This paper is published in Volume-3, Issue-5, 2017
Area
Head Injury Prevention
Author
Dr. Chitra
Org/Univ
Indian Head Injury Foundation, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Pub. Date
04 September, 2017
Paper ID
V3I5-1139
Publisher
Keywords
Road Safety, Head Injury, Children's Safety, Road Traffic Accident

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Dr. Chitra. Safety Begins From Childhood, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Dr. Chitra (2017). Safety Begins From Childhood. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 3(5) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Dr. Chitra. "Safety Begins From Childhood." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 3.5 (2017). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

Every year, India experiences an unusually high number of fatalities caused by Head and Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI). Of these, 65 to 70 % are caused in road mishaps. The balance are due to industrial accidents, War and Counter Insurgency Operations (CI Ops), Sports field Accidents, Domestic Violence, Riots, Natural Disasters and other acts of God including even an accidental fall. In 2015 alone, the number of officially recorded deaths was over 1,46,000, and injured with debilitating trauma was over half a million. This toll is growing at an alarming rate with no check or respite in sight. With one percent vehicles, India carries the burden of over 10 % deaths in the world and there is a traffic accident every minute and a death every 4 minutes. In the US, the fatality rate is one out of two hundred victims of road trauma and in India it is one in six. A majority of Head Injury victims are two wheeler riders and pedestrians, and unfortunately, we have come to be termed as the “Head Injury” Capital of the world. The victims in India are mostly in the age group of 18–44 years and are often, the only “Bread Winners” for a family of 4 to 6. A large number of survivors of such accidents sustain varying degrees of debilitating damage and require long term rehabilitation treatment. This is virtually non-existent in most parts of India, and where available, is highly expensive. In several cases, victims of TBI have to relearn to walk, talk and formulate thought from scratch. Even mild TBI leads to symptoms like decreased memory, insomnia, inability to focus, anxiety, mood swings, irritation, etc.
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