliva modified bacterial infection, resulting in an imbalance between demineralisation and remineralisation of enamel. The lesion is caused by the accumulation of plaque and bacteria along with insufficient oral hygiene. High plaque accumulation can increase the risk of white spot lesion formation. The dynamic balance between demineralization and remineralization determines the progression of white spot lesion. The diagnostic armamentarium includes novel technologies and non-invasive techniques like fiber-optic transillumination and electrical resistance methods which are very useful in detecting posterior approximal dentinal caries and occlusal caries. Radiographs and direct digital imaging are still important tools in the estimation of caries. A clear understanding of the mechanism of subsurface lesion formation and progression, possibilities, and limitations of newer methods and their clinical applications need to be recognized by the dentist to direct preventive strategies to the high caries risk individuals.

Published by: Dr. Ravi Shanthraj, Ashwini B, Biju JoseResearch Area: Dentistry – Orthodontics And Dentofacial Orthopeadics

Organisation: JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: White spot lesions, Caries, Demineralization, Remineralization


61. Redesign of traffic signal timing for minimal delay of Chamrajpete junction in Bengaluru city, India

This research is intended to highlight the delay occurred by the vehicular traffic at Chamrajpete traffic signal junction. Also, the time and fuel loss by the vehicle user at the same junction due to the split-green time at Road 1- Basavanagudi Road (Bull Temple Road) and Road 2- Sirsi Circle Road. Hence, the redesign of traffic signal timing for the minimal delay is studied and the improvements are suggested to overcome the delay at the junction.

Published by: Anirban SarkarResearch Area: Traffic Engineering

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Growth of traffic, delays at signalized junctions, traffic problems at junction.

Research Paper

62. Study of risk associated with cross-infection in different occupational and routine public places

A total of fifty samples were selected to study cross-infection among different occupational workers and public dealing places, of which forty-four samples were randomly selected from peoples engaged in different occupations, four samples from public urinals and two samples from the keyboards of public dealing places. It was reported that out of the fifty samples, thirty three samples were found positive for growth of mixed colonial morphology of microorganisms on nutrient agar and blood agar media. Nineteen samples showed positive growth out of 34 samples taken from intact hands, all the six samples showed positive growth taken from infected hands and three out of four samples showed positive growth from injured hands. Further, all the four samples taken from public urinals showed profuse growth with different colonial morphology and one sample showed characteristic growth from the two keyboards samples.

Published by: Sandeep Singh Kalra, Naresh Kumar Chauhan, Yogeshwar Sandhu, Jashandeep SinghResearch Area: Clinical Microbiology

Organisation: Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, PunjabKeywords: Cross infection, Growth, Microorganisms

Research Paper

63. Personal characteristics of rural youth in cattle management practices

The aim of the study is to be taken as a participation of rural Youth in cattle management practices in relation to their personal characteristics in the selected areas of Latur. The study was carried out at the twelve villages of Latur District. From each village 10, rural youth were selected with the purpose of the study and data were collected from them by direct interview. This indicates that personal characteristics of rural youth in cattle management on the Distribution of the respondents according to their level of education, land holding, cosmopoliteness, family size, extension contact, a source of information, social participation.

Published by: D. P. Dorkar, J. I. Shaikh, V. T. DawaneResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Shriram College Of Agriculture Paniv, Paniv, MaharashtraKeywords: Personal characteristics, Rural youth, Cattle management

Research Paper

64. Feedback Tracker: Android application to find the biased behaviour of students while filing the feedback form for their teachers

Student feedback is a process of collecting student reviews about the teacher’s performance in order to evaluate the teacher’s effectiveness. It has thus the most powerful influences on learning and achievements. Its power is very often mentioned in different articles about learning and teaching, but surprisingly few recent studies have systematically investigated its meaning. Although feedback is among the major influences, the type of feedback and the way it is given can be differentially effective. Nowadays, technology is increasingly used by a human being in every field. The concept of “Feedback_Tracker” introduced in this paper is to digitalize and organize the feedback process. What makes the “Feedback_Tracker” different from the traditional pen-paper feedbacks is, it’s set of complimentary criteria’s taken into consideration while evaluating each feedback score. The idea behind evaluating the feedback score in a better way is to take into account the biased behavior of each student while filling out the feedback form. It is an effort to evaluate the performance of a faculty depending upon the student satisfaction level, taking into consideration the biased behavior of students. Finally, this analysis and concept are used to suggest ways in which feedback can be used to enhance its effectiveness in classrooms.

Published by: Priyanka NemaResearch Area: Cloud Computing and Application Development

Organisation: St. Aloysius Institute of Technology, Jamtara, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Feedback, Performance evaluation, Android SDK, Android Studio

Review Paper

65. A review on design of tall building structures with a hexagrid system using STAAD Pro

Recent design trends in tall buildings pose new challenges to structural designers, in addition to the traditional requirements for strength, stiffness, ductility and system efficiency. Ever increasing heights and complexity of form, need for robustness coupled to an economy, awareness of limited material resources and sustainability, are all new demanding questions to be tackled with fresh approaches, novel structural systems, and open minds. Structural configurations best addressing the traditional requirements of strength and stiffness for tall buildings are the ones employing the tube concept, whose efficiency is strictly related to the involved shear resisting mechanism, and in fact the historical evolution of the tube concept has been marked by the attempts of reducing the occurrence of efficiency loss due to shear deformations. In this paper, the structural behavior of innovative structural solutions for tube structure is discussed, studying the peculiar behavior of each analyzed geometry, proposing new design approaches and evaluating the related structural efficiency.

Published by: Ashish Panthi, Dr. Aslam HussainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: University Institute of Technology RGPV, BhopalKeywords: Hexagrid (Beehive), Structural systems, Dead load, Live load, Seismic load

Research Paper

66. An investigation on design of tall building structures with a hexagrid system using STAAD Pro

The advancement of technology and development of the economy of the world have brought the new era of tall buildings. The most efficient building system for high rises has been the tube-type structural systems. Nowadays, a particular structural system called a hexagrid system has caught the attention of engineers. In order to improve the efficiency of tube-type structures in tall buildings, as both structural and architectural requirements are provided well, a new structural system, called “Hexagrid”, is introduced in this study. It consists of multiple hexagonal grids on the face of the building. However limited academic researchers have been done with the focus on the structural behavior, design criteria and performance assessment of this structural system. This study investigated the tall hexagrid buildings, focusing on the size and pattern of different hexagrid modules.

Published by: Ashish Panthi, Dr. Aslam HussainResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: University Institute of Technology RGPV, BhopalKeywords: Hexagrid (Beehive), Structural systems, Dead load, Live load, Seismic load

Review Paper

67. Energy comparative analysis of diverse routing protocols in MANET for healthcare environment: Survey paper

Nowadays, wireless networks play a vital role in diverse filed due to a huge area of application. An ad-hoc network is a mull over as a fragmentation type of wireless network. MANET is a category of an ad-hoc network where nodes are high octane. The MANET is made up of a number of mobile nodes that can connect to each other over multi-hop wireless links on an ad-hoc basis. Adhoc mobile networks have diverse routing protocols of a different class. After research, we came to a conclusion that every protocol having some advantageous and limitation and every protocol cannot be deployed in every circumstance for underwater WSN there are different class of protocols. In this review paper a deep analysis carried out on proactive (table driven), reactive (on demand) and hybrid protocol. Further our main backbone is to know about those protocols which take minimum energy in health care system. The reference article having three protocols of different category DSR, DSDV, and AODV. Today advance and unorthodox applications for healthcare environments based on a wireless network are being flourished in the private enterprise. The prominent wireless networks are growing an elementary part of every single field of life. Our research work will be carried out in NS2.

Published by: Preeti Yadav, Tarun DalalResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: CBS Group of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: DSR, DSDV, Healthcare, MANET, Node, AODV

Research Paper

68. A study on RCA as parialy replacement with natural aggregate

Recycle Concrete Aggregate has also been described as “the most revolutionary development in concrete construction for several decades”. It has proved to be beneficial from the point of economic, environmental benefits and Preservation of non-renewable recourses this thesis presents a study conducted on mechanical and durability properties of recycled aggregates concrete. The investigation covered concrete mixes at the water-cementitious material with a ratio of 0.4. Ordinary Portland cement of 43-grade was used in this study. The percentage of recycled aggregates that partially replaced natural aggregates by weight were 0%, 15%,30%, 45%, 60% and 75%. Concrete cubes and cylinders were cast and tested in laboratories. The optimum proportion of replacement was found by conducting tests on mechanical properties like Compressive strength test and Split tensile strength test. To assess the corrosion and durability characteristics of recycled concrete aggregates Acid and alkalinity resistance test were performed. The results show that the optimum replacement of recycled aggregates with natural aggregates was 45%. Up to 45% replacement, it is possible to gain the same strength as conventional concrete. Beyond 45% replacement the strength results following a decreasing trend.

Published by: Neetesh Sahu, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: RCA, Silica fume, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength


69. Non-Market issues in WTO: With special reference to China

The Multilateral Trading System was created in the 1940`s with the GATT, containing clear objectives to liberalize and promote trade as an instrument of economic development. Aiming to become universal, the Multilateral Trading System gave support and incentives to both market and Non-Market Economies (NMEs) to participate in its activities. With the strengthening of the Cold War, however, NMEs left the negotiations leading to General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT).

Published by: Seyedehsaeideh Kazemi, Dr. RameshResearch Area: Business Law

Organisation: Mysore University, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Non-Market, Market, WTO, Trade

Research Paper

70. Image Enhancement using DCTWT and Interpolation Techniques

As image enhancement is the main issue for biomedical images, this paper aims to present the methods using wavelets to enhance it. Digital image processing plays a vital role in today’s new digital imaging devices. To perform the operation on the low-quality input images, frequency domain manipulations are widely used. Image enhancement is one of the types of processing in digital image processing domain. To perform this operation sophisticated wavelet transformation is used which has better enhancement as compared to their spatial domain counterpart. In the proposed paper, a novel technique for the biomedical image, general images up to certain MB enhancement using dual-tree complex wavelet transform is used. Dual-tree complex wavelet is a parallel combination of two discrete wavelet transform which has the property of shift invariance which results in lesser artifacts generated in output enhanced image. Interpolation is using for high precision in this paper B-spline interpolation give better results. To perform this operation and finding out the best possible transform among the available wavelet family. Proposed implementation has three transforms namely symlet, D’mayer, daubechies, and haar transform are used. The input image is first decomposed using wavelet transform to generate frequency bands, values of PSNR, Q-index and SSIM are calculated for study enhancement results.

Published by: Vasudha Patil, S. P. BhosaleResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: DCTWT, PSNR, MSE, SSIM, Image enhancement

Research Paper

71. Medical Image Denoising and Enhancement using DTCWT and Wiener filter

Image denoising is the process to remove the noise from the image which contains noise. Wavelet transform technique is a unique mathematical manipulation framework used for medical image denoising and enhancement implementation. The wavelet techniques are effective to remove the noise due to their ability to capture the energy of a signal in a few energy transform values. A dual-tree complex wavelet transform is used to present the image enhancement process. The proposed technique has the cascaded structure of DTCWT used for generation of different frequency bands for analysis. In this paper, a denoising approach based on dual-tree complex wavelet and Wiener filter technique is used. The result has a better balance between smoothness and accuracy than the DWT and is less redundant than SWT. We used the SIM (Structural Similarity Index Measure) along with PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) to assess the quality of denoised images.

Published by: Prachi Mukund Tayade, S. P. BhosaleResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Image Enhancement, DTCWT, PSNR, MSE, Interpolation, SSIM, Filter

Research Paper

72. Higher dimensional cosmological models with variable gravitational and cosmological constants

A higher-dimensional cosmological model with the gravitational and cosmological constants generalized as coupling scalars in Einstein theory is considered in the framework kaluza-klein theory of gravitation. A general method of solving the field Equations is given. Exact solutions for matter distribution in cosmological model satisfying G=G_o (R/R_o )^mis presented. The corresponding physical interpretations of the cosmological solutions are also discussed.

Published by: Dr. Salam Kiranmala ChanuResearch Area: General Relativity And Cosmology

Organisation: The Maharaja Bodhachandra College, Imphal, ManipurKeywords: Cosmological model, Cosmological constants, Kaluza-Klein theory of Gravitation

Review Paper

73. Black hole attack analysis in vehicular ADHOC Network

The use of wireless links furnishes a VANET unsafe to malicious attacks for example Denial of Service, black hole attack, Sybil attack, selective forwarding and altering routing information. In Vehicular Networks are contemplated as the unique class of wireless networks, also called as VANET. It is a major part of Intelligent Transport System (ITS). VANET technology is recognized for enhancing road safety and transport efficiency. But, there are huge security issues in VANET, therefore, there must be a reliable way for communication which is quite tedious and important concern. In this review article, we studied Black Hole attacks under CBR/UDP traffic pattern using various protocols from various research papers of high quality. There are possibilities of various attacks like an active and passive attack on the network to access data. As we know there are many issues in VANET and especially security issues. Our research work will be carried out using NS-2 simulator. Besides this, a detailed study of the attack examined because there are abundant numbers of attack available. These attacks are divided into an active and passive attack and further, these two are classified. In this review paper, we convoluted the diverse class of attacks and their depth in an ad-hoc network.

Published by: Krishan Kumar, Sonia SharmaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: CBS Group Of Institution, Jhajjar, HaryanaKeywords: Black hole attack, Network, Secure, End to End Delay, Adhoc, Protocol, VANET, Packet

Research Paper

74. Autonomous and self-driving car

Today, in twenty-first-century Information Technology is revolutionizing everything around us. All our daily drivers, things we depend on, things which makes our lives easy are getting smart day by day; the automobile industry is no behind and is moving with great pace. We are seeing intense growth in technology that is powering today’s automobiles enabling us to rely heavily on the system, improving our driving abilities, minimizing the chances of accidents and saving human efforts and lives in the end. With technological advancements, application of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Leaning and powerful hardware to drive the system, not in distant future, we will see the vehicles that can drive themselves on urban roads with heavy traffic scenarios relieving humans from putting their immense efforts and precious time in driving the vehicles and allowing them to invest the time in doing some productive work. There will be a time in future where roads will be grids for self-driving cabs, running with no drivers, when there will be no traffic jams or conjunctions because of rough driving, when meeting will be conducted in cars, your car will drop your kids to schools, take you to hospital in emergency situations and it will be your complete infotainment system. However, there remain many facets to polish when it comes to complete self-driving experience. We still have hurdles to cross such as extreme environmental conditions, pedestrians, ethical dilemmas of decision making, etc.

Published by: Sathe Vaibhav, Archana PaiResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: IRNSS, GPS, Shadow matching, VoxelNet learning, Mapping, and localization, Autonomous vehicle

Research Paper

75. An experiment on CBA concrete

The coal-fired thermal power plants are the main source of coal bottom ash. Coal Bottom Ash is used as a replacement of both sand and cement depending on the size of bottom ash. The present study will provide a better understanding of the mechanical and durability properties of concrete in which cement is partially replaced with bottom ash. The present thesis would contribute to the efforts being made in the field of concrete technology towards the development of concretes possessing good strength. Based on the study, valuable advice will be given to concrete structures. In the present experimental study, the various strength properties like a compressive strength of concrete and also durability properties like Acid attack test on both ordinary concrete and coal bottom ash Concrete, best coal bottom ash concrete mix is carried out and compared with an ordinary concrete mix for economic and ecological study. In this study different percentage of ordinary and grinded coal bottom ash is used. It was found that with the increase in the amount of coal bottom ash, standard consistency, initial and final setting time increases at the same time workability of concrete decreases. It was also found that initial day’s strength is less for bottom ash concrete compare to control mix, but as the age increases, they show good improvement in strength due to a pozzolanic reaction. Optimum dosage is observed to be 15% GBA which shows more strength compared to the control mix at 56 days. It was found that with the increase in an amount of bottom ash resistance to acid attack increases. GBA shows more resistance to acid attack compared to OBA. With the increase in the amount of bottom ash. It was also found that at optimum dosage i.e at 15% replacement of cement with GBA it is also economical and also amount of CO2 Emitted is also decreasing that means it is also environmentally friendly compared to control mix.

Published by: Shivam Rai, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Initial and final setting time, Consistency, Workability, Compressive strength

Research Paper

76. RSM application for optimization of ECMM parameter using S1 Tool steel

S1 tool steel (60WCrV7) are used for the production of cold shear knives, ejector pins, air hammers etc. It is very difficult to machine S1 Tool steel alloys using conventional machine tools due to high toughness, impact resistance, dimensional stability and high hardening capacity. The Electrochemical Machining (ECM), a non-traditional manufacturing process, is a prime choice for machining S1 Tool steel alloys. The main aim in present work is to investigate the influence of ECM process parameters, such as applied voltage (V), inter-electrode gap (IEG), electrolyte flow rate (F.R.) and electrolyte concentration (EC), on Radial Overcut (ROC) during machining S1 Tool steel material. An aqueous solution of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) is used as an electrolyte. The experimental strategy depends on design formulated using response surface methodology. The effects of process parameters as well as their interactions are investigated and the process parameters are optimized by application of the response surface methodology

Published by: Love Kishore Sharma, Dilip Gehlot, Anil Kumar Sharma, Bhupendra VermaResearch Area: Non- Conventional Machining

Organisation: Jaipur Institute of Technology, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Electrochemical Micro Machining (ECMM), Radial Over Cut (ROC), S1 Tool steel

Research Paper

77. Fingerprint based security system for vehicles

In this age of soaring vehicle thefts, vehicle safety has become a matter of prime importance. Investigators owe this increase in thefts to the lack of proper parking spaces in residential areas and lack of availability of sophisticated security devices. As a solution to the aforementioned problem, we have developed a prototype model of fingerprint based security system for vehicles by interfacing Fingerprint sensor module R307 along with Arduino Uno. A person can start the vehicle, but only upon fingerprint authentication can the person put the vehicle into motion. On recognition of the fingerprint, the valve fixed in the outlet of fuel tank opens, thereby allowing the flow of fuel to the engine.

Published by: Dr. Saritha Namboodiri, Arun P.Research Area: Embedded Systems

Organisation: Sreekrishnapuram VT Bhattathiripad College, Palakkad, KeralaKeywords: Arduino Uno, Fingerprint senor R307, Automobile security, Microcontroller ATtmega328

Research Paper

78. Mobile healthcare SMS service

Usage of mobile applications and wireless networks is growing rapidly in different sectors in the world. Mobile healthcare application is devotedly accepted by the healthcare organizations and also by patients. Providing health care and related services through the SMS, or e-health care is an emerging phenomenon. Wireless personal computing devices are finding a niche in the healthcare communities, promising point-of-care access to medical records and information ranging from patients to drug libraries. In this paper, we have presented a software-based application for health care centers entitled “Mobile Health Care SMS Service’.This project is a prototype of a wireless health monitoring system capable of sending SMS related to the health status of the patient. 1. The projects work at two different levels as follows 2.System provides the medical information used for the desktop on wired networks. The system has a mobile context server that re-configures mobile contents according to the mobile device. The mobile context sever applies context to the contents by using styles, a property override, and templates according to the resources of a given mobile device. In this way, the system serves reconfigured web contents to the mobile device.

Published by: Heena Kausar, Deepika HugarResearch Area: Computer-Science

Organisation: S S Tegnoor Degree College, Gulbarga, KarnatakaKeywords: Mobile healthcare, Context server, Encryption, Decryption

Research Paper

79. Prospects of tourism in Nepalese economy

This article examines some of the tourism indicators and the contribution of tourism to the Nepalese economy. The number of tourists inflow through bus and air services and their percentages are discussed. Since 1985 to 2016 the contribution of tourism sector indicators such as the percentage of total foreign exchange earning and its share in GDP, average expenditure per visitor and average expenditure per visitor per day are discussed with annual data for the period 20001 – 2015/16. Further, the duration of tourist’s stay and annual growth rate of tourist, and percentage change of foreign exchange earnings in the yearly basis are discussed. The data on the number of tourist arrival, their duration of stay and the growth rate in percentage, from 1985 to 2016 and the contribution of tourism sector to national economy is presented from 2000/01. The significance is tested using t-test. Further, this articles examines the prospects, and review of literature, review of tourism sector in periodic plan, and some problems facing tourism sector and some suggestion for the development of tourism sector. Nepal still is unable to recover its structures damaged by the earthquake of 2015, which has affected the tourist arrival in the country. Furthermore, the article describes the prospects for tourism industry in Nepal with reference to its biodiversity and natural beauty.

Published by: Bal Krishna SubediResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Saraswati Multiple Campus, Kathmandu, NepalKeywords: Tourism industry, Data, fluctuations, Structure, Heritages

Research Paper

80. Experimental study on behaviour of reinforced concrete beam reinforced with BRFP rebar

FRP m is the material type that is increasingly used in the construction field in recent years. Due to their properties lightweight, high tensile strength and corrosion resistance and easy to implementation make these material preferred solutions for increased the strength of reinforced concrete structural elements. This paper presents the test results of an experimental study carried out on the chain of simply supported beams under flexure and torsion, concrete beam reinforced with BFRP bars compared to the concrete beam reinforced with steel bars. The tested beams were cast of concrete and BFRP bar having 10 mm diameter. Tensile strength Obtained from a tensile test. Deflection of beams, cracking, and torsional behavior has been analyzed and presented. The result shows that various characteristics of the load-deflection relationship of BFRP beams with conventional beam.

Published by: Akshay Digambar Khirodkar, Vishwajeet KadlakResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Engineering & Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: BFRP bar, Conventional bar, Flexure, Torsion, Tensile strength

Research Paper

81. Hand gripper design as an application of EMG measurement

The medical, rehabilitation and bio-mimetic technology demand human actuated devices which can support in the daily life activities such as functional assistance or functional substitution of human organs. These devices can be used in the form of prosthetic, skeletal and artificial muscles devices. Such devices are costly which is not affordable to every consumer so to overcome these we have designed a hand gripper which uses the electromyography (EMG)signals to control this device.

Published by: Sonali S Mali, Sapana B Moon, Arshad M AlamResearch Area: Biomedical Engineering

Organisation: Yadavrao Tasgaonkar Institute Of Engineering And Technology, Karjat, MaharashtraKeywords: EMG Sensor, Hand gripper, Servo motor, ATMEGA328, 9V battery, Electrodes

Research Paper

82. Worker safety skill training – Foundation for a sustainable safe workplace

This study focuses on the importance of safety at workplace and OHS (Occupational Health & Safety) practices. It discusses the rationale behind why worker safety training is important for a safety management system, the existing challenges and the possible solutions and action points to overcome them. It also discusses the different means of people engagement in safety management both at a conceptual level as well as its actual implementation. Various facets of safe work culture have been examined through data analysis of nine elements of the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) which shows an interesting result. It depicts that supervision satisfaction and present work satisfaction of the workers have a direct correlation with the safety performance. The purpose is to empower the base of the pyramid where workers are exposed to real hazards.

Published by: Madhabi Guha BasuResearch Area: Behavioral Science, Training, Safety

Organisation: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Bidhan Nagar, West BengalKeywords: Workers training, Safety training, OHS

Research Paper

83. Effects of country of origin on the relationship of service quality expectations and choice of banking brands

The service sector is highly impacted by the fourth industrial revolution. Technology is the backbone of most services today. Technology is blurring the characteristics of services like inseparability, perishability and for sure variability. Banking a most often transacted service is no different. The relationship of service quality expectations with choice of brand is well established, but in a highly competitive environment where general service quality attributes are almost non-variable, it becomes important to understand what other constructs influence the service brand choices. We in this paper attempted to explore how the country of origin influences the choice of service brands. Paper attempts to validate if the country of origin which is so predominant in goods, influences the brand choice for services. The empirical study was initiated with a survey conducted on convenient sample across India, country of origin of two pre-tested banks having most mindshare, one a private player another a foreign bank operating in India and lastly the choice of brands amongst the two. The respondents had to rate both the banks, private and foreign so that the perceptions can be dissected. We noticed through the descriptive study that while assurance and trust continue to weigh high as quality dimensions for most respondents. It is also observed that people make a choice primarily because of “Empathy” dimension of SERVQUAL. The study also revealed that there is a significant relationship between service quality expectations (SQE) and country of origin (COO) which is well moderated by age. The study has also revealed (COO) influences service expectations and choice of service brands.

Published by: Sankalpa SenResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Country of origin, Service quality, Choice of brands, Service marketing


84. Comparative study of various seismic analysis methods for RC structure

A large number of RC frame buildings have been built in India in recent years. A huge number of similarly designed and constructed buildings exist in the various towns and cities situated in moderate to severe seismic zones of the country. Analysis and design of such buildings for static forces is a routine affair these days because of availability of affordable computers and specialized programs which can be used for the analysis. On the other hand, dynamic analysis is a time-consuming process and requires additional input related to the mass of the structure, and an understanding of structural dynamics for interpretation of analytical results. Reinforced Concrete (RC) frame buildings are the most common type of constructions in urban India, which are subjected to several types of forces during their lifetime, such as static forces due to dead and live loads and dynamic forces due to the earthquake. To ensure safety against seismic forces of multi-storied building hence, there is need to study seismic analysis to design earthquake resistance structures. In the present study, a multi-storied framed structure is selected, And Linear seismic analysis is done for the building by a static method (Equivalent Static Method) and dynamic method (Response Spectrum Method & Time history Method) using ETAB2016 as per the IS-1893-2002-Part-1. As a result, the response of structure has been obtained for considered building models, based on each method of analysis, and then the results are compared with each other.

Published by: Rasika Murlidhar Wahane, Phuke Rahul MResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: College of Engineering & Technology, Akola, MaharashtraKeywords: RC structure, Seismic analysis, Equivalent Static, Response spectrum and time history analysis, Displacement, Acceleration, Base shear

Research Paper

85. Analytical method development of Flonicamid by R – HPLC

A simple reverse phase liquid chromatographic method has been developed and subsequently validated for the Flonicamid are a fungicide molecule; which is applicable for the treatment of the vegetable and fruits fungal decease. These Flonicamid molecules were separated through a mobile phase consisting of the mixture of acetonitrile, methanol, and water in the ration of 10:30:60. All these solvents are HPLC grade. Column: Qualis BDS C18 (250 x 4, 5μ); Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Detector: UV-Vis. Absorption (λ) at 230 nm of Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030). The LC solution software was used for the analytical method, data integrations, and calculations in this analysis. There are two molecules were analyzed for separation and quantification. The results of the study showed that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. TamilselvanResearch Area: Pesticide Analysis

Organisation: Bioscience Research Foundation, Kandamangalam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Flonicamid, HPLC analysis, Validated method, SANCO 3030/99 Rev.4, ICH guideline

Research Paper

86. Powder metallurgy: Advanced techniques and applications

In this paper, a brief review about the advancement in powder metallurgy process along with their applications as well as problems faced during the research is discussed. The main objective of this paper is to accentuate the applications of advanced powder metallurgy technology in various fields and also to encourage the readers to understand and write more papers on such issues. Advanced Powder Metallurgy is also known as metal injection moulding (MIM) technology helpful for forging complex shaped components with low investment of money. Therefore, a forming technology applied to form new materials by diffusion of different metals as well as ceramic powders as raw ingredients through sintering (temperature below melting point) is known as powder metallurgy. The most advantageous thing of this process is that, the powder can easily be shaped directly into the end product and also possesses significant degree of freedom in the composition of materials, properties, microstructure and thermal processing. Powder Metallurgy provides such properties that cannot be achieved by melting process. Advancement in Powder Metallurgy technique is a standard allusion for the engineers in the metal forming industries that use powder metallurgy with a research interest in the field.

Published by: Akanksha VermaResearch Area: Manufacturing And Production

Organisation: Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Metal injection moulding, Diffusion of metals, Sintering, Complex shaped components, Thermal processing


87. A power efficient routing scheme: Wireless sensor network for implementation of Green Network by clustering

Faced with increasing energy prices, financial crisis, and environmental problems, the sector of increation and communications technologies initiates the third industrial revolution. This revolution aims to intelligently allocate and distribute energy. The study, development, and implementation of intelligent energy managers for computer networks are called Green Networking. The proposed project aims to develop and test an energy-aware solution. In this, an energy-efficient topology control algorithm named EALSP. The algorithm first tries to preserve the minimum-energy paths. However, when a node searches its requirement a large transmission power to cover some of its neighbors, it capitalizes two-hop paths to reach them instead of using single hop. Simulation results show that EALSP can effectively decrease the transmission power and reduce the energy dissipation when transmitting. This paper presents an energy efficient routing scheme for wireless sensor network to apply GREENNET work protocol by clustering. This is based on the PSO algorithm, which is designed so that it automatically selects the desired nodes. This protocol looks after both the energy efficiency as well as transmission distance. In this paper, we compare different parameters varying selected parameters and observed the simulated result.

Published by: Dhananjay Kumar Singh, Diksha, Md. Aquib Hasan, Himanshu AgarwalResearch Area: Wirelesss Network

Organisation: Subharti Institute of Technology and Engineering, Meerut, Uttar PradeshKeywords: EALSP, WSN, Clustering, LEACH, Network, PSO

Research Paper

88. The impact of social media on the student academic achievement

Today, in a dynamic technological environment, it is difficult to determine the impact of social media on the student academic achievement. With the rate of technological domination in the education industry, the old pattern of teaching methodologies is obsolescing day by day. It is essential to study how new technologies assist for the teaching and student’s education as the younger generation always having technological approach than the older generation. The objective of this research is to identify the how social media influence to student academic achievement. The Questionnaires were distributed through Facebook and E-mails, to find out whether social media impact students education or not. The findings indicate that there is no relationship between social media and student education.

Published by: Dr. Himendra BalalleResearch Area: Social Media

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Student education, Social media, Education, The younger generation, Academic achievement

Research Paper

89. Should India have a uniform civil code

The Framers of the Constitution made various laws for the better working of the country but a country like India cannot be governed by a single center hence various powers were given to the constitution for the working of the state mentioned under The Directive Principle of the State in Part IV of the Indian Constitution. One such Directive Principle is mentioned under Article 44 which says that the citizen of the country should be governed under a single set of laws irrespective of their regions or religion. The paper is a brief study of the most debated and controversial topic about the implementation of a Uniform Civil Code in India. In the recent years, various judgment of Supreme court has shown a marked proclivity towards the establishment of Uniform Civil Code and even deals with the unresolved debate on the freedom to religion.

Published by: Sheetal KumrawatResearch Area: Legal

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Uniform civil code

Research Paper

90. Gesture controlled X-RHex (2.0) robot

In this paper, the authors describe the design of Gesture controlled X-RHex (2.0) Robot. X-RHex (2.0) has only six actuators, one motor located at each hip, achieving mechanical simplicity that promotes reliable and robust operation in real-world tasks. The paper is also about improving controlling the robot and accurate handling. Gesture controlling is the solution for easy handling and giving the desired direction to robot effectively. Empirically stable and highly maneuverable locomotion arises from a very simple clock-driven, open loop tripod gait. The main area of paper is to operate the wireless X-RHex (2.0) Robot more efficiently by using an accelerometer sensor.

Published by: Rutwij Mahadev Munnoli, Akshay Kodgi, Pushkar Pardeshi, Kaushal Kulkarni, Avinash LavnisResearch Area: Mechatronics

Organisation: N. B. Navale Sinhgad College of Engineering, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Gesture controlled robot, Hex legged robot, Accelerometer robot

Research Paper

91. Reducing casting defects and improving productivity in a small scale foundry industry using DMAIC approach

The defects need to be diagnosed correctly for appropriate remedial measures; otherwise new defect may get introduced. The proper classification and identification of particular defect is basic need to correct and control quality of casting. Keeping rejection to a bare minimum is essential to improve the yield and increase the effective capacity of the foundry unit and also improve the productivity. This work identifies major defects slag and porosity. There are many reasons which generate these defects. So it is preferably necessary to reduce it as much as possible by appropriate analysis of the defects which includes the root cause analysis so that actual reasons behind occurring the defects can be found out to make the corrective action. In this work six sigma technique was used to identify and analyse casting defect. Final result of this work was to reduce the defect by taking corrective action. Tool should be identifying the sources of variation clearly.

Published by: Pradip Kumar Ganguly, Rajesh RanaResearch Area: Six Sigma

Organisation: RPS Institutions, Mahendragarh, HaryanaKeywords: Seven quality control tools, Productivity, Casting defects, Cold shut, Taguchi method, Regression analysis

Research Paper

92. Experimental investigation on performance of reciprocating air compressor by using nanoparticle in lubricating oil

Reciprocating compressors are positive displacement machines in which the compressing and displacing element is a piston having a reciprocating motion within a cylinder. The reciprocating compressor plays an important role in various fields such Applications include oil refineries, gas pipelines, chemical plants, natural gas processing plants and refrigeration plants. One specialty application is the blowing of plastic bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is widely used in these fields. Good performance is very crucial for the use in these fields because it is related to the energy-saving benefit. A remarkable part of entire power loss in a reciprocating air compressor is due to the undesirable friction between rubbing surfaces of mechanical components. The development of low friction compressor is necessary for the limitations of fossil fuels. The colloidal effect, rolling effect, protective film, and the third body may be the main mechanisms of friction-reduction and antiwear of nanoparticles in lubricant. So in the present dissertation work the two nanoparticles i.e. CuO and TiO2 are used as lubricating oil additives and its effect on the performance and characteristics of compressor were studied.

Published by: Omkar Chandrakant Nikam, Anil R. AcharyaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Government College of Engineering, Karad, MaharashtraKeywords: Nanopartical, Compressor, Lubrication, Friction, Nanooil

Research Paper

93. Properties of GR-regular spaces in topology

In 2011, S.Bhattacharya (Halder) has introduced the concepts of gr-closed sets in topological spaces. In 2012, S.I.Mahmood has defined and studied the concepts of gr-continuity, gr-irresoluteness, perfect gr-continuity and Tgr – spaces. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and study the concepts of gr-regular spaces, Gr-regular spaces, GR-regular spaces along with some allied gr-continuity and some allied gr-regularity axioms in topology.

Published by: Govindappa Navalagi, Sujata MookanagoudarResearch Area: Mathematics-Topology

Organisation: Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur, KarnatakaKeywords: Regular open sets, Regular closed sets, G-closed sets and RG-closed sets, GR-closed sets, GR-continuity, GR-irresoluteness

Research Paper

94. Improved sparse logistic regression for efficient feature selection

Variable and feature selection have become the focus of most of the research areas of application for which datasets with hundreds of thousands of parameters are available. These areas may include health risk prediction, text processing of internet documents, gene array analysis etc. Features gathered for analysis may not be completely informative; some may contain noise, some may require normalization or most of them can be irrelevant. The goal of feature selection is to improve predictions of predictors, provide faster & cost effective predictors and provide a better understanding of the underlying process and the data. In feature selection, sparse logistic regression method serves best for countably selecting the important attributes. The logistic loss function is included for sparsity purpose. The regularization parameter is responsible for controlling the sparsity factor. It provides the most effective and relevant variable selection for a specific model. Most of the applications where prediction is required, this method serves its best purpose.

Published by: Shreyal Gajare, Shilpa SonawaniResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Feature selection, Regression methods, Loss function

Research Paper

95. A study to determine the impact of emerging online shopping sites on conventional model of buying and selling with reference to Pune city

This study attempts to focus on the impact of emerging online shopping sites on the conventional model of buying and selling with reference to Pune City. Retailers involve a large segment of the population and a large population is reliant on these retailers. However, the entrance of online shopping sites which have attractive incentives and wide-ranging varieties have put the conventional stores in an adverse situation. This research studies the preference of customers and their attitudes towards online and in-store shopping in various age brackets and also the reasons for doing so. This research also studies the different aspects of conventional retail businesses are affected and the different recovery mechanisms used by them to counter the online shopping sites in their survival race. This study also tries to cover the customer’s viewpoint on purchasing online or in conventional stores which are being preferred by them.

Published by: Vaishalli NikaljeResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Online shopping, Retail stores, E-commerce

Research Paper

96. “White rusting of rocks”– The phenomena observed at Lonar crater lake

Abstract For the first time, white rusting/white coating of Silica on basaltic rocks has been observed at Lonar Crater Lake. Silica coating has been observed on basaltic rocks of Kilauea flow in Ka’u Desert on Hawaiian volcanic islands and has also been observed on the surface of Mars at Gusev Crater. The term white rusting/white coating of silica has been used for the same feature i.e., silica coating. White rusting /white coating phenomena observed on basaltic rocks of Lonar Crater Lake shows similarity to the silica coating observed on basaltic rocks of Kilauea flow in Ka’u Desert. Representative rock samples covered by white layer/white coating/white rusting were collected and after removal of the white-coated part were analyzed by XRF, showed that major oxide component was Silica (SiO₂) – 95-97 % mass of amorphous nature with minor quantities of SO₃, Fe₂O₃, Al₂O₃, CaO, and Cr₂O₃. The oxide content detected in white coating component at Lonar and that detected in silica coating on basaltic rocks of Kilauea flow in Ka’u Desert of Hawaiian volcanic islands shows good agreement which infers that similar process or unknown process may be operating at Lonar Crater Lake. From the studies carried by different researchers on silica coating on basaltic rocks of volcanic origin, it infers that the formation of white rusting at Lonar crater lake may be related to volcanic eruption or weathering conditions or physical changes due to climatic conditions existing at Lonar from the time the lake was formed. The white rusting is known to be a polymorph of silica in which SiO₂ value is found to be 95 – 97 mass %. This paper reports the first-hand information of observations and findings of white rusting/ white layer coating phenomena on basaltic rocks at Lonar Crater Lake on a preliminary basis and to put on record the works carried out regarding white coating phenomena with respect to silica coating on basaltic rocks of Kilauea flows in Ka’u Desert on Hawaiian volcanic islands.

Published by: Jadhav Raju D, Mali Harishchandra B.Research Area: Maharashtra

Organisation: Naushad Ali Sarovar Samvardhini, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Crater lake rocks, Lonar, White rusting phenomena, Volcanic eruptions, Basalts

Research Paper

97. Strength and durability characteristics of concrete with steel fiber

With the improvement and modernization of societies, a lot of production activities are seen everywhere. These construction activities are increasing at a faster charge by way of large quantity. Also, the destruction of present structures, which have reached their provider lifestyles, runs parallel to the construction sports. It isn’t crucial that the structures need to be demolished most effective after they have completed their carrier lifestyles, however also due to exchange in style and the ongoing trend of reconstruction of even healthful structures just for developing the greater area on the way to meet the prevailing demand. All such sports are producing waste in bulk, and this waste is called the Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste. Disposal of such C&D waste in a sustainable manner is a difficult nut to crack for the developers, developers, and owners. While the disposal of C&D waste is an undertaking, on the other hand, there is a severe shortage of obviously to be had aggregates for production of systems. Reduction of this call for in a small way is feasible with the recycling or reusing of creation and demolition waste generated from the development of sports. Hence, the recycling of demolished waste is a sustainable solution for C& D waste. The recycled concrete mixture has restricted utility as fill and subgrade fabric below the basis of systems, pavement, and many others. Those packages are non-structural applications. However, research has been ongoing all around the globe mainly in Japan, China, European nations and a few a part of India also, from final 50 years so one can find the ability implement of recycled aggregates as a structural grade concrete. The studies work on “A Study on Development of Steel Fiber Concrete made with RAC” is offered right here and is one such try to establish the RAC as a structural grade concrete. These studies work awareness on especially four structural properties of concrete i.E. Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, and Durability. In this gift look at the experimental element is split into two exclusive series viz. Series-A (without fibers concrete blend) and Series-B (1% with the aid of extent Steel fibers in the concrete mix). The natural coarse aggregates are changed with Recycled coarse aggregates at one-of-a-kind substitute ratios. Four substitute ratios are considered in this gift take a look at zero% (manage specimens), 25%, 50% and a hundred%.

Published by: Jitendra Singh Yadav, Sherin FelixResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: RCA, Steel fiber, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Durability

Research Paper

98. A study on geopolymer concrete with fly ash

The use of Portland cement in concrete construction is under critical review due to a high amount of carbon dioxide gas released to the atmosphere during the production of cement. From few years, attempts to increase the utilization of fly ash to partially replace the use of Portland cement in concrete are gathering momentum. Geopolymer concrete is a ‘new’ material that does not need the presence of Portland cement as a binder. Instead, the source of materials such as fly ash, metakaolin that are rich in Silicon (Si) and Aluminium (Al) are activated by alkaline liquids to produce the binder. Hence concrete with no Portland cement. This study reports the details of the development of the process of making low calcium based fly ash and Metakaolin-based geopolymer concrete. In the present experimental study, attempts are made to study on the various strength properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, an also durability properties like initial surface absorption test on Geopolymer concrete made up of fly ash and Metakaolin. ISAT test was held on long-term durability properties of Geopolymer concrete. Experiments were conducted on Geopolymer Concrete with different percentages of metakaolin and molarity of alkaline activator. Studies were made on the residual compressive strength of Geopolymer Concrete mixes. It was observed that as the addition of Metakaolin to control the concrete mix of fly ash increases, the workability of the concrete mix was found to decrease as compared to Fly ash based control mix. It is observed from the experimental results and its analysis, that compressive and splitting tensile strength of geopolymer concrete increases with using high molarity NaOH solution and 25 to 50 percent Metakaolin. The replacement of fly ash up to this percentage shows 10 to 12% increment in Compressive strength and 28 to 34% increment in the split tensile strength of geopolymer concrete at 28 and 90 days respective

Published by: Digvijay Singh, Sherin FelixResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Alkaline activators, Metakaolin clay, Fly ash, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength

Research Paper

99. Minimization of artifacts in wrist pulse signals using signal processing techniques

Pulse pressure is a manifestation of arterial palpation of the heartbeat. Wrist pulse signal contains important information about the health status of a person and pulse signal diagnosis has been employed in oriental medicine for a very long time. This paper mainly addresses the problem of removing artifacts from wrist pulse signals. Noise is an irregular function that accompanies a transmitted electrical signal and tends to obscure it. The collected wrist pulse signals contain noise. The type of noise which the signal contains may be random noise, structured noise or physiological interference. In our paper, we have employed signal processing techniques in order to remove noise from the wrist pulse signal. Low Pass Filter (LPF) and Wavelet Transform (WT) techniques are used for this purpose. In our work, we have considered simulation and actual cases. In simulation cases, we have added noise to the signal and tried to remove it. In actual cases, we have considered the results of the simulation and implemented the signal processing techniques on actual noisy wrist pulse signals. Our work has studied the efficacy of LPF and WT techniques in minimizing artifacts in wrist pulse signals in simulation and in actual cases. Calculated mean square error for a simulated signal show that wavelet denoising has lesser mean square error than low pass filtering. Hence we have concluded that wavelet denoising is a better filtering than low pass filter.

Published by: B Shreyas, Abhishek M R, S Hema Priyadarshini, Dr. Anand Prem RajanResearch Area: Biomedical Signal Processing

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Wrist pulse signals, Artifacts, Low pass filter, Wavelet transform, Mean square error, Denoising

Research Paper

100. A research on formulation and evaluation chewing gum of Simvastatin

In the present era, many research and technological advancements are made in the field of oral drug delivery as it is highly accepted amongst patient. In this research the formulation of antihyperlipidemic chewing gum of simvastatin using water-insoluble gum base water-soluble other portion containing drug as well as excipients like taste masking agent sorbitol which use as a coating agent in this formulation. The primary and important requirement in the formulation of simvastatin chewing gum is the gum base, which gives it gummy texture for chewing action and as a drug vehicle.T his gum is isolated from the natural sources like a sapodilla moniker tree (Chiku) which fully grow in the Maharashtra region. This gum base has a property as like other gum bases which are present in nature. For the improvement in the stability of that gum base, which is converted in the dry form by drying and adding filler as talc and emulsifier such lecithin which was freshly collected from egg yolk. By drying this mixture further it converts in a directly compressible gum base powder, which possesses all-important flow property which requires for direct compression. Direct compression is one of the best methods as compared to the molding method in the formulation of chewing gum. For direct compression in directly compressible gum require other additional excipients like antiadherant, anti-caking agent, lubricant, antioxidant, flavor, and sweetening, the coating agent (sorbitol). For evaluation of formulated chewing gum, all parameter is same as like tablet except in-vitro drug release performance. For this purpose, the disintegration apparatus was modified in such way that it continuously compress or crush the chewing gum as like our mastication activity in the mouth, resulting in releases of the drug in the salivary fluid and absorbance were calculate on UV-visible spectra. In this also study the effect of stroke & distance between jaws which gives the valuable information about drug release performance in various ages patient.

Published by: Somnath Raosaheb Thanage, Dr. Bhawar Sanjay B., Dr. Dighe SantoshResearch Area: Biopharmaceutics And Pharmacology

Organisation: Pravara Rural College of Pharmacy, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Buccal delivery, Increased released, Hypertension, Stress.


101. Intrusion detection based on ANN by analyzing network traffic parameter

Nowadays, every individual is interchange the data from information systems, that are more open to the Internet and communication medium, the value of security of networks is extremely increased because of its tremendous utilization. In Internet different types of server are connected to each other now they are under the threats of network attackers. Actually, Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is the second level of defense for which it can be the most powerful system that handles the Attacks done at computer System by making alerts to do the analysts take some sort of actions to prevent this Attacks. IDS are based on the Principle of that an attacker behavior will be clearly different from that of a genuine user. In the proposed system we use a KDD-NSL dataset which will be as the first line of implementation for collect different attribute related to network packet then extract certain attributes from the actual dataset and use such attribute parameter is used to make training dataset and save it into the database. Our training dataset includes 4500+ data rows of values and forty-one attributes. Then in next step is to implement a real-time IDS again find out the different network packets features from dataset according attribute then load training dataset then apply artificial neural network algorithm which is work in three layers input layer, output layer and hidden layer which is a Back Propagation (BPN) and Feed Forward (FF) algorithms so that it provides two outputs normal packets and attacks packet. Proposed system evaluated on the base of performance are classified correctly for both anomaly-based detection and misuse based detection using a dataset of network packets and normal packets.

Published by: Rahul R Bhoge, Dr. M. A. PundResearch Area: Artificial Neural Network

Organisation: Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology & Research, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Intrusion Detection System (IDS), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), NSL-KDD dataset

Research Paper

102. Static pointer compression

Static Pointer Compression automatically identifies and transforms instances of type-safe data structures, replacing pointers in the data structure with smaller integer offsets from the start of the pool they are located in. Because pool allocation divides a program up into pools, it allows recursive data structures to each grow to 232 bytes and in some cases 232 nodes, without encountering a runtime error. However, the possibility of this runtime error is not acceptable for all domains. Static Pointer Compression can speed up pointer intensive programs from 20% to 2x in extreme cases over pool allocation, matching the performance of programs compiled to use native 32-bit pointers in many cases. In cases where the use of 64-bit mode enables features that are not available in 32-bit mode e.g. the AMD64 architecture, pointer compression can even beat native 32-bit performance. The pointer compression runtime library is almost identical to the standard pool allocator runtime. The only two functionality differences are that it guarantees that the pool is always contiguous and that it reserves the 0th node to represent the null pointer. The library interface is also cosmetically different in that the memory allocation/free functions take indices instead of pointers, and numbers of nodes to allocate instead of the number of bytes

Published by: Pramod KumarResearch Area: Data Structure

Organisation: S.R.K.G College Sitamarhi, Sitamarhi, BiharKeywords: Pointer compression, Static pointer compression, Pool allocation, Recursive data structure

Research Paper

103. Privacy and trust in cloud computing

This paper focuses on analyzing security and privacy problems facing cloud computing. The major issue discussed in the research that of losing control of data by both the cloud service providers (CSPs) and cloud service users (CSOs). Cloud computing offers organizations an innovative business model to adopt IT services without having to incur massive investment costs. A general analysis of the cloud is provided including its various forms. The growth and development of cloud computing technology are hampered by the fears of losing control of sensitive data by corporations and individuals. Solutions regarding this problem are discussed., and an intensive elucidation of the optimal one is included.

Published by: Faisal Alghayadh, Yasamin Alagrash, Debatosh DebnathResearch Area: Security And Privacy In Cloud

Organisation: Oakland University, Rochester, MichiganKeywords: Privacy, Security, Cloud computing

Research Paper

104. Time based electricity and load shedding monitoring using embedded systems

Electricity is one of the most important requirements of modern civilization, without which various indispensable applications will bind to bring to a standstill. As we know that demand for electricity is increasing nowadays. So electric utilities prefer load shedding when the demand exceeds the supply. Thus in a distribution system, it needs to be precisely measured for the specific period of time. The Time Based Electricity and Load Shedding Monitoring Using Embedded Systems is a reliable & effective load shedding technique that takes over the manual task of switch ON/OFF the electrical supply with respect to time. It uses a software-based real-time clock (RTC) interfaced to the ARM processor. The paper on “Time Based Electricity and Load Shedding Monitoring Using Embedded Systems” will provide real & competent load shedding techniques such that distribution substation can be monitored & load shedding from one particular place for more than one cities.

Published by: Abhishek Pawar, Zainab MizwanResearch Area: Embedded Systems

Organisation: Shree L R Tiwari College of Engineering, Thane, MaharashtraKeywords: Load shedding, Real time clock (RTC), ARM processor


105. Speech reconstruction using machine learning approach for speech impaired persons

The speech disordered persons are able to produce speech which sounds like they are whispering. The main objective of this work is to reconstruct the abnormal to normal sounding speech by using MFCC coefficients to extract the feature and use these to train cascaded Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and Objective measures are used to evaluate the performance of the work. The data used for the work are from WTIMIT online corpus and the speech signals recorded from speech impaired subjects. In this work STRAIGHT toolbox is not employed for its complexity and muffled voice. The obtained SNR is reduced

Published by: Kruthika R, Rajeswari PResearch Area: Signal Processing

Organisation: JSS Science and Technology University, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Speech reconstruction, MFCC, Cascaded GMM

Research Paper

106. Cloud computing technology and legal challenges

Law influences society and society influence the lawmaking procedure. This symbiotic relationship is unavoidable. Any change in society has an impact on the legal process. Technology is no exception to it. Technology is today’s lifeline. Technology has become part and parcel of everyone’s daily life. Law and technology are becoming two balances of the scale by which human behavior is controlled. It is interesting to observe how these variants, law, and technology interact with each other and what effect is caused in society by such interaction. With the latest technological development in cloud computing, an opportunity has been created for researchers to investigate the action and reaction formula of law and technology on society. Cloud computing technology is very popular in the present days. It is the new technology that is looked upon by industries. Nowadays cloud computing is gaining popularity amongst business community because of its features like low cost, easy maintenance, scalability etc. Indian business is also adapting to cloud computing very rapidly. India is outsourcing in the field of cloud computing services. This increase in the adaptation of cloud computing technology is not without risks, the advantage of cloud computing technology comes with many disadvantages. As cloud computing technology transcends boundaries it has resulted in the spreading of legal problems like violation of privacy of cloud customers, access, and safety in online handling of data, copyright issues of the data stored in cloud and questions of jurisdiction. If regulatory framework with regard to the above-stated issues is not clear, the confidence of stakeholders will not be boosted. Additionally, any breach of privacy, data loss or data theft, on cloud causes catastrophic effects. The purpose of this research is to find out the necessity of regulating cloud computing, to inquire about the available methods of cloud regulation and also to find out suitable methods of cloud regulation for India.

Published by: Sreevidya KVResearch Area: Law And Technology

Organisation: School of Legal Studies CMR University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Cloud computing technology, Privacy violation, Data theft, Data misuse, Legislative measures

Research Paper

107. Last mile load carrier

To develop a 1.5 Tonner last mile load carrier for the Indian market with a price range of 5-10 Lakhs.

Published by: Devtanu BoseResearch Area: Automobile

Organisation: Amity University, Kolkata, IndiaKeywords: Load carrier

Research Paper

108. Improved LEACH routing protocol for wireless sensor networks

In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the present bunch based information accumulation procedure expends more vitality. Additionally, the secured information transmissions are essential for upgrading the information confirmation and secrecy. Keeping in mind the end goal to conquer these issues, in this review, In this paper, we provide detailed analysis on the relations between clustering and routing, and then propose a Low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol for reliable and efficient data collection in a large-scale wireless sensor network. LEACH adopts the back off timer and gradient routing to generate connected and efficient inter-cluster topology with the constraint of maximum transmission range. The relations between clustering and routing in LEACH are further exploited by theoretical and numerical analysis. The results show that the multi-hop routing in LEACH may lead to the unbalanced cluster head selection. Then the solution is provided to optimize the network lifetime by considering the gradient of one-hop neighbor nodes in the setting of back off timer. Theoretical analysis and simulation results prove the connectivity and efficiency of the network topology generated by LEACH.

Published by: Parvin B. Shaikh, Sachin B. TakaleResearch Area: Wireless Communication

Organisation: Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: WSN, Data aggregation, Clustering process, Data security, Packet delivery, Energy consumption, Packet drop, Transmission overhead

Research Paper

109. Effect of textile mill waste water on growth of Maize (Zeamays.l)

Present investigation was carried out to assay the effects of effluents on seedling growth &plant growth of Maize (Zeamays. L).For that purpose textile effluent were chosen. Concentrations used for the effluents were 0, 25, 50, 75 & 100%.Minimum relative toxicity percentage was in 25% concentration and increases gradually as the concentration increases. Textile effluent has more relative toxicity. Number of seeds also decreases with the increase in concentration. irrigation with high TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) resulted in decrease in optimal crop production.

Published by: Mididoddi Nataraj, Dr. B. S. Krishna, Srinivasareddy PulagamResearch Area: Analytical Chemistry

Organisation: Amrita Sai Institute of Science and Technology, Paritala, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Hgcl2, Sterilized distilled water, Seeds, Sterilized Petri dishes, Germination %, Root length, Shoot lengths, Relative Toxicity (%R.T.) Degree of inhibition over control

Research Paper

110. Some allied gsp-continuous, open and closed functions in topology

In 1995, J.Dontchev has defined and studied the notions of gsp-open sets, gsp-closed sets,gsp-continuous functions and gsp-irresolute functions in topological spaces. In the literature, many topologists have been utilized and defined various concepts using these gsp-closed sets in topology. Quite recently, Navalagi et al have utilized these gsp-closed sets and gsp-continuity to define and study the concepts of gsp-separation axioms, gsp-Hausdorff spaces, allied gsp-regularity axioms and allied gsp-normality axioms in topology. In this paper, we define and study the notions of allied – gsp-continuity, gsp-openness, gsp-closedness, totally – gsp- continuous functions and gsp-compactness in topology.

Published by: Govindappa Navalagi, R. G. CharantimathResearch Area: Mathematics(Topology)

Organisation: Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur, KarnatakaKeywords: Semipreopen sets, gsp-closed sets, Preopen sets, gs-closed sets, rps-closed sets, gsp-irresoluteness, pre-gsp-continuous functions and rps-irresolute functions

Research Paper

111. Behaviour of natural sisal fibre reinforce concrete beam in pure torsion

This project it has carried out torsional strength for reinforced concrete elements by using sisal fibers. In last around 3 decades, all over the world are finding out potential applications of a natural fiber base reinforced concrete based element. So many countries research and the investigation was carried out to find the various physical and also mechanical properties, the durability of such products reinforced with natural organic fibers. Since last some years, various researchers investigated the use of fibers in construction materials like mortar, concrete etc. However, all properties of concrete may not improve for the same proportions of the different combination. Mechanical behavior of fiber reinforced concrete composite depends on the structure of composite both, properties of concrete and properties of type fiber used in a mix. Hence, for analysis and prediction about the performance of composite at different loading condition, the internal structure of composite must be characterized.

Published by: Akash Pawar, Nikhil A. Maske, Dr. Ashok S. KasnaleResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Engineering & Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Sisal fibre, Reinforced concrete ,Torsional strength, Aspect ratio

Research Paper

112. A study of behaviour of consumer towards online shopping

Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce, refers to the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the internet and other computer networks. The Internet is the most rapidly growing media during the past decade. Especially, online shopping is a rapidly growing e-commerce area. Online stores are usually available 24 hours a day, and many consumers have internet access both at work and at home. A successful web store is not just a good looking website with dynamic technical features, listed in many search engines. This study aims to establish a preliminary assessment, evaluation, and understanding of the characteristics of online shopping. An effort has been made to investigate online consumer behaviour, which in turn provides E-marketers with a constructional framework for fine-tuning their E-businesses’ strategies.

Published by: Divyeshkumar ValaResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Ghanshyamdas Saraf College of Arts & Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Consumer behavior, Online shopping

Research Paper

113. Role of single bump over the surface of E398 Airfoil to improve the aerodynamic performance

Flow Separation over the surface of the airfoil affect the aerodynamic performance of airfoil, flow separation increases drag and decreases lift. Aerodynamic efficiency of an airfoil can be improved by delaying separation, which increases the lift force and reduces the drag force. Flow separation can be controlled by altering boundary layer behavior such as reducing boundary layer thickness and increases maximum velocity over the surface of an airfoil, these can be done by modifying the geometry of airfoil or other active flow control techniques and passive flow control techniques. In this research, E398 airfoil was selected for analysis. Analysis has been carried out on smooth and modified E398 airfoil, airfoil modified with single bump centered at 0.05C, 0.1C, 0.15C, 0.2C, and 0.3C from leading edge, chord length of an airfoil is 0.128m. The numerical study has been carried out by using Ansys Fluent 14.0 over Smooth and Uni-Bump E398 airfoil, at low Reynolds Number ranging from 18000 to 54000 and Angle of Attack from 00 to 150. Numerical Results show that the aerodynamic efficiency of a modified airfoil with bump centered at 0.1C is higher as compared to smooth airfoil at Reynolds 18000 and 36000. When Reynolds number is 54000, aerodynamic efficiency of a smooth airfoil is higher than the modified airfoil with a single bump at 0.1C. Analysis has been performed by changing the location of bump from 0.5C to 0.3C aerodynamic performance decreases as bump shifted toward the maximum thickness of airfoil because suction pressure decreases on the upper surface of an airfoil. It is observed that as a bump near leading edge of the airfoil, shows the higher aerodynamic performance, the suitable locations of the bump are at 0.5C and 0.1C from leading edge.

Published by: Asif Ali Laghari, Shafiq-ur-Rehman, M. Tarique Bhatti, Allah Rakhio, Manthar Ali Khoso, Sajjad BhangwarResearch Area: Aerodynamic

Organisation: Quaid-e-Awam University college of Engineering, Science & Technology, Larkana, PakistanKeywords: Flow separation, E398 Airfoil, Low reynolds number, Aerodynamic performance

Research Paper

114. Impact of biodiesel and LPG on injector deposit formation

The ever-increasing fossil fuel usage and cost, environmental concern has forced the world to look for alternative biofuel in compression ignition engine. In this research work, a 60 hours endurance test has been carried out on horizontal type single cylinder diesel engine. During endurance test; three fuel samples such as D100 (%diesel fuel as a baseline), B25 (waste cooking oil biodiesel 25% and 75% diesel fuel) and B25+LPG (liqudified petroleum gas and waste cooking oil biodiesel) respectively. At the end endurance test for each fuel samples, carbon deposit was analyzed on the fuel injector while using SEM and EDX techniques. However, an endurance test was carried out at constant rpm and constant load condition. From results, it was found that the injector tip showed higher deposition of carbon in case of B25 fuel followed by B25+LPG and DF respectively.

Published by: Sajjad Bhangwar, A. M Liquat, M. Tarique Bhatti, Azher Shah, Manthar Ali Khoso, Asif Ali LaghariResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering (Petroleum & Gas)

Organisation: Quaid-e-Awam University college of Engineering, Science & Technology, Larkana, PakistanKeywords: Injector deposit, Biodiesel, LPG, SEM, EDX

Research Paper

115. Agricultural crop cost prediction using Artificial Neural Network

Forecasts of agricultural production and prices are intended to be useful for farmers, governments, and agribusiness industries. Because of the special position of food production in a nation\’s security, governments have become both principal suppliers and main users of agricultural forecasts. Artificial neural networks have been demonstrated to be powerful tools for modeling and prediction, to increase their effectiveness. Crop prediction methodology is used to predict the suitable crop for a field by considering the parameters: Temperature, Rainfall, Humidity, Soil properties- ( PH, nitrogen, phosphate, potassium, organic carbon, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, manganese, copper, iron )and cyclonic patterns. One of the major concern in Crop Cost Prediction (CCP) is to manage a large database with maximum attributes. In order to avoid these difficulties, a methodology named Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) with Feed Forward Back Propagation (FFBP) scheme is employed for accurate CCP. In this paper, the cost prediction accuracy is enhanced by minimizing the Mean Squared Error (MSE) by means of forecast values. Therefore, this proposed methodology outcome shows a clear idea about crop price and the crop yield estimation.

Published by: Karthik HosurResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: CMR Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Artificial neural network, Crop cost prediction, Feed forward back propagation, Mean squared error

Research Paper

116. Composite brake friction lining for rotor and drums

The rubbing brake functions as a basic assurance for general work and wellbeing operation of vehicles and mechanical supplies. Erosion and wear practices of brake’s grinding materials are considered as a vital subject. In this article, grating materials were arranged by framework classes, and their significant segments were presented first. At that point, the favorable circumstances and impediments of every grinding material were compressed and examined. Besides, the small-scale reaching practices on erosion interface and the arrangement system of different contact movies were talked about. At last, the persuasive standards and practices of erosion materials were outlined. It is inferred that the grating film, a middle of the road item in braking, is significantly useful to shield erosion materials from being genuinely rubbed. The braking conditions have muddled impacts on rubbing and wear practices of brake. By and large, the grinding coefficient has a tendency to be genuinely low while the wear rate increment Quickly under a condition with high temperature, braking weight, or beginning braking speed

Published by: C. V. Sai Charan Yadav, N. Vigneshwar ReddyResearch Area: Study Of Brake Friction

Organisation: Saveetha University, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Grinding material, Erosion, Braking weight, Braking speed, Lining material, Cast iron

Survey Report

117. A critical survey on the involvement of ICT in the teacher’s training institutes of West Bengal

Teachers occupy a prominent place in any society and in any educational system. This is particularly true in the case of India. From ancient time teachers have been enjoying special status and position in the Indian society as well as in the field of education. In almost all societies and cultures teachers have been regarded as a person who possesses certain attributes, competencies, and traits to succeed both in the classroom and in society as a whole. Quality of teachers is the measure of the strength of an educational system and quality of teacher depends on the quality of the teacher education. Therefore a sound programme of teacher education is necessary for the improvement of the education system in the country. With the world moving rapidly into digital media and information, the role of ICT in education is becoming more and more important and this importance will continue to grow and develop in the 21st century. In this respect, teacher education institutes play a vital role in providing quality education to the teacher trainees using ICT. But it is very regrettable to say that in this Modern Era all training colleges of West Bengal are not been able to accept ICT in its full form. This research paper will focus on the critical survey on the involvement of ICT in teachers’ training institutes of West Bengal. This is a Descriptive study where Survey method will be used. To conduct this research the researcher will use the questionnaire as a research tool. The population of this research work is the total teachers training institutes under WBUTTEPA but to have a control over the data and to time factor the researcher delimitated it and had taken only 6 colleges. By using Stratified random sampling the researcher had taken the sample from 6 training institutes of West Bengal and from each college 10 teachers had been taken. A total number of sample 60. To analyze the qualitative data in a quantitative way the researcher will use Statistical Analysis using t-test. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. The use of ICT in education lends itself to more student-centered learning settings and therefore ICT can improve teaching by enhancing an already practiced knowledge and introducing a new way of teaching and learning.

Published by: Sagufta SahinResearch Area: Educational Technology

Organisation: West Bengal University of Teachers’ Training, Education Planning and Administration, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: ICT(Information and Communication Technology), Blended learning, Face to face learning, E-learning

Research Paper

118. Enhancement SNR for OFDM systems by using PSO algorithm

This dissertation deals with the channel estimation techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) PSO systems such as in IEEE 802.11. Although there has been a great amount of research in this area, characterization of typical wireless indoor environments and design of channel estimation schemes that are both robust and practical for such channel conditions have not been thoroughly investigated. It is well known that the minimum mean-square-error (MMSE) estimator provides the best mean-square-error (MSE) performance given a priori knowledge of channel statistics and operating signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). However, the channel statistics are usually unknown and the MMSE estimator has too much computational complexity to be realized in practical systems. In this work, we propose two simple channel estimation techniques: one that is based on modifying the channel correlation matrix from the MMSE estimator and the other one with averaging window based on the LS estimates. We also study the characteristics of several realistic indoor channel models that are of potential use for wireless local area networks (LANs). The first method, namely MMSE-exponential-Rhh, does not depend heavily on the channel statistics and yet offer performance improvement compared to that of the LS estimator. The simulation results also show that the second method, namely averaging window (AW) estimator, provides the best performance at moderate SNR range.

Published by: Pratik Singh, Manish GuptaResearch Area: EC

Organisation: Scope College Of Engineering, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: LTE, MIMO, OFDM, Cyclic prefix, Zero padding, LS, LMMSE, Lr LMMSE, PSO

Review Paper

119. A review on geology, geomorphology, origin and textural analysis of red sediments of east coast Visakhapatnam

Red sediments are of a unique feature that exists in the east coast near Visakhapatnam. The Origin has been debated for over the years, most accepted is formed by the denudational remnants of a great sandbank of Pliocene times or isolated banks formed around sunken hills. Red sediments are formed by the cumulative work of wind and running water, where the red colour pigment is being preserved by the digenetic breakdown of iron-bearing minerals. Iron oxides derived from the red soils in the sources area (Khondalite terrain). Favorable environmental conditions for the preservation of the pigment in the depositional basin. The colour of the red sediments is mostly moderate reddish brown and moderate red. Moderate yellowish brown and dark reddish brown sediments are occurring in certain parts of Visakhapatnam region. The upland soils are pale reddish brown to moderate reddish brown. Many geomorphic features are observed like gullies, buried channels, Lineaments, beach ridges, sand dunes, wave-cut terrace, knick points and waterfalls, yellow sand unit, reddish-brown concretion bearing sand unit, brick-red sand unit, light yellow sand unit, duricrust, and pebble beds. Textural analysis has been made in these areas; results show that these are originated from under fluvial environment.

Published by: G SandeepResearch Area: Geology, Geomorphology

Organisation: Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Red sediments, Red pigment, Khondalite, Iron oxides, Geomorphic features, Textural analysis

Research Paper

120. Road quality analyser

The condition index (cracking index) is one regular metric used by many countries to measure their road quality and justify the budget spent every year on the road repair. These decisions are dependent on the evaluation criteria that are subjective but not representative. In this paper, we confer about our initial approaches to solve the problem of data asymmetry in decision-making about the road quality. The proposed work explains the process of determining road-defects using data collected by the Road Quality Analyser (RQA). A web-based interactive user interface to host a large amount of data collected by the device RQA towards digitizing the process of road quality inspection. This approach of combining data and device for the assessment of road, which enables the government to make accurate decisions on road repairs and it will lead to an anticipative response which will result in significant cost saving.

Published by: Avinash Ashok Naik, Suresh Kumar C P, Likhith Raj GA, Chethan KmResearch Area: Digitizing Road Survey

Organisation: Jain University, Bengaluru, IndiaKeywords: Quality, Raspberry Pi, PMTK commands, Google Fusion Table

Review Paper

121. Seismic retrofitting of existing reinforced concrete building

It is commonly observed that many RC Building collapses during an earthquake are those building which is non –engineered or those RC Buildings which are not constructed as per codal provisions. Some of such buildings have deficiencies in whole structure or individual structural members which don’t have the adequate lateral capacity to counter the seismic demand. Before retrofitting of structure it is required to perform necessary assessments and evaluations of structural member or location deficiencies are found. In this case study, a G+3 storey RC Building is considered for seismic analysis which is located in the zone –IV to calculate the additional seismic strength of structural members like beams and columns. Based on this analysis retrofitting measures are suggested. This analysis is performed by using Stad pro-V8i software. The recommendations are based on IS – 15988, IS – 1893, IS – 13920 and FEMA codes provisions. The method adopted for seismic retrofitting of structures is RC Jacketing.

Published by: Asif Naim, Dr B. K SinghResearch Area: Engineering And Technalogy

Organisation: Al-Falah University, Dhouj, HaryanaKeywords: Non-engineered RC building, Seismic demand, Seismic retrofitting, Seismic strength, RC jacketing, Lateral capacity

Review Paper

122. Article on panchakarma in healthy person

Ayurveda is not only medicine but it is a science of life which guides us about healthy regimens to live healthy happy and long life. The Shodhana or Detoxification remedies which will get rid of the vitiated toxins present in the physique in terms of Vamanadi measures. According to seasons, their dosha will get vitiated in the body which may additionally in flip leads to a one-of-a-kind disease. If one takes care of this by performing Shodhana (Shodhana) in each season may additionally pacify the vitiated dosha and help in stopping the ailment, these will act as preventive, promotive and curative. This article enlightens about exclusive Detoxification treatment plans carried out in accordance to extraordinary seasons.

Published by: Dr. Sagar J MahajanResearch Area: Panchakarma

Organisation: Bhagwan Mahaveer Jain Ayurvedic Medical College, Gajendragad, KarnatakaKeywords: Swasthya, Prevention, Panchakarma, Shodhana,

Case Study

123. A comparative study of varicose vein surgeries (Trendlenberg versus RFA)

To compare the results of TRENDELENBURG procedure and RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION in the treatment of varicose veins in patients who presented to the department of general surgery IRT- Perundurai medical college in the past 30 months.

Published by: Hemachander S., Senthilkumar S.Research Area: Surgery

Organisation: IRT Perundurai Medical College, Perundurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: RFA, Trendlenberg

Research Paper

124. Process-oriented assessment and improvement of e-learning using e-learning Maturity Model (eMM) in higher education

The growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) stimulates the use of internet in the education sector; thus it is important for educational institutions to start to prioritize and invest in the use of internet in Teaching-Learning process, such as e-learning. The implementation of e-learning in Telkom Bandung Vocational School aims to support the institution’s vision in becoming the leader in ICT field. However, the institution has never conducted a measurement upon the implementation of e-learning so it is necessary to conduct an assessment that can measure the maturity level which reveals processes that have been running within the institution. The purpose of this research is to determine the maturity level of e-learning capability of the institution in achieving its vision using e-Learning Maturity Model (eMM), focusing on the area of Learning process. Furthermore, it shows a roadmap of how the quality of e-learning activities at Telkom Bandung Vocational School can be improved.

Published by: Nur Latifah, Wiyono Sutari, Heriyono LaluResearch Area: Educational Technology

Organisation: Telkom University, Bandung, IndonesiaKeywords: E-learning, Maturity model, Capability, Quality, E-Learning Maturity Model (eMM)

Review Paper

125. Impacts of Drip irrigation in India

Micro irrigation, earlier known as Drip or Trickle irrigation is a highly efficient method of water application. It developed and expanded globally at a fast rate in the last two decades in more than 35 countries with maximum coverage in the United States and India is not too far from it, it is also developing these types of systems. This is most appropriately applicable to widely spaced crops such as fruits, vegetables, and field crops. Its different variations consist of a surface trickle, bubbler, micro sprinkler, spray, mechanical move, pulse, subsurface drip, all of which are covered under a single term Microirrigation.

Published by: Ashutosh Mishra, S. Mukul Jain, Souvik KunduResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Microirrigation trickle irrigation, Subsurface drips

Research Paper

126. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and English language teaching in polytechnic colleges

Many factors have influenced the world of education from the origin of the world. Nothing has revolutionized the field of education changing the structure, dismantling the traditional decorated walls and domes of the system and paving ways for new ways for successful learning like ICT. Students and teachers of all walks of life need to adapt a new education system based on ICT. ICT makes the teachers as updated effective instructors and the students or made access to the real world with the help of ICT the learner-centered education, and situational based approach and blended learning or make possible with the help of ICT. Does ICT has proved to be an effective harbinger of great revolution in the lives of people.

Published by: P. MadhavanResearch Area: English Language Teaching

Organisation: Sankar Polytechnic College, Tirunelveli, TamilnaduKeywords: ICT, English language

Research Paper

127. Design of low-cost high absorbency sanitary pads using core sheath yarns

During menstruation pain, anxiety, menstrual hygiene, timely changing of sanitary pads and a lot of other problems have to be dealt with besides the grueling everyday routines. We are looking into the details of pad related problem which have been gathered by a huge survey of girls within the age group 17-23. In particular, the low absorbency of the pad, itchiness, and rashes caused, and discomfort caused via current pads in an affordable range are some of the issues we have tried to focus upon for our design of the sanitary pad. State of the art core-sheath yarn technique using super-absorbing microfibers and biodegradable bamboo fibers are the major components of our re-designed pads – both of which are a major upgrade from the existing solutions while still being affordable.

Published by: Parth Dixit, Shubham TambiResearch Area: Core-sheath Yarns

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: High absorbency, Core-sheath, Pad

Research Paper

128. Public health expenditure: A case study of Madhya Pradesh

Health plays an important role in the social scenario. Hence, it plays an important role in the social and economic development. The expenditure on the social sector is quite less than the expenditure on economic sector and due to this, the health sector which is an important component of the social sector has been affected. In order to develop the health sector, there is a need for restructuring this sector. The fund flows in the health sector very less from the central government and the state governments whereas maximum fund flows come from private sectors due to which the private health services are not that affordable. The health expenditure as a percentage of GDP is quite less which needs to be enhanced. The condition of the health sector in the state of Madhya Pradesh is also not up to the mark due to the lack of allocation of adequate funds.

Published by: Dr. Anjali Jain, Runa PaulResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Social Sector, Health Expenditure, GDP, Fund Flows

Research Paper

129. Performance evaluation of request processing time using different service broker policies in Cloud computing

The construct of cloud computing has not only remolded the field of the distributed system but also essentially changed how business potentiality expands today. In late furtherance, cloud computing applications allow for as servicing to end- users. The applications services hosted under Cloud computing role model have composite provisioning, configuration, and deployment essentials. How to utilize Cloud computing resources expeditiously and attain the uttermost winnings and efficient use of resources is one of the Cloud computing service supplier ultimate goals. Repetitious valuation of the performance of Cloud provisioning policies, application workload framework, and resources performance frameworks in the active system is difficult to accomplish and instead a time consuming and costly approach. To defeat this challenge, cloud analyst simulator based on CloudSim has been projected which enables the modeling and simulation in the cloud atmosphere. The aim of this paper is to prove that the choice of VM Scheduling Policy in Cloud computing framework importantly improves the application performance under resource and service demand fluctuation. Hence We will discuss different Virtual machine(VM) Scheduling Policies implemented and their performance analysis in the virtual environment of cloud computing in order to achieve better Quality of Service(QoS).

Published by: Diksha Devi, Gautam AroraResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Swami Devi Dyal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panchkula, HaryanaKeywords: CloudSim, Cloud Analyst, Scheduling Policies, Virtual Machine

Research Paper

130. Polymorphs of silica in the form of white pebbles detected at Lonar Crater, Maharashtra, India

For the first time polymorph of silica in the form of white colored pebbles of spherical and elongated shapes has been detected at Crater Lake and ejecta, on a large scale which was investigated in a course of research to understand its characteristic features. Elemental composition and oxides of these pebbles through XRF analysis showed Silica (SiO₂), to be 97.985 mass % with negligible quantities of CaO, Fe₂O₃, SO₃, Al₂O₃, and Cr₂O₃. Physicochemical analysis carried out showed that these pebbles are not related to salinity or alkalinity. The high content of SiO₂ (Silica),
showed that it is a polymorph of silica. Findings of silica pebbles at Lonar Crater have not been reported by earlier workers. The formation of silica pebbles is related to Lake water. Formation of silica pebbles and the presence of diatoms in the lake water indicate that the lake water contains a high percentage of SiO₂, the source of which is unknown. Pebbles are generally found near river beds or near the seashores. For which lotic water body is responsible. These pebbles contain a high percentage of CaO. Findings of large quantity of silica pebbles at Lonar crater in which SiO₂ is 98% mass, this is unusual because white pebbles containing high percentage of CaO is known, but white pebbles containing high percentage of silica (SiO₂) is unknown and has not been reported from any of the volcanic eruption sites nor has it been reported from any of the meteorite impact crater sites either, also these silica pebbles are not found in large quantity on the earth surface. Silica pebbles being a rich source of silica and found in abundance here, an industry of making glass beads may have flourished here in the 14th century. This part has not been explored in the past and is a preliminary investigation, this paper reports the first-hand information of findings of silica pebbles, a polymorph of silica and to put on record the findings. A standardless approach has been adopted.

Published by: Jadhav Raju D, Mali Harishchandra B.Research Area: Maharashtra

Organisation: Naushad Ali Sarovar Samvardhini, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Lonar crater, Silica pebbles, Lake water, Milky white, Polymorph of Silica

Research Paper

131. Design of 6-Axis robotic arm

There has been an increase in the use of a robotic arm in various commercial and non-commercial sectors such as production, electronics, healthcare and assembly lines. Majorly robotic arm is used in assembly lines due to human restriction in that area. The aim of this project is the design of stationary 6-axis robotic arm for pick and place operation. For reducing the cost of stepper motors, we have achieved the speed reduction. The main context of this paper is the design of 6-axis robotic arm resembling a human arm consisting of manipulators performing various motions including pitching, rolling and yawing. The robotic arm is developed using software V-Rep for its efficient usage in Torque calculations and simulation

Published by: Abhishek BhambereResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Marathwada Mitra Mandal’s College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: 6-Axis Robotic Arm, V-Rep, Solidworks


132. Medium Access Control and Quality-of-Service Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

A mobile ad hoc network is an autonomous system consisting solely of mobile terminals connected with wireless links. This type of network has received considerable interest in recent years due to its capability to be deployed quickly without any fixed infrastructure. Nodes self-organize and re-con gure as they join, move, or leave the network. How to design distributed protocols capable of handling the dynamic nature of these networks is an interesting but di cult topic. When TDMA is used, distributed protocols are needed to generate transmission schedules. An important issue is how to produce a schedule quickly. This is critical when the network is large or the network changes frequently. Here we develop two fully distributed protocols for generating or updating TDMA schedules. The contention is incorporated into the scheduling protocols for them to work independently of the network size. The schedule can be generated at multiple parts of the network simultaneously. In the Five-Phase Reservation Protocol (FPRP), a broadcast schedule is produced when nodes contend among themselves using a new ve-phase message exchange mechanism. In the Evolutionary-TDMA scheduling protocol (E-TDMA), schedules are updated when nodes contend to reserve transmission slots of different types (unicast, multicast, broadcast). Both are scalable protocols suitable for large or dynamic networks. Another issue related to medium access control is transmission power control. Our contribution to power control is to develop a channel probing scheme for networks applying power control, which allows a node to probe a channel and estimate the channel condition. It can be used for dynamic channel allocation in a TDMA or FDMA system or admission control in a DS/CDMA system. It is a fully distributed scheme which requires little communication overhead. Multiple links can probe a channel simultaneously and each makes individual yet correct decisions. The last topic is Quality-of-Service routing. The ancient distributed scheme is developed to calculate the end-to-end bandwidth of a route. By incorporating this scheme with the AODV protocol, we developed an on-demand QoS routing protocol which can support CBR sessions by establishing QoS routes with reserved bandwidth. It repairs a route when it breaks. Load balancing and route redundancy are also achieved. It is applicable for small networks or short routes under relatively low mobility.

Published by: Kumar Kishan Chandra, Dr. Anand Kumar Pandey, AnuPriyaResearch Area: Computer Science and Engineering

Organisation: R. D. & D. J. College, Munger, BiharKeywords: Routing, Ad Hoc Networks

Research Paper

133. Effect of temperature on fatigue crack propagation under constant amplitude loading

The present study relates to fracture mechanics and its aim is to find the effect of temperature on fatigue crack propagation under constant amplitude loading. The thermo-mechanical uniaxial and biaxial-planar fatigue behavior of the structural steel was investigated for constant amplitude loading at room temperature and between temperature range 673K and 923K. A fatigue analysis has been done for cruciform specimen using ANSYS 15.0 to find out the crack propagation and life of the material at different temperatures. A comparative study between the results obtained from ANSYS 15.0 and experimental results has been done to validate our analysis. A change from a mainly transgranular fracture at 673K to a mostly intergranular fracture at 923K was found under thermo-mechanical fatigue loading. Effect of temperature on crack propagation is presented which gives the best life prediction.

Published by: Dharm Raj, Sateesh Kumar SinghResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Goel Institute of Technology and Management, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Effect of temperature, Fatigue crack propagation, Constant amplitude loading.


134. The early seeds of justice and development of judicial system in India

The disposal of fair justice and the maintenance of peace is one of the most important features of state in the modern society. Indeed, it is the caliber of the judiciary that adds to the excellence of government. The study of the development of judicial system reveals the brief history of how the Indian state in earlier times surrendered its power to the English trading company and how there was a gradual change in political and social ideas which ultimately led to the establishment of modern judicial system prevalent in India today. Earlier, traces of justice in India could be tracked as back as from the very existence of human life. It could be seen as back as from ancient India where kings were considered as the ultimate head, delivering justice, believed to be an incarnation of God and giving away justice on his behalf. The laws and policies were also based on the basic necessities of people. Changing the above, the advent of East India Company traced the actual picture of the judicial system in India which was based on practical knowledge of law rather than religious and traditional practices. The reforms of various Governors ruling India during East India Company’s rule followed by the control of British Crown on India ultimately, followed by the independence of India in 1947. The development of the judicial system was a gradual steady process of discovering and developing various aspects of judicial system and laws to ultimately adjust it according to the changing needs of the modern prevalent society. Developing from the King as the ultimate head we have reached where people have the equal rights in the society and there is the distribution of power among various people to avoid supremacy and to adapt to the changing circumstances of the judicial system important to provide necessary justice in order to maintain peace and discipline throughout.

Published by: Shraddha KorekarResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Justice, Judicial System

Review Paper

135. A review on some studies on concrete prepare by using fiber reinforcement and GGBS as a partial replacement of cement

Concrete is probably the most extensively used construction material in the world. The main ingredient in the conventional concrete is Portland cement. The amount of cement production emits approximately equal amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Cement production is consuming a significant amount of natural resources. That has brought pressures to reduce cement consumption by the use of supplementary materials. Availability of mineral admixtures marked the opening of a new era for designing concrete mix of higher and higher strength. GROUND GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG (GGBS) is a new mineral admixture, whose potential is not fully utilized. Moreover, only limited studies have been carried out in India on the use of slag for the development of high strength concrete with an addition of steel fibers.

Published by: Vikas Pandey, Pankaj MishraResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NRI Institute of Research and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: High performance concrete (HPC), Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS), Steel Fibres, Strength

Research Paper

136. Some studies on concrete prepare by using fiber reinforcement and GGBS as a partial replacement of cement

In our work experimental investigation is carried out to study the different strength characteristics of concrete with partial replacement of cement with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and an addition of steel fiber. In this investigation of M30 grade of concrete, cement is replaced with GGBS ground granulated blast furnace slag (10%, 20% and 30%) by weight and addition of steel fibers with different aspect ratio of 79 & 55 in different percentage (0.5%, 1% and 1.5%) to the weight of concrete. Economical and technical analysis has been done on GGBS and steel fiber concrete. workability of concrete and Strength of concrete was determined by performing compression test (150mm x 150mm x 150mm) size cube, split tensile test (150 mm diameter and 300 mm length cylinders) and flexural strength (100 mm x 100mm x 500mm) size beam. Finally, the strength performance of slag blended fiber reinforced concrete is compared with the performance of conventional concrete.

Published by: Vikas Pandey, Pankaj MishraResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NRI Institute of Research and Technology , Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), Steel fibre, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Flexural strength

Research Paper

137. Monitor of respiratory movement and caretaking system in baby cradle

The paper introduces a helping hand for the busy professional parent. Parent of an infant is a responsible task. We are introducing an embedded system in the baby cradle that acts as a helping hand to nurture our next generation. With minimal effort, it creates worriless and affectionate bond between the two while the parent is busy with professional work. The system pampers the baby and alerts the parent at the time baby cries. ARM7 microcontroller based system along with servomotor and MP3 module pampers the baby, the sound sensor detects when the baby cries, the pressure sensor detects the presence of a baby in the cradle, accelerometer sensor module takes a reading of cradle swing, the ultrasonic sensor senses the breathing movement during baby sleep time. All the collected data in CSV format get transferred to PC/laptop that can be stored to analyze baby sleep hours or how often the baby needs attention or can help to the pediatrician to diagnose some kind of disease.

Published by: Alok Kumar Singh, Nirmala Kumari KResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Baby cradle, LPC2148 microcontroller

Review Paper

138. Solar energy resources for future development applications

Present days we are seeing that the vitality interest is becoming because of the expansion in the populace blast and the progression of new innovation. This outcome to the expansion in the utilization of fossil fills. World utilization of essential vitality extraordinarily expanded from 3.8 billion tons of oil proportional in 1965 to 11.1 billion tons of oil equal in 2007. From this, we can comprehend in the future that we have requested in renewable sources. Contrasted with other renewable wellsprings of vitality, sun-oriented vitality is a best one and uninhibitedly accessible vitality hotspot for overseeing long-haul issues in vitality emergency It is an imperative wellspring of renewable vitality and its advancements are comprehensively portrayed as either aloof sun based or dynamic sun oriented relying upon how they catch and disseminate sun based vitality or believer it into sunlight based force, The sunlight based industry would be the best alternative for future vitality request since it is unrivaled in cost viability, openness, limit and proficiency contrasted with other renewable vitality sources. This paper along these lines examines about the need of sun oriented industry with its crucial ideas, universes vitality situation, highlights of looks into done to overhaul sun-powered industry, its potential applications and hindrances for the better sunlight based industry in future keeping in mind the end goal to determine vitality emergency.

Published by: J. Sai Teja, K. Jaya KrishnaResearch Area: Solar Energy

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Solar energy applications, Environmental and health issues, Solar power plant, PV cells

Research Paper

139. Optimization of large size fabricated Y-Strainers for improvement in pressure drop value using CFD analysis

In this project, a Y type strainer is considered for analysis. The design is an important industrial activity which influences the quality of the product. The strainer is modeled by using modeling software SolidWorks. By using this software, the time spent in producing the complex 3- D models and the risk involved in the design and manufacturing process can be easily minimized. So, the modeling of the strainer is to be made by using SolidWorks. Later this SolidWorks model will be imported to ANSYS for analysis work. ANSYS is the latest software used for simulating the different forces, the pressure acting on the component and also calculating and viewing the results. By using ANSYS software reduces the time compared with the method of mathematical calculations by a human. Studies on flow behaviour in strainer have led to a continued effort on optimizing the strainer design. 3D, steady, incompressible, turbulent k-∈ navier stokes equations are solved numerically to predict the flow behaviour and flow coefficient. CFD helps in the design optimization process with better accuracy and a considerable reduction in design lead time. The present work aims to study the effect of pressure drop and flow behaviour across different strainer design. Based on the baseline simulation results, an optimized design is suggested. The calculated pressure drop for the optimized design shows 75% improvement compared to baseline design.

Published by: Sumit Shinde, Santosh WankhedeResearch Area: CFD Analysis

Organisation: Yadavrao Tasgaonkar College of Engineering and Management, Karjat, MaharashtraKeywords: CFD, Strainer, Modeling, ANSYS

Review Paper

140. MANET geographic routing protocols: A review

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) are characterized by multi-hop wireless mobile nodes that communicate with each other without centralized control or established infrastructure. There are various challenges in MANET such as routing, dynamic topology, scalability, bandwidth optimization. But the major challenge in MANET is link failure due to high mobility. Topology-Based routing protocols become unsuitable for MANET when the nodes are highly mobile and topology changes dynamically. Geographic routing protocols are regarded as efficient and scalable when mobility is high. Therefore, geographic routing protocols have attracted a lot of attention in the field of routing protocols for MANET. This paper gives comparison of various geographic routing protocols such as Location-aided Routing (LAR), Distance Routing Effect Algorithm for Mobility (DREAM), Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing (GPSR), Energy Aware Geographic Routing (EGR) on the basis of performance metrics such as network lifetime, delay, delivery ratio and energy consumption using NS2. Simulation result shows that EGR shows high delivery ratio and network lifetime than other geographic routing protocols.

Published by: Manika, Shabnam Sangwan, Reema AroraResearch Area: MANET

Organisation: SKITM-Sat Kabir Institute of Technology and Management, Bahadurgarh, HaryanaKeywords: MANET, LAR, DREAM, GPSR, EGR, Geographic Routing protocols

Research Paper

141. Asbestos free brake pad using Micro cellulose fibre for automotive industry

In this work application of Micro cellulose fibre in brake pad composites were successfully carried out. Micro cellulose fibres were modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxy-silane before using in the brake pad. Four different brake pads were prepared using compression moulding process with the different ratio of micro cellulose fibre along with, phenolic resin, barium sulphate, aluminium oxide and graphite. Properties of prepared brake pads were evaluated in terms of density, water and oil soaking test, compressive strength, hardness, flame resistance, wear rate, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, the coefficient of friction and scanning electron microscope. Brake pad composition with 10% weight of micro cellulose fibre showed the promising result with respect to other attempted compositions and are comparable to commercial sample.

Published by: Dinesh S Marewad, Girendra Pal Singh, Ravindra V. AdivarekarResearch Area: Cellulose Composites

Organisation: Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Brake pad, Micro cellulose fibres, Silane, Coefficient of friction, Wear rate

Review Paper

142. Warka water tower

While the concept of water stress is relatively new, it is difficult to obtain sources of fresh water for use during a period of time and may result in further depletion and deterioration of available water resources. Water shortages may be caused by climate change, such as altered weather patterns including droughts or floods, increased pollution, and increased human demand and overuse of water. A water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand. Water scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources. Water scarcity can be a result of two mechanisms: physical (absolute) water scarcity and economic water scarcity, where physical water scarcity is a result of inadequate natural water resources to supply a region’s demand, and economic water scarcity is a result of poor management of the sufficient available water resources. The increase in demand for water has led to new technology in SOUTH AFRICA. The new technology is named as “WARKA WATER TOWER”.

Published by: R. A. K. EswariResearch Area: Water Resources

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Water stress, Warka water tower, Water harvesting

Review Paper

143. Drinkable book

Water pollution affects the entire biosphere of plants and organisms living in these water bodies, as well as organisms and plants that might be exposed to the water. The effect can be damaging not only to individual species but also to the natural biological communities. The sources of water pollution can be grouped into point sources, non-point sources and groundwater pollution. Contaminants leading to water pollution include a wide spectrum of chemicals, pathogens, and physical changes such as elevated temperature. Measurement of water pollution is carried out by analyzing water samples with physical, chemical and biological tests. Control of water pollution can be achieved by appropriate wastewater treatment, providing safely managed sanitation services for people who are currently without access, agricultural wastewater treatment, erosion and sediment control from construction sites, and control of urban runoff.

Published by: G. V. R. PrasadResearch Area: Water Resources

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Water pollution, Drinkable book, Pathogens

Review Paper

144. Restructuring and management of higher education in India

Education has a vital role to play in the life of an individual as well as the society. The availability of quality higher education in India, though increasing, is unable to meet the demands of the growing youth population and aspirations of the people. To meet the higher educational requirements and aspirations of its people, India has more than 150 Central Universities, more than 315 State Universities, approximate 200 Private Universities and a whopping 34,000 odd colleges. This paper reviews the management of higher education in India

Published by: Lt. Gen Rakesh Kumar Sharma (Retd.)Research Area: Education / Management

Organisation: Magadh University, Bodh Gaya, BiharKeywords: Restructuring, Management, Higher education, India

Research Paper

145. Right to education and learning disabled children

Every child has a different learning style and therefore it is important for teachers to think of new and interesting ways to educate them. While general students need equal attention from teachers. Students with special needs require extra attention. It is learning disabilities that are the vaguest and mystifying when compared to other major handicapping or disabling conditions, with the possible exception of emotional disturbances. It is still a great deal of debate as to what is meant by the term Learning Disability. It is so because the field is quite new and the group of persons whom we now call Learning Disabled is unusually diverse.

Published by: Indu Bala Kushwah, Dr. Meena BhandariResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Noida International University, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Learning disabilities, SEN, IEP, Instructional method, Inclusive education

Research Paper

146. Feature selection in network intrusion detection using metaheuristic algorithms

Network Intrusion Detection (IDS) mechanism is a primary requirement in the current fast growing network systems. Data Mining and Machine Learning (DM-ML) approaches are widely used for network anomaly detection during the past few years. Machine learning based intrusive activity detector is getting popular. However, they produce a high volume of false alarms. One of the main reasons for generating false signals is redundancy in the datasets. To resolve this problem, an efficient feature selection is necessary to improve the intrusion detection system performance. For this purpose, here we use Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The three abovementioned algorithms are used to select the most relevant feature set for identifying network attacks, KNN and SVM algorithms are used as classifiers to evaluate the performance of these feature selection algorithms. The standard NSL-KDD dataset is used for training and testing in this study. We used different metrics to determine which of these algorithms provide a better overall performance when they are used for feature selection in intrusion detection. Our experiments show that PSO, ACO and ABC algorithms perform better than other approaches in feature selection. Feature selection based on ABC provides 98.9% of accuracy rate and 0.78% false alarm with KNN algorithm as the classifier, which is the best result among the examined algorithms.

Published by: Tahira Khorram, Nurdan Akhan BaykanResearch Area: Machine Learning, Meta-heuristic Algorithms, Network Security

Organisation: Selçuk University, Konya, TurkeyKeywords: Feature selection, Intrusion detection, Network security, Machine learning, Metaheuristic algorithms

Technical Notes

147. Research perspectives in Siddha Varmam therapy

Siddha system is one of the oldest medical systems in the world. Siddhars, the fore-runners of this medical system served the community with many special therapies and Varmam is one among them. Varmam is the vital life energy points located in the human body. 108 main points have been identified by the Siddhars. The term Varmam also indicates the therapeutic manipulation of specific points in which the pranic energy is found concentrated. Even though Varmam therapy has been in existence for centuries, research in Varmam is still in the toddler stage. Central Council for Research in Siddha has the mandate to do research in Varmam. Standardization is the foremost component in any research. There are no specific guidelines to standardize the Varmam therapy. Just as a therapeutic interventional pre-clinical study, the standardization of Varmam is considered a pre-clinical one. Standardization of Varmam is comprised of mapping of Varmam points, the establishment of a relationship with Nadi, standardization of pressure given to Varmam points, standardization of techniques of applying pressure, physiological correlation of Varmam, standardization with respect to bioenergy field and therapeutic grouping of Varmam points. This paper deals with the research perspective of Varmam.

Published by: Natarajan, Ramaswamy R. SResearch Area: Siddha Medicine

Organisation: Siddha Central Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Varmam, Siddha

Research Paper

148. Advanced detection of spam and email filtering using natural language processing algorithms

Unsolicited bulk emails from random email addresses sent to a user’s inbox are generally called junk or spam emails. 45% of all emails sent are spam and 14.5 billion spam emails are sent every single day. Around 36% of spam emails is content related to sales, advertising, and promotions that the recipient explicitly did not opt to receive. However, not all spam emails are used for this purpose. Spam emails are also sent for phishing purposes that deceive users and lead the recipients to malicious websites with unethical intentions. Numerous techniques have been developed to block such spam emails but a majority of users still receive them. This is because of the ability of the spammers to manipulate the filters. Spam costs businesses a whopping $20.5 billion every year. Even worse is that the cost of spam is likely to continue rising. Data indicates that losses to business will grow to $257 billion annually within a few years if the current rate of spam email is not decreased. To curb this problem, we present a method based on Natural Language Processing (NLP) for the filtration of spam emails in order to enhance online security. The technique proposed in this research paper is an approach which stepwise blocks spam mail based on the sender’s email address along with the content of the email. This paper presents a proposed NLP system using N-gram model, Word Stemming algorithm and Bayesian Classification algorithm for detection of spam content and effectively filtering it.

Published by: Sujesh ShankarResearch Area: Natural Language Processing

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Natural Language Processing (NLP), Spam detection, Online security, Spam filtering

Research Paper

149. To study the effect of meditation in mental health promotion

Today stressful and busy life has indulged every individual in the problems related to physical and mental health, social isolation and financial crunch which leads to psychosomatic disturbances. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of Meditation in promoting mental health in the professional population. This was a prospective, randomized, case-control study on 55 subjects who were administered for a training module for 4 months. Individual measurements were carried out at the baseline and after 4 months of practice in almost similar conditions. Two standard psychological evaluation tools were used i.e. WHO Quality of Life. Following 4 months practice of PM, there was an improvement in all domains of WHOQOL ranging from 3 points to 5.7 that is physical health (42.1%) There was an improvement in depression in 7 of 12 subjects. Meditation is a cost-effective, non-invasive intervention with minimal risk of adverse effects and can be safely recommended for the promotion of mental health in Individuals.

Published by: Dr. Madhuri WaneResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Sawangi, MaharashtraKeywords: Pranayamas, Asanas, Jacobson relaxation, Professionals, Depressions

Technical Notes

150. Business capability meta model an effective conceptual illustration

This article explains how to describe a business using modeling concept to achieve strategic perspective value proposition which would benefit aligning related business disciplines such as case management, BPM, requirement analysis, information management and more importantly helping organization transformation definition and solution deployment.

Published by: Ashok MahalikResearch Area: Information Technology & Management

Organisation: Prevaj Consultants Pvt Ltd, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Conceptual model, Business capability modeling, Business architecture, Enterprise architecture, Technology architecture

Research Paper

151. Effectiveness of nurse led intervention on Quality of Life (QoL) among patients with Tuberculosis

Each year about 2.2 million people develop TB in India and an estimated 220,000 die from the disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it’s the most deadly infectious disease in the world, killing 1.5 million people in 2014. TB is most common in developing countries. Tuberculosis is usually preventable and curable under the right conditions. To assess the effectiveness of the nurse-led intervention on Quality of Life (QoL) among patients with tuberculosis. A Quasi-experimental study with time series design with a comparison group was conducted in two selected Hospitals of Kanpur 50 active tuberculosis patients( 25 experimental and 25 in the comparison group) formed the sample for the study The researcher used structured questionnaire to elicit demographic data and WHO QoL BREF scale to assess Quality of life. The nurse-led interventions were individualized teaching on tuberculosis to patients and family education in the prevention and management of tuberculosis. To experimental group the comparison group followed ward routine, The post-intervention and assessment of the quality of life were done at 15 days and 60 days for both the group. There was a significant difference in the quality of life in 15 days and 60 days at p.<001 level The Mean difference was high in all domains of quality of life in the experimental group except physical domain. The highest mean difference in QoL was found in environmental health and the lowest in physical domain with 95% Cl after an intervention that infers the nurse-led intervention was effective whereas the Mean difference in all domains in the comparison group was very low. The Association of pre-intervention level of QOL among subjects with their selected clinical characteristics in the comparison group showed that extension of tuberculosis and the zone affected by tuberculosis in the social domain and symptoms of tuberculosis in environmental Te domain is influenced at p <0.05 level of significance There was no significant association of QoL with demographic variables. The intervention was effective in improving QoL among Tuberculosis patients.

Published by: Taj MohammedResearch Area: Tuberculosis

Organisation: Excel College of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Quality of Life (QoL), Tuberculosis (TB), WHO BREF, QoL scale

Research Paper

152. Local storage in web application through HTML 5

In recent years a number of sophisticated mechanisms for storing and managing data on web clients have emerged. These client-side storage mechanisms bring along several benefits, including faster websites and improved user experience. In the conventional model all data stored on the server side storage. When a user requests new data, a request is made by the client to the server and the data is retrieved from the database residing on the server. In this interaction model transferring of data is done between the client and server so takes more time and thus slows down the website leading poor user experience. In Modern Interaction Model, there is a provision of client-side storage that is local storage. The first mechanism used for local storage was HTTP cookie, which enabled the web application to store data on web clients. However, cookies do not meet the requirements of the modern web application. There are several techniques evolved for local storage like HTTP Cookie, Flash Cookie, and Google Gears. Nowadays HTML5 plays a major role in local storage.

Published by: Vidhan Chand, Dr. A. K. Singh, Dr. Pankaj KumarResearch Area: Web application

Organisation: Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, BiharKeywords: HTML5, Local storage, Application cache, HTTP cookie, Flash cookie, Google gears

Research Paper

153. A pre experimental study to assess the effectiveness of computer assisted teaching on knowledge and attitude of parents on the influence of mobile gadgets and internet use on the development of their children

In today’s society, electronic media are thoroughly integrated into the fabric of life, with television, movies, videos, music, video games, and computers, central to both work and play. While these media outlets can provide education and entertainment to children, many pieces of research are concerned with the negative impact of electronic media on children. Media is used as a third parent or servant. A lot of aspects is important related to media exposure and child behaviour. Media exposure affects the neurodevelopment, nutrition and health and academic achievements of the child. Parent education plays an important role in the behaviour modification of the children. Magnitude of the problem –World scenario. According to the Common Sense media research Study,(2013), 1,463 parents were surveyed of 8-year-olds from May 20 to June 12, 2013 Half (50%) of all children ages 0 to 8 have used mobile apps, up from just 16% in 2011. Use of mobile media starts young: more than a third (38%) of all children under 2 have now used a mobile device for any media activity compared to 10% two years ago; among 2- to 4-year-olds, the rate has gone from 39% to 80%; and among 5- to 8-year-olds it has gone from 52% to 83%. This magnitude of the usage of the mobile gadgets daily by the children for hours together lead to many problems. This mobile gadgets usage by children are allowed by the parents to their children for their own good reasons who are Purposive cluster sampling technique was used to select the setting of the study. Unaware that this practice can lead to many health issues in the growing children. Therefore this study aims to study the effectiveness of computer-assisted teaching on knowledge and attitude of parents on the influence of mobile gadgets and internet use on the development of their children”.20 parents of the children aged 6-12 years were selected from urban area of Delhi by Purposive cluster sampling technique was used to select the setting of the study. . Research design adopted was Pre experimental one group pre-test post-test only design for the present study. Instruments used for data collection. A self-administered structured Questionnaire, to collect demographic data and knowledge and An attitude scale regarding the effect of mobile gadgets on children aged 6 to12 years. The results show that shows the pre-test and post-test level of knowledge score among parents on the influence of mobile gadgets and the internet on the development of children. In the pre-test, 70% of them are having inadequate knowledge, 30% of them are having a moderate level of knowledge and none of them are having an adequate level of knowledge. In post-test, none of them are having inadequate knowledge, 40% of them are having the moderate level of knowledge and 60% of the parents have an adequate level of knowledge. In the pre-test, 55% of them are having Poor attitude, 30% of them are having a moderate level of attitude and none of them are having a good level of attitude. In post-test, none of them are having Poor attitude, 35% of them are having a moderate level of attitude and 65% of them are having a good level of attitude. Knowledge and attitude of the parents were positively correlated at p= 0.001 level in the post-test which proves that the computer-assisted teaching was very effective in the improvement of knowledge and attitude of the parents regarding the effects of the mobile gadgets on the children aged 6-12 years.

Published by: Ramya, Dr. A V RamanResearch Area: Pediatric Nursing

Organisation: Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Mobile gadgets, Computer assisted teaching, Development of children

Review Paper

154. A cram on mobile AD-HOC networks

Networks are used to communicate between two or more device. Networks are of two types one is wired network and another is a wireless network. In the computer world, the wireless networks become more powerful. MANET is a wireless network which is a collection of different separate devices which is used to communicate with each other devices directly. Ad-hoc networks are mostly local area network where the computers or any other devices that are used to share the data or any other information directly to one another without the use of centralized access point. MANET is an infrastructure less network. MANET is a suburbanized communication. Each and every devices or computer act as a server and client. In this paper, a survey of a mobile ad-hoc network is presented.

Published by: Mithra K., Nandhini S.Research Area: Network

Organisation: Sri Krishna Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, IndiaKeywords: Wireless, Access point, Fixed physical representation, Routers, Topology

Case Study

155. Market basket analysis using association rule

The proposed paper focuses on the basic concepts of association rule mining and the market basket analysis of different items. In the current study, the market analysis would be done by collecting the real, primary data directly from retailers and wholesalers. The efficiency of the FP- Growth algorithm can be measured in terms of mining of the frequent pattern. Precisely, we apply the FP-Growth algorithm on the various data collected from different stores in order to trace the various association rules comprising of a basket. One discrete advantage is that it avoids the generation of candidate sets, which is computationally exhaustive. The results and conclusions drawn can be used in optimizing the market. This will help in predicting future trends and behaviors, allowing businesses to make knowledge-driven decisions.

Published by: Mohini H. ChandwaniResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Shree Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal’s College of Engineering and Technology, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Market basket analysis, Association rule mining, FP-Tree algorithm, Frequent item-sets, Support, Confidence

Case Study

156. Self-help group and empowerment of women- A case of Haveri district of Karnataka

Self Help Groups (SHGs) Women’s self-help groups (WSHGs) in particular, represented a form of intervention that is a radical departure from most current programmes. They are an effective strategy for poverty alleviation, human development, and social empowerment. Poverty represents a negative facet of human development. The state of Karnataka has always recognized the need for, and value of financial services to the poor. Yet there is no reason to believe that the basic reasons why people need money. The poor borrow money to life events like births, deaths, wedding etc. And to meet emergency needs related to the accidents drought and illness and for others unforeseen contingencies.

Published by: M. B. Banakar, Dr. C. S. YatnalliResearch Area: SHG And Empowerment Of Women

Organisation: B.R.Tambakad First Grade College, Hirekerur, KarnatakaKeywords: Self Help Groups, Women Social Empowerment, Bank linkage, Poverty alleviation


157. Reduction of low pressure steam consumption in deaerator of coal fired boiler

ITC PSPD (Bhadrachalam) is one of the biggest and renowned paperboard manufacturers in India. The unit has integrated pulp mill and 7 no’s paper and board manufacturing machines powered by its own thermal power plant of installed capacity of 140 MW with a network of 6 turbines and a battery of 9 boilers, which include 3 no’s Soda recovery boilers and 5 no’s Atmospheric Fluidized bed combustion (AFBC) type and 1 no Circulating Fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) type coal-fired boilers. AFBC and CFBC boilers generate high-pressure steam with 62 ata, 102 ata and temperature 480 degrees C, 525 degrees C respectively. One of the AFBC Boiler of capacity 90 TPH consumes Low-pressure steam 0.150 Tons per Tons of High-pressure steam (Specific LP Steam) which is very high. This can leads to an increase in the cost of HP steam generation. Higher specific low-pressure steam consumption in boilers is a serious concern for the organization because of the low-pressure steam cost is nearly Rs 750/ton The reason for High LP steam consumption is Low Feed Water temperature which is coming to Deaerator. So we would like to increase the temperature of DM water by recovering heat from a process which is venting to atmosphere

Published by: Jaya Prasad Vanam, Vinnakota Mohan KrishnaResearch Area: Thermal Engineering, Heat Exchnagers

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Coal fired Boiler, Deaerator, Shell and tube heat exchanger, Kern method, Heat and mass balance, TG condensate, Hot condensate


158. Design of efficient compression and cryptographic model for an image transmission using WBCT and ECC

There is always a need for more memory and enhanced security for transmission. Image compression has gained importance because it reduces the storage space with the only acceptable amount of degrading in quality. Also, cryptographic techniques are used to provide security during transmission. In this project, an efficient compression and cryptographic model for image transmission are proposed. An input image of any format is converted to a grayscale image and Wavelet-Based Contourlet Transform(WBCT) is applied. Wavelets have the capability of approximation of images with sharp discontinuities, but they are not efficient for the approximation of images with a smooth contour. Contourlet transform uses Laplacian pyramidal decomposition and a directional filter bank to produce effective and powerful multiresolution and directional decomposition of an image. Together Wavelets and Contourlet Transform makes an image suitable for image compression. Huffman coding is used for lossless compression of data(image). This compressed image is encrypted using ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptography). ECC has its own advantages such as smaller keys with enhanced security, requires less computing power, battery life, and memory. The ECC decryption algorithm will perfectly recover the original image. The work is implemented by using MATLAB. The compression ratio is 4.2 to 5 and PSNR value in the range of 24-32.

Published by: Navyashree R, Sujatha SResearch Area: Image Compression and Security using Encryption Algorithms

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Contourlet transform, Huffman coding, Wavelet transform, Wavelet Based Contourlet Transform, Elliptic curve cryptography

Research Paper

159. Effect of ammonia on the redox reaction of cobalt(II) with potassium ferricyanide in alkaline medium

The effect of ammonia on the redox reaction of cobalt(II) with potassium ferricyanide was studied potentiometrically as a function of pH, the concentration of ammonia and concentration of cobalt using as platinum as an indicator electrode and saturated calomel electrode as a reference electrode. In the presence of ammonia the formal potential of the Co(III)/Co(II) system is lower than the [Fe(CN)6]3-/ [Fe(CN)6]4- couple at a pH of 9.0 – 11.0, and hence it is possible to oxidize it quantitatively with potassium ferricyanide which is not possible otherwise. Thus, the addition of complexing agent increases the sharpness of the endpoint of titration with ferricyanide. The precision and accuracy of the method have been assessed by the application of lack – of- fit test and other statistical methods. Overall mean recovery and the mean standard analytical errors obtained were 99.81% and 0.0084 respectively. The interference study was carried out to check the possible interference of other metal ions.

Published by: K KavithaResearch Area: Electro Chemistry

Organisation: Velammal Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Redox reactions, Potentiometry, Cobalt determinations, Ammonia, Ligand effect, Potassium ferricyanide


160. Design of heat recovery agent of producer gas byproduct system in limekilns

ITC PSPD (Bhadrachalam) is one of the biggest and renowned paperboard manufacturers in India. The unit has 7 paper and board manufacturing machines powered by its own thermal power plant of total capacity 125 MW with a network of 7 turbines and a battery of 9s boilers, which include 3 no’s Soda recovery boilers and 6 no’s Atmospheric Fluidized bed combustion type coal-fired boilers. The Soda recovery plant is operated with 2 Rotary kilns of 200 and 300 TPH respectively with a lime purity of 79 ± 2.5 as a prime requirement with a firing system of fuel combination 60:40 ratio of producer gas and furnace oil. The producer gas plant is operated with 8 No’s of gasifiers with a capacity of 1400 M3/Hr and coal as an input material. During the process, Coal tar is the byproduct of the producer gas. The outline of the project is to design a heat exchanger to reduce the Tar(Fuel) Viscosity so that it matches the physical properties of conventional fuel (Furnace Oil). This will be helpful in reducing the Furnace oil consumption by 40 percent after substituting furnace oil with Tar. Hence the cost of production is optimized.

Published by: Jaya Prasad Vanam, Gunda DilleswararaoResearch Area: Heat and Mass Transfer & Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andra PradeshKeywords: Limekiln, Coal tar, Viscosity, Submerged heating coil vessel

Research Paper

161. Medical image enhancement using hybrid fusion techniques

Medical image fusion techniques are extensively used to aid medical diagnosis by combining features of two or more images of various modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) into a single output image that contains salient features from all inputs. This paper proposes a hybrid fusion algorithm and is applied on a CT and MRI images. The largest Eigenvalue of the covariance matrices of each image are used to obtain weights for next stage image by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and different frequency components of the input image are separated by Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), noise in output images from first two stages. Performance evaluation of CT-MRI image fusion with the hybrid algorithm by Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) improves the image quality compared to established methods. Overall, the non-linear fusion rule holds strong potential to help improve image fusion applications in medicine and in other fields.

Published by: Kandi SravanthiResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra, Uttar Pradesh,Keywords: CT image, Discrete wavelet image, Principal component analysis, Discrete cosine transform

Research Paper

162. Survey of various transforms to discover optic disc from retina

Early perception and confinement of optic disc are one of the crucial steps to detect the various diseases like Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma and many other. Detection of optic disc in ac exact way is very important in diabetic retinopathy wherein the retina the weak vessels start developing. Each of the vessels in the retina arises from the optic disc and each of them pursue the same directional pattern which is parabolic in nature. Normally Optic disc is circular in shape and it is set down 3 to 4mm to the higher part of the fovea. Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease which affects much of people having a high blood sugar level which will harm the blood vessels present in the retina. Early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy is very important for which detection of Optic disc plays a very important role. With the help of various transforms like Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Krisch Transform, Bottom Hat Transform can be done in a proper manner. By using DRIVE datasets which is publicly available the suggested method is being evaluated.

Published by: Priyanka Ravi Pujari, K. T. JadhaoResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Alamuri Ratnamala Institute of Engineering and Technology, Thane, MaharashtraKeywords: Optic disc, Diabetic retinopathy, Krisch transform, Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Bottom hat transform, Drive dataset

Research Paper

163. Seismic analysis of box girder bridge

Now a days the box girder bridge is frequently used bridge system in worldwide. Actually, the box girder bridge is commonly used for the long span for the ignoring the heavy weight as compare to the other bridge girder system. CSiBridge v 20.0.0 is used for analyzing dynamic response of box girder bridge. The main objective of this study is analyzing and investigating seismic performance of multi-span with up to five spans 92-meter-long box girder bridge. The seismic performance of box girder bridge is very complex and performance depends on the peak ground motion and, ground motion acceleration. It is done by non-linear time history analysis method. In this study, the three-dimension model and the data of Kobe earthquake are used for dynamic characteristics and showing the maximum response of box girder deck. Response results indicate in terms of deformed shape, absolute acceleration, base shear, base reaction, total energy component and displacement. Thus, the paper suggests that the construction of bridge based on time history analysis will sustain the earthquake up to 6.9 magnitude.

Published by: Firoz Ahmad, M. A. BaigResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Al-Falah University, Dhouj, HaryanaKeywords: Box girder, Bridge model, Ground motion, Seismic response, Kobe earthquake

Research Paper

164. ESTOI for predicting the Intelligibility of speech

Intelligibility listening tests are necessary during development and evaluation of speech processing algorithms, despite the fact that they are expensive and time-consuming.The proposed scheme uses a monaural intelligibility prediction algorithm, which has the potential of replacing some of the listening tests. The proposed algorithm shows similarities to the Short-Time Objective Intelligibility (STOI) algorithm but works for a larger range of input signals. In contrast to STOI, Extended STOI (ESTOI) does not assume mutual independence between frequency bands. ESTOI also incorporates spectral correlation by comparing complete 400-ms length spectrograms of the noisy/processed speech and the clean speech signals. As a consequence, ESTOI is also able to accurately predict the intelligibility of speech contaminated by temporally highly modulated noise sources in addition to noisy signals processed with time-frequency weighting. We show that ESTOI can be interpreted in terms of an orthogonal decomposition of short-time spectrograms into intelligibility subspaces, i.e., a ranking of spectrogram features according to their importance to intelligibility.

Published by: Nitesh Kumar, Karunavathi R KResearch Area: Speech Intelligibility

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Articulation index, Speech intelligibility index, Speech transmission index, Extended SII, Short time objective intelligibility, Extended STOI

Research Paper

165. Application of tuned mass dampers in torsionally coupled buildings

High rise building structures are both a necessity and a matter of sophistication and pride for structural engineers. Forces of nature in the form of earthquakes and cyclones starts playing brutal games with the structures, higher the structure goes, and higher it attracts the forces and wrath of nature in the form of seismic force. Seismic force, predominantly being an inertia force depends on the mass of the structure causing requirement of heavier sections as mass increases. And these heavy sections further increase the mass of the structure leading to even heavier seismic forces. Structural designers are met with the huge challenge to balance these contradictory physical phenomena to make the structure safe. The structure no more can afford to be rigid. In recent year, it is common practice to install vibration control devices on structures to mitigate their dynamic response caused by different factors, mainly due to wind and earthquake excitations. Among these devices, tuned mass dampers (TMD) have been widely used in building to mitigate dynamic responses of buildings. As the structural complexity of buildings increase, their response to such excitations may become more prone to torsional motion. Torsional motion induced by such excitations can be suppressed by utilizing TMDs. The performance of TMD at different positions are important for torsionally coupled structures. In this study, the performance of bi-directional tuned mass dampers (BTMD) in reducing the torsional response of a building under bi-directional earthquake excitations was studied and evaluated.

Published by: Zartab Alam, Aamir Baig, Faiyaz AzamResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Al-Falah University, Dhouj, HaryanaKeywords: Tuned mass dampers, TMD, BTMD, ATMS, Seismic analysis, Torsionally coupled buildings, Irregularities

Research Paper

166. Radix-4 DIT FFT implementation using Fused Floating-Point Arithmetic Unit

The paper presents a hardware implementation of radix-4 DIT FFT butterfly-unit using Fused Floating-point Arithmetic Unit (FFAU) technique. The proposed FFAU is more efficient in area and delay than the primitive floating-point arithmetic operation. The radix-4 DIT FFT using FFAU is designed and synthesized in cadence using 45nm technology. The non pipelined conventional architecture of FFT operates in 6Mhz whereas proposed FFT architecture operates on 10 Mhz frequency. The outcome area is 46% efficient than the conventional FFT architecture. The 16 point DIT FFT is also implemented on the same proposed FFAU, to ensure the computation speed.

Published by: Rajeev Gowda B R, Dr. A.B KalpanaResearch Area: VLSI Implementation of FFT

Organisation: Banglore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: FFT, Radix-4 DIT Butterfly unit, Fused Floating-Point Arithmetic Unit

Research Paper

167. An experiment on characteristic of concrete using glass fiber

Extensive experimental investigation on glass fibre reinforced concrete was carried out by researchers. Glass fibre mesh is more effective in resisting bending and punching shear. Steel Fibres are most popular metallic fibres used for the production of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete particularly from the point of view of strength and ductility. Test results conducted by various researchers revealed that the use of non-metallic fibre like Nylon, Polythene, Organic fibres, Vegetable fibres etc. are more effective in resisting bending and punching shear. Usually, usage of fibres enhances the properties of concrete structures. Glass Fibres are used for the production of Glass fibres Reinforced Concrete in this study. Glass fibres of size 1mm dia. are available for industries. Fibre reinforced concrete is used for the construction of airport pavements to improve the properties of strength and toughness. So far, a very limited quantity of research work has been done on the application of glass fibres in structural concrete. Hence, the present research would lead to a stronger and durable Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete, which can be recommended for applications like a construction of special building and shelters, slab panels, wall planes, special repair job work, rigid pavements etc. At present, research studies are made on various properties of glass fibre reinforced concrete by using AR-Glass fibres in concrete in various percentages. It is observed that studies showed Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete mixes provide an improvement of high performance and high strength concretes. The present thesis would contribute to the efforts being made in the field of concrete technology towards the development of concretes possessing very much enhanced and special durable properties. Based on the study, valuable advice will be given for concrete structures. In the present experimental investigation, attempts are made to study on the various strength properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, an also durability properties like Acid and Sulphate attack on both ordinary concrete and Glass Fibre Concrete, using alkali-resistant glass fibres at stipulated ages. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and Glass Fibre Concrete with different percentages of AR-Glass fibres. Studies were made on strength properties of Ordinary Concrete and Glass Fibre Concrete mixes. Studies were made on residual compressive strength, weight loss of Ordinary Concrete and Glass Fibre Concrete mixes. The experimental test was also held on Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete and ordinary concrete.

Published by: Shrikant Patil, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: LNCT University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: GF, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Acid and Sulphate attack

Research Paper

168. Effect on properties of concrete using Bricks Kiln Dust (BKD)

Sustainable resources management and development have been at the forefront of an important issue concerning the construction industry for the past several years. Specifically, the use of sustainable building materials and reuse of waste materials is gaining importance and becoming commonplace in many areas. As one of the most commonly used construction materials in the world, concrete composed of natural aggregate, natural sand, cement, and water, out of these raw materials for concrete, cement can be manufactured in industries but natural aggregates are non renewable resources and depleting at an alarming rate, results in scarcity of good quality natural occurring aggregates (coarse and finer one). In the present study the hardened properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, and also durability properties like ISAT, test were carried out on Brick kiln dust concrete. The percentage of bricks kiln dust that partially and fully replaced by fine aggregates by weights were 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and bricks kiln dust Concrete with different percentages of BKD. It is observed from the experimental results and its analysis, that the compressive strength of concrete, splitting tensile strength of concrete increases with the addition of low Percentage of bricks kiln dust. The results show that the optimum replacement of recycled bricks kiln dust with fine aggregates was 20%. Up to 20% replacement, it is possible to gain the same strength as conventional concrete. Beyond 20% replacement the strength results following a decreasing trend.

Published by: Himanshu Pratap Singh, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: LNCT University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: BKD, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Initial surface absorption test, Acid attack

Research Paper

169. A prospective study on drug utilisation pattern of cephalosporins in respiratory tract infections

Drug Utilization Pattern is defined by WHO in 1977 as “the marketing, distribution, prescription and the use of drugs in a society, with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social and economic consequences”. The aim is to evaluate the Drug Utilization Pattern of cephalosporins in respiratory tract infections. Methods: In a prospective observational study performed over a 6 months period (2017-2018), hospitalized adult patients who received cephalosporins for respiratory tract infections were selected. The collected data included demographic details, information regarding a cough, phlegm, periods of a cough and phlegm, breathlessness, wheezing, chest illness, past illness, tobacco, and smoking. Over the study period, 185 patients were evaluated. Lower Respiratory Tract infected patients (130) 70.3% were more than Upper Respiratory Tract (55) 29.7%. Majority patients came with a complaint of breathing (113) 61.1% difficulty following by acute exacerbation of COPD (39) 21.1%. First, second and third generation cephalosporins were prescribed. Out of which, the third generation were mostly prescribed than the other two; ceftriaxone 51.4% and cefixime 22.2 %.Around (83) 44.9% patients were having co-morbid conditions, diabetes followed by hypertension.

Published by: Mathew George, Lincy Joseph, Dr. Sujith K, Monisha MohanResearch Area: Pharmacy Practice

Organisation: Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Thiruvalla, KeralaKeywords: Cephalosporins, Drug utilisation pattern, Respiratory tract infection, Ceftriaxone

Research Paper

170. Comparative study on GFRP and steel tube reinforced GFRP composite in terms of strength to weight ratio

Composite materials with high specific strength and specific modulus properties are mainly used in the automotive and aerospace industries. Currently, a lot of research is happening on advanced composite materials in order to improve these properties. The objective of the present work focused on, the studies related to the effect of laterally reinforced hypodermic steel tubes in Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic (S-GFRP) composite by estimating strength to weight ratio. These specimens were prepared using hand layup process. From experimental data, mechanical properties like ultimate compressive ultimate strength, stiffness, strength to weight ratio determined. The experimental results show that a GFRP specimen with lateral reinforcement of hypodermic steel tubes (S-GFRP) give high stiffness and high strength to weight ratio compared to that of plane fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP).

Published by: Avinash G Hiremath, Nagraj Biradar, G. G. GiridharaResearch Area: Composite Materials and Technology

Organisation: B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: GFRP, S-GFRP, Strength to Weight Ratio

Research Paper

171. Choice of antibiotics/antiviral agents in patients with sepsis of different aetiologies

Sepsis is a potentially life threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs chemical released into bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory response through the body. This inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that can damage multiple organ system, causing them to fail. Septic shock is defined as sepsis associated with hypotension and perfusion abnormalities despite the provision of adequate fluid resuscitation. Patients with septic shock who are receiving inotropic or vasopressor therapy might still exhibit perfusion abnormalities, despite the lack of hypotension. This was a prospective observational study, which included 75 patients admitted in Pushpagiri Medical College Hospital. The study was done to evaluate the choice of drug in patients with sepsis along with the type of organism and time of treatment, and additional therapy given to the patient. From the present study, it was suggested that the use of antibiotic therapy, especially a broad spectrum antibiotic was the most appropriate initial therapy. Majority of the population uses the broad spectrum antibiotic (Piperacilline-tazobactam), because of the increased anaerobic or aerobic coverage to kill the bacteria.In critically severe patients, a combination of two or more antibiotic is preferred. But there is no difference in overall mortality between monotherapy and combination therapy. The most common causative organism for bacterial sepsis is gram negative organism. In gram negative organism, Echerichia coli,is the most. The time of treatment is very important in the treatment of sepsis. Administration of antibiotics within one hour from admission showed better prognosis when compared with treatment started after one hour, so the time must be taken into consideration for the treatment of sepsis Early goal directed therapy are given inorder to treat hypoxemia, hypotension, hypovolemic conditions of patients. Vasopressors are preferred in certain conditions were IV fluids fails to correct the circulatory dysfunctions.

Published by: Mathew George, Lincy Joseph, Rani Manju, Bhagyalekshmi SResearch Area: Pharmacy Practice

Organisation: Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Thiruvalla, KeralaKeywords: Sepsis, Septic shock, Antibiotics, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, Early goal directed therapy

Research Paper

172. A method to discover constant conditional functional dependencies for a given relation

This CCFD paper explores the idea of discovering the constant conditional functional dependencies (CCFDs). Constant CFDs are particularly important for object identification, which is essential to data cleaning and data integration. The further algorithm provides a set of cleaning rule discovery tools for users to choose it for different applications. These CCFDs are derived from conditional functional dependencies (CFDs). The algorithm is implemented for finding the constant conditional functional dependencies from a given relation.

Published by: Sneha Sadalagi, Dr. P V KumarResearch Area: Database Management Systems (DBMS)

Organisation: Acharya Institute of Technology, Department of CSE, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Functional dependency (FD), Conditional functional dependency (CFD), Constant conditional functional dependency (CCFD), Data cleaning

Research Paper

173. A prospective study to assess the clinical risk factors and the drug utilization pattern in female patients with gestational hypertension

Hypertension in pregnancy is a pregnancy-specific, multisystem disorder characterized by the development of edema, elevated blood pressure and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. The hypertensive disease occurs in 5% to 10% of all pregnancies and is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. A prospective observational study was performed to assess the risk factors that potentiate gestational hypertension and also to evaluate the drug utilization pattern in patients diagnosed with gestational hypertension. 72 patients who were admitted with gestational hypertension in the Gynaecology department of Pushpagiri Medical College Hospital were enrolled for this study. A standardized data collection form was prepared and necessary data were collected which includes the demographic details, obstetric history, past medical history, past medication history, current medication etc. The risk factors, complications associated with gestational hypertension and drug utilization pattern were analyzed. Pre-existing hypertension and diabetes mellitus are found to be the most common risk factors of gestational hypertension in this study. Most commonly prescribed anti-hypertensive drug was Labetalol and found to be safe. The antihypertensive drug therapy was found to be significant. From the study, it was found out that the overall drug utilization pattern in gestational hypertension patients was in accordance with the specific hypertensive treatment guidelines.

Published by: Mathew George, Lincy Joseph, Naveena Susan SymonResearch Area: Pharmacy Practice

Organisation: Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Thiruvalla, KeralaKeywords: Gestational hypertension, Drug utilization, Antihypertensives, Pregnancy, Maternal complications, Fetal outcomes


174. A smart farming system using Arduino based technology

Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology that permits things to communicate and connect with each other. This is helpful in changing the patterns and processes in both industry and agriculture towards higher efficiency. A system is proposed which describes the smart farming in order to improve the production process in planting. Smart farming consists of two main parts which are a sensor system and a control system. Sensor system consists of a set of tools to obtain the sensed values. Control system involves a blower, watering and roofing system operated on a human interface. Two Arduino boards are programmed for sensing and the controlling system. Programming for controlling the system is done in python. The sensed values from a different sensor are viewed on an LCD display as well as a serial monitor. Results are maintained as a database in excel sheet and the graphical representation of the same is obtained. Looking on to results obtained from the sensor system, a control system is activated using the python controlling console. An increase in product quality and quantity is achieved by following the proper decision-making process.

Published by: Anushree M K, Krishna RResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Smart farming, Internet of things

Research Paper

175. A study on concrete properties using RCA

Recycle Aggregate Concrete is the concrete product produced with recycled aggregate to replace part or whole of natural aggregate. The purpose of this study is to find the properties of RCA and compare the same with the concrete produced with natural aggregates. Recycle Concrete Aggregate has also been described as “the most revolutionary development in concrete construction for several decades”. It has proved to be beneficial from the point of economic, environmental benefits and Preservation of non-renewable recourses This thesis presents a study conducted on mechanical and durability properties of recycled aggregates concrete. The investigation covered concrete mixes at the water-cementitious material with a ratio of 0.4. Ordinary Portland cement of 43-grade was used in this study. The percentage of recycled aggregates that partially replaced natural aggregates by weight were 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%. Concrete cubes and cylinders were cast and tested in laboratories. The optimum proportion of replacement was found by conducting tests on mechanical properties like Compressive strength test and Split tensile strength test. To assess the corrosion and durability characteristics of the recycled concrete aggregates Acid resistance test, Initial surface absorption test were performed. The results show that the optimum replacement of recycled aggregates with natural aggregates was 30%. Up to 30% replacement, it is possible to gain the same strength as conventional concrete. Beyond 30% replacement the strength results following a decreasing trend. Moreover, initial surface absorption increases with an increase in replacement levels and the same are true for sorptivity.

Published by: Lijo Chacko, Sherin FelixResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Recycled Concrete Aggregate, Workability, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Acid Resistance Test, Initial Surface Absorption Test

Survey Report

176. A survey on various energy-efficient routing protocols in WSN

The applications and the role of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in real world encourage researchers to elaborate and explore more information about it. As we know a WSN consist of thousands of sensor nodes (static or mobile) which gather information from a specific region and then transmit it base station (static or mobile) with some mechanism. There are various protocols that are proposed to govern this communication in effective way. But the challenges such as energy consumption, mobile sink scheduling and data aggregation are still need to improve. So that the lifetime of WSN can be extended. This paper cover and present a survey on some protocols and related research works for WSN challenges that improve the performance of network.

Published by: Baljinder Singh, Amit Verma, Manit KapoorResearch Area: Wireless Sensor Networks

Organisation: Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: WSN, Routing Protocols, Energy Consumption


177. Kurt Vonnegut a post modern- Genius excelling in black humor

Kurt Vonnegut is a postmodern marvel. His heart-wrenching novel Slaughterhouse-5 is about World War II and it`s horrors, and how Kurt Vonnegut uses black humor to circumvent the tragic horror of war is the main theme of this article. It is an attempt to show that Kurt Vonnegut is a postmodern scribe employing all forms of satire especially grotesque humor which puts horror and humor side by side. This article tries to show that Kurt Vonnegut with his postmodern philosophy uses the conventional satirical tools like parody, irony and burlesque and the unconventional instruments like the black humor and Metalanguage. This article emphasizes his perspective about the ills of modern warfare and the socio political injustices that are heaped upon the meek and the un-protesting common man on the street. We understand poststructuralism and postmodernism are in fact two sides of a new critical literary thought. This article tries to show that Kurt Vonnegut may have a change of heart from being a mute spectator to man`s suffering to a difficult kind of literature which will have something to say against the destabilizing forces of nature. In this article, it is highlighted that the reader has a greater role to play in the text than the author himself as postulated by Barthe as ‘the death of the author.’

Published by: Kavya M, Dr Ann ThomasResearch Area: Black Humor

Organisation: Madras Christian College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Absurdity, Futility, Horror- humor- horror, Grotesque humor, Subversion- degenerative literature, Meta language, Burlesque, Parody, Reflexivity

Research Paper

178. Study on properties of concrete made with marble powder

The marble manufacturing plants are the main source of marble powder (MP). Marble is used as the replacement of cement depending on the size of marble powder. The present study will provide the better understanding of mechanical and durability properties of concrete in which cement is partially replaced with marble powder. As per preservation endeavors, this examination concentrates on the waste marble dust as a partial replacement with cement. Concrete creation, the counteractive action of ecological contamination by considering the components of reasonable and cost-sparing development ventures, particularly material utilization. Moreover, many of the construction industry in India produce construction waste that contributes largely to solid waste. Utilizing marble waste, this research will focus on marble wastes obtained from the construction industry in India. Presently, much of ceramic industries production goes to waste, which is not undergoing the recycle process yet. Replacement of marble dust different percentage as 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of marble dust as partial replacement of cement with the M-25 grade of concrete. The age of concrete at 7, 14, 28 and 56days.From the results of the study, samples of concrete with 0 to 15% marble dust replacement have reached optimum strength. Findings showed that concrete containing marble dust 0 to 15% showed the highest amount of compressive strength, and split tensile strength of concrete.

Published by: Divya Ani Thomas, Sherin FelixResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Marble powder, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Porosity, Dynamic modulus elasticity of concrete

Research Paper

179. Elastic and flexural resistance assessment on low grade reinforced Self Compacting Concrete beam element

Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) is one of the innovative techniques to overcome the placement of concrete in narrow and congested reinforced concrete elements with high deformability and excellent stability characteristics. In this experimental research, SCC mixture was developed with GGBS and Crusher Rejected Fines (CRF) replaced cement and river sand respectively to achieve the lower strength of M20 to M30 SCC grade. This paper is focused on the experimental study on the actual behaviour of the structural component member under transverse loading. As well as to provide a valuable supplement to the laboratory test results, using sophisticated numerical tool ANSYS finite element software, Reinforced self-compacting concrete beams were modeled and analyzed. The comparison between ANSYS results and experimental test results were made in terms of strength, flexural resistance, and deflection of the structural elements. The first crack in the control SCC significantly delayed than the SCC with GGBS and CRF. The finite element model can make a reasonable estimate on the prediction values of ultimate loads and ultimate deflections.

Published by: Manjula V., Dr. T. FelixkalaResearch Area: SCC – Self Compacting Concrete

Organisation: Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Modulus of elasticity, Modulus of rupture, Crusher rejected fines, Non-linear finite element method

Research Paper

180. Establishing the digital footprint in a Smart Factory

Smart Factories have dominated discussions and conferences for the past few years. It is, in fact, a ground-breaking concept and has the capability of being a game changer, which can create a sustainable competitive advantage. They have the potential to address many challenges that the manufacturing world faces today. So much so that, sometimes they are projected as “panacea” to most of the problems. Experience of early adopters does suggest that they can help us solve many problems. However, companies face challenges in terms of structuring their smart factory journey into phases, identifying the pre-requisites, selecting the right vendor(s), justifying the ROI, forming the right teams, etc. This paper attempts to provide a high-level approach to set up a smart factory and tries to answer some of the questions raised.

Published by: Nikhil Padhi, Prasanna Kumar IllaResearch Area: Smart Factory

Organisation: SunPower Corporation, San Jose, CaliforniaKeywords: Smart factory, Digital, IoT, Robotics, MES, ERP

Research Paper

181. Ankiya Nat and Bhaona– An alternative media approach and its convergence with Ojapali

Sankaradeva, the maestro behind Cultural Revolution in the 14th century and Neo Vaishnavite faith Propagation in Assam in accordance to the upliftment of spirituality and cultured livings. The cultural Communication Part of Sankaradeva is a treasure of resourceful elements and the milepost of Assamese Cultural Revolution which is well recognized with his contribution through Song, drama, dances and other literary items. The Plays written by Sankaradeva is known as Ankiya Nat and the entire drama genre is known as Bhaona. Apart from different cultural and literary contribution of Sankardeva, the drama part is taken here to a research approach to finding out its cultural values and its elements of Communication in convergence to the Ojapali folk of Assam, India. Sankaradeva is formally recognized as the beginner of Assamese play writer and performer in the full-fledged dramatic form. But before him, a different folk performance like Ojapali, Puppetry, Dhulia, Pachauri, Kushan Gaan was practiced in many regions of the present day Assam. These folk forms are the important medium of storytelling during that time. Many critiques mentioned these folk forms as Quasi-dramatic performing arts. From this age of quasi-dramatic performing arts, Sankaradeva turned up to a fully fledged drama genre with extraordinary communication method which was used for promotion of cultural and religious messages. Such an approach is an alternative media approach in the present time because it works beyond the modern mass media. The Ankiya Plays and the Bhaona grow up with special stylistics of presentation and storytelling however it has a good reflection of the Ojapali in terms of the storytelling method. Such resemblance is studied herewith to get a convergence model of the age-old drama genre Bhaona and the Ojapali.

Published by: Shiromoni BhuyanResearch Area: Communication And Cultural Convergence

Organisation: Gauhati University, Guwahati, AssamKeywords: Ojapali, Ankiya play, Quasi dramatic, Puppetry, Dhulia, Bhaona

Review Paper

182. Open access resources: Panacea to improved library resources and services in Nigeria

The inadequacy of information resources is a common challenge facing libraries in developing countries. The open access initiative presents the library with the solution to this challenge by providing access to high-quality journals, books and other information bearing resources. This paper considered what constitutes open access resources, reasons why libraries should embrace them, the sources and web addresses where libraries can find them and the barriers to their integration into Nigerian libraries. The paper recommends that libraries and library associations should embark on awareness campaigns to popularize OA resources, while accreditation authorities make it a minimum requirement for accreditation of programmes. Full support and adequate funding for OA projects were also recommended.

Published by: Isaac Echezonam Anyira, Imade IduborResearch Area: Information Sciences

Organisation: Department of Library and Information Science Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, NigeriaKeywords: Books, Journals, Library, Open access, Nigeria, Repositories.

Review Paper

183. Sensotronic brake control and brake wear sensor

Sensotronic Braking Control is an innovative Braking technology introduced by Mercedes. It is an electrically controlled braking system which is more precise than the conventional hydraulic system. SBC reduces the stopping distance by identifying the situation in hand. When the driver presses the brake paddle the calculations are made by sensors and signals are fed to a microcomputer which makes the further calculation is generated optimum braking pressure on each wheel. Due to high-pressure reservoir & electronically controllable valves, maximum brake pressure is generated sooner. SBC offers more safety in case of corner braking or on the slippery surface than conventional Hydraulic Braking. Moreover, this technology reduces the workload on the driver in traffic. The SOFT-STOP feature allows soft and smooth stopping in city traffic. In case if SBC fails due to malfunction then a backup hydraulic braking is provided for additional safety. But for an effective braking system conditions of the brake pad and brake lining is to be ensured. Hence a microsensor is incorporated into a brake pad on a special test rig. This sensor calculates the thickness of the brake lining, its hardness and critical wear region of the brake pad. This system very effective in alerting the driver when wear of brake pads reaches the maximum limit and hence avoids further damage to the vehicle.

Published by: Hemanshu P ShahResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: NBN Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Proportional braking, SOFT-STOP, Traffic- assist, Critical wear region of brake pad

Research Paper

184. Communication skills among polytechnic students

Communication skills are one of the broad skills that are believed to be important among engineers today. The students’ graduating from Polytechnic colleges lack the modern talents and skills that set the eligibility for creating for recruitment in corporate companies. The students coming out with matriculation, in general, are not exposed to various nuances of English language and its utility. The English teachers of polytechnic college have a great responsibility of imparting communication and soft skills in students. The real pathetic condition prevailing in our country is that the teacher is indifferent to this and delightful in completing the syllabus and making the student score good grades in their end semester examination. Developing communication skills of the students are conveniently ignored. This paper attempts to investigate the present system and find out the possible avenues to develop the common skills especially communications skills among polytechnic students.

Published by: P MadhavanResearch Area: English

Organisation: Sankar Polytechnic College, Tirunelveli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Communication, Corporate

Research Paper

185. Generation of electricity from dye industry wastewater in dual chamber fed batch operating microbial fuel cell

Dye wastewater causes a major problem while discharging into the environment due to the presence of various toxic content. In this study, dye wastewater is treated using dual chamber MFC with the generation of electricity. The power generation and pollutant removal efficiency in the dye wastewater treatment using dual chamber MFC was examined at different HRT, which varied from 35 – 7 days. The maximum TCOD and SCOD removal of 66.10% and 57.94 % respectively were attained at the HRT of 35 days. In 20 days HRT, the maximum power density of 96.85mWm-2 and coulombic efficiency of 60.54% was procured.

Published by: M. Dinesh Kumar, M. Gunasekaran, J. Rajesh BanuResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Anna University Regional Campus, Tirunelveli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Dual chamber MFC, Dye wastewater, Nafion membrane, Activated carbon fibre felt, Power density, Current density

Research Paper

186. Influence of surface treatments on chopped strand mat E-glass fiber reinforced with Epoxy polymer matrix composites

The present work revolves around the investigations carried out on Fiber surface Treated Chopped Strand Mat (CSM) E-Glass fiber reinforced Epoxy matrix composites. Hand lay-up technique was used to fabricate the Epoxy based polymer matrix Composites reinforced with treated CSM E-glass fiber with a volume fraction of 3.42%. The three types of treatments were done on Chopped strand mat E-Glass fibers, namely no surface treatment, Heat treatment and Ethyl Silicate coating on heat treated E-glass fibers were used to evaluate the mechanical properties of the epoxy composites. The composites were subjected to mechanical tests preferably to determine tensile, flexural and Impact strengths. The test results showed that there has been a marked improvement in the mechanical properties of composites reinforced with fiber surface treated CSM E-Glass Fibers. E-Glass Fibers treated with Ethyl Silicate shows remarkable improvement in mechanical properties. Experimental results of mechanical properties for different surface treatment of E-glass fiber were evaluated and compared to conclude.

Published by: Guruprasad H .L., Dr. J. N. Prakash, Aravind K. U.Research Area: Polymers

Organisation: East West Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Epoxy, Chopped strand mat, E-glass fiber, Mechanical properties, Composites

Review Paper

187. SMTP attacks and detection using data mining (Information gathering)

The SMTP protocol is used to send and receive of e-mail messages and control headers the whole body of messages that are opposed to other protocols after the message is delivered a detailed record of the e-mail transactions in the receiver mailbox. SMTP headers can be used to map the networks and the information on the messaging software gateways.

Published by: S. Ranjitha, A. Venugopal, M. Rajini Sri, A. ShobikaResearch Area: Software Systems

Organisation: Sri Krishna College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Information gathering, Attack, SMTP security

Research Paper

188. A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of occupational hazards among garbage handlers working at selected areas of Sangli, Miraj, Kupwad Corporation

The garbage handlers refer to, those workers who collects garbage and waste materials produced from the community or society. The garbage handlers have more chances to the occurrence of occupational diseases. The garbage handlers should know the knowledge of preventive measures for occupational diseases. The topic was ‘ A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of occupational hazards among garbage handlers working at selected areas of Sangli, Miraj, Kupwad Corporation’. The objectives of study were 1) To assess the existing knowledge regarding the prevention of occupational hazards among garbage handlers. 2) To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of occupational hazards among garbage handlers. 3) To find out the association between the pre-test knowledge score and selected demographic variables. In this study, 40 samples were included. Of which 60% was male and 40% was female samples. All age groups were covered at the time of sampling. The pilot study was conducted in Sangliwadi area and final study was conducted in Sangli area. The planned teaching was effective among garbage handlers. The post-test knowledge score was significantly increased. In the finding of the study showed that there was no significant association between pre-test knowledge with selected demographic variables.

Published by: Sunil Kulkarni, Manisha KulkarniResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Bharati University College of Nursing, Sangli, MaharashtraKeywords: Garbage handlers, Effectiveness, Occupational hazards


189. United Nations Development Programme– Overview on its implementation

The article examines the concept of development and various facets involved in the process. The article is composed on the strength of secondary data available in public domain viz. United Nations website, financial newspapers, journal publications available on internet and books published. The definitions as well as goals set out by the United Nations and their present status as to where the present achievements stand. It also examines the role of sovereign governments and various other players in the process. The “United Nations Development Programme” (UNDP) has defined goals in two parts and monitoring the same. In the first part Millennium Development Goals (MDG) have been set and the period ended by 2015 with acceptable achievement levels. The second set of goals, “Sustainable Development Goals” (SDG) are set and have to be achieved by 2030. Apart from UNDP, the apex organisation, the government of the country, central banks and corporates of each country have contributed to the development of each country. Role of these constituents is examined.

Published by: Udaya Pratap SeethamsettyResearch Area: Sociology

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Development, Millennium, Sustainable

Research Paper

190. Developing of database on drying parameters of some Nigerian staple foodstuffs

This work is on the development of databank for drying parameters of some staple foodstuffs; carrot, cassava, Irish potato, sweet potato, cocoyam, yam, water yam, banana, guava and plantain. Microsoft SQL software 2012 and visual studio net were used to develop the database. The computer database consists of two programs, SQL software serves to make records in the database file and visual studio net searches and retrieves parameters from the database file. The developed program offers a collection of data dedicated to drying parameters on ten Nigerian staple foodstuffs.

Published by: Edeani N. J., Aneke N. A. G., Mbah G. O.Research Area: Food Sciences

Organisation: Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, NigeriaKeywords: Microsoft SQL software, Visual studio net, Hot air drying, Staple foodstuffs

Research Paper

191. Marriages and adultery in Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina

Tolstoy is considered to be a great realist writer for the 19th century. Among his works, Anna Karenina occupies a central position in the portrayal of contemporary Russia. Tolstoy’s biography was examined in the first chapter of this thesis, permit us to regard the novel as a true representation of life. On these premises, the various marriage and adulterous portrayed in the novel are personal views. It presents some modern ideas and illuminated several aspects of Russian life depicted though not yet understood at the time of the novel’s creation. Thus, attention is concentrated on the reality of marriage and adultery reflected in Anna Karenina without plying in any way that is what Tolstoy intended to stress himself.

Published by: Deviga RResearch Area: Russian Literature

Organisation: Kamban College of Arts and Science for Women, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Marriages, Adultery, Tragedy, Conflict, Mutual Attraction

Research Paper

192. Virtual synchronous generator control with ANFIS controller for parallel inverters in micro grids

Virtual synchronous generator (VSG) control is a promising correspondence less control strategy in a microgrid for its inertia support highlight. Be that as it may, active power wavering also, despicable transient active power sharing are watched when fundamental VSG control is connected. Also, the issue of receptive control sharing mistake, acquired from routine hang control, ought to likewise be routed to acquire attractive stable state execution. In this paper, an upgraded VSG control is proposed, with which swaying damping and legitimate transient active power sharing are accomplished by changing the virtual stator reactance in light of state-space examinations. Besides, correspondence less precise receptive power-sharing is accomplished in view of inversed voltage droop control include (V–Q droop control) and normal ac bus voltage estimation. Simulation confirms the change presented by the proposed upgraded VSG control procedure.

Published by: P. Yaswanth Kumar Reddy, S. RavichandranResearch Area: Electrical Power Systems

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh.Keywords: DC-AC power converters, Distributed power generation, Droop control, Micro grids, Power control, Power system dynamics, Power system modeling, Reactive power control, State-space methods, Virtual synchronous generator

Research Paper

193. Assessment of the emotional maturity of mothers of children with cerebral palsy among rural area

To assess the level of Emotional Maturity among mothers of C.P. Children in rural areas. To find out the area of emotional maturity which is most affected. Methods include face to face Interview by using EMS in Marathi/Hindi, obtained necessary permission from the concerned authority after explaining the objectives and purpose of this study, statistical analysis was done by using descriptive and international Statistic. As a result of our study, 4% of the women had emotionally immature and 96% of them had an extremely immature type of EMS. Hence it can be concluded that mothers of children with cerebral palsy suffer psychologically, they have physical distress and are influenced by child multiple problems and caregiving demands, and maternal adjustment to the strain of caring for the child with a disability needs a lot of social support.

Published by: Madhuri WaneResearch Area: Cerebral Palsy

Organisation: Ravi Nair Physiotherapy college, Sawangi, MaharashtraKeywords: C.P, E.M.S

Technical Notes

194. Hunting advanced volatile threats using memory forensics

Due to continuous growth in malware attacks, memory forensics has become very crucial as it contains many forensic artifacts that cyber forensic investigators cannot get through the traditional disk forensics. Forensic Analysis of a memory dump of victim’s machine provides a detailed analysis of malware, checking traces of malware that have been created while running in the machine. Moreover, recent malware techniques also use stealthy methods to go undetected in typical disk forensics. Such techniques always execute exclusively from the memory or hide in the legitimate process to avoid the typical signature-based antivirus detection. Many of the recent studies also show that the percentage of such attacks have increased drastically. It is also estimated that the same trend will continue in the future and advanced threat like file less malware will become the major concern for the organizations as well as security researchers. This paper analyses memory forensics in the context of designing a forensic approach which will help to detect such advance malware threats. In this paper, we are analyzing a sample memory image infected by a malware. This paper proposes a generalized framework for doing step by step analysis of memory image for detecting fileless malware attacks.

Published by: Priya B Gadgil, Sangeeta NagpureResearch Area: Digital Forensics

Organisation: K. J. Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Memory forensics, Advanced volatile threat

Research Paper

195. Phytochemical analysis, Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic activity of Vitex altissima L.f. stem bark

The present studies were designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of ethanolic extract of Vitex altissima stem bark (Peacock Chaste tree). The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by in vivo models like carrageenan-induced rat hind paw edema and Acetic acid induced vascular permeability in mice using dose levels of 150 and 450 mg/kg body weight (orally) for ethanolic extract of Vitex altissima and compared to reference drugs indomethacin (10 mg/kg body weight, orally). The analgesic activity was evaluated by in vivo models like an acetic acid-induced writhing assay in mice using dose levels of 150 and 450 mg/kg body weight (orally) for ethanolic extract of Vitex altissima and compared to reference drugs acetylsalicylic acid (25 mg/kg body weight, orally). Acute toxicity study of the extract was performed prior to studies. The ethanolic extract of the stem bark of Vitex altissima showed significant dose-dependent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The acute toxicity study indicated that the plant was non-toxic up to the dose level (<5g/kg). On the basis of obtained results, it was concluded that the ethanolic extract of the stem bark of Vitex altissima can be marked as a potent candidate for the management of inflammatory diseases and pain.

Published by: Sivaranjani Ganapathy, Dr. R. Suja, Dr. P. G. Latha, Dr. B. S. Bijukumar, Dr. V J Shine, Dr. P Shikha, Dr. Sreejith GResearch Area: Pharmaceutics

Organisation: Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Vitex Altissima, Stem Bark, Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic, Toxicity, Ethanolic Extract

Research Paper

196. Skin friction analysis of MHD flow past on exponentially accelerated vertical plate with variable temperature and mass diffusion in the presence of chemical reaction

In this paper the unsteady laminar free-convection flow of a viscous incompressible fluid, past exponentially accelerated infinite vertical plate with variable temperature and mass diffusion in the presence of chemical reaction and the magnetic field is considered. The Laplace transform method is used to obtain the expression for skin-friction, Nusselt number and Sherwood number. The effect of velocity profiles are studied for different physical parameters like Prandtl number, thermal Grashof number, mass Grashof number, Schmidt number and time

Published by: P. Senthamil, Dr. V. VisalakshiResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Arignar Anna Government Arts College For Women Walajah, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Accelerated, Isothermal, Vertical Plate, Exponential, Heat & Mass Transfer, Chemical Reaction, Magnetic Field

Research Paper

197. A study on customers taste on the dairy products in Madurai district

The significant portion of milk produced in India is utilized for the production of traditional Indian dairy products. Recent advancements in the field of engineering and technology have helped Indian dairy product sector to grow and take an important place in the dairy market. Recent scientific studies indicate that these Indian dairy products are not only delicious but also have certain health benefits and therapeutic values. This review paper gives a brief introduction to different traditional dairy products and their importance. The objective of this paper is to make consumers aware of the beneficial aspects of Indian dairy products that they consume in their day to day life

Published by: Abinaya K, Santhi AResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Dairy, Product, Consume, Milk, Production

Review Paper

198. Review on treatment of industrial wastewaters by Electrochemical Coagulation (ECC)

Electrochemical coagulation (ECC) technology has a long history and is still a very active location for research until today. The environmental sector showing large interest in ECC because of increasing pollution in different types of industrial effluent. It also contributions to the electrode material, operating condition, and reactor design. The electrocoagulation applications, advantages, and disadvantages discussed here. The goal is to form flocks of metal hydroxides among the effluent to be cleansed by electro-dissolution of soluble anodes. ECC was found to be capable of removing COD & Color from the affluent & it was found that the totally different electrode has different effectiveness in removing COD & Color, depends on the type of electrode. Finally, electrocoagulation can be the good option for the treatment of wastewater from various industries.

Published by: Neshma C M, Dr. B. M. KrishnaResearch Area: Environmental Science

Organisation: JSS Science and Technology University, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Electrochemical coagulation (ECC), Electrochemical reactor (ECR), Operational factors, Industrial wastewater


199. Estimation of soil erosion using Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation and GIS

A comprehensive methodology that integrates Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model and Geographic Information System(GIS) techniques were adopted to determine the soil erosion vulnerability of a forested mountainous sub-watershed in Kerala, India. The spatial pattern of annual soil erosion rate was obtained by integrating geo-environmental variables in a raster-based GIS method. GIS data layers including, rainfall erosivity (R), soil erodability (K), slope length and steepness (LS), cover management (C) and conservation practice (P) factors were computed to determine their effects on average annual soil loss in the area. The resultant map of annual soil erosion shows a maximum soil loss of 282.2 t/h/yr with a close relation to grassland areas, degraded forests and deciduous forests on the steep side-slopes. The spatial erosion maps generated with RUSLE method and GIS can serve as effective inputs in deriving strategies for land planning and management in the environmentally sensitive mountainous areas.

Published by: Aswathy M R, Indulekha K PResearch Area: GIS

Organisation: College of Engineering, Thiruvananthapuram, KeralaKeywords: Soil Erosion, USLE, RUSLE, GIS

Research Paper

200. Improving castor productivity through optimizing sowing schedule and genotypes

Optimum sowing time with improved genotypes is one of the most important agronomic factor and non- monetary input which play an important role to exploit fully the genetic potentiality of a castor crop. Experiments were conducted for three consecutive years (2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16) during the Kharif season at the Zonal Agricultural and Horticultural Research Station, (130 57’ 32” N, 700 37’ 38” E, 606 MSL), University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga, India, to find out the optimum sowing schedule and genotype to maximize the castor productivity. The pooled data of three years indicates that the sowing during 2nd fortnight of August has recorded significantly higher yield (2407 kg ha-1) compared to the crop sown during the second fortnight of September (1946 kg ha-1) or October (1259 kg ha-1) or November (840 kg ha-1). Among the genotypes tested GCH-177 has recorded higher grain yield (1805 kg ha-1) compared to YRCH-1 (1627 kg ha-1), DCS-107 (1647 kg ha-1) and GCH-7 (973 kg ha-1). Extended dates of sowing of castor on the 2nd fortnight of August increased the seed yield by 19 and 65%, respectively. Economics analysis showed that sowing during 2nd fortnight of August and hybrid DCH-177 recorded higher gross return (Rs 86,669 ha-1 and Rs 64986 ha-1), net return (Rs 62,588 ha-1 and Rs 40905 ha-1) and B:C ratio(3.6 and 2.7) respectively.

Published by: Kumar Naik A. H., S. Sridhara, T. Basavaraj NaikResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga, KarnatakaKeywords: Castor, Cultivar, Date of sowing, Yield

Research Paper

201. Isolation of Pseudomonas fluorescence species from fish waste, assessment of siderophore production and their antibiotic activity by dual culture plate techniques

Siderophores are organic compounds with low molecular masses that are produced by microorganisms. Under the iron-restricted condition, many bacteria produce iron chealating siderophores. Siderophore chealate iron and supply to bacterial cell by outer membrane receptors. A great variation is seen in siderophore structure produced by many bacteria. Bacterial strains also produce fluorescence as the one like Pseudomonas fluorescence. They are prevalent in compost soil environment. They have received much attention in recent years because of their potential roles and application in various areas of environmental research. Their significance is because of their ability to kill bacterial and fungal pathogens. They act as an antibiotic and they have a wide range of chemical structures and specific properties. Even though siderophores have been reported from a variety of organisms inhabiting diverse environments. The study of marine siderophores is in its infancy as compared to their terrestrial counterparts. Therefore, the present investigation was carried out to detect and characterize siderophores of unique Pseudomonas spp. isolated from sediments collected from the marine environment. Fish waste is one of major source of marine bacteria like Pseudomonas, Vibrio and Streptococcus Sp. The isolated strains were confirmed by biochemical characterization. The biosynthesis of a yellow-green, fluorescent, water-soluble pigment by p.fluorescens occurred only when the bacteria were iron-deficient and was not directly influenced by the nature of the organic carbon source. The pigment formed a very stable Fe3+ complex and was purified in this form. P.fluorescens produced only one molecular type of fluorescent pigment; however, its lability under mild alkaline conditions led to the formation of several pigmented decomposition products. Both its biosynthesis and its chemical properties (formation of a stable Fe3+ complex) suggest that the fluorescent pigment is a desferrisiderophore. The strain was grown in King`s B liquid for fluorescent pigment production and after that, it was extracted with acetone. Siderophore and their derivatives have a large application in agriculture as it increases soil fertility and is a biocontrol agent for fungal and bacterial pathogen. The present study deals with the isolation of the fluorescent isolates of P.fluorescens possessing a variety of promising properties which make them as better microbes. Twelve P.fluorescens isolates were isolated on King’s B and Pseudomonas isolation agar medium and their production of fluorescence under an UV transilluminator was assessed. The aim of the present study is to outline and discuss the important roles and form of siderophores in fish waste compost soil and to emphasize their significant roles that these small organic molecules could play an important role in biocontrol processes. A simple confrontation assay for identifying potential antagonists was developed. Fluorescent Pseudomonas isolates PS6, PS7, PS8, and PS10 were found to be antagonistic against both Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens.

Published by: K. Srimathi, Dr. H. Ann SujiResearch Area: Bacterial Siderophores

Organisation: Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fluorescent pseudomonads, Yellow-green fluorescent pigment, Siderophore

Review Paper

202. HFO– A replacement of ammonia in solar driven cooling systems

As the energy is the most fundamental before technology, its the basic element which affects the price as well as the overall economy of the industry. And we know that the conventional source of energy is continuously decreasing and in today,s world non-conventional energy is gaining high importance, thus solar energy is of great interest to the scientists of the world. Another threat to the whole world is ozone layer depletion potential and the global warming potential. Use of a solar cooling system could be the best solution to this problem. And one must get motivated work on Hydrofluoro Olefin (HFO) as its almost unexplored and has tremendous potential in the future world and could be a replacement of ammonia (R-717). Unlike ammonia, HFO has a very low effect on global warming, this feature is common for its contribution to global warming and it is not greater than CO2, HFC’s and other common refrigerants. It is mainly due to their short lifespan that is within a couple of weeks for most of the HFO’s.

Published by: Shivam KumarResearch Area: Air Conditioning And Refrigeration

Organisation: SRM University, Sonipat, HaryanaKeywords: ODP (Ozone Depletion Potential), GWP (Global Warming Potential), CFC (Chlorofluoro Carbons), HFO (Hydrofluoro Olefin)

Research Paper

203. Relevance of Adam Smith in the contemporary economy

In 1776, Adam Smith, highly regarded as the Father of Economics, presented a notable art in the form of the ‘Wealth of Nations’. The book comprehended the economic structure in the society. The purpose of the paper is to examine the four major theories put forward by him and accordingly determine its significance in today’s world with the occurrence of various events in the economy. The source of data used was secondary data, thereby accessing various research papers, understanding and relating the news reports of many events. Descriptive and diagnostic method of analysis has been used. The paper shows contradicting views with respect to the theories presented by Adam Smith. Based on the study, the researcher would like to conclude that no relevance was found in the application of the mentioned theories with the current scenario. However, these can always be looked up to.

Published by: Moumita HaldarResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Adam Smith, Government intervention, Red herring, Invisible hand, Keynes, 2008 crisis, Subsidies

Research Paper

204. Agitation dynamics in Kashmir

The dynamics in Kashmir valley have undergone a vast change in past few years. Recent developments have shown that the underlying separatist sentiment aided overtly and covertly by Pakistan has again started to manifest itself, predominantly through protests and agitations. The scale and intensity of protest in 2016 have brought to fore the mass discontent amongst large sections of the local population.

Published by: Kirpal GillResearch Area: Defence And Strategic Studies

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Agitation, Kashmir, Terrorism

Research Paper

205. Effects of attenuation for live video streaming on free-space optics

Free Space Optical Communications (FSO) has become a magnet for a variety of applications in the communication field. Signal attenuation was highlighted in data transfer, particularly in the multimedia e.g. high-speed video camera network requires sufficient throughput. This paper focuses on finding an approach to improve the signal received through the use of bi-directional FSO multiple access channel with high transmission power to avoid signal attenuation in short distances over atmospheric turbulence channels. Comparison of the extracted results proved that the performance of the proposed system is effective to overcome these effects.

Published by: Satea Hikmat AlnajjarResearch Area: Communication Field

Organisation: Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, IraqKeywords: Free space optical, Multiple access channel, Atmospheric attenuation

Research Paper

206. On bipolar-valued fuzzy algebra over bipolar-valued fuzzy field

In this paper, we apply the notion of a bipolar-valued fuzzy set to algebra over a field. We introduce the concept of a bipolar-valued L-fuzzy set of algebra and investigate some properties. We give relations between a bipolar-valued fuzzy algebra and bipolar-valued L-fuzzy set. We also give the characterization of bipolar-valued fuzzy ideal and discuss some related properties.

Published by: S. Praveena Subbian, Dr. M. KamarajResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Government Arts and Science College, Sivakasi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Bipolar-valued fuzzy algebra, Fuzzy field, Sup property, Bipolar-valued L-fuzzy set, Bipolar-valued fuzzy ring, Ideal

Review Paper

207. A concise review on cinnoline and its biological activities

Cinnoline is an aromatic heterocyclic compound having a wide range of pharmacological actions like antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-tuberculosis, antiepileptic, antidepressant, antitumor, antihypertensive, antianxiety activities. Cinnoline is a fused six-membered ring with two nitrogen atoms as heteroatoms which is an isosteric derivative to quinolone or isoquinoline. This heterocyclic nucleus is the least condensed one and is having a special interest in the synthetic research field. This review discusses the biological activities of cinnoline compounds with different substitutions.

Published by: Sony S, Mathew George, Lincy JosephResearch Area: Pharmacology

Organisation: Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Thiruvalla, KeralaKeywords: Cinnoline, Cyclization, Biological activities

Research Paper

208. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based indoor scene recognition model

The indoor scene recognition is the process of recognizing the scene in focus, which can be either an office or home. The indoor scene recognition has many real-time applications, which includes the automatic camera mode selection, robotic mobility, automatic CCTV coverage and alert setting based upon region visiting frequency, etc. The proposed model is designed for the indoor scene recognition based upon the multiple features, which primarily involves the combination of textural and color-pattern based features. The scene recognition is entirely based upon the pattern & texture recognition, which includes the speeded up robust features (SURF), HOG and scale invariant feature transformation (SIFT) features to differentiate the different indoor scenes. The proposed model has coupled with Classify Neural Network (CNN) classification algorithm. The proposed model has achieved the perfect accuracy of nearly 94%, which has outperformed all other data models with individual features of SIFT, SURF or HOG. This shows the effectiveness of the proposed model based upon multi-feature combination in comparison with the individual feature based applications.

Published by: Harsimran Pal Singh, Dr. Vikrant, Dr. Balwinder RaiResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: SIFT, SURF, HOG, SVM, Indoor scene recognition, Color analysis, Textural analysis

Case Study

209. ECG signal preprocessing using Savitzky-Golay filter and Moving-average filter

The paper has discussed about the various types of biomedical signals and ventured deep in the topic of ECG signal preprocessing. MATLAB software was used for analysis and research work. Explanation of various types of errors while recording ECG is given in the paper. Various methods of removal of errors called as ECG preprocessing has been discussed such as removal of powerline interference and baseline wander.

Published by: Abhisang Janrao, Utsav LalResearch Area: Biomedical Engineering

Organisation: Pune Institute of Computer Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ECG, preprocessing, Baseline Wander, Filter, Matlab, Sgolay, Smoothening, Power line interferance, Weighted average filter, Fir, Polyval, Polyfit

Research Paper

210. How can we use recycle aggregate concrete in rural areas for building homes for the villagers

As we are in the stage of development In India, there are many old and undemolished buildings which can be demolished and the demolished buildings can be used for the constructions purpose. In India major cities are getting developed but the rural areas are not able to develop properly as most are from agriculture field in which there is not so much profit basically for farmers. So, they cannot build good homes for them and live in mud homes for their entire lifetime. We have to bring change in their lives so that they can get a good life which a normal people lives there, this problem can be solved by the Recycle Aggregate(RA), which can be used in order to construct homes for them, which will be very durable and less costly and more efficient. Doing this work most people will be able to make their dream home at less cost and they can live happily and peacefully.

Published by: Ashutosh Mishra, Souvik Kundu, S. Mukul JainResearch Area: Construction

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Development recycle aggregate farmers, Demolished building construction

Review Paper

211. Literature review of Myanmar Optical Character Recognition techniques

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is an active research area in the field of pattern recognition due to its application. OCR system converts document images into machine encoded text so that it can be easily accessed and preserved. This system is applied in data processing such as bank cheques, postal address reading, examination question papers, text-to-speech, reading aid for blind, etc. Myanmar OCR system is essential to convert numerous published books, newspapers and journals of Myanmar into editable computer text files. It is a challenge for recognizing Myanmar characters. During the last decades a lot of research has been done in the field of Myanmar optical character recognition (OCR). Myanmar characters recognition is still an open problem for the research community. This paper presents the review of Myanmar OCR system such as pre-processing, feature extraction, classification, post-processing etc. This paper may act as a supportive material for those who wish to know about Myanmar OCR.

Published by: Zu Zu Aung, Cho Me Me Maung, Yadana HtunResearch Area: Pattern Recognition

Organisation: University of Technology, Yadanabon Cyber City, MyanmarKeywords: Myanmar OCR, Pre-processing, Feature extraction, Classification, Post-processing


212. Use of software quality tools to analyse the problems of a large internet media company

AOL (formerly a corporation referred to as AOL., originally referred to as America online, and conventionalized as AOL.) is a web portal and online service provider primarily based in NY. AOL was one of all the first pioneers of the internet within the mid-1990s, and also the most recognized on the online within the US. On June 23, 2015, AOL was obtained by Verizon Communications for $4.4 billion. The following months, AOL additionally created a contend with Microsoft and purchased many technology properties. AOL’s products and Services square measure within AOL Mobile- permits you to require AOL websites and applications with you where you go and uses mobile-specific options to boost your expertise. Data Secure by AOL-Helps secure your devices from hackers, malware, viruses, spyware and many. SystemMechanic– mechanically fix over 30,000 computer issues with system Mechanic, that wipes the useless junk from your disk drive and accelerates your disk drive and speeds up your pc in minutes. AOL Desktop for windows – The all-in-one expertise with mail, browsing, search, content, and dial-up connectivity. AOL Computer check-up- that includes twenty-four powerful pc optimization tools, AOL computer check-up cleans, secures, and accelerates your slow computer in minutes. AOL Mail- it’s a free email service that provides sensible usernames, lovely style, and unlimited client support, alongside the standard mailbox features.

Published by: M Suraj Kumar, Anushree Daptardar, Biswanath SatpathyResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: AOL, 7QC Tools, Quality problems, AOL mail, Server issues, Dial-up internet, Reports, Ishikawa diagram, Control chart, Pareto chart, Scatter diagram, Run chart, Histogram, Check sheet/ Checklist, 5 WHYS, Poka Yoke, Takt time

Research Paper

213. Prediction of compressive strength of concrete using artificial neural network

The present-day structures are being made with the use of a number of different building materials with varying strength properties that govern their mechanical strength and correspondingly their durability and life. There are a number of techniques available to determine the compressive strength of these materials. However, use of an artificial neural network provides a non-destructive way to predict the compressive strength of the same. In the present study, the compressive strength of concretes prepared with two different cement types i.e. PPC and PSC with manufactured sand and natural sand as aggregate for four different water-cement (w/c) ratios have been undertaken using an artificial neural network (ANN). The predicted strength was compared with that obtained in the laboratory for the same.

Published by: Naman VeerResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Artificial neural network, PPC, PPS

Research Paper

214. Experimentally the performance and exhaust emission characteristics by adding additive as ethanol in methyl ester of rice bran oil in CI engine

One of the methods to reduce the use of fossil fuel is blending ethanol with fossil diesel. However, an emulsifier or a co-solvent is needed to homogenize the diesel-ethanol blends. This project is aimed to investigate experimentally the performance and exhaust emission characteristics by adding additive as ethanol in methyl ester of rice bran oil in CI engine. The experimental results showed that the highest brake thermal efficiency was observed with 5% ethanol in the diesel-biodiesel-ethanol blend was lower than that of diesel fuel. The hydrocarbons and smoke were lower than that of diesel fuel, the rice bran oil biodiesel can be used as an additive to mix higher percentage of ethanol in diesel-ethanol blends to improve the performance and reduce the emissions of a diesel engine.

Published by: Paramjeet Singh, Amit Kumar, Amit Kumar TiwariResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Somany Institute of Management and Technology, Rewari, HaryanaKeywords: Biodiesel, Methanol, Kirloskar, Experimental, Ethanol, Bio fuel

Research Paper

215. Pochhammer symbol of ultra gamma function and its applications to hypergeometric functions

The aim of this paper is to investigate an extension of generalized hypergeometric function rFs with r numerator and s denominator parameters with help of ultra gamma function. Some Recurrence relation of the Pochhammer symbol of Ultra Gamma Function is investigated. Certain particular cases of the derived results are considered and indicated to further reduce to some known results. Finally, we present a systematic study of the various fundamental properties of the class of hypergeometric functions introduced here.

Published by: Anita, K. S. Gehlot, Chena RamResearch Area: Special Function

Organisation: Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, RajasthanKeywords: Four-Parameter gamma function, Ultra gamma function, Two parameter gamma function, Two Parameter Pochhammer symbol, Gauss hypergeometric function, Generalized hypergeometric function, Hypergeometric generating functions, Four Parameter Pochhammer symbol, K-Bessel function


216. Clinicopathological Profile of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of gastrointestinal tract arising from interstitial cells of Cajal. They present with varied clinical features most of which are non- specific. This study was done to identify the clinical features of GISTS and immunohistochemistry. It was a retrospective and prospective study. The total number of studied patients was 50. Out of 50 patients- 26 were females (52%). Mean Age of involvement was 59 years. Gastrointestinal bleeding and Pain abdomen were the most common symptoms. Stomach was involved in 64%, small gut in28% and colon in 4% of the patients. The average size of the tumor was 5.2cm. 96% were CD117 positive. GISTS are rare tumors arising in late middle age. They affect males and females equally. They present non- specific signs and symptoms. Most of them are CD117 positive.

Published by: Rayees A Khanday, Ajaz Malik, Munir Wani, Zubaida RasoolResearch Area: Surgery

Organisation: Shere Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, JammuKeywords: CKIT/CD117, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, GIST, Interstitial Cells of Cajal, Immunohistochemistry, IHC


217. Performance based design of RCC structure

The prediction of inelastic seismic responses and the evaluation of seismic performance of a building structure are very important subjects in performance-based seismic design. The seismic performances of reinforced-concrete buildings evaluated by nonlinear static analysis (pushover analysis) and nonlinear time history analysis are compared in this research. A finite element model that can accurately simulate the nonlinear behavior of building is formulated by considering several important effects such as p-delta can be considered rigid zones with joint failure due to the poor detailing of joints. Both global responses such as system ductility demand and local response such as inter-story drift are investigated in this research. A numerical example is performed on a 20-story reinforced concrete building in ZONE V. Finally, the global and local responses obtained from the pushover analysis are compared with those obtained from the nonlinear dynamic analysis of MDOF system. The results show that the PA is accurate enough for practical applications in seismic performance evaluation when compared with the nonlinear dynamic analysis of MDOF system.

Published by: Md. Rehan, Faiyaz AzamResearch Area: Engineering and Technology

Organisation: Al-Falah University, Dhouj, HaryanaKeywords: Performance based design, Non-linear elastic method, RCC model, Kobe earthquake

Research Paper

218. Document clustering using K-Means clustering in Hadoop using Map Reduce

The high dimensional information concerns expansive volume, mind-boggling, mounting informational indexes with various, self-governing sources. As the Data expanding radically every day, it is a noteworthy concern to oversee and compose the information productively. This developed the need for machine learning systems. With the Fast advancement of Networking, information stockpiling and the information gathering limit, Machine learning bunch calculations are presently quickly growing in all science and building spaces, for example, Pattern acknowledgment, information mining, bioinformatics, and proposal frameworks. In order to help the adaptable machine learning system with Map Reduce and Hadoop bolster, we are utilizing YARN Yet Another Resource Negotiator to deal with the High Voluminous information. Different Cluster issues, for example, Cluster propensity, partition, Cluster legitimacy, and Cluster recital canister be effectively overwhelmed by YARN bunching calculations. Mahout oversees information in four stages i.e., bringing information, content mining, bunching, arrangement, and community-oriented separating. In the proposed approach, different information writes, for example, Numbers, Raw Data and 3D-Images however, datasets are arranged in the few classifications i.e., Collaborative Filtering, Clustering, Classification or Frequent Itemset Mining.

Published by: Utkarsh Jaiswal, Kunal GuptaResearch Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: Amity University, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Clustering, K-means, Documents, Hadoop, YARN, Filtering

Research Paper

219. Using human area networking to enhance Internet of Things and human organ analysis

Internet of Things is a technology that refers to connect anything with internet based on stipulated protocols to produce information using sensing devices, to transfer data which in turn results in better tracking, positioning, monitoring, administration and extraction of optimal usage form All Things around us. In this paper, we use the Redtacton technology to overcome the security and external signal dependency of INTERNET OF THINGS and make it as a more personalized one wherein it’s used for medical application using genetic algorithmic sequences (organ cycle, chakras stimulation).

Published by: Dorothy Joseph EResearch Area: Human Area Networking, IOT

Organisation: Christ College of Engineering and Technology, Puducherry, PondicherryKeywords: Internet of things, Redtacton device, Genetic algorithm, Organ cycle sequence, Chakras simulation, Human area networking

Research Paper

220. Bacteriology of Surgical Site Infections after Colorectal surgeries

Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is the infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, organs or spaces exposed by surgeons during the performance of an invasive procedure. Appropriate antimicrobial therapy is mandatory not only to improve the prognosis of patients with SSIs but also to minimize the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant organisms. To use antibiotics appropriately, especially before the availability of culture sensitivity reports, information on the prevalent microbial flora isolated from SSIs is of particular value. The purpose of this study was to study the bacteriological spectrum of SSIs in colorectal surgical patients. This 2-year prospective study of 272 patients was conducted in the Department of Colorectal Surgery at a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir. Postoperatively surgical site infected cases were identified using CDC, USA definition for SSI. After discharge from hospital, patients were followed for up to 30 days to check any signs of SSI. If there were no signs of SSI within 30 days of operation, the patient was regarded as having no SSI. After identifying a patient with SSI, puss culture swabs were sent to the microbiology laboratory of the institute. After collecting the reports of swab culture, data was analyzed statistically and inferences were drawn from there. Out of 272 patients, 36 patients developed SSI that is the SSI rate in our series was 13.2%. Incisional SSIs comprised about 89% while as organ/space infections comprise only about 11% of total SSIs in this study. Out of 36 SSI patients, only 24 had positive swab/puss culture reports that are swab/puss culture positivity rate was 66.67%. The most common organism found was Staph aureus followed by E.coli. Gram positive organisms out-numbered the gram negative ones in our study of SSI in colorectal patients. Swab/puss culture positivity rate in our study is 66.67%. The most common organism found in SSI after colorectal surgery is Staphylococus aureus followed by E.coli. Also the gram positive organisms out-numbered the gram negative ones in SSI in colorectal patients.

Published by: Dr. Mudassir Ahmad Khan, Nisar A Chowdri, Dr. Ajaz Ahmad Bhat, Fazl Q Parray, Dr. Asif Mehraj, Dr. Rauf A Wani, Dr. Arshad Baba, Dr. Mushtaq LawayResearch Area: Colorectal Surgery

Organisation: Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Surgical Site Infection, Colorectal, Bacteriology, Swab culture

Research Paper

221. An academic and financial overview of blockchain: Applications in educational institutions

A tsunami of pressure, transparency, mess, job-cuts, and efficiency; just some of the long-standing disruptions that Bitcoin brought with it, since its inception 9 years ago in 2009. But, hand in hand with Bitcoin came another revolution. A revolution touted to change the face of all centralized mediums. The underlying technology behind Bitcoin, that makes it a “Borderless Transparent Mutual Censorship Resistant and Immutable Currency”, Blockchain, is the main aim of this study, along with finding possible solutions and implications in the field of Academics and Education. The fundamental and core concepts of Blockchain are explained with its potential influence in various sectors, mainly Education. Keeping in mind the current state of Academia, Christ University has been taken into consideration as a model for this study.

Published by: Sudarshan MResearch Area: Blockchain, Computer Science, Business

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Education, Computer science, Business, Smart contracts, IOT, Data mining, Voting, Health, Digital certificates, Academics, Distributed, Satoshi Nakamoto

Research Paper

222. Design and simulation of a model predictive controller for level control in a single tank system

Process control refers to the methods that are used to control and manipulate process variables in manufacturing a product. Main aim of this work is to design and simulate the working of a single input-single output (SISO) tank system using model predictive control (MPC) and conventional control and comparing the performances of both systems. The controlled variable is the liquid level in the tank and manipulated variable is the inlet flow rate of the liquid. Control systems based on a servo and regulatory control schemes are designed and simulated in Scilab. Tuning methods like Ziegler-Nichols, Coon-Cohen, and Tyreus-Luyben are used for the design of conventional controllers (P, PI, and PID). MPC system is designed using Differential Evolution heuristic. From the results obtained, it is revealed that the model predictive control scheme developed was able to control the liquid level in the tank with no offset and a settling time which was considerably lower than those offered by the conventional control schemes. The validated MPC system provides zero offset, better settling times, self-learning control action and incorporation of non-linear models with ease. This model can serve as a base for future improvement studies on the said model predictive control scheme.

Published by: Hem M Barot, Akshata Barge, Ramesh VulavalaResearch Area: Process Control

Organisation: Dwarkadas J. Sanghvi College of Engineering, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Model predictive control, SISO system, Scilab, Differential evolution

Survey Report

223. Data clustering algorithms: A second look

With the huge volume of digital data, clustering algorithms are providing efficient tools for data organizing and analyzing. Clustering algorithms are used in various domains such as bioinformatics, speech recognition, and information retrieval. Clustering is an automatic technique that divides a set of data objects into smaller groups such that the objects within a group are similar to each other and dissimilar to objects in other groups as much as possible. This paper reviews and discusses different clustering algorithms, their concepts, advantages, and limitations. A comparison among clustering algorithms will also be represented based on certain criteria.

Published by: Yousef Alraba’nah, Mohammed Al-refaiResearch Area: Big Data

Organisation: Zarqa University, Zarqa, JordanKeywords: Data clustering, Clustering analysis, Hierarchical, Partitioning, Density-Based and Grid-Based

Research Paper

224. Synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of Antibacterial activities of 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-Oxadiazole derivatives

Lincy Joseph, et al.: Antibacterial activity of 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-Oxadiazole derivatives Synthesized five 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-Oxadiazole derivatives. The target compounds J1 – J5 were obtained by treating aromatic acid ester hydrazide derivative and β-Benzoyl propionic acid derivatives using concentrated sulphuric acid as a dehydrating agent. They were purified and characterized by IR, NMR, and Elemental Analysis. The compounds were further subjected to antibacterial study against gram positive and gram negative strains. Compounds J1 and J2 exhibited good antibacterial activity and compounds J3 and J4 were found to have moderate antibacterial activity compared to standard drug ciprofloxacin (30mcg).

Published by: Lincy Joseph, Mathew George, Jinijith S.Research Area: Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Organisation: Pushpagiri College of Pharmacy, Perumthuruthy, Thiruvalla, KeralaKeywords: Antibacterial, Gram positive, Gram negative, 1,3,4-Oxadiazole

Research Paper

225. Bioavailability and Bioequivalence study of different brands [Telma (Glenmark), Telsartan (Dr.Reddy’s), Indetel (ZydusAlidac), Telmikind(Mankind)] of Telmisartan

Bioavailability and bioequivalence studies play a major role worldwide and thus attract considerable attention globally in the development phase for both their new drug products and generic equivalents. Bioequivalence is a revolutionary strategy to introduce generic equivalents of branded drugs to lower the cost of medication through proper assessment as directed by the international regulatory authorities. The present study had been performed to explore interchangeability of branded generic drug products by comparing their bioavailability via in vivo study of four different brands. For each study period a set of 12 subjects completed both period with a 1O-day washout period. In both studies, the study formulations were administered after a 1O-12 hour overnight fast. For pharmacokinetic analysis, blood samples were drawn at baseline, O.25, O.5, O.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours after administration. Plasma concentrations of telmisartan were determined using HPLC coupled with a UV detector. All formulations were considered bioequivalent when evaluated against 9O% CI for the mean ratios were within the predetermined ranges of 8O% to 125%.in study the ratio analysis of AUCO-t for T1, T2 and T3 were 96%, 99% and 91%; Cmax was 98%, 99% and 95%; AUCO-T was 98%, 1O1% and 92%; AUCO-∞ was 1O8%, 112% and 87%; and Kel were found 1O2%, 1O6% and 1O5% respectively. In both studies periods, All Test formulations met the regulatory requirements to assume bioequivalence, based on the rate and extent of absorption.

Published by: Raksha Gupta, Dr. S. S. AgrawalResearch Area: Bioavailability And Bioequivalence Study

Organisation: Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, New DelhiKeywords: Telmisartan, Bioequivalence, Bioavailability, Pharmacokinetics, HPLC

Research Paper

226. Comparative studies of the effect of storage on the physiochemical properties of moisturising creams produced from Delonix regia seed oil and mineral oil

Storage conditions are very important in determining the quality of products as products are not used immediately after production, they have to pass through various storage processes before getting to the end user. The aim of this article is to study the effect of storage on moisturizing creams produced from Delonix regia seed oil (vegetable oil) and mineral oil. Oil in Delonix regia seeds was extracted using cold maceration and their physiochemical compositions were evaluated using AOAC 2016 methods while their elemental mineral components were analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The oils from D.regia and Mineral oil were then used in the production of cosmetic cream products and their physiochemical properties were characterized. Specific gravity, viscosity, refractive index, acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, saponification value and unsaponifiable matter were: 0.99g/cm3, 0.87g/cm3; 47.60, 11.52; 1.4335, 1.5246; 22.44mgKOH/g; 7mgEq/kg; 37.56g/100g; 30mgKOH/g and 2.81, 1.02 respectively. Magnesium (7.56332ppm) was detected as the mineral with the highest concentration in D.regia oil cream while Na (9.4560ppm) was the mineral with the highest concentration in mineral oil cream. For D.regia seed oil cream, the pH, non-volatile matter, and moisture content increased as the storage period increased while the total fatty matter and specific gravity decreased as the storage period increased. For the mineral oil, pH, non-volatile matter and moisture content decreased as the storage period increased while the specific gravity and total fatty matter increased as the storage period increased. This study has indicated that the storage period has a significant effect on the physiochemical properties of moisturizing creams from both Delonix regia seed oil and mineral oil. However, the physiochemical properties are still within the acceptable limits and standard as set by the Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON).

Published by: Bello Adunola Abosede, Omole Oluwafemi Akinsola, Igwe Chima CartneyResearch Area: Industrial Research

Organisation: Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi, Lagos, NigeriaKeywords: Storage condition, Delonix regia oil, Mineral oil, Seed oil, Physiochemical properties, Cosmetic creams