Volume-9, Issue-2

Volume-9, Issue-2

March-April, 2023

Research Paper

1. Study of awareness of cyber security in educational organization

Today we are all living in the era of Internet and Social media . We cannot imagine the world without the Internet .So the Educational organizations are also transforming and trying to use IT tools for various purposes. .The teaching methodologies have also evolved with the technology .During the Covid-19 era technology and the Internet were boon to continue the learning process with the help of several tools . But now Post Covid also many of the tools are still being used as they were found very effective in imparting education. But all of this is resulting in a lot of exposure to the internet or social media. The students even in Kindergarten are busy with some or the other gadgets surfing the internet. But as it is said every coin has two faces ,this cyber world also is also prone to a number of threats and crimes .Therefore it is important for all the stakeholders of any organization to be aware of the challenges in using the Internet .Here we are specially focusing on Educational Organizations to understand whether they are aware of the security measures while using the Internet specially the school kids are more vulnerable to these kinds of threats and even crimes .As the students are not aware of the cyber threats and issues to protect themselves from becoming victims of such activities, cases of cyberbullying, online fraud, racial abuse, pornography, and gambling have significantly grown. Research from the past shows that Internet users still have a very low to moderate level of awareness. Therefore we are undertaking the study regarding the awareness of Cybersecurity in Educational Organizations We will be trying to study how much the young children and young adults are aware regarding cybersecurity and its tools to have safe browsing. The result of this study will be helpful in acquiring knowledge about how much importance do educational organizations give for cyber security .The objective of this systematic review paper is to explore whether modern learners are educated about the risks associated with being active in cyberspace and the strategies that stakeholders are undertaking in the educational industry. In this paper, few strategies are also discussed as to how cyber security education can be implemented in educational Organizations.

Published by: Shruti Sunil Manohar, Amita Garg, Aparna HavaldarResearch Area: Information Technology

Organisation: Parul University, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Cyber Security, Awareness, Internet, Attacks

Research Paper

2. Data encryption on image cryptography and steganography

These days, information is transmitted via the internet. Consequently, information security has emerged as a crucial concern. The well-known method of network data security is cryptography. In digital media, steganography is the method used to conceal the message. Comparatively speaking, the security of elliptical curve cryptography outweighs that of the ones currently in use. In this paper, a hybrid model that combines steganography and ECC with public keys is presented. can offer higher levels of higher security than steganographic or one ECC method alone. This initiative's primary goal is to conceal sensitive data from internet users, the military, and various corporate sectors that commonly use public networks for interaction

Published by: Ibraheem Ojelade, Ibrahim AbdulkareemResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, USAKeywords: ECC, RGB, LSB, CNOT Gate, PSNR, Steganography, and Cryptography

Research Paper

3. A study of the relation between the logistic performance index on India’s trade

Logistics and transport increasingly influence international trade. The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) compares customs procedures, logistics costs, and overland and maritime transport infrastructure between countries. This article uses a gravity model to analyze how these components affect trade in emerging economies. The study also compares 2007 and 2012 LPI data from developing countries in five regions (Africa, South America, the Far East, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe) to find logistics improvements. The results show that improving any LPI component can boost trade flows.

Published by: Dhairya Panchal, Krupa Gadhavi, Ashishkumar BhattResearch Area: International Business & Trade

Organisation: Parul University, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Logistics Performance Index, Trade, Gravity Model, India

Research Paper

4. Approach to cyber security issues for small businesses in the United States: Challenges and solutions

Cybersecurity is a critical aspect of small businesses' survival and growth, as they are increasingly becoming targets of cyber-attacks worldwide. The SolarWinds cyber-attack in 2020 exposed the vulnerabilities of small businesses and government agencies to sophisticated cyber threats. In response to this growing threat, experts have emphasized the need for small businesses to prioritize cybersecurity by developing a comprehensive strategy that includes risk assessment, vulnerability management, and incident response planning. Considering the SolarWinds hack, this essay provides an analytical and qualitative framework for comprehending the significance of cybersecurity for small enterprises. The framework explores the unique challenges that small businesses face in managing cybersecurity risks and identifies best practices for mitigating these risks. The study concludes that small companies must prioritize cybersecurity by acknowledging and identifying risks to safeguard themselves from the rising risk of cyberattacks and keep their consumers' confidence.

Published by: Omotayo Oluwatosin IloriResearch Area: Cyber Security

Organisation: Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, United StatesKeywords: Small Businesses, Cybersecurity, Cyber Threats, Data Breaches, Incident Response Planning, Risk Assessment, Vulnerability Management, Remote Work, Cloud Computing, Solarwinds Attack.

Research Paper

5. A study on the integration of the Global Positioning System (GPS) in emergency service vehicles.

The integration of GPS technology and traffic signal control in emergency vehicles, particularly ambulances, can significantly improve response times and save precious minutes in critical situations. By connecting the GPS systems of emergency vehicles with traffic signals, the signals can automatically change to green when an ambulance is approaching, creating a clear path for the ambulance to pass through intersections without delay. This system relies on a network of sensors and communication equipment that are able to detect the ambulance's location and adjust traffic signals in real-time. The benefits of this technology are numerous as it not only helps save lives by reducing response times but also reduces traffic congestion by optimizing traffic flow. This innovative approach to ambulance transportation can make a tremendous impact in emergency situations, particularly in densely populated areas where traffic congestion can impede the progress of emergency vehicles. In short, the integration of GPS-connected traffic signals can be a game-changer for emergency vehicle transportation and help ensure that ambulances reach their destination quickly and safely ultimately saving lives while improving efficiency in emergency response systems.

Published by: Dr. Raghu, Dr. Mala K. M.Research Area: Science and Technology

Organisation: Jain Deemed-to-be University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: GPS, Ambulance, Integration, Technology, Vehicle Tracking

Research Paper

6. Investigation on thermal conductivity of polymer (epoxy) based composites

The current research investigates the influence of fiber volume fraction on effective thermal conductivity (keff) in polymeric materials. This study identifies a method to improve the insulating property of a traditional fiber-reinforced polymer composite. A quantitative relationship for the heat transfer coefficients of polymer composites reinforced with fiber is created utilizing the law of minimal thermal performance and the equal law of particular similar thermal conductivity. To validate this statistical equation, two sets of polymer composites with fiber concentrations ranging from 0 to 15.7 vol percent were hand-built. Natural fibers such as banana fibers are integrated into an epoxy matrix in one set of composites, whilst glass fiber is employed as a filler material in another set, although the matrix material remains unchanged. Thermal conductivities of these composite materials are tested in accordance with ASTM standard E-1530 using the Unit herm TM Model 2022 tester, which operates on the double shielded heat flow concept. Furthermore, using the commercially accessible finite element tool ANSYS, the finite element technique (FEM) is employed to quantitatively measure the k eff of such composites. The numerical values generated by the proposed statistical model are then compared to empirically measured values. The analytical and simulation results reveal that the appropriate heat conductivity value for both sets of composites steadily declines as fiber concentration increases. Because none of the models developed properly anticipated the rate of heat transfer of the composites, the results generated from the proposed system closely match the experimental data. This study shows that as the fiber loading in the composite increases, so does the heat transmission rate. The use of 15.7 vol percent glass fiber in epoxy resin reduces heat conductivity by around 8%, whereas a 12 percent decrease is observed when the banana fiber is used as a filler. This research backs up the conceptual approach while indicating that finite element analysis is an effective tool for such investigations. This thermal insulating, fiber-reinforced polymer composites have potential applications in insulating boards, food containers, thermo flasks, construction materials, and so on due to their low thermal conductivity and lightweight.

Published by: Suhas B. R., Manjunath S. B.Research Area: Composite Materials

Organisation: Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Thermal Conductivities Filler, Matrix