This paper is published in Volume-6, Issue-5, 2020
Area
Water Pollution
Author
Patel Monali
Co-authors
Kapila Manoj
Org/Univ
Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, Gujarat, India
Pub. Date
15 October, 2020
Paper ID
V6I5-1329
Publisher
Keywords
Heavy metals, Heavy Metal Pollution Index, Heavy Metal Evaluation Index, Degree of Contamination, Agricultural activities, Pollution

Citationsacebook

IEEE
Patel Monali, Kapila Manoj. Assessment of metal contamination by using pollution indices in groundwater sources that used for drinking purpose in Olpad taluka, surat, India, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, www.IJARIIT.com.

APA
Patel Monali, Kapila Manoj (2020). Assessment of metal contamination by using pollution indices in groundwater sources that used for drinking purpose in Olpad taluka, surat, India. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 6(5) www.IJARIIT.com.

MLA
Patel Monali, Kapila Manoj. "Assessment of metal contamination by using pollution indices in groundwater sources that used for drinking purpose in Olpad taluka, surat, India." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 6.5 (2020). www.IJARIIT.com.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to judge pollution situation and evaluates their sources and distribution of Heavy Metals in the ground water sources of Olpad taluka, Surat, Gujarat, India. Ground water sources such as hand pump bore well, tube well and open well are used for drinking purpose in different villages of Olpad taluka. Heavy metal pollution index (HPI), Heavy Metal Evaluation Index (HEI) and Degree of Contamination (Cd) is representing a quality of water in terms of index numbers that represents the heavy metal load in the ground water sources. Monthly sampling was done from seven sampling sites (Feb’ 2015 to July’ 2015). Heavy metals concentration in water samples were measured by following standard method of APHA and analysed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Heavy metals like, Cu, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cd, Pb and Cr were analysed from monthly collected samples. Heavy metal affects the health in a wide range if it is present above the permissible limit. Based on calculated results of HPI, HEI and Cd it was found that the water was contaminated with metals.
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