Volume-4, Issue-6

November-December, 2018

Review Paper

1. A critical study on communication skill for civil engineering student from rural areas

In the era of the world, English is the much more broadly spoken language. It is spoken the English language almost surrounding world and has achieved in the minds and hearts of people especially from the rural students want to learn the second language in any situation or condition. Communication is one of the media for expressing our ideas, views, thought, feelings and emotions to each other. Every parent wants their children to learn English for which they are ready to spend any amount of physical labor and financial assistance. The daily wager expected to his children to study in the English medium schools for the development of communication. This awareness of communication has come among the rural people. English has become common and official language of the people today in the computer world in India which is multi-cultural country. English is introduced here at the primary level and secondary level and its inclusion continue until the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in the English language due to unskilled and untrained teachers who are familiar to the modern methods and availability of lack of materials for teaching in the classroom. People and students from rural areas who are want to acquire the speaking skills of English by any sources, coaching centers, spoken English classes etc. It is must need of the hour for rural students to learn the importance of speaking skills of English today.

Published by: Sachin Sharma, Bhumika JoshiResearch Area: Communication Skills

Organisation: Aravali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: English language, Communication, Engineering, Professional, Civil Engineering, Construction

Research Paper

2. Deep learning: An introduction to framework

Deep learning also called hierarchical learning is part of a broader family of machine learning method based on the learning data representation .learning can be supervised, unsupervised or reinforcement there are many deep learning libraries nowadays. Libraries contain direct function by which we can import the library and we can directly perform an algorithm on the data .now days number of such type libraries are available with their available feature and benefits .we have to select an appropriate tool for performing a particular task is difficult to decide. This research represents the comparative analysis of deep learning libraries .the main libraries which I will compare is sensor flow, pytorch, theano, and caffe the parameters for comparing the libraries are the adoption, dynamic and static graph definition, debugging, visualization and data parallelism.

Published by: Shivam ShahResearch Area: Computer Science ,Deep Learning ,Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology, Parul University, Waghodia, GujaratKeywords: Deep learning, Deep learning tools, Theano, Caffe, Pytorch, Tensorflow

Research Paper

3. Strategies to eliminate foreign objects in hospital kitchen food

It is everybody’s right to receive safe food irrespective of the industries. Foreign objects in food are a never ending issue. This article emphasizes on the Strategies to Eliminate Foreign Objects in Hospital Kitchen Food. Patients trust and believe that the food served to them will be safe. It is the responsibility of the food service provider to ensure that safe and hygienic food is provided to the patients and foreign objects should never find a place in the patient food. +

Published by: S. Ramesh, B. ManimegalaiResearch Area: Hospital Food Service

Organisation: Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Foreign object, Hospital kitchen, HACCP, Hospital food

Research Paper

4. Virtual reality therapy upon cognition among schizophrenic clients

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness with the symptoms of disordered thought, behavior, and emotions. The illness affects approximately 1% of the world’s population and accounts for 1-2% of national health care costs in industrial countries. Cognition is impaired in most of the schizophrenic clients. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of virtual reality therapy upon cognition among schizophrenic clients. A study was conducted by using Pre Experimental research design at a selected private hospital, Chennai, South India with the Sample size of 35. Samples were chosen by using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through an interview method by using Demographic Variable Proforma, Clinical Variable Proforma, Mini-mental status examination scale. Post-test cognition score of schizophrenic clients was higher (M=29.4, SD=1.76) than the pre-test cognition score (M=22.6, SD=1.48), which was statistically significant(*P<0.001). It can be attributed to the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy on improving cognition. The above findings reveal that virtual reality therapy is effective in improving the cognition in schizophrenic clients.

Published by: Vanitha V., Dr. Vijayalakshmi K., Dr. Latha Venkatesan, Sujatha J.Research Area: Nursing

Organisation: Sri Narayani College of Nursing, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Virtual reality therapy, Cognition, Schizophrenic clients

Review Paper

5. Role of mineral admixtures and chemical admixtures in concrete

This paper reviews the types admixtures used in concrete and their effect on workability, strength, and durability of concrete. A substance other than water, totals, or bond that is utilized as a component of cement or mortar to control setting and early solidify, workability, or to give extra establishing properties is called admixture. They are normal or produced chemicals which are added to the solid earlier or amid blending. The frequently utilized admixtures are air entraining specialists, water reducers, water lessening retarders, and quickening agents. Admixtures are utilized to give uncommon properties to crisp or solidified cement. The admixture is the operators that may higher standard solidness, workability and quality properties to concrete. Over decades, endeavors have been created to get concrete with certain coveted qualities, for example, elevated confining quality, high utility, and elite and sturdiness criteria to meet the prerequisite of multifaceted nature of present-day texture. The properties regularly altered are the warmth of hydration, quicken or hinder framing time, workability, water lessening, scattering and air-entrainment, durability and solidness aspect.

Published by: Sonal Banchhor, Meena Murmu, Shirish V DeoResearch Area: Admixtures

Organisation: National Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Cement, Mineral admixtures, Chemical admixtures, Concrete structure manufacturing

Research Paper

6. Improved selective encryption method for IOT-BSN using stream classification adaptive model

This paper describe a Stream Classification Adaptive Model (SCAM) technique for securing massive sensing information streams that meets multiple levels of confidentiality and integrity. This SCAM technique includes two vital concepts: common shared keys that area unit initialized and updated by D-SM while not requiring retransmission and a seam-less key stimulant method while not break off the data-stream encryption/decryption. Moreover, a replacement theme is planned to secure a big data sensor protocol through the employment of multiple unidirectional hash chains. The theme is shown to be lower in machine, power utilization. Also, communication prices area unit nevertheless still ready to secure Big Data Sensor communication model.

Published by: Meena J., P. Balamurugan, P. Gayathri DeviResearch Area: Datamining

Organisation: Sengunthar Arts and Science College, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Stream, Classification, Big Data, Sensor data, Stream, Manager, IoT, Encryption model

Research Paper

7. Top-K associate secure pattern mining for mobile sensor data using level base utility pattern algorithm

This paper describes a secure top-k query processing scheme that is secure under the security model. The data privacy is guaranteed by encryption as well as a careful generation of data indexes. In this paper make to transform a top-k query, to a top-range query and adopt membership testing to test whether an associate pattern should be included in the query result or not. This transformation allows the storage node to find Top-k smallest or biggest data values without using numerical comparison operations, which is a key technique for the scheme to be secure under the security model. In the proposed system, it defines a new type of behavioral patterns for WSNs, termed as associated sensor patterns to capture the true correlation among sensor data. To discover such patterns, it uses to devise a highly compact tree structure, called weight associated sensor pattern tree (WASP-tree) and a mining algorithm that can efficiently discover patterns from sensor database (SD) with a single scan.

Published by: A. Sarathambigai, P. Gayathiri Devi, P. BalamuruganResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sengunthar Arts and Science College, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Top-K model, WSN, Encryption, Big data, Associate pattern mining, WASP-Tree

Research Paper

8. The role played by the United Nations Organization to safe guard the world peace and security

United Nations can be identified as a very important International Organization standing in the forefront, among others. The main objective of this study is to verify the manner through which it played its own role, to safeguard World peace and Security. First, we will inquire about the nature of the strategies employed by the UNO to achieve such targets. At this point, secondary sources of information were collected and explanatory research method was used in place of the learning methodology. The conclusion and the outcome of their involvement show, even there were certain setbacks, the UNO has played a major role in maintaining world peace and security.

Published by: W. M. Sarasi Chaya BandaraResearch Area: Political Science

Organisation: University of Kelaniya, Colombo, Sri LankaKeywords: United Nations Organization, Peace, Security, Protection

Review Paper

9. A study on derivatives as risk management tools for business corporates

Derivatives are the most important tools in the financial markets in the present days. They are working for reducing the risk for business corporate. The basic purpose of these instruments is to provide commitments to prices for future dates for giving protection against adverse movements in future prices, in order to reduce the extent of financial risks. Derivative markets were novel until the 1970s. However, with the breakdown of Bretton Woods system in 1973, there was a sudden increase in the volatility of exchange rates and interest rates thereby making it necessary for firms and investors to find ways to reduce these risks. There is a need of proper training and orientation programmes are required to increase the growth of derivatives in India.

Published by: T Mary Jones, B. SudhirResearch Area: Derivatives

Organisation: Pace Institute of Technology and Sciences, Ongole, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Derivatives, Hedging, Risk

Case Study

10. A case study on grid integrated solar roof-top PV system

With advances in technology and industrial development, there is an increase in the consumption of electrical energy. However, the rapid exhaustion of conventional fossil fuels to produce electrical energy has provoked the engineers to find sustainable means of electrical energy generation from renewable resources. Amongst all renewable resources, solar energy produces promising results. There has been a lot of research and development in the field of Solar PV systems. Hence, with recent advancements in solar technologies, the PV systems have become more efficient and cost-effective. There is a little awareness and knowledge about the implementation of Solar PV system amongst common people. The other main issue is the space required for installing solar panels for power generation. In this paper, efforts are made to create awareness and encourage people to adopt and implement solar roof-top PV system for sustainability and a better environment. This paper involves a case study on installation of roof-top solar PV system at RRR Laboratories Pvt. Ltd. Turbhe, Navi Mumbai. The paper provides a feasibility analysis in terms of both economics and design complexities using a Top-Down approach. The analysis suggests that grid integrated roof-top system is a more viable solution for city areas where available open space for the solar panels is the main constraint. If grid integrated PV systems are implemented on open rooftops in cities, it would become versatile utilization of roof-tops which otherwise would have been left unutilized. So, the study concludes that a simple grid-tied solar PV system is feasible to be implemented on any roof-top area in cities at an individual level with affordable expenses. Thus, popularizing the implementation of grid-integrated solar roof-top PV system makes productive utilization of roof-tops as well as contributes substantially towards sustainability and environment.

Published by: Yash Ajgaonkar, Mayuri Bhirud, Poornima Rao, Vinit Surve, Sreehari S.Research Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Grid-connected system, Top-down and bottom-up approach, MPPT and Inverter, Payback period


11. Performance of LTE vehicle-to-vehicle

Interchanges Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) have seen enhancing consideration over the most recent couple of years. In this work, we specify the utilization of the 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard innovation connected to V2V. We create experimental models for the V2V channel, and show comes about because of far reaching PC reenactments, in light of both the uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) principles for LTE. We give results to 10 MHz and 20 MHz channels, as far as BER, BLER, phantom effectiveness and throughput, utilizing numerous MIMO modes. Results demonstrate the intriguing achievability of the LTE innovation in V2V correspondence frameworks..

Published by: Darshan S, Dr. K. V. PrasadResearch Area: Wireless

Organisation: Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: LTE, V2V, MIMO,

Review Paper

12. Magnitude of information technology and social media in Indian politics

When we talk about India and Information Technology (IT) sector, India has always been a great exporter of IT talent. Most of the executive working for the IT companies abroad are of Indian Origin. Maybe that’s the reason why it took so long for India to become an IT developing country. When we talk about IT, two major components which come are Mobile Phone and Social Networking. Not long back, just 6 or maybe 7 years ago who would have thought that the world today will be completely dependent on Mobile Phones and Social Networking. The Maps or ordering food, the Indian citizens completely rely on the technology around. From the poor to the rich everyone is relishing the assistance of the Internet. With this source of internet, many third-parties have been utilizing IT for their benefit as well. Whether its product advertising, news or image building, the internet has been an oracle in every possible way. Politics is one of the most selling topics in India. Since last 5 years, social media is the key constituent for all Political Parties and Politicians for connecting with the people. As per general discussion with few citizens, most of them know their local politician by social networking site than on ground level marketing. Any updates of completed work or upcoming events are being shared by political parties on the social networking platform. Because of this, the hoarding & marketing cost has been reduced. Even a person working as a volunteer in politics has his/her social networking account which is used for connecting with people.

Published by: Parimal WaghResearch Area: Multimedia, Social Media, Politics

Organisation: Ashoka Center for Business & Computer Studies, Nashik, MaharashtraKeywords: Indian Politics, Information Technology, Social Media, and Cyber-War.

Research Paper

13. Finding the optimal cost for transportation of plywood and hardware in Mumbai

Transportation of raw materials within a city can be quite a daunting task. Various problems such as traffic conditions, temporary shut-down of roads, parking issues and low quantity of good increases the per unit cost of transportation and make it infeasible for the seller. The objective of this study is to provide a cost-minimizing solution by using the Modified Distribution Method on the transportation model. We quantify our hypothesis by using real life data of transportation of raw materials used by a furniture making firm based in Mumbai. Furthermore, additional restrictions were added to our model to reflect the real life problems that arise in transporting raw materials. The results showed that we were able to reduce the cost of transportation from ₹2,17,26,000 (quoted by the owner of the firm) to ₹1,98,50,000 (calculated using MODI method) by using the scientific method of the transportation problem. But when applying conditions like traffic movement & congestions and parking difficulties we notice an increase in cost. In conclusion, applying the Modified Distribution can help a firm manage its costs well and quote the appropriate price so as to not be in a loss-making solution.

Published by: Subin Oswal, Shubham Jatania, Sindhuja ThapliyalResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM’s Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai MaharashtraKeywords: Operations research, Transportation problem, Modified distribution method, Optimal solution

Survey Report

14. Security risk assessment in pension fund administration using ARM as a case study

In the current age of information systems, computers and related technologies have become inevitable to business. Financial institutions are among the top sectors that rely heavily on information systems for ease of operation. Information security comprises of risk assessment and risk management which plays a vital role in identifying risk, threats and vulnerabilities. This paper makes an attempt to perform an assessment on risk management in Pension Fund Administrators (PFA); a subsector of the financial institution. This study used a survey method to actually assess the risk that PFA customers are actually exposed to. In this study, we focused on only one PFA which is ARM Pension.

Published by: Samuel, J. A. Ojeniyi, M. Olalere, S. M. AbdulhamidResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Federal University of Technology, Minna, NigeriaKeywords: Pension fund administration, Risk assessment, Risk management, Information security

Review Paper

15. An intelligent car for physically handicapped with voice based control and vision based steering

People with physical disabilities have limited capabilities in moving, performing manual tasks and taking participation in some life activities. The objective of this paper is to bring to you a technology that helps those handicapped who don’t have healthy hands to run a vehicle by using head movement and the user can control the various sections of the car using voice recognition. This project will deal with Vehicle guidance and control based on human voice where the user can control the various sections of the car by Voice Recognition using MFCC Algorithm. At the start, the user can unlock / Lock the car doors using a voice-based password. Also, we will interface an Accelerometer Sensor to the user’s head. The user can control the steering of the car using the head movement. This project presents the design, implementation and experimental platform of a low-cost intelligent Vehicle for the physically disabled.

Published by: Vijay Berad, Dr. R. K. Patil, Nishant Chandane, Akshay KambleResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Handicapped, Disabled hands, Head movement, Accelerometer sensor, Voice recognition using MFCC algorithm

Research Paper

16. Forming a mathematical relationship between voltage generated and sound inputted using piezoelectric plates

Today’s rate of population growth is soaring higher than ever and shows no signs of regressing. Consequently, more and more resources are being consumed at an accelerated rate. In lieu of this energy and resource crisis, many alternate energy harvesting systems are being designed. This project aims to understand and appreciate the potential of sound via piezoelectric materials as a source of electricity. The aim is to recognize the relation between frequency and SPL of a sound wave with the voltage that the sound is capable of producing.

Published by: Ritvik SinghResearch Area: Piezoelectricity

Organisation: Army Public School, Shillong, MeghalayaKeywords: Piezoelectricity, Neural Networks, Back-propagation, ANN, Alternate energy

Research Paper

17. Vibration detection instrument based on Internet of Things

This project is based on Vibration Detection using the Internet of Things. Vibration monitoring is the measurement of passing movements in a structure. This project involves developing an SMS alert when unusual vibrations are detected. It includes a lab-based experiment of detecting vibrations when a different magnitude of the force is applied. This force causes the change in values of the sensor from its initial values. Values of acceleration can be seen on the webpage and analysis can be done when required. Considering the maximum magnitude at which destruction is high, the alert signal would be generated. This alert would be sent to different mobile phones using GSM Technology. With the help of this, we can be aware of the vibrations. Properly done, vibration monitoring can be extremely helpful in preventing damage to structures understanding the nature of the damage and ascertaining its cause. Currently, we are using Arduino microcontroller, accelerometer sensor, and GSM Module as our main components. The code of the Arduino Uno microcontroller is written in C++.

Published by: Urvashi Jindal, Vaibhav Gupta, Dr. Sujata DashResearch Area: Internet Of Things

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Computerization, Arduino Uno, IoT, GSM module 900A, Thing speak, sensors, ADXL, Rain sensor, Landslide, Earthquake


18. Perceptions of youth involvement in public policy making: A case study of selected areas within the La Nkwantanang Municipal Assembly, Ghana

The perceptions of youth involvement in public policymaking have been subject of discussion amongst various scholars around the globe. With youth confirming their displeasure in many ways (such as demonstrations and violent acts) about the failure of the communist authorities in involving them in policies that affect their present and future life, this study sought to investigate their perceptions of involvement in policymaking. In addressing these concerns the youth involvement model and political system model as well as objectives such as examining the relationship, effect and significance between youth involvement and public policy making in three communities within the La-Nkwantanang municipal assembly (the suburb of Accra Ghana) were included. Using the regression model with a quantitative approach as well as a random sampling technique to administering an adapted structured questionnaire to 120 sampled youth, results indicated that factors of youth involvement positively relate to public policy-making while views gathered indicated that youth-adult partnership factor relates more and should be a better approach to enhancing public policymaking. Secondly, results indicated that perceptions of youth involvement have a positive effect on public policy making. Lastly, perceptions of youth involvement were significant to public policymaking. It was however recommended that synergizing youth involvement factors such as community readiness, youth-adult partnership, youth leadership, and decision making as well as youth diversity will go along the way to limit the challenges that come with including the youth in public policy reforms.

Published by: Enoch Tufafa Koshi AdedzeResearch Area: Public Policy

Organisation: University of Professional Studies, Accra, GhanaKeywords: Youth, Involvement, Public policy making

Research Paper

19. High performance computing v/s big data

Simulation has become a “must have” item in the technology toolbox for manufacturers who wish to optimize the product development process, reduce production costs, and speed-time-to market. Along with Big Data insights and HPC solutions, simulation can enhance the product design process by leveraging to drive product innovation, improve time to time value. These models (Big data and HPC) provide the advanced capabilities that are needed by the manufacturers to get to the market faster than their competition. In this paper, we analyze the ecosystems of the two prominent paradigms for data-intensive applications, hereafter referred to as the high-performance computing and the Big data paradigm. Further, the characteristics of the two paradigms have been discussed, along with comparisons and contrasts of the two approaches. It also covers the scope of these paradigms and sheds light upon the specific workloads that utilize them. At last, we discuss the convergence of both paradigms; the best of both world’s approach.

Published by: Nikita Mutreja, Sanyam JhambResearch Area: High Performance Data Analytics

Organisation: Amity University, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: High performance computing, Big data, Job scheduling, Hadoop, YARN, Converging paradigms, MapReduce, HDFS

Research Paper

20. Parameter tuning in firefly algorithm

Optimization means to find the best solution for any situation under given constraints. In today’s era, the problems are huge and complex. Nature always finds a way to deal with such problems efficiently in an optimized way. The computational algorithms which are inspired by nature to find solutions for such problems are called Nature inspired optimization algorithms. There are various nature-inspired algorithms and Firefly Algorithm (FA) is one among them. FA is a bio-inspired population-based stochastic algorithm which imitates the behavior of fireflies shown when they attract other fireflies. FA is an algorithm with many parameters that affect the accuracy and the convergence speed. A number of variants and parameter tuning related papers are available in the literature. In this paper first an introduction of Optimization, specifically Nature inspired optimization has been provided. Then, a detailed discussion about FA has been given. It is followed by a brief literature survey in which the work has been compared in tabular form to provide the readers with a better understanding. Further, we intend to improve the accuracy of Firefly algorithm by tuning the parameters namely α and βmin. A range of values of the above parameters is tested by forming their combinations to find out the mutual effect of both these parameters. These values are tested on a test bed of nine benchmark functions. The result is a combination of optimized values of both the parameters. The results are quite clear and provide a pair of optimized values of both the parameters.

Published by: Kavitha RathoreResearch Area: MetaHeuristic Algorithms

Organisation: Amity University, Kant, RajasthanKeywords: Meta-heuristic algorithm, Firefly algorithms, Parameter tuning, Nature-inspired algorithms

Case Study

21. Influence of polypropylene fibers with admixtures in strengthening of concrete

This current project work involves an experimental and laboratory study of the Polypropylene fibers with two types of admixtures those are Quarry dust and Fly ash on the mechanical properties of the concrete used construction. In this experimental study involves two types of concrete mixes were prepared individually. Polypropylene fiber of 1% to 3% with Quarry dust of 0.1% to 0.3% and Polypropylene fiber of 1% to 4% with Fly ash of 0.1% to 0.4% by weight of cement were added to the mixes. After that, a comparative analysis has been carried out for conventional concrete to that of the fiber reinforced in relation to their compressive, split tensile and flexural properties. By the experimental work the compressive, split tensile and flexural strengths are proportionally increased both Polypropylene + Quarry dust and Polypropylene +Fly ash usage. It is observed that the optimum dosages of Polypropylene + Quarry dust is 3% + 0.3% Polypropylene +Fly ash is 4%+ 0.4% by weight of cement. In this project cost analysis is also determined for conventional concrete and fiber reinforced with admixtures individually using experimental test reports.

Published by: Kutikuppala Vidyasagar, Chappa Damodar NaiduResearch Area: Structures

Organisation: Gokul Institute of Technology and Sciences, Muttavalasa, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Polypropylene fibers, Structures, Concrete, Quarry dust, Fly ash

Research Paper

22. Review on memory divisions in computer architecture

This Research Paper is totally concentrated to define different memory systems that are present in the market, and what is their importance in today’s generation. In this paper, we review the different hierarchies of the memory systems. It talks about cache-memory based systems and its various levels. Cache memories along with the virtual memories and processor registers form a field of memory hierarchies that depends on the principle of locality of reference. Most applications show the temporal and spatial zones among order and data. Then it describes about RAM (Random Access Memory) and its types which include DRAM (Dynamic Random-Access Memory) and SRAM (Static Random-Access Memory), it also describes the flash memory and its importance because of its small size and large memory containing abilities Memory hierarchies are intended to keep most likely referenced items in the fastest devices.

Published by: Mudit Jain, Devansh Patil, Tanay Parikh, Ayush Naidu, P SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: DRAM, SRAM, Cache memory, Memory hierarchy

Research Paper

23. Survey on parallel data cloning and parallel programming

This paper review about parallel data processing and parallel programming a parallel processing is now become extremely famous for improving the speed to process something in the paper we evaluated.1. Different features of parallel computing.2. Parallel programming models.3. And structured parallel programming. We will be also discussing the machine learning and the important area where parallel computing can be useful in enhancing the capabilities of what machine learning can do and the generated models and method of parallel programming. We will be also simulating the advantage of parallel computing by comparing it with existing methods and how Hadoop can help for cluster handling.

Published by: Abhay Nigam, Kartik Bansal, Devdutta Basu, Pranay Kavishwar, P. SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Parallel computing, sfCluster , Data cloning, parallel programming

Research Paper

24. Review on evolution of storage devices

With the Fast development of the internet, Decrease in the cost of storage and the improvement made to the storage devices with greater capacity resulted in the creation of an environment with a large amount of data. Things like Consistency, Performance, Data Preservation, Manageability, Security etc. have become extremely important for storage devices. We explain in this research paper how storage devices have evolved over the years.

Published by: Shubham Sharma, Sagar Mundra, Kapil Malakar, P. SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: External storage, Hard disk, Magnetic tapes, Punch card

Research Paper

25. A review at storage systems and pipelining

An external storage device is a device that contains all the addressable storage that is not inside computers main memory. It has types including removable and non-removable, permanent and non-permanent. External storage is often used to store information that’s accessed less frequently by applications running on a desktop, laptop, server or mobile devices, such as an Android or iOS smartphone or tablet. When moving large amounts of data to the cloud, providers will usually use external storage devices in a practice commonly referred to as cloud seeding. Pipelining is an implementation technique in which more than one instruction is overlapped in execution. The computer pipeline is divided into stages. Each stage performs and finishes a part of an instruction in parallel. The stages are related and connected one to the next to form a pipe – instructions enter at one end, progress through the stages, and exit at the other end. Pipelining does not decrease the time span essential for individual instruction execution. Instead, it enhances instruction throughput. The throughput of the instruction pipeline is estimated and evaluated by how often an instruction exits the pipeline. Under these constraints, the progress rate from pipelining equals the number of pipe stages. Usually, the stages will not be accurately well balanced; besides, the pipelining itself involves some overlook on the inner aspect. Pipelining is usually viewed as reducing the C.P.I. (Cycles Per Interval)

Published by: Yogesh Sigar, Shubham Malhotra, Soyal Sharma, Shetty Manvith, P. SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Storage systems, Cloud, RAM, ROM, Magnetic disks, Optical drives, Pipelines, Instruction, Software, graphic, HTTP

Research Paper

26. The survey of concepts of architecture in RISC and CISC computers

In the ever-growing world of computer architecture, Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) is one of the major components of a computer system, as it provides the information about the instructions present in the system prior to the programmer. Having various implementations and uses it is classified into various categories, RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer) and CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) being two, both being a bit different in their basic architecture and working. Both CISC and RISC architectures continue to be widely used. The research topic on CISC and RISC has been a well-known research area for many years. Since modern processors have to address both power consumption and performance, it is important to compare these architectures to support future project decisions. Our paper also includes basic details regarding the various addressing modes, instruction formats along with the instruction execution cycle giving detailed information about RISC and CISC processors simultaneously.

Published by: Muskan Saxena, Ojaswini Nimbalkar, Vidhi Jaiswal, Vishakha Pandey, P. SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer), CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer), Instruction execution cycle, ISA (Instruction Set Architecture)

Research Paper

27. Review on relationship between compiler design and computer architecture

A compiler is a software structure which achieves the job of compiling and executing High-Level Language codes with the hardware computer architectures present. Previously, applications were often made through assembly language programming or for a specific kernel. Compiler technology and its influence on hardware performance were isolated from the architecture and its performance. However, now the compiler significantly affects the performance of a computer. Hence, understanding compiler technology is critical to the design and efficient implementation of an instruction set. Although the compilers are designed as per the language to be executed upon, their efficient functioning very much depends on the hardware used. A perfect balance between compilers and computer architectures, which varies according to the code to be executed, is the key to fruitful designing of highly efficient and effective computer systems. It is very imperative to study the relations of computer architecture and compiler from embedded microcontrollers to large-scale multiprocessor systems. There are some aspects to which the compiler and the computer architecture must agree, such as regularity, orthogonality, and compensability. So, the construction of a good compiler rests on both compiler design and computer architecture. There is an evident mutual dependency.

Published by: Punit Mishra, Ruturaj Sahu, Rahul Dev Singh, P. SanjeeviResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Computer Architectures, Compiler design, Compiler optimization, Pipelines

Research Paper

28. Hybrid technique to enhance image for better image segmentation

Segmentation is a technique to break the image into parts. But to get better segmentation there is a condition that image must be free from noise. To get image free from noise denoising model is used which remove the noise by producing the required pixel and also correct the incorrect pixel. Here image taken is an X-ray image, In this paper, the 3×3 matrix window is taken. In this window average of the pixel value is calculated. This algorithm rechecks the best fitness value of each pixel and makes appropriate changes. But due to Recovery, it needs some enhancement. So to get enhanced image enhancement technique is applied to enhance the image as an original image. Then the segmentation is applied to get a segmented image. The performance of the proposed model has been estimated under various experiments. The results are found improved for all of the dataset images on the basis of PSNR (peak signal to noise ratio) and SSIM (structural similarity) based parameters.

Published by: Rajesh Kumar, Pankaj Sharma, Puneet JainResearch Area: DIP

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: Image de-noising, Pixel recovery, Segmentation, Image enhancement

Research Paper

29. Computer aided analysis on the effect of carbon fiber in disc brake

The paper describes the design of carbon fiber-epoxy resin brake rotor for disk brake arrangement and analysis it using ANSYS. This design process is carried out by using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Furthermore, the analysis is performed by using ANSYS software. The main objective of the project is to design and analyze the thermal and structural stress distribution of brake rotor at the real-time condition during the braking process. The study of stress distribution in Brake disk while running condition is carried out for the carbon fiber material and it is compared with the existing one. The optimization is carried out to reduce the stress concentration and weight of the brake rotor which keeps the unsprung mass low thereby increasing the stability of the vehicle. The structural model of brake rotor is developed in CATIA software with the material of carbon fiber. In addition to this Silicon Carbide is added to increase the wear resistance of the brake rotor. The composite consists of mainly two-phase i.e. matrix and fiber. The major outcome of the paper is to study the different stress distribution in the brake disk using carbon fiber and compare with the conventional brake disk with the temperature, stress distribution, and weight. Fiber reinforced polymer composites have numerous preferences, for example, a generally minimal fort of creation, simple to create and better quality contrast than perfect polymer tars due with this reason fiber is used enormous usage in the material to strengthened.

Published by: Saravanakumar S., P. Sakthivel, S. Naveen VenkateshResearch Area: Design

Organisation: Easwari Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Disc brake, Composite material, Carbon fiber, ANSYS

Research Paper

30. Impact of strategic learning dimensions on academic entrepreneurship for Iraqi higher education institutions

The main objective of this study is to analyze the impact of strategic learning dimensions on academic entrepreneurship for Iraqi higher education institutions . For this purpose, we work with a sample of 113 respondents in university in Iraq. In this context, four dimensions of strategic learning and entrepreneurship, based on a set of weighted factors. The results of the study show that the university presents strategic knowledge interpretation and creation in a high degree, while strategic knowledge implementation and distribution are presented in a medium degree. On the other hand, the dimensions of strategic learning have a positive influence on the academic entrepreneurship of institutions.

Published by: Dr. Jinan Mahdi Aldahhan, Zayad Ali Abbas, Ghaidaa Mohammed Ali AlbayatiResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Karbala University, College of Administration and Economics, Baghdad, IraqKeywords: Strategic knowledge creation, Strategic knowledge distribution, Strategic knowledge interpretation, Strategic knowledge implementation

Research Paper

31. Evaluation of STPs in Jamshedpur city: design of a 45mld STP and reuse option in Jamshedpur city

Effluent quality of the treated wastewater is an important parameter for its reuse. Comprehensive data on the raw and treated effluent of domestic, medical, industrial effluent characteristic are not available in Jamshedpur city, therefore a comparative study of the existing treatment plants in the city was carried out to access the effluent quality for present and future reuse. The study further evaluates the water of 6 STPs in Jamshedpur and 1 STP in Puri. For the reuse of the treated wastewater four parameters are necessary to check i.e. BOD, COD, TSS, pH which was carried out in the study. These STPs are based on the Activated Sludge Process (ASP), Anaerobic treatment (UASBR), BIOFORE, MBBR. STPs employing MBBR and UASBR technology showed the better removal of COD, BOD, and TSS removal as compared to other treatment process based on STPs. There could be improvisation in the current wastewater treatment for better treatment so; a proposed treatment scheme is designed for wastewater treatment plant after the study of different treatment plants. Based upon the physical, chemical, and microbiological removal efficiencies, the actual integrated efficiency of each STP was calculated (IEa) to evaluate its suitability for reuse in irrigation, gardening, and industrial purpose. Two biggest plants of Jamshedpur “kharkai” and “bara” required modification in the treatment process for better reuse of the effluent. Possible reuse option in Jamshedpur and Puri depending on the geographical location has been investigated which include gardening, automobile washing, boiler feed, cooling towers, irrigation, etc. All the experiments were done in Bara laboratory and some necessary data were taken from JUSCO Ltd (Jamshedpur).

Published by: Kumar Rishabh, Pawan Taneja, Arijit Chakraborty, Prakash Nigam, Pratibha WarwadeResearch Area: Wastewater

Organisation: Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, JharkhandKeywords: Sewage treatment, Reuse, Design of STP, UASBR, MBBR, BOD

Review Paper

32. Bandwidth optimization using different algorithm techniques in wireless sensor networks

The main aim of this bandwidth optimization is to transmit data packets from the sender to the receiver without any time delay and loss of packets. Using high bandwidth utilization we can send data to the users with low delay. In this paper, we discussed many algorithm techniques which can minimize the energy consumption, minimal time delay, avoiding un-usable bandwidth on the routing network, execution time. It makes a flexible network between users, avoid traffic rules and provide good network services between the peer to peer systems. The main purpose of this optimization is to provide quality packets from sender to receiver and vice versa at the same time, like a video or audio data by initializing without loss of any IP address. It builds a large bandwidth to transmission of data from source to destination. And it reduces the unusable bandwidth. We used some logarithms to transfer the data in equal time and increase bandwidth as well as transmission of speed.

Published by: P. Rupesh Reddy, K. Venkata Pavan, A. Dinesh Reddy, R. Manikanta, Dr. I. ChandraResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: Saveetha School Of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Bandwidth optimization, Execution time, Energy consumption, Time delay, Different algorithm techniques

Review Paper

33. Educational aspects of internet

The Internet has played a prominent role in evolving student-teacher relationship. Of late, the relationship has been evolving over the WEB CLASS. With various advancements in the field of internet and the world wide web, the involvement and communication between students and teachers have increased. Unlike the traditional classrooms where learning takes place face-to-face, online classes rely on one or more electronic mediums. Such virtual classrooms are gaining prominence and popularity and are steadily turning into an inseparable part of our lives. This is because of the ease with which information can be shared over electronic media. With the ever-increasing number of internet points, e-learning is also gaining momentum. E-Learning has proved to be a boon for all students, especially for the ones who are disabled and find it cumbersome to move to a certain physical location. Such needs demand the development of as many open source software as possible for producing high-quality multimedia content for e-learning. Since e-learning is coming across as an evolving concept in today’s instructive scenario, much focus has been diverted towards its various formats, for example, learning management systems (LMSs) and massive open online courses (MOOCs). The main aims of this paper are: (a) to get a glimpse of the history of e-learning, (b) to discuss the various applications of e-web classes, (c) to compare and contrast the various e-web classes available

Published by: Digant Kaushik, Archit Garg, Dr. Balamurugan J.Research Area: Mass Media

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: E-web class, LMS, MOOC, Education

Research Paper

34. A coordinated control scheme of PSS and comparison of FACTS devices for improving power system stability

Nowadays, the continuous growth in power demand leads to expansion of the Power System network which makes existing system more sensitive and prone to instability. An important issue associated with the stability of a multi-area power system is low-frequency electromechanical oscillations from the multi-machine system. Generally, Power System Stabilizer (PSS) are used to compensate low-frequency electromechanical oscillation of interconnected Power System, but local PSS does not have global observance and controllability of inter-area low-frequency oscillation because of a control signal of local PSS and generated a local signal. So next resolution is Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) device with supplementary controller, that are used for effective damping of low-frequency electromechanical oscillations of interconnected Power System and to improve Power System stability. This paper presents Coordination control of PSS and FACTS Devices to damp out low-frequency electromechanical oscillation. In this research study, we use different FACTS Devices like Static VAR Compensator (SVC), Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC), Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), and Unified Power Flow Compensator (UPFC) to damp out low frequency electromechanical oscillation from a Multi-machine Power System and improve the stability of Interconnected Power System. Analyzing result of all FACTS devices on simulation, we found that UPFC gives a better response. Due to re-activeness, FACTS device like UPFC are considered and assessed for their damping controller design. In this research, we studied the implementation of supplementary Power Oscillation Damping (POD) Controller to control UPFC. POD Controller are designed to improve the dynamic performance of interconnected Power System under the transient condition to stabilize Power System. Some simulation results are carried out on Kundur Two area Four Machine systems under small disturbances. From simulation result, it reveals that the proposed controller damp-out low-frequency electromechanical oscillations effectively to improve Power System stability under small disturbance.

Published by: Kiran Singh, Rohit Kumar, Prabhakar KumarResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: IES College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Stability, low frequency electromechanical oscillation, Power System Stabilizer, SVC, SSSC, UPFC, POD

Review Paper

35. A critical review on noise absorbing construction material from waste(s)

This study reveals the concept and applications of noise absorbing panels which is made from different materials both natural and artificial. As a part of green construction and to reduce waste from the coir industry which is located in and around Coimbatore in large numbers. A noise absorbing panel is designed and made from the coir with addition of polypropylene. The prepared sample is tested and the result is compared with other artificial made panels.

Published by: A. Aneesul Nayeem, Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Engineering And Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Coir, Noise absorbing panel, Polypropylene, Impedance tube method

Review Paper

36. Factors that cause delay in construction project- A critical review

The occurrence of a delay in the construction project is a common problem in civil engineering. The delay is defined as a situation where the actual progress of a construction project is slower than the planned schedule or late completion of the project. The problem of delay occurs during the life of the project leading to disputes and litigation. The delay will result in several negative effects like conflicts between owner, contractors and consulting, loss of productivity and exaggerated prices. This paper presents a major construction delay caused by rank order retrieved from past literature. The list of construction delay causes is collected and grouped together, are ranked. The result of this paper gives the major causes of delay.

Published by: Haritha C., Dr. K. MuraliResearch Area: Construction Management

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Causes of delay, Construction project

Survey Report

37. A survey on diminishing schemes for visible light communication

In the visible light communication in which data is superimposed on light, the communication range is visible. In pulse position modulation, for instance, when one image utilizes four openings, quad data can be sent by turning on just a single space among the four openings and killing the other three openings. In this strategy, the brightness becoming ¼ and feels not flicker but rather darker than when it is always on. Then again, when-when inverted pulse position modulation in which these openings of ON and OFF are switched is utilized, since one space is OFF, and three openings are ON, the brightness becomes 3/4, which does not turn out to be too dark. In this paper, we analyzed a crossbreed adjustment that can change the brilliance other than 1/4(25%) or 3/4(75%) by joining these pulse position modulation and reversed heartbeat position modulation. Visible Light Communication (VLC) utilizing light discharging diodes (LEDs) is an innovation that gives a chance to rapid minimal effort remote correspondence, being an option for successful and effective correspondence that can adapt to the real fast remote administrations request. This paper focuses around darkening mechanism that can be implemented in VLC frameworks to save energy and give exact illumination control. The inspiration behind this control mechanism, decrease and flow difficulties in down to earth usage, driver hardware, ongoing advancement, and future prospects are additionally concisely introduced.

Published by: K. Siva Prasad, U. Srikanth, U. Venkatesh, P. Sisindri, Dr. I. ChandraResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Enigineering

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Visible light, Communication, Modulation, Flickering

Review Paper

38. Structural behaviour of ferrocement self compacting concrete using M-sand under axial and lateral pressure load

Present Paper describes the structural performance of ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks under pressure loads. The structural performance of the all tested tanks in terms of strength, cracking behavior and energy absorption was investigated. An experimental program was designed in the current work to examine the structural performance of ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks under pressure loads. The self -compacted concrete is an innovative product in civil engineering field in India. In this paper discussed about the using ferrocement self-compacting concrete tanks is better than the conventional concrete tanks.

Published by: M. Naveen Kumar, P. MahakaviResearch Area: Ferrocement Tanks

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ferrocement, Self-compacting concrete, Ferrocement tanks, Structural behaviour, Pressure loads

Research Paper

39. Does internet change the concept of education: An institute based cross sectional study to reveal the opinion of the students about classroom teaching and internet as an education

The Internet is the latest mode of communication technologies that have been widely adopted by the students and consequently has the potential to become a valuable resource to support their educational queries and communication with their peers. In our study, we tried to found out their view about learning through this new approach and conventional classroom teaching. An Institute based cross-sectional study was designed with all the 109 first year M.B.B.S students. After getting the ethics committee clearance and informed consent from the students, questionnaires were given to them. They responded according to the question asked. The data were analyzed in Microsoft Excel 2010 package. View of the students varies. They all appreciated both types of teaching, but weightage of each have some advantages of their own. Through this cross-sectional study result, we can conclude that “internet, if used judiciously on behalf of both teachers and student that could be powerful teaching aids.”

Published by: Dr. Debjani Laha, Dr. Ranjan PalResearch Area: Technology and Education

Organisation: North Bengal Medical College, Siliguri, West BengalKeywords: Classroom teaching, Internet teaching

Research Paper

40. Organic farming – An excellent transition an analysis of the farmers’ perception and its impact on attitude towards organic farms

Organic produce offers the safest products for human consumption. India’s traditional farming was organic but due to the food shortage during 1960s the Government of India reformed farming practices by adding chemical products for cultivation, diseases and weed management to fulfill the food deficiency. There was increase in production and productivity in chemical or conventional farming and our country was able to satisfy the food shortage. The current scenario is that people are looking forward for an healthy and safe style of living and are preferring organic products. To be more familiar with the concept of organic farming the comparison between organic farming and conventional farming is studied. Also an extensive literature survey has been done. In this study the following objectives have been fulfilled and hypotheses are framed and tested. To study the demographic characteristics of the selected organic farmers in Chennai, To study and analyse the perception of Organic Farmers on the various aspects of Organic Farming in Chennai, To analyse the attitude of Organic Farmers towards Organic Farming in Chennai and To identify the problems faced by the Organic Farmers in Chennai. A total of 60 farmers practicing organic farming system were taken up for the study by convenience sampling method. The study was carried out in Chennai city. The study is based on both primary and secondary data. . The Primary data was collected from the respondents by means of a questionnaire. The data analysis is carried out by applying descriptive and inferential statistics. The major findings of the study were that the farmers have favourable Attitude towards Organic Farming but the problems faced by farmers with respect to Organic Farming are more. Suggestions for the problem faced by the farmers are also given based on the results of the present study and concluded that the system of organic farming will help the future generation to a large extent by attaining a healthy environment and it is well understood that organic farming can bring a total change in the surroundings for the environmental sustainability.

Published by: Dr. Fahmeeda YasmeenResearch Area: Organic Farming

Organisation: Justice Basheer Ahmed Sayeed College for Women, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Organic farming, Contemporary farming, Soil structure, Environmental sustainability

Review Paper

41. A review on types of nanocomposites and their applications

The world becomes smaller and smaller due to the development of nanotechnology. The term nanotechnology defines the performance on a nanometer scale with many applications. Nanocomposites are materials made of different components and mixed at nanoscale which draws unusual properties with unique design possibilities. In this present work, various recent applications of nanocomposites were discussed. The potential of nanocomposites is used in various areas ranging from food packaging to biomedical applications. Nanocomposites are environment-friendly so they offer new technology and business opportunities for several sectors of the aerospace, automotive, electronics and biotechnology industries, medical, food industries etc.,

Published by: Sachinjith K. R., Swathi Krishna K. R.Research Area: Nanotechnology

Organisation: Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Nano composites, Types, Fuel cell applications, Biomedical, Electronics, Aerospace applications

Review Paper

42. Development of village as a smart village– A critical review

“The Future of India lies in its villages” Mahatma Gandhiji. A smart village knows about its citizen, available resources, applicable services, and schemes. It knows what it needs and when its needs. The concept of the smart village makes the villages self-sufficient in respect of their needs. It will encompass a sustainable and inclusive development of all sections of the village community so as they enjoy a high standard of living. This paper presents the development of the village as a smart village by providing the basic facilities in a hasty manner from past literature. We make smart villages by taking a smart decision using smart technologies and services. The result of this paper gives the better rural development of smart villages in India.

Published by: R. Karthick Vignesh, R Shanmuga PriyanResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Smart village, IoT, Smart waste management

Research Paper

43. Study on development and quality evaluation of fasting purpose biscuits by using buckwheat flour sago flour and peanuts flour

The composite flour was based on fasting ingredients Buckwheat flour (shingadaata), Sago flour (sabudanaata), Peanut flour (mongfaliatta). Fasting biscuits were prepared by using Buckwheat flour is a good and inexpensive source of carbohydrate are considered as a foodstuff of high nutritional value. Sago flour contains more amount of calorie (350), carbohydrate (85.5g), fat (0.2g) and protein (0.2g). It also provides a large amount of starch low amount of minerals, vitamins. Peanuts flour improves satiety and helps to maintain weight loss. Milk powder, saltless butter, sugar, and cardamom thoroughly were mixed, coconut powder used for garnishing and sodium bicarbonate used as a preservative increased the safety and quality of biscuits. By making the combination of these flour became nutritionally advantageous. In this experimensT1(100:0:0),T2(90:10:0),T3(90:0:10),T4(80:10:10,)T5(80:0:20),T6(60:20:20),T7(80:10:10).Buckwheat, Sago, and peanut flour respectively in various proportion were used to prepared three blended flour samples from which fasting biscuits were prepared. The proximate composition of the various flour blends used for the preparation of fasting biscuits was determined using standard methods. The physicochemical analysis and sensory evaluation were done to know the acceptability of fasting biscuits. Sensory evaluation by taste flavor texture overall acceptability of fasting biscuits was also done. The biscuit analyzed for analytical and chemical analysis includes moisture content, crude fat, crude protein, total sugar, and carbohydrate content. Physical evaluation showed that there was no change in diameter and spread ratio of biscuits as compared to control. However, hardness and strength of biscuits increased with increase in the quantity of sago flour. Combination of these flour biscuits having high calorie and low-fat content compared to wheat flour. From proximate analysis showed that the moisture content of fasting biscuit samples ranged between % fat content of sample T7 is very low in fat content 32.04% that is best for diabetes patients. Data obtain from the sensory scores clearly indicated that significantly higher scores were observed for appearance, taste, color, texture, flavor and overall acceptability in fasting biscuits containing flour Buckwheat, Sago and peanut flour respectively ratio of (60:20:20). Result obtained could be valuable for the bakery industries to utilize the nutritional advantage of fasting biscuits is high compared to buckwheat flour biscuits

Published by: Sneha Shukla, Mayank Tripathi, K. L. Bala, Avanish KumarResearch Area: Fasting Perpuse Biscuits

Organisation: Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Fasting biscuits, Buckwheat, Sago, Peanuts flour, Sensory evaluation


44. Antimicrobial activity of substituted fluoro derivatives of benzyl amine with benzofuran

In the present project, the synthesis of substituted benzopyran derivatives have been reported as one-pot reaction by reaction of 2,2 Dimethyl-2,7b dihydro-1 aH- oxireno[2,3-c] chromen-5-yl acetate with ethanol and 4- methyl benzylamine. The synthesized compounds in this work were screened in vitro for their antimicrobial activity against some strains of bacteria. The antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds were compared with the antibacterial activity of the standard antibiotics Ciprofloxacin. The tested compounds revealed antibacterial properties. This review is summarized to know about the different pharmacological activities of Benzopyran nucleus with the extended knowledge about its antimicrobial activity.

Published by: Mejo Joseph, Dr. S. AlaxanderResearch Area: Pharmacy

Organisation: Nehru College of Pharmacy, Pambadi, KeralaKeywords: Antimicrobial action, Chromene derivatives


45. Development of safe flying protocol aided by Artificial Intelligence

The paper is about how machine learning can impact the air traffic control systems and future proof it.

Published by: Karan Ganesh, Jessysonia S. P., Ajith Raj R., Rohith I. J.Research Area: Air Traffic Control

Organisation: Noorul Islam Center for Higher Education, Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu,Keywords: Air traffic control, Air traffic management, Artificial Intelligence, Design and algorithm

Review Paper

46. Ovarian cancer sign, symptoms and detection techniques

The current medical field is improved in many ways by accessing the applications of the technology. Digital image processing is one of them that being fascinating for researchers as well as for doctors such as ultrasound images and others. Due to various reasons, the diseases are growing rapidly, Cancer is one of them. Basically, cancer is a disease in which the blood cells grow uncontrollably and abnormal that causes diseases. Ovarian cancer is the most occurred form of the disease in females and every year the majority of females are survived from it. The cancer is produced in the ovaries and spread in the other parts of the body. The detection and diagnosis are crucial in the early stages because of the diagnosis become harder at the last stages. In the research, a deep representation of ovarian cancer is described as its generating process, signs and symptoms and the major causes of ovarian cancer. There are also descriptions of various diagnosis techniques that helped to discover the cancer cells and treatment of the patient.

Published by: Uroosa Shafi, Sugandha SharmaResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: CAD (Computer Aided Diagnosis), CNN (Convolutional Neural Network), MLP (Multi-Layer Perceptron) and SVM (Support Vector Machine)

Review Paper

47. Diabetes analysis using machine learning methods

In this paper, various kinds of algorithms are explained that include Support Vector Machine. The aim is to improve efficiency in different parameters by describing the classification approach for detecting diabetes. In this, it will predict diabetes with SVM.SVM will classify the data into positive and negative data points. In this, we predict the diabetes of Type 1and Type 2.Type 1is a type of diabetes that has no cure. Type 2 diabetes is common diabetes. It develops from child. Diabetes is the fastest growing problem with more health and economic results. The increasing rate is predicted to increase to 430 million. Different types of data mining techniques are used. With SVM it will predict better accuracy. When we will predict the result with SVM, it will give accuracy. With prediction of different parameters, we can predict the target value. With diabetes, there can be eye blindness, stress and many more can happen. With the help of data mining, we can aware about diabetes. In this paper, mention all the data mining techniques, types of classifiers. At the end, In this paper describes the diabetes types and what we have done and accuracy of the data. Type 2 diabetes is not easy to predict all the effects.

Published by: Harwinder Kaur, Gurleen KaurResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: Data mining, Support vector machine, Classification, Type 2 diabetes, Pattern discovery

Review Paper

48. The classification scheme for the heart disease prediction

With the enormous enhancement of diseases in medical and the other communities of healthcare, it is extremely important to have an analysis of the heart diseases at the early stages. Since, nowadays it is very important to detect the diseases and lessen the death of patients at early stages. Every person has different values of cholesterol, blood pressure and many more that are linked with heart disease prediction. But it has scientifically proven that the normal person blood pressure is counted to be 120/90 along with this the pulse rate and the cholesterol value is 72. In this paper, the various “machine learning algorithms” are explained that include Support Vector Machine, Decision tree, neural network and many more are explained so that complete description can be provided. Along with this, the entire description of the heart disease has been provided that depicts about the need for the topic to be selected. There are some of the issues present in the Data Mining algorithm that are also described in the paper. The ultimate aim is to improve efficiency in different parameters by describing the classification approach for detecting heart disease. The parameters on which the prediction can be done are the age, serum cholesterol, gender, blood pressure, pulse rate. The accuracy and the efficiency in the prediction can be increased only if the number of attributes is more. For the classification of heart disease, the most efficient algorithm is the Support Vector Machine algorithm since it will not only reduce the prediction time but will also improve the efficiency of the algorithm.

Published by: Saloni Kapoor, Ashwinder TanwarResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: Data mining, Machine learning algorithms, Heart disease prediction

Survey Report

49. Coronary heart disease monitoring system based on wireless sensors

An intelligent cardiac auscultation is the process of monitoring the heart beat signals variations of a patient monitoring system for monitoring the patients health condition automatically through sensors based connected networks in Internet of Things (IoT). It detects the critical condition of a patient by processing sensors data and instantly provides push notification to doctors. There is no process of monitoring of a particular cardiac disease which can lead to loss of life due to improper checkups and not following the lifestyle proposed by the doctor. In our proposed system, coronary heart disease monitoring based on wireless sensors are used to monitor cardiac patient for 24/7 without any human intervention using piezoelectric sensors which is used to measure artery thickness by the flow of blood vessels and extract the waveform. The waveform is classified into normal and abnormal waveform. These abnormal waveform is sent to mobile application where it receives the data and plots the signal curves in real-time. The mobile application acts as the display device and has the capability to upload data to a cloud platform for further analysis and an intimation is sent to the cardiologist. The authorized Cardiologist can get access to the cloud platform to get the dataset and results via any peripheral devices which are equipped with specific software and diagnose the results.

Published by: Esther Grace M, Dr. S. Sobitha Ahila, P. Hari KumarResearch Area: Internet Of Things

Organisation: Easwari Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Piezoelectric sensors, IoT, Mobile application

Research Paper

50. Automatic speech recognition system

The Speech recognition systems are difficult and challenging as the same word can be spelled in many ways also change in accent has a huge impact on the accuracy of speech recognition. Most of the ASR systems in use today are designed to recognize speech in English. The major objective of this research is to design an ASR system which recognizes discrete words from Hindi language & controls some action depending on the provided input. The input voce is captured using a microphone which are then preprocessed using several algorithms like Dynamic Time Wrapping (DTW), Hidden Markov Model (HMM) etc. This paper aims at developing a simplified technique for recognition of speech spoken in the Hindi language by first modeling the system on computer-based design and then deploying it on an embedded system.

Published by: Ishrat Sultana, Nirmaljeet Kaur PannuResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Technology, Gharuan, PunjabKeywords: Word analysis, Feature extraction, Case study

Research Paper

51. Optimization of application techniques for quenched and tempered steel-S550Q

EN10025-6 S550Q is high strength steel classified under quenched and tempered (Q&T) manufacturing technique.S550Q is specially designed and used by us for welded steel structures for the purpose of heavy lifting and lowering. The entire processing techniques like cutting, edge preparation, welding, and bending are of major importance to the consistency of fabricated structure. This study comprises of an introduction to HSS-S550Q and addresses various important variables by practically. The following main factors are taken to consideration heat input during cutting, edge preparation, and welding, cooling cycle, Hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) Stress Relieving (SR) is mandatory after weld fabrication. The first was to establish a need for SR to achieve desirable weldment properties.SR has been reported to have Complementary benefits such as tempering of WM and HAZ regions and allowing the effusion/diffusion of hydrogen away from the weld region. Bend testing of cross-weld samples was used to qualify the ductility of the weldment before and after SR. In addition, impact, tensile and hardness properties, microstructures were quantified before and after SR.

Published by: Prakash K, R. Kumar, Dr. M. V. VenkatesanResearch Area: Metallurgy

Organisation: Larsen and Toubro Limited, Kanchipuram, TamilnaduKeywords: S550Q-EN 1011-2, Thermal cutting, Welding-Stress reliving, ASME SEC-IX (2015)-EN ISO15614

Review Paper

52. Implementation of lean manufacturing tools to enhance the productivity of agro equipment industry

5S is one of the best tools of Lean Manufacturing systems. a small scale industry plays an important role in Indian economy. In an organization the prime importance is given to the quality and productivity. A problem come across due to the effects in materials, down time in production, working conditions and housekeeping etc. This Paper deals with the 5S implementation in an industry, Implementation of 5S can result in considerable improvements in environmental performance beside with improved housekeeping and health and safety.5S can improve the quality, productivity and working conditions in organizations. The improvements before and after 5S implementation is shown by pictures in the paper. It also intends to build a stronger work ethic within the management and workers who would be expected to continue the good practices.

Published by: Ruchika Anil Adhau, Dr. Javed G. Khan, Dr. S. P. TrikalResearch Area: Lean

Organisation: Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon, MaharashtraKeywords: 5S, Strategic planning, Down time, Change, Productivity, Lean manufacturing

Review Paper

53. An art of review presenting the contrast study of Linux Mint Container and virtual machine for premises cloud

In today’s real word, Cloud computing is Being supported with varied assistance (service) manner, and it is quite realizable that an actual implementation and Assistance (service) at an effective scenario. Within expand of cloud computing methodology, although many agencies offer many strain of podium along research the applicable methodology. In the company of another podium, we are about to discuss the presentation for contrast study of Linux Mint Container based and Virtual Machine within this paper. We design as well create Cloud scenario first on Dockers which is being depending on Linux Mint Container and Host machine (Hypervisors) which is Effective Machinery, or (Virtual Machine) then we inspect each an every proportion, jackboot momentum, and central processing unit (CPU) staging. Under this Study case out-turn, a consumer will able to follow and understands predictable of each in the soapbox, and that will be virtuoso to pick out the soapbox intentionally what are they actually need.

Published by: Ram Krishna VermaResearch Area: Cloud Computing Environment Using Containers

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: Cloud computing, Linux mint, Dockers containers, VM


54. Survey on black hole

A Black hole is a region of space from which nothing, including light, can escape. According to the general theory
of relativity, it is the result of the curving of space-time caused by being composed of dense mass. Around a black
hole, there is a position of no return, called the event horizon. Stellar black holes are made when the center of the very
big star falls in upon itself, or collapses. When this happens, it causes a supernova. A supernova is an exploding
star that blasts part of the star into space. Scientists think supermassive black holes were made at the same time
as the galaxy they are in.
Around a black hole, there is a position of no return, called the event horizon. It is called “Black” because it
absorbs all the light that hits it, reflecting nothing, just like a perfect black body in thermodynamics.
The name also said to be taken from the black hole incidence happened in Calcutta. Under the theory of quantum
mechanics black holes have a temperature and emit Hawking radiation, which makes them slowly get smaller.

Published by: Priya RathoreResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Aravali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Astronomy, Astrophysics, Physics, Quantum physics, Stephan hawking theory

Research Paper

55. Analysis of some aspects that influence employees’ performance in Bangladesh

There is no universal principal theory about employee performance. The effectiveness is an important foundation for how organizations perform with their management, development, and stimulation to their employees. People management has a noteworthy influence on performance and employees’ comportment in relation to the organizational presentation can explicit itself in three different ways; task execution, organizational citizenship accomplishment (Soft performance) and workplace divergent behavior. [1]Recently, most of the companies or institutions are fully conscious about employee’s performance or about to discover the customs through which high level of employee’s act can be accomplished is becoming one of the intent aspects to any organization progress. [2]Employee Performance Management is about to bring into a line of the administrative goals with the employees’ approved procedures, assistance, proficiency necessities, development strategies and the distribution of consequences. [3]Manpower performance can be amplified by putting efforts to factors that boost the employees’ motivational level, creativity, job gratification, and coziness workstation atmosphere, etc. [2] There are lots of factors that influence on employee performance and the main topic of the study revolves around those variables. This study will focus on the impact of leadership, training, motivation, organizational culture and working environment on the employees’ performance in different types of sectors like government, private or semi-government sector in Bangladesh. It will also highlight how these variables affect the performance either positively or negatively.

Published by: Tahsin Sharmila RaisaResearch Area: Business Studies

Organisation: Daffodil International University, Dhaka, BangladeshKeywords: Organization, Motivation, Employees’ performance, Employment

Research Paper

56. Impact of vegetation in mitigating the urban heat island effect at Vishrantwadi, Pune, India

A growing majority of 55% global population now resides in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68% by 2050. One of the consequences of such an increase in urban development may be the empirically observed phenomenon of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. This paper presents the analysis of microclimatic conditions in urban street canyons in a city location Vishrantwadi, Pune, India. A number of field measurements were carried out during summer 2017 aiming at the investigation of the microclimate parameters that affect thermal conditions in the city’s streets. The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of vegetation on UHI mitigation in Vishrantwadi based on field measurements through IR Gun on an area consisted by several building blocks carried out in adjacent greenery and non-greenery spaces during summer time. The recommendation of this study will help Architects and Urban planners to find the manual to know how to use vegetation to mitigate the Urban Heat Island Effect.

Published by: Arputa Jayasheela M A, Jyoti Jain TholiyaResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: Dr. D Y Patil School of Architecture, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Urban green spaces, Urban heat island, Benefit of vegetation

Research Paper

57. A study on profile characteristics of child labour in rolled gold industry in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh

The child is believed to be the gift of the god. He must be nurtured with care and affection within the family and the society. Unfortunately, due to socio-economic factors the incidence of neglect, abuse and deprivation particularly in the poverty-afflicted sections of the society has gradually increased. It is a tragedy that the children who are hidden as desire in the hearts of their mothers and enjoy immense affection of their parents are, in million, compelled to work as labourers. In this article reviewed about the profile of the child labour employed in the Rolled Gold Industry. This included and data collected on age of the child, social status of the family caste, economic status of the family housing possession, family type, family size, ordinal position of the child, Occupation of the parents, Parents living status.

Published by: Dr. B. S. Kanthi SriResearch Area: Home Science

Organisation: College of Veterinary Science, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Child labour, Rolled gold industry

Review Paper

58. Detection of lung cancer using computerized tomography scan: A review

Lung cancer is very effective and causes deadly diseases among human. It is detected in the last stage, not in the initial stage, which can give the worst results. It also defects other parts of the body. Lung cancer has two types i.e non-small lung cancer and small lung cancer. Smoking can be one of the main reason of lung cancer. This can be diagnosis by the different techniques Many techniques were used to detect lung cancer, but CT is better for accurate results using imaging techniques. CT scan is helpful in predicting the performance of classification. Classification plays a major role in image analysis. Firstly, ct scan image as an input pass to the system through the image processing and then segmentation is performed. The main components of the structure is ct scan images, segmentation, nodule detection, feature extraction. Training data and testing data is used to determine the accuracy of both the algorithms and check the better accuracy. The main objective is to evaluate the computed tomography technique through SVM and then compare it with Naive Bayes to increase the accuracy, but there are some limitations to reach 100%.

Published by: Sakshi SharmaResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, PunjabKeywords: Detection on lung cancer, CT scan images, SVM, Naive Bayes

Research Paper

59. Effectiveness of positive behavior therapy upon stress among nursing students

Stress is a common phenomenon among most individuals today and can be related to education, job, relationship, financial and other pressures. Stress is experienced by every human being irrespective of age, sex or nationality. A pre-experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the Positive Behavior Therapy upon Stress among fifty Nursing students at selected Nursing College, Chennai. Fifty Nursing students were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using Demographic Variable Proforma and Stress questionnaire among selected Nursing students through self-administrative method. A rating scale was used to assess the level of satisfaction of Nursing students regarding Positive Behavior Therapy. Positive Behavior Therapy was administered to reduce stress among Nursing students. Results: Study findings revealed that obtained post-test mean value 35 ± 10.8 was lower than pre-test mean value 44.5± 9.5 (P<0.001). Conclusion: Positive Behavior Therapy was effective in reducing stress among Nursing students.

Published by: Stella Mary I., Dr. Chidambaranathan, Dr. Lizy SoniaResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Nursing students, Nursing college, Stress, Positive behavior therapy

Research Paper

60. Effect of waviness in the bearing on the life of rotating element

Rotating structures or more general structures with constant but otherwise arbitrary velocity are important elements of machinery as rotor shafts and blades of the propellers, helicopters or the wind turbines. Vibrations in such structures require special attention. The vibrations may cause a reduction in the life cycle of the rotating elements. But it must be noted that some vibration frequencies can be acceptable for the rotating element to sustain its life cycle. Sometimes, the vibrations may not have any impact on the life of the rotating element. That is the reason this study is undertaken. This project intends to study the impact of vibrations on the life cycle of the rotating elements when the vibrations are due to waviness in the bearing. One of the main objectives of the project is to study the frequency at which the elements can be rotated with waviness in the bearing without affecting the life cycle of the elements. In this project, the 3D model of the bearing and rotating elements is modeled in modeling software and analyzed in ANSYS. Then the vibration frequencies for which the rotating element will sustain its life is analyzed using Vibration and Fatigue analysis in ANSYS. Then for that frequency, an experimental analysis is conducted for evaluating the rpm of the rotating elements.

Published by: Pratibha Kale, Santosh R. WankhadeResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Yadavrao Tasgaonkar College of Engineering and Management, Karjat, MaharashtraKeywords: Vibration, Fatigue, Analysis, FEA

Research Paper

61. Effects of combined osmotic drying methods on quality characteristics of orange slice

Orange is a food with high content of healthy nutrients and it has great tradition and economic importance in Valencia. The development of new orange products would be a good way to promote the consumption of this fruit, improving the nutritional health of society. In this way, the osmotic dehydration (OD) has been widely used for conservation and design of new products from fruits. Orange slices have been osmotically dehydrated using as osmotic agents healthy sweeteners sucrose. Tray drying of orange slices was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, osmosis was carried out using three different concentrations of sugar solution (40%,50%,60%) with 1.5% potassium metabisulphite (KMS) at 600 c temperature were maintain for 16 hour. The combination of different samples was slightly increased with different storage period. The combined effect of solution temperature, sugar concentration and time of moisture loss was investigated by developing treatment combinations. It was found that relationship exists between moisture loss and solution temperature, sugar concentration and time. The final conditions of osmotic dehydration were determined on the basis of permissible moisture loss in orange slices and were found as 60% sugar solution concentration, 600c solution temperature and 16 hour time. The best process temperature was selected on the basis of statistical analysis of quality parameters, namely, rehydration ratio, dehydration ratio, sugar content, carbohydrate content, protein content fat content, ash content vitamin C content acid and sensory quality parameters(color ,texture taste, appearance, overall acceptability) and it was 600 C tray drying temperature requiring 16 hour drying time.

Published by: Sneha Shukla, Mayank Tripathi, Avinash KumarResearch Area: Effects Of Combined Osmotic Drying Methods On Quality Characterstics Of Orange Slice

Organisation: Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Orange, Osmotic dehydration, Tray drying, Vacuum drying, Drying characteristics, Sulphur compounds.

Research Paper

62. A randomized comparison of effectiveness of modified constraint induced movement therapy versus conventional physiotherapy on upper-extremity dysfunction in the treatment of adult hemiplegia

This study is designed to compare the effectiveness of Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Versus Conventional Physiotherapy for improving involved upper extremity movement efficiency in Adult Hemiplegic patients. To know the effectiveness of Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy on Upper Extremity dysfunction for management of Adult Hemiplegia. The study is carried out at the Vihar Hospital, Anand. 40 patients of adult hemiplegia were recruited into two groups after inform consent was taken from all patients. Group 1: Experimental group received Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (mCIMT) which includes active/passive Mobility exercises, Muscle Stretching, Muscle Strengthening, Weight Bearing Exercises, Task-specific and Fine motor practice of affected upper limb. Group 2: control group received conventional physiotherapy which includes active/passive mobility exercises, muscle stretching, muscle strengthening, weight bearing exercises, throwing a ball, moving, transferring, reaching and manipulating an object with detailed evaluation including ARAT score were taken as a baseline as well as postoperatively after the 4th week of treatment. Both the groups showed clinically and statistically significant improvement in total ARAT score at 4-weeks. The total ARAT scores had improved by 38.10 % in the experimental group and by 20.61 % in the control group. Results of the study concluded that there was a significant improvement in both the groups; however the Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy group was more effective for improving involved upper extremity movement efficiency in patients of adult hemiplegia.

Published by: Sapna S. GuptaResearch Area: Physiotherapy

Organisation: Smt. Kamlaben P. Patel Institute of Physiotherapy and Occupational therapy, anand, GujaratKeywords: Modified constraint-induced Movement therapy, Conventional physiotherapy, Adult hemiplegia

Research Paper

63. Analytical method development and validation for estimation of Dapagliflozin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using RP-HPLC

The incidence of diabetes is growing rapidly both in India and worldwide. Dapagliflozin is a drug of the gliflozin class which is a sodium-glucose cotransporter – inhibitor (SGLT-2), which prevent glucose reabsorption in the kidney. The present investigation is concerned with method development and validation of simple, precise, accurate, reproducible and specific reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for estimation of Dapagliflozin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form using an INERTSIL ODS-2 C18 column (250mm x 4.6mm x 5µ) column in isocratic mode with 0.01 M Ammonium Formate Buffer (pH 3.5): Acetonitrile (50:50 v/v) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1ml/min. The determination of analyte was carried out at 224nm using a PDA detector. The retention time for Dapagliflozin was found to be 4.7 min. The proposed method has permitted the quantification of Dapagliflozin over linearity in the range of 1.25 – 3.75 µg/ml and its mean recovery were found to be 99.91%. The % RSD of intraday and interday precision were found 0.40% and 0.46%. The proposed method was applied successfully for the determination of Dapagliflozin in a pharmaceutical dosage form.

Published by: Ruchita Rajendra Kanade, Dr. Purnima HamrapurkarResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Analysis

Organisation: Principal K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Dapagliflozin, RP-HPLC, Validation and Analytical method development

Research Paper

64. Development and validation of assay method for estimation of Apixaban in bulk drug and its marketed formulation

The paper involves the development of a simple, precise and sensitive method for estimation of Apixaban in bulk drug and its marketed formulation using a reverse-phase liquid chromatographic method. The separation was achieved on C18 INERTSIL ODS-2 Column (250 mm×4.6 mm×5 um) using mobile phase (Buffer: ACN) in the ratio of 55:45(v/v) with a run time of 15 minutes and wavelength for estimation of Apixaban was taken as 280 nm. Literature survey reveals that there are very few HPLC, UV methods were available Hence an attempt has been made to develop an RP-HPLC method for estimation of Apixaban. The developed method was validated for Linearity, Accuracy (% Recovery), Precision, LOD, and LOQ etc. the linearity was found to be in the range of 1-3 μg/ml with correlation coefficient found for linearity is 0.999. The developed and validated RP-HPLC method is applied for the identification of eluted.

Published by: Anuja Sanjay Chitale, Purnima HamrapurkarResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Analysis

Organisation: Principal K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Apixaban, RP-HPLC-PDA, Validation

Research Paper

65. Study of different blind spot detection techniques

A blind spot in a vehicle is an area around the vehicle that cannot be directly observed by the driver while at the controls. Blind spots exist in a wide range of vehicles: aircraft, cars, motorboats, sailboats, and trucks. Other types of transport have no blind spots at all, such as bicycles, horses, and motorcycles. Blind spots represent an extreme danger for motorists, especially at highway speeds; each year, thousands of accidents happen when drivers change lanes and collide with other vehicles that were in their blind spots. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, blind spot-related accidents are responsible for more than 800,000 accidents and more than 300 fatalities each year. These accidents are especially difficult to avoid because even practicing defensive driving is not always enough to prevent them; you cannot react to a vehicle that you cannot see. Proper adjustment of mirrors and use of other technical solutions can eliminate or alleviate vehicle blind spots. The goal of this paper is to study different blind spot detection techniques and to have a comparison between them.

Published by: Mashmoom Shaikh, Rohini PiseResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Pimpri Chinchwad College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Blind spot detection system, Vision-based system, Camera-based system, Bluetooth low energy

Research Paper

66. Malnutrition identification and implementation methods by using recent biooptics and nano technology

Nanotechnology is the formation of practical materials, gadgets, and frameworks through the control of issue at a length size of ~1– 100 nm. At such a scale, novel properties and capacities happen in light of size. This rising field is getting to be imperative in empowering leaps forward of new and powerful instruments in the medicinal sciences (e.g. nanomedicine), on the grounds that it offers the likelihood of analyzing organic procedures in manners that were not already conceivable. The therapeutic utilization of nanotechnology incorporates the improvement of nanoparticles for demonstrative and screening purposes (i.e. early discovery of malignant growth), improvement of counterfeit cell proteins, for example, receptors, DNA and protein sequencing utilizing nanopores and nanosprays, the make of interesting medication (and supplement) conveyance frameworks, and also quality treatment and tissue engineering applications.

Published by: Bhargavi GedelaResearch Area: Saveetha University

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, TamilnaduKeywords: Nano pore, Nanosprays, DNA, Bio Optics, Optical microscopy, CBC


67. Study on application of geosynthetics for strengthening of soil

Geosynthetics have been widely used in recent thirty years for separation, reinforcement, filtration, drainage, and containment functions of the pavement design. The use and sales of geosynthetics materials are increasing 10% to 20% per year. This paper reviews research into the application of geosynthetic materials such as geogrids, geotextiles, geocomposites, geonets, geomembranes, geosynthetic clay liners, geofoam, and geocells in for strengthening of soil by focusing on the literature review, basic useful characteristics and basic information collection of geosynthetics. Among them, the study focuses on the reduction of base course thickness by using the geogrid material in the base course layer without changing the load carrying capacity and the performance of the pavement. Modified AASHTO design result shows that about 20% to 40% base course reduction is possible using geogrid in pavement design, with a greater percentage reduction for stronger subgrade materials. have been defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Committee D35 on geosynthetics as planar products manufactured from polymeric materials used with soil, rock, earth, or other geotechnical engineering related material as an integral part of a man-made project, structure or system. Geosynthetics is the term used to describe a range of polymeric products used for Civil Engineering construction works. The term is generally regarded to encompass eight main products categories The most popular geosynthetics used are the geotextiles and geomembrane. Geomembrane is an essentially impermeable membrane in the form of the manufactured sheet used widely as cut-offs and liners. They are often used to line landfills.

Published by: Simmanapudi Naveen Kumar, Chappa Damodar NaiduResearch Area: Geotechnical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institution, Bobbili, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Geosynthetics, Geogrids, Geotextiles, Geocomposites, Geonets, Geomembranes, Geosynthetic clay liners, Geofoam and Geocells, Geosynthetics


68. The physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRI is an acronym for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. MRI is used in radiology and it is one of the scanning technologies where magnetism, radio waves, and a computer are used to take the total image of the body structures. The chief advantage of the MRI is to give clear images of the soft-tissue structure where other imaging techniques fail to give without any effect to the patient.MRI is based on the interaction of magnetic properties of hydrogen with both a large external magnetic field and radio waves, which send signals to the body and then receive signals back. These returning signals are converted into images by a computer attached to the scanner. Imaging of any part of the body can be obtained in any plane. This Article gives a brief idea about the history, construction, working principle of MRI which includes Nuclear spin, Larmour,s frequency, T1 and T2 relaxation and T1 and T2 weighted images.

Published by: Shajahan V SResearch Area: MRI

Organisation: Vocational College, Ibri, OmanKeywords: MRI, Nuclear spin, Larmour’s frequency,T1 and T2 relaxation, T1 and T2 weighted images

Review Paper

69. Detecting distributed DOS attacks using Multivariate Correlation Analysis

This paper focuses on identification of DDoS using MCA technique. The intention of this paper is to identify DDoS attack. For that MCA technique use. MCA technique is useful for identification of DDoS attack. MCA is for accurate network of packet traffic. MCA technique uses the anomaly detection approach and triangle area base approach. Anomaly based approach is for finding known and unknown type of attack. Triangle area base approach is for improving the speed of MCA process. In this to test real world data for false positive rate.

Published by: Shital P. JadeResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: D Y Patil College of Engineering, Ambi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: DDoS, MCA, KDD Cup 99

Research Paper

70. Effect of progressive muscular relaxation technique and autogenic relaxation technique on pre competitive state anxiety and self-confidence in athletes

Pre-test and Post-test control group design. Participants: 45 subjects were selected on the basis of their CSAI-2R score, they were randomly allocated to one of the three groups. Group 1 (progressive muscular relaxation) group 2 (autogenic relaxation) group 3 (control). Intervention: Progressive muscular relaxation technique and Autogenic relaxation technique for 15-20 minutes. Main outcome measures include somatic anxiety, cognitive anxiety, self-confidence. There was a significant reduction in somatic anxiety & cognitive anxiety and improved self-confidence found in both groups 1& 2 than group 3 (p < 0.05) whereas no significant difference observed in group 1 and group 2. From the result of the study it was concluded that relaxation technique is an effective intervention for reducing pre competitive state anxiety and improving self-confidence in athletes. As both progressive muscular relaxation & autogenic relaxation technique were significantly effective in reducing competitive state anxiety and improving self-confidence than the control group.

Published by: Dr. Nitin Sakhare, Kalpana Sharma, Anjali SyalResearch Area: Musculoskeletal

Organisation: Nav Yuva Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Physiotherapy, Kardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Cognitive, Somatic, Autogenic, CFA, PMR


71. Study on effective utilization of waste materials in the construction of pavements

Research into new and innovative uses of waste material is continually advancing. Many highway agencies, a private organization, and individuals are in the process of a wide variety of studies and research projects concerning the feasibility, environmental suitability, and performance of using recycled products in highway construction. The amount of wastes has increased year by year and the disposal becomes a serious problem. Particularly, the recycling ratio of the plastic wastes in life and industry is very low and many of them have been reclaimed for the reason of unsuitable ones for incineration. It is necessary to utilize the wastes effectively with technical development in each field. Expansive soils are so widely spread that it becomes impossible to avoid them for highway construction to keep the network structure for mobility and accessibility. However, the roads constructed on expansive soils suffer extensive damage and distress resulting in large economic losses running to billions of dollars. As thermal power plants are spatially distributed all over the country, utilization of flyash from these plants for the road construction, not only helps to consume bulk quantities of fly ash solving its disposal problem to a certain extent but also to satisfy the construction requirements. Reinforcement of soils with synthetic fibers is potentially an effective Technique for increasing soil strength. In recent years, this technique has been suggested for a variety of geotechnical applications ranging from retaining structure and earth embankments to subgrade stabilization beneath footings and pavements. Research on a different type of reinforcement and materials has been conducted by several investigators. However, the amount of information available on randomly oriented fiber reinforcement is still limited. Here an attempt is made to the suitability of different types of waste plastics strips and waste tire rubber chips reinforcing with gravel and flash in flexible pavement system on expansive soil subgrade.

Published by: Kola Chandra Mouli, Chappa Damodar NaiduResearch Area: Geotechnical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institution, Bobbili, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Flyash, Structure, Expansive Soil, Fiber Reinforcement, Subgrade, Synthetic Fibers, Plastics Strip, Footing


72. A study on strengthening of soil using stabilized flyash

In the present study, I tried to prove soil stabilization using stabilized flyash. for the stabilization of flyash, we need to improve the flash properties by adding some admixtures. in the present study, we are using lime and sodium silicate as additives to improve the soil properties. Individual geotechnical parameters like grain size distribution, liquid limit, OMC, MDD, Specific gravity and angle of internal friction of Fly ash were determined and then Fly ash was mixed with different proportions of lime (2-15%) and sodium silicate (1-4%). These mixes were tested to obtain the optimum percentage of lime and sodium silicate. The variation in shear parameters like cohesion and angle of shearing resistance was studied by conducting a direct shear test. All the tests were performed after a time period of 3hours starting from the completion of preparation of the sample. Each test was performed for the normal stresses of 0.5kg/cm2, 1kg/cm2, 1.5kg/cm2, 2kg/cm2 and 2.5 kg/cm2. The results are compiled in a graphical form to observe the trends for shear parameters. The results show remarkable improvement in strength characteristics for higher percentages of lime and sodium silicate. The Major challenge on behalf of engineers especially civil engineers is the disposal of industrial waste products and their storage. Nowadays most of the industries reusing the wastes in different areas like civil constructions, treatment of materials and others. This reuse of wastes is essential to overcome the hazardous effects of wastes on the environment. Fly Ash is one of the industrial wastes produced every year throughout the country. Fly ash is a fine powder obtained from burning of coal during the production of electricity. Disposal of Fly ash is a big problem, to minimize the disposal of Fly ash into large land, it was used as a construction material in civil engineering works like building materials embankments, and bricks making etc.

Published by: Sakshi Singh Rana, Chappa Damodar NaiduResearch Area: Geotechnical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institution, Bobbili, andhra PradeshKeywords: Density, Specific gravity, Density, Shear strength, Moisture content


73. Effect of partial replacement of sand by glass powder and steel powder over the properties of M-30 concrete

In the present research, a series of experiments had been performed to compare the use of glass powder and steel powder as partial replacement of sand in different proportions. Concrete mixes are modified by 10%, 15% and 20% and 25% of glass powder and steel powder in replacement. The inclusion of glass powder increases the compressive strength up-to certain proportions. It has also been noted that with the increase in the content of glass powder decreases the slump value or workability. It has also been noted that with the increase in the content of supplementary materials decreases the slump value or workability. Comparatively higher early strength gain (7-days) is obtained with steel powder concrete.

Published by: Achal Jain, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Steel powder, Glass powder, Concrete, Workability, Compressive strength

Research Paper

74. Encrypted data management with deduplication in cloud computing

Cloud computing plays an important role in supporting data storage, processing, and management in the Internet of Things (IoT). To preserve cloud data confidentiality and user privacy, cloud data are often stored in an encrypted form. However, duplicated data that are encrypted under different encryption schemes could be stored in the cloud, which greatly decreases the utilization rate of storage resources, especially for big data. Several data deduplication schemes have recently been proposed. However, most of them suffer from security weakness and lack of flexibility to support secure data access control. Therefore, few can be deployed in practice. This article proposes a scheme based on attribute-based encryption (ABE) to deduplicate encrypted data stored in the cloud while also supporting secure data access control. The authors evaluate the scheme’s performance based on analysis and implementation. Results show the efficiency, effectiveness, and scalability of the scheme for potential practical deployment. To ensure data privacy, existing research proposes to outsource only encrypted data to CSPs. However, the same or different users could save duplicated data under different encryption schemes at the cloud. Existing solutions for deduplication are vulnerable to brute-force attacks2 and can’t flexibly support data access control and revocation (see the “Related Work in Data Deduplication” sidebar for a discussion of some other work in this area). Existing industrial solutions fail in encrypted data deduplication. A scheme based on attribute-based encryption (ABE) is proposed to deduplicate encrypted data stored in the cloud while at the same time supporting secure data access control. proposes to outsource only encrypted data to CSPs. However, the same or different users could save duplicated data under different encryption schemes at the cloud. Although cloud storage space is huge, this kind of duplication wastes networking resources, consumes excess power, and complicates data management. intra-user deduplication and interdeduplication.6 In their scheme, the ciphertext C of convergent encryption is further encrypted with a user key and transferred to the servers. However, it doesn’t deal with data sharing after deduplication among different users. Implementation is the stage of the project when the theoretical design is turned out into a working system. Thus it can be considered to be the most critical stage in achieving a successful new system and in giving the user, confidence that the new system will work and be effective. The implementation stage involves careful planning, investigation of the existing system and it’s constraints on implementation, designing of methods to achieve changeover and evaluation of changeover methods. In this project the following modules are used: i) Cloud Computing ii) Inter And Intra User iii) Deduplication. Various cloud service providers (CSPs) offer huge volumes of storage to maintain and manage IoT data, which can include videos, photos, and personal health records. These CSPs provide desirable service properties, such as scalability, elasticity, fault tolerance, and pay per use. Thus, cloud computing has become a promising service paradigm to support IoT applications and IoT system deployment. Thus, saving storage is becoming a crucial task for CSPs. Deduplication can achieve high space and cost savings, reducing up to 90 to 95 percent of storage needs for backup applications and up to 68 percent in standard file systems. Inter And Intra User:- At the same time, data owners want CSPs to protect their personal data from unauthorized access. CSPs should, therefore, perform access control based on the data owner’s expectations. In addition, data owners want to control not only data access but also its storage and usage. a data owner that stores its data at the CSP (we assume there’s only one data owner for one data M); and • data holders (ui, i = 1, . . . , n) that are eligible data users and could save the same data as the data owner at the CSP. That is, the same data, although in an encrypted form, is only saved once at the cloud but can be accessed by different users based on the data owners’ policies. Data-Deduplication:- Data deduplication should cooperate with data access control mechanisms. That is, the same data, although in an encrypted form, is only saved once at the cloud but can be accessed by different users based on the data owners’ policies. current industrial deduplication solutions can’t handle encrypted data. Existing solutions for deduplication are vulnerable to brute-force attacks and can’t flexibly support data access control and revocation (see the “Related Work in Data Deduplication” sidebar for a discussion of some other work in this area). Few existing schemes for cloud data access control support data deduplication simultaneously, and few can ensure flexibility and security with a sound performance for cloud data deduplication that data owners control directly. Algorithms:- Cyphertext Policy ABE (CP-ABE) or Key Policy ABE (KP-ABE):- Attribute-based encryption is a type of public-key encryption in which the secret key of a user and the ciphertext are dependent upon attributes (e.g. the country in which he lives, or the kind of subscription he has). In such a system, the decryption of a ciphertext is possible only if the set of attributes of the user key matches the attributes of the ciphertext. A crucial security aspect of Attribute-Based Encryption is collusion-resistance: An adversary that holds multiple keys should only be able to access data if at least one individual key grants access. Encryption Algorithm:- In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding messages or information in such a way that only authorized parties can read it. Encryption does not of itself prevent interception but denies the message content to the interceptor. In an encryption scheme, the intended communication information or message, referred to as plaintext, is encrypted using an encryption algorithm, generating ciphertext that can only be read if decrypted. For technical reasons, an encryption scheme usually uses a pseudo-random encryption key generated by an algorithm Decryption. There are many modern key-based cryptographic techniques. These are divided into two classes: symmetric and asymmetric (also called public/private) key cryptography. In symmetric key cryptography, the same key is used for both encryption and decryption. H/W System Configuration: System : Pentium –IV 2.4 GHz RAM : 256MB(min) Hard Disk : 40 GB Key Board : Standard Windows Keyboard S/W System Configuration: Operating System : Windows/XP/7 Application Server : Tomcat5.0/6.X Front End : HTML, Java, JSP Scripts : JavaScript Server-side Script : Java Server Pages Database : Mysql 5.0 Database Connectivity : JDBC.

Published by: Pokala Phanitej, Y. SureshResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering , Information Technology, Computer And Information Science

Organisation: Loyola Institute of Technology and Management, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Cloud computing, Encryption, Access control, Internet of Things (IoT), Attribute-based encryption, Data storage, Decryption, Deduplication management, Cipher-text

Research Paper

75. Effect of scenario planning on strategic entrepreneurship in Iraqi higher education

For many organizations and institutions, the challenge of knowing how to face competition derived from the globalization of the economy is presented. A fundamental technique to successfully answer that question is scenario planning. Which has become the basis for the success of various businesses. Accordingly, The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of scenario planning on strategic entrepreneurship. considering the impact which may have the dimensions of scenario planning and strategic entrepreneurship. For this, a theoretical model was designed depending on the literature, the questionnaire was the main tool for this study. Statistical analysis, based on direct correlation and effects tests (using SPSS and Amos software), allows proving there are positive effects on strategic entrepreneurship by scenario planning and its dimensions as revealed by the findings.

Published by: Karawan Azeez HussainResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Baghdad College for Economic Sciences University, Baghdad, IraqKeywords: Scenario planning, System thinking, Future open thinking, Strategic thinking, Strategic entrepreneurship

Research Paper

76. Solid waste management in internally displaced persons IDPS camps in Maiduguri Borno state Nigeria

This study aims to examine the solid waste management conditions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Maiduguri, Borno State. The research is descriptive, qualitative approached were used. The primary data for the research was sourced through the use of questionnaire and interview using a combination of purposive and convenience sampling. While books, journals, newspapers, magazines and internet materials made up the secondary data. The data collected were coded, edited, presented and analyzed using descriptive statistics through frequency tables and percentages. A total of 197 IDPs participated in the study. The findings revealed that almost half of the respondents (45.7%) revealed that food waste is the highest type of solid waste generated in the camps this is because food is the basic need for the livelihood of the IDPs in the camps. And also (36.5%) of the respondents indicated that fine was the second most abundant type of solid waste generated in the camps. Therefore, the burning of fuelwood as a source of energy can be produced beautiful and this is environmentally not friendly which generate air pollution and environmental degradation. The study revealed that majority 122 (62.0) of the respondents perceived air pollution was the consequences of solid waste disposal in the camps. While 38 (19.3%) of the respondents reveals that the spread of germ is the consequences of solid waste disposal. Similarly, the study found that incineration was used for managing waste in the camps. Some NGOs contributed in sanitation through Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) committee which conducts regular sensitization on the danger of poor waste management. The study recommends among others the need for intensive education to promote positive attitude for solid waste management among the IDPs. Keywords: Solid Waste Management Sanitation Polythene

Published by: Baba Gana Zannah, Bukar Usman, Mohammed Baba ShehuResearch Area: Geography

Organisation: Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kanemi College of Education Science and Technology, Bama, Borno State, NigeriaKeywords: Solid Waste, Management, Sanitation, Polythene

Research Paper

77. Correlation and effectiveness of coordination exercise and activity of daily living in differently able children

Eye-hand coordination abilities are an integral part of a Child’s development. Eye-hand coordination is necessary for functional independence progress and its effects on the activity of daily living. This study is aimed at the effectiveness of coordination exercise on activity of daily living and the correlation between coordination exercise and activity of daily living. Total 20 children (7 Female, 13 Male) age group 10 to 15 years with different disabilities situated around Anand. Developmental Coordination Questionnaires (DCDQ) was used for assessment of coordination skill. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was used for evaluating the activities of daily living. The coordination exercise program was effective for an activity of daily living in differently able children. Coordination exercise was positively associated with Activity of daily living. Coordination has an effect on Activity of daily living. After the coordination exercise program, the child improved his/her Coordination skill. Coordination exercises are effective on an activity of daily living in differently able children.

Published by: Dr. Bansari Anish Patel, Dr. Brajesh Kumar MishraResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Smt. Kamlaben P. Patel Institute of Physiotherapy and Occupational therapy, anand, GujaratKeywords: Coordination, Activity of daily living, Functional independence measure, Differently able children

Research Paper

78. Women safety system using Raspberry Pi

In today’s world, women come across many situations that make them feel unsafe. Women from various walks of life face situations that make them feel threatened in different environments. Sixty six percent of women have reported sexual harassment in the year 2010 in New Delhi. It has also been proven that in urban environments, women are more prone to experience harassment especially in developing countries. In such situations, the aid of a safety device that will inform the victim’s family members or the authorities (in Severe situations) may help women feel safer, confident and reduce the chances of harassment. Though there are a few Smartphone based solutions for the same, it might not be possible for the victim to reach for her phone in some situations without the knowledge of the perpetrator. In this approach, the focuses on a security system that is designed merely to serve the purpose of providing security to women so that they never feel helpless while facing such social challenges. An advanced system can be built that can capture the video of the event as well as send the emergency messages of the victim through GSM to respective mobile numbers. The idea to develop a smart system for women is completely comfortable and also easy to use as compared to existing women security solutions such as infamous mobile apps, bulky belts and the separate garment that are just very abstract and obsolete.

Published by: Priyanka Yuvaraj GondeResearch Area: Electronics And Telecomunication

Organisation: Ashokrao Mane Group of Institutions, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: GSM, Video streaming, Raspberry Pi 3B

Research Paper

79. Design of continuous loading vertical chain conveyor

A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another. The main purpose of this project is to safely lift the load at the rate of 6m/min. This paper consist of, selection, a design of basic mechanical elements. This system is able to overcome the drawbacks of inclined belt conveyor, achieves desired height and occupies less floor space as a material is transformed in vertically upward direction. This Chain Conveyor utilizes a continuous chain arrangement, carrying a series of a single pallet for lifting the load. The chain arrangement is driven by a motor, and the material suspended on the pallets is conveyed to the next floor.

Published by: Aditya J. Kulkarni, Tanmay M. Kulkarni, Omkar J. Mahadik, Parshuram V. MahindrakarResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: P.E.S. Modern College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Roller chain, Sprockets, Roller chain flexible coupling, Pedestal bearing

Research Paper

80. Burr formation minimization in drilling process using experimental study with statistical analysis

Burrs are generally plastic deformation of the workpiece after machining process. Deburring can reduce burr formation but it is time consuming and increase the production cost. By changing some of the input parameters like Spindle Speed, Feed Rate, Depth of Cut, the formation of burr can be reduced. This research work presents an experimental study on minimizing the formation of burr in machining like drilling. In this thesis, Universal Radial machine has been used to make holes. By changing machining variables like feed, cutting velocity and speed different sizes and the type of the burrs created in aluminum are studied. Taguchi analysis has been done to analyze the predicted minimum burr height. ANOVA has also been done to analyze the maximum contribution of the parameters to form the burr. Signal to Noise(S/N) ratio plots has been shown in this research. Response surface methodology also has been conducted. In the design optimization, the application of RSM is aimed to reduce the cost of the expensive analysis methods (e.g. finite element method or CFD analysis) and their associated numerical noise.

Published by: Ananya BhattacharyyaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College, Jalpaiguri, West BengalKeywords: Burrs, Universal radial machine, Taguchi method, ANOVA, S/N Ratio, Response surface methodology, Deburring

Case Study

81. Role of intensive nutrition support in improving serum albumin level and its outcome on healing skin lesions in a Pemphigus Vulgaris patient– A case report

Abstract Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) is a group of rare autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Here we report a case of severe pemphigus vulgaris managed well with timely nutritional intervention by the dietitian.

Published by: S. Samundeeswari, S. Ramesh, B. ManimegalaiResearch Area: Clinical Dietetics

Organisation: Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Pemphigus vulgaris, High protein diet, Oral nutritional supplement, Corticosteroids

Research Paper

82. Robust technique to restore and enhance image for edge detection

To recover the degrade image restoration is a need. There are different formats for pixel noise like salt & pepper, Gaussian noise, etc, which cause the image degradation and may become the main reason to miss the pixel regions during capturing, transmissions, processing, etc. So for better processing, these missing pixel must be restored, in this process single pixel, multiple pixel (spatial) models are used for the restoration of the missing or bad pixels. In this paper, the proposed model is designed for the recovery of the pixel by using adaptive methods and the image is enhanced by using an automatic enhancement technique. The proposed model has been analyzed with the improved results in context with the existing models, which shows the robustness of the proposed model.

Published by: Ravinder Singh, Pankaj Sharma, Puneet JainResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: Image restoration, Image enhancement, Adaptive pixel restoration, Non-linear pixel restoration

Research Paper

83. Design and analysis of hexagonal fin for air cooled engines

Major automobile engine components are subjected to wear and thermal stress due to high temperature during combustion. Fins are used to increase the heat transfer rate of an I.C. Engine. In an internal combustion engine, the chemical energy of the fuel is converted to thermal energy to give a mechanical work as output. There is a large amount of heat is liberated to the combustion of fuel in which only a few amounts of energy is converted into useful work (60%-80% approx.) and the remaining energy is wasted. This heat is first conducted to engine cylinder and dissipated to air through extended surface called fins. In an air-cooled engine, the low rate of heat transfer is the main problem. To avoid this, the engine’s fins are modified by changing the geometry of the cooling fins. All materials are showing a linear distribution of temperature alongside the length of fins. Also, the hexagonal shape fins increase the heat flux by converting the fin geometry from a rectangular shape to hexagonal and thus reduce the wear of engine parts and knocking of the engine.

Published by: Ajithkumar G.Research Area: Mechanical – Heat Transfer Analysis

Organisation: Quest Global Engineering Private Limited, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Engine, Fins, Linear distribution of temperature, Hexagonal geometry, Wear and knocking

Research Paper

84. Hospital wastewater treatment by electro-coagulation process

Hospitals are significant consumers of water. The wastewater generated by the hospitals may contain pathogens, bacteria, viruses, pharmaceuticals etc. In this paper, the review has been done for the treatment of hospital wastewater containing harmful ingredients using electrocoagulation, the reuse of the same water after treatment. Electrocoagulation method is one of the effective methods for the treatment of Industrial Wastewater. Because of its low operation and maintenance cost, high efficiency, time-saving, lower sludge production without any addition of chemicals. The efficiency of electrocoagulation method mainly depends on the treatment time, the conductivity of the solution, distance between electrodes and the current density. The main objective of the study is to remove the solids present in Hospital wastewater by electrocoagulation using Aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) electrodes. Electrocoagulation is the electrochemical process of treatment of wastewater. Hospital wastewater contains solids, BOD, COD, phenols, radioactive isotopes, pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, blood, body fluid, sweat, contaminated organs, disinfectant, pharmaceuticals as well as hazardous chemicals can be effectively removed by Electrocoagulation method. The factors which affect the electrocoagulation process are current density, treatment time, pH, the distance between electrodes, an initial concentration of the sample, a conductivity of the solution, electrode material. Hospital wastewater effluents discharge in environment may cause serious threat to the environment as well as humans and this effluents also contain solids, BOD, COD, phenols, radioactive isotopes, pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, blood, body fluid, sweat, contaminated organs, disinfectant, pharmaceuticals as well as hazardous chemicals, pathogenic microorganisms and other heavy metals and toxic chemical compounds such as Cu, Fe, Cd, Pb, Hg, Ni, Pt, Cyanide, Phenol and this type of wastewater can adversely affect ecology balance and public health. So there is a need to have effective treatment of the wastewater is a must before discharge into the river or stream.

Published by: Omkar JogResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Pravara Rural Engineering College, Loni, MaharashtraKeywords: Electrocoagulation, Hospital wastewater, Sewage treatment plant

Research Paper

85. Study of correlation between academic performance and quality of life among occupational therapy students

This study is designed to assess the correlation between the academic performance and quality of life among the Occupational Therapy students. To find out if a relation exists between the academic performance and quality of life of Occupational Therapy students. Method: All the samples were collected from Occupational Therapy students using Questionnaire method. Data were collected using the Student Performance Assessment and The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF. In our study, 245 Occupational Therapy students were participated, among the age range of 17-23 years and were assigned in four groups (Group A:- F.Y.B.O.Th, Group B:- S.Y.B.O.Th, Group C:- T.Y.B.O.Th, Group D:- Fi.Y. B.O.Th). The relation between their Academic Performance and Quality of life were assessed using the statistical analysis tools. The relation between academic performance and quality of life of occupational therapy students were observed and compared between Group A, Group B, Group C, and Group D. Results and Conclusion:-The results of our study showed that the academic performance and quality of life of the 4 assigned groups are positively correlated. If the value of one variable increases, then the value of another variable also tends to increase i.e. if the quality of life of Occupational Therapy students improves, then their academic performance also improves in similar proportion. Hence, it can be said that if the student has a good quality of life, then their academic performance will be better.

Published by: Dr. Brajesh Mishra, Dr. Ranjit Pathak, Dr. Amitabh Dwivedi, Dr. Hirva B. Mishra, Dr. Sapna S. GuptaResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Smt. Kamlaben P. Patel Institute of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Academic performance, Quality of life, Occupational therapy students, Relationship, Life satisfaction

Research Paper

86. Electro-coagulation process used to treat hospital wastewater

The wastewater generated by the hospitals contains pathogens, bacteria, viruses, pharmaceuticals, and other hazardous contaminants. Traditional treatment methods become insufficient to remove these contaminants. In this paper, a review has been done for the treatment of hospital wastewater using electro coagulation.

Published by: Omkar Jog, Dr. R. W. GaikwadResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Pravara Rural Engineering College, Loni, MaharashtraKeywords: Hospital wastewater, Electro-coagulation, Sewage treatment plant

Research Paper

87. A new method of finding solutions of a class of standard quadratic congruence of prime modulus

In this paper, a new method of finding solutions of a class of standard quadratic congruence of comparatively large prime modulus is discussed. An algorithmic formulation is discovered. It works efficiently. It is time-saving & simple while an existed method is time-consuming and boring.

Published by: B M RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts, Commerce and Indiraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Gondia, MaharashtraKeywords: Quadratic congruence, Prime modulus, Middle-pair solutions

Research Paper

88. Analytical method development for combination pesticides of picloram and fluroxypyr by reverse phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

The herbicide is the part of the pesticide, these herbicide are normally used to control the weeds in the cultivation period. The quality of the herbicide has to be effective and the degradation should be fast. After the usage, the soil fertility has to be maintained without any environmental chain changes. There are many herbicides are available to control weeds or unwanted plants in the cultivation processes. Many of the herbicides are used to control the grass or very small plants, which has a very week in the structure. The Picloram herbicide used to control especially the plant which has strong stem and branches. The usage is unique and this herbicide has to be used carefully to maintain the required cultivated plants during the plantation or cultivation period. There are few herbicides are available to control wood plants. The specialty of the picloram herbicide will not have any action on the grass. Fluroxypyr is another molecule being used as a herbicide in the cultivation industry. The chemical nature of this molecule is similar to that of the picloram molecule. The Fluroxypyr is consisting of the pyridine molecule basically. Fluroxypyr has fluorine, chlorine, amine and an ether arrangement in its structure. This Fluroxypyr is used to control woody plant which has broadleaf. This molecule also has the electronegative structural annulments in it has more penetration power through roots of the plants. Mostly this Fluroxypyr is being used to control weeds in the place where the cultivations are normally carried out. These Picloram + Fluroxypyr molecules were separated through a mobile phase consisting of the mixture of acetonitrile and water (fortified with 0.5% of formic acid) in the ratio of 40:60 v/v. The separation was achieved through the Qualisil BDS C8 (250 x 4, 5μ) column with the flow rate as 1.5 ml/min with the detection at 254 nm. These method parameters were loaded in the Shimadzu HPLC (model: LC-2030). The LC solution Shimadzu software was used for all the calculations in this analytical method validation analysis. The results of the study showed that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: Ayyavoo Kaliyan, Dr. C. TamilselvanResearch Area: Herbicide Analysis

Organisation: Bioscience Research Foundation, Kandamangalam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Picloram + Fluroxypyr, HPLC analysis, Validated method, SANCO 3030/99 Rev.4, ICH Guideline

Research Paper

89. Positioning errors in digital panoramic radiographs- A retrospective analysis

Objectives of this paper are to analyze the most prevalent positioning errors in panoramic radiographs. 560 OPG taken from January 2016 – January 2017 in the department of maxillofacial radiology were assessed by two maxillofacial radiologists for positional errors. All radiographs were viewed on a computer monitor using the OHP sheet to demarcate the 6 zones. Results 74 radiographs (11.97%) were error-free and 486 radiographs (88.13%) were with errors. The radiographs with single positional error were 423 (84.3%). The radiographs with 2 positional errors were 57(9.89%). The radiographs with 3 positional errors were 6 (1.04%). The outcome of the analysis reveals that the percentage of positioning errors in panoramic radiographs is fairly high reducing its diagnostic value. Technicians are made aware of the errors and are instructed to recheck the patient position before taking radiographs. A similar audit will be repeated on a regular basis to check the change in the prevalence of positional errors.

Published by: Dr. Asha V, Dr. Kavya Shankar M, Dr. Hemcle Shalma, Dr. Sushmini HegdeResearch Area: Dentistry – Radiology

Organisation: Oxford Dental College, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Panoramic radiograph, Positioning error, Diagnostic quality

Review Paper

90. Multipurpose child tracker with location predictor

In India, 174 children go missing every day. The issue is disturbing for the society and even for parents. Whenever the child leaves the house there is always a second thought in parents’ mind. To counter such doubts, a student tracker is formulated which not only provides a live location of their ward but also helps in predicting and tracking their upcoming movements. The device is equipped with GPS, GSM and RFID modules with efficient backbone supporting the hardware.

Published by: Vyom ShahResearch Area: Machine Learning Application

Organisation: G. H. Patel College of Engineering and Technology, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Wearable technology, Safety, Tracker, Live location, Machine learning, Hidden Markov Model (HMM), Bayes theorem

Review Paper

91. Buffer overflow: Mechanism and countermeasures

The invention of Computers, Information Technology and thence Internet has led humanity to a new era of revolution. We, as humans, have stored more data in last 20 years than the whole human history. In May 2018 Forbes announced that we have created 90% of data all data in the past two years. That describes the way information storage and usage is picking up pace. But are our basic pillars of storing data and processing full proof and completely secure? Buffer Overflow is currently the most hostile vulnerability in the basics of information storage and processing of our computing technology. The paper discusses this vulnerability in thorough details. Ways systems are coping up with this and methods used to overcome this vulnerability present in the basics of our most important invention.

Published by: Vikrant Chatole, Gauransh NagarResearch Area: Information Security

Organisation: Ajeenkya D.Y. Patil University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Buffer overflow, Ethical hacking, Information security

Research Paper

92. Development of modern music in Assam: Guwahati (GMC), a mosaic of cultural fusion and diffusion

This article deals with an overview of the origin and development of modern music in Guwahati (GMC), Assam. Development of modern music in the region reveals a long mythology and history. The development of modern music has been tried to be established on lights of diversity, cultural fusion, social identity, globalization and travel of popular sounds. The article is based on a secondary source of data as well as primary data. Other sources of data collection are various articles on music published in magazines, blogs, and books, listening to songs from music albums, both print, and electronic media. Some external links also were used like conversations and personal interviews with some experts in the area. The survey for the collection of primary data in the study is done online with the help of Google Forms. As per the topic of the study, a number of stakeholders related to modern music in the study area were considered. The survey schedule was prepared in Google Forms (a facility to create and operate online surveys) which was online between 30th September 2018 to 31st October 2018. The stakeholders like lyricists, composers, musicians, technicians, producers, promoters, singers and listeners were recruited via e-mails, WhatsApp with prior confirmation over mobile messages or phone calls. The musicians and other stakeholders related to music are very mobile and elusive, so difficult to find them and apply conventional surveys. To overcome this practical hurdle of a collection of the data smart survey technique i.e. online survey has been applied in the study as nowadays almost all stakeholders are highly engaged in the internet.

Published by: Palme Borthakur, Bhaben Ch. KalitaResearch Area: Music Geography

Organisation: University of Science and Technology, Baridua, MeghalayaKeywords: Ethnic music, Culture, Fusion, Diffusion, Identity, Globalization

Research Paper

93. Seghosen in continuity and change: The pride of Owo kingdom in Yoruba land, Nigeria

Seghosen is an expensive traditional textile originating from Owo kingdom and it literally means “the cloth that takes all money”. This is because seghosen is uniquely made for special occasion like wedding ceremonies, chieftaincies, kingship installation etc. the wearer of seghosen costume is usually a wealthy or highly placed individual; a lot of respect is accorded him because the textile is considered beyond reach of common man. The focus of this paper is an exhibition review of the continuity and changes in Seghosen textile being showcased by the National commission for museums and monument, Owo, Nigeria to commemorate its 50TH anniversary of service delivery to the community and the country at large.

Published by: Eboreime James ImonicheResearch Area: Textile

Organisation: National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Abuja, NigeriaKeywords: Seghosen, Continuity, Change, Pride, Kingdom

Research Paper

94. Comparative analysis of effectiveness between E-HRM and traditional HRM

The study is focused on the process of E-HRM and its implications on employees with special reference to the Education Department (DIOS Office and BSA Office), Moradabad. In the present scenario, paperless offices are required to save the environment. For this purpose, E-HRM has taken a place of HRM introduced and processed in blue chip organizations. The traditional method of HRM is not a need of time in the world of ICT enabled services. The most of the organizations are moving from a traditional model of HRM to E-HRM that will lead to stoppage of paper wastage to make HR more effective and transparent. E-HRM also proposed by the present government. To study the effectiveness and implications of E-HRM, researchers formulated the questionnaire to draw the opinion on the effectiveness of E-HRM.

Published by: Dr. Prabhat Srivastava, Dr. Anshu BhardwajResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Shri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula, Uttar PradeshKeywords: E-HRM, HRM, ICT enabled services, DIOS (District Inspector of Schools), BSA (Basic Siksha Adhikari)

Research Paper

95. Occupational therapy intervention for balance activity and its correlation with functional level of all neurological condition in Anand, Gujarat

Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. The purpose of the study was to find out the Occupational Therapy intervention for balance activity and its correlation with functional level of all neurological conditions. A total of 20 subjects (13 males, 7 female) were included for balance training. Subjects were of age ranging from 31 to 85 years (Mean = 57.81, SD= 14.78). Fall Efficacy Scale – International (FES-I) questionnaire was used to assesses fear of falling (FOF). The FIM scale was used to measure the patient’s progress and assess rehabilitation outcomes. This study found that Improvement in balance and due to decreasing risk of falling in patients they were very satisfied and they became more social inside and outside home and they were actively performed their ADLs.

Published by: Dr. Brajesh Kumar Mishra, Dr. Mukund R Bhatt, Dr. Hirva B. Mishra, Dr. Bansari Anish PatelResearch Area: Occupational Therapy

Organisation: Smt. Kamlaben P. Patel Institute of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Occupational therapy intervention, Balance activity, Functional level, Neurological condition

Research Paper

96. Incidence of refractive error and analysis through cross tabulation between time spent on computer and family history with refractive error type

The study was conducted with the objective to find out the Incidence of Refractive error and analysis through cross tabulation between time spent on computer and Family history with Refractive Error Type. In this study, 1500 Professional College going students between 18 and 22 years of age, from South Bengal of West Bengal were evaluated. Clinical profiles of refractive errors among students were analyzed. This population-based cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected young professional college students. A structured Case Record Form was implemented to collect the details of the relevant factors. Data were tabulated and analyzed using Statistical package (SPSS) and chi-square test, Cross tabulation and Reliability test to get the results. Our respondents were from different professional programs, out of which 585 (39%) were male respondents and 915 (61%) were female respondents. Refractive error diagnosed in 240 (16%) respondents out of which 91 (6%) were male and 149 (9.93%) female respondents. Out of 91 (6.06%) male, 63 (4.2%) myopic, 18 (1.2%) Hyperopic and 10 (.6%) were Astigmatic. Out of 149 (9.93%) female, 102 (6.8%) myopic, 25 (1.66%) hyperopic, 22 (1.46%) astigmatic and no refractive errors were found in 1260 (84%) respondents. The incidence of refractive error showed significant association in univariate analysis with time spent on computer and Family history.

Published by: Biswajit Mondal, Dr. Kavita Bhatnagar, Atanu Maulik, Himanshu TripathiResearch Area: Optometry

Organisation: NIMS University, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Refractive error, Spectacles, Snellen’s chart, Visual impairment, Visual acuity, Cross sectional, Ametropia

Research Paper

97. Impact and importance of team in an organization (with reference of project management consultants in construction industry)

Studies on Team in an organization within its department have been an area of interest for researchers in this modern era because of the working culture has changed drastically in few decades, as now many organizations rely on their Success if they have a good team. Teamwork is important in an organization because it provides employees with an opportunity to bond with one another, which improves relations among them. Improved employee relations also result from the fact that teamwork enhances unity among members. Now if we discuss importance of Team in Project Management Consultants its play a vital role, as Nations infrastructure is developing rapidly, Organizations like Project Management Consultants who is working as a Third Party in developing Infrastructure between Client and Contractor, there work is to Supervise that the construction is as per the government norms, now a day demand of such organization increase because of transparency in construction. Here Teamwork in an aspect of HR Department plays an important role because we have to recruit Engineers from all over India and to retain them in our organizations till the project ends. Hence the study was undertaken in Project Management Consultants Firm in Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) to identify the impact of Team in the success of such kind of Organizations.

Published by: Ashok Kumar Sharma, Prashant Mallik, Renuka SharmaResearch Area: Project Management And Human Resource Management

Organisation: Lion Group, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Project management consultants, Construction industry, Teamwork, Contractor, Clients, Infrastructure

Research Paper

98. Effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long distance runners

The main purpose of this study is to find out the effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long-distance runner. For the present study, the researcher takes the male long distance runners from Pudukkottai District taken as sources of data. Thirty male long distance runners, who had participated in intercollegiate tournaments, were preferred as an area under discussion for this study. The age of the subject matter was ranging from 18 years to 25 years. The criterion measures adopted for the study measuring the physical variables are given below. To measure the physical variables 50 m dash for speed, 600 m run for speed endurance, 12 minutes run and walk for cardiorespiratory endurance and sit-ups for muscular strength and endurance the effect of step aerobic training on selected physical variables among long-distance runners the independent “t” test was used at 0.05 level of significance. Result: There was a significant difference in experimental groups in speed, speed endurance, Cardiorespiratory endurance, and muscular strength and endurance.

Published by: R. Panneer Selvam, Dr. M. SundarResearch Area: Physical Education

Organisation: Alagappa University College of Physical Education, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Step aerobic training, Physical variable, Long-distance runners

Review Paper

99. Center pivot and lateral move irrigation system

Our country India is an agricultural country. About 70% of the total population of India is, directly and indirectly, depend upon agriculture of or their livelihood and other similar needs. The tremendously increasing population of our country has put an extraordinary stress on the farming sector. The climatic conditions of South Asia are dependent upon Monsoon and our country is under the full influence of it. Therefore, availability of water to crops at the time of requirement is an indispensable thing to get maximum production of crops to meet the food production target of the nation. At this stage, it becomes unrealistic to depend solely on the natural source of water i.e rain. Hence at that time, artificial irrigation comes to the scenario. Presently in India, Drip & Sprinkler irrigation are being practiced. This method represents one of such modern method of irrigation which has yet to fetch an attention of Indian farmers. The Centre Pivot method of irrigation is a unique methodology to irrigate crops in the circular pattern. This method may also refer as overhead sprinkler irrigation, waterwheel irrigation or circle irrigation.

Published by: Aditya R. Warade, Ajay G. Kale, Sandeep K. Kurhe, Viraj G. Mane, P. S. WankhedeResearch Area: Engineering Irrigation System

Organisation: Siddhivinayak Technical Campus, Shegaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Centre pivot, Water requirement of crop, Sprinkling system, Uniformity

Review Paper

100. Cross layer convention improvement for satellite correspondence

In recent days internet satellites are one of the important components. New satellite system architectures are being expected to be fully IP based. It provides digital video broadcasting and channel protocols which are able to return. By using different layers of OSI and TCP/IP protocol stack we can make the upcoming satellite networks systems fully realizable and meeting advanced services. Geostationary –based architecture which deals with joint optimization of different transport control schemes and lower layers will be considered. The main is to prove that interactions are required because of increasing demand for high speed internet services and multimedia broadband services. Based on ISO/OSI reference model and internet protocol suite, internet protocol architecture is constrained which makes satellite network systems fully achieved to meet new services

Published by: Akkala Anugna, LathamanjuResearch Area: Satellite Communication

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Kuthambakkam, Tamil NaduKeywords: End to end congestion control, TCP over wireless links, TCP congestion control mechanism

Research Paper

101. Heat transfer through fabricated coil type shell in tube heat exchanger

Heat transfer enhancement due to the helically coiled heat exchanger is a burning topic in the field of research. But so far, there is no experimental or theoretical analysis of a helically coiled heat exchanger considering fluid-to-fluid heat transfer published, hence intending our work on this subject by using Methanol in water solution as a cold fluid. Methanol (also known as methyl alcohol, carbonyl, wood alcohol, wood naphtha or wood spirits) is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol and is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). At room temperature, it is a polar solvent and is used as antifreeze, solvent, and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol. The Methanol, when prepared a solution with water, can be used as a coolant in the Heat Exchanger ( Helically Coiled Heat Exchanger in our case) to take advantage of their improved heat transfer properties which would result in enhanced heat transfer in the helical coil heat exchanger. For this purpose, a solution was prepared with varying proportion of Methanol in water. We used four concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of methanol by volume in 5 liters of water. As Water is Polar and Methanol as well. So, when we put methanol in water it gets dissolved and producing intermolecular forces i.e. hydrogen bonding. Various properties such as pH, Electrical Conductivity, Thermal Conductivity, boiling point etc. were tested.

Published by: Surakasi Raviteja, Gondesi Satya Mahesh Reddy, Raghavendra SanthoshResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Avanthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Makavarapalem, NarsipatnamKeywords: Helical coil heat exchanger, pH thermal conductivity

Research Paper

102. Four way cutting operation in hacksaw machine

As we know that in large manufacturing industries, the cutting operation is very required for raw material, for this purpose they use conventional hacksaw machine for cutting operation. In that type of machine single piece can cut at a time by using an electric motor. Also, one labor utilizes for same. So it is time-consuming and comparatively costly. Therefore we have manufactured a four-way hack-saw machine which is used for cutting job simultaneously, this four-way hack-saw machine uses single motor four cutting job at the same time while in conventional hack-saw machine single motor is used for cutting one job only. Conversion of rotary motion of dc motor into reciprocating motion is obtained by using the eccentric cam. By making such type of machine, cutting operation time as well as labor working time can be reduced. Since such a hack-saw machine gives more productivity than a conventional cutting hack-saw machine, it can be used in manufacturing industries where automation is required. It can be also used in industries where labor availability is less. In this present work, we manufactured a model of four-way hacksaw machine, so we use light duty of structural parts and crank mechanism, a capacity of an electric motor is also very low. But in future, if we want to use such type of machine in industry, we can manufacture it by using heavy duty of body structure and all other required parts.

Published by: Perry S. Koradiya, Vilish R. Modi, Rajan S. Patel, Parth K. MistryResearch Area: Machine Technology

Organisation: UKA Tarsadia University, Barodli, GujaratKeywords: Four-way cutting, Hacksaw machine, Multi operation

Review Paper

103. Maintainable development and green buildings: A review

In this development time, maintainable constructions have taken some new steps accelerated green building practice. The term “green building” is used to describe buildings that design and constructed, to have a less impact on the environment, indoor and outdoor. Green building is designed, constructed and operated to boost environmental, economic, and healthy and productivity performance over that of a conventional building. A project is certified by LEED certification. This study will be done using a case of the construction sector in Malaysia. The data will be gathered in an interview with many Property Development Companies or projects that apply the green building criteria. The commendation is that more property evolution companies should be interviewed so that more extensive results can be collected. Therefore, this study aims to look into building energy capacity and materials and design debuted in green buildings to instate constructive sustainability and to establish the advantage of spending energy carrying capacity, green materials and sustainable design.

Published by: Sachin Sharma, Monika Yadav, Rahul Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Sourabh PrajapatResearch Area: Green Building

Organisation: Aravali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Green building, Zero energy, Maintainable

Research Paper

104. Emerging face of E-tailing: Online food delivery

The growth of the internet has created a significant impact on the lives of people for customers convenience is something which customers look forward to. With the internet, there are new ways of satisfying them with relative technologies and for marketers, it is about selling the products throughout the year without geographical and temporal boundaries and to understand customer’s perception on how they use online services such as food delivery and on understanding why they don’t do so. The online food delivery business has seen a rapid growth, growing at 15% every quarter in 2017. The growth has resulted in the number of orders on a daily basis clocking an average of 400,000 during the September quarter. The Fast food Industry is expected to reach to US$27.57 billion by 2020 which is set for an exponential growth as we can see the market is expected to grow at CAGR of 18% by 2020. This study attempts to take a look at the online food delivery ecosystem with a focus on its drivers and analyses the factors that are driving the growth of this business, especially in Bangalore City.

Published by: Arijit Roy, Dr. Kiran ReddyResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: AIMS Centre for Advanced Research CentreKeywords: Start-ups, Food delivery, Internet, Technologies, Food industry, Convenience

Research Paper

105. Self tuned PID based speed control of BLDC motor

Brushless DC Motors (BLDCM) have found immerse applications in automobile, automation, consumer electronics, medical and industrial applications due to their high efficiency, long operating life ratio of torque delivered to the size and fast dynamic response. In a brushless motor, the rotor incorporates the magnets, and the stator contains the windings. Commutation is implemented electronically with electronic speed controller (ESC) which uses the semiconductor switches to change the current in the windings based on the motor back EMF. PID controller is designed in MATLAB Simulink software and PID gains are tuned using an auto-tuning method. Digital PID controller is then implemented on FPGA as it provides greater flexibility and higher resources for implementing control algorithms. FPGA (PID controller) receives back EMF output from BLDC motor and generates the gate pulses which drive the switches of the electronic speed controller. The actual speed of the motor is compared with the reference speed given and the error signal is processed in a PID controller to obtain the required pulse width. As the motor rotates, feedback (back EMF) signals are produced in accordance with the rotor position. Three phase voltages are produced from ESC after they receive the decoded signals. These voltages are fed as input to the motor and it rotates at a required speed

Published by: Anuradha MuleyResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Deogiri Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Brushless DC motor (BLCDM), Electronic Speed Controller (ESC), FPGA, MATLAB Simulink software PID controllers

Research Paper

106. Multi-criteria inventory classification for retailers using Artificial Neural Network

This paper presents an artificial neural network technique which is used for classification of multi-criteria inventory for retailers. The control of large inventory items is not possible for maximum profit with an equal attention. Generally, single criteria inventory classification is followed by inventory manager such as total cost. It has been realized that for retail organizations the single criteria inventory classification is less effective, So, instead of cost, there are some other criteria which are more important, which are profit per unit, demand of the item, shelf-life, of an item and lead time to the store. So a multi-criteria approach has been used here for inventory classification of retail outlets. For this purpose, the artificial neural network technique has been used the classification of inventory has carried out by pattern recognition and classification tool in MATLAB software. For training, the network scaled conjugate gradient backpropagation is used in this work. So, a classifier model is trained for the classification of multi-criteria inventory and prediction of inventory based on an expert system which can classify any number of items in retail outlets.

Published by: Dewa Ram Kumawat, Abdul SamadResearch Area: Production

Organisation: Marudhar Engineering College, Bikaner, RajasthanKeywords: Artificial Neural Network, MATLAB, Pattern recognition and classification tool, Scaled conjugate gradient backpropagation

Research Paper

107. Contact analysis of involute profile teeth

In this project, the purpose is to provide an in-depth understanding of tooth engagement in splined couplings based on variations in the clearance between mating teeth. It is standard practice to assume that 25-50% of the total spline teeth in a coupling are engaged due to variations from the manufacturer. Based on the assumed number of teeth engaged, the load capability of a splined coupling is determined.variations from tooth geometry from manufactured, the number of teeth actually engaged is dependent on the applied load and tooth errors

Published by: K. Mohan Kumar, B. AnbarasanResearch Area: Design

Organisation: Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Contact stress, Involute profile tooth

Research Paper

108. Coconut fiber reinforced polymer composite for partition wall

The increase in consumption of coconut usage every year leads to the production of the fiber of it, presently a very less quantity of coconut husk is used in domestic application mainly as a fuel and remaining as waste which is directly proportional to the quantity of coconut cultivated. The main thrust of present research work is to explore the possibility of utilizing coconut husk fibers as reinforcement for composites with an appropriate matrix material. The fiber reinforced plastic composites made of areca fibers extracted from areca were prepared with used plastics. The composite material prepared with different proportion of reinforcement and matrix material. The required dimensions of the die were prepared using mild steel. The matrix material is placed layer by layer with reinforcement in the die. The die is designed to heat the material to its semi-liquid state with the help of heater at the bottom of the die. The material is compacted by an applying a force 500 kgf and soaked in a die for 2 hours at 115C. Then the composite is allowed to cool to room temperature. The resulted composite is cut into required dimensions to carry out mechanical properties of it; they are Tensile strength, bending strength, and compression strength and impact tests. The results of the mechanical properties of composites are quite competitive with existing plywood planks. The composite is also tested for threading operation by tapping and it shows tapping is obtained successfully in the composites.

Published by: Kumar Naik M.Research Area: Polymer Composite

Organisation: Alliance College of Engineering and Design, Alliance University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Composite, Coconut husk, Polyethylene, Plywood plank

Research Paper

109. An algorithmic formulation of solutions of solvable standard quadratic congruence of prime- power modulus

In this paper, a new generalised method of solving standard quadratic congruence of prime-power modulus is discovered. An algorithmic formula is developed. It works efficiently. It is the generalisation of author’s proposed Middle-pair solution method of solving standard quadratic congruence of prime modulus. It is very simple and time-saving.

Published by: B M RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts Commerce Indraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Algorithmic formulation, Legendre’s symbol, Middle-pair solution, Prime- power modulus

Research Paper

110. Knowledge discovery in data: Data Mining

Data Mining refers to a process to turn raw data into useful information. It depends on effective data collection, warehousing, and computer processing. It is the process of finding anomalies, patterns and correlations within large data sets to predict outcomes. Using a broad range of techniques we can use this information to increase revenues cut costs improve customer relationships reduce risks and more. This paper gives a lightning overview of data mining, its tools and techniques, challenges, advantages, and disadvantages and puts some light on the scope of data mining.

Published by: Sneha SehrawatResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Rattan Institute of Technology and Management, Faridabad, HaryanaKeywords: Tracking pattern, Association, Outlier detection, Clustering, Regression, Prediction

Review Paper

111. Customer relationship management in public sector bank

Customer Relationship Management has been developed in business to improve the quality of service in handling organization, customer inputs, tracking their orders, complaints, customer satisfaction and one of the most important is loyalty. Customer Relationship Management is customer –focused and technology oriented system. CRM involves technology to collect the intelligence you need for the improved services to your customer that has been provided by your firm. Customer relationship management play very important role in business world because the growth of every company depends on it. Customer relationship management requires deep analysis. The author has examine in research paper that study the profile of public sectors bank customers, their services provided by the bank, Customer satisfaction and the influence of demographic variable of customers.

Published by: Sherley Mary, T. JosephResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Women’s Christian College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Customer relationship management, Service quality, Customer satisfaction, CRM programs, CRM discipline

Research Paper

112. Evolution of E-business with E-Human Resource Management

Electronic commerce technologies are changing the way that works tasks are conducted and thus has significant implications for the way organizations manage their human resource functions. Although the impact of IT on work and employment has been the subject of research, little attention has been paid to electronic commerce and its effect on work organization and HR management. Currently, concepts such as e-business or e-commerce have found their place and applicability inside the global economy with ease, knowing it promoted models exhibiting an accelerated rate of development, well above the usual average growth rate of the traditional economy. Business markets are becoming smaller day by day because of increasing globalization and market competition. For this reason, organizations are adopting internet human resource based systems called the “Electronic Human Resource Management (E-HRM)”. E-HRM involves the adoption and use of web-based technologies with an aim of providing Human Resource Management (HRM) services for employees within the organization. The line managers conduct and arrange the evaluation and development; using desktop computers in the EHRM system, training, and planning, assess labor cost evaluation, and examination of indicators for each absenteeism and turnover among employees. e-HRM systems are supported by dedicated software that is mainly produced or supplied by a private supplier separated from the owners’ organization. Therefore, e-HRM can be defined as the planning, application, and implementation of information technology that is important for networking as well as supporting collective actors who must be more than two individuals to perform shared human resource activities. Employees can gain access to information through the typical use of the internet or channels of web technology. This, in turn, leads to managers and employees empowerment with an aim of increasing their efficiency in performing certain functions of HR and this also relieves some of the burdens on the HR department most of the tasks hence allowing employees to focus more on the strategic elements and less on the operational elements.

Published by: Tanu GoelResearch Area: Emotional Intelligence

Organisation: Shri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula, Uttar PradeshKeywords: E-Commerce, HR workplace Management

Research Paper

113. Ball and beam system balancing using ANFIS controller

The ball and beam is highly nonlinear and unstable system. It is a basic reference point with in its dynamics. Some control methods have been applied to balance the ball and beam system. The main aim of this work is to model and control the ball and beam system. Beam angle of servo motor and designing controllers are apply to control the ball position. For finding the ball position of the system Lagrange method is used which is depending on energy balance of the system. Closed loop systems are designed according to transfer function and state space model, two Degrees-of-Freedom is used in System Design. ANFIS controller is used to control the nonlinear characteristic of the second order system. The position of the ball in moving the beam controller controls using the motor and beaten the disturbances. The ANFIS parameters are tuned using ANFIS tuning Algorithm. In order to analyses the accomplishment of ANFIS to learn the effect of simplifying expectation, control methods are designed.

Published by: Deepika Singh, Lalitesh KumarResearch Area: Electronics

Organisation: Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Ball and beam system, PID, Adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system

Research Paper

114. Performance characteristics of bio diesel from castor oil with additives

The Paper mainly focuses on the constantly increasing demand for energy can result in a huge crisis at the end of fossil fuels era Biodiesel, with a history of more than a century, has always been a possible applicant. Biodiesel fuels have the ability to become a decent alternative for diesel which is used fairly to meet the present energy requirements Biodiesel can be produced from new or used vegetable oils, non-edible sources and animal fats, which are non-toxic, biodegradable and renewable. In vegetable oils, castor seed has higher oil yield than other oils Straight vegetable oils pose operational and permanency problems when subjected to long-term usages in diesel engines. These problems are projected too high viscosity, low volatility and polyunsaturated character of vegetable oils. The process of Transesterification is found to be an effective method of reducing vegetable oil viscosity and extinguishing operational and durability problems. In spite of the many advantages of using biodiesel, biodiesels produce higher NOx emissions compared to diesel, which is a deterrent to the market expansion of these fuels. Metal-based additives play a vital role in reducing NOx emission. In this thesis, performance analysis and other emission characteristics in a diesel engine without modification of Castor oil methyl ester and its blends with and without additive are done and compared with diesel. Results show higher blends of Castor oil have lower NOx emission and lower performance characteristics and vice versa for other blends of Castor oil.

Published by: A. Gokul Karthik, R. KarthikeyanResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Bio-diesel, Transesterification, Castor oil, Emission

Research Paper

115. A study on the problems faced in the financial sector of rural India

Rural India is one of the sectors that have to develop for the increase in GDP of India. The rural sector includes the agricultural sector. The financial services provided in the rural sector are NABARD and MSMEs’. These are the facilities that provide credit and loans to the public. There is a requirement of credit in the rural sector due to fewer quantities being produced by the agricultural sector. This research paper shows an overview of all the problems being faced in the financial sector of rural India. The paper also provided details of the initiatives taken by the government towards the public in rural areas and shows statistical data of the growth in rural credit.

Published by: Dr. Varsha Agarwal, Ranojoy Kumar Datta, Shravan Shroff, Abhishek JainResearch Area: Financial Sector Of Rural India

Organisation: Center for Management Studies, Jain University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Rural India, Financial service, Agriculture

Research Paper

116. Molecular dynamics study of Li0.6Pb0.4 binary alloy using first principle

In this work dynamics of the of liquid binary, alloy Li0.6Pb0.40 have been studied at the melting temperature by considering the system of alloy as an assembly of effective atoms. Norm conserving pseudopotentials have been calculated using the first principle approach. Caluclations performed for LiPb alloy use standard pseudopotential theory, which is second-order perturbation and includes dielectric screening as well. Velocity Autocorrelation function, Phonnon dispersion, and power spectrum have been calculated. The calculated results are in good agreement with experimental results.

Published by: Anil Thakur, Mandeep Singh GandhiResearch Area: Condensed Matter

Organisation: Government College, Solan, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Liquid alloys, First-principle, Pseudopotentials, Binary

Research Paper

117. Alternative energy technologies: An aid to natural resource economics

Despite our uncountable inventions and rat race to achieve more, we all are utterly dependent on the environment for our sustainability. And what if we’re only being the cause for its exploitation? Shining lights all around do create euphoria, but we really cannot afford such a festivity at the expense of our nature reserves. Natural resource economics is constantly looking around for striking equilibrium between natural capital and natural services, and so are doing the technological advancements in alternate energy utilization, reducing the extraction load on conventional resources like coal, oil, gas etc. Such technological creations of greener energy alternatives can be an effective tool for natural resource management.

Published by: Mudit JoshiResearch Area: Environmental Technology

Organisation: G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, UttarakhandKeywords: Alternative energy, Natural resource economics, Environmental sustainability

Survey Report

118. Reliability models in virtualization of Wireless Sensor Network on cloud infrastructure: A survey

Wireless Sensor Network is one of fast feeder for emerging technologies like of internet of Things. These networks are established to operate at a different condition which includes non-human intervene sites. These sensor nodes range from specific purpose to multi-purpose, multi-home: accommodating more sensor under a single architecture. The cost of sensor and deployment of these under hostile situation makes them costlier network. In order to provide access to this sensor network on-demand, network virtualization is created on the cloud called as cloud-sensors. Cloud while providing a sensor as a service experience errors/faults. Here we survey for the appropriate methods that can handle fault and recovers system at every level including at physical sensor level, content delivery level and physical sensor to virtual sensor mapping level. Therefore, the research work attempts to explore efficient reliability models at each level and helps in building a comprehensive reliability model for Virtualization of Wireless Sensor Network.

Published by: Janardhan Singh K., Dr. Suresh L.Research Area: Sensor Network

Organisation: Cambridge Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Internet of Things (IoT), Virtual Sensor Network (VSN)

Research Paper

119. Job satisfaction of secondary school teachers

Teachers always play a vital role in the development of the society and the nation at large. They are accorded recognition due to their manipulative skills in igniting the inherent talents of the children. The successful running of any educational system depends mainly upon the teacher, the pupil, the curriculum, and the available facilities. Out of these, the teacher is the most important one and is the pivot on whom the entire educational structure rests. Teachers, who are happy with their job, find satisfaction in their lives and hence play a vital role in the process of strengthening the society they belong (Lavingia, 1974). Hence, job satisfaction of teachers is not only important for themselves, but also for the students and as well as the institution and the society they belong. Based on this, a study is conducted by taking a sample of 100 teachers working in different secondary schools of English medium and Telugu medium belonging to Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh were taken to investigate the problem. Job Descriptive Index developed by Hulin, Kendall, and Smith (1969) was used to measure Job Satisfaction. Data were analyzed using mean, S.D, t-test and F-ratio. The results revealed that: 1. There is no significant difference in the job satisfaction of secondary school teachers belonging to various monthly income groups and 2.There is no significant difference in the job satisfaction of secondary school teachers belonging to a different medium of instructions.

Published by: Abdul Rahim, Dr. G. Bhuwaneswara LakshmiResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Krishna University, Machilipatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Teacher, Job satisfaction of teachers, secondary school teachers

Research Paper

120. To enhance the privacy protection in mobile Ad-hoc network using JBATS protocol

In Wireless Network, the privacy protection in the network is the prominent issue. Many protocols used to give privacy protection for the network and it uses the encoding and decoding approach to pass the data between one node to other nodes in a secure way. The cellular network will monitor the sensitive information in a protected way and also it is involved in the secure transmission of data. The JBATS protocol will give a better security in the network and it uses the encoding and decoding approach. This project mainly focuses on the protection for the JBATS protocol. The main aim of the project is to provide complete security compared to other similar protocol. The JBATS Protocol for mobile Ad-hoc network enhances the stronger privacy protection in the network. When compared with other protocol, JBATS (Just before Accepting and Transacting, Securing the data) provides effective performance includes the cost of computing, a delay between from one end to another end, and dropping of packets.

Published by: Arun Kumar S., Swetha S., Jayashree C. Y., Thriveni L., Bhuvanashree V., Renu R.Research Area: Networks

Organisation: Sapthagiri College of Engineering , Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: AODV, DSR, JBATS

Research Paper

121. Mechanical and durability characteristics of marble powder concrete

The main objective of this research is to investigate the performance of concretes contained marble dust as a cement replacement. Replacement of marble dust different percentage as 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% of marble dust as partial replacement of cement with M-25 grade of concrete age of concrete at 7, 14, 28 and 56 days. The results of the study, samples of concrete with 0 to 15% marble dust replacement have reached optimum strength. Finally Showed that concrete containing marble dust 0 to 15% showed the highest amount of compressive strength, and split tensile strength of concrete. To assess the corrosion and durability characteristics of marble dust concrete Acid and alkalinity resistance test, and Initial surface absorption test was performed. The results show that the optimum replacement of marble dust with cement was 15%. Up to 15% replacement, it is possible to gain the same strength as conventional concrete. Beyond 15% replacement the strength results following a decreasing trend. Moreover, initial surface absorption increases with an increase in replacement levels. It was also found that the Acid and alkalinity resistance is increasing with an increasing percentage of marble dust in concrete. Further studies can be carried out as this study only concludes that there is an increase in strength and durability of concrete up to 15% replacement of cement by the marble powder.

Published by: Sanoj Kumar, D. K. JainResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Marble powder, Admixture, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Durability

Research Paper

122. Effect on concrete properties using recron fiber with fly ash

Extensive experimental investigation on recron fiber with fly ash reinforced concrete was carried out by researchers. Recron fiber mesh is more effective in resisting bending and punching shear. Recron Fibers are most popular metallic fibers used for the production of Recron Fiber Reinforced Concrete particularly from the point of view of strength and ductility. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and Recron Fibre Concrete with different percentages of Recron fibers. An experimental investigation is to study the variation in strength characteristics of concrete structural elements, for the proportion of M20 grade. In each mixes containing different percentages of fly ash is replaced by means of cement starting from 0% as normal concrete, i.e. controlled concrete 10%, 20%, and 30%, and two percentages of natural Recron fibers 0.25% and 0.5% the number of specimens cast for each case It was observed that as the addition of recent fibers to concrete mix increases, the workability of concrete mix was found to decrease as compared to control mix. At an optimum dosage of RF, the increase in compressive strength of recron fiber concrete mixes compared with control mix of concrete at 28 days compressive strength is observed from 17% to 25%. The percentage increase of split tensile strength of recron fiber concrete mixes compared with control mix at 28 days is observed from 17 to 20% for 0.25%+10 recron fibers by weight of a binder. The addition of recron fibers into the concrete mixture marginally improves the compressive strength at 28 days. It is observed from the experimental results and its analysis, that the compressive strength of concrete, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength of concrete increases with the addition of low Percentage of return fibers. The 0.25%+10 addition of recron fibres into the concrete shows a better result in mechanical properties.

Published by: Anil Yadav, Barun YadavResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Recron fiber, Fly ash, Admixture, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Flexural strength

Research Paper

123. A study on development of concrete using copper slag with silica fume

The present study will provide a better understanding of mechanical and durability properties of concrete in which fine aggregate is partially replaced with copper slag. In the present experimental study the various strength properties like compressive strength, a tensile strength of concrete and also durability properties like capillary suction absorption test on both ordinary concrete and copper slag Concrete, best copper slag concrete mix is carried out and compared with an ordinary concrete mix for economic and ecological study. In this study different percentage of copper, slag is used. Copper slag as a replacement of fine aggregate in concrete and replaced in the range of 0%, 10%, 20 %, 30%, 40% and 50% by weight of fine aggregate in concrete. It was found that with the increase in the amount of copper slag in concrete up to 30% with increased mechanical properties of concrete. It was also found that durability like acid resistance and capillary suction absorption test conducted for long durability show that addition of copper slag up to 30% certain limit replacement to fine aggregate with less water absorption compare with control mix and less affected with acid attack.

Published by: Vijay Kumar Dwivedi, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Copper slag, Silica fume, Admixture, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Durability

Research Paper

124. Power generation in Odisha

Nowadays, as we know the importance of power. Power is like a backbone of life because without power we can’t do anything easily. Now a day’s power is everything’s. As we know, power is generated by various methods. In this, we study the various method of power generation. And we also know, how much power is generated by which power plant and what is the capacity of this plant. We also mention the data, how much has been generated in the last two years. In this, we mention the location of a power plant and which power plant is best. We also mention which power plant occur how much land and which method is the cheapest and on which power plant the atmosphere does not affect.

Published by: Neeraj Kumar Singh, Prince kumar, Dixit Suthar, Ankit kumar, Prakash Kumar, Pramod ChoudharyResearch Area: Orissa

Organisation: Aravali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Power generation method, About power plant, Location

Research Paper

125. Collection development in selected university libraries in Andhra Pradesh: A study

Collection development is a systematic and essential process of building library collection to fulfill the teaching, learning and research needs of its target users. It includes acquisition, selection, evaluation, and preservation of resources according to users‟ requirement. Collection development is not to build, but to develop the collection. This concept makes it explicit that there must be a planning behind it which necessitates an intellectual skill formulated in the way of ‘policies’. Collection development policies are usually formal written statements providing specific guidelines often varied from library to library. The elements of this process are selection, acquisition, relegation and discarding, and collection evaluation. It is a decision-making activity assuring continuity and consistency denoting how much emphasis is to be given upon individual steps in those elements and their relationship. This paper highlights the collection development of five selected university libraries of Rayalaseema region. This paper explains very elaborately the collection development as subject-wise, school-wise and also department-wise of the university and also given budget details. This study found that there is an urgent need to allocate more funds to university libraries to acquire more e-books and e-journals which are more essential for teaching and research purpose.

Published by: K. Harinath Reddy, I. ChandraiahResearch Area: Academic Libraries

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Academic libraries, University Library, Collection Development print as well as e-resources. E-books. E-journals.

Review Paper

126. Changing concepts in mechanical methods of cavity preparation

With advances in the field of dentistry, the G. V. Black’s concepts of extension for prevention are being replaced by the concept of minimally invasive dentistry. The present article reviews a few such techniques which help in preserving healthy tooth structure and at the same time help in efficient removal of diseased tooth structure.

Published by: Dr. Pradnya V. Bansode, Dr. M. B. Wavdhane, Dr. Seema D. Pathak, Dr. Hardik Rana, Dr. Shilpa Rai, Dr. Vaishali U. BhaleraoResearch Area: Dental

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Minimally invasive tooth cutting, Fissurotomy, Tunnel preparation, Polymer burs, Air abrasion, Box preparation

Research Paper

127. Hospital emergency preparedness of nursing students for effective response

This study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of Simulation on Hospital Emergency Code Programme upon the Competency of Nurses in Disaster Preparedness at Selected Multi Specialty Hospitals, Chennai. Methods: Study was conducted by using Quasi-experimental time series research design (with one pre-test and 2 post-tests: post-test 1 and post-test 2) at selected private College, Chennai with the Sample size of 94 who are divided into 9 teams, 10-11 students in each group. Samples were chosen by using total enumerative sampling technique. The intervention included the one day workshop on Simulation on Hospital Emergency Code Programme. Data were collected through observation method by using pretested and predetermined tools such as Background Variables proforma and observation checklist to assess the team performance of the students. Collected data were entered and analyzed using SPSS- 20. Results: Study findings revealed that, there is a significant difference in the mean scores (Team Score) of students between pre-test, post-test 1 and post-test 2 in total score (M=115.33, SD 11.64; 135.22, SD 7.22; 140.44, SD 9.76 in pre-test, post-test 1 and post-test 2 respectively) as well as in all the components such as Code Blue, Code Red, Code Pink, and Code Brown within the subjects and between subjects (p<0.001). Conclusion: Improved practice scores in post-tests than pre-test can be attributed to the effectiveness of the Simulation of hospital emergency code programme in disaster preparedness among Final year Nursing students. Therefore this intervention can be replicated in all other settings to prepare the nurses to manage the hospital emergency situations effectively and efficiently.

Published by: Banumathi K., Dr. Latha Venkatesan, Dr. Vijayalakshmi K.Research Area: Health

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Hospital emergency preparedness, Nursing students, Effective response

Research Paper

128. Rise of Augmented Reality: Applications, challenges, and future trends

Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real-world are “augmented” by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory. With the rise of personal mobile devices capable of producing interesting augmented reality environments, the vast potential of AR has begun to be explored. Nowadays numerous AR applications have been used in the industry of different kinds and disseminated all over the world. AR will really alter the way individuals view the world. The AR is yet in its initial phases of research and development at different colleges and high-tech institutes. Throughout the last years, AR apps became transportable and generally available on various devices. Besides, AR begins to occupy its place in our audio-visual media and to be used in various fields in our life in tangible and exciting ways such as news, sports and is used in many domains in our life such as electronic commerce, promotion, design, and business. In addition, AR is used to facilitate the learning whereas it enables students to access location-specific information provided through various sources. Such growth and spread of AR applications push organizations to compete for one another, and every one of them exerts its best to gain the customers. This paper provides a comprehensive study of AR including its history, architecture, applications, current challenges, and future trends.

Published by: Iram Naaz, Arpit SharmaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Tata Consultancy Services, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Augmented Reality, Virtual reality, Mobile technology, Image processing, AR based navigation system

Research Paper

129. Analysis of shape and texture based palm print recognition system for biometric identification

Biometric systems are widely used in access control and security-based applications. The goal of the biometric system is to utilize physical and/or behavioral characteristics to identify/verify the subject of interest. There are so many biometric systems that are based on physical and/or behavioral properties such as the face, iris, speech, keystroke, palmprint, retina, etc. Among these, the palmprint-based biometric system that has been investigated for over 15 years has demonstrated its applicability as a successful biometric modality. It shows a unique feature that can be obtained using texture features which are present due to the presence of palm creases, wrinkles, and ridges. Furthermore, the palmprints can be captured using low-cost sensors with a very low-resolution imaging. In this paper we propose a novel scheme for palmprint recognition using a shape and Texture-based feature (like Average gray level, Average contrast, Measure of smoothness Measure of uniformity, Entropy, Static Moment & Centroid) analysis obtained from Statistical Image Features. The palmprint image is characterized by a rich set of features including principal lines, ridges, and wrinkles. Thus, the use of an appropriate texture descriptor scheme is expected to capture this information accurately.

Published by: Shrish Dwivedi, Krishnakant NayakResearch Area: Electronics And Communication Engineering

Organisation: Bansal Institute of Science and Technology, Kokta, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Image processing, Biometric, Texture, Recognition, Palmprint, Fingerprint, Authentication, Collectability, Extraction

Research Paper

130. Sugarcane bagasse ash waste used as a binding material in construction

Nowadays, environmental pollution indicates major concern for society. Therefore most of the researchers over the world today are concentrating on the ways of utilizing agricultural waste. This waste utilization would not only be economical but also results in pollution control. Beyond the economic and environmental aspects, one cannot fail to see the technical advantages that come from the incorporation of mineral additives to cement. Various researches indicate benefits of rheology, on the mechanical properties and on the durability achieved by the employment of mineral additives in mortar and concrete. The product bagasse ash waste from an in-line sugar industry and bagasse biomass fuel in electric generation industry. When the residue from sugarcane after extracting sugar is burnt under controlled conditions, it gives ash which mainly contains amorphous silica and aluminum ion. This amorphous silica has pozzolanic properties. A few studies have been carried out on the ashes obtained directly from the industry to study their suitability as binders, partially replacing cement. Hence it is possible to use Sugarcane Bagasse Ash as cement replacing to improve quality and minimize the cost of construction. So, this new cement can be used to produce concrete and products that save costs while they ensure a cleaner environment. This paper presents an overview of the Sugarcane Bagasse Ash (SBA) is a by-product of sugar factories obtained after burning sugarcane as well as the results of the laboratory research & SBA as a replacement for cement in Lightweight Concrete. The implementation of this type of material in urban and interurban areas is not only eco-friendly but also a great savage for society.

Published by: Kotresh K. M., Ermias KetemaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Wolaita Sodo University, EthiopiaKeywords: SBA, Sugarcane Ash, Pozzolanic material, Cementatious material

Review Paper

131. Overview of recent research and development to make E2O as advance system of mobility

After the e2o electric car, Mahindra has launched e2o plus in a year. The all new Mahindra e2o in a rare car that have highly advanced technologies and goodness which keep you and your planet in mind there are so many causes to call it smart generation they are:- Zero emission, easy charging, Smartphone connectivity, Remote Diagnostics, Direct Drive transmission, Regenerative breaking, Revive, Small turning radius, Highly advanced and internationally designed lithium-ion battery hiss assist feature and its beats all transport system in running cast. This paper will make an overview of recent research and development to make e2o as future advanced of mobility

Published by: Ravi Ranjan, Pramod Chaudhary, Himanshu Raj, Jaiprakash Pingua, Pratap Ranjan, Dixit SutharResearch Area: Udaipur

Organisation: Aravali Institute of Technical Studies, Udaipur, RajasthanKeywords: EVs, e2o plus, Auto Breaking system, Alcohol Detector

Research Paper

132. A survey on anti-phishing browser plug-ins

Phishing is an internet fraud that aims to steal sensitive information like usernames, passwords, and credit card numbers. Though phishing may be a straightforward social engineering attack, it’s proved to be amazingly effective. Hence, the amount of phishing scams is continuing to grow, and also the prices of the ensuing damages is increasing. Researchers moreover because the IT trade has known the imperative want for anti-phishing solutions and recently, a number of solutions to mitigate phishing attacks are proposed. many of those approaches square measure browser plugins. In 2005, we tend to enforce a Firefox anti-phishing browser plug-in referred to as AntiPhish. when cathartic AntiPhish, we determined to port it to the Microsoft web adventurer (IE) browser. Supporting i.e. was vital as a result of a majority of web users area unit accessing the net with this browser. Our initial expectation at the start of the project was that porting a browser plug-in that’s written for Firefox to i.e. couldn’t be too difficult; in spite of everything, browser plug-ins area unit conceptually similar. However, creating an associate degree-phishing browser plug-in for the i.e. tested to be much more difficult than expected. during this paper, we report on our expertise in implementing anti-phishing (i.e., security) browser plug-ins and summarize 5 lessons we tend to learn from our endeavor.

Published by: Satish Kumar RayResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: Phishing, Security, Browser helper objects, .NET, Internet explorer, Firefox

Research Paper

133. An efficient biometric fusion using iris and fingerprint in digital image processing

The Biometric systems are the skill for legalization or arrangement of various individuals using person’s physical and behavioral personalities. Though these schemes are more sheltered compared to the conservative processes like key authentications, password, they also experience many limitations like noise in the data, intra-class difference and spoof occurrences. One of the explanations to these glitches is to deal multi-biometric schemes also in these type of systems various foundations of biometric data are used. This paper deals with the fusion approach using extraction of feature vector for biometric traits of human in terms of iris and fingerprints and the performance is evaluated in terms of high recognition rates. The proposed system shows the robustness in the recognitions of the unique individuals using their iris and fingerprints fusion process.

Published by: Sarbjit Kaur, Harjinder KaurResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Swami Sarvanand Group of Institutes, Dina Nagar, PunjabKeywords: Multimodal systems, Biometric fusion, Fusion levels, Iris and Fingerprints, Biometric traits

Research Paper

134. A survey on cyber security and privacy concerns in smart grids

A smart grid could be a promising power delivery infrastructure integrated with communication and knowledge technologies. Its bi-directional communication and electricity flow enable each utility and customers to observe, predict, and manage energy usage. It additionally advances energy and environmental sustainability through the mixing of Brobdingnagian distributed energy resources. Deploying such an inexperienced electrical system has huge and extensive economic and social edges. still, increased interconnection and integration additionally introduce cyber vulnerabilities into the grid. Failure to handle these issues will hinder the modernization of the prevailing grid. In order to create a reliable sensible grid, a summary of relevant cybersecurity and privacy problems is given. supported current literature, many potential analysis fields are mentioned at the end of this paper.

Published by: Satish Kumar RayResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: Smart grid, Security, Privacy

Research Paper

135. Effect of uphill training on selected physical and physiological variables among long distance runners

The main purpose of this study is to find out the effect of uphill training on selected physical and physiological variables among long-distance runner. For the present study, the researcher takes the male long distance runners from Pudukkottai District taken as sources of data. Thirty male long distance runners, who had participated in intercollegiate tournaments, were preferred as an area under discussion for this study. The age of the subject matter was ranging from 18 years to 25 years. The criterion measures adopted for the study measuring the physical and physiological variables are given below. To measure the physical variables 600 m run for speed endurance, 12 minutes run and walk for cardiorespiratory endurance, pulse count for resting pulse rate and Harvard step test for vo₂ max the effect of uphill training on selected physical variables and physiological variables among long-distance runners the independent “t” test was used at 0.05 level of significance. Result: There was a significant difference in experimental groups in speed endurance, Cardiorespiratory endurance, resting pulse rate and vo₂ max.

Published by: R. Panneer Selvam, M. SundarResearch Area: Physical Education

Organisation: Alagappa University College of Physical Education, Karaikudi, TamilnaduKeywords: Uphill Training, Physical and physiological variable, Long-distance runners

Research Paper

136. A survey on security issues in online social networks

This paper surveys this state of security problems and offered defense mechanisms relating to well-liked on-line social networks. It covers a large variety of attacks and also the corresponding defense mechanisms if offered. The authors organize these attacks into four classes – privacy breaches, viral selling, network structural attacks, and malware attacks – and focus primarily on privacy considerations. they provide associate degree in-depth discussion of every category and analyze the connections among the various security problems involved.

Published by: Satish Kumar RayResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Government Engineering College, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: Online social networks, Privacy breaches, Network structural attacks

Research Paper

137. Speed control of bridgeless buck-boost converter-fed BLDC motor drive using PI controller and neuro-fuzzy controller

The devices that are typically utilized in industrial, commercial and residential applications got to undergo rectification for their correct functioning and operation. The AC supply is always vulnerable to the nonlinear loads like the inductive loads, which includes the induction and PMBLDC motors. In order to maintain a pure sinusoidal voltage at the AC source side, the Power factor Correction circuits at the source side are unavoidable. An approach of speed control of the BLDC motor by controlling the dc link voltage of the voltage source inverter (VSI) is used with a single voltage sensor. A bridgeless configuration of Buck-Boost converter is proposed that offers the elimination of the diode bridge rectifier, hence reducing the conduction losses which are related to it. This reduces the switching losses in VSI due to a low-frequency operation of VSI for electronic commutation of BLDC motor. The performance of the proposed drive is evaluated for a wide range of speed control with improved power quality at AC mains. The purpose of this paper is to control the speed of a brushless dc motor by using a PI controller and Neuro-fuzzy controller and is carried out using MATLAB/ Simulink tools and the results are validated.

Published by: Shruthi R., Nalina Kumari A.Research Area: Electrical

Organisation: The Oxford College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Bridgeless (BL) buck-boost converter, Brushless Direct Current (BLDC) motor, Power Factor Corrected (PFC), Voltage Source Inverter (VSI)

Review Paper

138. Economical and efficient big data sharing with cloud

Big data such as social media contents, an archive of high definition videos gathered via ubiquitous information-sensing devices and scientific data could be acquired and stored within an organization’s external cloud(s) and distribution retrieved by staffs or customers via cloud services offered by the organization. The growth of cloud computing, big data, and analytics compels businesses to turn into big data-as-a-service solutions in order to overcome common challenges, such as data storage or processing power. This paper presents new and comparative performance behaviors of i-Cloud and three well-known approaches by emulating a hybrid cloud as a testing environment.

Published by: Ankur SinghResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Big data, Cloud, Storage

Review Paper

139. Smart agriculture: IoT based precise and productive farming approach

Internet of Things (IoT) is a new technology that gained great attention from researchers since it becomes an important technology that promises a smart human being life. It allows human to communicate between objects, machines and every thing. IoT represents a system which consists of things in the real world and sensors attached to combined these things, connected to the Internet either wired or wireless network structure. The main aim of this study is to provide a literature focus on the researchers working with IoT in an agricultural field.

Published by: Arunlal K. S., Rajkiran S. N.Research Area: Electronics And Communication

Organisation: Cherupuzha Infrastructures and Developers Private Limited, Kannur KeralaKeywords: Cyber-physical systems, Evapotranspiration, FarmBeats, FMIS, Precision agriculture, Wireless Sensors Network

Research Paper

140. A Novel research on how to measure and optimize the security of Social Network Security (SNS) to achieve the goal of building a trustworthy, efficient, and secure SNS ecosystem

Web-based social networking security is the way toward investigating dynamic web-based life information so as to ensure against security and business dangers. Each industry faces a remarkable arrangement of dangers on social, huge numbers of which have placed associations in the press or at the focal point of discussion. In this investigation, we present the different parts of social, arrange and physical security related with the utilization of informal organizations, by presenting the systems behind each and outlining important security studies and occasions identified with every theme. It has been for some time comprehended that the far-reaching utilization of person to person communication destinations can furnish aggressors with new and crushing assault vectors. In this investigation we endeavor to jump further into every method of security danger, and also affirm the security chance related to every theme by giving true budgetary/social outcomes. We perceive that while associations and people may have authentic business/individual uses for informal organizations, we prescribe explicit moves be made to support more grounded client mindfulness, more secure programming plans and also better hierarchical responsibility. Interpersonal organizations are extremely prevalent in this day and age. A huge number of individuals utilize different types of interpersonal organizations as they enable people to interface with loved ones, and offer private data. Be that as it may, issues identified with keeping up the protection and security of a client’s data can happen, particularly when the client’s transferred substance is sight and sound, for example, photographs, recordings, and sounds.

Published by: MadhumitaResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, HaryanaKeywords: Social network service, Security and privacy, Multimedia data, Security threats, Social media

Research Paper

141. Ambidextrous performance among children of different ages

The purpose of this study was to find out ambidextrous performance among children of different ages. The names of children studying 5th standard, 6th standard, 7th standard, and 8th standard were collected from Koviloor Andavar Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Koviloor, Karaikudi, Tamilnadu. Considering the limited number of children it was decided to select seven boys and eight girls from each standard. This study consisted of sixty children comprised of 28 boys and 32 girls. Their age was between 11 to 14 years. Jumping, throwing and hopping is the natural activities of children. They are considered as fundamental motor activity. Among children, the inherent talent and potential can be identified by testing the fundamental motor ability. The standard athletic events involve jumping, throwing and hopping. Assessing the ambidextrous performance would be useful to the physical educationist and coaches to identify the talent. In this respect based on the relevant literature reviewed and in accordance with views of professional experts in Physical Education, the following ambidextrous performance variables were selected for this study there are jumping, throwing and hopping. The factorial design is presented for a notational system. It is a form of the three-factor experiment consisted of gender, different age groups and ambidextrous performance with a repeated measure on the last factor of jumping, throwing and hopping with right and leg are analyzed by 2 x 4 x 2 factorial ANOVA.

Published by: K. R. Vimala Devi, Dr. G. RavindranResearch Area: Physical Education

Organisation: Koviloor Andavar College of Physical Education, Karaikudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ambidextrous, Jumping, Throwing, Hopping and 2x4x2 factorial ANOVA

Research Paper

142. An experiment on strength and capillary water absorption of concrete made with brick fine aggregate and silica fume

Sustainable resources management and development have been at the forefront of an important issue concerning the construction industry for the past several years. Specifically, the use of sustainable building materials and reuse waste materials is gaining importance and becoming commonplace in many areas. In the present study the hardened properties like compressive strength, split tensile strength, and also durability properties like porosity, and CSAT test was carried out on bricks fine aggregate concrete. The percentage of bricks fine aggregate that partially and fully replaced by fine aggregates by weights were 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%. Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary Concrete and bricks fine aggregate Concrete with different percentages of bricks fine aggregate (BFA). It is observed from the experimental results and its analysis, that the compressive strength of concrete, splitting tensile strength of concrete increases with the addition of low Percentage of bricks fine aggregate. The results show that the optimum replacement of recycled bricks fine aggregate with fine aggregates was 20%. Up to 20% replacement, it is possible to gain the same strength as conventional concrete. Beyond 20% replacement the strength results following a decreasing trend. Moreover, capillary suction absorption increasing with increase in replacement of BFA. It was also found that the bricks fine aggregate concrete perform well up 20% replacement of BFA with fine aggregate. It was clear that firstly porosity increasing in 7 and 14 days after decreasing with a long period and minimum porosity obtained with mix 80+20A+10%SF.

Published by: Pooja Piplewar, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Bricks fine aggregate, Silica fume admixture, Workability, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Durability

Research Paper

143. A comparative study of adjustment level and achievement level of students studying in the government residential schools

The main aim of the present study was to study and compare the certain areas of adjustment and academic achievement of senior secondary school students. The present study was conducted on random samples of 100 (50 male And 50 Female Students) of senior secondary school students studying in class 11th and 12th in Navodaya Vidyalayas situated in district Dehradun of Uttarakhand. Bell’s Adjustment Inventory for adolescent students (adapted by R. K. Ojha) was administered for data collection and Average marks (CGPA) of class 10th annual result declared by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) was considered as academic achievement tool to analyze the data. ‘T’ test was used and results revealed that male adolescent differs significantly on an overall adjustment including health, social and emotional adjustment as compared to female adolescent. A significant difference has also existed between male and female adolescent in academic achievement. Students were average in terms of their level of adjustment. However, inverse but significant relationships between academic achievement and adjustment were found for both the groups of students.

Published by: Bhuwan Chandra KuniyalResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Rajeev Gandhi Navodaya Vidyalaya, Nanoorkheda, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Psychological adjustment, Academic achievement

Research Paper

144. Effectiveness of micro finance in sustainable rural development- A study in Wardha district

The effectiveness of microfinance is important for reducing the poverty index of the country. Today, we are facing a problem of unemployment along with the increase in population. Migration happens from rural to urban for the search of employment. Around 60 to 75 million households in India live below the poverty line. There are various financial institutes along with the help of a financial corporation, cooperative sector, cooperative bank, NGOs, commercial and nationalizes bank is supporting credit service. Micro finance improves the financial need of rural Indian people. Microfinance helps to implement the development policies of the government with the help of state government, NGOs, NABARD and many other institutes. Micro finance improving the awareness about the saving pattern and accountability with the help of formation of Self Help Group (SHG).

Published by: Priyanka A. Dongre, Hitesh Dongardeo, Dr. Ajay PetheResearch Area: Commerce And Managment

Organisation: Karmaveer Dadasaheb Kannamwar Engineering College, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Microfinance, SHG, Sustainable rural development

Research Paper

145. Impact of effective advertisements in consumer buying decisions

Advertising is a type of correspondence planned to persuade a group of people to buy or make some move upon items, data or administrations and so forth. The buying procedure is a choice-making process under hazard. This paper examines the connection between enthusiastic reaction with attitudinal and mental part of shopper purchasing choices. The fundamental target of this exploration is to survey the impact of publicizing through attitudinal purchasing choices of the customer (male and female) and break down the impact of Advertising among male and female.

Published by: P. Rathna, Dr. A. Ravi KumarResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Advertising, Consumer performance, Consumer buying decisions

Research Paper

146. A study of factors influencing energy conservation

The vitality protection execution of individuals is a critical issue given the developing worldwide worry about the natural issue. The present investigation is a piece of a bigger intercession venture went for changing the vitality use execution of individuals living in various countries including, India. Starter exercises of the undertaking began in mid-1997. The administration and organization of the task augment over a period of 8 years. The examination finds the degree of vitality spared by these provincial family units when mindfulness, accessibility and preparing about the advances are available, and in this way looks at the effect of attitudinal factors and logical factors on the vitality sparing activities of individuals. This paper returns to the speculations of execution change with regards to vitality sparing activities and examines whether Attitude, execution, Context hypothesis can be utilized to foresee ecologically huge human execution. Discoveries uncovered that conventional propensities and convictions affected disposition arrangement in provincial family units and subsequently ought to be treated as an essential thought in changing vitality preservation activities later on.

Published by: P. Rathna, Dr. A. Ravi KumarResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Power, Human activities, Energy efficiency, Attitude, India

Research Paper

147. GMAW process parameter Taguchi based optimization of aluminium alloy

Welding is the manufacturing method, which is carried out by joining two similar and dissimilar metals. GMAW welding is one of the most widely used processes in industry. The GMAW welding parameters are the most important factors affecting the quality, productivity and cost of welding. We studied input parameters of welding such as welding current, arc voltage, welding speed, root gap, and output parameter are hardness and tensile strength. This review is based on optimization techniques and analysis tools used by researchers to optimize the parameters. In this research paper, a review has been presented on GMAW welding. The previous literature has been discussed along with the future aspects included in the field of GMAW welding.

Published by: Vikash Kumar, Amit SinghResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: NRI Institute of Information Science and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: GMAW, Strength, Mechanical properties, Review

Research Paper

148. A robust learning approach for lung cancer detections in medical applications

Lung cancer deals with the disease categorized by uncontrolled development of cell in lung tissues. If left unprocessed, this development can spread outside the lungs, straight, into other shares of the human body. Operation, radiation treatment, and scanning are used in the treatment of lung cancer.This paper deals with the efficient approach to detect automatic lung cancer at early or advance stages to notice the malignant nodes at earliest as healthy as suggest developments so the doctors can be able to take corrective accomplishment to guard the patients after cancer at maximum initial stages.

Published by: Preeti Bala, Astha MahajanResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Swami Sarvanand Group of Institutes, Dina Nagar, PunjabKeywords: Support Vector Machines, Feature extraction, Principle Component Analysis

Research Paper

149. An efficient bit error rate reduction using pulse shaping in Li-Fi technology

One of the noticeable non-linear properties in Li-Fi technology is the four-wave mixing occurrence. Mixing consequence is booming when the segment matching disorder is fulfilled. It only happens for particular groupings of fiber diffusion and signal occurrences. It is a very disagreeable transmission phenomenon happening in a translucent optical network based on Li-Fi, but it can be recycled favorably for implementing optical strategies such as wavelength converters, parametric amps, optical multiplexers or de-multiplexers, chromatic scattering compensators, as well as a gesture to noise regenerators. This paper discusses the consequence of channel spacing, dispersion, optical fiber length and the dissimilarity of input power in the Li-Fi technology to reimburse the consequence of mixing of frequencies when realized in a short haul situation. The approach used is match filtering with pulse shaping to increase the quality factor with less bit error rates and the whole simulation is taken place in MATLAB.

Published by: Kanchan Kumari, Astha MahajanResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Swami Sarvanand Group of Institutes, Dina Nagar, PunjabKeywords: Li-Fi, Optical communication, Four wave mixing, Pulse shaping, Match filtering

Research Paper

150. A novel approach to mitigate the MANET threats using hybrid optimizations

A MANET is a self-organizing network in which all the sensor nodes of the system are self-governing without any central system to achieve routing. Nodes energetically establish paths to one more to communicate among the nodes, trusting on the neighbor nodes to keep system connected. In this paper, the attention is on security matters associated with ad-hoc systems which are mainly required to deliver secure broadcastings and possible security measures to avoid the attacks. Based on the environment of attack, the bouts are categorized into active and passive bouts. So in this paper, the important measure is taken using swarm intelligence approach which will increase the lifetime of the network and decreases the effect of attack in the networks.

Published by: Shabiha Kumari, Harjinder KaurResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Swami Sarvanand Group of Institutes, Dina Nagar, PunjabKeywords: Ad-Hoc networks, Security threats, Network lifetime

Research Paper

151. Prevalence of hypertension at selected area

Majority of the participants belongs to the age group 20-40 years (60%), gender male (56%), have height in the range 161-171cm (35%), weight 51-60 Kg (30%), BMI as normal (44.25%), BP as normal (89.8%), RBS as normal (84.1%). 2. There is a significant association between all the demographic variables and all the clinical variables.

Published by: V. Senbahavalli, Dr. ChidambaranathanResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Prevalence, Hypertension


152. Risk factors of hypertension

There is a high association between the demographic variables and risk factors. As a measure to find out the risk factors for hypertension this study was done among the people living in and around Ayanambakam.

Published by: V. Senbahavalli, Dr. ChidambaranathanResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Risk factors, Hypertension

Research Paper

153. ATM security using fingerprint and GSM module

A wide variety of system needs reliable personal recognition system to either authorize or determine the identity of an individual demanding their services. The goal of such systems is to warrant that the rendered services are accessed only by a genuine user and no one else. In this paper, we proposed a multifactor (OTP and fingerprint) based authentication security arrangements and to enhance the security and safety of ATM and its users. Automated Teller Machine (ATM)’s nowadays are extensively used all over the world for the withdrawal of cash. But there is a number of disadvantages to these machines. Frauds attacking the automated teller machine has increased over the decade which has motivated us to use the biometrics for personal identification to procure high level of security and accuracy. This project describes a system that replaces the ATM cards and PINs by the physiological biometric fingerprint scanner. Moreover, the feature of One Time Password (OTP) imparts privacy to the users and emancipates him/her from recalling PINs.

Published by: Janhavi Rane, Hiten Mandaliya, Kruti Harkhani, Pooja ParmarResearch Area: Electronics And Telecommunication Engineering

Organisation: Watumull Institute of Electronics Engineering and Computer Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Fingerprint scanner, GSM module, OTP

Research Paper

154. The effect of organic mulch and sewage mulch on the moisture content, growth and yield of spinach

An experiment was conducted in the field (practical crop production) at SGRR (P.G) COLLEGE to determine the effect of organic Mulch on the growth and yield of spinach. The experiment was conducted between the months of October and November, 2018. The experiment was a completely line sowing pattern (cropping pattern) with treated sewage mulch (TSM) and organic compost mulch (OCM) as treatments. The no mulch (NM L) was used as a control. Spinach seedlings were planted at a spacing of 15 cm within rows and 30 cm between rows. Weeding and pest control measures were done uniformly across the treatments, when and as required. The data collected included the percentage moisture retained by the different treatments on the soil, growth parameter’s (leaf width, leaf length, leaf number, leaf area, and plant height) and yield at harvest. The results displayed a significant difference (P<0.05) between the treatments in terms of\’ the moisture retention. properties. Organic compost mulch recorded the highest mean percentage moisture retention (22.9%), followed by treated sewage mulch (20.9%) and no mulch recorded the lowest percentage moisture retention in the soil (14.4%). All the growth parameters were higher or spinach growth under TSM, followed by that grown under OCM. They were lowest under spinach grown under no mulch. The showed that mulching improved the performance of the spinach plants in terms of plant growth, moisture retention and yield.

Published by: Devashish Singh RawatResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Shri Guru Ram Rai (P.G.) College, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Compost, Mulch, Organic, Sewage, Spinach

Research Paper

155. Correlation of attitude of beneficiaries towards Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

Mahatma Gandhi’s statement holds even today as around 60 percent of the country’s populations are still living in rural areas. Gandhiji laid strong emphasis on a self-sufficient village, decentralization of economic and political powers and development of cottage industries in villages. He believed in the human capital model of development which shifts the emphasis from physical capital formation to human capital formation and from industrial development to rural development, as a basis for overall development. But a major problem of the Indian development process is its inability to generate adequate employment opportunities for the growing rural labor forces. To overcome the problems of unemployment and poverty, the wage employment schemes have been important elements and necessary in public policy of the nation’s development. They provide income transfers to poor households during periods when they suffer on account of the absence of opportunities for employment. Though in India presently prevailing poverty alleviation schemes both self and wage employment have been given considerable relief to poor families. But, most of these families even today remain vulnerable. Sustained poverty reduction in India continues to be a major target. Thus, in order to check the above-mentioned problems and with a view to improve employed days, overall economic and social life of the poorest of the poor living in rural areas, a new development strategy was enacted by the Government of India which is known as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. It was renamed as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on 2nd Oct 2009. it is observed that out of twelve independent variables, ten variables viz, Education, Caste, Land Holding, Social Participation, Annual Income, Occupation, Source of Information were positively and significantly correlated with attitude towards MGNREGA at 0.05 percent level of probability, other variables like Family Size, extension contact, and Economic Motivation were positively and significantly correlated with attitude towards MGNREGA at 0.01 percent level of probability. caste, social participation, land holding, annual income, occupation, and economic motivation were significantly related with an attitude of beneficiaries towards MGNREGA.

Published by: Raut Mangesh Arunrao, Chinchmalatpure U. R., Thote VitthalResearch Area: Wardha

Organisation: Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, MaharashtraKeywords: Rural development, Correlation, Significant, Non-significant, Poverty

Research Paper

156. Constraints facing the beneficiaries in participating Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

Twelve years since its inception, this law has shown extraordinary promise. It has brought the right to work to the front stage of the discussion on social protection. MGNREGA represents, a significant innovation in relation to the short-term and emergency based public work tradition. Among its innovation key ones include {a} self-targeting- this means that the programme does not target people living below the poverty line. It is the nature of the work provided manual and unskilled – that determine the demand for work. {b} any household can demand up to 100 days of work that should be provided within 15 days under the penalty of the state having to pay unemployment benefits. {c} the inclusion of social audits and social accountability mechanism to increase accountability and enhance social participation. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) – offering up to 100 days work each year to rural Indians – is the largest social protection programme in the world, in terms of the number of households covered. There is a lively debate around whether MGNREGA provides a vital social safety net for the poor or merely burdens the economy. Since 2006, it has expanded to cover all districts in India, providing work to 50 million rural households in 2012/13 at a cost of US$8.9 billion. But no one has satisfactorily explained why, despite similar implementation mechanisms, there is such unevenness in outcomes. Major constraints faced by beneficiaries in MGNREGA were: employment of hundred days (per household per year) is too less in the present situation. The major suggestion was given by beneficiaries that temporary suspension of MGNREGA works during peak Agricultural season (93.33%).

Published by: Raut Mangesh Arunrao, Chinchmalatpure U. R., Thote VitthalResearch Area: Wardha

Organisation: Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, MaharashtraKeywords: Rural development, Constraints, Poverty, Suggestion


157. Impact of financial assistance provided to small scale industries by IDBI and TIIC

The Government and the financial institutions are very keen on the promotion and development of small-scale industries which is capital sparing and labor-intensive sector. The shortage of finance affects the ability of the small units severely. Every kind of problem, whether it may be raw material, power, transport or marketing faced by an entrepreneur in its ultimate analysis turns out to be a problem of finance. The small industry gets elbowed out by the large and medium scale industries in the procurement of bank finance and institutional credit. A serious problem which is hampering small-scale sector is its sickness. Many small units have fallen sick due to one problem or the other. Some aggregate economic behaviors of the country such as growth in Gross National Product, availability of credit, the volume of the money supply, capital market activity or level of investment and price level fluctuations, may have an important bearing on industrial sickness in the country. The crux of the problem is very often that of finance. Small Scale Industries are very poor and have little to offer as security for raising finance. In this background, the need for financial assistance to Small Scale Industry has become desirable. Government and financial institutions are providing various opportunities and various financial assistance to small-scale industries right from their inception for their growth and development but do this assistance have a real impact on the growth and development of small-scale industries is the real aspect which needs to be analyzed. Accordingly, the study is an attempt to investigate the impact of financial assistance provided to small-scale Industries in Chennai city

Published by: F. Reena, Dr. T. JosephResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: Loyola College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: SSI, Financial assistance, IDBI, TIIC, Working capital

Research Paper

158. A machine vision based approach to Cashew Kernel grading for efficient industry grade application

An algorithm for automated, image-based segregation of cashew kernels into different categories is the need of the hour to drive up the productivity of the Indian cashew industry. The aim of this study is to find a supervised learning model that will accurately recognize and classify the cashew kernel into different grades. Various image processing techniques are used to preprocess the cashew image dataset. K-means clustering is used to perform color image segmentation. Feature selection is performed first using neighborhood component analysis, followed by stepwise regression. Two multi-class classification methods are implemented. Support Vector Machines (SVM) with ‘one-vs-one’ classification and Adaptive Directed Acyclic Graph (ADAG) learning model showed satisfactory results. However, even higher accuracy is obtained by using the Random Forest classification model. Random Forests are easy to train, which makes them good for high dimensional data, with a large number of training examples. The main contribution of this work is developing a robust and efficient computer vision system that can grade cashew kernels on the industrial scale with high accuracy and without compromising much on the speed of computation.

Published by: Mehak Arora, Dr. Veena DeviResearch Area: Machine Vision

Organisation: National Institute of Technology, Mangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Computer vision, Machine learning, Random forest, SVM, Automation, Image Processing