This paper is published in Volume-4, Issue-4, 2018
Area
Dentistry - Orthodontics And Dentofacial Orthopeadics
Author
Dr. Ravi Shanthraj
Co-authors
Ashwini B, Biju Jose
Org/Univ
JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysore, Karnataka, India
Pub. Date
14 July, 2018
Paper ID
V4I4-1231
Publisher
Keywords
White spot lesions, Caries, Demineralization, Remineralization

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Dr. Ravi Shanthraj, Ashwini B, Biju Jose. White spot lesions and their management, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Dr. Ravi Shanthraj, Ashwini B, Biju Jose (2018). White spot lesions and their management. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 4(4) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Dr. Ravi Shanthraj, Ashwini B, Biju Jose. "White spot lesions and their management." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 4.4 (2018). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

White spot lesions develop as a result of a dietary carbohydrate and saliva modified bacterial infection, resulting in an imbalance between demineralisation and remineralisation of enamel. The lesion is caused by the accumulation of plaque and bacteria along with insufficient oral hygiene. High plaque accumulation can increase the risk of white spot lesion formation. The dynamic balance between demineralization and remineralization determines the progression of white spot lesion. The diagnostic armamentarium includes novel technologies and non-invasive techniques like fiber-optic transillumination and electrical resistance methods which are very useful in detecting posterior approximal dentinal caries and occlusal caries. Radiographs and direct digital imaging are still important tools in the estimation of caries. A clear understanding of the mechanism of subsurface lesion formation and progression, possibilities, and limitations of newer methods and their clinical applications need to be recognized by the dentist to direct preventive strategies to the high caries risk individuals.
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