Volume-5, Issue-5

Volume-5, Issue-5

September-October, 2019

Research Paper

1. Vendor base management of FMCG companies: A comparative study

It is historically known that the cost-cutting corner of any organization is its supply-chain and logistics department. Whereas the marketing department brings in the revenue, it is the supply-chain operations that directly impact the bottom line of firms. A crucial part of every supply chain is the vendors and the relationships firms have with them, especially in the era of Vendor Managed Inventory. In this paper, we have analyzed the supply-chains of three companies in the FMCG industry in India from the vendor management perspective and have also talked about the impact of GST on various components of supply-chain like warehousing, logistics, and distribution.

Published by: Pranay Siroya, Chinmey Akotkar, Shivam SharmaResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Vendor-management, Supply chain, Inventory, FMCG, GST, Sourcing, India

Research Paper

2. Organizational determinants of jobsatisfaction

Satisfaction is the act of fulfilling a need, desire, appetite or the feeling gained from such fulfillment. Satisfaction means you have had enough. It is a multifaceted construct with a variety of definitions and related concepts that has been studied in a variety of disciplines for many years until now. Many theories and articles of interest to managers, social psychologist, and scholars focus on satisfaction because most people spend their life for work and understanding of the factors that increase satisfaction, is important to improve the well-being of individuals in this facet of the living (Porter, 1985). This paper reflects the summary of descriptive research conducted to study the organizational determinants of job satisfaction. The respondents are 160 female employees working at selected garment factories in Bangalore.

Published by: Siddamma P. V., Dr. Subramanya B. S.Research Area: HRM

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Organizational Determinants, Job satisfaction, Productivity, Commitment, Culture

Research Paper

3. A study on the competitive advantage of 5PL logistics based on case study and literature review

The rapid implementation of RFID and related innovations in the SCM sector pushed the supply chain system into a new level of upgradation in a short span of time. Even Though the RFID technology ages back to the second World War era, the potential of this technology came into the mainstream of supply chain management just a decade ago. Our study mainly focuses on how and why 5PL logistics emerged to its current situation and what makes it stand out from the other four systems. In this study, we have reviewed three Articles for literature review and a real-life case study of a 5PL logistics providing company which is ‘ 5PL logistics solutions ‘ based on Abu Dhabi, UAE. The literature review talks about the different applications of 5PL logistics and the recent surge created on the supply chain and logistics system by the entry of 5PL logistics. The case study, on the other hand, describes how 5PL logistics are carried out practically in a 5PL company and what precautions, regulations, and parameters need to be followed is included. The rapid innovation happening in technology-aided with highly open economies with a forward view of global integration is firing up the manufacturing and service sectors, thus creating huge opportunities and responsibilities for logistics and supply chain industry.

Published by: Vijay Sebastian, Nithin Jhon, Aiswarya R.Research Area: Logistics and Supply Chain

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: 1PL, 2PL, 3PL, 4PL, 5PL, Logistics, Supply chain, Technology, RFID, GPS, 5PL Logistics solutions

Research Paper

4. A study on the effects of Brexit on the Supply Chain Management of the automobile industry

The automobile industry in the United Kingdom has been running successfully for the past several years. The booming industry has created several jobs in the local market and has secured the place of London as one of the most highly developed and opportunity-rich economies present in the European Union. Such growth was possible due to the regulations and policies that the United Kingdom shared with other Member Nations. With the looming decision of Brexit in the political environment, how would such a decision affect the automobile industry? This article considers the short-run impacts, foreign direct investments and the nature of the trading relationship with the European Union in the future. It also provides some concluding thoughts and provides details on the necessary steps required to support the automobile industry.

Published by: Gautam Sharma, Sriram Padmanabhuni, Rishabh SarkarResearch Area: Supply Chain

Organisation: Christ (Deemed To Be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Concept of Supply Chain Management, History of the European Union, Benefits of The European Union to the automobile industry of London, Reasons behind the cause of Brexit, Effect of Brexit on the Supply Chain Management of the automobile industry

Research Paper

5. Design and CFD analysis of axial flow viscous fluid pump

Each year all over the globe, from infants to adults millions of patients are diagnosed with heart failure. Heart related diseases are increasing at a fast pace around the world but the limited number of donor's hearts are available. These results in the high demand for Mechanical Circulatory Support System (MCSS).There are two different options that may be an Artificial Heart or a ventricular assist device (VAD). This Thesis takes the advantages of axial flow pumps to design a VAD and to conduct a numerous case studies on the different shapes and sizes. The CFD based design study has been done to examine the outputs of the needy parameters primarily the mass flow rate, pressure rise for the scope of the independent parameter that is a rotating speed of VAD.

Published by: Sankranthi Harinarayana, Dr. A. PurushothamResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Ventricular assist devices, Axial flow pump, H-Q Curves

Research Paper

6. Comparison between image encryption algorithms for wireless sensor

Devices used in the Wireless Sensor Network are very small and compact in size, and this technology is expected to connect billions of devices in the future. Wireless Sensor Network used in IoT is expected to generate heaps of data and security can be a great threat. Due to its compactness, resource constraints and low powered it is difficult to use conventional encryption algorithms because of expensive computation, complexity and power used in encryption and it also requires many rounds to encrypt, leads to wasting of constrained energy of the WSN devices. In this paper, a comparison is proposed between two lightweight encryption algorithms based on Feistel structure named Secure Force (SF) and Secure Internet of Things (SIT) implemented by using a simple architecture that only consists of simple mathematical operation (AND, OR, XOR, XNOR, Shifting, Swapping). This can reduce the load on encoder because complex key expansion process is only carried at the decoder. Confusion and diffusion of the image matrix, and different substitution and permutation techniques are also included to increase the complexity of the cipher. The proposed comparison helps us to evaluate which algorithm is better in terms of architecture, time complexity, flexibility, and security.

Published by: Kakshak PorwalResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: IoT (Internet of Things), WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks), SIT (Secure IoT), SF (Secure Force), Feistel Networks

Research Paper

7. Just In Time (JIT) system in Supply Chain Management and Toyota production

the theme of this paper is to justify the effectiveness of Just in time system in supply chain management and how the company can benefit from this strategy for its supply chain operations. The automobile company Toyota tried to understand the limitations and drawbacks of Henry’s just in time system with more focus given on the company employees. The effectiveness and success of this inventory management system are influenced by the companies which have implemented this strategy in their supply chain operations. HP has proved to be one of the leading companies which have benefitted a lot from the Just in time strategy by sticking to its employee-based objectives. The research paper has given us an insight about the effective uses of this strategy and we have studied about a lot of companies which have really benefitted from Just in Time system and conclude that to manage your supply chain operations a company must consider Just in time in their future operations.

Published by: Digvijay Singh Rathore, Anil ChaudharyResearch Area: Inventory Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed To Be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Retain, Dynamic, Effective, Supply Chain

Research Paper

8. Analytical method validation of Cypermethrin and Quinalphos Emulsion Concentrate (EC) Formulation by Reverse Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (R-HPLC)

The Quinalphos and Cypermethrin molecules are being used alone and a combination as an effective insecticide successfully in the agriculture and domestic area of application. Both the molecules (Quinalphos and Cypermethrin) being used large quantity in the environmental application and the residue of these insecticide has to be controlled by applying a required quantity with in dissipation time of these molecules. These molecules are also toxic to humans and animals hence the lowest concentration also has to be detected for monitoring and controlling purpose. A simple HPLC analytical method; in a single run both the molecule was detected at 0.4mg/L concentration. With the Apollo Silica 5µ (250 mm × 4.6 mm) HPLC column; acetonitrile and water as a mobile phase with ration of 80:20 (volume/volume) at 1.5 ml/min. flow rate. The detection wavelength is 316 nm for Quinalphos and 278nm for Cypermethrin were detected by the PDA detector of Shimadzu LC2030 model HPLC. The results of the analysis deliver that the proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, rapid, precise and accurate, which is useful for the identification and quantifications of these molecules interims of validation parameters viz., separation, system suitability, System Precision and linearity in a simple HPLC analysis.

Published by: K. Ayyavoo, Dr. C. TamilselvanResearch Area: Analytical Method Development

Organisation: Bioscience Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Quinalphos and Cypermethrin, HPLC analysis, Validated method, SANCO 3030/99 Rev.4, ICH Guideline

Research Paper

9. Design and manufacturing of Valve lapping machine

Automobile maintenance could be a major space within the trade of automobile and additionally a significant financial gain to the business. In present, combustion engine maintenance is explicit as an important section in automobile maintenance and also the Valve Lapping method that's subjected during this thesis is finished throughout IC engine maintenance. this way employed in most automobile maintenance businesses for Valve lapping method aren't effective and consume heaps of operating hours.’ Valve lapping Machine’ for combustion Engine could be a machine designed to beat these issues by minimizing the human involvement within the method. The thesis consists of the background in coming up with the machine, methodologies used, results obtained by knowledge analysis so as to optimize the planning and style of the valve lapping machine. lapping is a ma-chinning method within which 2 surfaces area unit rubbed alongside associate abrasive between them, by hand movement or employing a machine. this could take 2 forms. the primary style of lapping(traditionally referred to as grinding), involves rubbing a brittle material like glass against a surface like iron or glass itself (also referred to as the "lap" or grinding tool) with associate abrasive like aluminium oxide, jeweller's ,rouge, optician's rouge, emery, carbide, diamond, etc., between them. The lapping machine Stellite as associate abrasive has been developed and it's been determined that the time needed for getting a particular surface compared to standard methodology is a smaller amount. A lapping machine with suction is developed the suction is connected to the valve manifold that's in grips with the cylinder seat because of the mechanism of rotation in the dextral and anticlockwise direction the operation of lapping is performed. The rotation motion is provided by the utilization of Cam and Follower. A programming board referred to as Arduino is employed to realize the required motion at a specific measure. a correct comparison is formed with manual operations and it's been found that the machine becomes profitable once a breakeven purpose of forty-eight days. The time needed for the lapping of 3-cylinder head Stellite as abrasive is concerning forty-five minutes wherever because it takes concerning an hour for lapping while not using Stellite. roughly ten Cylinder heads are lapped. so, productivity is improved by Stellite as abrasive.

Published by: Saurabh Bhalerao, Shreyas Mehta, Pushkar Mansabdar, Tushar HardeResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Institute of Technology and Science, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Engine valves. Cylinder head

Research Paper

10. The metabolic syndrome: Its prevalence and risk factors among policemen of Patiala, Punjab

Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a cluster of conditions, including hyperglycaemia, abdominal obesity, dyslipidaemia, and high blood pressure. The prevalence of this syndrome has varied markedly between different studies because of the lack of internationally agreed-upon criteria for its definition. Definitions of the syndrome have been proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1999, the U.S. IIIrd Report of National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) in 2001, and the International Diabetes Federation in 2005 (IDF). Objectives of this paper include: To determine the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and risk factors in the policemen. To find out the association of sociodemographic variables with risk factors and Metabolic Syndrome. To find out the association between the risk factors and Metabolic Syndrome. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 155 policemen of Patiala; two types of data collection were done based on annual health reports (2017-18) and Structured Questionnaire. A Non-Probability Quota sampling was used to select respondents based on three criteria: Population group was Policemen, more than 40years of males having their Annual health reports (2017-18). Results: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was 71%, abdominal obesity (97%), high triglycerides (66.5%), low HDL cholesterol (33.5%), high BP (73%), Fasting glucose more than >110mg/dl (31.60%), alcohol consumption (84%), non-vegetarian (93.5%) and severe stress (73%) among the policemen. The binary logistic analysis showed the significant relationship between the risk factors and metabolic syndrome, risk factors including clinical parameters, individual medical history of low HDL cholesterol; diabetes; food preference, physical activity during working hours. The current study found that the majority of the policemen are vulnerable to metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors were responsible for developing it.

Published by: Ritika Masih, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. N. L.Gupta, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder SinghResearch Area: Public Health

Organisation: Eternal University, Sirmour, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence, Pattern, Policemen, Risk factors

Research Paper

11. The impact of technology on the evolution of warehouse management and smart warehouses

The article focuses on the evolution of warehouse management and how technology has played its part in this process. The concept of smart warehouses is discussed along with various technologies that different companies can implement in their warehouses. Through this article, we have tried to show how various problems such as costs, wastage of goods and time are reduced and a sustainable supply chain is created as a result of automated warehouses ensuring eco-friendly warehouses across the world.

Published by: Akash Jhawar, Nayzak Safar, Donovan RodriguesResearch Area: Supply Chain Management

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be) University, Bannerghatta, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Smart warehouse, Technologies, Inventory management, Robots, Warehouse


12. Elimination of specular reflection

Detection of highlights is a prominent issue in computer vision, graphics and image processing. Applications that require object properties’ measurement or rendering are affected by specular reflection since the models assume matte diffusing surfaces most of the time. Hence, detection, and sometimes removal, of specular reflection (highlights) in an image may be critical. Proposed work takes the help of global color information of an image to effectively recover specular and diffuse reflection. We take help of a dichromatic reflection model to get insights into specular and diffuse reflection. To detect illumination chromaticity (specular reflection regions) we have effectively used a k-means algorithm. Pixels in an image are spread over the entire image and their distances to the illumination chromaticity give the number of specular reflection components. With such non-local overall information from these color lines, our method can effectively separate specular and diffuse reflection components using the repaint() method. We have taken the help of the Imglib2 library.

Published by: Samruddhi Patil, Chaya JadhavResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology, Pimpri, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Diffuse reflection, Specular reflection, Illumination chromaticity, Global color information

Research Paper

13. A study to explore the dietary patterns and related knowledge among antenatal women attending Kamla Nehru Hospital Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), with a view to develop an informational booklet

Pregnancy is a highly demanding period for nutrition demand, this period includes the taking of additional intake of nutritious foods which results in weight gain of about 10-12kg during pregnancy. Foods rich in Fiber like whole grains pulses, proteins and water should be taken during pregnancy. Objective: The study aimed to determine the dietary patterns and related knowledge among primigravida women of 1st trimester (1-12 weeks) during pregnancy. Methods: The study adopted an exploratory survey design that was conducted at O.P.D Kamla Nehru Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh in the month of February-March 2019. A total of 400 primigravida women of 1st trimester (1-12 weeks) were selected by purposive sampling technique and after collecting the data from the subjects Informational booklets were given to the subjects, the dietary patterns and related knowledge during pregnancy was assessed by using Self-structured questionnaire and interview technique was used to collect data. Result: Data analysis was done with descriptive and inferential statistics. Frequency and percentage were used to analyze the socio-demographic profile of the subjects. Mean and Standard Deviation was used to analyze the dietary patterns of Primigravida women of 1st trimester (1-12 weeks).A chi-square test was used to find the association between the knowledge regarding dietary patterns with the selected socio-demographic variables.28 close-ended questions were asked from the 400 subjects. 57% of the study subjects have good dietary patterns, 42.3% have average dietary patterns and 0.7% has poor dietary patterns. The majority of (61.3%) antenatal women had Moderate knowledge, (11.7%) had adequate knowledge and (27%) had inadequate knowledge regarding diet during the antenatal period. The significant association found between knowledge score of that antenatal women's Sources of information regarding diet (0.031*) were found significant with other socio-demographic variables. No other significant association was found with other socio-demographic variables. Conclusion: The results of the present study reveal that there is a lack of knowledge and practices among primigravida women of 1st trimester (1-12 weeks) during pregnancy hence women's knowledge needs to shift the care at the earliest to prevent further complications during pregnancy.

Published by: Nomita Chauhan, Viji M.Research Area: Nursing

Organisation: Eternal University, Sirmour, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Antenatal Women, Knowledge, Informational Booklet

Review Paper

14. A comprehensive survey on IoT networking

This paper rummages into the stirring world of Internet of Things (IoT), which in recent years has soared in popularity and practical applications. Today it connects diverse devices of various forms from all across the planet into a sophisticated yet unified system. IoT is revolutionizing modern lives with all its features and implementations across many multiple domains like healthcare, broadcasting, safety, etc. However, with the rise of IoT, it has also raised apprehensions about the networks which need to evolve as they are the pivots of IoT devices. IoT devices can be prone to network attacks due to a lack of proper protocols for managing the IoT devices, jeopardizing crucial data. This survey thus aims to summarize the working of IoT across networks, looking into its working and components, its current challenges and limitations, the security and privacy concerns plus its countermeasures.

Published by: Anirban Mukherjee, Aditya SinghResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: ARP, BIOS, ETSI, IoT, DNSNA, MAC, MIRM, UpnP

Review Paper

15. Greedy algorithm

This research will help you go the through all the greedy algorithm and how greedy algorithm approaches on different kind of problems and give the optimal solution at a particular instant of step. We will go through different Greedy problems like making change problem, minimal spanning tree problems and knapsack problem in detail and help you clear out how this method work.

Published by: Kishan SenjaliyaResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: G. H. Patel College of Engineering and Technology, Anand, GujaratKeywords: Greedy Algorithm, Fractional Knapsack, Making change problem, Huffman code, Computer science

Research Paper

16. Isolation of bacteria from agricultural soil and screening it for PGPR traits

Rhizobacteria owning multiple plant growth-promoting activities were isolated from the rhizospheric soils of plants flourishing in a semi-arid region. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacterial (PGPR) strains were segregated and screened for their plant growth-promoting activities like phosphate solubilization, production of indole- acetic acid, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide (HCN). Bacteria that colonize plant roots and promote plant growth are referred to as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). PGPR is highly assorted and in this review, we focus on rhizobacteria as biocontrol agents. PGPR can affect growth directly or indirectly. Direct promotion of plant growth by PGPR involves both providing plants with a compound synthesized by the bacterium or helping the uptake of certain nutrients from the environment; while mechanisms of biological control by which rhizobacteria can support plant growth indirectly, i.e., by decreasing the level of disease, include antibiosis, induction of systemic resistance, and struggle for nutrients and niches.

Published by: Mohd. Faraz Khan, Hina KhanResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Indian Institute of Technology, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, JharkhandKeywords: PGPR, Nutrients, Biological fertilizers, Phosphate, Solubilization

Case Study

17. Gauge repeatability and reproducability study in a mechanical workshop

Organizational success depends upon the reliable measurement system that is being used in the organization and also the workers' efficiency in measuring the object. Gauge repeatability and reproducibility (GRR) study is used to assess the measurement system and the workers' efficiency in measuring the instruments. This paper demonstrates the application of GRR study in a Mechanical workshop, where measurement (External diameter) of 5 different objects is measured with the measuring instrument (Vernier Caliper) by 3 different operators. Using Minitab, the GRR study is done. Finally, the findings of the study are stated in the conclusion.

Published by: V. Chaithanya Raam, M. S. Amrish, S. Naveen Kumar, R. Jayashruthi, Arul V.Research Area: Six Sigma

Organisation: Meenakshi Sundararajan Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: MSA: Measurement System, Vernier Caliper, GRR: Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility, Minitab, Quality Control, Measurement Reliability

Case Study

18. Effective project management by using controlling tool EVA by tracking project through MSP

The infrastructure sector plays an important role in the growth and development of the Indian economy. Nearly, 9% of India’s GDP is spent on Infrastructure services. Indian Construction and real estate sector is the second largest employer after agriculture and is expected to add 32 million jobs to the existing 45 million in the next five years. So, for management of the technical project is becoming a challenge to professional engineers. Thus, it becomes difficult rather impossible to manage such kind of large infrastructure projects manually. Here comes the need for Microsoft Project which is a management tool and helps to resolve the problems and complete the project efficiently. Earned value analysis which helps to evaluate the project performance through MSP.

Published by: Arihant Ajit Adake, Amruta Ajit Lakade, A. K. GuptaResearch Area: Project Management

Organisation: D. Y. Patil College of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: EVA, MSP, Project management

Research Paper

19. A cross sectional study of Oxygen Saturation (SPo2) of Amarnath Yatris at the Amarnath Holy Cave with a pulse oximeter

Introduction: Many of Hindu devotees undergo an annual pilgrimage to the Amarnath cave. During ascent for Amarnath Yatra in the mountains they experience multiple environmental stressors, but the stress unique to high altitudes is the hypoxia. Oxygen saturation is defined as the fraction of oxygen-saturated hemoglobin relative to total hemoglobin in the blood. The present study was designed with the aim to assess oxygen saturation of Amarnath Yatris at the holy Amarnath cave. Material and Methods: A total of 75 subjects of both male and female of different age groups were taken. An informed consent was taken from each subject before the cross sectional study. Peripheral Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) was measured with pulse oximetry process. Result: There was a significant decrease in Peripheral Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) in females was more than male Yatris with a mean of 67.7% as compared to 76%. Conclusion: In the study, there was a significant decrease in Peripheral Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) in all the subjects at the height of the Amarnath cave. Keywords: Peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), Amarnath Yatris, pulse oximeter, hypoxia, high altitude.

Published by: Dr. Rajendra Kumar, Dr. Ashok Kumar DeoResearch Area: Medical Physiology

Organisation: Narayan Medical College and Hospital, Jamuhar, Sasaram, BiharKeywords: Peripheral Oxygen Saturation (Spo2), Amarnath Yatris, Pulse Oximeter, Hypoxia, High Altitude.

Research Paper

20. Innovative form of articulated long span truss adopting folded mechanism technique

Retractable roofs have become a popular feature in sports stadiums, in recent years. However, they allow a building to becomes more flexible in its use when it has used throughout time. This paper reviews the current technologies of retractable roofs. These structures can be seen throughout the world. Structural features closing and opening features to determine, what is appropriate for the particular building, its included in designing retractable/deployable systems. Common issues for designing these structures are summarized. Such roofs are also used in residences, commercial buildings, swim centers, etc. so study will be limited only to the retractable roof of stadiums. The paper will conclude with the case studies of two roofs, one being the reliant stadium and the other being the Amsterdam arena.

Published by: Saloni PatidarResearch Area: Architecture

Organisation: School of Architecture IPS Academy, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Stadium, Sports hall, Retractable roof, Deployable system, Super columns, Super truss, Uni-system, Cost-efficient

Research Paper

21. Rainfall prediction using modified linear regression

Analytics usually involves finding out past historical knowledge to analysis potential trends. atmospheric phenomenon is that the state of the atmosphere at a given time in terms of weather variables like precipitation, cloud conditions, temperature, etc., the prevailing models use data processing techniques to predict the precipitation. the most disadvantage of those systems is that it doesn't offer associate estimates of the expected precipitation. The system calculates the average of values and perceives the state of the atmosphere, which doesn't yield estimate results. This paper represents a mathematical methodology referred to as regression to predict the precipitation in varied districts in the southern states of Bharat. The regression methodology is changed to get the foremost optimum error proportion by iterating and adding some proportion of error to the input values. This methodology provides an associate estimate of precipitation exploitation different atmospherical parameters like average temperature and inclementness to predict the precipitation. The regression is applied to the set of knowledge and also the coefficients area unit accustomed predict the precipitation supported the corresponding values of the parameters. the most advantage of this model is that this model estimates the precipitation supported the previous correlation between the various atmospherical parameters. Thus, associate estimate price of what the precipitation may well be at a given period and place will be found simply.

Published by: Aniket DixitResearch Area: Machine Learning,Linear Regression

Organisation: Jaipur Engineering College and Research Center, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Linear regression, Machine learning, Predictive modeling

Case Study

22. Monitoring and controlling tool for project management

Construction industries are facing challenges day by day .the industry contributes to the growth of our company to a large extent.one of the main problem that the industry faces is project delay. this can be caused due to various reasons like a deviation from the initial plan, scarcity of resources, poor planning, poor execution, etc. This causes the project to go over the expected budget and fails to complete within the scheduled time. The construction itself becomes costlier Amidst all these challenges it is very crucial to improve the performance of a project with respect to Schedule and Cost. Earned Value Analysis is an important tool in analyzing the performance of any construction project. It measures the project progress and helps in identifying the critical activities thereby bringing the project on schedule. The Earned Value Analysis (EVA) is a very effective tool in measuring the progress of contractors in external projects. Computation of earned value can be part of audit activity, or it can be integrated into the progress monitoring system.

Published by: Shrirang Krishnat Mane, Pratik R. Barad, Vishwajeet S. Kadam, Amruta A. Lakade, Abhay M. Joshi, A. K. GuptaResearch Area: Project Management

Organisation: D. Y. Patil College of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Progress of project., Earned Value Analysis

Case Study

23. EVA- A performance appraisal Project Management Tool

Efficient Management of projects in construction industries is becoming a challenge with the passing time. Many project managers manage their project performance by comparing planned to actual results. Earned Value Analysis is not only a planning tool but controlling tool which is used during the execution phase of project to check if the project is ahead or behind the schedule and if it is over budget or under budget. Earned Value Analysis can track project at any stage and helps the remaining project. So, it gives an idea about the approximation of the project to the project managers or the respective firm.

Published by: Duhita U. Paithankar, Gaurav G. Jadhav, Sangram S. Patil, Amruta A. Lakade, Abhay. M. Joshi, A. K. GuptaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: D. Y. Patil College of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Earned Value Analysis, Controlling tool

Research Paper

24. Prevalence and risk factors of non -communicable disease among population attending medical camp organized by Ayush Healthcare in Bakhtawarpur, Delhi

An unhealthy lifestyle that includes exposure of an individual to risk factors such as smoking and alcohol with lack of physical activity and hereditary characteristics of some diseases may lead to non communicable disease which is currently the leading cause of preventable death and disability in India and the four major identified non communicable disease(NCDs) are diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease(heart attacks and strokes) and cancer. NCDs are the leading cause of death, accounting for over 60% of all mortality cases in India placing them ahead of communicable disease, Maternal, prenatal and nutritional conditions (WHO 2014). India being the populous country of about 1.3 billion, contributes more than 2/3rd of total death due to NCDs (WHO, 2014; united nation statistics division). Methods-A cross-sectional study was carried out in July 2019 in the population above 30 years of age attending the medical check-up camp organized by Ayush Healthcare, BakhtawarPur, Delhi. A quantitative approach was used to assess the population. Sample Size was 50 and used a convenient sampling technique. Data collection tool was CBAC form of NPCDCS containing 6 parameters to assess population under having the risk of NCDs & clinical examination was done using BP apparatus, Glucometer, height and weight measurement. The method of data collection was the Clinical examination and interview technique. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Conclusion-Prevalence of risk of NCD using CBAC was found to be significantly associated with family history (P= 0.001 ODR=14) ,physical activity (P=0.003, ODR=15.1 ) and smoking (P=0.02) , RBS (P =0.002, ODR=10.6), systolic BP (P=0.04 ODR=5). When Clinical parameters were used to identify the risk of having NCD, it was found that variable like sex (P=0.03 ODR=0.2), family history (P=0.01, ODR=9.5) , waist measurement (P=0.02) , BMI (P=0.01 ODR=0.69) , RBS (P=0.02 ODR=0.69) Systolic BP (P<0.001 , ODR=0.47) and diastolic BP (P<0.001, ODR = 0.56) were statistically associated with risk of NCD.

Published by: Komal Preet, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder SinghResearch Area: Public Health

Organisation: Eternal University, Sirmaur, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Non-communicable disease, Prevalence, Clinical parameter, Risk factors, Community-based assessment checklist

Research Paper

25. Prevalence of depression among elderly people in old age homes, Chandigarh

In India, there has been a considerable increase in the elderly population. According to census 2011, there are nearly 104 million elderly persons in India. A systemic review reported a median prevalence of 21.9% for depression among the elderly in India. Amongst the elderly population due to factors such as chronic illness loneliness and financial dependence they are more prone to depression as compared to other populations. OBJECTIVES- To assess the prevalence of depression among elderly people residing in the old age home in Chandigarh and its association with socio-demographic variables. METHODS- Three old age homes were selected randomly out of which 50 elderly people were selected through a convenient sampling technique. GDS was applied in all the individuals to assess the depression prevalence. RESULTS- This study showed that males were having more severe depression as compared to females. Mild depression was greater among females. There was a significant association of religion (p=0.05) and sex (p = 0.01) with depression. Those who were financially dependent had greater depression as compared to those who were financially independent. CONCLUSION- Depressive disorder was highly prevalent among the elderly population residing in the old age homes.

Published by: Nitika Kaushal, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder SinghResearch Area: Public Health

Organisation: Eternal University, Sirmaur, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Depression, Elderly, Old age homes


26. Origin of cratering features on meteorites surface

Cratering features are observed on the surface of planetary bodies and on their moon’s surface, small size cratering features are observed on the surface of moons, asteroids, meteoroids, and meteorites. To investigate in detail the formation or the cause or origin of small size cratering features on the surface of meteorites, five iron meteorites namely Sikhote Alline – 1 No., Campo-del Cielo – 2 No., unknown iron meteorites – 3 Nos and a stony meteorite Chelyabinsk were undertaken with respect to earth rocks. From the studies conducted, it is concluded that the cratering features observed on meteorites are from the time our present solar system came into existence, it may either be pre-solar dust, present solar dust or fragments from the supernova explosion. This paper reports or documents a detail study to search the cause or origin of small size cratering features on the meteorite surface, which is one of the most important characteristic feature in recognizing a meteorite from a terrestrial rock.

Published by: Raju D. Jadhav, Harishchandra B. MaliResearch Area: Maharashtra

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Meteorites, Meteoroids, Asteroids, Cratering features, Small size craters

Research Paper

27. Formulation of two special types of standard cubic congruence of composite modulus

In this paper, two special types of standard cubic congruence of composite modulus are formulated successfully. The first congruence has exactly four incongruent solutions while the second one has twelve incongruent solutions. The formulation is tested and verified true by solving different suitable examples. A simple and easy formula is established. Formulation is the merit of the paper.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts Commerce Indraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Cubic congruence, Composite modulus, Formulation, Incongruent solutions

Research Paper

28. Venture capital trends in India

Venture capital as always been a game-changer for industrial development from Rothchild to soft bank venture capital companies have been a very huge investing agents for new-age startups in India from the early 2000s as seen a dramatic increase in the way venture capital has invested. Venture capital investments have also been influenced by changing economic situations like a slowdown in the economy, change in the regulations, government incentives, etc. Investments in venture capital have also seen changes in the sector where investments are drawn.

Published by: M. R. Nitish, Sunitha B. K., Anchal D. V., Spatika B. K.Research Area: Business

Organisation: Center for Management Studies, Jain (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Venture capital, Investors, Changing trends

Case Study

29. Therapaeutic effectiveness of Amukkara Kizhangu Pattru for low back pain

Withania somnifera, Dunal (Solanaceae) has long been used as a herb in Siddha and other indigenous medicine and has received intense attention in recent years for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and chemopreventive properties. The present study focuses on the effect of the fresh root of W. somnifera in the management of pain in degenerative disorders of lumbar region(lower back). A clinical trial was conducted with 20 samples and they were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The fresh root of amukkura kizangu (Withania somnifera) is pulverized and gomiyam (Cow urine) is added to it. This medley is heated in woodfire and applied for 12 consecutive days in the region of pain. As amukkura possesses both anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity, application of herbal poultice on the painful area of the skin works by the mechanism of transdermal route of absorption. Pain was assessed before and after the study using back pain functional scale (BPFS). Significant changes in the score was observed which indicates a dramatic incline from a severity score of 20 – 30 to a better score of 35-50 out of total score 60. Thus amukkura kizangu pattru(poultice) was found to be more effective in management of pain in degenerative disorders(Arthritis) of lumbar region.

Published by: C. Deepika, R. Elamathi, Dr. R. Deebiga, Dr. S. MathukumarResearch Area: Siddha

Organisation: Sri Sairam Siddha Medical College and Research Centre, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Withania somnifera, Cow urine, Poultice, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, Degenerative disorder

Review Paper

30. A review on detoxification methodologies in Siddha – A traditional Indian system of medicine

Siddha System is one of the oldest system practiced in South India especially in Tamil Nadu. Now a days Traditional system are highly encouraged by the public for treating diseases. But the major claim against the system is toxic nature of minerals and metals are used by the traditional medicines. Siddhar’s who are the inventors of Siddha medicines not only provide the medicinal preparation for treating diseases. They also mentioned the detoxification methodologies for purifying the ingredients of the medicinal preparations not only the metals and minerals even plants they mention it. Purification and Preparation procedure will done as per the literature evidence is the only opportunity to break the claim that higher order medicines are toxic nature. And acceptance of Siddha system of medicine around the world is possible. This article is a finger print review study for availability of many purification methodogies in Siddha system of medicine.

Published by: K. Dharshini, R. Sathish Adithya, R. Sangeetha, A. Poongavi, S. MathukumarResearch Area: Siddha Medicine

Organisation: Sri Sairam Siddha Medical College and Research CentreKeywords: Detoxification, Purification, Siddha system of medicine, Higher-order medicine, Traditional medicine

Research Paper

31. Emotional intelligence among adolescent boys

Adolescents go through emotional ups and downs all the time due to change of hormones and for them life without much experience might seem overwhelming and at this juncture, a young adult can feel misguided. Emotional intelligence refers to the capacity of recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in us and in our relationships Emotional Intelligence is highly important in a teen’s development. There is considerable evidence pointing to its positive role in helping students deal with stress, develop relationships, and handle the transitions facing them. Present study aims to findout the emotional intelligence among adolescent boys, using random sampling technique 120 (60 urban and 60 rural) adolescent boys were taken. An exploratory design was used for the study. Emotional intelligence test developed by Dr.Ekta Sharma(2011)is used to measure emotional intelligence of students. The obtained result of the study revealed there is no significant difference among adolescent boys on emotional intelligence

Published by: Sowmyashree K. N., Dr. Sreenivas M.Research Area: Psychology

Organisation: Bangalore University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Emotional intelligence, Adolescence, Rural and Urban

Research Paper

32. Resisting SBZ attack patterns by a reliable trust model in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET)

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have the probable to convert the way people travel through the formation of a safe interoperable wireless communications network that contains buses, cars, traffic signals, cell phones, and other devices. However, VANETs are susceptible to security threats due to growing reliance on computing, communication, and control technologies. The sole security and privacy challenges modeled by VANETs include integrity, no repudiation, confidentiality, real-time operational constraints/demands, access control, privacy protection, and availability. In this paper, we recommend that the new trust management scheme mainly focuses on the Traffic Estimation and Prediction System which generally provides the predictive information needed for proactive traffic control and traveler information. In VANETs singular vehicles can help each other's find assets and build up dependability under profoundly powerful conditions; without any unified trust expert to determine the precision and unwavering quality of data aggregated in a distributed manner we present a new trust management system for such networks. The trustworthiness of VANETs could be upgraded by addressing holistically both node trust, which is defined as how trustworthy the nodes in VANETs are and data trust, which is defined as the assessment of whether or not and to what extent the reported traffic data are trustworthy. To make this trust-based system robust we include a way of dealing with false ratings. More specifically a reliable trust model is proposed which can resist the SBZ attack patterns by using the cloud watch mechanism which can exclude potential lies. The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed scheme are validated through extensive experiments. The proposed trust management theme is applicable to a wide range of VANET applications to improve traffic safety, mobility, and environmental protection with enhanced trustworthiness.

Published by: Selvarani B., Rahin Batcha R.Research Area: VANET

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs), Security, Trust management, SBZ, Cloud watch mechanism

Research Paper

33. A study on China-U.S. trade war

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the on-going China-US trade war, similar to the Thucydides Trap in terms of competing for global economic dominance. It analyzes what the US attempts to achieve through the trade war and why China has been refusing the reciprocal trade relations urged by President Trump. It also identifies social and economic changes in American society, which motivate President Trump to impose punitive tariffs on Chinese goods. It emphasizes that the trade war is asymmetric and China will definitely suffer more losses than the US if the trade war escalates further. At the end of the paper, it suggests that to avoid the devastating result of the Thucydides Trap, China should further open its domestic market to American companies and actively pursue negotiations with the US for resolving the dispute. If trade tensions between the United States and certain trading partners escalate into a full-blown trade war, what should developing countries do? Using a global, general equilibrium model, this paper first simulates the effects of an increase in U.S. tariffs on imports from all regions to about 30 percent (the average non-Most Favored Nation tariff currently applied to imports and retaliation in kind by major trading partners- the European Union, China, Mexico, Canada, and Japan. The paper then considers four possible responses by developing countries to this trade war: (i) join the trade war; (ii) do nothing; (iii) pursue regional trade agreements with all regions outside the United States; and (iv) option (iii) and unilaterally liberalize tariffs on imports from the United States. The results show that joining the trade war is the worst option for developing countries (twice as bad as doing nothing) while forming RTAs with non-U.S. regions and liberalizing tariffs on U.S. imports (“turning the other cheek”) is the best. The reason is that a trade war between the United States and its major trading partners creates opportunities for developing countries to increase their exports to these markets. Liberalizing tariffs increases developing countries’ competitiveness, enabling them to capitalize on these opportunities.

Published by: Dr. Varsha Agarwal, Ayush Munjal, Tamanna Jain, Kishan KhodbhayaResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: Center for Management Studies, Jain (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Trade war, Export and import, Trade disputes, Developing countries

Research Paper

34. Prediction of Indoor PM2.5 concentrations using Support Vector Regression

Studies have found that exposure to elevated levels of PM2.5 concentrations, both in the long term and short term, has adverse health effects. The risk of exposure in the indoor microenvironment is higher compared to that of outdoor because people spend a significant amount of their time indoors. Therefore to mitigate the health risks, it becomes essential to maintain indoor PM2.5 levels. To do so, keeping an eye on the future expected concentrations is equally important as monitoring the current PM2.5 levels. This paper talks about the development of one such model that enables us to predict the indoor PM2.5 concentrations using Support Vector Regression. Upon development the model showed a very high value of R-square (0.98) and while testing it yielded a very low error (3.78%).

Published by: Satya Sundar PatraResearch Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Indian Institutes of Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Indoor PM2.5, PM2.5 Prediction, Support Vector Regression (SVR), Low-cost sensor

Case Study

35. Design, analysis and manufacturing of flexible and functional stirrup and steel profile bundle-tie manufacturing machine

Manufacturing process costs can be reduced by providing the mechanization of labor-intensive works such as construction and logistic operations in profile rolling. Although there are certain manual and semi-automatic machines available for the production of stirrups on constructions, using of physical strengths can not be eliminated, and these machines can not be used effectively for the production of steel profile bundle tie. In this study, it is aimed to design, analyze and manufacture of a functional machine based on hydraulic and automation system which has the flexibility to perform not only the production of bundle tie used in the transporting processes of the hot rolled steel profiles but also the stirrups used in construction sectors. The required process times for material feeding - straightening, bending, cutting and twisting operations were calculated. In line with the calculations, drive and transport mechanisms were designed and the motor-reducer pair was selected and the hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic power unit were dimensioned by using numerical engineering calculations. In order to validate the torque requirements of the motor-reducer groups which are calculated by using numerical engineering calculation methods, finite element method supported bending analyzes are performed and torque-time curves were obtained and the drive systems of the designed mechanisms are verified. Stress-time diagrams of Grade-75 rods, which are the raw material of bundle-tie production, are also obtained during the validation of the drive systems by finite element method supported analyzes. The bending regions of the bars were examined on the basis of the stress-strain diagram and the plastic forming capabilities of the process are evaluated. By this means, applying of excessive plastic deformation of the workpiece is prevented and optimizing of the final product's mechanical behavior is provided. By using the data obtained within the scope of the study, a flexible and functional structured machine was designed and manufactured which can perform many kinds of plastic deformation processes successfully.

Published by: Ilter Kilerci, Burak Onder, Aytac BassulluResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Flexible manufacturing system, Straightening, Bending, Tying, FEA Analysis

Review Paper

36. A review on various approaches of remote sensing based satellite image classification

Image Classification is the process that has been done for extraction of valuable regions from the image. In this paper various approaches have been discussed that has been used for process of image classification. Supervised image classification and unsupervised image classification has been widely used for classification process. Classification has the major advantage that provides information about the various regions that are scattered over the satellite image. This has been used for prediction of percentage of various regions under different maps. Supervised classification approaches are based on machine learning algorithms that have been used for different types of prediction and decision making processes. On the basis of various approaches that have been discussed in this paper one can predict best approach for image classification process.

Published by: Roseleen Sahota, Dr. Harish KundraResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Rayat Bahra Group of Institutions, Ropar, PunjabKeywords: Image classification, SVM, Near Neighbor Based, PSO, BAT, MDC, Membrane Computing

Research Paper

37. A study on the effect of block-chain and cryptocurrency on the financial industry

Blockchains and Cryptocurrencies have become what some may call a buzz words, however very few understand what the words mean. Individually, Bloch-chain is this new, upcoming and disrupting technology that at its most basic level, is literally just a chain of digital blocks. We all must have heard the continuous chants “block-chain is a distributed, decentralized, public ledger."- FORTNEY Jun 25, 2019. Investopedia. Luckily, it’ just that. Nothing as complicated as you may have believed. Cryptocurrency, on the other hand, is this asset that runs on a blockchain, it is designed to work as a currency. Which is to say It uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions as well as to control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency. Together, they can do anything from voting to insurance payments. We are already seeing multitudes of companies forming their own blockchains and cryptocurrencies. It is something people are willing to put a lot of money behind without a lot of surety of purpose, which is rare. –Fortney Investopedia. There are very few things that 100% of the people agree on, while this statement is true we must take into account how nothing has divided the financial industry quite so successfully. Some calling it a bubble. It has created overnight billionaires and as created a lot of employment over the years. It is also the cause of the loss of money and potentially millions of jobs in the future. - From Branson, Facebook Co-founders, Cuban to endorsing it to O’Leary, Dalio. In this research paper we aim to find out how these technologies have found such a strong foothold in the media, why it may seem scary (for the lack of a better word) to legalize these two purely disrupting and genius technologies, and how is it going to impact the industry in the coming years that truly runs the world, finance.

Published by: Dr. Varsha Agarwal, Simran Singh, Tanmoy Saha, Sofi Eshan AhmadResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: Center for Management Studies, Jain (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Blockchain and auditing, Impact of Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain

Review Paper

38. A review on various approaches of data hiding for secure data transmission

Steganography is the field of image processing that has been used from ancient times for secure data transmission. In the process of Steganography secret information has been embedded in a signal so that that can be transmitted through a transmission channel under secure manner. In this paper various types of steganography and approaches have been used for data hiding. This paper comprises different approaches for image, video as well as for data hiding in audio signals. By studying these different approaches for data hiding in different types of signals, we observe that video steganography is the best medium for large data transmission and security. Video file contains a number of frames so that data can be easily hidden behind these frames. In this paper, various approaches for audio and video steganography that provide minimum distortion has been discussed.

Published by: Mamta, Urvashi SharmaResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Rayat Bahra Group of Institutions, Ropar, PunjabKeywords: LSB, Echo hiding, MSB hiding, Phase coding, JPEG

Research Paper

39. Customer satisfaction towards Honda Activa: A study in Jabalpur City

At the time of innovation of two-wheelers and its commercialization, it could not be imagined that the two-wheelers would also be designed and commercialized for women also. But the innovations and technological upgradations made it possible and a new thought emerged in the industry for designing the two-wheelers by which women (so-called half of a population) can be attracted to it. Nowadays, without geared two-wheelers are in keen demand for both male and female as it is easy to ride and handle. The study has been done to assess the customers’ satisfaction level about Honda Activa in Jabalpur city. The study is based on primary data which has been gathered through a structured questionnaire from 200 respondents of Jabalpur city. A convenience sampling technique has been used in this study to collect the data. The demographical representation of the respondents has shown through percentage analysis whereas, the satisfaction level of the respondents with Honda Activa has been analyzed by the researcher through Likert scale technique, mean and ranking methods. Influencing factors that affect in buying decision of the bike has been analyzed by the chi-square test. Assessing high customer value would always lead to high customer loyalty.

Published by: Saif Ul Haque, Dr. C. P. GujarResearch Area: Business Management

Organisation: Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot, Satna, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Customer satisfaction, Influencing factors, Two-wheeler

Review Paper

40. Artificial Intelligence and its associated application in medical field

Prediction is a crucial facet within the medical domain. This paper encourages the utilization of Artificial Intelligence for prediction in medical life as technological support. There's a powerful impact upon all activities because of health, and human consultants should have the power to choose the adequate treatment which is able to be the evolution of the patient throughout the treatment. Since the mechanisms of AI have many advantages that are appropriate for this, it assists human intelligence in decision-making/prediction. The preciseness of mathematics and also the power of current technologies are the two robust qualities used in the system when they are combined to produce positive options as a result.

Published by: Pooja GundagurtiResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, KarnatakaKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Prediction, Human intelligence

Research Paper

41. A study of women empowerment through self help groups with special reference to ASMITA a SHG by Jindal Stainless Limited

Most of the Indian population i.e. 23.6% or about 276 million people are below the poverty line with below $1.25per day purchasing power. As most of the people of India still reside in a rural area with a lack of facilities. Most of the CSR activities done create support to these rural communities and urban poor to develop economically. The major credit for women empowerment in rural areas should be given to SHG’s which not only provide employment opportunities but also provide skill development. Majorly this SHG’s are started either by Governmental Organizations or Non-Governmental Organization. Some of the SHG’s are started and support by Corporates through their CSR activities which majorly focus on women empowerment as it’s a need for the power to empower women in the country. At Jindal Stainless Limited. (JSL) CSR activities are taken as opportunities to give back to society in every way possible. JSL through its various CSR projects which mainly includes: a) Health Care b) Education and Vocational Training c) Women Empowerment and d) Rural Development Their other project also focuses on preservation of art and culture, Human rights, Disaster Management etc. Our project mainly aimed at women empowerment through Self-Help Groups i.e. SHG’s. ASMITA and SAHAJA are the major projects focused on women empowerment by JSL. The research focuses on the impact and growth of women in ASMITA. This research is mostly based on a depth interview done on convenience bases. To know the socio-economic condition of women residing and working in SHG’s i.e. in ASMITA. This research helps to know various aspect especially of SHG’s on the life of women who are a part of it. It helps us to understand the need and impact of these SHG’s on the life of participating women.

Published by: Nisha GujarResearch Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

Organisation: MIT, World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Self-help groups, Asmita, NGO

Review Paper

42. A review on integrating intrusion detection model using classifiers and chi-square feature selection

With the increasing use of IT technologies for maintaining the information, there is huge need for stronger intrusion detection mechanisms. The old usages like firewalls are not much so effective there are few new techniques that are used for the detection of intrusions. The various techniques of Intrusion Detection have been studied briefly. The main aim of this paper is to increase the accuracy with maximum and decrease with fewer false alarms. Also concern about reducing the disadvantages of the present IDS for large data. The intrusions enter the systems without any allowances to replicate files and running pirated software’s on their own to access systems and takes the very much confidential data like sensitive information. Intrusion detection can take care of the systems and if something suspicious happens the prompt will be given and monitored.

Published by: Rayees Ahmad Sheikh, Abhishek BhardwajResearch Area: Intrusion Detection

Organisation: CT Group of Institutions, Jalandhar, PunjabKeywords: Intrusion detection, Chi-square

Research Paper

43. A Study of CSR as an antipoverty instrument

This paper mentions the comparative study of various CSR activities of a few of the top companies in India and their fight against poverty in the country. This research is based on how CSR can be used to eliminate poverty, what the scope of the project is, and the contribution of the companies in developing the poor local communities. The aim of this study is to start to fill the gap in our understanding of how, when and through what means the business can help to reduce poverty while recognizing the equally powerful potential of the business community to exacerbate poverty. Taking particular CSR initiatives as a starting point, we seek to look at the broader developmental footprint of business-as-usual strategies, as well as those which fall under the banner of CSR, to gain a fuller picture of how business is implicated in the development process. This paper focuses on the type and nature of the CSR activities of MNCs in their attempt to eliminate poverty.

Published by: Manjiri SononeResearch Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

Organisation: MIT, World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Poverty reduction, MNCs, Poverty line

Research Paper

44. Hybrid model for customer behavioural mining

Data mining is the study of data and the utility of software techniques for finding patterns and regularities in sets of data. The main reason behind the paper is to examine the exhibition of an existing client in order to the churning prediction to actualize bunching with the characterization expectation model including weighted K-means clustering with the Neural system. To assess and break down the exhibition based on exactness, accuracy, review, root means square mistake and to analyze the presentation of the proposed strategy with the current cross breed strategies. For this reason, numerous algorithms have been proposed to anticipate churning clients. In the proposed work, Decision Tree and Neural systems are utilized to break down the examples from the dataset and to hybrid the model for customer behavioral mining. As per the current system, both the K-means and Neural system have been utilized either independently or with the other mix too. It was seen that every procedure will give better outcomes. However, the issue that has been engaged in the investigation is to upgrade the k-implies calculation. A weighted K-means is used to improve the exactness of the classifier and utilized to distinguish agitate clients and compelling promoting systems. Now, these days customers for seeking satisfaction shifts from one homogeneous product to another termed as customer churning which is proposed through various techniques through this paper.

Published by: Aabid Ud Din Wani, Prince VermaResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: CT Institute of Engineering Management and Technology, Lambri, PunjabKeywords: Data mining, Clustering, K-mean, Customer churning

Research Paper

45. Carrying out District Need Assessment (DNA) of Aurangabad district and identifying the needs based on secondary data source

District Need Assessment Jankidevi Bajaj Gram Vikas Sanstha (JBGVS) is a Bajaj Auto powered NGO that has been involved in implementing Integrated Rural Development Programs (IRDP) in villages with the objective of improving the quality of people’s lives. JBGVS works in selected villages of 5 districts namely, Pune, Aurangabad, Wardha districts of Maharashtra; Sikar district of Rajasthan and Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand. For JBGVS, needs assessment for a district is important because it will help the organization in understanding the needs that are preventing the district from reaching near its ideal condition/state in terms of availability of resources and stable overall development of the community. Need assessment is a series of activities that can help the researchers at all levels to find, perceive and solve the issues prevailing in that region. It is defined as the structured scrutiny of the gap that exists between the current and the desired state. It is the most important step in order to bring about an effective social change. The main motto of district need assessment is to help the researchers to identify and prioritize the needs that the region has to address to improve its conditions and perform. Suitable, well planned and implemented need assessment projects is important to execute successful philanthropic projects, community development, and natural calamity response. An in-depth need assessment study will contribute to planning, monitoring & evaluation as well as project responsibility. It is a key step in the project planning life cycle.

Published by: Sugandha BetawarResearch Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

Organisation: MIT, World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: District Need Assessment, Rural Development, Community development, Gap analysis.

Research Paper

46. Study on the impact of CSR initiatives on the life of beneficiaries in and around Jindal Stainless Hisar

JSHL a leading steel manufacturing company operating since 1970, in Hisar Haryana. The company has started social welfare activity for people in Hisar and nearby villages to give back some value they are taking from society. Under this social initiative of company three projects are running in the betterment of people in Hisar as CSR activity which is 1. Smart Class 2. Stainless skill training institute 3. Agriculture development project These CSR initiatives are undertaking in Hisar for many years and to know the development of these projects its impact assessment is necessary to find out whether the purpose of projects is achieved or not. Hence “Study on the Impact of CSR Initiatives on the Life of Beneficiaries in and around Jindal Stainless Hisar Limited” study is conducted. The study has one clear objective to understand and analyze the impact of CSR initiatives undertaken by JHSL in the form of surveys & case studies. Major focused areas for impact assessment were Agriculture Development Project, Smart Class Project, and Stainless Skill Training Institute. The methodology for the project included continual interaction with all the stakeholders viz. the training centers, teachers/students in Defense Public School and SSTI, farmers from villages that registered themselves with Agriculture Development Project. CSR of JSHL is working very intensively to bring a good change in society and for its betterment having a holistic approach in different subjects like Health, Education, Women Empowerment, and Save the Girl Child, Agriculture Development, Safe Drinking Water and Skill Development. It has created a nice image and goodwill of the organization in the mind of people of Hisar. This will help the organization to grow themselves and nation too.

Published by: Vrushabha Gore, Dr. Samrudhi NavaleResearch Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

Organisation: MIT-World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: CSR, Agriculture development, Skill development

Review Paper

47. Indexing, reviewing and publishing – Being a public intellectual

This paper discusses the concept of indexing and its importance for a researcher. A study of various indexing agencies, indexing parameters and the different review methods followed by these agencies. The paper would attempt to assess the review methods, indexing agencies, and the parameters. In addition to this, it would suggest methods to share knowledge with the common people so that the responsibility of being a public intellectual is also fulfilled.

Published by: Divya RoseResearch Area: Humanities

Organisation: Christ (Deemed To Be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Index, Indexing, Indexing agencies, Indexing parameters, Review methods, Publishing, Peer-Review, Open and closed-access journals, Public intellectual

Research Paper

48. Customer satisfaction towards the application of modern technology: A case study of Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin Bank in Jaunpur district

This analysis is based on primary data and carried out on customer satisfaction regarding internet technology with special reference to Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin Bank which is the one of the RRBs in Jaunpur district of U.P. The sample size of the study is 100 and convenience sampling method was used to collect the data. The appropriate statistical tools were applied in this study such as mean score, chi-square and percentage analysis for getting appropriate results. SMS alert, user-friendly ATM services and mobile application with modern features like NEFT/ IMPS/RTGS, cheque request, Bill payments for various services which were considered by the majority of the respondents. Most of the customers are found satisfied with SMS Alert, 24 hours helpline, etc. Due to lack of awareness customers don’t use frequently some banking services like mobile ATM facility, Internet technology, and RTGS, etc.

Published by: Ishu Srivastava, Dr. C. P. GujarResearch Area: Rural Management

Organisation: Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot, Satna, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Customer Satisfaction, RRBs, Banking services

Research Paper

49. Automatic power generation using rain water harvesting and solar energy

Over the years of the rising population, practices that increase demand for water supply and electricity have grown in industries as well as in the expansion of agriculture. Monsoon is still the main hope and the source of our agriculture. In this perception, water-saving has become a necessity for mankind. Rainwater harvesting is a way to capture rainwater at the time of the downpour, store the water above the ground or download the underground water and use it later. Presently, rainwater harvesting is being carried out by the method of using the pathway at rooftops. But, the accumulation of dry leaves and microbial contamination in the rainwater pathway blocks the outlet and degrades the quality of water. The above-mentioned problem will be addressed in the present investigation, which aims to design an automated rainwater pathway, thereby enabling the collection of pure water. This system will make use of a mechanism that will be actuated by a rain gutter which is actuated by a servo motor, controlled by a rain sensor.

Published by: Rashmi V. Patil, Nikhil S. Mhetre, Ashitosh A. Varkale, Pramod P. DaradeResearch Area: Electronics And Telecommunication

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Rain gutter, Rain sensor, Level sensor, LCD, DC motor, Solar panel, Battery, ARM processor

Research Paper

50. Effect of cognition on work perception of working and non-working women

Cognition is the mental process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses. It is in essence, the ability to perceive and react, process and understand, store and retrieve information, make decisions and produce appropriate responses. Intelligence plays a very determining role in the adjustment of an individual. An individual with higher intelligence is more likely to perceive his environment more accurately and respond properly to the stimuli present there and thus making his adjustment to the environment in a better way than does individual of lesser intelligence. The present study investigated the effect of cognition/ intelligence on all aspects of work perception of working & non-working women of Muzaffarpur District by applying incidental cum purposive sample on 240 women, half of them were working and the rest half were non-working (housewife). The result indicated that working women were found superior in intelligence and better in work orientation

Published by: Dr. Laxmi Rani, Sangita Kumari, Ritika Riya SinhaResearch Area: Social Psychology

Organisation: MSKB College, B.R.A.B.U, Muzaffarpur, BiharKeywords: Cognition, Intelligence, Work orientation, Work perception

Research Paper

51. Smart cultivation system for better farming practices

Smart cultivation system for better farming practices is intended to create an automated IOT based system that helps ease the process of cultivating plants. This is a low-cost method and an effective solution to determine various factors such as moisture, temperature, and humidity which influence the growth of plants. For the agricultural sector, the use of proper methods of cultivation and irrigation plays a significant role in determining the quality of the crops. The main aim is to maximize the benefits of proper cultivation methods whilst reducing spoilage of crops and wastage of water. This system brings into play the Arduino UNO boards, MCU units, two low-cost sensors connected over a common server to collect the necessary data.

Published by: Sneha PullanoorResearch Area: Electrical, Computer Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Soil Moisture, Irrigation, IoT, Temperature, Arduino, Humidity


52. A study on impact of SAHAJA a CSR initiative of Jindal stainless limited, Jajpur Orissa

Half of the population constitutes women and girls still, there are various issues that women and girls are facing regarding education, health, and participation of workforce. Around 355 million women and girls menstruating inspite of growing nation there are areas where women faces significant barriers to a comfortable and dignified experience with menstrual hygiene awareness and management. Menstrual hygiene education for women is necessary before their first period and 71% of girls in India report no knowledge about menstruation and even people still thinks that menstruation is a sensitive topic, not to talk about especially in public. There are families who cannot afford to buy sanitary napkins. The present Research paper aimed to study the awareness of Menstrual hygiene in the local areas of Jajpur, Orissa. Women and girls lack access to sanitary materials and pads which are necessary to maintain the menstrual hygiene management. Every Women has a right to have sanitary protection but women out there uses unsanitized cloth during and it is due to following reasons:- • Unaffordability • Misinformation and myths The results of the study indicates the positive and significant improvement over menstrual hygiene with time and efforts of SHGs like SAHAJA. Now what actually needed is to accelerate the efforts in order to make affordable and accessible to all the women of all the rural as well as urban areas with cost effective strategy through education, information, and Health awareness.

Published by: Satvika GuptaResearch Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

Organisation: MIT World Peace University, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Menstrual hygiene management, Sanitary protection, SHG, Health awareness

Research Paper

53. Lean manufacturing of NI-MO powder from piston rings plasma spray coating process

This research aims at examining the feasibility of reusing the waste plasma spray coating powder that is collected during the plasma spray coating on piston rings. This coating process is used to improve the properties, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and provide protection against the high working temperature of piston rings. During the coating process apart from the powder-coated on the substrate, there is plenty of wastage that occurs in the plasma chamber. Our research mainly aims at reusing this waste powder without compromising the quality of a piston ring. Resource management was the main aim of this research, as a waste powder from the spraying process is reused and experimentation like x-ray fluorescence analysis, twisting fatigue, exfoliation, and microstructure analysis test has to be undertaken to analyze the piston rings to check its properties.

Published by: Vadivel M., Sanjay V., Manikanda Yuvaraj G.Research Area: Materials Science

Organisation: Meenakshi Sundararajan Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Plasma spray process, Ni-Mo powder, Xrf, Exfoliation, Micrograph, Piston rings

Review Paper

54. Efficiency of using functionalized mesoporous silica-based composites in organic textile dyes removal from aqueous media: Review

Due to its enormous significance for human life, at the present time water treatment is the subject of greatest importance. Technological progress, which is an integral part of the modern world is also the cause of a number of environmental problems. One such problem is water pollution by organic dyes which are mainly a consequence of the development of the textile industry. The importance of this problem led to the development of many different methods and techniques. Due to a number of advantages (stability, low cost, efficiency, etc.), the use of compounds based on silica is a matter of great interest to scientists at the present time. This review discusses the applications of functionalized silica-based inorganic/organic copolymers in removal of the most common organic dyes for water and wastewater purification process.

Published by: Parviz AzimovResearch Area: Environmental Science

Organisation: Eskisehir Technical University, Eskişehir, TurkeyKeywords: Silica nanomaterials, Inorganic/organic copolymers, Organic dyes removal, Water treatment

Research Paper

55. Radiation analysis in human brain and skull exposed at 915 MHz, 1900 MHz and 2450 MHz frequencies and radiation minimization methods

In India, cell phone use is increasing day by day with very high growth of 50 million in 2005 to approximately 530 million now and the number is increasing more. When the mobile phone comes in close proximity to the human body then it is quite harmful due to the fact that it emits electromagnetic radiation. Now, 4G is in existence and it offers a huge variety of features. The dependence on mobile phones increases with 4G which is an alarming factor because continuous slow radiation is affecting the health. When RF products came into public use, there was a requirement for fixing emission standards. These standards were set by ICNIRP, FCC, IEEE, etc. regulating committees. The harmful radiation is described in terms of the successive approximation rate (SAR). The SAR limit is specified as 1.6 Watts/kilogram for part of the body(head exposure) and 0.08 Watts/kilogram for the whole body. In this paper, the SAR measurement is observed up to 5 mm inside the brain and skull at different distances between the human brain/skull vs mobile phone through a wide variety of radiation prone devices. The objective of the paper is to investigate the thermal radiation of the electromagnetic waves inside the human head through statistical calculations. The close distance up to which SAR may be harmful to the human brain has been tried to found out so that a safe distance could be predicted. Paper also investigates possible methods to minimize mobile phone radiation on exposed tissues.

Published by: Pragati Sharma, Dr. Gulzar Ahmed, Dr. A. K. GautamResearch Area: Cellular Communication

Organisation: Mewar University, Chittorgarh, RajasthanKeywords: Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), Global System for mobile communication (GSM), Mobile phone, Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Universal Mobile Telecommunication Standard (UMTS),4G, Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Field (RF-EMF), Mobile Station (MS), Human body

Research Paper

56. Design of Arduino driven gearbox

In this project, we aim at developing an easy gear shifting mechanism for transmission which will make motor car rider’s gear shifting very easy. It is everyone’s personal wish for effortless functioning of the automobile irrespective of the torque for pickup of the vehicle the human is using, yet the most important structure that every engineer works on is the gear shifting mechanism and looking after the effortless and desired ride on the car. Some simple mechanism is arranged with the pmdc motor and cross slider which will help us to change the gear as per the desired torque. In this gear shifting mechanism, gear shifting is done with the help of two cross slides. During this mechanism, the gear is operated by a servo motor which is controlled by the module feed in the Arduino Uno.

Published by: Shravan Anil Shinde, Pranit Narayan NayyarResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: Lokmanya Tilak College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Gear shifting mechanism, Cross slide, Servo motors, Automotive industry, Gearbox, Arduino UNO

Research Paper

57. Hybrid secured data retrieval disruption tolerant network

The sensitive data information leak of on systems has a big threat to system data. Research show that the encryption on files and communications due to human errors is one of the leading causes of information loss. However, finding the exposure of sensitive data information is important due to data transformation in the content. Transformations result in highly unpredictable leak patterns. In this paper, the sequence alignment techniques for detecting data-leak patterns. This algorithm is designed for detecting long and inexact sensitive data patterns. The system has detection accuracy in recognizing data leaks. To demonstrate the high multithreading scalability of the data leak detection method required by a requirement of organization.

Published by: Noorisaba SheikhResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: RKDF College of Engineering and Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Information leak detection, Content inspection, Sampling, Alignment, Dynamic programming

Research Paper

58. An automated prediction system for academic performance

Data analytics has a key role in the educational system and it helps to predict the student’s performance based on academic and non-academic details. Any institution spends huge amount of work to analyze student performance. Accuracy of manual prediction depends on different factors like the relation between the student and teacher, the time spends for the analysis, etc. So prediction with high accuracy requires huge amount of time and mental work. This paper presents a system for student performance analysis and grade prediction. This system greatly helps both the academicians and students. Grade prediction system helps the students to improve their performance and reduce dropout. And academicians can draw a clear picture of each student in the institution by this prediction. This scenario uses a data set consist of 33 features of 382 students. Python Anaconda distribution is the tool used for analysis and prediction. Four classification methods, linear regression, random forest, gradient boosting and logistic regression were used. The result shows that random forest outperforms all other methods inaccuracy. The system also finds the high influential factors and calculates the correlation between the final mark with different features like study time, father occupation and time spent for internet access etc.

Published by: Shahina K. M.Research Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: University of Calicut, Malappuram, KeralaKeywords: Data Analytics, Linear Regression, Random Forest, Gradient Boosting, Logistic Regression

Review Paper

59. RFID enаbled Smаrt cаb pаyments

When аttempting to creаte а fully functionаl cаshless pаyment system, one must consider the potentiаl bаse communicаtion softwаre thаt cаn be used to implement the sаme. Of аll probаble cаndidаtes, for cаrd-bаsed trаnsаctions, two cаndidаtes stаnd fаr аbove the rest in terms of efficiency, cost-effectiveness, аnd overаll scope for the future: Rаdio Frequency Identificаtion (RFID) аnd Neаr Field Communicаtion (NFC). NFC is а set of communicаtion protocols thаt enаble two electronic devices to estаblish communicаtion when they аre brought within 4 cm of eаch other. RFID uses electromаgnetic fields to аutomаticаlly identify аnd trаck tаgs аttаched to objects. This tаgs hаve informаtion stored in them previously, thаt hаve been stored electronicаlly.

Published by: Chikoti Akash, Anusha Chaturvedi, Nishanth G., Mounith Reddy, Anisetti Kalyan Rahul, Akarsh Gupta, Santhi V.Research Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: RFID, Smart payment, Contactless, NFC, RFID tags

Research Paper

60. Application of Operations Research in the pharmaceutical industry

The flux of pharmaceutical industries has altered a lot over the last 30 years. Innovation is extremely necessary for such industries and this innovation comes from research & development. Operations Research is needed as drugmakers around the world want to manage cost, quality and speed. Maximising the efficiency of production, labour and equipment is an important way for top-quartile drug makers to break out of the pack. The purpose of this research paper is to highlight OR approaches used in the pharmaceutical industry, that are backed by statistics, and observe the changes related to this industry, over the years. We went through qualitative research papers and gathered various mathematical models that link Operations Research with the current happenings of the Pharmaceutical Industry. The paper illustrates the main issues related to optimization in the industry and how science and technology help to overcome them by making the right forecasts and decisions.

Published by: Drisha Jain, Hansel Dias, Hriday Sharma, Hrithik Rathi, Jahnavi JasaniResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Industry

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, NMIMS University, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Pharmaceutical industry, Operations Research, Optimisation, Decision-Making, Research work

Research Paper

61. Operations Research in logistics, supply chain management and warehousing in the retail industry

This paper analyses the applications of Operations Research in various forms and techniques in the sector of Retailing, Indian and International. Retailing is the fastest growing sector with a lot of scope for improvement. The expectations of the customers from this sector are very high and so in order to sustain, the firms need to satisfy the demands efficiently. Along with this they also need to maintain their costs and at the same time generate higher revenues. To establish our points, we will be focusing on the few main aspects of Retailing such as Logistics, Supply Chain Management, and Warehousing and thus show how Operations Research techniques like transportation, simulation, the analytical model can be used to decrease costs, hence making more profits and improving efficiency in totality.

Published by: Pushti Jain, Navika Sharma, Yash RadiaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, NMIMS University, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Retail, Operations Research, Warehousing, Logistics, Supply Chain Management, Minimization, Efficiency

Research Paper

62. Study of operations research in warehouse and logistics

Logistics and warehousing is an important part of an industry. it is required in almost ever industry, few of those being automobile and defense. This paper highlights the methods and the types of logistics as well as it discusses the problems and issues faced. It also mentions and discusses all the methods to minimize cost and how some of the methods can be problematic. Green Logistics are also mentioned as they are quite important in the point of view of CSR activities as well as the environment and the goodwill they protect.

Published by: Sanjana Eswar, Shantanu Maharshi, Shivam Poojari, Shreyas Narain Tyagi, Shrishti GuptaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, NMIMS University, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Logistics, Warehousing, Green Logistics, Operations Research, Warehousing

Research Paper

63. Analysis of different characteristics of concrete made with recyled aggregate

The recycled concrete aggregate has limited application as fill and subgrade material below the foundation of structures, pavement, etc. these applications are non- structural applications. However, research has been ongoing all over the world especially in Japan, China, European countries and some parts of India also, from the last 50 years in order to find the potential implement of recycled aggregates as a structural grade concrete. The research work on mechanical and durability characteristics of concrete made with recycled aggregate concrete is presented here and is one such attempt to establish the RAC as a structural grade concrete. This research work focuses on mainly four structural properties of concrete i.e. Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Acid resistance test and alkalinity resistance test In this present study the experimental concrete making without fiber and with fiber. The natural coarse aggregates are replaced with Recycled coarse aggregates at different replacement ratios. Four replacement ratios are considered in this present study 0%, 20%, 40% and 80%. Based on the results obtained it is found that on the addition of steel fibers there is an increase in almost all the structural properties of normal concrete and concrete made with recycled aggregates.

Published by: Ajay Singh Pal, Rajesh Kumar Misra, Shubha AgarwalResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Recycled aggregate, Natural aggregate, Compressive Strength Test, Tensile Strength, Acid Resistance, Alkalinity Resistance Test

Research Paper

64. Eliminating poaching by using machine learning algorithms and thermal imaging

The project intends to propose a low-cost system that can be used to eradicate poachers in large, restricted areas. Poaching is a huge problem and constantly looking for different methods to eradicate it is in fact very necessary to protect the species from being extinct. The project involves creating an electric pillar-like structure that uses thermal imaging and face recognition techniques to help detect humans and faces in restricted areas. Poachers can be detected at night using thermal imaging techniques. Machine learning algorithms such as Eigenfaces, Eigenvalues, and Fisherfaces are extracted using OpenCV which can be used to detect and store the recognized faces.

Published by: Sneha PullanoorResearch Area: Electrical Computer Engineering

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Anti-poaching, Eigenfaces, Fisher faces, Eigenvalues, Machine learning, Thermal Imaging

Research Paper

65. Operations Research in Telecommunication

Operations Research known as the science of better by the science community and by industry provides a set of tools and techniques and uses complex processes to take decisions. In this paper, we analyze the advancement of the telecommunications industry and its link to Operations research. This paper is divided into three sections. The first section talks about the objectives and the methodology of the research. In the next section we talk about the observations, the OR techniques used in the Telecommunication industry and the findings of the paper. Lastly, we talk about the limitations OR faces in the telecommunication sector.

Published by: Stuthi Shetty, Srishti Shah, Tripti Banka, Tvisha Mehta, Tanishq ShahResearch Area: Telecommunication

Organisation: Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Operations Research, Telecommunications, Network planning, Methods, Optimisation

Research Paper

66. Application of Operations Research in agriculture logistics and supply chain

The purpose of this paper is to review already existing literature on conventional agriculture supply chain management and an analysis of the risks, opportunities and it's supply chain management. This research is an attempt to study both the conventional and organic agricultural supply chain through literature in order to reduce costs in all components (like production, warehousing, transportation, marketing, selling) of the agricultural supply chain throughout the process through operational research. The research also shows how the transition from conventional to organic agriculture can be the most cost-effective for farmers.

Published by: Yuthika Shah, Aditi Shingare, Akshat Chadha, Ananya Kinra, Anshika GargResearch Area: Operation Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Agriculture, India, Supply Chain, Organic, Optimization, Minimization

Research Paper

67. Operations research in courier delivery service

This research paper gives an overview of the problems faced by the courier delivery services, like Vehicle routing problem and cost minimization, and the various operations research techniques that have been applied to solve these problems. We have studied past research papers and collected some of the most efficient Operations Research techniques like the Recursive DBSCAN, CVRPPAD and travelling salesman problems. All these techniques and their application have been discussed in detail in the paper. All the techniques have their own advantages and limitations, which also, have been mentioned in this paper.

Published by: Hitarth Shah, Himanshu Lunia, Ishitaa Bagaria, Jainam Shah, Kanishk KillaResearch Area: Management Science

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Operations Research

Review Paper

68. Discussion on bad sitting posture recognition

Currently, an increase in the rate of spinal cord problems among young people and adults are due to improper sitting posture like slouching and hunching. This bad posture is due to the usage of computers, smartphones and other portable devices for long hours. In the recent years, there has been huge development in sitting posture monitoring systems to prevent the spinal and neck pain, Which are not only monitored the posture in real-time and also provide the feedback to improve their posture. The main aim of this survey paper has to provide a review of the recent advancement in the posture monitoring system. A detailed study has been carriedout about the various sensing technology used to measure the sitting and reading posture in real time and the feedback based on the measured data. This paper explores the various monitoring system classification based on the portability and ease of use of the system.

Published by: Manikandan S., Mohamed Ashfaq A., Dharanibalan B., Gowrishankar K.Research Area: Biomedical Engineering

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering and Technology, PuducherryKeywords: Portable monitoring system, Sitting posture, Sensors

Case Study

69. Heterotopic ossification in distal interosseous membrane of the radius and ulna: A rare case

Heterotopic ossification is an abnormal formation of true bone within extraskeletal soft tissues. The interosseous membrane (IOM) runs obliquely from radius to ulna and attaches to their respective interosseous borders. It is an occasional site for heterotopic ossification (HO) that involves the development of mature lamellar bone. Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injurie Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injuries Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injuries Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injury Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injuries Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all forearm injuries the radius, hence to the ulna and humerus. The posterior relations near the carpus are the anterior interosseous artery and the posterior interosseous nerve. Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2% of all firearm injuries. During the routine undergraduate demonstration classes in the department of Anatomy at BLDEU’s Shri B. M. Patil Medical College, Bijapur, we found Heterotopic ossification resulting in radio-ulnar cross union occurs in 2 % of all forearm injuries. We report a case of ossification of the interosseous membrane (OIM) in a 17-year-old boy who had a history of trauma 1 month back followed by pain and swelling in the right wrist. The plain radiograph showed OIM in the distal interosseous membrane of the radius and ulna of the right hand. MRI showed bone intensity bridging the distal shaft of the radius and ulna.

Published by: Dr. Harshvardhan Singh Rathore, Dr. Nilesh Ingale, Dr. Tulsi ManekResearch Area: Medicine ,Radiology

Organisation: D. Y. Patil Medical College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Heterotopic ossification, Interosseous membrane, Radius, Ulna

Research Paper

70. Effectiveness of Integrated Pathway (IP) regarding care of people affected with Ebola virus disease

Introduction: Health care workers are at a greater risk of contact with infectious diseases such as Ebola virus disease the worst hit in 2014 and may promote transmission by occupational exposures. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of Integrated Pathway on knowledge and attitude of nurses regarding care of people affected with EVD. Methodology: Quasi Experimental research approach, Time Series Design Non Equivalent Control Group Design was adopted. In the experimental and control group, each comprising 16 study participants, totally 32 from two different tertiary care hospitals, at Coimbatore. Knowledge and attitude questionnaire were used and analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Results: There was the highest significant difference between pre test and post test 3 score of knowledge of nurses in care of people affected with EVD (t = 21.2354; p < 0.05), whereas the lowest level of significant difference was found between post test 1 and post test 3 score of knowledge of nurses in care of people affected with EVD (t = 3.4802 ; p < 0.05). Also in control group, it depicted that there was significant difference found between pre test & post test 1 score of knowledge of nurses in care of people affected with EVD (t = 1.7111 ; p < 0.05), whereas the lowest level of significant difference was noted between post test 2 and post test 3 score of knowledge of nurses in care of people affected with EVD (t = 0.2559 ; p < 0.05). Conclusion: The study had proved the necessity to create a great impact on the level of knowledge and attitude of nurses.

Published by: Leena J., Dr. A. Helen Mary Perdita, Dr. Latha VenkatesanResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University)Keywords: Effectiveness, Integrated Pathway (IP), Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), Knowledge and attitude of nurses

Research Paper

71. Sign to speech converter for speech impaired people

Our aim for this project was to create a communication system between speech impaired people and other, and we came up with an idea for making a glove through which the speech-impaired people can send any type of simple signs like raising a finger and for each sign there would be different command or signal associated with it which could be then converted and given out as sound output through the speakers. We believe this project could be used in a wide area of application of not just for speech impaired people but also for elderly people who are bedridden or semi-paralyzed people.

Published by: Harsh Shekhar, Akash Deep Saha, Neha KumariResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Communication System, Speech Impaired People, Sign to Speech

Case Study

72. IoT smart agriculture farming technology – IY TWIST perspective

Smart agriculture is revolutionizing the entire farming industry. There has been a significant increase in agricultural yields during the 20th and 21st centuries. This can be attributed to the fact that farms are becoming automated with the use of adequate software and hardware. These are user-friendly as well as simple to use enabling easy monitoring for farmers. The latest technology is revolutionizing almost all fields that were traditional at one point in time, such as agriculture, nutrition, genetics, satellite imaging, and meteorology, to name a few. Crop yields have increased with advances in plant science. Efficient irrigation techniques are a must to ensure a quality yield from farming. The cost of end products should not be allowed to increase, as that will affect the morale of farmers adversely. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN (FAO) has estimated that there should be at least a 70% increase in food production by 2050.

Published by: Yooseff Ibrahim Kurikkil VeettilResearch Area: Precision Agriculture

Organisation: IY TWIST, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Precision, Farming, IoT, Technology

Research Paper

73. Applications of Operation Research in Indian flood management

India has faced more than 300 natural disasters in this millennium which has left the country in shackles and the people to fend for themselves in dire distress. Operation research comes into the picture and plays an important role in disaster management. Right from the positioning of supplies to the delivery, proper poetization and allocation of resources, OR is very important. The objective here is to be able to comprehend and outline the possible techniques that can be used in emergencies and at the same time try and check its feasibility in India. In order to facilitate the attainment of this objective, we went through several papers collected from published journals and used them to provide analysis and models. They helped us in coming to the conclusion that disasters like floods are not preventable and the use of operation research has made the job easier and at the same time leaving room for sufficient improvement in the field.

Published by: Tanya Kanoi, Tapish Pachori, Vatsal Agrawal, Vishit Shah, Yash KotakResearch Area: Operation Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Emergency, India, Mitigation, Floods, Techniques

Research Paper

74. Application of Operations Research in solving malnutrition

In this paper we solve a diet problem with the goal to find an optimal combination of food items on the condition that the daily nutritional requirements of a child are satisfied. The mathematical model of the problem is formulated as a linear program where the objective function is the number of calories for the proposed menu, on the condition that the constraints regarding the amounts of protein, fats, calcium, carbohydrates and dietary fibre consumed throughout an entire day are satisfied. We solve this problem by using the Solver tool in Microsoft Excel.

Published by: Dhruv Bhatia, Aryan Manchanda, Ayush Khandelwal, Bhavya Vidyarthi, Dhruv MahyavanshiResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Malnutrition, Daily nutritional requirements, Microsoft Excel Solver

Research Paper

75. A study on properties of M quasi – class (Q) operator

In our study we have introduced the new class of operator M quasi - class (Q) operator acting on a complex Hilbert space H. An operator M quasi - class (Q) if where is the adjoint of the operator T and M is a bounded operator. We investigate some basic properties of the operator.

Published by: V. Revathi, P. Maheswari NaikResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Hilbert Space, Normal, class (Q), Quasi - class (Q), M quasi - class (Q)

Research Paper

76. Investigating the acceptable quantity of fine aggregate to be replaced with sawdust to obtain strong, light weight, and economical result for HCB production

Hollow concrete blocks are a construction material produced from a mixture of Portland cement (OPC or PPC), Fine aggregates and Water. But the concrete mixture used for blocks has a higher percentage of fine aggregate and a lower percentage of water than the concrete mixtures used for general construction purposes. The construction industry is a rapidly growing industry in the world and hollow concrete blocks are being widely used in the construction of residential buildings, factories, and multi-storied buildings. Due to these, there is a scarcity of good quality fine aggregate due to depletion of resources and restriction due to environmental consideration, to make a hollow concrete block manufacturing to look for suitable alternative fine aggregate. The objective of this experimental study was to investigate the effect of using sawdust as an alternative fine aggregate for hollow concrete block production and to determine an optimum content of sawdust for the replacement of fine aggregate that can be acceptable for the production of hollow concrete blocks, in order to help contribute to the industry in saving the environment, to provide new knowledge to the contractors and developers on how to improve the construction industry methods and services by using sawdust concrete mixture, and sustain good product performance. The study was a laboratory experimental study conducted by preparing two types of HCB test samples. The first test sample of HCB was produced by using mix proportion 1:2:1:2 of cement, sand, gravel 00 and crushed aggregate respectively as a control group. The second sample PCBs were produced by replacing sand with sawdust in a 4% increment in volume 4%. 8%, 12%, 16%, 20%, and 24%. but the result between 8% and 12% replacement shows high difference therefore 10% replacement is needed to get the intermediate result. According to this study, the HCB without sawdust achieved 5.09Mpa mean compressive strength and the HCB with 10% sawdust achieved 4.01Mpa mean compressive strength and the HCB with 20% sawdust achieved 2.13Mpa. The acceptable replacement was obtained at 10% for the desired class B HCB and at 20% for class C HCB. The result from density and absorption show replacing sand with sawdust 4% in volume can decrease the density by 3.86% and increase the absorption by 2%. The material cost of all HCBs with sawdust was found lower than the HCB without sawdust. Replacing sand with sawdust 4% in volume can decrease the material cost by 3.68birr or 2%. According to the result, a hollow concrete block with sawdust replacement in this study has achieved a better reduction in material cost and density and a smaller increment in absorption also achieved the desired compressive strength by limiting the sawdust replacement percentage. Therefore as a recommendation for contractors, HCB manufacturers, Wood product manufacturing firms, construction industry and another researcher that the benefit of using sawdust as a replacement of fine aggregate has to be considered and deeply investigated. Keywords: Compressive Strengths, fine aggregate, hollow concrete block, sawdust

Published by: Mikiyas Alemeshet AberaResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, EthiopiaKeywords: Light Weight, HCB

Research Paper

77. Applications of Operations Research in the food delivery industry

The food delivery industry in India is growing rapidly with the increasing availability of technology. In this research paper, we aimed at finding out the application of operational research in the food delivery industry. It has always been a known fact that humans are known to make mistakes if work is done without the help of any scientific tool. With detailed research in this industry, it came to our knowledge that the processes in various organizations have logistical flaws. This made us want to connect the concept of operations research to the food delivery industry, so as to maximize the results with minimum resources or costs. We have provided an analysis of how operations research can be used in this industry. Our research has been supported by real-life implications and it was proven to us that operations research techniques can help food delivery platforms in making decisions about how they should go about with their day to day operations as efficiently as possible at the minimum cost.

Published by: Nirvaan Shivlani, Poonam Ramchandani, Pranay Mehta, Rachit Jalan, Priyasha GuptaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Operations Research Application, Food delivery industry, E-Business, Food tech, Consumer behaviour

Research Paper

78. Understanding, comparing and evaluating the use of Operations Research in the gaming and sports industry

This research paper drills deep into team sports and sports management. Highlighting those aspects of the sports industry that extensively use Operations Research or have the ability to incorporate Operations Research in the future to improve their decision making as well as efficiency. This paper has been written after comprehensively evaluating existing Research Papers.

Published by: Vivek Ahuja, Zinatra Dsouza, Uchiet Daas, Vatsal Nyati, Vedant Bokadia, Urja ShahResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Sports analytics, Scheduling, Stadiums, Tactics and Team Development

Research Paper

79. Formulation and evaluation of Adulsa capsules Phytosomes

The major problem associated with the herbal drug is poor bioavailability so as to improve the bioavailability of herbal novel drug delivery system known as phytosome is used. By applying this novel approach bioavailability is increased. The objective of the current project is to develop a formulation with a systematic approach to yield better products in terms of stability, acceptability and therapeutic value owing to its greater bioavailability origin. Different phytosomal complexes of vasaka leaf extract containing a molar ratio of 1:1,1:2,1:3,1:4,2:1,2:2 using methanolic extract, soya lecithin and cholesterol were prepared by solvent injection technique.Adhatoda vasica phytosomes were characterized by particle size,zeta potential, entrapment efficiency,Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and in vitro drug release. The average particle size and zeta potential of optimized formulation were found to be 136.7nm and -22.7 and entrapment efficiency was found to be 71%. In-vitro % drug release of capsules of Adhatoda vasica was found to 85%.

Published by: Nahida Shaikh, Dr. Swati PatilResearch Area: Pharmacy

Organisation: Principal K. M. Kundnani College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Adhatoda Vasica Extract, Adhatoda Vasica Phytosomes, Bioavailability, Lipid

Research Paper

80. Molecular marker analysis of Oryza sativa using RAPD markers

Rice is one of the most important crops that provides food for more than half of the world’s population and hence their cultivation is expanding drastically due to the increasing demand. There are different varieties of rice distinguished based on their physiological characteristics and geographical area. Identification of these genotypes are important during the genetic breeding programs. Molecular markers play a crucial role in studying genetic variation among different species. The analysis of this diversity among six varieties of rice: Sahabagi Dhan, IR-64, MGD-101, BPT-5204, Azucena, Doddiga was performed by extracting DNA and using 8 RAPD markers on them. The random DNA sequences amplified by PCR are compared and analysed by the process of electrophoresis. The binary of the gel images is used for analysis of genetic variation between the cultivars. It is observed that the number of polymorphic fragments for each primer varied from from 3 to 7 with an average of 4. The average percentage polymorphism was calculated as 77.573%. The values of similarity co-efficient ranged from 0.41 to 0.85. The values of similarity co-efficient ranged from 0.41 between MGD-101 and IR-64 to 0.85 between BPT-5204 and Azucena and an average of 0.71. Cluster analysis showed that IR-64 and MGD-101 are bifolious and Azucena is a simplifolious indicating that it is a wild variety and is substantially different from all others. Major Allele Frequency ranges from 0.61 to 0.90 with a mean of 0.79, Gene Diversity values range from 0.17 to 0.46 with a mean of 0.29 and PIC values range from 0.14 to 0.36 with a mean of 0.23. The information obtained in this study helps to understand the genetic diversity. It can be used to emphasize conservation and propagation of selected natural varieties and to select diverse parents to broaden the germplasm of rice.

Published by: Ketaki Ghatole, Shruthi Mohan, Hashvitha R., Meghana K. J., Suresh H. AntreResearch Area: Genetic Engineering

Organisation: Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Oryza sativa, RAPD markers, PCR, Polymorphism, Genetic diversity

Research Paper

81. Violating road traffic laws and problems posed in Vietnam today

Road traffic in Vietnam is now a matter of deep and concern for the whole society, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), in Vietnam the current death due to traffic accident further 100.000 accidents, are higher than the world average of 24.5/17. This is an alarming number, causing any damages to people and property, hindering the sustainable development of Vietnam. This study focuses on analyzing the situation of road traffic violations in the last three years (from 2016 to the first half of 2019). The cause of those violations. Based on the analysis of data collected through field surveys in many provinces in the southern part of Vietnam, the authors propose solutions to improve the understanding of road traffic laws in Vietnam.

Published by: Huynh Uyen Nhi, Nguyen Thi Thai Ha, Trinh Thi ThanhResearch Area: Law, Education

Organisation: Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh, VietnamKeywords: Violating, Road traffic laws, Problems posed, Vietnam

Research Paper

82. NodeMcu based smart garbage monitoring system

Garbage monitoring is an essential issue for most of the cities in India. The current garbage monitoring and management system are highly ineffective contributing to high transportation and collection costs. Due to poor monitoring and collection, garbage bins are seen overflowing in certain areas which can lead to long-term problems such as bad odour and harmful diseases. On the contrary, in some places, garbage collection trucks end up collecting garbage from bins which have low garbage levels leading to high petrol consumption and increased air pollution. To overcome these problems “NodeMcu based smart garbage monitoring system” can be introduced as an effective solution. This smart garbage monitoring system employs NodeMcu as its main microcontroller. It uses the ultrasonic sensor as a level detector to detect the amount of garbage in the bin. It also employs an MQ-135 gas sensor and a DHT sensor to monitor the quality of air surrounding to bin and temperature and humidity data respectively. This information is then transmitted via the NodeMcu to Blynk application and ThingSpeak channel. In the Blynk application, the live monitored information is displayed using a graphical interface. In the ThingSpeak channel, the real-time output data is represented as a line graph which can be interpreted easily. Thus this system provides a web platform as well as a mobile platform for efficient garbage monitoring.

Published by: Suwetha I. G.Research Area: Electronic Engineering and Internet of Things

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Smart garbage monitoring, Nodemcu, Ultrasonic Sensor, Mq-135, DHT Sensor, Thingspeak, Blynk.

Research Paper

83. Performance evaluation of web server based upon IEEE 802.15.4

In the present era, a well-regulated web server comes with all new solutions to all new bulky heap of requests of daily users. As there is a rapid change in technology, the average number of requests on the web server is increasing rapidly. Moreover, WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks) has proved to be a revolutionary technology for monitoring the physical and environmental state of a machine. This manuscript targets to evaluate the performance of a web server based upon modern-day protocol IEEE 802.15.4 for WSNs using different scenarios (with GTS (Guaranteed Time Slot), Mixed GTS, & Without GTS). Depending upon the evaluation performed, it can be concluded that the performance of the webserver can be enhanced by trading-off in the use of the GTS mechanism in IEEE 802.15.4 for WSNs.

Published by: Ashok Kumar Yadav, Dr A. K. Solanki, Dr. Sukhvinder Singh BamberResearch Area: Computer Science And Engineering

Organisation: Bhagwant University, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: Web Server, IEEE 802.15.4 for WSNs, GTS

Research Paper

84. Pet and animal welfare services

There are a lot of people who want to have a pet but they don’t know where to find a place they can adopt a pet. There is no one popular ‘brand’ associated with this business. Getting to know about the place one can trust is just step one. There are a lot of things a pet owner needs to do in order to keep their pets happy and healthy. Not everyone knows how to actually handle a pet once they adopt. We are providing a solution where they can just log on to our website and find out about the basic do’s and don’ts when it comes to handling a pet. The first month for any pet also requires vaccinations. Now, new pet owners also have to find a veterinary doctor in their area that they can rely on. We propose to have a veterinary doctor in a clinic within our store who will have access to all the past records of the pet. They also have to find a separate place to buy supplies for their pets and regularly buy similar things such as the food (specific to which animal they have). Each month they buy the same set of things, and for that, they have to go to the respective stores. We offer to deliver these things to the owner’s doorstep if they subscribe to such a plan. In addition to that, if the owner has to go out of town they have to find someone willing to take care of their pet while they are away or they have to find a shelter they can trust for this purpose. Who better than the people who were responsible for taking care and keeping the pet healthy before they had a master. We also plan to provide a space where people can come and play with these adorable animals on an hourly basis.

Published by: Venuu Maadhav V. R., Pardha Saradhi P., Anand Prem RajanResearch Area: Social Entrepreneurship

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: PET care, Customer relationship, Maintenance

Research Paper

85. Operations research in national defense services

To provide the right (required) number of the right (qualified) personnel at the right (specified) time at the minimum cost is the goal for any workforce planning, or military training more specifically system. This paper gives an outline of the areas of Operational Research where the work in the defence domain has been successful and it brings out the role it can play in decision making. This paper looks into the strategies and developments made in Military, Navy and Air Force using operations research since World War II where it was first used to enhance the effectiveness of weapons and other limited resources available.

Published by: Kartikay Sharma, Krisha Shah, Keertiman Garodia, Madhav Abrol, Madhav KhandelwalResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Defence, Army, Navy, Air Force, Operation Analysis


86. Evaluation of road traffic accident in Addis Ababa – Adama Expressway

This study is aimed to evaluate Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) in Addis Ababa– Adama Expressway which is the first modern expressway in Ethiopia. The study analyzed 1,137 accident data that occurred in the past three years and eight months since the launching of the project. The study investigated several characteristics of accidents. Among others, this includes accident type and severity, time of accident occurrence and types and level of traffic. Advanced statistical tests were conducted to identify the contribution of accident instruments. Out of 1,137 RTA datasets, 75% occurred during day time and about 24% of accidents occurred at night. The highest fatality accident occurred in January. In total, 84 fatalities, 191 serious injuries, and 438 light injuries were registered. The highest number of serious injuries (about 38%) occurred during the weekend. A total of 1,348 vehicles were involved in road accidents. About 33.5% of accidents occurred due to rear-end collision while about 31% occurred due to vehicle rollover. The remaining accidents occurred due to collision to the guardrail and curbstone about 39% of accidents occurred due to unethical driving behavior while about 19% of accidents occurred due to over speeding. In addition, driver fatigue, flat tires, poor vehicle brake performance, and steering problems, the presence of animals were also contributing factors to the reported accidents. The study recommended remedial Measures for the safe operation of the expressway.

Published by: Mikiyas Alemeshet AberaResearch Area: High Way Engineering

Organisation: Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, EthiopiaKeywords: Expressway, Road Accidents, Fatality and Injury

Research Paper

87. Rp-122: Formulation of solutions of a special standard quadratic congruence of composite modulus- An even multiple of a power of an odd positive integer

In this study, a special standard quadratic congruence of composite modulus-an even multiple of Power of an odd positive integer is studied rigorously and a very simple formula for the solutions of the congruence is established. It is found that congruence has many incongruent solutions. The solutions can be obtained without any pen & Paper. It can be calculated orally. The congruence was not formulated earlier. This is the first time a formulation of the solutions of the said congruence is made available by the author. This is the merit of the paper.

Published by: B. M. RoyResearch Area: Mathematics

Organisation: Jagat Arts, Commerce and Indiraben Hariharbhai Patel Science College, Goregaon, MaharashtraKeywords: Composite Modulus, Formulation, Quadratic Congruence.

Research Paper

88. Smart identification and updatation system: Resulting whether money available in ATM or not

When we need money, we intend to go for ATM to get money. If there is no enough cash or money into ATM, we don't get money as well as spend a lot of time. To avoid all the efforts and save our time, We can use the Android Application based system. Through this, anyone can check firstly whether how much money available in nearer ATM. For this purpose, we have developed a system which is called smart Identification and Updatatin through it you can save time as well as efforts. It is a fully Automated System.

Published by: Surana Gaurav Manoj, Darshan Manoj Surana, Bhairavi Suresh Khairnar, Pushpak Suresh Khairnar, Harshad Menketan Meshram, Maniyar Jasmin Banu Mohammed rafique, Swapnil Balasaheb Borade, Rakhi mamraj RathodResearch Area: Computer Engineering

Organisation: Government College of Engineering and Research, Awasari, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: ATM, Admin Registration, User Registration

Research Paper

89. Application of Operations Research in environmental management

The ecological balance and ecosystem stability are duly maintained by nature itself but the emergence of the modern industrial era has disturbed the ecological balance through heavy industrialization, faster growth of means of transportation, rapacious exploitation of resources, unplanned urbanization, etc. Environmental management is thus, the process to improve the relationship between human beings and the environment. Operations research creates mathematical models to maximize efficiency, which in turn reduces cost and minimal usage of resources. In this research paper, we will deeply review the applications of operations research in environmental management by using transportation problems as well as case studies to highlight the impact of operations research on the environment.

Published by: Swati Arora, Sophiya John, Shreya Kothari, Shubh Sandhu, Sujay PatilResearch Area: Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Environmental crisis, Particulate matter, Air pollution, Transportation problem, Population

Research Paper

90. Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles by using Citrus maxima leaf extract with antibacterial assessment

Nanotechnology is an important field of modern research dealing with design, synthesis, and manipulation of particle structure ranging from approximately 1-100 nm. Silver nanoparticles are of interest because of its unique properties as they hold the acceptance to kill microbes effectively. The synthesis of silver nanoparticles in the green process is a cost-effective and environment friendly technique from 1mM silver nitrate solution through the extract of Citrus maxima. The change of color indicates the syntheses of nanoparticles. Nanoparticles were characterized using various characterization techniques. This green synthesis provides an economic, eco-friendly, and clean synthesis route to AgNPs. AgNPs in suspension showed activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria with minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs). The size of synthesized nanoparticle is about 9 nm. Efficient antimicrobial activity of the synthesized silver nanoparticles proves the application potential of green synthesis in the area of nano-medicine.

Published by: A. K. M. Royhan Uddin, Farjana RahmanResearch Area: Nanomaterials

Organisation: Comilla University, Comilla, BangladeshKeywords: Citrus maxima, FT-IR spectroscopy, Plant extracts, Silver nanoparticles synthesis, UV-spectroscopy, XRD, Antibacterial assay

Review Paper

91. A review paper: Image Processing of IR images

Infrared imaging takes the temperature division of the human body exterior and is currently employed in a variety of medical relevance. In the earlier days, Image processing was prepared by painters and photographs and also done manually. This Image processing is the sculpture of filling lose piece of the entity in image. The processing is used to make over the lost piece of absent division inside the image in order to look reasonable in all way to the human eye. There have been several approaches proposed for the same. This paper proposes the best method to find the nearest neighbor to balance the resultant and the method that is proposed would be iterative. Our main motive is based on that we'll process the cracked or fracted part of image and enhance its quality so that would help us in medical and other fields.

Published by: Shalu Rana, Ramanjot KaurResearch Area: Computer Science Engineering

Organisation: Doaba Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kharar, PunjabKeywords: Infrared imaging, Image Processing, Nearest Neighbor, Medical