This paper is published in Volume-5, Issue-4, 2019
Area
Wireless Sensor Network
Author
Shivani Gupta
Co-authors
Ashutosh Singh
Org/Univ
Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Pub. Date
06 July, 2019
Paper ID
V5I4-1136
Publisher
Keywords
WSN, Sensor nodes, LEACH protocol, Cluster head selection, Lifespan, Mobile Base Station, Multiple Base Station, Sink mobility, Mixed Integer Programming (MIP), Energy efficiency

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Shivani Gupta, Ashutosh Singh. A survey on successors of LEACH protocol and base station mobility pattern on WSN lifespan, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Shivani Gupta, Ashutosh Singh (2019). A survey on successors of LEACH protocol and base station mobility pattern on WSN lifespan. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 5(4) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Shivani Gupta, Ashutosh Singh. "A survey on successors of LEACH protocol and base station mobility pattern on WSN lifespan." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 5.4 (2019). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a network consisting of a large number of low energy sensor nodes. The main objective in WSN is the maximization of network lifespan through efficient utilization of energy. Low Energy Clustering Hierarchy Protocol (LEACH) is a protocol which balances the energy consumption all the sensor nodes in a sensor network. Recent variants of LEACH are Fixed LEACH and N-LEACH clustering routing protocol. Static Base station balances energy consumed in data relaying to extend the network lifespan. Base station (BS) mobility increase the sensor lifespan even further in certain network configurations. Furthermore, utilization of multiple mobile BSs extends WSN lifespan still further as compared to single BS case. It has been observed by researchers that optimal mobility patterns of multiple mobile BSs can be employed for achieving the maximum lifespan in WSNs. In recent literature, four representative patterns Grid, Random, Spiral, and Gaussian). It has been developing a novel mixed integer programming (MIP) framework to characterize network lifespan under different mobility patterns for multiple mobile B.S.
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