This paper is published in Volume-5, Issue-5, 2019
Area
Public Health
Author
Ritika Masih
Co-authors
Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. N. L.Gupta, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder Singh
Org/Univ
Eternal University, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh, India
Pub. Date
10 September, 2019
Paper ID
V5I5-1152
Publisher
Keywords
Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence, Pattern, Policemen, Risk factors

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Ritika Masih, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. N. L.Gupta, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder Singh. The metabolic syndrome: Its prevalence and risk factors among policemen of Patiala, Punjab, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Ritika Masih, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. N. L.Gupta, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder Singh (2019). The metabolic syndrome: Its prevalence and risk factors among policemen of Patiala, Punjab. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 5(5) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Ritika Masih, Suchpreet Kaur, Dr. N. L.Gupta, Dr. Neelam Kaur, Dr. Davinder Singh. "The metabolic syndrome: Its prevalence and risk factors among policemen of Patiala, Punjab." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 5.5 (2019). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a cluster of conditions, including hyperglycaemia, abdominal obesity, dyslipidaemia, and high blood pressure. The prevalence of this syndrome has varied markedly between different studies because of the lack of internationally agreed-upon criteria for its definition. Definitions of the syndrome have been proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1999, the U.S. IIIrd Report of National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) in 2001, and the International Diabetes Federation in 2005 (IDF). Objectives of this paper include: To determine the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and risk factors in the policemen. To find out the association of sociodemographic variables with risk factors and Metabolic Syndrome. To find out the association between the risk factors and Metabolic Syndrome. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 155 policemen of Patiala; two types of data collection were done based on annual health reports (2017-18) and Structured Questionnaire. A Non-Probability Quota sampling was used to select respondents based on three criteria: Population group was Policemen, more than 40years of males having their Annual health reports (2017-18). Results: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was 71%, abdominal obesity (97%), high triglycerides (66.5%), low HDL cholesterol (33.5%), high BP (73%), Fasting glucose more than >110mg/dl (31.60%), alcohol consumption (84%), non-vegetarian (93.5%) and severe stress (73%) among the policemen. The binary logistic analysis showed the significant relationship between the risk factors and metabolic syndrome, risk factors including clinical parameters, individual medical history of low HDL cholesterol; diabetes; food preference, physical activity during working hours. The current study found that the majority of the policemen are vulnerable to metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors were responsible for developing it.
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