This paper is published in Volume-6, Issue-1, 2020
Area
Engineering
Author
Yetmgeta Mekonnen
Co-authors
Esubalew Tariku, Saol Toyebo
Org/Univ
Wolaita Sodo University, SNNP Region, Ethiopia, Ethiopia
Pub. Date
03 February, 2020
Paper ID
V6I1-1155
Publisher
Keywords
Bitumen Concrete, Modified Bitumen, Optimum Binder Content, Optimum Plastic Content, Plain Bitumen

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Yetmgeta Mekonnen, Esubalew Tariku, Saol Toyebo. Experimental investigation of waste plastic bottles as partial replacement of aggregates in flexible pavements, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Yetmgeta Mekonnen, Esubalew Tariku, Saol Toyebo (2020). Experimental investigation of waste plastic bottles as partial replacement of aggregates in flexible pavements. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 6(1) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Yetmgeta Mekonnen, Esubalew Tariku, Saol Toyebo. "Experimental investigation of waste plastic bottles as partial replacement of aggregates in flexible pavements." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 6.1 (2020). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

Global plastic pollution reported that; 1 million plastic bottles bought every minute, 100,000 marine animals killed by plastic each year, 500 years to degrade in the environment, 90% of bottled water contain plastic particles. Ethiopia is facing rapid urbanization and industrialization leading to the packing of different industrial products with plastic bottles which finally becomes waste and on the other side, pavements are behaving different structural failures and surface defects before the end of the construction period and service year. In order to minimize the above serious problems, this research was initiated to do the experimental investigation of a waste plastic bottle as partial replacement of aggregate in the bituminous concrete mix through a dry process to enhance the desired performance of bitumen concrete mix and to reduce plastic bottles disposal problem. Before applying PET bottles as additives, optimum bitumen content was determined for conventional bitumen concrete mix which is selected as 5.33%; upon which the effect of PET bottles experimented. Waste plastic bottles are collected and cut into pieces using scissors. Then it was melted in an oven at 180⁰c for 30 minutes. Then after cooling down, it was pulverized. Finally weighing the required amount of pulverized plastic and replacing the aggregate by 0%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% by weight of aggregate, the marshal test was held and volumetric properties on each specimen were computed. Based on the laboratory result, the optimum plastic content was selected at the specimens that have high stability; high bulk density and minimum air void values are 20.66 KN, 2.59gm/cm3 and 3.25% respectively. The optimum plastic content is selected at 4% of plastic bottle by weight of aggregate. Lastly, this study concluded that partial replacement of aggregate by the waste plastic bottle can increase the overall performance of the bitumen concrete mix. Finally, this study recommends it is better to apply this new construction technology on the ground and to adopt it. It is better to know the cost benefit analysis on partial replacement of aggregate by waste plastic bottles in flexible pavements.
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