Volume-5, Issue-4

Volume-5, Issue-4

July-August, 2019

Research Paper

1. Identifying the contradictions between teaching and learning processes with output standard requirements on some universities in Vietnam on the current

Regulations on output standards for graduates of majors and specialized regular full-time university-level training at universities is the system of criteria and regulations for students (both qualitative and quantitative) which universities construction, aiming to train human resources with university degrees in each industry, specialized to meet social needs. In order to meet these requirements, many universities are now actively innovating methods, applying various forms of teaching and learning to equip students with the knowledge and necessary skills, immediately meet the requirements of the job after graduation. However, reality, it is not always and were between the teaching and learning process with the expectation of the school achieving compatibility, meeting the announced output standards. On the basis of surveying the teaching and learning process at some universities in Vietnam, get feedback with employers, compare with the standard output requirements that universities have publicly announced on the mass media, the authors point out the fundamental contradictions, thereby proposing solutions to help the teaching and learning process comes in more substantially, meet the output standards announced by universities, more important is to meet the increasingly demanding requirements of the labor market.

Published by: Vu Hong Van, Than Van QuanResearch Area: Education

Organisation: University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, VietnamKeywords: Contradiction, Standard of output, Process, Teaching and learning, Vietnam

Research Paper

2. Adjustable distance control for automobiles

There has been a considerable growth in almost all the areas, whether it be the human population or the industries. With its compliance, there also has been a large increase in the number of vehicles on the roads. This leads the new technological involvement in this area. The automobile industry today is one of the world’s largest coordinated production system. All over the world, every car making company insist to have an Advanced Driver Assistance System. Cruise control in vehicles is becoming more and more a standard accessory in modern cars and it is an important part or feature of Advanced Driving Assistance Systems. In this paper, we proposed a distance control feature for a vehicle in which the user can set the distance between the two vehicles which are host vehicle and the lead vehicle. To improve the safety of the vehicle in traffic or non-traffic area, we alert the driver by giving him or her a warning before the collision which leads to help the driver to maintain distance between two objects. If in case the driver has kept this system on active in rainy weather to prevent collision the system will alert the driver and will maintain safe distances.

Published by: Mrunmayee KitukaleResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Government College of Engineering, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: ADAS, Adaptive cruise control, Vehicular technology

Research Paper

3. Implementation of mutable distance feature in vehicle

As the advancement of vehicular technology improves, so does the need for providing safer and more efficient vehicles for transportation. With a large increase in the number of vehicles on the roads, new technological involvement like Advanced Driver Assistance System is becoming a necessary part of every automobile. Basically, ADAS works for comfort in driving and active safety. In this paper, we discussed the implementation of a system with distance control feature for the vehicle. To improve the safety of the vehicle, we have developed a system where user can set maximum and the minimum distance between the vehicles. The warning is given to the driver before the collision which leads to help the driver to maintain distance between two objects. If in case the driver has kept this system on active in rainy weather to prevent collision the system will alert and will maintain a safe distance.

Published by: Mrunmayee Kitukale, P. P. ShelkeResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Government College of Engineering, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Warning system, Adaptive cruise control, Advance driver assistance system, Decision algorithm, Vehicular technology

Research Paper

4. Fuzzy logic system for fruit quality detection

Nowadays,abroad trade has swollen absolutely in varied nations. plenty fruit product ar foreign from alternate countries, as associate example, oranges, apples thus forth. Manual distinctive proof of infected fruit is awfully tedious. the employment of image method procedures is of outstanding implication for the analysis of agro based applications. In any case, detection of infections among the fruit product utilizing photos continues to be risky as a results of the regular changes of colouring in distinctive types of fruit product. throughout this paper three ancient infections of apple fruit ar thought of i.e. Apple scab, apple rot and apple blotch. The image method based planned methodology is created out of the attendant some state of the art color and texture choices ar extracted from the check image, then color and texture choices ar consolidated on and random forest classifier is used for sicknesss classification and if the fruit is infected by any of the one unwellness then the infected 0.5 is split pattern k-means agglomeration technique. The accuracy of the diseases classification will improve by feature level fusion.

Published by: J. Mohith KumarResearch Area: Wireless Communication

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: WSN, Fruit, IoT, Sensor

Research Paper

5. Methodology of a large Maternal and Child Health Demographic Surveillance System (MCHDSS) in marginalized communities

In countries where Civil Registration and Vital Statistics systems (CRVS) are not fully established and developed, Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) play a significant role in capturing the health status of a population. This paper describes primary findings and explores the process involved in establishing the largest Maternal and Child Health Demographic Surveillance system (MCHDSS) in India. The present MCHDSS is established in Urban, Rural and Tribal settings in the State of Gujarat in 2019 by Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar. It covers 2 districts, 3 sub-districts/blocks, 132 villages, translated into 2,31,336 individuals. The population being surveyed and monitored largely belongs to marginalized and poor communities. MCHDSS employs a prospective longitudinal survey designed to study 1) Socio-economic situations, basic household level facilities (water, sanitation, etc.) and health, 2) Current situation and longitudinal changes in the Maternal and Child health and 3) provide a platform for testing innovations and interventions for improvement in maternal and child health indicators. Large MCHDSS such as this, will not only yield conventional health and demographic dataset, it will also provide a huge platform for the innovators to field test and proof their innovations in real-life situations. Apart from ensuring data quality, setting up of future HDSS should consider other identified challenges such as retention of human resources, technical difficulties that revolve around the mode of the digital survey and maintaining relations with stakeholders.

Published by: Dr. Kranti Vora, Parth A. Tailor, Susanna Abraham Cottagiri, Shahin SaiyedResearch Area: Maternal and Child Health

Organisation: Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: Health and Demographic Surveillance System, HDSS, Maternal and Child Health Demographic Surveillance System, Maternal and Child Health

Survey Report

6. A survey on successors of LEACH protocol and base station mobility pattern on WSN lifespan

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a network consisting of a large number of low energy sensor nodes. The main objective in WSN is the maximization of network lifespan through efficient utilization of energy. Low Energy Clustering Hierarchy Protocol (LEACH) is a protocol which balances the energy consumption all the sensor nodes in a sensor network. Recent variants of LEACH are Fixed LEACH and N-LEACH clustering routing protocol. Static Base station balances energy consumed in data relaying to extend the network lifespan. Base station (BS) mobility increase the sensor lifespan even further in certain network configurations. Furthermore, utilization of multiple mobile BSs extends WSN lifespan still further as compared to single BS case. It has been observed by researchers that optimal mobility patterns of multiple mobile BSs can be employed for achieving the maximum lifespan in WSNs. In recent literature, four representative patterns Grid, Random, Spiral, and Gaussian). It has been developing a novel mixed integer programming (MIP) framework to characterize network lifespan under different mobility patterns for multiple mobile B.S.

Published by: Shivani Gupta, Ashutosh SinghResearch Area: Wireless Sensor Network

Organisation: Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: WSN, Sensor nodes, LEACH protocol, Cluster head selection, Lifespan, Mobile Base Station, Multiple Base Station, Sink mobility, Mixed Integer Programming (MIP), Energy efficiency

Research Paper

7. Fuzzy logic system for human activity recognition

Fall detection for elderly and patient is a very important service that has the potential of increasing autonomy of elders while minimizing the risks of living alone. It has been an active research topic due to the fact that the health care industry has a big demand for products and technology of fall detection systems. Owing to the recent rapid advancement in sensing and wireless communication technologies, fall detection systems have become possible. They allow detecting fall events for the elderly, monitoring them, and consequently providing necessary help whenever needed. This paper describes the ongoing work of detecting falls in independent living senior apartments using force sensors and 3-axis accelerometers concealed under intelligent tiles. The force sensors permit detecting elders' falls, locating, tracking and recognizing human activities (walking, standing, sitting, lying down, falling, and the transitions between them). However, the detection accuracy of real data contains false alarms coming from falling and lying postures. To solve this issue, we propose the fusion between the force sensor measurements and the accelerometer sensor decisions. As a consequence, the system accuracy is satisfactory and the results show that the proposed methods are efficient, and they can be easily used in a real elder tracking and fall detection system. The Internet-of-Things (IoT) has taken the business spectrum, and its applications vary widely from agriculture and health care to transportation. A hospital atmosphere is terribly nerve-wracking, particularly for senior voters and youngsters. With the ever-increasing world population, the standard patient-doctor appointment has lost its effectiveness. Hence, good health care becomes vital. good health care is enforced the least bit levels, ranging from temperature observation for babies to pursuit very important signs within the senior. The complexness and value of implementation vary supported the specified preciseness of the individual devices, functionalities, and class of the appliance that they're used.

Published by: J. SusmithaResearch Area: Wireless Communication

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Elder, Tracking, Health

Research Paper

8. Language learning strategies employed by successful year 4 primary schools pupils in Shah Alam

Research on language learning strategies has been conducted in Malaysia as well. However, these studies did not include the language learning strategies employed by the successful primary school pupils in Shah Alam. The aim of the study is to identify language learning strategies employed by successful Year 4 primary school pupils in Shah Alam. A total of 30 Year 4 pupils who are 10 years old were chosen from a primary school located in the industrial area in Shah Alam, Selangor by using the purposive sampling method. Data was collected using a quantitative method approach. The instrument used in this study is a questionnaire with 35 items which is adapted from the Language Strategy Use Survey by Oxford and Chi, 2004 and also Gursoy, 2003. Collected data were analyzed using the descriptive approach. The findings portrayed that vocabulary enhancement strategy is employed mostly by the pupils compared to other learning strategies. The implication of this study may benefit ESL teachers, learners, and other researchers to enhance the effectiveness of English language teaching.

Published by: Nurain Adila Abdul Samat, Harwati HashimResearch Area: Social Science (Education)

Organisation: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, MalaysiaKeywords: Language learning strategies, Primary school, Successful, Industrial area


9. Optimization of input factors of EDM using Taguchi ANOVA and genetic algorithm for machining of Aluminum 6061 Alloy

Abstract EDM is an electro-thermal method, where electrical energy is used to produce electrical spark & volume loss chiefly take place as a result of thermal energy of spark. Objective of current work is to investigate impact of input factors such as peak-current (IP), pulse-on-time(Ton) and pulse-off-time (Toff ) on die-sinking EDM responses such as material removal rate (MRR), tool wear rate (TWR) and surface roughness(Ra) on aluminum 6061 alloy hole drilling process with copper electrode and kerosene dielectric fluid. Selected orthogonal-array was L9 in three levels. The employed methodology was Taguchi-method, analysis-of-variance for single-objective optimization by Minitab software and genetic algorithm for multi-objective optimization using Mat-lab software with varies population size. Influence of peak-current was the most significant factor to MRR, TWR, and Ra of Aluminum 6061 machining. The optimum value for single-objective and multi-objective-optimization was selected.

Published by: Kedir Shikur, Bisma Mannan, Endale FikaduResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering Department Specialization Of Production And Industrial Engineering

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: EDM, Peak current, Pulse on time, Pulse off time, Material-removal-rate, Tool-wear-rate, Surface roughness, Minitab, Mat-lab, Taguchi, Analysis-of-variance, Genetic-algorithm, Single-objective-optimization, Multi-objective optimization, Optimum value

Review Paper

10. Role of management representatives in academic and administrative audit

The management which is primarily responsible for the proper governance and efficient leadership can ultimately bring quality enhancement in the field of Higher Education. Academic and Administrative Audit is one step further in this regard. Academic and Administrative Audit is not only going to make an internal and external assessment of the institution but also is bound to work over the weaknesses and limitations of the institution. The academic, administrative, curricular and extra-curricular activities carried out by the faculty need to be assessed by an internal committee as well as by the external academicians so as to provide valuable suggestions to boost the confidence of the faculty. The purpose of Academic and Administrative Audit is to evaluate the performance of the institutional departments, appreciate their achievements and give valuable suggestions for enhancing the quality of teaching, research, administration, extra-curricular activities, etc.

Published by: Vilas B. DhoneResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Academic audit, Administrative audit, Quality education, Management

Research Paper

11. Comparative study of multi-storey multi-span buildings by PEB and CSB concept

Pre Engineered Buildings (PEB) are steel structures which are prefabricated and build in a very short period of time.PEB has its origin in the 1960s, but these are widely in practice in almost all parts of the world during recent years. Construction of steel buildings and the steel industries are rapidly growing in India as well as other parts of the world. For the construction of the industrial shed, residential buildings and commercial complex, Conventional steel building concept are commonly in practice. PEB concept is also simple and can be easily adopted and used extensively for the construction of Industrial, Residential and Commercial Buildings. The adoptability of PEB in the place of CSB design concept resulted in many advantages, including light weight structures, economical and easier fabrication process. For the construction of CSB, hot rolled sections are used which have uniform cross-section throughout the length, whereas in the construction of PEB steel sections, which are tailored and profiled based on the required loading effects are used. The concept includes the technique of providing the best possible section according to the optimum requirement. Due to lack of awareness and confidence in the design and execution of PEB buildings, still, it is not the first choice of owner and designer in India. The present work involves the comparative study of PEB and CSB Concept for a multi-story building. This is achieved by analyzing and designing G+4, G+2 and G+1 commercial building with length 140m, width 40m, eave height 18m,12m, and 9m respectively R slope 1/10 using STADD PRO and IS 800-2007 Design code, by both concepts.

Published by: Md ShahidWasim Chaudhary, Dr. Nagesh Shelke, Vishwajeet KadlagResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Pre-engineered building, Conventional steel building, STAAD PRO, IS 800-2007

Research Paper

12. Face detection method using OpenCV

Currently, the OpenCV function library is being used and becoming more common and used in digital images Processing to solve some image processing problems which can improve image processing efficiency. it is a computer vision method that helps to find and visualize the faces in digital images view. This method is a special use in the case for object detection methods that process instances of semantic objects that detect certain classes (for example, people, buildings, or cars, etc.) in digital images and video. this technology plays an important role in Improve the recognition rate of face recognition systems in noise environment and curse Communicate with others. In this research paper, we discussed the use of face detection method in classrooms for attendance as well as for safety, security reasons and method of the detection faces which can adopt the relative positions of every specific face present in the classroom. The experiments show that this method can quickly and efficiently extract the face region, and improve the face segmentation precisely.

Published by: Shubham Singh, Rainy JainResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: OpenCV, Image processing, Haar feature-based cascade classifiers, Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Face detection


13. An investigation on anti-depressant activity of fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica in experimental animal models

Objective: To evaluate the anti-depressant effect of acute and chronic administration of fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica in experimental animal models. Methods: Anti-depressant activity of fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica was investigated in experimental animal models. Two doses 0.5ml and 1ml of FFJMD (oral route) was subjected for the evaluation as acute (1day) and chronic treatment (10days). Imipramine (10mg/kg oral) was used as standard in all the models of animals and parameters estimated includes estimation of biochemical parameter (mono amino oxidase). Results: Both the lower (0.5ml) and higher dose (1ml) of Malus domestica fresh fruit juice showed dose dependent significant decrease in depression. In acute and chronic forced swim test as well as acute tail suspension test, duration of immobility was significantly reduced in the FFJMD 1 ml and 0.5 ml treated group but the effectiveness was found more in FFJMD 1 ml. In hole board test there is increase in activity with FFJMD 0.5 ml and 1 ml treated groups and increase in biochemical parameter such as mono amino oxidase when compared with depressive control. The antidepressant activity of 1 ml was comparable to that of Imipramine 10 mg/kg. Conclusion:The present study suggests that fresh fruit juice of Malus domestica has antidepressant activity in both the doses but more beneficial effect was found in chronic administration at 1 ml. It would be advisable to encourage consumption of Malus domestica extract in patients with depression because of its nutritional and functional properties.

Published by: Avrin Romitha LoboResearch Area: Pharmacology

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Anti-depressant activity, Imipramine, Malus domestica

Survey Report

14. Early prediction of Alzheimer’s Disease based on neuroimaging and deep learning: Review

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is currently ranked as the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and recent estimates indicate that the disorder may rank third, just behind heart disease and cancer, as a cause of death for older people. Clearly, predicting this disease in the early stages and preventing it from progressing is of great importance. The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) requires a variety of medical tests, which leads to huge amounts of multivariate heterogeneous data. It can be difficult and exhausting to manually compare, visualize, and analyze this data due to the heterogeneous nature of medical tests; therefore, an efficient approach for accurate prediction of the condition of the brain using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) data. A targeted autoencoder network is built to distinguish normal aging from mild cognitive impairment, an early stage of AD. The proposed method reveals discriminative brain network features effectively and provides a reliable classifier for AD detection. Compared to traditional classifiers based on R-fMRI time series data. The proposed work is also able to classify the different types of Alzheimer’s disease as well as a particular stage of the disease. Finally, we will compare our deep learning approach accuracy with existing systems. In this paper, we proposed a system using deep learning with brain network and clinical relevant text information to make an early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The clinical relevant text information includes age, gender and ApoE gene of the subject. The brain network is constructed by computing the functional connectivity of brain regions using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) data. A targeted autoencoder network is built to distinguish normal aging from mild cognitive impairment, an early stage of AD. The proposed method reveals discriminative brain network features effectively and provides a reliable classifier for AD detection.

Published by: Souparnika Padaki Patil, Dr. Anant M. BagadeResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: SCTR'S Pune Institute of Computer Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Partial Least Squares, Gaussian Mixture Model, Nonnegative Matrix Factorization, Support Vector Machine

Review Paper

15. Solid Dispersion: Different methods of enhancing solubility and classification of solid dispersion

Solubility is one of the most significant parameters that affects the absorption and bioavailability of the drugs. Amongst the newly developed drugs 40% possesses low aqueous solubility, so it becomes a great challenge to enhance the solubility of such drugs in order to enhance the bioavailability. Solid dispersion is one of the solubility enhancing methods to enhance their bioavailability. The current article highlights the study of various methods of enhancing solubility and solid dispersion’s advantages over them.

Published by: Sandeep Verma, Inder kumar, Amit chaudharyResearch Area: Pharmaceutics

Organisation: Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Solid dispersion, Solubility, Hydrotrophy

Research Paper

16. Securing image document using RSA

Abstract: It is difficult to store and secure all information or data in paper format which also creates a problem for a proper search, storing and durability of information. Increase in new smart technologies and ease of living has developed various ways to share small and vital information digitally with the use of various applications and devices. But as the ways of sharing information and technologies are increasing, the risk of misusing the information is also increasing. Protection and security of information is a necessary feature of such applications, software or devices which handle such information. In the case of images, the security systems still lack to provide security. As the increase in digitization, the documents such as identity proof, educational qualification, and various certificates are uploaded online on various government or private website and mobile applications to verify proper identification or eligibility of documents related to that person. Such uploads of documents or proofs are done in image format. But sharing of this information may lead to a serious loss or misuse of that information. This paper deals with securing image with the use of OCR and RSA algorithm for securing the information The image would be converted into text file and the generated text file would be encrypted and send through the network to the destination and again reverse or decryption process will be followed on the other side and text file will be again generated to its image form.

Published by: Omkar Prakash DalviResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA), Security

Research Paper

17. Evaluation of properties of paver block using dismantaled concrete for medium traffic

Concrete paver blocks are versatile, attractive, cost-effective and functional, blocks for the construction of pavement, if paver blocks are correctly manufactured and laid then paver blocks, required very less maintenance. In India as per Indian standard paver blocks can be used for roadways. Paver blocks are divided into different traffic categories by Indian standard i.e. very heavy traffic, non-traffic, Light-traffic, medium traffic, and heavy traffic. Wastes of the demolished building are generally used in landfills, these waste contain waste of bricks and concrete. These demolished building wastes which are also known as Demolish Concrete Aggregates are increasing gradually; Many engineers are working on these wastes to make it effectively useable. One of the best uses of this waste is to use it as a coarse aggregate in concrete. In this project coarse aggregate is replaced by Demolish Concrete Aggregate which contains wastes of concrete from demolished i.e. wastes from a beam, column, and slab up to 100% at an interval of 10% in M 40 concrete of paver blocks for medium traffic. Demolish Concrete Aggregate which passes from 10mm IS sieve and retained on 4.75mm IS sieve was used. For this project test like compressive strength and the flexural test was performed on paver blocks and to evaluate the workability of fresh concrete slump cone test was performed. The study indicated that compressive strength, flexural strength, and workability of concrete is required but aggregate enough to be used as paver blocks for medium traffic.

Published by: Prashant Udeniyan, Abhay Kumar Jha, Barun KumarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Compressive strength, Flexural, Strength, Paver blocks, Workability, Demolish concrete aggregate, Concrete

Research Paper

18. Parametric study of CFST column element with and without shear studs under axial compression

The compressive performance of the concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) members is investigated in this study. Tests are carried out on the specimens under axial compression and bending. The parameter of the experimental work is the steel relative amount of the cross section, and the hollow tubular members are designed for comparison. In recent times, engineers have increasingly utilized composite members of concrete-filled steel tubes (CFSTs) in contemporary projects such as buildings and bridges. Concrete Filled Steel Structures (CFST) offers wide benefits like high strength, ductility, energy absorption with the combined benefits of steels and concrete. It also reduces the time consumption in constructing since it doesn’t require shuttering works hence they are frequently used. Moreover, the CFST members are more economical and allow for rapid construction and cost savings by eliminating formwork and workmanship. Concrete filled steel tube is gaining supplementary popularity now days in construction area. Concrete filled steel tube is component with good performance resulting from the confinement effect of steel with concrete and design versatility need. This Paper present a review the performance of CFST comparing the models with & without shear studs differentiating position of shear studs. The composite actions of steel and concrete to occur there need a strong bond between steel and concrete interface. In the present study, it mainly focuses on design load carrying capacity of CFST using Euro code and Indian code &compares it with the analytical & experimental result. Analysis of CFST column using the Finite element method (ABAQUS) software and the experimental study is done on the selected case under concentric loading condition. 

Published by: Bhushan Bhaskar Patil, Dr. Ashok KasnaleResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: CFST column, Finite Element (ABAQUS)

Research Paper

19. Parametric study of castellated beam with coupled stiffener

The castellated beam is artificial from its parent solid I beam by cutting it in zigzag pattern and again amalgamation it by welding, so that the depth of the beam increases. Therefore, due to increase in depth of beam load carrying capacity of the parent I section is greater than before with same quantity of material. The increase in depth of castellated beam leads to web post buckling and lateral torsional buckling breakdown when these beams are subjected to loading. Generally the opening provided for castellated beams are hexagonal shaped openings, which are dispersed at regular intervals on the web portion of castellated beam. Castellated beams are comprehensively used as flexural members in steel construction. The inexpensive and structural advantages of these rudiments have prompted many researchers to investigate the failure performance of such structures. In this paper steel I section ISMB 150 is selected, castellated beams are fabricated with increase in thickness of stiffener and stiffener is provided between the two openings and beam is analyzed with the help of Finite Element Analysis (ABAQUS) software. Experimental testing is conceded out on beam with two points loading. The deflection at centre of beam and various failure patterns are studied. The prevalent use of castellated steel beam as a structural constituent has prompted several exploration in their structural behavior. The aim of this manuscript to find out increase or decrease the load carrying capacity of optimized stiffener is provided within the hexagonal opening of castellated beam. Study shows that use of stiffeners in the web portion of beam helps in minimizing these failures.

Published by: Nikhil Deshmukh, Dr. Ashok KasnaleResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Castellated Beam, Stiffener, Finite Element Analysis

Research Paper

20. Fast charging of batteries utilized in electrical vehicles with Cuk Convertor

The scarcity of fossil fuel and increasing pollution leads the use of Electrical Vehicles (EV) and hybrid electrical vehicle instead of conventional Internal Combustion (IC) engine vehicle. The scope of this paper is to design and develop an electrical vehicle fast charge controller using Battery Management System (BMS) with Cuk Converter that is powered by an electric motor which gets its supply from rechargeable batteries. This paper will focus on, main battery (lithium ion) and auxiliary battery (lead acid) parts of battery storage, aimed to fast charging of electrical vehicle. An electrical vehicle requires an On Board Charger (OBC) to charge the main as well as auxiliary battery. The objective of this paper is to design a charger to charge both the battery fast and to reduce the charging stress on main battery by employing an auxiliary battery in Battery Management System. Due to such BMS to enhance battery lifetime, to avoid prolonged charging and to reduce overall cost of battery management system. These proposed typologies are simulated in MATLAB software and some results are show the performance of the system.

Published by: Mayur Patil, Pravin Bhangale, Kalpesh MahajanResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: KCE Society's College of Engineering and Information Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Bi-directional DC-DC converter, Buck boost converter, Battery, Isolated converter, Fast charging, Cuk converter.

Review Paper

21. Performance analysis of batteries fast charging process topology

The scarcity of fossil fuel and increasing pollution leads the use of Electrical Vehicles (EV) and hybrid electrical vehicle instead of conventional Internal Combustion (IC) engine vehicle. The scope of this paper is to design and develop an electrical vehicle fast charge controller using Battery Management System (BMS) with Cuk Converter that is powered by an electric motor which gets its supply from rechargeable batteries. This paper will focus on, main battery (lithium ion) and auxiliary battery (lead acid) parts of battery storage, aimed to fast charging of electrical vehicle. An electrical vehicle requires an on board charger (OBC) to charge the main as well as auxiliary battery. The objective of this paper is to design a charger to charge both the battery fast and to reduce the charging stress on main battery by employing an auxiliary battery in Battery Management System. Due to such BMS to enhance battery lifetime, to avoid prolonged charging and to reduce overall cost of battery management system. These proposed topological are simulated in MATLAB software and some results are show the performance of the system.

Published by: Mayur Prakash PatilResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: KCE Society's College of Engineering and Information Technology, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Bi-directional DC-DC converter, Buck Boost converter, Battery, Isolated converter, Fast charging, Cuk converter

Case Study

22. Image quality assessment to enhance handwritten signature

The fact that the signature is widely used as a means of personal verification emphasizes the need for an automatic verification system. Verification can be performed either Offline or Online based on the application. Online systems use dynamic information of a signature captured at the time the signature is made. Offline systems work on the scanned signature. We have worked on the Offline Verification of signatures using a set of shape-based geometric features. The features that are used are Baseline Slant Angle, Aspect Ratio, Normalized Area, Center of Gravity, number of edge points, number of cross points, and the Slope of the line joining the Centers of Gravity of two halves of a signature image. Before extracting the features, preprocessing of a scanned image is necessary to isolate the signature part and to remove any spurious noise present. The system is initially trained using a database of signatures obtained from those individuals whose signatures have to be authenticated by the system. For each subject, a mean signature is obtained integrating the above features derived from a set of his/her genuine sample signatures. This mean signature act as the template for verification against a claimed test signature. Euclidian distance in the feature space between the two. If this distance is less than a pre-defined threshold(corresponding to a minimum acceptable degree of similarity), the signature is verified to be that of the claimed subject else detected as a forgery. The details of preprocessing as well as the features depicted above are described in the report along with the implementation details and simulation results.

Published by: Runali KateResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Usha Mittal Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Handwritten signature, Normalized area of the signature, Number of edge points, Number of cross points

Research Paper

23. Efficient battery charging technique using a soft-switching DC-DC Converter

Soft-switching schemes have become famous nowadays because of its simplicity and ease of control. This paper presents an efficient way of battery charging by using a parallel- loaded resonant converter. This converter is constructed by cascading a half-bridge inverter, L-C-L resonant circuit, and a full bridge rectifier. The operation of circuit charger is switched with the technique of zero-voltage switching and resonant components. The main advantages of this converter are low EMI, low switching losses, less weight of components due to high frequency and high efficiency. The conversion efficiency of the proposed converter reaches up to 88%. Two types of charging algorithms such constant current (cc) charging, constant current–constant voltage (cc-cv) charging were implemented using proposed converter topology in MATLAB/ SIMULINK environment and the results obtained are satisfactory.

Published by: Bhukya Praneethkumar, C. Sreenivasulu, T. Madhu BabuResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Teegala Krishna Reddy Engineering College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Parallel-loaded resonant converter, Soft-switching, Constant Current (cc) charging, Constant Current –Constant Voltage (CC-CV) charging

Research Paper

24. ABO blood group and Rh factor distribution in population of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

Blood group system was disclosed by Karl Landsteiner, the ABO blood group system is the most vital blood group system in Transfusion Medicine. The blood group systems are also relevant in population genetic studies, researching population migration patterns as well as in solving certain medico-legal issues. This study will be carried out with an objective to provide data regarding gene frequency and distribution of ABO and RH blood groups in the population of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Blood samples will be collected from willing individuals of Bhopal (M.P.) 180 blood samples are required for this study. Before blood sample collection we take written consent of subjects and short questionnaire based on such as an address, age, any type of diseases, medical history and sex. After blood sample collection the samples will analyze for blood group ABO and Rh factor by slide agglutination method by using Anti-A, Anti- B, Anti-D per ABO blood grouping.

Published by: Dr. Nitin Batav, Rohit Polaya, Amitesh Verma, Gaurav BairagiResearch Area: Biology

Organisation: Regional Science Center, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Transfusion medicine, Medico-legal issues and Agglutination

Review Paper

25. Single cylinder four stroke CI engine Exhaust Manifold System back pressure reduction: A review

The present review paper is on the performance improvement of IC engine by using backpressure reduction in the exhaust manifold and their CFD analysis of Single Cylinder Four Stroke C.I. Engine. It is found that development of energy-efficient exhaust manifold system is possible by minimization of backpressure on the engine, due to an increase in brake thermal efficiency. Effective utilization of energy from exhaust manifold can be achieved by designing for backpressure reduction by energy-efficient exhaust manifold system. The exhaust manifold system design with reduced back pressure requirements is an important factor for upgrading engine performance. It is analysis by CFD on reduction in the backpressure of the exhaust manifold system to increase the efficiency.

Published by: Likhil Dilip Pethkar, T. A. Koli, Dr. V. H. PatilResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: GF's Godavari College of Engineering, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Single cylinder, Compression Ignition Engine, Exhaust Manifold System (EMS)


26. A Comparative Assessment on Menstrual Hygiene Knowledge, Perception, and Practices Among the Adolescent Girls in Rural and Urban Schools of Karur District, Tamil Nadu, South India

Menstruation is a taboo subject in the Indian context and considers it as unclean where socio-cultural restrictions keep girls and women ignorant of the scientific facts and hygienic practices that result in adverse health outcomes. This study has assessed the knowledge, practices, and perceptions of the adolescent girls both in rural and urban and compared the same. This is a cross-sectional study that has been conducted among 309school going adolescent girls who were selected randomly from the selected schools at Karur District, Tamil Nadu covering both rural and urban. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data obtained was compiled and analyzed using the SPSS version 22. This study shows that urban adolescent girls have better knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene than rural adolescent girls. But most of the negative perceptions found to be similar among both rural and urban girls. However, there is a change in perceptions in certain aspects among urban girls than rural girls. Majority of the respondents (88%) are using sanitary pads at the time of menstruation and only 12% of respondents use cloths which is a good indicator for hygienic practice. However, the frequency of changing pad is more important hygienic practice. One-fifth of the girls do not practice it which is found to be more among the rural girls compared to the urban girls. The findings on the knowledge, practices, and perceptions among the adolescent girls show that rural girls need more information /facts on menstruation compared to urban girls. It is the need of the hour that we need to integrate all the stakeholders viz the health, education and community professionals both private and state to work together for the promotion of menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls.

Published by: Dr. Jancy Helena, Dr. Jilly PhilippaResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: J. K. College of Nursing and Paramedicals, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Principal, JK College of Nursing, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, South India, Dean, School of Humanities and Sciences, All Nations University, Koforidua, Ghana E/R

Research Paper

27. Emotion recognition using Eigen Faces

Human-computer interplay has numerous crucial fields of programs and expression detection is one among them. To evaluate the facial expression, we need to analyze the variability of human faces like coloration, posture, orientation, feeling, lights and so forth. Detecting and studying facial capabilities is a pre-needful to emotion recognition. That is frequently carried out through observation of components of the face, like eyes, lips motion and many others. These are then categorized and compared to pre-defined sets of data also called a training set. At a particular in this evaluation, a person's facial expression recognition gadget is modeled exploiting the eigen face technique. The proposed technique uses Haar cascade classifier to discover the face in a photo. Fisher faces calculation has been employed for decreasing the excessive spatial property of the eigen face. The Euclidean separation between the test photograph and mean of the eigen faces is hired to anticipate emotion expressed with the aid of test face. CK/CK+ data-set is hired for training purpose. The grey scale image of the face is employed by using the version to categorize 5 simple emotions like surprise, disgust, impartial, anger and happiness.

Published by: Prekshi Vyas, Abhimanyu SaxenaResearch Area: Human Computer Interaction

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Facial expression recognition, Fisher faces, Principal Component Analysis, Eigen faces, Euclidean distance

Case Study

28. Indian 2D, 3D Animated Films– Struggle and challenges: A case study

It is assumed proudly by the Indians that Indian animation has additionally reached a considerable position inside the world state of affairs and is capable of making its manner to the world enterprise. But even after all things, truly saying that Indian animation still is in the meager position. Indian animation had been initiated in the nineteen century. If it is in reference to producing the quality of animation, India still is in a poor position. Indian animation in particular-2D and 3D, concerning animated film or series, has to face many challenges of struggling differently for the world scenario in terms of other countries. This study is going to look at all the causes, issues and circumstances under which Indian animation (2D, 3D) is still in dilemma about its position, in this respect the study will provide valuable data and scientific justification on the same.

Published by: Ananda KarmakarResearch Area: Art and Humanities

Organisation: Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun, UttrakhandKeywords: Animation, 2D Animation, 3D Animation, Struggle, Challenge, Poor, Position

Research Paper

29. A facial-expression recognition model using deep learning

Deep neural networks have been recently putting a breakthrough in pattern recognition, machine learning and artificial intelligence. This paper emphasizes a study based on deep learning framework contributing to the field of expression recognition. The proposed model involves a technique using deep for human facial expression recognition. Images are first preprocessed with normalization manipulation to remove illumination and facilitate enhancement using hat-filtering. At that point, a weighted, focus symmetric nearby paired example (CS-LBP) is connected to each face hinder by piece. The CS-LBP pieces are connected to form an element vector of the face picture. The deep network is trained using the layer-wise strategy. We use the CIFAR-10 dataset is used for training and testing. A database of real images is used for testing the algorithms. GUI has been created which compares trained and tested dataset and specifies the type of expression in the command window.

Published by: Shreyas Limaye, Dr. Virendra. V. SheteResearch Area: VLSI and Embedded Systems

Organisation: MIT College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Deep learning, Expression recognition, CS-LBP

Case Study

30. Functionally generated Amalgam stops on the Occlusal surface for Acrylic resin denture teeth to increase wear resistance: A case report

Wear of the occlusal surface of the denture is a sequela of complete denture which leads to loss of vertical dimension, loss of aesthetics and decrease in masticatory efficiency. Treatment modalities include change of denture set after a regular interval of 5 years, use of wear-resistant denture teeth that include wear-resistant resin or porcelain teeth, teeth with cast metal occlusal surface, and altering occlusal contact areas of denture teeth by use of silver amalgam fillings. A case report of a patient who had an increased tendency of occlusal wear was treated with an amalgam filling on the occlusal surface of denture teeth to increase wear resistance and to improve the masticatory

Published by: Dr. Jerin Kurian, Dr. Anil Sharma, Dr. Amit Siwach, Dr. Mohit TomarResearch Area: Prosthodontics - Dentistry

Organisation: Kalka Dental College, Meerut, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Complete denture, Clenching, Amalgam filling, Functionally generated pathway, Acrylic teeth

Review Paper

31. Man and Machine: A discussion on Artificial Intelligence from a legal perspective

In the current technology-driven era, one can find human-like creatures called Artificial Intelligence actively helping out human by their orders and programs. Their support has proven to be indispensable in every field be it waiter at a hotel, performing a surgery, painting, and whatnot. It is a dire need to acknowledge their support but at the same time be prepared to face the challenges arising out. Artificial Intelligence can be said as innovation at its best with the support and aid of technology, developments, and computer power. Though the advancements in science and technology have contributed to a great extent easing out the complexities, the advent of the same has increased the ways to use artificial intelligence. Intellectual Property relates to intangible assets, more specifically to patents, trademarks, copyright, and industrial design. The fundamental goal of the Intellectual Property system is to encourage new technologies and creative works and to create a sustainable economic basis for invention and creation. There creeps the ambiguity as to the IPR rights of Artificial Intelligence. Like humans, artificial intelligence machines are able to create original works. Unlike humans, the original works created by machines are not protected under Intellectual property laws. This issue needs attention at the earliest both from the international as well as domestic levels, as the extent of artificial intelligence is growing at the fastest pace. This discussion tries to bring out the issues and challenges with regard to artificial intelligence, IPR legislation, and the related legal provisions.

Published by: Dr. G. SubhalakshmiResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence and Law

Organisation: Pondicherry University, PondicherryKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Intellectual Property Rights, Laws, Future

Research Paper

32. Smart electricity consumption meter using LoRa Module

LoRa is a long-range, low-power, low-bit rate, wireless telecommunications system, promoted as an infrastructure solution for the Internet of Things: end-devices use LoRa across a single wireless hop to communicate to gateway(s), connected to the Internet and which act as transparent bridges and relay messages between these end-devices and a central network server. This project provides an overview of LoRa and an in-depth analysis of its functional components. The physical and data link layer performance is evaluated by field tests and simulations. Based on the analysis and evaluations, some possible solutions for performance enhancements are proposed. Prepaid electricity billing system and automated smart meter reading have been widely adopted by electricity companies worldwide nowadays to reduce the error of human reading and improve the efficiency of the billing process. To activate the prepaid system, a robust and reliable network is essential. So we have designed this system to manage customers and prepaid bills by using IoT and GSM Technology.

Published by: Sharayu Dhande, Harshada DhanawadeResearch Area: Embedded and IoT

Organisation: MIT College of Engineering, Kothurd, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: LoRA Module, Electronic meter, Energy conservation, GSM module, Wi-Fi module, LDR, RTC

Research Paper

33. Copyright infringement in international trade

Intellectual Property is widely need and it gives uncountable advantages to the creators or inventors over their work. The need for protection of intellectual property is increasing day by day. The Intellectual Property Rights are given under Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In this paper the copyright, its need, advantages and a leading case A&M Records vs. Napster is discussed. It was the landmark Case in the history of copyright Law which discussed the idea of rights of copyright holders and remedies against the wrongdoers. The idea of Direct Infringement, Contributory Infringement and Vicarious Infringement is largely discussed in this paper. In this case, the music industries suffered a great loss due to an online software named Napster.

Published by: Aditi SinghResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Amity University, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Copyright Infringement, Intellectual Property, International trade

Research Paper

34. Anti-dumping laws in India

Dumping has been the biggest topic of concern amongst all the nations in the past few decades. Dumping means exporting goods at a price lower than its normal value and introducing it into the economy of another country which thereby causes injury to the domestic producers of the same goods. Dumping is not actually prohibited under GATT provisions unless it is established that it is adversely affecting the Domestic producers. When a country dumps its goods into the economy of another country, then to stop this unfair activity anti-dumping measures can be taken by the importing country after establishing that the dumping is causing injury to the domestic producers of the same goods. The first provision regarding anti-dumping in India was enacted in 1982. India has Come a long way in using Anti Dumping measures as trade remedy tool since 1995 with 26% of total world Anti Dumping measures being taken by India in 2011 from a modest 6% in 1995. Through this, industries are availing a large number of benefits which are permissible under the law. To constitute dumping three things are needed to be satisfied- Dumping is caused. Injury is caused by the domestic producers of the same goods due to dumping. There is a causal link between injury and dumping. Anti dumping and anti subsidies & countervailing measures in India are assessed by Directorate General of Anti dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD) functioning in the Dept. of Commerce in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Dumping is considered as an unfair trade practice which adversely effects international trade by different means. To resolve the problems arising out of the dumping of goods and its trade distortive effect Anti Dumping measure is used. So, the anti-dumping duty is the main measure to solve the trade distortive effect of dumping and re-establish fair trade. The main use of anti-dumping measure is to eliminate unfair competition and allow healthy competition and trade which is permitted by the WTO.

Published by: Aditi SinghResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Amity University, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Anti-Dumping, Anti dumping and Allied Duties

Research Paper

35. Brain tumor segmentation and classification using neural networks in MRI images

Brain tumor has become a primary hassle among living humans amongst in which gliomas is the maximum common difficulty. So, treatment is done through MRI. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is the most used technique to asses those tumors, wherein MRI restricts manual segmentation in a completely low-priced time, restricting using precise quantitative measurements within the scientific observe. So, a dependable segmentation vicinity unit is required. However, the structural changes amongst mind tumors create segmentation a difficult downside. This paper has a tendency to suggest partner degree automatic segmentation methodology and classification primarily based on Artificial Neural Networks. Using GLCM and shape functions make the proposed paintings extra strong for classification features.

Published by: Vinay BabuResearch Area: Electronics and communication engineering

Organisation: Saveetha School of Engineering, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Brain tumor, MRI, GLCM, Artificial Neural Networks, Segmentation

Research Paper

36. Peak Signal to Noise Ratio analysis in single image restoration technique

Images have a wide significance these days for detailed observation in different fields like remote sensing, and navigation. When images got captured by the image acquisition equipment, they got affected by environmental effects. These environmental effects are haze, smog, fog which cannot be ignored while acquisition. Such type of effects should be reduced so that images can be accurately observed. These effects can be considered as noise in our work. These effects are difficult to reduce efficiently while acquisition. Therefore, there arises a need for an algorithm to process the noisy image after capturing. In our work, Dark Channel Prior (DCP) technique is used for the de-noising purpose and our focus is on the refining of the estimated transmission map so that a noise-less image can be recovered. The efficient noise reduction is determined by the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) value. PSNR value is the evaluation parameter which is used to determine that the proposed work has improved the performance compared to recently introduced approaches. An analysis of our proposed method and other research work is shown.

Published by: Jyoti Pandey, Dr. Krishna RajResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Haze removal, Noise reduction, Dark Channel Prior (DCP), Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR)

Review Paper

37. Scheduling of task in cloud using a different algorithm and its comparison

Distributed computing is viewed as a trendy expression in the present IT industry with the assistance of which clients can gain admittance to programming, equipment, applications, stage by the methods for only a web association. It depends on the idea of utility registering wherein the client needs to pay according to the utilization. The important necessity in the realm of distributed computing is the planning of errands under certain confinements. The undertaking planning issue can be viewed as the finding or looking through a perfect mapping/errand of the arrangement of subtasks of various assignments over the available course of action of benefits (processors PC machines) with the objective that we can achieve the ideal objectives for assignments. In this paper we are playing out a near examination of the various calculations for their sensibility, plausibility, adaptability concerning cloud situation, after that we endeavor to propose the hybrid methodology that can be grasped to improve the present stage further. With the objective that it can urge cloud suppliers to give a superior nature of administrations.

Published by: Babita Bhagat, P. Sanyasi NaiduResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Pillai HOC College of Engineering and Technology, Rasayani, MaharashtraKeywords: Scheduling, Cloud computing, Task

Review Paper

38. A review paper on: Heart disease data set analysis using data mining classification techniques

Health care industry is one of the fastest growing industries in 21st century. This is the era of increasing health problems and chronic diseases. The major chronic diseases faced world over are cardio vascular diseases such as stroke and heart attacks. Heart disease is one of the common causes of death worldwide. According to WHO as many as, 17.9 Million people die of Cardio Vascular Diseases each year, 31% of all the deaths worldwide. Diagnosis of the disease is one of the most important task of medical science. Medical professionals need a decision support system for early prediction of heart diseases with good accuracy rate which can be achieved with the help of data mining techniques. The healthcare industry produces large amount of data each day. Data mining helps in extracting hidden information and patterns from a large and complex database which is helpful in making decisions. The main objective of this research is to develop a heart disease prediction system by using data mining techniques with a good accuracy rate. Here we have a pre processed data set consisting of 303 records and 14 predictors such as Gender, blood pressure, chest pain type etc. as input for BPN and Decision Tree. In this research we will compare two data mining algorithms: Decision tree and Back propagation network Algorithm and predict the presence or absence of heart disease in a patient. The algorithm with highest accuracy rate will be considered good for heart disease prediction in hospitals.

Published by: Shreya Kalta, Keshav Kishore, Aman KumarResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: AP Goyal Shimla University, Shimla, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Heart disease, Data mining, Decision tree, Back Propagation Network

Research Paper

39. Determinants of customer satisfaction of E-shopping: A study on special reference to Idukki District

Online shopping is the process whereby consumers directly buy goods, services etc. from a seller interactively in real-time without an intermediary service over the internet. Online shopping is the process of buying goods and services from merchants who sell on the Internet. Since the emergence of the World Wide Web, merchants have sought to sell their products to people who surf the Internet. Shoppers can visit web stores from the comfort of their homes and shop as they sit in front of the computer. Consumers buy a variety of items from online stores. As far as e-Commerce business is concerned, ensuring a high level of online customer satisfaction remains an integral, eternal element in achieving and maintaining long-term business success. This study is intended to study customer satisfaction using E-commerce based on a sample from Idukki district. And also analyze and summaries the specific elements of E-commerce customer satisfaction and the various elements of customers expectations and perceptions

Published by: Jinu JoyResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Christ College, Kattappana, KeralaKeywords: Online shopping, E.commerce, Customer satisfaction

Research Paper

40. 3-DPGR (3-level Daubechies wavelet, PCA, GLCM and RBF Kernal) method used for brain MRI categorization

Abnormal growth of cells in the brain is called a brain tumor. A brain tumor consists of a collection of abnormally functioning brain cells that have begun to grow and reproduce inappropriately. The uncontrolled growth of a group of cells compresses and damages normal brain structures, which causes a variety of neurological symptoms. According to the reports of National Cancer Institute, Primary brain tumors are the leading cause of tumor cancer deaths in children, now surpassing acute lymphoblast leukemia and are the third leading cause of cancer death in young adults ages 20 to 39. There are more than 120 different types of brain tumors, making effective treatment very complicated. As per classification system defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), a brain tumor is named for the cell type of origin. Brain tumors can either originate from within the brain or from cancer cells that have metastasized from other organs or tissues. Various techniques are developed in the past to detect brain tumor. This research work proposed a Modified Technique for Brain MRI Categorization using 3-DPGR (3-level Daubechies wavelet, PCA, GLCM and RBF Kernal) Method.

Published by: Bharti, Bharti, Manit Kapoor, Dr. Naveen DhillonResearch Area: Brain Tumor

Organisation: Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering and Technology, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Brain tumor, MRI categorization, 3-DPGR, PCA, GLCM, RBF kernel

Research Paper

41. Online fault detection system for cooling tower in power plant by using PLC-SCADA

This paper provides a big approach for power plant automation system of Fault Detection in cooling towers on the basis of PLC and SCADA. The techniques and program which are used in this paper are helpful to detect the fault occurs inside the cooling tower of the thermal power plant. A cooling tower is also used for removing the heat from the condensate water which is flowing through the pipes of the tower so that it is called a heat removal system. Water to be cooled and then returned for use in recirculation through the system in the cooling tower. The New fault detection and fault finding system based on upcoming data from the detection sensors which are used for fault detection. In this system, a combination of PLC internal program and visualization of fault on SCADA window gives easy fault finding and clearing process. In this paper, there are two software used for finding the faulty condition (PLC - Allen Bradley- RS Logix 500 and SCADA- Wonderware Intouch .) RS Logix 500 uses ladder logic for finding the faults and Wonderware Intouch used to show faulty condition on the windows. This paper includes three types of failure of fault detection in cooling tower which are major caused in steam power Plant during operation. In this whole process SCADA is used for online visualization of faulty condition..

Published by: Abhijeet Raut, Swapnil MohodResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Prof Ram Meghe College of Engineering and Management, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Fault detection, Control, Information analysis, Cooling tower

Research Paper

42. Use of Triaxial GeoGrids for subgrade stabilisation and pavement optimisation

Triaxial Geo Grids were first founded in the year of 2007 so as to enable civil engineers to stabilize granular layers subjected to dynamic and static loads. Triaxial geogrid is having a 360° isotropic tensile properties, wherein on laying off the geogrid the aggregates interlock within a triangular slot, for which the efficient deep fibers of the triaxial geogrids assists in confining the aggregate particles. This, in turn, stabilizes the layer and enhances the performance of the subgrade resulting in pavement optimization. Prior to surfacing in the global market triaxial geogrids were under six years of development with a focus on improving the performance under trafficking of the granular layers in which they were included. This involved the use of full-scale testing facilities such as the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) in the UK. This paper provides a general idea on the possibility to implement Triaxial Geogrids to form a mechanically stabilized layer (MSL) so as to save cost in term of material and construction effort especially in areas where the effective CBR of soil is found to be much below the permissible limit as per IRC specifications thereby extending the design life of the pavement structure. In addition, the proposed MSL would create a flexural stiff platform where the effects of the variable quality of support from the foundation soil can be smoothed out.

Published by: Sayan Mukherjee, Siddesh PaiResearch Area: Construction Engineering

Organisation: National Institute of Construction Management and Research, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Triaxial GeoGrids, Pavement optimisation

Research Paper

43. Quality of life among cancer patients receiving treatment in the Regional Cancer Hospital, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of cancerous cells. It can be defined as a disease in which there is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells by disregarding the normal rules of cell division. Normal cells are constantly providing signals that dictate whether the cell should divide, differentiate into another cell, or die Cancer cells develop a degree of autonomy from these signals, resulting in uncontrolled growth and proliferation. The aim of the study to assess the quality of life and improve the quality of life among cancer patients by distributing informational booklet. The descriptive research design was adopted to collect data from patients with cancer in Regional Cancer Hospital IGMC, Shimla, and using convenience sampling technique. Data was collected by the EORTC questionnaire. The pilot study findings showed that 70% of cancer patients have an average quality of life.30 % of cancer patients were below the average quality of life.

Published by: Pratibha Sharma, Kavita Verma, Sangeeta SharmaResearch Area: Allied Science

Organisation: Eternal University, Sirmour, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Quality of life, Cancer patients, Informational booklet

Research Paper

44. A study to assess the effectiveness of planned health teaching on knowledge regarding the prevention of industrial hazards among the workers of selected industrial area in Gwalior city

The work environment exposes many workers to health hazards that contribute to injuries, respiratory diseases, cancer, musculoskeletal disorders, reproductive disorders, cardiovascular diseases, mental and neurological illnesses, eye damage and hearing loss, as well as to communicable diseases. The current global labor force stands at about 2600 million and is growing continuously. Approximately 75% of these working people are in developing countries. The officially registered working population constitutes 60–70% of the world's adult male and 30–60% of the world's adult female population. Each year, another 40 million people join the labor force, most of them in developing countries. Workplace environmental hazards are therefore a threat to a large proportion of the world population.

Published by: Taj MohammedResearch Area: Community Health Nursing

Organisation: Excel College of Nursing, Unnao, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Industrial hazards, Hazards, Occupational hazards

Research Paper

45. Are management education professors aware and competent to use ICT for teaching and learning?

We are witnessing fast paced progress in the field of higher education with the help of ICT tools and techniques in several countries of the world. However, this is not the case in India, where we are still struggling with several issues and challenges in Higher education, specifically in Management education. The use of ICT in Business education is becoming essential in view of the increasing trends of innovative products and services being launched in the industry and businesses. It is an imperative for the management education institutions to try and keep pace with the technology and business requirements in terms of business knowledge and job skills for the management graduates. Falling behind in this critical effort will further widen the gaps in the employability of the graduates, eroding the reputation and credibility of the management education institutions. This paper, through research conducted among the management institutions in Karnataka state in India, studies the level of awareness and abilities among the faculty members of management institutions to undertake specific activities in teaching process, using ICT tools and technologies. The results indicate that while some of the faculty members are aware of the activities and are in a position to use ICT in teaching, some others are not able to do so. It is suggested that extensive training programmes and workshops should be conducted for faculty members before the institutions consider implementation of ICT effectively.

Published by: Shanath Kumar C., Dr. Suresh A. M.Research Area: Management

Organisation: PRIST University, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Elearning, Online education, Management education, Teaching, ICT, Digital learning, Faculty training


46. Ignite the zeal of every student to learn English language in a heterogenous class

Our view of teaching the English language is essentially socio-constructivist. In India, the classrooms are generally heterogeneous. It has been a challenging experience for the teachers of the English language to tackle the problems in the heterogeneous classrooms. If we aspire to profit from heterogeneous groups; we need to believe that diversity is not a snag. It is an opportunity to know various perceptions and to enrich teaching. English teachers should be aware of the different interests and needs of the students to organize and to arrange activities accordingly. Humor can help teachers initiate a more relaxed learning environment which significantly lowers fear factor and allows quality learning to take place.

Published by: M. Sumathy RajakumarResearch Area: English Language

Organisation: Jeppiaar Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Socio-constructivist, Heterogeneous, Diversity, Perceptions, Humor, Fear factor

Research Paper

47. Study on partial replacement of cement by sugarcane bagasse ash and wood ash

In creating nations, where rich agrarian and modern squanders, are released, these squander can be utilized as potential material or substitution material in the development business. This will have a great preferred position of decrease in the expense of development material. Notwithstanding its negative ecological effect bond is additionally one of the most costly materials when contrasted with different constituents of concrete. The crude materials for the bond generation like lime are additionally being misused in enormous amounts which may bring about coming up short on them, as it is anticipated to occur in certain spots of the world. The second biggest nation of sugar creation after Brazil in India. Because of which, there is an expansion in the measure of bagasse as a result of the sugar factory. Sugar stick bagasse cinder is the waste result of the ignition of bagasse for vitality in sugar ventures because of which it is effectively accessible and shoddy. Sugar stick bagasse fiery remains (SBA) is discarded in landfills and is presently turning into an ecological issue. The Wood fiery remains used was gotten from tree wood. In the wake of social event, the wood fiery remains was clearly warmed

Published by: Rachit Silawat, Barun Kumar, Abhay Kumar JhaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Normal consistency, Compressive strength, Tensile strength, Slump, Consistency, Hardened concrete

Research Paper

48. Medical wastage plastic use in concrete

Concrete is being most widely used as a construction material in the world. In recent times, there is a lot of development in the field of concrete technology due to its high strength. An experimental investigation was carried out to study the mechanical prosperities of medical wastage plastic concrete such as compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength. The experimental work was taken up on M20 grade of concrete as per IS 10262:2009 having mix proportion 1:1.5:3. Cubes of size 150 mm x 150 mm x 150 mm for compressive strength were casted; cylinders of size 300 mm length and 150 mm diameter for split tensile strength were casted and beams of size 100 mm x 100 mm x 500 mm for flexural strength were casted. Various specimens were tested after 7 and 28 days of curing. The experimental work represents the details of the experimental investigations and graphical format to determine conclusion.

Published by: Manukumar Gulabchand GoyarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Bapusaheb Shivajirao Deore College of Engineering, Dhule, MaharashtraKeywords: Medical waste, Saline bottle, Plastic waste

Research Paper

49. Thermal flexure analysis of orthotropic plate using trigonometric shear deformation theory

This paper presents the thermal flexure analysis of orthotropic plates subjected to sinusoidal thermal load linearly varying across the thickness. Analytical solutions for thermal displacements and stresses are investigated by using a trigonometric shear deformation plate theory which includes different functions in terms of thickness coordinate to represent the effect of shear deformation. The theory presented is variationally consistent, does not require shear correction factor, and gives rise to transverse shear stress variation such that the transverse shear stresses vary parabolically across the thickness satisfying shear stress-free surface conditions. Governing equations of equilibrium and associated boundary conditions of the theory are obtained using the principle of virtual work. The Navier solution for simply supported orthotropic plates has been developed. The validity of the present theory is verified by comparing the results with various Shear Deformation Theory.

Published by: Aher Aniket Balasaheb, Sanjay KulkarniResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Charholi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Orthotropic plate, Orthotropic material, Trigonometric shear deformation theory, Thermal load

Research Paper

50. Comparative study of time history analysis of cold formed steel frame

Cold-Formed Steel (CFS) framing has been successfully used in a variety of construction applications for many years. Common uses include nonstructural partitions and ceilings, exterior curtain wall and façade support, and complete load-bearing structures, including lateral force-resisting systems (LFRS). Recent advances in the understanding of CFS framing and ongoing research related to the Analysis of seismic force-resisting systems (SFRS) are expected to expand the use of cold-formed steel framing into more complex, robust structural systems. This project focuses specifically on the use of cold-formed steel SFRS in buildings. Standard analysis procedures apply to cold-formed steel analysis. However, because CFS shapes often include elements with high width-to-thickness ratios, limit states not common to other construction materials must be considered in the design process. These limit states are discussed in the Project. The analysis is carried out using E-TABS software. To analyze and compare the structure the 2 models are formulated of 5 stories and 10 stories. The model is symmetric in plan having a 2×2 grid. The main objective of this study is to examine the behavior of cold-formed steel frame considering different modeling systems. All the above cases are analyzed for El Centro earthquake records i.e. Time History Analysis.

Published by: Chintamani Abhishek, Nagesh ShelkeResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil School of Engineering and Technology, Charholi, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Time history analysis, E-Tabs, Cold-Formed Steel (CFS), SFRS

Review Paper

51. A review on object detection from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle using CNN

UAV stands for unmanned Aerial Vehicle, which can be as small as birds, regular drones or as big as private aircraft with no pilot on board. Since there is no one onboard UAV is remotely controlled. UAV is currently being used for a different purpose, examples are spy footages, sky view footage, reconnaissance, attacking roles, aerial surveillance, motion picture filmmaking, disaster rescue, parcel delivery, warehouse management, and other uses. Due to UAV multi-functionality and portability especially drones demand is growing faster, therefore, people need systems that work with the UAV (drones) to detect objects in real-time for military, safety reconnaissance, and surveillance. This paper review approaches to detect objects from camera view and from UAV scenes using machine learning algorithms. The growth of computer vision systems initiated better algorithms using huge training and testing datasets, faster GPU and CPU so that systems can achieve state of the art object detection system by training and classifying the data using machine learning approach. Since there are different orientation, background, occlusion in an image, object detection is not an easy task. The goal of object detection is to categorize images and video feeds from UAV into common categories.

Published by: Amanuel Ayalew, Dr. PoojaResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Object detection, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Research Paper

52. Design and analysis of a car radiator fan assembly to mitigate the effect of aeroacoustic dipole noise

Engine cooling fans contribute a major portion of the total noise generated by the different mechanisms in a car. Therefore the design aspect of the fan blades and housing need impeccable research and careful machining to limit the noise level to a bare minimum. The noise generated from the design aspect of the fan can be grouped into two categories, rotational and irrotational. The rotational domain takes into consideration the effect of turbulence and inflow distortion while the irrotational domain considers the effects of laminar boundary layer vortex shedding, blade interaction with tip clearance and the phenomena of blade stall. The objective is to analyze the acoustic behavior and response from the fan blade and housing when exposed to incoming airflow in a car. The process due to which the aeroacoustic dipole noise is generated is investigated and the parameters affecting the noise level are assessed. The flow and acoustic analysis are carried out on SOLID WORKS flow simulation and the generated data for our particular case is represented on a graphical scale against frequency. The causes behind noise generation in a fan assembly is studied and major emphasis is laid on the aerodynamic factors, which affect the noise generation in the radiator cooling fans. After validating the theoretical procedure, an attempt is made to redesign the existing fan assembly structure by adding grills and MPP dampeners and source modification is done to reduce noise levels.

Published by: Anshuman Kumaar SinghResearch Area: Automotive Engineering

Organisation: University of Windsor, Windsor, CanadaKeywords: Acoustic behavior, Aeroacoustic dipole noise, Solidworks, Turbulence, Vortex shedding

Research Paper

53. Smart garbage monitoring system using Wireless Sensor Network

The present garbage monitoring system is major trouble in the growing cities. As the population is growing, the garbage is also increasing. This chaotic collection of garbage is polluting the environment, leading to health problems. The present waste management methods are not effective to handle the increasing levels of garbage’s that are being produced. This paper proposes IOT based smart device for dustbin which can detect the level of garbage at various part of the dustbin and also can detect methane gas concentration and send message to the server. If the detected value is above the threshold, the smart device will send the location of the filled dustbin to the server. The data from every such device is stored, processed and monitored in the cloud. The processed data is sent to the concerned authorities through email. The data can be viewed in the android app

Published by: Vinay S. G., Dr. Shankaraiah, Vikas K. M., Vemula Jaswanth Krishna, Nagaraja G. R.Research Area: IoT

Organisation: Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Nodemcu, Blynk, Arduino IDE, Ultrasonic sensor, Methane sensor

Research Paper

54. A study on welfare policies of Amara Raja Power System Limited: A case study in Tirupati

I conducted a Survey Method through Structured Questionnaires in the Employees of ARPSL Tirupati. The convenience sampling procedure is used for the data collection, sampling size is116 through Personal Interview and Percentage analysis and Chi-square tests are used. Finally, in this paper, I found the result that the Majority of the respondents said that Medical and First aid facilities provided by the Company are Excellent. Canteen facilities are good because the cleanliness maintained, proper storage of raw materials, food served is nutritious quality and quantity of food served is good. Working conditions of the company in respect to Ventilation, Lighting, Temperature, Seating arrangements, cleanliness inside working premises are very good. Employee satisfaction levels on Social security benefits like PF, ESI, Gratuity, SAS and Benevolent Fund schemes provided by the company is good. Transport facilities, Bachelor Hostel facilities, Family quarter’s facilities, Recreation facilities provided by the company are good.

Published by: B. R. Tejesh Reddy, Dr. D. YuvarajuResearch Area: Management Studies

Organisation: Siddartha Educational Academy Group of Institutions, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Safety measures, Security measures, Welfare measures, Performance appraisal, Job description, Job analysis, Job enlargement, Job enrichment, Job rotation, Subsidiary given at canteen uniforms, Sunglasses, Crunches, Change room, Quarters facilities, Bonus, Washroom, Transport facility


55. Assessment of risks in cloud computing

In the simplest term cloud computing means storing and accessing data over the internet instead of using the computer’s hardware. Cloud computing is a type of internet-based computing which provide us shared processing resources and data to the system and other devices according to the demand of the user. Cloud computing can be used everywhere in today’s life. Cloud computing security is broad research with various concerns, starting from protecting the hardware and platform technologies to protecting clouds data and resource access (through different end-user devices). Although there are n numbers of advantages of using cloud computing and all of them are tremendous, but the security and privacy concern of cloud computing has always been the main concern of numerous cloud customers and an impediment to its widespread adaptation by business and organization. The paper presents a review in the field of cloud computing with a focus on risk assessment.

Published by: Swati SinghResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Roorkee College of Engineering, Haridwar UttarakhandKeywords: Cloud computing, Assess management, Risk

Research Paper

56. Influence of water on Odonates in the paddy fields of Kannur district, Kerala

Three Rice fields in Kannur district were selected for the Odonate study. They were (1) Okra Vayal at Cheruthazham (FWPF), (2) Mundapuram Vayal at Cherukunnu (CPF), and (3) Haritha Sangam Paddy field at Madayippara (MLHPF).

Published by: Prabhakaran PV., Dr. Aravindan TharemmalResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: Sree Narayana College, Kannur, KeralaKeywords: Fresh Water Paddy Field (FWPF), Coastal Paddy Field (CPF), Midland Laterite Hillock Paddy Field (MLHPF), Naiad, Odonates, Dragonflies, Damselflies

Research Paper

57. A study to assess the knowledge of mothers of under-five children regarding protein-energy malnutrition in selected area of Gwalior with a view to develop health education module

A descriptive survey was carried out to assess the knowledge of mothers of under-five children regarding Protein-Energy Malnutrition in selected urban areas of Gwalior. The study was conducted by Mr. Midhun Ashok, II year M.Sc. (N) the student in Gwalior Nursing College, Gwalior in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Master of Science in Nursing of Jiwaji University of Health Sciences, Gwalior. The Objectives of the study To access the knowledge of mothers of under-five children on Protein-Energy Malnutrition. To identify the relationship between the knowledge of mothers of under-five children with selected Socio-demographic variables. To develop the Health education module. Methodology The study was based on Rosenstock’s and Becker’s health behaviour model. The data was collected by a descriptive method, 150 mothers were selected from the urban slum area by a simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using a structured interview schedule for a period of 4 weeks. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Major findings of the study The majority of the mothers (38%) were belonging to the age group of 26-30 years. Eighty-four percent of mothers were illiterates. Eighty-four percent of mothers were coolies. The majority of the mothers were House-wives (35.33%) The majority of the mothers had a monthly family income of Rs. 3001-5000/- (37.33%). Nearly half of the mothers (42%) had the family size as six and above. The mean overall knowledge score of mothers regarding Protein Energy Malnutrition was 12.91 and S.D.=3.11. Hundred and two mothers (68%) had a low knowledge score and 48 mothers (32%) had average knowledge. The X2 value showed that there was a significant relationship between the knowledge of mothers with their education and family monthly income, and hence the research hypothesis H2 and H4 were accepted. The insignificant relationship was found between the knowledge of mothers with their age, occupation and size of the family. The related research hypothesis H1, H3and H5were rejected. The study findings revealed that the majority of mothers were illiterates. Hence there is a need to educate the mothers regarding correct feeding practices and that helps in preventing Protein Energy Malnutrition. Background of the study India's children still languish in malnutrition in spite of a lot of progress in terms of food production, procurement, and food security. One of the most dominant problems declining the quality of life of most Indian citizens is malnutrition. Protein-Energy Malnutrition has been identified as major public health and nutritional problem in India. It not only leads to childhood morbidity and mortality but also leads to impairment of physical and possibly of mental growth of those who survive. Protein-Energy Malnutrition is a global problem. Nearly 150 million children under 5 years in the world and 70 - 80 million in India suffer from protein-energy malnutrition, nearly 20 million in the world and 4 million suffer from severe forms of Protein-Energy Malnutrition like Kwashiorkor and marasmasMalnutrition begets infection and infection begets malnutrition, both are common among poor children, Protein-Energy Malnutrition is found to account for about four million deaths in children. It is still the first killer disease 54 percent, followed by acute respiratory infection 20 percent and diarrhea 18 percent from the global perspective. Studies have pointed out the significant role of women's education in infant and child mortality, widespread women's education is an important determinant factor in unusually low mortality and yet low-income regions and it has been noted that similar set of relationship has been noted with regard to women's education and child's nutritional status. Special efforts have to b made to reach mother's, since they are the most unreached at present.

Published by: Midhun Ashok, Taj MohammadResearch Area: Community Health Nursing

Organisation: Rohilkhand College of Nursing, Bareilly, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Malnutrition, Protein energy malnutrion, Under five

Research Paper

58. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding health-related safety precaution to be followed by senior citizens residing in Abdullapur Maffi, Bareilly, U.P. with a view to develop an information pamphlet

To assess the knowledge of senior citizens regarding Health-related safety precaution in home. To find out the association between level of knowledge of senior citizen regarding safety precaution in home with their demographic variables. To prepare and distribute information education pamphlet among the senior citizens. The nature of the study was descriptive. This study was conducted at Abdullapur Maffi, Bareilly, U.P the research design is used for the research was descriptive. The conceptual frame work used for the study is based on the system model. The data was collected to assess the level of knowledge regarding health-related safety precaution to be followed by senior citizen. The data was collected and where analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics the findings where. The major findings of the study revealed that the knowledge score study was 32% of the people had adequate knowledge score (21-30), 54% of the old people had moderate knowledge score (11-20) and 14% had inadequate knowledge score (below 10). The study proved that their was no significant association between knowledge of senior citizen about safety precaution and the demographic variables i.e. Age, Sex, Religion, Education, No. of family member, Type of house, Type of Family, Occupation, Marital status and Monthly Income. Previous knowledge regarding the health-related safety precaution but there is significant association between knowledge of senior citizen and their demographic variables. Hence the research hypothesis was accepted. The significant difference (P) is found between level of knowledge and demographic variables. On the basis of finding of the study obtain following conclusion where drawn. It can be concluded that in senior citizen knowledge score was less regarding health-related safety precaution and be provide an information pamphlet to improve the knowledge regarding health-related safety precaution to be followed by in senior citizen.

Published by: Taj Mohammed, Midhun AshokResearch Area: Community Health Nursing

Organisation: Excel School of Nursing, Unnao, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Safety Precaution, Senior citizen knowledge


59. Lung cancer detection using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)

Lung cancer is a dangerous disease that taking human life rapidly worldwide. The death of the people is increasing exponentially because of lung cancer. In order to reduce the disease and save a human's life, the automated system is needed. The purpose of the lung cancer detection system is able to detect and provide reliable information to doctors and clinicians from the medical image. To minimize this problem, many systems have been proposed by using different image processing techniques, machine learning, and deep learning techniques. A computed tomography (CT) imaging modality is an efficient technique for medical screening used for lung cancer detection and diagnosis. Physician and radiologist use the CT scan images to analyze, interpret and diagnose the lung cancer from lung tissues. However, in most cases, obtaining an accurate diagnosis result without using the extra medical tool known as a computer- Aid detection and Diagnosis (CAD) system is tedious work for many physicians. To obtain an accurate result from computer-aided diagnosis system lung segmentation methods are basic once. So in this project, we have used different lung segmentation and nodules segmentation methods. Our work has consisted of preprocessing, and lung segmentation by using thresholding, and also used the U-net model for detection of the candidate nodules of the patient’s lung CT scan and classification methodology. We are used a convolutional neural network and designed a 3D CNN model that has 0.77% accuracy performance.

Published by: Endalew Simie, Mandeep KaurResearch Area: Medical Image Analysis

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Lung cancer, Cancer classification, Nodule detection, 3D CNN, Deep learning


60. A pre-experimental study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program on knowledge regarding pubertal changes among 8th standard girls in selected schools of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Beginning from the day of conception even after birth and till death people go through many changes in life throughout various stages. A child first grows rapidly and they enjoy every drop of their life as they grow. But everything doesn’t feel to be normal as puberty begin. Although it was expected it feels so different and life will change. The word puberty is derived from the Latin word “ Pubertas ’’ which means the age of manhood. It refers to the physical rather than behavioral changes which occur when the individual becomes sexually mature and is capable of producing offsprings. Puberty is defined as a sequence of events by which the individual is transformed into a young adult by a series of biological changes. Adolescence begins with the onset of puberty. Adolescence is a stage of human development following early childhood. It commonly ends with the beginning of puberty, but may also be defined as ending with the start of teen age year. Being prepubescent is not being the same thing as being pre-adolescent. Instead, pre-pubescent is a term of boys and girls who have not developed secondary sex characteristics, while pre–adolescents girls are generally defined as those ranging from 10 – 14 year. The point at which a child becomes a pre-adolescents is defined by the onset of puberty or the beginning of the teenage stage. While known as pre-adolescents in psychology, the term pre-teen, preteenager or tween are common in every day used. Adolescents children in fact have a different view of the world from younger children in a more significant way. Typically there is a more realistic view of life then instance fantasy-oriented world of earliest childhood. Adolescents have more mature sensible, realistic thoughts and actions: ‘The most “ sensible ” stage of development for the child is much less then pre-adolescent stage ’.Adolescents may well view human relationships differently. Alongside that, they may begin to develop a sense of self-identity, and to have increased feelings of self-identity, and to have increased feelings of independence. Many pre adolescents will often start to question their home life and surroundings around this time and they may also start to form opinions that may differ from their upbringing in regards to issues such as politics, religion, sexuality, and gender roles. It is the period of rapid physical, psychological, emotional, and behavioral changes. In physical changes includes growth in weight and height, breast changes like the pigmentation of the areola , enlargement of breast tissue and nipple, the appearance of pubic hair, activation of axillary sweat glands, the appearance of axillary hair, the onset of menstruations. Emotional changes include depression, anger, irritability, fear, and anxiety. Another study shows that 28% do not like the changes due to puberty, in their body. On the other hands, studies concluded that reproductive health is ignored and queries go unanswered. Adolescence is a period of transition between childhood and adulthood. A time of physical, cognitive, social and emotional maturation as a boy prepare for manhood. Girls are future mother going through the puberty can challenging time for any girl. The precise boundaries for adolescents are difficult to define, but this period is customarily viewed as beginning with the gradual appearance of secondary sexual characteristics. Pre-adolescence which literally means, “to grow into maturity”.Therefore pre-adolescents possess some knowledge about reproductive health and effective education to encourage healthy behavior. The most dramatic changes related to adolescence are the physical changes that occur as a part of the pubertal process. Puberty includes maturational, hormonal and growth process that occurs when the reproductive organ begins to functions and the secondary sexual characteristics develop during puberty, growth is disorganized confusing and rapid, compared to the relatively stable earlier period of childhood. When pubescent children are not in form about changes that take place at puberty ,it is traumatic to undergo these changes and may develop unfavorable attitude towards these changes.

Published by: Taj MohammedResearch Area: Community Health Nursing

Organisation: Excel School of Nursing, Unnao, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Preteenager, Childhood, Preadolescents, Psychological


61. Using group learning strategies to enhance students’ understanding of selected chemical concepts in science: Evidence from Bagabaga College of Education, Tamale

The pre-test, post-test small group control experiment with an element of descriptive survey study was used to examine the effects of group learning on college students’ understanding of chemical concepts in science. The study was conducted at Bagabaga College of Education, Tamale. A total of 102 first-year students were used for the study. Test and survey questionnaire were the main instruments used for the study. Data obtained were analysed using t-test to determine if there were statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups in terms of performance and retention at the 0.05 confidence level. The t-test analysis of the results showed that there was no significant difference between the control and experimental groups in terms of performance in the pre-test but, there was significant difference between the two groups in the post-test in favour of the experimental group after the treatment.

Published by: Isaac Azumah GonyalugResearch Area: Science Education

Organisation: Bagabaga College of Education, Tamale, GhanaKeywords: Group learning, Cooperative learning, Collaborative learning, Chemical concepts achievement pre-test, Chemical concepts achievement posttest.


62. Effective stabilisation of pavement subgrade using crusher dust

Roads are an important form of infrastructure in any country. Good and safe roads are important for the economic and social growth of the country. National highways are strategically planned with the objective of smooth and fast movement of goods, services, and people to different locations in the country. With this mandate the Government of India set up National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) by an act of Parliament ‘NHAI Act 1988’. National highways connect small towns and districts to capitals of the state and the country and also to places of economic importance. National highways like NH6 provide a good connection with neighboring states, and NH43 and NH200 provide the main north-south connection between Raipur, Bilaspur, and Jagdalpur. About 19 National highways pass through the state of Chhattisgarh, however, apart from these not all roads are all-weather roads and are not safe especially in monsoons. The function of any road depends on its pavement and pavement function depends on its component layer especially the sub-base layer. So, it is very important for any designer to study the natural conditions of the site before the construction of any road network. The sub-base layer is mostly made up of natural soil like gravel soil, which deforms excessively. So to increase the life span of the pavement it is important to reduce their plastic characteristics. Stabilization is one of the techniques for its improvement. Here, we are using crusher dust as a stabilizer. Plasticity characteristics were reduced and CBR values were improved by using crusher dust as a stabilizer. The addition of 20% of crusher dust makes the gravel soils meet the specification of MORTH as a sub-base material is identified from the test results.

Published by: Sakshi Singh RanaResearch Area: Geo Technical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institutions, Bobbili, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Density, Water Content, Pavement, Subgrade, Stabilisation, Crusher Dust

Research Paper

63. Soil stabilization using waste fibre materials

The main objective of this study is to investigate the use of waste fiber materials in geotechnical applications and to evaluate the effects of waste polypropylene fibers on shear strength of unsaturated soil by carrying out direct shear tests and unconfined compression tests on two different soil samples. The results obtained are compared for the two samples and inferences are drawn towards the usability and effectiveness of fiber reinforcement as a replacement for deep foundation or raft foundation, as a cost-effective approach.

Published by: Chandramohan Pahade, Vijay Kumar MeshramResearch Area: Soil Stabilization

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Fibre, Specific gravity, Triaxial compressive test, Shear test, Liquid limit, Plastic limit


64. Automatic target recognition and classification from synthetic aperture radar imagery using multi-stream Convolution Neural Network

The process of using a computer to identify or recognize a target from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images with or without human interference is known as Automatic Target Recognition (ATR). The recognition of target is the process of discovering the location, pose or class of a target with a particular spatial signature by using a high spectral resolution remotely sensed images, which belongs to a particular kind of object (vehicle). In recent years ATR is particular interest in military applications such as infrared surveillance and target acquisition, unmanned aerial vehicles, and autonomous missile. The traditional architecture of automatic target recognition (ATR) for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) consists of three stages: detection, discrimination, classification and recognition. In the last few years Many deep convolutional neural networks have been proposed and used for SAR-ATR and have obtained state-of-the-art results in many computer vision tasks, plus shown improvement from time to time, but most of them classify targets from target chips which is found from SAR imagery, due to limited training images in SAR-ATR, CNN yielded over-fitting when directly applied to SAR-ATR. This paper proposes a novel deep convolutional learning architecture, called Multi-Stream CNN (MS-CNN), for ATR in SAR by leveraging SAR images from multiple views. By deploying a multi-input architecture that fuses information from multiple views of the same target in different aspects enables it to make full use of limited SAR image data to improve recognition performance. In addition, the Fourier feature fusion framework derived which allows unraveling the highly nonlinear relationship between images and classes. The model proposed in this paper performs all the three tasks in the SAR-ATR architecture. The proposed CNN will train using the Moving and Stationary Target Acquisition and Recognition (MSTAR) benchmark data set and to output scores of 10 classes.

Published by: Kalkidan Gezahegn, Dr. Sudeshna ChakrabortyResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Automatic target recognition, Multi-view CNN, Synthetic aperture radar, MSTAR, Standard operating condition, Extended operating condition

Research Paper

65. Performance comparison of DCO and ACO optical OFDM techniques

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) assumes a huge job in the modem media communications system. The range of wireless communication is limited, but this technology has many advantages over its counterparts. To cater to the advantages of OFDM a new concept known as optical OFDM came into realization. Using advantages of both optical communication and OFDM long-distance transmission is possible. This paper discusses the two variants of optical OFDM namely DC biased optical OFDM (DCO-OFDM) and asymmetrically clipped optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM) along with their basic advantages and mathematical description. The Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) mitigation techniques are discussed and simulation results are presents under various schemes.

Published by: Anuj Aawasthi, Dr. Manoj Kumar ShuklaResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: DCO-OFDM, ACO-OFDM, Paper, Clipping and Filtering, µ-Law Mapping

Research Paper

66. Performance characteristics of 4-stroke single cylinder diesel engine, fueled with tyre pyrolysis oil and diesel

The present rate of consumption of GASOLINE would lead to a severe shortage of it within a further few decades. An urgency of finding an alternative fuel in its place has led to several types of research around the world. A study was carried out to evaluate the use of various TYRE PYROLYSIS OIL (TPO) blends with diesel fuel. Performance and emission characteristics of TPO blends with diesel on a single-cylinder direct-injection engine are presented in this study. In the initial stage, the test was conducted on four strokes single-cylinder diesel engines by using diesel and baseline data was generated. A constant speed will be maintained throughout the experiment. Then commercially available TPO was blended with diesel fuel at some volumetric ratios [(5% TPO ,95% DO) (10% TPO ,90%DO) (15% TPO ,85%DO) (20% TPO ,80%DO) (25% TPO ,75%DO) (30%TPO, 70%DO) (35% TPO ,65%DO) (40%TPO ,60%DO)] which will be going to give the performance characteristics and also to assess at what volumetric ratio the indicated thermal efficiency will be maximum and ISFC will be less when compared to only diesel blends. How will be the exhaust gas emissions which will be studied here, if the emissions are more then we will add some additives to decrease the emissions in further work.

Published by: K. Mohan Laxmi, M. Venkatesh, A. Satish KumarResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Tekkali, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Compression ignition engine, Tire pyrolysis oil, Diesel, Mechanical efficiency, Brake thermal efficiency, Indicated thermal efficiency, Basic specific fuel consumption

Research Paper

67. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Valeriana jatamansi and Nardostachys jatamansi

For a long period of time, plants have been a valuable source of natural products for maintaining human health. In the last decade, there has been a more intensive study for natural therapies. The use of plant compounds for pharmaceutical purposes is gradually increasing in the world. The Himalaya is credited all over the world as a treasure of medicinal and aromatic plants, which in turn prove as a treasure of bioactive agents. Among these, a good fraction of species is critically endangered. Valerian originated from the Latin word “Valere” meaning ‘to be in good health’. Valerian and Nardostachys (a substitute) belong to the Valerianaceae (now Caprifoliaceae) family. Due to similar species name and some common components, these plants are used as the substitute of each other. The root extracts of Valeriana jatamansi and Nardostachys jatamansi in various solvents are investigated for their antimicrobial property using the agar diffusion method. The antioxidant properties of both plant root extracts are analyzed using DPPH assay. The root extracts are further subjected to Lipoxygenase enzyme inhibition assay (a kit based method) to determine the anti-inflammatory properties. Methanolic extracts of Valerian show better antimicrobial effect compared to Nardostachys. It also shows the better anti-oxidant property. In contrast, antifungal and the anti-inflammatory property are shown by Nardostachys is better as compared to Valerian. According to the results obtained, it can be concluded that the plants cannot be really used a substitute; as they show different properties.

Published by: N. H. Joglekar, Dr. S. S. BarveResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Vinayak Ganesh Vaze College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Valerian, Jatamansi, Antimicrobial, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-oxidant


68. Effective soil stabilization using Lime Sludge

Weak subgrade layers can decrease the designed service life of pavements significantly, and building of thicker top layers may be required. Weak local soil can be turned into an effective material by chemical soil stabilization. Class C Fly ash (CF), class F Fly ash (FF) and Portland Cement (PC) have been used for soil stabilization. Fly ash has been used by the concrete industry, and its popularity in the industry sometimes causes temporary shortages. PC is known to be the most expensive stabilizer among other stabilizers. In this research, Lime Sludge (LS) was investigated as an alternative stabilizer due to the benefits of using waste materials and the uncertain future of fly ash and PC. For this purpose, LS was used alone and with other stabilizers for soil stabilization, and Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS), freeze-thaw (F-T), wet-dry (W-D) tests and swelling test under F-T were conducted. The UCS test results of the specimens cured up to 90 days showed that LS can be used alone to increase the strength of the soil. The UCS test results of 7-day cured specimens pointed out LS can be mixed with CF and FF for further increase in strength. Using LS and PC together decreased the effect of PC because of a low pH environment. F-T test results of 7-day cured specimens showed that relatively higher strength losses were observed in the open system compared to the closed one. In addition, test results showed that there were no considerable benefits of using LS either alone or with other stabilizers on F-T durability. According to the W-D test results, the use of LS decreased the performance of PC and caused failures. Swelling test results under F-T showed that although the use of LS decreased the performance of other stabilizers, an optimum amount of LS (around 12%) could be used alone to reduce the swelling.

Published by: Durgasi Mohan BabuResearch Area: Geo Technical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institutions, Bobbili, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Lime Sludge (LS), Class F Fly Ash, Portland Cement (PC), Compressive strength, Freeze-thaw


69. Study on rural roads construction by utilisation of waste materials

Research into new and innovative uses of waste material is continually advancing. Many highway agencies, private organizationss, and individuals are in the process of a wide variety of studies and research projects concerning the feasibility, environmental suitability, and performance of using recycled products in highway construction. The amount of wastes has increased year by year and the disposal becomes a serious problem. Particularly, the recycling ratio of the plastic wastes in life and industry is very low and many of them have been reclaimed for the reason of unsuitable ones for incineration. It is necessary to utilize the wastes effectively with technical development in each field. Expansive soils are so widely spread that it becomes impossible to avoid them for highway construction to keep the network structure for mobility and accessibility. However, the roads constructed on expansive soils suffer extensive damage and distress resulting in large economic loses running to billions of dollars. As thermal power plants are spatially distributed all over the country, the utilization of fly ash from these plants for the road construction, not only helps to consume bulk quantities of fly ash solving its disposal problem to a certain extent but also to satisfy the construction requirements. Reinforcement of soils with synthetic fibers is potentially an effective Technique for increasing soil strength. In recent years, this technique has been suggested for a variety of geotechnical applications ranging from retaining structure and earth embankments to subgrade stabilization beneath footings and pavements. Research on different types of reinforcement and materials has been conducted by several investigators. However, the amount of information available on randomly oriented fiber reinforcement is still limited. Here an attempt is made to the suitability of different types of waste plastics strips and waste tyre rubber chips reinforcing with gravel and flash in flexible pavement system on expansive soil subgrade. Commonly Gravel is considered to be suitable for road construction (MOST- 1998).

Published by: Kammampati LaxmanResearch Area: Geo Technical Engineering

Organisation: Gokul Group of Institutions, Bobbili, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Roads, Construction, Waste materials

Review Paper

70. Colon targeted drug delivery system – A novel perspective

New developments have been taking place in the field of colon-specific drug delivery scheme in the latest years. Colonic drug delivery has become increasingly important not only for delivering the drug for the therapy of colon-related indigenous illnesses such as Crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, etc. But also to provide protein, therapeutic peptides, anti-asthmatic drugs, medicine and anti-diabetic agents in particular. New colon targeting systems and techniques are created to overcome the constraints of the previous method. Colon targeting has great potential and still wants a lot of creative jobs. This review describes the implementation of colon, wishes, and approaches to the delivery of colonic drugs, the problem of colonic transformation, colonic diseases and thus the new and growing techniques.

Published by: Lokesh Kumar Thakur, Sushmita Rana, Amit ChaudharyResearch Area: M.Pharmacy (Pharmaceutics)

Organisation: Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Colonic drug delivery, New colon targeting systems and techniques, New and growing techniques.

Research Paper

71. A study of consumer behaviour towards food ordering through mobile apps

Smartphone technology has rehabilitated everything from taxi reservation to food ordering. People, especially the millennial generation, prefer to use high-end mobile apps ordering food from their preferred restaurant. Food is just a tap away, thanks to mobile apps. Many factors have influenced and impacted the reasons for online food ordering service and to name a few, most essentially the convenience factor, loyalty programs, social media and digital menu(customization). With on-demand popular food delivery apps like Swiggy, Food Panda, Zomato, Ubereats, etc., and people can have food delivered at their doorstep without conceding on the quality of food and their hectic schedule. This paper tries to understand the influence of demography of the people espousing to this technology. The impact of demographic factors on online food ordering behavior can be understood in this paper. The study also attempts to understand the intention of the customer to use such apps.

Published by: Dr. Bagirathi IyerResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Indira School of Business Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Online food order, Food delivery, Smartphone, Mobile apps, Demographics

Research Paper

72. Performance comparison of ANN and template matching on English character recognition

the recognition of handwritten documents, which aims at transforming the written text into machine-encoded text, is considered as one of the most challenging problems in the area of pattern recognition and an open research area. This brings the necessity to make research works on character recognition of the English alphabet not only recognizing measure and evaluate the performance of algorithms we used. A number of algorithms have been proposed for English character recognition such as a support vector machine, hidden Markov model, and neural network. In this research, the design and implementation of a character recognition system for English characters using artificial neural networks and template matching are presented. The complete system employs image acquisition, preprocessing, character segmentation, and classification and recognition. Finally, compare the performance of ANN and template matching algorithms. A data was an MNIST dataset taken from the NIST database. Overall, a recognition of ANN accuracy of 88 percent was obtained and template matching accuracy was 73 percent.

Published by: Muna Ahmed, Dr. Ali Imam AbidiResearch Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: OCR: Optical Character Recognition, English character recognition, Artificial Neural Network, Template Matching, preprocessing, Segmentation, Handwritten recognition

Research Paper

73. Path planning and obstacle detection for blind people

In these rapidly expanding economies that evolve at a seeming pace, visually challenged have done the most of it in achieving formidable outcomes. However, limitations in mobility is a vital concern to be addressed for people with visual disability. Today’s demographic scenario reveals that visually impaired count for about 1% of the gross, and 10% of whom is totally blind leading to the urgency in the invention of a real problem-solving system for the impaired. Numerous devices already subsist for the need for global navigation like GPS systems, but these do not aid for the cause of local navigation, local path organizing, and crash avoidance. The key purpose behind this project is to design an electronic travel aid which consists of a wearable tool that serves the sightless to engineer their local navigation jobs. It includes a sensory system that is under the control of the user. The primary data necessary for local navigation is map data of the indoor environment which serves as the input to an audio-based navigation system that coverts this data into audio command guiding the person to navigate to a particular location. In addition to these navigation procedures, IR sensors and ultrasonic sensors are planted in for the obstacle detection on the sides and in front respectively for collision avoidance. The output from these sensor modules is fed into an Arduino microcontroller, which grabs all the output from these sensors for further processing and ending up in generating a voice output accordingly. Local navigation and collision avoidance together serve the purpose of mobility for the sightless in indoor environments.

Published by: Dedeepya NelluruResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Bharti Airtel Limited, Gurgaon, HaryanaKeywords: Electronic travel aid, Obstacle detection, Arduino Uno, IR sensor, Ultrasonic sensor, RF transceivers

Research Paper

74. Analytic continuation of Riemann zeta function

In this paper, we present Riemann zeta function and its analytic continuation and functional equation. We will begin with the Gamma function and some properties of the Gamma function. Then we prove that the Riemann zeta function can be represented by Euler’s product. We will present proof of analytic continuation of the zeta function using Gamma function. Also, we define a Jacobi Theta function and Xi function with the proof of its functional equation and then it will be used to prove the analytic continuation of zeta function as well as its functional equation.

Published by: Mohammad Haroon SabiriResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Al-Beroni University, AfghanistanKeywords: Riemann zeta function, Analytic continuation, Gamma function, Jacobi theta function, Xi function.

Review Paper

75. A review: Rocker Arm

Rocker arm is part of the valve actuating mechanism. It is responsible for the opening and closing the intake and exhaust valves. Rocker arms are typically in between the pushrod and intake and exhaust valves. They allow the push rods to push up on the rocker arm and push down on the valves. Over the years of rocker arm have been optimized in its designed and material for better performance durability, toughness, high dimensional stability, wear resistance, strength as well as economic factors are the reasons for optimization of rocker arm. This paper review types of rocker arm based on published sources in order to understand rocker arm for its problem identification and further optimization. This paper present what is rocker arm? Where it is used, history related to rocker arm, reason of failure of rocker arm are also discussed in this paper.

Published by: S. D. Patil, D. C. MahaleResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: SSVPS’S Bapusaheb Shivajirao Deore College of Engineering, Dhule, MaharashtraKeywords: Rocker arm, Valve actuating mechanism, HMCFUD material

Research Paper

76. Enhanced SHG efficiency in electron irradiated KDP crystals for nonlinear applications

Nonlinear single crystals have extensive applications in the technology of Opto-Electronics and Photonics. The properties of these crystals can be varied by electron irradiation. In this paper, we are reporting the comparative results of second harmonic generation efficiencies of (KDP) Potassium dihydrogen phosphate singles crystals and doped KDP without electron irradiation and with electron irradiation. The SHG efficiency of these crystals is measured using the optical simultaneous multi-channel analyzer, at wavelength  = 532nm using the spectrometer at Karnataka University Dharwad. The electron irradiation is done in the Microtron center, Mangalore University. The samples of KDP are irradiated by pulsed electron beam energy 8.0 MeV, with an average beam peak of 20 mA, for graded doses of 635 Gy, 1300 Gy, and 1924 Gy. It is observed that SHG efficiency is increased after electron irradiation when compared to unirradiated KDP.

Published by: Ramesh Shetty H., A. P. BhatResearch Area: Optics

Organisation: Alva's Education Foundation, Moodbidri, KarnatakaKeywords: Electron irradiation, Non-linear mixed crystals Refractive Index, Second Harmonic Generation


77. Virtual production of dental prosthesis using dental virtual articulator

Virtual reality is a computer-based technology linked with the future of the dentistry-dental practice. Virtual reality leads us to navigate and view a world of three dimensions in real-time with 6 degrees of freedom. The virtual articulator is one such application in prosthetic restorative dentistry based on virtual reality that will significantly reduce the limitation of the mechanical articulator and by simulation of real patient data, allows an analysis of digitized casts with regard to static and dynamic occlusion as well as jaw relation.

Published by: Smita Khalikar, Swati Pawar, S. P. Dange, Kishor MahaleResearch Area: Prosthetic Dentistry

Organisation: Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, MaharashtraKeywords: Virtual articulator, Dental occlusion, Dental articulato

Research Paper

78. Development of DNA isolation and purification method with automation by using Silica coated Magnetic Nanoparticles

Development of DNA isolation and purification method with automation by using Silica coated Magnetic Nanoparticles. To develop a protocol to extract and purify the DNA, with automation using silica-coated magnetic particles, of two gram-negative bacteria E. coli DH5α for small volume culture (1ml) and large volume culture (5ml). Cell Lysis: Here all the analysis has been done on E. coli DH5α, gram negative bacteria. Washing: The second step comes in purifying the nucleic acids is the washing. Other than proteins, there are many kinds of impurities present with nucleic acids and these impurities need to be washed. Elution: The final step is the elution step. In this step, finally the DNA is extracted from the silica coated MNPs and hence purified.

Published by: Sanyam Modi, Chintan SomaniResearch Area: Bioengineering

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Silica Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles

Review Paper

79. A review on green hybrid composites – (Glass-Sisal-Bamboo) for aircraft structural applications

Green Hybrid Composite Materials are an emerging trend for future applications mainly in the Automotives and in the Aviation sector, so lots of researches are on the way mainly for Natural Hybrid Composites. This is a review journal which deals with the Green hybrid composites to be used in the Aviation industry, as we have more probability for these kinds of Hybrid Composites. In this review, a good touch is given to reinforcements such as glass, sisal, bamboo, and its hybrid properties. Also, the use of green hybrid composite, their special focus on aerospace structural development in terms of its performance and requirement are explained in this review work

Published by: S. S. Pon Sudhir Sajan, Sengunthar Ranjeet KumarResearch Area: Aircraft Advanced Structures

Organisation: Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Tamil NaduKeywords: Hybrid, Bamboo Sisal Glass, Aircraft structures

Research Paper

80. Change method of teaching and learning at universities in Vietnam on current

Today, the technological and scientific revolution thrives, marking the process of globalization taking place in all areas. In the process of integration, education in Vietnam in general and higher education, in particular, are facing fierce competition right at home. Especially the wave of industrial revolution 4.0 and non-traditional education methods pose many challenges for the education industry, especially higher education. What should Vietnam do to avoid lagging in education and participating in the globalization of education? Are the methods currently used in universities still relevant? How is the change of method at universities going? These questions were open issues for the authors to embark on research on the need to change the current teaching and learning methods in Vietnamese universities.

Published by: Nguyen Trong Long, Vu Hong VanResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Ho Chi Minh University of Natural Resources and Environment, Ho Chi Minh City, VietnamKeywords: Change, Tradition teaching methods, Non-traditional teaching methods, University, Vietnam

Review Paper

81. Ancient methods for extraction of Zinc from ores: A comprehensive study report

The Zinc is the most interesting metal and was responsible for the invention of coins of mock gold and utensils of mock silver ad. Because of the low boiling point (907°C), zinc is difficult to smelt. Pure zinc can only be obtained after the mastery of distillation techniques, which have been described in our ancient chemical treatises. The mines have given definite evidence of the production of zinc from back to 6th Century BC in Rajasthan. The process of distillation was being used from the 12th century AD, So India was the first to produce zinc by using distillation processes. In fact, many ancient Indian literatures refers to various types of metal that were used in different periods. In the epics e.g. Mahabharata and Ramayana, brass and the bell metal have been termed as kamsya, the utensils of which were used for milking and drinking. The Rasaratnasamucchaya, a fourteenth-century alchemical text, tells that the Indian alchemy was not only confined to the principle of mercury and its compounds but also to a large number of other minerals. It reveals names of scores of celebrated alchemists like Nagarjuna, Govinda and others. The rasvidya (alchemy) was kept closely guarded secret and confined to devout practitioners only.

Published by: Sawanraj AroraResearch Area: Extractive Metallurgy

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Rasvidya-alchemy, Kamsya-brass, Koshti yantram-furnace, Lohe-metal, Dehe-body, Marana-heating, Loha-metal, Rasa-alloy, Shreshta-bes qualityt, Aushadi-medicine, Madhyama-medium quality, Gandhakadi-incense stick, Yashada-copper, Parad-mercury, Arihola-orpiment, Kanishta-low quality, Durgunaprat-very low/bad quality, Tivra agni-intense fire


82. Empirical detection of humanistic real-time behavioral scooping and interpretation from multivariate data

Despite the advent of wearable devices and the proliferation of smartphones, there still is no ideal platform that can continuously sense and precisely collect all available contextual information. Mobile sensing data collection approaches should deal with uncertainty and data loss originating from software and hardware restrictions. We have conducted lifelogging data collection experiments from many users and created a rich dataset (7.5 million records) to represent the real-world deployment issues of mobile sensing systems. We create a novel approach to identify human behavioral motifs while considering the uncertainty of collect data objects. Our work benefits from combinations of sensors available on a device and identifies behavioral patterns with a temporal granularity similar to human time perception. Employing a combination of sensors rather than focusing on only one sensor can handle uncertainty by neglecting sensor data that is not available and focusing instead on available data. Moreover, we demonstrate that using a sliding window significantly improves the scalability of our analysis, which can be used by applications for small devices such as smart phones and wearable.

Published by: Poonam PatilResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Godavari College of Engineering, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Data Mining, Temporal granularity, Multivariate temporal data, Pattern, Behaviour


83. Statistical Procedures and Associations in Clinical Research

Performing Statistical analysis is regarded as the foundations of evidence-based clinical practice, a key in the functioning of new clinical research in the evaluation and the application of research. The paper throws light on how to review and the choice of statistical procedures, analyze the associations among variables and techniques used when the clinical processes being examined are still in process. Methods for building predictive models in clinical situations, and the procedure to assess the stability of these models and other quantitative conclusions. Techniques for comparing independent events are distinguished from those used with events in a causal chain or otherwise linked. Attention then turns to study design, to the determination of the sample size needed to make a given comparison and to statistically negative studies.

Published by: BalakrishnaResearch Area: Clinical Research

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Staistical analysis, Descriptive statistics, Measurement scaling, Modelling association, Prediction, Statistical power

Research Paper

84. E-super edge bimagic graceful labeling of graphs

In a graph minimum numbers are assigned to the edges and maximum numbers are assigned to the vertices. In each graph there exist two magic constants with some condition

Published by: Durga Devi, MarimuthuResearch Area: Graph Theory

Organisation: Mangayarkarasi College of Arts and Science for Women Paravai, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Bi Magic Labelin, Edge Bimagic Labeling, E Super Edge Bimagic Labeling


85. Routine and research cohort coverage of vaccines in Tamil Nadu: Implications for the Universal Immunization Program

Immunization coverage in Indian states varies from 24.8 % to 89.7%. Comparison between the routine vaccine coverage with two research cohorts in Tamil Nadu showed the routine immunization system performed well with >80% coverage for EPI vaccines and reasonable timeliness. Given Tamil Nadu’s performance, this and similar states should not be denied access to new antigens, pending improvement in coverage in other parts of India.

Published by: Arun S. Karthikeyan, Jacob John, Gagandeep KangResearch Area: Medicine

Organisation: Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Immunization coverage, Vaccine timeliness, Universal Immunization Program

Case Study

86. The pricing dilemma at Autopress India Private Limited

Auto press India Private Limited, a stainless steel cookware manufacturer, was preparing for a new product launch. All of their efforts were influenced by their vision statement of ‘thoughtfully crafted cookware to transform cooking experiences’. While preparing for the launch of their new product fresh market intelligence emerged which could impact the company’s future strategy, particularly it's product pricing and new product launch strategy. The case demonstrates the dilemma of a decision-maker while framing strategies for growth. Should the company focus on getting the first-mover advantage and later defend itself against competition or should it wait and watch, formulating an attack strategy later? Towards the end, the case outlines the course of action adopted by the company. The case can be used to expose readers to decision making in business and its impact. It helps in understanding the concepts of competitive strategy formulation, channel partnership and product pricing including factors affecting pricing such as competitor’s price changes and perceived value.

Published by: Neha AgarwalResearch Area: Business Strategy

Organisation: Indira School of Business Studies, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Pricing strategy, Competitor strategy, First-mover advantage, New product launch, Channel partnership, Perceived value

Research Paper

87. Correction in Ohm’s law

In physics, we study about fluid flow, Electric current, heat flow, and many more flows but the common thing in all the flows is that it needs some driving force to move something due to which flow will occur and when we observe equations of all these flows, they look similar but if we compare these similar equations of different flows then it looks like that something is missing in defining equations.

Published by: Manjeet SinghResearch Area: Physics

Organisation: Parul University, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Gravitational voltage, Gravitational resistance, Electric pressure

Research Paper

88. Meshing technique in FEA for complex shape model and result optimization

In this article the technological application of finite element analysis, meshing is one of the most critical steps. The quality of meshing directly affects the accuracy and speed of the solution. There are three steps in meshing: defining cell properties (including real constants), defining mesh properties on a geometric model, and meshing. Dynamic interaction of a proposed methodology for flexible structures subjected to mobile loads is presented. In the first place, the modeling of a mobile finite element mesh is described, which moves on the contact of a crack in a manner that is integral to the engine that runs through the catenary and, subsequently, the comparison of this methodology is presented against a conventional fixed-mesh finite element model. The simulated case corresponds to that proposed by the standard, obtaining results according to the revalidation intervals proposed by the said standard. The main advantage of the mobile mesh method lies in the fact that for analogous precision, the calculation time is of the order of 4 times less than the classical model.

Published by: Vikas Shukla, Mahendra Pratap Singh, Amit Kr. SrivastavaResearch Area: CAD and CAM

Organisation: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Meshing element, FEA, Ansys 17, Mesh optimization, Result evaluation

Research Paper

89. Cloud+: A safe and restrained data access control program for cloud

Secure distributed storage, which is a rising cloud administration, is planned to guarantee the mystery of re-appropriated data yet also to give versatile data access to cloud customers whose data is out of physical control. Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption(CP-ABE) is seen as a champion among the most reassuring frameworks that may be used to verify the confirmation of the administration. Be that as it may,the use of CP-ABE may yield an unavoidable security burst which is known as the abuse of access accreditation (for example decoding right). In this paper, we look at the two essential occurrences of access accreditation misuse: one is on the semi-believed specialist side, and the other is supportive of cloud customer. To ease the abuse, we propose revocable CP-ABE based distributed storage structure with express renouncing, planned information getting to and numerous examining capacity alluded as Cloud+.

Published by: Sarath PathariResearch Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: CP-ABE, Access Accreditation Misuse, Traceability and Revocation, Examining, Time Encoding

Research Paper

90. FEA of automobile suspension system for vibration elimination

In this article the accurate and efficient calculation method for non-stationary random vibration analysis of large complex structures is one of the current research hotspots. According to the linear relationship between input and output of linear structure, the columnar problem of explicit expression of structural dynamic response is first discussed. Based on the above explicit expressions of dynamic response, a FEA method for non-stationary random vibration analysis of large complex structures is proposed for deterministic structural models and stochastic structural models. For the deterministic structure, according to the explicit expression of the dynamic response, on the one hand, the mean and variance of the structural response can be directly calculated by the operation law of the first moment and the second moment; on the other hand, Monte Carlo simulation can be implemented to obtain the structural response. The peak statistic and the solution to the structural dynamic reliability. The random vibration analysis of the vehicle environment was carried out for the equipment mounting structure. Firstly, the characteristics of the vibration environment of the suspension platform are discussed. The random sinusoidal vibration spectrum is transformed into pure random vibration by the principle of equal energy. Then the 3D model constructed by Pro-E software is used to import ANSYS for geometric processing and meshing. Finally, the finite element solution is solved by ANSYS software to obtain the displacement stress response of the structure under the vibration environment of the suspension, and the dynamic strength of the structure is carried out.

Published by: Akanksha Singh, Santosh Kumar Verma, Paveen Kumar MauryaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Vibration response, FEA, ANSYS (CAE), Result Evaluation


91. Maths formula on consecutive numbers

This paper is about a formula that provides the relation among any three consecutive numbers. This formula also helps to find the square of any integer easily.

Published by: BalajiResearch Area: Maths

Organisation: Pushpalatha Vidhya Mandhir, Tirunelveli, Tamil NaduKeywords: Consecutive integer, Square

Research Paper

92. Bridging income inequalities

Distribution of wealth has been among one of the most controversial debates in recent times. When the rate of return on capital exceeds the rate of growth of output and income (as in the 19th century and seems to be the case in the 21st century), Capitalism leads us in a direction that sabotages the very basic values upon which our democracies are based. Drawing inspiration from Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, this paper plans to offer some insights and policy-based solutions that could bring about a shift in income and wealth towards less inequality. The paper also keeps a note of the role of technological advancements and the increase of wealth. These policies need to be implemented on a national level to bring about a genuine shift in the distribution of income. The implementation of these policies is as critical as the ideation and formulation.

Published by: Mudit GargResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Capital income, Labor income, Technology, Policy, Inequality

Research Paper

93. Life expectancy of structural component

Continuously monitoring the actual load acting on the components in real-time leads to the determination of the actual range of loads acting on that components in that particular environment, based on which the component can be designed on both materials and structurally for that concern environment which leads to avoiding overestimation of loads and additional weight built up. This project concentrates on determining the life expectancy of the strut in shock absorber by placing a piezoelectric sensor in the strut of the vehicle and the real-time loads acting on the vehicle is obtained with ARDUINO UNO microprocessor board and is connected to the Display/computer unit to save the load value with respect to time and creation of structural component done by using design software CREO, now the values are imported to Ansys workbench for fatigue analysis to calculate the life of the shock absorber. In this project also depends on not only the life, but it also includes the stress, stress, total deformation for on-road condition

Published by: GopinathResearch Area: Structural Health Monitoring

Organisation: Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Piezo sensor, ARDUINO UNO, CREO, ANSYS, Fatigue analysis,Life expectancy

Survey Report

94. Analysis of RCC sloped building under seismic load: A brief survey

Mostly hilly regions of India are highly seismic. Sloped Buildings have differed in different ways from other buildings. Buildings built in hilly areas are much more vulnerable to the seismic environment. The various floors of sloped building steps back towards the hill slope and at the same time buildings may have setbacks also. Analysis of such buildings is somewhat different than the buildings on the leveled ground since the column of such building rests at different levels on the slope. In the present study, the analysis of G+3 and G+4 buildings on varying slope angles i.e. 00, 7.500, 15.00, 22.500 and 30.00 has been conducted. Both types of building configurations i.e, step back and step back setback has been considered. The seismic forces are considered as per IS: 1893‐2002

Published by: Jyoti SahuResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Professional Management and Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: STAAD-pro, Base Shear, Set back and Step Back

Research Paper

95. Experimental study on characteristics of bitumen mixed with plastic waste and natural fiber

Disposal of waste materials together with waste plastic baggage has become a significant drawback and waste plastics area unit burnt for apparent disposal that causes environmental pollution In the present experimental investigation, attempts are made to study on the various properties like penetration test, ductility test, softening point test, specific gravity test, viscosity test, flash and fire point test, Experiments were conducted for both Ordinary bitumen and waste polythene bitumen with different percentages of waste polythene. It was observed that variation of stability with waste plastic more stability show from 5% bitumen sample with 8%plastic added value 1972 (Kg). Show that increasing bitumen percentage and plastic with decreasing the stability of the bitumen mix. The lower value of stability is 1508kg obtained from 6.5% bitumen with 12% plastic. Also clear that the flow value of bitumen with the addition of plastic is a higher value obtained from mix M4 at 5% of bitumen, and 8% plastic. It is clear that increasing the percentage of bitumen and with increasing of waste plastic than decreasing flow value of bitumen compare with mix 8% plastic and 5% bitumen respectively.

Published by: Yashpal Kaurav, Ram BharoshResearch Area: Road Constructions With Bitumen

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Waste plastic, Natural fiber, Penetration test, Marshall Stability, Ductility test, Flash and fire point test, Viscosity test

Research Paper

96. House price prediction using various machine learning algorithms

House price increases gradually, that is why there is a need to create such a system for prediction of house prices. This prediction will help developers knowing the selling price of a house. It will also assist customers to know about which is the perfect time to buy a flat. In this paper, we are going to predict the selling price of various houses. Selling prices are determined by various factors such as the location of the house, area of the property, the inflation rate of the current year, Apartment type, month and year of which we want to know the particular price. We are implementing various machine learning algorithms for building a predictive model for houses. We have considered housing data of 2000 properties. In this paper, We will be comparing the algorithms on the basis of parameters such as MAE, RMSE, MSE, accuracy.

Published by: Parth Ambalkar, Akash Mane, Tanmay MaityResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel Institute of Technology, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Prediction, House price

Research Paper

97. Shape optimization of a bracket model using Finite Element Analysis

The objective of this research is to integrate a method of optimization of structures to the Computer-Aided Design (CAD) process with a mesh quadratic. Uses ANSYS software to perform static finite element analysis on a bracket model. On this basis, the homogenization method is adopted, and the total flexibility of the model is taken as the objective function, and the volume is used as the constraint condition. The topology optimization design of the model under several working conditions is carried out. The problems of basic model establishment, optimization region selection, optimization process control and optimization result analysis and application in topology optimization design process are discussed. The application of topology optimization in the initial design process of automotive structures is realized.

Published by: Ratendra Kumar Srivastava, Santosh Kumar Verma, Paveen Kumar MauryaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Meshing Element, FEA, Ansys 17, Mesh optimization, Result evaluation

Review Paper

98. Power flow analysis power systems dynamics and stability

The power system is predominantly in steady-state operation or in a state that could with sufficient accuracy be regarded as a steady-state. In a power system, there are always small load changes, switching actions, and other transients occurring so that in a strict mathematical sense most of the variables are varying with the time. However, these variations are most of the time so small that an algebraic, i.e. not a time-varying model of the power system is justified. A short circuit in a power system is clearly not a steady-state condition, such an event can start a variety of different dynamic phenomena in the system, and study these dynamic models are needed. However, when it comes to calculating the fault currents in the system, steady-state (static) models with appropriate parameter values can be used. A fault current consists of two components, a transient part, and a steady-state part, but since the transient part can be estimated from the steady-state one, fault current analysis is commonly restricted to the calculation of the steady-state fault currents.

Published by: Prathamesh B. Kashid, Vedant S. Nimbalkar, Ashwini K. GokhaleResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth’s Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Technology, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Steady-state, Transients, Fault currents

Research Paper

99. Evaluation of basin type solar still by optimizing the condenser

Productivity enhancement of solar still has been one of the main goals of the researchers. The purpose of this research is to design a water distillation system that can purify water from nearly any source, a system that is relatively cheap, portable, and depends only on renewable solar energy. To improve the performance external condenser was used. In this research work, two design of solar still was compared experimentally, one with external condenser and other without condenser. The effect of adding external condenser to the still is to decrease the heat loss. To improve this the addition of external condenser in simple solar still was definitely a positive in improving the thermal performance of the still by increasing the overall water collection over 24 h. This paper contains the experimental work and comparison.

Published by: Daraniya Vivek Ashwinbhai, Shaival R. Parikh, Dr. Umang PatdiwalaResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Gandhinagar Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar, GujaratKeywords: Solar still, Different design, External Condenser

Research Paper

100. Influence of different plant growth hormones on morpho-physiological attributing characteristics in Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata Burn F. Ex)

Andrographis paniculata, commonly known as Kalmegh, is used both in Ayurvedic and Unani system of medicines because of its immunological, antibacterial and hepatoprotective properties. It is an annual herb has a high-value compound used in the treatment of various diseases. A field experiment was conducted at the research farm of RAK College of Agriculture, Sehore (Madhya Pradesh) during Kharif 2015-16 & 2016-17. Investigations were undertaken to aim to increase the growth and yield parameters of Kalmegh. Using different Plant Growth Hormones Cycocel (100, 150 and 200ppm), GA3 (100, 150 and 200ppm) and NAA (100 and 150ppm) and water spray as control to study the effect of plant growth hormones on Growth viz plant height (cm), leaf area (cm2), chlorophyll content (SPAD), photosynthesis rate (μmol CO2 mˉ ² s-¬¹) at 90 DAS and yield viz test weight (g), seed yield (kg ha-1), herbage yield(q ha-1) and leaf alkaloid content (%) of kalmegh at harvesting. The foliar spray of GA3 @ 150ppm, GA3 @ 100ppm, Cycocel @100ppm and GA3 100ppm significantly maximum plant height (47.33), leaf area (420.82), chlorophyll content (57.78) photosynthesis rate (24.78) during 2015-16 and spray with GA3 @ 100 ppm, applies the maximum plant height (46.20), leaf area (426.41) and photosynthesis rate (22.88) significantly differed from other treatments during 2016-17 respectively. The average plant height, chlorophyll content and photosynthesis rate were higher during 2015-16 (39.57), (51.01) and (22.75) than 2016-17 (39.41), (46.71) and (21.07) except leaf area.

Published by: D. K. Raidas, Dr. S. D. Upadhayay, Dr. Anjana Sharma, A. K. Choudhary, Dr. R. KhandweResearch Area: Agriculture

Organisation: RAK College of Agriculture, Sehore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Cycocel, GA3, NAA spray, PPM, Photosynthesis rate, Chlorophyll content

Research Paper

101. Rainwater harvesting at JDCOEM, Nagpur, India

As we know our population is increasing one comes in which it will replace the china in population this is also the reason that our most valuable natural resource that is water is going to decrease water reservoir has its own issue. In the Ancient method, water is enough for people because the population is in control but now days are changed. We are trying to save water on our campus so that we can use that water easily we can full fill the daily requirement of water. We need better technique than this but till then this is a cost-effective technique and we need to think for alternative cost-effective technique but anyway Rainwater harvesting is one of the best methods of fulfilling water requirements. In that project we are calculating the water from the rooftop and consider as the catchment area of our institutional building of JDCOEM campus we also design a tank for collecting the water The average rainfall in Nagpur is 896 mm in 2018 and that much quantity of water is going waste. With the help of rainwater harvesting, we can save water.

Published by: Rohit N. Khobragade, Suraj P. SarkarResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: JD College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Rainwater harvesting, Water reservoir, Natural resource, Water requirements

Research Paper

102. Video-assisted teaching vs. Demonstration Method of Teaching regarding knowledge on bio-medical waste management

Introduction: Bio-Medical Waste Management is one of the biggest challenges of the present-day time because it has a direct impact on the health of the human being. Awareness about various aspects of Bio-Medical Waste Management is required and is needed to be assessed among the health care workers. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Vs Demonstration Method of Teaching regarding knowledge on Bio-Medical Waste Management and to correlate between the Video Assisted Teaching and Demonstration Method of Teaching on Biomedical Waste Management among the second year B Sc Nursing students Methodology: Quasi-experimental, Pretest Posttest Design was adapted. The study was conducted among 82 second-year B Sc Nursing students of PSG College of Nursing, Coimbatore. Based on the inclusion criteria, the study participants were divided for Experimental group I and Experimental group II. A convenient sampling technique was adopted. The questionnaire comprised 20 questions for assessing the knowledge of students on Biomedical Waste Management. Experimental group I was educated using Video Assisted Teaching and Experimental group II was educated using the Demonstration Method of Teaching. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean and standard deviation of pre test and post test value for Video Assisted Teaching were 13.8 ± 2.12 and 16.39 ± 2.79 and for Demonstration Method of Teaching were 13.6 ± 2.10 and 15.92 ± 2.62. The calculated‘t’ value of Video Assisted Teaching was 6.03 and the Demonstration Method of Teaching was 3.35 which were more than tabulated value 2.02 at the level of p <0.05. There was a positive correlation (r = 0.715) between Video Assisted Teaching and Demonstration Method of Teaching among Nursing students on Bio-Medical Waste Management at 0.05 level (2-tailed). Conclusion: The finding of the study concluded that Demonstration Method of Teaching is effective than Video Assisted Teaching regarding knowledge on Bio-Medical Waste Management among second year B.Sc. Nursing students. Keywords: Evaluate, Effectiveness, Video-Assisted Teaching (VAT), Demonstration Method of Teaching (DMT), Knowledge on Bio-Medical Waste Management.

Published by: Leena J., Dr. A. JayasudhaResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: P S G College of Nursing, Coimbatore, Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M G R Medical University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Evaluate, Effectiveness, Video-Assisted Teaching (VAT), Demonstration Method of Teaching (DMT), Knowledge on Bio-Medical waste management.

Technical Notes

103. Capacitive sensor level measurement and Bluetooth control with Arduino

This project deals with the measurement of water level in a tank using capacitance. The level of water in the tank will be displayed on our cell phone by using a Bluetooth module in an Arduino circuit. When the water level exceeds the highest level, a buzzer starts ringing to alert us of rising water levels. This prevents overflowing in tanks in industries. Accurate control of the level of material in a tank, reactor, or other vessel is important in many process applications especially, in the bulk material handling industry. One of the main purposes of the level measurement system is to measure inventory. In order to achieve good control, accurate measurement is a must.

Published by: Daniel Asemota, Harsha JayanaResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Capacitor, Sensor, Arduino

Research Paper

104. Experimental verification and CFD analysis for single cylinder four stroke CI engine exhaust manifold system

The present review paper is on the performance improvement of IC engine by using backpressure reduction in the exhaust manifold and their CFD analysis of Single Cylinder Four Stroke C.I. Engine. It is found that the development of an energy-efficient exhaust manifold system is possible by minimization of backpressure on the engine, due to an increase in brake thermal efficiency. Effective utilization of energy from exhaust manifold can be achieved by designing for backpressure reduction by energy-efficient exhaust manifold system. The exhaust manifold system design with reduced back pressure requirements is an important factor for upgrading engine performance. It is analysis by CFD on reduction in the backpressure of the exhaust manifold system to increase the efficiency.

Published by: Likhil D. Pethkar, T. A. Koli, V. H. PatilResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Godavari College of Engineering, Jalgaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Single Cyl. Compression Ignition Engine, Exhaust Manifold System (EMS)

Research Paper

105. A revolutionary step towards green transport system

The fuel for today’s i.c engine cars is obtained from one of the most crucial sources of energy, Fossil Fuels. But being used at such an extensive rate will result at the end of it within just a few years so the need of the hour is to shift from non-renewable source of energy to Renewable source of energy. The fuel used by cars is not just limited but also a major cause of global warming and ozone layer depletion. Moving to solar energy which is available to us in abundant and as a never-ending source, it will not only reduce carbon emissions but also reduce the use of fossil fuels to power our vehicles. The software used for designing of this car is Solidworks, Lotus, Ansys, etc.

Published by: Mithilesh Vekhande, Shripad KadamResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: A. P. Shah Institute of Technology, Thane, MaharashtraKeywords: Solar car, Green energy, Conventional vehicles

Research Paper

106. E-commerce as a toolkit for digital marketing trends

E-Commerce represents the cutting edge of success in this digital age as a symbol of globalization and in many ways its leading feature. E-Commerce stands for the process of buying and selling products and services on the Internet. The electronic payment and cash on the delivery system are available on the online seller website. The shift from traditional business to e-business implies a transition in marketing strategies as well. Organizations must adapt their marketing strategies to the new business environment soas to remain competitive in the market. With the emergence of the internet, e-business has also aroused the concept of e-marketing or digital marketing. Digital marketing is the promotion of products or brands via one or more forms of electronic media. It is a marketing that makes use of electronic devices to engage with stakeholders. It is conducted through various digital marketing tools, the most popular being search engine, comparison websites, email marketing, seller’s websites, customer reviews, online advertisement, and mobile advertisement. Each of those tools has a different reach and specific impact on customers according to the way it is used. Therefore, knowing the right combination of tools to be applied to a particular category is a real advantage for organizations. The online retail sector is a growing market that offers many opportunities. Thus the competition in the sector is very high. In this scenario, online retailers are using different strategies to differentiate themselves from each other. Among the means used, there are digital marketing tools. The study aims to understand the impact of digital marketing tools used on the customer's purchase.

Published by: Dr. V. SrividhyaResearch Area: Commerce

Organisation: Government First Grade College, Bidadi, Ramanagara, KarnatakaKeywords: E-Commerce, Digital marketing, Social media, Globalization, Search engine, Comparison websites, Online advertisement, Mobile advertisement

Research Paper

107. Enhanced adaptive security system for SMS – based One Time Password

Wireless Network is used for all Portal Electronic Devices (PED). The main concept of using Authentication Network in PED for Online Banking. The user authenticates the transaction has a strong static ID and password. SMS based OTP provides an additional security layer for an authorized person. All Banks provide the same process for security purposes for they are beneficiaries. According to the recent thread, it is also vulnerable to various attacks. In this paper how it does can happen and what is the mechanism to prevent security-based OTP throughout using IMEI.

Published by: Chandrapriya C., R. IdayathullaResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University), Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: PED, Authentication, OTP, IMEI

Research Paper

108. Android application for detection of artificially ripened bananas

Health and nutrition is one of the leading concerns worldwide. To maintain good health people intake a lot of fruits which contains more amount of nutrition and helps them to remain fit. In order to achieve maximum fruit nutrition benefits, we must ensure that the fruits are not ripened by artificial means. Artificial ripening of fruits is by using calcium carbide (CaC2). Consumption of these types of ripened fruits leads to health problems. In this paper, we propose a method of digital image processing which helps in differentiating between artificially ripened and naturally ripened banana (Musa). This experiment includes sample images of more than 400 bananas of two different species each. Features like contrast, energy, homogeneity, dissimilarity and correlation are considered for classification. An android application is developed which enables the user to identify the method used for ripening. Detection using this method provides 90% accuracy. This detection will help consumers in choosing the right fruits and creating awareness regarding the malnutrition caused due to artificial agents

Published by: Subramanya G. C., Neha Misba A. K., Sumedha S., Niharika U. H.Research Area: Image Processing

Organisation: JSS Science and Technology University, Mysore, KarnatakaKeywords: Artificial ripening, Natural ripening, Digital Image Processing, Android application, Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM)

Research Paper

109. Synchronization of traffic signals system for Nagpur city

In the growing traffic of metropolitan cities, traffic congestion has become the main problem. The problem is even worse at an intersection due to improper signal timings which in turn causes delay, an increase in vehicle operating cost and also pollution is the main concern of recent times. Delays have attributed to various socio-economic and environmental problems. Delays in traffic are caused due to numerous factors like scarcity in road width, driver and pedestrian characteristics, vehicle composition, lack of road infrastructure, road condition and geometry, traffic signal management and many more. Among the above factors contributing to delays in improper signal timing or its management forms the main theft for the delays at a signalized intersection. The main parameter while evaluating a signalized intersection is the delay caused due to the signals. Hence in order to encounter these problems, the traffic signal synchronization is the technique in which vehicle starting at one end of the street and travelling at specific speed can go to another end without stopping for a red light at any intersection. In the study the existing traffic at each junction along the Jhansi square, Dharampeth square, Bajaj Nagar square and Laxmi square. In which Jhansi square is one of the most important roads having heavy traffic is studied and signal is designed, thereafter the traffic signals are synchronized and benefits are estimated

Published by: Payal M. Mankar, Dr. M. R. VyawahareResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Dr. Rajendra Gode Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati, MaharashtraKeywords: Synchronization, Intersection, Traffic, Signalized

Research Paper

110. Mental health status of school teachers in relation to gender, age and type of institute

The presesent study was conducted with the objective of investigating the influence of the gender, age, and type of institute on the mental health of school teachers. Mental Health Inventory scale was administered to the 212 school teachers in the Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh. The analysis of data revealed that there was no significant difference in gender and type of institute did not show any significant influence on the mental health status of school teachers and there was a significant influence of age on the mental health status of school teachers.

Published by: Ragam Venkata RaoResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Mental health, School teachers, Gender, Age and type of institute

Research Paper

111. Smart home and security system with intelligent monitoring

Automation is all about technology in one go, and one of such technology is IoT (Internet of Things). By this paper, we provide a dependable, affordable, and secure Smart Home and Home Automation solution to society. Through IoT, one can easily connect any device with anything, anywhere in the world for any view over the internet. Internet of Things, Internet of Everything, Internet of Humans, and it is a network between “Things with Things” and “Things with Human.” “Internet of Things (IoT) is a platform where anything, can be inspected, supervised, and executed, from anywhere over the internet.” We are connecting a simple device (Home or Commercial) to sensors, actuators, and microcontrollers and further them to the internet to have better living standards, active management also ease of life with customized applications. We have connected all devices and appliances to NodeMCU, which is an ESP8266 firmware-based microcontroller consisting of onboard Wi-Fi capabilities to serve as a gateway for our devices over the internet. It is designed to control and monitor appliances via smartphone using Wi-Fi as a communication protocol. The solution aids in the problems faced by Indians and other personnel in daily life. It additionally helps in Energy Management, Home Security and Power Saving as it is a Smart Home Automation System. Coordination of our gadgets with a few different gadgets, for example, entryway lock so when nobody is inside a home the, it wisely switches the apparatuses, gadgets, water, and gas network off and furnishes the client with a warning, bringing about a sheltered and secure home. It is an intuitive and productive framework for any house.

Published by: Balkrishna Harode, Lakhanveer Lodhi, Shaligram PrajapatResearch Area: IoT And Home Automation

Organisation: International Institute of Professional Studies, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Internet of Things, NodeMCU, MIT App Inventor, Home Automation

Research Paper

112. The analytical comparison on Cu2O nanoparticles synthesized by the different applied methods

Copper (II) Oxide (CuO) nanoparticles can be synthesized by many different methods. Among them, the chemical precipitation method and pulsed laser ablation technique were applied according to the simplicity of the methods and the effectiveness of the cost and the product. For the former method, by using copper sulfate pentahydrate is a precursor and ammonia solution as a stabilizing agent, CuO nanoparticles were produced. For the latter method, the pure copper target metal (immersed in the liquid environment of distilled water) was ablaze by using 1064 nm wavelength of Neodymium: Yttrium Alumina Garnet (Nd: YAG) laser for producing CuO nanoparticles. The synthesized CuO nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM, FTIR, and Zetasizer (DLS). X-ray Diffraction (XRD) pattern confirmed that as-synthesized particles were CuO and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the vibrational frequencies between the bonds of atoms for a synthesis CuO nanoparticles. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis indicated flake-like and spherelike structures for chemical precipitation and pulsed laser ablation techniques. The zetasizer was used to study the size distribution of the CuO nanoparticles.

Published by: Kyaw KyawResearch Area: Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology

Organisation: Yangon Technological University, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma)Keywords: Copper (II) Oxide (Cuo) Nanoparticles, (Nd: YAG) Laser, Size distribution, XRD, SEM, FTIR and Zetasizer (DLS)

Research Paper

113. An introduction to INDUSTRY 5.0 and its impacts on assembling and conveyance enterprises

INDUSTRY 5.0 is the future, however effectively entering pattern, of progress procedures coordinating towards nearer participation among man and machine, and orderly anticipation of waste. INDUSTRY 5.0 need is to use productively workforce of machines and individuals, in cooperative energy condition. It returns from virtual condition to a genuine one. This roll out the greatest improvement to INDUSTRY 4.0 which creates what has been known as a "savvy manufacturing plant". Inside the particular organized keen production lines, digital-physical frameworks screen physical procedures, make a virtual duplicate of the physical world and settle on decentralized choices. Over the Internet of Things, digital-physical frameworks impart and coordinate with one another and with people continuously, and by means of the Internet of Services, both inside and cross-hierarchical administrations are offered and utilized by members of the worth chain".

Published by: Tamilvanan N., Syath Abuthakeer S., Karthick D., Shabeena Begam M., Abhinaya M.Research Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: INDUSTRY 5.0, Merits of automation, Mass personalization, Communitarian robots


114. Role of reverse logistics in product recall: Case study on Nestle Maggi

This study investigates how reverse logistics plays a crucial role during the crisis of a product recall. Product recall is a rapidly growing problem that can affect a business pertaining to any industry that causes significant damage to the organization. The effect of such an event can however be minimized with the implementation of a functional logistical system. We analyze in detail, the cause and impact of a product recall on an organization and logistical procedures followed during such time. We further examine the categories of reverse logistics and various implications that may occur in logistics specifically during a recall. The article also focuses on the role of third party logistics, and warehouse management system during the event of a product recall. The study simultaneously aims at comprehensively covering the logistical implications of a product recall. Product Recalls are a serious cause for concern for not just large scale but small and medium scale enterprises as well. The ability of the firm to withstand product recalls is evaluated on the basis of their preparedness to continue with the recall and their regular operations concurrently. This can be observed in the latter part of the study where the case of Nestle Maggi, one of the biggest product recalls is carefully reviewed. For the purpose of analyzing Nestlé’s reverse logistics procedure, we gathered secondary data from various sources. Based on the data collected and reviewed from external sources, the study highlights various suggestions and alternatives that could have been adopted to reduce the cost implications faced by the company.

Published by: Anuj Sharma, Ninaad C. Kikkeri, Ilaanshi VarmaResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Product recall, Reverse logistics, Distribution, Supply chain, Customer


115. GSM and Arduino based power theft detection and protection

Theft of electricity is the criminal practice of stealing electrical power. It is a crime and is punishable by fines and/or incarceration. It belongs to the non-technical losses. According to the annual Emerging Markets Smart Grid: Outlook 2015 study by the Northeast Group, LLC, the world loses US$89.3 billion annually to electricity theft. The highest losses were in India ($16.2 billion), followed by Brazil ($10.5 billion) and Russia ($5.1 billion). Electrical power theft detection and control system is used to detect the consumer when they try to use the power illegally. Electricity theft happens when the customer uses energy meter tampering such as placing a magnet near to energy meter, disconnecting the neutral line and shorting the phase coil of the current transformer. To identify and control power theft here an intelligent system is introduced. It consists of two current transformers that are used to measure the actual load current and the other is to measure the turning back or neutral current. Those two current signals are fed to the microcontroller. The microcontroller will compare these two current signals. Depending on the comparison made by the microcontroller it concludes whether power is theft through bypassing the energy meter or not and a message will be sent to notify the authorized power vendor using GSM Hence the power vendor can easily identify the customer who is illegally consuming the power for that energy meter. Moreover, when there is an occurrence of theft the relay will disconnect the load from the supply. The GSM based power theft control system is developed. We used Proteus software to analyze and estimate what the hardware will look like. Mainly this system consists of microcontroller, energy meter, current transformers, LDR, relay, LCD and GSM module.

Published by: S. Arivazhagan, Tsegaye Alemayehu Atiso, Mohammed Awol SeidResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Wolaita Sodo University, EthiopiaKeywords: Current transformer, Arduino Uno Micro Controller, LCD display, Relay, Energy meter

Research Paper

116. Supply chain costs and its mitigation

Nowadays, as consumption and production are growing at a rapid pace, cutting costs to stay in the market competition has become all the more important. In companies, supply chain expenses play a colossal role in determining the total cost of the product. This paper focuses mainly on describing the costs involved in supply chain and various means for their reduction.

Published by: Adveya Sharma, Jitesh Jalan, Tanvi MathurResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Supply chain, Costs, Mitigation, Management

Research Paper

117. Influence of supply chain management on operational efficiency with an example of Walmart’s supply chain

This paper examines the influence of Supply Chain Management on the operational efficiency of the organization with a specific example of Walmart’s Supply Chain. Various aspects are been looked upon like 3PL, lean manufacturing, bull whip effect, Just in Time, training workforce, technological aspects, perfect order measurement, reliable inputs, and strategic supplier partnership and how they bolstered the concept of operational efficiency in the supply chain.

Published by: Vaishnavi Jhanwar, Chandrama Datta, Vidisha AgarwalResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Supply chain, Efficiency, Walmart, Effectiveness, Operational

Review Paper

118. Fabrication of wing assembly

Missile wings are used to control the surfaces and produce lift on the body. The wing includes a number of components like panels, lock tab, pins, tubes, and lamina. The performance of the actuation system plays a decisive role in determining the performance of the flight control system for a highly maneuverable missile. To produce the lift on aerodynamic control surfaces called wings. The manufacturing processes of wing components involve different operations like CNC milling, drilling, wire cut EDM, grinding, heat treatment and inspection.

Published by: Divyasree Kaithepalli, Ch. Thirumala RaoResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: ANU College of Engineering and Technology, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Wing, MDN250, SAE4340, 15-5PH steel, 17-4PH steel, CNC, Stability, Aerodynamics

Research Paper

119. Antinociceptive activity of selected Cadaba species

The present study was designed to investigate the antinociceptive activity of two species of Cadaba leaf extract using central and peripheral pain model viz., tail flick, tail immersion, hot plate method and acetic acid-induced writhing method (thermal and chemical stimuli). Alcohol and aqueous extract of Cadaba fruticosa and Cadaba trifoliata were administered orally at doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg to Swiss albino mice and Wistar rats. It was evident that 100mg and 300mg of aqueous and alcohol extract of C.trifoliata exhibited statistically significant antinociceptive activity against thermal stimuli. The effect was more profound in the heat-induced pain model than chemical-induced. This finding substantiates the traditional claim mentioned in the classical texts.

Published by: R. Mythreyi, E. SasikalaResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Sciences

Organisation: KK College of Pharmacy, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Analgesic, Antinociceptive action, Cadaba trifoliata, Cadaba fruticosa, Hot plate and tail clip method

Research Paper

120. Water quality assessment of the Unnao Tannery region

The leather industry has gained immense socio-economic importance in India. Indian leather division has contributed significant economic growth by providing job opportunities. The main reason for the development and growth of the leather industry in the country is its large animal population. India holds nearly 10% of the total global availability of raw hides and skins which are the basic raw material for the leather industry. The impact of tanning and associated activities on air, surface and groundwater and soil pollution arise from the chemicals applied, the raw materials used and the effluents, waste and off-gas releases generated in the process. The tanning industry is known to be very polluting especially through effluents high in organic and inorganic dissolved and suspended solids content followed by propensities for high oxygen demand and containing potentially toxic metal salt residues.

Published by: Mohd. Faraz Khan, Hina KhanResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, JharkhandKeywords: CETP, Chromium, Wastewater, Tanning, Pollution

Research Paper

121. Manipulating and detecting greedy behaviour while disseminating emergency messages in urban VANET

Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), whose main aim is to provide road safety and enhance the driving conditions, are exposed to several kinds of attacks such as Denial of Service (DoS) attacks which affect the availability of the underlying services for legitimate users. The principle reason for wellbeing application is to give security street condition data to clients and consequently spare human lives from mischances. Cautioning messages are the more basic part of the security messages and latency of this message will leads to many problems. In the proposed work urban multi-hop broadcast protocol is used to disseminate the emergency message in all the directions simultaneously. This protocol assigns the duty of forwarding and acknowledging the broadcast packet to only one node among the candidate nodes and such a forwarding node is successfully chosen by the asynchronous contention among them. In this paper an enhanced forwarder node selection scheme is adopted which can manipulate back off greedy behaviour while disseminating the emergency message and a new algorithm called Forwarding Greedy Misbehaviour Detection (FGMD) is proposed to detect the existence of greedy behaviour in VANET. By monitoring network traffic traces, the algorithm is able to affirm the existence or not of greedy nodes using newly defined five parameters by fuzzy logic. The proposed system may result in better performance in terms of Message reception rate, throughput and transmission delay.

Published by: Selvarani B., Rahin Batcha R.Research Area: Vanet

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Urban vehicular Ad Hoc networks, Emergency message, Greedy behaviour, Dos attacks, FGMD

Review Paper

122. A comprehensive study of just-in-time commensurating Indian companies

This conceptual paper analyses the concept of Just in Time in the supply chain and whether it can be applied to an Indian scenario. Based on the understanding of articles that have conducted research regarding supply chain, it is learned that Just in time is one of the efficient ways to commensurate the company’s objectives to reduce costs. Although Just in Time seems helpful it shall not be a resort in India. India, being a developing nation, has to go through lots of advancements in the way businesses are operated. India being a rurally dominated society; companies have to produce according to the convenience of customers which forces them to peg their goods at an affordable rate and turn that as its primary objective. This policy of plummeting the costs through an efficient supply chain has worked well for all the companies but the question remains as to which technique to be implemented. The paper suggests an alternative to Just in Time, which shall be implemented with ease, Hybrid Supply Chain. This model can prove helpful to the companies if it is able to correspond well.

Published by: Rishabh Jain, Yash Betala, Kirubakaran Uthira KumarResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Just in time, Hybrid Supply Chain, Lean manufacturing, Agile manufacturing, Supply chain, Lead Times, Third-Party logistics, Safety stocks, Total quality management

Research Paper

123. An incisive assessment of Walmart's supply chain management

This paper aims to conduct an in-depth analysis of Walmart’s supply chain management. The fundamental objective is to understand the efficiency of its supply chain and its influence on the global market. The paper seeks to elaborate on three objectives which will serve as the primary interests of the research. The first objective is to establish the importance of supply chain management in Walmart’s phenomenal rise as a corporate giant. The second objective is to highlight the extent of efficiency of its supply chain management. The final objective of the paper is to discuss the challenges that Walmart currently faces and the scope for improvement in a particular area.

Published by: Adya Verma, Rohit Potluri, Samarth MahereResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, Karnataka Keywords: Walmart, Global supply chain management, Case study, Global influence, Business, Logistics, Challenges

Research Paper

124. Digital transformation: Aiding Supply Chain Models

There is an expanding utilization of automation, data processing, and exchange, cyber-physical systems, Internet of things and cloud technology in the industry. Current plants experience consistent transformation, which has swayed on the association of assembling exercises, yet additionally on the working of supply chains. The model of contact with the end client, who every now and again moves into the virtual world, is changing, which legitimately means the arrangement of dispersion channels. The happening changes are alluded to as the Fourth Mechanical Upheaval, and we are its onlookers. This paper investigates the difficulties for present-day supply chains that emerge as an aftereffect of the fourth mechanical insurgency. It aims to address the inquiry to what degree the Digital Transformation influences the association of items and data streams in supply chains.

Published by: Ashutosh Sahoo, Mohammed Thoufiq, Rohit BajajResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Digital Transformation, Blockchain, Bigdata, Internet of Things, Supply chain

Research Paper

125. The role of supply chain in achieving competitive advantage

As competition from various firms increases locally and globally, Supply Chain Management and ways to increase its efficiency have been the key focus of various organizations. Improving the performance of Supply Chain Management enables a firm to have a competitive advantage over other organizations. This research focuses on three aspects through which the process of Supply Chain can not only be improved but also serve as an edge over competitors. These key areas include Strategic Supply Chain, Supply Chain Metrics and its impact on Performance and Supply Chain Operations and Technology. The study shows how the overall process of Supply Chain Management can be made more effective through the aspects mentioned above and how they serve as tools towards enhancing the process of Supply Chain Management. The outcome of the research shows that a well-planned and established Supply Chain which minimizes the prospects of errors can result in the improvement of the performance of the firm and gives it a competitive edge over other firms.

Published by: Vatsal Jaiswal, Meenakshi Balaji, Sakshi BhargavaResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Strategic Planning, Performance Management, Information Technology

Research Paper

126. Progression of maturity model of supply chain in context to sustainability

This conceptual paper is business research presenting maturity model progression and sustainability as a creative wordplay to help organizations move towards reasonable advancement. The sustainability model recommendation depends on the conviction that sustainability is a resulting procedure of urging in which an organization will be unceasingly trying to succeed its vision of economic advancement in continuous cycles of progress, where at each new trundling the firm begins the procedure at a larger value of merchants manageability execution. The alluded model is therefrom unique to fuse changes en-route and empower its advancement pursuit the company's and its system accomplices' urging towards the manageability vision. The viewing on which this paper is based joins skills in science and innovation arrangement, research and development, and urging the executives, group execution and supervisory learning, technique wattle, and incorporated execution, information the executives and innovation for sighting.

Published by: Tanmay Goel, Aashi Mirani, Khushi AgrawalResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: SCM: Supply Chain Management, Maturity Model, Logistics evaluation Competitiveness, Management control, Stakeholders, Planning strategy, Ad hoc, Mellowness, Evolution, Sustainability compliance, Grid and hybrids, CMMI, Likert questionnaire

Review Paper

127. Role of Siddha Medicine in sports injuries – A short review

Siddha an ancient Indian system of medicine. It includes 32 Internal and External medications for treating diseases. The system includes many specialties. But in south India Siddha practitioner’s prescribed many medications to the injured persons in sports. Hence Siddha includes another unseen specialty Sports medicine. Siddha System includes all types of treatment methodologies to treat sports injuries. Internal medications especially External therapies place a major role to treat Sports injuries. Our methodologies were cured pain, edema, inflammation, wounds, sprains, muscle and ligament tear, fracture with a speedy recovery. In this study, we discussed the hidden methodologies for sports injuries specially to an Ankle sprain. Furthermore, the development of treatment methodologies will take the system worldwide.

Published by: Sathish Adithya R., K. Dharshini, S. MathukumarResearch Area: Traditional Medicine

Organisation: Sri Sairam Siddha Medical College and Research Centre, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Siddha, Sports injuries, Sports medicine, Ankle sprain

Research Paper

128. RP-101: Formulation of a special class of standard bi-quadratic congruence of composite modulus

In this paper, a very special class of bi-quadratic congruence of composite modulus is formulated. Such congruence has a very large number of solutions. The solutions can be obtained in the least time. Sometimes it became possible to find the solutions orally. Thus the formulation of solutions is the merit of the paper. This formulation made the study of bi-quadratic congruence very interesting and attractive for the readers. The first time a huge number of solutions can be calculated mentally. This is one more merit of the paper.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Applied Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts, Commerce and Indiraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Bi-Quadratic congruence, Binomial expansion formula, Composite modulus, Formulation

Research Paper

129. Mechanical and micro structural behaviour of AL-7075/B4C composite fabricated through stir casting

Aluminium alloy based metal matrix composites (AMMC) are widely used in automobiles, aerospace, shipbuilding industries and biomedical application because of their high strength to weight ratio. MMC are fabricated using various methods like liquid state fabrication, solid-state fabrication methods, etc. It was found that stir casting is an economical method to fabricate MMC. The aim of this work is to develop the particulate reinforced metal matrix composite materials by using Aluminium 7075 and reinforcing Boron Carbide particle size of 40 microns. The B4C particles varying from 2.5 wt. %, 5wt%, 7.5wt% and 10wt% the samples are prepared and tested to find the various mechanical properties like tensile, compression, and hardness and the test reports were compared with the al Al 7075as cast and heat treatment samples. The internal structure of the composite is observed using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) systems. It was used for the characterization of composites Microstructural characterization studies performed on the different compositions of composite prepared shows a uniform distribution of B4C particles at the microscopic scale with less porosity.

Published by: Santhoshkumar H. N., Srinivas H. K., Shivasharnaiah SwamyResearch Area: Composite Materials

Organisation: East West Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Al7075, B4C. SEM

Research Paper

130. Managing post-harvest loss in fruits and vegetables by implementing intelligent cold chain logistics

The article focuses on the supply chain of fresh fruits and vegetables in the Indian market and the various post-harvest losses that take place during the inefficiency of its supply chain. The concept of the cold chain is used to describe the supply chain cycles of these fragile and perishable goods through thermal and refrigerated packaging methods and the logistical planning to retain its quality and increase its life cycle. India’s aggregate yield of fruits and vegetables is appreciably high but so is its post-harvest wastage. Thus, to curb this issue and make the sector more profitable, the cold chain needs to be efficiently implemented. However, the country faces various setbacks that disturbs the successful implementation of the same, such as, uneven distribution of cold storages throughout the country which ultimately disturbs the distribution channels, outdated refrigeration technology, unawareness about the system amongst the people involved throughout the chain, inconsistent power supply on which the cold storage systems depend on, and inability to invest in the system due high capital requirement. India also lags in providing technological up-gradation and implementation of modern-day tools like the intelligent container, smart warehouses, and better cold storage systems equipped with sensors that detect temperatures. The article highlights the problems in the current supply chain model and suggestions are given considering the existing successful techniques and methods which are nearly absent in the Indian supply chain. The article also highlights the wide potential of the cold chain industry which is also extensively supported by the Government of India that provides various incentives to influence the growth of the industry.

Published by: Ashmita Saikia, Akriti Jain, Arya GaurResearch Area: Supply Chain

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Cold chain, Supply chain, Reefers, Multi-modal chain

Research Paper

131. Securing pharmaceutical industries from problems pertaining to supply of counterfiet drugs by integration of RFID in the supply chain

The following paper is a qualitative research study on the methods that can be used to safeguard and secure the supply chain of the pharmaceutical industry. This is an exceptionally difficult task, taking into consideration, the existence of counterfeit drugs and their growing footprint over the rest of the world. This has also led to an obligatory urgency to authenticate and secure supply chains against counterfeit drugs. This article studies the scope of management information systems, particularly RFID, in facilitating such precautionary measures. The main aim of this paper is to study the applications of the RFID technology in other developed countries which could possibly help the other nations to adopt such strategy and immunize their pharmaceutical industry.

Published by: Satwika Bhasin, Sayan Bose, Rashleen SalujaResearch Area: International Supply Chain Managment

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Supply chain, Pharmaceutical, Drug pedigree, Counterfeit, RFID, Information system security and safety

Research Paper

132. Importance of Ahara in Trayopstambha

In Ayurveda ahara as a part of Trayopstambha find a very special place in understanding and maintaining swasthaya in our present life.

Published by: Dr. Ragini BhardwajResearch Area: Ayurveda

Organisation: Glocal College of Ayurved Medical Science and Research Center, Saharanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Ahara, Trayopstambha, Ayurveda